Thailand in History

Thailand: Bangkok

Historical Events

  • 1591-01-18 King Naresuan of Siam kills Crown Prince Minchit Sra of Burma in single combat, date is now observed as Royal Thai Armed Forces day
  • 1767-12-28 King Taksin crowned King of Thailand and establishes Thonburi as his capital
  • 1782-04-06 Rama I succeeds King Taksin of Siam (modern day Thailand), who is overthrown in a coup d'état
  • 1784-03-22 The Emerald Buddha is moved with great ceremony to its current place in Wat Phra Kaew, Thailand
  • 1805-11-25 Opera "Thaïs" first American performance
  • 1851-05-15 King Mongkut [Rama IV or Phra Chomklao Chaoyuhua] crowned in Siam (Thailand)
  • 1894-03-16 Jules Massenet's opera "Thaïs" premieres in Paris
  • 1932-06-24 Coup ends absolute monarchy in Thailand
  • 1932-12-10 King Rama VII (Prajadhipok) grants Thailand a constitution
  • 1941-01-28 French-Thai War: Final air battle of the conflict. Japanese-mediated armistice goes into effect later in the day.
  • 1941-12-14 Japan and Thailand sign a treaty of alliance
  • 1942-05-10 World War II: The Thai Phayap Army invades the Shan States during the Burma Campaign

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1946-06-09 Bhumibol Adulyadej becomes King of Thailand after the death of his brother King Ananda Mahidol

King of Thailand Bhumibol Adulyadej
King of Thailand
Bhumibol Adulyadej
  • 1946-12-16 Thailand joins the United Nations
  • 1949-05-11 Siam renames itself Thailand
  • 1949-06-08 Siam changes name to Thailand
  • 1950-05-05 Bhumibol Adulyadej crowned King Rama IX of Thailand in the Royal Palace in Bangkok
  • 1957-09-16 Coup in Thailand (Premier Songgram deposed)
  • 1957-09-17 Thailand military coup under marshal Sarit Thanarat
  • 1957-09-21 Pote Sarasin forms government in Thailand
  • 1962-03-06 US promise Thailand assistance against communist aggression
  • 1962-05-11 US sends troops to Thailand
  • 1966-12-24 USAF C144 military charter aircraft crashes near Binh Thai, Vietnam, killing 129
  • 1967-08-08 Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore & Thailand meet to form Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN)
  • 1973-10-15 Tanks attack Thailand demonstrating students, 300 killed
  • 1976-04-04 Seni Pramoj's Democratic Party wins elections in Thailand
  • 1976-07-20 Vietnam War: The US military completes its troop withdrawal from Thailand.
  • 1978-12-22 Thailand adopts constitution
  • 1987-11-29 A Korean Air Boeing 707 explodes over the Thai-Burmese border, killing 115
  • 1988-05-24 Porntip Nakhirunkanok, 19, of Thailand, crowned 37th Miss Universe
  • 1991-02-15 Freighter with dynamite explodes in Phang Nga Thailand, 120 die
  • 1991-02-23 Military coup in Thailand, Premier Choonhaven arrested
  • 1992-04-05 Thailand General Suchinda Kraprayoon installed as president
  • 1992-05-20 At height of "Black May' political crisis in Thailand TV interview broadcast of King Bhumibol Adulyadej demanding Generals Suchinda and Chamlong work together
  • 1992-07-31 Thai Airbus crashes into mountain at Kathmandu, 113 die
  • 1993-08-13 Hotel in Nakhon Ratchasima Thailand, collapses, 114 killed
  • 1994-02-13 Ship disaster near Ranong Thailand, kills 200
  • 1995-07-02 Thailand: Banharn Silpa-Archa's party wins election
  • 1998-12-11 Thai Airways Airbus A310-200 crashes near Surat Thani Airport, killing 101
  • 2003-08-11 Jemaah Islamiyah leader Riduan Isamuddin, better known as Hambali, is arrested in Bangkok, Thailand.
  • 2004-12-26 9.3 magnitude earthquake creates a tsunami causing devastation in Sri Lanka, India, Indonesia, Thailand, Malaysia, the Maldives and edges of the Indian Ocean, killing 230,000 people
  • 2006-09-19 Thai military stages a coup in Bangkok. The Constitution is revoked and martial law is declared.
  • 2007-09-16 One-Two-GO Airlines Flight 269 carrying 128 crew and passengers crashes in Thailand killing 89 people.
  • 2008-02-28 Former Prime Minister of Thailand Thaksin Shinawatra is arrested on corruption charges upon returning to Thailand after months of exile.
  • 2008-11-13 Equity research by Deutsche Bank states that Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand and the Philippines should not experience a recession, despite potential harm to economic growth from falling commodity prices and possible weaker exports
  • 2008-12-02 Thai Prime Minister Somchai Wongsawat resigns after the 2008 Thailand political crisis
  • 2009-01-01 61 die in nightclub fire in Bangkok, Thailand.
  • 2009-05-25 Thailand’s economy shrank more than expected in the first quarter of 2009, contracting the most in a decade and plunging the nation into recession
  • 2009-08-24 Thailand's GDP grew 2.3% in 2009's second quarter, technically leaving the recession
  • 2009-09-26 Typhoon Ketsana (2009) hit the Philippines, China, Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos and Thailand, causing 700 fatalities.
  • 2011-02-21 Thailand's GDP rose 3.8% in the fourth quarter of 2010 after a minor recession caused by GDP contractions of 0.4% in the second quarter and 0.3% in the third quarter of 2010, it is reported today
  • 2012-06-23 76 monks are hospitalized in Thailand following an attack by a swarm of bees
  • 2013-02-13 16 Muslim insurgents are killed in an attack on a Narathiwat military base, Thailand
  • 2013-03-22 37 people are killed and 200 are injured in a refugee camp fire in Ban Mae, Thailand
  • 2013-05-01 Insurgents kill 6 people in Pattani, Thailand
  • 2013-07-23 19 people are killed and 22 are injured after a tour bus collides with a truck in Saraburi, Thailand
  • 2013-11-03 6 people are killed after an overcrowded ferry sinks in Pattaya, Thailand
  • 2013-12-27 29 people are killed after a bus plunged off the Huay Tong Bridge, Thailand
  • 2014-02-18 Police clash with protesters in Bangkok, Thailand
  • 2014-05-21 Thai army declared martial law and closes down several news stations
  • 2014-05-22 Royal Thai Armed Forces, led by General Prayut Chan-o-cha stage a coup in Thailand, suspending the kingdom's constitution and taking control of the government, the 12th since the country's first coup in 1932
  • 2014-05-24 Yingluck Shinawatra, former prime minister of Thailand, is detained by the army after a military coup
  • 2014-05-26 Protests across Thailand in response to military coup; General Prayuth warns of a crackdown in demonstrations continue
  • 2014-06-26 Following the military coup in Thailand, people are warned that anyone calling for protest on social media will be prosecuted for sedition
  • 2016-12-01 Crown Prince Maha Vajiralongkorn is declared King of Thailand, succeeding his father King Bhumibol Adulyadej

Famous Birthdays

  • 1734-04-17 Taksin, King of Siam (1767-82), born in Ayutthaya, Thailand (d. 1782)
  • 1737-03-20 Buddha Yodfa Chulaloke, King of Thailand (d. 1809)
  • 1804-10-18 Rama IV, [Phra Chomklao Chaoyuhua], king of Thailand (1851-68)
  • 1811-05-11 Chang & Eng Bunker, Chinese-Thai Siamese twins, born in Samutsongkram, Thailand (d. 1874)
  • 1844-04-16 Anatole France [Jacques Anatole Thibault], French writer (Thaïs, Wickerwork Woman, Nobel 1921), born in Paris (d. 1924)
  • 1853-09-20 Rama V, King of Thailand (d. 1910)
  • 1862-06-21 Damrong Rajanubhab, Thai prince, son of King Mongkut and brother of King Chulalongkorn and historian, born in Bangkok, Thailand (d. 1943)
  • 1868-10-23 Rama V, [Chulalongkorn], leader of Thailand (-1910)
  • 1881-01-01 Vajiravudh, King of Thailand (d. 1925)
  • 1893-11-08 Prajadhipok, Rama VII, king of Thailand (d. 1941)
  • 1903-01-09 Hem Vejakorn, Thai illustrator (d. 1969)
  • 1908-05-22 Rattana Pestonji, Thai filmmaker (d. 1970)
  • 1910-01-21 Eua Sunthornsanan, Thai composer and bandleader (d. 1981)
  • 1911-08-11 Thanom Kittikachorn, general/premier Thailand (1958..73)
  • 1914-04-01 Lor Tok [Sawong Supsamruay], Thai comedian and actor (Ngern, Ngern, Ngern), born in Bangkok Yai, Thailand (d. 2002)
  • 1923-08-17 Chaleo Yoovidhya, Thai co-creator of Red Bull energy drink, born in Phichit, Thailand (d. 2012)
  • 1925-09-20 Ananda Mahidol, King of Thailand (d. 1946)

Person of interestBhumibol Adulyadej

1927-12-05 Bhumibol Adulyadej [Rama IX], King of Thailand (1946-2016), born in Cambridge, Massachusetts (d. 2016)

King of Thailand Bhumibol Adulyadej
King of Thailand
Bhumibol Adulyadej
  • 1929-04-01 Payut Ngaokrachang, Thai animator
  • 1931-09-20 Cherd Songsri, Thai filmmaker (d. 2006)
  • 1932-08-12 Queen Ferekit, of Thailand (Queens Day)
  • 1932-08-19 Banharn Silpa-archa, Prime Minister of Thailand (1995-96), born in Suphanburi, Thailand (d. 2016)
  • 1934-01-28 Mitr Chaibancha, Thai actor (d. 1970)
  • 1935-06-13 Samak Sundaravej, Thai 25th Prime Minister (former)
  • 1937-06-26 Sombat Metanee, Thai film actor and director, born in Ubon Ratchathani, Thailand

Person of interestWangari Maathai

1940-04-01 Wangari Maathai, Kenyan environmentalist and political activist, founder of the Green Belt Movement, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (2004) and Indira Gandhi Peace Prize (2006), born in Ihithe village, Kenya (d. 2011)

Environmentalist Wangari Maathai
Wangari Maathai
  • 1943-01-19 Petchara Chaowarat, Thai film actress
  • 1943-08-28 Surayud Chulanont, Thai 24th Prime Minister (former)
  • 1952-07-28 Maha Vajiralongkorn [Bodindradebayavarangkun], King of Thailand (2016 - Present), born in Bangkok, Thailand
  • 1952-08-09 Prateep Ungsongtham Hata, Thai politician
  • 1952-12-30 Somtow Sucharitkul [S. P. Somtow], Thai composer and sci-fi author (Utopia Hunters), born in Bangkok, Thailand
  • 1955-12-09 Chamras Saewataporn, Thai composer and musician
  • 1956-08-03 Abhisit Vejjajiva, Thai politician
  • 1957-07-04 Princess Chulabhorn of Thailand, the youngest daughter of King Bhumibol Adulyadej and Queen Sirikit, born in Amphorn Sathan Residential Hall Dusit Palace, Bangkok
  • 1958-06-07 Surakiart Sathirathai, Deputy Prime Minister of Thailand
  • 1958-12-08 Bird McIntyre, Thai pop singer, musician
  • 1959-05-15 Kaokor Galaxy, Thai boxer
  • 1960-01-17 Chatchai Plengpanich, Thai actor
  • 1962-09-02 Prachya Pinkaew, Thai film director
  • 1964-04-25 Wisit Sasanatieng, Thai film director
  • 1965-01-22 Chintara Sukapatana, Thai actress
  • 1968-01-09 Mardi Lunn, Australian LPGA golfer (1991 Thailand Open), born in Liverpool, New South Wales
  • 1970-01-17 James Wattana, Thai snooker player
  • 1970-05-27 Liz Earley, St Catharines Ontario, LPGA golfer (1995 Thailand Open)
  • 1970-07-16 Apichatpong Weerasethakul, Thai film director, born in Bangkok, Thailand
  • 1970-12-26 Krissada Terrence, Thai singer and actor
  • 1974-04-19 Akara Amarttayakul, Thai actor
  • 1975-03-27 Chakrit Yamnam, Thai film and television actor, born in Bangkok, Thailand
  • 1976-02-05 Tony Jaa, Thai actor and martial artist, born in Surin, Thailand
  • 1976-09-04 Katreeya English, Thai singer, actress, model
  • 1980-06-05 Sutee Suksomkit, Thai football player
  • 1980-12-14 Tata Young, Thai-American singer
  • 1983-01-20 Paula Taylor, English-Thai actress, model and presenter
  • 1985-06-12 Sam Thaiday, Australian professional rugby league player
  • 1989-07-20 Witwisit Hirunwongkul, Thai actor

Famous Weddings

HeartWedding of Interest

1950-04-28 King Bhumibol Adulyadej of Thailand marries Mon Rajawongse Sirikit at Sra Pathum Palace after a quiet engagement in Lausanne, Switzerland July 19, 1949.

King of Thailand Bhumibol Adulyadej
King of Thailand
Bhumibol Adulyadej
  • 2010-07-04 "Survivor: Thailand" star Tanya Vance weds Joseph Luczaj in Maui, Hawaii

Famous Deaths

  • 1722-04-14 Pieter Erberveld, German-Thai merchant on Java, Indonesia. He was accused of plotting a rebellion with the Javanese, tortured and executed at around 62
  • 1782-04-07 Taksin, King of Siam (1767-82), dies at 47
  • 1809-09-07 Buddha Yodfa Chulaloke, King of Thailand (b. 1737)
  • 1868-10-01 Rama IV, [Phra Chomklao Chaoyuhua], king of Thai (1851-68), dies at 63
  • 1874-01-17 Chang & Eng Bunker, Chinese/Thai Siamese twins, die at 62
  • 1910-10-23 Chulalongkorn, King of Thailand (b. 1853)
  • 1941-05-30 Prajadhipok, Rama VII, king of Thailand (b. 1893)
  • 1943-12-01 Damrong Rajanubhab, Thai prince, son of King Mongkut and brother of King Chulalongkorn and historian, dies at 81
  • 1963-12-08 Field Marshal Sarit Dhanarajata, Prime Minister of Thailand (b. 1908)
  • 1970-08-17 Rattana Pestonji, Thai filmmaker (b. 1908)
  • 1970-10-08 Mitr Chaibancha, Thai film actor (b. 1934)
  • 1975-12-08 Gary Thain, New Zealand bassist (Uriah Heep) (b. 1948)
  • 1981-04-01 Eua Sunthornsanan, Thai composer and bandleader (b. 1910)
  • 1995-10-09 Kukrit Pramoj, Thai politician (13th Prime Minister of Thailand) and scholar, dies at 84
  • 1997-07-28 Seni Pramoj, PM of Thailand (1945-46, 75, 76), dies
  • 2002-04-29 Lor Tok [Sawong Supsamruay], Thai comedian and actor (Ngern, Ngern, Ngern), dies at 88
  • 2004-06-16 Thanom Kittikachorn, Prime Minister of Thailand (b. 1912)
  • 2006-05-21 Cherd Songsri, Thai film director (b. 1931)
  • 2006-08-13 Payao Poontarat, Thai Olympic boxer (b. 1957)
  • 2007-02-01 Seri Wangnaitham, Thai dance choreographer (b. 1937)
  • 2008-01-02 Her Royal Highness Princess Galyani Vadhana Krommaluang Narathiwat Rajanagarindra, elder sister of His Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej of Thailand (b. 1923)
  • 2009-11-24 Samak Sundaravej, Thai politician, Prime Minister 2008 (b. 1935)
  • 2009-12-05 Vimolchatra, Princess of Thailand and cousin of King Bhumibol Adulyadej (b. 1921)
  • 2010-05-27 Payut Ngaokrachang, Thai animator (b. 1929)
  • 2011-07-27 Bejaratana Rajasuda, Princess of Thailand (b. 1925)

Person of interestWangari Maathai

2011-09-25 Wangari Maathai, Kenyan environmentalist and political activist, founder of the Green Belt Movement, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (2004) and Indira Gandhi Peace Prize (2006), dies from ovarian cancer at 71

Environmentalist Wangari Maathai
Wangari Maathai
  • 2012-03-17 Chaleo Yoovidhya, Thai co-creator of Red Bull energy drink, dies from natural causes at 88
  • 2016-04-23 Banharn Silpa-archa, Prime Minister of Thailand (1995-96), dies at 83

Person of interestBhumibol Adulyadej

2016-10-13 Bhumibol Adulyadej [Rama IX], King of Thailand (1946-2016), was world's longest reigning monarch, dies at 88

King of Thailand Bhumibol Adulyadej
King of Thailand
Bhumibol Adulyadej