Manchester in History

Historical Events

  • 1644-07-02 Battle of Marston Moor, North Yorkshire: Parliamentary forces under Lords Fairfax and Manchester defeat royalists led by Prince Rupert

Historic Event

1745-11-29 Bonnie Prince Charlie's army moves into Manchester and occupies Carlisle

Historic Event

1794-10-31 John Dalton's first lecture to Manchester Literary/Philosophical Society

  • 1803-10-21 English scientist John Dalton reads his paper on the absorption of gases by water to the Manchester Literary and Philosophical Soc - 1st outline of his atomic theory
  • 1819-08-16 Peterloo Massacre, Manchester, England: cavalry charges demonstrators, 15 people killed and 400–700 injured
  • 1830-09-15 Duke of Wellington opens Liverpool & Manchester Railway
  • 1831-04-14 Soldiers marching on a bridge in Manchester, England, cause it to collapse.
  • 1858-01-30 Charles Hallé founds Halle Orchestra in Manchester, England
  • 1867-11-23 The Manchester Martyrs are hung at Salford Gaol, Manchester, England for shooting a police officer
  • 1879-08-07 The opening of the Poor Man's Palace in Manchester.
  • 1887-11-11 Construction of the Manchester Ship Canal starts at Eastham.
  • 1894-01-01 Manchester Ship Canal in England opens to traffic
  • 1894-09-28 Simon Marks & Tom Spencer open Penny Bazaar in Manchester
  • 1907-12-02 Association of Football Players' and Trainers' Union (English Professional Football Players' Association) is formed by Charlie Roberts and Billy Meredith in Manchester, England

Music Premiere

1908-12-03 Edward Elgar's 1st Symphony in A performed by the Hallé Orchestra conducted by Hans Richter, premieres in Manchester, England

  • 1919-12-01 AA Milne's comedy play "Mr Pim Passes By" premieres in Manchester
  • 1923-12-31 1st transatlantic radio broadcast of a voice, Pittsburgh-Manchester
  • 1926-12-03 Manchester Guardian (German Reichswehr/Red Army work together)

Historic Event

1929-12-21 Coco the Clown first appears for Bertram Mills Circus in Manchester, England

  • 1933-04-08 Manchester Guardian warns of unknown Nazi terror
  • 1936-07-06 A major breach of the Manchester, Bolton and Bury Canal in England sends millions of gallons of water cascading 200 feet into the River Irwell
  • 1948-06-21 1st stored computer program runs on Manchester Mark I at a laboratory in Manchester University, England
  • 1953-01-14 Vaughan William's "Sinfonia Antartica" premieres in Manchester
  • 1956-04-02 Peter Ustinovs' "Romanoff & Juliet" premieres in Manchester
  • 1956-07-27 England cricket spin bowler Jim Laker takes 9-37 in Australia's 1st innings in 4th Test at Manchester; best return ever in Test cricket; bettered in 2nd innings 10-53
  • 1964-07-25 Australian cricket captain and opening batsman Bob Simpson hits 311 v England in the drawn 4th Test in Manchester
  • 1969-10-30 WXPO (now WNDS) TV channel 50 in Manchester, NH (IND) 1st broadcast
  • 1970-03-29 Manchester City of England win 10th European Cup Winner's Cup against Górnik Zabrze of Poland 2-1 in Vienna
  • 1983-07-07 11 year old Samantha Smith of Manchester, Maine, leaves for USSR
  • 1984-07-27 West Indies cricket opening batsman Gordon Greenidge smashes 223 in innings & 64 run win over England in 4th Test at Manchester; Windies lead series, 4-0
  • 1985-08-22 Airtours Boeing-737 crashes at Manchester airport, 55 killed
  • 1991-07-24 Universityof Manchester scientist announce finding a planet outside of solar system
  • 1992-04-14 "Les Miserables" opens at Palace Theatre, Manchester
  • 1995-05-14 At 43 years, 162 days Manchester City goalkeeper John Burridge becomes the oldest player to appear in an EPL match, a 3-2 home defeat to Queens Park Rangers
  • 1996-06-15 IRA bomb in Manchester wrecks city centre at 11.17am, injuring 200
  • 1998-07-06 England cricket spin bowler Robert Croft saves England from defeat with a famous unbeaten 37 in 190 minutes on day 5 of 2nd Test v South Africa at Old Trafford, Manchester
  • 2002-07-25 17th Commonwealth Games open in Manchester, England
  • 2003-05-28 11th UEFA Champions League Final: Milan beats Juventus (0-0, 3-2 on penalties) at Manchester
  • 2004-01-13 Harold Shipman, a British GP who is believed to have killed more than 200 of his patients in Manchester, is found hanged in his prison cell
  • 2011-03-05 David Silva scores 38' winner as Manchester City scores 1-0 win over Wigan at City of Manchester Stadium to start EPL record 20 home game winning streak; streak ends 31/3/12
  • 2011-05-14 English FA Cup Final, Wembley Stadium, London (88,643): Manchester City beats Stoke City, 1-0; Yaya Touré scores 74' winner; Citizens' 5th title
  • 2012-03-21 Sergio Agüero & Samir Nasri score to give Manchester City 2-1 win over Chelsea at City of Manchester Stadium; EPL record 20th consecutive home win; streak ends with 3-3 draw v Sunderland 31/3
  • 2012-05-13 Manchester City win the English Premier League for the first time
  • 2013-05-11 English FA Cup Final, Wembley Stadium, London (86,254): Wigan Athletic upsets Manchester City, 1-0; Ben Watson scores 90+1' winner
  • 2014-05-16 Paris Saint-Germain F.C. & Manchester City F.C. are each fined €60 million for breaching Fair Play Regulations
  • 2016-07-25 England fast bowler Jimmy Anderson becomes first quick to take 50 wickets against all other 7 major Test cricket-playing nations during 2nd Test against Pakistan in Manchester

Music Concert

2017-05-22 Suicide bombing at Manchester Arena, England, after Ariana Grande concert kills 22 and injures 59

  • 2017-05-23 UK raises terror threat level to critical following Manchester bombing
  • 2017-06-04 Ariana Grande headlines benefit concert for victims of her Manchester concert bombing, also featuring Coldplay, Miley Cyrus, Justin Bieber, and Katy Perry
  • 2017-08-26 Manchester City scores a 2-1 win at Bournemouth to start EPL record 18 game winning streak; Raheem Sterling scores for City but is sent off with 2 yellow cards in injury time
  • 2017-12-27 Raheem Sterling scores to give Manchester City 1-0 win over Newcastle United at St. James' Park; EPL record 18th consecutive win; streak ends with 0-0 draw at Crystal Palace 31/12
  • 2018-05-09 Manchester City smashes EPL records in 3-1 win over Brighton - most goals (105), most points (97) and most wins (31)
  • 2018-05-13 Manchester City ends the EPL season with a 1-0 win at Southampton having smashed 11 Premier League records including biggest title winning margin (19 points) and most points (100)

Sports History

2018-08-26 Boxing match between YouTubers KSI and Logan Paul ends in a draw in Manchester, England

  • 2019-03-20 A woman who can smell Parkinson's disease has helped researchers identify molecules on the skin of people with the disease in Manchester, England
  • 2019-05-12 Manchester City beats Brighton, 4-1 to claim back-to-back English Premier League titles with 98 points, 1 ahead of runners-up, Liverpool
  • 2019-05-18 English FA Cup Final, Wembley Stadium, London (85,854): Gabriel Jesus & Raheem Sterling each score twice as Manchester City thrash Watford, 6-0, completing an unprecedented domestic treble

Famous Birthdays

Ann LeeAnn Lee (1736-1784)

1736-02-29 American Founder of the Shakers, born in Manchester, England

  • 1785-08-15 Thomas De Quincey, English writer (Confessions of English Opium Eater), born in Manchester (d. 1859)
  • 1801-07-29 George Bradshaw, British publisher, born in Manchester, England (d. 1853)
  • 1803-04-27 Alfred Julius Becher, Austrian journalist and composer, born in Manchester, England (d. 1848)
  • 1810-11-18 Benjamin Stone Roberts, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Manchester, Vermont (d. 1875)
  • 1831-05-24 Richard Hoffman, British-American pianist, and composer, born in Manchester, England (d. 1909)
  • 1849-07-27 John Hopkinson, British physicist and electrical engineer (Hopkinson's Law), born in Manchester (d. 1898)
  • 1849-11-24 Frances Hodgson Burnett, British-American playwright and children's author ("The Secret Garden"; "Little Lord Fauntleroy"), born in Manchester (d. 1924)
  • 1854-03-14 Thomas Riley Marshall, 28th Vice President of U.S. (1913-21), born in North Manchester, Indiana (d. 1925)
  • 1855-09-28 Thomas Frederick Tout, British historian (Manchester school of historiography), born in London, England (d. 1929)
  • 1855-12-11 Julian Edwards, American composer, born in Manchester, England (d. 1910)

J. J. ThomsonJ. J. Thomson (1856-1940)

1856-12-18 English physicist who discovered the electron (Nobel 1906), born in Manchester, England

Emmeline PankhurstEmmeline Pankhurst (1858-1928)

1858-07-15 British suffragette who formed the Women's Social & Political Union (1903), born in Moss Side, Manchester

  • 1865-10-12 Arthur Harden, English biochemist (Nobel Prize 1929), born in Manchester, England (d. 1940)
  • 1870-12-31 Tom Connolly, American Baseball HOF umpire (AL-record 8 x World Series), born in Manchester, England (d. 1961)
  • 1872-12-21 Sidney Ainsworth, British silent film actor (Not in the News, The Rajah's Tunic), born in Manchester, England (d. 1922)
  • 1874-01-25 Hewlett Johnson [Red Dean of Canterbury], English bishop, born in Salford, Greater Manchester (d. 1966)
  • 1876-04-17 Ian Hay [John Hay Beith], British novelist and playwright (Pip, Carrying On), born in Rusholme, Manchester (d. 1952)
  • 1880-11-02 John Foulds, British cellist, musicologist, and composer (World Requiem; Three Mantras), born in Hulme, Manchester, England (d. 1939)
  • 1882-05-05 Sylvia Pankhurst, English feminist and suffragette, born in Old Trafford, Manchester, England (d. 1960)
  • 1886-01-11 George Zucco, British actor (Fog Island, Black Raven, Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, Captain Fury), born in Manchester, England (d. 1960)
  • 1888-04-03 Neville Cardus, English writer and cricketer, born in Rusholme, Manchester, England (d. 1975)
  • 1892-09-18 Cyril Walker, English golfer (US Open 1924), born in Manchester, England (d. 1948)
  • 1893-06-30 Harold Laski, English economist and Labour Party leader (1945-46), born in Manchester, England (d. 1950)
  • 1899-02-03 Doris Speed, British actress dubbed 'The Queen Mother of Soap' (Coronation Street), born in Manchester, England (d. 1994)
  • 1900-07-28 Maurice Johnstone, English brass band composer, born in Manchester, England (d. 1976)
  • 1900-09-07 Taylor Caldwell [Janet Miriam Holland Taylor Caldwell], Anglo-American novelist (Dynasty of Death, Dear and Glorious Physician), born in Manchester, England (d. 1985)
  • 1903-02-21 Eric Fogg, English composer, born in Manchester, England (d. 1939)
  • 1903-10-01 George Coulouris, British actor (Runaway Bus), born in Manchester, England (d. 1989)
  • 1905-02-24 Eric Boyland, English biochemist (Cancer research), born in Manchester (d. 2002)

Robert DonatRobert Donat (1905-1958)

1905-03-18 English actor (Goodbye Mr Chips, Citadel), born in Manchester, England

  • 1906-05-17 Eric Mensforth, British pioneer in the development of the helicopter in Britain, born in Stretford, Manchester (d. 2000)
  • 1907-07-24 Hughie Charles, English songwriter and impresario, born in Manchester, England (d. 1995)
  • 1908-06-30 Winston Graham, British writer (Poldark novels), born in Manchester (d. 2003)
  • 1908-11-20 Alistair Cooke, British-American TV host (Masterpiece Theatre), born in Manchester, England (d. 2004)
  • 1912-01-20 Christopher Casson, Irish-English actor (Zardoz, Educating Rita, The Riordans), born in Manchester, Lancashire, England (d. 1996)
  • 1912-05-01 Anna Pollak, English mezzo-soprano, born in Manchester (d. 1996)
  • 1912-06-28 Audrey Langford, English singing teacher, born in Rochdale, Greater Manchester, England (d. 1994)
  • 1913-03-27 Godfrey Turner, British composer, born in Manchester, England (d. 1948)
  • 1913-04-29 Jack Bently, English big band trombonist (Ted Heath), and journalist (Sunday Mirror), born in Manchester (d. 1994)
  • 1913-12-26 Frank Swift, English soccer goalkeeper and journalist (19 caps; Manchester City 376 games; died Munich air disaster), born in Blackpool, Lancashire (d. 1958)
  • 1914-08-09 Joe Mercer, English soccer midfielder (5 caps; Everton, Arsenal) and manager (Manchester City, Aston Villa, England 1974), born in Ellesmere Port, Cheshire (d. 1990)
  • 1915-01-12 Roy Ralston, British pilot, born in Moss Side, Manchester
  • 1915-10-24 Marghanita Laski, English journalist and author (Victorian chaise-lounge), born in Manchester, England (d. 1988)
  • 1917-05-24 Derek Hodgson, British high court judge, born in Whitefield, Manchester (d. 2002)
  • 1919-05-16 Richard Mason, English author (The World of Suzie Wong), born near Manchester (d. 1997)
  • 1919-08-22 Leo Pliatzky, British senior civil servant, born in Manchester (d. 1999)
  • 1920-07-22 Malcolm Hughes, British artist, born in Manchester, England (d. 1997)
  • 1921-02-22 David Greene, British television director, born in Manchester, England (d. 2003)
  • 1921-08-24 Sam Tingle, Zimbabwean racing driver, born in Manchester, England (d. 2008)
  • 1922-04-01 William Manchester, Attleboro Mass, historian (Death of a President)
  • 1922-06-14 Arthur Jacobs, English musicologist (Penguin Dictionary of Music), born in Manchester (d. 1996)
  • 1923-04-22 Avis Bunnage, British actress (Rising Damp, Coronation Street), born in Ardwick, Manchester, England (d. 1990)
  • 1923-09-11 Alan Badel, British actor (Shogun, Salome, Bill Brand), born in Manchester, England (d. 1982)
  • 1923-11-26 Patricia "Pat" Phoenix, British actress (Coronation Street, L Shaped Room), born in Fallowfield, Manchester, England (d. 1986)
  • 1924-01-29 Lord John Gregson, British Labour politician and Baron, born in Manchester, England (d. 2009)
  • 1924-08-13 John Milne, British CEO (Blue Circles Industries), born in Manchester, England
  • 1924-08-15 Robert Oxton Bolt, English playwright (A Man for All Seasons, Doctor Zhivago), born in Sale, Manchester (d. 1995)
  • 1924-10-20 Stanley Booth-Clibborn, British Anglican Bishop of Manchester, born in London, England (d. 1996)
  • 1926-04-30 Edmund Cooper, British sci-fi author (Seed of Light, All Fool's Day), born in Marple, Greater Manchester, England (d. 1982)
  • 1926-07-22 Peter Michael Grayson, British showman, born in Manchester (d. 1996)
  • 1928-11-02 Paul Johnson, English journalist, author and historian, born in Manchester, England
  • 1929-07-22 Vivien Merchant [Ada Thompson], British actress (Alfie, The Homecoming, The Offence), born in Manchester, England (d. 1982)
  • 1930-06-17 Brian Statham, English cricket fast bowler (70 Tests, 252 wickets @ 24.84), born in Gorton, Manchester, England (d. 2000)
  • 1931-01-10 Peter Barnes, English writer, born in Manchester, United Kingdom (d. 2004)
  • 1931-02-02 Les Dawson, English comedian and actor (The Dawson Watch, Blankety Blank), born in 1931, Manchester, England (d. 1993)
  • 1931-08-13 Bernard Manning, British comedian, born in Ancoats, Manchester, England (d. 2007)
  • 1932-05-24 James Anderton, British Chief constable (Manchester England), born in Wigan, Lancashire
  • 1934-09-08 Peter Maxwell Davies, British composer (Prolation, Taverner), born in Manchester, England (d. 2016)
  • 1935-04-01 Billy Whelan, Irish soccer forward (4 caps, Rep Ireland; Manchester United 79 games; died Munich air disaster), born in Dublin, Republic of Ireland (d. 1958)
  • 1935-04-04 Trevor Griffiths, English playwright (Absolute Beginners), born in Manchester
  • 1935-09-26 Bob Barber, English cricketer (dashing England lefty bat in 28 Tests 1960-68), born in Withington, Manchester
  • 1937-01-27 John Ogdon, British pianist and composer, born in Mansfield Woodhouse, Nottinghamshire, England (d. 1989)
  • 1940-06-20 John Mahoney, British-born American actor (Fraiser, Frantic, 8 Men Out), born in Manchester, England (d. 2018)
  • 1940-09-11 Bernie Dwyer, British rock drummer (Freddie and The Dreamers - "I'm Telling You Now"), born in Manchester, England (d. 2002)
  • 1941-04-04 Bill Tarmey, English actor (Coronation Street), born in Ardwick, Manchester (d. 2012)
  • 1941-05-29 Roy Crewdson, British rock guitarist (Freddie and The Dreamers - "I'm Telling You Now"), born in Manchester, England
  • 1941-06-12 Roy Harper, British folk-rock singer-songwriter, and guitarist (Folkjokeopus; Work of Heart), born in Rusholme, Manchester, England
  • 1941-07-29 David Warner, British Emmy Award-winning stage, screen, radio, and voice actor (Masada; Star Trek VI; Time Bandits), born in Manchester, England (d. 2022)
  • 1942-05-24 Derek Quinn, British guitarist (Freddie and the Dreamers - "I'm Telling You Now"), born in Manchester, England (d. 2020)
  • 1942-07-23 Myra Hindley, English murderess (murdered 5 small children with Ian Brady), born in Manchester, England (d. 2002)
  • 1942-08-24 Howard Jacobson, British novelist (The Finkler Question) and newspaper columnist, born in Manchester, England
  • 1942-09-07 Alan Oakes, British footballer (Manchester City), born in Winsford, England
  • 1942-09-25 John Taylor, British jazz pianist, born in Manchester, England (d. 2015)
  • 1943-12-08 Michael Unger, English editor-in-chief (Evening News, Manchester)
  • 1943-12-19 Sam Kelly [Roger Michael Kelly], English actor ('Allo 'Allo!, Porridge), born in Manchester, England (d. 2014)
  • 1944-12-17 Bernard Hill, English actor (Yosser Hughes-Boys from the Blackstuff, King Théoden-The Lord of the Rings), born in Manchester, England
  • 1945-02-25 Elkie Brooks [Elaine Bookbinder], British rock singer ("Pearl's A Singer"), born in Manchester, England
  • 1945-10-07 Kevin Godley, English rock drummer, vocalist, and producer (10cc - "I'm Not On Love"), born in Manchester, England
  • 1945-10-28 Wayne Fontana [Glyn Geoffrey Ellis], British rocker (The Mindbenders - "The Game Of Love"), born in Manchester, England (d. 2020)

Davy JonesDavy Jones (1945-2012)

1945-12-30 British singer and actor (The Monkees - "Daydream Believer"), born in Manchester, England

  • 1946-03-29 Billy Thorpe, Australian musician (Billy Thorpe & the Aztecs), born in Manchester (d. 2007)
  • 1946-05-10 Graham Gouldman, English bassist and singer-songwriter (10cc), born in Manchester, England

Barry GibbBarry Gibb (76 years old)

1946-09-01 English singer-songwriter (The Bee Gees), born in Douglas, Isle of Man

  • 1946-10-26 Keith Hopwood, British rock guitarist (Herman's Hermits - "Mrs. Brown You've Got A Lovely Daughter"), born in Davyhulme, Manchester, England
  • 1947-01-30 Les Barker, English poet, born in Manchester, United Kingdom
  • 1947-03-06 Judy Loe, British actress (Singles, Meaning of Life), born in Urmston, England
  • 1947-06-17 Paul Young, British rock singer and percussionist (Mike + The Mechanics - "All I Need Is A Miracle"), born in Manchester, England (d. 2000)
  • 1947-07-31 Karl Green, English rock bassist (Herman's Hermits - "Mrs. Brown You Have A Lovely Daughter"), born in Salford, England
  • 1949-05-07 Stuart Marshall, British film director (Desire), born in Manchester (d. 1993)

Famous Deaths

  • 1642-11-07 Henry Montagu, 1st Earl of Manchester, English politician
  • 1958-02-06 Frank Swift, English soccer goalkeeper and journalist (19 caps; Manchester City 376 games), dies in Munich air disaster at 44
  • 1981-09-13 William Loeb, publisher of Manchester Union Leader, NH, dies at 75
  • 1990-08-09 Joe Mercer, English soccer midfielder (5 caps; Everton, Arsenal) and manager (Manchester City, Aston Villa, England 1974), dies of Alzheimer's disease at 76
  • 1995-01-30 George Poyser, English soccer defender (Brentford) and manager (Notts County, Manchester City), dies at 84