English History (Part 10)

Historical Events

Events 901 - 1,000 of 1,332

  • 1912-10-26 Woolwich Foot Tunnel under the Thames river in England opens
  • 1913-08-13 Invention of stainless steel by Harry Brearley, Sheffield, England
  • 1914-05-30 The new and then largest Cunard ocean liner RMS Aquitania, 45,647 tons, sets sails on her maiden voyage from Liverpool, England to New York City.
  • 1914-08-19 German fleet bombs English coast
  • 1914-11-26 Battleship HMS Bulwark explodes at Sheerness Harbour, England, 788 die
  • 1914-12-16 World War I: German battleships under Franz Von Hipper bombard the English ports of Hartlepool and Scarborough.
  • 1914-12-24 German plane drops bombs on Dover, England
  • 1915-05-10 Zeppelin drops hundred of bombs on Southend-on-Sea, Essex, England

UKStonehenge

1915-09-21 Cecil Chubb buys English prehistoric monument Stonehenge for £6,600

Learn More
Stonehenge, a prehistoric monument in Wiltshire, England
Stonehenge, a prehistoric monument in Wiltshire, England
Learn More

BattleExecution

1915-10-12 Despite international protest, Edith Cavell an English nurse in Belgium, is executed by the Germans for aiding the escape of Allied prisoners

  • 1917-05-04 A flotilla of US destroyer ships arrive in Queenstown, Ireland, to aid in convoying ships to England
  • 1917-06-14 1st German air attack on England, 100+ killed in East London
  • 1920-07-03 Royal Air Force holds an air display at Hendon, England
  • 1920-07-27 Resolute beats Shamrock IV (England) in 14th running of America's Cup
  • 1922-03-15 Sultan Faud crowned King of Egypt, England recognizes Egypt
  • 1922-05-10 Dr Ivy Williams is 1st woman to be called to the English Bar

  • 1922-08-28 1st Walker Cup: US beats England 8-4

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1922-11-26 English archaeologist Howard Carter opens Tutankhamun's virtually intact tomb in Egypt

Archaeologist who Discovered Tutankhamun Howard Carter
Archaeologist who Discovered Tutankhamun
Howard Carter
Pharoah of Egypt Tutankhamun
Pharoah of Egypt
Tutankhamun
  • 1922-12-19 Theresa Vaughn, 24, confesses in court in Sheffield, England, to being married 61 times over 5 years in 50 cities in three countries
  • 1923-05-23 Launch of Belgium's SABENA airline: first flight from Brussels to Lympne, England
  • 1923-08-06 Henry Sullivan becomes 3rd person and first American to swim English Channel (27 hours 25 minutes Dover-Calais)
  • 1923-08-12 Enrico Tiraboschi is 1st to swim English Channel westward
  • 1924-06-16 South Africa all out 30 v England in 48 minutes, Gilligan 6-7
  • 1924-06-30 England score 2-503 in day's play v South Africa at Lord's
  • 1924-07-06 1st photo sent experimentally across Atlantic by radio, US-England
  • 1924-12-19 The last Rolls-Royce Silver Ghost is sold in London, England.
  • 1925-06-29 Canada House opens in London, England.
  • 1926-08-06 American Gertrude Ederle (20) becomes 1st woman to swim English Channel in 14 hours, 39 minutes, a record for male or female
  • 1926-12-28 Imperial Airways begins England-India mail & passenger service

Film release premierFilm Release

1927-01-24 Alfred Hitchcock releases his first film as director - The Pleasure Garden, in England

Sport awardRyder Cup

1927-06-04 1st Ryder Cup Golf, Worcester CC: US beats Great Britain, 9½-2½; Walter Hagen first American captain; Ted Ray first GB skipper

Golfer Walter Hagen
Golfer
Walter Hagen
  • 1928-02-07 1st solo flight from England to Australia takes off from Croydon, piloted by Australian aviator Bert Hinkler (arrives 15 ½ days later)
  • 1928-02-22 1st solo flight from England to Australia lands in Darwin, 15 ½ days after take off, piloted by Australian aviator Bert Hinkler
  • 1928-04-19 The 125th and final fascicle of the Oxford English Dictionary is published.
  • 1928-09-28 Juan de la Cierva makes 1st helicopter flight over English Channel
  • 1928-12-05 England defeats Australia by record 675 runs at Brisbane

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1929-01-03 Australian cricket icon Don Bradman follows up a 1st innings of 79 to score 112 in 3rd Test v England in Melbourne; his 1st of 29 Test centuries

Cricket Legend Donald Bradman
Cricket Legend
Donald Bradman
  • 1929-04-24 1st non-stop England to India flight takes-off
  • 1929-04-26 1st non-stop England to India flight lands
  • 1929-04-27 Ryder Cup Golf, Moortown GC: Great Britain beats US, 7-5 in bitterly cold and snowy conditions
  • 1930-01-10 Commencement of NZ's 1st Test, v England in Christchurch, New Zealand
  • 1930-01-10 Maurice Allom takes Test hat-trick England v NZ Christchurch
  • 1930-01-15 Brilliant West Indian cricket batsman George Headley scores 157 of 176 on debut on the 4th day of the drawn 1st Test against England in Bridgetown, Barbados
  • 1930-04-05 England cricketers dismissed for then record 849 v West Indies in 4th Test in Kingston, Jamaica; Andy Sandham out for 325
  • 1930-04-10 Brilliant West Indian cricket batsman George Headley scores patient 223 in drawn 4th Test against England at Kingston, Jamaica

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1930-05-05 Amy Johnson takes off - first woman to fly solo from England to Australia

Aviator Amy Johnson
Aviator
Amy Johnson
  • 1930-05-24 Amy Johnson becomes the 1st woman to fly solo from England to Australia
  • 1930-06-30 Australian cricket maestro Don Bradman sets up a 7 wicket victory with a patient 254 in 2nd Test v England at Lord's; 'The Don' hits 25 fours off 376 balls
  • 1930-07-11 21 year old Australian cricket super-batsman Don Bradman is 105 at lunch, 220 at tea, and 309 at stumps on the first day in 3rd Test vs England at Leeds; goes on to 334
  • 1930-07-29 Airship R100, 1st passenger-carrying flight from England to Canada
  • 1930-09-15 1st international bridge match is held in London. US team defeats England
  • 1930-11-22 1st US football game broadcast to England (Harvard 13, Yale 0)
  • 1931-05-23 Whipsnade Zoo opens in Bedfordshire, England
  • 1932-01-26 British submarine M-2 sinks in English Channel (60 dead)
  • 1932-06-10 British Open Men's Golf, Prince's GC: Gene Sarazen wins wire-to-wire by 5 strokes from fellow American Macdonald Smith
  • 1932-08-18 Englishman James Mollisson is 1st to fly east to west over Atlantic
  • 1932-08-27 200,000 English textile workers strike
  • 1933-02-16 England regains the Ashes, thanks to "bodyline" tactics
  • 1933-04-27 Jessop & Son department store in Nottingham, England, acquired by John Lewis Partnership. The partnership's first shop outside London.
  • 1933-06-27 Ryder Cup Golf, Southport & Ainsdale GC: Great Britain wins, 6½-5½; GB's last Cup victory until 1957
  • 1934-02-10 1st Jewish immigrant ship to break the English blockade in Palestine
  • 1934-05-28 The Glyndebourne festival in Sussex, England, inaugurated
  • 1934-08-04 II British Empire Games open at London's White City Stadium
  • 1934-08-18 Don Bradman (244) and Bill Ponsford (205 no) put on 451 in world record partnership for Australia on Day 1 of 5th cricket Test win against England at the Oval
  • 1934-09-25 Rainbow (US) beats Endeavour (England) in 16th America's Cup
  • 1935-03-12 Britain establishes 30 MPH speed limit for towns & villages
  • 1935-06-01 Driving test & license plates introduced in England
  • 1936-05-15 Amy Johnson arrives in Croydon, England having flown from South Africa in a record 4 days and 16 hours
  • 1936-06-11 International Surrealist Exhibition opens in London, England
  • 1936-07-06 A major breach of the Manchester, Bolton and Bury Canal in England sends millions of gallons of water cascading 200 feet into the River Irwell
  • 1936-09-30 Pinewood Studios opens in Buckinghamshire England
  • 1936-12-09 Australia all out for 58 v England, Bradman out for a duck
  • 1937-01-06 Bradman scores 270 Aust v England at the MCG, incl 110 singles
  • 1937-03-03 Australia snatches series against England 3-2 after being 2-0 down
  • 1937-04-12 Sir Frank Whittle ground-tests the first jet engine designed to power an aircraft at Rugby, England.
  • 1937-08-09 Ranger (US) easily beats Endeavour II (England) in race 4 to wrap up the 17th America's Cup yachting series, 4-0; it's the final competition for 21 years
  • 1937-09-30 Ryder Cup Golf, Southport & Ainsdale GC: US wins 8-4; first time the host team loses the competition
  • 1938-01-13 The Church of England accepts the theory of evolution
  • 1938-06-11 England cricket team declare at 8 for 658 v Australia at Trent Bridge
  • 1938-08-23 England score 7-903 declared v Australia, Len Hutton scores 364
  • 1938-08-24 England beat Australia by an innings & 579 runs at The Oval
  • 1939-01-16 The Irish Republican Army (IRA) begins a 14 month long bombing campaign in England
  • 1939-02-27 Borley Rectory, "the most haunted house in England", destroyed in a fire
  • 1939-03-14 England draw with South Africa at Durban on the 10th day

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1939-06-11 King and Queen of England taste 1st "hot dogs" at FDR's party

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1939-06-24 Pan Am's 1st US to England flight
  • 1939-08-29 Chaim Weizmann informs England that Palestine Jews will fight in WW II

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1939-10-30 German U boat fails on attack of English battleship Nelson with Winston Churchill, Dudley Pound & Charles Forbes aboard

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1940-05-10 World War II: The first German bombs of the war fall on England at Chilham and Petham, in Kent

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1940-05-13 Dutch Queen Wilhelmina flees to England

Queen of the Netherlands Wilhelmina of the Netherlands
Queen of the Netherlands
Wilhelmina of the Netherlands
  • 1940-05-14 Admiral Johannes Furstner, Royal Dutch Navy, departs to England
  • 1940-05-20 German General Guderian's tanks reach the English Channel (British expeditionary army)
  • 1940-07-10 Battle of Britain begins as Nazi forces attack shipping convoys in the English Channel
  • 1940-08-03 German occupiers forbid ritual slaughters & English & French movies
  • 1940-08-08 31 German aircraft shot down over England
  • 1940-08-11 38 German aircraft shot down over England

BattleBattle of Interest

1940-08-13 Battle of Britain: Hermann Goering's "Adlertag" (Eagle Day) offensive happens, intending to destroy the Royal Air Force; 47-48 German aircraft shot down, the RAF loses 25 planes

Nazi Politician Hermann Goering
Nazi Politician
Hermann Goering
  • 1940-08-15 Heavy dogfights above England: 75 German aircraft damaged
  • 1940-08-16 45 German aircraft shot down over England

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1940-09-03 Adolf Hitler orders an invasion of Great Britain for Sept 21 (Operation Seelöwe/Sealion)

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 901 - 1,000 of 4,663

  • 1836-04-26 Erminnie Adelle Platt, American anthropologist (first woman to specialize in ethnographic field work), born in Marcellus shale, New York (d. 1886)
  • 1836-07-20 Thomas Allbutt, English physiologist (Diseases of the Heart), born in Dewsbury, Yorkshire (d. 1925)
  • 1836-08-14 Walter Besant, English writer and philanthropist (Rebel Queen), born in Portsmouth, Hampshire (d. 1901)
  • 1836-08-16 John Farmer, English composer, born in Nottingham (d. 1901)
  • 1836-09-28 Thomas Crapper, English plumber and inventor (ballcock), born in Thorne, Yorkshire (d. 1910)

Person of interestWilliam Schwenck Gilbert

1836-11-18 William Schwenck Gilbert, English dramatist, librettist, poet and illustrator (Gilbert & Sullivan), born in London, England

English Dramatist William Schwenck Gilbert
English Dramatist
William Schwenck Gilbert
  • 1837-04-05 Algernon Charles Swinburne, English poet (Atalanta in Calydon), born in London (d. 1909)
  • 1837-04-30 Alfred R. Gaul, English composer, born in Nottingham (d. 1913)
  • 1838-02-06 Henry Irving [John Brodribb], British Victorian actor, 1st actor to receive a knighthood (knighted 1895) and the inspiration for Bram Stoker's Dracula, born in Bradford, England (d. 1905)
  • 1838-05-31 Henry Sidgwick, English philosopher (Wife at University), born in Skipton, Yorkshire, England (d. 1900)
  • 1838-12-03 Octavia Hill, British reformer, leader of open-space movement, born in London, England (d. 1912)
  • 1838-12-20 Edwin Abbott Abbott, English schoolmaster & theologian (Flatland), born in Marylebone, United Kingdom (d. 1926)
  • 1839-05-08 Francis Warre-Cornish, English scholar and writer (d. 1916)
  • 1839-05-25 John Eliot, English meteorologist, born in Lamesley, Durham (d. 1908)
  • 1839-08-04 Walter Pater, writer (Plato & Platoism), born in London, England
  • 1839-12-07 Redvers Buller, English general and recipient of the Victoria Cross, born in Crediton, Devon (d. 1908)
  • 1840-01-18 Austin Dobson, England, poet/critic/biographer
  • 1840-01-21 Sophia Louisa Jex-Blake, Hastings, English Physician and feminist who was one of the first female medical students at a British university
  • 1840-01-22 Ernest Roland Wilberforce, English bishop (d. 1907)
  • 1840-03-18 William Cosmo Monkhouse, English poet and critic (d. 1901)
  • 1840-03-26 George Smith, English archaeologist and assyriologist (cuneiform script), born in London (d. 1876)
  • 1840-03-31 Benjamin Baker, English civil engineer who designed the bridge over the Firth of Forth, Scotland and the London underground, born in Frome, England (d. 1907)
  • 1840-08-17 Wilfrid Scawen Blunt, England, writer (Irish Land League)
  • 1840-10-09 Simeon Solomon, English Pre-Raphaelite painter, born in London, England (d. 1905)
  • 1841-02-26 Evelyn Baring, Earl of Cromer English consul-general in Egypt and writer, (d. 1917)

Person of interestEdward VII

1841-11-09 Edward VII, King of England (1901-10), born in Buckingham Palace, London (d. 1910)

King of England Edward VII
King of England
Edward VII

Person of interestJohn William Strutt

1841-11-12 John William Strutt, 3rd Baron Rayleigh, English physicist and discoverer of argon (Nobel Prize 1904), born in Maldon, Essex, England (d. 1919)

Physicist and Nobel Laureate John William Strutt
Physicist and Nobel Laureate
John William Strutt
  • 1842-05-13 Arthur Sullivan, English operatic composer (Pirates of Penzance, H.M.S Pinafore), born in London (d. 1900)
  • 1842-07-26 Alfred Marshall, English economist (Principles of Economics), born in London, England (d. 1924)
  • 1843-02-12 John Graham Chambers, English athlete who wrote the Queensberry rules for boxing (d. 1883)
  • 1843-07-05 Mandell Creighton, British historian and a bishop of the Church of England, born in Carlisle, Cumbria, England (d. 1901)
  • 1843-09-04 Charles Dilke, British statesman and Radical politician, born in London (d. 1911)
  • 1844-05-03 Richard D'Oyly Carte, English opera impresario (Gilbert & Sullivan operas), born in London (d. 1901)
  • 1844-07-01 Verney Lovett Cameron, English explorer (Tanganyika), born in Radipole, Dorset, England (d. 1894)
  • 1844-07-22 William Archibald Spooner, English Oxford Don and reverend and inventor (spoonerisms), born in London, England (d. 1930)
  • 1844-07-28 Gerard Manley Hopkins, English poet (Windhover), born in Stratford, London (d. 1889)
  • 1844-08-29 Edward Carpenter, English poet and philosopher (Civilisation, Its Cause and Cure), born in Hove, Sussex, England (d. 1929)
  • 1844-09-10 Abel Hoadley, Australian confectioner (Violet Crumble), born in East Sussex, England (d. 1918)
  • 1844-09-11 George Martin, English composer and organist, born in Lambourn, Berkshire (d. 1916)
  • 1844-10-23 Robert Bridges, English poet (Testament of beauty) and British Poet Laureate (1913-30), born in Walmer, Kent (d. 1930)
  • 1845-06-22 Richard Seddon, longest serving Prime Minister of New Zealand (1893-1906), born in Eccleston, England (d. 1906)
  • 1845-07-04 Thomas John Barnardo, British social worker, born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1905)
  • 1845-08-15 Walter Crane, English painter, cartoonist and illustrator (The Lady of Shalott), born in Liverpool (d. 1915)

Person of interestMary Ann Nichols

1845-08-26 Mary Ann Nichols, English victim of Jack the Ripper, born in London (d. 1888)

First Victim of Jack the Ripper Mary Ann Nichols
First Victim of Jack the Ripper
Mary Ann Nichols
  • 1845-09-01 Paul S Methuen, English fieldmarshal/governor of Natal/Malta
  • 1846-02-09 Whitaker Wright, English mining tycoon (d. 1904)
  • 1846-02-18 Wilson Barrett, British manager, actor, and playwright (The Sign of the Cross), born in Essex, England (d. 1904)
  • 1846-03-17 Kate Greenaway, English artist known for her children's book illustrations (Under the Window), born in London (d. 1901)
  • 1846-03-22 Randolph Caldecott, English illustrator (Caldecott Medal namesake), born in Chester, England (d. 1886)
  • 1846-05-17 Edmund Bishop, English Roman Catholic historian and Secretary of Thomas Carlyle, born in Totnes, England (d. 1917)
  • 1846-06-27 Charles Stewart Parnell, English-Irish Home Rule Party leader, born in Avondale, County Wicklow, Ireland (d. 1891)
  • 1846-11-05 Duncan Gordon Boyes, English recipient of the Victoria Cross, born in Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, England (d. 1869)
  • 1847-02-08 Hugh Price Hughes, Welsh social reformer, born in Carmarthen, Wales (d. 1902)
  • 1847-02-27 Ellen Alice Terry, British Shakespearean actress and director (Imperial Theatre), born in Coventry, Warwickshire, England (d. 1928)

Person of interestKate Sheppard

1847-03-10 Kate Sheppard, New Zealand suffragette and the most prominent member of New Zealand's women's suffrage movement, born in Liverpool, England (d. 1934)

Suffragette Kate Sheppard
Suffragette
Kate Sheppard
  • 1847-06-11 Millicent Fawcett, English leader of women's rights, born in London (d. 1929)
  • 1847-09-14 William Edward Ayrton, English Physicist and Inventor, born in London, England (d. 1908)
  • 1847-10-01 Annie Besant, English social reformer and supporter of Indian independence, born in London (d. 1933)
  • 1847-12-09 George Grossmith, British actor, comedian and writer (The Diary of a Nobody, A Society Clown), born in London, England (d. 1912)
  • 1848-02-27 Hubert Parry, English musicologist and composer (Jerusalem), born in Bournemouth, England (d. 1918)
  • 1848-03-03 Adelaide Neilson, English stage actress (The Hunchback), born in Leeds, England (d. 1880)
  • 1848-11-06 Richard Jefferies, English naturalist and essayist, born in Coate, Swindon, England (d. 1887)
  • 1849-01-09 John Hartley, English tennis player (Wimbledon 1879-80), born in Tong, Shropshire (d. 1935)
  • 1849-02-13 Lord Randolph Churchill, England, politician, Winston's father
  • 1849-08-23 William Ernest Henley, British poet, critic, and editor, born in Gloucester, England (d. 1903)
  • 1849-08-30 J. M. Dent, British publisher, born in Darlington, England (d. 1926)
  • 1849-09-21 Edmund Gosse, English poet, author (Father & Son) and critic, born in London (d. 1928)
  • 1849-09-22 John Godden, English explorer (Curacao)

Person of interestSamuel Gompers

1850-01-27 Samuel Gompers, American labor union leader (American Federation of Labor), born in London, England (d. 1924)

Founder of the American Federation of Labor Samuel Gompers
Founder of the American Federation of Labor
Samuel Gompers
  • 1850-01-29 Ebenezer Howard, pioneer of garden cities, born in London, England
  • 1850-05-18 Oliver Heaviside, physicist (predicted ionosphere), born in London, England
  • 1850-11-20 Arthur Goring Thomas, English composer, born Ratton Park, Sussex, , England (d. 1892)
  • 1850-12-30 John Milne, British geologist (developed the first modern seismograph), born in Liverpool, England (d. 1913)
  • 1851-06-12 Oliver Joseph Lodge, English physicist, early radio pioneer, born in Penkhull, England (d. 1940)
  • 1851-07-08 Arthur J Evans, English archaeologist (Crete)
  • 1851-09-28 Henry Arthur Jones, English playwright (Judah), born in Grandborough, Buckinghamshire, England (d. 1929)
  • 1852-05-04 Alice Liddell, English schoolgirl model for Alice in Wonderland, born in London (d. 1934)
  • 1852-08-23 Arnold Toynbee, English economic historian and social reformer, born in London (d. 1883)

Person of interestH. H. Asquith

1852-09-12 H. H. Asquith, British Prime Minister (Liberal: 1908-16), born in Morley, England (d. 1928)

British Prime Minister H. H. Asquith
British Prime Minister
H. H. Asquith
  • 1852-12-17 Herbert Beerbohm Tree, British actor and theatre manager (King John, Trilby), born in Kensington, London (d. 1917)
  • 1853-01-16 Johnston Forbes-Robertson, British actor and theatre director (Kathleen), born in London, England (d. 1937)
  • 1853-06-03 Flinders Petrie, English Egyptologist (Merneptah Stele, measured the pyramids), born in London, England (d. 1942)

Person of interestCecil Rhodes

1853-07-05 Cecil Rhodes, British businessman, diamond merchant and imperialist politician who was Prime Minister of the Cape Colony (1890-96), born in Bishop's Stortford, Hertfordshire, England (d. 1902)

British Businessman and Imperialist Politician Cecil Rhodes
British Businessman and Imperialist Politician
Cecil Rhodes
  • 1854-08-10 J Scott Lidgett, theologist, born in London, England
  • 1854-09-28 Adam Sedgwick, English zoologist (Peripatus), born in Norwich, England (d. 1913)
  • 1855-01-03 Hubert Bland, English socialist (d. 1914)
  • 1855-08-18 Alfred Wallis, English artist and mariner, born in Devonport, Devon, England (d. 1942)
  • 1855-09-28 Thomas Frederick Tout, British historian (Manchester school of historiography), born in London, England (d. 1929)
  • 1856-02-14 Frank Harris, Irish-American journalist and writer (My Life & Loves), born in Galway, Ireland (d. 1931)
  • 1856-03-04 Toru Dutt, English and French poet and author (d. 1877)
  • 1856-03-04 Alfred William Rich, English painter (d. 1921)
  • 1856-03-16 Napoléon IV, Prince Imperial, Head of the House of Bonaparte (1873-79), born in Paris, French Empire (d. 1879)
  • 1856-04-12 William Conway, 1st Baron Conway of Allington, English historian and explorer (Spitzbergen), born in Rochester, Kent (d. 1937)
  • 1856-06-22 Henry Rider Haggard, British author (King Solomon's Mines, She, Dawn), born in Bradenham, England (d. 1925)
  • 1856-08-10 William Willett, British inventor of Daylight Saving Time, born in Farnham, Surrey, England

Person of interestJ. J. Thomson

1856-12-18 J. J. Thomson, English physicist who discovered the electron (Nobel 1906), born in Manchester, England (d. 1940)

Physicist J. J. Thomson
Physicist
J. J. Thomson
  • 1857-01-11 Fred[erick J] Archer, English jockey (won 5 Derbys)
  • 1857-03-27 Karl Pearson, British statistician (leading founder of the modern field of statistics), born in London (d. 1936)
  • 1857-04-14 Victor Horsley, English physician and neuroscientist, born in London (d. 1916)
  • 1857-05-13 Ronald Ross, British pathologist (Nobel Prize 1902), born in Almora, North-Western Provinces, British India (d. 1932)

Famous Weddings


Famous Divorces


Famous Deaths

Deaths 901 - 1,000 of 2,342

  • 1777-07-27 William Hayes, English composer and organist, dies at 69
  • 1777-10-07 Simon Fraser, English general, dies in battle
  • 1777-10-21 Samuel Foote, British actor, dramatist and theatre manager (Mirror), dies at 57
  • 1777-12-12 Reverend Benjamin Russen, executed at Tyburn England for rape
  • 1778-05-16 Robert Darcy, 4th Earl of Holderness, English diplomat and politician, dies at 59
  • 1778-08-05 Thomas Linley the younger, English composer and musician "English Mozart", dies at 22
  • 1779-01-20 David Garrick, English actor, producer and writer (Aboan-Oroonoko), dies at 61
  • 1779-01-22 Jeremiah Dixon, English surveyor and astronomer, dies at 45
  • 1779-02-07 William Boyce, English organist/composer (Cathedral Music), dies from gout at about 69
  • 1779-06-07 William Warburton, English critic and Bishop of Gloucester (b. 1698)
  • 1779-09-12 Richard Grenville-Temple, 2nd Earl Temple, English politician, dies at 67
  • 1779-11-13 Thomas Chippendale, English furniture maker, dies at 61
  • 1779-12-08 Nathan Alcock, English physician (b. 1707)

Person of interestWilliam Blackstone

1780-02-14 William Blackstone, English jurist (Blackstone's Commentaries), dies at 56

  • 1780-03-20 Sir Benjamin Truman - English brewer (b. 1699/1700)
  • 1780-09-04 John Fielding, English magistrate and social reformer (b. 1721)
  • 1780-10-07 Patrick Ferguson, Scottish army officer and rifle inventor (Ferguson flintlock rifle), dies in battle at 36
  • 1780-10-17 William Cookworthy, English chemist, dies at 75
  • 1780-12-26 John Fothergill, English physician, dies at 68
  • 1781-01-12 Richard Challoner, English Catholic prelate (b. 1691)
  • 1781-02-24 Edward Capell, English critic, dies at 67
  • 1781-05-08 Richard Jago, English poet (b. 1715)
  • 1782-01-01 Johann Christian Bach (English Bach), German composer & 11th son of Johann Sebastian Bach, dies at 46
  • 1782-04-27 William Talbot, 1st Earl Talbot, British politician, dies at 72
  • 1782-07-15 Robert Wainwright, English composer and church organist, dies at 33
  • 1783-01-07 William Tans'ur, English hymnist (b. 1700)
  • 1783-02-06 Lancelot "Capability" Brown, English landscape architect who designed over 170 parks, dies at about 67
  • 1783-09-18 Benjamin Kennicott, English churchman and Hebrew scholar, dies at 65
  • 1784-04-04 Mary Mead, wife of English radical and journalist John Wilkes (b. 1715)

Person of interestSamuel Johnson

1784-12-13 Samuel Johnson, English scholar and lexicographer (A Dictionary of the English Language), dies at 75

Scholar and Lexicographer Samuel Johnson
Scholar and Lexicographer
Samuel Johnson
  • 1785-01-19 Jonathan Toup, English classical scholar and critic (b. 1713)
  • 1785-04-14 William Whitehead, English writer and poet, British Poet Laureate (1757-85), dies at about 70
  • 1785-06-30 James Oglethorpe, English general and founder of the state of Georgia (b. 1696)
  • 1786-01-14 Michael Arne, English composer (b. 1740 or 1741)
  • 1786-02-28 John Gwynn, English architect and engineer (b. 1713)
  • 1786-04-20 John Goodricke, English deaf astronomer (first to notice that some variable stars were periodic), dies at 21
  • 1786-04-23 Alexander Cozens, English water colors painter, dies at about 68
  • 1786-05-19 John Stanley, English blind composer and organist, dies at 74
  • 1786-09-05 Jonas Hanway, English merchant, traveler, and philanthropist (b. 1712)
  • 1787-04-01 Floyer Sydenham, English classical scholar (b. 1710)
  • 1787-05-10 William Watson, English physician and scientist, dies at 72
  • 1787-12-18 Soame Jenyns, English writer (b. 1704)

Person of interestBonnie Prince Charlie

1788-01-31 Bonnie Prince Charlie [Charles Edward Stuart], English pretender to throne (Jacobite rebellion), dies of a stroke at 67

Pretender to the British throne Bonnie Prince Charlie
Pretender to the British throne
Bonnie Prince Charlie
  • 1788-02-18 John Whitehurst, English clockmaker and scientist, dies at 75
  • 1788-08-02 Thomas Gainsborough, English painter (Blue Boy), dies at 61
  • 1788-12-12 Joseph Gibbs, English composer and organist, dies at 88
  • 1788-12-22 Percivall Pott, English physician and surgeon (b. 1714)
  • 1789-01-01 Fletcher Norton, 1st Baron Grantley, English politician, dies at 72
  • 1789-01-08 Jack Broughton, English boxer (published first boxing code), dies at 85
  • 1789-01-23 Frances Brooke, English writer (b. 1724)
  • 1789-01-23 John Cleland, English novelist (b. 1709)
  • 1790-01-15 John Landen, English mathematician (b. 1719)
  • 1790-05-16 Philip Yorke, 2nd Earl of Hardwicke, English politician, dies at 70
  • 1790-05-21 Thomas Warton, English critic and poet (Pleasures of Melancholy) British Poet Laureate (1785-90), dies at 62

Person of interestJohn Wesley

1791-03-02 John Wesley, English co-founder of Methodism dies at 87 (b. 1703)

Evangelist John Wesley
Evangelist
John Wesley
  • 1792-02-23 Joshua Reynolds, English portrait painter (Simplicity), dies at 68
  • 1792-03-10 John Stuart, 3rd earl of Bute, Prime Minister of Great Britain (1760-63), dies at 78

Person of interestRichard Arkwright

1792-08-03 Richard Arkwright, English industrialist and inventor (created the spinning frame), dies at 59

Industrialist and Inventor Richard Arkwright
Industrialist and Inventor
Richard Arkwright
  • 1793-02-02 William Aiton, English botanist (Kew Gardens), dies at 61
  • 1793-03-26 John Mudge, English physician (telescope mirrors) (b. 1721)
  • 1793-04-21 John Michell, English seismologist (b. 1724)
  • 1793-04-29 John Michell, English scientist and polymath, first to propose existence of black holes (b. 1724)
  • 1793-06-26 Gilbert White, English naturalist (Natural History and Antiquities of Selborn), dies at 72
  • 1793-10-07 Wills Hill, 1st Marquess of Downshire, British politician, dies at 75

Person of interestEdward Gibbon

1794-01-16 Edward Gibbon, English historian (The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire), dies in London at 56

Historian Edward Gibbon
Historian
Edward Gibbon
  • 1795-01-03 Josiah Wedgwood, English pottery designer and manufacturer (Wedgwood), dies at 64
  • 1795-01-21 Samuel Wallis, English explorer (Wallis Island), dies at 66
  • 1795-10-01 Robert Bakewell, English cattle breeder, dies at about 70
  • 1795-10-08 Andrew Kippis, English non-conformist clergyman and biographer, dies at 70
  • 1795-11-19 Thomas Linley the elder, English musician and tenor, dies at 62
  • 1796-06-11 Samuel Whitbread, English brewer and Member of Parliament, dies at 75
  • 1797-08-03 Jeffrey Amherst, English gov-gen of America, dies at 80

Person of interestMary Wollstonecraft

1797-09-10 Mary Wollstonecraft, English author and feminist (A Vindication of the Rights of Woman), mother of Mary Shelley, dies of septicaemia at 38

Author and Women's Rights Advocate Mary Wollstonecraft
Author and Women's Rights Advocate
Mary Wollstonecraft
  • 1797-12-11 Richard Brocklesby, English physician (b. 1722)
  • 1797-12-26 John Wilkes, English radical, journalist (The North Briton) and politician, dies at 72
  • 1798-05-19 William Byron, 5th Baron Byron, English nobleman and politician, dies at 75
  • 1798-06-25 Thomas Sandby, English architect (b. 1721)
  • 1798-08-24 Thomas Alcock, English clergyman (b. 1709)
  • 1799-04-17 Richard Jupp, English architect (East India House) (b. 1728)
  • 1799-07-07 William Curtis, English botanist (Botanical Magazine), dies at 53
  • 1799-08-07 John Bacon, English sculptor, dies at 58
  • 1799-09-07 Jan Ingenhousz, Dutch-English physiologist (discovering photosynthesis) and personal physician of Maria Theresa, dies at 68
  • 1800-01-06 William Jones, English composer, dies at 73
  • 1800-02-23 Joseph Warton, English literary critic (b. 1722)
  • 1800-04-25 William Cowper, English pre-romantic poet (Olney Hymns), dies at 68
  • 1801-03-28 Ralph Abercromby, English army commander (North Holland), dies at 66
  • 1801-05-17 William Heberden, English physician (b. 1710)
  • 1801-09-01 Robert Bage, English writer (Hermsprong), dies
  • 1802-10-22 Samuel Arnold, English composer, dies at 62
  • 1803-02-21 Edward Despard, last person drawn & quartered in England
  • 1803-03-13 William Emes, English landscape architect (b. 1729 or 1730)
  • 1803-07-05 William Jackson [Jackson of Exeter], English composer and organist, dies at 73
  • 1803-10-26 Granville Leveson-Gower, 1st Marquess of Stafford, English politician, dies at 82
  • 1803-11-25 Joseph Wilton, English sculptor (Westminster Abbey), dies at 83
  • 1804-01-04 Charlotte Lennox, English novelist (The Female Quixote), dies
  • 1804-01-15 Dru Drury, English entomologist (b. 1725)
  • 1804-07-25 William Forsyth, English gardening expert (Forsythia), dies
  • 1805-05-25 William Paley, English philosopher and theologian (Natural Theology), dies at 61
  • 1805-08-03 Christopher Anstey, English poet (The New Bath Guide), dies at 80
  • 1806-02-19 Elizabeth Carter, English poet, bluestocking and translator (All the Works of Epictetus Which Are Now Extant), dies at 88