Manchester in History

Historical Events

  • 1644-07-02 Battle of Marston Moor, North Yorkshire: Parliamentary forces under Lords Fairfax and Manchester defeat royalists led by Prince Rupert

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1745-11-29 Bonnie Prince Charlie's army moves into Manchester and occupies Carlisle

Pretender to the British throne Bonnie Prince Charlie
Pretender to the British throne
Bonnie Prince Charlie

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1794-10-31 John Dalton's first lecture to Manchester Literary/Philosophical Society

Chemist, Physicist and Meteorologist John Dalton
Chemist, Physicist and Meteorologist
John Dalton
  • 1803-10-21 English scientist John Dalton reads his paper on the absorption of gases by water to the Manchester Literary and Philosophical Soc - 1st outline of his atomic theory
  • 1819-08-16 Peterloo Massacre, Manchester, England: cavalry charges demonstrators, 15 people killed and 400–700 injured
  • 1830-09-15 Duke of Wellington opens Liverpool & Manchester Railway
  • 1831-04-14 Soldiers marching on a bridge in Manchester, England, cause it to collapse.
  • 1858-01-30 Charles Hallé founds Halle Orchestra in Manchester, England
  • 1867-11-23 The Manchester Martyrs are hung at Salford Gaol, Manchester, England for shooting a police officer
  • 1879-08-07 The opening of the Poor Man's Palace in Manchester.
  • 1887-11-11 Construction of the Manchester Ship Canal starts at Eastham.
  • 1894-01-01 Manchester Ship Canal in England opens to traffic
  • 1894-09-28 Simon Marks & Tom Spencer open Penny Bazaar in Manchester
  • 1904-05-04 Charles Stewart Rolls meets Frederick Henry Royce at the Midland Hotel in Manchester, England. Go on to form Roll-Royce
  • 1907-12-02 Association of Football Players' and Trainers' Union (English Professional Football Players' Association) is formed by Charlie Roberts and Billy Meredith in Manchester, England

Music releaseMusic Premiere

1908-12-03 Edward Elgar's 1st Symphony in A performed by the Hallé Orchestra conducted by Hans Richter, premieres in Manchester, England

Composer Edward Elgar
Composer
Edward Elgar
  • 1919-12-01 AA Milne's "Mr Pim Passes By" premieres in Manchester
  • 1923-12-31 1st transatlantic radio broadcast of a voice, Pittsburgh-Manchester
  • 1926-12-03 Manchester Guardian (German Reichswehr/Red Army work together)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1929-12-21 Coco the Clown first appears for Bertram Mills Circus in Manchester, England

Famous Clown Coco the Clown
Famous Clown
Coco the Clown
  • 1933-04-08 Manchester Guardian warns of unknown Nazi terror
  • 1936-07-06 A major breach of the Manchester, Bolton and Bury Canal in England sends millions of gallons of water cascading 200 feet into the River Irwell
  • 1948-06-21 1st stored computer program runs on Manchester Mark I at a laboratory in Manchester University, England
  • 1953-01-14 Vaughan William's "Sinfonia Antartica" premieres in Manchester
  • 1956-04-02 Peter Ustinovs' "Romanoff & Juliet" premieres in Manchester
  • 1956-07-27 England cricket spin bowler Jim Laker takes 9-37 in Australia's 1st innings in 4th Test at Manchester; best return ever in Test cricket; bettered in 2nd innings 10-53
  • 1964-07-25 Australian cricket captain and opening batsman Bob Simpson hits 311 v England in the drawn 4th Test in Manchester
  • 1969-10-30 WXPO (now WNDS) TV channel 50 in Manchester, NH (IND) 1st broadcast
  • 1970-03-29 Manchester City of England win 10th European Cup Winner's Cup against Górnik Zabrze of Poland 2-1 in Vienna
  • 1983-07-07 11 year old Samantha Smith of Manchester, Maine, leaves for USSR
  • 1984-07-27 West Indies cricket opening batsman Gordon Greenidge smashes 223 in innings & 64 run win over England in 4th Test at Manchester; Windies lead series, 4-0
  • 1985-08-22 Airtours Boeing-737 crashes at Manchester airport, 55 killed
  • 1991-07-24 Universityof Manchester scientist announce finding a planet outside of solar system
  • 1992-04-14 "Les Miserables" opens at Palace Theatre, Manchester
  • 1995-05-14 At 43 years, 162 days Manchester City goalkeeper John Burridge becomes the oldest player to appear in an EPL match, a 3-2 home defeat to Queens Park Rangers

  • 1996-06-15 IRA bomb in Manchester wrecks city centre at 11.17am, injuring 200
  • 1998-07-06 England cricket spin bowler Robert Croft saves England from defeat with a famous unbeaten 37 in 190 minutes on day 5 of 2nd Test v South Africa at Old Trafford, Manchester
  • 2002-07-25 17th Commonwealth Games open in Manchester, England
  • 2003-05-28 11th UEFA Champions League Final: Milan beats Juventus (0-0, 3-2 on penalties) at Manchester
  • 2004-01-13 Harold Shipman, a British GP who is believed to have killed more than 200 of his patients in Manchester, is found hanged in his prison cell
  • 2011-03-05 David Silva scores 38' winner as Manchester City scores 1-0 win over Wigan at City of Manchester Stadium to start EPL record 20 home game winning streak; streak ends 31/3/12
  • 2011-05-14 English FA Cup Final, Wembley Stadium, London (88,643): Manchester City beats Stoke City, 1-0; Yaya Touré scores 74' winner; Citizens' 5th title
  • 2012-03-21 Sergio Agüero & Samir Nasri score to give Manchester City 2-1 win over Chelsea at City of Manchester Stadium; EPL record 20th consecutive home win; streak ends with 3-3 draw v Sunderland 31/3
  • 2012-05-13 Manchester City win the English Premier League for the first time
  • 2013-05-11 English FA Cup Final, Wembley Stadium, London (86,254): Wigan Athletic upsets Manchester City, 1-0; Ben Watson scores 90+1' winner
  • 2014-05-16 Paris Saint-Germain F.C. & Manchester City F.C. are each fined €60 million for breaching Fair Play Regulations
  • 2016-07-25 England fast bowler Jimmy Anderson becomes first quick to take 50 wickets against all other 7 major Test cricket-playing nations during 2nd Test against Pakistan in Manchester

Music concertMusic Concert

2017-05-22 Suicide bombing at Manchester Arena, England, after Ariana Grande concert kills 22 and injures 59

  • 2017-05-23 UK raises terror threat level to critical following Manchester bombing
  • 2017-06-04 Ariana Grande headlines benefit concert for victims of her Manchester concert bombing, also featuring Coldplay, Miley Cyrus, Justin Bieber, and Katy Perry
  • 2017-08-26 Manchester City scores a 2-1 win at Bournemouth to start EPL record 18 game winning streak; Raheem Sterling scores for City but is sent off with 2 yellow cards in injury time
  • 2017-12-27 Raheem Sterling scores to give Manchester City 1-0 win over Newcastle United at St. James' Park; EPL record 18th consecutive win; streak ends with 0-0 draw at Crystal Palace 31/12
  • 2018-05-09 Manchester City smashes EPL records in 3-1 win over Brighton - most goals (105), most points (97) and most wins (31)
  • 2018-05-13 Manchester City ends the EPL season with a 1-0 win at Southampton having smashed 11 Premier League records including biggest title winning margin (19 points) and most points (100)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2018-08-26 Boxing match between YouTubers KSI and Logan Paul ends in a draw in Manchester, England

YouTube Star and Actor Logan Paul
YouTube Star and Actor
Logan Paul
  • 2019-03-20 A woman who can smell Parkinson's disease has helped researchers identify molecules on the skin of people with the disease in Manchester, England
  • 2019-05-12 Manchester City beats Brighton, 4-1 to claim back-to-back English Premier League titles with 98 points, 1 ahead of runners-up, Liverpool
  • 2019-05-18 English FA Cup Final, Wembley Stadium, London (85,854): Gabriel Jesus & Raheem Sterling each score twice as Manchester City thrash Watford, 6-0, completing an unprecedented domestic treble

Famous Birthdays


Person of interestAnn Lee

1736-02-29 Ann Lee, American founder of the Shakers, born in Manchester, England (d. 1784)

Founder of the Shakers Ann Lee
Founder of the Shakers
Ann Lee
  • 1785-08-15 Thomas De Quincey, English writer (Confessions of English Opium Eater), born in Manchester (d. 1859)
  • 1801-07-29 George Bradshaw, British publisher, born in Manchester, England (d. 1853)
  • 1803-04-27 Alfred Julius Becher, Austrian journalist and composer, born in Manchester, England (d. 1848)
  • 1810-11-18 Benjamin Stone Roberts, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Manchester, Vermont (d. 1875)
  • 1831-05-24 Richard Hoffman, English-American composer, born in Manchester, England (d. 1909)
  • 1849-07-27 John Hopkinson, British physicist and electrical engineer (Hopkinson's Law), born in Manchester (d. 1898)
  • 1849-11-24 Frances Hodgson Burnett, British-American playwright and children's author ("The Secret Garden"), born in Manchester (d. 1924)
  • 1854-03-14 Thomas Riley Marshall, 28th Vice President of U.S. (1913-21), born in North Manchester, Indiana (d. 1925)
  • 1855-09-28 Thomas Frederick Tout, British historian (Manchester school of historiography), born in London, England (d. 1929)
  • 1855-12-11 Julian Edwards, American composer, born in Manchester, England (d. 1910)

Person of interestJ. J. Thomson

1856-12-18 J. J. Thomson, English physicist who discovered the electron (Nobel 1906), born in Manchester, England (d. 1940)

Physicist J. J. Thomson
Physicist
J. J. Thomson

Person of interestEmmeline Pankhurst

1858-07-15 Emmeline Pankhurst, British suffragette who formed the Women's Social & Political Union (1903), born in Moss Side, Manchester (d. 1928)

Suffragette Emmeline Pankhurst
Suffragette
Emmeline Pankhurst
  • 1865-10-12 Arthur Harden, English biochemist (Nobel Prize 1929), born in Manchester, England (d. 1940)
  • 1870-12-31 Thomas Connolly, English-American baseball umpire, born in Manchester, United Kingdom (d. 1961)
  • 1872-12-21 Sidney Ainsworth, British silent film actor (Not in the News, The Rajah's Tunic), born in Manchester, England (d. 1922)
  • 1874-01-25 Hewlett Johnson [Red Dean of Canterbury], English bishop, born in Salford, Greater Manchester (d. 1966)
  • 1876-04-17 Ian Hay [John Hay Beith], British novelist and playwright (Pip, Carrying On), born in Rusholme, Manchester (d. 1952)
  • 1880-11-02 John Foulds, English composer, born in Manchester (d. 1939
  • 1882-05-05 Sylvia Pankhurst, English feminist and suffragette, born in Old Trafford, Manchester, England (d. 1960)
  • 1886-01-11 George Zucco, British actor (Fog Island, Black Raven, Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, Captain Fury), born in Manchester, England (d. 1960)
  • 1888-04-03 Neville Cardus, English writer and cricketer, born in Rusholme, Manchester, England (d. 1975)
  • 1892-09-18 Cyril Walker, English golfer (US Open 1924), born in Manchester, England (d. 1948)
  • 1893-06-30 Harold Laski, English economist and Labour Party leader (1945-46), born in Manchester, England (d. 1950)
  • 1899-02-03 Doris Speed, British actress dubbed 'The Queen Mother of Soap' (Coronation Street), born in Manchester, England (d. 1994)
  • 1900-07-28 Maurice Johnstone, English brass band composer, born in Manchester, England (d. 1976)
  • 1900-09-07 Taylor Caldwell [Janet Miriam Holland Taylor Caldwell], Anglo-American novelist (Dynasty of Death, Dear and Glorious Physician), born in Manchester, England (d. 1985)
  • 1903-02-21 Eric Fogg, English composer, born in Manchester (d. 1939)
  • 1903-10-01 George Coulouris, British actor (Runaway Bus), born in Manchester, England (d. 1989)
  • 1905-02-24 Eric Boyland, English biochemist (Cancer research), born in Manchester (d. 2002)

Person of interestRobert Donat

1905-03-18 Robert Donat, English actor (Goodbye Mr Chips, Citadel), born in Manchester, England (d. 1958)

  • 1906-05-17 Eric Mensforth, British pioneer in the development of the helicopter in Britain, born in Stretford, Manchester (d. 2000)
  • 1907-07-24 Hughie Charles, English songwriter and impressario, born in Manchester, England (d. 1995)
  • 1908-06-30 Winston Graham, British writer (Poldark novels), born in Manchester (d. 2003)
  • 1908-11-20 Alistair Cooke, British-American TV host (Masterpiece Theatre), born in Manchester, England (d. 2004)
  • 1912-01-20 Christopher Casson, Irish-English actor (Zardoz, Educating Rita, The Riordans), born in Manchester, Lancashire, England
  • 1912-05-01 Anna Pollak, English mezzo-soprano, born in Manchester (d. 1996)
  • 1912-06-28 Audrey Langford, English singing teacher, born in Rochdale, Greater Manchester, England (d. 1994)
  • 1913-03-27 Godfrey Turner, British composer, born in Manchester, England (d. 1948)
  • 1913-04-29 Jack Bently, English trombonist, born in Manchester (d. 1994)
  • 1913-12-26 Frank Swift, English soccer goalkeeper and journalist (19 caps; Manchester City 376 games; died Munich air disaster), born in Blackpool, Lancashire (d. 1958)
  • 1914-08-09 Joe Mercer, English soccer midfielder, manager (5 caps, Manchester City manager 1965-71, Aston Villa 1958-64, England 1974), born in Ellesmere Port, Cheshire (d. 1990)
  • 1915-01-12 Roy Ralston, British pilot, born in Moss Side, Manchester
  • 1915-10-24 Marghanita Laski, English journalist and author (Victorian chaise-lounge), born in Manchester, England (d. 1988)
  • 1917-05-24 Derek Hodgson, British high court judge, born in Whitefield, Manchester (d. 2002)
  • 1919-05-16 Richard Mason, English author (The World of Suzie Wong), born near Manchester (d. 1997)
  • 1919-08-22 Leo Pliatzky, British senior civil servant, born in Manchester (d. 1999)
  • 1920-07-22 Malcolm Hughes, British artist, born in Manchester, England (d. 1997)
  • 1921-02-22 David Greene, British television director, born in Manchester, England (d. 2003)
  • 1921-08-24 Sam Tingle, Zimbabwean racing driver, born in Manchester, England (d. 2008)
  • 1922-04-01 William Manchester, Attleboro Mass, historian (Death of a President)
  • 1922-06-14 Arthur Jacobs, English musicologist (Penguin Dictionary of Music), born in Manchester (d. 1996)
  • 1923-04-22 Avis Bunnage, British actress (Rising Damp, Coronation Street), born in Ardwick, Manchester, England (d. 1990)
  • 1923-09-11 Alan Badel, British actor (Shogun, Salome, Bill Brand), born in Manchester, England (d. 1982)
  • 1923-11-26 Patricia "Pat" Phoenix, British actress (Coronation Street, L Shaped Room), born in Fallowfield, Manchester, England (d. 1986)
  • 1924-01-29 Lord John Gregson, British Labour politician and Baron, born in Manchester, England (d. 2009)
  • 1924-08-13 John Milne, British CEO (Blue Circles Industries), born in Manchester
  • 1924-08-15 Robert Oxton Bolt, English playwright (A Man for All Seasons, Doctor Zhivago), born in Sale, Manchester (d. 1995)
  • 1924-10-20 Stanley Eric Francis Booth-Clibborn, bishop (Manchester)
  • 1926-04-30 Edmund Cooper, British sci-fi author (Seed of Light, All Fool's Day), born in Marple, Greater Manchester, England (d. 1982)
  • 1926-07-22 Peter Michael Grayson, British showman, born in Manchester (d. 1996)
  • 1928-11-02 Paul Johnson, English journalist, author and historian, born in Manchester, England
  • 1929-07-22 Vivien Merchant [Ada Thompson], British actress (Alfie, The Homecoming, The Offence), born in Manchester, England (d. 1982)
  • 1930-06-17 Brian Statham, English cricketer (masterful England quick for two decades), born in Gorton, Manchester, England (d. 2000)
  • 1931-01-10 Peter Barnes, English writer, born in Manchester, United Kingdom (d. 2004)
  • 1931-02-02 Les Dawson, English comedian and actor (The Dawson Watch, Blankety Blank), born in 1931, Manchester, England (d. 1993)
  • 1931-08-13 Bernard Manning, British comedian, born in Ancoats, Manchester, England (d. 2007)
  • 1932-05-24 James Anderton, British Chief constable (Manchester England), born in Wigan, Lancashire
  • 1932-09-29 Mary Moon, Headmistress (Manchester High School for Girls)
  • 1934-09-08 Peter Maxwell Davies, British composer (Prolation, Taverner), born in Manchester, England (d. 2016)
  • 1935-04-01 Billy Whelan, Irish soccer forward (4 caps, Rep Ireland; Manchester United 79 games; died Munich air disaster), born in Dublin, Republic of Ireland (d. 1958)
  • 1935-04-04 Trevor Griffiths, English playwright (Absolute Beginners), born in Manchester
  • 1935-09-26 Bob Barber, English cricketer (dashing England lefty bat in 28 Tests 1960-68), born in Withington, Manchester
  • 1937-01-27 John Ogdon, pianist/composer, born in Manchester, England
  • 1940-06-20 John Mahoney, British-born American actor (Fraiser, Frantic, 8 Men Out), born in Manchester, England (d. 2018)
  • 1940-09-11 Bernie Dwyer, British rock drummer (Freddie & The Dreamers), born in Manchester, England (d. 2002)
  • 1941-04-04 Bill Tarmey, English actor (Coronation Street), born in Ardwick, Manchester (d. 2012)
  • 1941-05-29 Roy Crewdson, English rocker (Freddie & The Dreamers), born in Manchester
  • 1941-06-12 Roy Harper, English musician (Folkjokeopus), born in Rusholme, Manchester
  • 1941-07-29 David Warner, English actor (Star Trek VI, Time Bandits), born in Manchester, United Kingdom
  • 1942-05-24 Derek Quinn, English guitarist (Freddie & Dreamers-I'm Telling You Now), born in Manchester, England
  • 1942-07-23 Myra Hindley, English murderess (murdered 5 small children with Ian Brady), born in Manchester, England (d. 2002)
  • 1942-08-24 Howard Jacobson, British novelist (The Finkler Question) and newspaper columnist, born in Manchester, England
  • 1942-09-07 Alan Oakes, British footballer (Manchester City), born in Winsford, England
  • 1942-09-25 John Taylor, British jazz pianist, born in Manchester, England
  • 1943-12-08 Michael Unger, English editor-in-chief (Evening News, Manchester)
  • 1943-12-19 Sam Kelly [Roger Michael Kelly], English actor ('Allo 'Allo!, Porridge), born in Manchester, England (d. 2014)
  • 1944-12-17 Bernard Hill, English actor (Yosser Hughes-Boys from the Blackstuff, King Théoden-The Lord of the Rings), born in Manchester, England
  • 1945-02-25 Elkie Brooks, rocker (Pearl's a Singer), born in Manchester, England
  • 1945-10-07 Kevin Godley, English rock vocalist (10cc), born in Manchester, England
  • 1945-10-28 Wayne Fontana, rocker (Groovy Kind of Love), born in Manchester, England

Person of interestDavy Jones

1945-12-30 Davy Jones, English singer (The Monkees), born in Manchester, England (d. 2012)

Singer Davy Jones
Singer
Davy Jones
  • 1946-03-29 Billy Thorpe, Australian musician (Billy Thorpe & the Aztecs), born in Manchester (d. 2007)
  • 1946-05-10 Graham Gouldman, English bassist and singer-songwriter (10cc), born in Manchester, England

Person of interestBarry Gibb

1946-09-01 Barry Gibb, English singer-songwriter (The Bee Gees), born in Douglas, Isle of Man

Bee Gees Singer Barry Gibb
Bee Gees Singer
Barry Gibb
  • 1946-10-26 Keith Hopwood, English rock guitarist (Herman's Hermits), born in Davyhulme, Manchester, England
  • 1947-01-30 Les Barker, English poet, born in Manchester, United Kingdom
  • 1947-03-06 Judy Loe, British actress (Singles, Meaning of Life), born in Urmston, England
  • 1947-06-17 Paul Young, English singer and percussionist (Mike + The Mechanics), born in Manchester (d. 2000)
  • 1947-07-31 Karl Green, English rock bassist (Herman's Hermits), born in Salford, England

Famous Deaths

  • 1642-11-07 Henry Montagu, 1st Earl of Manchester, English politician
  • 1958-02-06 Frank Swift, English soccer goalkeeper and journalist (19 caps; Manchester City 376 games), dies in Munich air disaster at 44
  • 1981-09-13 William Loeb, publisher of Manchester Union Leader, NH, dies at 75
  • 1990-08-09 Joe Mercer, English soccer midfielder, manager (5 caps, Manchester City manager 1965-71, Aston Villa 1958-64, England 1974), dies of Alzheimer's disease at 76
  • 1995-01-30 George H Poyser, English soccer player (Manchester City), dies at 84