London in History (Part 2)

Historical Events

Events 101 - 200 of 963

  • 1728-01-29 John Gays' "Beggar's Opera" premieres in London [NS=Feb 9]

Music releaseMusic Premiere

1728-02-28 George Frideric Handel's opera "Siroe, re di Persia" premieres in London

  • 1728-05-04 George Frideric Handel's opera "Tolomeo, re di Egitto" premieres in London
  • 1731-02-02 George Frideric Handel's opera "Poro" premieres in London
  • 1732-12-07 The Royal Opera House opens at Covent Garden, London.
  • 1738-04-15 Premiere in London of "Serse", an Italian opera by George Frideric Handel
  • 1742-05-28 1st indoor swimming pool opens (Goodman's Fields, London)
  • 1743-03-23 George Frideric Handel's oratorio "Messiah" premieres in London
  • 1744-03-11 English auction house Sotheby's holds its first ever auction (of books) in London
  • 1745-02-15 Colley Cibbers "Papal Tyranny" premieres in London
  • 1747-01-31 The first venereal diseases clinic opens at London Lock Hospital, London
  • 1747-02-14 Astronomer James Bradley presents his discovery of the wobbling motion of the Earth on its axis to the Royal Society, London
  • 1749-04-27 First performance of George Frideric Handel's Fireworks Music in Green Park, London
  • 1750-02-08 Minor earthquake in London
  • 1755-04-15 Samuel Johnson's "A Dictionary of the English Language" published in London
  • 1755-07-15 French ambassador recalled from London
  • 1759-01-15 British Museum opens in Montague House, London
  • 1759-04-20 George Frideric Handel is buried in Westminster Abbey, London
  • 1762-02-02 Thomas Arnes' opera "Artaxerxes" premieres in London
  • 1762-07-10 Louis-Fran├žois Roubiliac's monument to George Frideric Handel is unveiled at Westminster Abbey in London
  • 1763-04-30 Member of Parliament and journalist John Wilkes confined in the Tower of London, charged with seditious libel
  • 1763-05-16 Samuel Johnson 1st meets his future biographer James Boswell in London
  • 1766-12-05 World's largest auction house - Christie's hold their first sale in their permanent saleroom in Pall Mall,London
  • 1768-01-09 Philip Astley stages the world's first modern circus in London
  • 1768-05-10 John Wilkes is imprisoned for writing an article for "The North Briton" severely criticizing King George III. This action provokes rioting in London.
  • 1772-01-01 First traveler's cheques go on sale in London, can be used in 90 European cities

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1772-08-04 English poet and artist William Blake aged 14 is first apprenticed to engraver James Basire in London

Poet/Artist William Blake
Poet/Artist
William Blake
  • 1773-03-18 Oliver Goldsmith's "She Stoops to Conquer" premieres in London
  • 1775-01-17 Richard Brinsley Sheridan's play "The Rivals" premieres in London

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1775-11-11 Mohawk military leader Joseph Brant goes to London to solicit more support from the government and to persuade the Crown to address past Mohawk land grievances in exchange for their participation as allies in the impending war

Mohawk Military Leader Joseph Brant
Mohawk Military Leader
Joseph Brant

/flags/united statesUnited States Declaration of Independence

1776-08-10 American Revolutionary War: word of the United States Declaration of Independence reaches London.

  • 1777-05-01 RB Sheridan's "School for Scandal" premieres in London
  • 1777-08-04 Retired British cavalry officer Philip Astley establishes his riding school with performances in London, presurcor of the circus
  • 1779-10-08 English engraver and poet William Blake begins study at the Royal Academy, Old Somerset House, London
  • 1780-06-02 Anti-Catholic demonstration attacks parliament in London
  • 1780-06-07 Anti-Catholic riot in London, hundreds die
  • 1783-11-03 John Austin, a footpad turned murderer, is the last to be publicly hanged at London's Tyburn gallows
  • 1783-12-07 Theatre Royal opens in Covent Garden, London
  • 1783-12-09 First execution at Newgate Jail in London (now the site of the Central Criminal Court aka the Old Bailey), relocated from Tyburn (now the site of Marble Arch)
  • 1785-01-01 "Daily Universal Register" (Times of London) publishes 1st issue
  • 1785-01-13 John Walter publishes 1st issue of "The Times" of London
  • 1787-02-04 1st Anglican bishops of NY & Pennsylvania consecrated in London
  • 1788-01-01 London's Daily Universal Registrar becomes the Times
  • 1792-01-25 The London Corresponding Society is founded.
  • 1792-03-24 Benjamin West (US) becomes president of Royal Academy of London
  • 1792-10-02 Baptist Missionary Society forms in London
  • 1794-03-12 Theatre Royal in London's Dury Lane opens after being rebuilt
  • 1797-01-15 1st top hat worn by John Etherington of London
  • 1797-05-12 Nore Mutiny: British Royal Navy sailors mutiny on the Thames, England and blockade London

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1800-03-20 Alessandro Volta reports his discovery of the electric battery in a letter to Joseph Banks, president of the Royal Society of London

Physicist and Inventor Alessandro Volta
Physicist and Inventor
Alessandro Volta
Botanist and explorer Joseph Banks
Botanist and explorer
Joseph Banks
  • 1801-10-01 Britain & France sign Preliminary of London

  • 1803-07-26 The Surrey Iron Railway, arguably the world's first public railway, opens in south London.
  • 1804-02-24 London's Drury Lane Theatre burns to the ground, leaving owner Richard Brinsley Sheridan destitute

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1806-01-09 Admiral Viscount Horatio Nelson receives a state funeral and is interred in St Paul's Cathedral, London

British Admiral Horatio Nelson
British Admiral
Horatio Nelson
  • 1806-10-07 Carbon paper patented in London by inventor Ralph Wedgwood
  • 1807-01-28 London's Pall Mall is 1st street lit by gaslight
  • 1809-09-18 Royal Opera House in London opens

MurderAssassination

1812-05-11 British Prime Minister Spencer Perceval is assassinated by John Bellingham in the lobby of the House of Commons, London. Ironically, descendants of both later elected to Parliament at the same time.

British Prime Minister Spencer Perceval
British Prime Minister
Spencer Perceval
  • 1812-09-03 World's first cannery ( Donkin, Hall and Gamble) opens in London, England to supply food to the Royal Navy
  • 1812-10-14 Work on London's Regent's Canal starts.
  • 1814-08-13 Treaty of London-Netherland stops transporting slaves
  • 1814-10-17 A Beer Flood occurs in London killing nine.
  • 1814-11-28 The Times of London first printed by automatic, steam powered presses built by German inventors Friedrich Koenig and Andreas Friedrich Bauer - makes newspapers available to a mass audience
  • 1815-10-31 Cornishman Sir Humphrey Davy patents miner's safety lamp

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1815-12-23 "Emma" By Jane Austen by published by John Murray in London

Novelist Jane Austen
Novelist
Jane Austen

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1816-05-25 Collection of poems by Samuel Taylor Coleridge published by John Murray in London, including "Kubla Khan" and "Christabel"

Poet, Critic, and Philosopher Samuel Taylor Coleridge
Poet, Critic, and Philosopher
Samuel Taylor Coleridge

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1818-01-01 Mary Shelley's "Frankenstein; or, The Modern Prometheus" is published anonymously by the small London publishing house of Lackington, Hughes, Harding, Mavor, & Jones

Frankenstein Author Mary Shelley
Frankenstein Author
Mary Shelley
  • 1820-01-12 Astronomical Society of London (now the Royal Astronomical Society) founded in England
  • 1820-08-01 London's Regent's Canal opens.
  • 1822-10-20 1st edition of London Sunday Times
  • 1823-04-22 Baltic Club (Exchange) forms in London
  • 1823-05-08 "Home! Sweet Home!" by John Howard Payne is 1st sung in London
  • 1823-12-13 Gioacchino Rossini arrives in London
  • 1824-02-16 Athenaeum club founded in London
  • 1824-05-10 The National Gallery in London opens to the public in its temporary home in a townhouse on Pall Mall
  • 1826-02-11 University College London founded; known until 1836 as London University
  • 1826-04-12 Weber's opera "Oberon" premieres in London
  • 1828-04-27 Zoological Gardens at Regent's Park in London opens
  • 1828-10-25 St Katharine Docks opens in London, England
  • 1829-06-08 1st UK municipal swimming pool outside of London opens in Liverpool

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1829-06-19 Sir Robert Peel introduces the Metropolitan Police Act 1829 into Parliament to establish a unified police force for London

British Prime Minister Robert Peel
British Prime Minister
Robert Peel
  • 1829-07-04 The first London bus "omnibus", operated by George Shillibeer, begins service between Marylebone Road and Bank Junction
  • 1829-09-29 The first units of the London Metropolitan Police appear on the streets of the British capital
  • 1830-03-16 London's re-organised police force (Scotland Yard)
  • 1831-08-01 London Bridge opens to traffic
  • 1832-02-13 First appearance of cholera in London
  • 1832-05-14 Felix Mendelssohn's concert overture "Hebrides" premieres in London
  • 1834-10-16 Much of the ancient structures of the Palace of Westminster (parliament) in London is burnt down.
  • 1834-12-23 Joseph Hansom of London receives patent for Hansom cabs
  • 1836-06-16 London Working Men's Association forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1837-02-17 Charles Lyell makes his presidential address to the Geographical Society, London and announces that Richard Owen has concluded from Darwin's fossils that extinct species were related to current species in the same locality

Geologist Charles Lyell
Geologist
Charles Lyell

CommunicationOpening of Euston Station

1837-07-20 Euston railway station opens in London as the terminus of the London and Birmingham Railway (L&BR), the city's 1st intercity railway station

  • 1837-07-25 The first commercial use of an electric telegraph was successfully demonstrated by William Cooke and Charles Wheatstone between Euston and Camden Town in London
  • 1838-02-25 London pedestrian walks 20 miles backward then forward in 8 hours
  • 1838-04-09 UK National Gallery re-opens in its new dedicated building in Trafalgar Square, London

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1838-06-28 Coronation of Queen Victoria in Westminster Abbey, London

Queen of the United Kingdom Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
Victoria
  • 1839-04-19 Treaty of London constitutes Belgium an independent kingdom & Luxembourg a Grand Duchy
  • 1840-04-27 Foundation stone for new Palace of Westminster, London, laid by wife of Sir Charles Barry
  • 1841-03-04 Dion Boucicault's "London Assurance" premieres in London
  • 1842-05-14 Illustrated London News; the world's first illustrated weekly newspaper, begins publication

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 101 - 200 of 1,116

  • 1809-11-27 Frances Anne "Fanny" Kemble, British Shakespearian actress (Juliet) and author, born in London, England (d. 1893)
  • 1810-09-29 Elizabeth Cleghorn Gaskell, novelist, born in London, England
  • 1811-02-24 Edward Dickinson Baker, American politician and Major General (Union Army), born in London, England (d. 1861)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1812-05-07 Robert Browning, poet (Pied Piper), born in London, England

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1815-12-10 Ada Lovelace, English mathematician considered the first computer programmer, born in London (d. 1852)

Mathematician and Computer Programmer Ada Lovelace
Mathematician and Computer Programmer
Ada Lovelace
  • 1817-02-23 George Watts, painter, born in London, England
  • 1817-07-15 John Fowler, English engineer (London Metropolitan Railway)
  • 1818-06-30 Edward John Hopkins, English organist and composer, born in London (d. 1901)
  • 1818-09-16 Francis Seymour Haden, English surgeon and etcher, born in London (d. 1910)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1819-02-04 Emperor Norton [Joshua Abraham Norton], British born self proclaimed "Norton I, Emperor of the United States," born in London, England (d. 1880)

Emperor of the USA Emperor Norton
Emperor of the USA
Emperor Norton

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1819-05-24 Queen Victoria, Queen of the United Kingdom and Ireland (1837-1901), born in London (d. 1901)

Queen of the United Kingdom Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
Victoria
  • 1820-03-21 Frank Mori, English composer, born in London (d. 1873)
  • 1820-08-13 George Grove, biblical scholar/misicographer, born in London, England
  • 1821-06-08 Samuel White Baker, explorer (Ceylon/Egypt), born in London, England
  • 1822-12-26 Dion Boucicault [Dionysus Lardner Boursiquot], Irish actor and playwright (Rip van Winkle, London Assurance), born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1890)
  • 1823-05-17 Charlotte Sainton-Dolby, Englidh contralto and composer, born in London (d. 1885)
  • 1824-01-08 [William] Wilkie Collins, English writer (Woman in White), born in London (d. 1889)
  • 1824-06-02 Samuel Wilks, British Physician and founding father of clinical science, born in London, England
  • 1824-06-20 George E Street, English architect, born in Woodford, London (d. 1881)
  • 1826-08-28 Walter Cecil Macfarren, English pianist and composer, born in London (d. 1905)
  • 1827-04-02 William Holman Hunt, Cheapside London, English painter (Light of the World), (d. 1910)
  • 1829-09-25 William Michael Rossetti, English writer and civil servant, born in London (d. 1919)
  • 1830-12-05 Christina Rossetti, poet (Winter Rain, Passing Away), born in London, England

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1831-05-16 David Edward Hughes, British-American inventor (microphone, teleprinter), born in either London, England or Corwen, Wales (d. 1900)

  • 1833-01-07 Henry Enfield Roscoe, English Chemist (vanadium and photochemistry), born in London, England
  • 1833-01-28 Charles George Gordon, general (China, Khartoum), born in London, England
  • 1836-03-16 Andrew Smith Hallidie, American inventor (cable car), born in London (d. 1900)
  • 1836-06-09 Elizabeth Garrett Anderson, 1st qualified woman physician in Britain, first woman mayor (Aldeburgh), born in London (d. 1917)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1836-11-18 William Schwenck Gilbert, English dramatist, librettist, poet and illustrator (Gilbert & Sullivan), born in London, England

English Dramatist William Schwenck Gilbert
English Dramatist
William Schwenck Gilbert
  • 1838-12-03 Octavia Hill, British reformer, leader of open-space movement, born in London, England (d. 1912)
  • 1839-08-04 Walter Pater, writer (Plato & Platoism), born in London, England
  • 1840-03-26 George Smith, Archaeologist and assyriologist (cuneiform (script)), born in London, England
  • 1840-03-31 Benjamin Baker, English civil engineer who designed the bridge over the Firth of Forth, Scotland and the London underground, born in Frome, England (d. 1907)
  • 1840-10-09 Simeon Solomon, English Pre-Raphaelite painter, born in London (d. 1905)
  • 1842-05-13 Arthur Sullivan, English operatic composer (Pirates of Penzance, H.M.S Pinafore), born in London (d. 1900)
  • 1842-07-26 Alfred Marshall, economist, born in London, England
  • 1842-08-14 Henry Duff Traill, British author and journalist (The Marquis of Salisbury), born in Blackheath, London (d. 1900)
  • 1843-01-20 Pierre-Paul Cambon, French diplomat (Madrid, Constantinople, London)
  • 1844-07-22 William Archibald Spooner, reverend/inventor (spoonerisms), born in London, England
  • 1844-07-28 Gerard Manley Hopkins, English poet (Windhover), born in Stratford, London (d. 1889)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1845-08-26 Mary Ann Nichols, English victim of Jack the Ripper, born in London (d. 1888)

First Victim of Jack the Ripper Mary Ann Nichols
First Victim of Jack the Ripper
Mary Ann Nichols

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1847-05-07 Archibald Primrose, 5th Earl of Rosebery, British Prime Minister (Liberal: 1894-95), born in London (d. 1929)

British Prime Minister Archibald Primrose
British Prime Minister
Archibald Primrose
  • 1847-09-14 William Edward Ayrton, English Physicist and Inventor, born in London, England
  • 1847-12-09 George Grossmith, British actor, comedian and writer (The Diary of a Nobody, A Society Clown), born in London, England (d. 1912)
  • 1849-09-21 Edmund Gosse, translator/critic (Father & Son), born in London, England

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1850-01-27 Samuel Gompers, American labor union leader (American Federation of Labor), born in London, England

Founder of the American Federation of Labor Samuel Gompers
Founder of the American Federation of Labor
Samuel Gompers
  • 1850-01-29 Ebenezer Howard, pioneer of garden cities, born in London, England
  • 1850-05-18 Oliver Heaviside, physicist (predicted ionosphere), born in London, England
  • 1852-05-24 Robert Bontine Cunninghame Graham, Scottish politician, born in London (d. 1936)
  • 1852-08-23 Arnold Toynbee, English economic historian and social reformer, born in London (d. 1883)
  • 1852-12-17 Herbert Beerbohm Tree, British actor and theatre manager (King John, Trilby), born in Kensington, London, England (d. 1852)
  • 1853-01-16 Johnston Forbes-Robertson, British actor and theatre director (Kathleen), born in London, England (d. 1937)
  • 1854-08-10 J Scott Lidgett, theologist, born in London, England
  • 1855-09-28 Thomas F Tout, historian (Manchester school of historiography), born in London, England

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1857-02-22 Robert Baden-Powell, British officer and founder of the modern scouting movement, born in Paddington, London (d. 1941)

Founder of Scouts Robert Baden-Powell
Founder of Scouts
Robert Baden-Powell
  • 1857-03-27 Karl Pearson, mathematician, born in London, England
  • 1857-04-14 Victor Horsley, English physician and neuroscientist, born in London (d. 1916)
  • 1857-11-27 Charles Scott Sherrington, British physiologist, Nobel laureate (Neurophysiology), born in London, England (d. 1952)
  • 1858-01-22 Beatrice Potter Webb, English sociologist, economist ( founded London School of Economics) and writer (My Apprenticeship), born in Standish (d. 1943)
  • 1858-08-15 Edith Nesbit, British children books author (The Story of the Treasure Seekers, Five Children and It), born in London, England (d. 1924)
  • 1859-12-22 Cecil [James] Sharp, collector of English folk music and dance, born in London, England
  • 1861-12-18 Lionel Monckton, British composer (Edwardian musical comedy), born in London, England (d. 1924)
  • 1862-09-25 Billy Hughes, 7th Prime Minister of Australia (Labor, Nationalist: 1915-23), born in London (d. 1952)
  • 1863-02-09 Anthony Hope [Hopkins], novelist, born in London, England
  • 1863-03-10 E J Ratcliffe [Edward], British stage and screen actor, born in London (d. 1948)
  • 1863-07-21 C Aubrey Smith [Charles], British actor (The Prisoner of Zenda), born in London, England (d. 1948)
  • 1864-06-02 Ben Webster, British actor (Old Curiosity Shop), born in London, England (d. 1947)
  • 1864-07-15 Marie Tempest [Marie Susan Etherington], British actress known as the "queen of her profession" (Yellow Sands), born in London, England (d. 1942)
  • 1865-01-03 Henry Lytton, British actor and opera singer (The Mikado), born in London, England (d. 1936)
  • 1865-02-09 Mrs Patrick Campbell [Beatrice Tanner], English actress (Pygmalion), born in London, England (d. 1940)
  • 1865-03-21 Herbert Albert Laurens Fisher, English historian and politician, born in London (d. 1940)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1865-06-03 George V, King of Great Britain (1910-36), born in Marlborough House, London, (d. 1936)

King of the United Kingdom George V
King of the United Kingdom
George V
  • 1866-02-15 Bannister Fletcher, architect & architectural historian, born in London, England
  • 1866-07-25 Frederick Frost Blackman, English botanist, born in London (d. 1947)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1866-07-28 Beatrix Potter, English children's author and illustrator ("The Tale of Peter Rabbit"), born in London (d. 1943)

Children's Author Beatrix Potter
Children's Author
Beatrix Potter

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1868-04-10 George Arliss, British actor (Devil, Green Goddess), born in London, England (d. 1946)

  • 1868-04-26 Harold Sidney Harmsworth, 1st Viscount Rothermere, English newspaper (Daily Mail and Daily Mirror), born in London, England (d. 1940)
  • 1868-08-12 Frederic Thesiger, 1st Viscount Chelmsford, 22nd Governor of New South Wales (1908-13) and Viceroy of British India (1916-21), born in London, England (d. 1933)
  • 1868-10-23 Frederick Lanchester, , English Engineer who built the first British petrol automobile (1896), born in London, England
  • 1869-03-29 Edwin Lutyens, architect, London
  • 1869-05-02 Tyrone Power Sr., British actor (Big Trial, Test of Donald Norton, Alexanders Ragtime Band), born in London, England (d. 1931)
  • 1870-01-04 Percy Pitt, English composer (BBC), born in London (d. 1932)
  • 1871-07-08 Clement Harris, English composer, born in London (d. 1897)
  • 1872-08-24 Max Beerbohm, English caricaturist, writer and parodist (Saturday Review), born in London (d. 1956)
  • 1872-09-28 Tom Terriss, director (His Buddy's Wife, Sumuru), born in London, England
  • 1873-03-26 Gerald du Maurier, British actor (Power, Escape!, Masks and Faces), born in London, England (d. 1934)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1873-05-09 Howard Carter, British archaeologist and egyptologist who found King Tutankhamun's tomb, born in London (d. 1939)

Archaeologist and Discoverer of Tutankhamun Howard Carter
Archaeologist and Discoverer of Tutankhamun
Howard Carter
  • 1873-06-07 Landon Ronald, British composer, pianest and teacher (Guildhall School of Music), born in Kensington, London (d. 1938)
  • 1873-09-01 Guy Standing, English actor (Cradle Song), born in London, England (d. 1937)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1873-11-05 Teddy Flack [Edwin], Australian athlete, double Olympic gold medallist in 1896, born in London, England (d. 1935)

Olympic Runner Teddy Flack
Olympic Runner
Teddy Flack
  • 1874-05-29 G. K. Chesterton [Gilbert Keith], English writer (Man Who Made Gold), born in London, England

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1874-09-26 Charles Vyner Brooke, 3rd and last White Rajah of Sarawak (1917-46), born in London, England (d. 1963)

3rd and Last White Rajah of Sarawak Charles Vyner Brooke
3rd and Last White Rajah of Sarawak
Charles Vyner Brooke
  • 1875-03-29 Paul Rubens, English musical comedy composer (Miss Hook of Holland), born in London (d. 1917)
  • 1875-06-09 Henry Dale, physiologist (Nobel-1936), born in London, England
  • 1875-08-15 Samuel Coleridge-Taylor, African-British composer (Hiawatha's Wedding Feast), born in London, England (d. 1912)
  • 1875-10-08 Laurence Doherty, British tennis player (US Open-1903), born in Wimbledon, London (d. 1919)
  • 1875-10-26 H. B. Warner, British actor (Sunset Boulevard, The King of Kings), born in London, England (d. 1958)
  • 1876-01-12 Jack London, American writer/socialist (Call of the Wild), born in San Francisco (d. 1916)
  • 1877-06-11 Renee Vivien, English-born poet, wrote in French, born in London (d. 1909)
  • 1877-09-26 Edmund Gwenn, English actor (Miracle on 34th Street), born in London, England (d. 1959)

Famous Weddings


Famous Deaths