London in History (Part 2)

Historical Events

Events 101 - 200 of 1,162

  • 1718-05-15 James Puckle, a London lawyer, patents world's 1st machine gun
  • 1721-03-09 British Chancellor Exchequer John Aislabie confined in London Tower
  • 1722-11-07 Richard Steele's "Conscious Lovers" premieres in London

Music Premiere

1723-01-12 George Frideric Handel's opera "Ottone" premieres at the King's Theatre London

Historic Event

1724-01-01 Glassblower Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit proposes system for making thermometers and the Fahrenheit temperature scale in a paper to the Royal Society of London and is elected a fellow on its basis

Historic Event

1725-01-04 Benjamin Franklin arrives in London [OS=Dec 24 1724]

  • 1726-05-09 Three men arrested during a February raid on Mother Clap's molly-house (a coffee house catering to homosexuals) in London are executed by hanging at Tyburn, England

Historic Publication

1726-10-28 "Gulliver's Travels" by Jonathan Swift is published by Benjamin Motte in London

  • 1728-01-29 John Gays' satiric work "The Beggar's Opera" premieres at the Lincoln's Inn Fields Theatre in London, England [NS=Feb 9]
  • 1728-02-28 George Frideric Handel's opera "Siroe, re di Persia" premieres in London
  • 1728-05-04 George Frideric Handel's opera "Tolomeo, re di Egitto" premieres in London
  • 1731-02-02 George Frideric Handel's opera "Poro" premieres in London
  • 1732-12-07 The Royal Opera House opens at Covent Garden, London, England
  • 1735-12-06 First recorded appendectomy performed by Claudius Amyand at St George's Hospital in London
  • 1736-02-19 George Frideric Handel's opera"Alexander's Feast" premieres at the Covent Garden Theatre, London
  • 1738-04-15 Premiere in London of "Serse", an Italian opera by George Frideric Handel

Historic Publication

1738-09-26 Scottish philosopher David Hume enters into a contract to publish the first two volumes of his seminal work "A Treatise of Human Nature" with John Noon in London

  • 1742-05-28 1st indoor swimming pool opens (Goodman's Fields, London)
  • 1743-03-23 George Frideric Handel's oratorio "Messiah" premieres at the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden, London
  • 1744-03-11 English auction house Sotheby's holds its first ever auction (of books) in London
  • 1745-02-15 Colley Cibbers "Papal Tyranny" premieres in London
  • 1747-01-31 The first venereal diseases clinic opens at London Lock Hospital, London

Scientific Discovery

1747-02-14 Astronomer James Bradley presents his discovery of the wobbling motion of the Earth on its axis to the Royal Society, London

  • 1749-01-16 Hoax article advertising fictitious theatrical performer "The Bottle Conjuror" drew huge crowds to the Haymarket Theatre, London, whose inevitable non-appearance caused a riot. It's alleged the Duke of Montagu perpetrated the fiasco to win a bet
  • 1749-04-27 First performance of George Frideric Handel's "Music For The Royal Fireworks"in Green Park, London
  • 1750-02-08 Minor earthquake in London

Historic Publication

1755-04-15 Samuel Johnson's "A Dictionary of the English Language" published in London

  • 1755-07-15 French ambassador recalled from London

British Museum Opens its Doors

1759-01-15 British Museum opens in Montague House, London

Historic Event

1763-04-30 Member of Parliament and journalist John Wilkes confined in the Tower of London, charged with seditious libel

  • 1763-05-16 Samuel Johnson 1st meets his future biographer James Boswell in London
  • 1766-12-05 World's largest auction house - Christie's hold their first sale in their permanent saleroom in Pall Mall, London
  • 1768-01-09 Philip Astley stages the world's first modern circus in London

Historic Event

1768-05-10 John Wilkes is imprisoned for writing an article for "The North Briton" severely criticizing King George III. This action provokes rioting in London.

  • 1772-01-01 First traveler's cheques go on sale in London, can be used in 90 European cities

Historic Event

1772-08-04 English poet and artist William Blake aged 14 is first apprenticed to engraver James Basire in London

  • 1773-03-18 Oliver Goldsmith's "She Stoops to Conquer" premieres in London
  • 1775-01-17 Richard Brinsley Sheridan's play "The Rivals" premieres in London

Historic Event

1775-11-11 Mohawk military leader Joseph Brant goes to London to solicit more support from the government and to persuade the Crown to address past Mohawk land grievances in exchange for their participation as allies in the impending war

United States Declaration of Independence

1776-08-10 American Revolutionary War: word of the United States Declaration of Independence reaches London.

  • 1777-05-01 RB Sheridan's "School for Scandal" premieres in London
  • 1777-08-04 Retired British cavalry officer Philip Astley establishes his riding school with performances in London, precursor of the circus
  • 1779-10-08 English engraver and poet William Blake begins study at the Royal Academy, Old Somerset House, London
  • 1780-06-02 Anti-Catholic demonstration attacks parliament in London
  • 1780-06-07 Anti-Catholic riot in London, hundreds die
  • 1783-11-03 John Austin, a footpad turned murderer, is the last to be publicly hanged at London's Tyburn gallows
  • 1783-12-09 First execution at Newgate Jail in London (now the site of the Central Criminal Court aka the Old Bailey), relocated from Tyburn (now the site of Marble Arch)
  • 1785-01-01 "Daily Universal Register" (Times of London) publishes 1st issue
  • 1785-01-13 John Walter publishes 1st issue of "The Times" of London
  • 1787-02-04 1st Anglican bishops of NY & Pennsylvania consecrated in London
  • 1788-01-01 London's Daily Universal Registrar becomes the Times
  • 1792-01-25 The London Corresponding Society is founded.
  • 1792-03-24 Benjamin West (US) becomes president of Royal Academy of London
  • 1792-10-02 Baptist Missionary Society forms in London
  • 1794-03-12 Theatre Royal in London's Dury Lane opens after being rebuilt
  • 1794-05-07 Influential Gothic romance "The Mysteries of Udolpho" is published by Ann Ratcliffe in London
  • 1797-05-12 Nore Mutiny: British Royal Navy sailors mutiny on the Thames, England and blockade London

Scientific Discovery

1800-03-20 Alessandro Volta reports his discovery of the electric battery in a letter to Joseph Banks, president of the Royal Society of London

  • 1801-10-01 Britain & France sign Preliminary of London
  • 1803-07-26 The Surrey Iron Railway, arguably the world's first public railway, opens in south London
  • 1804-02-24 London's Drury Lane Theatre burns to the ground, leaving owner Richard Brinsley Sheridan destitute

Historic Event

1806-01-09 Admiral Viscount Horatio Nelson receives a state funeral and is interred in St Paul's Cathedral, London

  • 1806-10-07 Carbon paper patented in London by inventor Ralph Wedgwood

Theater Premiere

1806-12-29 Thomas Dibdin's pantomime "Harlequin and Mother Goose" starring Joseph Grimaldi, in his most famous clown performance, opens at the Covent Garden Theatre, London

  • 1807-01-28 London's Pall Mall is 1st street lit by gaslight
  • 1809-09-18 Royal Opera House in London opens

Assassination of a British Prime Minister

1812-05-11 British Prime Minister Spencer Perceval is assassinated by John Bellingham in the lobby of the House of Commons, London. Ironically, descendants of both later stand for the same seat in Parliament at the same time but neither win.

  • 1812-09-03 World's first cannery (Donkin, Hall and Gamble) opens in London, England to supply food to the Royal Navy
  • 1812-10-14 Work on London's Regent's Canal starts.
  • 1814-08-13 Anglo-Dutch Treaty: Cape of Good Hope formally ceded to the British and transporting of slaves prohibited
  • 1814-10-17 A Beer Flood occurs in London killing nine.
  • 1814-11-28 The Times of London first printed by automatic, steam powered presses built by German inventors Friedrich Koenig and Andreas Friedrich Bauer - makes newspapers available to a mass audience

Historic Publication

1815-12-23 "Emma" By Jane Austen by published by John Murray in London [1]

Historic Publication

1816-05-25 Collection of poems by Samuel Taylor Coleridge published by John Murray in London, including "Kubla Khan" and "Christabel"

Historic Publication

1818-01-01 Mary Shelley's "Frankenstein; or, The Modern Prometheus" is published anonymously by the small London publishing house of Lackington, Hughes, Harding, Mavor, & Jones

  • 1820-01-12 Astronomical Society of London (now the Royal Astronomical Society) founded in England
  • 1820-08-01 London's Regent's Canal opens.
  • 1822-10-20 1st edition of London Sunday Times
  • 1823-04-22 Baltic Club (Exchange) forms in London
  • 1823-05-08 "Home! Sweet Home!" by John Howard Payne is 1st sung in London
  • 1824-02-16 Athenaeum club founded in London
  • 1824-05-10 The National Gallery in London opens to the public in its temporary home in a townhouse on Pall Mall

Historic Event

1824-05-17 The diaries of Lord Byron are burnt by six of the poet's friends at the office of John Murray in London, sometimes described as “the greatest crime in literary history”

  • 1826-02-11 University College London founded; known until 1836 as London University
  • 1826-04-12 Weber's opera "Oberon" premieres in London
  • 1828-04-27 Zoological Gardens at Regent's Park in London opens
  • 1828-10-25 St Katharine Docks opens in London, England
  • 1829-03-17 Final performance by famous clown Joseph Grimaldi at a benefit performance at Sadler's Wells, London
  • 1829-06-08 1st UK municipal swimming pool outside of London opens in Liverpool

‘Bobbies’ Take To The Streets Of London

1829-06-19 Robert Peel introduces the Metropolitan Police Act 1829 into Parliament to establish a unified police force for London, world's 1st modern police force

  • 1829-07-04 The first London bus "omnibus", operated by George Shillibeer, begins service between Marylebone Road and Bank Junction
  • 1829-09-29 The first units of the London Metropolitan Police appear on the streets of the British capital, the world's 1st modern police force

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 101 - 200 of 1,985

  • 1750-05-02 John André, British Army officer of the American Revolutionary War, born in London (d. 1780)
  • 1751-07-11 Caroline Matilda of Great Britain, Queen consort of Denmark and Norway, born in Leicester House, London, England (d. 1775)
  • 1753-08-03 Charles Stanhope, 3rd earl Stanhope, English radical politician and scientist, born in London (d. 1816)
  • 1755-04-11 James Parkinson, English physician (First description of Parkinson's disease) and political activist, born in Shoreditch, London (d. 1824)
  • 1757-03-27 Richard John Samuel Stevens, English composer, born in London (d. 1837)

Henry Addington

1757-05-30 Henry Addington, 1st Viscount Sidmouth, British Prime Minister (Tory: 1801-04), born in London (d. 1844)

William Blake

1757-11-28 William Blake, English poet and artist (Songs of Innocence & Experience), born in London, England (d. 1827)

  • 1758-04-04 John Hoppner, English portrait painter, born in Whitechapel, London (d. 1810)
  • 1758-05-17 John St Aubyn, British fossil collector, born in Golden Square, London (d. 1839)

Mary Wollstonecraft

1759-04-27 Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin, English writer and feminist (A Vindication of the Rights of Woman), mother of Mary Shelley, born in London (d. 1797)

  • 1760-10-01 William Beckford, British writer (Epsiodes of Vathek), born in Soho Square, London (d. 1844)
  • 1762-04-04 Stephen Storace, English composer, born in London (d. 1796)
  • 1762-08-12 George IV, King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and King of Hanover (1820-30), born in St James's Palace, London (d. 1830)
  • 1763-06-26 George Morland, English artist of rural landscapes, born in London (d. 1804)
  • 1764-04-03 John Abernethy, English surgeon, born in London, England (d. 1831)
  • 1764-06-21 Sidney Smith, British admiral, born in Westminster, London (d. 1840)
  • 1764-07-09 Ann Radcliffe, English Gothic novelist (The Mysteries of Udolpho, The Romance of the Forest), born in London (d. 1823)
  • 1764-12-03 Mary Lamb, British author (Tales from Shakespeare), born in London, England (d. 1847)
  • 1765-08-21 William IV, King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland (1830-37), born in Buckingham House, London (d. 1837)
  • 1768-05-17 Henry Paget, 1st Marquess of Anglesey, English general, born in London (d. 1854)
  • 1768-09-12 Benjamin Carr, American organist, composer, choirmaster, teacher, music publisher, and co-founder of Philadelphia's Music Fund Society, born in London (d. 1831)
  • 1768-11-08 Princess Augusta Sophia of the United Kingdom, 6th child and second daughter of King George III and Queen Charlotte, born in London (d. 1840)

George Canning

1770-04-11 George Canning, British Prime Minister (Tory: 1827) and Foreign Secretary, born in London, England (d. 1827)

  • 1770-05-22 Princess Elizabeth of the United Kingdom, 7th child and 3rd daughter of King George III and Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, born in Buckingham House, London (d. 1840)

Robert Jenkinson

1770-06-07 Robert Jenkinson, 2nd Earl of Liverpool, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (Tory: 1812-27), born in London (d. 1828)

  • 1771-06-05 Ernest Augustus I, Duke of Cumberland and King of Hanover (1837-51), born in Buckingham House, London (d. 1851)
  • 1771-08-22 Henry Maudslay, English inventor of the metal lathe, born in Woolwich, London (d. 1831)
  • 1772-04-19 David Ricardo, English economist (On the Principles of Political Economy and Taxation), born in London (d. 1823)
  • 1774-03-20 John Braham, English tenor singer and composer, born in London (d. 1856)
  • 1775-02-10 Charles Lamb, British critic/poet/essayist (Essays of Elia), born in London, England (d. 1834)
  • 1775-02-12 Louisa Adams, US First Lady (1825-29), born in London (d. 1852)
  • 1775-02-18 Thomas Girtin, artist/watercolorist, born in London, England

J. M. W. Turner

1775-04-23 J. M. W. Turner, English landscape painter (Shipwreck, Rain, Steam and Speed), born in Covent Garden, London (d. 1851)

  • 1775-07-09 Matthew Lewis, English novelist (The Monk), born in London (d. 1818)
  • 1776-02-23 John Walter II, chief proprietor (The Times, 1812-47), born in London, England
  • 1776-04-25 Princess Mary, Duchess of Gloucester and Edinburgh, born in Buckingham Palace, London (d. 1857)
  • 1777-10-06 William Russell, English composer and organist, born in London (d. 1813)
  • 1777-11-02 Princess Sophia of the United Kingdom, 5th daughter of King George III, born in Buckingham House, London (d. 1848)
  • 1778-06-07 Beau [George Bryan] Brummel, English dandy, born in London, England (d. 1840)

Joseph Grimaldi

1778-12-18 Joseph Grimaldi, English pantomimist and the "greatest clown in history", born in London (d. 1837)

Peter Mark Roget

1779-01-18 Peter Mark Roget, British lexicographer (Roget's Thesaurus) and inventor (slide rule, pocket chessboard), born in London (d. 1869)

William Lamb

1779-03-15 William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (Whig 1834, 1835-41), born in London (d. 1848)

  • 1779-04-21 William Knyvett, British singer and composer, born in Westminster, London (d. 1856)
  • 1782-07-19 Jonathan Blewitt, English organist and composer, born in London (d. 1853)

Charles Napier

1782-08-10 Charles Napier, British soldier and Major General of the Bombay Army who conquered Sindh and became its Governor (1843-47), born in Whitehall Palace, London (d. 1853)

  • 1783-05-22 Thomas Forbes Walmisley, English composer, born in Westminster, London (d. 1866)
  • 1785-09-25 George Pinto [Sanders], British violin prodigy, keyboard virtuoso, and composer,, born in Lambeth, South London (d. 1806)
  • 1786-01-11 Joseph Jackson Lister, British optician who perfected the optical microscope by designing the achromatic objective lens, born in London, England
  • 1787-11-04 Edmund Kean, British Shakespearean actor (Edmund Kean's Masonic Career), born in London, England (d. 1833)

Lord Byron

1788-01-22 Lord Byron [George Gordon Byron], English romantic poet (Don Juan), born in London (d. 1824)

  • 1789-03-17 Edmund Kean, British Shakespearean tragic actor (Shylock), born in London, England (d. 1833)
  • 1789-10-08 William John Swainson, English naturalist and artist, born in Newington, London (d. 1855)
  • 1790-08-19 Edward John Dent, British clockmaker to Queen Victoria and commissioned to make Big Ben, London (completed after his death by his son Frederick Dent), born in London, England (d. 1853)

Charles Babbage

1791-12-26 Charles Babbage, British inventor (calculating machine), born in London, England (d. 1871)

  • 1792-04-12 John George Lambton, British statesman (1st Earl of Durham), born in London, England (d. 1840)
  • 1792-09-27 George Cruikshank, English caricaturist and illustrator (Grimms' Fairy Tales), born in London, England (d. 1878)
  • 1792-10-03 Cipriani Potter, English pianist and composer, born in London (d. 1871)
  • 1792-11-13 Edward John Trelawny, English traveler and author (Adv of Younger Son), born in London (d. 1881)
  • 1793-03-03 William Charles Macready, British actor, manager, and diarist, born in London, England (d. 1873)
  • 1795-05-23 Charles Barry, British architect, born in London (d. 1860)

John Keats

1795-10-31 John Keats, English Romantic poet (Ode to a Grecian Urn), born in London (d. 1821)

  • 1796-01-24 Nicholas Mori, Anglo-Italian violinist & conductor, born in London, England (d. 1839)
  • 1796-10-09 Joseph Bonomi the Younger, English artist and Egyptologist, born in London, England (d. 1878)

Mary Shelley

1797-08-30 Mary Shelley, English author (Frankenstein), born in London, England (d. 1851)

  • 1798-01-29 Henry Neele, poet, born in London, England
  • 1799-05-23 Thomas Hood, English poet and composer (The Song of the Shirt), born in London (d. 1845)
  • 1800-04-15 James Clark Ross, British Royal Navy explorer (British Antarctic), born in London (d. 1862)
  • 1800-04-16 George Bingham, 3rd Earl of Lucan, British army officer (Charge of the Light Brigade), born in London, England (d. 1888)
  • 1802-07-26 Winthrop Mackworth Praed, English politician and poet, born in London, England (d. 1839)
  • 1802-08-14 Letitia Elizabeth Landon, English poet (Heath's Book of Beauty), born in Chelsea, London (d. 1838)
  • 1803-01-03 Douglas William Jerrold, author/playwright/wit (Punch Mag), born in London, England
  • 1804-10-05 Nicholas Wanostrocht [Felix], English amateur cricket batsman (Kent CCC, Surry CCC) and author (Felix on the Bat), born in London, England (d. 1876)

Benjamin Disraeli

1804-12-21 Benjamin Disraeli, 1st Earl of Beaconsfield, British Prime Minister (Tory: 1868, 1874-80) and writer, born in London (d. 1881)

  • 1805-01-27 Samuel Palmer, painter/etcher (Valley of Vision), born in London, England
  • 1805-09-07 Samuel Wilberforce, English bishop and one of the greatest public speakers of his day (remembered for his opposition to Darwin's theory of evolution), born in London (d. 1873)
  • 1808-07-31 Frederick Crouch, English-born composer, born in London, England (d. 1896)
  • 1809-11-27 Frances Anne "Fanny" Kemble, British Shakespearian actress (Juliet) and author, born in London, England (d. 1893)
  • 1810-08-14 Samuel Sebastian Wesley, English organist and composer, born in London (d. 1876)
  • 1810-09-29 Elizabeth Gaskell, English novelist (North and South), born in London, England (d. 1865)
  • 1811-02-24 Edward Dickinson Baker, American politician and Major General (Union Army), born in London, England (d. 1861)
  • 1811-04-17 Ann Mounsey, English composer, born in Soho, London (d. 1891)
  • 1811-07-20 James Bruce, 8th Earl of Elgin & Kincardine and Governor (Jamaica), born in London (d. 1863)

Robert Browning

1812-05-07 Robert Browning, English poet (Pied Piper), born in London, England (d. 1889)

  • 1812-12-14 Charles Canning, English 1st viceroy of British-Indies, born in Brompton, London (d. 1862)
  • 1813-03-02 George Alexander Macfarren, British composer and musicologist, born in London, England (d. 1887)
  • 1813-10-26 Henry Smart, English organist and composer, born in London (d. 1879)
  • 1814-04-21 Angela Burdett-Coutts, English philanthropist extrordinaire and "the richest heiress in England", born in London (d. 1906)
  • 1815-04-24 Anthony Trollope, English novelist and poet (Barchester Towers), born in London (d. 1882)

Ada Lovelace

1815-12-10 Ada Lovelace, English mathematician considered the first computer programmer, born in London (d. 1852)

  • 1817-02-23 George Watts, painter, born in London, England
  • 1817-04-18 George Henry Lewes, English philosophical writer (Life of Goethe), born in London (d. 1878)
  • 1817-07-15 John Fowler, English engineer (London Metropolitan Railway)
  • 1818-06-30 Edward John Hopkins, English organist and composer, born in London (d. 1901)
  • 1818-08-07 Henry Litolff, French composer and pianist, born in London, England (d. 1891)
  • 1818-09-16 Francis Seymour Haden, English surgeon and etcher, born in London (d. 1910)

Emperor Norton

1819-02-04 Emperor Norton [Joshua Abraham Norton], British born self proclaimed "Norton I, Emperor of the United States", born in London, England (d. 1880)

  • 1819-03-28 Sir Joseph Bazalgette, English civil engineer (London's Metropolitan Board of Works), born in Clay Hill, Enfield, London (d. 1891)

Queen Victoria

1819-05-24 Queen Victoria, Queen of the United Kingdom and Ireland (1837-1901), born in London (d. 1901)


Famous Weddings


Famous Deaths