English History

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 1,326

Historic Event

0122-09-13 Building begins on Hadrian's Wall, Northern England

  • 0597-12-25 England adopts Julian calendar
  • 0673-09-24 Synod of Hertford opens; canons made for English Church
  • 0793-06-08 Vikings in long ships from modern-day Norway plunder St Cuthbert's monastery on Lindisfarne Island, off the northeast coast of England capturing and killing monks
  • 0851-08-22 Erispoe defeats Charles the Bald near the Breton town of Jengland.
  • 0910-08-05 The last major Viking army to raid England is defeated at the Battle of Tettenhall by the allied forces of Mercia and Wessex, led by King Edward and Earl Aethelred
  • 0939-10-27 Edmund I succeeds Athelstan as King of England
  • 0959-10-01 Edgar I, the Peaceful, becomes king of all England
  • 0979-04-14 Challenge to throne of King Aethelred II of England
  • 0991-08-10 Battle of Maldon: English, led by Bryhtnoth, confront a band of inland-raiding Vikings near Maldon in Essex. The English are defeated and the story is immortalised in a well-known poem.
  • 1002-11-13 English king Ethelred II (the 'Unready') launches 'St Brice's Day' massacre of Danish settlers

Historic Event

1016-11-30 Cnut the Great [Canute], King of Denmark, claims the English throne after the death of Edmund 'Ironside'

Royal Coronation

1066-01-06 Harold II (Harold Godwinson) crowned King of England after the death of his brother-in-law Edward the Confessor

  • 1066-04-24 Halley's Comet sparks English monk to predict country will be destroyed
  • 1066-09-25 Battle of Stamford Bridge: English army under King Harold II defeat invading Norwegians led by King Harald Hardrada and Harold's brother Tostig, who were both killed

Historic Event

1066-09-28 William the Conqueror invades England landing at Pevensey Bay, Sussex

  • 1066-10-14 Battle of Hastings: William, Duke of Normandy and his Norman army defeat the English forces of Harold II who is killed in the battle
  • 1066-12-25 William the Conqueror is crowned King of England at Westminster Abbey, completing the Norman conquest of England
  • 1100-08-02 King William II of England (William Rufus) is killed by an arrow shot by Sir Walter Tyrell while hunting in the New Forest
  • 1100-08-05 Henry I is crowned King of England in Westminster Abbey
  • 1106-09-28 Battle at Tinchebrai: English King Henry I beats his brother Robert, Duke of Normandy in Normandy
  • 1135-12-22 Norman nobles recognize Stefanus van Blois as English king
  • 1138-08-22 English defeat the Scottish at Cowton Moor, Yorkshire. Banners of various saints carried into battle - led to the name Battle of the Standard
  • 1150-03-25 Tichborne family of Hampshire England start tradition of giving gallon of flour to residents to keep deathbed promise
  • 1154-12-04 Adrian IV elected Pope. The only Englishman to become pontiff, Nicholas Breakspear was a member of the family which until recent years brewed beer in Henley-on-Thames, Oxfordshire.

Royal Coronation

1154-12-19 King Henry II of England crowned King of England

  • 1156-01-20 According to legend, freeholder Lalli slays English crusader Bishop Henry with an axe on the ice of Lake Köyliönjärvi in Finland
  • 1174-07-13 William I of Scotland, key rebel in Revolt of 1173-1174, captured at Alnwick by forces loyal to Henry II of England
  • 1189-02-06 Riots in Lynn, Norfolk (England) spread to Norwich

Royal Coronation

1189-07-06 Richard the Lionheart is crowned King of England, upon the death of King Henry II

  • 1190-03-16 York (England) Pogrom: Jews seek refuge in Clifford's Tower, which is then besieged by a mob; about 150 people are massacred or commit suicide rather than submit to Christian baptism
  • 1190-03-17 Crusades complete massacre of Jews of York England
  • 1190-03-18 Crusaders kill 57 Jews in Bury St Edmunds, England
  • 1191-06-08 King Richard I of England arrives at Acre in modern day Israel to join the Siege of Acre during the Third Crusade
  • 1191-07-12 English King Richard I the Lionheart and Crusaders defeat Saracens in Palestine
  • 1191-09-07 Third Crusade: Richard I of England defeats Saladin in the Battle of Arsuf

Treaty of Interest

1192-09-02 Sultan Saladin and King Richard the Lionheart of England sign treaty over Jerusalem, at end of the Third Crusade

Historic Event

1202-04-28 King Philip II expels King John of England ("Lackland") from France

  • 1207-07-15 King John of England expels Canterbury monks for supporting Archbishop of Canterbury Stephen Langton.
  • 1210-11-01 King John of England begins imprisoning Jews
  • 1213-05-15 King John of England names Stephen Langton as Archbishop of Canterbury
  • 1214-07-02 Battle of La Roche-aux-Moines (Angers), part of King John of England's attempt to reclaim Normandy from France
  • 1214-07-27 1st battle of Bouvines - King Philip II of France vs Holy Roman Emperor Otto IV and King John of England; as a result John lost Normandy and his other possessions in France (hence his nickname John "Lackland")
  • 1215-03-04 King John of England makes an oath to the Pope as a crusader to gain the support of Innocent III

Magna Carta

1215-05-12 English barons serve ultimatum on King John which eventually leads to the creation and signing of the Magna Carta

  • 1215-06-15 King John signs Magna Carta at Runnymede, near Windsor, England
  • 1216-05-21 French crown prince Louis enters England, having been invited by barons at war with King John
  • 1216-10-12 King John of England loses his crown jewels in The Wash as the flood tide swamps his wagons, probably near Fosdyke, perhaps near Sutton Bridge
  • 1216-10-19 King John of England dies at Newark-on-Trent and is succeeded by his nine-year-old son Henry
  • 1217-05-20 Second Battle of Lincoln fought near Lincoln, England, resulting in the defeat of Prince Louis of France by William Marshal, 2nd Earl of Pembroke
  • 1217-08-24 Battle of South Foreland: English fleet beats France
  • 1217-09-12 French prince Louis & English King Henry III sign peace treaty
  • 1259-12-04 Treaty of Paris: English King Henry III and French King Louis IX end 100 years of conflict between the Capetian and Plantagenet dynasties
  • 1264-05-14 Battle of Lewes, 2nd Barons' War: Simon de Montfort the younger, Earl of Leicester, defeats English King Henry III
  • 1265-01-20 First English Parliament summoned other than by royal command (in this instance by Simon de Montfort, Earl of Leicester) mets in Westminster Hall
  • 1265-01-23 1st English Parliament not summoned by the monarch formally convened (some authorities)
  • 1265-08-04 Battle of Evesham: English prince Edward beats Simon de Montfort the younger

Historic Event

1272-11-20 Edward I proclaimed King of England after death of his father, Henry III. He would take two years to return to England from the Ninth Crusade.

  • 1272-11-21 Following Henry III of England's death on November 16, his son Prince Edward becomes King of England.
  • 1275-05-23 King Edward I of England orders cessation of persecution of French Jews
  • 1278-05-10 Jews of England imprisoned on charges of coining
  • 1278-11-17 680 Jews arrested (293 hanged) in England for counterfeiting coins
  • 1284-03-03 Statute of Rhuddlan incorporated the Principality of Wales into England
  • 1290-07-18 King Edward I orders expulsion of Jews from England, this edict will remain in place for 350 years
  • 1290-10-09 Last of 16,000 Jews expelled by King Edward I leave England
  • 1291-05-10 Scottish nobles recognize authority of English King Edward I
  • 1291-11-28 Eleanor of Castile, wife of King Edward I of England, dies in Northamptonshire. Crosses are erected where her body rests on the way to London.
  • 1295-07-05 Scotland and France form an alliance, the beginnings of the Auld Alliance, against England
  • 1295-11-27 English King Edward I calls what later became known as "The Model Parliament" extending the authorities of its representatives
  • 1296-03-30 Edward I sacks Berwick-upon-Tweed, during armed conflict between Scotland and England
  • 1296-04-27 Battle of Dunbar: The Scots are defeated by Edward I of England

Victory in Battle

1297-09-11 Battle at Stirling Bridge, Scottish rebel William Wallace defeats the English

  • 1298-07-22 English defeat Scots at Battle of Falkirk

Historic Event

1301-02-07 Edward of Caernarfon (later Edward II) becomes the first (English) Prince of Wales

  • 1303-05-20 Treaty of Paris restores Gascony to the English and arranges marriage of English Prince Edward to French Princess Isabella
  • 1304-07-20 Wars of Scottish Independence: Fall of Stirling Castle - King Edward I of England takes the last rebel stronghold of the war

William Wallace Executed

1305-08-05 William Wallace, who led Scottish resistance to England, is captured by the English near Glasgow and transported to London for trial and execution.

  • 1305-08-23 Scottish patriot William Wallace is executed for high treason by Edward I of England at Smithfield, London
  • 1314-06-24 Battle of Bannockburn; Scotland regains independence from England
  • 1318-04-01 Berwick-upon-Tweed is captured by the Scottish from the English.

Victory in Battle

1322-10-14 Robert the Bruce of Scotland defeats King Edward II of England at Byland, forcing Edward to accept Scotland's independence

Historic Event

1327-01-25 King Edward III accedes to the English throne aged 14, after his mother Isabella of France, and her lover Roger Mortimer depose his father Edward II

  • 1327-02-01 Edward III is crowned King of England aged 14, though the country is ruled by his mother Queen Isabella and her lover Roger Mortimer
  • 1328-05-01 Wars of Scottish Independence end: Treaty of Edinburgh-Northampton - the Kingdom of England recognises the Kingdom of Scotland as an independent state.
  • 1336-08-12 English King Edward III ends wool export to Flanders

Historic Event

1337-03-17 Edward the Black Prince is made Duke of Cornwall, the first Duchy made in England

  • 1340-01-26 English king Edward III proclaimed king of France
  • 1340-06-24 English fleet destroys the French at the battle of Sluys (the Hundred Years' War)
  • 1340-09-25 England & France sign disarmament treaty
  • 1346-08-26 Battle of Crécy, south of Calais in northern France; Edward III's English longbows defeat Philip VI's army, cannons used for first time in battle
  • 1346-10-17 Battle of Neville's Cross: King David II of Scotland is captured by Edward III of England at Calais, and imprisoned in the Tower of London for eleven years
  • 1347-08-04 English troops conquer Fort Calais

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 4,623

  • 0040-06-13 Gnaeus Julius Agricola, Roman general and Governor of Britain, conquered Wales and Northern England, born in Gallia Narbonensis (Roman province in Southern France) (d. 93)
  • 1102-02-07 Empress Matilda, Princess of England and wife of Henry V of the Holy Roman Empire (d. 1169)

Thomas Becket

1117-12-21 Thomas Becket, English archbishop of Canterbury (1162-1170), born in London, England (d. 1170)

Henry II of England

1133-03-05 Henry II, King of England (1154-89), born in Le Mans, Maine, Kingdom of France (d. 1189)

  • 1155-02-28 Henry the Young King, son of Henry II of England (d. 1183)

Richard the Lionheart

1157-09-08 Richard I [Richard the Lion Hearted], King of England (1189-99), born in Oxford, England (d. 1199)

  • 1157-09-13 Alexander Neckam, English theologist and encyclopedist, born in St. Albans, Hertfordshire, England (d. 1217)
  • 1162-10-13 Eleanor of England, Queen of Castile, born in Domfront Castle, Normandy (d. 1214)
  • 1167-12-24 John "Lackland", King of England (1199-1216), born in Beaumont Palace, Oxford (d. 1216)
  • 1201-08-09 Arnold Fitz Thedmar, English chronicler of the mayors and sheriffs of London in 1188–1274, born in London (d. 1274, death reported 1275)
  • 1207-10-01 Henry III, King of England (1216-72, Provisions of Oxford), born in Winchester Castle, Hampshire, England (d. 1272)
  • 1210-07-22 Joan of England, Queen consort of Scotland, wife of Alexander II of Scotland (d. 1238)
  • 1222-08-04 Richard de Clare, 6th Earl of Hertford, English soldier (d. 1262)

Edward I

1239-06-17 Edward I, King of England (1272-1307) who subdued Wales, warred against Scotland and expelled Jews from England, born in London [or 18 June]

  • 1240-09-29 Margaret of England, Queen consort of Scotland, (d. 1275)
  • 1242-06-25 Beatrice of England, Duchess of Brittany, daughter of Henry III of England, born in Bordeaux, France (d. 1275)
  • 1243-09-02 Gilbert de Clare, 7th Earl of Hertford, English politician (d. 1295)
  • 1245-01-16 Edmund Crouchback, English prince and son of Henry III of England, born in London (d. 1296)
  • 1261-02-01 Walter de Stapledon, English bishop (1308-26), born in Annery, Devonshire, England (d. 1326)
  • 1269-06-18 Eleanor of England, Countess of Bar, born in Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire (d. 1298)
  • 1273-11-24 Alphonso, Earl of Chester, son of Edward I of England (d. 1284)
  • 1275-03-15 Margaret Plantagenet, English princess (d. 1318)

Edward II

1284-04-25 Edward II, King of England (1307-27), born in Caernarfon Castle, Gwynedd, Wales (d. 1327)

  • 1285-05-01 Edmund FitzAlan, 9th Earl of Arundel, English politician, born in Marlborough Castle, Wiltshire, England (d. 1326)
  • 1286-06-24 John de Warenne, 7th Earl of Surrey, English politician and the last Warenne earl of Surrey (d. 1347)
  • 1287-01-24 Richard Aungerville, English bishop (d. 1345)
  • 1287-04-25 Roger de Mortimer, 1st Earl of March, de facto ruler of England, born in Wigmore Castle, Herefordshire, England (d. 1330)
  • 1300-06-01 Thomas of Brotherton, 1st Earl of Norfolk, son of Edward I of England (d. 1338)
  • 1301-08-05 Edmund of Woodstock, 1st Earl of Kent, English politician (d. 1330)
  • 1301-09-24 Ralph Stafford, 1st Earl of Stafford, English soldier (d. 1372)

Edward III

1312-11-13 Edward III, King of England (1327-77) noted for his military success and for restoring royal authority, born in Windsor Castle, Berkshire, England (d. 1377)

  • 1328-06-25 William Montacute, 2nd Earl of Salisbury, English military leader, born in Donyatt, Somerset, England (d. 1397)
  • 1332-06-16 Isabella de Coucy, English princess, daughter of Edward III, born at Woodstock Palace (d. 1382)
  • 1338-11-29 Lionel of Antwerp, 1st Duke of Clarence, son of Edward III of England, born in Antwerp, Buchy of Brabant (d. 1368)
  • 1341-06-05 Edmund of Langley, 1st Duke of York, son of Edward III of England, born in Kings Langley, Hertfordshire, England (d. 1402)
  • 1341-11-10 Henry Percy, 1st Earl of Northumberland, English statesman, born in Alnwick, Northumberland, England (d. 1408)
  • 1342-11-08 Julian of Norwich, English saint, born in Norfolk, England (d. 1416)
  • 1344-10-10 Mary Plantagenet, English princess, daughter of Edward III of England and Philippa of Hainault, born in Waltham, Hampshire (d. 1362)
  • 1355-01-07 Thomas of Woodstock, 1st Duke of Gloucester, son of Edward III of England (d. 1397)
  • 1364-05-20 Henry Percy [Harry Hotspur], English knight, soldier and politician (d. 1403)
  • 1364-11-30 John FitzAlan, 2nd Baron Arundel, English soldier (d. 1390)
  • 1366-03-22 Thomas de Mowbray, 1st Duke of Norfolk, English politician (d. 1399)
  • 1366-07-11 Anne of Bohemia, Queen of England and wife of Richard II, born in Prague, Kingdom of Bohemia (d. 1394)

Richard II

1367-01-06 Richard II, King of England (1377-99), born in Bordeaux, Kingdom of France (d. 1400)

Henry IV of England

1367-04-03 Henry IV of England, King of England and Lord of Ireland (1399-1413), born in Bolingbroke Castle, Lincolnshire, England (d. 1413)

  • 1387-09-16 Henry V, King of England (1413-22) and France (1416-19), born in Monmouth Castle, Monmouth, Principality of Wales (date disputed) (d. 1422)
  • 1388-09-29 Thomas of Lancaster, 1st Duke of Clarence, son of Henry IV of England (d. 1421)
  • 1389-06-20 John Plantagenet, 1st Duke of Bedford, English prince, general (Hundred Years' War) and statesman, born in Kenilworth, England (d. 1435)
  • 1389-11-09 Isabella of Valois, queen consort of Richard II of England, born in Paris (d. 1409)
  • 1390-12-27 Anne de Mortimer, claimant to the English throne (d. 1411)
  • 1391-11-06 Edmund de Mortimer, 5th Earl of March, English politician, born in New Forest, Westmeath, Ireland (d. 1425)
  • 1394-06-04 Philippa of England, Queen of Denmark, Norway and Sweden, born in Peterborough Castle, Cambridgeshire (d. 1430)
  • 1395-03-18 John Holland, 2nd Duke of Exeter, English military leader during the Hundred Years' War, born in Dartington, Devonshire, England (d. 1447)
  • 1396-10-16 William de la Pole, 1st Duke of Suffolk, English soldier (d. 1450)
  • 1401-10-27 Catherine of Valois, Queen of Henry V of England, born in Paris (d. 1437)
  • 1403-02-22 Charles VII, King of France (1422-61), drove the English out from Northern France, (d. 1461)
  • 1404-03-25 John Beaufort, 1st Duke of Somerset, English military leader (d. 1444)
  • 1406-09-26 Thomas de Ros, 8th Baron de Ros, English soldier and politician, born in Belvoir, Leicestershire (d. 1430)
  • 1411-09-21 Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York, claimant to the English throne, born in Conisbrough, England (d. 1460)
  • 1415-05-03 Cecily Neville, mother of Edward IV of England and Richard III of England, born in Raby Castle, Durham, England (d. 1495)
  • 1417-11-23 William FitzAlan, 16th Earl of Arundel, English politician (d. 1487)
  • 1420-11-24 John Stafford, 1st Earl of Wiltshire, English politician (d. 1473)
  • 1421-07-25 Henry Percy, 3rd Earl of Northumberland, English politician, born in Leconfield, United Kingdom (d. 1461)
  • 1421-12-06 Henry VI, King of England (1422-61, 1470-71), born at Windsor Castle (d. 1471)

William Caxton

1422-08-13 William Caxton, English printer and translator, 1st to print in the English language (Histories of Troy), born in Kent, England (d. 1492) birth date disputed

  • 1427-09-09 Thomas de Ros, 9th Baron de Ros of Helmsley, English politician, born in Conisbrough Castle, Yorkshire (d. 1464)
  • 1428-11-22 Richard Neville [16th Earl of Warwick], English nobleman and military commander known as 'Warwick the Kingmaker', born in Norwich, England (d. 1471)

Margaret of Anjou

1430-03-23 Margaret of Anjou, wife of King Henry VI of England, born in Pont-à-Mousson, Lorraine, France (d. 1482)

Edward IV

1442-04-28 Edward IV, King of England (1461-70, 71-83), born in Rouen, Normandy (d. 1483)

  • 1443-05-17 Edmund, Earl of Rutland, brother of Kings Edward IV of England and Richard III of England, born in Rouen, Normandy (d. 1460)
  • 1443-05-31 Margaret Beaufort, mother of Henry VII and paternal grandmother of King Henry VIII of England, born in Bletsoe Castle, Bedfordshire, England (d. 1509)

Richard III

1452-10-02 Richard III, King of England (1483-85), born in Fotheringhay Castle, Northamptonshire, England (d. 1485)

  • 1453-10-13 Edward of Westminster, Prince of Wales and the only son of King Henry VI of England and Margaret of Anjou, born in London (d. 1471)
  • 1454-09-04 Henry Stafford, 2nd Duke of Buckingham, English politician, born in Wales (d. 1483)
  • 1456-06-11 Anne Neville, English queen, wife of Richard III of England, born in Warwick Castle, Warwickshire (d. 1485)
  • 1457-01-28 Henry VII, Pembroke Castle, 1st Tudor king of England (1485-1509)
  • 1464-04-23 Robert Fayrfax, English Renaissance composer (Courts of Henry VII and Henry VIII), born in Deeping Gate, Lincolnshire (d. 1521)
  • 1466-02-11 Elizabeth of York, Queen Consort of England and wife of King Henry VII, born in Westminster Palace, London (d. 1503)
  • 1467-08-11 Mary of York, English princess (d. 1482)
  • 1478-02-07 Sir Thomas More, English statesman, humanist, and author (d. 1535)
  • 1480-11-10 Bridget of York, English princess and nun, born in Eltham Palace, London (d. 1517)
  • 1486-09-20 Arthur, Prince of Wales, English crown prince, son of King Henry VII of England, 1st husband of Catherine of Aragon, born in Winchester, England (d. 1502)
  • 1489-07-02 Thomas Cranmer, England reformer, Archbishop of Canterbury (1533-55), martyr, born in Aslockton, England (d. 1556)

Henry VIII

1491-06-28 Henry VIII, King of England (1509-47) who separated the Church of England from the Roman Catholic Church, born in London (d. 1547)

  • 1492-07-02 Elizabeth Tudor, English princess, second daughter and fourth child of Henry VII of England and Elizabeth of York, born in Richmond Palace, Surrey, England (d. 1495)
  • 1495-11-21 John Bale, English bishop and anti-catholic playwright (Kynge Johan), born in Cove, Suffolk, England (d. 1563)
  • 1496-03-18 Mary Tudor, daughter of Henry VII of England and queen consort of Louis XII of France (d. 1533)
  • 1500-03-03 Reginald Pole, English Cardinal/"heretic"
  • 1501-01-16 Anthony Denny, English knight of the shire and confidant of King Henry VIII of England, born in England (d. 1559)
  • 1502-09-13 John Leland, English poet and antiquarian, born in London (d. 1552)
  • 1505-01-30 Thomas Tallis, English composer, born in Kent, England (d. 1585)
  • 1510-10-06 Rowland Taylor, English clergyman, born in Northumberland, England (d. 1555)
  • 1510-10-06 John Caius, English physician, born in Norwich, England (d. 1573)
  • 1513-12-23 Thomas Smith, English diplomat and scholar (d. 1577)
  • 1514-06-16 John Cheke, English classical scholar (d. 1557)

Anne of Cleves

1515-09-22 Anne of Cleves, Queen of England (1539-40), 4th wife of Henry VIII, born in Dusseldorf, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1557)

  • 1515-10-08 Margaret Douglas, Countess of Lennox, born in Harbottle Castle, Northumberland, England (d. 1578)
  • 1516-02-18 Mary I Tudor [Bloody Mary], Queen of England (1553-58), born in Greenwich, England (d. 1558)
  • 1520-09-13 William Cecil, 1st baron Burghley, English statesman, born in Bourne, Lincolnshire, England (d. 1598)
  • 1522-05-24 John Jewel, English bishop, born in Buden, Devon, England (d. 1571)

Famous Weddings

The Most Expensive Divorce in History

1152-05-18 Eleanor of Aquitaine marries Henri of Anjou, handing the future King Henry II of England most of France, allowing future kings of England to claim France for centuries thereafter

Richard the Lionheart

1191-05-12 Richard I of England marries Berengaria of Navarre in Cyprus

  • 1236-01-14 English King Henry III marries Eleonora of Provence
  • 1290-07-08 Princess Margaret (15), daughter of Edward I of England marries John II of Brabant at Westminster Abbey

Edward III

1328-01-24 King Edward III of England (15) marries Philippa of Hainault (18) at York Minster, in York

  • 1365-07-27 Isabella of England marries Enguerrand of Coucy at Windsor

Richard II

1382-01-20 King Richard II of England marries Anne of Bohemia and daughter of the Holy Roman Emperor at Westminster Abbey. Anne dies of plague in 1394.

  • 1472-07-12 Richard Plantagenet, Duke of Gloucester and later King of England, marries Anne Neville, daughter of the Earl of Warwick, in Westminster Abbey.
  • 1486-01-18 King Henry VII of England marries Elizabeth, daughter of Edward IV

Henry VIII

1531-01-05 Pope Clemens VII forbids English King Henry VIII to remarry

Wedding of Interest

1533-01-25 England's King Henry VIII marries Anne Boleyn, his 2nd wife

Jane Grey

1553-05-21 Lady Jane Grey (15), later English queen for 9 days, marries Lord Guildford Dudley (18)

  • 1554-07-24 Queen Maria of England marries Philip, king of Naples/Jerusalem
  • 1613-02-24 English princess Elizabeth marries Earl Frederik of Palts

Charles I

1625-06-13 English king Charles I marries French princess Henrietta Maria at Canterbury cathedral in Canterbury, England

  • 1641-05-12 Prince Willem II of Orange (14) marries English princess Mary Henrietta Stuart (9)

John Milton

1656-11-12 English Poet and author of epic "Paradise Lost" John Milton (47) marries 2nd wife Katherine Woodcock

  • 1662-02-24 English Poet and author of "Paradise Lost" John Milton marries 3rd wife Elizabeth Mynshull, 31 years his junior.
  • 1677-11-14 Prince William of Orange (27) marries English princess Mary Stuart (15)

Samuel Johnson

1735-07-09 Author, poet, critic and lexicographer and writer of the first English dictionary Dr. Samuel Johnson (25) marries the widow Elizabeth "Tetty" Porter, 21 years his senior

Samuel Hood

1749-08-25 British admiral Samuel Hood (24) weds Susannah Linzee in Portsmouth, England

Elizabeth Fry

1800-08-19 Social reformer Elizabeth Fry née Gurney (20) weds tea dealer Joseph Fry (23) at the Norwich Quaker Meeting House in Norwich, England

William Wordsworth

1802-10-04 English romantic poet William Wordsworth (32) marries childhood friend Mary Hutchinson

  • 1811-08-28 English Romantic poet Percy Bysshe Shelley (19) elopes to Scotland with 1st wife Harriet Westbrook (16)

Charles Babbage

1814-07-25 Inventor Charles Babbage (21) weds Georgina Whitmore at St. Michael's Church in Devon, England

  • 1816-12-30 English Romantic poet Percy Bysshe Shelley (24) marries 2nd wife writer "Frankenstein" Mary Godwin (19) and daughter of early feminist writer Mary Wollstonecraft

Charles Dickens

1836-04-02 English novelist and social critic Charles Dickens (24) marries Catherine Thomson Hogarth (20)

  • 1836-08-20 English novelist (Vanity Fair) William Makepeace Thackeray (25) marries Isabella Gethin Shawe (20)

Charles Darwin

1838-11-11 Emma Wedgwood accepts English naturalist Charles Darwin's marriage proposal

William Gladstone

1839-07-25 British PM William Gladstone (29) weds Catherine Glynne (27) in England

Charlotte Brontë

1854-06-29 English Novelist and author of "Jane Eyre" Charlotte Brontë marries curate Arthur Bell Nicholls

Stanley Baldwin

1892-09-12 61st UK Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin (25) weds British writer and maternity health activist Lucy Ridsdale (23) in Rottingdean, England

Joseph Conrad

1896-03-24 Writer "Heart of Darkness" Joseph Conrad (39) marries Englishwoman Jessie George (23)

Robert Falcon Scott

1908-09-02 Naval officer Robert Scott (40) weds sculptress Kathleen Bruce (30) at the Chapel Royal in London, England

  • 1922-02-28 English Princess Mary marries Viscount Lascelles at Westminster Abbey

Wedding of Interest

1923-04-26 English prince Albert Duke of York (George VI) (27) marries Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon (22) at Westminster Abbey

Bernard Montgomery

1927-07-27 British Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery (39) weds Elizabeth Carver in Chiswick, England

  • 1935-11-06 English Prince Henry weds Alice Montagu-Douglas-Scott

Wedding of Interest

1936-12-24 Paleoanthropologist Mary Nicol (23) weds archaeologist Louis Leakey (33) in England

Peter Cushing

1943-04-10 Actor Peter Cushing (29) weds actress Violet Helene Beck in London, England

Angela Lansbury

1949-08-12 Multi-Tony award-winning actress Angela Lansbury (23) weds actor and producer Peter Shaw (31) at St. Columba's Presbyterian Church of Scotland in London, England

Peter Sellers

1951-09-15 Actor Peter Sellers (26) weds actress Anne Howe in London, England

  • 1952-07-15 Gerald Lascelles, son of English Princess Mary, weds Angela Dowding

Lew Hoad

1955-06-18 Former World No. 1 tennis player Lew Hoad (20) weds tennis player Jenny Staley (21) at St Mary's Church in Wimbledon, England

C. S. Lewis

1956-04-23 Novelist C. S. Lewis (57) weds poet Joy Davidman (41) at the register office in Oxford, England

Ken Rosewall

1956-10-06 Tennis player champ Ken Rosewall (21) weds Wilma McIver at St John's Church of England Cathedral in Brisbane, Australia

Patsy Cline

1957-09-15 Country music legend Patsy Cline (25) weds linotype operator Charles Dick (23) in Winchester, England

  • 1960-05-06 English Princess Margaret marries Antony Armstrong-Jones (later Lord Snowdon) at Westminster Abbey

Samuel Beckett

1961-03-25 Playwright Samuel Beckett (54) weds Suzanne Dechevaux-Dumesnil on a secret civil ceremony in England

  • 1961-06-08 English prince Edward, Duke of Kent, weds Katharine Worsley
  • 1963-04-24 English princess Alexandra marries Sir Angus Ogilvy at Westminster Abbey
  • 1964-02-19 Actor Peter Sellers (38) weds actress Britt Ekland in London, England

Maggie Smith

1967-06-29 Actress Maggie Smith (32) weds actor Robert Stephens (35) in Greenwich, England

Pete Townshend

1968-05-20 "The Who" guitarist and songwriter Pete Townshend (23) weds Karen Astley in England

  • 1969-06-15 British-American romance novelist, Jackie Collins (31) weds 2nd husband, American theatrical producer Oscar Lerman (49), at the home of her sister Joan
  • 1972-07-08 English prince Richard marries Birgitte of Deurs (Henriksen)
  • 1973-07-04 British Army officer Andrew Parker Bowles (33) weds Camilla Rosemary Shand (26) at Guards Chapel in Birdcage Walk in London, England
  • 1975-03-08 5th Earl of Lichfield Patrick Anson (35) weds Lady Leonora Grosvenor (26), daughter of the 5th Duke of Westminster at Chester Cathedral in England
  • 1975-08-23 Actress Maggie Smith (40) weds playwright Beverley Cross (44) at the Guildford Register Office in Surrey, England

Twiggy

1977-06-14 English model Twiggy Lawson (27) weds actor Michael Witney (45)

  • 1978-06-30 English prince Michael marries baroness Marie-Christine von Reibnitz in Vienna, Austria
  • 1978-11-17 Gerald Lascelles, British aristocrat and son of Princess Mary weds 2nd wife Elizabeth Collingwood in Vienna

Andrew Lloyd Webber

1984-03-22 Composer Andrew Lloyd Webber (36) weds singer/dancer Sarah Brightman (23) in Hampshire, England

  • 1986-07-23 Britain's Prince Andrew (26) weds Sarah Ferguson (26) at Westminster Abbey in London, England
  • 1988-01-09 English earl of St Andrews marries Sylvana Tomaselli

David Mamet

1991-09-22 American Jewish playwright and screenwriter David Mamet marries 2nd wife, English actress Rebecca Pidgeon

Sting

1992-08-20 British "Police" singer Sting (41) weds British actress Trudie Styler (38) at an 11th century chapel in Wiltshire, England

  • 1998-02-22 Singer-songwriter Tori Amos (34) weds British sound engineer Mark Hawley (34) in West Wycombe, England

Kate Winslet

1998-11-22 "Titanic" actress Kate Winslet (23) weds assistant film director Jim Threapleton (25) at All Saints Church in Reading, England

  • 1999-07-09 Princess Alexia of Greece and Denmark (33) weds architect and yachtsman Carlos Morales Quintana (28) at St. Sophia Cathedral in London, England

Nick Faldo

2001-07-28 Six-time golf winner Nick Faldo (44) weds third wife Valerie Bercher on a lavish ceremony in Windsor, England

Gwen Stefani

2002-09-14 No Doubt lead vocalist Gwen Stefani (42) weds lead singer and rhythm guitarist "Bush" Gavin Rossdale (46) at St. Paul's Church in London, England

  • 2004-12-31 English actor Terence Stamp (64) weds Elizabeth O'Rourke (23) in London
  • 2005-06-24 "Real Madrid" football striker Michael Owen (25) weds Louise Bonsall at Carden Park Hotel in Chester, England
  • 2005-08-21 "Strictly Come Dancing" hostess Natasha Kaplinsky (32) weds investment banker Justin Bower at St. Margaret's Church in Somerset, England
  • 2005-08-30 "Squeeze" band founder Jools Holland (47) weds sculptor Christabel McEwen at St. James Church in Cooling, Kent, England
  • 2005-09-10 Fashion model Jodie Kidd (26) weds entrepreneur Aidan Butler at St. Peter's Church in Twineham, West Sussex, England
  • 2005-09-10 "The Yardbirds" rock guitarist Jeff Beck (61) weds Sandra Cash in Tunbridge Wells, England
  • 2005-09-10 British television presenter Kate Garraway (38) weds former political lobbyist Derek Draper (38) at St. Mary The Virgin parish church in London, England
  • 2005-09-10 Camilla Parker-Bowles' son Tom Parker Bowles (30) weds "Harpers & Queen" fashion features editor Sara Buys at St. Nicholas' Church in Rotherfield Greys, Oxfordshire, England
  • 2005-12-10 Actress Jane Danson (27) weds "Brookside" actor Robert Beck (35) at Gibbon Bridge Hotel in Lancashire, England
  • 2005-12-17 Race car driver Gary Paffett (24) weds his lady love Lisa in England
  • 2006-05-29 Award-winning English actress Tamzin Outhwaite (35) weds former "EastEnders" actor Tom Ellis (26) at All Saints Church in Lullington, Somerset ; divorce in 2014
  • 2006-07-22 British TV presenter Ant McPartlin (30) weds former member of "Deuce" Lisa Armstrong (29) at St. Nicholas Church in Taplow, Buckinghamshire, England
  • 2006-07-29 "Primal Scream" lead singer Bobby Gillespie (44) weds stylist Katy England at St. Margaret's Church in Betley, Staffordshire
  • 2006-09-02 Former "EastEnders" actress Hannah Waterman (31) weds actor Ricky Groves (38) at a country church in Inwardleigh, England
  • 2006-10-20 "Liberty X" member Michelle Heaton (27) weds Pop Idol's Andy Scott-Lee (26) in Hertfordshire, England
  • 2006-12-02 "Emmerdale" actor Nick Miles (44) weds Stephanie Lumb at the Roundthorn Country House Hotel in Penrith, England

Elizabeth Hurley

2007-03-03 Model and actress Elizabeth Hurley (41) weds Indian textile heir Arun Nayar (42) at Sudeley Castle in Gloucestershire, England

  • 2009-09-12 Financial analyst and only son of Prince and Princess Michael of Kent, Lord Frederick Windsor (30) weds actress Sophie Winkleman (29) at Hampton Court Palace in Surrey, England
  • 2010-01-09 Food writer and former fashion model Sophie Dahl (32) weds British jazz singer Jamie Cullum (30) in Hampshire, England

Lily Allen

2011-06-11 Recording artist Lily Allen (26) weds Sam Cooper (32) at St. James The Great church in Gloucestershire, England

Kate Moss

2011-07-01 English model Kate Moss (37) weds English guitarist Jamie Hince (42) at St. Peter's Church, Southrop in Gloucestershire

Zara Phillips

2011-07-30 Granddaughter of Queen Elizabeth II and British equestrian Zara Phillips (30) weds England rugby player Mike Tindall (32) at the Canongate Kirk in Edinburgh, Scotland


Famous Divorces

Divorce of Interest

1533-05-23 King Henry VIII of England & Catherine of Aragon's marriage declared null & void by authority English clergy not the Pope

Divorce of Interest

1540-07-09 English King Henry VIII annuls his 6 month marriage to his 4th wife Anne of Cleves, on the grounds of non-consummation and her pre-contract to Francis of Lorraine


Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 2,332

  • 0093-08-23 Gnaeus Julius Agricola, Roman general and Governor of Britain, conquered Wales and Northern England, dies at 53
  • 0197-02-19 Clodius Albinus, Roman General serving in England who proclaimed himself Emperor, dies in the Battle of Lugdunum [Lyon] fighting Septimius Severus
  • 0303-04-23 Saint George, Greek officer in the Roman army, beheaded. Patron saint of many lands including England
  • 0604-05-26 Augustinus van Canterbury, bishop/apostle of England, dies (or 605)
  • 0616-02-24 King Ethelbert of Kent, 1st English king to convert to Christianity
  • 0642-02-28 Oswald, English King of Northumbria and saint, dies in the Battle of Maserfield at about 38
  • 0689-01-12 Benedict Biscop, English saint, dies
  • 0699-02-03 Saint Werburgh, Anglo Saxon Princess and patron saint of Chester, England
  • 0709-04-24 Wilfrid, English bishop and saint, dies at about 76
  • 0709-05-25 Aldhelm, Abbot of Malmesbury, Bishop of Sherborne. English poet and scholar (b. cica 639)
  • 0727-10-19 Saint Frideswide, patron saint of Oxford, England
  • 0729-04-24 Egbert[us], English bishop/saint, dies in Iona at 89
  • 0735-05-26 Bede (Beda Venerabilis), English historian and monk, (b. circa 672 or 673)
  • 0754-06-05 Boniface [Winfrid], English saint, Archbishop of Mainz, murdered by robbers at 79
  • 0754-06-05 Eoda, English speaking bishop of Utrecht, murdered
  • 0804-05-19 Alcuin of York, English scholar, dies in Tours France at 69

Alfred the Great

0900-10-26 Alfred the Great, Anglo-Saxon monarch who was King of Wessex and King of the Anglo-Saxons, dies at 50 or 51

  • 0924-07-17 King Edward the Elder of England (899-924)
  • 0939-10-27 King Athelstan I of England, often regarded as the 1st king of England (b. 895)
  • 0946-01-26 Eadgyth, English-born German Queen, wife of Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor
  • 0946-05-25 Edmund the Older, king of Wessex/England (939-46), dies
  • 0955-11-23 Edred, King of England (946-955), dies at 32
  • 0959-10-01 King Edwy (Eadwig) of England (955-959) "the All-Fair", dies at about 18
  • 0975-07-08 Edgar, King of England (959-75), dies
  • 0988-05-19 Dunstan, English Archbishop of Canterbury, Abbot of Glastonbury Abbey, illustrator and silversmith (restored monastic life after era of Viking raids), dies at about 79 (canonized 1029)
  • 1014-02-03 Sweyn Forkbeard, Viking king of Denmark, Norway and England (1013-14), dies at around 54 (born cira 960)
  • 1016-04-23 Æthelred II "the Unready", king of England (979-1016), dies

Cnut the Great

1035-11-12 Cnut the Great [Canute], King of Denmark, England, Norway and parts of Sweden (1016-1035), dies around the age of 45

  • 1040-03-17 Harold Harefoot (Harold I), King of England (1035-40), dies
  • 1042-06-08 Harthacnut/Harthacanute, King of Denmark and England (b. 1018) Lambeth

Edward the Confessor

1066-01-05 Edward the Confessor, last King of England from the House of Wessex (1042-66), dies at 60-63

Harold II

1066-10-14 Harold II [Harold Godwinson], last crowned Anglo-Saxon King of England (1066), dies at the Battle of Hastings aged about 44

  • 1075-12-19 Edith of Wessex, wife of Edward the Confessor of England

William the Conqueror

1087-09-09 William the Conqueror, the first Norman king of England (1066-1087) and Duke of Normandy (1035-1087), dies at about 59

  • 1100-08-02 William II [Rufus], king of England, shot hunting in the New Forest at 44
  • 1118-05-01 Matilda of Scotland [Edith], first wife of Henry I of England, dies at 38
  • 1120-11-25 William Adelin, son and heir of Henry I of England (b. 1104) dies in White Ship tragedy trying to save his illegitimate half-sister Countess of Perche while crossing the English Channel
  • 1135-12-01 Henry I Beauclerc, King of England (1100-1135) and the 1st English King after the Norman conquest to be fluent in the English language, dies at around 66 of fever after eating "a surfeit of lampreys"
  • 1147-10-31 Robert, 1st Earl of Gloucester, English politician and illegitimate son of King Henry I, dies at about 57
  • 1151-04-23 Queen Adeliza of England, 2nd wife of Henry I (b. 1103)
  • 1152-05-03 Matilda of Boulogne, Queen of England (b. 1105)
  • 1153-08-17 Eustace IV of Boulogne, son of Stephen of England (b. 1130)
  • 1154-10-25 Stefanus van Blois, king of England (1135-54), dies
  • 1159-09-01 Adrian IV [Nicole Breakspear], only English pope (1154-59), dies
  • 1167-01-12 Aelred of Hexham/Rievaulx, English abbot/saint, dies at about 56
  • 1167-02-27 Robert of Melun, English philosopher/bishop of Hereford, dies

AssassinationThomas Becket

1170-12-29 Thomas Becket, English Archbishop of Canterbury, assassinated by 4 knights of King Henry II at 52

  • 1176-04-20 Richard de Clare, 2nd Earl of Pembroke, English soldier (b. 1130)
  • 1176-10-12 William d'Aubigny, 1st Earl of Arundel, English politician
  • 1181-06-30 Hugh de Kevelioc, 3rd Earl of Chester, English politician (b. 1147)
  • 1183-06-11 Henry the Young King, son of Henry II of England (b. 1155)
  • 1189-02-04 Gilbert of Sempringham, English monastery founder/saint, dies

Henry II of England

1189-07-06 Henry II, King of England (1154-89), dies of a bleeding ulcer at 56

  • 1189-09-03 Jacob of Orleans, Rabbi, killed in anti Jewish riot in London England

Richard the Lionheart

1199-04-06 Richard I, the Lion-hearted, King of England (1189-99), dies as the result of a wound at 41

  • 1199-09-04 Joan of England, Queen consort of Sicily, wife of William II of Sicily (b. 1165)
  • 1204-10-21 Robert de Beaumont, 4th Earl of Leicester, English nobleman
  • 1205-07-13 Hubert Walter, Archbishop of Canterbury and Justicier of England

King John

1216-10-19 King John of England (1199-1216), agreed to the Magna Carta, dies at 49

  • 1218-12-30 Richard de Clare, 4th Earl of Hertford, English politician (b. 1162)
  • 1226-03-07 William de Longespee, 3rd Earl of Salisbury, English military leader
  • 1226-12-11 Robert de Ros, northern English Nobleman (one of the Twenty-five barons appoints under the Magna Carta) (b. 1177)
  • 1230-12-23 Berengaria of Navarre, queen of Richard I of England
  • 1238-03-04 Joan of England, Queen Consort of Scotland, wife of Alexander II (b. 1210)
  • 1241-12-01 Isabella of England, wife of Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1214)
  • 1245-08-21 Alexander van Hales, English scholar, dies
  • 1246-05-31 Isabella of Angouleme, queen consort of King John of England (1200-16) and Countess of La Marche, dies at about 58
  • 1253-10-09 Robert Grosseteste, English scientist, scholastic philosopher, theologian and Bishop of Lincoln, dies at around 78
  • 1262-07-15 Richard de Clare, 6th Earl of Hertford, English soldier (b. 1222)
  • 1265-04-25 Roger de Quincy, 2nd Earl of Winchester, English crusader
  • 1265-05-16 Saint Simon Stock, English saint (b. 1165)
  • 1265-08-04 Simon de Montfort the younger, English Earl of Leicester, dies in battle
  • 1271-03-13 Henry of Almain, English crusader (b. 1235)
  • 1272-11-16 Henry III, King of England (1216-72, Provisions of Oxford), dies at 65
  • 1275-09-24 Humphrey de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford, Constable of England (b. 1208)
  • 1279-09-10 Robert Kilwardby [Anglicus], English Archbishop of Canterbury (1272-78), philosopher and Cardinal, dies (b. 1215)
  • 1282-08-25 Thomas Cantilupe, English saint (b. ca 1218)
  • 1284-08-19 Alphonso, Earl of Chester, son of Edward I of England (b. 1273)
  • 1290-11-28 Eleanor of Castile, wife of Edward I of England (b. 1241)
  • 1291-06-26 Eleanor of Provence, wife of Henry III of England
  • 1292-12-08 John Peckham, English archbishop of Canterbury, dies at 62
  • 1295-12-07 Gilbert de Clare, 7th Earl of Hertford, English politician (b. 1243)
  • 1296-06-05 Edmund Crouchback, English prince and son of Henry III of England, dies at 51
  • 1297-09-11 Hugh de Cressingham, English treasurer, dies in battle
  • 1297-12-31 Humphrey de Bohun, 3rd Earl of Hereford, English soldier (b. 1249)
  • 1307-04-07 Joan of Acre, daughter of Edward I of England (b. 1271)

Edward I

1307-07-07 Edward I, King of England (1272-1307), dies at 68

  • 1317-02-14 Marguerite of France, queen of Edward I of England (b. 1282)
  • 1322-03-16 Humphrey de Bohun, 4th Earl of Hereford, English soldier (b. 1276) dies in battle at Boroughbridge
  • 1322-03-22 Thomas, 2nd Earl of Lancaster, English politician (b. 1278)
  • 1322-04-14 Bartholomew de Badlesmere, 1st Lord Badlesmere, English soldier (b. 1275)
  • 1326-10-15 Walter de Stapledon, English bishop (1308-26), dies at 65
  • 1326-11-17 Edmund FitzAlan, 9th Earl of Arundel, English politician, dies at 41
  • 1326-11-26 Hugh the younger Despenser, English knight (b. 1286)

AssassinationEdward II

1327-09-21 Edward II, King of England (1307-1327), likely assassinated at 43

  • 1330-03-19 Edmund of Woodstock, 1st Earl of Kent, son of Edward I, beheaded for plotting against the king at 28
  • 1330-11-29 Roger Mortimer, 1st Earl of March, de facto ruler of England, executed by hanging on orders of Edward III at 43
  • 1338-08-04 Thomas of Brotherton, 1st Earl of Norfolk, son of Edward I of England (b. 1300)
  • 1340-12-04 Henry Burghersh, English bishop and chancellor (b. 1292)
  • 1345-03-25 Henry, 3rd Earl of Lancaster, English politician (b. 1281)