Scotland in History

Scotland: Edinburgh - Glasgow

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 320

  • 1034-11-25 Malcolm II, King of Scots (Máel Coluim mac Cináeda) (b. 980) dies; Donnchad, the son of his second daughter Bethóc and Crínán of Dunkeld, inherits the throne.

BattleBattle of Interest

1040-08-14 King Duncan I of Scotland killed in battle against his first cousin and rival Macbeth (not murdered in his sleep as in Shakespeare's play). The latter does succeed him as King.

King of Scotland Macbeth
King of Scotland
Macbeth
  • 1124-04-27 David I becomes King of Scots
  • 1138-08-22 English defeat the Scottish at Cowton Moor, Yorkshire. Banners of various saints carried into battle - led to the name Battle of the Standard
  • 1153-05-24 Malcolm IV becomes King of Scots
  • 1174-07-13 William I of Scotland, key rebel in Revolt of 1173-1174, captured at Alnwick by forces loyal to Henry II of England
  • 1263-10-02 The battle of Largs fought between Norwegians and Scots.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1291-05-10 Scottish nobles recognize authority of English King Edward I

King of England Edward I
King of England
Edward I
  • 1292-11-17 (O.S.) John Balliol becomes King of Scots.
  • 1295-07-05 Scotland and France form an alliance, the beginnings of the Auld Alliance, against England
  • 1296-03-30 Edward I sacks Berwick-upon-Tweed, during armed conflict between Scotland and England
  • 1296-04-27 Battle of Dunbar: The Scots are defeated by Edward I of England

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1297-09-11 Battle at Stirling Bridge, Scottish rebel William Wallace defeats the English

Scottish nobleman William Wallace
Scottish nobleman
William Wallace
  • 1298-07-22 English defeat Scots at Battle of Falkirk
  • 1304-07-20 Wars of Scottish Independence: Fall of Stirling Castle - King Edward I of England takes the last rebel stronghold of the war

ScotlandWilliam Wallace Executed

1305-08-05 William Wallace, who led Scottish resistance to England, is captured by the English near Glasgow and transported to London for trial and execution.
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William Wallace on trial at Westminster Hall in a painting by Daniel Maclise
William Wallace on trial at Westminster Hall in a painting by Daniel Maclise

CrownRoyal Coronation

1306-03-25 Robert the Bruce crowned Robert I, King of Scots, having killed his rival John Comyn, Lord of Badenoch

King of Scotland Robert the Bruce
King of Scotland
Robert the Bruce
  • 1306-06-19 The Earl of Pembroke's army defeats Robert Bruce's Scottish army at the Battle of Methven
  • 1314-06-24 Battle of Bannockburn; Scotland regains independence from England
  • 1318-04-01 Berwick-upon-Tweed is captured by the Scottish from the English.
  • 1320-04-06 The Scots reaffirm their independence by signing the Declaration of Arbroath
  • 1322-03-16 The Battle of Boroughbridge takes place in the First War of Scottish Independence
  • 1322-10-14 Robert the Bruce of Scotland defeats King Edward II of England at Byland, forcing Edward to accept Scotland's independence
  • 1328-05-01 Wars of Scottish Independence end: Treaty of Edinburgh-Northampton - the Kingdom of England recognises the Kingdom of Scotland as an independent state.
  • 1332-08-12 Battle of Dupplin Moor; Scottish dynastic battle

BattleBattle of Interest

1346-10-17 Battle of Neville's Cross: King David II of Scotland is captured by Edward III of England at Calais, and imprisoned in the Tower of London for eleven years.

King of England Edward III
King of England
Edward III
  • 1356-01-20 Edward Balliol abdicates as King of Scots
  • 1371-01-22 King Robert II of Scotland is crowned, becoming the first monarch of the House of Stewart (1371-90)
  • 1388-08-05 Battle of Otterburn, a border skirmish between the Scottish and the English in Northern England
  • 1411-07-24 Battle of Harlaw, one of the bloodiest battles in Scotland, takes place

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1424-04-05 Scottish King James I returns to Scotland after 18 years of detention at the English court

King of Scotland James I
King of Scotland
James I
  • 1472-02-20 Orkney and Shetland are left by Norway to Scotland, due to a dowry payment
  • 1484-07-22 Battle of Lochmaben Fair - a 500-man raiding party led by Alexander Stewart, Duke of Albany and James Douglas, 9th Earl of Douglas are defeated by Scots forces loyal to Albany's brother James III of Scotland; Douglas is captured
  • 1488-06-11 Battle of Sauchieburn, Scotland
  • 1492-03-04 King James IV of Scotland concludes an alliance with France against England.

  • 1495-06-01 First written record of Scotch Whisky appears in Exchequer Rolls of Scotland, Friar John Cor is the distiller
  • 1495-11-27 Scottish king James IV receives Perkin Warbeck, pretender to the English trone
  • 1513-09-09 Battle of Flodden Fields; English defeat James IV of Scotland
  • 1520-06-06 France and England sign treaty of Scotland
  • 1522-01-30 Duke of Albany takes captured French back to Scotland
  • 1524-05-20 Duke of Albany leaves Scotland
  • 1524-07-26 James V declared fit to govern by the Scottish Parliament
  • 1542-11-24 Battle of Solway Moss: English beat Scottish King James V

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1542-12-14 Princess Mary Stuart succeeds her father James V and becomes Queen Mary I of Scotland at 6 days old

Queen of Scotland Mary Stuart
Queen of Scotland
Mary Stuart
  • 1543-07-01 England & Scotland sign Peace treaty of Greenwich
  • 1543-09-03 Cardinal Beaton replaces the Earl of Arran as regent for Queen Mary of Scotland
  • 1543-09-09 Mary Stuart, at nine months old, is crowned "Queen of Scots" in the central Scottish town of Stirling
  • 1545-09-08 English Earl of Hertford leads retaliatory mission against Scotland
  • 1546-06-07 England signs Peace of Andres with Scotland/Ireland
  • 1547-09-10 Battle of Pinkie, Midlothian: English beat the Scots
  • 1547-09-10 English demand Edward VI (10) wed Mary Queen of Scots (5)
  • 1548-08-15 Mary Queen of Scotland arrives in France, aged 6.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1552-06-29 Italian physician and mathematician Girolamo Cardano arrives in Edinburgh, Scotland to treat John Hamilton, Archbishop of St Andrews for over two thousand gold crowns

Mathematician Girolamo Cardano
Mathematician
Girolamo Cardano
  • 1557-12-03 1st Covenant of Scottish protestants form
  • 1559-05-10 Scottish Protestants under John Knox uprise against queen mother Mary
  • 1560-07-06 England and Scotland sign Treaty of Edinburgh
  • 1561-08-19 Mary Queen of Scots arrives in Leith, Scotland to assume throne after spending 13 years in France
  • 1566-03-09 David Rizzio, the private secretary to Mary I of Scotland, is murdered in the Palace of Holyroodhouse, Edinburgh, Scotland
  • 1567-06-15 Battle at Carberry, Scotland: Protestant troops beat Earl Bothwell's army
  • 1567-06-16 Mary, Queen of Scots, imprisoned in Lochleven Castle prison, Scotland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1567-07-24 Mary Queen of Scots is forced to abdicate; her 1-year-old son becomes King James VI of Scots

King of Great Britain James I and VI
King of Great Britain
James I and VI

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1568-05-19 English Queen Elizabeth I arrests Mary, Queen of Scots

Queen of England and Ireland Elizabeth I
Queen of England and Ireland
Elizabeth I

ScotlandExecution of Mary Queen of Scots

1587-02-08 Mary, Queen of Scots, is beheaded at Fotheringhay Castle aged 44 after being convicted of plotting to assassinate Elizabeth I in the Babington Plot
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Depiction of the execution on Mary, Queen of Scots at Fotheringhay Castle in Northamptonshire
Depiction of the execution on Mary, Queen of Scots at Fotheringhay Castle in Northamptonshire
  • 1588-08-12 Commander of the English fleet Lord Howard of Effingham calls off chase of the Spanish Armada off coast of Scotland
  • 1590-05-17 Anne of Denmark is crowned Queen of Scotland.
  • 1591-01-27 Scottish schoolmaster Dr. John Fian burned for witchcraft at Castle Hill, Edinburgh by order King James VI. Part of the Berwick witch trials.
  • 1600-01-01 Scotland begins its numbered year on January 1 instead of 25 March.
  • 1603-03-24 Scottish King James VI son of Mary Queen of Scots, becomes King James I of England in succession to Elizabeth I, thus joining the English and Scottish crowns
  • 1603-04-05 New English King James I (James VI of Scotland) departs Edinburgh for London
  • 1610-03-21 King James I of England and VI of Scotland addresses English House of Commons

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1625-03-27 Charles I, King of England, Scotland and Ireland ascends the English throne

King of England Charles I
King of England
Charles I
  • 1638-02-28 Scottish Presbyterians sign National Convent, Greyfriars, Edinburgh
  • 1639-06-18 Treaty of Berwick: Ends the First Bishops' War between England and Scotland
  • 1640-08-28 Second Bishop's War: King Charles I's English army loses to a Scottish Covenanter force at the Battle of Newburn
  • 1640-08-29 English King Charles I signs a peace treaty with Scotland
  • 1641-08-20 England & Scotland sign Treaty of Pacification
  • 1646-05-05 King Charles I surrenders in Scotland
  • 1647-01-30 After nine months of negotiations, Scottish Presbyterians sell captured Charles I to English Parliament for around £100,000
  • 1648-08-17 -20] Battle at Preston, Lancashire: Henry Ireton beats Scottish

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1649-02-05 Prince of Wales proclaimed King Charles II of Great Britian by Covenanter Parliament of Scotland

King of England Charles II
King of England
Charles II
  • 1650-04-27 The Battle of Carbisdale: Royalist army under Marquess of Montrose invades mainland Scotland from Orkney; defeated by a Covenanter army.
  • 1650-09-03 Battle of Dunbar: England vs Scotland
  • 1651-01-01 Charles II Stuart crowned king of Scotland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1653-12-16 Parliamentarian General Oliver Cromwell appointed as Lord Protector of England, Scotland and Ireland

English Military and Political Leader Oliver Cromwell
English Military and Political Leader
Oliver Cromwell
  • 1654-04-12 Ordinance of Union between England and Scotland passed by the Council of State
  • 1657-02-04 Oliver Cromwell, Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland and Ireland, grants residency to Luis Caravajal
  • 1659-12-16 General Monck demands free parliamentary election in Scotland
  • 1679-06-01 The Scottish Covenanters defeat John Graham of Claverhouse at the Battle of Drumclog

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 883

  • 0521-12-07 Saint Columba, Irish Christian missionary to Scotland, born in Gartan, Ireland (d. 597)
  • 1141-04-23 King Malcolm IV of Scotland, nicknamed Virgo "the Maiden" King of Scots (1141 April-May), born in Scotland (d. 1165)
  • 1198-08-24 King Alexander II of Scotland, born in Haddington, East Lothian, Scotland (d. 1249)
  • 1210-07-22 Joan of England, Queen consort of Scotland, wife of Alexander II of Scotland (d. 1238)

Person of interestEdward I

1239-06-17 Edward I, King of England (1272-1307) who subdued Wales, warred against Scotland and expelled Jews from England, born in London [or 18 June]

King of England Edward I
King of England
Edward I
  • 1240-09-29 Margaret of England, Queen consort of Scotland, (d. 1275)
  • 1241-09-04 Alexander III, King of Scotland, born in Roxburgh Castle, Roxburghshire (d. 1286)
  • 1261-02-28 Margaret of Scotland, queen of Norway (d. 1283)

Person of interestRobert the Bruce

1274-07-11 Robert the Bruce, Scottish king (1306-1329) and national hero, born in Turnberry Castle, Ayrshire (d. 1329)

King of Scotland Robert the Bruce
King of Scotland
Robert the Bruce
  • 1316-03-02 King Robert II of Scotland, first monach of the House of Stewart (1371-90), born in Paisley Abbey, Renfrewshire (d. 1390)
  • 1321-07-05 Joan of The Tower, Queen consort of Scotland, born in Tower of London, London (d. 1362)
  • 1324-03-05 David II Bruce, King of Scots (1331..71)
  • 1378-10-24 David Stewart, Duke of Rothesay, heir to the throne of Scotland (d. 1402)

Person of interestJames I

1394-12-10 James I, King of Scotland (1406-37), born in Dunfermline Palace, Scotland (d. 1437)

King of Scotland James I
King of Scotland
James I
  • 1430-10-16 King James II of Scotland (d. 1460)
  • 1452-07-10 James III, King of Scots (1460-88), born in Stirling or St Andrews Castles (d. 1488)
  • 1456-06-23 Margaret of Denmark, wife of James III of Scotland (d. 1486)
  • 1473-03-17 James IV, King of Scots (1488-1513)
  • 1489-11-28 Margaret Tudor, wife of James IV of Scotland (d. 1541)
  • 1500-04-23 Alexander Ales [Alesius], Scottish theologian of the school of Augsburg, born in Edinburgh (d. 1565)
  • 1512-04-10 James V, King of Scotland (1513-42), born in Linlithgow Palace, Linlithgow, Scotland (d. 1542)
  • 1515-11-22 Marie Guise, French wife of king James V of Scotland
  • 1515-12-22 Mary of Guise [Mary of Lorraine], pro-French Queen of Scots (1538-42) and Regent of Scotland (1554-60), born in Bar-le-Duc, France (d. 1560)
  • 1520-08-10 Madeleine de Valois, French princess who briefly became Queen of Scotland after marrying James V, born in the St. Germain-en-Laye, Paris, France (d. 1537)

Person of interestMary Stuart

1542-12-08 Mary Stuart, Queen of Scotland (1560-87), born in Linlithgow Palace, Scotland (d. 1587)

Queen of Scotland Mary Stuart
Queen of Scotland
Mary Stuart
  • 1545-08-01 Andrew Melville, Scottish theologian and religious reformer, born in Baldovie, Angus, Scotland (d. 1622)
  • 1545-12-07 Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley, King consort of Mary I of Scotland, born in Temple Newsam, Yorkshire, England (d. 1567)

Person of interestJohn Napier

1550-02-01 John Napier, Scottish mathematician and inventor (logarithms), born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1617)

Mathematician John Napier
Mathematician
John Napier
  • 1562-01-13 Mark Alexander Boyd, Scottish poet (d. 1601)

Person of interestJames I and VI

1566-06-19 James Stuart, King James VI of Scotland (1567-1625) and James I of England and Ireland (1603-25), born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1625)

King of Great Britain James I and VI
King of Great Britain
James I and VI
  • 1580-01-12 Lord Alexander Ruthven, Scottish nobleman (d. 1600)
  • 1582-01-28 John Barclay, Scottish satirist/poet (Euphormio's Satyricon), born Pont-à-Mousson France
  • 1585-12-13 William Drummond of Hawthornden, Scottish poet, born in Hawthornden Castle, Midlothian, Scotland (d. 1649)
  • 1596-08-19 Elizabeth Stuart, Electress Palatine, Queen of Bohemia and daughter of James IV and I of England and Scotland (d. 1662)

Person of interestCharles I

1600-11-19 Charles I, King of England (1625-49) who was executed by Parliament, born in Dunfermline, Fife, Scotland (d. 1649)

King of England Charles I
King of England
Charles I
  • 1606-06-19 James Hamilton, 1st Duke of Hamilton, Scottish statesman, born in Hamilton Palace, Lanarkshire, Scotland (d. 1649)
  • 1612-10-25 James Graham, Marquis of Montrose "the Great Montrose", Scottish general and poet, born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1650)
  • 1616-05-24 John Maitland, 1st Duke of Lauderdale, born in Lethington Castle, East Lothian, Scotland (d. 1682)
  • 1626-10-04 Richard Cromwell, Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland and Ireland (1658-59), born in Cheshunt, Hertfordshire, England (d. 1712)

Person of interestCharles II

1630-05-29 Charles II, King of England, Scotland and Ireland (1660-85), born in St. James's Palace, London (d. 1685)

King of England Charles II
King of England
Charles II
  • 1633-10-14 James II of England and James VII of Scotland [Stuart], King of England, Scotland and Ireland (1685-88), born in St. James's Palace, London (d. 1701)
  • 1641-04-15 Robert Sibbald, Scottish physician, born in Edinburgh (d. 1722)
  • 1643-09-17 Gilbert Burnet, Scottish philosopher and Bishop of Salisbury, born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1715)
  • 1644-06-16 Henrietta Anne Stuart, Princess of Scotland, England and Ireland and Duchess of Orléans (d. 1670)

Person of interestWilliam Kidd

1645-01-22 William Kidd, Scottish pirate legend, born in Greenock (or Dundee), Scotland (d. 1701) date and place disputed

Pirate Legend William Kidd
Pirate Legend
William Kidd
  • 1649-02-11 William Carstares, Scottish minister (d. 1715)
  • 1652-12-25 Archibald Pitcairne, Scottish physician (d. 1713)
  • 1658-07-25 Archibald Campbell, 1st Duke of Argyll, Scottish privy councillor, born in Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland (d. 1703)
  • 1659-06-03 David Gregory, Scottish astronomer (d. 1708)
  • 1662-04-30 Mary II, Queen of England, Scotland and Ireland, born in St James's Palace, London (d. 1694)
  • 1662-08-05 James Anderson, Scottish historian (d. 1728)
  • 1662-12-18 James Douglas, 2nd Duke of Queensberry, Scottish politician (d. 1711)
  • 1665-12-25 Lady Grizel Baillie, Scottish songwriter (d. 1746)
  • 1667-04-29 John Arbuthnot, Scottish mathematician and writer (Scriblerus Club), born in Inverbervie, Scotland (d. 1735)

Person of interestRob Roy

1671-03-07 Rob Roy, Scottish folk hero, baptized in Buchanan, Stirlingshire, Scotland (d. 1734)

Folk Hero and Outlaw Rob Roy
Folk Hero and Outlaw
Rob Roy
  • 1671-04-21 John Law, Scottish economist and author (Money and Trade Considered), born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1729)
  • 1671-12-01 John Keill, Scottish mathematician, born in Edinburgh, Scotland, (d. 1721)
  • 1673-08-08 John Ker, Scottish spy (d. 1726)
  • 1674-12-25 Thomas Halyburton, Scottish theologian (d. 1712)
  • 1676-03-17 Thomas Boston, Scottish church leader (d. 1732)
  • 1680-06-22 Ebenezer Erskine, Scottish religious dissenter (d. 1754)
  • 1685-03-18 Ralph Ersine, Scottish minister (d. 1752)
  • 1686-01-17 Archibald Bower, Scottish historian (d. 1766)
  • 1686-10-15 Allan Ramsay, Scottish poet (Gentle Shepherd), born in Leadhills, Lanarkshire, Scotland (d. 1758)
  • 1687-10-14 Robert Simson, Scottish mathematician (Simson line), born in West Kilbride, Ayrshire, Scotland (d. 1768)
  • 1688-06-10 James Francis Edward Stuart "The old Pretender", Jacobite claimant to the thrones of England and Scotland after the death of his father James II, born in St. James's Palace, London, Kingdom of England (d. 1766)
  • 1692-05-01 James Stirling, Scottish mathematician (Formula of Stirling), born in this month in Stirlingshire, Scotland (d. 1770)
  • 1695-09-21 John Glas, Scottish Presbyterian clergyman (started Glasite church movement), born in Auchtermuchty, Fife, Scotland (d. 1773)
  • 1696-06-11 Francis Edward James Keith, Scottish soldier and Prussian field marshal, born in Inverugie Castle, Scotland (d. 1758)
  • 1699-04-17 Robert Blair, Scottish poet (The Grave), born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1746)
  • 1699-05-31 Alexander Cruden "Alexander the Corrector", Scottish biblical scholar and eccentric, compiler of a concordance to King James Bible, born in Aberdeen, Scotland (d. 1770)
  • 1700-09-11 James Thomson, Scottish poet (Rule Britannia), born in Ednam, Scotland (d. 1748)
  • 1701-08-04 Thomas Blackwell, Scottish classical scholar, born in Aberdeen, Scotland (d. 1757)
  • 1705-03-02 William Murray, 1st Earl of Mansfield, Scottish judge and politician (d. 1793)
  • 1710-04-15 William Cullen, Scottish physician and chemist, born in Hamilton, Lanarkshire, Scotland (d. 1790)
  • 1710-04-25 James Ferguson, Scottish astronomer, born in Banffshire, Scotland (d. 1776)
  • 1710-04-26 Thomas Reid, Scottish philosopher and founder of Scottish School of Common Sense, born in Strachan, Scotland (d. 1796)
  • 1710-06-10 James Short, Scottish mathematician and manufacturer of telescopes, born in Edinburgh (d. 1768)

Person of interestDavid Hume

1711-04-26 David Hume, Scottish philosopher and historian (A Treatise of Human Nature), born in Edinburgh, Scotland [NS 7 May] (d. 1776)

Philosopher David Hume
Philosopher
David Hume
  • 1713-10-13 Allan Ramsay, Scottish painter, born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1784)
  • 1714-04-14 Adam Gib, Scottish religious leader, born in Muckhart, Perthshire (d. 1788)
  • 1718-04-07 Hugh Blair, Scottish preacher and man of letters (d. 1800)
  • 1718-05-23 William Hunter, Scottish anatomist and physician, born in East Kilbride, South Lanarkshire, Scotland (d. 1783)
  • 1721-03-19 Tobias Smollett, Scottish writer, baptized
  • 1721-07-14 John Douglas, Scottish Anglican bishop and man of letters (d. 1807)
  • 1721-12-06 James Elphinston, Scottish philologist, born in Edinburgh (d. 1809)
  • 1722-01-26 Alexander Carlyle, Cummertrees, Dumfriesshire, Scottish church leader (Moderator of the General Assembly 1770)
  • 1722-09-16 Gabriel Christie, British general, born in Stirling, Scotland (d. 1799)
  • 1722-09-22 John Home, Scottish writer (d. 1808)

Person of interestJohn Witherspoon

1723-02-05 John Witherspoon, Scottish-American president of the College of New Jersey who signed the Declaration of Independence, born in Gifford, Scotland (d. 1794)

Presbyterian Minister John Witherspoon
Presbyterian Minister
John Witherspoon

Person of interestAdam Smith

1723-06-16 Adam Smith, Scottish economist (Wealth of Nations) and moral philosopher (date of baptism), born in Kirkaldy, Fife, Scotland (d. 1790)

Economist and Philosopher Adam Smith
Economist and Philosopher
Adam Smith
  • 1723-06-20 Adam Ferguson, Scottish sociologist and historian, born in Logierait, Perthshire, Scotland (d. 1816)
  • 1725-03-17 Lachlan McIntosh, Scottish-born American military and political leader (d. 1806)
  • 1726-01-17 Hugh Mercer, Scottish military officer (fought in the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War), born in Rosehearty, Scotland (d. 1777)

Person of interestJames Hutton

1726-06-03 James Hutton, geologist, born in Edinburgh, Scotland

Geologist James Hutton
Geologist
James Hutton
  • 1726-10-14 Charles Middleton, 1st Baron Barham, English sailor and politician, born in Leith, Midlothian, Scotland (d. 1813)
  • 1728-02-13 John Hunter, Scottish surgeon and founder of pathological anatomy in England, born in Long Calderwood, Scotland (d. 1793)
  • 1728-04-16 Joseph Black, Scottish chemist and physicist known for his discoveries of magnesium, latent heat and carbon dioxide, born in Bordeaux, France (d. 1799)
  • 1728-07-03 Robert Adam, Scottish architect and designer (Adelphi Terrace, London), born in Kirkcaldy, Scotland (d. 1792)
  • 1732-09-01 Thomas Erskine 6th Earl of Kellie, Scottish composer and musician, born in Kellie Castle, Scotland (d. 1781)

Famous Weddings

  • 1100-11-11 Anglo Norman King Henry I marries Princess Matilda of Scotland at Westminster Abbey
  • 1502-08-08 Jacobus IV of Scotland marries Margaretha Tudor

LoveWedding of Interest

1558-04-24 Queen Mary Stuart of Scotland marries French crown prince Francois

Queen of Scotland Mary Stuart
Queen of Scotland
Mary Stuart
  • 1565-07-29 Mary Queen of Scots marries her cousin, Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley
  • 1567-05-15 Mary, Queen of Scots marries James Hepburn, Earl of Bothwell
  • 1811-08-28 English Romantic poet Percy Bysshe Shelley (19) elopes to Scotland with 1st wife Harriet Westbrook (16)
  • 1848-04-10 British influential art critic and social commentator John Ruskin marries Effie Gray in Perth, Scotland (later annulled).

LoveWedding of Interest

1891-03-24 56th UK Prime Minister Bonar Law (32) weds Annie Robley at West Free Church in Helensburgh, Scotland

British Prime Minister Bonar Law
British Prime Minister
Bonar Law

LoveWedding of Interest

1949-08-12 Multi-Tony award-winning actress Angela Lansbury (23) weds actor and producer Peter Shaw (31) at St. Columba's Presbyterian Church of Scotland in London, England

  • 1970-10-02 Scottish singer Donovan (24) weds Linda Lawrence at Windsor Registry Office

LoveWedding of Interest

1997-12-28 Actor Robert Carlyle (36) weds makeup artist Anastasia Shirley in Scotland

LoveWedding of Interest

1997-12-31 Academy Award-winning actress Helen Mirren (52) weds The Devil's Advocate director Taylor Hackford (53) at the Ardersier Parish Church near Inverness in the Scottish Highlands

Actress Helen Mirren
Actress
Helen Mirren

LoveWedding of Interest

1999-12-11 Scottish actor Robbie Coltrane marries Rhona Gemmell (separated 2003)

Actor and Comedian Robbie Coltrane
Actor and Comedian
Robbie Coltrane

LoveWedding of Interest

2000-12-22 Pop singer Madonna (42) weds film director Guy Ritchie (32) at Skibo Castle in Scotland

Pop Star Madonna
Pop Star
Madonna
  • 2001-12-12 Actress Ashley Judd (33) weds race car driver Dario Franchetti (28) at Skibo Castle in Scotland

LoveWedding of Interest

2001-12-26 "Harry Potter" author J. K. Rowling (36) weds anesthesiologist Neil Murray (30) in Aberfeldy, Scotland

Novelist J. K. Rowling
Novelist
J. K. Rowling
  • 2003-01-01 "A Beautiful Mind" actress Jennifer Connelly (32) weds actor Paul Bettany in Scotland

LoveWedding of Interest

2003-06-29 Actress Emma Thompson (44) weds actor Greg Wise (37) in Loch Eck, Scotland

Actress Emma Thompson
Actress
Emma Thompson
  • 2003-08-30 Daughter of Paul McCartney and fashion designer Stella McCartney (31) weds British publisher Alasdhair Willis on the 300-acre Gothic Estate in Scotland's Isle of Bute
  • 2006-08-26 2004 X-Factor winner Steve Brookstein (37) weds jazz musician Eileen Hunter at King's College Chapel in Aberdeen, Scotland

LoveWedding of Interest

2010-09-25 PayPal founder Elon Musk (39) weds actress Talulah Riley (24) at Dornoch Cathedral in Scotland

Entrepreneur Elon Musk
Entrepreneur
Elon Musk

LoveWedding of Interest

2011-07-30 Granddaughter of Queen Elizabeth II and British equestrian Zara Phillips (30) weds England rugby player Mike Tindall (32) at the Canongate Kirk in Edinburgh, Scotland

Daughter of Princess Anne Zara Phillips
Daughter of Princess Anne
Zara Phillips

LoveWedding of Interest

2011-12-30 Scottish actor David Tennant (40) weds actress Georgia Moffett (27), daughter of Peter Davison, the Fifth Doctor, in London

LoveWedding of Interest

2015-04-11 Pro tennis player Andy Murray (28) weds Kim Sears at Dunblane Cathedral in Scotland

Tennis Champion Andy Murray
Tennis Champion
Andy Murray

LoveWedding of Interest

2015-08-17 Boyzone lead singer Ronan Keating (38) weds model Storm Uechtritz in East Lothian, Scotland

LoveWedding of Interest

2018-06-23 "Game of Thrones" actors Kit Harington (31) and Rose Leslie (31) marry in Aberdeenshire, Scotland


Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 489

  • 0597-06-09 Saint Columba, Irish Christian missionary to Scotland, dies at 75
  • 0858-02-13 Kenneth I of Scotland [Kenneth MacAlpin], King of the Picts who united Scotland and is considered the 1st Scottish King, dies of a tumor at around 48
  • 1040-08-14 King Duncan I of Scotland, killed in battle at ca. 39 years

Person of interestMacbeth

1057-08-15 Macbeth, King of Scots, slain in battle by the son of King Duncan

King of Scotland Macbeth
King of Scotland
Macbeth
  • 1058-03-17 King Lulach I of Scotland
  • 1093-11-13 Malcolm III (Canmore, "Big Head") King of Scots, dies in battle at Alnwick, Northumberland. Historical figure Shakespeare's character based on.
  • 1093-11-17 Margaret, widow of Scottish king Malcolm III, dies
  • 1094-11-12 King Duncan II of Scotland (b. 1060)
  • 1107-01-08 Edgar of Scotland (b. 1074)
  • 1118-05-01 Matilda of Scotland [Edith], first wife of Henry I of England, dies at 38
  • 1124-04-23 Alexander I, King of Scots (1107-24), dies at 47
  • 1153-05-24 David I, King of Scots (1124-53), dies at about 68
  • 1165-12-09 Malcolm IV of Scotland, nicknamed Virgo "the Maiden", King of Scots (1153-65), dies of poor health at 24
  • 1214-12-04 William I "the Lion", King of Scotland (1165-1214)
  • 1238-03-04 Joan of England, Queen Consort of Scotland, wife of Alexander II (b. 1210)
  • 1249-07-06 Alexander II, King of Scots (1215-49), dies at 50
  • 1286-03-19 Alexander III, King of Scotland, dies at 44

BattleWilliam Wallace

1305-08-23 William Wallace, Scottish patriot, hanged, disemboweled & beheaded at Smithfield London

Scottish nobleman William Wallace
Scottish nobleman
William Wallace
  • 1308-11-08 Duns Scotus, Scottish philosopher (coined the word dunce), dies at 42
  • 1316-03-02 Marjorie Bruce, daughter of Robert I of Scotland (b. 1296)
  • 1327-10-27 Elizabeth de Burgh, queen of Robert I of Scotland (b. 1289)

Person of interestRobert the Bruce

1329-06-07 Robert the Bruce, King of Scots (1306-1329) and national hero, dies at 54

King of Scotland Robert the Bruce
King of Scotland
Robert the Bruce
  • 1330-08-25 Sir James Douglas, Scottish soldier (b. 1286)
  • 1362-09-07 Joan of The Tower, Queen consort of Scotland, dies at 41
  • 1371-02-22 David II Bruce, King of Scots (1331..71), dies at 46
  • 1390-04-19 King Robert II of Scotland, first monach of the House of Stewart (1371-90), dies at 74
  • 1395-03-13 John Barbour, Scottish poet
  • 1406-04-04 Robert III, King of Scots (1390-1406), dies, succeeded by 12 year old son James I
  • 1420-09-03 Robert Stewart, 1st Duke of Albany, regent of Scotland
  • 1425-05-24 Murdoch Stewart, 2nd Duke of Albany, Scottish politician (b. 1362)

MurderJames I

1437-02-21 James I, King of Scotland (1406-37), murdered in a coup attempt at 42

King of Scotland James I
King of Scotland
James I
  • 1445-08-16 Margaret of Scotland (Dauphine of France), wife of the future King Louis XI (b. 1424)
  • 1460-08-03 King James II of Scotland (b. 1430)
  • 1485-08-07 Alexander Stewart, 1st Duke of Albany, Scottish prince
  • 1488-06-11 James III, King of Scots (1460-88), killed in battle or assassinated soon after at Milltown near Bannockburn at 36
  • 1493-05-10 Colin Campbell, 1st Earl of Argyll, Scottish politician
  • 1511-08-02 Andrew Barton, Scottish naval leader
  • 1513-09-09 James IV, King of Scots (1488-1513), dies in battle at 40
  • 1528-02-29 Patrick Hamilton, Scottish protestant martyr, burned at stake
  • 1537-07-07 Madeleine de Valois, French princess who briefly became Queen of Scotland after marrying James V, dies only six months after the wedding at 16
  • 1541-10-18 Margaret Tudor, Queen of Scotland (b. 1489)
  • 1541-11-24 Margaret Tudor, wife of James IV of Scotland (b. 1489)
  • 1542-12-14 James V, King of Scotland (1513-42), dies at 30
  • 1546-03-01 George Wishart, Scottish religious reformer (martyred) (b 1513)
  • 1556-11-10 Richard Chancellor, English explorer, dies in shipwreck off Scotland
  • 1560-06-10 Mary of Guise [Mary of Lorraine], pro-French Queen of Scots (1538-42) and Regent of Scotland (1554-60), dies of dropsy at 44
  • 1560-06-11 Marie Guise, French wife of King James V of Scotland and mother and regent of Mary Queen of Scots, dies at 44
  • 1565-03-17 Alexander Ales [Alesius], Scottish theologian of the school of Augsburg, dies at 64
  • 1566-03-09 David Rizzio, Italian secretary of Mary Queen of Scots, murdered by Protestant nobles
  • 1567-02-09 Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley, King consort of Mary I of Scotland, murdered at 21
  • 1571-04-06 John Hamilton, Scottish prelate and politician
  • 1571-09-04 Earl of Lennox, regent of Scotland, murdered
  • 1572-11-24 John Knox, Scottish preacher, dies at about 67
  • 1578-04-14 James Hepburn, 4th Earl of Bothwell, consort of Mary I of Scotland
  • 1581-06-02 James Douglas, 4th Earl of Morton, regent of Scotland
  • 1582-09-28 George Buchanan, Scottish historian (b. 1506)
  • 1585-12-04 John Willock, Scottish reformer
  • 1586-03-20 Richard Maitland, Scottish statesman and historian (b. 1496)

BattleMary Stuart

1587-02-08 Mary Stuart, Queen of Scots (1560-87), beheaded at 44 [NS=Feb 18]

Queen of Scotland Mary Stuart
Queen of Scotland
Mary Stuart
  • 1599-02-08 Robert Rollock, Scottish educator
  • 1600-12-12 John Craig, Scottish church reformer/James VI's court vicar, dies
  • 1601-04-10 Mark Alexander Boyd, Scottish poet (b. 1562)
  • 1609-12-04 Alexander Hume, Scottish poet (Hymns and Sacred Songs), dies
  • 1613-04-27 Robert Abercromby, Scottish Jesuit (b. 1532)

Person of interestJohn Napier

1617-04-04 John Napier, Scottish mathematician and inventor (logarithms), dies from effects of gout at 67

Mathematician John Napier
Mathematician
John Napier
  • 1618-03-23 James Hamilton, 1st Earl of Abercorn, Scottish politician
  • 1621-08-15 John Barclay, Scottish writer (b. 1582)
  • 1622-06-16 Alexander Seton, 1st Earl of Dunfermline, Chancellor of Scotland (b. 1555)
  • 1624-02-12 George Heriot, Scottish goldsmith and philanthropist (b. 1563)

Person of interestJames I and VI

1625-03-27 James Stuart, King James VI of Scotland (1567-1625) and James I of England and Ireland (1603-25), dies of dysentery at 58

King of Great Britain James I and VI
King of Great Britain
James I and VI
  • 1625-09-06 Thomas Dempster, Scottish historian (b. 1579)
  • 1636-06-13 George Gordon, 1st Marquess of Huntly, Scottish politician (b. 1562)
  • 1639-11-26 John Spottiswoode, Scottish historian (b. 1565)
  • 1645-04-16 Tobias Hume, Scottish composer (The First Part of Ayres), dies
  • 1645-07-17 Robert Carr, 1st Earl of Somerset, Scottish politician
  • 1646-08-19 Alexander Henderson, Scottish theologian
  • 1649-03-09 James Hamilton, 1st Duke of Hamilton, Scottish statesman, dies at 42
  • 1649-12-04 William Drummond of Hawthornden, Scottish poet, dies at 63
  • 1650-05-21 James Graham, Marquis of Montrose "the Great Montrose", Scottish general, hanged at 37
  • 1650-10-29 David Calderwood, Scottish historian (b. 1575)
  • 1661-04-04 Alexander Leslie, 1st Earl of Leven, Scottish soldier (b. circa 1580)
  • 1661-05-27 Archibald Campbell, Scottish politician, beheaded at about 53
  • 1662-02-13 Elisabeth Stuart, of James I of Scotland and England, dies at 65
  • 1670-06-30 Henrietta Anne Stuart, Princess of England, Scotland, and Ireland (b. 1644)

Person of interestCharles II

1685-02-06 Charles II, King of England, Scotland, and Ireland (1660-85), dies at 54

King of England Charles II
King of England
Charles II
  • 1685-06-30 Archibald Campbell, Scottish politician, beheaded at about 55
  • 1688-02-17 Rev James Renwick, hanged in Scotland for being a Presbyterian
  • 1689-08-21 William Cleland, Scottish poet and soldier
  • 1690-10-03 Robert Barclay, Scottish writer (b. 1648)
  • 1694-12-28 Mary II, Queen of England Scotland and Ireland, dies after 5 years of rule at 32
  • 1695-11-29 James Dalrymple, 1st Viscount Stair, Scottish lawyer and statesman (b. 1619)
  • 1696-08-02 Robert Campbell of Glenlyon, Scottish military commander (b. 1630)
  • 1697-03-26 Godfrey McCulloch, Scottish politician and murderer (executed) (b. 1640)
  • 1699-11-29 Patrick Gordon, Scottish general (b. 1635)

BattleWilliam Kidd

1701-05-23 William Kidd, Scottish pirate legend, hanged at London's execution Dock at about 56

Pirate Legend William Kidd
Pirate Legend
William Kidd
  • 1701-09-16 James II of England and James VII of Scotland [Stuart], King of England, Scotland and Ireland (1685-88), dies at 68
  • 1702-03-19 William III, William of Orange, King of England and Scotland (1689-1702) and Stadtholder, dies at 51 [O.S. 8 March]
  • 1703-09-20 Archibald Campbell, 1st Duke of Argyll, Scottish privy councillor, dies at 52
  • 1707-01-08 John Dalrymple, 1st Earl of Stair, Scottish politician (b. 1648)
  • 1708-10-10 David Gregory, Scottish astronomer (b. 1659)