London in History (Part 3)

Historical Events

Events 201 - 300 of 963

  • 1842-11-17 Opera "Linda di Chamounix" is produced (London)
  • 1843-10-01 News of the World begins publication in London
  • 1843-11-27 Opera "Bohemian Girl" is produced (London)
  • 1844-06-06 Young Men's Christian Association (YMCA) forms in London
  • 1845-03-17 Rubber band patented by Stephen Perry of London
  • 1845-06-01 Homing pigeon completes 11,000 km trip (Namibia-London) in 55 days
  • 1845-11-15 Opera "Maritana" is produced (London)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1847-05-24 German explorer Ludwig Leichhardt is awarded the Patron's Medal by the Royal Geographical Society, London in recognition of 'the increased knowledge of the great continent of Australia' gained by his Moreton Bay-Port Essington journey

Explorer and Naturalist Ludwig Leichhardt
Explorer and Naturalist
Ludwig Leichhardt

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1848-02-21 Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels publish "The Communist Manifesto" in London

Communist Philosopher Karl Marx
Communist Philosopher
Karl Marx

CommunicationOpening of Euston Station

1849-05-27 Opening of the Great Hall at Euston station in London

  • 1851-03-06 Dion Boucicault's "Love in a Maze" premieres in London
  • 1851-05-01 Great Exhibition opens in the Crystal Palace, London
  • 1851-11-13 Telegraph connection between London-Paris linked
  • 1852-02-02 1st British public men's toilet opens in Fleet St, London
  • 1852-02-11 First British public female toilet opens (Bedford Street, London)
  • 1852-02-15 Great Ormond St Hospital for Sick Children, London, admits 1st patient
  • 1852-11-18 State funeral of Duke of Wellington (St Paul's Cathedral, London)
  • 1852-11-20 Charles Reade/Tom Taylor's "Masks & Faces" premieres in London
  • 1853-01-10 Charles Reade's "Gold" premieres in London
  • 1853-09-24 Northern Daily Times, 1st provincial daily newspaper, starts in London
  • 1853-12-30 A dinner party is held inside a life-size model of an Iguanodon (ornithopod dinosaur) created by Benjamin Waterhouse Hawkins and Sir Richard Owen in south London
  • 1856-03-05 Covent Garden Opera House, London, destroyed in a fire
  • 1858-05-15 Royal Italian Opera opens in Covent Garden London
  • 1858-05-28 Dion Boucicault's "Foul Play" premieres in London
  • 1858-06-29 Great fire in London docks
  • 1858-07-17 Recovery of the bell of HMS Lutine from ship's wreck, hung from rostrum in Lloyd's of London's Underwriting Room
  • 1861-03-23 London's 1st tramcars, designed by Mr Train of NY, begins operating
  • 1861-11-19 The first petroleum shipment (1,329 barrels) from the U.S. to Europe leaves Philadelphia, USA, for London, England on the Elizabeth Watts
  • 1862-01-09 The first petroleum shipment (1,329 barrels) from the U.S. to Europe arrives at Victoria Docks, London, England aboard the Elizabeth Watts
  • 1862-02-08 Opera "Lily of Killarney" premieres in London
  • 1863-01-10 1st underground railway opens in London
  • 1863-07-23 Alexandra Park opens in North London
  • 1864-01-11 Charing Cross Station opens in London
  • 1865-07-02 One-time Methodist Reform Church minister William Booth and his wife Catherine found the Salvation Army (Army of the Salvation) as the East London Christian Mission
  • 1865-11-11 Thomas Robertson's "Society" premieres in London
  • 1866-01-11 Steamship London sinks in storm off Land's End, England and kills 220
  • 1866-01-12 The Royal Aeronautical Society is formed in London.
  • 1866-07-21 Cholera epidemic kills hundreds in London
  • 1867-05-11 Treaty of London drawn, concerning Luxembourg
  • 1868-12-09 The first traffic lights are installed outside the Palace of Westminster in London. Resembling railway signals, they use semaphore arms and are illuminated at night by red and green gas lamps.
  • 1870-04-16 Vaudeville Theatre Strand opens in London
  • 1870-08-02 Tower Subway, the world's first underground tube railway, opens in London.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1871-03-29 Royal Albert Hall opened by Queen Victoria in London

Queen of the United Kingdom Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
Victoria
  • 1871-07-13 World's first championship cat show; Organised by Harrison Weir and held in Crystal Palace, London
  • 1872-03-16 1st FA Cup Final: Wanderers defeat Royal Engineers 1-0 at Kennington Oval in London
  • 1873-08-23 Albert Bridge crossing the river Thames in London opens
  • 1874-05-09 London's Victoria Embankment opens
  • 1875-05-01 Alexandra Palace, London, reopens after being burnt down in 1873
  • 1875-08-02 1st roller skating rink opens (London)
  • 1877-04-10 1st human cannonball act performed in London

  • 1877-11-17 Gilbert and Sullivan's operette "Sorcerer" premieres in London

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1878-05-08 David Edward Hughes' paper on the idea for a microphone is read before the Royal Society of London by Thomas Henry Huxley

  • 1878-05-25 Gilbert & Sullivan's opera "HMS Pinafore" premieres in London
  • 1878-09-12 Cleopatra Needle installed in London
  • 1879-02-12 News about slaughtering of Isandlwana reaches London
  • 1879-04-20 1st mobile home (horse drawn) used in a journey from London & Cyprus
  • 1880-02-02 SS Strathleven arrives in London with first shipment of frozen Australian mutton
  • 1880-06-16 Salvation Army forms in London
  • 1881-04-23 Gilbert & Sullivan's opera "Patience" produced in London
  • 1881-05-24 Canadian ferry Princess Victoria sinks near London Ontario, 200 die
  • 1882-03-04 Britain's first electric trams run in East London.
  • 1883-02-17 A Ashwell patents free-toilet in London
  • 1884-01-04 The Fabian Society is founded in London.
  • 1884-01-18 General Charles Gordon departs London for Khartoum
  • 1884-04-02 London prison for debtors closed
  • 1884-10-13 Greenwich in London established as the universal time meridian of longitude
  • 1885-02-05 News of the fall of Khartoum reaches London
  • 1885-03-14 Gilbert & Sullivan's comic opera "Mikado" premieres in London at the Savoy Theatre
  • 1885-11-09 Opera "Ermine" premieres in London
  • 1886-02-23 "The Times" of London publishes world's 1st classified ad
  • 1886-09-25 Comedy opera "Dorothy" first produced in London
  • 1887-05-09 Buffalo Bill Cody's Wild West Show opens in London
  • 1887-11-13 Bloody Sunday clashes in central London.
  • 1888-03-21 Arthur Pinero's "Sweet Lavender" premieres in London
  • 1888-08-31 The body of Jack the Ripper's first victim, Mary Ann 'Polly' Nichols, is found in Whitechapel , in London's East End.
  • 1888-09-25 Royal Court Theatre, London, opens
  • 1888-09-30 "Jack the Ripper" murders 2 more women, Liz Stride & Kate Eddowes, in Whitechapel, London
  • 1889-03-23 The free Woolwich Ferry officially opens in east London
  • 1889-05-14 The National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children (NSPCC) is launched in London.
  • 1889-12-07 Gilbert & Sullivan's "Gondoliers" premieres in London

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1890-04-26 Henry Morton Stanley inaugurated in London

Journalist and Explorer Henry Morton Stanley
Journalist and Explorer
Henry Morton Stanley
  • 1890-05-17 Comic Cuts, 1st weekly comic paper, published in London
  • 1890-05-24 Tivoli Theater of Varities opens in London
  • 1890-11-04 Prince of Wales opens first underground station at Stockwell, South London
  • 1891-04-01 London-Paris telephone connection opens
  • 1891-05-06 Conductors on London General Omnibus Company go on strike
  • 1891-07-26 Henry James' "American" premieres in London

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1892-02-22 "Lady Windermere's Fan" by Oscar Wilde premieres at St James Theatre, London

Writer and Poet Oscar Wilde
Writer and Poet
Oscar Wilde
  • 1892-02-25 James Barrie's "Walker London" premieres in London
  • 1893-05-10 Imperial Institute in London opens
  • 1893-10-14 George Edwarde's "Gaiety Girl" premieres in London

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1894-04-21 George Bernard Shaw's "Arms & the Man" premieres in London

  • 1894-06-30 London's Tower Bridge opens
  • 1894-09-10 London taxi driver George Smith is the first to be fined for drunk driving
  • 1895-01-05 Henry James' play "Guy Domville" opens in London
  • 1895-01-13 Oscar Wilde's "Ideal Husband" premieres in London
  • 1895-02-14 Oscar Wilde's "Importance of Being Earnest," opens in London
  • 1895-10-05 The first individual time trial for racing cyclists is held on a 50-mile course north of London.
  • 1896-01-15 Henry Arthur Jones' "Michael & his Lost Angel" premieres in London

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 201 - 300 of 1,116

  • 1877-11-25 Harley Granville-Barker, dramatist/producer/critic, born in London, England
  • 1879-01-15 Ernest Thesiger, English actor (Bride of Frankenstein, Ghoul), born in London, England (d. 1961)
  • 1879-04-29 Thomas Beecham, England, composer (found London Philharmonic)
  • 1879-10-30 Eily Malyon, British actress (Jane Eyre, I Married a Witch, Devotion), born in London, England (d. 1961)
  • 1880-01-01 Edie Martin, British actress (Titfield Thunderbolt), born in London, England (d. 1964)
  • 1880-03-01 Lytton Strachey, English biographer and critic (Benson Medal 1923), born in London, England
  • 1880-10-12 Healey Willan, Anglo-Canadian composer, born in Balham, London (d. 1968)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1881-08-06 Alexander Fleming, Scottish bacteriologist (invented penicillin; Nobel Prize 1945), born in Lochfield, Scotland (d. 1955)

  • 1881-09-12 Daniel Jones, English phoneticist (English pronouncing dictionary), born in London (d. 1967)
  • 1881-09-28 Henry Geehl, English composer, born in London (d. 1961)
  • 1881-10-26 Margaret Wycherly, British actress (Keeper of the Flame), born in London, England (d. 1956)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1882-01-25 Virginia Woolf [Adeline], British author (Jacob's Room, To Lighthouse), born in London, England (d. 1941)

  • 1882-04-18 Leopold Stokowski, British conductor (Philadelphia Orchestra), born in London, England (d. 1977)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1883-01-03 Clement Attlee, British Prime Minister (L-1945-51), born in Putney, London (d. 1967)

British Prime Minister Clement Attlee
British Prime Minister
Clement Attlee
  • 1883-03-24 James I Wedgwood, British theosophist and bishop (Liberal Catholic Church), born in London (d. 1951)
  • 1883-05-15 Stanley Marchant, English composer, born in London (d. 1949)
  • 1883-07-06 Ralph Morgan [Wupperman], American actor (Creeper, Imposter, Jack London), born in NYC, New York (d. 1956)
  • 1883-11-08 Arnold Bax, English composer (Farewell My Youth), born in London (d. 1953)
  • 1883-11-25 Percy Marmont, British actor (Secret Agent, Lisbon, Captain Apache), born in London, England (d. 1977)
  • 1885-02-25 Sylvia Brett, Lady Brooke and Ranee of Sarawak, born in London, England (d. 1971)
  • 1885-03-01 Lionel Atwill, British actor (The Mystery of the Wax Museum), born in Croydon, London, England (d. 1946)
  • 1885-04-13 Pieter S Gerbrandy, Dutch lawyer/premier in London (1940-45)
  • 1885-08-07 Gordon Harker, British actor (Facts of Love, Champagne, Inspector Hornleigh), born in London, England (d. 1967)
  • 1885-08-16 Charles Carson, British actor (Cry the Beloved Country), born in London, England (d. 1977)
  • 1885-12-19 F S Flint, translator/poet (imagist movement), born in London, England
  • 1886-01-17 Ronald Firbank, British novelist (Flower Beneath the Foot), born in London, England (d. 1926)
  • 1886-09-14 Jan Garrique Masaryk, Czech, statesman/minister to London (1918-35)
  • 1887-02-25 Leonard Carey, British actor (Rebecca, Laughter), born in London, England (d. 1977)
  • 1887-06-01 Clive Brook, British actor and director (List of Adrian Messenger), born in London, England (d. 1974)
  • 1887-06-22 Julian S Huxley, biologist/philosopher, Darwin's Bulldog, born in London, England
  • 1887-08-08 Esme Percy, British actor (Murder!, Pygmalion, Old Spanish Custom), born in London, England (d. 1957)
  • 1887-11-11 Roland Young, British-born American actor, born in London, England (d. 1953)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1887-11-17 Bernard Montgomery, 1st Viscount Alamein, British WWII Field Marshal (African campaign, D-Day) and WWI officer, born in London (d. 1976)

British WWII Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery
British WWII Field Marshal
Bernard Montgomery
  • 1888-02-08 Edith Evans, British actress (Tom Jones, David Copperfield), born in London, England (d. 1976)
  • 1888-03-24 Jameson Thomas, British actor (Piccadilly, Farmer's Wife), born in London, England (d. 1939)
  • 1888-04-11 Donald Calthrop, British actor (Blackmail, Scrooge, Rome Express), born in London, England (d. 1940)
  • 1888-05-14 Miles Mander, British actor (Tower of London, Wuthering Heights, Murder!), born in Wolverhampton, Staffordshire, England (d. 1946)
  • 1888-10-03 Claud Allister, British actor (Kiss Me Kate, Quartet, Bulldog Drummond), born in London, England (d. 1970)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1889-04-14 Arnold J. Toynbee, English historian (A Study of History), born in London (d. 1975)

  • 1889-04-16 Charles 'Charlie' Chaplin, British actor and comedian (City Lights, Gold Rush), born in London, England (d. 1977)
  • 1889-05-31 Athene Seyler, British actress (Make Mine Mink), born in London, England (d. 1990)
  • 1889-08-06 John Middleton Murry, English poet and literary critic (Between Two Worlds), born in London, England (d. 1957)
  • 1889-08-31 Bombardier Billy Wells [William Thomas Wells], English heavyweight boxer (Lionsdale Belt, 1911), born in London, England (d. 1967)
  • 1889-11-10 Claude Rains, British actor (Invisible Man, Casablanca), born in London, England (d. 1967)
  • 1890-02-25 Myra Hess, concert pianist, born in London, England
  • 1890-03-29 Harold Spencer Jones, English Astronomer and 10th astronomer royal of England whose work led to a more accurate determination of the distance between the Earth and the Sun, born in London, England
  • 1890-05-23 Herbert Marshall, actor (Murder, Razor's Edge, Little Foxes), born in London, England
  • 1890-06-19 Barbara Everest, American actress (Fatal Witness, Inquest), born in London, England (d. 1968)
  • 1890-10-01 Stanley Holloway, actor (Higgins-Our Man Higgins), born in London, England
  • 1890-12-10 George Merritt, actor (I Monster, Q Planes), born in London, England
  • 1891-01-25 Dame Gwen Ffrangcon-Davies, British actress (The Devil Rides Out), born in London, England (d. 1992)
  • 1891-07-14 Henry Oscar, actor (Saint in London), born in London, England
  • 1891-08-02 Arthur Edward Drummond Bliss, composer (Olympians), born in London, England
  • 1891-09-16 Isabel Jeans, British actress (Easy Virtue, Heavens Above), born in London, England (d. 1985)
  • 1891-12-17 Robertson Hare, actor (Our Girl Friday, Banana Ridge), born in London, England
  • 1892-03-13 Alec Rowley, English composer, born in London (d. 1958)
  • 1892-05-11 Margaret Rutherford, English actress (Murder Most Foul, The V.I.P.s), born in London (d. 1972)
  • 1892-06-16 Lupino Lane, English actor (Love Parade), born in London (d. 1959)
  • 1892-07-17 Mary Clare, British actress (Evil Mind, Young & Innocent), born in London, England (d. 1970)
  • 1892-08-22 Percy Fender, English cricketer (legendary Surrey & England all-rounder), born in Balham, London (d. 1985)
  • 1892-12-06 F Osbert S Sitwell, poet/writer (Out of the Flame), born in London, England
  • 1892-12-25 Rebecca West, [Cicely Isabel Fairfield], English author (Meaning of Treason), born in London
  • 1893-04-03 Leslie Howard [Stainer], British actor (Gone With the Wind, Of Human Bondage), born in London, England (d. 1943)
  • 1893-05-15 Stanley Lupino, English comic (Cheer Up, Over She Goes), born in London (d. 1942)
  • 1893-05-26 Eugene Goossens, conductor/composer (Perseus), born in London, England
  • 1894-01-10 Reginald Denham, Broadway director (Obsession, The Bad Seed), born in London, England

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1894-02-10 Harold Macmillan, British Conservative politician, Prime Minister (1957-63), born in London (d. 1986)

British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan
British Prime Minister
Harold Macmillan
  • 1894-03-05 Henry Daniell, British actor (The Great Dictator, Camille, Philadelphia Story, Body Snatchers), born in London, England (d. 1963)
  • 1894-06-06 Violet Trefusis, English writer and socialite who had a famous affair with writer Vita Sackville-West, born in London England (d. 1972)
  • 1894-09-17 Fay Compton [Virginia Lillian Emeline Compton], British actress (The Haunting), born in West Kensington, London (d. 1978)
  • 1894-10-30 Peter Warlock [Philip Heseltine], British composer, born in London (d. 1930)
  • 1895-02-23 Richard Goolden, British actor (Two Days to Live, School for Husbands), born in London, England (d. 1981)
  • 1895-07-05 Gordon Jacob, English composer, born in London (d. 1984)
  • 1895-07-18 Marie Ney, British actress (Brief Ecstasy, Simba, Witchcraft), born in London, England (d. 1981)
  • 1895-07-24 Robert Graves, writer/poet (I Claudius) [or 6/26], born in London, England
  • 1895-07-26 Jerry Verno, British actor (River of Unrest, Ourselves Alone, Sweeney Todd), born in London, England (d. 1975)
  • 1895-10-24 Jack Warner [Waters], British actor (Dixon of Dock Green, Christmas Carol), born in London, England (d. 1981)
  • 1896-03-10 Nancy Cunard, British writer and activist, born in London (d. 1965)
  • 1896-06-29 Irene Browne, British actress (All at Sea, Peg O' My Heart), born in London, England (d. 1965)
  • 1896-08-18 Alan Mowbray, British actor (Dante, Colonel Flack), born in London, England (d. 1969)
  • 1896-11-16 Oswald Mosley, British politician and founder of British Union of Fascists, born in London (d. 1980)
  • 1897-02-01 Denise Robins, romantic novelist (1st Long Kiss), born in London, England
  • 1897-05-18 Jack Raine, British actor (Quartet), born in London, England (d. 1979)
  • 1897-05-28 Henry Kendall, British director and actor (Amazing Quest, Shadow, Rich & Strange), born in London, England (d. 1962)
  • 1897-05-31 Margalo Gillmore, British actress (Skirts Ahoy, High Society), born in London, England (d. 1986)
  • 1897-11-02 Jacob Bjerknes, Norwegian-American meteorologist (USAF in London), born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1975)
  • 1897-12-09 Hermione Ferdinanda Gingold, British actress (Gigi, Music Man), born in London, England (d. 1987)
  • 1898-03-30 Joyce Carey, British actress (Brief Encounter, The Cedar Tree), born in Kensington, London (d. 1993)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1898-07-04 Gertrude Lawrence, English actress (Mimi, Rembrandt) and musical performer, born in London (d. 1952)

Actress and Musical Performer Gertrude Lawrence
Actress and Musical Performer
Gertrude Lawrence
  • 1898-07-08 Alec Waugh, English novelist (Island in the Sun); brother of Evelyn, born in London, England (d. 1981)
  • 1899-01-11 Eva Le Gallienne, English-American actress and director (Resurrection), born in London, England (d. 1991)
  • 1899-01-17 Nevil Shute [Norway], novelist (On the Beach, Town Like Alice), born in London, England
  • 1899-04-22 Martyn Green, British actor (Gilbert & Sullivan, Iceman Cometh), born in London, England (d. 1975)
  • 1899-08-07 Irene "Renie" Riano, English-born American actress [The Family Jewels], born in London, England (d. 1971)
  • 1899-10-08 Milner Gray, British graphic designer, born in London (d. 1997)
  • 1899-11-23 Norman Hunter, English children's writer (Professor Branestawm), born in London (d. 1995)
  • 1899-12-15 Frank Vosper, British actor (The Man Who Knew Too Much, Rome Express), born in London, England (d. 1937)
  • 1900-02-08 John Cameron, Scottish judge, born in London (d. 1996)
  • 1900-02-12 Fred Emney, British actor (Let the People Sing, Adventures of a Private Eye, Lilac Domino), born in London, England (d. 1980)
  • 1900-03-06 John Henry Pyle Pafford, British librarian (University of London), born in Bradford-on-Avon, Wiltshire (d. 1996)

Famous Weddings


Famous Deaths