English History (Part 8)

Historical Events

Events 701 - 800 of 1,324

  • 1793-09-29 Tennis is 1st mentioned in an English sporting magazine
  • 1795-01-18 Governor and Viceroy Willem V flees Scheveningen to England
  • 1795-02-17 Thomas Seddal harvests 8.3-kg potato from his garden in Chester, England
  • 1795-04-23 William Hastings acquitted in England of high treason
  • 1795-08-15 Austrian composer Joseph Haydn leaves England forever after calling the time spent there "the happiest of his life"
  • 1795-08-20 Joseph Haydn returns to Vienna from England

Historic Publication

1795-09-15 "Lyrical Ballads" published by Samuel Taylor Coleridge and William Wordsworth - 1st work of English Romantic movement (probable date)

  • 1796-02-29 Jay's Treaty proclaimed, settles some differences with England

Historic Event

1796-05-14 English country doctor Edward Jenner administers his revolutionary cowpox-based vaccine for smallpox, in Berkeley, Gloucestershire

  • 1796-10-05 Spain declares war on England
  • 1797-02-26 Bank of England issues first £1 note
  • 1797-05-12 Nore Mutiny: British Royal Navy sailors mutiny on the Thames, England and blockade London

Historic Event

1803-10-21 English scientist John Dalton reads his paper on the absorption of gases by water to the Manchester Literary and Philosophical Soc - 1st outline of his atomic theory

  • 1804-01-30 Scottish explorer Mungo Park leaves England seeking source of Niger River
  • 1804-08-25 Alicia Thornton becomes first female jockey in England riding at Knavesmire in Yorkshire
  • 1805-07-08 American Bill Richmond knocks out Jack Holmes, Kilburn Wells, England
  • 1807-01-01 Curacao is taken by English (until March, 1816)
  • 1807-02-24 17 die & 15 wounded in a crush to witness execution of Holloway, Heggerty & Elizabeth Godfrey in England
  • 1809-04-18 First run of 2,000 guineas horse race at Newmarket, England

Historic Event

1810-05-03 English poet Lord Byron swims the Hellespont (modern day Dardanelles)

  • 1812-05-11 Waltz introduced into English ballrooms. Some observers consider it disgusting and immoral.
  • 1812-09-03 World's first cannery (Donkin, Hall and Gamble) opens in London, England to supply food to the Royal Navy

Historic Event

1814-04-26 King Louis XVIII lands at Calais from England

Railroad History

1814-07-25 English engineer George Stephenson introduces his first steam locomotive, a travelling engine designed for hauling coal on the Killingworth wagonway named Blücher

  • 1814-10-23 One of the first modern plastic surgeries in the west performed by Joseph Carpue on a soldier's nose in England using Indian techniques
  • 1815-07-15 1st flat horse race held at English race track Cheltenham on Nottingham Hill
  • 1815-11-20 Russia, Prussia, Austria and England sign an Alliance "for the maintenance of peace in Europe" on the same day as the Treaty of Paris
  • 1816-10-21 The Penang Free School is founded in George Town, Penang, Malaysia, by the Rev Hutchings. It is the oldest English-language school in Southeast Asia.
  • 1818-09-30 Congress of Aken: Russia, Austria, Prussia, France & England
  • 1818-10-08 Jack Broughton designed padded gloves first used in a competitive boxing match between 2 unnamed English boxers at Aix-la-Chapelle in France
  • 1819-08-16 Peterloo Massacre, Manchester, England: cavalry charges demonstrators, 15 people killed and 400–700 injured
  • 1820-01-12 Astronomical Society of London (now the Royal Astronomical Society) founded in England
  • 1823-02-20 English Captain James Weddell reaches 74°15' S, 1520 km from South Pole
  • 1824-10-21 Joseph Aspdin patents Portland cement (Yorkshire, England)
  • 1825-03-02 1st grand opera in US sung in English, NYC
  • 1825-09-27 George Stephenson's "Locomotion No. 1" becomes the 1st steam locomotive to carry passengers on a public rail line, the Stockton and Darlington Railway in England
  • 1826-11-27 John Walker invents friction match in England
  • 1827-03-07 Shrigley Abduction: Ellen Turner, a wealthy heiress in Cheshire, England, is abducted by Edward Gibbon Wakefield, a future politician in colonial New Zealand
  • 1827-04-07 English chemist John Walker invents wooden matches
  • 1828-10-25 St Katharine Docks opens in London, England
  • 1830-05-18 Edwin Budding of England signs an agreement for the manufacture of his invention, a lawn mower. Saturdays are destroyed forever
  • 1830-09-15 First passenger to be killed by a railway train (William Huskisson in England)

Historic Event

1831-03-01 Lord John Russell introduces the Reform Bill in the British House of Commons on the government's behalf to revamp the electoral system of England and Wales and increase the franchise

  • 1831-04-14 Soldiers marching on a bridge in Manchester, England, cause it to collapse.

Darwin Discovers The Secrets of Life

1831-12-27 HMS Beagle with Charles Darwin on board departs England for a survey of South America, a voyage Darwin later said "determined my whole career"

Historic Event

1832-03-22 British Parliament, led by Charles Grey, passes the Reform Act, introducing wide-ranging changes to electoral system of England and Wales, increasing electorate from about 500,000 voters to 813,000

  • 1834-03-18 Six farm labourers from Tolpuddle, Dorset, England are sentenced to be transported to Australia for forming a trade union
  • 1835-08-11 George B Airy begins 46-year reign as England's Astronomer Royal
  • 1836-07-30 First English language newspaper published in Hawaii

Historic Expedition

1836-10-02 After 5 years at sea Charles Darwin returns to England aboard the HMS Beagle

  • 1836-12-27 Worst English avalanche kills 8 of 15 buried (Lewes Sussex)
  • 1837-06-11 The Broad Street Riot occurs in Boston, fueled by ethnic tensions between English-Americans and Irish-Americans
  • 1838-04-08 Steamship "Great Western" makes her maiden voyage from Bristol, England, to New York
  • 1838-04-22 English steamship "Sirius" docks in NYC after crossing the Atlantic, first transatlantic steam passenger service
  • 1838-04-23 English steamship "Great Western" crosses the Atlantic docks in NYC
  • 1838-07-04 Huskar Colliery Mining Disaster in Silkstone England: mining pit floods drown 26 children, leads to 1842 'Mines and Collieries Act' bans women and children working underground
  • 1838-09-24 Anti-Corn-Law League forms to repeal English Corn Law
  • 1838-11-03 The Times of India, world's largest circulated English language daily broadsheet newspaper founded as The Bombay Times and Journal of Commerce
  • 1839-01-06 2 day storm off Irish & English coast immortalized as the "Big Wind"
  • 1839-07-27 Chartist riots break out in Birmingham, England

Famous Photo

1839-09-09 English scientist and astronomer John Herschel takes 1st glass plate photograph

  • 1840-01-05 Records show 95,820 licensed public houses in England on this date

Historic Event

1842-01-03 Charles Dickens and his wife Catherine leave Liverpool, England for America on board the RMS Britannia

  • 1844-12-21 The Rochdale Pioneers commence business at their cooperative in Rochdale, England, starting the Cooperative movement.
  • 1845-05-20 HMS Erebus and HMS Terror with 134 men under John Franklin sail from the River Thames in England, beginning a disastrous expedition to find the Northwest Passage. All hands are lost.
  • 1846-06-10 Robert Thomson obtains an English patent on a rubber tyre
  • 1846-07-21 Mormons found 1st English settlement in California (San Joaquin Valley)

Music History

1846-08-26 Felix Mendelssohn's oratorio "Elijah" premieres at the Birmingham Festival in England

  • 1847-03-01 Michigan becomes 1st English-speaking jurisdiction to abolish the death penalty (except for treason against the state)
  • 1847-04-05 Birkenhead Park, the first civic public park, opens in Birkenhead, England, designed by Joseph Paxton
  • 1847-10-20 12 year old English boy William Nelman poisons his grandpa with arsenic, would become famous court case
  • 1848-07-11 Edmund Hickly gets 1st known 10 wicket innings (Kent v England)
  • 1848-09-19 Hyperion, moon of Saturn, discovered by Bond (US) & Lassell (England)
  • 1849-04-25 The Governor General of Canada, Lord Elgin, signs the Rebellion Losses Bill, outraging Montreal's English population and triggering the Montreal Riots.

Historic Expedition

1850-01-20 HMS Investigator headed by Robert McClure leaves England, 1st expedition to make a Northwest passage (though some over ice)

  • 1850-06-04 Self-deodorizing fertilizer patented in England
  • 1850-09-24 Papal Bull issued, establishes Roman Catholic hierarchy in England
  • 1854-05-05 British Commodore James Plumridge attacks Finnish settlements in Gulf of Bothnia, killing civilans and destroying British-owned goods.
  • 1854-09-04 English and French lay siege to the eastern Russian city of Petropavlovsk Kamchatsky during the Crimean war
  • 1854-10-23 English newspaper "The Times" gives precise British positions in Crimea during Crimean War
  • 1855-02-08 The Devil's Footprints, hoof-like marks mysteriously appear for over 60km after a snowfall in southern Devon, England
  • 1856-05-27 Doctor William Palmer (the Rugeley Poisoner) found guilty of poisoning in Stafford, England
  • 1858-01-30 Charles Hallé founds Halle Orchestra in Manchester, England
  • 1859-05-04 The Cornwall Railway opens across the Royal Albert Bridge linking the counties of Devon and Cornwall in England.
  • 1859-06-28 1st dog show held, in Newcastle upon Tyne, England
  • 1859-07-22 Underarm slow right arm bowler V E Walker takes 10-74 in 1st innings for an All-England Cricket XI v Surrey CCC at The Oval in London

Historic Event

1859-09-17 Joshua Abraham Norton, English-born resident of San Francisco, proclaims himself his Imperial Majesty Emperor Norton I, Emperor of the United States of America

  • 1859-11-24 English naturalist Charles Darwin publishes "On the Origin of Species" radically changing the view of evolution and laying the foundation for evolutionary biology
  • 1860-12-26 First ever inter-club football match between Hallam F.C. and Sheffield F.C. at Sandygate Road ground in Sheffield, England
  • 1861-11-19 The first petroleum shipment (1,329 barrels) from the U.S. to Europe leaves Philadelphia, USA, for London, England on the Elizabeth Watts
  • 1862-01-09 The first petroleum shipment (1,329 barrels) from the U.S. to Europe arrives at Victoria Docks, London, England aboard the Elizabeth Watts
  • 1862-05-15 Confederate ship Alabama launched as the Enrica at Birkenhead, England, where she had been built in secret
  • 1864-03-11 The Great Sheffield Flood: the largest man-made disaster ever to befall England kills over 250 people in Sheffield
  • 1864-06-29 Samuel Crowther, bishop of Niger, becomes the first Black bishop of the Church of England
  • 1866-01-11 Steamship London sinks in storm off Land's End, England and kills 220
  • 1866-07-26 Canoe Club opens in England
  • 1867-11-23 The Manchester Martyrs are hung at Salford Gaol, Manchester, England for shooting a police officer
  • 1868-03-05 Stapler patented in England by C H Gould
  • 1869-06-15 Mike McCoole (US) defeats Tom Allen (England) in bare-knuckle bout
  • 1869-11-17 Englishman James Moore wins 1st bicycle race, racing 13K Paris to Rouen

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 701 - 800 of 4,610

  • 1789-03-17 Edmund Kean, British Shakespearean tragic actor (Shylock), born in London, England (d. 1833)
  • 1789-07-19 John Martin, English painter and engraver, born in Haydon Bridge, Northumberland, England (d. 1854)
  • 1789-09-28 Richard Bright, English physician (Bright's Disease/nephritis), born in Bristol, England (d. 1858)
  • 1789-10-08 William John Swainson, English naturalist and artist, born in Newington, London (d. 1855)
  • 1790-04-30 John Cockerill, English-Belgian industrialist (founded iron, steel, and manufacturing company - John Cockerill & Company), born in Haslingden, Lancs, England (d. 1840)
  • 1790-08-19 Edward John Dent, British clockmaker to Queen Victoria and commissioned to make Big Ben, London (completed after his death by his son Frederick Dent), born in London, England (d. 1853)
  • 1790-12-19 William Parry, English Arctic explorer (Parry Channel), born in Bath, England (d. 1855)
  • 1791-03-15 Charles Knight, English publisher (The Penny Cyclopaedia), born in Windsor, England (d. 1873)
  • 1791-04-09 George Peacock, English mathematician (algebraic theory), born in County Durham, England (d. 1858)

Michael FaradayMichael Faraday (1791-1867)

1791-09-22 English scientist, discovered electromagnetic induction, invented 1st electric motor, born in Newington Butts, England

Charles BabbageCharles Babbage (1791-1871)

1791-12-26 British mathematician and inventor (calculating machine) considered the "father of the computer", born in London

  • 1792-02-20 Eliza Courtney, English illegitimate daughter of Charles Grey and Georgiana Cavendish, Duchess of Devonshire, born in Aix-en-Provence (d. 1859)

John HerschelJohn Herschel (1792-1871)

1792-03-07 English astronomer and photographer who invented the blueprint and catalogued southern hemisphere stars, born in Slough, England

  • 1792-04-12 John George Lambton, British statesman (1st Earl of Durham), born in London, England (d. 1840)
  • 1792-06-16 John Linnell, English artist (d. 1882)
  • 1792-08-04 Percy Bysshe Shelley, English romantic poet (Adonais; Prometheus Unbound), born in Horsham, Sussex, England (d. 1822)
  • 1792-09-27 George Cruikshank, English caricaturist and illustrator (Grimms' Fairy Tales), born in London, England (d. 1878)
  • 1792-10-05 Joseph Crosfield, English soap and alkali manufacturer, born in Warrington, England (d. 1844)
  • 1792-11-11 Mary Anne Disraeli, English wife of Benjamin Disraeli, born in Brampford Speke, Devon, England (d. 1872)
  • 1792-11-13 Edward John Trelawny, English traveler and author (Adv of Younger Son), born in London (d. 1881)
  • 1793-03-03 William Charles Macready, British actor, manager, and diarist, born in London, England (d. 1873)
  • 1793-07-13 John Clare, English poet (Poems Descriptive of Rural Life and Scenery), born in Peterborough, Northamptonshire, England (d. 1864)
  • 1793-09-25 Felicia Dorothea Hemans, English-Welsh poet ("The boy stood on the burning deck", "The stately homes of England"), born in Liverpool, England (d. 1835)
  • 1794-06-28 Allen Frances Gardiner, British naval officer and missionary in inter alia Port Natal, born in Basildon, Berkshire, England (d. 1851)
  • 1794-09-09 William Lonsdale, English geologist and paleontologist (fossil coral), born in Bath, Somerset, England (d. 1871)
  • 1795-03-14 Robert Lucas Pearsall, English composer, born in Bristol, England (d. 1856)
  • 1795-04-28 Charles Sturt, English explorer (Australia), born in Bengal, British India (d. 1869)
  • 1795-06-13 Thomas Arnold, English educator and historian (History of Rome), born in West Cowes, Isle of Wight, England (d. 1842)
  • 1795-09-06 Frances Wright, Scottish writer and lecturer, born in Dundee, Scotland (d. 1852)

John KeatsJohn Keats (1795-1821)

1795-10-31 English Romantic poet (Ode to a Grecian Urn), born in London

  • 1795-12-22 Thomas Ainsworth, English founder of Nijverdal & industrialist (Twentse textile), born in Lancashire, England (d. 1841)
  • 1796-07-18 Feargus O'Connor, Leader of English Chartists, born in County Cork (d. 1855)
  • 1796-09-19 Hartley Coleridge, English poet, born in Kingsdown, Bristol, England (d. 1849)
  • 1796-10-09 Joseph Bonomi the Younger, English artist and Egyptologist, born in London, England (d. 1878)
  • 1796-11-06 George Back, English sea officer and explorer (North Canada), born in Stockport, Cheshire (d. 1878)
  • 1797-04-10 Claude Ambroise Seurat, Frenchman exhibited in England as "Human Skeleton", born in Champaigne France (d. 1826)

Mary ShelleyMary Shelley (1797-1851)

1797-08-30 English novelist (Frankenstein), born in London

  • 1797-10-16 James Brudenell, British Earl Of Cardigan (led the Charge of the Light Brigade), born in Hambleden, England (d. 1868)
  • 1798-01-29 Henry Neele, English poet, born in London, England (d. 1828)
  • 1799-02-05 John Lindley, English botanist (Elements of Botany)

Anna AtkinsAnna Atkins (1799-1871)

1799-03-16 English botanist, photographer and the 1st person to publish a book illustrated with photographic images, born in Tonbridge, England

Edward Smith-StanleyEdward Smith-Stanley (1799-1869)

1799-03-29 14th Earl of Derby, British Prime Minister (Conservative: 1852, 1858-59, 1866-68), born in Knowsley, England

  • 1799-05-23 Thomas Hood, English poet and composer (The Song of the Shirt), born in London (d. 1845)

William Henry Fox TalbotWilliam Henry Fox Talbot (1800-1877)

1800-02-11 English photographic pioneer, born in Dorset, England

  • 1800-04-16 George Bingham, 3rd Earl of Lucan, British army officer (Charge of the Light Brigade), born in London, England (d. 1888)
  • 1800-10-25 Thomas Babington Macaulay, English poet and historian (Ivry, Naaseby), born in Leicestershire, England (d. 1859)
  • 1800-12-27 John Goss, British organist and composer (Praise, My Soul, the King of Heaven), born in Fareham, Hampshire, England (d. 1880)
  • 1801-02-07 John Rylands, England, merchant/philanthropist
  • 1801-02-21 John Henry Newman, British thologian (Tract 90), educator, poet (Dream of Gerontius), Anglican priest, Catholic priest, cardinal and saint, born in London, England (d. 1890)
  • 1801-07-29 George Bradshaw, British publisher, born in Manchester, England (d. 1853)
  • 1802-02-06 Charles Wheatstone, English scientist (sound transmission), and inventor (English concertina; stereoscope; Playfair cipher), born in Barnwood, England (d. 1875)
  • 1802-07-26 Winthrop Mackworth Praed, English politician and poet, born in London, England (d. 1839)
  • 1802-08-14 Letitia Elizabeth Landon, English poet (Heath's Book of Beauty), born in Chelsea, London (d. 1838)
  • 1803-01-03 Douglas William Jerrold, author/playwright/wit (Punch Mag), born in London, England
  • 1803-06-30 Thomas Lovell Beddoes, English poet (Death's Jest-Book), born in Clifton, Somerset, England (d. 1849)
  • 1803-08-03 Joseph Paxton, English landscape architect (Crystal Palace), born in Milton Bryan, Bedfordshire (d. 1865)
  • 1804-07-20 Richard Owen, English zoologist (Dinosauria), born in Lancaster, England (d. 1892)
  • 1805-01-27 Samuel Palmer, painter/etcher (Valley of Vision), born in London, England
  • 1805-02-04 William H Ainsworth, English writer (Old St Paul's, Rookwood)
  • 1805-08-09 Joseph Locke, English railway and civil engineer, born in Attercliffe, Sheffield, Yorkshire (d. 1860)
  • 1805-08-29 Frederick Maurice, English theologian of the Church of England (Christian Socialism), and author, born in Normanston, Suffolk, England (d. 1872)
  • 1805-09-07 Samuel Wilberforce, English bishop and one of the greatest public speakers of his day (remembered for his opposition to Darwin's theory of evolution), born in London (d. 1873)
  • 1805-11-07 Thomas Brassey, English civil engineering contractor, born in Buerton, Cheshire, England (d. 1870)

Elizabeth Barrett BrowningElizabeth Barrett Browning (1806-1861)

1806-03-06 English poet ("Sonnets from the Portuguese"), born in Kelloe, Durham

  • 1806-03-28 Thomas Hare, English barrister and political reformer, born in England (d. 1891)

John Stuart MillJohn Stuart Mill (1806-1873)

1806-05-20 English philosopher, political economist and utilitarian, born in London

  • 1806-06-16 Edward Davy, English physician, chemist, and inventor (d. 1885)
  • 1807-02-08 Benjamin Waterhouse Hawkins, English sculptor and naturalist, born in Bloomsbury, London (d. 1894)
  • 1808-10-12 John Liptrot Hatton, English composer and pianist, born in Liverpool, England (d. 1886)
  • 1808-11-22 Thomas Cook, British founder and CEO of Thomas Cook & Son travel agency (Cook Travel Bureau), born in Derbyshire, England (d. 1892)

Charles DarwinCharles Darwin (1809-1882)

1809-02-12 English naturalist (Origin of the Species) who conceived the theory of evolution by natural selection, born in Shrewsbury, Shropshire

  • 1809-03-31 Edward FitzGerald, England, writer (Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam)
  • 1809-11-27 Frances Anne "Fanny" Kemble, British Shakespearian actress (Juliet) and author, born in London, England (d. 1893)

William GladstoneWilliam Gladstone (1809-1898)

1809-12-29 British statesman and Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (Liberal: 1868-74, 1880-86, 1892-94), born in Liverpool, England

  • 1810-03-27 William Hepworth Thompson, English classical scholar and Master of Trinity College, Cambridge, born in York, England (d. 1886)
  • 1810-04-11 Henry Rawlinson, British army officer and oriental scholar (major role in deciphering cuneiform), born in Chadlington, England (d. 1895)
  • 1810-09-29 Elizabeth Gaskell, English novelist (North and South), born in London, England (d. 1865)
  • 1810-11-10 George Jennings, English sanitary engineer (invented first public flush toilets), born in Eling, Hampshire (d. 1882)
  • 1810-11-28 William Froude, English engineer and naval architect, born in Devon, England (d. 1879)
  • 1811-01-09 Gilbert Abbott à Beckett, English writer (d. 1856)
  • 1811-02-24 Edward Dickinson Baker, British-American attorney, politician (US Senator from Oregon, 1860-61; US Representative from Illinois, 1845-47, 1849-51), and Union Army officer, born in London, England (d. 1861)
  • 1811-03-21 Nathaniel Woodard, English educationalist (d. 1891)
  • 1811-07-18 William Makepeace Thackeray, British novelist (Vanity Fair), born in Kolkata, India (d. 1863)

Charles DickensCharles Dickens (1812-1870)

1812-02-07 English writer ("Oliver Twist"; "A Tale of Two Cities"; "A Christmas Carol"), born in Portsmouth, Hampshire

  • 1812-03-01 Augustus Pugin, English-born architect (d. 1852)

Robert BrowningRobert Browning (1812-1889)

1812-05-07 English poet (Pied Piper), born in London, England

  • 1812-05-12 Edward Lear, English landscape painter and poet (Complete Nonsense Book), born in London, England (d. 1888)
  • 1812-06-27 John Pike Hullah, English composer, born in Worcester (d. 1884)
  • 1812-07-15 James Hope-Scott, English barrister (d. 1873)
  • 1812-12-06 Robert Spear Hudson, English businessman, born in West Bromwich, Staffordshire (d. 1884)
  • 1812-12-14 Charles Canning, English 1st viceroy of British-Indies, born in Brompton, London (d. 1862)
  • 1813-01-04 Louis L Bonaparte, English/French linguist/senator

John SnowJohn Snow (1813-1858)

1813-03-15 English epidemiologist who studied cholera and is considered the 'Father of modern epidemiology', born in York England

  • 1814-01-11 James Paget, English surgeon (disease of Paget)
  • 1814-01-17 Ellen Wood, English author (East Lynne, Pomeroy Abbey)
  • 1814-04-21 Angela Burdett-Coutts, English philanthropist extrordinaire and "the richest heiress in England", born in London (d. 1906)
  • 1814-06-08 Charles Reade, English novelist (Cloister & Hearth), born in Ipsden, Oxfordshire (d. 1884)
  • 1815-01-09 William Jackson of Masham, English composer and organist, born in Masham, Yorkshire (d. 1866)
  • 1815-02-12 Edward Forbes, English Naturalist and pioneer in the field of biogeography, born in Douglas, Isle of Man (d. 1854)
  • 1815-04-24 Anthony Trollope, English novelist and poet (Barchester Towers), born in London (d. 1882)

Famous Weddings


Famous Divorces


Famous Deaths

Deaths 701 - 800 of 2,327

Joseph AddisonJoseph Addison (1672-1719)

1719-06-17 English essayist, playwright (Cato, a Tragedy), poet and Whig politician who co-founded "The Spectator" magazine, dies at 47

  • 1719-09-07 John Harris, English writer (Lexicon Technicum, first English Encyclopedia) (b. c. 1666)
  • 1719-09-27 George Smalridge, English Bishop of Bristol (b. 1662)
  • 1720-01-31 Thomas Grey, 2nd Earl of Stamford, English privy councillor (c. 1654)
  • 1720-02-27 Samuel Parris, English-born Puritan minister (b. 1653)
  • 1720-08-09 Simon Ockley, English orientalist (b. 1678)

Calico JackCalico Jack (1682-1720)

1720-11-17 English pirate captain who operated in the Bahamas and Cuba, executed for piracy by hanging in Port Royal at 37

  • 1721-02-05 James Stanhope 1st earl of Stanhope, English general, dies at 47
  • 1721-02-16 James Craggs the Younger, English politician, dies at 34
  • 1721-02-24 John Sheffield, 1st Duke of Buckingham and Normanby, English statesman and poet (b. 1648)
  • 1721-03-16 James Craggs the Elder, English politician (b. 1657)
  • 1721-09-18 Matthew Prior, English poet and diplomat, dies at 57
  • 1721-10-11 Edward Colston, English merchant, philanthropist and slave trader, dies at 84
  • 1721-12-17 Richard Lumley, 1st Earl of Scarbrough, English statesman (b. 1640)
  • 1721-12-22 Nathaniel Hawes, tortured & executed in England for robbery
  • 1722-01-21 Charles Paulet, 2nd Duke of Bolton, English supporter of William III of England (b. 1661)

John ChurchillJohn Churchill (1650-1722)

1722-06-16 1st duke of Marlborough, English general strategist, dies at 72

Christopher WrenChristopher Wren (1632-1723)

1723-02-25 English astronomer and architect (St. Paul's Cathedral), dies at 90

  • 1723-02-26 Thomas d'Urfey, English songwriter and playwright who helped evolve ballad opera, dies at around 69-70
  • 1723-04-11 John Robinson, English diplomat and prelate, dies at 72
  • 1723-07-26 Robert Bertie, 1st Duke of Ancaster and Kesteven, English statesman
  • 1723-08-17 Joseph Bingham, English scholar (b. 1668)
  • 1723-10-10 William Cowper, 1st Earl Cowper, Lord Chancellor of England (b. 1665)
  • 1723-11-07 Godfrey Kneller, English painter (74-77), dies
  • 1723-12-01 Susanna Centlivre, English actress known as "the most successful female playwright of the eighteenth century", dies at 66 (approximately)
  • 1724-02-12 Elkanah Settle, English poet and playwright, dies at 76
  • 1724-06-15 Henry Sacheverell, English churchman and politician (b. 1674)
  • 1724-11-16 Jack Sheppard, English robber, hanged
  • 1725-04-08 John Wise, American clergyman and political activist who protested against British taxes, dies at 73
  • 1725-05-21 Robert Haley, 1st Earl of Oxford and English premier (Whig, 1710-14), dies at 63
  • 1725-05-24 Jonathan Wild, English criminal (b. 1682)
  • 1726-03-05 Evelyn Pierrepont, 1st Duke of Kingston-upon-Hull, English politician
  • 1726-03-26 John Vanbrugh, Dutch English playwright (Provoked Wife), dies at 62
  • 1726-05-10 Charles Beauclerk, 1st Duke of St Albans, English soldier, dies at 56
  • 1726-12-02 Samuel Penhallow, English-born American colonist and historian, dies at 61
  • 1727-02-13 William Wotton, English theologian and scholar, dies at 58

Isaac NewtonIsaac Newton (1642-1727)

1727-03-31 English physicist, mathematician and astronomer (Gravity, Laws of Motion), dies at 84

  • 1727-06-10 George Ludwig, German monarch of Hannover, King of England, dies at 67

George IGeorge I (1660-1727)

1727-06-11 King of Great Britain and Ireland (1714-27), dies of a stroke at 67

  • 1727-08-14 William Croft, English composer and organist, dies at 48
  • 1729-01-19 William Congreve, English dramatist (Love for Love), dies at 58
  • 1729-05-17 Samuel Clarke, English philosopher and theologian, dies at 53
  • 1729-10-09 Richard Blackmore, English physician and writer (b. 1654)
  • 1729-12-13 Anthony Collins, English philosopher (A discourse on free-thinking), dies at 53
  • 1730-01-01 Samuel Sewall, English-American judge & businessman, dies at 77
  • 1730-05-30 Arabella Churchill, mistress of James II of England, sister of John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough (b. 1648)
  • 1730-09-27 Laurence Eusden, English poet, Poet Laureate (1718-30), dies at 42
  • 1730-10-23 Anne Oldfield, English actress (The Maiden Queen), dies from cervical cancer at 47
  • 1731-01-21 Thomas Woolston, English theologian (b. 1669)

Daniel DefoeDaniel Defoe (1660-1731)

1731-04-24 English novelist (Robinson Crusoe), dies at about 70

  • 1731-12-29 Brook Taylor, English mathematician, discoverer of Taylor's Theorem, dies at 46
  • 1732-02-22 Francis Atterbury, English man of letters, politician, and priest (Church of England Bishop of Rochester, 1713-23), dies at 68
  • 1732-12-04 John Gay, English poet and dramatist (The Beggar's Opera), dies at 47
  • 1733-04-19 Elizabeth Villiers, mistress of William III of England
  • 1733-05-10 Barton Booth, British actor (Lincoln's Inn Fields Theatre), dies at approximately 52
  • 1733-08-16 Matthew Tindal, English deist (b. 1657)
  • 1734-01-06 John Dennis, English dramatist whose thunder was stolen (b. 1657)
  • 1734-02-01 John Floyer, English physician & writer, dies at 84
  • 1734-03-01 Roger North, English biographer, dies at 82
  • 1734-05-04 James Thornhill, English painter
  • 1734-07-22 Peter King, 1st Baron King, Lord Chancellor of England
  • 1734-11-14 Louise de Kérouaille, Duchess of Portsmouth, French mistress of British king Charles II, dies at 85
  • 1735-01-12 John Eccles, English composer (b. 1668)
  • 1735-04-05 Samuel Wesley, English poet (b. 1662)
  • 1735-04-05 William Derham, English clergyman, natural theologian and scientist, dies at 77
  • 1735-06-10 Thomas Hearne, English antiquarian (b. 1678)
  • 1735-12-14 Thomas Tanner, English bishop & antiquarian (b. 1674)
  • 1736-02-07 Stephen Gray, English astronomer and scientist (b. 1666)
  • 1737-05-04 Eustace Budgell, English writer (The Spectator, writing 37 numbers signed X), dies at 50
  • 1737-09-27 John Sidney, 6th Earl of Leicester, English privy councillor, dies at 57
  • 1737-12-11 John Strype, English historian and biographer, dies at 94
  • 1737-12-27 William Bowyer, English printer (b. 1663)
  • 1738-02-12 James Sherard, English amateur composer, dies at 71
  • 1738-05-01 Charles Howard, 3rd Earl of Carlisle, English statesman (b. c. 1669)
  • 1738-06-21 Charles Townshend, 2nd Viscount Townshend, English statesman (b. 1674)
  • 1738-08-16 Joe Miller, English comic, dies
  • 1739-04-07 Dick Turpin, English highwayman (hanged) (b. 1706)
  • 1739-09-03 George Lillo, English dramatist (Fatal Curiosity), dies at 46
  • 1740-05-15 Ephraim Chambers, English encyclopaedist (b. 1680)
  • 1740-06-17 Sir William Wyndham, English politician (b. 1687)
  • 1740-12-20 Richard Boyle, 2nd Viscount Shannon, English military officer and statesman (b. 1675)
  • 1742-01-01 Peregrine Bertie, 2nd Duke of Ancaster and Kesteven, English statesman, dies at 55

Edmond HalleyEdmond Halley (1656-1742)

1742-01-14 English mathematician and astronomer (Halley's comet), dies at 85 [NS=Jan 25]

  • 1742-02-22 Charles Rivington, English publisher (b. 1688)
  • 1742-06-18 John Aislabie, English politician (Chancellor of the Exchequer), dies at 71
  • 1742-07-09 John Oldmixon, English historian (b. 1673)
  • 1742-07-14 Richard Bentley, English classical scholar who started the 1st written examinations in the West at Cambridge, dies at 80
  • 1742-07-19 William Somervile, English poet (b. 1675)
  • 1743-04-04 Daniel Neal, English historian, dies at 64
  • 1743-08-01 Richard Savage, English poet and playwright, dies at about 46
  • 1743-08-05 John Hervey, 2nd Baron Hervey, English statesman and writer (b. 1696)

Alexander PopeAlexander Pope (1688-1744)

1744-05-30 English poet (The Rape of the Lock, translation of Homer), dies at 56

  • 1744-08-09 James Brydges, 1st Duke of Chandos, English patron of the arts (George Frideric Handel) (b. 1673)

Jonathan SwiftJonathan Swift (1667-1745)

1745-10-19 Irish author and satirist (Gulliver's Travels, A Modest Proposal), dies at 77

  • 1746-07-02 Thomas Baker, English antiquarian, dies at 89
  • 1746-10-02 Josiah Burchett, English Secretary of the Admiralty
  • 1747-04-09 Simon Fraser, 12th baron Lovat Jacobite, last man beheaded in England
  • 1747-12-02 Vincent Bourne, English classical scholar (b. 1695)
  • 1747-12-11 Edmund Curll, English bookseller who quarrelled with poet Alexander Pope (b. ca. 1675)
  • 1748-04-12 William Kent, English sculptor/architect (Kensington Palace), dies