English History (Part 20)

Historical Events


Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1901 - 2,000 of 4,617

  • 1916-03-10 Pamela Mason [Ostrer], British actress, author and talk-show host (Lady Possessed), born in Rochford, England (d. 1996)

Harold Wilson

1916-03-11 Harold Wilson, British Prime Minister (Labour: 1964-70, 1974-76), born in Huddersfield, England (d. 1995)

  • 1916-04-10 Alfie Bass [Abraham Basalinsky], British actor (Moonraker; Are You Being Served), born in London, England (d. 1987)
  • 1916-05-20 Owen Chadwick, English historian, priest and university chancellor, born in London, England (d. 2015)

Francis Crick

1916-06-08 Francis Crick, English molecular biologist who co-discovered DNA's structure, with James Watson (Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine, 1962), born in Northampton, England (d. 2004) [1] [2]

  • 1916-07-11 Reg Varney, English actor
  • 1916-07-18 Kenneth Armitage, English sculptor, born in Leeds, England (d. 2002)
  • 1916-07-21 Kirby Laing, English Construction head (John Laing & Son), born in Carlisle, England (d. 2009)
  • 1916-07-31 Sydney Tafler, actor (Too Many Crooks), born in London, England
  • 1916-08-18 Moura Lympany [Mary Johnstone], British concert pianist (OBE-1979), born in Saltash England (d. 2009)
  • 1916-08-21 William John Raff Hooper, British cartoonist (Percy Prune), born in Lichfield, Staffordshire, England (d. 1996)
  • 1916-08-22 John Slater, British actor (Deadlock, Cartel, Devil's Pass), born in London, England (d. 1975)
  • 1916-08-30 Kenneth Keith, Lord Keith of Castleacre, English banker, born in Castle Acre, England (d. 2004)
  • 1916-09-14 Eric Bentley, British-American critic and writer (In Search of Theater), born in Bolton, Lancashire, England
  • 1916-09-17 Mary Stewart, British sci-fi author (Crystal Cave), born in Sunderland, England (d. 2014)

Peter Finch

1916-09-28 Peter Finch, British-Australian radio, stage, and BAFTA and Academy Award-winning screen actor (Network; The Nun's Story; Raid on Entebbe), born in South Kensington, London, England (d. 1977)

James Herriot

1916-10-03 James Herriot [Alfred Wight], English veterinarian and novelist (All Creatures Great and Small), born in Sunderland, County Durham (d. 1995)

  • 1916-10-18 Peter Shepherd, English contractor/multi-millionaire
  • 1916-11-23 Michael Gough, English actor (Hammer Horror Films, Search for the Nile), born in Kuala Lumpur, British Malaya (d. 2011)
  • 1916-11-28 Lilian Baels, Princess of Réthy, English 2nd wife of Belgian king Leopold III, born in London (d. 2002)
  • 1916-11-30 Michael Gwynn, English actor (Village of Damned, Question 7), born in Bath, England (d. 1976)
  • 1916-12-02 John Bentley, British actor (African Patrol, Crossroads), born in Birmingham, England (d. 2009)
  • 1916-12-15 Maurice Wilkins, New Zealand-born English physicist whose X-ray diffraction studies of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) with Rosalind Franklin, proved crucial to discovery of DNA’s molecular structure by James Watson and Francis Crick (Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine, 1962), born in Pongaroa, New Zealand (d. 2004) [1] [2]
  • 1916-12-17 Penelope Fitzgerald, English writer (d. 2000)
  • 1917-02-19 Richard "Dick" Emery, British comedian and actor (Yellow Submarine, Loot, Baby Love), born in London, England (d. 1983)
  • 1917-03-06 Frankie Howerd, English comedian (d. 1992)
  • 1917-03-26 Jean Graham Hall, English circuit court judge
  • 1917-07-08 Pamela Brown, British actress (Cleopatra, I Know Where I'm Going!, Beckett), born in London, England (d. 1975)
  • 1917-07-10 Reg Smythe, English cartoonist (Andy Capp), born in Hartlepool, County Durham, England (d. 1998)
  • 1917-07-15 Robert Conquest, English historian and poet (The Great Terror), born in Great Malvern, Worcestershire (d. 2015)
  • 1917-07-24 John Hillaby, English writer and traveller, born in England (d. 1996)
  • 1917-07-26 Dickie Burnell, British rower (Olympic gold double sculls 1948), born in Henley-on-Thames, England (d. 1995)
  • 1917-08-30 Denis Healey, English politician (Labour Chancellor of the Exchequer), born in London, (d. 2015)
  • 1917-09-11 Jessica "Decca" Mitford, English author (American Way of Death), activist and one of the Mitford sisters, born in Gloucestershire (d. 1996)
  • 1917-09-17 Peter Bennett, British actor (Lady Chatterley's Lover, The Adventures of Robin Hood), born in London, England (d. 1989)
  • 1917-09-24 William Putnam Bundy, American attorney and intelligence expert (9th Assistant Secretary of State for East Asian and Pacific Affairs), born in Washington, D.C. (d. 2000)
  • 1917-09-28 Michael Somes, British dancer (Royal Ballet, 1938-70), born in Horsley, Gloucestershire, England (d. 1994)
  • 1917-10-05 Robert Adams, English sculptor and designer, born in Far Cotton, Northampton (d. 1984)
  • 1917-11-02 Durward Knowles, Bahamas yachtsman (Olympic gold, Star class 1968), born in Nassau, Bahamas (d. 2018)
  • 1917-11-20 Ram Gopal, Indian-English dancer (Blue Peter, Purple Plain), born in Bangalore, India (d. 2003)
  • 1917-12-05 Ken Downing, English racing driver, born in Chesterton, Staffordshire (d. 2004)

Arthur C. Clarke

1917-12-16 Arthur C. Clarke, English sci-fi author (2001: A Space Odyssey, Childhood's End), born in Minehead, England (d. 2008)

  • 1917-12-22 Andrew Fielding Huxley, English physiologist (Nobel 1963), born in London, England (d. 2012)
  • 1918-01-13 Ted Willis, prolific English screenwriter (It's Great to be Young)
  • 1918-01-27 (Lyle) "Skitch" Henderson, British-American pianist and orchestra leader (NBC Radio; NBC Television; New York Pops), born in Birmingham, England (d. 2005)
  • 1918-02-04 Ida Lupino, British-American actress (Adventures of Sherlock Holmes) and director (The Hitch-Hiker), born in London, England (d. 1995)
  • 1918-02-08 Max Rayne, English property developer /multi-millionaire (d. 2003)
  • 1918-02-10 Gordon Pirie, English Group Captain and politician, born in Oxford (d. 2003)
  • 1918-02-28 Alfred Burke, British actor (Public Eye, Backfire, Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets), born in London, England (d. 2011)
  • 1918-03-01 Roger Delgado, English actor (Doctor Who, Agent 8 3/4, Hot Enough for June), born in London, England (d. 1973)
  • 1918-04-07 Ronald Howard, British actor (Naked Edge, Come September, Murder She Said), born in Norwood, England (d. 1996)
  • 1918-04-11 Richard Wainwright, English politician, Liberal MP for Colne Valley (1966–70), born in Leeds (d. 2003)
  • 1918-04-13 A. L. [Audrey] Barker, English writer, born in St Pauls Cray, Kent (2002)
  • 1918-05-03 Ted Bates, English former footballer, born in Thetford, England (d. 2003)
  • 1918-05-06 Sydney Chatton, English actress (Once Upon a Horse), born in Bolton, Lancashire, England (d. 1966)
  • 1918-05-16 Wilf Mannion, English former footballer (d. 2000)

Florence Chadwick

1918-05-19 Florence Chadwick, swimmer (1st to swim English Channel both ways), born in San Diego, California (d. 1995)

  • 1918-05-29 Isabel Dean, English actress (Five Days One Summer Virgin Island, Ransom), born in Aldridge, Staffordshire (d. 1997)

Cicely Saunders

1918-06-22 Cicely Saunders, English nurse, physician and writer who founded the first modern hospice, born in Barnet, England (d. 2005)

  • 1918-07-06 Sebastian Cabot, British actor (Kismet; Family Affair - "Mr. French", Time Machine), born in London, England (d. 1977)
  • 1918-08-13 Frederick Sanger, British biochemist (worked out structure of insulin, developed Sanger sequencing to sequence complete genome, Nobel Prize 1958, 1980), born in Rendcomb, Gloucestershire, England (d. 2013)
  • 1918-08-25 Richard Greene, English composer and actor (The Adventures of Robin Hood), born in Plymouth, Devon, England (d. 1985)
  • 1918-11-06 Ronnie Brody, British actor (Superman 3, What's Up Nurse, Ritz), born in Bristol, England (d. 1991)
  • 1919-03-15 John Gregson, British actor (Gideon CID, The Longest Day, Shirley's World), born in Liverpool, England (d. 1975)
  • 1919-04-04 Antony Tudor, English dancer and choreographer (Metropolitan Opera 1957), born in London (d. 1987)
  • 1919-04-11 Sir Raymond Carr, English historian and warden (St Antony's College Oxford), born in Bath, Somerset
  • 1919-04-16 Tom Willmore, English geometer, born in Gillingham, England (d. 2005)
  • 1919-04-27 Walter Ritchie, British sculptor (Man's Struggle), born in Coventry, England (d. 1997)
  • 1919-05-09 Arthur English, British comedian and actor (Malachi's Cove, Are You Being Served?), born in Aldershot, Hampshire, England (d. 1995)
  • 1919-05-16 Richard Mason, English author (The World of Suzie Wong), born near Manchester (d. 1997)
  • 1919-05-18 Margot Fonteyn, English ballerina considered the 1st lady of British Ballet (Giselle), born in Reigate, England (d. 1991)
  • 1919-05-26 Peter Raleigh, English foreign correspondent and television executive, born in Barnstaple (d. 1996)
  • 1919-07-07 Jon Pertwee, English actor and entertainer (third Doctor in Doctor Who, Worzel Gummidge), born in London (d. 1996)
  • 1919-07-19 Patricia Medina, British actress (The Three Musketeers, High-Low), born in Liverpool, England (d. 2012)
  • 1919-08-02 John Pinkerton, English computer scientist who designed the first business computer in England, the LEO computer, born in London (d. 1997)
  • 1919-08-13 George Shearing, British-American blind jazz pianist, and composer ("Lullaby of Birdland"), born in London, England (d. 2011)
  • 1919-10-05 Donald Pleasence, British actor (You Only Live Twice, Escape from New York, Halloween), born in Worksop, England (d. 1995)
  • 1919-10-05 Robin Bailey, British actor (See No Evil, I Didn't Know You Cared), born in Hucknall, Nottinghamshire, England (d. 1999)
  • 1919-11-23 Peter Strawson, English philosopher (University of Oxford), born in London, England (d. 2006)
  • 1919-11-25 Chaim Pearl, Jewish rabbi and scholar, born in Liverpool, England (d. 1995)
  • 1919-12-12 Olivia Barclay, British astrologer (revival of traditional forms of astrology in the late 20th century), born in Essex, England (d. 2001)
  • 1920-01-01 Roger Peacock, English writer (Thursday is Missing), born in Liverpool (d. 1996)
  • 1920-01-02 Andrew Cavendish, Duke of Devonshire, English aristocrat (Chatsworth), politician, married Deborah Mitford, born in London, England (d. 2004)
  • 1920-01-04 Rosalie Crutchley, British actress (Armchair Theatre: Black Limelight, Four Weddings and a Funeral), born in London, England (d. 1997)
  • 1920-01-06 John Maynard Smith, English biologist, born in London, United Kingdom (d. 2004)
  • 1920-01-31 Bert Williams MBE, English soccer goalkeeper (24 caps; Wolverhampton Wanderers 381 games), born in Bradley, Staffordshire (d. 2014)
  • 1920-02-04 Derek Worlock, English Roman Catholic Archbishop Liverpool, born in London (d. 1996)
  • 1920-02-10 Alexander Comfort, English poet/writer (Wreath for the Living)
  • 1920-02-19 George Rose, British actor and singer (Beacon Hill, Holocaust), born in Bicester, Oxfordshire, England (d. 1988)
  • 1920-02-23 John St Aubyn, 4th Baron St Levan, English peer (St Michael's Mount), born in London (d. 2013)
  • 1920-02-28 Marjorie Sweeting, English geomorphologist (d. 1994)
  • 1920-03-06 Lewis Gilbert, British director, producer and screenwriter (You Only Live Twice, Sink the Bismarck!), born in London, England (d. 2018)
  • 1920-03-11 D J Enright, England, poet/novelist (Some Men are Brothers)
  • 1920-03-16 John Addison, British Academy and BAFTA Award-winning film score composer (Tom Jones; A Bridge Too Far; Centennial), born in Surrey, England (d. 1998)
  • 1920-03-25 Patrick Troughton, English actor (second Doctor in Doctor Who), born in Mill Hill (d. 1987)
  • 1920-03-31 Deborah "Debs" Cavendish, Duchess of Devonshire and the Chatsworth estate, one of the Mitford sisters, born in Gloucestershire (d. 2014)
  • 1920-04-05 Arthur Hailey, English novelist (Hotel, Airport), born in Luton, Bedfordshire, England (d. 2004)
  • 1920-04-09 Alexander Moulton, English engineer and bicycle designer (folding bicycle), born in Stratford-upon-Avon, England (d. 2012)
  • 1920-05-09 Richard Adams, English author (Watership Down), born in Newbury (d. 2016)
  • 1920-05-10 Bert Weedon, English guitar player ("Play in a Day" books), born in London (d. 2012)

Famous Weddings


Famous Divorces


Famous Deaths

Deaths 1901 - 2,000 of 2,328

  • 1999-06-27 Brian O'Hara, English rock musician (The Foremost), commits suicide at 57
  • 1999-07-17 Kevin Wilkinson, British drummer (The Waterboys), commits suicide at 41
  • 1999-08-25 Rob Fisher, British rock keyboardist (Naked Eyes), dies at 42
  • 1999-09-14 Charles Crichton, English film director (b. 1910)
  • 1999-11-12 Alfred G. Vanderbilt Jr., English thoroughbred horse owner (Bed O' Roses, Native Dancer), dies at 87
  • 1999-12-25 Peter Jeffrey, British character actor (Dr Phibes Rides Again, Twinsanity), dies at 70
  • 2000-02-07 "Lonesome Dave" Peverett, British rock singer and musician (Foghat, Savoy Brown), dies of complications from cancer at 56
  • 2000-02-23 Stanley Matthews, English soccer forward (54 caps; Stoke City, Blackpool; 1st British player to be knighted), dies at 85
  • 2000-03-27 Ian Dury, English rock musician (The Blockheads) and actor (Judge Dredd), dies at 57
  • 2000-04-10 Peter Jones, British actor (Chariots of Fire, From a Bird's Eye View), dies of natural causes at 79
  • 2000-04-14 Wilf Mannion, English footballer (b. 1918)
  • 2000-04-28 Penelope Fitzgerald, English writer, dies at 83
  • 2000-05-21 Barbara Cartland, English romance author (Camfield #69), dies at 98
  • 2000-06-24 David Tomlinson, British actor (Mary Poppins, Bedknobs and Broomsticks, Helter Skelter), dies from a stroke at 83
  • 2000-06-29 John Aspinall, English zoo owner (Howletts; Port Lympne), and gambling club host, dies of cancer at 74
  • 2000-07-09 Doug Fisher, English actor (b. 1941)
  • 2000-07-10 Justin Pierce, English-American actor and skateboarder (b. 1975)
  • 2000-07-15 Paul Young, English singer (Mike + The Mechanics), dies of a cardiac arrest at 53
  • 2000-08-16 Alan Caddy, English musician (The Tornados), dies at 60
  • 2000-08-30 Willie Maddren, English soccer defender (Middlesborough 293 games) and manager (Middlesborough 1984-86), dies from motor neurone disease at 49
  • 2000-11-09 Hugh Paddick, English actor (Round the Horne), dies at 85
  • 2000-11-27 Len Shackleton, English former footballer, dies at 78
  • 2000-12-18 Kirsty MacColl, English singer and songwriter (Electric Landlady), dies when run over by a power boat in the National Marine Park of Cozumel at 41
  • 2000-12-24 John Cooper, English race car designer (b. 1923)
  • 2001-01-11 Sir Denys Lasdun, English architect (b. 1914)
  • 2001-03-21 Anthony Steel, British actor and singer (Malta Story, The Wooden Horse), dies from lung cancer at 80
  • 2001-03-24 Muriel Young, English TV entertainer (b. 1928)
  • 2001-04-16 Alec Stock, English football manager (b. 1917)

Douglas Adams

2001-05-11 Douglas Adams, English author (Hitchiker's Guide to the Galaxy), dies of myocardial infarction and a fatal cardiac arrhythmia at 49

  • 2001-05-16 Brian Pendleton, English musician (The Pretty Things) (b. 1944)
  • 2001-06-28 Joan Sims, British actress ("Carry on" films, As Time Goes By), dies from liver failure and diverticulitis at 71
  • 2001-07-03 Delia Derbyshire, English musician and composer (Doctor Who theme, White Noise), dies of renal failure at 64
  • 2001-08-06 Dorothy Tutin, British actress (Importance of Being Ernest, Cromwell), dies at 71
  • 2001-08-11 Percy Stallard, English racing cyclist (b. 1909)
  • 2001-08-20 Fred Hoyle, English astronomer (Steady State Theory, coined phrase 'Big Bang') and sci-fi writer, dies at 86
  • 2001-08-30 Ivor Spencer-Thomas, English farmer, entrepreneur and inventor, dies at 94
  • 2001-11-05 Roy Boulting, English film director and producer (Desert Victory), dies at 87
  • 2001-11-06 Anthony Shaffer, English dramatist (Sleuth), dies at 75
  • 2001-11-12 Tony Miles, English chess grandmaster, dies at 46
  • 2001-11-13 Margaret "Peggy" Mount, British actress (Oliver!, Panic in the Parlor), dies following a stroke at 86

George Harrison

2001-11-29 George Harrison, British guitarist, singer, songwriter, and sitar player (Beatles - "While My Guitar Gently Weeps"; "Here Comes The Sun"; solo - "If Not For You"; Traveling Wilburys - "Handle With Care"), dies of lung cancer at 58

  • 2001-12-16 Stuart Adamson, Scottish rock vocalist and guitarist (The Skids, Big Country), dies at 43
  • 2001-12-26 Nigel Hawthorne, English actor (Tartuffe, Pope John Paul II), dies at 72
  • 2002-01-02 Zac Foley, English rock bassist (EMF "Unbelievable"), dies at 31
  • 2002-01-22 Peter Bardens, English musician (Camel), dies of cancer at 56
  • 2002-02-16 Walter Winterbottom, England soccer manager (first manager England national football team 1946–62; FA Director of Coaching), dies at 88
  • 2002-02-21 A. L. [Audrey] Barker, English writer, dies at 83
  • 2002-02-21 John Thaw, British stage and screen actor (Inspector Morse), dies of cancer at 60
  • 2002-03-04 Claire Davenport, English actress (The Elephant Man), dies at 68
  • 2002-03-25 Kenneth Wolstenholme, British BBC football commentator, dies at 81

Dudley Moore

2002-03-27 Dudley Moore, English comedian, actor (10; Arthur; Bedazzled), jazz pianist, and composer, dies of progressive supranuclear palsy and pneumonia at 66

  • 2002-04-03 Fad Gadget [Francis Tovey], English singer and musician, dies of a heart attack at 45
  • 2002-05-02 John Nathan-Turner, English television producer (b. 1947)
  • 2002-05-02 W. T. Tutte, English-born codebreaker (b. 1917)
  • 2002-05-18 David "Davey Boy" Smith, English professional wrestler (WWF Intercontinental Championship; British Bulldogs), dies of a heart attack at 39
  • 2002-05-25 Patricia "Pat" Coombs, British comedienne and actress (Carry On Again Doctor, Cranford), dies at 75
  • 2002-05-31 Eric Boyland, English biochemist (cancer research), dies at 97
  • 2002-07-24 Maurice Denham, British actor (Mr Love, Damn the Defiant), dies at 92
  • 2002-08-30 J. Lee Thompson, English film director (b. 1914)
  • 2002-08-31 George Porter, British chemist (Nobel Prize, 1967), dies at 81
  • 2002-09-23 Lord Abinger [James Richard Scarlett], English Conservative peer, campaigned for reform of the ancient law on treasure trove, dies at 87
  • 2002-11-15 Myra Hindley, English murderess (murdered 5 small children with Ian Brady), dies at 60
  • 2002-12-17 James Hazeldine, British stage and screen actor (London's Burning), dies of an aortic dissection at 55
  • 2002-12-19 Arthur Rowley, English soccer forward (most goals in English league football, 434 from 619 games; Leicester City, Shrewsbury Town), dies at 76
  • 2002-12-30 Mary Wesley, English novelist (b. 1912)
  • 2003-01-01 Cyril Shaps, British actor, producer and voice artist (The Pianist), dies at 79
  • 2003-01-11 Mickey Finn, British rock percussionist and bongocero (T. Rex), dies at 55
  • 2003-01-12 Allan Nunn May, English physicist and Soviet spy (b. 1911)
  • 2003-01-16 Richard Wainwright, English politician, Liberal MP for Colne Valley (1966–70), dies at 84
  • 2003-01-26 Hugh Trevor-Roper, English historian (The Last Days of Hitler), dies at 89
  • 2003-02-14 Johnny Longden, Canadian Racing Hall of Fame jockey/trainer (1943 Triple Crown on Count Fleet), dies of a stroke at 96
  • 2003-02-24 John Edward Christopher Hill, English historian (b. 1912)
  • 2003-02-27 John Lanchbery, British-Australian composer and conductor (Royal Ballet, 1959-72; Australian Ballet, 1972-77; American Ballet Theatre, 1978-80), dies at 79
  • 2003-02-28 Chris Brasher, English athlete (b. 1928)
  • 2003-03-03 Peter Smithson, English architect, dies at 79
  • 2003-03-08 Adam Faith, English singer and actor (b. 1940)
  • 2003-03-22 Terry Lloyd, English reporter (b. 1952)
  • 2003-03-31 H.S.M. Coxeter, English-born geometer (b. 1907)
  • 2003-04-16 Graham Stuart Thomas, English author and garden designer (b. 1909)
  • 2003-04-18 Edgar F. Codd, English-American computer scientist who contributed to the theory and practice of database management systems, dies at 79 [1]
  • 2003-05-11 Noel Redding, English bassist (The Jimi Hendrix Experience - "Purple Haze"), dies from cirrhosis of the liver at 57
  • 2003-05-14 Wendy Hiller, English actress (Major Barbara, David Copperfield), dies at 90
  • 2003-05-24 Rachel Kempson, English actress (b. 1910)
  • 2003-06-07 Trevor Goddard, English actor (b. 1962)
  • 2003-06-10 Bernard Williams, English moral philosopher, dies at 73
  • 2003-06-19 Laura Sadler, English actress (b. 1980)
  • 2003-07-10 Winston Graham, English writer (b. 1908)
  • 2003-07-20 Nicolas Freeling, English writer (b. 1927)

Bob Hope

2003-07-27 Bob Hope [Leslie Townes Hope], English-born American actor, comedian and entertainer, dies at 100

  • 2003-08-09 Ray Harford, English footballer and manager (b. 1945)
  • 2003-08-11 Diana Mitford, English biographer, famous beauty, wife of Oswald Mosley and one of the Mitford sisters, dies at 93
  • 2003-08-18 Tony Jackson, British bass player (The Searchers, 1962-64 - "Sugar And Spice"), dies from a combination of diabetes, heart disease, and cirrhosis of the liver at 65
  • 2003-08-21 Kathy Wilkes, English philosopher and aid worker (b. 1946)
  • 2003-08-29 Patrick Procktor, English artist, dies at 67
  • 2003-09-09 Thomas Allibone, English physicist (Manhattan Project, high-voltage particle acceleration), dies at 99
  • 2003-09-15 Jack Brymer, British classical clarinetist (Royal Philharmonic; BBC Symphony; London Symphony), and teacher, dies at 88
  • 2003-09-26 Robert Palmer, English singer-songwriter ("Addicted To Love"; The Power Station), dies of a heart attack at 54
  • 2003-10-05 Denis Quilley, British actor (Anything Goes, The Lady's Not For Burning, Masada), dies from liver cancer at 75