London in History (Part 4)

Historical Events

Events 301 - 400 of 1,161

  • 1886-09-25 Comedy opera "Dorothy" first produced in London
  • 1887-05-09 Buffalo Bill Cody's Wild West Show opens in London
  • 1887-07-05 Columbia University 4's crew becomes first American boat to win at London's Henley Regatta (Visitors Challenge Cup)
  • 1887-11-13 Bloody Sunday clashes in central London
  • 1888-03-21 Arthur Pinero's "Sweet Lavender" premieres in London

Murder of Interest

1888-08-31 The body of Jack the Ripper's first victim, Mary Ann Nichols, is found in Whitechapel in London's East End

  • 1888-09-25 Royal Court Theatre, London, opens
  • 1888-09-30 "Jack the Ripper" murders 2 more women, Liz Stride & Kate Eddowes, in Whitechapel, London
  • 1889-03-23 The free Woolwich Ferry officially opens in east London
  • 1889-05-14 The National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children (NSPCC) is launched in London
  • 1889-12-07 Gilbert & Sullivan's "Gondoliers" premieres in London
  • 1890-05-17 Comic Cuts, 1st weekly comic paper, published in London
  • 1890-05-24 Tivoli Theater of Varieties opens in London
  • 1890-11-04 Prince of Wales opens first underground station at Stockwell, South London
  • 1891-03-28 1st world weightlifting championship won by Edward Lawrence in London, England
  • 1891-04-01 London-Paris telephone connection opens
  • 1891-05-06 Conductors on London General Omnibus Company go on strike
  • 1891-07-26 Henry James' "American" premieres in London

Historic Event

1892-02-22 "Lady Windermere's Fan" by Oscar Wilde premieres at St James Theatre, London

  • 1892-02-25 James Barrie's "Walker London" premieres in London
  • 1893-05-10 Imperial Institute in London opens
  • 1893-10-14 George Edwarde's "Gaiety Girl" premieres in London

Theater Premiere

1894-04-21 George Bernard Shaw's play "Arms and the Man" premieres in London becoming his first public success

  • 1894-06-30 London's Tower Bridge opens across the Thames
  • 1894-09-10 London taxi driver George Smith is the first to be fined for drunk driving
  • 1895-01-05 Henry James' play "Guy Domville" opens in London
  • 1895-01-13 Oscar Wilde's "Ideal Husband" premieres in London
  • 1895-02-14 Oscar Wilde's "Importance of Being Earnest," opens in London
  • 1895-10-05 First UK individual cycling time trial is held on a 50-mile course north of London; Frederick Thomas Bidlake organiser
  • 1896-01-15 Henry Arthur Jones' "Michael & his Lost Angel" premieres in London
  • 1896-02-17 Muzzling Order on the London County Council enforced
  • 1896-03-07 Gilbert & Sullivan's last operette "Grand Duke" premieres in London
  • 1896-04-25 Sidney Jones & Harry Greenbacks musical "The Geisha" premieres at Daly's Theatre, London; runs for 760 performances
  • 1896-05-04 1st edition of London Daily Mail (halfpenny)
  • 1896-05-09 1st horseless carriage show in London (featured 10 models)
  • 1897-05-22 The Blackwall Tunnel under the River Thames, in London, England officially opens

Historic Publication

1897-05-26 "Dracula" by Irish author Bram Stoker is published by Archibald Constable and Company in London

  • 1897-07-25 Writer Jack London sails to join the Klondike Gold Rush where he will write his first successful stories
  • 1897-08-19 1st electric taxis driven in London
  • 1897-10-22 World's first car dealer opens in London
  • 1897-12-06 London becomes the world's first city to host licenced taxicabs
  • 1898-05-27 Arthur Pinero's "Trelawney of the Wells" premieres in London
  • 1899-05-17 Victoria & Albert Museum foundation laid, London, England
  • 1899-11-11 Stuart/Rubens/Boyd-Jones' "Floradora" premieres in London
  • 1900-02-27 In London, the Trades Union Congress and the Independent Labour Party (formed in 1893) meet, results in a Labour Representative Committee and eventually the modern Labour Party in 1906
  • 1900-05-02 George Bernard Shaw's play "You Never Can Tell" premieres in London
  • 1900-05-25 Retired London fire master Eyre Massey Shaw aged 70 reputedly becomes oldest gold medalist in Olympics for sailing (disputed)
  • 1900-07-16 A report appears in London that all foreigners in Peking, China, have been massacred. Although soon exposed as false, the report helps mobilize support for relief of foreigners
  • 1900-07-23 First Pan-African Congress meets in London, organized by Trinidadian Henry Sylvester Williams, makes plea for African self-government
  • 1901-10-16 Baron Hayashi of Japan begins negotiations in London to make an alliance with the British and strengthen Japan's position against Russians
  • 1901-12-14 1st table tennis tournament is held at the London Royal Aquarium

Historic Publication

1902-10-02 Beatrix Potter's "The Tale of Peter Rabbit" is published by Frederick Warne & Co. in London

  • 1903-06-06 President Emile Loubet of France and Minister of Foreign Affairs Theophile Declasse visit London, furthering the cause of Entente Cordiale between Britain and France
  • 1903-07-17 The Russian Social Democratic Workers Party meets, first in Brussels and then London because their leaders have been forced into exile by the Russian Government
  • 1904-11-01 George Bernard Shaw's comedy play "John Bull's Other Island" premieres in London
  • 1904-12-27 Stage play "Peter Pan" by J. M. Barrie premieres at the Duke of York Theatre in London
  • 1904-12-28 1st daily wireless weather forecasts published (London)

Historic Publication

1905-03-07 Arthur Conan Doyle publishes "The Return of Sherlock Holmes" collection in London after public pressure to revive his famous detective (Feb New York)

Boxing Title Fight

1907-12-02 Canadian world heavyweight boxing champion Tommy Burns retains his title; KOs Englishman Gunner Moir in 10th round at the National Sporting Club, Covent Garden, London

  • 1907-12-10 The worst night of the Brown Dog riots in London, when 1,000 medical students clash with 400 police officers over the existence of a memorial for animals who have been vivisected.
  • 1908-01-18 Frederick Delius' "Brigg Fair" premieres in London
  • 1908-04-27 IV Summer (Modern) Olympic Games open in London
  • 1908-05-12 George Bernard Shaw's play "Getting Married" premieres in London
  • 1908-05-24 John Masefields "Tragedy of Nan" premieres in London
  • 1908-08-29 NY gives a ticker tape parade to returning US Olympians from London
  • 1908-09-03 James Barries "What Every Woman Knows" premieres in London
  • 1908-10-31 IV Summer (Modern) Olympic Games close in London
  • 1908-12-04 The world's ten leading maritime nations attend a Naval Conference in London; they agree on rules for blockade, convoys, and seizure of contraband
  • 1908-12-11 Frederick Delius' orchestral work "In a Summer Garden" premieres in London
  • 1909-02-21 John Galsworthy's "Strife" premieres in London
  • 1909-04-14 Anglo-Persian Oil Company forms in London
  • 1909-05-08 British runner Henry Barrett runs world record marathon (2:42:31) in the Polytechnic Marathon in London
  • 1909-06-26 Victoria & Albert Museum opens in London
  • 1909-11-11 J M Synge's "Tinker's Wedding" premieres in London
  • 1910-02-21 John Galsworthy's "Justice" premieres in London
  • 1910-02-23 George Bernard Shaw's play "Misalliance" premieres in London
  • 1910-10-22 Dr. Crippen is convicted at the Old Bailey of poisoning his wife and was subsequently hanged at Pentonville Prison in London.
  • 1911-04-12 1st non-stop London-Paris flight (Pierre Prier in 3h56m)
  • 1911-04-19 George Bernard Shaw's play "Fanny's First Play" premieres in London
  • 1911-05-12 1st Inter-Empire Championships open in London
  • 1911-06-01 1st Inter-Empire Sports Championships close in London
  • 1911-10-04 1st escalator installed on the London Underground at Earl's Court Station
  • 1911-10-19 Royal Mint in London sends dies for Canadian $1 coin to Ottawa Branch
  • 1911-10-25 London's last horse drawn omnibus made its way from London Bridge Station to Moorgate

Music Concert

1912-09-03 Arnold Schoenberg's "Funf Orchesterstucke" (Five Pieces for Orchestra) premieres in London at a Promenade Concert

  • 1912-09-04 First accident (collision) in London Underground: 22 people injured

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 301 - 400 of 1,983

  • 1861-01-06 George Exton Lloyd, Anglican bishop and theologian, born in London, United Kingdom (d. 1940)
  • 1861-06-17 Sidney Jones, British conductor and composer (The Geisha, A Gaiety Girl), born in Islington, London (d. 1946)
  • 1861-09-28 Amélie of Orléans, Queen of Portugal, wife of Carlos I, born in Twickenham, London (d. 1951)
  • 1861-12-18 Lionel Monckton, British composer (Edwardian musical comedy), born in London, England (d. 1924)
  • 1862-03-28 George William Louis Marshall-Hall, English composer, born in London (d. 1915)
  • 1862-04-25 Edward Grey, English viscount of Fallodon and Minister of Foreign Affairs, born in London (d. 1933)
  • 1862-07-11 Liza Lehmann, English composer, born in London (d. 1918)
  • 1862-09-25 Billy Hughes, 7th Prime Minister of Australia (Labor, Nationalist: 1915-23), born in London (d. 1952)
  • 1862-10-13 Mary Kingsley, English ethnographer and explorer who became the first European to enter parts of Gabon, Africa, born in London (d. 1900)
  • 1863-02-09 Anthony Hope [Hopkins], novelist, born in London, England
  • 1863-03-10 E J Ratcliffe [Edward], British stage and screen actor, born in London (d. 1948)
  • 1863-06-13 Lucy, Lady Duff-Gordon, English fashion designer, born in London (d. 1935)
  • 1863-07-21 C Aubrey Smith [Charles], British actor (The Prisoner of Zenda), born in London, England (d. 1948)
  • 1863-12-07 John Ebenezer West, English composer, born in Hackney, London (d. 1929)
  • 1864-02-14 Israel Zangwill, Jewish author (Children of The Ghetto) and Zionist leader, born in London (d. 1926)
  • 1864-06-02 Ben Webster, British actor (Old Curiosity Shop), born in London, England (d. 1947)
  • 1864-07-15 Marie Tempest [Marie Susan Etherington], British actress known as the "queen of her profession" (Yellow Sands), born in London, England (d. 1942)
  • 1864-09-14 Robert Cecil, 1st Viscount Cecil of Chelwood, British lawyer and politician who helps form League of Nations (Nobel 1937), born in Cavendish Square, London (d. 1958)
  • 1864-10-09 Maud Watson, British tennis player (first Wimbledon female champion 1884-85), born in London, England (d. 1946)
  • 1865-01-03 Henry Lytton, British actor and opera singer (The Mikado), born in London, England (d. 1936)
  • 1865-02-09 Mrs Patrick Campbell [Beatrice Tanner], English actress (Pygmalion), born in London, England (d. 1940)
  • 1865-03-21 Herbert Albert Laurens Fisher, English historian and politician, born in London, United Kingdom (d. 1940)

George V

1865-06-03 George V, King of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions, and Emperor of India (1910-36), born in Marlborough House, London, (d. 1936)

  • 1865-10-10 Rafael Merry del Val, British-born Spanish Roman Catholic cardinal, born in London, England (d. 1930)
  • 1866-02-15 Bannister Fletcher, English architect and architectural historian (A History of Architecture), born in London (d. 1953)
  • 1866-04-17 Ernest Starling, British physiologist (Frank-Starling law of the heart), born in London (d. 1927)
  • 1866-07-25 Frederick Frost Blackman, English botanist, born in London (d. 1947)

Beatrix Potter

1866-07-28 Beatrix Potter, English children's author and illustrator (The Tale of Peter Rabbit), born in London (d. 1943)

  • 1866-12-14 Roger Fry, English artist and art critic, born in St Pancras, London, England (d. 1934)
  • 1867-05-26 Mary of Teck, Queen of Great Britain and consort of George V, born in Kensington Palace, London (d. 1953)
  • 1867-08-02 Ernest Dowson, British poet (Decorations in Verse and Prose), born in Lee, London
  • 1867-09-19 Arthur Rackham, English book illustrator (Grimm's Fairy Tales, Rip van Winkle), born in London, England (d. 1939)
  • 1867-09-27 Rosa Lewis, English chef and owner (Cavandish Hotel London), born in Leyton, Essex (d. 1952)

George Arliss

1868-04-10 George Arliss, British Academy Award-winning actor (Disraeli; Devil; Green Goddess), born in London, England (d. 1946)

  • 1868-04-26 Harold Sidney Harmsworth, 1st Viscount Rothermere, English newspaper (Daily Mail and Daily Mirror), born in London, England (d. 1940)
  • 1868-07-06 Princess Victoria of the United Kingdom, fourth child and second daughter of Edward VII and Alexandra of Denmark, born in Marlborough House, London (d. 1935)
  • 1868-08-07 Granville Bantock, English composer and conductor (Hebridean Symphony), born in London (d. 1946)
  • 1868-08-12 Frederic Thesiger, 1st Viscount Chelmsford, 22nd Governor of New South Wales (1908-13) and Viceroy of British India (1916-21), born in London, England (d. 1933)
  • 1868-10-23 Frederick Lanchester, English Engineer who built the first British petrol automobile (1896), born in London, England (d. 1946)
  • 1869-03-03 Henry Wood, British conductor associated with London's "Proms" concerts, vocal teacher (Gentle Art of Singing), and composer (Fantasia on British Sea Songs), born in London, England (d. 1944)
  • 1869-03-29 Edwin Lutyens, English architect (Viceroy's House, New Delhi), born in London (d. 1944)
  • 1869-05-02 (Frederick) Tyrone Power Sr., British-American stage and screen actor (The Big Trial; The Test of Donald Norton), born in London, England (d. 1931)
  • 1869-11-26 Maud of Wales, Queen of Norway, spouse of King Haakon VII, born in Marlborough House, London (d. 1938)
  • 1870-01-04 Percy Pitt, English composer (BBC), born in London (d. 1932)
  • 1871-07-08 Clement Harris, English composer, born in London (d. 1897)
  • 1872-04-23 Violet Gordon-Woodhouse, British musician (harpsichord and clavichord), born in Harley Street, St Marylebone, London (d. 1948)
  • 1872-08-15 Harold Fraser-Simson, English composer, born in London (d. 1944)
  • 1872-08-24 Max Beerbohm, English caricaturist, writer and parodist (Saturday Review), born in London (d. 1956)
  • 1872-09-28 Tom Terriss, English director (His Buddy's Wife, Sumuru), born in London, England (d. 1964)
  • 1873-03-26 Gerald du Maurier, British actor (Power, Escape!, Masks and Faces), born in London, England (d. 1934)

Howard Carter

1873-05-09 Howard Carter, British archaeologist and egyptologist who found King Tutankhamun's tomb, born in London (d. 1939)

  • 1873-05-09 Lilian Mary Baylis, English theatrical manager (Old Vic & Sadler's Wells Theater), born in London (d. 1937)
  • 1873-06-07 Landon Ronald, British composer, pianist and teacher (Guildhall School of Music), born in Kensington, London (d. 1938)
  • 1873-06-21 H. M. Tomlinson, British writer (Sea & Jungle), born in London (d. 1958)
  • 1873-09-01 Guy Standing, English actor (Cradle Song), born in London, England (d. 1937)

Teddy Flack

1873-11-05 Edwin Flack, Australian athlete, (Olympic gold 800m, 1500m 1896), born in London, England (d. 1935)

  • 1874-04-14 Alexander Cambridge, 1st Earl of Athlone, Governor-General of the Union of South Africa and Canada, born in Kensington Palace, London (d. 1957)
  • 1874-05-29 G. K. Chesterton [Gilbert Keith], English writer (Man Who Made Gold), born in London, England

Charles Vyner Brooke

1874-09-26 Charles Vyner Brooke, 3rd and last White Rajah of Sarawak (1917-46), born in London, England (d. 1963)

  • 1874-10-15 Prince Alfred of Edinburgh, grandson of Queen Victoria, born in Buckingham Palace, London (d. 1899)
  • 1874-12-31 Ernest Austin, English composer, born in Poplar, London (d. 1947)
  • 1875-03-09 Martin Shaw, English composer, born in London (d. 1958)
  • 1875-03-14 Norman O'Neill, English composer, born in Kensington, London (d. 1934)
  • 1875-03-29 Paul Rubens, English musical comedy composer (Miss Hook of Holland), born in London (d. 1917)
  • 1875-05-04 Reggie Schwartz, English cricket spin bowler (20 Tests South Africa, 55 wickets, BB 6/47) and rugby union fly half (3 Tests England), born in London, England (d. 1918)
  • 1875-06-09 Henry Dale, English physiologist (Nobel Prize for Medicine or Physiology 1936), born in London, England (d. 1968)
  • 1875-08-15 Samuel Coleridge-Taylor, African-British composer (Hiawatha's Wedding Feast), born in London, England (d. 1912)
  • 1875-10-26 H. B. Warner, British actor (Sunset Boulevard, The King of Kings), born in London, England (d. 1958)
  • 1876-01-12 Jack London, American writer/socialist (Call of the Wild), born in San Francisco (d. 1916)
  • 1876-02-03 William Tedmarsh, British silent movie actor (Two Beds and No Sleep), born in London, England (d. 1937)
  • 1877-06-11 Renee Vivien, English-born poet, wrote in French, born in London (d. 1909)

Charles Rolls

1877-08-27 Charles Rolls, British aviator and auto manufacturer who co-founded Rolls Royce, born in Berkeley Square, London (d. 1910)

  • 1877-09-26 Edmund Gwenn, English actor (Miracle on 34th Street), born in London, England (d. 1959)
  • 1877-11-25 Harley Granville-Barker, English dramatist, producer (The Voysey Inheritance) and critic, born in London (d. 1946)
  • 1878-07-24 Edward Plunkett, 18th Baron of Dunsany, Irish sci-fi writer (Time & Gods), born in London (d. 1957)
  • 1879-01-15 Ernest Thesiger, English actor (Bride of Frankenstein, Ghoul), born in London, England (d. 1961)
  • 1879-04-09 Gerald Kelly, British painter, born in London (d. 1972)
  • 1879-04-29 Thomas Beecham, English conductor (co-founded and led London Philharmonic, 1932-39; Royal Philharmonic, 1946-60), born in St Helens, Lancashire (d. 1961)
  • 1879-06-04 Mabel Lucie Attwell, English children's author and illustrator, born in Mile End, London (d. 1964)
  • 1879-10-30 Eily Malyon, British actress (Jane Eyre, I Married a Witch, Devotion), born in London, England (d. 1961)
  • 1880-01-01 Edie Martin, British actress (Titfield Thunderbolt), born in London, England (d. 1964)
  • 1880-02-14 Edgar Bainton, British-Australian composer, born in Hackney, London (d. 1956)
  • 1880-03-01 Lytton Strachey, English biographer and critic (Benson Medal 1923), born in London, England
  • 1880-04-13 Charles Christie, Canadian film studio owner, born in London, Ontario, Canada (d. 1955)
  • 1880-06-21 Josiah Stamp, 1st Baron Stamp, British civil servant, industrialist, economist, statistician and banker, born in Hampstead, London (d. 1941)
  • 1880-10-12 (James) Healey Willan, British-Canadian organist, composer, and educator, born in Balham, London, England (d. 1968)
  • 1881-08-02 Ethel M. Dell, English author (Storm Drift), born in London (d. 1939)
  • 1881-09-12 Daniel Jones, English phoneticist (English pronouncing dictionary), born in London (d. 1967)
  • 1881-09-28 Henry Geehl, English composer, born in London (d. 1961)
  • 1881-10-26 Margaret Wycherly, British actress (Keeper of the Flame), born in London, England (d. 1956)

Virginia Woolf

1882-01-25 Virginia Woolf [Adeline], British author (Jacob's Room, To Lighthouse), born in London, England (d. 1941)

  • 1882-04-18 Leopold Stokowski, British conductor (Philadelphia Orchestra, 1912-40; Disney's Fantasia, 1939; American Symphony Orchestra, 1962-72), born in London, England (d. 1977)
  • 1882-05-30 Wyndham Halswelle, Scottish runner (Olympic gold 1908), born in London (d. 1915)
  • 1882-07-05 Inayat Khan, Indian singer, musicologist, and philosopher (founder of Sufi Order - London, 1914), born in Vadodra, Bombay State, British India (d. 1927)
  • 1882-07-27 Donald Crisp, British actor and director (How Green Was My Valley, Pollyana), born in Bow, London, England (d. 1974)
  • 1882-08-14 Gisela Richter, English art historian, born in London (d. 1972)
  • 1882-09-03 Johnny Douglas, English cricket all-rounder, captain (23 Tests, 1 x 100, 45 wickets; Essex CCC) and boxer (Olympic gold middleweight 1908), born in London, England (d. 1930)
  • 1883-03-24 James I Wedgwood, British theosophist and bishop (Liberal Catholic Church), born in London (d. 1951)
  • 1883-03-28 William Henry Harris, English composer, born in Fulham, London (d. 1973)

Famous Weddings


Famous Deaths