Gibraltar in History

Historical Events

  • 0711-04-30 Islamic conquest of Iberia: Moorish troops led by Tariq ibn-Ziyad land at Gibraltar to begin their invasion of the Iberian Peninsula (Al-Andalus)
  • 1607-04-25 Battle at Gibraltar: Dutch fleet beats Spanish Portuguese fleet
  • 1704-07-24 English and Dutch troops occupy Gibraltar
  • 1704-08-03 English/Dutch fleet under Rooke/Callenburgh occupy Gibraltar
  • 1704-08-04 War of Spanish Succession, English and Dutch troops occupy Gibraltar
  • 1713-03-27 Spain loses Menorca and Gibraltar to Britain under the Treaty of Utrecht
  • 1779-06-16 Spain declares war on Great Britain in support of France and the USA, starting the Great Siege of Gibraltar which goes on to last 3 years, 7 months and 2 weeks

Great Siege of Gibraltar

1783-02-07 Great Siege of Gibraltar launched by France and Spain against the British colony during American War of Independence is lifted after 3 years and 7 months

  • 1828-02-18 More than 100 vessels destroyed in a storm, Gibraltar
  • 1891-03-17 British Steamer "Utopia" sinks off Gibraltar killing 574
  • 1895-03-11 Spanish cruiser Reina Regente sinks in Straits of Gibraltar, over 400 die
  • 1942-08-11 Lt Gen Montgomery makes landing on Gibraltar
  • 1954-02-02 Snow falls on Gibraltar
  • 1967-09-10 Gibraltar votes 12,138 to 44 to remain British & not Spanish
  • 1968-05-06 Spain closes border to Gibraltar except to Spaniards
  • 1969-05-30 Gibraltar adopts constitution

Historic Event

1969-06-08 General Franco closes Spain's frontier with Gibraltar

  • 1982-12-15 Spain reopens border with Gibraltar
  • 1985-05-26 Explosions destroys 2 tankers off of Gibraltar, 30 die
  • 1986-06-18 Papua New Guinea score 9-455 in 60 overs v Gibraltar, ICC Trophy
  • 1988-03-06 3 IRA suspects shot dead in Gibraltar by SAS officers
  • 2007-08-12 Bulk carrier M/V New Flame collides with oil tanker Torm Gertrud at the southernmost tip of Gibraltar, ending up partially submerged.

Famous Birthdays

  • 1915-08-21 Joshua Hassan, first Chief Minister of Gibraltar (1964-69, 72-87), born in Gibraltar (d. 1997)
  • 1930-04-23 Michael Bowen, British Roman Catholic Archbishop (Southwark), born in Gibraltar
  • 1948-08-22 Eleonora Brown, Italian actress (The Sailor from Gibraltar), born in Naples, Italy
  • 1960-11-28 John Galliano, British fashion designer, born in Gibraltar
  • 1962-03-06 Alison Nicholas, English golfer (US Open 1997), born in Gibraltar

Famous Weddings

Sean Connery

1962-12-06 Actor Sean Connery (32) weds actress Diane Cilento on Gibraltar; divorce 1973

Wedding of Interest

1969-03-20 British Beatle John Lennon (28) marries Japanese artist Yoko Ono (36) in Gibraltar, near Spain


Famous Deaths

  • 1607-04-25 Don Juan Alvarez, Spanish Admiral (Gibraltar), dies in battle
  • 1714-05-15 Roger Elliott, British general and Governor of Gibraltar
  • 1997-07-01 Joshua Hassan, first Chief Minister of Gibraltar (1964-69, 72-87), dies at 81