English History (Part 11)

Historical Events

Events 1001 - 1,100 of 1,324

  • 1940-10-02 17 German aircraft shot down over England
  • 1940-10-04 12 German aircraft shot down above England
  • 1940-10-31 Battle of Britain, fought between the RAF and Luftwaffe over the English Channel and southern England, ends with a British victory
  • 1940-11-14 During WW II, German planes destroy most of Coventry, England
  • 1940-11-16 World War II: In response to Germany's leveling of Coventry, England two days before, the Royal Air Force bombs Hamburg.
  • 1941-05-05 2 Fokker employees flee Nazi occupied Netherlands to England
  • 1941-05-11 1st Messerschmidt 109F shot down above England
  • 1941-08-16 HMS Mercury, Royal Navy Signals School and Combined Signals School opens at Leydene, near Petersfield, Hampshire, England.
  • 1941-10-31 Clothing factory fire in Huddersfield, England kills 49
  • 1942-02-12 German battle cruisers Scharnhorst and Gneisenau and heavy cruiser Prinz Eugen escape from Brest to Germany in a dash up the English Channel

Historic Event

1942-02-13 Hitler's Operation Sealion, the invasion of England, is cancelled

  • 1944-06-18 German submarine U-767 sunk by English Navy destroyers in the English Channel
  • 1944-07-01 2,500+ killed in London/SE England by German flying bombs

Historic Event

1944-07-19 US general Omar Bradley flies to England

  • 1944-08-23 US B-24 crashes into school in Freckelton England, 76 killed

Music History

1944-12-15 Bandleader Major Glenn Miller, lost over the English Channel

  • 1945-03-29 World War II: Last day of V-1 flying bomb attacks on England
  • 1945-08-08 England & Australian Services draw 4th Victory Test
  • 1945-09-30 Bourne End rail crash, Hertfordshire, England killed 43
  • 1946-03-01 British government nationalises and takes control of the Bank of England, after 252 years
  • 1947-01-06 Ray Lindwall smashes 100 v England in MCG Test
  • 1948-01-21 Three of the greats of cricket make their debut in a drawn 1st Test match at Bridgetown, Barbados; Sir Clyde Walcott and Sir Everton Weekes for the West Indies, and Jim Laker for England
  • 1948-02-13 Wright Flyer, 1st plane to fly, returns to US from England
  • 1948-04-01 Fast bowler Hines Johnson has match figures of 10-96 on debut in West Indies 4th cricket Test win v England in Kingston, Jamaica; first fast bowler to take 10 wickets in a single Test for West Indies
  • 1948-07-27 Australia set 404 to win v England at Headingley

Sports History

1948-09-01 Australian Test batsmen Don Bradman (143), Lindsay Hassett (151) & Neil Harvey (110) score centuries in Australia's 1st innings of drawn cricket tour match v South of England at Hastings

  • 1949-03-09 England beat South Africa by scoring 174 runs in 94 minutes
  • 1949-09-17 Ryder Cup Golf, Ganton GC: US beats Great Britain, 7-5; Americans win 6 of 8 singles matches to claim victory
  • 1950-06-29 West Indies dismiss England for 274 to win 2nd cricket Test at Lord's by 326 runs thanks to rookie spinners Sonny Ramadhin (6/86) & Alf Valentine (3/79)
  • 1950-07-22 Frank Worrell completes 261 v England at Trent Bridge

Sports History

1950-08-08 Florence Chadwick swims English Channel (13:23)

  • 1950-08-16 West Indies complete historic 3-1 series win against England
  • 1950-08-22 Abdel Rehim swims English Channel (10:50)
  • 1950-09-26 Because of forest fire in Br Columbia, blue moon appears in England
  • 1951-04-16 British submarine Affray sank in English Channel, killing 75
  • 1951-09-11 Florence Chadwick becomes 1st woman to swim English Channel from England to France. It takes 16 hours & 19 minutes.
  • 1951-09-24 Industrial estate opens at Harlow New Town, England

Historic Event

1952-02-15 King George VI is buried in St. George's Chapel, Windsor Castle, England

  • 1952-08-15 9 inches of rain fall creates a 20 ft wave in Lynmouth, England, killing 34

Film & TV History

1952-09-19 The United States bars Charlie Chaplin from re-entering the country after a trip to England

  • 1953-10-03 Ryder Cup Golf, Wentworth: San Snead wins 6 of 7 matches to lead US to 6th consecutive Cup win, 6½-5½ over Great Britain
  • 1954-03-19 "The Three Ws" of West Indian cricket each score centuries in one innings; Clyde Walcott scores 124 following Everton Weekes (206) and Frank Worrell (167) in 1st innings of drawn 4th Test v England at Port of Spain
  • 1955-07-14 Two killed and many dazed by lightning strikes at Ascot racecourse in England
  • 1956-03-09 Weather forecasting phone line set up in London England
  • 1956-07-06 British Open Men's Golf, Royal Liverpool: Australian Peter Thomson wins by 3 shots from Flory Van Donck of Belgium for his 3rd consecutive Open victory
  • 1956-07-16 King Faisal of Iraq begins visit to England
  • 1956-10-17 England's 1st large scale nuclear power station opens
  • 1957-01-16 Cavern Club opens on Matthews Street in Liverpool, England, home of many performances by The Beatles
  • 1957-02-20 Hughie Tayfield takes 9-113 v England, 13 wkts for match
  • 1957-06-13 Mayflower II from Plymouth, England, reaches Plymouth, Massachusetts
  • 1957-07-05 England cricket batsman Tom Graveney scores a brilliant 258 in the drawn 3rd Test v West Indies at Trent Bridge
  • 1957-10-05 Ryder Cup Golf, Lindrick GC: Great Britain-Ireland win, 7½-4½; Dai Rees captains home team to first Cup victory since 1933
  • 1957-10-10 A fire at the Windscale nuclear plant in Cumbria, England becomes the world's first major nuclear accident
  • 1957-12-04 2 commuter trains collide in heavy fog killing 92 (St John's, England)
  • 1958-04-04 1st march against nuclear weapons from London to Aldermaston, England, home of the Defence Ministry's Atomic Weapons Establishment (AWE)
  • 1958-06-20 New Zealand all out 47 v England in 2nd Test at Lord's; Jim Laker 4-13, Tony Lock 5-17; England wins by an innings & 148 runs
  • 1958-07-10 1st parking meters installed in England (625 installed)
  • 1959-01-30 Australia 1-200 1st day 4th Test v England, Adelaide Oval
  • 1959-06-11 Saunders-Roe SR.N1, the first practical hovercraft, performs its first public flight
  • 1959-06-18 1st telecast transmitted from England to US
  • 1959-07-25 SR-N1 hovercraft crosses the English Channel from Calais to Dover in just over 2 hours.
  • 1959-07-27 Abbas Ali Baig scores 112 for India v England on debut
  • 1959-08-24 England complete 5-0 series drubbing of India

Historic Event

1959-10-09 Lee Harvey Oswald arrives in Southampton, England

  • 1960-01-12 Gary Sobers and Frank Worrell complete 399 stand for 4th wkt WI v England
  • 1960-01-30 Riot curtails third days play at Port-Of-Spain WI v England
  • 1960-06-24 Geoff Griffin takes a hat-trick South Africa v England Lord's
  • 1961-09-21 Antonio Abertondo swims English Channel both ways (44 miles)
  • 1961-09-22 Antonio Albertondo (Argentina) completes 1st "double" crossing swim of English Channel in 43 hrs 10 min at 42.
  • 1961-10-14 Ryder Cup Golf, Royal Lytham & St Annes: Jerry Barber captains US to 14½-9½ win
  • 1962-07-11 Fred Baldasare is 1st to swim English Channel underwater (scuba)
  • 1963-01-12 Spin bowler Bobby Simpson takes 5-57 for Australia v England
  • 1963-05-15 Tottenham Hotspur of England win 3rd European Cup winner's Cup against Atlético Madrid of Spain 5-1 at Rotterdam
  • 1963-08-08 Great Train Robbery in England, £2.6 million ($7.3 million)
  • 1964-01-14 Bapu Nadkarni 32-27-5-0 v England, 21 maiden overs in a row
  • 1964-02-09 Hanumant Singh scores 105 India v England on debut at Delhi
  • 1964-02-22 Beatles arrive back in England after their 1st US visit
  • 1964-03-27 1st true Pirate Radio station, Radio Caroline (England)
  • 1964-03-28 1st pirate radio station near England (Radio Caroline)
  • 1964-07-28 England all out 611 in reply to Australia's 8-656 Match a draw
  • 1964-09-20 20th America's Cup yachting: Eric Ridder skippered Constellation beats English challenger Sovereign for a 4-0 American series sweep off Newport, RI
  • 1964-11-29 Roman Catholic Church in US replaces Latin with English
  • 1965-05-19 West Ham United of England win 5th European Cup Winner's Cup against 1860 München of West Germany 2-0 in London
  • 1965-08-12 Dame Elizabeth Lane becomes first female English High Court judge
  • 1965-10-08 Post Office Tower opens in London, then the tallest building in England

Ryder Cup

1965-10-09 Ryder Cup, Royal Birkdale GC: US beats Great Britain 19½-12½; Byron Nelson non-playing American captain; Harry Weetman GB skipper

  • 1966-01-31 Bill Lawry (119) & Bob Simpson (225) complete match-winning 244 opening stand in Australia's 1st innings, 4th Test v England in Adelaide
  • 1966-02-16 Australian cricket batsman Bob Cowper makes a patient 307 (727 mins, 20 x 4s) in drawn 5th Test v England in Melbourne
  • 1966-05-05 Borussia Dortmund of West Germany win 6th European Cup Winner's Cup against Liverpool of England 2-1 in Glasgow
  • 1966-05-06 Myra Hindley and Ian Brady are sentenced to life imprisonment for the Moors Murders in England
  • 1966-07-30 FIFA World Cup Final, Wembley Stadium, London, England: Striker Geoff Hurst scores a hat trick as England beats West Germany, 4-2 after extra time
  • 1966-09-30 Bechuanaland, in southern Africa, gains independence from Great Britain, becomes Republic of Botswana
  • 1966-12-31 Pirate Radio 390 (Radio Invicata) off England, resumes transmitting
  • 1967-02-08 Pirate Radio UKGM (England) closes down
  • 1967-02-27 Dominica gains independence from England
  • 1967-07-03 "News at 10" premieres on British TV
  • 1967-07-28 Pirate Radio Station 390 (Radio Invicta) (England) closes down
  • 1967-09-08 The formal end of steam traction in the North East of England by British Railways.

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1001 - 1,100 of 4,610

Edward ElgarEdward Elgar (1857-1934)

1857-06-02 English composer (Coronation Ode, Pomp and Circumstance), born in Lower Broadheath, Worcestershire

  • 1857-07-28 Ballington Booth, British-born American officer in The Salvation Army and co-founder of Volunteers of America, born in Brighouse, England (d. 1940)
  • 1857-11-22 George Gissing, British novelist (New Grub Street, Charles Dickens: A Critical Study), born in Wakefield, England (d. 1903)
  • 1857-11-27 Charles Scott Sherrington, British physiologist (Nobel 1932-functions of neurons), born in London (d. 1952)
  • 1858-01-22 Beatrice Potter Webb, English sociologist, economist (founded London School of Economics) and writer (My Apprenticeship), born in Standish (d. 1943)
  • 1858-02-17 Ernest Ford, English composer, born in Warminster, Wiltshire (d. 1919)
  • 1858-06-23 William Ernst Johnson, British mathematician, born in Cambridge, England

Emmeline PankhurstEmmeline Pankhurst (1858-1928)

1858-07-15 British suffragette who formed the Women's Social & Political Union (1903), born in Moss Side, Manchester

  • 1858-08-15 Edith Nesbit, British children books author (The Story of the Treasure Seekers, Five Children and It), born in London, England (d. 1924)
  • 1858-09-09 Benjamin Kidel, English Sudan (Control of the Tropics)
  • 1858-10-20 John Burns, English politician and trade Unionist, born in London, England (d. 1943)
  • 1859-01-06 Samuel Alexander, English philosopher (Moral Order & Progress), born in Sydney, Australia (d. 1938)
  • 1859-03-26 A. E. Housman, English poet (A Shropshire Lad), born in Bromsgrove, Worcestershire, England (d. 1936)
  • 1859-05-02 Jerome K. Jerome, English writer (The Idle Thoughts of an Idle Fellow), born in Walsall, Staffordshire, England (d. 1927)
  • 1859-07-13 Sydney Webb, England, writer/husband of Beatrice Potter
  • 1859-07-30 Henry Lunn, English humanitarian and religious leader, born in Horncastle, Lincolnshire (d. 1939)
  • 1859-11-22 Cecil Sharp, British collector of English folk music and dance, born in London, England (d. 1924)
  • 1860-02-25 William James Ashley, English economic-historian
  • 1860-05-31 Walter Sickert, Danish-English painter (The Miner), born in Munich (d. 1942)
  • 1860-06-06 William Inge, English author, theologist and Dean of St Paul's Cathedral, born in Crayke, Yorkshire (d. 1954)
  • 1860-08-14 Ernest T. Seton, naturalist, painter and author (Buffalo Wind-1938), born in South Shields, Durham, England (d. 1946)
  • 1860-10-03 Annie Horniman, English theater owner (Abbey Theatre, Dublin), born in Surrey Mount, Forest Hill, London (d. 1937)
  • 1860-12-20 Dan Leno [George Wild Galvin], English comedian & stage actor, born in Somers Town, London (d. 1904)
  • 1861-06-20 Frederick Gowland Hopkins, British biochemist (Nobel Prize 1929), born in Eastbourne, England (d. 1947)
  • 1861-08-08 William Bateson, English biologist (originator of term "genetics")
  • 1861-08-10 Almroth Wright, English bacteriologist (one of 1st vaccines for typhoid), born in Yorkshire England (d. 1947)
  • 1861-12-18 Lionel Monckton, British composer (Edwardian musical comedy), born in London, England (d. 1924)
  • 1861-12-19 Constance [Clara] Garnett, Russian-English translator, born in Brighton England
  • 1862-01-29 Frederick Delius, British composer (A Mass of Life; Brigg Fair; In a Summer Garden), born in Bradford, England (d. 1934)

Edward GreyEdward Grey (1862-1933)

1862-04-25 English viscount of Fallodon and Minister of Foreign Affairs, born in London

  • 1862-06-06 Henry John Newbolt, English poet and author (Studies Green & Gray), born in Bilston, Staffordshire, England (d. 1938)
  • 1862-07-02 William Henry Bragg, English physicist (Nobel 1915-analysis of crystal structure by means of X-rays), born in Westward, Cumberland, England (d. 1942)
  • 1862-08-05 Joseph Merrick, "The Elephant Man", born in Leicester, England (d. 1890)
  • 1862-10-13 Mary Kingsley, English ethnographer and explorer who became the first European to enter parts of Gabon, Africa, born in London (d. 1900)
  • 1862-11-04 Eden Phillpotts, English novelist, poet and playwright (Red Madymaynes), born in Mount Abu, Rajasthan, India (d. 1960)

David Lloyd GeorgeDavid Lloyd George (1863-1945)

1863-01-17 British Prime Minister (Liberal: 1916-22), born in Chorlton-on-Medlock, Lancashire, England

  • 1863-02-09 Anthony Hope [Hopkins], novelist, born in London, England
  • 1863-03-10 E J Ratcliffe [Edward], British stage and screen actor, born in London (d. 1948)
  • 1863-04-17 Augustus Edward Hough Love, English mathematician (theory of elasticity), born in Weston-super-Mare, Somerset, England (d. 1940)
  • 1863-05-18 William Heinemann, English publisher (Heinnemann), born in Surbiton, England (d. 1920)
  • 1863-06-13 Lucy, Lady Duff-Gordon, English fashion designer, born in London (d. 1935)
  • 1863-07-21 C Aubrey Smith [Charles], British actor (The Prisoner of Zenda), born in London, England (d. 1948)
  • 1863-11-21 Arthur Quiller-Couch, Cornish novelist and editor (The Oxford Book Of English Verse 1250–1900), born in Bodmin, Cornwall (d. 1944)
  • 1864-01-28 Herbert Akroyd Stuart, English engineer - inventor of the first compression ignition engine (d. 1927)
  • 1864-02-14 Israel Zangwill, Jewish author (Children of The Ghetto) and Zionist leader, born in London (d. 1926)
  • 1864-04-09 Sebastian Ziani de Ferranti, English electrical engineer and inventor, born in Liverpool, England (d. 1930)
  • 1864-06-02 Ben Webster, British actor (Old Curiosity Shop), born in London, England (d. 1947)
  • 1864-07-15 Marie Tempest [Marie Susan Etherington], British actress known as the "queen of her profession" (Yellow Sands), born in London, England (d. 1942)
  • 1864-09-28 Barry Pain, English writer (Punch), born in Cambridge, England (d. 1928)
  • 1864-11-28 James Allen, English writer (As a Man Thinketh), born in Leicester, England (d. 1912)
  • 1865-01-03 Henry Lytton, British actor and opera singer (The Mikado), born in London, England (d. 1936)
  • 1865-02-09 Mrs Patrick Campbell [Beatrice Tanner], English actress (Pygmalion), born in London, England (d. 1940)
  • 1865-02-21 John Haden Badley, English school founder (d. 1967)
  • 1865-02-28 Wilfred Grenfell, British medical missionary to Newfoundland and Labrador, born in Neston, England (d. 1940)
  • 1865-03-21 Herbert Albert Laurens Fisher, English historian and politician, born in London, United Kingdom (d. 1940)
  • 1865-06-19 May Whitty, British actress (Mrs Miniver, Suspicion), born in Liverpool, England (d. 1948)
  • 1865-07-18 Laurence Housman, English author and playwright (Victoria Regina), born in Bromsgrove, Worcestershire, England (d. 1959)
  • 1865-09-26 Mary Russell, Duchess of Bedford, English aviator and ornithologist, born in Stockbridge, Hampshire, England (d. 1937)
  • 1865-10-12 Arthur Harden, English biochemist (Nobel Prize 1929), born in Manchester, England (d. 1940)
  • 1865-10-27 Charles Spencelayh, English painter (Why War), born in Rochester, Kent (d. 1958)

Edith CavellEdith Cavell (1865-1915)

1865-12-04 British nurse in World War I who was executed by Germany, born in Swardeston, Norfolk, England

Rudyard KiplingRudyard Kipling (1865-1936)

1865-12-30 English author (Jungle Book, Gunga Din-Nobel 1907), born in Bombay, British India

  • 1866-01-20 Richard Le Gallienne, English writer (Maker of Gainborg)
  • 1866-02-15 Bannister Fletcher, English architect and architectural historian (A History of Architecture), born in London (d. 1953)
  • 1866-02-24 Arthur Pearson, Wookey Somerset England, newspaper proprietor
  • 1866-06-03 George Howells Broadhurst, English director (d. 1952)
  • 1866-06-26 George Herbert, 5th Earl of Carnarvon, English financier and Egyptologist who funded the search for and excavation of Tutankhamun's tomb in the Valley of the Kings, born in Highclere Castle, Hampshire, England (d. 1923)
  • 1866-07-25 Frederick Frost Blackman, English botanist, born in London (d. 1947)

Beatrix PotterBeatrix Potter (1866-1943)

1866-07-28 English children's author and illustrator (The Tale of Peter Rabbit), born in London

  • 1866-08-17 Julia Marlowe [Sarah Frances Frost], English-American Shakespearean actress, born in Cumberland, England (d. 1950)

H. G. WellsH. G. Wells (1866-1946)

1866-09-21 English sci-fi author (War of the Worlds, Kipps), born in Bromley, Kent

  • 1866-11-08 Herbert Austin, English automobile designer and builder (founder of Austin Motor Company), born in Little Missenden, Buckinghamshire, England (d. 1941)
  • 1866-12-14 Roger Fry, English artist and art critic, born in St Pancras, London, England (d. 1934)
  • 1867-01-01 Charles Edward Montague, English author and critic (Fiery Particles)
  • 1867-02-09 Edward Naylor, British composer and organist, born in Scarborough, England (d. 1934)
  • 1867-02-17 William Cadbury, British chocolate manufacturer (Cadbury), born in Edgbaston, England (d. 1957)
  • 1867-03-15 Lionel Pigot Johnson, British poet and critic (Ireland & Other Poems), born in Broadstairs, Kent (d. 1902)
  • 1867-05-27 Arnold Bennett, English novelist (Anna of the Five Towns), born in Hanley, Staffordshire, England (d. 1931)
  • 1867-07-02 Herbert Prior, British actor (Caught Short, Slave of Desire), born in Oxfordshire, England (d. 1954)
  • 1867-07-24 Edward Frederic Benson, English novelist, born in Wellington College, Berkshire, England (d. 1940)

Stanley BaldwinStanley Baldwin (1867-1947)

1867-08-03 British Prime Minister (Conservative: 1923-24, 1924-29, 1935-37), born in Bewdley, England

  • 1867-08-14 John Galsworthy, English author (Forsyte Saga-Nobel 1932), born in Kingston upon Thames, Surrey, England (d. 1933)
  • 1867-09-19 Arthur Rackham, English book illustrator (Grimm's Fairy Tales, Rip van Winkle), born in London, England (d. 1939)
  • 1867-09-27 Rosa Lewis, English chef and owner (Cavandish Hotel London), born in Leyton, Essex (d. 1952)
  • 1868-03-15 Grace Chisholm Young, English mathematician (d. 1944)

George ArlissGeorge Arliss (1868-1946)

1868-04-10 British Academy Award-winning actor (Disraeli; Devil; Green Goddess), born in London, England

  • 1868-04-25 John Bevins Moisant, American pioneer aviator, first to cross English Channel with passenger and a cat, killed in New Orleans whose present day airport was originally name for him, born in Kankakee, Illinois (d. 1910)
  • 1868-04-26 Harold Sidney Harmsworth, 1st Viscount Rothermere, English newspaper (Daily Mail and Daily Mirror), born in London, England (d. 1940)

Robert Falcon ScottRobert Falcon Scott (1868-1912)

1868-06-06 British explorer and leader of the ill-fated south pole expedition, born in Plymouth, England

  • 1868-06-21 Edwin Stephen Goodrich, English zoologist, born in Weston-super-Mare, Somerset, England (d. 1946)
  • 1868-06-30 C. V. France, British actor (The Skin Game, Adventure in Blackmail), born in Bradford, England (d. 1949)

Gertrude BellGertrude Bell (1868-1926)

1868-07-14 British archaeologist (Desert & The Sown), born in Washington Hall, County Durham, England

  • 1868-08-07 Granville Bantock, English composer and conductor (Hebridean Symphony), born in London (d. 1946)
  • 1868-08-12 Frederic Thesiger, 1st Viscount Chelmsford, 22nd Governor of New South Wales (1908-13) and Viceroy of British India (1916-21), born in London, England (d. 1933)
  • 1868-10-23 Frederick Lanchester, English Engineer who built the first British petrol automobile (1896), born in London, England (d. 1946)
  • 1869-02-14 Charles Wilson, Scottish physicist and meteorologist (Wilson cloud chamber-Nobel), born in Glencorse, Scotland (d. 1959)

Neville ChamberlainNeville Chamberlain (1869-1940)

1869-03-18 British Prime Minister (Conservative: 1937-40), born in Birmingham, England

  • 1869-05-02 (Frederick) Tyrone Power Sr., British-American stage and screen actor (The Big Trial; The Test of Donald Norton), born in London, England (d. 1931)
  • 1869-08-09 Randle Ayrton, British actor (The Manxman, Nell Gwyn), born in Chester, Cheshire, England (d. 1940)
  • 1869-09-06 Walford Davies, English composer, born in Oswestry, Shropshire, England (d. 1941)

Famous Weddings

Famous Divorces

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1001 - 1,100 of 2,327

  • 1806-03-23 George Pinto [Sanders], English violin prodigy, keyboard virtuoso, and composer, dies of tuberculosis at 20
  • 1806-09-13 Charles James Fox, English politician (b. 1749)
  • 1807-04-09 John Opie, English painter (The Murder of Rizzio), dies at 46
  • 1807-07-13 Henry Benedict Stuart, Jacobite claimant to the throne of England (b. 1725)
  • 1807-12-03 Clara Reeve, English author (old English baron), dies at 78
  • 1807-12-21 John Newton, English cleric and hymnist, died at 82
  • 1808-05-28 Richard Hurd, English bishop and writer (b. 1720)

Thomas PaineThomas Paine (1737-1809)

1809-06-08 English American writer and political essayist (Age of Reason, Common Sense), dies at 72

  • 1809-08-18 Matthew Boulton, English manufacturer and engineer (b. 1728)
  • 1809-11-09 Paul Sandby, English cartographer (b. 1725)
  • 1811-02-09 Nevil Maskelyne, 5th Astronomer Royal of England (1765-1811), dies

Augustus FitzRoyAugustus FitzRoy (1735-1811)

1811-03-14 3rd Duke of Grafton, British Prime Minister (1768-70), dies at 75

  • 1811-09-30 Thomas Percy, English literary and bishop of Dromore, dies at 82
  • 1811-10-15 Nathaniel Dance-Holland, English painter (b. 1735)
  • 1811-12-08 Eliza Poe, English-American actress and the mother of the American author Edgar Allan Po, dies of tuberculosis at 23 or 24

Isaac BrockIsaac Brock (1769-1812)

1812-10-13 British army officer who successfully defended Upper Canada in War of 1812, dies in battle at 43

  • 1812-12-12 John Malchair, German-born English artist, violinist and composer, dies at 82
  • 1812-12-27 Joanna Southcott, an English self-described religious prophetess.
  • 1813-06-17 Charles Middleton, 1st Baron Barham, English sailor and politician, dies at 86
  • 1813-08-11 Henry James Pye, English poet, British Poet Laureate (1790-1813), dies at 68
  • 1813-11-21 William Russell, English composer and organist, dies at 36
  • 1814-01-27 Philip Astley, English circus owner "Father of the Modern Circus", dies at 72
  • 1814-04-12 Charles Burney, English music historian, dies at 88

Matthew FlindersMatthew Flinders (1774-1814)

1814-07-18 English explorer, Navigator and cartographer who was 1st to circumnavigate Australia, dies from kidney disease at 40 [1]

  • 1815-01-15 Emma, Lady Hamilton, English mistress of Lord Nelson, dies of liver failure at 49
  • 1815-07-06 Samuel Whitbread, English politician, dies at 51
  • 1816-07-03 Dorothy Jordan, Irish-English actress, courtesan, mistress of future King William IV of the United Kingdom, dies at 65

Jane AustenJane Austen (1775-1817)

1817-07-18 English novelist (Pride and Prejudice), dies at 41

  • 1818-11-17 Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, Queen of England, consort to King George III dies at 74
  • 1819-01-14 John Wolcot, English satirist (Peter Pindar), dies at 80
  • 1819-05-02 Mary Moser, English painter (Flowers Still Life), dies at 74

Joseph BanksJoseph Banks (1743-1820)

1820-06-19 English botanist and naturalist who accompanied James Cook on board the Endeavour, dies at 77

John KeatsJohn Keats (1795-1821)

1821-02-23 English Romantic poet (Ode to a Grecian Urn), dies of tuberculosis at 25

  • 1821-04-22 John Crome [Old Crome], English landscape painter & etcher, dies at 52
  • 1821-07-04 Richard Cosway, English portrait painter, dies at 78
  • 1821-08-01 Elizabeth Inchbald [Simpson], English actress and author (Lovers' Vows, Lady Abbess), dies at 68
  • 1821-12-12 Phoebe Hessel, English woman who disguised herself as a man to serve in the British Army, probably to be with her lover, Samuel Golding, dies at 108
  • 1822-06-19 John Bray, English-born American actor and composer (The Indian Princess), dies on his 40th birthday
  • 1822-07-08 Percy Bysshe Shelley, English romantic poet (Adonais; Prometheus Unbound), drowns at 29

Edward JennerEdward Jenner (1749-1823)

1823-01-26 English physician, father of (western) immunology, pioneered smallpox vaccinations, dies of a stroke at 73

  • 1823-02-07 Ann Radcliffe, English Gothic novelist (The Mysteries of Udolpho, The Romance of the Forest), dies at 58
  • 1823-02-26 John Philip Kemble, British actor and director (Drury Lane, Covent Garden), dies at 66
  • 1824-02-22 John Davy, English composer, dies at 60
  • 1824-05-26 Capel Lofft, English writer (b. 1751)
  • 1824-12-21 James Parkinson, English physician (First description of Parkinson's disease) and political activist, dies at 69
  • 1825-01-14 George Dance the Younger, English architect (b. 1741)
  • 1827-01-05 Frederick of York, English duke/bishop/general, dies at 63
  • 1827-06-26 Samuel Crompton, English inventor (mule-jenny spinning machine), dies at 73

William BlakeWilliam Blake (1757-1827)

1827-08-12 English poet and artist (Songs of Innocence & Experience), dies at 69

  • 1828-01-25 Caroline Lamb, English aristocrat, author (Glenarvon), wife of William Lamb, lover of Lord Byron, dies at 42
  • 1829-05-16 William Congreve, English artillery officer and inventor who designed fire rockets, dies at 56
  • 1830-01-07 Thomas Lawrence, English portrait painter, dies at 60
  • 1831-02-14 Henry Maudslay, English inventor of the metal lathe, dies at 59
  • 1831-04-20 John Abernethy, English surgeon, dies at 67
  • 1831-06-08 Sarah Kemble Siddons, English tragic actress (Fatal Marriage, Lady Macbeth), dies at 75
  • 1831-08-22 John White, English organist and violinist, dies at 52
  • 1832-02-03 George Crabbe, English poet (Everlasting Mercy), dies at 77
  • 1832-03-30 Stephen Groombridge, English Astronomer, dies at 77
  • 1832-06-06 Jeremy Bentham, English philosopher, social reformer and founder of modern utilitarianism, dies at 84
  • 1833-05-15 Edmund Kean, British Shakespearean actor (Edmund Kean's Masonic Career), dies at 46

William WilberforceWilliam Wilberforce (1759-1833)

1833-07-29 British politician, philanthropist and leader of the movement to abolish the slave trade, dies at 73

  • 1833-08-24 Adrian Hardy Haworth, English entomologist and botanist, dies at 65
  • 1834-12-27 Charles Lamb, British critic/poet/essayist (Essays of Elia), dies at 59
  • 1835-06-18 William Cobbett, English journalist and author, dies at 72
  • 1836-04-07 William Godwin, English political writer (b. 1756)
  • 1837-01-20 John Soane, English architect (Book of Designs, Soane Museum), dies at 84
  • 1837-03-31 John Constable, English landscape painter (Hay Wain), dies at 60

Joseph GrimaldiJoseph Grimaldi (1778-1837)

1837-05-31 English pantomimist and the "greatest clown in history", dies at 57

  • 1837-07-24 Charles Hodges, English/Dutch portrait painter
  • 1838-03-22 Hendrik Fagel, Dutch/English baron, dies at 73
  • 1839-07-15 Winthrop Mackworth Praed, English politician and poet, dies at 36
  • 1839-08-28 William Smith, British geologist who is credited with creating the first nationwide geological map (Strata Identified by Organized Fossils), dies at 70
  • 1840-01-06 Fanny Burney, English novelist (Camille, Evalina), dies at 87
  • 1840-06-19 John Cockerill, English-Belgian industrialist (founded iron, steel, and manufacturing company - John Cockerill & Company), dies at 50
  • 1841-02-13 Thomas Ainsworth, English/Dutch industrialist, dies at 45
  • 1841-08-24 Theodore Hook, English author, famous practical joker and recipient of the world's 1st postcard, dies at 52
  • 1842-02-18 Thomas Hazlehurst, English soap and alkali manufacturer (b. 1779)
  • 1842-03-13 Henry Shrapnel, English Army officer and inventor (created the shrapnel shell), dies at 80
  • 1842-04-11 John England, bishop of Charleston Carolina, dies
  • 1842-10-20 Grace Darling, English heroine who saved shipwreck survivors, dies of tuberculosis at 26
  • 1843-03-21 Robert Southey, English writer (The Story of the Three Bears), Poet Laureate (1813-43) and biographer (Nelson), dies at 68
  • 1844-02-16 Joseph Crosfield, English soap and alkali manufacturer, dies at 51
  • 1844-06-15 Thomas Campbell, Scottish poet (Ye Mariners of England), dies at 66

John DaltonJohn Dalton (1766-1844)

1844-07-27 English physicist and chemist who developed the atomic theory of matter and researched colour blindness, dies at 77

  • 1844-08-30 Francis Baily, English astronomer and describer of "Baily's Beads" during solar eclipse, dies at 70

Elizabeth FryElizabeth Fry (1780-1845)

1845-10-12 English prison reformer, social reformer and Quaker Minister, dies of a stroke at 65

  • 1846-09-23 John Ainsworth Horrocks, English-born explorer of South Australia (b. 1818)
  • 1847-06-11 John Franklin, English rear admiral and explorer (Arctic), dies at 61
  • 1848-05-11 Tom Cribb, English bare knuckle boxer (C'ship of England 1808-22), dies at 66
  • 1848-08-09 Frederick Marryat, English captain and author (Mr Midshipman Easy), dies

George StephensonGeorge Stephenson (1781-1848)

1848-08-12 English engineer known as the "Father of Railways" (Locomotion No. 1, Standard Gauge), dies of pleurisy at 67

  • 1848-09-24 Branwell Brontë [Patrick Branwell Brontë], English painter and writer and brother of the writers Charlotte, Emily and Anne, dies at 31

Emily BrontëEmily Brontë (1818-1848)

1848-12-19 English novelist (Wuthering Heights), dies of tuberculosis at 30

  • 1849-01-26 Thomas Lovell Beddoes, English poet (Death's Jest-Book), committed suicide at 45
  • 1849-05-28 Anne Brontë, English novelist (The Tenant of Wildfell Hall), dies at 29
  • 1849-11-13 William Etty, English painter best known for paintings of nudes, dies at 62
  • 1850-04-07 William Lisle Bowles, English poet (14 Sonnets), dies at 87

William WordsworthWilliam Wordsworth (1770-1850)

1850-04-23 English Romantic poet (The Prelude), dies at 80

  • 1850-07-04 William Kirby, English entomologist and original member of the Linnean Society and a Fellow of the Royal Society, dies at 90

Mary ShelleyMary Shelley (1797-1851)

1851-02-01 English novelist (Frankenstein), dies of a brain tumor at 53