London in History (Part 3)

Historical Events

Events 201 - 300 of 1,161

  • 1830-03-16 London's re-organised police force (Scotland Yard)
  • 1831-08-01 London Bridge opens to traffic
  • 1832-02-13 First appearance of cholera in London

Music Concert

1832-05-14 Felix Mendelssohn's concert overture "Hebrides" premieres in London

  • 1834-10-16 Much of the ancient structures of the Palace of Westminster (parliament) in London is burnt down
  • 1834-12-23 Joseph Hansom of London receives patent for Hansom cabs
  • 1836-06-16 London Working Men's Association forms

Historic Communication

1837-02-17 Charles Lyell makes his presidential address to the Geographical Society, London and announces that Richard Owen has concluded from Darwin's fossils that extinct species were related to current species in the same locality

Opening of Euston Station

1837-07-20 Euston railway station opens in London as the terminus of the London and Birmingham Railway (L&BR), the city's 1st intercity railway station

  • 1837-07-25 The first commercial use of an electric telegraph successfully demonstrated by William Cooke and Charles Wheatstone between Euston and Camden Town in London
  • 1838-02-25 London pedestrian walks 20 miles backward then forward in 8 hours
  • 1838-04-09 UK National Gallery re-opens in its new dedicated building in Trafalgar Square, London
  • 1839-04-19 Treaty of London constitutes Belgium an independent kingdom & Luxembourg a Grand Duchy

Palace of Westminster

1840-04-27 Foundation stone for new Palace of Westminster, London, laid by Sarah Barry wife of its architect Charles Barry

Theater Premiere

1841-03-04 Dion Boucicault's play "London Assurance" premieres in London

  • 1842-05-14 Illustrated London News; the world's first illustrated weekly newspaper, begins publication
  • 1842-11-17 Opera "Linda di Chamounix" by Gaetano Donizetti is produced in London
  • 1843-10-01 News of the World begins publication in London
  • 1843-11-27 Opera "Bohemian Girl" by Michael William Balfe with a libretto by Alfred Bunn first produced in London

Historic Event

1844-06-06 Young Men's Christian Association (YMCA) formed by George Williams in London

  • 1845-03-17 Rubber band patented by Stephen Perry of London
  • 1845-06-01 Homing pigeon completes 11,000 km trip (Namibia-London) in 55 days
  • 1845-11-15 Opera "Maritana" is produced (London)

Historic Event

1847-05-24 German explorer Ludwig Leichhardt is awarded the Patron's Medal by the Royal Geographical Society, London in recognition of 'the increased knowledge of the great continent of Australia' gained by his Moreton Bay-Port Essington journey

Historic Publication

1848-02-21 Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels publish "The Communist Manifesto" in London

  • 1848-07-11 London's Waterloo Station opens
  • 1849-05-27 Opening of the Great Hall at Euston station in London
  • 1851-03-06 Dion Boucicault's play "Love in a Maze" premieres in London
  • 1851-05-01 Great Exhibition opens in the Crystal Palace, at Hyde Park, London
  • 1851-11-13 Telegraph connection between London-Paris linked
  • 1852-02-02 1st British public men's toilet opens in Fleet St, London
  • 1852-02-11 First British public female toilet opens (Bedford Street, London)
  • 1852-02-15 Great Ormond St Hospital for Sick Children, London, admits 1st patient
  • 1852-05-08 Second London protocol signed reaffirming Danish federation control of independent Duchies of Holstein, Lauenburg and Schleswig
  • 1852-11-18 State funeral of Duke of Wellington (St Paul's Cathedral, London)
  • 1852-11-20 Charles Reade and Tom Taylor's historical comedy play "Masks & Faces" premieres in London
  • 1853-01-10 Charles Reade's play "Gold" premieres in London
  • 1853-09-24 Northern Daily Times, 1st provincial daily newspaper, starts in London
  • 1853-12-30 Dinner party held inside life-sized model of an Iguanodon (ornithopod dinosaur), created by Benjamin Waterhouse Hawkins and Sir Richard Owen in South London
  • 1856-03-05 Covent Garden Opera House, London, destroyed in a fire
  • 1858-05-15 Royal Italian Opera opens in Covent Garden, London
  • 1858-05-28 Dion Boucicault's play "Foul Play" premieres in London
  • 1858-06-29 Great fire in London docks
  • 1858-07-17 Recovery of the bell of HMS Lutine from ship's wreck, hung from rostrum in Lloyd's of London's Underwriting Room

Historic Event

1860-03-21 English novelist George Eliot finishes her novel "The Mill on the Floss" in Wandsworth, London

  • 1861-03-23 London's 1st tramcars, designed by Mr Train of NY, begins operating
  • 1861-11-19 The first petroleum shipment (1,329 barrels) from the U.S. to Europe leaves Philadelphia, USA, for London, England on the Elizabeth Watts
  • 1862-01-09 The first petroleum shipment (1,329 barrels) from the U.S. to Europe arrives at Victoria Docks, London, England aboard the Elizabeth Watts
  • 1862-02-10 Julius Benedict and Dion Boucicault's opera "Lily of Killarney" premieres at Convent Garden in London

Westminster Bridge Defies a King and the Church

1862-05-24 Westminster Bridge across The Thames in London opens, becoming the second such bridge after an earlier bridge fell into decay

  • 1863-01-10 1st underground railway opens in London
  • 1863-07-23 Alexandra Park opens in North London, England
  • 1864-01-11 Charing Cross Station opens in London

A Salute To The Salvation Army

1865-07-02 One-time Methodist Reform Church minister William Booth and his wife Catherine found the East London Christian Mission, now known as the Salvation Army

  • 1865-11-11 Thomas Robertson's "Society" premieres in London
  • 1866-01-11 Steamship London sinks in storm off Land's End, England and kills 220
  • 1866-01-12 The Royal Aeronautical Society is formed in London.
  • 1866-07-21 Cholera epidemic kills hundreds in London
  • 1867-05-11 Treaty of London drawn, granting Luxembourg full independence and neutrality

Historic Event

1867-05-20 Royal Albert Hall of Arts & Sciences foundation laid by Queen Victoria in London

  • 1868-12-09 The first traffic lights are installed outside the Palace of Westminster in London. Resembling railway signals, they use semaphore arms and are illuminated at night by red and green gas lamps.
  • 1870-04-16 Vaudeville Theatre Strand opens in London
  • 1870-08-02 Tower Subway, the world's first underground tube railway, opens in London
  • 1871-01-26 The Rugby Football Union is formed at a meeting of 21 clubs at the Pall Mall Restaurant, London, England
  • 1871-03-29 Royal Albert Hall opened by Queen Victoria in London
  • 1871-07-13 World's first championship cat show; Organised by Harrison Weir and held in Crystal Palace, London
  • 1872-03-16 1st English FA Cup Final, Kennington Oval, London: Wanderers defeat Royal Engineers, 1-0; Morton Betts scores winner
  • 1873-03-29 English FA Cup Final, Lillie Bridge, London: Wanderers beat Oxford University, 2-0; second consecutive title
  • 1873-08-23 Albert Bridge crossing the river Thames in London opens
  • 1874-03-14 English FA Cup Final, Kennington Oval, London: Oxford University beats Royal Engineers, 2-0
  • 1874-05-09 London's Victoria Embankment opens
  • 1875-03-13 English FA Cup Final, Kennington Oval, London: Royal Engineers and Old Etonians draw 1-1; replay won by Engineers, 2-0
  • 1875-03-16 English FA Cup Final Replay, Kennington Oval, London: Royal Engineers beat Old Etonians, 2-0 after initial 1-1 draw
  • 1875-05-01 Alexandra Palace, London, reopens after being burnt down in 1873
  • 1876-03-11 English FA Cup Final, Kennington Oval, London: Wanderers and Old Estonians draw, 1-1; Wanderers win replay, 3-0 for 3rd title
  • 1876-03-18 English FA Cup Final Replay, Kennington Oval, London: Wanderers beat Old Estonians, 3-0 after initial 1-1 draw; Wanderers 3rd title
  • 1877-03-24 English FA Cup Final, Kennington Oval, London: Wanderers beat Oxford University, 2–1 (a.e.t.); Wanderers' 4th title

Flash! Bang! It's the Human Cannonball!

1877-04-02 1st human cannonball act performed by 14-year-old Rossa Matilda Richter known as Zazel at the Royal Aquarium in London

  • 1877-11-17 Gilbert and Sullivan's operette "Sorcerer" premieres in London
  • 1878-03-23 English FA Cup Final, Kennington Oval, London: Wanderers beat Royal Engineers, 3–1; Wanderers' back-to-back and 5th title overall

Historic Event

1878-05-08 David Edward Hughes' paper on the idea for a microphone is read before the Royal Society of London by Thomas Henry Huxley

Music Premiere

1878-05-25 W. S. Gilbert and Arthur Sullivan's comic opera "H.M.S. Pinafore" premieres in London, their first international success

  • 1878-09-12 Cleopatra Needle installed in London
  • 1879-02-12 News about British loss at Battle of Isandlwana to Zulu attack (Anglo-Zulu War) reaches London
  • 1879-03-29 English FA Cup Final, Kennington Oval, London: Old Etonians beat Clapham Rovers, 1-0; Charles Clerke scores winner
  • 1879-04-20 1st mobile home (horse drawn) used in a journey from London & Cyprus
  • 1880-02-02 SS Strathleven arrives in London with first shipment of frozen Australian mutton
  • 1881-04-23 Gilbert & Sullivan's opera "Patience" premieres at The Opera Comique, London
  • 1881-05-24 Overloaded Canadian river ferry "Princess Victoria" sinks near London, Ontario, 180 die
  • 1882-03-04 Britain's first electric trams run in East London
  • 1883-02-17 A Ashwell patents vacant/engaged toilet lock in London
  • 1884-01-04 The Fabian Society is founded in London.
  • 1884-01-18 General Charles Gordon departs London for Khartoum, Sudan
  • 1884-04-02 London prison for debtors closed
  • 1884-10-13 Greenwich in London established as the universal time meridian of longitude
  • 1885-02-05 News of the fall of Khartoum reaches London
  • 1885-03-14 Gilbert & Sullivan's comic opera "Mikado" premieres in London at the Savoy Theatre
  • 1885-11-09 Opera "Ermine" premieres in London
  • 1886-02-23 "The Times" of London newspaper publishes world's 1st classified ad

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 201 - 300 of 1,983

  • 1819-06-06 William Howard Glover, English composer, born in London, England (d. 1875)
  • 1820-03-21 Frank Mori, English composer, born in London (d. 1873)
  • 1820-05-04 Joseph Whitaker, British publisher (Whitaker's Almanack), born in London (d. 1895)
  • 1820-08-13 George Grove, English biblical scholar and misicographer, born in Clapham, London (d. 1900)
  • 1820-12-10 Princess Elizabeth of Clarence, secon daughter of King Willliam IV, born in St James's Palace, London (d. 1821)
  • 1821-06-08 Samuel White Baker, English explorer (Ceylon & Egypt), born in London, England (d. 1893)

Dion Boucicault

1822-12-26 Dion Boucicault [Dionysus Lardner Boursiquot], Irish actor and playwright (Rip van Winkle, London Assurance), born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1890)

  • 1823-03-16 William Henry Monk, English composer and organist (Eventide), born in London, England (d. 1889)
  • 1823-05-17 Charlotte Sainton-Dolby, English contralto and composer, born in London (d. 1885)
  • 1824-01-08 [William] Wilkie Collins, English writer (Woman in White), born in London (d. 1889)
  • 1824-06-02 Samuel Wilks, British Physician and founding father of clinical science, born in London, England
  • 1824-06-20 George Edmund Street, English architect, born in Woodford, London (d. 1881)
  • 1825-05-08 George Bruce Malleson, English officer in India and author, born in Wimbledon, London (d. 1898)
  • 1826-08-06 Thomas Alexander Browne, Australian writer (Robbery Under Arms), born in London (d. 1915)
  • 1826-08-28 Walter Cecil Macfarren, English pianist and composer, born in London (d. 1905)
  • 1827-04-02 William Holman Hunt, English painter (Light of the World), born in Cheapside, London (d. 1910)
  • 1829-09-25 William Michael Rossetti, English writer and civil servant, born in London, England (d. 1919)
  • 1830-01-17 Eyre Massey Shaw, British first chief of London Fire Brigade, born in Ballymore, Ireland (d. 1908)
  • 1830-12-05 Christina Rossetti, English poet (Winter Rain, Passing Away), born in London, England (d. 1894)

David Edward Hughes

1831-05-16 David Edward Hughes, British-American inventor (microphone, teleprinter), born in either London, England or Corwen, Wales (d. 1900)

  • 1831-06-07 Amelia Edwards, English author (The Phantom Coach) and Egyptologist, born in London (d. 1892)
  • 1832-06-17 William Crookes, English chemist and physicist (Crookes-pipe, thallium), born in London (d. 1919)
  • 1832-10-02 Edward Burnett Tylor, English anthropologist (Primitive Culture), born in London (d. 1917)
  • 1833-01-07 Henry Enfield Roscoe, English Chemist (vanadium and photochemistry), born in London, England
  • 1833-01-28 Charles George Gordon, general (China, Khartoum), born in London, England
  • 1834-04-30 Lord Avebury [John Lubbock], British banker and politician, born in London (d. 1913)
  • 1835-08-14 Tom King, English boxer (English heavyweight champion 1862-63), rower and bookmaker, born in London, England (d. 1888)
  • 1836-03-16 Andrew Smith Hallidie, American inventor of the cable car, born in London (d. 1900)
  • 1836-06-09 Elizabeth Garrett Anderson, 1st qualified woman physician in Britain, first woman mayor (Aldeburgh), born in London (d. 1917)

William Schwenck Gilbert

1836-11-18 (William Schwenck) W.S. Gilbert, English dramatist, poet librettist major-generally remembered for his comic operas with Arthur Sullivan (The Pirates of Penzance; H.M.S.Pinafore; The Mikdao), born in London, England

  • 1837-01-05 Algernon Charles Swinburne, English poet & writer [or Apr 5], born in London, United Kingdom (d. 1909)
  • 1837-04-05 Algernon Charles Swinburne, English poet (Atalanta in Calydon), born in London (d. 1909)
  • 1837-11-09 Alfred Holmes, English violinist and composer, born in London (d. 1876)
  • 1838-04-11 Joseph Leopold Röckel, German composer, born in London (d. 1908)
  • 1838-12-03 Octavia Hill, British reformer, leader of open-space movement, born in London, England (d. 1912)
  • 1839-08-04 Walter Pater, writer (Plato & Platoism), born in London, England
  • 1839-11-07 Henry Holmes, English violinist and composer, born in London (d. 1905)
  • 1840-03-26 George Smith, English archaeologist and assyriologist (cuneiform script), born in London (d. 1876)
  • 1840-03-31 Benjamin Baker, English civil engineer who designed the bridge over the Firth of Forth, Scotland and the London underground, born in Frome, England (d. 1907)
  • 1840-04-27 Edward Whymper, English mountaineer, 1st to climb Matterhorn (1865), born in London (d. 1911)
  • 1840-05-24 Frederick Walker, British social realist painter, born in London (d. 1875)
  • 1840-06-06 John Stainer, English organist, composer (The Crucifixion), musicologist, and educator, born in Southwark, London (d. 1901)
  • 1840-10-09 Simeon Solomon, English Pre-Raphaelite painter, born in London, England (d. 1905)
  • 1841-05-14 Sir Squire Bancroft [Butterfield], British actor and manager known for creating 'drawing-room comedy' (Haymarket), born in Rotherhithe, London (d. 1926)

Edward VII

1841-11-09 Edward VII, King of England (1901-10), born in Buckingham Palace, London (d. 1910)

  • 1842-05-13 Arthur Sullivan, British composer (The Golden Legend; Onward, Christian Soldiers), major-generally remembered for his comic operas with W.S. Gilbert (The Pirates of Penzance:, H.M.S Pinafore; The Mikado), born in London (d. 1900)
  • 1842-07-26 Alfred Marshall, English economist (Principles of Economics), born in London, England (d. 1924)
  • 1842-08-14 Henry Duff Traill, British author and journalist (The Marquis of Salisbury), born in Blackheath, London (d. 1900)
  • 1843-01-20 Pierre-Paul Cambon, French diplomat (Madrid, Constantinople, London)
  • 1843-04-25 Princess Alice of the United Kingdom, Grand Duchess of Hesse, born in Buckingham Palace, London (d. 1878)
  • 1843-06-30 Ernest Mason Satow, British diplomat and scholar, born in Clapton, London, England (d. 1929)
  • 1843-09-04 Charles Dilke, British statesman and Radical politician, born in London (d. 1911)
  • 1844-01-14 Clara Kathleen Rogers, American composer, born in Cheltenham, London (d. 1931)
  • 1844-05-03 Richard D'Oyly Carte, English opera impresario (Gilbert & Sullivan operas), born in London (d. 1901)
  • 1844-07-22 William Archibald Spooner, English Oxford Don and reverend and inventor (spoonerisms), born in London, England (d. 1930)
  • 1844-07-28 Gerard Manley Hopkins, English poet (Windhover), born in Stratford, London (d. 1889)
  • 1845-01-14 Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, 5th Marquess of Lansdowne, British statesman, born in London, United Kingdom (d. 1927)
  • 1845-02-14 Cecil De Vere, 1st official British chess champion (1866), born in London (d. 1875)

Mary Ann Nichols

1845-08-26 Mary Ann Nichols, English prostitute and 1st victim of Jack the Ripper, born in London (d. 1888)

  • 1846-05-25 Princess Helena of the United Kingdom, daughter of Queen Victoria, born in Buckingham Palace, London (d. 1923)
  • 1847-06-11 Millicent Fawcett, English leader of women's rights, born in London (d. 1929)
  • 1847-09-14 William Edward Ayrton, English Physicist and Inventor, born in London, England (d. 1908)
  • 1847-10-01 Annie Besant, English social reformer and supporter of Indian independence, born in London (d. 1933)
  • 1847-12-09 George Grossmith, British actor, comedian and writer (The Diary of a Nobody, A Society Clown), born in London, England (d. 1912)
  • 1848-04-09 Francis MacKinnon, English cricket batsman (1 Test; Kent CCC) and 35th Chief of MacKinnon clan, born in London, England (d. 1947)
  • 1848-12-30 Mary Frances Allitsen, British composer, born in London, England (d. 1912)
  • 1849-09-21 Edmund Gosse, English poet, author (Father & Son) and critic, born in London (d. 1928)

Samuel Gompers

1850-01-27 Samuel Gompers, American labor union leader (American Federation of Labor), born in London, England (d. 1924)

  • 1850-01-29 Ebenezer Howard, English pioneer of garden cities, born in London, England (d. 1928)
  • 1850-05-01 Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn, Governor General of Canada (1911-16), born in Buckingham Palace, London (d. 1942)
  • 1850-05-18 Oliver Heaviside, English physicist (predicted ionosphere), born in London, England (d. 1925)
  • 1850-05-24 Ernest Albert Waterlow, English water-color painter, born in London (d. 1919)
  • 1851-08-03 Isabella Caroline Somerset, British philanthropist, temperance leader and campaigner for women's rights, born in London (d. 1921)
  • 1852-04-18 George Clausen, English painter, born in London (d. 1944)
  • 1852-05-04 Alice Liddell, English schoolgirl model for Alice in Wonderland, born in London (d. 1934)
  • 1852-05-24 Robert Bontine Cunninghame Graham, Scottish politician, born in London (d. 1936)
  • 1852-07-06 John Albert Delany, Australian composer, born in Ratcliff, London (d. 1907)
  • 1852-08-23 Arnold Toynbee, English economic historian and social reformer, born in London (d. 1883)
  • 1852-12-17 Herbert Beerbohm Tree, British actor and theatre manager (King John, Trilby), born in Kensington, London (d. 1917)
  • 1853-01-16 Johnston Forbes-Robertson, British actor and theatre director (Kathleen), born in London, England (d. 1937)
  • 1854-06-13 Charles Algernon Parsons, British inventor (steam turbine), born in London (d. 1931)
  • 1854-08-10 J Scott Lidgett, theologist, born in London, England
  • 1855-01-02 Frank Hadow, British tennis player (Wimbledon 1878; first exponent of the lob), born in London, England (d. 1946)
  • 1855-05-24 Arthur Wing Pinero, English actor and playwright, born in London (d. 1934)
  • 1855-07-25 Edward Solomon, English composer, born in Lambeth, London (d. 1895)
  • 1855-09-28 Thomas Frederick Tout, British historian (Manchester school of historiography), born in London, England (d. 1929)

Robert Baden-Powell

1857-02-22 Robert Baden-Powell, British officer and founder of the modern scouting movement, born in Paddington, London (d. 1941)

  • 1857-03-27 Karl Pearson, British statistician (leading founder of the modern field of statistics), born in London (d. 1936)
  • 1857-04-14 Victor Horsley, English physician and neuroscientist, born in London (d. 1916)
  • 1857-11-27 Charles Scott Sherrington, British physiologist (Nobel 1932-functions of neurons), born in London (d. 1952)
  • 1858-01-22 Beatrice Potter Webb, English sociologist, economist (founded London School of Economics) and writer (My Apprenticeship), born in Standish (d. 1943)
  • 1858-08-15 Edith Nesbit, British children books author (The Story of the Treasure Seekers, Five Children and It), born in London, England (d. 1924)
  • 1859-03-13 Ivo Bligh, British noble (8th Earl of Darnley) and cricket batsman (4 Tests; first England captain v Australia 1882-83), born in London, England (d. 1927)
  • 1859-11-22 Cecil Sharp, British collector of English folk music and dance, born in London, England (d. 1924)
  • 1860-08-07 Alan Leo, British astrologer, born in Westminster, London (d. 1917)
  • 1860-10-03 Annie Horniman, English theater owner (Abbey Theatre, Dublin), born in Surrey Mount, Forest Hill, London (d. 1937)
  • 1860-10-04 Sidney Paget, British illustrator (Sherlock Holmes), born in London (d. 1908)
  • 1860-11-13 Percy McDonnell, Australian cricket batsman (19 Tests, 3 x 100s), born in London, England (d. 1896)
  • 1860-12-20 Dan Leno [George Wild Galvin], English comedian & stage actor, born in Somers Town, London (d. 1904)

Famous Weddings


Famous Deaths