London in History

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 1,161

  • 1012-04-19 Martyrdom of Alphege in Greenwich, London

Westminster Abbey Consecrated

1065-12-28 New church devoted to St Peter the Apostle built by Edward the Confessor - later called the 'west minister' consecrated in London (rebuilt mid 13th century) [1]

  • 1212-07-10 The most severe of several early fires of London burns in Southwark, south of London Bridge

Historic Event

1291-11-28 Eleanor of Castile, wife of King Edward I of England, dies in Northamptonshire. Crosses are erected where her body rests on the way to London.

William Wallace Executed

1305-08-05 William Wallace, who led Scottish resistance to England, is captured by the English near Glasgow and transported to London for trial and execution.

Battle of Interest

1346-10-17 Battle of Neville's Cross: King David II of Scotland is captured by Edward III of England at Calais, and imprisoned in the Tower of London for eleven years

  • 1349-02-02 By this date at least 200 people a day were being buried in London as a result of the Black Death
  • 1373-06-13 Anglo-Portuguese Treaty of Perpetual Alliance (world's oldest still in existence) signed in London between King Edward III of England and King Ferdinand I of Portugal [1]
  • 1376-04-28 English "Good Parliament" begins meeting in London, will sit till 10th July, then the longest-sitting English parliament

Poll Tax Triggers the Peasants' Revolt

1381-06-14 Richard II in England meets leaders of the Peasants' Revolt on Blackheath. The Tower of London is stormed by rebels who enter without resistance.

  • 1395-12-11 John "Eleanor" Rykener, a male cross-dressing prostitute, is brought to court in London for "committing that detestable unmentionable and ignominious vice" in late medieval England's only recorded case on same-sex intercourse (verdict unknown)
  • 1434-11-24 River Thames in London freezes over

Historic Event

1471-04-11 Wars of the Roses: King Edward IV of England seizes London from Henry VI

  • 1471-05-21 King Edward IV enters London
  • 1478-02-18 George, Duke of Clarence, convicted of treason against his older brother Edward IV of England, is privately executed in the Tower of London (allegedly by being drowned in a butt of Malmsey wine).
  • 1483-04-09 Edward V (aged 12) succeeds his father Edward IV as king of England. He is never crowned, and disappears presumed murdered, after incarceration in the Tower of London with his younger brother Richard (the "Princes in the Tower")
  • 1497-06-24 Cornish traitors Michael An Gof and Thomas Flamank are executed at Tyburn, London
  • 1499-11-23 Flemish pretender to the English throne Perkin Warbeck hanged for reportedly attempting to escape from Tower of London. Invaded England in 1497, claiming to be the lost son of King Edward IV
  • 1529-11-03 1st sitting of the Reformation Parliament in London
  • 1534-04-17 Sir Thomas More confined in the Tower of London

Execution

1535-05-04 Five Carthusian monks from London Charterhouse monastery hung, drawn and quartered at Tyburn, London, for refusing to acknowledge Henry VIII as head of the Church of England

  • 1535-06-22 Cardinal John Fisher is beheaded on Tower Hill, London, for refusing to acknowledge Henry VIII as head of the Church of England

Execution

1536-05-19 Anne Boleyn, second wife of English King Henry VIII, is beheaded at the Tower of London on charges of adultery, incest and treason

  • 1541-11-09 Queen Catherine Howard (Henry VIII's fifth wife) confined in Tower of London
  • 1547-01-19 Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey, is executed in the Tower of London for treason
  • 1554-02-09 Battle at London: Sir Thomas Wyatt defeated and his rebellion against Queen Mary crushed
  • 1557-02-27 1st Russian Embassy arrives in London
  • 1568-07-13 Dean of St. Paul's London, Alexander Nowell perfects a way to bottle beer

Historic Event

1571-01-23 Queen Elizabeth I of England opens Royal Exchange in London

  • 1578-05-31 Martin Frobisher sails from Harwich, England, to Frobisher Bay, Canada. Eventually mines fools gold, famously used to pave the streets of London.
  • 1583-06-18 Richard Martin of London takes out first life insurance policy, on William Gibbons; premium was £383
  • 1587-03-01 Puritan English parliamentary leader Sir Peter Wentworth confined in London Tower
  • 1590-08-14 Publication of Christopher Marlowe's play "Tamburlaine the Great" is recorded by Stationers' Company of London (likely first performed 1587)
  • 1598-08-04 London's head office of Hanze closed
  • 1601-01-07 Robert, Earl of Essex, leads revolt in London against Queen Elizabeth
  • 1601-02-08 Robert Devereux, Earl of Essex in rebellion marches his forces into London
  • 1601-02-13 1st British East India Company voyage departs from London, lead by John Lancaster

Historic Event

1603-04-05 New English King James I (James VI of Scotland) departs Edinburgh for London

Historic Event

1606-12-26 First known performance of William Shakespeare's tragedy "King Lear" before the court of King James I at Whitehall, London

  • 1609-05-20 Shakespeare's Sonnets are first published in London, perhaps illicitly, by publisher Thomas Thorpe
  • 1609-10-12 Children's rhyme "Three Blind Mice" is published in London in a book edited by and possibly written by Thomas Ravenscroft
  • 1611-04-20 First known performance of Shakespeare's tragedy Macbeth at the Globe Theatre, London, recorded by Simon Forman

Historic Event

1616-03-20 Walter Raleigh released from Tower of London to seek gold in Guyana

Historic Event

1621-05-31 Sir Francis Bacon imprisoned in the Tower of London for 1 night

  • 1624-06-16 Virginia becomes an English crown colony following the bankruptcy of the London Company
  • 1624-09-12 1st submarine publicly tested in London on the Thames for King James I
  • 1628-11-24 John Ford's "Lover's Melancholy" premieres in London
  • 1640-11-11 Thomas Wentworth, Earl of Strafford, impeached by the House of Lords on the evidence of John Pym, and imprisoned in the Tower of London; he was later executed.

Historic Event

1642-01-10 King Charles I & family flee London for Oxford

Globe Theatre Fire

1642-09-06 English Long Parliament issues Ordinance ordering closure of London theatres including the Globe theatre, once part-owned by William Shakespeare

  • 1642-11-13 Battle at Turnham Green outside London: King Charles I vs English parliament
  • 1653-12-01 An athlete from Croydon is reported to have run 20 miles from St Albans to London in less than 90 minutes
  • 1660-01-01 General Moncks army battles with the Tweed on way to London
  • 1660-02-03 General Monck's army reaches London

Historic Event

1660-05-29 On his 30th birthday Charles II returns to London from exile in the Netherlands to claim the English throne after the Puritan Commonwealth comes to an end

Historic Event

1660-11-28 The Royal Society is formed at Gresham College, London, after a lecture by Christopher Wren, Gresham Professor of Astronomy

Appointment of Interest

1664-03-20 Scientist Robert Hooke is appointed Professor of Geometry at Gresham College, London

  • 1665-11-07 1st edition of "London Gazette" published as "The Oxford Gazette"
  • 1666-09-05 Great Fire of London ends, leaving 13,200 houses destroyed and 8 dead
  • 1666-09-06 After St Paul's Cathedral and much of the city had been burned down over four days, the Great Fire of London is finally extinguished.

Historic Event

1672-02-08 Isaac Newton reads 1st optics paper before Royal Society in London

  • 1673-02-20 1st recorded wine auction held in London
  • 1675-08-10 King Charles II and John Flamsteed lay the foundation stone of the Royal Observatory in Greenwich, London
  • 1677-02-16 Earl of Shaftesbury arrested and confined in the Tower of London

Historic Publication

1678-02-18 John Bunyan's "Pilgrim's Progress" is published in Holborn, London, by Nathaniel Ponder

  • 1678-02-27 Earl of Shaftesbury freed from the Tower of London
  • 1681-03-21 3rd Exclusion Parliament meets in London
  • 1681-10-24 Earl of Shaftesbury accused of high treason in London
  • 1682-02-09 Thomas Otway's "Venice Preserved" premieres in London
  • 1682-07-14 British composer Henry Purcell appointed organist of Chapel Royal, London
  • 1683-11-22 Purcell's "Welcome to All the Pleasures" premieres in London
  • 1688-11-26 King James II escapes back to London
  • 1688-12-10 King James II flees London
  • 1688-12-20 Prince William of Orange's troops arrive in London
  • 1693-02-27 1st women's magazine "Ladies' Mercury" published in London, England
  • 1695-04-30 William Congreve's Restoration comedy "Love for Love" premieres in London
  • 1696-11-21 J Vanbrughe's "Relapse or Virtue in Danger" premieres in London
  • 1697-12-02 St Paul's Cathedral, designed by Sir Christopher Wren is consecrated for use (previous building destroyed in the Great Fire of London)
  • 1698-01-04 Most of the Palace of Whitehall in London, the main residence of the English monarchs, is destroyed by fire

Execution

1701-05-23 Captain William Kidd is hanged in London after being convicted of piracy and the murder of William Moore

Theater Premiere

1705-04-23 Richard Steele's play "Tender Husband" premieres in London

  • 1705-11-23 Nicholas Rowe's play "Ulysses" premieres in London
  • 1709-01-11 Colley Cibber's play "Rival Fools" premieres in London

Music Premiere

1711-02-24 George Frideric Handel's opera "Rinaldo" premieres at Haymarket theatre in London

Historic Publication

1711-03-01 Richard Steele and Joseph Addison publish the 1st edition of "The Spectator" in London to "enliven morality with wit, and to temper wit with morality"

  • 1714-02-02 Nicholas Rowe's play "The Tragedy of Jane Shore" premieres in London

Theater Premiere

1715-04-20 Nicholas Rowe's play "The Tragedy of Lady Jane Grey" premieres in London

  • 1715-08-01 First Doggett's Coat and Badge race (Waterman's race) held on Thames River (London Bridge to Chelsea)
  • 1715-11-24 London's Thames River freezes over
  • 1717-06-24 1st Free Masons' grand lodge founded in London
  • 1717-07-17 George Frideric Handel's "Water Music" premieres repeatedly on a barge cruising the River Thames in London

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 1,981

Thomas Becket

1117-12-21 Thomas Becket, English archbishop of Canterbury (1162-1170), born in London, England (d. 1170)

  • 1201-08-09 Arnold Fitz Thedmar, English chronicler of the mayors and sheriffs of London in 1188–1274, born in London (d. 1274, death reported 1275)

Edward I

1239-06-17 Edward I, King of England (1272-1307) who subdued Wales, warred against Scotland and expelled Jews from England, born in London [or born 18 June] (d. 1307)

  • 1321-07-05 Joan of The Tower, Queen consort of Scotland, born in Tower of London, London (d. 1362)
  • 1453-10-13 Edward of Westminster, Prince of Wales and the only son of King Henry VI of England and Margaret of Anjou, born in London (d. 1471)
  • 1466-02-11 Elizabeth of York, Queen Consort of England and wife of King Henry VII, born in Westminster Palace, London (d. 1503)
  • 1475-11-02 Princess Anne of York, 5th daughter of King Edward IV, born in Palace of Westminster, London (d. 1511)
  • 1480-11-10 Bridget of York, English princess and nun, born in Eltham Palace, London (d. 1517)

Henry VIII

1491-06-28 Henry VIII, King of England (1509-47) who separated the Church of England from the Roman Catholic Church, born in London (d. 1547)

  • 1502-09-13 John Leland, English poet and antiquarian, born in London (d. 1552)
  • 1527-07-13 John Dee, English alchemist, astrologer and mathematician, born in London, England (d. 1609)

Elizabeth I

1533-09-07 Elizabeth I Tudor [Virgin Queen], Queen of England and Ireland (1558-1603) and daughter of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn, born in Greenwich, London (d. 1603)

  • 1540-01-25 Edmund Campion, English Catholic Jesuit priest & martyr, born in London, England (d. 1581)
  • 1551-05-02 William Camden, English historian (Brittania, Annales), born in London (d. 1623)

Thomas Kyd

1558-11-06 Thomas Kyd, English dramatist (Spanish Tragedy), born in London (d. 1594)

Francis Bacon

1561-01-22 Francis Bacon [Lord Verulam], English statesman, Lord Chancellor (1617-21) and philosopher (Novum Organum), born in London (d. 1626)

  • 1566-09-01 Edward Alleyn, English actor and founder of Dulwich College, born in London, England (d. 1626)

Ben Jonson

1572-06-11 Ben Jonson, English playwright and poet (Volpone, Alchemist), born in London (d. 1637)

  • 1573-07-15 Inigo Jones, English architect (Queen's House, Covent Garden), born in London, England (d. 1652)
  • 1579-07-13 Arthur Dee, English physician, born in Mortlake, London (d. 1651)
  • 1580-04-18 Thomas Middleton, English playwright (A Game at Chess), born in London (d. 1627)
  • 1588-09-10 Nicholas Lanier, English composer, born in London (d. 1666)
  • 1591-08-24 Robert Herrick, English poet ('Gather ye rosebuds while ye may'), baptized in London (d. 1674)
  • 1593-04-13 Thomas Wentworth, 1st earl of Strafford and Viceroy of Ireland, born in London, England (d. 1641)

Roger Williams

1603-12-21 Roger Williams, English theologian and colonist, born in London, England (d. 1684)

  • 1605-10-19 Thomas Browne, English philosopher and writer (Garden of Cyrus), born in London (d. 1682)

John Milton

1608-12-09 John Milton, English poet and puritan (Paradise Lost), born in London, England (d. 1674)

  • 1615-08-22 Christopher Gibbons, English composer, born in London (d. 1676)
  • 1620-04-24 John Graunt, English statistician, founder of science of demography, born in London (d. 1674)
  • 1627-01-28 Alfonso Marsh, English composer and lutenist, baptized in London (d. 1681)
  • 1628-01-30 George Villiers, 2nd duke of Buckingham, English statesman and poet, born in London (d. 1687)
  • 1629-09-21 Philip Howard, English Roman Catholic cardinal, born in London (d. 1694)

Charles II

1630-05-29 Charles II, King of England, Scotland and Ireland (1660-85), born in St James's Palace, London (d. 1685)

  • 1631-11-04 Mary, 1st British Princess Royal and the Princess of Orange, born in St James's Palace, London (d. 1660)
  • 1631-12-14 Anne Conway, English philosopher, born in London (d. 1679)

Samuel Pepys

1633-02-23 Samuel Pepys, English navy administrator and Member of Parliament famous for his Diary of the English Restoration period, born in London (d. 1703)

  • 1633-10-14 James II of England and James VII of Scotland [Stuart], King of England, Scotland and Ireland (1685-88), born in St. James's Palace, London (d. 1701)
  • 1635-08-11 Thomas Betterton, British actor and dramatist (Coriolanus), born in London, England (d. 1710)
  • 1637-12-06 Edmund Andros, English governor in North America, born in London (d. 1714)
  • 1638-12-24 Ralph Montagu, 1st Duke of Montagu, English diplomat, born in London, England (d. 1709) (baptism date)

William Penn

1644-10-14 William Penn, English Philosopher, Quaker and founder of Pennsylvania, born in London, England (d. 1718)

  • 1647-07-02 Daniel Finch, 2nd Earl of Nottingham, English Tory statesman, born in London (d. 1730)
  • 1650-02-02 Nell [Eleanor] Gwyn, English actress and mistress to King Charles II, born in London, England (d. 1687)
  • 1654-01-10 Joshua Barnes, English scholar, born in London, United Kingdom (d. 1712)

Daniel Defoe

1660-09-13 Daniel Defoe, English novelist (Robinson Crusoe), born in London, England (d. 1731)

  • 1662-04-30 Mary II, Queen of England, Scotland and Ireland (1689-94), born in St James's Palace, London (d. 1694)
  • 1664-01-24 John Vanbrugh, dramatist/architect (baptized), born in London, England
  • 1664-07-21 Matthew Prior, English poet and diplomat, born in London (d. 1721)

Anne Stuart

1665-02-06 Anne Stuart, Queen of Great Britain (1702-14), born in St James's Palace, London (d. 1714)

  • 1670-07-19 Richard Leveridge, English bass singer and composer, born in St Martin-in-the-Fields, London (d. 1758)
  • 1671-11-06 Colley Cibber, English actor, dramatist and Poet Laureate (1730-57), born in London (d. 1757)
  • 1673-08-11 Richard Mead, physician, born in London, England
  • 1678-12-14 Daniel Neal, English historian, born in London (d. 1743)
  • 1682-04-16 John Hadley, English mathematician and inventor (octant), born in Bloomsbury, London (d. 1744)
  • 1683-10-25 Charles FitzRoy, 2nd Duke of Grafton, British politician, born in London (d. 1757)
  • 1684-02-22 William Pulteney, statesman (Earl of Bath), born in London, England
  • 1686-04-09 James Craggs the Younger, English politician, born in Westminster, London (d. 1721)

Alexander Pope

1688-05-21 Alexander Pope, English poet (Rape of the Lock, translation of Homer) (d. 1744), born in London, England

  • 1688-06-10 James Francis Edward Stuart "The old Pretender", Jacobite claimant to the thrones of England and Scotland after the death of his father James II, born in St James's Palace, London, Kingdom of England (d. 1766)
  • 1691-10-01 Arthur Onslow, English politician (Speaker of the House of Commons 1728-61), born in Kensington, London (d. 1768)
  • 1693-02-04 George Lillo, bourgeois English dramatist (London Merchant)
  • 1693-02-24 James Quin, British actor (Covent Garden Theatre), born in London, England (d. 1766)
  • 1694-04-25 Richard Boyle, 3rd Earl of Burlington, English architect, born in London (d. 1753)
  • 1696-08-12 Maurice Greene, English composer, born in London (d. 1755)
  • 1697-11-10 William Hogarth, English satiric painter and engraver (Rake's Progress), born in London (d. 1764)
  • 1702-06-26 Philip Doddridge, English Nonconformist clergyman, born in London (d. 1751)
  • 1703-11-26 Theophilus Cibber, English actor and writer, born in London, England (d. 1758)
  • 1705-09-28 Henry Fox, 1st Baron Holland, English corrupt politician (Chiswick), born in Kensington, London (d. 1774)
  • 1706-06-21 John Dollond, British optician and owner of 1st patent for achromatic lens, born in London, England (d. 1761)

Thomas Arne

1710-03-12 Thomas Arne, British composer (Rule Britannia, A-Hunting We Will Go), born in London (d. 1778)

  • 1711-09-11 William Boyce, English organist/composer (Cathedral Music), born in London (d. 1779) baptized date
  • 1711-09-26 Richard Grenville-Temple, 2nd Earl Temple, English politician, born in London (d. 1779)
  • 1712-01-17 John Stanley, English blind composer and organist, born in London (d. 1786)
  • 1714-01-06 Percivall Pott, English physician, born in London, United Kingdom (d. 1788)
  • 1715-04-03 William Watson, English physician and scientist, born in London (d. 1787)
  • 1715-04-11 John Alcock, English composer and organist, born in London (d. 1806)
  • 1717-09-24 Horace Walpole, British horror writer (Castle of Otranto), born in London (d. 1797)
  • 1718-07-05 Francis Seymour-Conway, 1st Marquess of Hertford, Viceroy of Ireland, born in Chelsea, London (d. 1794)
  • 1721-04-14 William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland, English army leader, born in London (d. 1765)
  • 1722-07-16 Joseph Wilton, English sculptor (Westminster Abbey), born in London (d. 1803)

William Blackstone

1723-07-10 William Blackstone, English jurist (Blackstone's Commentaries), born in London, England (d. 1780)

  • 1725-07-24 John Newton, English cleric and hymnist, born in Wapping, London (d. 1807)

John Wilkes

1725-10-17 John Wilkes, English radical, journalist (The North Briton) and politician, born in London (d. 1797)

  • 1726-03-08 Richard Howe, British admiral, born in London (d. 1799)
  • 1728-07-03 Robert Adam, Scottish architect and designer (Adelphi Terrace, London), born in Kirkcaldy, Scotland (d. 1792)
  • 1730-03-27 Thomas Tyrwhitt, English classical scholar and critic, born in London (d. 1786)

Frederick North

1732-04-13 Frederick North, Lord North, Prime Minister of Great Britain (Tory: 1770-82), "who lost America", born in London (d. 1792)

  • 1735-05-08 Sir Nathaniel Dance-Holland, English painter, born in London (d. 1811)
  • 1737-07-31 Princess Augusta Frederica of Great Britain, born in London, England (d. 1813)
  • 1737-08-11 Joseph Nollekins, sculptor, born in London, England

George III

1738-06-04 George III, King of Great Britain and Ireland and King/Elector of Hanover (1760-1820), born in London (d. 1820)

Arthur Phillip

1738-10-11 Arthur Phillip, British admiral, 1st Governor of New South Wales (1788-92), born in Cheapside, London (d. 1814)

Charles Cornwallis

1738-12-31 Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis, British general and colonial administrator (leading British general in the American War of Independence), born in London (d. 1805)

Joseph Banks

1743-02-13 Joseph Banks, English botanist and naturalist who accompanied James Cook on board the Endeavour, born in London (d. 1820)

  • 1744-10-27 Mary Moser, English painter (Flowers Still Life), born in London (d. 1819)
  • 1745-02-20 Henry James Pye, English poet, British Poet Laureate (1790-1813), born in London (d. 1813)
  • 1746-09-28 William Jones, British orientalist and jurist (Indo-European languages), born in London (d. 1794)
  • 1748-02-15 Jeremy Bentham, English philosopher/originator (Utilitarian), born in London, England

Famous Weddings

William Blake

1782-08-18 Romantic Age poet and artist William Blake (24) marries Catherine Boucher (19) in St. Mary's Church, Battersea, London

John Quincy Adams

1797-07-26 US President John Quincy Adams (29) weds Louisa Johnson (22) at All Hallows Barking parish in London

William Lamb

1805-06-03 Lady Caroline Ponsonby (19) marries future Prime Minister William Lamb, Lord Melbourne (26) in London

Robert Peel

1820-07-14 British PM Robert Peel (32) weds Sir John Floyd's daughter Julia at St George's, Hanover Square in London

Wedding of Interest

1846-09-12 Poet and playwright Robert Browning (34) weds fellow poet Elizabeth Barrett (40) at Marylebone Church in London

John A. Macdonald

1867-02-16 Prime Minister of Canada John A. Macdonald (52) weds Agnes Bernard (30) at St George's Church in Hanover Square, London

Camille Pissarro

1871-06-14 Impressionist painter Camille Pissarro (40) weds Julie Vellay in London

Archibald Primrose

1878-03-20 53rd UK Prime Minister Archibald Primrose (31) weds heiress Hannah de Rothschild (27) at the Board of Guardians in Mount Street, London

George Eliot

1880-05-06 Novelist Mary Ann Evans (George Eliot) (60) marries banker John Cross (40) at George's, London

Oscar Wilde

1884-05-29 Irish writer Oscar Wilde marries Constance Lloyd at St. James Church, Paddington, London

Wedding of Interest

1886-12-02 26th US President Theodore Roosevelt (28) weds second wife Edith Kermit Carow (25) in London

Rudyard Kipling

1893-01-18 British Poet and writer Rudyard Kipling (26) marries Carrie Balestier (29) in London

George Bernard Shaw

1896-06-01 Irish playwright George Bernard Shaw (41) marries Charlotte Frances Payne-Townshend (41) in Covent Garden, London.

John Jellicoe

1902-07-01 British admiral John Jellicoe (42) weds Gwendoline Cayzer at Holy Trinity in London

Robert Falcon Scott

1908-09-02 Naval officer Robert Scott (40) weds sculptress Kathleen Bruce (30) at the Chapel Royal in London, England

Beatrix Potter

1913-10-15 Author Beatrix Potter (47) weds solicitor William Heelis at St Mary Abbots in Kensington, London

Elsa Schiaparelli

1914-07-21 Fashion designer Elsa Schiaparelli (23) marries Wilhelm Frederick Wendt de Kerlor (30) in London

T. S. Eliot

1915-06-26 Poet T. S. Eliot (26) weds governess Vivienne Haigh-Wood (27) at Hampstead Register Office in London

Lord Mountbatten

1922-07-18 British naval officer Louis Mountbatten (22) weds Lord Mount Temple's daughter Edwina Cynthia Annette Ashley (20) at St. Margaret's in Westminster, London

Margaret Sanger

1922-09-18 Nurse Margaret Sanger (43) weds James Noah Henry Slee in Bloomsbury, London

Alfred Hitchcock

1926-12-02 Film director and producer Alfred Hitchcock (27) weds director Alma Reville (27) at Brompton Oratory in London

Graham Greene

1927-10-15 Writer Graham Greene (23) weds Vivien Dayrell-Browning at St. Mary's Church in Hampstead, North London

James Joyce

1931-07-04 Irish writer (Ulysses) James Joyce and Nora Barnacle finally marry in London registry office after meeting in 1904.

  • 1941-04-19 Youngest Mitford sister Deborah Mitford marries Andrew Cavendish, son of the Duke of Devonshire in London

Peter Cushing

1943-04-10 Actor Peter Cushing (29) weds actress Violet Helene Beck in London, England

Enid Blyton

1943-10-20 British Children's writer Enid Blyton marries 2nd husband surgeon Kenneth Fraser Darrell Waters at City of Westminster registry office, London

Wedding of Interest

1947-11-20 Future British Queen Princess Elizabeth II (21) weds Lt Philip Mountbatten (26) in Westminster Abbey, London

David Lean

1949-05-21 Film director David Lean (41) weds actress and producer Ann Todd (40) in London

Angela Lansbury

1949-08-12 Multi-Tony award-winning actress Angela Lansbury (23) weds actor and producer Peter Shaw (31) at St. Columba's Presbyterian Church of Scotland in London, England

Peter Sellers

1951-09-15 Actor Peter Sellers (26) weds actress Anne Howe in London, England

Margaret Thatcher

1951-12-13 Future British PM Margaret Roberts (26) weds businessman Denis Thatcher (36) at Wesley's Chapel in City Road, London

Anthony Eden

1952-08-14 UK Prime Minister Anthony Eden (55) weds UK prime minister's niece Clarissa Spencer-Churchill (32) in a civil ceremony at Caxton Hall, London

Wedding of Interest

1956-06-16 British Poet Laureate Ted Hughes weds American writer and poet Sylvia Plath at St George the Martyr Holborn in London, England

Christopher Plummer

1962-05-04 Actor Christopher Plummer (32) weds columnist Patricia Lewis at the Marylebone Registry office in London

Richie Benaud

1967-07-26 Australian cricket captain and broadcaster Richie Benaud (35) weds second wife Daphne Surfleet in London

Wedding of Interest

1968-01-20 Actress Sharon Tate (24) weds actor and director Roman Polanski (34) in Chelsea, London

Wedding of Interest

1969-03-12 Beatle Paul McCartney (26) marries American photographer Linda Eastman (27) at Marylebone Register's Office in London

David Bowie

1970-03-20 British snger David Bowie (23) weds British model Angie Barnett, (20) at Bromley Register Office in Beckenham Lane, London; divorce in 1980

Judi Dench

1971-02-05 Actress Judi Dench (36) weds actor Michael Williams (35) at St Mary's Catholic Church in Hampstead, London

  • 1973-07-04 British Army officer Andrew Parker Bowles (33) weds Camilla Rosemary Shand (26) at Guards Chapel in Birdcage Walk in London, England

Wedding of Interest

1981-07-29 His Royal Highness Charles, Prince of Wales weds Lady Diana Spencer at St Paul's Cathedral, London

Roald Dahl

1983-12-15 Author Roald Dahl (67) weds Liccy Crosland (45) at Brixton Town Hall in South London

  • 1984-08-18 Duran Duran keyboardist Nick Rhodes (22) weds Des Moines department store heiress Julie Anne Friedman (25) at London registrar's office
  • 1986-07-23 Britain's Prince Andrew (26) weds Sarah Ferguson (26) at Westminster Abbey in London, England

Hugh Laurie

1989-06-16 Actor Hugh Laurie (30) weds theatre administrator Jo Green in Camden, London

Andrew Lloyd Webber

1991-02-09 Composer Andrew Lloyd Webber (42) weds (his 3rd) equestrian Madeleine Gurdon (28) in Westminster, London

  • 1993-10-08 Queen Elizabeth's nephew Viscount Linley (32) weds Serena Stanhope (24) at St. Margaret’s Church in London
  • 1994-07-14 Princess Margaret's daughter Sarah Armstrong-Jones (30) weds ex-actor and fellow artist Daniel Chatto (37) at St. Stephen Walbrook Church in London
  • 1995-07-01 Crown Prince of Greece and the oldest son of the deposed King Constantine of Greece, Pavlos (28) weds Robert W. Miller's daughter Marie-Chantal Miller (26) at London's Cathedral of Saint Sophia

Antonio Banderas

1996-05-14 Actor Antonio Banderas (35) weds actress Melanie Griffith (38) at the Westminster register office in London

  • 1999-07-09 Princess Alexia of Greece and Denmark (33) weds architect and yachtsman Carlos Morales Quintana (28) at St. Sophia Cathedral in London, England

Eric Clapton

2002-01-01 British guitar legend Eric Clapton (56) weds Melia McEnery (25) at St. Mary Magdalen Church in Surrey, London

  • 2002-02-17 Actress Joan Collins (68) weds theater company manager Percy Gibson at Claridge's Hotel in London

Gwen Stefani

2002-09-14 American "No Doubt" singer Gwen Stefani (42) weds British "Bush" singer and guitarist Gavin Rossdale (46) at St. Paul's Church in London, England; divorce in 2016

  • 2004-07-31 Lady Davina Windsor (26) weds surfer and the first Maori to marry into the Royal Family Gary Lewis (33) at the chapel in Kensington Palace in London
  • 2004-12-31 English actor Terence Stamp (64) weds Elizabeth O'Rourke (23) in London
  • 2005-09-10 British television presenter Kate Garraway (38) weds former political lobbyist Derek Draper (38) at St. Mary The Virgin parish church in London, England
  • 2005-11-11 Millionaire Nasir Khan weds "Footballers' Wives" actress Laila Rouass (34) in London
  • 2005-11-30 "Only Fools and Horses" actor David Jason (65) weds Gill Hinchcliffe at Buckingham Palace in London
  • 2005-12-15 "Eastenders" actress Elaine Lordan (39) weds BBC manager Peter Manuel at Islington Town Hall in London
  • 2006-01-05 Adult film actress Linsey Dawn McKenzie (27) weds former Wimbledon F.C. and Northern Ireland footballer Mark Williams (35) at the central London register office
  • 2006-01-28 London Broncos rugby football player Craig Gower (27) weds TV personality and model Amanda Flynn (24) in Sydney, Australia
  • 2006-04-08 Spanish model and actress Ines Sastre (32) weds Alexandro Corrias at Brompton Oratory in South Kensington, London
  • 2006-06-19 "Savage Garden" pop singer Darren Hayes (34) weds animator Richard Cullen in London
  • 2006-09-02 "7th Heaven" actor Jeremy London (33) weds actress Melissa Cunningham at Hidden Chateau and Garden in West Hills, California
  • 2006-12-09 "The Office" actress Lucy Davis (33) weds actor Owain Yeoman (28) at St. Paul's Cathedral in London
  • 2008-02-14 Oasis singer Liam Gallagher (35) weds All Saints singer Nicole Appleton (33) at Westminster Register Office in London
  • 2008-02-19 "The Lord of The Rings" actor Sean Bean (49) weds actress Georgina Sutcliffe (29) at Marylebone Registry Office in central London
  • 2010-05-16 British comedian David Walliams (38) weds supermodel Lara Stone (26) at Claridge's Hotel in London

Wedding of Interest

2011-04-29 Royal wedding of Duke and Duchess of Cambridge, Prince William and Catherine [Kate] Middleton held at Westminister Abbey, London

  • 2011-10-09 Musician Paul McCartney (69) weds New Yorker Nancy Shevell (51) in a civil ceremony at Old Marylebone Town Hall, London

David Tennant

2011-12-30 Scottish actor David Tennant (40) weds actress Georgia Moffett (27), daughter of Peter Davison, the Fifth Doctor, in London

  • 2012-05-12 McFly guitarist Tom Fletcher (27) weds actress Giovanna Falcone (27) at One Marylebone in London
  • 2012-06-17 "Revenge" actress Ashley Madekwe (30) weds "Secret Diary Of A Call Girl" actor Iddo Goldberg (36) in London, England
  • 2012-08-26 "Bridesmaids" actor Chris O'Dowd (32) weds British TV presenter Dawn Porter (33) at an intimate ceremony with family and friends in London
  • 2012-09-15 Briitish "Eurythmics" singer Annie Lennox (57) weds Harvard-educated gynecologist Mitch Besser (57) on a private boat on the Thames River in London
  • 2012-09-29 "The Lovely Bones" actor Stanley Tucci (52) formally weds British literary agent Felicity Blunt at Middle Temple Hall in London
  • 2012-12-21 Rolling Stones guitarist Ronnie Wood (65) weds theater producer Sally Humphreys (34) at Dorchester Hotel in London
  • 2014-05-16 Supermodel and socialite Poppy Delevingne (28) weds James Cook in London
  • 2014-07-04 Reef band guitarist Jesse Wood (37) weds TV presenter Fearne Cotton (32) in London
  • 2015-07-10 Fashion model Nicky Hilton (31) weds banker James Rothschild at Kensington Palace in London
  • 2015-07-12 Former football player Ledley King (35) weds long-term girlfriend Amy Kavanagh at Syon House in West London
  • 2015-09-05 Actress Jessica Raine (33) weds actor Tom Goodman-Hill in London
  • 2015-11-28 Actor Kelvin Fletcher (31) weds actress Elizabeth Marsland (32) in London
  • 2015-12-20 Broadcaster Christine Bleakley (36) weds footballer Frank Lampard (37) at Saint Paul's Church in Knightsbridge, London

Rupert Murdoch

2016-03-04 Media mogul Rupert Murdoch (84) and model Jerry Hall (59) marry in a private civil ceremony at Spencer House in London

  • 2016-05-28 TV presenter Rick Edwards (37) weds Eastenders star Emer Kenny (26) at Kew Gardens in London, England

Famous Deaths

  • 1189-09-03 Jacob of Orleans, Rabbi, killed in anti Jewish riot in London England
  • 1275-02-10 Arnold Fitz Thedmar, English chronicler of the mayors and sheriffs of London in 1188–1274, reported to have died at 73 (probably died 1274)

ExecutionWilliam Wallace

1305-08-23 Scottish patriot William Wallace is hanged, disemboweled and beheaded at Smithfield, London

  • 1381-06-15 Wat Tyler, leader of English Peasants' Revolt is beheaded in London
  • 1401-02-19 William Sawtree, 1st English religious martyr, burned in London
  • 1471-05-21 King Henry VI of England (1422-1471) is executed in the Tower of London at 49
  • 1534-04-20 Elizabeth Barton [St Magd van Kent], English nun, prophet and only woman whose head was on a spike on London Bridge, hanged for treason

ExecutionAnne Boleyn

1536-05-19 Anne Boleyn, Queen of England (1533-36), second wife of Henry VIII, beheaded at the Tower of London on charges of adultery, incest and treason aged between 28 to 35

  • 1541-05-27 Margaret Pole, 8th Countess of Salisbury, daughter of George, Duke of Clarence, beheaded at 67 for treason in Tower of London by Henry VIII
  • 1542-02-13 Jane Boleyn, Viscountess Rochford, sister-in-law of King Henry VIII of England, beheaded in the Tower of London at 36 or 37
  • 1583-07-06 Edmund Grindal, English bishop of London/archbhp of York, dies at 64
  • 1605-04-06 John Stow, English historian (Survey of London), dies
  • 1615-09-27 Arbella Stuart, English great-great-granddaughter of King Henry VII and possible heir to the throne, dies imprisoned in the Tower of London at 39 or 40
  • 1645-01-10 William Laud, English Archbishop of Canterbury, beheaded, for treason, in the Tower of London at 71
  • 1688-09-02 Robert Viner, Lord Mayor of London (b. 1631)
  • 1704-06-18 Thomas "Tom" Brown, English translator and writer of satire (Amusements Serious and Comical, calculated for the Meridian of London), dies at 41
  • 1724-11-11 Joseph Blake, alias "Blueskin", a highwayman known for attacking "Thief-Taker General" (and thief) Jonathan Wild at the Old Bailey, is hanged in London. (b. c. 1700)

Isaac Newton

1727-03-31 Isaac Newton, English physicist and astronomer (Principia), dies in London at 84

  • 1733-01-25 Gilbert Heathcote, Mayor of London (b. 1652)
  • 1792-03-03 Robert Adam, Scottish architect and designer (Adelphi Terrace, London), dies at 63

Edward Gibbon

1794-01-16 Edward Gibbon, English historian (The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire), dies in London at 56

Benedict Arnold

1801-06-14 Benedict Arnold, American general and turncoat (American Revolutionary War), dies of delirium in London at 60

Robert Peel

1850-07-02 Robert "Bobbie" Peel, British Prime Minister (Tory/Conservative/Peelite: 1834-35; 1841-46), founder of the British Conservative Party and the modern police force (Bobbies), dies after falling from a horse at 62

  • 1853-03-08 Edward John Dent, British clockmaker to Queen Victoria and commissioned to make Big Ben, London (completed after his death by his son Frederick Dent), dies at 62
  • 1866-08-22 George Shillibeer, pioneer of London's 1st bus service, dies

Thomas Carlyle

1881-02-05 Thomas Carlyle, Scottish historian and essayist (The French Revolution), dies in London at 85

Dion Boucicault

1890-09-18 Dion Boucicault [Dionysus Lardner Boursiquot], Irish actor and playwright (Rip van Winkle, London Assurance), dies at 67

  • 1896-06-10 Amelia Dyer, English murderer of 300 infants, hanged at Newgate Prison, London (b. 1829)
  • 1896-10-03 William Morris, artist and writer associated with Arts and Crafts movement, dies at 62 London
  • 1898-11-20 John Fowler, English engineer (London Metropolitan Railway), dies at 81
  • 1906-04-20 Australian wombat; oldest known marsupial, dies in London Zoo at 26 (London, England)
  • 1907-05-19 Benjamin Baker, English civil engineer who designed the bridge over the Firth of Forth, Scotland and the London underground, dies at 67
  • 1908-08-25 Eyre Massey Shaw, British first chief of London Fire Brigade, dies at 78
  • 1916-11-22 Jack London, American activist and author (Call of the Wild), dies at 40
  • 1922-06-22 Henry H Wilson, Field Marshal, murdered in London
  • 1924-05-29 Pierre-Paul Cambon, French diplomat (Madrid/London), dies
  • 1927-02-05 Inayat Khan, Indian singer, musicologist, and philosopher (founder of Sufi Order - London, 1914), dies at 44
  • 1940-04-18 Herbert Albert Laurens Fisher, English historian & politician, dies after being hit by a car during London blackout at 75
  • 1941-08-14 Josef Jakobs, German spy, executed in Tower of London
  • 1943-04-30 Beatrice Potter Webb, British sociologist, economist (founded London School of Economics) and writer (My Apprenticeship), dies at 85
  • 1944-06-02 Vera Menchik, Russian born British chess master, 1st official Women's World Chess Champion (1927-39), dies in a London air raid at 38
  • 1944-08-19 Henry Wood, British conductor associated with London's promenade "Proms" concerts (Gentle Art of Singing; My Life of Music), dies following an illness at 75
  • 1946-02-08 Miles Mander, British actor (Tower of London, Wuthering Heights, Murder!), dies from a heart attack at 57
  • 1947-10-13 Sydney Webb, English socialist and economist (founded London School of Economics) and husband of Beatrice Webb, dies at 88
  • 1948-03-10 Jan Masaryk, Czech statesman and Minister to London (1918-35), commits suicide or is murdered at 61

George Orwell

1950-01-21 George Orwell, British author (Animal Farm, Nineteen Eighty-Four), dies in London at 46

  • 1950-04-08 Vaslav Fromich Nijinsky, Ukrainian ballet dancer, dies in London
  • 1952-11-29 Rosa Lewis, English chef and owner (Cavendish Hotel London), dies at 85
  • 1956-06-11 Ralph Morgan [Wupperman], American actor (Creeper, Imposter, Jack London), dies at 73
  • 1963-07-10 John Sutton, British actor (The Three Musketeers, Tower of London, Return of Fly), dies of heart attack at 54

T. S. Eliot

1965-01-04 T. S. Eliot, American-born British poet (The Waste Land) and Nobel laureate (1948), dies in London at 76

  • 1969-12-28 Henry Oscar, English stage and film actor (Saint in London), dies at 78
  • 1974-07-29 "Mama" Cass Elliot, American rock vocalist (Mamas & The Papas - "California Dreaming"), dies from a heart attack in London at 32
  • 1975-07-07 Jacob Bjerknes, Norwegian-American meteorologist (USAF in London), dies at 77
  • 1976-04-26 Neil McCallum, British-Canadian actor (Pete-Saber of London), dies at 45
  • 1976-07-30 Emil Solomon "Solly" Sachs, South African socialist, dies in London
  • 1977-03-08 Henry Hull, American actor (Werewolf of London, Boys Town), dies at 86
  • 1980-01-07 Sarah Selby, American actress (Tower of London), dies at 74
  • 1980-09-03 Barbara O'Neil, American actress (Tower of London, Stella Dallas), dies at 70
  • 1983-08-01 Peter Arne, actor (Straw Dogs), bludgeoned to death in London at 62
  • 1985-03-24 George London, Canadian bass-baritone (Rigoleto- "Monterone"), dies at 64
  • 1986-02-01 Dick James [Leon Vapnick], British dance band vocalist and Beatles' music publisher (Northern Songs), dies of a heart attack at 65
  • 1986-06-03 Anna Neagle, English actress (London Melody, Nurse Edith Cavell), dies at 81
  • 1988-10-27 Charles Hawtrey, English actor (Carry On films), dies near London at 73
  • 1988-12-07 Peter Langan, Irish restaurateur (Langans London), dies in fire
  • 1989-01-19 Norma Varden, actress (Loose in London), dies
  • 1992-08-15 Martha Blackburn, Canada newspaper publisher (London Free Press), dies at 48
  • 1993-05-27 Jan Wiley, actress (Underdog, Brute Man, She Wolf of London), dies
  • 1993-08-08 Roy London, American actor and director (Tiger Warsaw), dies of lymphoma at 50
  • 1994-04-16 Samuel "Sam" Selvon, Trinidad-born writer (The Lonely Londoners), dies at 70
  • 1994-08-15 Shepherd Mead, American writer (How to Succeed in Business Without Really Trying), dies of stroke at 80
  • 1995-05-05 Anthony Wagner, Officer of Arms at the College of Arms in London, dies at 86
  • 1995-09-18 Doreen Cannon, teacher of acting (London), dies at 64
  • 1996-07-27 Peter James Frederick Green, CEO (LLoyd's of London), dies at 71
  • 1996-10-11 Arthur Walter Lucas, first Chief Restorer of the National Gallery, London, dies at 80
  • 1998-01-13 Andrew Rutherford, Scottish scholar and Vice-Chancellor of the University of London (1994-97), dies at 68
  • 2001-02-14 Alan Ross, British poet and editor (London Magazine), dies at 78
  • 2003-09-07 Warren Zevon, American rock singer-songwriter and musician ("Werewolves of London"; "Lawyers, Guns and Money"; "Excitable Boy"), dies of pleural mesothelioma at 56
  • 2006-01-02 Osa Massen [Aase Madsen Iversen], Dutch actress (Jack London, Rocketship X-M), dies at 91
  • 2011-05-26 Ben Roberts, British industrial relations expert (London School of Economics), dies at 93
  • 2011-08-04 Mark Duggan is shot by police in London at 29, sparking widespread riots
  • 2013-05-22 Fusilier Lee Rigby, British Army soldier, murdered near the Royal Artillery Barracks in London by two Islamic terrorists, Michael Adebolajo and Michael Adebowale
  • 2014-01-20 Claudio Abbado, Italian conductor (La Scala, 1969-86; London Symphony, 1979-87; Berlin Philharmonic, 1989-2002), dies of stomach cancer at 80
  • 2014-04-10 Richard Hoggart, British author (The Uses of Literacy: Aspects of Working Class Life) and warden (Goldsmith's College London), dies at 95
  • 2016-02-08 John Disley, Welsh athlete (co-founded London Marathon), dies at 87
  • 2016-03-31 Zaha Hadid, British architect (London Aquatic Centre), dies at 65
  • 2016-08-09 Bob Kiley, American public transit specialist (New York, London), dies at 80
  • 2019-02-28 André Previn [Andreas Priwin], German-American conductor (London Symphony, 1968-79; Pittsburgh Symphony, 1975-85), film score composer (My Fair Lady), and jazz pianist, dies at 89-ish