Tunisian History

Historical Events

  • 1270-10-30 The Eighth Crusade and siege of Tunis ended by agreement between Charles I of Sicily (brother to King Louis IX of France, who had died months earlier) and the sultan of Tunis.
  • 1534-08-20 Turkish admiral Chaireddin "Barbarossa" occupies Tunis

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1535-06-14 Emperor Charles V's fleet sails under Andrea Doria to Tunis

Holy Roman Emperor Charles V
Holy Roman Emperor
Charles V
  • 1535-07-14 Emperor Charles V conquers Tunis
  • 1535-07-22 Christians captured in Tunis in uprising against Admiral Barbarossa
  • 1574-09-13 Turkish fleet recaptures Tunis
  • 1655-04-04 Battle at Postage Farina, Tunis: English fleet beats Barbary pirates
  • 1665-08-02 French expedition against Barbarians in Tunis/Algiers
  • 1795-11-28 US pays $800,000 & a frigate as tribute to Algiers & Tunis
  • 1815-08-06 US flotilla ends piracy by Algiers, Tunis and Tripoli
  • 1881-04-28 French troops sent into Tunisia
  • 1881-05-12 Treaty of Bardo, Tunisia becomes a French protectorate
  • 1881-07-26 French marines occupy Tunisian harbor city Sfax
  • 1934-09-03 Tunisia began its move for independence
  • 1943-01-30 German assault on French in Tunisia
  • 1943-02-10 British 8th Army sweeps through North Africa to Tunisia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943-02-13 German assault on Sidi Bou Zid Tunisia, General Dwight D. Eisenhower visits front

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1943-02-14 German offensive against US troops through de Faid-pass, Tunisia begins, starting the Battle of Sidi Bou Zid
  • 1943-02-20 Allied troops occupy Kasserine pass in Tunisia
  • 1943-02-23 German troops pull back through Kasserine-pass Tunisia
  • 1943-02-26 German assault moves to Beja, North Tunisia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943-03-07 US General George S. Patton arrives in Djebel Kouif, Tunisia

US WWII General George S. Patton
US WWII General
George S. Patton
  • 1943-03-19 British 8th army opens assault on Mareth line, Tunisia
  • 1943-03-23 German counter attack on US lines in Tunisia
  • 1943-03-27 US begins assault on Fondouk Pass, Tunisia
  • 1943-04-06 British offensive at Wadi Akarit, South Tunisia
  • 1943-04-07 British and US troops make contact at Wadi Akarit, South-Tunisia
  • 1943-04-10 General Montgomery occupies Sfax, Tunisia
  • 1943-04-14 Gen Alexander/Eisenhower/Anderson/Bradley discuss assault on Tunis
  • 1943-04-22 German counter attack in North Tunisia
  • 1943-04-23 British & US offensive directed at Tunis and Bizerta
  • 1943-04-28 US 34th Division occupies Djebel el Hara, North Tunisia
  • 1943-04-29 US 34th Division occupies Hill 609, North Tunisia
  • 1943-05-02 German troops vacate Jefna, Tunisia
  • 1943-05-03 US 1st armour division occupies Mateur Tunisia
  • 1943-05-06 British 1st army opens assault on Tunis

  • 1943-05-07 British 11th Hussars occupy Tunis
  • 1943-05-07 US 1st Armour division occupies Ferryville, Tunisia
  • 1943-05-07 US 9th Infantry division occupies Bizerta/Bensert, Tunisia
  • 1943-05-09 5th German Panzer army surrenders in Tunisia

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1943-05-11 Hermann Goering division in Tunisia surrenders

Nazi Politician Hermann Goering
Nazi Politician
Hermann Goering
  • 1943-05-12 German troops in Tunisia, North Africa, surrender
  • 1943-05-20 French, British and US victory parade in Tunis, Tunisia
  • 1943-07-08 US invasion fleet passes Bizerta Tunisia
  • 1952-02-01 General strike against French colonial rule in Tunisia
  • 1952-04-12 Salaheddine Baccouche forms Tunisian government
  • 1952-06-14 General strike in Tunisia
  • 1954-07-06 Tunisian government of M'zali, resigns
  • 1954-08-02 Tahar Ben Ammar appointed premier of Tunisia
  • 1955-05-30 Tunisia begins domestic self governing
  • 1955-06-01 Habib Bourguiba ends exile from Tunisia
  • 1956-03-20 Tunisia gains independence from France
  • 1956-07-20 France recognizes Tunisian independence
  • 1957-07-25 Monarchy in Tunisia abolished in favor of a republic
  • 1957-11-18 Tunisia refuses Russian weapons
  • 1958-02-08 French planes bomb Sakiet Tunisia, 75 die

  • 1958-04-16 French government of Gaillard falls due to Tunisia crisis
  • 1958-10-15 Tunisia drops diplomatic relations with Egypt
  • 1959-06-01 Constitution of Tunisia promulgated (National Day)
  • 1959-11-08 Tunisian president Habib Bourguiba's Nes Destour party wins every seat
  • 1961-07-20 French military forces break the Tunisian siege of Bizerte
  • 1962-01-23 Libya, Morocco, Algeria & Tunisia plan to form United Arab Maghreb
  • 1962-07-20 France and Tunisia recover diplomatic relations
  • 1963-10-10 France cedes control of the Bizerte naval base to Tunisia
  • 1974-01-12 Libya & Tunisia announces they are merging as "Islamic Arab Republic"
  • 1978-01-26 Strikers riot in Tunisia, killing about 40
  • 1984-01-02 Riot in Tunis kills over 100
  • 1985-08-20 Libya throws out 1000s Tunisian/Egyptian gas workers
  • 1985-09-26 Tunisia drops diplomatic relations with Libya
  • 1985-10-01 Israeli air raid on PLO-headquarter at Tunis, 68 killed
  • 1987-11-07 Tunisian premier Zine al-Abidine fires president Habib Bourguiba
  • 1989-02-17 Mauritania, Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia & Libya form common market
  • 2002-04-11 The Ghriba synagogue bombing by Al Qaeda kills 21 in Tunisia
  • 2011-01-14 Tunisian president Ben Ali, flees to Saudi Arabia after popular protests known as the Jasmine Revolution
  • 2014-02-21 11 people are killed after a Libyan Air Force plan crashes in Tunisia

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

2014-12-31 Beji Caid Essebsi is sworn in as Tunisia's 1st ever freely elected President

President of Tunisia Beji Caid Essebsi
President of Tunisia
Beji Caid Essebsi
  • 2015-06-26 Gunman opens fire at beach resort in Sousse, Tunisia, killing 38. Isis claims responsibility.
  • 2015-10-09 The Tunisian National Dialogue Quartet is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize
  • 2015-11-24 Tunisia declares state of emergency after an attack on a bus in Tunis carrying presidential guards kills at least 12

Famous Birthdays

Person of interestIbn Khaldūn

1332-05-27 Ibn Khaldūn, North African Islamic scholar, philosopher and historian (Muqaddimah), born in Tunis (d. 1406)

Islamic Scholar, Philosopher and Historian Ibn Khaldūn
Islamic Scholar, Philosopher and Historian
Ibn Khaldūn
  • 1834-02-23 Gustav Hermann Nachtigal, German physician/colonizer/consul in Tunis
  • 1876-09-05 Abdelaziz Thâalbi, Tunisian politician, born in Tunis, Tunisia (d. 1944)
  • 1891-02-10 Harold RLG, 1st Earl Alexander of Tunis, Gov-gen of Canada (1945-52)
  • 1902-08-03 Habib Bourguiba, 1st president of Tunisia (1957-87), born in Monastir, Regency of Tunisia (d. 2000)
  • 1910-02-06 Carlos Marcello, Tunisian-born gangster, born in Tunis, Tunisia (d. 1993)

Person of interestBeji Caid Essebsi

1926-11-29 Beji Caid Essebsi, Tunisia's 1st freely elected President (2014-2019), born in Sidi Bou Said, Tunisia (d. 2019)

President of Tunisia Beji Caid Essebsi
President of Tunisia
Beji Caid Essebsi
  • 1936-09-03 Zine al-Abidine Ben Ali, 2nd President of Tunisia (1987-2011), born in Hammam Sousse, French Tunisia (d. 2019)
  • 1938-04-15 Claudia Cardinale, Italian-Tunisian actress (The Pink Panther), born in La Goulette, Tunis, Tunisia
  • 1950-10-28 Sihem Bensedrine, Tunisian human rights activist
  • 1961-02-14 Latifa, Tunisian singer, born in Manouba, Tunisia
  • 1966-04-13 Ali Boumnijel, Tunisian soccer goalkeeper (51 caps; Gueugnon, Club Africain), born in Menzel Jemil, Tunisia
  • 1973-04-08 Khaled Badra, Tunisian footballer, born in Kairouan, Tunisia
  • 1974-03-21 Jose Clayton, Tunisian footballer
  • 1975-04-11 Walid Soliman, Tunisian author, born in Tunis, Tunisia
  • 1975-08-30 Radhi Jaïdi, Tunisian soccer defender (105 caps; Espérance, Bolton Wanderers, Birmingham City, Southampton), born in Tunis, Tunisia
  • 1978-11-28 Mehdi Nafti, Tunisian footballer
  • 1979-07-29 Karim Essediri, Tunisian footballer
  • 1984-02-14 Hamed Namouchi, French-Tunisian footballer, born in Cannes, France

Famous Weddings

  • 1990-07-17 PLO-leader Jasser Arrafat marries Soha Tawil in Tunis

Famous Deaths

  • 1953-07-01 Azzedine Bey, Tunisian heir to the throne, murdered
  • 1969-06-16 Harold RLG 1st Earl Alexander of Tunis, British field marshal, dies at 78
  • 1974-07-14 Henri Smajda, Tunis/French publisher (Combat), commits suicide at 77
  • 1977-09-10 Hamida Djandoubi, Tunisian convicted murderer who was the last person to be executed in Western Europe, is beheaded in Marseille by guillotine at 28
  • 1991-02-27 Robert-Jan Akkerman, Dutch diplomat (to Tunis), murdered
  • 1993-03-03 Carlos Marcello, Tunisian-born gangster (b. 1910)
  • 1993-04-06 Hedi Amira Nouira, Prime Minister of Tunisia (1970-80), dies
  • 1995-02-15 Sahnoun Jawhari, Tunisian Annahda-leader, dies at 40 in jail
  • 2000-04-06 Habib Bourguiba, 1st president of Tunisia (1957-87), dies at 96