Turkish History

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 458

  • 0758-06-11 Diplomatic dispute at Tang Chinese capital Chang'an when Abbasid Arabs and Uyghur Turks both arrive to offer tribute. Settlement reached when both enter at same time through two different gates.
  • 1071-08-26 Battle of Manzikert, Byzantine Armenia (modern Malazgirt, Turkey). Fought between Byzantine Empire and Seljuq Turks.
  • 1098-06-03 After 5-month siege in First Crusade, the Crusaders seize Antioch (now in modernTurkey)
  • 1147-10-25 Seljuk Turks defeat German crusaders under Conrad III at the Battle of Dorylaeum
  • 1176-09-17 At the Battle of Myriokephalon the Byzantines fail to recover Anatolia from Turkish rule.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1190-06-10 Third Crusade: Holy Roman Emperor Frederick I Barbarossa drowns while crossing the Saleph River (modern Turkey) leading an army to Jerusalem

Holy Roman Emperor Frederick Barbarossa
Holy Roman Emperor
Frederick Barbarossa
  • 1371-09-26 Battle of Maritsa: Serbia-Turkey
  • 1389-06-15 Battle of Kosovo; Turks defeat Serbs
  • 1389-06-28 Ottomans defeat Serbian army in the bloody Battle of Kosovo, opening the way for the Ottoman conquest of Southeastern Europe
  • 1402-07-20 Battle at Ancyra/Angora/Ankara: Timur' beats Sultan Bajezid I's Ottoman forces
  • 1443-11-28 Albanian George Kastriotis Skanderbeg and his forces liberate Kruja in Middle Albania from the Ottomans and raise the Albanian flag.
  • 1448-10-17 Second Battle of Kosovo, where the mainly Hungarian army led by John Hunyadi were defeated by an Ottoman army led by Sultan Murad II.
  • 1451-02-03 Sultan Mehmed II, the Conqueror inherits the throne of the Ottoman Empire
  • 1453-04-21 Turkish fleet sinks ships Golden Receiver in Constantinople
  • 1453-05-29 Constantinople, capital of the Eastern Roman Empire falls to the Turks under Muhammad II; ends the Byzantine Empire
  • 1475-01-10 Stephen III of Moldavia defeats the Ottoman Empire at the Battle of Vaslui.
  • 1480-08-12 Battle of Otranto - Ottoman troops behead 800 Christians for refusing to convert to Islam
  • 1493-09-09 Battle of Krbava field, a decisive defeat of Croats in Croatian struggle against the Ottoman Empire invasion.
  • 1499-08-12 First engagement of the Battle of Zonchio between Venetian and Ottoman fleets
  • 1499-08-25 Battle at Sapienza: Turkish fleet beats Venetians
  • 1509-02-03 The Battle of Diu, naval battle at port of Diu, India between Portugal and the Ottoman Empire, establishes Portugese trading control

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1510-12-10 Muslim ruler of Goa, Yusuf Adil Shah and his Ottoman allies surrender to Portuguese forces led by Afonso de Albuquerque who puts the Muslim population to the sword

Admiral and Duke of Goa Afonso de Albuquerque
Admiral and Duke of Goa
Afonso de Albuquerque
  • 1514-08-23 Battle of Chaldiran ended with a decisive victory for the Sultan Selim I, Ottoman Empire, over the Shah Ismail I, Safavids founder.
  • 1516-08-24 Battle of Marj Dabiq: Ottoman forces decisively beat the Mamluk Sultanate
  • 1516-10-28 Battle of Yaunis Khan: Turkish forces under the Grand Vizier Sinan Pasha defeat the Mameluks near Gaza
  • 1517-01-22 Ottoman forces take Cairo, capital of the Mamluk Sultanate
  • 1517-04-13 Ottoman army occupies Cairo

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1520-09-30 Suleiman the Magnificent succeeds his father Selam I as Ottoman Sultan (rules till 1566)

Ottoman Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent
Ottoman Sultan
Suleiman the Magnificent
  • 1521-08-28 Belgrade captured by troops of Turkish Sultan Suleyman the Magnificent
  • 1522-12-25 Turkish troops occupy Rhodos
  • 1526-08-29 Battle of Mohács: In a decisive battle the Hungarian Empire is conquered by the Ottoman Empire led by Suleiman the Magnificent
  • 1534-06-12 Turkish admiral Chaireddin "Barbarossa" allows Giulia Gonzaga to kidnap & plunder Naples
  • 1534-08-20 Turkish admiral Chaireddin "Barbarossa" occupies Tunis
  • 1534-12-04 Ottoman Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent occupies Baghdad
  • 1536-02-18 France & Turkey sign military/trade agreement against King Karel
  • 1538-09-28 Battle at Preveza: Ottoman fleet under Barbarossa beats Papal alliance off Northwestern Greece
  • 1540-05-04 Venice and Turkey sign Treaty of Constantinople
  • 1540-07-23 Turkey recognizes Janos Sigismund Zapolyai as vassal-king of Hungary
  • 1540-10-02 Venice and Turkey signs peace
  • 1541-08-21 Ottoman Turks under Suleiman the Magnificent capture Buda, the capital of the Hungarian Kingdom and go on to dominate central Hungary for 150 years
  • 1542-08-28 Turkish-Portuguese War (1538-1557) - Battle of Wofla: the Portuguese are scattered, their leader Christovão da Gama is captured and afterwards executed.
  • 1543-08-05 French & Turkish troops occupy Nice
  • 1543-09-06 French & Turkish fleet occupies Nice
  • 1544-05-01 Turkish troops occupy Hungary
  • 1547-06-13 King Ferdinand of Austria subjects himself on Ottoman Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent
  • 1551-08-14 Turkish fleet under Dragut occupies Tripoli
  • 1560-07-29 Turkish fleet recaptures Djerba on Spanjaarden
  • 1565-06-23 Turgut Reis (Dragut), commander of the Ottoman Navy, dies during the Siege of Malta
  • 1565-09-08 Turkish siege of Malta broken by Maltese & Knights of St John
  • 1568-02-17 Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian II agrees to pay tribute to the Ottoman Empire for peace
  • 1571-05-20 Venice, Spain & Pope Pius form anti-Turkish Saint League

  • 1571-10-07 Battle of Lepanto: Holy League of southern European nations destroy Ottoman fleet in significant loss off Western Greece
  • 1573-03-07 Turkey & Venice sign peace treaty
  • 1574-09-13 Turkish fleet recaptures Tunis
  • 1593-06-22 Battle of Sisak: Allied Christian troops defeat the Turks.
  • 1595-08-23 Michael the Brave confronts the Ottoman army in the Battle of Calugareni.
  • 1595-10-28 Battle at Giurgevo: Zsigmond Bathory of Transylvania beats Turks
  • 1596-10-24 -26] Battle at Kerestes: Ottoman beat Austria-Hungary & Germany
  • 1606-11-11 Turkey & Austria sign Treaty of Zsitva-Torok
  • 1620-05-17 1st merry-go-round seen at a fair in Philippapolis, Turkey

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1620-09-20 Battle at Jassy: Turks beat king Sigismund III of Poland

  • 1621-09-28 Battle at Chocim Dniester: King Sigismund III Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth defeats an invading Ottoman Imperial army
  • 1621-10-09 Turkey & Poland signs Peace of Chotin
  • 1654-05-13 Venetian fleet under Adm Adeler beats Turkish
  • 1663-09-25 Austrian Fort Neuhausl surrenders to invading Turkish army
  • 1664-01-21 Count Miklos of Zrinyi sets out to battle Turkish invasion army
  • 1664-05-14 Turkish great Kiprulu attacks 120,000 Donau soldiers
  • 1664-08-10 Austria and the Ottoman Empire sign the Peace of Vásvár
  • 1669-09-06 The siege of Candia ends with the Venetian fortress surrendering to the Ottomans.
  • 1672-10-18 Poland & Turkey sign Peace of Buczacz
  • 1673-11-11 Second Battle of Khotyn in the Ukraine, Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth forces under the command of Jan Sobieski. defeat the Ottoman army. In this battle, rockets of Kazimierz Siemienowicz were successfully used.
  • 1676-10-27 Poland & Turkey sign Peace of Warsaw
  • 1676-11-03 Kara Mustafa succeeds Ahmed Kiprulu as Turkish grand vizier
  • 1683-03-31 Emperor Leopold I of Poland signs covenant against Turkey
  • 1683-07-16 Turkish troops under Kara Mustafa reach Vienna
  • 1683-09-03 Turkish troops break through defense of Vienna
  • 1683-09-12 Austro-Ottoman War: Battle of Vienna - several European armies join forces to defeat the Ottoman Empire
  • 1686-09-02 Habsburg armies take Buda from Turks
  • 1687-08-12 Charles of Lotharingen defeats Turkish leaders
  • 1687-08-12 Battle of Mohacs: Ottoman invaders of Hungary routed by forces of Holy Roman Emperor under Charles of Lorraine
  • 1687-09-26 Acropolis in Athens attacked by Venetian army trying to eject Turks, damaging the Parthenon
  • 1687-09-28 Venetians take Athens from the Turks
  • 1690-10-08 Siege of Belgrade, Ottoman troops capture Belgrade
  • 1691-08-19 Battle at Szalankemen: Austrians beat Turks
  • 1695-01-27 Mustafa II becomes the Ottoman sultan in Istanbul on the death of Ahmed II. Mustafa rules until his death in 1703.
  • 1697-09-11 Battle of Zenta: forces of Prince Eugen of Savoye defeat the Turks, ending Ottoman control of large parts of Central Europe
  • 1699-01-26 Venice, Poland & Austria sign Treaty of Carlowitz with Ottoman Empire
  • 1700-07-13 Treaty of Constantinople establishes peace after Russo-Turkish war
  • 1703-08-21 The Edirne Event: Turkish army removes Sultan Mustafa II, lessening the power of the sultans
  • 1713-02-01 The Kalabalik or Tumult in Bendery results from the Ottoman sultan's order that his unwelcome guest, King Charles XII of Sweden, be seized.
  • 1713-07-27 Russia & Turkey sign peace treaty
  • 1714-11-22 King Karel XII leaves Turkish captivity to return to Sweden
  • 1716-08-05 Battle of Petrovaradin/Peterwardein: Habsburgs under Eugene of Savoy defeat the Turks in a decisive victory
  • 1718-07-21 The Treaty of Passarowitz between the Ottoman Empire, Austria and the Republic of Venice is signed.
  • 1718-08-21 Emperor Karel VI, Turkey & Venice sign peace treaty
  • 1724-06-23 Russia & Turkey sign Treaty of Constantinople
  • 1730-09-17 Turkish coup under Mahmud I; Sultan Ahmed III flees
  • 1737-07-18 Battle at Banja Luka: Turkish army beats Austrians
  • 1738-05-27 Turkish troops occupy Orsova & Ochakov
  • 1738-08-02 France offers emperor Karel VI mediation in war against Turkey

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 133

  • 1432-03-30 Mehmed II, Ottoman Sultan (d. 1481)
  • 1441-02-09 Ali Sjir Neva'i [Fani], Turkish poet/author (Mahbub al-kulub)
  • 1459-12-22 Djem Sultan, son of Turks sultan Mehmed II
  • 1489-04-15 Sinan, Ottoman architect (d. 1588)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1494-11-06 Suleiman the Magnificent, Ottoman Sultan and the longest-reigning sultan of the Ottoman Empire (1530-1566), born in Trabzon, Ottoman Empire (d. 1566)

Ottoman Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent
Ottoman Sultan
Suleiman the Magnificent

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1524-05-28 Selim II, Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (1566-74, born in Constantinople, Ottoman Empire (d. 1574)

Ottoman Sultan Selim II
Ottoman Sultan
Selim II
  • 1524-05-30 Selam II Sari, the blonde, sultan of Turkey (1566-74)
  • 1546-07-04 Murad/Murat III, Sultan of Turkey (1574-95)
  • 1566-05-26 Mehmed III, Ottoman Emperor (1595-1603)
  • 1590-04-18 Ahmed I, 14th Sultan of the Ottoman Emperor (1603-17); constructed the Blue Mosque
  • 1604-11-03 Osman II, sultan of Turkey (1618-22)
  • 1612-07-27 Murad IV, sultan of Turkey (1623-40)/conquered Baghdad
  • 1615-11-05 Ibrahim I, Ottoman Sultan (d. 1648)
  • 1629-08-17 King John [Jan] III Sobieski of Poland. Victor over the Turks in 1683 (d. 1696)
  • 1638-01-12 Ernst R Tarhemberg, Austrian fieldmarshal (Turkish Wars)
  • 1642-01-02 Mehmed IV, sultan (Turkey)
  • 1642-08-01 Ahmed II, 21st sultan of Turkey (1691-95) [or Feb 25, 1643]
  • 1643-02-25 Ahmed II, 21st sultan of Turkey (1691-95)
  • 1657-11-11 Guido Starhemberg, Austria earl/fieldmarshal (Turkish Wars)
  • 1663-10-18 Prince Eugene of Savoy, famous military commander for the Habsburg Monarchy against the Ottomans and the French, born in Paris, France
  • 1664-06-05 Mustafa II, sultan of Turkey (1695-1703)
  • 1673-12-12 Ahmed III, 23rd sultan (Turkey, 1703-30)
  • 1673-12-30 Ahmed III, Ottoman Sultan (d. 1736)
  • 1696-08-02 Mahmud I, Sultan of Ottoman (Turkey) (1730-54)/fought Austria & Russia
  • 1699-01-02 Osman III, sultan (Turkey)
  • 1717-01-28 Mustafa III, Ottoman Sultan (d. 1774). Reigned 1757-74.
  • 1725-03-20 Abdul Hamid I, Ottoman Sultan (d. 1789)
  • 1761-12-24 Selam III, poet/composer/sultan of Turkey (1789-1808)
  • 1779-09-08 Mustafa IV, sultan of Turkey (1807-08)
  • 1785-07-20 Mahmud II, sultan of Turkey (1808-39)/Westernizer/reformer
  • 1811-01-05 Cyrus Hamlin, educator/missionary (est Robert College, Turkey)
  • 1822-03-22 Ahmed Djevdet Pasha, Turkish minister of Education/Justice
  • 1823-04-23 Abd-ul-Mejid, Ottoman Sultan (d. 1861)
  • 1830-02-09 Abd-ul-Aziz, Ottoman Sultan (d. 1876)
  • 1840-09-21 Murad V, sultan of Turkey (1876)
  • 1840-12-11 Kemal Bey, Turkey, poet/author (Fatherland-1872)
  • 1840-12-21 Mehmed N Kemal, Turkish journalist (Vatan)
  • 1842-09-21 Abd-ul-Hamid II, Ottoman Sultan (d. 1918)
  • 1844-11-03 Mehmed V Reshad, sultan of Turkey (1909-18)
  • 1848-01-05 Khristo Botev, hero of Bulgarian revolt against Turkey, poet
  • 1855-02-17 Otto Liman von Sanders, German general in Turkey (WWI)
  • 1861-02-02 Mehmed VI, last sultan of Ottoman Empire (1918-22)
  • 1874-07-14 'Abbas Hilmi II, last khedive (Ottoman viceroy) of Egypt (1892-1914)
  • 1881-03-09 Enver Pasja, Turkish general and politician

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1881-05-19 Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, 1st President of Turkey (1923-38) and founder of the Republic of Turkey, born in Salonica, Ottoman Empire (d. 1938)

President and founder of the Republic of Turkey Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
President and founder of the Republic of Turkey
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
  • 1881-12-22 Enver Pasa, Istanbul Turkey, Turkish politician
  • 1889-03-27 Yakup Kadri Karaosmanoglu, Turkish writer/diplomat
  • 1889-04-20 Albert Jean Amateau, Turkish-born businessman and social activist (d. 1996)
  • 1901-05-08 Turkey Stearnes, baseball player (d. 1979)
  • 1902-05-30 Seton Howard Frederick Lloyd, English Archaeologist (Arzawa civilization, Turkey)
  • 1905-01-28 Luther George Simjian, Turkish-American Inventor (teleprompter and first self-posing portrait camera)
  • 1909-09-07 Elia Kazan, Constaninople Turkey, director (Streetcar Named Desire)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1910-08-26 Mother Teresa [Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu], Albanian-born Indian nun and founder of Missionaries of Charity (Nobel Peace Prize, 1979), born in Skopje, Ottoman Empire (d. 1997)

Catholic Missionary Mother Teresa
Catholic Missionary
Mother Teresa
  • 1915-03-27 Robert Lockwood Jr., American blues guitarist, born in Turkey Scratch, Arkansas (d. 2006)
  • 1915-12-20 Aziz Nesin, Turkish writer, born on Heybeliada, Ottoman Empire (d. 1995)
  • 1917-07-17 Kenan Evren, Turkish soldier and politician, (President of Turkey 1980-1989 by military coup), born in Alaşehir, Manisa Province (d. 2015)
  • 1923-10-06 Yaşar Kemal, Turkish writer (Memed, My Hawk), born in Hemite, Osmaniye, Ottoman Empire (d. 2015)
  • 1924-01-27 Rauf Denktasj, Turkish-Cypriot politician
  • 1924-11-01 Suleyman Demirel, President of Turkey (1993-2000) and Prime Minister, born in Isparta, Atabey (d. 2015)
  • 1925-05-28 Bülent Ecevit, four term Turkish Prime Minister (between 1974 and 2002), born in Istanbul, Turkey
  • 1930-01-24 Bernard Matthews, English turkey farmer/multi-millionaire
  • 1931-12-06 Zeki Müren, Turkish actor, singer, and composer (d. 1996)
  • 1932-06-27 Magali Noël [Guiffray], French actress and singer, born in Izmir, Turkey (d. 2015)
  • 1937-09-07 Cüneyt Arkın, Turkish film actor
  • 1938-08-05 Hayes Wendell Jones, Sturksville Mich, 110m hurdler (Oly-gold-1964)
  • 1939-07-10 Ahmet Taner Kışlalı, Turkish politician, journalist, and educator (d. 1999)
  • 1941-08-06 Hubertus AGM "Bert" Andre, Dutch actor (Turkish Fruit-Come Back)
  • 1941-09-13 Ahmet Necdet Sezer, 10th President of Turkey
  • 1941-11-21 İdil Biret, Turkish pianist
  • 1942-04-13 Ataol Behramoglu Turkish poet and writer.
  • 1942-08-22 Uğur Mumcu, Turkish journalist and writer (Cumhuriyet Murder), born in Kırşehir, Turkey (d. 1993)
  • 1943-01-02 Barış Manço, Turkish singer and television producer (d. 1999)
  • 1944-11-11 Kemal Sunal, Turkish actor
  • 1945-08-22 Erol Gelenbe, Turkish computer scientist and mathematician, born in Istanbul, Turkey
  • 1945-09-01 Mustafa Balel, Turkish writer
  • 1945-10-18 Yıldo, Turkish famous showman and football player
  • 1946-02-12 Ajda Pekkan, Turkish singer
  • 1948-10-14 Engin Arık, Turkish nuclear physicist (d. 2007)
  • 1950-03-05 Eugene Fodor, American classical violinist (1974 Tchaikovsky Award), born in Denver, Colorado (d. 2011)
  • 1950-10-29 Abdullah Gul, Turkish President (2007-14), born in Kayseri, Anatolia
  • 1952-07-28 Monique van de Ven, Dutch actress (Turkish Fruit)
  • 1952-10-06 Ayten Mutlu, Turkish poet and writer
  • 1953-10-04 Tchéky Karyo, Turkish-French actor
  • 1954-02-26 Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, Prime Minister of Turkey, born in Kasımpaşa, Istanbul
  • 1954-06-05 Haluk Bilginer, Turkish actor
  • 1954-06-21 Müjde Ar, Turkish actress
  • 1954-07-13 Sezen Aksu, Turkish singer
  • 1954-09-15 Hrant Dink, Turkish-Armenian newspaper editor (d. 2007)
  • 1957-07-07 Berry Sakharof, Turkish-born Israeli guitarist (Minimal Compact)
  • 1958-01-09 Mehmet Ali Ağca, Turkish attempted assassin of Pope John Paul II
  • 1964-12-04 Sertab Erener, Turkish singer
  • 1967-01-23 Naim Suleymanoglu, Bulgaria, Turkish weight lifter (Oly-gold-1988)
  • 1967-03-04 Kubilay Türkyılmaz, former Turkish-Swiss footballer
  • 1967-11-20 Teoman, Turkish rock singer
  • 1968-08-25 Rafet El Roman, Turkish singer and composer
  • 1968-11-24 Bülent Korkmaz, Turkish footballer
  • 1970-02-16 Serdar Ortac, Turkish popstar
  • 1970-04-14 Emre Altuğ, Turkish singer
  • 1970-08-24 Tugay Kerimoğlu, Turkish footballer, born in Trabzon, Turkey
  • 1971-09-01 Hakan Şükür, Turkish footballer

Famous Weddings


HeartWedding of Interest

1923-01-29 President of Turkey Mustafa Kemal Ataturk (41) weds highly-educated woman Latife Hanim

President and founder of the Republic of Turkey Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
President and founder of the Republic of Turkey
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk

Famous Divorces


Broken heartDivorce of Interest

1925-08-05 Turkish President Mustafa Kemal Ataturk (44) divorces wife Latife Hanim after 2 years of marriage

President and founder of the Republic of Turkey Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
President and founder of the Republic of Turkey
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 108

  • 1030-04-30 Mohammud van Ghazna, Turkish mayor (G'widen)/Islamic ruler, dies
  • 1063-09-04 Toghrül, Turkish conqueror of Persia and Baghdad
  • 1072-12-15 Alp Arslan, Turkish sultan in Persia (b. 1029)
  • 1260-10-23 Koetoez, Turkish sultan of Egypt, murdered
  • 1397-06-15 Count of Eu, French knight, dies in Turkish captivity
  • 1403-03-08 Bajezid I Jildirim, 4th sultan of Turkey (1389-1403), dies at 42
  • 1421-05-26 Mehmed I, Ottoman Sultan (1413-21). B. 1389.
  • 1451-02-03 Murad II, sultan of Turkey (1421-51), dies
  • 1481-05-03 Mehmed II, Ottoman Sultan (b. 1432)
  • 1495-02-25 Djem Sultan, son of Turkish sultan Mehmed II, dies at 35
  • 1501-01-03 Ali Sjir Neva'i [Fani], Turkish poet/author, dies at 59
  • 1512-05-26 Bayezid II, Ottoman Sultan (1481-1512) dies at 62
  • 1520-09-21 Selam I Jawuz, the Barse, poet/cruel sultan of Turkey, dies
  • 1520-09-22 Selim I, captured Baghdad/Sultan of Turkey (1512-20), dies at 53
  • 1546-07-04 Hayreddin Barbarossa, Admiral of the Ottoman Navy (b. 1478)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1566-09-05 Suleiman the Magnificent, Ottoman Sultan and the longest-reigning sultan of the Ottoman Empire (1530-1566), dies at 71

Ottoman Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent
Ottoman Sultan
Suleiman the Magnificent
  • 1571-10-07 Müezzinzade Ali Pasha, Turkish fleet commander, dies in the Battle of Lepanto

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1574-12-12 Selim II, Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (1566-74, dies of head injury after a fall at 50

Ottoman Sultan Selim II
Ottoman Sultan
Selim II
  • 1574-12-13 Selam II Sari, the blonde, sultan of Turkey (1566-74), dies at 50
  • 1579-06-30 Mehmed Pasha Sokolović, Turkish Janissary
  • 1588-07-17 Sinan, Ottoman architect (b. 1489)
  • 1595-01-15 Murat III, Ottoman Sultan (b. 1546)
  • 1595-01-16 Murad III, sultan of Turkey (1574-95), dies
  • 1601-08-19 Michael the Brave, ruler of Turkey, dies
  • 1603-12-22 Mehmed III, Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (b. 1566) Reigned 1595-1603.
  • 1617-11-22 Ahmed I, 14th sultan of Turkey (1603-17), dies
  • 1622-05-20 Osman II, sultan of Turkey (1618-22), dies
  • 1639-01-20 Mustapha I, sultan of Turkey (1622-23), dies
  • 1640-02-09 Murad IV, sultan of Turkey (1623-40), dies in Baghdad at 27
  • 1648-08-12 Ibrahim I, Ottoman Sultan (b. 1615)
  • 1657-09-26 Hadji Chalfa/Katib Tsjelebi, Turkish geographer, dies at 48
  • 1661-10-31 Mehmed Koprulu, Albanian great vizier of Turkey, dies
  • 1676-10-30 Ahmed Koprulu, Turkish great vizer (siege of Candia, Kreta), dies
  • 1683-12-25 Kara Mustafa Pasha Turkish grand-vizier (1676-83) and Ottoman general, executed. (b. 1634)
  • 1691-08-19 Mustafa Koprulu, Turkish grand vizer, dies in battle
  • 1693-01-06 Mehmed IV, sultan (Turkey), dies at 51
  • 1695-02-06 Ahmed II, 21st sultan of Turkey (1691-95), dies
  • 1696-06-17 John [Jan] III Sobieski, King of Poland (1674-96), Victor at Battle Vienna over Turks (1683) dies at 66
  • 1702-09-22 Hoessein Koprulu, Turkish great vizer (peace of Karlowitz), dies
  • 1703-12-28 Mustafa II, Ottoman Sultan (b. 1664)
  • 1712-04-10 Yusuf Nabi, Turkish poet (Hayriye), dies at about 77
  • 1754-12-14 Mahmud I, sultan of Turkey, dies at 58
  • 1757-10-30 Osman III, sultan of Turkey (1754-57), dies
  • 1774-01-21 Mustafa III, Ottoman Sultan (b. 1717). Reigns 1757 to 1774. Dies at 56
  • 1789-04-07 Abd-ul-Hamid I, Ottoman Sultan (b. 1725)
  • 1808-07-29 Selam III, poet/composer/sultan of Turkey (1789-1808), dies
  • 1808-11-16 Mustapha IV, sultan of Turkey (1807-08), dies at 29
  • 1839-07-01 Mahmud II, sultan of Turkey (1808-39), dies at 53
  • 1861-06-25 Abd-ul-Mejid, Ottoman Sultan (b. 1823)
  • 1871-09-07 Mehmed E Ali Pasja, Turkish statesman, dies
  • 1876-05-12 Georgi Benkovski, Bulgarian revolutionary, brutally killed by the Turks (b. 1843)
  • 1888-12-02 Mehmed N Kemal Bey, Turkish writer/journalist (Vatan), dies at 47
  • 1895-05-25 Ahmed Djevdet Pasja, Turkish minister of Justice, dies at 73
  • 1904-08-29 Murad V, sultan of Turkey (1876), dies
  • 1913-01-23 Nazim Pasha, Turkey's PM, assassinated
  • 1913-06-11 Machmud Shevket Pasha, Turks grand vizier, murdered
  • 1918-02-10 Abdul Hamid II Ottoman Sultan (b. 1842)
  • 1918-07-02 Mohammed V Resjad, sultan of Turkey (1909-18), dies
  • 1918-07-03 Sultan Mehmed V of the Ottoman Empire (b. 1844)
  • 1922-07-21 Djemal Pasha, dictator of Turkey, murdered
  • 1922-08-04 Enver Pasa, Turkish politician, dies at 40
  • 1926-05-15 Mohammed VI Vahideddin, last sultan of Turkey (1918-22), dies
  • 1926-05-16 Mehmed VI Vahideddin (Mohammed Osman), last sultan of Turkey, dies
  • 1929-08-22 Otto Liman von Sanders, German general in Turkey (WWI), dies at 74

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1938-11-10 Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, 1st President of Turkey (1923-38) and founder of the Republic of Turkey, dies of cirrhosis of the liver at 57

President and founder of the Republic of Turkey Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
President and founder of the Republic of Turkey
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
  • 1944-01-14 Mohammed Emin Yurdakul, Turkish poet, dies at about 74
  • 1961-09-17 Adnan Menderes, PM of Turkey (1950-60), dies at 62
  • 1963-06-03 Nazim Hikmet, Turkish poet (Tosun Pasa, The Passenger), dies at 61
  • 1964-01-09 Halide Edib Adevar/Salih, Turkish feminist (Handan), dies at about 80
  • 1968-12-01 Dario Moreno, Turkish-Jewish singer (b. 1921)
  • 1972-05-06 Deniz Gezmiş, Turkish Left-wing Political Activist (b. 1947)
  • 1972-06-13 Dündar Taşer, Turkish nationalist (b. 1925)
  • 1973-12-25 İsmet İnönü, Turkish statesman (b. 1884)
  • 1975-10-24 Ismail Erez, Turkish ambassador, killed by car bomb in Paris
  • 1981-02-26 FC Terborgh, [Reijnier Flaes], lawyer/writer (Turkish War), dies at 79
  • 1991-03-16 Wim van den Brink, Dutch actor (Turkish Fruit, Red Sien), dies
  • 1991-09-13 Metin Oktay, Turkish football player (b. 1936)
  • 1993-01-24 Ugur Mumcu, Turkish journalist and writer (Cumhuriyet Murder), dies at 50
  • 1993-04-17 Turgut Özal, president of Turkey (1989-93), dies at 65
  • 1993-09-04 Mehmet Sincar, Turkish/Kurd MP, murdered
  • 1994-09-29 Mehmet Topac, Turkish minister of Justice, murdered
  • 1995-01-11 Onat Kutlar, Turkish screenplay/producer (Hazal), murdered at 59
  • 1995-07-06 Aziz Nesin, Turkish writer, dies at 79
  • 1996-11-03 Abdullah Çatlı, a Turkish nationalist and neofascist activist (b. 1956)
  • 1997-04-05 Alparslan Turkes, Turkish politician (MHP), dies
  • 1997-10-23 Luther George Simjian, Turkish-American Inventor (teleprompter and first self-posing portrait camera), dies at 92
  • 1999-02-01 Barış Manço, Turkish singer, composer, television producer and celebrity. (b. 1943)
  • 2000-07-03 Kemal Sunal, Turkish actor (b. 1944)
  • 2002-07-13 Yousuf Karsh, Turkish-born Armenian photographer (b. 1908)
  • 2003-10-16 Avni Arbas, Turkish artist (b. 1919)
  • 2003-11-20 Kerem Yilmazer, Turkish actor (b. 1945)
  • 2004-08-15 Semiha Berksoy, first Turkish opera singer (b. 1910)
  • 2006-11-05 Bülent Ecevit, four term Turkish Prime Minister (between 1974 and 2002), dies at 81
  • 2007-01-19 Hrant Dink, Turkish-Armenian newspaper editor (b. 1954)
  • 2007-07-04 Barış Akarsu, Turkish rock musician (b. 1979)
  • 2007-11-30 Engin Arık, Turkish nuclear physicist (b. 1948)
  • 2008-05-10 Leyla Gencer, Turkish soprano (b. 1928)
  • 2008-07-05 Hasan Doğan, 37th president of the Turkish Football Federation (b. 1956)
  • 2008-10-15 Fazıl Hüsnü Dağlarca, Turkish poet (b. 1914)
  • 2009-02-17 Gazanfer Özcan, Turkish actor (b. 1931)