Turkish History (Part 2)

Historical Events

Events 101 - 200 of 479

  • 1730-09-17 Turkish coup under Mahmud I; Sultan Ahmed III flees
  • 1737-07-18 Battle at Banja Luka: Turkish army beats Austrians
  • 1738-05-27 Turkish troops occupy Orsova and Ochakov in eastern Europe
  • 1738-08-02 France offers emperor Karel VI mediation in war against Turkey
  • 1739-07-22 Ottoman Empire defeats Austria at Crocyka (Krotzka) in Serbia and then successfully lays siege to Belgrade
  • 1739-09-18 Turkey & Austria sign peace treaty-Austria cedes Belgrade to Turks
  • 1739-09-23 Russia & Turkey sign Peace of Belgrade
  • 1739-10-03 The Treaty of Nissa is signed by the Ottoman Empire and Russia at the end of the Russian-Turkish War, 1736-1739.
  • 1770-05-26 The Orlov Revolt, a first attempt to revolt against the Turks before the Greek War of Independence ends in disaster for the Greeks.
  • 1770-07-05 Battles of Chesma and Larga between the Russian and Ottoman Empires
  • 1770-07-06 Battle at Cesme: Russian fleet beats Turkish
  • 1774-07-21 Russo-Turkish War, 1768-74: Russia and the Ottoman Empire sign Treaty of Kuchuk-Kainarji ending the war
  • 1775-05-07 Turkish state of Bukovina secedes from Austria
  • 1784-01-06 Turkey & Russia sign treaty in Constantinople
  • 1787-08-16 Turkey declares war on Russia (Russo-Turkish War 1787-92)
  • 1787-10-01 Russians under Suvorov defeat the Turks at Kinburn.

  • 1790-12-22 Supposedly impenetrable Turkish fortress of Izmail stormed and captured by Suvorov and his Russian armies during the Russo-Turkish War (1787–92)
  • 1791-08-04 The Treaty of Sistova is signed, ending the Ottoman-Habsburg wars
  • 1792-01-09 Russia & Turkey sign Peace of Jassy

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1799-03-06 Napoleon Bonaparte captures city of Jaffa, Palestine, after a 5 day siege, defeating the Ottoman Empire

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1799-04-16 Napoleonic Wars: The Battle of Mount Tabor - Napoleon drives Ottoman Turks across the River Jordan near Acre
  • 1799-07-25 French-Egyptian forces under Napoleon I beat Turks at Battle of Abukir
  • 1800-03-20 French army defeats Turks at Helipolis & advance to Cairo
  • 1804-02-14 Karadjordje leads the First Serbian Uprising against the Ottoman Empire
  • 1807-06-19 Admiral Dmitry Senyavin destroys the Ottoman fleet in the Battle of Athos
  • 1808-07-28 Mahmud II succeeds Mustafa IV as sultan of Turkey
  • 1820-03-25 Greece freedom revolt against anti Ottoman attack
  • 1820-04-12 Alexander Ypsilantis is declared leader of Filiki Eteria, a secret organization to overthrow Ottoman rule over Greece.
  • 1821-02-21 Greek War of Independence against the Ottoman Empire begins
  • 1821-03-25 The Greek revolution against the Ottoman Turks is officially declared, with hostilities having started two months earlier
  • 1821-04-10 Patriarch Gregory V of Constantinople is hanged by the Turks from the main gate of the Patriarchate, his body thrown into the Bosphorus
  • 1821-05-08 Greek War of Independence: Greeks defeat the Turks in Gravia
  • 1821-05-12 The first major battle of the Greek War of Independence against the Turks occurs in Valtetsi
  • 1821-06-14 Badi VII, king of Sennar, surrenders his throne and realm to Ismail Pasha, general of the Ottoman Empire, bringing the 300 year old Sudanese kingdom to an end
  • 1821-06-19 Decisive defeat of the Greek revolutionary society Philikí Etaireía by the Ottomans at Drăgăşani (in Wallachia)
  • 1821-09-23 Fall of Tripolitsa, Greek forces massacre 30,000 Turks during Greek War of Independence

  • 1822-03-31 Massacre of the population of the Greek island of Chios by soldiers of the Ottoman Empire following a rebellion attempt, (later depicted by artist Eugène Delacroix)
  • 1822-05-16 Greek War of Independence: Turks capture the Greek town of Souli
  • 1824-08-04 Battle of Kos is fought between Turks and Greeks
  • 1826-04-10 10,500 inhabitants of the Greek town Messolonghi start leaving the town after a year's siege by Turkish forces. Very few of them survive.
  • 1826-04-23 Missolonghi, Greece captured by Turks
  • 1826-06-15 Ottoman Sultan Mahmud II abolishes the elite Janissary corps executing thousands for treason to make way for a more modern army
  • 1827-06-05 Turks capture the Acropolis and take Athens during Greek War of Independence
  • 1827-10-08 Sea battle at Navarino (Greece freed of Ottoman occupation)
  • 1828-04-26 Russia declares war on Turkey to support Greece's independence
  • 1828-08-27 The Russians defeat the Turks at the Battle of Akhalzic.
  • 1829-09-14 Peace of Adrianopel: ends Russian-Turkish war
  • 1829-09-24 Russia & Ottoman Empire sign Peace Treaty of Adrianople
  • 1831-03-29 Great Bosnian uprising: Bosniak rebel against Turkey.
  • 1833-07-08 Russia and Turkey sign defense treaty
  • 1839-07-01 Abdul-Medjid succeeds Mahmud II as Sultan of Turkey
  • 1839-11-03 Palace of Gulhane Turkey, freedom of religion proclaimed
  • 1847-04-14 Persia & Ottoman Turkey sign 2nd Treaty of Erzurum
  • 1856-02-29 Hostilities in Russo-Turkish War cease
  • 1863-09-16 Robert College of Istanbul, Turkey, the first American educational institution outside the United States, is founded by Christopher Robert, an American philanthropist.
  • 1870-02-28 The Bulgarian Exarchate (Orthodox Church) is established by decree of Sultan Abd-ul-Aziz of the Ottoman Empire
  • 1875-06-19 The Herzegovinian rebellion against the Ottoman Empire begins
  • 1876-05-30 Ottoman sultan Abd-ul-Aziz is deposed and succeeded by his nephew Murat V.
  • 1876-06-30 Serbia declares war on Turkey
  • 1876-07-03 Montenegro declares war on Turkey
  • 1876-08-31 Ottoman sultan Murat V is deposed and succeeded by his brother Abd-ul-Hamid II.
  • 1876-12-23 Turkey's 1st constitution proclaimed
  • 1877-04-24 Russo-Turkish War, 1877-78: Russia declares war on the Ottoman Empire
  • 1877-07-31 Second Russian assault on Plevna, Turkey fails, during Russo-Turkish War, 7,300 Russian casualties
  • 1877-11-17 Russia launches a surprise night attack that overruns Turkish forces at Kars, Armenia
  • 1878-01-04 Sofia is emancipated from Ottoman rule.
  • 1878-01-16 Captain Burago with a squadron of Russian Imperial army dragoons liberates Plovdiv from Ottoman rule
  • 1878-02-02 Greece declares war on Turkey
  • 1878-03-03 Bulgaria liberated from Turkey (Peace of San Stefano)
  • 1878-06-04 Cyprus ceded by Turkey to Britain for administrative purposes
  • 1878-06-13 Congress of Berlin begins, determines the territories of the states in the Balkan peninsula following the Russo-Turkish War of 1877–78
  • 1878-07-13 Congress of Berlin ends, redrawing the terms of Treaty of San Stefano to give Russia less influence in old Ottoman Empire
  • 1881-05-24 Turkey cedes Thessaly and Arta back to Greece.

TrainThe Orient Express

1883-10-04 The Orient Express departs on its first official journey from Paris to Instanbul
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Poster advertising the Orient Express schedule
Poster advertising the Orient Express schedule
  • 1887-03-24 Oscar Straus appointed 1st Jewish ambassador from US (to Turkey)
  • 1890-09-19 Turkish frigate "Ertogrul" burns off of Japan, kills 540
  • 1894-11-16 6,000 Armenians massacred by Turks in Kurdistan
  • 1896-08-26 Armenian Revolutionary Federation assaults the Ottoman Bank in Constantinople to draw attention to the mass-pogroms and massacres of Armenians instigated by the Ottoman Sultan Abdul-Hamid II
  • 1897-04-05 The Greco-Turkish War, also called "Thirty Days' War", is declared between Greece and the Ottoman Empire.
  • 1897-05-12 Battle at Thessalie: Turkish army beats Greece
  • 1897-05-15 The Greek army retreats with heavy losses in the Greco-Turkish War.
  • 1898-08-25 700 Greeks and 15 Englishmen are slaughtered by the Turks in Heraklion, Greece.
  • 1899-12-23 Tentative Turkish & German treaty on construction of Baghdad railway
  • 1900-06-23 The Young Turks present a manifesto to the major foreign embassies in Constantinople demanding that these foreign powers end the Ottoman Sultan's rule
  • 1901-04-05 Under threats from the Ottoman Turkish Government, Bulgaria is forced to arrest the leaders of the Macedonian Committee
  • 1901-11-07 A French fleet seizes the customs house on the Turkish-ruled island of Mytilene after Turks refuse to settle France's indemnity claims for losses suffered by French subjects in 1896
  • 1902-03-10 Earthquake destroys Turkish city of Tochangri
  • 1902-03-18 Turkey grants Germany syndicate the first concession to construct a railroad through Turkish territory to Baghdad, to be linked to Berlin
  • 1902-07-24 In Turkey, the Sultan Abdul-Hamid, under pressure from within the Ottoman Empire, appoints a commission to consider reforms that might pacify Macedonian revolutionaries
  • 1903-08-02 Unsuccessful uprising of Macedonians against Turkey
  • 1906-05-03 British-controlled Egypt takes Sinai peninsula from Turkey
  • 1908-07-05 Niazi Bey, a chief organizer of the revolutionary movement in Turkey, raises the standard of revolt at Resna, Macedonia
  • 1908-07-08 Uprisings spread throughout Turkey
  • 1908-07-24 After days of discussion with his ministers, Sultan Abdul Hamid of Turkey announces he is restoring the liberal constitution of 1876 and will become more responsive to demands of dissidents

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1908-08-16 The Committee of Union and Progress, 'The Young Turks', announces a program for reforms and respect for the rights of all within the Ottoman Empire, regardless of race or religion

Leader of the Ottoman Empire Enver Pasha
Leader of the Ottoman Empire
Enver Pasha
  • 1908-09-22 Bulgaria declares independence from Ottoman Empire (Turkey)
  • 1908-10-05 Bulgaria declares independence from Turkey, Ferdinand I becomes Tsar
  • 1908-10-07 Crete revolts against Turkey & aligns with Greece
  • 1908-12-17 In Turkey the new parliament convenes with reformist Young Turks as the majority
  • 1909-02-26 Austria and Turkey conclude an agreement in which Turkey recognizes Austria's 1908 annexation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and is to receive compensation

Famous Birthdays

  • 1945-08-22 Erol Gelenbe, Turkish computer scientist and mathematician, born in Istanbul, Turkey
  • 1945-09-01 Mustafa Balel, Turkish writer
  • 1945-10-18 Yıldo, Turkish famous showman and football player
  • 1946-02-12 Ajda Pekkan, Turkish singer and actress, born in Istanbul, Turkey
  • 1948-10-14 Engin Arık, Turkish nuclear physicist, born in Istanbul (d. 2007)
  • 1950-10-29 Abdullah Gul, Turkish President (2007-14), born in Kayseri, Anatolia
  • 1952-07-28 Monique van de Ven, Dutch actress (Turkish Fruit)
  • 1952-08-21 Joe Strummer, British lead singer of the punk band "The Clash" (Rock the Casbah), born in Ankara, Turkey (d. 2002)
  • 1952-10-06 Ayten Mutlu, Turkish poet and writer
  • 1953-10-04 Tchéky Karyo, Turkish-French actor
  • 1954-02-26 Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, Prime Minister of Turkey, born in Kasımpaşa, Istanbul
  • 1954-06-05 Haluk Bilginer, Turkish actor
  • 1954-06-21 Müjde Ar, Turkish film actress, born in Istanbul, Turkey
  • 1954-07-13 Sezen Aksu, Turkish singer
  • 1954-09-15 Hrant Dink, Turkish-Armenian newspaper editor (d. 2007)
  • 1957-07-07 Berry Sakharof, Turkish-born Israeli guitarist (Minimal Compact), born in İzmir, Turkey
  • 1958-01-09 Mehmet Ali Ağca, Turkish attempted assassin of Pope John Paul II, born in Hekimhan, Turkey
  • 1964-12-04 Sertab Erener, Turkish singer (Sakin Ol!), born in Istanbul, Turkey
  • 1967-01-23 Naim Suleymanoglu, Turkish weight lifter (Olympic gold 1988), born in Ptichar, Bulgaria (d. 2017)
  • 1967-03-04 Kubilay Türkyılmaz, former Turkish-Swiss footballer
  • 1967-11-20 Teoman [Yakupoğlu], Turkish rock singer, born in Alucra
  • 1968-08-25 Rafet El Roman, Turkish singer and composer
  • 1968-11-24 Bülent Korkmaz, Turkish footballer
  • 1970-02-16 Serdar Ortac, Turkish popstar
  • 1970-04-14 Emre Altuğ, Turkish singer, born in Istanbul, Turkey
  • 1970-08-24 Tugay Kerimoğlu, Turkish footballer, born in Trabzon, Turkey
  • 1971-09-01 Hakan Şükür, Turkish footballer
  • 1971-09-29 Sibel Tüzün, Turkish singer
  • 1972-04-12 Şebnem Ferah, Turkish singer (Volvox), born in Yalova, Turkey
  • 1972-10-17 Tarkan [Tevetoğlu], Turkish pop singer (Şımarık), born in Alzey, West Germany
  • 1972-10-26 Hamdi Ulukaya, Kurdish founder and CEO of Chobani, born in Erzincan, Turkey
  • 1973-01-12 Hande Yener, Turkish singer, born in Kadıköy, Istanbul, Turkey
  • 1973-05-29 Alpay Özalan, Turkish soccer centre back, manager, politician (Turkey 90 caps), born in Izmir, Turkey
  • 1973-07-14 Halil Mutlu, Bulgaria-born Turkish weightlifter
  • 1973-08-25 Fatih Akin, Turkish-German film director
  • 1974-10-31 Muzzy Izzet, Turkish footballer, born in Mile End, London
  • 1975-08-07 Koray Candemir, Turkish singer, born in Istanbul, Turkey
  • 1975-08-17 İlhan Mansız, Turkish footballer
  • 1976-03-26 Nurgül Yeşilçay, Turkish actress
  • 1976-08-01 Hasan Şaş, Turkish footballer and manager (Galatasaray), born in Karataş, Turkey
  • 1977-06-28 Harun Tekin, Turkish musician (Mor ve Ötesi), born in Ankara, Turkey
  • 1978-12-12 Evren Genis, Turkish composer, born in Ankara, Turkey
  • 1978-12-24 Yıldıray Baştürk, Turkish footballer, born in Herne, Germany
  • 1979-03-19 Hedo Türkoğlu, Turkish basketball player
  • 1979-05-26 Mehmet Okur (Memo), Turkish basketball player
  • 1979-06-29 Barış Akarsu, Turkish rock musician and actor, born in Amasra, Turkey (d. 2007)
  • 1980-03-30 Yalin, Turkish singer and songwriter
  • 1980-06-16 Nehir Erdoğan, Turkish actress (Tatli bela Fadime), born in Izmir, Turkey
  • 1981-03-17 Servet Çetin, Turkish Football Player
  • 1981-05-27 Özgür Çevik, Turkish singer and actor
  • 1981-06-30 Can Artam, Turkish racing driver
  • 1981-09-07 Gökhan Zan, Turkish footballer, born in Antakya, Hatay, Turkey
  • 1981-09-28 Gül Gölge, Turkish model and actress
  • 1982-01-16 Tuncay Şanlı, Turkish footballer, born in Sakarya Province
  • 1982-12-08 Hamit Altintop, German-born Turkish football player (identical twin brother of Halil Altintop), born in Gelsenkirchen, Germany
  • 1982-12-08 Halil Altintop, German-born Turkish football player (identical twin brother of Hamit Altintop), born in Gelsenkirchen, Germany
  • 1982-12-17 Onur Ozsu, Turkish music artist, born in Izmir
  • 1983-09-07 Mehmet Topuz, Turkisher footballer (Kayserispor), born in Caferli Köyü, Yozgat, Turkey
  • 1983-10-29 Jason Tahincioglu, Turkish racing driver
  • 1984-08-03 Yasin Avci, Danish footballer, born in Tire, Turkey
  • 1987-05-15 Ersan İlyasova, Turkish basketball player
  • 1988-10-15 Mesut Özil, Turkish-German football player (Arsenal, German national team), born in Gelsenkirchen, West Germany

Famous Weddings


Famous Divorces


Famous Deaths

  • 2003-10-16 Avni Arbas, Turkish artist (b. 1919)
  • 2003-11-20 Kerem Yilmazer, Turkish actor (b. 1945)
  • 2004-08-15 Semiha Berksoy, first Turkish opera singer (b. 1910)
  • 2006-11-05 Bülent Ecevit, four term Turkish Prime Minister (between 1974 and 2002), dies at 81
  • 2006-12-14 Ahmet Ertegün, Turkish-American businessman & co-founder of Atlantic Records, dies at 83
  • 2007-01-19 Hrant Dink, Turkish-Armenian newspaper editor (b. 1954)
  • 2007-07-04 Barış Akarsu, Turkish rock musician and actor, dies of complications after a car accident at 28
  • 2007-11-30 Engin Arık, Turkish nuclear physicist, dies at 59
  • 2008-05-10 Leyla Gencer, Turkish soprano (b. 1928)
  • 2008-07-05 Hasan Doğan, 37th president of the Turkish Football Federation (b. 1956)
  • 2008-10-15 Fazıl Hüsnü Dağlarca, Turkish poet (b. 1914)
  • 2009-02-17 Gazanfer Özcan, Turkish actor (b. 1931)
  • 2010-02-25 İhsan Doğramacı, Turkish paediatrician, academic and the founder of YÖK, dies at 94
  • 2010-12-10 J. Michael Hagopian, Turkish-born American documentarian (b. 1913)
  • 2011-02-02 Defne Joy Foster, Turkish actress, presenter and VJ. (b. 1975)
  • 2012-01-13 Rauf Denktash, leader of Turkish Cypriots, dies of multiple organ failure at 87
  • 2012-09-30 Turhan Bey [Sahultavy], Austrian-born actor dubbed "The Turkish Delight" (Arabian Nights, Ali Baba and the Forty Thieves), dies from Parkinson's disease at 90
  • 2015-02-28 Yaşar Kemal, Turkish writer (Memed, My Hawk), dies at 91
  • 2015-05-09 Kenan Evren, Turkish soldier & politician, (President of Turkey 1980-1989 by military coup), dies at 97
  • 2015-06-17 Suleyman Demirel, Turkish leader, President (1993-2000) and Prime Minister, dies at 90
  • 2015-09-02 Alan Kurdi, 3 year old Syrian refugee drowns off the coast of Turkey, his death and photograph prompt international reaction