English History (Part 15)

Historical Events

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1401 - 1,500 of 4,621

  • 1894-01-22 Charles Morgan, England, writer (Fountain)

Harold Macmillan

1894-02-10 Harold Macmillan, British Conservative politician and Prime Minister (1957-63), born in London (d. 1986)

  • 1894-03-05 Henry Daniell, British actor (The Great Dictator, Camille, Philadelphia Story, Body Snatchers), born in London, England (d. 1963)
  • 1894-04-07 Gerald Brenan, English writer
  • 1894-04-10 Ben Nicholson, English painter and sculptor (Circle), born in Denham, Buckinghamshire, England (d. 1982)
  • 1894-04-23 Basil Sydney, British actor (Hamlet, Jassy, Simba, Farmer's Wife), born in St. Osyth, Essex, England (d. 1968)
  • 1894-06-05 Roy Thomson, 1st Baron Thomson of Fleet, Canadian-English publisher, born in Toronto, Ontario (d. 1976)
  • 1894-06-06 Violet Trefusis, English writer and socialite who had a famous affair with writer Vita Sackville-West, born in London England (d. 1972)

Edward VIII

1894-06-23 Edward VIII, King of the United Kingdom and the Dominions of the British Empire and Emperor of India (Jan 20th, 1936 until his abdication on Dec 11th, 1936), born in Richmond, England (d. 1972)

  • 1894-07-23 Arthur Treacher, English TV announcer (Merv Griffin Show), born in Brighton, England (d. 1975)

Aldous Huxley

1894-07-26 Aldous Huxley, English author (Brave New World, Island), born in Godalming, Surrey (d. 1963)

  • 1894-11-11 Winifred Kingston, British silent screen actress (The Squaw Man, Davy Crockett), born in England (d. 1967)
  • 1895-02-23 Richard Goolden, British actor (Two Days to Live, School for Husbands), born in London, England (d. 1981)
  • 1895-04-29 Malcolm Sargent, English conductor (Promenade Concerts), born in Bath Villas, Ashford, Kent (d. 1967)
  • 1895-05-20 Reginald J "R" Mitchell, English aviation manufacturer (Spitfire)
  • 1895-07-05 Gordon Jacob, English composer, born in London (d. 1984)
  • 1895-07-11 Dolly Wilde, English socialite (d. 1941)
  • 1895-07-18 Marie Ney, British actress (Brief Ecstasy, Simba, Witchcraft), born in London, England (d. 1981)
  • 1895-07-24 Robert Graves, English writer and poet (I Claudius) [or 6/26], born in London, England (d. 1985)
  • 1895-07-26 Jerry Verno, British actor (River of Unrest, Ourselves Alone, Sweeney Todd), born in London, England (d. 1975)
  • 1895-09-26 Fay Holden, British actress (Mother-Andy Hardy films), born in Birmingham, England (d. 1973)
  • 1895-09-28 Charles Petrie, British historian known for his study of royalism and Jacobitism (If: A Jacobite Fantasy), born in Liverpool, England (d. 1977)
  • 1895-10-24 Jack Warner [Waters], British actor (Dixon of Dock Green, Christmas Carol), born in London, England (d. 1981)
  • 1895-10-31 B. H. Liddell Hart, English military historian and publicist (The Rommel Papers), born in Paris (d. 1970)
  • 1895-11-16 Michael Arlen [Dikran Kouyoumdjian], British author and scriptwriter (An American Verdict), born in Ruse, Bulgaria (d. 1956)
  • 1895-12-01 Henry Williamson, English author (Tarka the Otter), born in Bedfordshire, England (d. 1977)
  • 1895-12-03 Anna Freud, Austrian-English psychoanalyst and daughter of Sigmund Freud, born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1982)

George VI

1895-12-14 George VI, King of the United Kingdom (1936-52), born in Norfolk, England (d. 1952)

  • 1896-01-07 Arnold Ridley, British actor and dramatist (The Ghost Train, Dad's Army), born in Bath, England (d. 1984)
  • 1896-02-14 Edward Arthur Milne, English astrophysicist (kinematic relativity), born in Yorkshire, England (d. 1950)
  • 1896-05-03 Dodie Smith, English novelist and playwright (101 Dalmatians), born in Whitefield, Lancashire, England (d. 1990)
  • 1896-05-18 Walter Fitzgerald, English actor, born in Devonport, England (d. 1976)
  • 1896-05-19 Michael Balcon, producer/father of Jill Balcon, born in Birmingham, England
  • 1896-06-06 Henry Allingham, British supercentenarian and World War I veteran, born in Clapton, London (d. 2009)
  • 1896-06-29 Irene Browne, British actress (All at Sea, Peg O' My Heart), born in London, England (d. 1965)
  • 1896-07-03 Doris Lloyd, Irish-American actress (Bachelor Father, Charley's Aunt, Sarah & Son), born in Liverpool, England (d. 1968)
  • 1896-07-25 Richard Gale, English general and airborne commander (Normandy), born in Wandsworth, London (d. 1982)
  • 1896-08-18 Alan Mowbray, British actor (Dante, Colonel Flack), born in London, England (d. 1969)
  • 1896-08-26 Richard Pindle Hammond, American composer, born in Kent, England (d. 1980)
  • 1896-10-15 Melville Cooper, English actor (The Adventures of Robin Hood, Father of the Bride), born in Birmingham, England (d. 1979) [1]
  • 1896-11-01 Edmund Blunden, English poet and critic (Undertones of War), born in London (d. 1974)
  • 1896-12-31 Ronald Adam, British actor (Lost Horizon, The Prisoner of Zenda, Phantom Shot), born in Herefordshire, England (d. 1958)
  • 1897-02-01 Denise Robins, romantic novelist (1st Long Kiss), born in London, England
  • 1897-03-27 Douglas R. Hartree, English mathematician and physicist, born in Cambridge, England (d. 1958)
  • 1897-04-25 Mary [Victoria Alexandra Alice Mary], Princess Royal and Countess of Harewood, born in York Cottage, Sandringham (d. 1965)
  • 1897-05-07 Kitty McKane (Godfree), English tennis player (Olympic gold, 2 silver, 2 bronze-1920, 24), born in Bayswater, England (d. 1992)
  • 1897-05-18 Jack Raine, British actor (Quartet), born in London, England (d. 1979)
  • 1897-05-27 John Cockcroft, English physicist (Radar, Nobel 1951), born in Todmorden, Yorkshire, England (d. 1967)
  • 1897-05-28 Henry Kendall, British director and actor (Amazing Quest, Shadow, Rich & Strange), born in London, England (d. 1962)
  • 1897-05-31 Margalo Gillmore, British actress (Skirts Ahoy, High Society), born in London, England (d. 1986)

Anthony Eden

1897-06-12 Anthony Eden, British Prime Minister (Conservative: 1955-57) and Foreign Secretary, born in Rushyford, England (d. 1977)

  • 1897-06-22 Norbert Elias, English/Dutch philosopher (Process of Civilization)
  • 1897-06-25 Basil Radford, British actor (The Lady Vanishes, Whiskey Galore, Night Train), born in Chester England (d. 1952)
  • 1897-09-03 Cecil Parker, British actor (The Lady Vanishes, Indiscreet, Tale of 2 Cities), born in Hastings, East Sussex, England (d. 1971)
  • 1897-09-26 Arthur Rhys-Davids, English flying ace (WW I), born in Forest Hill, London (d. 1917)
  • 1897-11-02 Dennis King, English actor (Devil's Brother), born in Coventry, Warwickshire, England (d. 1971)
  • 1897-11-03 Frederick Stratten Russell, English marine biologist (plankton life history and linked their depth in the seas to light availability helping explain long-term changes in the ecosystem), born in Bridport, Dorset, England (d. 1984)
  • 1897-11-09 Ronald G W Norrish, British chemist (Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1967), born in Cambridge, England (d. 1978)
  • 1897-11-15 Sacheverell Sitwell, English author (People's Palace), born in Scarborough, England (d. 1988)
  • 1897-12-09 Hermione Ferdinanda Gingold, British actress (Gigi; The Music Man), born in London, England (d. 1987)
  • 1898-01-09 Gracie Fields, English music hall/vaudeville performer and actress (Queen of Hearts), born in Rochdale, England (d. 1979)
  • 1898-02-12 Wallace Ford [Samuel Jones Grundy], British actor (Freaks, Harvey, Spellbound, Deputy), born in Bolton, Lancashire, England (d. 1966)
  • 1898-02-13 Neville Pearson, English publisher
  • 1898-02-25 William Thomas Astbury, English physicist/chemist (textiles)
  • 1898-03-26 Charles Shadwell, British conductor, bandleader, and founder of the Cambridge Concert Orchestra, born in Pershore, Worcestershire (d. 1979)
  • 1898-03-30 Joyce Carey, British actress (Brief Encounter, The Cedar Tree), born in Kensington, London (d. 1993)
  • 1898-04-19 Sybil Andrews, English-Canadian painter, born in Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk, England (d. 1992)
  • 1898-05-08 Vera Chapman, English writer and Tolkien Society founder, born in Bournemouth, England (d. 1996)
  • 1898-06-15 Thomas Henry Wait Armstrong, English organist and composer, born in Peterborough, England (d. 1994)
  • 1898-06-18 Carleton Hobbs, English actor (Sherlock Holmes), born in Farnborough, England (d. 1978)

Gertrude Lawrence

1898-07-04 Gertrude Lawrence, English actress (Mimi, Rembrandt) and musical performer, born in London (d. 1952)

  • 1898-07-08 Alec Waugh, English novelist (Island in the Sun); brother of Evelyn, born in London, England (d. 1981)
  • 1898-07-30 Henry Moore, English artist and sculptor (known for Three Piece Sculpture: Vertebrae), born in Castleford (d. 1986)
  • 1898-12-22 Lionel Charles Robbins, British economist, born in Middlesex, England (d. 1984)
  • 1899-01-11 Eva Le Gallienne, English-American actress and director (Resurrection), born in London, England (d. 1991)
  • 1899-01-17 Nevil Shute [Norway], English-Australian novelist (On the Beach, Town Like Alice), born in London, England (d. 1960)
  • 1899-01-27 Granville English, American composer, born in Louisville, Kentucky (d. 1968)
  • 1899-02-03 Doris Speed, British actress dubbed 'The Queen Mother of Soap' (Coronation Street), born in Manchester, England (d. 1994)
  • 1899-02-18 Arthur Bryant, English historian (King Charles II)
  • 1899-04-03 David Jack, English footballer (scored 267 goals from 521 appearances), born in Bolton, Lancashire, England (d. 1958)
  • 1899-04-22 Martyn Green, British actor (Gilbert & Sullivan, Iceman Cometh), born in London, England (d. 1975)
  • 1899-06-01 Edward Charles Titchmarsh, English mathematician (d. 1963)
  • 1899-06-18 John Warburton, British actor (Saratoga Trunk, King Rat, Cavalcade), born in Maghull, Liverpool, England (d. 1981)

Charles Laughton

1899-07-01 Charles Laughton, English actor (Mutiny on Bounty, Spartacus), born in Scarborough, England (d. 1962)

  • 1899-07-30 Gerald Moore, English pianist (Am I Too Loud), born in Watford, Hertfordshire (d. 1987)
  • 1899-08-07 Renie Riano, British-American vaudeville and screen actress (Jiggs and Maggie films; The Family Jewels), born in London, England (d. 1971)

Alfred Hitchcock

1899-08-13 Alfred Hitchcock, British film director (Psycho; The Birds; Rear Window; Vertigo), born in Leytonstone, Essex (now part of London), England (d. 1980)

  • 1899-08-19 Charlie Hall, English comedic actor (Tit for Tat, A Chump at Oxford), born in Birmingham, England (d. 1959)
  • 1899-08-27 C. S. Forester, English historical novelist (Horatio Hornblower), born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 1966)
  • 1899-11-23 Norman Hunter, English children's writer (Professor Branestawm), born in London (d. 1995)
  • 1899-12-02 John Barbirolli, English conductor (NY Philharmonic Orchestra), born in Southampton Row, Holborn, London (d. 1970)
  • 1899-12-04 Charlie Spencer, English soccer defender and manager (2 caps; Newcastle United; mgr Grimsby Town 1937-51), born in Washington, England (d. 1953)
  • 1899-12-15 Frank Vosper, British actor (The Man Who Knew Too Much, Rome Express), born in London, England (d. 1937)
  • 1899-12-15 Harold Abrahams, British athlete (Olympic gold 100m, silver 4x100m 1924; depicted in film "Chariots of Fire"), born in Bedford, England (d. 1978)
  • 1900-01-30 Martita Hunt, Argentine-born English actress (Man in Grey, Great Expectations), born in Buenos Aires (d. 1969)
  • 1900-01-30 Sandy Powell, English comedian, born in Rotherham, South Yorkshire, England (d. 1982)
  • 1900-02-03 Mabel Mercer, British jazz and cabaret singer whose style and phrasing influenced Frank Sinatra ("Fly Me To The Moon"), born in Burton upon Trent, England (d. 1984)
  • 1900-02-12 Fred Emney, British actor (Let the People Sing, Adventures of a Private Eye, Lilac Domino), born in London, England (d. 1980)
  • 1900-02-21 Sydney Arnold, British comic actor (The Meaning of Life, Top Secret!, Miss Jones & Son), born in Westminster, London, England (d. 1993)
  • 1900-03-03 Edna Best, British actress (Key, Calendar, Escape, Intermezzo), born in Hove, England (d. 1974)

Famous Weddings

Famous Divorces

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1401 - 1,500 of 2,331

  • 1940-08-22 Oliver Joseph Lodge, English physicist, early radio pioneer, dies at 89

J. J. Thomson

1940-08-30 J. J. Thomson, English physicist who discovered the electron (Nobel 1906), dies at 83

  • 1940-10-05 Ballington Booth, English Officer in The Salvation Army and co-founder of Volunteers of America
  • 1940-10-09 Wilfred Grenfell, British medical missionary to Newfoundland and Labrador, dies at 75
  • 1940-11-26 Harold Sidney Harmsworth, 1st Viscount Rothermere, English newspaper (Daily Mail and Daily Mirror), dies at 72
  • 1941-01-10 Frank Bridge, English violinist/composer (Sea), dies at 61
  • 1941-03-11 Walford Davies, British organist, composer, educator, and broadcaster (BBC), dies at 71
  • 1942-03-10 William Henry Bragg, English physicist (Nobel 1915-analysis of crystal structure by means of X-rays), dies at 79
  • 1942-06-07 Alan Blumlein, English electronics engineer, dies at 38
  • 1942-06-10 Stanley Lupino, English comic (Cheer Up; Over She Goes), dies at 48
  • 1942-08-25 George EAE, English prince/earl of St Andrews, dies in battle at 39
  • 1943-01-09 Robin G Collingwood, English philosopher (Roman Britain), dies at 53
  • 1943-04-29 Sidney Keyes, English poet (Foreign Gate), dies fighting during WWII at 20
  • 1943-09-23 Elinor Glyn, English author (b. 1864)

Beatrix Potter

1943-12-22 Beatrix Potter, English children's writer and illustrator (The Tale of Peter Rabbit,) dies aged 77

  • 1944-07-17 Hugh Rigby, English portrait painter (King George V 1928-32), dies
  • 1944-07-18 George A Hartland, British politician (MP, Norwich, 1931-35), dies at 60
  • 1944-07-18 Thomas Sturge Moore, English poet (Centaurs' Booty), dies at 74
  • 1944-07-20 Arthur J Treadwell, English mayor of Stoke Newington, dies at about 71
  • 1944-09-20 John Grayburn, British soldier who was posthumously awarded the Victoria Cross for gallantry during the defence of Arnhem bridge, dies during the battle at 26
  • 1944-10-23 Charles Glover Barkla, English physicist (1917 Nobel Prize for Physics for X-ray scattering), dies at 67
  • 1944-11-22 Arthur Eddington, English astrophysicist, cosmologist and mathematician (stars), dies at 61
  • 1945-04-10 Charles Nordhoff, English-born writer (b. 1887)
  • 1945-10-31 Henry Ainley, English actor (As You Like It), dies at 66
  • 1946-03-08 Frederick Lanchester, English Engineer who built the first British petrol automobile (1896), dies at 77

ExecutionJohn Maynard Keynes

1946-04-21 John Maynard Keynes, English economist whose ideas changed the theory and practice of modern macroeconomics, dies of a heart attack at 62

  • 1946-05-01 Percy Whitlock, English composer and organist, dies at 42

H. G. Wells

1946-08-13 H. G. Wells, English sci-fi author (The War of the Worlds, Time Machine), dies at 79

  • 1946-10-16 Granville Bantock, English composer and conductor (Hebridean Symphony), dies at 78
  • 1946-12-17 Constance [Clara] Garnett, Russian-English translator, dies at 84
  • 1947-01-12 Jonas Cohn, German philosopher (Wertwissenschaft), dies at 77
  • 1947-01-30 Frederick F Blackman, English botanist, dies at 80
  • 1947-05-30 Sidney Nicholson, English composer, dies at 72
  • 1947-10-13 Sydney Webb, English socialist and economist (founded London School of Economics) and husband of Beatrice Webb, dies at 88
  • 1947-10-26 Canon Edwin Sidney Savage, English rector (b. 1862)
  • 1948-05-28 Unity Mitford, English fascist sympathizer and one of the Mitford sisters, dies from the effects of a bullet in her head at 33
  • 1948-08-10 Montague Summers, English clergyman and writer (Malleus Maleficarum), dies at 68
  • 1948-08-12 Harry Brearley, English inventor (b. 1871)
  • 1948-09-28 E. J. Ratcliffe, English stage and screen actor, dies at 85
  • 1948-12-31 Malcolm Campbell, British motor racer (world land and water speed record holder), dies of a stroke at 63
  • 1949-02-28 Stanley Marchant, English composer, dies at 65
  • 1949-03-07 Francis Dodd, English artist (official war artist WWI), commits suicide at 74
  • 1949-04-18 Will Hay [William Thomson Hay], British comedian, actor and amateur astronomer, dies from a stroke at 60
  • 1950-09-21 Edward Arthur Milne, English astrophysicist (kinematic relativity), dies of a heart attack at 54
  • 1950-11-19 Thomas Wood, English composer, dies at 57
  • 1951-04-29 Ludwig Wittgenstein, Austria English philosopher (Philosophical Investigations), dies at 62
  • 1951-08-21 Leonard Constant Lambert, English composer (Rio Grande), dies at 45
  • 1951-12-10 Algernon Blackwood, English novelist (The Willows), dies at 82
  • 1952-02-13 Josephine Tey, English author (b. 1896)
  • 1952-03-04 Charles Scott Sherrington, British physiologist (Nobel 1932-functions of neurons), dies at 94

Gertrude Lawrence

1952-09-06 Gertrude Lawrence, English actress (Mimi, Rembrandt) and musical performer, dies of liver and abdominal cancer at 54

  • 1952-11-29 Rosa Lewis, English chef and owner (Cavendish Hotel London), dies at 85
  • 1952-12-08 Charles Lightoller, English second officer on the Titanic (b. 1874)
  • 1953-06-08 Godfrey Tearle, English-American actor (39 Steps, Mandy, At Dawn We Die), dies at 68
  • 1953-06-16 Margaret Bondfield, English politician and 1st British female cabinet minister (Labour), dies at 80
  • 1953-10-03 Arnold Bax, British composer known for his orchestral music (Tintagel), and memoirist (Farewell My Youth), dies of heart failure at 69
  • 1953-10-08 Kathleen Ferrier, English contralto singer (Orfeo Ed Evridice), dies at 41
  • 1953-11-24 Robert Lightfoot, English theologist and exegetist, dies at 70
  • 1954-01-13 Roland Diggle, English-born American composer and organist, dies at 69
  • 1954-02-26 William Inge, English author, theologist and Dean of St Paul's Cathedral, dies at 93
  • 1954-11-29 George Robey, English musical theatre actor and comedian, dies at 85
  • 1954-12-20 James Hilton, English author (Lost Horizon), dies at 54

Alexander Fleming

1955-03-11 Alexander Fleming, Scottish bacteriologist (invented penicillin), dies of a heart attack at 73

  • 1955-07-13 Ruth Ellis, last English woman (murderess), executed by hanging
  • 1955-12-27 Alfred Carpenter, English Royal Navy soldier, dies at 74
  • 1956-01-23 Alexander Korda, English movie producer (Henry VIII), dies at 62

A. A. Milne

1956-01-31 A. A. Milne, English author of the Winnie-the-Pooh books, dies at 74

  • 1956-05-15 Austin Osman Spare, English magician (b. 1886)
  • 1956-05-20 Max Beerbohm, English caricaturist, writer and parodist (Saturday Review), dies at 83
  • 1957-01-21 Arthur L Bowley, English statistician/economist, dies at 87
  • 1957-03-23 Patrick Abercrombie, English architect and town planner, dies at 77
  • 1957-03-29 Joyce Cary, English writer (Horse's Mouth), dies at 68
  • 1957-05-29 James Whale, English film director (Frankenstein, Show Boat), commits suicide by drowning at 67
  • 1957-06-27 Malcolm Lowry, English writer (Ultramarine), dies at 48
  • 1957-08-19 David Bomberg, English painter, dies at 66
  • 1957-09-01 Dennis Brain, British classical horn player (Serenade), killed in a car wreck at 38

John Van Druten

1957-12-19 John Van Druten, English playwright (I Remember Mama, I am a Camera) and theater director, dies at 56

  • 1958-01-11 Alec Rowley, English composer, dies at 65
  • 1958-02-06 David Pegg, English soccer outside left (1 cap; Manchester United 127 games), dies in Munich air disaster at 22
  • 1958-02-06 Tommy Taylor, English soccer striker (19 caps; Manchester United 166 games), dies in Munich air disaster at 26
  • 1958-02-06 Geoff Bent, English soccer fullback (Manchester United 12 games), dies in Munich air disaster at 25
  • 1958-02-06 Roger Byrne, English soccer fullback (33 caps; Manchester United 245 games), dies in Munich air disaster at 28
  • 1958-02-06 Mark Jones, English soccer defender (Manchester United 103 games), dies in Munich air disaster at 24
  • 1958-02-06 Frank Swift, English soccer goalkeeper and journalist (19 caps; Manchester City 376 games), dies in Munich air disaster at 44
  • 1958-02-06 Walter Crickmer, English soccer executive and manager (Manchester United), dies in Munich air disaster at 58
  • 1958-02-13 Dame Christabel Pankhurst, a leading suffragette (English) "Queen of the mob" (b.1880)
  • 1958-02-21 Duncan Edwards, English soccer midfielder (18 caps; Manchester United), dies from injuries sustained in Munich air disaster at 21

Rosalind Franklin

1958-04-16 Rosalind Franklin, English chemist and co-discoverer of the structure of DNA, dies of ovarian cancer at 37

  • 1958-05-19 Archie Scott-Brown, English race car driver (b. 1927)
  • 1958-06-29 Charles Spencelayh, English painter (Why War), dies at 92
  • 1958-08-03 Peter Collins, English auto racer (British GP 1958), dies in race accident at German GP at 26
  • 1958-08-05 Joseph Holbrooke, English pianist, conductor and composer (3 Blind Mice), dies at 80
  • 1958-08-26 Ralph Vaughan Williams, English composer (Hugh the Drover), dies at 85
  • 1959-01-22 Mike Hawthorn, English auto racer (F1 world champion 1958), dies in road accident at 29
  • 1959-02-15 Owen Willans Richardson, British physicist (Nobel 1928), dies at 69
  • 1959-03-07 Arthur Cecil Pigou, English economist (Economics of Welfare), dies at 81
  • 1959-03-11 Haydn Wood, English violinist, and composer of light classical music (Roses of Picardy), dies at 76
  • 1959-06-01 Sax Rohmer [Arthur Henry Sarsfield Ward], English author (Dr Fu Manchu novels), dies at 76
  • 1959-08-19 Jacob Epstein, American-English sculptor (Adam, Jacob & the Angel), dies at 78