Turkish History

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 478

  • 0758-06-11 Diplomatic dispute at Tang Chinese capital Chang'an when Abbasid Arabs and Uyghur Turks both arrive to offer tribute. Settlement reached when both enter at same time through two different gates.
  • 1071-08-26 Battle of Manzikert: Seljuq Turks led by sultan Alp Arslan beat and capture Byzantine Emperor Romanos IV Diogenes
  • 1098-06-03 After 5-month siege during the First Crusade, the Crusaders seize Antioch
  • 1147-10-25 Seljuk Turks defeat German crusaders under Conrad III at the Battle of Dorylaeum
  • 1176-09-17 At the Battle of Myriokephalon the Byzantines fail to recover Anatolia from Turkish rule.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1190-06-10 Third Crusade: Holy Roman Emperor Frederick I Barbarossa drowns while crossing the Saleph River (modern Turkey) leading an army to Jerusalem

Holy Roman Emperor Frederick Barbarossa
Holy Roman Emperor
Frederick Barbarossa
  • 1371-09-26 Battle of Maritsa: Serbia-Turkey
  • 1389-06-15 Battle of Kosovo; Turks defeat Serbs
  • 1389-06-28 Ottomans defeat Serbian army in the bloody Battle of Kosovo, opening the way for the Ottoman conquest of Southeastern Europe
  • 1402-07-20 Battle at Ancyra/Angora/Ankara: Timur' beats Sultan Bajezid I's Ottoman forces
  • 1443-11-28 Albanian George Kastriotis Skanderbeg and his forces liberate Kruja in Middle Albania from the Ottomans and raise the Albanian flag.
  • 1448-10-17 Second Battle of Kosovo, where the mainly Hungarian army led by John Hunyadi were defeated by an Ottoman army led by Sultan Murad II.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1451-02-03 Sultan Mehmed II, the Conqueror inherits the throne of the Ottoman Empire

Ottoman Sultan Mehmed the Conqueror
Ottoman Sultan
Mehmed the Conqueror
  • 1453-04-21 Turkish fleet sinks ships Golden Receiver in Constantinople
  • 1453-05-29 Constantinople, capital of the Eastern Roman Empire falls to the Turks under Mehmed II; ends the Byzantine Empire
  • 1475-01-10 Stephen III of Moldavia defeats the Ottoman Empire at the Battle of Vaslui

  • 1480-08-12 Battle of Otranto - Ottoman troops behead 800 Christians for refusing to convert to Islam
  • 1493-09-09 Battle of Krbava field, a decisive defeat of Croats in Croatian struggle against the Ottoman Empire invasion.
  • 1499-08-12 First engagement of the Battle of Zonchio between Venetian and Ottoman fleets
  • 1499-08-25 Battle at Sapienza: Turkish fleet beats Venetians
  • 1509-02-03 The Battle of Diu, naval battle at port of Diu, India between Portugal and the Ottoman Empire, establishes Portuguese trading control

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1510-12-10 Muslim ruler of Goa, Yusuf Adil Shah and his Ottoman allies surrender to Portuguese forces led by Afonso de Albuquerque who puts the Muslim population to the sword

Admiral and Duke of Goa Afonso de Albuquerque
Admiral and Duke of Goa
Afonso de Albuquerque
  • 1514-08-23 Battle of Chaldiran ended with a decisive victory for the Sultan Selim I, Ottoman Empire, over the Shah Ismail I, Safavids founder.
  • 1516-08-24 Battle of Marj Dabiq: Ottoman forces decisively beat the Mamluk Sultanate
  • 1516-10-28 Battle of Yaunis Khan: Turkish forces under the Grand Vizier Sinan Pasha defeat the Mameluks near Gaza
  • 1517-01-22 Ottoman forces take Cairo, capital of the Mamluk Sultanate
  • 1517-04-13 Ottoman army occupies Cairo

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1520-09-30 Suleiman the Magnificent succeeds his father Selam I as Ottoman Sultan (rules till 1566)

Ottoman Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent
Ottoman Sultan
Suleiman the Magnificent
  • 1521-08-28 Belgrade captured by troops of Turkish Sultan Suleyman the Magnificent
  • 1522-12-25 Turkish troops occupy Rhodos
  • 1526-08-29 Battle of Mohács: In a decisive battle the Hungarian Empire is conquered by the Ottoman Empire led by Suleiman the Magnificent
  • 1528-02-24 János Szapolyai, disputed king of Hungary, and Ottoman Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent sign treaty
  • 1529-09-24 Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent and his Ottoman troops arrive in Vienna, beginning of the siege
  • 1533-06-22 Ferdinand of Austria and Ottoman Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent sign peace treaty
  • 1534-06-12 Turkish admiral Chaireddin "Barbarossa" allows Giulia Gonzaga to kidnap and plunder in Naples
  • 1534-08-20 Turkish admiral Chaireddin "Barbarossa" occupies Tunis

  • 1534-12-04 Ottoman Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent occupies Baghdad
  • 1536-02-18 France & Turkey sign military/trade agreement against King Karel
  • 1538-09-28 Battle at Preveza: Ottoman fleet under Barbarossa beats Papal alliance off Northwestern Greece
  • 1540-05-04 Venice and Turkey sign Treaty of Constantinople
  • 1540-07-23 Turkey recognizes Janos Sigismund Zapolyai as vassal king of Hungary
  • 1540-10-02 Venice and Turkey signs peace
  • 1541-08-21 Ottoman Turks under Suleiman the Magnificent capture Buda, the capital of the Hungarian Kingdom and go on to dominate central Hungary for 150 years
  • 1542-08-28 Turkish-Portuguese War (1538-1557) - Battle of Wofla: the Portuguese are scattered, their leader Christovão da Gama is captured and afterwards executed.
  • 1543-08-05 French and Turkish troops occupy Nice
  • 1543-09-06 French & Turkish fleet occupies Nice
  • 1544-05-01 Turkish troops occupy Hungary
  • 1547-06-13 King Ferdinand of Austria subjects himself on Ottoman Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent
  • 1551-08-14 Ottoman fleet under Dragut captures Tripoli from The Knights of Malta after a six-day bombardment
  • 1560-07-29 Turkish fleet recaptures Djerba on Spanjaarden
  • 1562-06-01 Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand I and Ottoman Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent sign treaty
  • 1565-06-23 Turgut Reis [Dragut], commander of the Ottoman Navy, dies during the Siege of Malta
  • 1565-09-08 Turkish siege of Malta broken by Maltese & Knights of St John
  • 1568-02-17 Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian II agrees to pay tribute to the Ottoman Empire for peace
  • 1571-05-20 Venice, Spain & Pope Pius form anti-Turkish Saint League

Lepanto – The Battle That Saved EuropeLepanto – The Battle That Saved Europe

1571-10-07 Battle of Lepanto: Holy League of southern European nations destroy Ottoman fleet in significant loss off Western Greece

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The Battle of Lepanto by an unknown artist
The Battle of Lepanto by an unknown artist
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  • 1573-03-07 Turkey & Venice sign peace treaty
  • 1574-09-13 Turkish fleet recaptures Tunis
  • 1593-06-22 Battle of Sisak: Allied Christian troops defeat the Turks
  • 1595-08-23 Michael the Brave confronts the Ottoman army in the Battle of Calugareni.
  • 1595-10-28 Battle at Giurgevo: Zsigmond Bathory of Transylvania beats Turks
  • 1596-10-24 -26] Battle at Kerestes: Ottoman beat Austria-Hungary & Germany
  • 1606-11-11 Turkey & Austria sign Treaty of Zsitva-Torok
  • 1620-05-17 1st merry-go-round seen at a fair in Philippapolis, Turkey

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1620-09-20 Battle at Jassy: Turks beat king Sigismund III of Poland

  • 1621-09-28 Battle at Chocim Dniester: King Sigismund III Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth defeats an invading Ottoman Imperial army
  • 1621-10-09 Turkey & Poland signs Peace of Chotin
  • 1654-05-13 Venetian fleet under Adm Adeler beats Turkish
  • 1663-09-25 Austrian Fort Neuhausl surrenders to invading Turkish army
  • 1664-01-21 Count Miklos of Zrinyi sets out to battle Turkish invasion army
  • 1664-05-14 Turkish Grand Vizier Köprülü Fazıl Ahmed attacks 120,000 Donau soldiers
  • 1664-08-10 Austria and the Ottoman Empire sign the Peace of Vásvár
  • 1669-09-06 The siege of Candia ends with the Venetian fortress surrendering to the Ottomans.
  • 1672-10-18 Poland & Turkey sign Peace of Buczacz
  • 1673-11-11 Second Battle of Khotyn in the Ukraine, Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth forces under the command of Jan Sobieski. defeat the Ottoman army. In this battle, rockets of Kazimierz Siemienowicz were successfully used.
  • 1676-10-27 Poland & Turkey sign Peace of Warsaw

  • 1676-11-03 Kara Mustafa succeeds Ahmed Kiprulu as Turkish grand vizier
  • 1683-03-31 Holy Roman Emperor Leopold I and King John III Sobieski of Poland sign a covenant against Turkey, beginning of the Holy League
  • 1683-07-16 Turkish troops under Kara Mustafa reach Vienna
  • 1683-09-03 Turkish troops break through defense of Vienna
  • 1683-09-12 Austro-Ottoman War: Battle of Vienna - several European armies join forces to defeat the Ottoman Empire
  • 1686-09-02 Habsburg armies take Buda from Turks
  • 1687-08-12 Charles of Lotharingen defeats Turkish leaders
  • 1687-08-12 Battle of Mohacs: Ottoman invaders of Hungary routed by forces of Holy Roman Emperor under Charles of Lorraine

New SettlementParthenon

1687-09-26 Acropolis in Athens attacked by Venetian army trying to eject Turks, damaging the Parthenon

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The Parthenon, former temple dedicated to the goddess Athena, on the Athenian Acropolis, Greece
The Parthenon, former temple dedicated to the goddess Athena, on the Athenian Acropolis, Greece
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  • 1687-09-28 Venetians take Athens from the Turks
  • 1690-10-08 Siege of Belgrade, Ottoman troops capture Belgrade
  • 1691-08-19 Battle at Szalankemen: Austrians beat Turks
  • 1695-01-27 Mustafa II becomes the Ottoman sultan in Istanbul on the death of Ahmed II. Mustafa rules until his death in 1703.
  • 1697-09-11 Battle of Zenta: forces of Prince Eugen of Savoye defeat the Turks, ending Ottoman control of large parts of Central Europe
  • 1699-01-26 Venice, Poland & Austria sign Treaty of Carlowitz with Ottoman Empire
  • 1700-07-13 Treaty of Constantinople establishes peace after Russo-Turkish war
  • 1703-08-21 The Edirne Event: Turkish army removes Sultan Mustafa II, lessening the power of the sultans

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1713-02-01 The Kalabalik or Tumult in Bendery results from the Ottoman sultan's order that his unwelcome guest, King Charles XII of Sweden, be seized.

King of Sweden Charles XII
King of Sweden
Charles XII
  • 1713-07-27 Russia and Turkey sign peace treaty
  • 1714-11-22 King Karel XII leaves Turkish captivity to return to Sweden

Battle of InterestBattle of Petrovaradin

1716-08-05 Battle of Petrovaradin/Peterwardein: Habsburgs under Eugene of Savoy defeat the Turks in a decisive victory

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The Battle of Petrovaradin or Peterwardein which saw a decisive victory for the Imperial Army
The Battle of Petrovaradin or Peterwardein which saw a decisive victory for the Imperial Army
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  • 1718-07-21 The Treaty of Passarowitz between the Ottoman Empire, Austria and the Republic of Venice is signed

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1718-08-21 Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI, Turkey and Venice sign peace treaty

Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI
Holy Roman Emperor
Charles VI
  • 1724-06-23 Russia and Turkey sign Treaty of Constantinople

Famous Birthdays


Person of interestMehmed the Conqueror

1432-03-30 Mehmed the Conqueror [Mehmed II], Ottoman Sultan (1444-45 and 1451-81) who conquered Constantinople, born in Edirne, Ottoman Sultanate (d. 1481)

Ottoman Sultan Mehmed the Conqueror
Ottoman Sultan
Mehmed the Conqueror
  • 1441-02-09 Ali Sjir Neva'i [Fani], Turkish poet/author (Mahbub al-kulub)
  • 1459-12-22 Sultan Cem, third son of Sultan Mehmed II and pretender to the Ottoman throne, born in Rumelia, Ottoman Empire (d. 1495)
  • 1489-04-15 Mimar Sinan, Ottoman architect and civil engineer for Sultans Suleiman the Magnificent, Selim II, and Murad III, born in Ağırnas, Karaman Eyalet, Ottoman Empire (d. 1588)

Person of interestSuleiman the Magnificent

1494-11-06 Suleiman the Magnificent, Ottoman Sultan and the longest-reigning sultan of the Ottoman Empire (1530-1566), born in Trabzon, Ottoman Empire (d. 1566)

Ottoman Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent
Ottoman Sultan
Suleiman the Magnificent

Person of interestSelim II

1524-05-28 Selim II "the blonde", 11th Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (1566-74, born in Constantinople, Ottoman Empire (d. 1574)

Ottoman Sultan Selim II
Ottoman Sultan
Selim II
  • 1546-07-04 Murad III, Sultan of Turkey (1574-95), born in Manisa, Ottoman Empire (d. 1595)
  • 1566-05-26 Mehmed III, Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (1595-1603), born in Manisa, Ottoman Empire (d. 1603)
  • 1590-04-18 Ahmed I, 14th Sultan of the Ottoman Emperor (1603-17); constructed the Blue Mosque, born in Manisa Palace, Manisa, Ottoman Empire (d. 1617)
  • 1604-11-03 Osman II, Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (1618-22), born in Topkapi Palace, Constantinople, Ottoman Empire (d. 1622)
  • 1612-07-27 Murad IV, Sultan of Turkey (1623-40) who conquered Baghdad, born in Constantinople, Ottoman Empire (d. 1640)
  • 1615-11-05 Ibrahim I, 18th Ottoman Sultan (1640-48), born in Constantinople, Ottoman Empire (d. 1648)
  • 1626-08-01 Sabbatai Zevi, Montenegrin rabbi, kabbalist, and founder of the Jewish Sabbatean movement, born in Ottoman Empire (d. 1676)
  • 1629-08-17 King John [Jan] III Sobieski of Poland. Victor over the Turks in 1683 (d. 1696)
  • 1638-01-12 Ernst R Tarhemberg, Austrian fieldmarshal (Turkish Wars)
  • 1642-01-02 Mehmed IV, sultan (Turkey)
  • 1642-08-01 Ahmed II, 21st Sultan of Turkey (1691-95), born in Istanbul, Ottoman Empire (d. 1695) [or born Feb 25, 1643]
  • 1643-02-25 Ahmed II, 21st Sultan of Turkey (1691-95), born in Istanbul, Ottoman Empire (d. 1695) [or born Aug 1, 1642]
  • 1657-11-11 Guido Starhemberg, Austrian earl and fieldmarshal (Turkish Wars), born in Graz, Austria (d. 1737)
  • 1663-10-18 Prince Eugene of Savoy, famous military commander for the Habsburg Monarchy against the Ottomans and the French, born in Paris, France
  • 1664-06-05 Mustafa II [Mustafa Oglu Mehmed IV], Ottoman Sultan (1695-1703), born in Edirne, Ottoman Empire (d. 1703)
  • 1673-12-30 Ahmed III, 23rd Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (1703-30), born in Dobrich, Ottoman Empire (d. 1736)
  • 1696-08-02 Mahmud I, Sultan of Ottoman Empire (1730-54) who fought Austria & Russia, born in Edirne Palace, Edirne, Ottoman Empire (d. 1754)
  • 1699-01-02 Osman III, sultan (Turkey)
  • 1717-01-28 Mustafa III, Ottoman Sultan (d. 1774). Reigned 1757-74.
  • 1725-03-20 Abdul Hamid I, Ottoman Sultan (d. 1789)
  • 1761-12-24 Selim III, Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (1789-1808), born in Topkapı Palace, Istanbul, Ottoman Empire (d. 1808)
  • 1770-04-03 Theodoros Kolokotronis, Greek general and leader of the Greek War of Independence (1821-29), born in Ramοvouni, Messenia, Ottoman Empire (d. 1843)
  • 1779-09-08 Mustafa IV, 29th Sultan of Ottoman Empire (1807-08), born in Istanbul, Ottoman Empire (d. 1808)
  • 1785-07-20 Mahmud II, Sultan of Turkey (1808-39), born in Topkapı Palace, Istanbul, Turkey (d. 1839)
  • 1808-07-21 Simion Bărnuţiu, Romanian philosopher and politician, born in Bocșa, Sălaj, Ottoman Empire (d. 1864)
  • 1811-01-05 Cyrus Hamlin, American educator/missionary (est Robert College, Turkey), born in Waterford, Maine (d. 1900)
  • 1822-03-22 Ahmed Djevdet Pasha, Turkish minister of Education and Justice
  • 1823-04-23 Abdulmejid I, 31st Sultan of Ottoman Empire, born in Istanbul, Ottoman Empire (d. 1861)
  • 1830-02-09 Abd-ul-Aziz, Ottoman Sultan (d. 1876)
  • 1833-11-10 Dobri Voynikov, Bulgarian teacher, playwright and journalist (The Phoney Civilization), born in Şumnu, Ottoman Empire (d. 1878)
  • 1840-09-21 Murad V, 33rd Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (1876), born in Istanbul, Ottoman Empire (d. 1904)
  • 1840-12-11 Namık Kemal, Turkish poet and author (Fatherland-1872), born in Tekirdağ, Ottoman Empire (d. 1888)
  • 1840-12-21 Mehmed N Kemal, Turkish journalist (Vatan)
  • 1842-09-21 Abdul Hamid II, 34th Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (1876-1909), born in Topkapı Palace, Istanbul, Ottoman Empire (d. 1918)
  • 1844-07-11 Peter I Karadjordjevic, King of Serbia/Yugoslavia (1903-21), born in Belgrade, Ottoman Tributary Principality of Serbia (d. 1921)
  • 1844-11-02 Mehmed V, 35th Ottoman Sultan (1909-18), born in Topkapı Palace, Constantinople, Ottoman Empire (d. 1918)
  • 1848-01-05 Khristo Botev, Bulgarian poet & nationalist revolutionary, born in Kalofer, Bulgaria (d. 1876)
  • 1849-10-06 Basil Zaharoff, Greek arms dealer (merchant of death), born in Muğla, Turkey (d. 1936)
  • 1855-02-17 Otto Liman von Sanders, German general in Turkey (WWI)
  • 1861-02-02 Mehmed VI, last sultan of Ottoman Empire (1918-22)
  • 1863-04-29 Constantine P Cavafy, Egyptian Greek poet, journalist and civil servant, born in Alexandria, Egypt Province, Ottoman Empire (d. 1933)
  • 1874-07-14 'Abbas Hilmi II, last khedive (Ottoman viceroy) of Egypt (1892-1914)

Person of interestMustafa Kemal Atatürk

1881-05-19 Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, 1st President of Turkey (1923-38) and founder of the Republic of Turkey, born in Salonica, Ottoman Empire (d. 1938) real date unknown this adopted to align with Turkish Independence Day

President and Founder of the Republic of Turkey Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
President and Founder of the Republic of Turkey
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk

Person of interestEnver Pasha

1881-11-22 Enver Pasha, Turkish general and politician, born in Constantinople (d. 1922)

Leader of the Ottoman Empire Enver Pasha
Leader of the Ottoman Empire
Enver Pasha
  • 1881-12-22 Enver Pasa, Turkish politician, born in Istanbul, Turkey (d. 1922)
  • 1882-08-02 Johannes Tralow, German writer (Ottoman tetralogy), born in Lübeck, Germany (d. 1968)
  • 1883-02-18 Níkos Kazantzákis, prominent Greek writer and philosopher (Zorba the Greek, The Last Temptation of Christ), born in Kandiye, Ottoman Empire (d. 1957)
  • 1889-03-27 Yakup Kadri Karaosmanoglu, Turkish writer and translator, born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 1974)
  • 1889-04-20 Albert Jean Amateau, Turkish-born businessman and social activist, born in Milas, Turkey (d. 1996)
  • 1892-07-23 Petros John Petridis, Greek composer (Isotope Suite), born in Nigdé (Capodocia), Turkey (d. 1977)
  • 1895-10-08 Zog I, King of Albania (1928-39), born in Burgajet Castle, Ottoman Empire (d. 1961)
  • 1898-11-07 Raphaël Salem, Greek mathematician, born in Saloniki, Ottoman Empire (d. 1963)
  • 1900-02-22 Giorgos Seferis [Georgios Seferiades], Greek poet (Nobel 1963), born in Urla, Ottoman Empire (d. 1971)
  • 1900-04-03 Camille Chamoun, President of Lebanon (1952-58), born in Deir el Qamar, Ottoman Empire (d. 1987)
  • 1901-05-08 Turkey Stearnes, baseball player (d. 1979)
  • 1901-06-23 Ahmet Hamdi Tanpınar, Turkish poet, novelist, recognized as one of the most important representatives of modernism in Turkish literature (A Mind at Peace, The Time Regulation Institute), born in Istanbul, Ottoman Empire (d. 1962)
  • 1902-01-15 Nazim Hikmet, Turkish poet (Tosun Pasa, The Passenger), born in Salonica, Ottoman Empire (d. 1963)
  • 1902-04-30 Rudolf Wittelsbach, Swiss pianist and composer, born in Constantinople, Turkey (d. 1972)
  • 1902-05-30 Seton Howard Frederick Lloyd, English Archaeologist (Arzawa civilization, Turkey)
  • 1905-01-28 Luther George Simjian, Turkish-American Inventor (teleprompter and first self-posing portrait camera)
  • 1906-04-27 Yórgos Theotokás, Greek novelist (Leonís), born in Constantinople, Ottoman Empire (d. 1966)
  • 1907-02-25 Sabahattin Ali, Turkish poet, author and journalist (Esirler, Içimizdeki Şeytan), born in Eğridere, Gümülcine, Ottoman Empire (d. 1948)
  • 1907-03-08 Konstantinos Karamanlis, Greek politician, President of Greece (1980-85), born in Sérrai, Ottoman Empire (d. 1998)
  • 1907-09-07 Ahmet Adnan Saygun, Turkish composer, born in İzmir, Ottoman Empire (d. 1991)
  • 1909-09-07 Elia Kazan, Greek-American director (Streetcar Named Desire), born in Constantinople, Ottoman Empire (d. 2003)

Person of interestMother Teresa

1910-08-26 Mother Teresa [Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu], Albanian-born Indian nun and founder of Missionaries of Charity (Nobel Peace Prize, 1979), born in Skopje, Ottoman Empire (d. 1997)

Catholic Missionary Mother Teresa
Catholic Missionary
Mother Teresa
  • 1915-03-27 Robert Lockwood Jr., American blues guitarist, born in Turkey Scratch, Arkansas (d. 2006)

Person of interestMoshe Dayan

1915-05-20 Moshe Dayan, Israeli Military Leader and politician, born in Degania Alef, Ottoman Empire (d. 1981)

Israeli Politician and General Moshe Dayan
Israeli Politician and General
Moshe Dayan
  • 1915-12-20 Aziz Nesin, Turkish writer & humorist, born in Heybeliada, Ottoman Empire (d. 1995)
  • 1917-07-17 Kenan Evren, Turkish soldier and politician, (President of Turkey 1980-1989 by military coup), born in Alaşehir, Manisa Province (d. 2015)
  • 1919-04-23 Bulent Arel, Turkish-born electronic composer, born in Istanbul (d. 1990)
  • 1919-10-23 Manolis Andronikos, Greek archaeologist who discovered ancient royal Macedonian tombs in northern Greece, born in Bursa, Ottoman Empire (d. 1992)
  • 1922-03-11 Cornelius Castoriadis, Greek philosopher and economist, born in Constantinople, Ottoman Empire (d. 1997)
  • 1923-07-31 Ahmet Ertegun, Turkish-American businessman and co-founder of Atlantic Records, born in Istanbul, Turkey (d. 2006)
  • 1923-10-06 Yaşar Kemal, Turkish writer (Memed, My Hawk), born in Hemite, Osmaniye, Ottoman Empire (d. 2015)
  • 1924-01-27 Rauf Denktasj, Turkish-Cypriot politician
  • 1924-02-14 Arghyris Kounadis, Greek composer, born in Istanbul, Turkey (d. 2011)
  • 1924-11-01 Suleyman Demirel, President of Turkey (1993-2000) and Prime Minister, born in Isparta, Atabey (d. 2015)
  • 1925-05-28 Bülent Ecevit, four term Turkish Prime Minister (between 1974 and 2002), born in Istanbul, Turkey
  • 1929-04-24 Ferit Tuzun, Turkish composer, born in Istanbul (d. 1977)
  • 1930-01-24 Bernard Matthews, English turkey farmer (Bernard Matthews Farms), born in Brooke, England (d. 2010)
  • 1931-12-06 Zeki Müren, Turkish actor, singer, and composer (Game of Silence), born in Bursa, Turkey (d. 1996)
  • 1932-03-15 Arif Mardin, Turkish-American music producer (Atlantic Records: Aretha Franklin; Bee Gees), born in Istanbul, Turkey (d. 2006)
  • 1932-06-27 Magali Noël [Guiffray], French actress and singer, born in Izmir, Turkey (d. 2015)
  • 1937-09-07 Cüneyt Arkın, Turkish film actor (The Adam Trilogy), born in Gökçeoğlu village, Alpu, Eskişehir Province, Turkey
  • 1938-08-05 Hayes Jones, American athlete (Olympic gold 110m hurdles 1964), born in Sturksville, Mississippi
  • 1939-07-10 Ahmet Taner Kışlalı, Turkish politician, journalist, and educator, born in Zile, Tokat, Turkey (d. 1999)
  • 1941-08-06 Hubertus AGM "Bert" Andre, Dutch actor (Turkish Fruit-Come Back)
  • 1941-09-13 Ahmet Necdet Sezer, Turkish politician (10th President of Turkey), born in Afyonkarahisar, Turkey
  • 1941-11-21 İdil Biret, Turkish concert pianist, born in Ankara, Turkey
  • 1942-04-13 Ataol Behramoğlu, Turkish poet and writer, born in Çatalca, Istanbul Province, Turkey
  • 1942-08-22 Uğur Mumcu, Turkish journalist and writer (Cumhuriyet Murder), born in Kırşehir, Turkey (d. 1993)
  • 1943-01-02 Barış Manço, Turkish singer and television producer (d. 1999)
  • 1944-11-11 Kemal Sunal, Turkish actor (Saban the Cow,), born in Istanbul, Turkey (d. 2000)

Famous Weddings


LoveWedding of Interest

1923-01-29 President of Turkey Mustafa Kemal Ataturk (41) weds highly-educated woman Latife Hanim

President and Founder of the Republic of Turkey Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
President and Founder of the Republic of Turkey
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk

Famous Divorces


Broken heartDivorce of Interest

1925-08-05 Turkish President Mustafa Kemal Ataturk (44) divorces wife Latife Hanim after 2 years of marriage

President and Founder of the Republic of Turkey Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
President and Founder of the Republic of Turkey
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk

Famous Deaths

  • 1030-04-30 Mohammud van Ghazna, Turkish mayor (G'widen)/Islamic ruler, dies

Person of interestTughril

1063-09-04 Tughril, Turkish conqueror of Persia and Baghdad and founder of the Seljuk Empire (1037-63), dies at about 73

Founder of the Seljuk Empire Tughril
Founder of the Seljuk Empire
Tughril
  • 1072-12-15 Alp Arslan, Turkish sultan in Persia (b. 1029)
  • 1260-10-23 Koetoez, Turkish sultan of Egypt, murdered
  • 1397-06-15 Count of Eu, French knight, dies in Turkish captivity
  • 1403-03-08 Bajezid I Jildirim, 4th sultan of Turkey (1389-1403), dies at 42
  • 1421-05-26 Mehmed I, Ottoman Sultan (1413-21). B. 1389.
  • 1451-02-03 Murad II, sultan of Turkey (1421-51), dies

Person of interestMehmed the Conqueror

1481-05-03 Mehmed the Conqueror [Mehmed II], Ottoman Sultan (1444-45 and 1451-81) who conquered Constantinople, dies possibly from poison at 49

Ottoman Sultan Mehmed the Conqueror
Ottoman Sultan
Mehmed the Conqueror
  • 1495-02-25 Djem Sultan, son of Turkish sultan Mehmed II, dies at 35
  • 1501-01-03 Ali Sjir Neva'i [Fani], Turkish poet/author, dies at 59
  • 1512-05-26 Bayezid II, Ottoman Sultan (1481-1512) dies at 62
  • 1520-09-21 Selam I Jawuz, the Barse, poet/cruel sultan of Turkey, dies
  • 1520-09-22 Selim I, captured Baghdad/Sultan of Turkey (1512-20), dies at 53
  • 1546-07-04 Hayreddin Barbarossa, Admiral of the Ottoman Navy (b. 1478)

Person of interestSuleiman the Magnificent

1566-09-05 Suleiman the Magnificent, Ottoman Sultan and the longest-reigning sultan of the Ottoman Empire (1530-1566), dies at 71 [or Sep 6]

Ottoman Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent
Ottoman Sultan
Suleiman the Magnificent
  • 1571-10-07 Müezzinzade Ali Pasha, Turkish fleet commander, dies in the Battle of Lepanto

Person of interestSelim II

1574-12-13 Selim II "the blonde", 11th Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (1566-74), dies of head injury after a fall at 50

Ottoman Sultan Selim II
Ottoman Sultan
Selim II
  • 1579-06-30 Mehmed Pasha Sokolović, Turkish Janissary
  • 1588-07-17 Mimar Sinan, Ottoman architect and civil engineer for Sultans Suleiman the Magnificent, Selim II, and Murad III, dies at 99
  • 1595-01-15 Murat III, Ottoman Sultan (b. 1546)
  • 1595-01-16 Murad III, sultan of Turkey (1574-95), dies at 48
  • 1601-08-19 Michael the Brave, ruler of Turkey, dies
  • 1603-12-22 Mehmed III, Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (1595-1603), dies at 37
  • 1617-11-22 Ahmed I, 14th Sultan of the Ottoman Emperor (1603-17), dies at 27
  • 1622-05-20 Osman II, Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (1618-22), dies at 17
  • 1639-01-20 Mustapha I, sultan of Turkey (1622-23), dies
  • 1640-02-08 Murad IV, Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (1623-40) who conquered Baghdad, dies from cirrhosis in Istanbul at 27
  • 1648-08-12 Ibrahim I, 18th Ottoman Sultan (1640-48), dies at 32
  • 1657-09-26 Hadji Chalfa/Katib Tsjelebi, Turkish geographer, dies at 48
  • 1661-10-31 Mehmed Koprulu, Albanian great vizier of Turkey, dies
  • 1676-10-30 Ahmed Koprulu, Turkish great vizer (siege of Candia, Kreta), dies
  • 1683-12-25 Kara Mustafa Pasha Turkish grand-vizier (1676-83) and Ottoman general, executed. (b. 1634)
  • 1691-08-19 Mustafa Koprulu, Turkish grand vizer, dies in battle
  • 1693-01-06 Mehmed IV, sultan (Turkey), dies at 51
  • 1695-02-06 Ahmed II, 21st Sultan of Turkey (1691-95), dies at 51
  • 1696-06-17 John [Jan] III Sobieski, King of Poland (1674-96), Victor at Battle Vienna over Turks (1683) dies at 66
  • 1702-09-22 Hoessein Koprulu, Turkish great vizer (peace of Karlowitz), dies
  • 1703-12-28 Mustafa II [Mustafa Oglu Mehmed IV], Ottoman Sultan (1695-1703), dies at 39
  • 1712-04-10 Yusuf Nabi, Turkish poet (Hayriye), dies at about 77
  • 1754-12-14 Mahmud I, Sultan of Ottoman Empire (1730-54) who fought Austria & Russia, dies at 58
  • 1757-10-30 Osman III, sultan of Turkey (1754-57), dies
  • 1774-01-21 Mustafa III, Ottoman Sultan (b. 1717). Reigns 1757 to 1774. Dies at 56
  • 1789-04-07 Abd-ul-Hamid I, Ottoman Sultan (b. 1725)
  • 1808-07-29 Selam III, poet/composer/sultan of Turkey (1789-1808), dies
  • 1808-11-16 Mustapha IV, sultan of Turkey (1807-08), dies at 29
  • 1808-11-17 Mustafa IV, 29th Sultan of Ottoman Empire (1807-08), dies at 29
  • 1822-02-05 Ali Paşa Tepelenë, known as 'The Lion of Janina", Ottoman Albanian ruler, Pasha of Yanina (1788-1822), dies aged somewhere between 78-82
  • 1839-07-01 Mahmud II, Sultan of Turkey (1808-39), dies at 53
  • 1861-06-25 Abdulmejid I, 31st Sultan of Ottoman Empire, dies at 38
  • 1871-09-07 Mehmed E Ali Pasja, Turkish statesman, dies
  • 1876-05-12 Georgi Benkovski, Bulgarian revolutionary, brutally killed by the Turks (b. 1843)
  • 1888-12-02 Namık Kemal, Turkish writer and journalist (Vatan), dies at 47
  • 1895-05-25 Ahmed Djevdet Pasja, Turkish minister of Justice, dies at 73
  • 1897-04-23 Clement Harris, English composer, killed fighting in the Greco-Turkish war at 25
  • 1904-08-29 Murad V, 33rd Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (1876), dies at 63
  • 1913-01-23 Nazim Pasha, Turkey's PM, assassinated
  • 1913-06-11 Machmud Shevket Pasha, Turks grand vizier, murdered
  • 1918-02-10 Abdul Hamid II, 34th Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (1876-1909), dies at 75
  • 1918-07-02 Mehmed V Resjad, Sultan of Turkey (1909-18), dies at 73
  • 1918-07-03 Mehmed V, 35th Ottoman Sultan (1909-18), dies at 73
  • 1922-07-21 Djemal Pasha, dictator of Turkey, murdered

Person of interestEnver Pasha

1922-08-04 Enver Pasha, Turkish general and politician, dies in battle at 40

Leader of the Ottoman Empire Enver Pasha
Leader of the Ottoman Empire
Enver Pasha
  • 1926-05-15 Mohammed VI Vahideddin, last sultan of Turkey (1918-22), dies
  • 1926-05-16 Mehmed VI Vahideddin (Mohammed Osman), last sultan of Turkey, dies
  • 1929-08-22 Otto Liman von Sanders, German general in Turkey (WWI), dies at 74

Person of interestMustafa Kemal Atatürk

1938-11-10 Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, 1st President of Turkey (1923-38) and founder of the Republic of Turkey, dies of cirrhosis of the liver at 57

President and Founder of the Republic of Turkey Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
President and Founder of the Republic of Turkey
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
  • 1944-01-14 Mohammed Emin Yurdakul, Turkish poet, dies at about 74
  • 1948-04-02 Sabahattin Ali, Turkish poet, author and journalist (Esirler, Içimizdeki Şeytan), killed at 41
  • 1961-09-17 Adnan Menderes, Prime Minister of Turkey (1950-60), dies at 62
  • 1962-01-24 Ahmet Hamdi Tanpınar, Turkish poet, novelist, recognized as one of the most important representatives of modernism in Turkish literature (A Mind at Peace, The Time Regulation Institute), dies of a heart attack at 60
  • 1963-06-03 Nazim Hikmet, Turkish poet (Tosun Pasa, The Passenger), dies at 61
  • 1964-01-09 Halide Edib Adevar/Salih, Turkish feminist (Handan), dies at about 80
  • 1968-02-27 Johannes Tralow, German writer (Ottoman tetralogy), dies at 85
  • 1968-12-01 Dario Moreno, Turkish-Jewish singer (b. 1921)
  • 1972-05-06 Deniz Gezmiş, Turkish Left-wing Political Activist (b. 1947)
  • 1972-06-13 Dündar Taşer, Turkish nationalist (b. 1925)
  • 1973-12-25 İsmet İnönü, Turkish statesman (b. 1884)
  • 1974-12-13 Yakup Kadri Karaosmanoglu, Turkish writer and translator, dies at 85
  • 1975-10-24 Ismail Erez, Turkish ambassador, killed by car bomb in Paris
  • 1977-10-21 Ferit Tuzun, Turkish composer, dies at 48
  • 1981-02-26 FC Terborgh [Reijnier Flaes], Dutch lawyer and writer (Turkish War), dies at 79
  • 1990-11-24 Bulent Arel, Turkish-born electronic composer, dies at 72
  • 1991-01-06 Ahmet Adnan Saygun, Turkish composer, dies at 83
  • 1991-09-13 Metin Oktay, Turkish football player (b. 1936)
  • 1993-01-24 Ugur Mumcu, Turkish journalist and writer (Cumhuriyet Murder), dies at 50
  • 1993-04-17 Turgut Özal, president of Turkey (1989-93), dies at 65
  • 1993-09-04 Mehmet Sincar, Turkish/Kurd MP, murdered
  • 1994-09-29 Mehmet Topac, Turkish minister of Justice, murdered
  • 1995-01-11 Onat Kutlar, Turkish screenplay/producer (Hazal), murdered at 59
  • 1995-07-06 Aziz Nesin, Turkish writer, dies at 79
  • 1996-02-09 Albert Jean Amateau, Turkish-born businessman and social activist, dies at 106
  • 1996-09-24 Zeki Müren, Turkish actor, singer, and composer (Game of Silence), dies of a heart attack at 64
  • 1996-11-03 Abdullah Çatlı, a Turkish nationalist and neofascist activist (b. 1956)
  • 1997-04-05 Alparslan Turkes, Turkish politician (MHP), dies
  • 1997-10-23 Luther George Simjian, Turkish-American Inventor (teleprompter and first self-posing portrait camera), dies at 92
  • 1999-02-01 Barış Manço, Turkish singer, composer, television producer and celebrity, dies at 56
  • 1999-10-21 Ahmet Taner Kışlalı, Turkish politician, journalist, and educator, assassinated at 60
  • 2000-07-03 Kemal Sunal, Turkish actor, dies of a heart attack at 55
  • 2002-07-13 Yousuf Karsh, Turkish-born Armenian photographer (b. 1908)