Turkish History

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 474

  • 0758-06-11 Diplomatic dispute at Tang Chinese capital Chang'an when Abbasid Arabs and Uyghur Turks both arrive to offer tribute. Settlement reached when both enter at same time through two different gates.
  • 1071-08-26 Battle of Manzikert: Seljuq Turks led by sultan Alp Arslan beat and capture Byzantine Emperor Romanos IV Diogenes
  • 1098-06-03 After 5-month siege during the First Crusade, the Crusaders seize Antioch
  • 1147-10-25 Seljuk Turks defeat German crusaders under Conrad III at the Battle of Dorylaeum
  • 1176-09-17 At the Battle of Myriokephalon the Byzantines fail to recover Anatolia from Turkish rule

Historic Event

1190-06-10 Third Crusade: Holy Roman Emperor Frederick I Barbarossa drowns while crossing the Saleph River (modern Turkey) leading an army to Jerusalem

  • 1371-09-26 Battle of Maritsa: Serbia-Turkey
  • 1389-06-28 Ottomans defeat Serbian army in the bloody Battle of Kosovo, opening the way for the Ottoman conquest of Southeastern Europe. Large losses on both sides including Sultan Murad and Serbian leader Prince Lazar. (NS date)

Victory in Battle

1402-07-20 Battle of Ankara: Army of Timur (Tamerlane) with its armor-plated elephants defeats forces of Ottoman Sultan Bayezid I, capturing Bayezid in the process leading to an Ottoman power vacuum

  • 1443-11-28 Albanian George Kastriotis Skanderbeg and his forces liberate Kruja in Middle Albania from the Ottomans and raise the Albanian flag.
  • 1448-10-17 Second Battle of Kosovo, where the mainly Hungarian army led by John Hunyadi were defeated by an Ottoman army led by Sultan Murad II.

Historic Event

1451-02-03 Sultan Mehmed II, the Conqueror inherits the throne of the Ottoman Empire

  • 1453-04-21 Turkish fleet sinks ships Golden Receiver in Constantinople
  • 1453-05-29 Constantinople, capital of the Eastern Roman Empire falls to the Turks under Mehmed II; ends the Byzantine Empire
  • 1475-01-10 Stephen III of Moldavia defeats the Ottoman Empire at the Battle of Vaslui
  • 1480-08-12 Battle of Otranto - Ottoman troops behead 800 Christians for refusing to convert to Islam
  • 1493-09-09 Battle of Krbava field, a decisive defeat of Croats in Croatian struggle against the Ottoman Empire invasion.
  • 1499-08-12 First engagement of the Battle of Zonchio between Venetian and Ottoman fleets
  • 1499-08-25 Battle at Sapienza: Turkish fleet beats Venetians
  • 1509-02-03 The Battle of Diu, naval battle at port of Diu, India between Portugal and the Ottoman Empire, establishes Portuguese trading control

Historic Event

1510-12-10 Muslim ruler of Goa, Yusuf Adil Shah and his Ottoman allies surrender to Portuguese forces led by Afonso de Albuquerque who puts the Muslim population to the sword

  • 1514-08-23 Battle of Chaldiran ended with a decisive victory for the Sultan Selim I, Ottoman Empire, over the Shah Ismail I, Safavids founder.
  • 1516-08-24 Battle of Marj Dabiq: Ottoman forces decisively beat the Mamluk Sultanate
  • 1516-10-28 Battle of Yaunis Khan: Turkish forces under the Grand Vizier Sinan Pasha defeat the Mameluks near Gaza
  • 1517-01-22 Ottoman forces take Cairo, capital of the Mamluk Sultanate
  • 1517-04-13 Ottoman army occupies Cairo

Historic Event

1520-09-30 Suleiman the Magnificent succeeds his father Selam I as Ottoman Sultan (rules till 1566)

Agreement of Interest

1568-02-17 Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian II agrees to pay tribute to the Ottoman Empire for peace

Historic Event

1571-05-25 Pope Pius V forms The Holy League to fight the Ottomans with other Catholic maritime states including Spain, Venice, Naples and Sicily

Lepanto – The Battle That Saved Europe

1571-10-07 Battle of Lepanto: Holy League of southern European nations destroy Ottoman fleet in significant loss off Western Greece

  • 1573-03-07 Turkey & Venice sign peace treaty
  • 1574-09-13 Turkish fleet recaptures Tunis
  • 1593-06-22 Battle of Sisak: Allied Christian troops defeat the Turks
  • 1595-08-23 Michael the Brave confronts the Ottoman army in the Battle of Calugareni.
  • 1595-10-28 Battle at Giurgevo: Zsigmond Bathory of Transylvania beats Turks
  • 1596-10-24 -26] Battle at Kerestes: Ottoman beat Austria-Hungary & Germany
  • 1606-11-11 Turkey & Austria sign Treaty of Zsitva-Torok
  • 1620-05-17 1st merry-go-round seen at a fair in Philippapolis, Turkey

Historic Event

1620-09-20 Battle at Jassy: Turks beat king Sigismund III of Poland

  • 1621-09-28 Battle at Chocim Dniester: King Sigismund III Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth defeats an invading Ottoman Imperial army
  • 1621-10-09 Turkey & Poland signs Peace of Chotin
  • 1654-05-13 Venetian fleet under Norwegian Admiral Cort Adeler beats Turkish fleet the near the Dardanelles, sinking 15 Turkish galleys
  • 1663-09-25 Austrian Fort Neuhausl surrenders to invading Turkish army
  • 1664-01-21 Count Miklos of Zrinyi sets out to battle Turkish invasion army
  • 1664-05-14 Turkish Grand Vizier Köprülü Fazıl Ahmed attacks 120,000 Donau soldiers
  • 1664-08-10 Austria and the Ottoman Empire sign the Peace of Vásvár
  • 1669-09-06 The siege of Candia, on Crete, ends with the Venetian fortress surrendering to the Ottomans - second-longest siege in history (began 1648)
  • 1672-10-18 Poland & Turkey sign Peace of Buczacz
  • 1673-11-11 Second Battle of Khotyn in the Ukraine, Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth forces under the command of Jan Sobieski. defeat the Ottoman army. In this battle, rockets of Kazimierz Siemienowicz were successfully used.
  • 1676-10-27 Poland & Turkey sign Peace of Warsaw
  • 1676-11-03 Kara Mustafa succeeds Ahmed Kiprulu as Turkish grand vizier
  • 1683-03-31 Holy Roman Emperor Leopold I and King John III Sobieski of Poland sign a covenant against Turkey, beginning of the Holy League
  • 1683-07-16 Turkish troops under Kara Mustafa reach Vienna
  • 1683-09-03 Turkish troops break through defense of Vienna
  • 1683-09-12 Austro-Ottoman War: Battle of Vienna - several European armies join forces to defeat the Ottoman Empire
  • 1686-09-02 Habsburg armies take Buda from Turks
  • 1687-08-12 Battle of Mohacs: Ottoman invaders of Hungary routed by forces of Holy Roman Emperor under Charles of Lorraine
  • 1687-08-12 Charles of Lotharingen defeats Turkish leaders

Parthenon

1687-09-26 Acropolis in Athens attacked by Venetian army trying to eject Turks, damaging the Parthenon

  • 1687-09-28 Venetians take Athens from the Turks
  • 1690-10-08 Siege of Belgrade, Ottoman troops capture Belgrade
  • 1691-08-19 Battle at Slankamen: "the Bloodiest battle of the Century" Austrian Hapsburg force defeats Ottoman army, killing Grand Vizer Köprülü Fazıl Mustafa Pasha
  • 1695-01-27 Mustafa II becomes the Ottoman sultan in Istanbul on the death of Ahmed II. Mustafa rules until his death in 1703.
  • 1697-09-11 Battle of Zenta: forces of Prince Eugen of Savoye defeat the Turks, ending Ottoman control of large parts of Central Europe
  • 1699-01-26 Venice, Poland & Austria sign Treaty of Karlowitz with Ottoman Empire, ending the Great Turkish War (1683-97) - 1st time Ottomans concede significant territory
  • 1700-07-13 Treaty of Constantinople establishes peace after Russo-Turkish war
  • 1703-08-21 The Edirne Event: Turkish army removes Sultan Mustafa II, lessening the power of the sultans

Historic Event

1713-02-01 The Kalabalik or Tumult in Bendery results from the Ottoman sultan's order that his unwelcome guest, King Charles XII of Sweden, be seized.

  • 1713-07-27 Russia and Turkey sign peace treaty
  • 1714-11-22 King Karel XII leaves Turkish captivity to return to Sweden

Battle of Petrovaradin

1716-08-05 Battle of Petrovaradin [Peterwardein]: Habsburgs under Eugene of Savoy defeat the Turks in a decisive victory

  • 1718-07-21 The Treaty of Passarowitz between the Ottoman Empire, Austria and the Republic of Venice is signed

Treaty of Interest

1718-08-21 Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI, Turkey and Venice sign peace treaty

  • 1724-06-23 Russia and Turkey sign Treaty of Constantinople
  • 1730-09-17 Turkish coup under Mahmud I; Sultan Ahmed III flees

Famous Birthdays

Mehmed the Conqueror

1432-03-30 Mehmed the Conqueror [Mehmed II], Ottoman Sultan (1444-45 and 1451-81) who conquered Constantinople, born in Edirne, Ottoman Sultanate (d. 1481)

  • 1441-02-09 Ali Sjir Neva'i [Fani], Turkish poet/author (Mahbub al-kulub)
  • 1459-12-22 Sultan Cem, third son of Sultan Mehmed II and pretender to the Ottoman throne, born in Rumelia, Ottoman Empire (d. 1495)
  • 1489-04-15 Mimar Sinan, Ottoman architect and civil engineer for Sultans Suleiman the Magnificent, Selim II, and Murad III, born in Ağırnas, Karaman Eyalet, Ottoman Empire (d. 1588)

Suleiman the Magnificent

1494-11-06 Suleiman the Magnificent, Ottoman Sultan and the longest-reigning sultan of the Ottoman Empire (1530-1566), born in Trabzon, Ottoman Empire (d. 1566)

Selim II

1524-05-28 Selim II "the blonde", 11th Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (1566-74, born in Constantinople, Ottoman Empire (d. 1574)

  • 1546-07-04 Murad III, Ottoman Sultan (1574-95), born in Manisa, Ottoman Empire (d. 1595)
  • 1566-05-26 Mehmed III, Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (1595-1603), born in Manisa, Ottoman Empire (d. 1603)
  • 1590-04-18 Ahmed I, 14th Sultan of the Ottoman Emperor (1603-17); constructed the Blue Mosque, born in Manisa Palace, Manisa, Ottoman Empire (d. 1617)
  • 1604-11-03 Osman II, Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (1618-22), born in Topkapi Palace, Constantinople, Ottoman Empire (d. 1622)
  • 1612-07-27 Murad IV, Sultan of Turkey (1623-40) who conquered Baghdad, born in Constantinople, Ottoman Empire (d. 1640)
  • 1615-11-05 Ibrahim I, 18th Ottoman Sultan (1640-48), born in Constantinople, Ottoman Empire (d. 1648)
  • 1626-08-01 Sabbatai Zevi, Montenegrin rabbi, kabbalist, and founder of the Jewish Sabbatean movement, born in Ottoman Empire (d. 1676)
  • 1629-08-17 King John [Jan] III Sobieski of Poland. Victor over the Turks in 1683 (d. 1696)
  • 1638-01-12 Ernst Rüdiger von Starhemberg, Austrian field marshal (1683 successfully defended Vienna against Ottoman siege), born in Graz, Styria (d. 1701)
  • 1642-01-02 Mehmed IV, sultan (Turkey)
  • 1642-08-01 Ahmed II, 21st Sultan of Turkey (1691-95), born in Istanbul, Ottoman Empire (d. 1695) [or born Feb 25, 1643]
  • 1643-02-25 Ahmed II, 21st Sultan of Turkey (1691-95), born in Istanbul, Ottoman Empire (d. 1695) [or born Aug 1, 1642]
  • 1657-11-11 Guido Starhemberg, Austrian earl and fieldmarshal (Turkish Wars), born in Graz, Austria (d. 1737)
  • 1663-10-18 Prince Eugene of Savoy, famous military commander for the Habsburg Monarchy against the Ottomans and the French, born in Paris, France
  • 1664-06-05 Mustafa II [Mustafa Oglu Mehmed IV], Ottoman Sultan (1695-1703), born in Edirne, Ottoman Empire (d. 1703)
  • 1673-12-30 Ahmed III, 23rd Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (1703-30), born in Dobrich, Ottoman Empire (d. 1736)
  • 1696-08-02 Mahmud I, Sultan of Ottoman Empire (1730-54) who fought Austria & Russia, born in Edirne Palace, Edirne, Ottoman Empire (d. 1754)
  • 1699-01-02 Osman III, sultan of Turkey (1754-57), born in Edirne Palace, Edirne (d. 1757)
  • 1717-01-28 Mustafa III, Ottoman Sultan (d. 1774). Reigned 1757-74.
  • 1725-03-20 Abdul Hamid I, Ottoman Sultan (d. 1789)
  • 1761-12-24 Selim III, Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (1789-1808), born in Topkapı Palace, Istanbul, Ottoman Empire (d. 1808)
  • 1770-04-03 Theodoros Kolokotronis, Greek general and leader of the Greek War of Independence (1821-29), born in Ramοvouni, Messenia, Ottoman Empire (d. 1843)
  • 1779-09-08 Mustafa IV, 29th Sultan of Ottoman Empire (1807-08), born in Istanbul, Ottoman Empire (d. 1808)

Mahmud II

1785-07-20 Mahmud II, 30th Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (1808-39), born in Topkapı Palace, Istanbul, Ottoman Empire (d. 1839)

  • 1808-07-21 Simion Bărnuţiu, Romanian philosopher and politician, born in Bocșa, Sălaj, Ottoman Empire (d. 1864)
  • 1811-01-05 Cyrus Hamlin, American educator/missionary (est Robert College, Turkey), born in Waterford, Maine (d. 1900)
  • 1822-03-22 Ahmed Djevdet Pasha, Turkish minister of Education and Justice
  • 1823-04-23 Abdulmejid I, 31st Sultan of Ottoman Empire, born in Istanbul, Ottoman Empire (d. 1861)
  • 1830-02-09 Abdulaziz, Ottoman Sultan (1861-76), born in Constantinople, Ottoman Empire (d. 1876)
  • 1833-11-10 Dobri Voynikov, Bulgarian teacher, playwright and journalist (The Phoney Civilization), born in Şumnu, Ottoman Empire (d. 1878)
  • 1840-09-21 Murad V, 33rd Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (1876), born in Istanbul, Ottoman Empire (d. 1904)
  • 1840-12-11 Namık Kemal, Turkish poet and author (Fatherland-1872), born in Tekirdağ, Ottoman Empire (d. 1888)
  • 1840-12-21 Mehmed N Kemal, Turkish journalist (Vatan)
  • 1842-09-21 Abdul Hamid II, 34th Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (1876-1909), born in Topkapı Palace, Istanbul, Ottoman Empire (d. 1918)
  • 1844-07-11 Peter I Karadjordjevic, King of Serbia/Yugoslavia (1903-21), born in Belgrade, Ottoman Tributary Principality of Serbia (d. 1921)
  • 1844-11-02 Mehmed V, 35th Ottoman Sultan (1909-18), born in Topkapı Palace, Constantinople, Ottoman Empire (d. 1918)
  • 1848-01-05 Khristo Botev, Bulgarian poet & nationalist revolutionary, born in Kalofer, Bulgaria (d. 1876)
  • 1849-10-06 Basil Zaharoff, Greek arms dealer (merchant of death), born in Muğla, Turkey (d. 1936)
  • 1855-02-17 Otto Liman von Sanders, German general in Turkey (WWI)
  • 1861-02-02 Mehmed VI, last sultan of Ottoman Empire (1918-22)
  • 1863-04-29 Constantine P Cavafy, Egyptian Greek poet, journalist and civil servant, born in Alexandria, Egypt Province, Ottoman Empire (d. 1933)
  • 1874-07-14 Abbas Hilmi II, last khedive (Ottoman viceroy) of Egypt (1892-1914), born in Alexandria, Egypt (d. 1944)

Mustafa Kemal Atatürk

1881-05-19 Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, 1st President of Turkey (1923-38) and founder of the Republic of Turkey, born in Salonica, Ottoman Empire (d. 1938) real date unknown this adopted to align with Turkish Independence Day

Enver Pasha

1881-11-22 Enver Pasha, Turkish general and politician, born in Constantinople (d. 1922)

  • 1881-12-22 Enver Pasa, Turkish politician, born in Istanbul, Turkey (d. 1922)
  • 1882-08-02 Johannes Tralow, German writer (Ottoman tetralogy), born in Lübeck, Germany (d. 1968)
  • 1883-02-18 Níkos Kazantzákis, prominent Greek writer and philosopher (Zorba the Greek, The Last Temptation of Christ), born in Kandiye, Ottoman Empire (d. 1957)
  • 1889-03-27 Yakup Kadri Karaosmanoglu, Turkish writer and translator, born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 1974)
  • 1889-04-20 Albert Jean Amateau, Turkish-born businessman and social activist, born in Milas, Turkey (d. 1996)
  • 1892-07-23 Petros John Petridis, Greek composer (Isotope Suite), born in Nigdé (Capodocia), Turkey (d. 1977)
  • 1895-10-08 Zog I, King of Albania (1928-39), born in Burgajet Castle, Ottoman Empire (d. 1961)
  • 1898-11-07 Raphaël Salem, Greek mathematician, born in Saloniki, Ottoman Empire (d. 1963)
  • 1900-02-22 Giorgos Seferis [Georgios Seferiades], Greek poet (Nobel 1963), born in Urla, Ottoman Empire (d. 1971)
  • 1900-04-03 Camille Chamoun, President of Lebanon (1952-58), born in Deir el Qamar, Ottoman Empire (d. 1987)
  • 1901-05-08 Turkey Stearnes, American baseball player (Negro Leagues, Hall of Fame), born in Nashville, Tennessee (d. 1979)
  • 1901-06-23 Ahmet Hamdi Tanpınar, Turkish poet, novelist, recognized as one of the most important representatives of modernism in Turkish literature (A Mind at Peace, The Time Regulation Institute), born in Istanbul, Ottoman Empire (d. 1962)
  • 1902-01-15 Nazim Hikmet, Turkish poet (Tosun Pasa, The Passenger), born in Salonica, Ottoman Empire (d. 1963)
  • 1902-04-30 Rudolf Wittelsbach, Swiss pianist and composer, born in Constantinople, Turkey (d. 1972)
  • 1902-05-30 Seton Howard Frederick Lloyd, English Archaeologist (Arzawa civilization, Turkey)
  • 1905-01-28 Luther George Simjian, Turkish-American Inventor (teleprompter and first self-posing portrait camera)
  • 1906-04-27 Yórgos Theotokás, Greek novelist (Leonís), born in Constantinople, Ottoman Empire (d. 1966)
  • 1907-02-25 Sabahattin Ali, Turkish poet, author and journalist (Esirler, Içimizdeki Şeytan), born in Eğridere, Gümülcine, Ottoman Empire (d. 1948)
  • 1907-03-08 Konstantinos Karamanlis, Greek politician, President of Greece (1980-85), born in Sérrai, Ottoman Empire (d. 1998)
  • 1907-09-07 Ahmet Adnan Saygun, Turkish composer, born in İzmir, Ottoman Empire (d. 1991)
  • 1909-09-07 Elia Kazan, Greek-American director (Streetcar Named Desire), born in Constantinople, Ottoman Empire (d. 2003)

Mother Teresa

1910-08-26 Mother Teresa [Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu], Albanian-born Indian nun and founder of Missionaries of Charity (Nobel Peace Prize, 1979), born in Skopje, Ottoman Empire (d. 1997)

  • 1915-03-27 Robert Lockwood Jr., American blues guitarist, born in Turkey Scratch, Arkansas (d. 2006)

Moshe Dayan

1915-05-20 Moshe Dayan, Israeli Military Leader and politician, born in Degania Alef, Ottoman Empire (d. 1981)

  • 1915-12-20 Aziz Nesin, Turkish writer & humorist, born in Heybeliada, Ottoman Empire (d. 1995)
  • 1917-07-17 Kenan Evren, Turkish soldier and politician, (President of Turkey 1980-1989 by military coup), born in Alaşehir, Manisa Province (d. 2015)
  • 1919-04-23 Bulent Arel, Turkish-born electronic composer, born in Istanbul (d. 1990)
  • 1919-10-23 Manolis Andronikos, Greek archaeologist who discovered ancient royal Macedonian tombs in northern Greece, born in Bursa, Ottoman Empire (d. 1992)
  • 1922-03-11 Cornelius Castoriadis, Greek philosopher and economist, born in Constantinople, Ottoman Empire (d. 1997)
  • 1923-07-31 Ahmet Ertegun, Turkish-American businessman and co-founder of Atlantic Records, born in Istanbul, Turkey (d. 2006)
  • 1923-10-06 Yaşar Kemal, Turkish writer (Memed, My Hawk), born in Hemite, Osmaniye, Ottoman Empire (d. 2015)
  • 1924-01-27 Rauf Denktasj, Turkish-Cypriot politician
  • 1924-02-14 Arghyris Kounadis, Greek composer, born in Istanbul, Turkey (d. 2011)
  • 1924-11-01 Suleyman Demirel, President of Turkey (1993-2000) and Prime Minister, born in Isparta, Atabey (d. 2015)

Bülent Ecevit

1925-05-28 Bülent Ecevit, four term Turkish Prime Minister (between 1974 and 2002), born in Istanbul, Turkey (d. 2006)

  • 1929-04-24 Ferit Tuzun, Turkish composer, born in Istanbul (d. 1977)
  • 1930-01-24 Bernard Matthews, English turkey farmer (Bernard Matthews Farms), born in Brooke, England (d. 2010)
  • 1931-12-06 Zeki Müren, Turkish actor, singer, and composer (Game of Silence), born in Bursa, Turkey (d. 1996)
  • 1932-03-15 Arif Mardin, Turkish-American music producer (Atlantic Records: Aretha Franklin; Bee Gees), born in Istanbul, Turkey (d. 2006)
  • 1932-06-27 Magali Noël [Guiffray], French actress and singer, born in Izmir, Turkey (d. 2015)
  • 1937-09-07 Cüneyt Arkın, Turkish film actor (The Adam Trilogy), born in Gökçeoğlu village, Alpu, Eskişehir Province, Turkey
  • 1938-08-05 Hayes Jones, American athlete (Olympic gold 110m hurdles 1964), born in Sturksville, Mississippi
  • 1939-07-10 Ahmet Taner Kışlalı, Turkish politician, journalist, and educator, born in Zile, Tokat, Turkey (d. 1999)
  • 1941-08-06 Hubertus AGM "Bert" Andre, Dutch actor (Turkish Fruit-Come Back)
  • 1941-09-13 Ahmet Necdet Sezer, Turkish politician (10th President of Turkey), born in Afyonkarahisar, Turkey
  • 1941-11-21 İdil Biret, Turkish concert pianist, born in Ankara, Turkey
  • 1942-04-13 Ataol Behramoğlu, Turkish poet and writer, born in Çatalca, Istanbul Province, Turkey
  • 1942-08-22 Uğur Mumcu, Turkish journalist and writer (Cumhuriyet Murder), born in Kırşehir, Turkey (d. 1993)
  • 1943-01-02 Barış Manço, Turkish singer and television producer (d. 1999)
  • 1944-11-11 Kemal Sunal, Turkish actor (Saban the Cow,), born in Istanbul, Turkey (d. 2000)

Famous Weddings

Mustafa Kemal Atatürk

1923-01-29 President of Turkey Mustafa Kemal Ataturk (41) weds Latife Hanim; divorce in 1925

Famous Divorces

Mustafa Kemal Atatürk

1925-08-05 Turkish President Mustafa Kemal Ataturk (44) divorces wife Latife Hanim after 2 years of marriage

Famous Deaths

  • 1030-04-30 Mohammud van Ghazna, Turkish mayor (G'widen)/Islamic ruler, dies

Tughril

1063-09-04 Tughril, Turkish conqueror of Persia and Baghdad and founder of the Seljuk Empire (1037-63), dies at about 73

  • 1072-12-15 Alp Arslan, Turkish sultan in Persia (b. 1029)
  • 1260-10-23 Koetoez, Turkish sultan of Egypt, murdered
  • 1397-06-15 Count of Eu, French knight, dies in Turkish captivity
  • 1403-03-08 Bajezid I Jildirim, 4th sultan of Turkey (1389-1403), dies at 42
  • 1421-05-26 Mehmed I, Ottoman Sultan (1413-21). B. 1389.
  • 1451-02-03 Murad II, sultan of Turkey (1421-51), dies

Mehmed the Conqueror

1481-05-03 Mehmed the Conqueror [Mehmed II], Ottoman Sultan (1444-45 and 1451-81) who conquered Constantinople, dies possibly from poison at 49

  • 1495-02-25 Cem [Djem] Sultan, son of Turkish sultan Mehmed II, dies at 35
  • 1501-01-03 Ali Sjir Neva'i [Fani], Turkish poet/author, dies at 59
  • 1512-05-26 Bayezid II, Ottoman Sultan (1481-1512) dies at 62
  • 1520-09-21 Selam I Jawuz, the Barse, poet/cruel sultan of Turkey, dies
  • 1520-09-22 Selim I 'Selim the Grim', Sultan of Turkey (1512-20) who captured Baghdad and Cairo, dies at 53
  • 1546-07-04 Hayreddin Barbarossa, Admiral of the Ottoman Navy (b. 1478)

Suleiman the Magnificent

1566-09-05 Suleiman the Magnificent, Ottoman Sultan and the longest-reigning sultan of the Ottoman Empire (1530-1566), dies at 71 [or Sep 6]

  • 1571-10-07 Müezzinzade Ali Pasha, Turkish fleet commander, dies in the Battle of Lepanto

Selim II

1574-12-13 Selim II "the blonde", 11th Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (1566-74), dies of head injury after a fall at 50

  • 1579-10-11 Sokollu Mehmed Pasha, Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire (1565-79), assassinated at 72 or 73
  • 1588-07-17 Mimar Sinan, Ottoman architect and civil engineer for Sultans Suleiman the Magnificent, Selim II, and Murad III, dies at 99
  • 1595-01-16 Murad III, Ottoman Sultan (1574-95), dies at 48
  • 1601-08-19 Michael the Brave, Prince of Wallachia and Moldovia (Romanian national hero), assassinated at 42 or 43
  • 1603-12-22 Mehmed III, Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (1595-1603), dies at 37
  • 1617-11-22 Ahmed I, 14th Sultan of the Ottoman Emperor (1603-17), dies at 27
  • 1622-05-20 Osman II, Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (1618-22), dies at 17
  • 1639-01-20 Mustafa I 'Mustafa the Mad', Ottoman sultan (1617-18, 22-23), dies at 38 or 39
  • 1640-02-08 Murad IV, Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (1623-40) who conquered Baghdad, dies from cirrhosis in Istanbul at 27
  • 1648-08-12 Ibrahim I, 18th Ottoman Sultan (1640-48), executed by being publicly strangled in front of a window at 32
  • 1657-09-26 Hadji Chalfa/Katib Tsjelebi, Turkish geographer, dies at 48
  • 1661-10-31 Köprülü Mehmed Pasha, Albanian born Ottoman great vizier (established Köprülü dynasty of statesmen), dies at 85 or 86
  • 1676-10-30 Ahmed Koprulu, Turkish great vizer (siege of Candia, Kreta), dies
  • 1683-12-25 Kara Mustafa Pasha Turkish grand-vizier (1676-83) and Ottoman general (siege of Vienna), executed by strangulation (b. 1634)
  • 1691-08-19 Köprülü Fazıl Mustafa Pasha, Turkish grand vizer, dies in the Battle of Slankamen (b. 1637)
  • 1693-01-06 Mehmed IV, sultan (Turkey), dies at 51
  • 1695-02-06 Ahmed II, 21st Sultan of Turkey (1691-95), dies at 51
  • 1696-06-17 John [Jan] III Sobieski, King of Poland (1674-96), Victor at Battle Vienna over Turks (1683) dies at 66
  • 1702-09-22 Hoessein Koprulu, Turkish great vizer (peace of Karlowitz), dies
  • 1703-12-28 Mustafa II [Mustafa Oglu Mehmed IV], Ottoman Sultan (1695-1703), dies at 39
  • 1712-04-10 Yusuf Nabi, Turkish poet (Hayriye), dies at about 77
  • 1754-12-14 Mahmud I, Sultan of Ottoman Empire (1730-54) who fought Austria & Russia, dies at 58
  • 1757-10-30 Osman III, sultan of Turkey (1754-57), dies at 58
  • 1774-01-21 Mustafa III, Ottoman Sultan (b. 1717). Reigns 1757 to 1774. Dies at 56
  • 1789-04-07 Abd-ul-Hamid I, Ottoman Sultan (b. 1725)
  • 1808-07-29 Selim III, Turkish sultan (1789-1808) poet and composer, assassinated at 46
  • 1808-11-16 Mustapha IV, sultan of Turkey (1807-08), dies at 29
  • 1808-11-17 Mustafa IV, 29th Sultan of Ottoman Empire (1807-08), dies at 29
  • 1822-02-05 Ali Paşa Tepelenë, known as 'The Lion of Janina", Ottoman Albanian ruler, Pasha of Yanina (1788-1822), dies aged somewhere between 78-82

Mahmud II

1839-07-01 Mahmud II, 30th Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (1808-39), dies of tuberculosis at 53

  • 1861-06-25 Abdulmejid I, 31st Sultan of Ottoman Empire, dies at 38
  • 1871-09-07 Mehmed Ali Pasha, Turkish marshal and statesman, dies fighting in Albania at 50
  • 1876-05-12 Georgi Benkovski, Bulgarian revolutionary, brutally killed by the Turks (b. 1843)
  • 1888-12-02 Namık Kemal, Turkish writer and journalist (Vatan), dies at 47
  • 1895-05-25 Ahmed Djevdet Pasja, Turkish minister of Justice, dies at 73
  • 1897-04-23 Clement Harris, English composer, killed fighting in the Greco-Turkish war at 25
  • 1904-08-29 Murad V, 33rd Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (1876), dies at 63
  • 1913-01-23 Nazim Pasha, Turkish Minister of War, assassinated at 65
  • 1913-06-11 Machmud Shevket Pasha, Turks grand vizier, murdered
  • 1918-02-10 Abdul Hamid II, 34th Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (1876-1909), dies at 75
  • 1918-07-02 Mehmed V Resjad, Sultan of Turkey (1909-18), dies at 73
  • 1918-07-03 Mehmed V, 35th Ottoman Sultan (1909-18), dies at 73
  • 1922-07-21 Djemal Pasha, dictator of Turkey, murdered

Enver Pasha

1922-08-04 Enver Pasha, Turkish general and politician, dies in battle at 40

  • 1926-05-15 Mohammed VI Vahideddin, last sultan of Turkey (1918-22), dies
  • 1926-05-16 Mehmed VI Vahideddin (Mohammed Osman), last sultan of Turkey, dies
  • 1929-08-22 Otto Liman von Sanders, German general in Turkey (WWI), dies at 74
  • 1944-01-14 Mohammed Emin Yurdakul, Turkish poet, dies at about 74
  • 1948-04-02 Sabahattin Ali, Turkish poet, author and journalist (Esirler, Içimizdeki Şeytan), killed at 41
  • 1961-09-17 Adnan Menderes, Prime Minister of Turkey (1950-60), dies at 62
  • 1962-01-24 Ahmet Hamdi Tanpınar, Turkish poet, novelist, recognized as one of the most important representatives of modernism in Turkish literature (A Mind at Peace, The Time Regulation Institute), dies of a heart attack at 60
  • 1963-06-03 Nazim Hikmet, Turkish poet (Tosun Pasa, The Passenger), dies at 61
  • 1964-01-09 Halide Edib Adevar/Salih, Turkish feminist (Handan), dies at about 80
  • 1968-02-27 Johannes Tralow, German writer (Ottoman tetralogy), dies at 85
  • 1968-12-01 Dario Moreno, Turkish-Jewish singer (b. 1921)
  • 1972-05-06 Deniz Gezmiş, Turkish Left-wing Political Activist (b. 1947)
  • 1972-06-13 Dündar Taşer, Turkish nationalist (b. 1925)
  • 1973-12-25 İsmet İnönü, Turkish statesman (b. 1884)
  • 1974-12-13 Yakup Kadri Karaosmanoglu, Turkish writer and translator, dies at 85
  • 1975-10-24 Ismail Erez, Turkish ambassador, killed by car bomb in Paris
  • 1977-10-21 Ferit Tuzun, Turkish composer, dies at 48
  • 1981-02-26 FC Terborgh [Reijnier Flaes], Dutch lawyer and writer (Turkish War), dies at 79
  • 1990-11-24 Bulent Arel, Turkish-born electronic composer, dies at 72
  • 1991-01-06 Ahmet Adnan Saygun, Turkish composer, dies at 83
  • 1991-09-13 Metin Oktay, Turkish football player (b. 1936)
  • 1993-01-24 Ugur Mumcu, Turkish journalist and writer (Cumhuriyet Murder), dies at 50
  • 1993-04-17 Turgut Özal, president of Turkey (1989-93), dies at 65
  • 1993-09-04 Mehmet Sincar, Turkish/Kurd MP, murdered
  • 1994-09-29 Mehmet Topac, Turkish minister of Justice, murdered
  • 1995-01-11 Onat Kutlar, Turkish screenplay/producer (Hazal), murdered at 59
  • 1995-07-06 Aziz Nesin, Turkish writer, dies at 79
  • 1996-02-09 Albert Jean Amateau, Turkish-born businessman and social activist, dies at 106
  • 1996-09-24 Zeki Müren, Turkish actor, singer, and composer (Game of Silence), dies of a heart attack at 64
  • 1996-11-03 Abdullah Çatlı, a Turkish nationalist and neofascist activist (b. 1956)
  • 1997-04-05 Alparslan Turkes, Turkish politician (MHP), dies
  • 1997-10-23 Luther George Simjian, Turkish-American Inventor (teleprompter and first self-posing portrait camera), dies at 92
  • 1999-02-01 Barış Manço, Turkish singer, composer, television producer and celebrity, dies at 56
  • 1999-10-21 Ahmet Taner Kışlalı, Turkish politician, journalist, and educator, assassinated at 60
  • 2000-07-03 Kemal Sunal, Turkish actor, dies of a heart attack at 55
  • 2002-07-13 Yousuf Karsh, Turkish-born Armenian photographer (b. 1908)
  • 2003-10-16 Avni Arbas, Turkish artist (b. 1919)