London in History (Part 6)

Historical Events

Events 501 - 600 of 1,166

  • 1932-06-25 Commencement of India's 1st cricket Test v England at Lord's, London
  • 1933-04-27 Jessop & Son department store in Nottingham, England, acquired by John Lewis Partnership. The partnership's first shop outside London.
  • 1933-07-20 In London, 500,000 march against anti-Semitism
  • 1933-08-23 First televised boxing match — 6-round exhibition at Broadcasting House in London between middleweights Archie Sexton and Lauri Raiteri; aired by BBC-TV
  • 1934-03-17 England beats Scotland, 6-3 at Twickenham, London to win the Home Nations Rugby Championship and Triple Crown
  • 1934-08-04 II British Empire Games open at London's White City Stadium
  • 1934-11-21 "Uiver" returns from Schiphol in London-Melbourne air race
  • 1934-12-29 Japan renounces Wash Naval Treaty of 1922 and London Treaty of 1930
  • 1935-04-10 Vaughan Williams' 4th Symphony premieres in London

Music releaseTheater Premiere

1935-11-01 T. S. Eliot's play "Murder in the Cathedral" premieres in London

Poet, Author and Nobel Laureate T. S. Eliot
Poet, Author and Nobel Laureate
T. S. Eliot

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1936-01-09 Noël Coward's "Astonished Heart" premieres in London

Playwright, Director and Singer Noël Coward
Playwright, Director and Singer
Noël Coward
  • 1936-05-12 Ralph Vaughan Williams' "Poisoned Kiss" premieres in London
  • 1936-06-11 International Surrealist Exhibition opens in London, England
  • 1936-10-05 The Jarrow March sets off for London.
  • 1936-11-02 At 3pm the BBC begins the world's first regular high-definition TV broadcast service from specially constructed studios at Alexandra Palace, North London
  • 1936-11-06 Terence Rattigan's play "French Without Tears" premieres in London

  • 1936-11-30 London's Crystal Palace (built 1851) destroyed by fire
  • 1937-02-26 Christopher Isherwood and W. H. Auden's "Ascent of F6" premieres in London
  • 1937-05-10 Busmen strike in London

CrownRoyal Coronation

1937-05-12 Coronation of King George VI of Great Britain (and his other realms and territories beyond the sea) at Westminster Abbey, London

King of the United Kingdom George VI
King of the United Kingdom
George VI
  • 1937-06-30 The world's first emergency call telephone service is launched in London using the number 999

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1937-09-21 J. R. R. Tolkien's 'The Hobbit' is published by George Allen and Unwin in London

Writer and Academic J. R. R. Tolkien
Writer and Academic
J. R. R. Tolkien
  • 1938-02-17 1st public experimental demonstration of Baird color TV (London)
  • 1938-03-16 Noël Coward's musical "Operette" premieres in London
  • 1938-03-19 Scotland beats England, 21-16 at Twickenham, London to win the Home Nations Rugby Championship, Triple Crown and Calcutta Cup

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1938-06-06 Sigmund Freud arrives in London

Father of Psychology Sigmund Freud
Father of Psychology
Sigmund Freud

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1938-07-21 Paul Hindemith and Leonide Massine's ballet Nobilissima Visione premieres in London

Composer Paul Hindemith
Composer
Paul Hindemith
  • 1938-09-20 Emlyn Williams' "Corn is Green," premieres in London

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1940-01-30 Benjamin Britten's "Lesson Illuminations" premieres in London

  • 1940-05-05 Norwegian government-in-exile forms in London

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1940-05-16 British Premier Winston Churchill returns to London from Paris

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1940-06-01 Major General Bernard Montgomery returns to London

British WWII Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery
British WWII Field Marshal
Bernard Montgomery
  • 1940-06-17 General De Gaulle departs Bordeaux for London
  • 1940-07-28 Radio Orange begins broadcasting from London
  • 1940-08-23 German Luftwaffe begins night bombing on London
  • 1940-08-24 Luftwaffe bombs London

  • 1940-09-03 Dutch government in exile of Gerbrandy forms in London

'Hitler Will Have to Break Us or Lose the War''Hitler Will Have to Break Us or Lose the War'

1940-09-07 Beginning of the Blitz: the German Luftwaffe bomb London for 1st of 57 consecutive nights as the Nazis prepare to invade Britain

Read Article
Buckingham Palace is bombed. Churchill, King George VI and Queen Elizabeth inspect the damage. Photo: NPA Rota
Buckingham Palace is bombed. Churchill, King George VI and Queen Elizabeth inspect the damage. Photo: NPA Rota
Read Article
  • 1940-09-16 Luftwaffe attacks central London
  • 1940-10-14 Balham tube station in London is bombed by the German Luftwaffe during the Blitz, killing 64-66 people
  • 1940-10-15 -16] Heavy German air raid on London, 400 killed
  • 1940-10-15 London's Waterloo Station bombed by German luftwaffe
  • 1941-07-02 Noël Coward's "Blithe Spirit" premieres in London
  • 1941-09-23 General de Gaulle forms government in exile in London
  • 1941-12-08 London: Dutch government-in-exile declares war on Japan
  • 1941-12-11 Dutch government in London declares war on Italy
  • 1942-05-26 Anglo-Soviet Treaty signed in London

Music releaseMusic Premiere

1942-06-22 European broadcast première of Dmitri Shostakovich's 7th Symphony in London conducted by Sir Henry J. Wood and the London Philharmonic Orchestra

  • 1942-06-25 British premier Winston Churchill travels from US to London
  • 1942-07-10 Netherlands government in exile (London) recognizes Soviet Union
  • 1942-08-23 British Premier Winston Churchill flies back to London from Cairo
  • 1942-12-17 Allies in London sentence German war criminals
  • 1943-03-03 Bethnal Green Tube disaster: 173 die in a stampede sheltering in an air raid, UK's greatest loss of civilian life in WWII (details censored till January 20 1945)
  • 1943-04-27 Soviet Union breaks contact with Polish government exiled in London
  • 1943-04-29 Noël Coward's comic play "Present Laughter" premieres in London
  • 1943-04-30 Noël Coward's play "This Happy Breed" premieres in London
  • 1943-06-01 Germany shoots down a civilian flight from Lisbon to London, all die

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943-09-10 Lieutenant-General Omar Bradley arrives in Prestwick/London

US WWII General Omar Bradley
US WWII General
Omar Bradley

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944-01-16 General Eisenhower takes command of Allied Invasion Force in London

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1944-01-21 447 German bombers attack London
  • 1944-01-29 285 German bombers attack London
  • 1944-03-19 Tippett's oratorium "Child of Our Time" premieres in London
  • 1944-06-04 French general De Gaulle arrives in London
  • 1944-06-12 1st V-1 rocket assault on London
  • 1944-06-17 Resistance fighter and poet Col Blake arrives in London
  • 1944-07-01 2,500+ killed in London/SE England by German flying bombs
  • 1944-08-16 Dutch begin diplomatic contact with Vatican in London
  • 1944-09-08 1st V-2 rockets land in London & Antwerp
  • 1944-10-19 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill flies back to London from Moscow
  • 1944-12-03 Britain's Home Guard ('Dad's Army') is officially stood down at a special farewell parade in Hyde Park, London.
  • 1944-12-20 Terence Rattigan's "O Mistress Mine" premieres in London
  • 1944-12-27 Greece: British premier Winston Churchill flies back to London
  • 1945-01-23 Dutch Premier Gerbrandy, exiled in London, tenders his resignation
  • 1945-02-07 London, Washington and Moscow discuss final phase of World War II
  • 1945-02-23 2nd Dutch government of Gerbrandy forms in London
  • 1945-03-28 Last German V-1 (buzz bomb) attack on London
  • 1945-04-21 Ivor Novello's "Perchance to Dream" premieres in London
  • 1945-06-05 Benjamin Britten's opera "Peter Grimes" premieres in London

Conference of InterestNuremberg Trials

1945-08-08 US, USSR, Britain and France sign Treaty of London which sets down procedures for the Nuremberg war trials of Nazi leaders

Learn More
Hermann Goering on trial at the Nuremberg Trials. He would later be sentenced to death, but committed suicide the night before his sentence was to be carried out.
Hermann Goering on trial at the Nuremberg Trials. He would later be sentenced to death, but committed suicide the night before his sentence was to be carried out.
Learn More

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945-09-19 Lord Haw Haw (William Joyce) sentenced to death in London

Fascist Politician and Nazi Propagandist William Joyce
Fascist Politician and Nazi Propagandist
William Joyce
  • 1946-01-10 UN General Assembly meets for 1st time in London

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1946-04-24 One-act ballet "Symphonic Variations" choreographed by Frederick Ashton with music by César Franck danced by Sandler's Wells Ballet debuts at Covent Garden, London

Choreographer Frederick Ashton
Choreographer
Frederick Ashton
  • 1946-04-25 Christopher Fry's "Phoenix too Frequent" premieres in London
  • 1946-09-06 Terence Rattigan's "The Winslow Boy" premieres in London
  • 1946-12-19 Noël Cowards musical "Pacific 1860" premieres in London
  • 1947-04-26 "Bless the Bride" musical opens in London
  • 1948-06-21 HMT Empire Windrush with the first 800 emigrants from the West Indies to the UK arrives at Port of Tilbury near London
  • 1948-07-28 London's Metropolitan Police Flying Squad foils a bullion robbery in the "Battle of London Airport".
  • 1948-07-29 King George VI opens the XIV Summer Olympic Games at Wembley Stadium in London
  • 1948-07-30 Czech distance running legend Emil Zátopek wins the 10,000m at the London Olympics in 29:59.6, an Olympic record
  • 1948-07-31 American swimmer Wally Ris wins the coveted 100m freestyle gold medal at the London Olympics beating teammate Alan Ford by 0.4 seconds
  • 1948-07-31 American sprinter Harrison Dillard runs an Olympic record 10.3s to beat countryman Barney Ewell for the 100m gold medal at the London Olympics
  • 1948-08-02 Fanny Blankers-Koen of the Netherlands wins the 100m in 11.9 at the London Olympics; 1st of unprecedented 3 individual track & field gold medals
  • 1948-08-02 Danish swimmer Greta Anderson (1:06.3) touches out American Ann Curtis by 0.2 in the women's 100m freestyle at the London Olympics
  • 1948-08-02 Italians Adolfo Consolini and Giuseppe Tosi go 1-2 in the men's discus final at the London Olympics
  • 1948-08-03 An American clean sweep of the medals in the men's 3m springboard diving at the London Olympics with Bruce Harlan winning gold, Miller Anderson silver and Sammy Lee bronze
  • 1948-08-03 American divers Vicki Draves, Zoe Ann Olsen and Patsy Elsener go 1-2-3 in a US clean sweep of the medals in the women's 3m springboard at the London Olympics

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 501 - 600 of 1,991

  • 1897-07-18 E. A. D. [Ernest Arthur Douglas] Eldridge, British racing driver, born in Hampstead, London (d. 1935)

Person of interestEnid Blyton

1897-08-11 Enid Blyton, English children's writer, fifth most popular author in the world (Famous Five, Secret Seven, The Adventure), born in London, England (d. 1968)

Children's writer Enid Blyton
Children's writer
Enid Blyton
  • 1897-09-26 Arthur Rhys-Davids, English flying ace (WW I), born in Forest Hill, London (d. 1917)
  • 1897-11-02 Jacob Bjerknes, Norwegian-American meteorologist (USAF in London), born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1975)
  • 1897-11-07 Ruth Pitter, British poet and 1st woman to receive the Queen's Gold Medal for Poetry in 1955, born in Ilford, London (d. 1992)
  • 1897-12-09 Hermione Ferdinanda Gingold, British actress (Gigi, Music Man), born in London, England (d. 1987)
  • 1898-01-23 Freda Utley, British scholar & author, born in London, United Kingdom (d. 1978)
  • 1898-03-30 Joyce Carey, British actress (Brief Encounter, The Cedar Tree), born in Kensington, London (d. 1993)

Person of interestGertrude Lawrence

1898-07-04 Gertrude Lawrence, English actress (Mimi, Rembrandt) and musical performer, born in London (d. 1952)

Actress and Musical Performer Gertrude Lawrence
Actress and Musical Performer
Gertrude Lawrence
  • 1898-07-08 Alec Waugh, English novelist (Island in the Sun); brother of Evelyn, born in London, England (d. 1981)
  • 1898-11-09 Owen Barfield, British philosopher of language, born in London (d. 1997)
  • 1899-01-11 Eva Le Gallienne, English-American actress and director (Resurrection), born in London, England (d. 1991)
  • 1899-01-17 Nevil Shute [Norway], novelist (On the Beach, Town Like Alice), born in London, England
  • 1899-01-23 Glen Kidston, British aviator & racing driver, born in London, United Kingdom (d. 1931)
  • 1899-04-22 Martyn Green, British actor (Gilbert & Sullivan, Iceman Cometh), born in London, England (d. 1975)
  • 1899-05-06 Billy Cotton, British bandleader and entertainer, born in Smith Square, London (d. 1969)
  • 1899-08-07 Irene "Renie" Riano, English-born American actress [The Family Jewels], born in London, England (d. 1971)
  • 1899-10-08 Milner Gray, British graphic designer, born in London (d. 1997)
  • 1899-11-23 Norman Hunter, English children's writer (Professor Branestawm), born in London (d. 1995)
  • 1899-12-15 Frank Vosper, British actor (The Man Who Knew Too Much, Rome Express), born in London, England (d. 1937)
  • 1900-02-08 John Cameron, Scottish judge, born in London (d. 1996)
  • 1900-02-12 Fred Emney, British actor (Let the People Sing, Adventures of a Private Eye, Lilac Domino), born in London, England (d. 1980)
  • 1900-02-21 Sydney Arnold, British comic actor (The Meaning of Life, Top Secret!, Miss Jones & Son), born in Westminster, London, England (d. 1993)
  • 1900-03-06 John Henry Pyle Pafford, British librarian (University of London), born in Bradford-on-Avon, Wiltshire (d. 1996)
  • 1900-04-23 Harold French, British director and actor (The Cavalier of the Streets, Trio, Quartet), born in Lambeth, London (d. 1997)
  • 1900-05-07 Ralph Truman, British actor (Henry V, Treasure Island, Web of Evidence), born in London, England (d. 1977)
  • 1900-07-10 [Elsie] Evelyn Laye, English singer & actress (Bitter Sweet, Merry Widow), born in London, England (d. 1996)
  • 1900-08-31 Roland Culver, English actor (Thunderball, Encore), born in London, England (d. 1984)
  • 1900-10-08 Geoffrey Jellicoe, English landscape architect, born in London (d. 1996)
  • 1900-12-22 Alan Bush, English composer pianist and teacher, born in London (d. 1995)
  • 1901-01-02 Rex O'Malley, British actor (Camille; Zara; Midnight, Thief), born in London, England (d. 1976)
  • 1901-02-18 Reginald Sheffield, British actor (Suspicion, Of Human Bondage, Second Chance), born in London, England (d. 1957)
  • 1901-06-01 John Van Druten, English playwright (I Remember Mama, I am a Camera), born in London (d. 1957)
  • 1901-06-26 William Busch, British composer, born in London (d. 1945)
  • 1901-07-01 Sylvia Mary Paget Chancellor, English philanthropist (Prisoners' Wives Service), born in London (d. 1996)
  • 1901-07-14 Gerald Finzi, British composer (Dies natalis), born in London, England
  • 1901-08-23 Cecil Rolph Hewitt, English journalist and policeman, born in London (d. 1994)
  • 1901-10-15 Robert Bromston Thesiger Daniell, English soldier, born in London (d. 1996)
  • 1901-11-17 Joyce Wethered, British golfer (English Ladies' champion 1920–24), born in London, England (d. 1997)
  • 1901-12-21 Robin Irvine, British actor (Easy Virtue, When Boys Leave Home), born in London, England (d. 1933)
  • 1901-12-27 Irene Handl, British actress (Riding High, Morgan), born in London, England (d. 1987)
  • 1902-01-05 Dorothea "Stella" Gibbons, English author (Cold Comfort Farm), born in London, United Kingdom (d. 1989)
  • 1902-02-06 Louis Nizer, Jewish-American lawyer (defended blacklisted stars in '50s, Catspaw), born in London, United Kingdom (d. 1994)
  • 1902-04-08 Josef Krips, Austrian conductor (London Symphony, 1954-63), born in Vienna, Austria
  • 1902-04-13 Godfrey Kenton, English actor (The Tempest; Well's Theater), born in London (d. 1998)
  • 1902-05-04 Rodney Meredith Thomas, English architect and painter, born in London (d. 1996)
  • 1902-06-19 Guy Lombardo, Canadian-American orchestra leader (Auld Lang Syne), born in London, Ontario, Canada (d. 1977)
  • 1902-08-13 Alan Sainsbury, Baron Sainsbury, British business executive, born in London (d. 1998)
  • 1902-08-16 Georgette Heyer, English novelist (Friday's Child), born in Wimbledon, London (d. 1975)
  • 1902-10-09 Freddie Young, British cinematographer (Lawrence of Arabia), born in London (d. 1998)
  • 1902-10-28 Elsa Lanchester, British actress (The Bride of Frankenstien), born in London, England (d. 1986)
  • 1902-11-09 Anthony Asquith, British film director (Carrington V C (Court martial)), born in London (d. 1968)
  • 1903-01-05 Leighton Lucas, English composer & conductor, born in London, United Kingdom (d. 1982)
  • 1903-01-06 Francis L. Sullivan, British actor (Great Expectations, Oliver Twist, Missing Rembrandt), born in London, England (d. 1956)
  • 1903-01-20 Sybil Marion Rosenfeld, English theatre historian, born in London, England (d. 1996)
  • 1903-02-27 Reginald Gardiner, British actor (The Flying Deuces, The Great Dictator), born in London, England (d. 1980)
  • 1903-03-24 Patrick Ludlow, British actor (Naughty Husbands, Evergreen and Modesty Blaise), born in Kensington, London, England (d. 1996)
  • 1903-03-25 Gertrude "Binnie" Barnes, actress (Last of the Mohicans, 3 Musketeers), born in London, England (d. 1998)

Person of interestBob Hope

1903-05-29 Bob Hope [Leslie Townes Hope], English-born American actor, comedian and entertainer, born in London (d. 2003)

Entertainer and TV Personality Bob Hope
Entertainer and TV Personality
Bob Hope
  • 1903-06-08 Ronald Shiner, British actor (Dry Rot, Carry on Admiral, Keep it Clean, Aunt Clara), born in London, England (d. 1966)
  • 1903-06-29 Alan Blumlein, English electronics engineer, born in Hampstead, London (d. 1942)

Person of interestAlec Douglas-Home

1903-07-02 Alec Douglas-Home, British Prime Minister (Conservative: 1963-64), born in London (d. 1995)

British Prime Minister Alec Douglas-Home
British Prime Minister
Alec Douglas-Home
  • 1903-07-13 Kenneth Clark, English art historian (Civilisation), born in London, England (d. 1983)
  • 1903-07-16 Carmen Lombardo, Canadian musician, born in London, Ontario, Canada (d. 1971)
  • 1903-08-14 Ronald Stewart, CEO (London Brick Co)
  • 1903-09-05 Gloria Holden, British actress (The Life of Emile Zola, Dracula's Daughter), born in London, England (d. 1991)
  • 1903-10-28 Evelyn Waugh, English author (Brideshead Revisited, Scoop), born in London, England (d. 1966)
  • 1903-12-12 Enid Balint-Edmonds, British psychoanalyst, born in London (d. 1994)
  • 1904-01-13 Richard Addinsell, composer (Taming of Shrew), born in London, England
  • 1904-02-07 Alison Leggatt, British character actress (Day of Triffids, Cows), born in Kensington, London (d. 1990)
  • 1904-03-13 Henry Iliffe Cozens, English Royal Air Force pilot, born in London (d. 1995)
  • 1904-03-16 Clive Morton, British actor (Goodbye Mr Chips, Moonraker), born in London, England (d. 1975)

Person of interestJohn Gielgud

1904-04-14 Sir John Gielgud, British stage and screen actor and director (Arthur, Hamlet, Ages of Man), born in London, England (d. 2000)

  • 1904-05-06 Catherine Lacey, British actress (Sorcerors), born in London, England (d. 1979)
  • 1904-05-08 John Snagge, British newsreader and commentator for the BBC (Oxford-Cambridge Boat Race), born in London (d. 1996)
  • 1904-06-11 Daphne Fielding, British socialite and writer, born in Westminster, London (d. 1997)
  • 1904-07-04 Angela Baddeley, English actress (Ghost Train, Tom Jones), born in London, England (d. 1976)
  • 1904-07-26 Jack Westrup, English composer, born in London (d. 1975)
  • 1904-09-24 Owen Saunders, English mathematician and mechanical engineer, born in Streatham, London (d. 1993)
  • 1904-09-30 Frank Lawton, British actor (Devil Doll, Invisible Ray), born in London, England (d. 1969)
  • 1904-09-30 Ralph Forbes [Taylor], British screen and stage actor (Romeo and Juliet; Piccadilly Jim; Daniel Boone), born in Wandsworth, London, England (d. 1951)
  • 1904-10-15 Julian Hodge, British financier and multi-millionaire (Hodge Group), born in Camberwell, London (d. 2004)
  • 1904-10-20 Anna Neagle, English actress (London Melody, Nurse Edith Cavell), born in London, England (d. 1986)
  • 1904-11-28 Nancy Mitford, English author (Love in a Cold Climate), one of the Mitford sisters, born in London (d. 1973)
  • 1905-01-02 Michael Kemp Tippett, English composer/conductor (A Child of Our Time), born in London (d. 1998)
  • 1905-02-18 Queenie Leonard, British actress, born in London, England (d. 2002)
  • 1905-03-10 Richard Haydn, British actor (The Sound of Music, Alice in Wonderland), born in Camberwell, London, England (d. 1985)
  • 1905-03-23 Ralph Perring, Lord Mayor (London)
  • 1905-04-25 Walter Hassan, British automotive engineer, born in London (d. 1996)
  • 1905-05-31 Florence Desmond, English actress and comedian, born in Islington, London (d. 1993)
  • 1905-06-05 John Abbott, British actor (The Jungle Book, Gigi, Smogasboard), born in London, England (d. 1996)
  • 1905-06-22 Walter Leigh, British composer, born in Wimbledon, London, England (d. 1942)
  • 1905-06-26 Jack Longland, British director of education (Derbyshire), born in London (d. 1993)
  • 1905-07-19 Boyd Neel, English conductor (Story of an Orchestra), born in Blackheath, London (d. 1981)
  • 1905-07-31 Trenchard Cox, British museum director, born in London (d. 1995)
  • 1905-08-04 Michael Scott Montague Fordham, English child psychiatrist and Jungian analyst, born in Kensington, London (d. 1995)
  • 1905-08-09 Leo Genn, British lawyer and actor (Mourning Becomes Electra, Moby Dick, Affair in Monte Carlo), born in London, England (d. 1978)
  • 1905-08-23 Leonard Constant Lambert, English composer (King Pest), born in Fulham, London (d. 1951)
  • 1905-12-14 Sydney Lipton, British dance band leader, born in London (d. 1995)
  • 1905-12-31 Jule Styne, English songwriter & composer (1954 Acad Award, 1968 Tony), born in London, United Kingdom (d. 1994)

Famous Weddings


Famous Deaths