The United Kingdom in History

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 2,238

Roman Empire

0308-11-11 The Congress of Carnuntum: Attempting to keep peace within the Roman Empire, the leaders of the Tetrarchy declare Maxentius and Licinius to be Augusti, while rival contender Constantine I is declared Caesar of Britain and Gaul.

Snakes Alive! It's St Patrick's Day

0432-03-17 Saint Patrick, aged about 16 is captured by Irish pirates from his home in Great Britain and taken as a slave to Ireland (traditional date)

  • 1537-08-25 The Honourable Artillery Company, the oldest surviving regiment in the British Army, and the second most senior, is formed
  • 1583-08-05 Humphrey Gilbert claims Newfoundland for the British crown, the first English colony in North America and the beginning of the British Empire
  • 1600-12-31 British East India Company chartered
  • 1618-07-16 Captain John Gilbert patents 1st dredger in Britain
  • 1632-06-20 Britain grants 2nd Lord Baltimore rights to Chesapeake Bay area

Historic Event

1634-10-20 British King Charles I disbands new "Ship Money" tax

  • 1639-08-22 Madras (now Chennai), India, founded by the British East India Company on sliver of land bought from local Nayak rulers

Historic Event

1662-10-17 Charles II of Great Britain sells Dunkirk to France for 2.5 million livres (320,000 English pounds)

  • 1664-07-23 4 British ships to drive Dutch out of NY, arrive in Boston
  • 1679-07-12 Britain's King Charles II ratifies Habeas Corpus Act allowing prisoners right to be imprisoned to be examined by a court
  • 1688-10-01 Prince Willem III of Orange accepts invitation of take up the British crown
  • 1688-12-23 King James II, the last Roman Catholic British monarch flees to France from William of Orange
  • 1688-12-25 British King James II lands in Ambleteuse, France

Historic Event

1689-01-22 Prince William of Orange (future King William III of Britain), summons Convention Parliament to discuss ruling jointly with his wife Mary (daughter of exiled King James II)

  • 1689-02-13 Parliament of England adopts the Bill of Rights which establishes the rights of parliament and places limits on the crown
  • 1689-04-11 King William III and Queen Mary II crowned as joint rulers of England, Scotland and Ireland
  • 1690-01-22 Iroquois tribes renew allegiance to British against French
  • 1694-09-27 Hurricane hits Carlisle Bay Barbados; 27 British ships sink & 3,000 die
  • 1695-08-02 Daniel Quare receives a British patent for his portable barometer
  • 1702-10-07 British & Dutch troops under Marlborough occupy Roermond
  • 1702-10-27 British troops plunder St Augustine, Florida

Victory in Battle

1704-08-13 Battle of Blenheim (Second Battle of Höchstädt): A combined British, German and Dutch army led by John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, decisively beats the French and Bavarians

  • 1707-04-25 Battle of Almansa; Franco-Spanish forces defeat British and Portuguese
  • 1707-04-29 English and Scottish parliaments accept Act of Union; creates the United Kingdom of Great Britain (comes into being 1st May)
  • 1707-05-01 Acts of Union comes into force, uniting England and Scotland to form the United Kingdom of Great Britain
  • 1708-01-08 Spanish armada headed by the San Jose and loaded with gold sunk after British squadron attacks off coast of Colombia (rediscovered 2015)

Historic Event

1708-03-11 Queen Anne withholds Royal Assent from the Scottish Militia Bill, the last time a British monarch vetoes legislation

  • 1708-08-29 British troops occupy Menorca & Sardinia

Historic Event

1709-02-02 British sailor Alexander Selkirk is rescued by William Dampier after being marooned on a desert island for 5 years, his story inspires "Robinson Crusoe

  • 1710-04-10 The first law regulating copyright is issued in Great Britain
  • 1710-10-16 British troops occupies Port Royal, Nova Scotia
  • 1710-12-08 Battle of Brihuega in the War of the Spanish Succession: British General James Stanhope captured by French & Spanish forces
  • 1712-07-20 The Riot Act takes effect in Great Britain.
  • 1713-02-10 Netherlands & Britain sign accord concerning anti-French Barrier [OS=Jan 31]
  • 1713-03-27 Spain loses Menorca and Gibraltar to Britain under the Treaty of Utrecht
  • 1713-04-11 Great Britain, Spain, the Netherlands, Prussia, Savoy, Portugal & France agree the Treaty of Utrecht; France cedes Maritime provinces in North America to Britain
  • 1713-06-23 The French residents of Acadia are given one year to declare allegiance to Britain or leave Nova Scotia, Canada
  • 1714-07-27 British Queen Anne dismisses premier Robert Haley

Royal Coronation

1714-10-20 Georg Ludwig von Hannover crowned as Britain's King George I at Westminster Abbey

  • 1716-02-06 Britain & Netherlands renew alliance
  • 1716-10-09 Britain & France sign treaty
  • 1717-01-04 Netherlands, Great Britain & France sign Triple Alliance
  • 1717-08-01 Nicholas Rowe is appointed British Poet Laureate by George I
  • 1718-12-10 Laurence Eusden is appointed British Poet Laureate under George I
  • 1718-12-17 France, Britain and Austria declare war on Spain (War of the Quadruple Alliance 1718–1720)
  • 1719-01-05 Britain, Hannover, Saxony-Poland and Austria sign anti-Prussian Russian pact

Historic Event

1721-04-03 Robert Walpole becomes Britain's 1st Lord of the Treasury - effective Prime Minister, although that term was never officially used (indeed, it was considered an insult) until much later

Historic Event

1724-04-06 Thomas Pelham-Holles becomes British Minister of Foreign Affairs

  • 1725-09-03 Britain, France, Hannover & Prussia sign Covenant of Hannover
  • 1727-05-31 France, Britain & Netherlands sign accord of Paris
  • 1728-03-06 Spain & Britain sign (1st) Convention of Pardo
  • 1729-11-09 Spain, France & Britain sign Treaty of Seville

Appointment of Interest

1730-12-03 Colley Cibber is appointed British Poet Laureate under King George II

  • 1731-03-16 Treaty of Vienna signed by Prince Eugene of Savoy, Count Sinzendorf and Count Gundacker, Thomas Stahremberg and the British envoy to Vienna, Sir Thomas Robinson.
  • 1731-04-09 British mariner Robert Jenkins' ear cut off by Spanish Guarde Costa in the Caribbean, later catalyst for war between Britain & Spain
  • 1733-05-17 Great Britain passes Molasses Act, putting high tariffs on rum and molasses imported to the colonies from a country other than British possessions
  • 1734-12-13 Britain and Russia sign trade agreement
  • 1735-09-22 Robert Walpole becomes the first British "Prime Minister" (actually First Lord of the Treasury) to live at 10 Downing Street
  • 1736-05-26 Battle of Ackia (Louisiana), British & Chickasaw Indians defeat French
  • 1739-01-14 Britain and Spain sign 2nd Convention of Pardo
  • 1739-10-23 War of Jenkins' Ear starts: British Prime Minister, Robert Walpole, reluctantly declares war on Spain
  • 1739-10-30 Great Britain declares war on Spain: War of Jenkins' Ear [NS=Oct 19]
  • 1741-03-04 British fleet under Rear Admiral of the Blue Sir Chaloner Ogle reaches Cartagena de Indias (Colombia)
  • 1742-02-02 British government of Robert Walpole resigns
  • 1742-02-09 Sir Robert Walpole, often referred to as the first British Prime Minister, ennobled as 1st Earl of Orford

Election of Interest

1742-02-16 Spencer Compton becomes Prime Minister of Great Britain (First Lord of the Treasury)

Historic Event

1743-02-14 Henry Pelham becomes Britain's First Lord of Treasury

Battle of Dettingen

1743-06-27 War of the Austrian Succession: Battle of Dettingen: in Bavaria, King George II of Britain personally leads troops into battle. The last time a British monarch commanded troops in the field.

  • 1743-09-13 Great Britain, Austria and Savoye-Sardinia sign Treaty of Worms
  • 1744-02-22 Battle of Toulon or Battle of Cape Sicié: British vs. French & Spanish fleet
  • 1744-03-15 French King Louis XV declares war on Britain
  • 1745-01-08 Britain, Austria, Netherlands & Saxony sign anti-Prussian Quadruple Alliance
  • 1745-06-16 British fleet occupies Cape Breton on St Lawrence River
  • 1745-08-05 Jacobite Rising 1745: Jacobite forces capture British company of troops under Captain Scott
  • 1746-02-10 The Pelham brothers resign from the British government, but resume office when King George II backs down.

Historic Event

1746-02-21 Jacobite Rising 1745: British forces surrender Inverness Castle to Bonnie Prince Charlie and the Jacobite forces

  • 1746-04-16 Jacobite Rising 1745: Battle of Culloden, the last battle on British soil: Royalist troops under the Duke of Cumberland defeat the Jacobite army of Charles Edward Stuart
  • 1747-05-14 A British fleet under Admiral George Anson defeats the French at first battle of Cape Finisterre.
  • 1747-07-01 Battle at Lafeld: France force beats British and Dutch army in Belgium during the Austrian War of Succession
  • 1747-10-25 British fleet under Admiral Sir Edward Hawke defeats the French at the second battle of Cape Finisterre
  • 1747-12-09 Great Britain & Netherlands sign military treaty
  • 1748-01-26 Britain, Netherlands, Austria & Sardinia sign anti-French treaty
  • 1749-05-11 British parliament accepts Consolidation Act, to reorganise the Royal Navy
  • 1751-08-31 British troops under Sir Robert Clive occupy Arcot, India
  • 1751-09-13 Britain signs Austrian & Russian alliance
  • 1752-06-09 French army surrenders to the British in Trichinopoly, India

Gregory Conquers Julius Caesar

1752-09-02 Last Julian calendar day in Great Britain and British colonies including America. To sync to the Gregorian calendar, 11 days are skipped and the next date is Sep 14.

  • 1752-09-03 Britain and the British Empire (including the American colonies) adopt the Gregorian Calendar, losing 11 days. People riot thinking the government stole 11 days of their lives
  • 1752-09-14 Britain and the British Empire (including the American colonies) adopt the Gregorian Calendar (no Sept 3 - Sept 13)
  • 1753-06-07 British Museum founded by an Act of Parliament with royal assent from King George II (opens in 1759)
  • 1753-07-07 British parliament grants Jews citizenship
  • 1754-03-18 Thomas Pelham-Holles becomes British Prime Minister on the death of his brother Henry Pelham
  • 1754-06-19 Albany Congress held by seven British colonies & Iroquois indians
  • 1755-06-16 British capture Fort Beauséjour, expel Acadians
  • 1755-07-09 Battle of Fort Duquesne (Pittsburgh): French troops beat British
  • 1755-07-09 British General Edward Braddock mortally wounded during Battle of Fort Duquesne during French and Indian War
  • 1755-09-08 Battle of Lake George in the Province of New York: British army beats French
  • 1755-09-19 Great Britain & Russia sign military agreement

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 2,392

  • 0040-06-13 Gnaeus Julius Agricola, Roman general and Governor of Britain, conquered Wales and Northern England, born in Gallia Narbonensis (Roman province in Southern France) (d. 93)
  • 1605-08-08 Cecilius Calvert, 2nd Baron Baltimore, British colonial Governor of Maryland (d. 1675)
  • 1621-04-25 Roger Boyle, 1st Earl of Orrery, British soldier, statesman, and dramatist, born in Lismore, County Waterford, Ireland (d. 1679)
  • 1651-01-20 Edward Tyson, British Physician and father of comparative anatomy (The Anatomy of a Pygmy, 1698)
  • 1655-12-28 Charles Cornwallis, 3rd Baron Cornwallis, First Lord of the British Admiralty (d. 1698)
  • 1657-06-10 James Cragg the Elder, British politician (d. 1721)
  • 1660-04-16 Hans Sloane, Irish physician, naturalist and collector (provided foundation of the British Museum), born in Killyleagh, Ulster, Ireland (d. 1753)
  • 1661-04-16 Charles Montagu, 1st Earl of Halifax, English poet and statesman, born in Horton, Northamptonshire, England (d. 1715)
  • 1661-11-28 Edward Hyde, 3rd Earl of Clarendon, British Governor of New York and New Jersey (d. 1723)
  • 1665-12-28 George FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Northumberland, British general (d. 1716)
  • 1666-02-09 George Hamilton, 1st Earl of Orkney, British soldier (d. 1737)

Robert Walpole

1676-08-26 Robert Walpole, English politician, 1st British Prime Minister (Whig: 1721-42), born in Houghton, Norfolk, England (d. 1745)

  • 1683-03-01 Caroline of Brandenburg-Ansbach, wife of King George II of Great Britain, born in Ansbach, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1737)
  • 1683-03-13 John Theophilus Desaguliers, French-British natural philosopher and freemason, born in La Rochelle, France (d. 1744)
  • 1683-10-25 Charles FitzRoy, 2nd Duke of Grafton, British politician, born in London (d. 1757)

George Frideric Handel

1685-02-23 George Frideric Handel, German-British baroque composer and organist (Messiah, Water Music), born in Halle, Duchy of Magdeburg, Germany (d. 1759)

  • 1685-07-03 Sir Robert Rich, 4th Baronet, British cavalry officer, born in Roos Hall, Beccles, England (d. 1768)
  • 1686-04-09 James Craggs the Younger, English politician, born in Westminster, London (d. 1721)
  • 1693-03-24 John Harrison, English carpenter and clockmaker who invented the marine chronometer to calculate longitude while at sea, born in Foulby, Yorkshire, England (d. 1776)
  • 1693-09-03 Charles Radclyffe, 5th Earl of Derwentwater, British politician, born in Little Parndon, Essex (d. 1746)
  • 1696-06-27 William Pepperrell, British colonial soldier, born in Kittery, Maine (d. 1759)
  • 1697-04-23 George Anson, 1st Baron Anson, British Royal Navy officer, born in Staffordshire, England (d. 1762)
  • 1704-10-29 John Byng, English admiral executed by firing squad at 52 for neglecting his duty in defence of Minorca, born in Southill, Bedfordshire, England (d. 1757)
  • 1705-02-21 Edward Hawke, 1st Baron Hawke, British naval officer (won naval victory in Battle of Quiberon Bay) (d. 1781)
  • 1706-03-06 George Pocock, British admiral (d. 1792)
  • 1710-04-17 Henry Erskine, 10th Earl of Buchan, British Freemason (d. 1767)
  • 1710-09-30 John Russell, 4th Duke of Bedford, British statesman (d. 1771)
  • 1710-11-27 Robert Lowth, British Bishop of the Church of England and grammarian (A Short Introduction to English Grammar), born in Winchester, England (d. 1787)
  • 1711-07-10 Princess Amelia Sophia of Great Britain, second daughter of King George II of Great Britain and Caroline of Ansbach, born in Herrenhausen Palace, Hanover (d. 1786)
  • 1711-08-19 Edward Boscawen, British admiral in the Royal Navy, born in Tregothnan, Cornwall (d. 1761)

George Grenville

1712-10-14 George Grenville, British Prime Minister (1763-65) who introduced the Stamp Act (1st international tax to the colonies in America), born in Wotton Underwood, Buckinghamshire, England (d. 1770)

  • 1712-10-21 Sir James Steuart, British economist (d. 1780)
  • 1713-06-10 Princess Caroline Elizabeth of Great Britain, fourth child and third daughter of King George II of Great Britain and his wife Caroline of Ansbach, born in Herrenhausen Palace, Hanover (d. 1757)
  • 1713-10-07 Granville Elliott, British military officer (d. 1759)
  • 1714-02-25 Hyde Parker, 5th Baronet, British admiral (captured Spanish treasure galleon Santisima Trinidad), born in Tredington, England (d. 1782)
  • 1715-03-04 James Waldegrave, 2nd Earl Waldegrave, British statesman (d. 1763)
  • 1717-01-05 William Wildman Shute Barrington, British statesman, born in Becket, Massachusetts (d. 1793)
  • 1717-09-24 Horace Walpole, British horror writer (Castle of Otranto), born in London (d. 1797)
  • 1718-05-30 Wills Hill, 1st Marquess of Downshire, British politician, born in Fairford, Gloucestershire (d. 1793)
  • 1718-06-17 George Howard, British field marshal (d. 1796)
  • 1718-08-11 Sir Frederick Haldimand, Swiss-born British colonial governor (d. 1791)
  • 1719-03-04 George Pigot, Baron Pigot, British governor of Madras (d. 1777)
  • 1719-03-13 John Griffin Whitwell, 4th Baron Howard de Walden, British field marshal, born in Oundle, Northamptonshire (d. 1797)
  • 1719-05-20 Roger Newdigate, British politician (sat in the House of Commons 1742-80), born in Arbury, Warwickshire (d. 1806)
  • 1720-07-18 Gilbert White, English naturalist (Natural History and Antiquities of Selborn), born in Selborne, Hampshire (d. 1793)
  • 1721-01-21 James Murray, British military officer, governor of Quebec (d. 1794)
  • 1721-02-13 John Reid [Robertson], British Army General and composer (d. 1807)
  • 1721-08-31 George Hervey, 2nd Earl of Bristol, British statesman (d. 1775)
  • 1721-12-06 James Elphinston, Scottish philologist, born in Edinburgh (d. 1809)
  • 1722-09-16 Gabriel Christie, British general, born in Stirling, Scotland (d. 1799)
  • 1722-12-30 Charles Yorke, Lord Chancellor of Great Britain (d. 1770)
  • 1723-02-24 John Burgoyne, British general (surrendered at Saratoga during the American Revolutionary War), born in Sutton, England (d. 1792)
  • 1723-03-05 Princess Mary of Great Britain (d. 1773)
  • 1723-11-08 John Byron, British Royal Navy officer (d. 1786)
  • 1723-12-22 Carl Friedrich Abel, German composer, born in Köthen, Germany (d. 1787)
  • 1724-02-28 George Townshend, 1st Marquess Townshend, British field marshal (d. 1807)
  • 1724-05-19 Augustus Hervey, 3rd Earl of Bristol, British admiral and politician (d. 1779)
  • 1724-09-03 Guy Carleton, 1st Baron Dorchester, British soldier and administrator (Governor of Quebec 1768-1778), born in Strabane, Ireland (d. 1808)

Samuel Hood

1724-12-12 Samuel Hood, 1st Viscount Hood, British admiral in the American Revolutionary War and the French Revolutionary Wars, born in Butleigh, England (d. 1816)

  • 1725-03-11 Henry Benedict Stuart, pretender to the throne of Great Britain (d. 1807)
  • 1725-04-25 Augustus Keppel, 1st Viscount Keppel, British admiral, born in Caversham, Reading, England (d. 1786)
  • 1725-09-29 Robert Clive, English explorer and founder (British Empire in India), born in Styche, England (d. 1773)
  • 1726-03-08 Richard Howe, British admiral, born in London (d. 1799)
  • 1726-06-25 Thomas Pennant, Welsh naturalist, born in Downing, Wales (d. 1798)

James Wolfe

1727-01-02 James Wolfe, British Army officer who defeated the French in Canada and captured Quebec, born in Westerham, England (d. 1759)

  • 1728-01-09 Thomas Warton, critic and poet (Pleasures of Melancholy) British Poet Laureate (1785-90), born in Basingstoke (d. 1790)
  • 1729-01-01 Edmund Burke, British statesman, philosopher and author (A Philosophical Enquiry into the Origin of Our Ideas of the Sublime and Beautiful, Reflections on the Revolution in France), born in Dublin, Ireland [NS=Jan 12]

Charles Watson-Wentworth

1730-05-13 Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquis of Rockingham, British Prime Minister (Whig: 1765-66, 1782), born in Wentworth, Yorkshire, England (d. 1782)

Frederick North

1732-04-13 Frederick North, Lord North, Prime Minister of Great Britain (Tory: 1770-82), "who lost America", born in London (d. 1792)

  • 1733-01-22 Philip Carteret, British Naval Officer

Paul Revere

1735-01-01 Paul Revere, American silversmith and patriot who alerted the colonial militia to the approach of British forces before the battles of Lexington and Concord, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1818)

Patrick Henry

1736-05-29 Patrick Henry, American Revolutionary and Founding Father famous for his "Give me liberty or give me death" speech, born in Studley, Colony of Virginia, British America (d. 1799)

Thomas Paine

1737-01-29 Thomas Paine, English-American political essayist (Common Sense, Age of Reason), born in Thetford, England (d. 1809)

William Petty

1737-05-02 William Petty, 2nd Earl of Shelburne, Prime Minister of Great Britain (1782-83), born in Dublin, Kingdom of Ireland (d. 1805)

  • 1737-05-14 George Macartney, 1st Earl Macartney, British statesman (d. 1806)

William Cavendish-Bentinck

1738-04-14 William Cavendish-Bentinck, British 3rd Duke of Portland, Whig Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (1783, 1807-09), born in Nottinghamshire, (d. 1809)

  • 1738-04-16 Henry Clinton, British army officer and politician, born in Newfoundland, British Canada (d. 1795)

George III

1738-06-04 George III, King of Great Britain (1760-1820), born in London, England

William Herschel

1738-11-15 William Herschel, German-British astronomer (discovered Uranus), born in Hanover, Brunswick-Lüneburg, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1822)

  • 1743-09-22 Quintin Craufurd, British author (friend of Marie Antoinette), born in Kilwinning, Scotland (d. 1819)
  • 1745-02-20 Henry James Pye, English poet, British Poet Laureate (1790-1813), born in London (d. 1813)
  • 1745-07-13 Robert Calder, British naval officer, born in Kent, England (d. 1818)
  • 1746-09-28 William Jones, British orientalist and jurist (Indo-European languages), born in London (d. 1794)
  • 1750-01-10 Thomas Erskine, 1st Baron Erskine, British Lord Chancellor, born in Edinburgh, United Kingdom (d. 1823)
  • 1750-05-02 John André, British Army officer of the American Revolutionary War, born in London (d. 1780)
  • 1750-09-26 Cuthbert Collingwood, 1st Baron Collingwood, British admiral, born in Newcastle upon Tyne, Northumberland, England (d. 1810)
  • 1753-03-26 Benjamin Thompson, American physicist and inventor (Royal Institution of Great Britain), born in Woburn, Massachusetts (d. 1814)
  • 1753-08-12 Thomas Bewick, England, artist (British Birds, Aesop's Fables)
  • 1754-08-21 Banastre Tarleton, British soldier and politician (Waxhaws Massacre), born in Liverpool, England (d. 1833)

Henry Addington

1757-05-30 Henry Addington, 1st Viscount Sidmouth, British Prime Minister (Tory: 1801-04), born in London (d. 1844)

  • 1758-05-17 John St Aubyn, British fossil collector, born in Golden Square, London (d. 1839)

Horatio Nelson

1758-09-29 Horatio Nelson, British admiral and hero of Trafalgar, born in Burnham Thorpe, Norfolk (d. 1805)

William Wilberforce

1759-08-24 William Wilberforce, British politician, philanthropist and leader of the movement to abolish the slave trade, born in Kingston upon Hull, Yorkshire, England (d. 1833)

William Grenville

1759-10-25 William Grenville, 1st Baron Grenville, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (Whig: 1806-07), born in Wotton Underwood, Buckinghamshire, England (d. 1834)

  • 1760-10-01 William Beckford, British writer (Epsiodes of Vathek), born in Soho Square, London (d. 1844)
  • 1761-11-22 Dorothy Jordan, Irish-English actress, courtesan, mistress of future King William IV of the United Kingdom, born in Waterford, Ireland (d. 1816)
  • 1762-08-12 George IV, King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and King of Hanover (1820-30), born in St James's Palace, London (d. 1830)

Charles Grey

1764-03-13 Charles Grey, 2nd Earl Grey, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (Whig: 1830-34), born in Fallodon, Northumberland, England (d. 1845)

Famous Weddings

  • 1734-03-25 William IV, Prince of Orange-Nassau marries princess Anne of Great Britain, eldest daughter of King George II at St James' Palace

Samuel Hood

1749-08-25 British admiral Samuel Hood (24) weds Susannah Linzee in Portsmouth, England

George III

1761-09-08 Marriage of George III of the United Kingdom to Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (Queen Charlotte)

James Cook

1762-12-21 British Explorer Captain James Cook marries Elizabeth Batts

  • 1816-05-02 Léopold (Léopold I)of Saxe-Coburg, 1st King of Belgium following independence from the Netherlands marries British Princess Charlotte Augusta

Robert Peel

1820-07-14 British PM Robert Peel (32) weds Sir John Floyd's daughter Julia at St George's, Hanover Square in London

William Gladstone

1839-07-25 British PM William Gladstone (29) weds Catherine Glynne (27) in England

Queen Victoria

1840-02-10 British Queen Victoria (20) marries her cousin Albert (20) of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, later the Prince Consort at St James' Palace

  • 1848-04-10 British influential art critic and social commentator John Ruskin marries Effie Gray in Perth, Scotland (later annulled).

Rudyard Kipling

1893-01-18 British Poet and writer Rudyard Kipling (26) marries Carrie Balestier (29) in London

George V

1893-07-06 British Prince George Duke of York (later George V) marries Princess Victoria of Teck (Queen Mary) at St James's Palace

John Jellicoe

1902-07-01 British admiral John Jellicoe (42) weds Gwendoline Cayzer at Holy Trinity in London

Virginia Woolf

1912-08-10 British literary figure (author of "To the Lighthouse") Virginia Woolf [nee Stephen] (30) weds political theorist Leonard Woolf (31)

D. H. Lawrence

1914-07-13 British poet and novelist D. H. Lawrence (28) weds Frieda Weekley (34) after obtaining Frieda's divorce from her 1st husband

J. R. R. Tolkien

1916-03-22 British author of "The Lord of the Rings", J.R.R. Tolkien marries Edith Mary Bratt at St. Mary Immaculate Roman Catholic Church, Warwick

Lord Mountbatten

1922-07-18 British naval officer Louis Mountbatten (22) weds Lord Mount Temple's daughter Edwina Cynthia Annette Ashley (20) at St. Margaret's in Westminster, London

Enid Blyton

1924-08-28 British children's writer Enid Blyton (27) marries editor Major Hugh Alexander Pollock, DSO (36)

  • 1927-04-23 Mary Barbara Hamilton (25,)best-selling British romantic author, marries 1st husband Alexander McQorquodale

Bernard Montgomery

1927-07-27 British Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery (39) weds Elizabeth Carver in Chiswick, England

Cary Grant

1934-02-10 British-born actor "North by Northwest" Cary Grant (30) weds "City Lights" actress Virginia Cherrill (26)

Kim Philby

1934-02-24 High-ranking member of British intelligence Kim Philby (22) weds communist Litzi Friedmann in Vienna, Austria

  • 1936-12-28 British best-selling romantic author Barbara Cartland (35) marries 2nd husband Hugh McCorquodale
  • 1942-07-08 British born actor "His Girl Friday" Cary Grant (38) weds American heiress and socialite Barbara Hutton (29)
  • 1943-10-20 British Children's writer Enid Blyton marries 2nd husband surgeon Kenneth Fraser Darrell Waters at City of Westminster registry office, London

Wedding of Interest

1947-11-20 Future British Queen Princess Elizabeth II (21) weds Lt Philip Mountbatten (26) in Westminster Abbey, London

Margaret Thatcher

1951-12-13 Future British PM Margaret Roberts (26) weds businessman Denis Thatcher (36) at Wesley's Chapel in City Road, London

Wedding of Interest

1956-06-16 British Poet Laureate Ted Hughes weds American writer and poet Sylvia Plath at St George the Martyr Holborn in London, England

Harold Pinter

1956-09-14 British playwright (Nobel prize for literature 2005) Harold Pinter (26) marries 1st wife actress Vivien Merchant (27)

  • 1973-07-04 British Army officer Andrew Parker Bowles (33) weds Camilla Rosemary Shand (26) at Guards Chapel in Birdcage Walk in London, England
  • 1973-11-14 Britain's Princess Anne marries commoner, Captain Mark Phillips at Westminster Abbey
  • 1980-11-27 British playwright Harold Pinter (50) marries 2nd wife British writer and historian Antonia Frazer (48)
  • 1981-07-27 British television: On Coronation Street, Ken Barlow marries Deirdre Langton, proving to be a national event with massive viewer numbers

Nick Faldo

1986-01-03 British golfer Nick Faldo (28) weds manager's secretary Gill Bennett

  • 1986-07-23 Britain's Prince Andrew (26) weds Sarah Ferguson (26) at Westminster Abbey in London, England
  • 1989-04-15 South African-British Olympic runner Zola Budd marries

Richard Branson

1989-12-20 Business magnate Richard Branson (39) weds Joan Templeman in British Virgin Islands

  • 1992-07-18 Helen Windsor, daughter of British Duke and Duchess of Kent weds art dealer Timothy Taylor at Windsor Castle
  • 1996-09-04 Judy Garland's daughter Lorna Luft (44) weds musician and musical director Colin Freeman (30) at Highclere Castle in Hampshire, United Kingdom

Salman Rushdie

1997-08-28 British-Indian novelist and essayist Salman Rushdie (50) weds Elizabeth West

  • 1998-02-22 Singer-songwriter Tori Amos (34) weds British sound engineer Mark Hawley (34) in West Wycombe, England
  • 1999-01-23 Princess of Monaco Caroline (42) weds dynastic head of the House of Hanover and Britain's King George I descendant Prince Ernst August (45) in Monaco
  • 1999-05-01 "As Good As It Gets" actor Greg Kinnear (35) weds British model Helen Labdon (29)

Gordon Brown

2000-08-03 British PM Gordon Brown (49) weds Sarah Jane Macaulay (36) in North Queensferry, Fife

  • 2003-08-30 Daughter of Paul McCartney and fashion designer Stella McCartney (31) weds British publisher Alasdhair Willis on the 300-acre Gothic Estate in Scotland's Isle of Bute

Wedding of Interest

2005-05-10 Actress and model Heidi Klum (39) weds British soul and R&B singer-songwriter Seal (49) in Costa Careyes, Mexico

  • 2005-05-14 The Beverly Hills, 90210 actor Jason Priestley (35) weds British makeup artist Naomi Lowde at the One & Only Ocean Club on Paradise Island in the Bahamas
  • 2005-06-01 "The White Stripes" guitarist, pianist and lead vocalist Jack White (29) weds British model Karen Elson (26) in Manaus, Brazil
  • 2005-06-25 British pop sensation Sophie Ellis Bextor (26) weds "The Feeling" bassist Richard Jones at Palazzo Terranova in Umbria
  • 2005-09-10 British television presenter Kate Garraway (38) weds former political lobbyist Derek Draper (38) at St. Mary The Virgin parish church in London, England
  • 2006-05-13 British football star player Gary O'Neil (22) weds Donna Guerin in Highclere Castle, Hampshire
  • 2006-07-22 British TV presenter Ant McPartlin (30) weds former member of "Deuce" Lisa Armstrong (29) at St. Nicholas Church in Taplow, Buckinghamshire, England

Scarlett Johansson

2008-09-27 Actress and singer Scarlett Johansson (23) weds film actor Ryan Reynolds (31) at Clayoquot Wilderness Retreat in Tofino, British Columbia; divorce in 2011

  • 2009-03-21 British songbird who soared to the top of the charts with her hit "Unwritten" Natasha Bedingfield (27) weds California businessman Matthew Robinson at Church Estate Vineyard's in Malibu, California
  • 2010-01-09 Food writer and former fashion model Sophie Dahl (32) weds British jazz singer Jamie Cullum (30) in Hampshire, England
  • 2010-05-16 British comedian David Walliams (38) weds supermodel Lara Stone (26) at Claridge's Hotel in London

Orlando Bloom

2010-07-21 Victoria's Secret model Miranda Kerr (27) weds British actor Orlando Bloom (33) in a secret ceremony

Robbie Williams

2010-08-07 British pop star Robbie Williams (36) weds actress Ayda Field (31) in an intimate ceremony at a Beverly Hills mansion

Greg Norman

2010-11-06 Professional golfer Greg Norman (51) weds Australian interior decorator Kirsten Kutner (41) on Necker Island in the British Virgin Islands

  • 2011-06-18 British peer and brother of Princess Diana Charles Spencer (47) weds Canadian social entrepreneur and former model Karen Gordon (39) at Althorp House in Northamptonshire

Wedding of Interest

2011-06-22 British actor best known as British secret agent "James Bond" Daniel Craig (43) weds film and theatre actress Rachel Weisz (41) at a private ceremony in New York

  • 2011-07-15 American TV personality and host Vanessa Minnillo (30) weds American singer-songwriter Nick Lachey (37) at Sir Richard Branson's private Necker Island in British Virgin Islands

Zara Phillips

2011-07-30 Granddaughter of Queen Elizabeth II and British equestrian Zara Phillips (30) weds England rugby player Mike Tindall (32) at the Canongate Kirk in Edinburgh, Scotland

  • 2011-08-27 British heiress Petra Ecclestone (22) weds entrepreneur James Stunt at Orsini Odescalchi Castle near City of Rome

David Tennant

2011-12-30 Scottish actor David Tennant (40) weds actress Georgia Moffett (27), daughter of Peter Davison, the Fifth Doctor, in London

  • 2012-08-26 "Bridesmaids" actor Chris O'Dowd (32) weds British TV presenter Dawn Porter (33) at an intimate ceremony with family and friends in London
  • 2012-09-29 "The Lovely Bones" actor Stanley Tucci (52) formally weds British literary agent Felicity Blunt at Middle Temple Hall in London
  • 2014-07-06 Talent manager Scooter Braun (33) weds philanthropist Yael Cohen (28) in Whistler, British Columbia

Famous Divorces

  • 1992-04-23 British Princess Anne (the Princess Royal) and her 1st husband Captain Mark Phillips divorce after 19 years
  • 2010-04-02 "Wayne's World" actress Tia Carrere (43) divorces British photojournalist Simon Wakelin due to irreconcilable differences after 7 years of marriage

Divorce of Interest

2012-04-06 Actress and model Heidi Klum (39) divorces British soul and R&B singer-songwriter Seal (49) due to irreconcilable differences after almost seven years of marriage

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 1,252

  • 0093-08-23 Gnaeus Julius Agricola, Roman general and Governor of Britain, conquered Wales and Northern England, dies at 53

ExecutionCharles I

1649-01-30 Charles I, King of Great Britain (1625-49), beheaded for treason by Parliament at 48

  • 1679-10-26 Roger Boyle, 1st Earl of Orrery, British soldier, statesman, and dramatist, dies at 58
  • 1680-08-24 Thomas Blood, Irish-born thief of the British crown jewels (b. 1618)
  • 1696-04-30 Robert Plot, English naturalist, dies at 55
  • 1696-05-30 Henry Capell, 1st Baron Capell, English politician and First Lord of the British Admiralty, dies at 58
  • 1698-04-29 Charles Cornwallis, 3rd Baron Cornwallis, First Lord of the British Admiralty (b. 1655)
  • 1706-08-23 Colonel Edward Nott, Esq., British Crown Governor of Virginia (b. 1654)
  • 1708-08-01 Edward Tyson, British Physician and father of comparative anatomy (The Anatomy of a Pygmy, 1698), dies at 57
  • 1710-06-01 David Mitchell, Scottish admiral in the British Royal navy (b. 1642)
  • 1714-05-15 Roger Elliott, British general and Governor of Gibraltar
  • 1716-04-14 Arthur Herbert, 1st Earl of Torrington, British admiral
  • 1716-10-28 Stephen Fox, English politician, dies at 89
  • 1717-03-03 Pierre Allix, French/British theologist/vicar, dies at about 75
  • 1717-05-20 John Trevor, British statesman (b. 1637)
  • 1717-11-26 Daniel Purcell, British composer (b. 1664)
  • 1719-11-26 John Hudson, British classical scholar (b. 1662)
  • 1723-03-31 Edward Hyde, 3rd Earl of Clarendon, British Governor of New York and New Jersey, dies at 61
  • 1726-04-28 Thomas Pitt, British merchant & Governor of Madras, dies at 72
  • 1726-07-22 Hugh Drysdale, British Colonial Governor of Virginia

George I

1727-06-11 George I, King of England (1714-27), dies of a stroke at 67

  • 1727-07-23 Simon Harcourt, 1st Viscount Harcourt, Lord Chancellor of Great Britain
  • 1729-09-07 William Burnet, British-born American statesman (b. 1688)
  • 1732-01-12 John Horsley, British archaeologist (b. 1685)
  • 1736-03-25 Nicholas Hawksmoor, English Baroque architect (known for his church architecture including the towers of Westminster Abbey), dies (b. 1661)
  • 1737-01-29 George Hamilton, 1st Earl of Orkney, British soldier (b. 1666)
  • 1737-02-14 Charles Talbot, 1st Baron Talbot of Hensol, Lord Chancellor of Great Britain (b. 1685)
  • 1737-11-20 Caroline of Brandenburg-Ansbach, German born Queen of Great Britain, consort to King George II, dies at 54
  • 1738-12-22 Constantia Jones, British prostitute, executed on theft allegations at 30
  • 1740-06-06 Alexander Spotswood, British governor of Virginia Colony
  • 1744-10-18 Sarah Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough, close friend of Queen Anne of Great Britain, dies at 84
  • 1746-12-08 Charles Radclyffe, 5th Earl of Derwentwater, British politician, dies at 53
  • 1748-03-14 George Wade, British military leader (b. 1673)
  • 1748-11-25 Isaac Watts, English writer, preacher and hymnist (Horae Lyrican), dies at 74
  • 1751-12-19 Louise of Great Britain, wife of Frederick V of Denmark (b. 1724)
  • 1752-05-03 Samuel Ogle, British provincial Governor of Maryland (b. c. 1692)
  • 1752-07-29 Peter Warren, British admiral
  • 1753-01-11 Hans Sloane, Irish physician, naturalist and collector (providing the foundation of the British Museum), dies at 92
  • 1755-07-13 Edward Braddock, British General, dies of his wounds from the Battle of Fort Duquesne (near present day Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania), during French & Indian War at 60
  • 1756-12-08 William Stanhope, 1st Earl of Harrington, British statesman and diplomat
  • 1757-05-06 Charles FitzRoy, 2nd Duke of Grafton, British politician, dies at 73
  • 1758-07-06 George Howe, 3rd Viscount Howe, British general
  • 1758-10-12 Richard Molesworth, 3rd Viscount Molesworth, British field marshal (b. 1680)
  • 1758-11-22 Richard Edgcumbe, 1st Baron Edgcumbe, British politician (b. 1680)
  • 1759-03-11 John Forbes, British general (b. 1710)

George Frideric Handel

1759-04-14 George Frideric Handel, German-British baroque composer and organist (Messiah; Water Music), dies at 74

James Wolfe

1759-09-13 James Wolfe, British Army officer who defeated the French in Canada and captured Quebec, dies in battle at 32

  • 1759-10-10 Granville Elliott, British military officer (b. 1713)

George II

1760-10-25 George II [Georg August], King of Great Britain and Ireland, Elector of Hanover, dies at 76

  • 1761-01-10 Edward Boscawen, British admiral in the Royal Navy, dies at 49
  • 1761-04-09 William Law, British minister and theologian (b. 1686)
  • 1761-11-30 John Dollond, British optician and owner of 1st patent for achromatic lens, dies at 55
  • 1763-05-03 George Psalmanazar, British impostor (b. 1679)
  • 1763-08-21 Charles Wyndham, 2nd Earl of Egremont, British statesman (b. 1710)
  • 1764-10-02 William Cavendish, 4th Duke of Devonshire, 5th Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (1756-57), dies at 44
  • 1764-10-26 William Hogarth, English satiric painter and engraver (Rake's Progress), dies at 66
  • 1765-09-02 Henry Bouquet, Swiss-born British army officer (b. 1719)
  • 1765-11-30 George Glas, British merchant and adventurer (b. 1725)
  • 1765-12-03 Lord John Sackville, English politician (MP Tamworth 1734-47) and cricketer (Kent CCC), dies at 52
  • 1766-01-09 Thomas Birch, British historian (b. 1705)
  • 1767-12-01 Henry Erskine, 10th Earl of Buchan, British Freemason
  • 1768-02-01 Sir Robert Rich, 4th Baronet, British cavalry officer, dies at 82
  • 1770-01-20 Charles Yorke, Lord Chancellor of Great Britain (b. 1722)
  • 1770-07-27 Robert Dinwiddie, British colonial governor of Virginia (b. 1693)
  • 1770-10-18 John Manners, Marquess of Granby, British soldier (b. 1721)

George Grenville

1770-11-13 George Grenville, British Prime Minister (1763-65) who introduced the Stamp Act (1st international tax to the colonies in America), dies at 58

  • 1771-01-05 John Russell, 4th Duke of Bedford, British statesman (b. 1710)
  • 1774-07-14 James O'Hara, 2nd Baron Tyrawley and Kilmaine, British field marshal (b. 1682)
  • 1775-06-17 Major John Pitcairn, British marine (killed in battle) (b. 1722)
  • 1775-11-21 John Hill, British writer
  • 1775-12-07 Charles Saunders, British admiral, First Lord of the Admiralty, dies at about 60
  • 1776-06-27 Thomas Hickey, plan to hand George Washington to British, executed

ExecutionNathan Hale

1776-09-22 Nathan Hale, US captain, patriot and spy, hanged by the British for spying at 21

  • 1777-05-11 George Pigot, Baron Pigot, British governor of Madras, dies at 58
  • 1778-08-12 Peregrine Bertie, 3rd Duke of Ancaster and Kesteven, British general and politician (b. 1714)

James Cook

1779-02-14 James Cook, British explorer, navigator and cartographer, discovered and explored Australia, Pacific Islands and New Zealand for Britain, killed in a fight with Hawaiians near Kealakekua at 50

  • 1779-12-23 Augustus Hervey, 3rd Earl of Bristol, British admiral and politician (b. 1724)
  • 1780-05-18 Charles Hardy, British governor of Newfoundland, dies at 66
  • 1780-10-02 John Andre, British Army officer of the American Revolutionary War, hanged by Americans (spied with B Arnold) at 30
  • 1780-11-26 James [Denham] Steuart, 4th Baronet, British economist (b. 1712)
  • 1781-04-23 James Abercrombie, British general (Commander-in-Chief of forces in North America during French and Indian wars) (b. 1706)
  • 1781-09-28 William Henry Nassau de Zuylestein, 4th Earl of Rochford, British diplomat and statesman (b. 1717)
  • 1781-10-16 Edward Hawke, 1st Baron Hawke, British naval officer (b. 1705)
  • 1782-05-20 William Emerson, British mathematician (b. 1701)
  • 1782-10-02 Charles Lee, British and U.S. general (b. 1732)
  • 1783-12-16 Sir William James, British naval commander (b. 1720)
  • 1785-04-14 William Whitehead, English writer and poet, British Poet Laureate (1757-85), dies at about 70
  • 1785-08-26 George Germain, 1st Viscount Sackville, British soldier and politician (b. 1716)
  • 1785-11-25 Richard Glover, British poet, dies at about 73
  • 1786-04-10 John Byron, British Royal Navy officer, dies at 62
  • 1787-04-02 Thomas Gage, British general (b. 1719)
  • 1787-06-20 Carl Friedrich Abel, German/British viola player/composer, dies at 63
  • 1787-11-03 Robert Lowth, British Bishop of the Church of England and grammarian (A Short Introduction to English Grammar), dies at 76
  • 1788-12-06 Jonathan Shipley, British bishop and politician (b. 1714)
  • 1790-05-21 Thomas Warton, English critic and poet (Pleasures of Melancholy) British Poet Laureate (1785-90), dies at 62
  • 1791-06-05 Frederick Haldimand, Swiss-born British colonial governor (b. 1718)
  • 1792-04-03 George Pocock, British admiral (b. 1706)
  • 1792-10-28 John Smeaton, British civil engineer, dies at 68
  • 1793-02-01 William Wildman Shute Barrington, British statesman, dies at 76
  • 1794-01-31 Marriott Arbuthnot, British admiral (b. 1711)