London in History (Part 5)

Historical Events

Events 401 - 500 of 1,162

  • 1912-12-17 Albania's de facto independence from the Ottoman Empire is recognized at the London Conference of Ambassadors
  • 1913-01-06 Attempting to end hostilities in the Balkans, the London Peace Conference breaks down because Turkey refuses to cede Adrianpole, the Aegean island, and Crete
  • 1913-05-30 Treaty of London signed by the Great Powers, the Ottoman Empire and the victorious Balkan League (Serbia, Greece, Kingdom of Bulgaria, and Montenegro) bringing an end to the First Balkan War
  • 1913-07-29 Independence of the Principality of Albania recognized by the Conference of London

Theater Premiere

1913-09-01 George Bernard Shaw's play "Androcles and the Lion" premieres in London

  • 1914-03-10 Suffragettes in London damage Rokeby's painting Venus of Velasquez
  • 1914-04-09 "World, the Flesh & the Devil", 1st color film, shown in London
  • 1914-09-04 France, Russia, and Britain agree in a Pact of London that none will make a separate peace
  • 1914-09-05 Great Britain, France, Belgium and Russia sign pact of London
  • 1915-01-07 World War I: Germany's Kaiser Wilhelm approves strategic bombing of Britain, but forbids bombing London, fearing his relatives in the royal family might be killed
  • 1915-02-12 World War I: Kaiser Wilhelm approves the strategic bombing of London's docks
  • 1915-04-26 Italy secretly signs the "Treaty of London" with Britain, France and Russia, bringing Italy into World War I on the Allied side
  • 1915-05-31 An LZ-38 Zeppelin makes an air raid on London
  • 1916-03-16 James Barries' "Kiss for Cinderella" premieres in London

Music Premiere

1916-03-28 First performance of "Jerusalem" by George Parry set to words by William Blake at a 'Fight for Right' meeting at the Queen’s Hall, London

  • 1916-04-19 "Bing Boys are Here" opens in London
  • 1916-05-18 A British Royal Inquiry into the Easter Rising in Dublin is set up in London
  • 1916-08-31 Oscar Asche's musical "Chu Chin Chow" premieres in London
  • 1916-11-28 1st German air attack on London
  • 1917-04-07 J.M. Barrie's play "The Old Lady Shows Her Medals" premieres in London
  • 1917-06-13 World War I: the deadliest German air raid on London during World War I is carried out by Gotha G bombers and results in 162 deaths, including 46 children with 432 injuries
  • 1917-06-14 1st German air attack on England, 100+ killed in East London
  • 1917-09-03 1st night bombing of London by German aircraft
  • 1918-12-26 After spending Christmas with American troops in France, Wilson goes to London for preliminary discussions about the forthcoming peace conference
  • 1919-04-19 Opera "Monsieur Beaucaire" is produced (London)
  • 1919-07-22 De Falla & Massine's "Three-cornered Hat" premieres in London
  • 1919-08-25 1st scheduled passenger service by airplane (Paris-London)
  • 1919-10-07 First London-Amsterdam airline service (British Aerial Transport & KLM)

Music Premiere

1919-10-26 Edward Elgar's Cello Concerto in E minor, Op. 85, his last notable work, premieres at Queen's Hall, London

  • 1919-11-12 Ross & Keith Smith start a 1 month flight from London to Australia
  • 1919-12-13 Ross & Smith land in Australia from a flight from London
  • 1919-12-30 Lincoln's Inn in London admits its first female bar student.
  • 1920-02-04 1st flight from London to South Africa departs (takes 1½ months)
  • 1920-03-20 1st flight from London to South Africa lands (took 1½ months)
  • 1920-04-21 John Galsworthy's "Skin Game" premieres in London
  • 1920-05-17 1st De Havilland double-decker flight (London) lands in Schiphol
  • 1920-09-02 W Somerset Maugham's "East of Suez" premieres in London
  • 1920-11-11 The burials of unknown soldiers take place simultaneously in Westminster Abbey, London, and at the Arc de Triomphe, Paris
  • 1921-02-21 The London Conference on the Near East begins: the issue is the Allies' 1920 Treaty of Sevres, which had given part of Turkish Asia Minor to Greece
  • 1921-03-17 Dr Marie Stopes opens Britain's 1st birth control clinic in London
  • 1921-05-30 Lord Dunsany's "If" premieres in London

Historic Event

1921-06-06 Southwark Bridge in London is opened to traffic by King George V and Queen Mary.

  • 1921-06-20 At the Imperial Conference in London, V.S. Srinivasa Sastri puts forward a case for the granting of full citizenship rights to Indians in South Africa and other British colonies
  • 1921-08-28 2nd Pan-African Congress meets (London, Brussels & Paris)
  • 1921-10-06 International PEN is founded in London.
  • 1922-01-16 Ralph Vaughan Williams' "Pastoral Symphony" premieres in London, with Adrian Boult conducting
  • 1922-02-22 London issues a unilateral declaration of Egyptian independence
  • 1922-06-16 Irish republicans are beaten in a national election; the vote is in favor of the Treaty of London, which leaves the Irish Free State as a dominion within the British Commonwealth
  • 1922-10-17 Scottish worker begins hunger march from Glasgow on London
  • 1922-12-24 London Coloseum opens

Music History

1923-02-01 Noël Coward's stage comedy "The Young Idea" premieres at the Savoy Theatre, London; runs for 60 performances

  • 1923-02-21 Andre Charlot's musical "Rats" premieres in London

Historic Event

1923-06-28 Queen Wilhelmina and Prince Henry of the Netherlands state visit to London

  • 1923-07-03 Dockers' strike in Hull, Grimsby, Cardiff and Bristol over to London
  • 1923-08-20 London dock strike ends
  • 1923-09-04 A Charlot & N Coward's revue "London Calling" premieres in London
  • 1923-09-17 Sutton Vane's "Outward Bound," premieres in London
  • 1923-09-26 The Commonwealth Conference is held in London, where Britain recognizes the right of the Dominions to make treaties with foreign powers
  • 1924-03-11 Eden Phillpotts' "Farmer's Wife" premieres in London
  • 1924-03-26 Premiere of Bernard Shaw's play "Saint Joan" opens in London
  • 1924-03-31 Croydon Airport, London: Imperial Airways established
  • 1924-03-31 London public transport strike ends
  • 1924-07-16 Conference over German recovery payments begins in London
  • 1924-08-16 Conference about German recovery payments opens in London
  • 1924-11-08 Fortune Theatre opens in London
  • 1924-11-30 1st photo facsimile transmitted across Atlantic by radio (London-NYC)
  • 1924-12-16 Noël Coward's "Vortex" premieres in London

Historic Event

1924-12-19 The last Rolls-Royce Silver Ghost is sold in London, England.

Film & TV History

1926-01-26 John Logie Baird gives the first public demonstration of television in his laboratory in London

  • 1926-03-07 1st transatlantic telephone call (London-NY)
  • 1926-08-03 Traffic lights installed at Piccadilly Circus, London
  • 1926-09-26 JB Fagan's "And So to Bed" premieres in London
  • 1926-10-03 English long distance runner Violet Piercy sets first recognised female marathon record in 3:40:22 on the Polytechnic Marathon course between Windsor and London
  • 1927-01-07 Commercial transatlantic telephone service inaugurated between New York & London
  • 1927-02-16 Noël Coward's "Marquise" premieres in London
  • 1927-04-19 "Vagabond King" opens in London
  • 1928-03-22 Noël Coward's musical "This Year of Grace" premieres in London

Historic Event

1928-04-26 Madame Tussaud's waxwork exhibition reopens in London after a fire

Music Premiere

1930-12-03 Richard Rodgers and Lorenz Hart's musical "Evergreen" premieres in London

  • 1931-04-08 "White Horse Inn" opens in London
  • 1931-05-08 Operette "Land of Smiles" premieres in London
  • 1931-09-17 Operetta "Viktoria & Her Hussar" by Paul Abraham (adapted for English by Harry Graham) premieres in London at Palace Theatre h
  • 1931-10-13 Noël Coward's "Cavalcade" premieres in London

Music History

1931-11-12 Jean Sibelius and Ashton's ballet "Lady of Shalott" premieres in London

  • 1932-03-19 England beats Scotland, 16-3 at Twickenham, London to force a 3-way share with Wales and Ireland of renewed Home Nations Rugby Championship; France expelled, alleged professionalism
  • 1932-05-03 24 tourists begin 1st air-charter holiday (London-Basle, Switzerland)
  • 1932-05-09 Piccadilly Circus, London, first lit by electricity
  • 1932-06-25 Commencement of India's 1st cricket Test v England at Lord's, London (England initially rattled but go on to win)
  • 1933-04-27 Jessop & Son department store in Nottingham, England, acquired by John Lewis Partnership. The partnership's first shop outside London.

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 401 - 500 of 1,985

  • 1883-04-26 Harry Sothern, British actor (Blind Wives, Buck Rogers), born in London, England (d. 1957)
  • 1883-05-15 Stanley Marchant, English composer, born in London (d. 1949)
  • 1883-07-06 Ralph Morgan [Wupperman], American actor (Creeper, Imposter, Jack London), born in NYC, New York (d. 1956)
  • 1883-11-08 Arnold Bax, British composer known for his orchestral music (Tintagel), and memoirist (Farewell My Youth), born in Streatham, London (d. 1953)
  • 1883-11-25 Percy Marmont, British actor (Secret Agent, Lisbon, Captain Apache), born in London, England (d. 1977)
  • 1884-05-01 Francis Curzon, 5th Earl Howe, British politician, naval officer and auto racer (1931 Le Mans), born in Mayfair, London (d. 1964)
  • 1885-02-25 Sylvia Brett, Lady Brooke and Ranee of Sarawak, born in London, England (d. 1971)
  • 1885-03-01 Lionel Atwill, British actor (The Mystery of the Wax Museum), born in Croydon, London, England (d. 1946)
  • 1885-03-11 Malcolm Campbell, British motor racer (world land and water speed record holder), born in London, England (d. 1948)
  • 1885-03-16 Sydney Chaplin [Hawkes], British actor, half brother and manager of Charlie Chaplin, born in London, England (d. 1965)
  • 1885-07-12 George Butterworth, English composer, born in Paddington, London (d. 1916)
  • 1885-08-07 Gordon Harker, British actor (Facts of Love, Champagne, Inspector Hornleigh), born in London, England (d. 1967)
  • 1885-08-16 Charles Carson, British actor (Cry the Beloved Country), born in London, England (d. 1977)
  • 1885-11-13 Montague Fawcett Phillips, British composer, born in Tottenham, London (d. 1969)
  • 1885-12-19 F S Flint, translator/poet (imagist movement), born in London, England
  • 1886-01-17 Ronald Firbank, British novelist (The Flower Beneath the Foot), born in London, England (d. 1926)
  • 1886-07-10 John Vereker, 6th Viscount Gort, British soldier, Field Marshal during WW II, born in London, England (d. 1946)
  • 1886-09-14 Jan Masaryk, Czech statesman and Minister to London (1918-35), born in Prague, Austria-Hungary (d. 1948)
  • 1886-09-20 Charles Williams, British poet and writer, born in London (d. 1945)
  • 1887-02-23 Cyril Delevanti, British actor (Soylent Green, The Night of the Iguana), born in London, England (d. 1975)
  • 1887-02-25 Leonard Carey, British actor (Rebecca, Laughter), born in London, England (d. 1977)
  • 1887-03-14 Lawrance Collingwood, British composer, and opera conductor, born in London, England (d. 1982)
  • 1887-04-24 Denys Finch Hatton, English big-game hunter, born in Kensington, London (d. 1931)
  • 1887-06-01 Clive Brook, British actor and director (List of Adrian Messenger), born in London, England (d. 1974)
  • 1887-06-22 Julian S. Huxley, English biologist/philosopher, Darwin's Bulldog, born in London, England (d. 1975)
  • 1887-06-26 Anthony Gustav de Rothschild, British philanthropist, born in London (d. 1961)
  • 1887-08-06 Dudley Benjafield, British racing driver, born in Edmonton, London (d. 1957)
  • 1887-08-08 Esme Percy, British actor (Murder!, Pygmalion, Old Spanish Custom), born in London, England (d. 1957)
  • 1887-11-11 Roland Young, British-born American actor, born in London, England (d. 1953)

Bernard Montgomery

1887-11-17 Bernard Montgomery, 1st Viscount Alamein, British WWII Field Marshal (African campaign, D-Day) and WWI officer, born in London (d. 1976)

Boris Karloff

1887-11-23 Boris Karloff [William H. Pratt], English actor (The Mummy, Frankenstein), born in Camberwell, London (d. 1969)

  • 1888-01-23 Gilbert Ledward, English sculptor, born in Chelsea, London (d. 1960)
  • 1888-02-08 Edith Evans, British actress (Tom Jones, David Copperfield), born in London, England (d. 1976)
  • 1888-03-24 Jameson Thomas, British actor (Piccadilly, Farmer's Wife), born in London, England (d. 1939)
  • 1888-04-11 Donald Calthrop, British actor (Blackmail, Scrooge, Rome Express), born in London, England (d. 1940)
  • 1888-05-14 Miles Mander, British actor (Tower of London, Wuthering Heights, Murder!), born in Wolverhampton, Staffordshire, England (d. 1946)
  • 1888-10-03 Claud Allister, British actor (Kiss Me Kate, Quartet, Bulldog Drummond), born in London, England (d. 1970)

Arnold J. Toynbee

1889-04-14 Arnold J. Toynbee, English historian (A Study of History), born in London (d. 1975)

Charlie Chaplin

1889-04-16 Charlie Chaplin, British actor and comedian (City Lights, Gold Rush), born in London, England (d. 1977)

  • 1889-04-24 Stafford Cripps, British Labour politician, born in London (d. 1952)
  • 1889-05-31 Athene Seyler, British actress (Make Mine Mink), born in London, England (d. 1990)
  • 1889-08-06 John Middleton Murry, English poet and literary critic (Between Two Worlds), born in London, England (d. 1957)
  • 1889-08-31 Bombardier Billy Wells [William Thomas Wells], English heavyweight boxer (Lonsdale Belt, 1911), born in London, England (d. 1967)
  • 1889-11-07 Lionel Tennyson, 3rd Baron Tennyson and cricketer (England batsman & captain), born in Westminster, London (d. 1951)
  • 1889-11-10 Claude Rains, British actor (Invisible Man, Casablanca), born in London, England (d. 1967)
  • 1890-02-25 Myra Hess, British concert pianist, born in London, England (d. 1955)
  • 1890-03-29 Harold Spencer Jones, English astronomer and 10th astronomer royal of England whose work led to a more accurate determination of the distance between the Earth and the Sun, born in London (d. 1960)
  • 1890-05-23 Herbert Marshall, English actor (Murder, Razor's Edge, Little Foxes), born in London, England
  • 1890-06-19 Barbara Everest, American actress (Fatal Witness, Inquest), born in London, England (d. 1968)
  • 1890-07-06 Andy Sandham, English cricket batsman (14 Tests; 1st triple centurion 325 v WI 1930), born in London, England (d. 1982)
  • 1890-10-01 Stanley Holloway, English actor (Higgins-Our Man Higgins), born in London, England (d. 1982)
  • 1890-12-10 George Merritt, English actor (I Monster, Q Planes), born in London, England (d. 1977)
  • 1891-01-25 Gwen Ffrangcon-Davies, British actress (The Devil Rides Out), born in London, England (d. 1992)
  • 1891-07-14 Henry Oscar, English actor (Saint in London), born in London, England
  • 1891-08-02 Arthur Bliss, English composer (Olympians), born in London, England
  • 1891-08-03 Leslie Henson, English comedian and actor (Lady Luck, Funny Face, Harvey), born in Notting Hill, London (d. 1957)
  • 1891-09-16 Isabel Jeans, British actress (Easy Virtue, Heavens Above), born in London, England (d. 1985)
  • 1891-12-17 Robertson Hare, actor (Our Girl Friday, Banana Ridge), born in London, England
  • 1892-03-13 Alec Rowley, English composer, born in London (d. 1958)
  • 1892-05-11 Margaret Rutherford, English actress (Murder Most Foul, The V.I.P.s), born in London (d. 1972)
  • 1892-06-11 Edward Shanks, British poet and critic, born in London, England (d. 1953)
  • 1892-06-16 Lupino Lane [Henry Lupino], British stage, silent and sound screen actor (Love Parade; Me And My Gal: The Deputy Drummer), born in Hackney, London, England (d. 1959)
  • 1892-06-28 E. H. Carr, English historian (History of Soviet Russia), born in London (d. 1982)
  • 1892-07-17 Mary Clare, British actress (Evil Mind, Young & Innocent), born in London, England (d. 1970)
  • 1892-08-02 Jack L Warner [Jacob Warner], Canadian-American film executive and president of the Warner Bros. Studios, born in London, Ontario, Canada (d. 1978)
  • 1892-08-22 Percy Fender, English cricket all-rounder (13 Tests, 29 wickets, BB 5/90, HS 60; Sussex CCC, Surrey CCC, MCC), born in London, England (d. 1985)
  • 1892-12-06 Osbert Sitwell, English poet, writer (Out of the Flame), born in London, England (d. 1969)
  • 1892-12-25 Rebecca West [Cicely Isabel Fairfield], English author (Meaning of Treason), born in London
  • 1893-04-03 Leslie Howard [Stainer], British actor (Gone With The Wind; Of Human Bondage), born in London, England (d. 1943)
  • 1893-05-15 Stanley Lupino, English comic (Cheer Up; Over She Goes), born in London (d. 1942)
  • 1893-05-26 Eugene Goossens, British conductor and composer (Perseus), born in London, England (d. 1962)
  • 1893-09-07 Leslie Hore-Belisha, British politician (Minister of Transport, 1934-37; War Secretary, 1937–40), born in Hampstead, London (d. 1957)
  • 1894-01-10 Reginald Denham, English writer & director (Obsession, The Bad Seed), born in London, England (d. 1983)

Harold Macmillan

1894-02-10 Harold Macmillan, British Conservative politician and Prime Minister (1957-63), born in London (d. 1986)

  • 1894-03-05 Henry Daniell, British actor (The Great Dictator, Camille, Philadelphia Story, Body Snatchers), born in London, England (d. 1963)
  • 1894-06-06 Violet Trefusis, English writer and socialite who had a famous affair with writer Vita Sackville-West, born in London England (d. 1972)
  • 1894-09-17 Fay Compton [Virginia Lillian Emeline Compton], British actress (The Haunting), born in West Kensington, London (d. 1978)
  • 1894-10-27 Oliver Leese, British World War II general, born in Westminster, London (d. 1978)
  • 1894-10-30 Peter Warlock [Philip Heseltine], British composer, born in London (d. 1930)
  • 1894-12-31 Ernest John Moeran, English composer, born in London Borough of Hounslow, United Kingdom (d. 1950)
  • 1895-02-23 Richard Goolden, British actor (Two Days to Live, School for Husbands), born in London, England (d. 1981)
  • 1895-07-05 Gordon Jacob, English composer, born in London (d. 1984)
  • 1895-07-18 Marie Ney, British actress (Brief Ecstasy, Simba, Witchcraft), born in London, England (d. 1981)
  • 1895-07-24 Robert Graves, English writer and poet (I Claudius) [or 6/26], born in London, England (d. 1985)
  • 1895-07-26 Jerry Verno, British actor (River of Unrest, Ourselves Alone, Sweeney Todd), born in London, England (d. 1975)
  • 1895-09-27 Woolf Barnato, British financier and racing driver, born in Spencer House, London (d. 1948)
  • 1895-10-24 Jack Warner [Waters], British actor (Dixon of Dock Green, Christmas Carol), born in London, England (d. 1981)
  • 1896-03-10 Nancy Cunard, British writer and activist, born in London (d. 1965)
  • 1896-04-23 Margaret Kennedy, English novelist (The Constant Nymph), born in Hyde Park Gate, London (d. 1967)
  • 1896-06-06 Henry Allingham, British supercentenarian and World War I veteran, born in Clapton, London (d. 2009)
  • 1896-06-29 Irene Browne, British actress (All at Sea, Peg O' My Heart), born in London, England (d. 1965)
  • 1896-07-25 Richard Gale, English general and airborne commander (Normandy), born in Wandsworth, London (d. 1982)
  • 1896-08-18 Alan Mowbray, British actor (Dante, Colonel Flack), born in London, England (d. 1969)
  • 1896-10-14 Bud Flanagan [Chaim Reuben Weintrop], English comedian (duo with Chesney Alley), born in London, England (d. 1968)
  • 1896-11-16 Oswald Mosley, British politician and founder of British Union of Fascists, born in London (d. 1980)
  • 1897-02-01 Denise Robins, romantic novelist (1st Long Kiss), born in London, England
  • 1897-05-18 Jack Raine, British actor (Quartet), born in London, England (d. 1979)
  • 1897-05-28 Henry Kendall, British director and actor (Amazing Quest, Shadow, Rich & Strange), born in London, England (d. 1962)
  • 1897-05-31 Margalo Gillmore, British actress (Skirts Ahoy, High Society), born in London, England (d. 1986)
  • 1897-06-08 John G. Bennett, British scientist and author, born in London (d. 1974)

Famous Weddings


Famous Deaths