English History (Part 16)

Historical Events


Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1501 - 1,600 of 4,621

  • 1900-03-31 Henry WFA, English duke of Gloucester/earl of Ulters
  • 1900-04-07 Tebbs Lloyd Johnson, English race walker (Olympic bronze 50k 1952; oldest Olympic medal-winning athlete; 48 years and 115 days), born in Melton Mowbray, England (d. 1984)
  • 1900-04-19 Richard Hughes, English writer (Fiction as Truth), born in Weybridge, Surrey (d. 1976)
  • 1900-05-07 Ralph Truman, British actor (Henry V, Treasure Island, Web of Evidence), born in London, England (d. 1977)
  • 1900-05-10 Cecilia Payne-Gaposchkin, British-American astronomer and astrophysicist who proposed that stars are composed largely of hydrogen and are not glowing balls of molten rock, born in Wendover, England (d. 1979) [1]
  • 1900-06-06 Arthur Askey, British actor (Bees in Paradise, Ghost Train), born in Liverpool, England (d. 1982)
  • 1900-06-06 Lester Matthews, English actor (The Adventures of Robin Hood), born in Nottingham, England (d. 1965)
  • 1900-07-02 Tyrone Guthrie, British actor, producer, writer and director, born in Tunbridge Wells, England (d. 1971)
  • 1900-07-10 [Elsie] Evelyn Laye, English singer & actress (Bitter Sweet, Merry Widow), born in London, England (d. 1996)
  • 1900-08-03 Ernie Pyle, American journalist and war correspondent during WW II (Pulitzer Prize, 1944), born in Dana, Indiana (d. 1945)

Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother

1900-08-04 Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon, British consort of King George VI and Queen Mother after his death, born in Hitchin, Hertfordshire, England (d. 2002)

  • 1900-08-31 Roland Culver, English actor (Thunderball, Encore), born in London, England (d. 1984)
  • 1900-09-07 Taylor Caldwell [Janet Miriam Holland Taylor Caldwell], Anglo-American novelist (Dynasty of Death, Dear and Glorious Physician), born in Manchester, England (d. 1985)
  • 1900-09-09 James Hilton, English novelist (Goodbye Mr Chips)
  • 1900-09-12 Eric Harding Thiman, English composer, born in Ashford, Kent (d. 1975)
  • 1900-10-08 Geoffrey Jellicoe, English landscape architect (Shute House), born in London (d. 1996)
  • 1900-12-17 Mary Cartwright, English mathematician, born in Aynho, United Kingdom (d. 1998)
  • 1900-12-22 Alan Bush, English composer pianist and teacher, born in London (d. 1995)
  • 1901-01-02 Rex O'Malley, British actor (Camille; Zara; Midnight, Thief), born in London, England (d. 1976)
  • 1901-01-06 Patrick Aherne, British actor (Green Dolphin Street, Rocketship X-M, The Court Jester), born in King's Norton, Worcestershire, England (d. 1970)
  • 1901-02-15 Christmas Humphreys, England, lawyer/writer/Buddhist (Awakening of Zen)
  • 1901-02-18 Reginald Sheffield, British actor (Suspicion, Of Human Bondage, Second Chance), born in London, England (d. 1957)
  • 1901-04-15 Joe Davis, English snooker player (World Champion 1927-40, 1946), born in Whitwell, Derbyshire (d. 1978)

John Van Druten

1901-06-01 John Van Druten, English playwright (I Remember Mama, I am a Camera), born in London (d. 1957)

  • 1901-06-03 Maurice Evans, British actor (Planet of the Apes, Bewitched), born in Dorchester, Dorset, England (d. 1989)
  • 1901-07-13 Eric Portman, Yorkshire England, actor (Naked Edge, Canterbury Tale), (d. 1969)
  • 1901-07-14 Gerald Finzi, British composer (Dies natalis), born in London, England
  • 1901-08-14 James Pitman, British educator and spelling reformer (Alphabets and Reading: The Initial Teaching Alphabet) (d. 1985)
  • 1901-08-23 Cecil Rolph Hewitt, English journalist and policeman, born in London (d. 1994)
  • 1901-09-17 Francis Chichester, English aviator and sailor (Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire), born in Barnstaple, Devon, England (d. 1972)
  • 1901-10-13 Edward Chapman, British actor (Things to Come, Promoter, Rembrandt), born in Harrogate, Yorkshire (d. 1977)
  • 1901-11-17 Joyce Wethered, British golfer (English Ladies' champion 1920–24), born in London, England (d. 1997)
  • 1901-12-21 Robin Irvine, British actor (Easy Virtue, When Boys Leave Home), born in London, England (d. 1933)
  • 1901-12-25 Alice C, English duchess of Gloucester/aunt of Elizabeth II
  • 1901-12-27 Irene Handl, British actress (Riding High, Morgan), born in London, England (d. 1987)
  • 1902-01-05 Dorothea "Stella" Gibbons, English author (Cold Comfort Farm), born in London, United Kingdom (d. 1989)
  • 1902-01-16 Eric Liddell, Scottish 400m runner (Olympic gold 1924) and Christian missionary in China, born in Tianjin, China (d. 1945)
  • 1902-01-30 Nikolaus Pevsner, German-British art historian (The Buildings of England), born in Leipzig, Germany (d. 1983)
  • 1902-02-21 Arthur D. Nock, English-American historian (St Paul)
  • 1902-03-28 Flora Robson, British actress (Dominique is Dead), born in South Shields, England (d. 1984)
  • 1902-03-29 William Walton, British composer (Troilus & Cressida; Wise Virgins), born in Oldham, Lancashire, England (d. 1983)
  • 1902-04-13 Godfrey Kenton, English actor (The Tempest; Well's Theater), born in London (d. 1998)
  • 1902-04-20 Donald Wolfit, British actor (Lawrence of Arabia, Becket, Accursed), born in New Balderton, Nottinghamshire, England (d. 1968)
  • 1902-04-22 Megan Lloyd George, English politician (1st female MP for Welsh - Carmarthen), born in Criccieth, Caernarfonshire, Wales (d. 1966)
  • 1902-05-02 Brian Aherne, British actor (I Confess, Titanic, Juarez), born in King's Norton, Worcestershire, England (d. 1986)
  • 1902-05-30 Seton Howard Frederick Lloyd, English Archaeologist (Arzawa civilization, Turkey)
  • 1902-07-20 Dilys Powell, English writer (Descent from Parnassus)
  • 1902-07-24 Nora Swinburne [Leonora Mary Johnson], British actress (Quo Vardis, Dinner at Ritz, River), born in Bath, Somerset (d. 2000)
  • 1902-08-16 Georgette Heyer, English novelist (Friday's Child), born in Wimbledon, London (d. 1975)
  • 1902-08-22 Jack Roy Armstrong, English historian (History of Sussex), born in Broadstairs, Kent (d. 1993)
  • 1902-09-20 Stevie [Florence Margaret] Smith, English poet and novelist (Not Waving but Drowning), born in Kingston upon Hull, England
  • 1902-09-21 Allen Lane, English publisher and founder of Penguin Books, born in Bristol, England (d. 1970)
  • 1902-10-28 Elsa Lanchester, British actress (The Bride of Frankenstien), born in London, England (d. 1986)
  • 1902-12-09 Richard A Butler, England, Dutch min of Finance/Foreign affairs
  • 1903-01-06 Francis L. Sullivan, British actor (Great Expectations, Oliver Twist, Missing Rembrandt), born in London, England (d. 1956)
  • 1903-01-07 Alan Napier, British actor (The Sword in the Stone, Batman), born in Birmingham, England (d. 1988)
  • 1903-01-10 Barbara Hepworth, British abstract sculptor & actress (Rescued by Rover), born in Wakefield, West Riding of Yorkshire (d. 1975)
  • 1903-02-21 Eric Fogg, English composer, born in Manchester, England (d. 1939)
  • 1903-02-27 Reginald Gardiner, British actor (The Flying Deuces, The Great Dictator), born in London, England (d. 1980)
  • 1903-03-24 Malcolm Muggeridge, English writer (Observer of Life)
  • 1903-03-25 Gertrude "Binnie" Barnes, actress (Last of the Mohicans, 3 Musketeers), born in London, England (d. 1998)
  • 1903-03-29 Arthur Negus, English antiques expert and broadcaster (Antiques Roadshow), born in Reading (d. 1985)
  • 1903-04-15 John Williams, British actor (Family Affair, Dial M for Murder), born in Chalfont St. Giles, Buckinghamshire, England (d. 1983)
  • 1903-05-12 Wilfrid Hyde-White, British actor (My Fair Lady, Peyton Place), born in Gloucestershire, England (d. 1991)

Bob Hope

1903-05-29 Bob Hope [Leslie Townes Hope], English-born American actor, comedian and entertainer, born in London (d. 2003)

  • 1903-06-01 Percy Whitlock, English composer and organist, born in Chatham (d. 1946)
  • 1903-06-08 Ronald Shiner, British actor (Dry Rot, Carry on Admiral, Keep it Clean, Aunt Clara), born in London, England (d. 1966)
  • 1903-06-29 Alan Blumlein, English electronics engineer, born in Hampstead, London (d. 1942)

Amy Johnson

1903-07-01 Amy Johnson, British pilot, first female pilot to fly alone Britain to Australia, born in Kingston upon Hull, England (d. 1941)

  • 1903-07-01 Beatrix Lehmann, British actress (Candles at Nine, Staircase), born in Bourne End, Buckinghamshire, England (d. 1979)
  • 1903-07-13 Kenneth Clark, English art historian (Civilisation), born in London, England (d. 1983)
  • 1903-09-05 Gloria Holden, British actress (The Life of Emile Zola, Dracula's Daughter), born in London, England (d. 1991)
  • 1903-10-01 George Coulouris, British actor (Runaway Bus), born in Manchester, England (d. 1989)
  • 1903-10-28 Evelyn Waugh, English author (Brideshead Revisited, Scoop), born in London, England (d. 1966)
  • 1903-11-11 Thomas Allibone, English physicist (Manhattan Project, high-voltage particle acceleration), born in Sheffield, South Yorkshire, England (d. 2003)
  • 1903-11-27 Mona Washbourne, British actress (Stevie, Billie Liar, Driver's Seat), born in Birmingham, England (d. 1988)
  • 1903-12-17 Ray Noble, English bandleader, comedian and actor (The Very Thought of You), born in Brighton, Sussex, England (d. 1978)
  • 1903-12-19 Cyril Dean Darlington, English biologist and geneticist who discovered the mechanics of chromosomal crossover and its role in inheritance and evolution, born in Chorley, England (d. 1981)
  • 1904-01-13 Richard Addinsell, composer (Taming of Shrew), born in London, England
  • 1904-01-14 Cecil Beaton, English photographer, born in Hampstead, United Kingdom (d. 1980)

Cary Grant

1904-01-18 Cary Grant [Archibald Alexander Leach], British-born American actor (Arsenic & Old Lace, North by Northwest), born in Horfield, Bristol, England (d. 1986)

  • 1904-02-20 Bramwell Fletcher, British actor (White Cargo, Random Harvest, The Mummy), born in Bradford, Yorkshire, England (d. 1988)
  • 1904-03-15 J Pat O'Malley, Irish-British actor (101 Dalmatians, The Jungle Book), born in Burnley, England (d. 1985)
  • 1904-03-16 Clive Morton, British actor (Goodbye Mr Chips, Moonraker), born in London, England (d. 1975)

John Gielgud

1904-04-14 Sir John Gielgud, British stage and screen actor and director (Arthur, Hamlet, Ages of Man), born in London, England (d. 2000)

  • 1904-05-06 Catherine Lacey, British actress (Sorcerors), born in London, England (d. 1979)
  • 1904-05-19 Anthony Bushell, British actor (Journey's End, A Night to Remember), born in Kent, England (d. 1997)
  • 1904-05-24 Patrick Johnson, English physicist (d. 1996)
  • 1904-07-04 Angela Baddeley, English actress (Ghost Train, Tom Jones), born in London, England (d. 1976)
  • 1904-07-05 Harold Acton, English-Italian historian and art collector, born in Villa La Pietra, Florence, Italy (d. 1994)
  • 1904-07-05 Josephine Wilson, British actress (The Lady Vanishes, We Dive at Dawn), born in Bromley, England (d. 1990)
  • 1904-07-06 Robert Whitney, American conductor (Sospiro do Roma), born in Newcastle upon Tyne, England (d. 1986)
  • 1904-08-04 Joe Tate, English footballer, born in Old Hill, Cradley Heath, England (d. 1973)
  • 1904-08-26 Christopher Isherwood, English novelist (Goodbye to Berlin), born in High Lane, Cheshire (d. 1986)
  • 1904-09-19 Bergen Evans, American professor of English ($64,000 Question), born in Franklin, Ohio (d. 1978)
  • 1904-09-30 Frank Lawton, British actor (Devil Doll, Invisible Ray), born in London, England (d. 1969)
  • 1904-09-30 Ralph Forbes [Taylor], British screen and stage actor (Romeo and Juliet; Piccadilly Jim; Daniel Boone), born in Wandsworth, London, England (d. 1951)

Graham Greene

1904-10-02 [Henry] Graham Greene, English novelist (Brighton Rock, The Power and the Glory), born in Berkhamsted, Hertfordshire (d. 1991)

  • 1904-10-13 Wilfred Pickles, British actor (Billy Liar, Gay Dog), born in Halifax, Yorkshire, England (d. 1978)
  • 1904-10-20 Anna Neagle, English actress (London Melody, Nurse Edith Cavell), born in London, England (d. 1986)

Famous Weddings


Famous Divorces


Famous Deaths

Deaths 1501 - 1,600 of 2,332

  • 1959-09-06 Edmund Gwenn, English actor (Miracle on 34th Street), dies at 81
  • 1960-05-12 (Cecil) Armstrong Gibbs, English composer, dies of pneumonia at 70

Lottie Dod

1960-06-27 Lottie Dod, British all-round athlete (Wimbledon 1887-88, 1891-93), dies at 88

  • 1960-09-27 Sylvia Pankhurst, English feminist and suffragette, dies at 78
  • 1960-11-03 Harold Spencer Jones, English astronomer and 10th astronomer royal of England whose work led to a more accurate determination of the distance between the Earth and the Sun, dies at 70
  • 1961-01-14 Ernest Thesiger, English actor (Brass Monkey, Ghoul), dies at 81
  • 1961-01-14 Henry Geehl, English composer, dies at 79
  • 1961-03-08 Thomas Beecham, English conductor (co-founded and led London Philharmonic, 1932-39; Royal Philharmonic, 1946-60), dies of heart failure at 81
  • 1961-07-16 [Louise] Sophie M E de Vries, actress (English Prof), dies at 88
  • 1961-10-14 Harriet Shaw Weaver, British political activist, and magazine editor (The Egoist), dies at 85
  • 1962-01-16 Emanuel Stickelberger, Swiss writer (Holbein in England), dies at 77
  • 1962-04-04 James Hanratty, executed at Bedford Prison, England, for the murder of Michael Gregsten (b. 1936)
  • 1962-06-02 Vita Sackville-West, English novelist, poet (The Land) and gardener (Sissinghurst), dies at 70
  • 1962-06-12 John Ireland, English composer and pianist (Epic March), dies at 82
  • 1962-07-20 George MacAulay Trevelyan, English royal historian, dies at 86
  • 1962-09-09 Geoffrey Mander, English industrialist (Mander Brothers Ltd.), dies at 80

Charles Laughton

1962-12-15 Charles Laughton, English actor (Hunchback of Notre Dame), dies at 63

  • 1963-01-11 Arthur D Nock, English-Americans historian (St Paul), dies at 60
  • 1963-07-10 Teddy Wakelam, English sports broadcaster (BBC) and rugby union player (captain Harlequin RFC), dies at 70
  • 1963-08-30 Guy Burgess, English-born Soviet spy, dies of acute liver failure at 52
  • 1963-11-13 Margaret Murray, English anthropologist and Egyptologist (b. 1863)

Aldous Huxley

1963-11-22 Aldous Huxley, English author (Brave New World), dies at 69

  • 1963-11-22 William R Titterton, English author (Candle of the Stars), dies at 87

T. H. White

1964-01-17 T. H. White, English novelist (England Have My Bones) and author of the King Arthur novels, dies of heart failure at 57

  • 1964-02-03 Sir Albert Richardson, English architect (b. 1880)
  • 1964-02-08 Tom Terriss, English director (His Buddy's Wife, Sumuru), dies at 91
  • 1964-08-13 Peter Anthony Allen is the last person executed (for murder) in England and the United Kingdom at Walton Prison, Liverpool
  • 1964-09-18 Clive Bell, English art critic, dies at 83
  • 1964-11-28 Jan Fabricius, Dutch/English playwright (Dolle Hans), dies at 93
  • 1964-12-09 Edith Sitwell, English poet and author (Wheels), dies at 77
  • 1965-03-28 Mary [Victoria Alexandra Alice Mary], Princess Royal and Countess of Harewood and daughter of George V, dies at 67
  • 1965-04-21 Edward Victor Appleton, English physicist (Nobel Prize 1947), dies at 72
  • 1965-12-16 William Somerset Maugham, English author (Razor's Edge), dies at 91
  • 1965-12-22 Richard Dimbleby, British journalist and broadcaster, dies at 52
  • 1966-03-07 Mike Millward, English musician (The Fourmost), dies of leukaemia at 23
  • 1966-04-02 C. S. Forester, English historical novelist (Horatio Hornblower), dies at 66
  • 1966-05-14 Megan Lloyd George, English politician (1st female MP for Welsh - Carmarthen), dies at 64

Jim Barnes

1966-05-24 Jim Barnes, English golfer (PGA C'ship 1916, 19; US Open 1921, British Open 1925; World Golf HOF), dies at 80

  • 1966-07-01 Pauline Boty, English artist, dies of cancer at 29
  • 1966-07-30 Edward Gordon Craig, British modernist actor, director and theorist (On the art of theatre), dies at 94

Charlotte Cooper

1966-10-10 Charlotte Cooper, British tennis player (1st female Olympic champion 1900; Wimbledon 1895-96, 98, 1901, 08), dies at 96

  • 1966-10-22 Hewlett Johnson [Red Dean of Canterbury], English bishop, dies at 92
  • 1966-10-26 Alma Cogan, British pop singer ("Dreamboat"; "I Can't Tell a Waltz from a Tango"), dies of ovarian cancer at 34
  • 1967-01-22 Robert Henriques, English writer (100 Hours to Suez), dies at 61
  • 1967-06-12 Bombardier Billy Wells [William Thomas Wells], English heavyweight boxer (Lionsdale Belt, 1911), dies at 79
  • 1967-07-21 Pierre Kemp, Dutch poet (English paint box), dies at 80
  • 1967-08-09 Joe Orton, British actor and dramatist (Prick Up Your Ears), is murdered by his partner Kenneth Halliwell at 34
  • 1967-09-01 Siegfried Sassoon, English poet and writer (Counterattack), dies at 80
  • 1967-10-03 Malcolm Sargent, English conductor (Last Night of Proms), dies at 72
  • 1967-10-07 Norman Angell (Lane), English journalist/pacifist (Nobel 1933), dies
  • 1967-11-13 Harriet Cohen, British pianist, dies at 71
  • 1968-05-01 Harold Nicolson, English diplomat and author (Good Behaviour), dies at 71
  • 1968-08-31 George P Gooch, English historian/House of Commons leader, dies
  • 1968-09-01 Granville English, composer, dies at 69
  • 1968-12-29 Austin Farrer, English theologian and philosopher (b. 1904)
  • 1969-01-25 Irene Castle, American vaudeville, stage, and screen dancer, and animal rights activist, dies at 75
  • 1969-05-04 Osbert Sitwell, English writer (Out of the Flame), dies at 76
  • 1969-06-13 Martita Hunt, Argentine-born English actress (Great Expectations), dies at 69
  • 1969-07-03 Brian Jones, British blues and rock guitarist, organist and sitar player (Rolling Stones, 1962-69), drowns in his swimming pool at 27

Cecil Frank Powell

1969-08-09 Cecil Frank Powell, English physicist who discovered pion (pi-meson), a subatomic particle (Nobel 1950), dies at 65

  • 1969-08-14 Leonard Woolf, English author and husband of Virginia Woolf, dies at 88
  • 1969-09-27 Violet Farebrother, English actress (Downhill, Easy Virtue), dies at 81
  • 1970-01-29 B. H. Liddell Hart, English military historian and publicist (The Rommel Papers), dies at 74
  • 1970-01-30 Malcolm Keen, British actor (The Lodger, The Manxman, The Murder Party), dies at 82
  • 1970-05-17 Nigel Balchin, English author (My Executioner), dies at 61

E. M. Forster

1970-06-07 E. M. Forster, English writer and novelist (Maurice, Passage to India), dies at 91

  • 1970-07-07 Allen Lane, English publisher and founder of Penguin Books, dies at 67
  • 1970-07-07 Dame Laura Knight, English impressionist artist, dies at 92
  • 1970-07-29 (Giovanni) "John" Barbirolli, British cellist, and conductor (New York Philharmonic, 1936-43; Hallé Orchestra, 1943-1970; Houston Symphony, 1961-67), dies of a heart attackat 70
  • 1970-12-08 Christopher Kelk Ingold, English chemist (Cahn–Ingold–Prelog priority rules), dies at 77
  • 1970-12-31 Cyril Scott, English composer and author (Alchemist), dies at 91
  • 1971-01-13 Robert Still, English composer, dies at 60
  • 1971-05-15 Sir Tyrone Guthrie, British actor, producer, writer and director, dies at 70
  • 1971-06-10 Michael Rennie, British actor (The Day the Earth Stood Still), dies at 61
  • 1971-07-03 Renie Riano, British-American vaudeville and screen actress (Jiggs and Maggie films; The Family Jewels) dies after long illness at 71
  • 1972-01-15 Margaret "Daisy" Ashford, British child author who wrote "The Young Visiters" (Mister Salteena's Plan) aged 9, dies at 90
  • 1972-03-01 Violet Trefusis, English writer & socialite who had a famous affair with writer Vita Sackville-West, dies at 77
  • 1972-05-22 Margaret Rutherford, English actress (Murder Ahoy, VIP's), dies at 80

Noël Coward

1973-03-26 Noël Coward, English playwright (Hay Fever; Private Lives), director (In Which We Serve -1942 Academy Award), actor and singer, dies of heart failure at 73

  • 1973-06-18 Roger Delgado, English actor (Doctor Who, Agent 8 3/4, Hot Enough for June), dies in a road accident at 55
  • 1973-06-30 Nancy Mitford, English author (Love in a Cold Climate), one of the Mitford sisters, dies of cancer at 68
  • 1973-07-29 Roger Williamson, English racing driver (b. 1948)
  • 1973-10-06 Dennis Price, English actor (Kind Hearts and Coronets, Separate Tables), dies at 58 (b. 1915)
  • 1973-11-26 John Rostill, British rock bassist (The Shadows, 1963-70 - "The Rise and Fall of Flingel Bunt"), and songwriter ("If You Love Me, Let Me Know"), dies of barbiturate poisioning at 31
  • 1973-12-13 Henry Green, English author (b. 1905)

Samuel Goldwyn

1974-01-31 Samuel Goldwyn, Polish English American film magnate (MGM), dies of natural causes at 91

  • 1974-06-10 Henry WFA, English duke of Gloucester, baron Culloden, dies at 74

James Chadwick

1974-07-24 James Chadwick, English physicist (Nobel 1935, discovered neutron), dies at 82

  • 1974-11-26 Cyril Connolly, English intellectual (b. September 10, 1903)
  • 1975-01-08 John Gregson, British actor (Gideon CID, The Longest Day, Shirley's World), dies from a heart attack at 55
  • 1975-02-13 Eric Harding Thiman, English composer, dies at 74
  • 1975-02-14 Julian S. Huxley, English biologist, 1st director-general of UNESCO, dies at 87
  • 1975-02-14 P. G. Wodehouse, English-American writer (Bertie Wooster novels), dies at 93
  • 1975-03-27 Arthur Bliss, English composer (Olympians), dies at 83
  • 1975-04-23 William Hartnell, English actor (first Doctor in Dr Who), dies at 67
  • 1975-05-20 Dame Barbara Hepworth, English sculptor, dies in fire at 72
  • 1975-07-04 Georgette Heyer, English novelist (Friday's Child), dies at 71
  • 1976-01-29 Michael Gwynn, English actor (Dunkirk, Barabbas, Cleopatra), dies of a heart attack at 59