Birmingham UK in History

Historical Events

  • 1791-07-14 The Priestley Riots drive Joseph Priestley, a supporter of the French Revolution, out of Birmingham, England
  • 1837-07-04 Grand Junction Railway, the world's first long-distance railway, opens between Birmingham and Liverpool

TrainOpening of Euston Station

1837-07-20 Euston railway station opens in London as the terminus of the London and Birmingham Railway (L&BR), the city's 1st intercity railway station
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An early print of Euston station showing the wrought iron roof of 1837. Note the open carriages.
An early print of Euston station showing the wrought iron roof of 1837. Note the open carriages.
  • 1839-07-27 Chartist riots break out in Birmingham, England

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1846-08-26 Felix Mendelssohn's oratorio "Elijah" premieres at the Birmingham Festival in England

Composer and Pianist Felix Mendelssohn
Composer and Pianist
Felix Mendelssohn

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1900-10-03 Edward Elgar/Cardinal Newmans oratorium premieres in Birmingham

Composer Edward Elgar
Composer
Edward Elgar
  • 1940-11-19 First major German air raid on Birmingham - about 440 bombers kill 450
  • 1941-05-16 Last great German air attack on Great Britain (Birmingham)
  • 1954-05-29 British runner Diane Leather becomes first woman to run the mile in under 5 minutes; 4:59.6 at Alexander Sports Ground in Birmingham, England
  • 1974-11-21 Birmingham pub bombings: 21 civilians killed when bombs explode at two pubs in Birmingham, England (deadliest attack in England during "the Troubles")
  • 1978-06-01 Future England cricket captain David Gower makes his Test debut in 1st Test against Pakistan in Birmingham; England win by an innings and 57 runs
  • 1978-09-11 The last known person dies of smallpox - medical photographer Janet Parker through infection in a laboratory, in Birmingham, England
  • 1979-02-01 English international forward Trevor Francis becomes Britain’s first £1 million soccer player when he transfers from Birmingham City to Nottingham Forest
  • 1984-02-01 Indian diplomat Ravindra Mhatre kidnapped and murdered by Kashmiri terrorists in Birmingham, England
  • 1985-09-09 Race riot in Birmingham, England
  • 1986-07-04 England cricket captain Mike Gatting smashes 183 not out in the drawn 3rd Test vs India at Birmingham
  • 1991-03-14 English Court of Appeal frees "Birmingham 6" who had been unjustly sentenced in August 1975 to life imprisonment
  • 1995-03-12 Ice Dance Championship at Birmingham UK won by Gritshuk & Platov (RUS)
  • 1995-03-12 Ice Pairs Championship at Birmingham won by Radka Kovarikova & Rene Novotny
  • 1995-03-12 World Men's Figure Skating Champions in Birmingham won by Elvis Stojko of Canada
  • 1995-03-12 World Ladies' Figure Skating Champ in Birmingham won by Chen Lu (China)
  • 1998-05-09 43rd Eurovision Song Contest: Dana International for Israel wins singing "Diva" in Birmingham
  • 1999-05-19 Lazio of Italy win 39th European Cup Winner's Cup against Mallorca of Spain 2-1 in Birmingham
  • 2005-07-28 A tornado touches down in a residential area in south Birmingham, England, causing £4,000,000 worth of damages and injuring 39 people.
  • 2007-01-31 Suspects are arrested in Birmingham in the UK, accused of plotting the kidnap, holding and eventual beheading of a serving Muslim British soldier in Iraq
  • 2015-07-22 'Oldest' Qur'an fragments discovered in collection of Birmingham University, radiocarbon testing dates to AD568 - AD645
  • 2017-02-05 Heavy metal band Black Sabbath play their last concert in their home town Birmingham, England

Famous Birthdays

  • 1778-11-25 Mary Anne Schimmelpenninck, British Christian writer, born in Birmingham (d. 1856)
  • 1783-04-29 David Cox, English painter (Treatise on landscape painting), born in Birmingham, England (d. 1856)
  • 1822-02-16 Francis Galton, British anthropologist and geneticist (eugenics), born in Birmingham, England (d. 1911)
  • 1833-08-28 Edward Burne-Jones, English Pre-Raphaelite painter and designer, born in Birmingham, England (d. 1898)
  • 1834-09-09 Joseph Henry Shorthouse, English writer (John Inglesant), born in Birmingham, England (d. 1903)
  • 1847-04-10 Charles Swinnerton Heap, English composer, born in Birmingham, England (d. 1900)

Person of interestNeville Chamberlain

1869-03-18 [Arthur] Neville Chamberlain, British Prime Minister (C, 1937-40), born in Birmingham, England

British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain
British Prime Minister
Neville Chamberlain
  • 1875-08-09 Albert William Ketèlbey, British pianist and composer (In A Monastery Garden), born in Aston, Birmingham (d. 1959)
  • 1876-01-11 Thomas Hicks, English athlete (Olympic gold marathon 1904), born in Birmingham, England (d. 1952)
  • 1881-01-17 Alfred Radcliffe-Browne, British anthropologist (Andaman Islanders), born in Birmingham, England (d. 1955)
  • 1881-08-20 Edgar Albert Guest, English-American poet and newspaperman, born in Birmingham, England (d. 1959)
  • 1883-02-15 Sax Rohmer [Arthur Henry Sarsfield Ward], English author (Dr Fu Manchu novels), born in Birmingham, England (d. 1959)
  • 1886-02-06 E J "Tiger" Smith, England cricket wicket-keeper and umpire (11 Tests), born in Birmingham, Warwickshire (d. 1979)
  • 1890-12-05 David Bomberg, English painter, born in Birmingham, England (d. 1957)
  • 1895-07-26 Jane Bunford, Britain's tallest-ever person measuring 2.41 metres (7 ft 11 in) at the time of her death, born in Bartley Green, Northfield, Birmingham (d. 1922)
  • 1895-09-26 Fay Holden, British actress (Mother-Andy Hardy films), born in Birmingham, England (d. 1973)
  • 1896-05-19 Michael Balcon, producer/father of Jill Balcon, born in Birmingham, England
  • 1896-10-15 Melville Cooper, English TV panelist (I Got a Secret), born in Birmingham, England (d. 1979)
  • 1898-04-18 Charles Leatherland, Baron Leatherland, British journalist and Labour Party politician, born in Aston, Birmingham (d. 1992)
  • 1899-08-19 Charlie Hall, English comedic actor (Tit for Tat, A Chump at Oxford), born in Birmingham, England (d. 1959)
  • 1901-07-09 Barbara Cartland, English romance author (Camfield #69), born in Edgbaston, Birmingham, England (d. 2000)
  • 1903-01-07 Alan Napier, British actor (The Sword in the Stone, Batman), born in Birmingham, England (d. 1988)
  • 1903-11-27 Mona Washbourne, British actress (Stevie, Billie Liar, Driver's Seat), born in Birmingham, England (d. 1988)
  • 1905-03-09 Rex Warner, English poet and writer (Wild Goose Chase), born in Birmingham (d. 1986)
  • 1905-09-01 Gervase Hughes, English composer and conductor, born in Birmingham, England (d. 1984)
  • 1909-08-30 Barry Appleby, British cartoonist (The Gambols), born in Birmingham (d. 1996)
  • 1911-01-31 Eddie Byrne, British actor (Star Wars, Island of Terror), born in Birmingham, England (d. 1981)

Person of interestEnoch Powell

1912-06-16 Enoch Powell, British Conservative MP and shadow cabinet member infamous for his "Rivers of Blood" speech, born in Birmingham, England (d. 1998)

British Politican Enoch Powell
British Politican
Enoch Powell
  • 1913-05-17 Desmond Barel Hirshfield, Lord Hirshfield, British chartered accountant, born in Birmingham (d. 1993)
  • 1914-07-20 William John Phillips, British actor (Nothing but a Man, Z-Cars), born in Birmingham, Warwickshire, England (d. 1995)
  • 1916-12-02 John Bentley, British actor (African Patrol, Crossroads), born in Birmingham, England (d. 2009)
  • 1918-01-27 Skitch Henderson, orchestra leader (Tonight Show), born in Birmingham, England
  • 1918-08-13 Denis Smallwood, British air chief marshal, born in Birmingham, England (d. 1997)
  • 1918-11-01 Ken Miles, British-American auto racer and engineer (USAC Road Racing C'ship 1961; 24 Hours of Daytona 1966), born in Birmingham, England (d. 1966)
  • 1920-03-28 Lord Butterfield [John Butterfield], British medical researcher, clinician and administrator, born in Stechford, Birmingham (d. 2000)
  • 1920-12-08 Ronald Gulliford, English educationalist (Dean of the Faculty of Education, Birmingham University 1979-81), born in Manchester (d. 1997)
  • 1922-02-26 Margaret Leighton, British actress (The Go-Between, The Night of the Iguana), born in Birmingham, England (d. 1976)
  • 1922-07-26 Frank Price, CEO (British Waterways Board), born in Birmingham (d. 2017)
  • 1923-06-04 Elizabeth Jolley, British-born Australian writer (Palomino), born in Birmingham, England (d. 2007)

Person of interestTony Hancock

1924-05-12 Tony Hancock, English comedian and actor (Hancock's Half Hour), born in Birmingham, England (d. 1968)

Comedian Tony Hancock
Comedian
Tony Hancock
  • 1924-06-09 Anthony "Tony" Britton, British actor (Day of Jackal, Girl in my Soup), born in Birmingham, England
  • 1924-07-15 David Cox, English statistician and warden (Nuffield College, Oxford), born in Birmingham, England
  • 1926-06-01 Johnny Berry, English soccer right winger (4 caps; Manchester United, Birmingham City), born in Aldershot, England (d. 1994)
  • 1929-10-25 Roger John Tayler, British astrophysicist (author of The Origin of the Chemical Elements), born in Birmingham, England (d. 1997)
  • 1930-05-21 Stanley Wells, English scholar of Shakespeare (Shakespeare Institute U of Birmingham), born in Hull, England
  • 1931-04-19 Garfield Morgan, British actor (Odessa File, To Catch a Spy), born in Birmingham, Warwickshire (d. 2009)
  • 1931-12-11 Anne Heywood [Violet Pretty], British actress (The Fox) and "Miss Great Britain (1950), born in Handsworth, Birmingham, England
  • 1932-05-09 Gavin Lyall, British author (Conduct of Major Maxim, The Secret Servant), born in Birmingham, Warwickshire (d. 2003)
  • 1932-11-06 Ron Saunders, English soccer striker (Portsmouth) and manager (Manchester City, Aston Villa, Birmingham City), born in Birkenhead, England (d. 2019)
  • 1933-05-25 Ray Spencer, English footballer, born in Kings Norton, Birmingham (d. 2016)
  • 1933-08-06 Ron Wylie, Scottish soccer forward (Notts County, Aston Villa, Birmingham City) and manager (WBA), born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 2020)
  • 1934-03-18 Roy Chapman, English footballer & manager, born in Birmingham, United Kingdom (d. 1983)
  • 1934-08-24 Kenny Baker, English actor (R2-D2 in Star Wars, Time Bandits), born in Birmingham, England (d. 2016)
  • 1936-10-06 Anna Quayle, British actress (A Hard Day's Night, Stop the World - I want to Get Off), born in Birmingham, England (d. 2019)
  • 1936-10-25 Alan Smith, English cricket wicket-keeper (6 Tests), born in Birmingham, Warwickshire
  • 1937-01-28 Ken Hill, English playwright and director, born in Birmingham, England (d. 1995)
  • 1937-04-09 Barrington J. Bayley, English sci-fi author (Collision Course), born in Birmingham, England (d. 2008)
  • 1938-10-07 Ann Haydon-Jones, British tennis player (Wimbledon 1969, French Open 1961, 66), born in Birmingham, England
  • 1939-01-06 Murray Rose, Australian Olympic swimmer (4x oly gold), born in Birmingham, United Kingdom (d. 2012)
  • 1939-05-03 Jonathan Harvey, English composer (Bhakti, Music of Stockhausen), born in Sutton Coldfield, Birmingham (d. 2012)
  • 1939-11-02 Pauline Neville-Jones, English diplomat, born in Birmingham
  • 1940-06-21 Michael Ruse, British-Canadian philosopher of science (the relationship between science and religion, the creation–evolution controversy), born in Birmingham, England
  • 1940-06-25 Clint Warwick [Albert Eccles], English bassist (Moody Blues), born in Birmingham, England (d. 2004)
  • 1941-05-11 Graham Miles, English snooker player, born in Birmingham, England (d. 2014)
  • 1941-12-27 Mike Pinder [Michael Thomas Pinder], English keyboard player and Mellotron pioneer (Moody Blues-Nights in White Satin), born in Birmingham, England
  • 1942-04-27 John Shrapnel, English actor, born in Birmingham, Warwickshire
  • 1942-06-16 John Rostill, English rocker (The Shadows), born in Birmingham (d. 1973)
  • 1943-06-15 [Mervyn] Muff Winwood, English songwriter and bassist (Spencer Davis Group, "Gimme Some Lovin"), born in Erdington, Birmingham
  • 1943-11-01 John McEnery, English actor (Romeo and Juliet), born in Birmingham, England
  • 1944-01-27 Nick Mason, English drummer (Pink Floyd), born in Birmingham, England
  • 1944-03-09 Trevor Burton, English guitarist and rocker (The Move), born in Aston, Birmingham
  • 1944-04-03 Barry Pritchard, English rock guitarist (Fortunes), born in Birmingham (d. 1999)
  • 1944-08-18 Carl Wayne, English singer and actor (The Move), born in Birmingham, England (d. 2004)
  • 1944-10-29 Denny Laine [Brian Hines], English rock guitarist (The Moody Blues, Wings), born in Tyseley, Birmingham, England
  • 1945-01-21 Martin Shaw, British actor (The Chief, Inspector George Gently), born in Birmingham, England
  • 1945-03-30 Johnnie Walker [Peter Dingley], British radio DJ, born in Birmingham
  • 1945-11-25 Bev Bevan, English drummer (Electric Light Orchestra), born in Birmingham, England
  • 1945-12-04 Michael Gerzon, British mathematician and audio pioneer (Ambisonics), born in Birmingham (d. 1996)
  • 1946-11-08 Roy Wood, English rock vocalist and cellist (ELO), born in Birmingham, England
  • 1946-12-10 Ace Kefford, English bassist (The Move), born in Birmingham, England
  • 1946-12-17 Simon Bates, British disk jockey and radio presenter (BBC Radio 1, Classic FM), born in Birmingham, England
  • 1947-05-13 Pete "Overend" Watts, English rock bassist (Mott The Hoople-All Young Dudes), born in Birmingham, United Kingdom
  • 1947-11-02 Dave Pegg, British pop bassist (Jethro Tull-Crest of a Nave), born in Birmingham, England
  • 1948-05-05 Bill Ward, English heavy metal drummer (Black Sabbath), born in Birmingham, England
  • 1948-05-12 Steve Winwood, English singer and musician (Higher Love, Roll With It), born in Birmingham, England
  • 1949-07-17 Geezer Butler, English rock bassist (Black Sabbath), born in Birmingham, England
  • 1949-09-09 John Curry OBE, British figure skater (Olympic gold, World C'ship gold, European C'ship gold 1976), born in Birmingham, England (d. 1994)
  • 1950-02-22 Julie Walters, English actress (Educating Rita, Prick Up Your Ears), born in Birmingham, England
  • 1950-03-30 Dave Ball, English guitarist (Procul Harum), born in Birmingham (d. 2015)
  • 1950-08-02 Ted Turner, English rock guitarist and vocalist (Wishbone Ash), born in Birmingham, England
  • 1951-01-18 Bob Latchford, English footballer, born in Birmingham, United Kingdom
  • 1951-04-14 Julian Lloyd Webber, English cellist (Royal Birmingham Conservatoire)
  • 1955-01-19 Simon Rattle, English orchestra conductor (Birmingham Symphony Orchestra), born in Liverpool, United Kingdom
  • 1955-04-02 Michael Stone, British terrorist (Ulster Defence Association), born in Harborne, Birmingham
  • 1955-04-23 Tony Miles, English chess grandmaster, born in Birmingham, England (d. 2001)
  • 1956-01-25 Andy Cox, British guitarist (Fine Young Cannibals-She Drives Me Crazy), born in Birmingham, United Kingdom
  • 1956-03-09 David Willetts, English Conservative Party politician, born in Birmingham, England
  • 1956-09-15 Jaki Graham, British R&B singer-songwriter, born in Birmingham
  • 1958-01-26 Norman Lamont Hassan, British reggae musician (UB40-Red Red Wine), born in Birmingham, United Kingdom
  • 1958-04-15 Benjamin Zephaniah, British writer and dub poet, born in Handsworth, Birmingham, England

Famous Deaths

  • 1984-02-03 Ravindra Mhatre, Indian diplomat, murdered at 48 by Kashmiri terrorists in Birmingham, England
  • 1994-09-16 Johnny Berry, English soccer right winger (4 caps; Manchester United, Birmingham City), dies from cancer at 68
  • 1997-11-30 Ronald Gulliford, English educationalist (Dean of the Faculty of Education, Birmingham University 1979-81), dies at 76
  • 2006-12-23 Johnny Vincent, English footballer for Birmingham City and Middlesbrough (b. 1947)
  • 2019-12-07 Ron Saunders, English soccer striker (Portsmouth) and manager (Manchester City, Aston Villa, Birmingham City), dies at 87
  • 2019-12-10 Jim Smith, English soccer midfielder and manager (Birmingham City, QPR, Portsmouth, Derby County), dies at 79
  • 2020-04-14 Ron Wylie, Scottish soccer forward (Notts County, Aston Villa, Birmingham City) and manager (WBA), dies at 86