Turkish History (Part 2)

Historical Events

Events 101 - 200 of 458

  • 1739-07-22 Ottoman Empire defeats Austria at Crocyka (Krotzka) in Serbia & subsequently successfully laid siege to Belgrade
  • 1739-09-18 Turkey & Austria sign peace treaty-Austria cedes Belgrade to Turks
  • 1739-09-23 Russia & Turkey sign Peace of Belgrade
  • 1739-10-03 The Treaty of Nissa is signed by the Ottoman Empire and Russia at the end of the Russian-Turkish War, 1736-1739.
  • 1770-05-26 The Orlov Revolt, a first attempt to revolt against the Turks before the Greek War of Independence ends in disaster for the Greeks.
  • 1770-07-05 Battles of Chesma and Larga between the Russian and Ottoman Empires.
  • 1770-07-06 Battle at Cesme: Russian fleet beats Turkish
  • 1774-07-21 Russo-Turkish War, 1768-74: Russia and the Ottoman Empire sign Treaty of Kuchuk-Kainarji ending the war.
  • 1775-05-07 Turkish state of Bukovina secedes from Austria
  • 1784-01-06 Turkey & Russia sign treaty in Constantinople
  • 1787-08-16 Turkey declares war on Russia (Russo-Turkish War 1787-92)
  • 1787-10-01 Russians under Suvorov defeat the Turks at Kinburn.
  • 1790-12-22 Supposedly impenetrable Turkish fortress of Izmail stormed and captured by Suvorov and his Russian armies during the Russo-Turkish War (1787–92)
  • 1791-08-04 The Treaty of Sistova is signed, ending the Ottoman-Habsburg wars.
  • 1792-01-09 Russia & Turkey sign Peace of Jassy

BattleBattle of Interest

1799-04-16 Napoleonic Wars: The Battle of Mount Tabor - Napoleon drives Ottoman Turks across the River Jordan near Acre.

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1799-07-25 French-Egyptian forces under Napoleon I beat Turks at Battle of Abukir
  • 1800-03-20 French army defeats Turks at Helipolis & advance to Cairo
  • 1804-02-14 Karadjordje leads the First Serbian Uprising against the Ottoman Empire
  • 1807-06-19 Admiral Dmitry Senyavin destroys the Ottoman fleet in the Battle of Athos
  • 1808-07-28 Mahmud II succeeds Mustafa IV as sultan of Turkey
  • 1820-03-25 Greece freedom revolt against anti Ottoman attack
  • 1820-04-12 Alexander Ypsilantis is declared leader of Filiki Eteria, a secret organization to overthrow Ottoman rule over Greece.
  • 1821-03-25 Greece gains independence from Turkey (National Day)
  • 1821-04-10 Patriarch Gregory V of Constantinople is hanged by the Turks from the main gate of the Patriarchate, his body thrown into the Bosphorus
  • 1821-05-08 Greek War of Independence: Greeks defeat the Turks in Gravia
  • 1821-05-12 The first major battle of the Greek War of Independence against the Turks occurs in Valtetsi
  • 1821-06-14 Badi VII, king of Sennar, surrenders his throne and realm to Ismail Pasha, general of the Ottoman Empire, bringing the 300 year old Sudanese kingdom to an end
  • 1821-06-19 Decisive defeat of the Greek revolutionary society Philikí Etaireía by the Ottomans at Drăgăşani (in Wallachia)
  • 1821-09-23 Fall of Tripolitsa, Greek forces massacre 30,000 Turks during Greek War of Independence
  • 1822-03-31 Massacre of the population of the Greek island of Chios by soldiers of the Ottoman Empire following a rebellion attempt, (later depicted by artist Eugène Delacroix)
  • 1822-05-16 Greek War of Independence: Turks capture the Greek town of Souli
  • 1824-08-04 Battle of Kos is fought between Turks and Greeks.
  • 1826-04-10 The 10,500 inhabitants of the Greek town Messolonghi start leaving the town after a year's siege by Turkish forces. Very few of them survive.
  • 1826-04-23 Missolonghi, Greece captured by Turks
  • 1826-06-15 Ottoman Sultan Mahmud II abolishes the elite Janissary corps executing thousands for treason to make way for a more modern army
  • 1827-06-05 Turks capture the Acropolis & take Athens during Greek War of Independence
  • 1827-10-08 Sea battle at Navarino (Greece freed of Ottoman occupation)
  • 1828-04-26 Russia declares war on Turkey to support Greece's independence
  • 1828-08-27 The Russians defeat the Turks at the Battle of Akhalzic.
  • 1829-09-14 Peace of Adrianopel: ends Russian-Turkish war
  • 1829-09-24 Russia & Ottoman Empire sign Peace Treaty of Adrianople
  • 1831-03-29 Great Bosnian uprising: Bosniak rebel against Turkey.
  • 1833-07-08 Russia & Turkey sign defense treaty
  • 1839-07-01 Abdul-Medjid succeeds Mahmud II as Sultan of Turkey
  • 1839-11-03 Palace of Gulhane Turkey, freedom of religion proclaimed
  • 1847-04-14 Persia & Ottoman Turkey sign 2nd Treaty of Erzurum
  • 1856-02-29 Hostilities in Russo-Turkish War cease
  • 1863-09-16 Robert College of Istanbul, Turkey, the first American educational institution outside the United States, is founded by Christopher Robert, an American philanthropist.
  • 1870-02-28 The Bulgarian Exarchate (Orthodox Church) is established by decree of Sultan Abd-ul-Aziz of the Ottoman Empire
  • 1875-06-19 The Herzegovinian rebellion against the Ottoman Empire begins

  • 1876-05-30 Ottoman sultan Abd-ul-Aziz is deposed and succeeded by his nephew Murat V.
  • 1876-06-30 Serbia declares war on Turkey
  • 1876-07-03 Montenegro declares war on Turkey
  • 1876-08-31 Ottoman sultan Murat V is deposed and succeeded by his brother Abd-ul-Hamid II.
  • 1876-12-23 Turkey's 1st constitution proclaimed
  • 1877-04-24 Russo-Turkish War, 1877-78: Russia declares war on the Ottoman Empire
  • 1877-07-31 Second Russian assault on Plevna, Turkey fails, during Russo-Turkish War, 7,300 Russian casualties
  • 1877-11-17 Russia launches a surprise night attack that overruns Turkish forces at Kars, Armenia
  • 1878-01-04 Sofia is emancipated from Ottoman rule.
  • 1878-01-16 Captain Burago with a squadron of Russian Imperial army dragoons liberates Plovdiv from Ottoman rule
  • 1878-02-02 Greece declares war on Turkey
  • 1878-03-03 Bulgaria liberated from Turkey (Peace of San Stefano)
  • 1878-06-04 Cyprus ceded by Turkey to Britain for administrative purposes
  • 1878-06-13 Congress of Berlin begins, determines the territories of the states in the Balkan peninsula following the Russo-Turkish War of 1877–78
  • 1881-05-24 Turkey cedes Thessaly and Arta back to Greece.
  • 1883-10-04 The Orient Express departs on its first official journey from Paris to Instanbul
  • 1887-03-24 Oscar Straus appointed 1st Jewish ambassador from US (to Turkey)
  • 1890-09-19 Turkish frigate "Ertogrul" burns off of Japan, kills 540
  • 1894-11-16 6,000 Armenians massacred by Turks in Kurdistan
  • 1896-08-26 Armenian Revolutionary Federation assaults the Ottoman Bank in Constantinople to draw attention to the mass-pogroms and massacres of Armenians instigated by the Ottoman Sultan Abdul-Hamid II
  • 1897-04-05 The Greco-Turkish War, also called "Thirty Days' War", is declared between Greece and the Ottoman Empire.
  • 1897-05-12 Battle at Thessalie: Turkish army beats Greece
  • 1897-05-15 The Greek army retreats with heavy losses in the Greco-Turkish War.
  • 1898-08-25 700 Greeks and 15 Englishmen are slaughtered by the Turks in Heraklion, Greece.
  • 1899-12-23 Tentative Turkish & German treaty on construction of Baghdad railway
  • 1900-06-23 The Young Turks present a manifesto to the major foreign embassies in Constantinople demanding that these foreign powers end the Ottoman Sultan's rule
  • 1901-04-05 Under threats from the Ottoman Turkish Government, Bulgaria is forced to arrest the leaders of the Macedonian Committee
  • 1901-11-07 A French fleet seizes the customs house on the Turkish-ruled island of Mytilene after Turks refuse to settle France's indemnity claims for losses suffered by French subjects in 1896
  • 1902-03-10 Earthquake destroys Turkish city of Tochangri
  • 1902-03-18 Turkey grants Germany syndicate the first concession to construct a railroad through Turkish territory to Baghdad, to be linked to Berlin
  • 1902-07-24 In Turkey, the Sultan Abdul-Hamid, under pressure from within the Ottoman Empire, appoints a commission to consider reforms that might pacify Macedonian revolutionaries
  • 1903-08-02 Unsuccessful uprising of Macedonians against Turkey
  • 1906-05-03 British-controlled Egypt takes Sinai peninsula from Turkey
  • 1908-07-05 Niazi Bey, a chief organizer of the revolutionary movement in Turkey, raises the standard of revolt at Resna, Macedonia
  • 1908-07-08 Uprisings spread throughout Turkey
  • 1908-07-24 After days of discussion with his ministers, Sultan Abdul Hamid of Turkey announces he is restoring the liberal constitution of 1876 and will become more responsive to demands of dissidents
  • 1908-08-16 The Committee of Union and Progress, 'The Young Turks', announces a program for reforms and respect for the rights of all within the Ottoman Empire, regardless of race or religion
  • 1908-09-22 Bulgaria declares independence from Ottoman Empire (Turkey)
  • 1908-10-05 Bulgaria declares independence from Turkey, Ferdinand I becomes Tsar
  • 1908-10-07 Crete revolts against Turkey & aligns with Greece
  • 1908-12-17 In Turkey the new parliament convenes with reformist Young Turks as the majority
  • 1909-02-26 Austria and Turkey conclude an agreement in which Turkey recognizes Austria's 1908 annexation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and is to receive compensation
  • 1909-03-18 Russia and Bulgaria reach an agreement in which late 19th century Russian financial claims are cancelled to meet compensation due to Turkey from Bulgaria
  • 1909-04-13 In Constantinople the primarily Albanian First Army Corps seizes the parliament building and telegraphs offices, forcing the Ottoman statesman Hilmi Pasha to resign
  • 1909-04-19 A convention with Turkey recognizes Bulgarian independence
  • 1909-04-27 Sultan of Turkey Abdul Hamid II is overthrown
  • 1910-08-28 Nicholas I of Montenegro again proclaims himself king (first assumed power 1860) after his reign interrupted by Turkish rule
  • 1911-02-06 Great fire destroys downtown Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey)
  • 1911-09-29 Italy declares war on Turkey, starting the Italo-Turkish War

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 101 - 133 of 133

  • 1971-09-29 Sibel Tüzün, Turkish singer
  • 1972-04-12 Sebnem Ferah, Turkish singer
  • 1972-10-17 Tarkan, Turkish singer
  • 1973-01-12 Hande Yener, Turkish singer
  • 1973-05-29 Alpay Özalan, Turkish footballer
  • 1973-07-14 Halil Mutlu, Bulgaria-born Turkish weightlifter
  • 1973-08-25 Fatih Akin, Turkish-German film director
  • 1974-10-31 Muzzy Izzet, Turkish footballer, born in Mile End, London
  • 1975-08-07 Koray Candemir, Turkish singer
  • 1975-08-17 İlhan Mansız, Turkish footballer
  • 1976-03-26 Nurgül Yeşilçay, Turkish actress
  • 1976-08-01 Hasan Şaş, Turkish footballer
  • 1977-06-28 Harun Tekin, Turkish musician, Mor ve Ötesi
  • 1978-12-12 Evren Genis, Turkish composer
  • 1978-12-24 Yıldıray Baştürk, Turkish footballer
  • 1979-03-19 Hedo Türkoğlu, Turkish basketball player
  • 1979-05-26 Mehmet Okur (Memo), Turkish basketball player
  • 1979-06-29 Barış Akarsu, Turkish singer and actor (d. 2007)
  • 1980-03-30 Yalin, Turkish singer and songwriter
  • 1980-06-16 Nehir Erdoğan, Turkish actress (Tatli bela Fadime), born in Izmir, Turkey
  • 1981-01-01 Abdülkadir Koçak, Turkish boxer
  • 1981-03-17 Servet Çetin, Turkish Football Player
  • 1981-05-27 Özgür Çevik, Turkish singer and actor
  • 1981-06-30 Can Artam, Turkish racing driver
  • 1981-09-07 Gökhan Zan, Turkish footballer
  • 1981-09-28 Gül Gölge, Turkish model and actress
  • 1982-01-16 Tuncay Şanlı, Turkish footballer
  • 1982-12-08 Hamit Altintop, German-born Turkish Football player (identical twin brother of Halil Altintop)
  • 1982-12-08 Halil Altintop, Turkish Football player (identical twin brother of Hamit Altintop)
  • 1982-12-17 Onur Ozsu, Turkish music artist, born in Izmir
  • 1983-09-07 Mehmet Topuz, Turkisher footballer
  • 1983-10-29 Jason Tahincioglu, Turkish racing driver
  • 1987-05-15 Ersan İlyasova, Turkish basketball player

Famous Weddings


Famous Divorces


Famous Deaths

Deaths 101 - 108 of 108

  • 2010-02-25 İhsan Doğramacı, Turkish academic and the founder of YÖK (d. 1915)
  • 2010-12-10 J. Michael Hagopian, Turkish-born American documentarian (b. 1913)
  • 2011-02-02 Defne Joy Foster, Turkish actress, presenter and VJ. (b. 1975)
  • 2012-01-13 Rauf Denktash, leader of Turkish Cypriots, dies of multiple organ failure at 87
  • 2015-02-28 Yaşar Kemal, Turkish writer (Memed, My Hawk), dies at 91
  • 2015-05-09 Kenan Evren, Turkish soldier and politician, (President of Turkey 1980-1989 by military coup), dies at 97
  • 2015-06-17 Suleyman Demirel, Turkish leader, President (1993-2000) and Prime Minister, dies at 90
  • 2015-09-02 Alan Kurdi, 3 year old Syrian refugee drowns off the coast of Turkey, his death and photograph prompt international reaction