Turkish History (Part 4)

Historical Events

Events 301 - 400 of 478

  • 1922-11-18 Turkish National Assembly nominates Abdul Medjid kalief
  • 1923-07-24 Allied Powers and Turkey sign peace treaty, Lausanne

AppointmentAppointment of Interest

1923-08-13 Turkish National Congress selects Mustafa Kemal Atatürk Pasja as President

President and Founder of the Republic of Turkey Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
President and Founder of the Republic of Turkey
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
  • 1923-10-13 Angora (Ankara) becomes Turkey's capital
  • 1923-10-29 Turkey declares independence (successor state to Ottoman Empire)
  • 1923-10-29 Mustafa Kemal officially confirms Turkey as a republic (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti), now commemorated annually as the Republic Day of Turkey
  • 1924-03-03 German & Turkish friendship/trade treaty signed
  • 1924-05-29 AEK Athens FC is established on the anniversary of the siege of Constantinople by the Turks
  • 1924-08-16 Dutch-Turkish peace treaty signed
  • 1924-08-26 The Catastrophe of Smyrna: known as the Asia Minor Catastrophe to Greeks. The Ottoman army expels Greeks and other non-Turks from Asia Minor. (August 13 OS)
  • 1925-01-30 Turkish government throws out Constantine VI of Constantinople
  • 1925-02-26 Jihad against Turkish government
  • 1925-04-28 Kurdish rebels surrender to Turkish army
  • 1925-12-17 Soviet Union & Turkey sign non-aggresion pact
  • 1926-04-22 Persia, Turkey & Afghanistan sign treaties of security
  • 1926-09-01 Turkey allows civil marriage

Gregory Conquers Julius CaesarGregory Conquers Julius Caesar

1927-01-01 Turkey adopts the Gregorian calendar: December 18, 1926 (Julian), is immediately followed by January 1, 1927 (Gregorian).

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Pope Gregory XIII with the calendar that was to make his name
Pope Gregory XIII with the calendar that was to make his name
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  • 1927-02-16 US restores diplomatic relations with Turkey
  • 1928-04-09 Turkey passes separation of church & state
  • 1928-11-03 Turkey switches from Arabic to Roman alphabet

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1929-01-31 Leon Trotsky expelled from Russia to Turkey

Russian Revolutionary Leon Trotsky
Russian Revolutionary
Leon Trotsky

Istanbul – The Queen of CitiesIstanbul – The Queen of Cities

1930-03-28 Turkish cities Constantinople and Angora change their names to Istanbul and Ankara

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The magnificent Hagia Sophia ranked as the world's largest cathedral for a thousand years
The magnificent Hagia Sophia ranked as the world's largest cathedral for a thousand years
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  • 1930-10-30 Turkey & Greece sign a treaty of friendship
  • 1931-05-04 Mustafa Kemal Pasja becomes Turkish president
  • 1934-02-09 Balkan Entente alliance forms (Yugoslavia, Greece, Turkey & Romania)
  • 1934-11-26 Turkish regiment decrees importing family names
  • 1935-01-01 President Mustapha Kemal Pasha names himself "Ataturk: Father of Turkey"
  • 1935-02-06 1st election to allow women to vote in Turkey
  • 1936-07-10 New Straits Convention allows Turkish re-armament of Dardanelles
  • 1938-07-04 France-Turkish friendship treaty

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1939-04-18 Franz von Papen becomes German ambassador in Turkey

Diplomat and Chancellor Franz von Papen
Diplomat and Chancellor
Franz von Papen
  • 1939-06-23 France turns over Sanjak of Alexandretta (Hatay) to Turkey

  • 1939-12-26 Earthquake in East Anatolia Turkey
  • 1939-12-27 Between 20,000 and 40,000 die in magnitude 8 earthquake in Erzincam, Turkey
  • 1941-06-18 Turkey signs peace treaty with nazi-Germany

Conference meetingConference of Interest

1943-12-04 -Dec 6] 2nd conference of Cairo: FDR, Winston Churchill and Turkish President İsmet İnönü

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1944-06-19 Heavy air raid on US fleet at Guam "Turkey Shoot"
  • 1944-08-02 Turkey breaks diplomatic relationship with nazi-Germany
  • 1945-02-25 World War II: Turkey declares war on Germany.
  • 1947-05-22 "Truman Doctrine" goes into effect, aiding Turkey and Greece
  • 1949-03-29 Turkey recognizes Israel
  • 1950-05-22 Celal Bayar elected President of Turkey
  • 1950-06-06 Turkey: The Adhan in Arabic is legalized.
  • 1953-03-18 7.5 magnitude earthquake strikes Yenice–Gönen in western Turkey, 1070 die

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1953-05-29 500th anniversary of the fall of Constantinople and the end of the Byzantine Empire (to Ottoman Sultan Mehmed II)

Ottoman Sultan Mehmed the Conqueror
Ottoman Sultan
Mehmed the Conqueror
  • 1955-02-18 Baghdad Pact signed, making Turkey & Iraq a defense alliance
  • 1955-02-24 Pact of Baghdad signed between Iraq & Turkey
  • 1955-11-29 Turkish government of Menderes resigns
  • 1955-12-08 Turkish government of Menderes forms
  • 1957-10-08 Turkish & Syrian border guards exchange fire
  • 1957-10-27 Celal Bayar re-elected president of Turkey
  • 1958-06-07 Battles between Turkish & Greeks Cypriots break out

  • 1959-02-19 Britain, Turkey & Greece sign agreement granting Cyprus independence
  • 1959-05-30 Iraq withdraws from the Baghdad Pact (Iran, Iraq, Pakistan, Turkey, and the United Kingdom)
  • 1960-05-27 Military coup overthrows democratic government of Turkey
  • 1962-06-25 İnönü government forms in Turkey

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1962-10-26 Nikita Khrushchev sends note to JFK offering to withdraw his missiles from Cuba if US closes its bases in Turkey: offer is rejected

Soviet First Secretary Nikita Khrushchev
Soviet First Secretary
Nikita Khrushchev
35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • 1963-12-24 Greek & Turks riot in Cyprus
  • 1964-02-11 Greek & Turks begin fighting in Limassol, Cyprus
  • 1964-02-12 Fighting breaks out between Turks and Greeks over dispute islands in Cyprus and 16 are killed; the UN responds the following month by sending a peacekeeping force
  • 1964-03-13 Turkey threatens Cyprus with armed attack
  • 1964-08-07 Turkey begins air attack on Greek Cypriots
  • 1965-02-20 Turkish government of Uerguplu forms
  • 1965-07-21 Pakistan, Iran and Turkey sign Regional Co-Operation pact
  • 1966-08-19 Earthquake strikes Varko Turkey: 2,400 killed
  • 1966-12-07 A fire at an army barracks in Erzurum, Turkey kills 68 people.
  • 1967-12-29 Turkish-Cypriot government forms in Cyprus
  • 1969-10-17 Plastic Ono Band's "Cold Turkey" is released in UK
  • 1970-03-28 1,086 die when 7.4 quake destroys 254 villages in Gediz Turkey
  • 1970-10-15 Russian passenger flight hijacked to Turkey
  • 1971-03-04 "City Command" kidnaps 4 US military men at Ankara, Turkey
  • 1971-03-12 Turkish Government of Demirel forced to resign by Army

  • 1971-04-26 Turkey state of siege proclaimed
  • 1973-09-26 Turkey's state of siege ends (after 2½ years)

TurkeyOpening of the Bosphorus Bridge

1973-10-30 The Bosphorus Bridge in Istanbul, Turkey is completed, connecting the continents of Europe and Asia over the Bosporus for the first time

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The Bosphorus Bridge, Istanbul that connects the continents of Europe and Asia
The Bosphorus Bridge, Istanbul that connects the continents of Europe and Asia
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  • 1974-01-26 Bülent Ecevit becomes Prime Minister of Turkey for the 1st time
  • 1974-03-03 Turkish Airlines Flight 981 crashes in the Ermenonville Forest outside Paris, killing all 346 people onboard
  • 1974-07-20 Turkey invades Cyprus
  • 1974-08-11 Head-on collision between two buses kills 21 (Ankara, Turkey)
  • 1974-08-14 Turkish army attacks Nicosia Cyprus
  • 1975-02-13 Turkish Cypriot leader Rauf Denktash proclaims Turkish-Cypriot Federation
  • 1975-09-06 6.8 quake along Anatolian Fault kills over 2,000 in Lice, Turkey
  • 1975-10-22 Turkish diplomat shot to death in Vienna
  • 1975-10-24 Turkish diplomat shot dead in Paris
  • 1977-06-21 Bülent Ecevit forms a minority government in Turkey which lasts only 1 month
  • 1978-01-05 Bülent Ecevit becomes Prime Minister of Turkey for the 3rd time
  • 1979-04-13 Christian Turks occupy St Jansbasiliek

BeatificationPapal Visit

1979-11-28 Pope John Paul II's first papal visit to Turkey, almost 1 1/2 years before Turkish native Mehmet Ali Agca attempts to kill him

264th Pope John Paul II
264th Pope
John Paul II
  • 1980-09-12 Military coup under General Kenan Evren in Turkey
  • 1981-05-13 Pope John Paul II is shot and critically wounded by Turkish gunman Mehemet Ali Agca in St Peter's Square, Vatican City
  • 1981-07-22 Turkish terrorist Mehmet Ali Agca sentenced to life imprisonment in a court in Rome, Italy
  • 1982-03-24 US sub Jacksonville collides with a Turkish freighter near Virginia
  • 1982-11-07 Turkey adopts constitution
  • 1983-11-06 Turkey Turgut Özals Moederland party wins elections
  • 1983-11-15 Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus proclaimed
  • 1984-08-15 The PKK in Turkey starts a campaign of armed attacks upon the Turkish military

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