London in History (Part 6)

Historical Events

Events 501 - 600 of 984

  • 1940-07-28 Radio Orange begins broadcasting from London
  • 1940-08-23 German Luftwaffe begins night bombing on London
  • 1940-08-24 Luftwaffe bombs London
  • 1940-09-03 Dutch government in exile of Gerbrandy forms in London
  • 1940-09-07 Beginning of the Blitz, the German Luftwaffe bomb London for 1st of 57 consecutive nights
  • 1940-09-16 Luftwaffe attacks central London
  • 1940-10-15 -16] Heavy German air raid on London, 400 killed
  • 1940-10-15 London's Waterloo Station bombed by German luftwaffe
  • 1940-12-29 Germany drops its 1st incendiary bombs on London during the Blitz
  • 1941-07-02 Noel Coward's "Blithe Spirit" premieres in London
  • 1941-09-23 General de Gaulle forms government in exile in London
  • 1941-12-08 London: Dutch government-in-exile declares war on Japan
  • 1941-12-11 Dutch government in London declares war on Italy
  • 1942-05-26 Anglo-Soviet Treaty signed in London

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1942-06-25 British premier Winston Churchill travels from US to London

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1942-07-10 Netherland's government in exile (London) recognizes Soviet Union
  • 1942-08-23 British Premier Winston Churchill flies back to London from Cairo
  • 1942-12-17 Allies in London sentence German war criminals
  • 1943-03-03 Bomb fleeing crowd falls into London shelter; 173 die
  • 1943-04-27 Soviet Union breaks contact with Polish government exiled in London
  • 1943-04-29 Noel Coward's "Present Laughter" premieres in London
  • 1943-04-30 Noel Coward's "This Happy Breed" premieres in London
  • 1943-06-01 Germany shoots down a civilian flight from Lisbon to London, all die
  • 1943-09-10 Lieutenant-General Bradley arrives in Prestwick/London
  • 1943-11-21 7 Belgian ministers in London criticise King Leopold III for surrendering to Germany
  • 1943-12-24 Terence Rattigan's "While the Sun Shines" premieres in London

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944-01-16 General Eisenhower takes command of Allied Invasion Force in London

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1944-01-21 447 German bombers attack London
  • 1944-01-29 285 German bombers attack London
  • 1944-03-19 Tippett's oratorium "Child of Our Time" premieres in London
  • 1944-06-04 French general De Gaulle arrives in London
  • 1944-06-12 1st V-1 rocket assault on London
  • 1944-06-17 Resistance fighter and poet Col Blake arrives in London
  • 1944-07-01 2,500+ killed in London/SE England by German flying bombs
  • 1944-08-16 Dutch begin diplomatic contact with Vatican in London
  • 1944-09-08 1st V-2 rockets land in London & Antwerp
  • 1944-10-19 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill flies back to London from Moscow
  • 1944-12-03 Britain's Home Guard ('Dad's Army') is officially stood down at a special farewell parade in Hyde Park, London.
  • 1944-12-20 Terence Rattigan's "O Mistress Mine" premieres in London
  • 1944-12-27 Greece: British premier Winston Churchill flies back to London
  • 1945-01-23 Dutch Premier Gerbrandy, exiled in London, tenders his resignation
  • 1945-02-07 London, Washington and Moscow discuss final phase of World War II
  • 1945-02-23 2nd Dutch government of Gerbrandy forms in London
  • 1945-03-28 Last German V-1 (buzz bomb) attack on London
  • 1945-04-21 Ivor Novello's "Perchance to Dream" premieres in London
  • 1945-06-05 Benjamin Britten's opera "Peter Grimes" premieres in London
  • 1945-08-08 US, USSR, Britain & France sign Treaty of London, set down procedures for Nuremberg trials
  • 1945-08-22 Noel Coward's revue "Sigh no More" premieres in London
  • 1945-09-19 Lord Haw Haw (William Joyce) sentenced to death in London
  • 1945-12-23 Frederick Astons "Cinderella" premieres in London
  • 1946-01-10 UN General Assembly meets for 1st time in London

  • 1946-04-25 Christopher Fry's "Phoenix too Frequent" premieres in London
  • 1946-09-06 Terence Rattigan's "The Winslow Boy" premieres in London
  • 1946-12-19 Noel Cowards musical "Pacific 1860" premieres in London
  • 1947-04-26 "Bless the Bride" musical opens in London
  • 1948-07-28 London's Metropolitan Police Flying Squad foils a bullion robbery in the "Battle of London Airport".

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1948-07-29 King George VI opens 14th modern Olympic Games in London

King of Great Britain George VI
King of Great Britain
George VI
  • 1948-08-06 Bob Mathias, US, wins decathlon at London Olympics
  • 1948-08-11 Summer Olympics opens in London
  • 1948-08-14 14th Olympic games close at London, Great Britain
  • 1949-05-09 Britain's 1st launderette opens in Queensway, London
  • 1950-01-18 Christopher Fry's "Venus Observed" premieres in London
  • 1950-03-01 Klaus Fuchs sentenced to 14 years for atomic espionage (London)
  • 1950-03-07 Ice Pairs Championship at London won by K Kennedy & P Kennedy (USA)
  • 1950-03-07 Ladies' Figure Skating Championship in London won by Alena Vrzanova CZE
  • 1950-03-07 Men's Figure Skating Championship in London won by Richard Button (USA)
  • 1950-05-22 Richard Strauss' "4 Last Songs" (4 letzte Lieder) in London

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1950-10-16 The first edition of C.S. Lewis' "The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe" is released in London

Author and Theologian C. S. Lewis
Author and Theologian
C. S. Lewis
  • 1951-01-28 "La Vie Commence Demain", which depicted artificial insemination & is the 1st X-rated movie, opened in London
  • 1951-05-03 Royal Festival Hall opens in London
  • 1951-05-16 The first regularly scheduled transatlantic flights begin between Idlewild Airport (New York International Airport) and Heathrow Airport (London), operated by El Al Israel Airlines
  • 1951-05-23 Peter Ustinov's "Love of Four Colonels" premieres in London
  • 1951-05-26 Vaughan Williams' "Pilgrim's Progress" premieres in London
  • 1951-08-26 "An American in Paris" with music by George Gershwin, directed by Vincente Minnell and starring Gene Kelly and Leslie Caron premieres in London (Academy Awards Best Picture 1952)
  • 1951-12-01 Benjamin Britten's opera "Billy Budd" premieres in London
  • 1952-02-15 King George VI is buried in St. George's Chapel, Windsor Castle, England
  • 1952-03-05 Terence Rattigan's "Deep Blue Sea" premieres in London
  • 1952-04-21 BOAC begins 1st passenger service with jets (London-Rome route)
  • 1952-05-02 Operations begin at United Suriname Workers of Netherlands which flew from London to Johannesburg carrying 36 passengers
  • 1952-07-06 Last tram ride in London
  • 1952-09-12 Noel Coward's "Quadrille," premieres in London

Music releaseTheater Premiere

1952-10-06 Agatha Christie's play "The Mousetrap" opens in London (still running)

Novelist Agatha Christie
Novelist
Agatha Christie
  • 1952-10-08 Harrow and Wealdstone, northwest London, 112 people killed in Britain's worst peace-time rail crash.
  • 1952-12-04 Killer fogs begin in London, England; the term "Smog" is coined
  • 1952-12-05 -8] worst smog in London ever, 4-8,000 die
  • 1953-01-28 19-year old Derek Bentley is hanged in Wandsworth Prison, London, controversially convicted of the murder of a police officer. He was pardoned on 30th July 1998.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1953-06-02 Coronation of Queen Elizabeth II in Westminster Abbey, London, England

Queen of the United Kingdom Elizabeth II
Queen of the United Kingdom
Elizabeth II
  • 1953-11-05 Terence Rattigan's "Sleeping Prince" premieres in London
  • 1953-11-30 Edward Mutesa II, kabaka (king) of Buganda is deposed and exiled to London by Sir Andrew Cohen, Governor of Uganda
  • 1954-01-14 Sandy Wilson's musical "Boyfriend" premieres in London
  • 1954-03-22 Closed since 1939, the London bullion market reopens

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1954-07-29 Publication of "Fellowship of the Ring" 1st volume of "Lord of the Rings" by J. R. R. Tolkien published by George Allen and Unwin in London

Writer and Academic J. R. R. Tolkien
Writer and Academic
J. R. R. Tolkien
  • 1954-08-24 William Heatherton's "Reluctant Debutante" premieres in London

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1954-09-17 "The Lord of the Flies" by William Golding is published by Faber and Faber in London

Nobel Laureate and Novelist William Golding
Nobel Laureate and Novelist
William Golding
  • 1954-11-11 Publication of "Two Towers", 2nd volume of "Lord of the Rings", by J. R. R. Tolkien by George Allen and Unwin in London
  • 1954-12-03 William Walton's opera "Troilus & Cressida" premieres in London
  • 1955-07-05 Six week old British dock strike ends as London dockers return to work

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1955-07-09 The Russell-Einstein Manifesto is released by Bertrand Russell in London on the need to avoid nuclear war

Philosopher Bertrand Russell
Philosopher
Bertrand Russell
Theoretical Physicist Albert Einstein
Theoretical Physicist
Albert Einstein
  • 1955-07-13 The last execution of a woman in Britain, Ruth Ellis, takes place at Holloway Prison, London
  • 1955-10-20 Publication of "The Return of the King", the 3rd and final volume of "The Lord of the Rings" by J. R. R. Tolkien by George Allen and Unwin in London

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 501 - 600 of 1,418

  • 1910-03-08 Bernard Benjamin, British health statistician, actuary and demographer, born in London (d. 2002)
  • 1910-06-15 David Rose, orchestra leader (Red Skelton Show, Stripper), born in London, England
  • 1910-06-17 Diana Mitford, English biographer, famous beauty, wife of Oswald Mosley and one of the Mitford sisters, born in London (d. 2003)
  • 1910-09-06 Frank Fidler, English artist, born in London (d. 1995)
  • 1910-09-14 Jack Hawkins, British actor (Lawrence of Arabia, Ben-Hur Just Men, Zulu, Malta Story), born in London, England (d. 1973)
  • 1910-09-19 Arthur Mullard, English actor, comedian and singer (Romany Jones), born in London (d. 1995)
  • 1910-10-09 Donald Coggan, 101st Archbishop of Canterbury (1974-80), born in Highgate, London (d. 2000)
  • 1910-12-01 Dame Alicia Markova, ballerina and choreographer (Diaghilev's Ballet Russe 1925-32), born in London, England
  • 1910-12-24 Betty Ann Davies, British actress (Tough Guy), born in London, England (d. 1955)
  • 1910-12-29 Ronald Coase, British economist (Nobel Prize in Economics 1991), born in Willesden, London (d. 2013)
  • 1911-03-28 Myfanwy Piper, British librettist and art critic, born in London (d. 1997)
  • 1911-04-03 Michael Woodruff, English surgeon and scientist (organ transplantation), born in Mill Hill, London (d. 2001)
  • 1911-04-09 Richard Arthur de Yarburgh-Bateson, 6th Lord Deramore, British architect, born in London (d. 2006)
  • 1911-04-12 Geoff Chubb, South African cricketer (South African pace bowler v England 1951-52 aged 40), born in East London, Eastern Cape, South Africa (d. 1982)
  • 1911-04-23 Ronald Neame, British director (1st Monday in Oct, Poseidon Adventure), born in London, England (d. 2010)
  • 1911-06-09 George Webb, British actor (Keeping Up Appearances), born in Paddington, London (d. 1998)
  • 1911-07-10 Terry-Thomas [Thomas Terry Stevens], British actor (It's a Mad, Mad, Mad, Mad World), born in Finchley, London, England (d. 1990)
  • 1911-07-18 Hume Cronyn, Canadian actor (World According to Garp, Cocoon), born in London, Ontario (d. 2003)
  • 1911-08-27 Kathleen "Kay" Walsh, British actress (The Horse's Mouth, Oliver Twist), born in Chelsea, London, England (d. 2005)
  • 1911-10-21 Peter Graves, British actor (Paradise Lagoon, Admirable Crichton), born in London, England (d. 1994)
  • 1912-02-07 Derek Farr, British actor (8 O'Clock Walk, Doctor at Large), born in London, England (d. 1986)
  • 1912-02-12 Ernest Clark, British actor (Ghandi, The Dam Busters, Doctor in the House), born in London, England (d. 1994)
  • 1912-02-13 Margaretta Scott, British actress (Crescendo, Where's Charley, Counterblast), born in Westminster, London (d. 2005)
  • 1912-03-21 Peter Bull, British actor and author (The African Queen, Tom Jones, Dr Strangelove), born in London, England (d. 1984)
  • 1912-05-02 Nigel Patrick, British actor and director (Sapphire, Prize of Gold), born in London, England (d. 1981)
  • 1912-06-23 Alan Turing, British mathematician and computer scientist pioneer (Turing Machine), born in London (d. 1954)
  • 1912-06-23 Maurice Dallimore, British actor (The Collector, Me and My Girl), born in Essex, London, England (d. 1973)
  • 1912-09-22 Alfred G. Vanderbilt Jr., English thoroughbred horse owner (Bed O' Roses, Native Dancer), born in London (d. 1999)

Person of interestMary Leakey

1913-02-06 Mary Leakey, British paleoanthropologist, discovered earliest human footprints ((3.6 million years old), born in London (d. 1996)

Paleoanthropologist Mary Leakey
Paleoanthropologist
Mary Leakey
  • 1913-02-10 Philippa Bevans, British actress (Notorious Landlady, World of Henry Orient), born in London, England (d. 1968)
  • 1913-02-10 Douglas Slocombe, British cinematographer (Kind Hearts and Coronets, Raiders of the Lost Ark), born in London (d. 2016)
  • 1913-04-16 Lester "Les" Tremayne, British radio, film and television actor (Angry Red Planet, War of the Worlds), born in London, England (d. 2003)
  • 1913-04-21 Norman Parkinson, English fashion photographer (Harper's Bazaar), born in London (d. 1990)
  • 1913-04-29 Thomas Chalmers, British broadcaster (BBC), born in Lewisham, London (d. 1995)
  • 1913-05-06 Stewart Granger, English actor (Prisoner of Zenda, King Solomon's Mines), born in London, England (d. 1993)
  • 1913-05-19 Bert Hardy, English photographer (Picture Post), born in London (d. 1995)
  • 1913-07-24 George H. Brown, English film producer (Hotel Sahara), born in London (d. 2001)
  • 1913-10-28 Peter Glenville, English stage and screen actor and director (Hotel Paradiso, Becket), born in London (d. 1996)
  • 1913-12-10 Harry Locke, British actor (Passport to Pimlico, Town on Trial), born in London, England (d. 1987)
  • 1914-03-05 Joan Sterndale-Bennett, British actress (Brighton Rock, Those Fantastic Flying Fools), born in London, England (d. 1996)

Person of interestAlec Guinness

1914-04-02 Alec Guinness, British actor (The Ladykillers, The Bridge on the River Kwai), born in London, England (d. 2000)

  • 1914-06-05 Beatrice de Cardi, British archaeologist, born in London (d. 2016)
  • 1914-06-05 Rose Hill, British actress and operatic soprano ('Allo 'Allo!, Nicholas Nickleby, Shot in the Dark), born in London, England (d. 2003)
  • 1914-08-08 Unity Mitford, English fascist sympathizer and one of the Mitford sisters, born in London (d. 1948)
  • 1914-09-05 Stuart Freeborn, motion picture make-up artist (Star Wars: Yoda, Jabba the Hut), born in London, England (d. 2013)
  • 1914-10-02 Bernarr Rainbow, English historian of music education, organist, and choir master, born in London (d. 1998)
  • 1914-10-07 Sarah Churchill, British actress (Matinee Theatre , All Over Town, Royal Wedding), born in London, England (d. 1982)
  • 1915-01-30 John Profumo, British cabinet minister (Profumo scandal), born in London, England (d. 2006)
  • 1915-02-09 Lennard Pearce, British actor (Only Fools and Horses....), born in Paddington, London, England (d. 1984)
  • 1915-02-18 Phyllis Calvert [Bickle], British actress (Crash of Silence, The Man in Grey), born in London, England (d. 2002)
  • 1915-07-21 Miles Fitzalan-Howard, British army general and peer (Duke of Norfolk), born in London (d. 2002)
  • 1916-01-13 Osa Massen [Aase Madsen Iversen], Dutch actress (Jack London, Rocketship X-M), born in Copenhagen, Denmark (d. 2006)
  • 1916-02-01 Bruce Gordon, American actor (The Untouchables), born in Fitchburg, Massachusetts (d. 2011)
  • 1916-03-10 Pamela Mason [Ostrer], British actress, author and talk-show host (Lady Possessed), born in Rochford, England (d. 1996)
  • 1916-04-10 Alfie Bass [Abraham Basalinsky], British actor (Moonraker, Are You Being Served), born in London, England (d. 1987)
  • 1916-05-20 Rev Owen Chadwick, English historian, priest and university chancellor, born in London (d. 2015)
  • 1916-07-31 Sydney Tafler, actor (Too Many Crooks), born in London, England
  • 1916-08-22 John Slater, actor (Deadlock, Cartel, Devil's Pass), born in London, England

Person of interestPeter Finch

1916-09-28 Peter Finch, actor (Network, Windom's Way, Raid on Entebbe), born in London, England

  • 1917-02-19 Richard "Dick" Emery, British comedian and actor (Yellow Submarine, Loot, Baby Love), born in London, England (d. 1983)
  • 1917-03-29 Arthur Knight, CEO (Courtaulds), born in London (d. 2003)
  • 1917-07-06 Hugo Cole, composer and music critic, born in London (d. 1995)
  • 1917-07-08 Pamela Brown, British actress (Cleopatra, I Know Where I'm Going!, Beckett), born in London, England (d. 1975)
  • 1917-08-01 Benjamin Roberts, British industrial relations expert (London School of Economics) (d. 2011)
  • 1917-08-30 Denis Healey, English politician (Labour Chancellor of the Exchequer), born in London, (d. 2015)
  • 1917-09-17 Peter Bennett, British actor (Lady Chatterley's Lover, The Adventures of Robin Hood), born in London, England (d. 1989)
  • 1917-09-24 William Putnam Bundy, editor (Lvaggerier & Vagaries), born in London, England
  • 1917-12-22 Andrew Fielding Huxley, physiologist (Nobel 1963), born in London, England (d. 2012)
  • 1918-02-04 Ida Lupino, Anglo-American actress (Adventures of Sherlock Holmes) and director (The Hitch-Hiker), born in London, England (d. 1995)
  • 1918-02-04 Norman Wisdom, comedian (Kraft Music Hall), born in London, England
  • 1918-02-28 Alfred Burke, British actor (Public Eye, Backfire, Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets), born in London, England (d. 2011)
  • 1918-03-01 Roger Delgado, English actor (Doctor Who, Agent 8 3/4, Hot Enough for June), born in London, England (d. 1973)
  • 1918-04-23 Anthony Craxton, British TV producer, born in London (d. 1966)
  • 1918-06-03 Patrick Cargill, British actor (Help!, No Wreath for the General, Hammerhead), born in London, England (d. 1996)
  • 1918-06-10 Herbert "Barry" Morse, British-Canadian actor (The Fugitive, Space: 1999, Winds of War), born in Shoreditch, London (d. 2009)
  • 1918-07-06 Sebastian Cabot, British actor (Kismet, Family Affair, Time Machine), born in London, England (d. 1977)
  • 1918-09-24 Richard Hoggart, author/warden (Goldsmith's College London)
  • 1919-01-04 Havelock Henry Trevor Hudson, underwriter (Lloyd's of London)
  • 1919-01-25 Patricia Louise Dalton, chair (Sherlock Holmes Society of London)
  • 1919-03-27 Julian Amery, British conservative politician and minister, born in London (d. 1996)
  • 1919-04-04 Antony Tudor, English dancer and choreographer (Metropolitan Opera 1957), born in London (d. 1987)
  • 1919-07-07 Jon Pertwee, English actor and entertainer (third Doctor in Doctor Who, Worzel Gummidge), born in London (d. 1996)
  • 1919-07-31 Norman Del Mar, British conductor and writer (Conducting Brahms), born in London (d. 1994)
  • 1919-08-02 John Pinkerton, English computer scientist who designed the first business computer in England, the LEO computer, born in London (d. 1997)
  • 1919-08-13 George Shearing, British-American blind jazz pianist (Lullaby of Birdland), born in London, England (d. 2011)
  • 1919-11-24 David Kossoff, British actor and anti-drug campaigner (The Young Lovers, The Larkins), born in Hackney, London, England (d. 2005)
  • 1919-12-23 Peggy Fortnum, British Illustrator (first to draw Paddington Bear), born in London (d. 2016)
  • 1919-12-25 Noele Gordon, British actress (Crossroads), born in East Ham, London (d. 1985)
  • 1920-01-04 Rosalie Crutchley, British actress (Armchair Theatre: Black Limelight, Four Weddings and a Funeral), born in London, England (d. 1997)
  • 1920-01-08 Douglas Wilmer, British actor (Sherlock Holmes, Octopussy, El Cid), born in London (d. 2016)
  • 1920-01-09 Clive Dunn, British actor (Dad's Army, The Avengers), born in Brixton, London (d. 2012)
  • 1920-02-04 Derek Worlock, English Roman Catholic Archbishop Liverpool, born in London (d. 1996)
  • 1920-02-23 John St Aubyn, 4th Baron St Levan, English peer (St Michael's Mount), born in London (d. 2013)
  • 1920-03-06 Lewis Gilbert, British director, producer and screenwriter (You Only Live Twice, Sink the Bismarck!), born in London, England (d. 2018)
  • 1920-03-23 Geoffrey Bush, British organist/pianist/composer/educator, born in London (d. 1998)
  • 1920-05-10 Bert Weedon, English guitar player ("Play in a Day" books), born in London (d. 2012)
  • 1920-05-21 Anthony Steel, British actor and singer (Malta Story, The Wooden Horse), born in London, England (d. 2001)
  • 1920-05-30 George London, bass-baritone (Monterone-Rigoleto), born in Montreal, Quebec (d. 1985)

Person of interestRosalind Franklin

1920-07-25 Rosalind Franklin, English chemist and co-discoverer of the structure of DNA, born in London (d. 1958)

Chemist and Molecular Biologist Rosalind Franklin
Chemist and Molecular Biologist
Rosalind Franklin
  • 1920-08-01 Jeffrey Segal, British actor and playwright (Dad's Army, Traitors), born in London, England (d. 2015)

Famous Weddings


Famous Deaths