Thailand in History

Thailand: Bangkok

Historical Events

  • 1591-01-18 King Naresuan of Siam kills Crown Prince Minchit Sra of Burma in single combat, date is now observed as Royal Thai Armed Forces day
  • 1767-12-28 King Taksin crowned King of Thailand and establishes Thonburi as his capital
  • 1782-04-06 Rama I succeeds King Taksin of Siam (modern day Thailand), who is overthrown in a coup d'état
  • 1784-03-22 The Emerald Buddha is moved with great ceremony to its current place in Wat Phra Kaew, Thailand
  • 1826-06-20 Siam and Britain sign trade/peace treaty
  • 1833-03-20 US & Siam sign commercial treaty
  • 1851-05-15 King Mongkut [Rama IV or Phra Chomklao Chaoyuhua] crowned in Siam (Thailand)
  • 1894-03-16 Jules Massenet's opera "Thaïs" premieres in Paris, includes piece “Méditation” for violin and orchestra
  • 1907-11-25 Jules Massenet's opera "Thaïs" has its first American performance in New York
  • 1932-06-24 Coup ends absolute monarchy in Thailand
  • 1932-12-10 King Rama VII (Prajadhipok) grants Thailand a constitution
  • 1941-01-28 French-Thai War: Final air battle of the conflict. Japanese-mediated armistice goes into effect later in the day.
  • 1941-12-14 Japan and Thailand sign a treaty of alliance
  • 1942-05-10 World War II: The Thai Phayap Army invades the Shan States during the Burma Campaign

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1946-06-09 Bhumibol Adulyadej becomes King of Thailand after the death of his brother King Ananda Mahidol

King of Thailand Bhumibol Adulyadej
King of Thailand
Bhumibol Adulyadej
  • 1946-12-16 Thailand joins the United Nations

  • 1949-05-11 Siam renames itself Thailand
  • 1949-06-06 Orapin Chaiyakan becomes the first Thai woman to be elected to the Parliament of Thailand
  • 1949-06-08 Siam changes name to Thailand
  • 1950-05-05 Bhumibol Adulyadej crowned King Rama IX of Thailand in the Royal Palace in Bangkok
  • 1957-09-16 Coup in Thailand (Premier Songgram deposed)
  • 1957-09-17 Thailand military coup under marshal Sarit Thanarat
  • 1957-09-21 Pote Sarasin forms government in Thailand
  • 1962-03-06 US promise Thailand assistance against communist aggression
  • 1962-05-11 US sends troops to Thailand
  • 1966-12-24 USAF C144 military charter aircraft crashes near Binh Thai, Vietnam, killing 129
  • 1967-08-08 Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore & Thailand meet to form Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN)
  • 1973-10-15 Tanks attack Thailand demonstrating students, 300 killed
  • 1976-04-04 Seni Pramoj's Democratic Party wins elections in Thailand
  • 1976-07-20 Vietnam War: The US military completes its troop withdrawal from Thailand.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1977-06-05 National Council of Women of Kenya led by Wangari Maathai march to Kamukunji Park, Nairobi, and plant seven trees - beginning of the Green Belt Movement

Environmentalist Wangari Maathai
Environmentalist
Wangari Maathai
  • 1978-12-22 Thailand adopts constitution
  • 1987-11-29 A Korean Air Boeing 707 explodes over the Thai-Burmese border, killing 115
  • 1988-05-24 Porntip Nakhirunkanok, 19, of Thailand, crowned 37th Miss Universe
  • 1991-02-15 Freighter with dynamite explodes in Phang Nga Thailand, 120 die
  • 1991-02-23 Military coup in Thailand, Premier Choonhaven arrested
  • 1992-04-05 Thailand General Suchinda Kraprayoon installed as president
  • 1992-05-20 At height of "Black May' political crisis in Thailand TV interview broadcast of King Bhumibol Adulyadej demanding Generals Suchinda and Chamlong work together
  • 1992-07-31 Thai Airbus crashes into mountain at Kathmandu, 113 die
  • 1993-08-13 Hotel in Nakhon Ratchasima Thailand, collapses, 114 killed
  • 1994-02-13 Ship disaster near Ranong Thailand, kills 200

  • 1995-07-02 Thailand: Banharn Silpa-Archa's party wins election
  • 1998-12-11 Thai Airways Airbus A310-200 crashes near Surat Thani Airport, killing 101
  • 1999-01-08 Tree planting protest against the privatisation of Karura Forest, including Wangari Maathai, attacked in Kenya prompting outrage
  • 2003-08-11 Jemaah Islamiyah leader Riduan Isamuddin, better known as Hambali, is arrested in Bangkok, Thailand.
  • 2004-10-08 Kenyan Wangari Maathai is the first African woman to receive the Nobel Peace Prize for "her contribution to sustainable development, democracy and peace"
  • 2004-12-26 9.3 magnitude earthquake creates a tsunami causing devastation in Sri Lanka, India, Indonesia, Thailand, Malaysia, the Maldives and edges of the Indian Ocean, killing 230,000 people
  • 2006-06-09 King Bhumibol Adulyadej of Thailand celebrates the 1st of 3 national holidays to commemorate his 60 years on the throne.
  • 2006-09-19 Thai military stages a coup in Bangkok. The Constitution is revoked and martial law is declared.
  • 2007-09-16 One-Two-GO Airlines Flight 269 carrying 128 crew and passengers crashes in Thailand killing 89 people.
  • 2008-02-28 Former Prime Minister of Thailand Thaksin Shinawatra is arrested on corruption charges upon returning to Thailand after months of exile.
  • 2008-11-13 Equity research by Deutsche Bank states that Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand and the Philippines should not experience a recession, despite potential harm to economic growth from falling commodity prices and possible weaker exports
  • 2008-12-02 Thai Prime Minister Somchai Wongsawat resigns after the 2008 Thailand political crisis
  • 2009-01-01 61 die in nightclub fire in Bangkok, Thailand.
  • 2009-05-25 Thailand’s economy shrank more than expected in the first quarter of 2009, contracting the most in a decade and plunging the nation into recession
  • 2009-08-24 Thailand's GDP grew 2.3% in 2009's second quarter, technically leaving the recession
  • 2009-09-26 Typhoon Ketsana (2009) hit the Philippines, China, Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos and Thailand, causing 700 fatalities.
  • 2011-02-21 Thailand's GDP rose 3.8% in the fourth quarter of 2010 after a minor recession caused by GDP contractions of 0.4% in the second quarter and 0.3% in the third quarter of 2010, it is reported today
  • 2012-06-23 76 monks are hospitalized in Thailand following an attack by a swarm of bees
  • 2012-11-06 Tammy Duckworth becomes the first disabled woman and first person born in Thailand to be elected to US Congress
  • 2013-02-13 16 Muslim insurgents are killed in an attack on a Narathiwat military base, Thailand
  • 2013-03-22 37 people are killed and 200 are injured in a refugee camp fire in Ban Mae, Thailand
  • 2013-05-01 Insurgents kill 6 people in Pattani, Thailand
  • 2013-07-23 19 people are killed and 22 are injured after a tour bus collides with a truck in Saraburi, Thailand
  • 2013-11-03 6 people are killed after an overcrowded ferry sinks in Pattaya, Thailand
  • 2013-12-27 29 people are killed after a bus plunged off the Huay Tong Bridge, Thailand
  • 2014-02-18 Police clash with protesters in Bangkok, Thailand
  • 2014-05-21 Thai army declared martial law and closes down several news stations
  • 2014-05-22 Royal Thai Armed Forces, led by General Prayut Chan-o-cha stage a coup in Thailand, suspending the kingdom's constitution and taking control of the government, the 12th since the country's first coup in 1932
  • 2014-05-24 Yingluck Shinawatra, former prime minister of Thailand, is detained by the army after a military coup
  • 2014-05-26 Protests across Thailand in response to military coup; General Prayuth warns of a crackdown in demonstrations continue
  • 2014-06-26 Following the military coup in Thailand, people are warned that anyone calling for protest on social media will be prosecuted for sedition
  • 2016-07-31 British Open Women's Golf, Woburn: Ariya Jutanugarn of Thailand wins by 3 from Mo Martin & Mirim Lee
  • 2016-08-28 Canadian Open Women's Golf, Priddis Green CC: Ariya Jutanugam of Thailand wins by 4 from Kim Sei-young of South Korea
  • 2016-12-01 Crown Prince Maha Vajiralongkorn is declared King of Thailand, succeeding his father King Bhumibol Adulyadej
  • 2017-07-09 Atthaya Thitikul,14-year old Thai amateur becomes youngest winner on Ladies's European Golf Tour at 14 years, 4 months at Ladies European Thailand Championship
  • 2017-09-27 Thai Ex-Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra found guilty of criminal negligence in rice subsidy scheme, sentenced to 5 years in absentia
  • 2017-10-26 Cremation ceremony for King Bhumibol Adulyadej of Thailand held in Bangkok, a year after his death
  • 2018-06-03 Dead whale found with 17 pounds (80 pieces) of plastic in its stomach in Songkhla province, Thailand
  • 2018-06-03 US Open Women's Golf, Shoal Creek GC: Ariya Jatanugarn of Thailand gives up 7-shot lead but wins in playoff with Kim Hyo-joo
  • 2018-06-23 12 boys and their coach are stranded in Tham Luang Nang Non cave, Thailand by monsoon flooding, prompting an international rescue effort when they are discovered 9 days later
  • 2018-07-02 British divers discover 12 boys and their coach alive in Tham Luang Nang Non cave, Thailand after being trapped for 9 days by monsoon flooding
  • 2018-07-08 Four boys are the first to be rescued after 16 days, from Tham Luang cave, Thailand, by Thai and international rescue team
  • 2018-07-09 4 more boys are rescued from Tham Luang Nang Non cave, Thailand after being trapped there with 8 others and their coach for 17 days by monsoon flooding (4 boys and their coach remain)
  • 2018-07-10 The final 4 boys and their coach are rescued from Tham Luang Nang Non cave, Thailand after being trapped there for 18 days by monsoon flooding

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2018-07-18 Elon Musk apologises for calling British caver diver in Thai rescue "pedo guy" after widespread criticism and fall in Tesla stock price

Entrepreneur Elon Musk
Entrepreneur
Elon Musk
  • 2018-08-05 British Open Women's Golf, Royal Lyham & St. Annes: England's Georgia Hall wins her first major title by 2 shots from Pornanong Phatlum of Thailand

Famous Birthdays

  • 1734-04-17 Taksin, King of Siam (1767-82), born in Ayutthaya, Thailand (d. 1782)
  • 1737-03-20 Buddha Yodfa Chulaloke, King of Thailand (d. 1809)
  • 1804-10-18 Rama IV, [Phra Chomklao Chaoyuhua], king of Thailand (1851-68)
  • 1811-05-11 Chang & Eng Bunker, Chinese-Thai Siamese twins, born in Samutsongkram, Thailand (d. 1874)
  • 1853-09-20 Rama V [Chulalongkorn], King of Thailand (1868-1910), born in Grand Palace, Bangkok, Siam (d. 1910)
  • 1862-06-21 Damrong Rajanubhab, Thai prince, son of King Mongkut and brother of King Chulalongkorn and historian, born in Bangkok, Thailand (d. 1943)
  • 1881-01-01 Vajiravudh, King of Thailand (d. 1925)
  • 1893-11-08 Prajadhipok, Rama VII, king of Thailand (d. 1941)
  • 1903-01-09 Hem Vejakorn, Thai illustrator (d. 1969)
  • 1908-05-22 Rattana Pestonji, Thai filmmaker (d. 1970)
  • 1910-01-21 Eua Sunthornsanan, Thai composer and bandleader (d. 1981)
  • 1911-04-20 Kukrit Pramoj, Thai politician (13th Prime Minister of Thailand) and scholar, born in In Buri, Singburi, Siam (d. 1995)
  • 1911-08-11 Thanom Kittikachorn, general/premier Thailand (1958..73)
  • 1914-04-01 Lor Tok [Sawong Supsamruay], Thai comedian and actor (Ngern, Ngern, Ngern), born in Bangkok Yai, Thailand (d. 2002)
  • 1923-08-17 Chaleo Yoovidhya, Thai co-creator of Red Bull energy drink, born in Phichit, Thailand (d. 2012)
  • 1925-09-20 Rama VIII [Ananda Mahidol], King of Siam (1935-46), born in Heidelberg, Republic of Baden, Germany (d. 1946)

Person of interestBhumibol Adulyadej

1927-12-05 Bhumibol Adulyadej [Rama IX], King of Thailand (1946-2016), born in Cambridge, Massachusetts (d. 2016)

King of Thailand Bhumibol Adulyadej
King of Thailand
Bhumibol Adulyadej
  • 1929-04-01 Payut Ngaokrachang, Thai animator
  • 1931-09-20 Cherd Songsri, Thai film director (Plae Kao), born in Nakhon Si Thammarat, Thailand (d. 2006)
  • 1932-08-12 Queen Ferekit, of Thailand (Queens Day)
  • 1932-08-19 Banharn Silpa-archa, Prime Minister of Thailand (1995-96), born in Suphanburi, Thailand (d. 2016)
  • 1934-01-28 Mitr Chaibancha, Thai actor (d. 1970)
  • 1935-06-13 Samak Sundaravej, Thai 25th Prime Minister (former)
  • 1937-06-26 Sombat Metanee, Thai film actor and director, born in Ubon Ratchathani, Thailand

Person of interestWangari Maathai

1940-04-01 Wangari Maathai, Kenyan environmentalist and political activist, founder of the Green Belt Movement, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (2004) and Indira Gandhi Peace Prize (2006), born in Ihithe village, Kenya (d. 2011)

Environmentalist Wangari Maathai
Environmentalist
Wangari Maathai
  • 1943-01-19 Petchara Chaowarat, Thai film actress
  • 1943-08-28 Surayud Chulanont, 24th Prime Minister of Thailand (2006-08), born in Prachinburi, Thailand
  • 1949-10-28 Surin Pitsuwan, Thai foreign minister and 12th Secretary General of ASEAN (2008-2012), born in Nakhon Si Thammarat, Thailand (d. 2017)
  • 1952-07-28 Maha Vajiralongkorn [Bodindradebayavarangkun], King of Thailand (2016 - Present), born in Bangkok, Thailand
  • 1952-08-09 Prateep Ungsongtham Hata, Thai politician
  • 1952-12-30 Somtow Sucharitkul [S. P. Somtow], Thai composer and sci-fi author (Utopia Hunters), born in Bangkok, Thailand
  • 1955-12-09 Chamras Saewataporn, Thai composer and musician
  • 1956-08-03 Abhisit Vejjajiva, 27th Prime Minister of Thailand (2008-11), born in Wallsend, Northumberland, England
  • 1957-07-04 Princess Chulabhorn of Thailand, the youngest daughter of King Bhumibol Adulyadej and Queen Sirikit, born in Amphorn Sathan Residential Hall Dusit Palace, Bangkok
  • 1958-06-07 Surakiart Sathirathai, Deputy Prime Minister of Thailand
  • 1958-12-08 Bird McIntyre, Thai pop singer, musician
  • 1959-05-15 Kaokor Galaxy, Thai boxer
  • 1960-01-17 Chatchai Plengpanich, Thai actor
  • 1962-09-02 Prachya Pinkaew, Thai film director
  • 1964-04-25 Wisit Sasanatieng, Thai film director
  • 1965-01-22 Chintara Sukapatana, Thai actress
  • 1968-01-09 Mardi Lunn, Australian LPGA golfer (1991 Thailand Open), born in Liverpool, New South Wales
  • 1968-03-12 Tammy Duckworth, American politician (D) Senator Illinois (2017-), former Lieutenant Colonel, born in Bangkok, Thailand
  • 1970-01-17 James Wattana, Thai snooker player
  • 1970-05-27 Liz Earley, St Catharines Ontario, LPGA golfer (1995 Thailand Open)
  • 1970-07-16 Apichatpong Weerasethakul, Thai film director, born in Bangkok, Thailand
  • 1970-12-26 Krissada Terrence, Thai singer and actor
  • 1974-04-19 Akara Amarttayakul, Thai actor
  • 1975-03-27 Chakrit Yamnam, Thai film and television actor, born in Bangkok, Thailand
  • 1976-02-05 Tony Jaa, Thai actor and martial artist, born in Surin, Thailand
  • 1976-09-04 Katreeya English, Thai singer, actress, model
  • 1980-06-05 Sutee Suksomkit, Thai football player
  • 1980-12-14 Tata Young, Thai-American singer
  • 1983-01-20 Paula Taylor, English-Thai actress, model and presenter
  • 1985-06-12 Sam Thaiday, Australian professional rugby league player
  • 1989-07-20 Witwisit Hirunwongkul, Thai actor
  • 1995-11-23 Ariya Jatanugarn, Thai golfer, (British Open 2016, US Open 2018), born in Bangkok, Thailand

Famous Weddings


HeartWedding of Interest

1950-04-28 King Bhumibol Adulyadej of Thailand marries Mon Rajawongse Sirikit at Sra Pathum Palace after a quiet engagement in Lausanne, Switzerland July 19, 1949.

King of Thailand Bhumibol Adulyadej
King of Thailand
Bhumibol Adulyadej
  • 2010-07-04 "Survivor: Thailand" star Tanya Vance weds Joseph Luczaj in Maui, Hawaii

Famous Deaths

  • 1605-04-25 Naresuan, King of Siam (b. 1555)
  • 1688-07-11 King Narai of Siam (b. 1629)
  • 1722-04-14 Pieter Erberveld, German-Thai merchant on Java, Indonesia. He was accused of plotting a rebellion with the Javanese, tortured and executed at around 62
  • 1782-04-07 Taksin, King of Siam (1767-82), dies at 47
  • 1809-09-07 Buddha Yodfa Chulaloke, King of Thailand (b. 1737)
  • 1868-10-01 Rama IV, [Phra Chomklao Chaoyuhua], king of Thai (1851-68), dies at 63
  • 1874-01-17 Chang & Eng Bunker, Chinese/Thai Siamese twins, die at 62
  • 1910-10-23 Rama V [Chulalongkorn], King of Thailand (1868-1910), dies at 57
  • 1910-10-23 Chulalongkorn, King of Thailand (b. 1853)
  • 1941-05-30 Prajadhipok, Rama VII, king of Thailand (b. 1893)
  • 1943-12-01 Damrong Rajanubhab, Thai prince, son of King Mongkut and brother of King Chulalongkorn and historian, dies at 81
  • 1946-06-09 Rama VIII [Ananda Mahidol], King of Siam (1935-46), dies of a mysterious gunshot wound at 21
  • 1963-12-08 Field Marshal Sarit Dhanarajata, Prime Minister of Thailand (b. 1908)
  • 1970-08-17 Rattana Pestonji, Thai filmmaker (b. 1908)
  • 1970-10-08 Mitr Chaibancha, Thai film actor (b. 1934)
  • 1975-12-08 Gary Thain, New Zealand bassist (Uriah Heep) (b. 1948)
  • 1981-04-01 Eua Sunthornsanan, Thai composer and bandleader (b. 1910)
  • 1995-10-09 Kukrit Pramoj, Thai politician (13th Prime Minister of Thailand) and scholar, dies at 84
  • 1996-01-01 Orapin Chaiyakan, first Thai woman elected to the Parliament of Thailand, dies at 92
  • 1997-07-28 Seni Pramoj, PM of Thailand (1945-46, 75, 76), dies
  • 2002-04-29 Lor Tok [Sawong Supsamruay], Thai comedian and actor (Ngern, Ngern, Ngern), dies at 88
  • 2004-06-16 Thanom Kittikachorn, Prime Minister of Thailand (b. 1912)
  • 2006-05-21 Cherd Songsri, Thai film director (Plae Kao), dies at 74
  • 2006-08-13 Payao Poontarat, Thai Olympic boxer (b. 1957)
  • 2007-02-01 Seri Wangnaitham, Thai dance choreographer (b. 1937)
  • 2008-01-02 Her Royal Highness Princess Galyani Vadhana Krommaluang Narathiwat Rajanagarindra, elder sister of His Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej of Thailand (b. 1923)
  • 2009-11-24 Samak Sundaravej, Thai politician, Prime Minister 2008 (b. 1935)
  • 2009-12-05 Vimolchatra, Princess of Thailand and cousin of King Bhumibol Adulyadej (b. 1921)
  • 2010-05-27 Payut Ngaokrachang, Thai animator (b. 1929)
  • 2011-07-27 Bejaratana Rajasuda, Princess of Thailand (b. 1925)

Person of interestWangari Maathai

2011-09-25 Wangari Maathai, Kenyan environmentalist and political activist, founder of the Green Belt Movement, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (2004) and Indira Gandhi Peace Prize (2006), dies from ovarian cancer at 71

Environmentalist Wangari Maathai
Environmentalist
Wangari Maathai
  • 2012-03-17 Chaleo Yoovidhya, Thai co-creator of Red Bull energy drink, dies from natural causes at 88
  • 2016-04-23 Banharn Silpa-archa, Prime Minister of Thailand (1995-96), dies at 83

Person of interestBhumibol Adulyadej

2016-10-13 Bhumibol Adulyadej [Rama IX], King of Thailand (1946-2016), was world's longest reigning monarch, dies at 88

King of Thailand Bhumibol Adulyadej
King of Thailand
Bhumibol Adulyadej
  • 2017-12-05 Surin Pitsuwan, Thai foreign minister and 12th Secretary General of ASEAN (2008-2012), dies from heart failure at 68
  • 2018-07-05 Saman Kunan, former Thai Navy SEAL, asphyxiates after delivering oxygen to 13 trapped people in Tham Luang Nang Non cave, Thailand at 38