Turkish History (Part 4)

Historical Events

Events 301 - 400 of 474

  • 1923-10-29 Mustafa Kemal officially confirms Turkey as a republic (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti), now commemorated annually as the Republic Day of Turkey
  • 1923-10-29 Turkey declares independence (successor state to Ottoman Empire)
  • 1924-03-03 German & Turkish friendship/trade treaty signed
  • 1924-05-29 AEK Athens FC is established on the anniversary of the siege of Constantinople by the Turks
  • 1924-08-16 Dutch-Turkish peace treaty signed
  • 1924-08-26 The Catastrophe of Smyrna: known as the Asia Minor Catastrophe to Greeks. The Ottoman army expels Greeks and other non-Turks from Asia Minor. (August 13 OS)
  • 1925-01-30 Turkish government throws out Constantine VI of Constantinople
  • 1925-02-26 Jihad against Turkish government
  • 1925-04-28 Kurdish rebels surrender to Turkish army
  • 1925-12-17 Soviet Union & Turkey sign non-aggresion pact
  • 1926-04-22 Persia, Turkey & Afghanistan sign treaties of security

Gregory Conquers Julius Caesar

1927-01-01 Turkey adopts the Gregorian calendar: December 18, 1926 (Julian), is immediately followed by January 1, 1927 (Gregorian).

  • 1927-02-16 US restores diplomatic relations with Turkey
  • 1928-04-09 Turkey passes separation of church & state
  • 1928-11-03 Turkey switches from Arabic to Roman alphabet

Historic Event

1929-01-31 Leon Trotsky expelled from Russia to Turkey

  • 1930-10-30 Turkey & Greece sign a treaty of friendship
  • 1931-05-04 Mustafa Kemal Pasja becomes Turkish president
  • 1934-02-09 Balkan Entente alliance forms (Yugoslavia, Greece, Turkey & Romania)
  • 1934-11-26 Turkish regiment decrees importing family names
  • 1935-01-01 President Mustapha Kemal Pasha names himself "Ataturk: Father of Turkey"
  • 1935-02-06 1st election to allow women to vote in Turkey
  • 1936-07-10 New Straits Convention allows Turkish re-armament of Dardanelles
  • 1938-07-04 France-Turkish friendship treaty

Historic Event

1939-04-18 Franz von Papen becomes German ambassador in Turkey

  • 1939-06-23 France turns over Sanjak of Alexandretta (Hatay) to Turkey
  • 1939-12-26 Earthquake in East Anatolia Turkey
  • 1939-12-27 Between 20,000 and 40,000 die in magnitude 8 earthquake in Erzincam, Turkey
  • 1941-06-18 Turkey signs peace treaty with nazi-Germany

Conference of Interest

1943-12-04 -Dec 6] 2nd conference of Cairo: FDR, Winston Churchill and Turkish President İsmet İnönü

  • 1944-06-19 Heavy air raid on US fleet at Guam "Turkey Shoot"
  • 1944-08-02 Turkey breaks diplomatic relationship with Nazi Germany
  • 1945-02-25 World War II: Turkey declares war on Germany.
  • 1947-05-22 "Truman Doctrine" goes into effect, aiding Turkey and Greece
  • 1949-03-29 Turkey recognizes Israel
  • 1950-05-22 Celal Bayar elected President of Turkey
  • 1950-06-06 Turkey: The Adhan in Arabic is legalized.
  • 1953-03-18 7.5 magnitude earthquake strikes Yenice–Gönen in western Turkey, 1070 die

Historic Event

1953-05-29 500th anniversary of the fall of Constantinople and the end of the Byzantine Empire (to Ottoman Sultan Mehmed II)

  • 1955-02-18 Baghdad Pact signed, making Turkey & Iraq a defense alliance
  • 1955-02-24 Pact of Baghdad signed between Iraq & Turkey
  • 1955-11-29 Turkish government of Menderes resigns
  • 1955-12-08 Turkish government of Menderes forms
  • 1957-10-08 Turkish & Syrian border guards exchange fire
  • 1957-10-27 Celal Bayar re-elected president of Turkey
  • 1958-06-07 Battles between Turkish & Greeks Cypriots break out
  • 1959-02-19 Britain, Turkey & Greece sign agreement granting Cyprus independence
  • 1959-05-30 Iraq withdraws from the Baghdad Pact (Iran, Iraq, Pakistan, Turkey, and the United Kingdom)
  • 1960-05-27 Military coup overthrows democratic government of Turkey
  • 1962-06-25 İnönü government forms in Turkey

Historic Event

1962-10-26 Nikita Khrushchev sends note to JFK offering to withdraw his missiles from Cuba if US closes its bases in Turkey: offer is rejected

  • 1963-12-24 Greek & Turks riot in Cyprus
  • 1964-02-11 Greek & Turks begin fighting in Limassol, Cyprus
  • 1964-02-12 Fighting breaks out between Turks and Greeks over dispute islands in Cyprus and 16 are killed; the UN responds the following month by sending a peacekeeping force
  • 1964-03-13 Turkey threatens Cyprus with armed attack
  • 1964-08-07 Turkey begins air attack on Greek Cypriots
  • 1965-02-20 Turkish government of Uerguplu forms
  • 1965-07-21 Pakistan, Iran and Turkey sign Regional Co-Operation pact
  • 1966-08-19 Earthquake strikes Varto region in eastern Turkey with 6.8 magnitude killing around 2,400
  • 1966-12-07 A fire at an army barracks in Erzurum, Turkey kills 68 people.
  • 1967-12-29 Turkish-Cypriot government forms in Cyprus
  • 1969-10-17 Plastic Ono Band's "Cold Turkey" is released in UK
  • 1970-03-28 1,086 die when 7.4 quake destroys 254 villages in Gediz Turkey
  • 1970-10-15 Russian passenger flight hijacked to Turkey
  • 1971-03-04 "City Command" kidnaps 4 US military men at Ankara, Turkey
  • 1971-03-12 Turkish Government of Demirel forced to resign by Army
  • 1971-04-26 Turkey state of siege proclaimed
  • 1973-09-26 Turkey's state of siege ends (after 2½ years)

Opening of the Bosphorus Bridge

1973-10-30 The Bosphorus Bridge in Istanbul, Turkey is completed, connecting the continents of Europe and Asia over the Bosporus for the first time

Election of Interest

1974-01-26 Bülent Ecevit becomes Prime Minister of Turkey for the 1st time

  • 1974-03-03 Turkish Airlines Flight 981 crashes in the Ermenonville Forest outside Paris, killing all 346 people onboard
  • 1974-07-20 Turkey invades Cyprus
  • 1974-08-11 Head-on collision between two buses kills 21 (Ankara, Turkey)
  • 1974-08-14 Turkish army attacks Nicosia Cyprus
  • 1975-02-13 Turkish Cypriot leader Rauf Denktash proclaims Turkish-Cypriot Federation
  • 1975-09-06 6.8 quake along Anatolian Fault kills over 2,000 in Lice, Turkey
  • 1975-10-22 Turkish diplomat shot to death in Vienna
  • 1975-10-24 Turkish diplomat shot dead in Paris
  • 1977-06-21 Bülent Ecevit forms a minority government in Turkey which lasts only 1 month
  • 1978-01-05 Bülent Ecevit becomes Prime Minister of Turkey for the 3rd time
  • 1979-04-13 Christian Turks occupy St Jansbasiliek

Papal Visit

1979-11-28 Pope John Paul II's first papal visit to Turkey, almost 1 1/2 years before Turkish native Mehmet Ali Agca attempts to kill him

  • 1980-09-12 Military coup under General Kenan Evren in Turkey
  • 1981-05-13 Pope John Paul II is shot and critically wounded by Turkish gunman Mehemet Ali Agca in St Peter's Square, Vatican City
  • 1981-07-22 Turkish terrorist Mehmet Ali Agca sentenced to life imprisonment in a court in Rome, Italy
  • 1982-03-24 US sub Jacksonville collides with a Turkish freighter near Virginia
  • 1982-11-07 Turkey adopts constitution
  • 1983-11-06 Turkey Turgut Özals Moederland party wins elections
  • 1983-11-15 Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus proclaimed
  • 1984-08-15 The PKK in Turkey starts a campaign of armed attacks upon the Turkish military
  • 1986-04-05 US soldier & Turkish woman killed in West Berlin disco bombing
  • 1987-04-14 Turkey asks to join European market
  • 1988-06-15 Turkish premier Özal meets Greek premier Papandreou in Athens
  • 1988-07-03 The Fatih Sultan Mehmet Bridge in Istanbul, Turkey is completed, providing the second connection between the continents of Europe and Asia over the Bosphorus

Famous Birthdays


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Famous Divorces


Famous Deaths