London in History (Part 3)

Historical Events

Events 201 - 300 of 984


  • 1839-04-19 Treaty of London constitutes Belgium an independent kingdom & Luxembourg a Grand Duchy
  • 1840-04-27 Foundation stone for new Palace of Westminster, London, laid by wife of Sir Charles Barry
  • 1841-03-04 Dion Boucicault's "London Assurance" premieres in London
  • 1842-05-14 Illustrated London News; the world's first illustrated weekly newspaper, begins publication
  • 1842-11-17 Opera "Linda di Chamounix" is produced (London)
  • 1843-10-01 News of the World begins publication in London
  • 1843-11-27 Opera "Bohemian Girl" is produced (London)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1844-06-06 Young Men's Christian Association (YMCA) formed by George Williams in London

Founder of the YMCA George Williams
Founder of the YMCA
George Williams
  • 1845-03-17 Rubber band patented by Stephen Perry of London
  • 1845-06-01 Homing pigeon completes 11,000 km trip (Namibia-London) in 55 days
  • 1845-11-15 Opera "Maritana" is produced (London)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1847-05-24 German explorer Ludwig Leichhardt is awarded the Patron's Medal by the Royal Geographical Society, London in recognition of 'the increased knowledge of the great continent of Australia' gained by his Moreton Bay-Port Essington journey

Explorer and Naturalist Ludwig Leichhardt
Explorer and Naturalist
Ludwig Leichhardt

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1848-02-21 Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels publish "The Communist Manifesto" in London

Communist Philosopher Karl Marx
Communist Philosopher
Karl Marx
  • 1851-03-06 Dion Boucicault's "Love in a Maze" premieres in London
  • 1851-05-01 Great Exhibition opens in the Crystal Palace, London
  • 1851-11-13 Telegraph connection between London-Paris linked
  • 1852-02-02 1st British public men's toilet opens in Fleet St, London
  • 1852-02-11 First British public female toilet opens (Bedford Street, London)
  • 1852-02-15 Great Ormond St Hospital for Sick Children, London, admits 1st patient
  • 1852-11-18 State funeral of Duke of Wellington (St Paul's Cathedral, London)
  • 1852-11-20 Charles Reade/Tom Taylor's "Masks & Faces" premieres in London
  • 1853-01-10 Charles Reade's "Gold" premieres in London
  • 1853-09-24 Northern Daily Times, 1st provincial daily newspaper, starts in London
  • 1853-12-30 A dinner party is held inside a life-size model of an Iguanodon (ornithopod dinosaur) created by Benjamin Waterhouse Hawkins and Sir Richard Owen in south London
  • 1856-03-05 Covent Garden Opera House, London, destroyed in a fire
  • 1858-05-15 Royal Italian Opera opens in Covent Garden, London
  • 1858-05-28 Dion Boucicault's "Foul Play" premieres in London
  • 1858-06-29 Great fire in London docks
  • 1858-07-17 Recovery of the bell of HMS Lutine from ship's wreck, hung from rostrum in Lloyd's of London's Underwriting Room
  • 1861-03-23 London's 1st tramcars, designed by Mr Train of NY, begins operating
  • 1861-11-19 The first petroleum shipment (1,329 barrels) from the U.S. to Europe leaves Philadelphia, USA, for London, England on the Elizabeth Watts
  • 1862-01-09 The first petroleum shipment (1,329 barrels) from the U.S. to Europe arrives at Victoria Docks, London, England aboard the Elizabeth Watts
  • 1862-02-08 Opera "Lily of Killarney" premieres in London
  • 1862-05-24 Westminster Bridge across The Thames opens in London, England
  • 1863-01-10 1st underground railway opens in London
  • 1863-07-23 Alexandra Park opens in North London
  • 1864-01-11 Charing Cross Station opens in London
  • 1865-07-02 One-time Methodist Reform Church minister William Booth and his wife Catherine found the Salvation Army (Army of the Salvation) as the East London Christian Mission
  • 1865-11-11 Thomas Robertson's "Society" premieres in London
  • 1866-01-11 Steamship London sinks in storm off Land's End, England and kills 220
  • 1866-01-12 The Royal Aeronautical Society is formed in London.
  • 1866-07-21 Cholera epidemic kills hundreds in London
  • 1867-05-11 Treaty of London drawn, concerning Luxembourg

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1867-05-20 Royal Albert Hall of Arts & Sciences foundation laid by Queen Victoria in London

Queen of the United Kingdom Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
Victoria
  • 1868-12-09 The first traffic lights are installed outside the Palace of Westminster in London. Resembling railway signals, they use semaphore arms and are illuminated at night by red and green gas lamps.
  • 1870-04-16 Vaudeville Theatre Strand opens in London
  • 1870-08-02 Tower Subway, the world's first underground tube railway, opens in London
  • 1871-03-29 Royal Albert Hall opened by Queen Victoria in London

  • 1871-07-13 World's first championship cat show; Organised by Harrison Weir and held in Crystal Palace, London
  • 1872-03-16 1st FA Cup Final: Wanderers defeat Royal Engineers 1-0 at Kennington Oval in London
  • 1873-08-23 Albert Bridge crossing the river Thames in London opens
  • 1874-05-09 London's Victoria Embankment opens
  • 1875-05-01 Alexandra Palace, London, reopens after being burnt down in 1873
  • 1875-08-02 1st roller skating rink opens (London)
  • 1877-04-10 1st human cannonball act performed in London
  • 1877-11-17 Gilbert and Sullivan's operette "Sorcerer" premieres in London

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1878-05-08 David Edward Hughes' paper on the idea for a microphone is read before the Royal Society of London by Thomas Henry Huxley

  • 1878-05-25 Gilbert & Sullivan's opera "HMS Pinafore" premieres in London
  • 1878-09-12 Cleopatra Needle installed in London
  • 1879-02-12 News about slaughtering of Isandlwana reaches London
  • 1879-04-20 1st mobile home (horse drawn) used in a journey from London & Cyprus
  • 1880-02-02 SS Strathleven arrives in London with first shipment of frozen Australian mutton
  • 1880-06-16 Salvation Army forms in London
  • 1881-04-23 Gilbert & Sullivan's opera "Patience" produced in London
  • 1881-05-24 Canadian ferry Princess Victoria sinks near London Ontario, 200 die
  • 1882-03-04 Britain's first electric trams run in East London.
  • 1883-02-17 A Ashwell patents free-toilet in London
  • 1884-01-04 The Fabian Society is founded in London.
  • 1884-01-18 General Charles Gordon departs London for Khartoum
  • 1884-04-02 London prison for debtors closed
  • 1884-10-13 Greenwich in London established as the universal time meridian of longitude
  • 1885-02-05 News of the fall of Khartoum reaches London
  • 1885-03-14 Gilbert & Sullivan's comic opera "Mikado" premieres in London at the Savoy Theatre
  • 1885-11-09 Opera "Ermine" premieres in London
  • 1886-02-23 "The Times" of London publishes world's 1st classified ad
  • 1886-09-25 Comedy opera "Dorothy" first produced in London
  • 1887-05-09 Buffalo Bill Cody's Wild West Show opens in London
  • 1887-11-13 Bloody Sunday clashes in central London
  • 1888-03-21 Arthur Pinero's "Sweet Lavender" premieres in London
  • 1888-08-31 The body of Jack the Ripper's first victim, Mary Ann 'Polly' Nichols, is found in Whitechapel , in London's East End.
  • 1888-09-25 Royal Court Theatre, London, opens
  • 1888-09-30 "Jack the Ripper" murders 2 more women, Liz Stride & Kate Eddowes, in Whitechapel, London
  • 1889-03-23 The free Woolwich Ferry officially opens in east London
  • 1889-05-14 The National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children (NSPCC) is launched in London
  • 1889-12-07 Gilbert & Sullivan's "Gondoliers" premieres in London

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1890-04-26 Henry Morton Stanley inaugurated in London

Journalist and Explorer Henry Morton Stanley
Journalist and Explorer
Henry Morton Stanley
  • 1890-05-17 Comic Cuts, 1st weekly comic paper, published in London
  • 1890-05-24 Tivoli Theater of Varities opens in London
  • 1890-11-04 Prince of Wales opens first underground station at Stockwell, South London
  • 1891-04-01 London-Paris telephone connection opens
  • 1891-05-06 Conductors on London General Omnibus Company go on strike
  • 1891-07-26 Henry James' "American" premieres in London

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1892-02-22 "Lady Windermere's Fan" by Oscar Wilde premieres at St James Theatre, London

Writer and Poet Oscar Wilde
Writer and Poet
Oscar Wilde
  • 1892-02-25 James Barrie's "Walker London" premieres in London
  • 1893-05-10 Imperial Institute in London opens
  • 1893-10-14 George Edwarde's "Gaiety Girl" premieres in London

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1894-03-30 George Bernard Shaw's "Candida" premieres at Theatre Royal, South Shields, England


Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 201 - 300 of 1,418

  • 1852-05-04 Alice Liddell, English schoolgirl model for Alice in Wonderland, born in London (d. 1934)
  • 1852-05-24 Robert Bontine Cunninghame Graham, Scottish politician, born in London (d. 1936)
  • 1852-08-23 Arnold Toynbee, English economic historian and social reformer, born in London (d. 1883)
  • 1852-12-17 Herbert Beerbohm Tree, British actor and theatre manager (King John, Trilby), born in Kensington, London, England (d. 1852)
  • 1853-01-16 Johnston Forbes-Robertson, British actor and theatre director (Kathleen), born in London, England (d. 1937)
  • 1854-08-10 J Scott Lidgett, theologist, born in London, England
  • 1855-05-24 Arthur Wing Pinero, English actor and playwright, born in London (d. 1934)
  • 1855-09-28 Thomas F Tout, historian (Manchester school of historiography), born in London, England

Person of interestRobert Baden-Powell

1857-02-22 Robert Baden-Powell, British officer and founder of the modern scouting movement, born in Paddington, London (d. 1941)

Founder of Scouts Robert Baden-Powell
Founder of Scouts
Robert Baden-Powell
  • 1857-03-27 Karl Pearson, British statistician (leading founder of the modern field of statistics), born in London (d. 1936)
  • 1857-04-14 Victor Horsley, English physician and neuroscientist, born in London (d. 1916)
  • 1857-11-27 Charles Scott Sherrington, British physiologist, Nobel laureate (Neurophysiology), born in London, England (d. 1952)
  • 1858-01-22 Beatrice Potter Webb, English sociologist, economist ( founded London School of Economics) and writer (My Apprenticeship), born in Standish (d. 1943)
  • 1858-08-15 Edith Nesbit, British children books author (The Story of the Treasure Seekers, Five Children and It), born in London, England (d. 1924)
  • 1858-11-13 Percy McDonnell, Australian cricketer (Australian batsman of the 1880's), born in Kensington, London (d. 1896)
  • 1859-03-13 Ivo Bligh, British noble (8th Earl of Darnley) and cricketer (Lord Darnley England capt v Australia 1882-83), born in Westminster, London (d. 1927)
  • 1859-11-22 Cecil Sharp, British collector of English folk music and dance, born in London, England (d. 1924)
  • 1861-06-17 Sidney Jones, British conductor and composer (The Geisha, A Gaiety Girl), born in Islington, London (d. 1946)
  • 1861-12-18 Lionel Monckton, British composer (Edwardian musical comedy), born in London, England (d. 1924)
  • 1862-03-28 George William Louis Marshall-Hall, English composer, born in London (d. 1915)
  • 1862-04-25 Edward Grey, English viscount of Fallodon and Minister of Foreign Affairs, born in London (d. 1933)
  • 1862-09-25 Billy Hughes, 7th Prime Minister of Australia (Labor, Nationalist: 1915-23), born in London (d. 1952)
  • 1863-02-09 Anthony Hope [Hopkins], novelist, born in London, England
  • 1863-03-10 E J Ratcliffe [Edward], British stage and screen actor, born in London (d. 1948)
  • 1863-07-21 C Aubrey Smith [Charles], British actor (The Prisoner of Zenda), born in London, England (d. 1948)
  • 1864-02-14 Israel Zangwill, Jewish author (Children of The Ghetto) and Zionist leader, born in London (d. 1926)
  • 1864-06-02 Ben Webster, British actor (Old Curiosity Shop), born in London, England (d. 1947)
  • 1864-07-15 Marie Tempest [Marie Susan Etherington], British actress known as the "queen of her profession" (Yellow Sands), born in London, England (d. 1942)
  • 1865-01-03 Henry Lytton, British actor and opera singer (The Mikado), born in London, England (d. 1936)
  • 1865-02-09 Mrs Patrick Campbell [Beatrice Tanner], English actress (Pygmalion), born in London, England (d. 1940)
  • 1865-03-21 Herbert Albert Laurens Fisher, English historian and politician, born in London, United Kingdom (d. 1940)

Person of interestGeorge V

1865-06-03 George V, King of Great Britain (1910-36), born in Marlborough House, London, (d. 1936)

King of the United Kingdom George V
King of the United Kingdom
George V
  • 1865-10-10 Rafael Merry del Val, British-born Spanish Roman Catholic cardinal, born in London, England (d. 1930)
  • 1866-02-15 Bannister Fletcher, English architect and architectural historian (A History of Architecture), born in London (d. 1953)
  • 1866-04-17 Ernest Starling, British physiologist (Frank-Starling law of the heart), born in London (d. 1927)
  • 1866-07-25 Frederick Frost Blackman, English botanist, born in London (d. 1947)

Person of interestBeatrix Potter

1866-07-28 Beatrix Potter, English children's author and illustrator (The Tale of Peter Rabbit), born in London (d. 1943)

Children's Author Beatrix Potter
Children's Author
Beatrix Potter
  • 1867-05-26 Mary of Teck, Queen of Great Britain and consort of George V, born in Kensington Palace, London (d. 1953)

Person of interestGeorge Arliss

1868-04-10 George Arliss, British actor (Devil, Green Goddess), born in London, England (d. 1946)

  • 1868-04-26 Harold Sidney Harmsworth, 1st Viscount Rothermere, English newspaper (Daily Mail and Daily Mirror), born in London, England (d. 1940)
  • 1868-08-12 Frederic Thesiger, 1st Viscount Chelmsford, 22nd Governor of New South Wales (1908-13) and Viceroy of British India (1916-21), born in London, England (d. 1933)
  • 1868-10-23 Frederick Lanchester, , English Engineer who built the first British petrol automobile (1896), born in London, England
  • 1869-03-03 Henry Wood, British conductor associated with London's promenade "Proms" concerts (Gentle Art of Singing), born in London, England (d. 1944)
  • 1869-03-29 Edwin Lutyens, English architect (Viceroy's House, New Delhi), born in London (d. 1944)
  • 1869-05-02 Tyrone Power Sr., British actor (Big Trial, Test of Donald Norton, Alexanders Ragtime Band), born in London, England (d. 1931)
  • 1870-01-04 Percy Pitt, English composer (BBC), born in London (d. 1932)
  • 1871-07-08 Clement Harris, English composer, born in London (d. 1897)
  • 1872-04-23 Violet Gordon-Woodhouse, British musician, born in Harley Street, St Marylebone, London (d. 1951)
  • 1872-08-15 Harold Fraser-Simson, English composer, born in London (d. 1944)
  • 1872-08-24 Max Beerbohm, English caricaturist, writer and parodist (Saturday Review), born in London (d. 1956)
  • 1872-09-28 Tom Terriss, director (His Buddy's Wife, Sumuru), born in London, England
  • 1873-03-26 Gerald du Maurier, British actor (Power, Escape!, Masks and Faces), born in London, England (d. 1934)

Person of interestHoward Carter

1873-05-09 Howard Carter, British archaeologist and egyptologist who found King Tutankhamun's tomb, born in London (d. 1939)

Archaeologist and Discoverer of Tutankhamun Howard Carter
Archaeologist and Discoverer of Tutankhamun
Howard Carter
  • 1873-06-07 Landon Ronald, British composer, pianist and teacher (Guildhall School of Music), born in Kensington, London (d. 1938)
  • 1873-09-01 Guy Standing, English actor (Cradle Song), born in London, England (d. 1937)

Person of interestTeddy Flack

1873-11-05 Teddy Flack [Edwin], Australian athlete, double Olympic gold medallist in 1896, born in London, England (d. 1935)

Olympic Runner Teddy Flack
Olympic Runner
Teddy Flack
  • 1874-05-29 G. K. Chesterton [Gilbert Keith], English writer (Man Who Made Gold), born in London, England

Person of interestCharles Vyner Brooke

1874-09-26 Charles Vyner Brooke, 3rd and last White Rajah of Sarawak (1917-46), born in London, England (d. 1963)

3rd and Last White Rajah of Sarawak Charles Vyner Brooke
3rd and Last White Rajah of Sarawak
Charles Vyner Brooke
  • 1874-10-15 Prince Alfred of Edinburgh, born in Buckingham Palace, London (d. 1899)
  • 1875-03-09 Martin Shaw, English composer, born in London (d. 1958)
  • 1875-03-14 Norman O'Neill, English composer, born in Kensington, London (d. 1934)
  • 1875-03-29 Paul Rubens, English musical comedy composer (Miss Hook of Holland), born in London (d. 1917)
  • 1875-05-04 Reggie Schwartz, South African cricketer (1st of great South African googlists), born in Lee, London (d. 1918)
  • 1875-06-09 Henry Dale, physiologist (Nobel-1936), born in London, England
  • 1875-08-15 Samuel Coleridge-Taylor, African-British composer (Hiawatha's Wedding Feast), born in London, England (d. 1912)
  • 1875-10-08 Laurence Doherty, British tennis player (6 Grand Slam singes titles), born in Wimbledon, England (d. 1919)
  • 1875-10-26 H. B. Warner, British actor (Sunset Boulevard, The King of Kings), born in London, England (d. 1958)
  • 1876-01-12 Jack London, American writer/socialist (Call of the Wild), born in San Francisco (d. 1916)
  • 1876-02-03 William Tedmarsh, British silent movie actor (Two Beds and No Sleep), born in London, England (d. 1937)
  • 1877-06-11 Renee Vivien, English-born poet, wrote in French, born in London (d. 1909)
  • 1877-09-26 Edmund Gwenn, English actor (Miracle on 34th Street), born in London, England (d. 1959)
  • 1877-11-25 Harley Granville-Barker, dramatist/producer/critic, born in London, England
  • 1879-01-15 Ernest Thesiger, English actor (Bride of Frankenstein, Ghoul), born in London, England (d. 1961)
  • 1879-04-09 Gerald Kelly, British painter, born in London (d. 1972)
  • 1879-04-29 Thomas Beecham, England, composer (found London Philharmonic)
  • 1879-10-30 Eily Malyon, British actress (Jane Eyre, I Married a Witch, Devotion), born in London, England (d. 1961)
  • 1880-01-01 Edie Martin, British actress (Titfield Thunderbolt), born in London, England (d. 1964)
  • 1880-02-14 Edgar Bainton, British-Australian composer, born in Hackney, London (d. 1956)
  • 1880-03-01 Lytton Strachey, English biographer and critic (Benson Medal 1923), born in London, England
  • 1880-10-12 Healey Willan, Anglo-Canadian composer, born in Balham, London (d. 1968)

Person of interestAlexander Fleming

1881-08-06 Alexander Fleming, Scottish bacteriologist (invented penicillin; Nobel Prize 1945), born in Lochfield, Scotland (d. 1955)

  • 1881-09-12 Daniel Jones, English phoneticist (English pronouncing dictionary), born in London (d. 1967)
  • 1881-09-28 Henry Geehl, English composer, born in London (d. 1961)
  • 1881-10-26 Margaret Wycherly, British actress (Keeper of the Flame), born in London, England (d. 1956)

Person of interestVirginia Woolf

1882-01-25 Virginia Woolf [Adeline], British author (Jacob's Room, To Lighthouse), born in London, England (d. 1941)

  • 1882-04-18 Leopold Stokowski, British conductor (Philadelphia Orchestra), born in London, England (d. 1977)
  • 1882-07-27 Donald Crisp, British actor and director (How Green Was My Valley, Pollyana), born in Bow, London, England (d. 1974)

Person of interestClement Attlee

1883-01-03 Clement Attlee, British Prime Minister (L-1945-51), born in Putney, London (d. 1967)

British Prime Minister Clement Attlee
British Prime Minister
Clement Attlee
  • 1883-03-24 James I Wedgwood, British theosophist and bishop (Liberal Catholic Church), born in London (d. 1951)
  • 1883-03-28 William Henry Harris, English composer, born in Fulham, London (d. 1973)
  • 1883-04-26 Harry Sothern, British actor (Blind Wives, Buck Rogers), born in London, England (d. 1957)
  • 1883-05-15 Stanley Marchant, English composer, born in London (d. 1949)
  • 1883-07-06 Ralph Morgan [Wupperman], American actor (Creeper, Imposter, Jack London), born in NYC, New York (d. 1956)
  • 1883-11-08 Arnold Bax, English composer (Farewell My Youth), born in London (d. 1953)
  • 1883-11-25 Percy Marmont, British actor (Secret Agent, Lisbon, Captain Apache), born in London, England (d. 1977)
  • 1884-05-01 Francis Curzon, 5th Earl Howe, British politician, naval officer and auto racer (1931 Le Mans), born in Mayfair, London (d. 1964)
  • 1885-02-25 Sylvia Brett, Lady Brooke and Ranee of Sarawak, born in London, England (d. 1971)
  • 1885-03-01 Lionel Atwill, British actor (The Mystery of the Wax Museum), born in Croydon, London, England (d. 1946)
  • 1885-04-13 Pieter S Gerbrandy, Dutch lawyer/premier in London (1940-45)
  • 1885-08-07 Gordon Harker, British actor (Facts of Love, Champagne, Inspector Hornleigh), born in London, England (d. 1967)

Famous Weddings


Famous Deaths