Scotland in History

Scotland: Edinburgh - Glasgow

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 322

  • 1034-11-25 Malcolm II, King of Scots (Máel Coluim mac Cináeda) (b. 980) dies; Donnchad, the son of his second daughter Bethóc and Crínán of Dunkeld, inherits the throne.

Battle of Interest

1040-08-14 King Duncan I of Scotland killed in battle against his first cousin and rival Macbeth (not murdered in his sleep as in Shakespeare's play). The latter does succeed him as King.

  • 1124-04-27 David I becomes King of Scots
  • 1138-08-22 English defeat the Scottish at Cowton Moor, Yorkshire. Banners of various saints carried into battle - led to the name Battle of the Standard
  • 1153-05-24 Malcolm IV becomes King of Scots

Historic Event

1174-07-13 William I of Scotland, key rebel in Revolt of 1173-1174, captured at Alnwick by forces loyal to Henry II of England

  • 1263-10-02 The battle of Largs: Scots defeat the Norwegians on the Firth of Clyde, Scotland, returning the Western Isles to Scotland and ending 500 years of Viking invasions

Historic Event

1291-05-10 Scottish nobles recognize authority of English King Edward I

  • 1292-11-17 (O.S.) John Balliol becomes King of Scots
  • 1295-07-05 Scotland and France form an alliance, the beginnings of the Auld Alliance, against England
  • 1296-03-30 Edward I sacks Berwick-upon-Tweed, during armed conflict between Scotland and England
  • 1296-04-27 Battle of Dunbar: The Scots are defeated by Edward I of England

Victory in Battle

1297-09-11 Battle at Stirling Bridge, Scottish rebel William Wallace defeats the English

  • 1298-07-22 English defeat Scots at Battle of Falkirk
  • 1304-07-20 Wars of Scottish Independence: Fall of Stirling Castle - King Edward I of England takes the last rebel stronghold of the war

William Wallace Executed

1305-08-05 William Wallace, who led Scottish resistance to England, is captured by the English near Glasgow and transported to London for trial and execution.

Royal Coronation

1306-03-25 Robert the Bruce crowned Robert I, King of Scots, having killed his rival John Comyn, Lord of Badenoch

  • 1306-06-19 The Earl of Pembroke's army defeats Robert the Bruce's Scottish army at the Battle of Methven
  • 1314-06-24 Battle of Bannockburn; Scotland regains independence from England
  • 1318-04-01 Berwick-upon-Tweed is captured by the Scottish from the English.
  • 1320-04-06 The Scots reaffirm their independence by signing the Declaration of Arbroath
  • 1322-03-16 The Battle of Boroughbridge takes place in the First War of Scottish Independence
  • 1322-10-14 Robert the Bruce of Scotland defeats King Edward II of England at Byland, forcing Edward to accept Scotland's independence
  • 1328-05-01 Wars of Scottish Independence end: Treaty of Edinburgh-Northampton - the Kingdom of England recognises the Kingdom of Scotland as an independent state.
  • 1332-08-12 Battle of Dupplin Moor; Scottish dynastic battle

Battle of Interest

1346-10-17 Battle of Neville's Cross: King David II of Scotland is captured by Edward III of England at Calais, and imprisoned in the Tower of London for eleven years

  • 1356-01-20 Edward Balliol abdicates as King of Scots
  • 1371-01-22 King Robert II of Scotland (1371-90) is crowned, becoming the first monarch of the House of Stewart
  • 1388-08-05 Battle of Otterburn, a border skirmish between the Scottish and the English in Northern England
  • 1411-07-24 Battle of Harlaw, one of the bloodiest battles in Scotland, takes place

Historic Event

1424-04-05 Scottish King James I returns to Scotland after 18 years of detention at the English court

  • 1472-02-20 Orkney and Shetland are left by Norway to Scotland, due to a dowry payment
  • 1484-07-22 Battle of Lochmaben Fair - a 500-man raiding party led by Alexander Stewart, Duke of Albany and James Douglas, 9th Earl of Douglas are defeated by Scots forces loyal to Albany's brother James III of Scotland; Douglas is captured
  • 1488-06-11 Battle of Sauchieburn, rebellion against the Scottish crown results in death of King James III

Historic Event

1492-03-04 King James IV of Scotland concludes an alliance with France against England

  • 1495-06-01 First written record of Scotch Whisky appears in Exchequer Rolls of Scotland, Friar John Cor is the distiller
  • 1495-11-27 Scottish king James IV receives Perkin Warbeck, pretender to the English trone
  • 1513-09-09 Battle of Flodden: English forces defeat the Scots near Branxton in Northumberland and kill King James IV of Scotland, the last monarch in Great Britain to be killed in battle
  • 1520-06-06 France and England sign treaty of Scotland
  • 1522-01-30 Duke of Albany takes captured French back to Scotland
  • 1524-05-20 Duke of Albany leaves Scotland

Historic Event

1524-07-26 James V declared fit to govern by the Scottish Parliament at age 12

Historic Event

1542-12-14 Princess Mary Stuart succeeds her father James V and becomes Queen Mary I of Scotland at 6 days old

  • 1543-07-01 England & Scotland sign peace treaty of Greenwich
  • 1543-09-03 Cardinal Beaton replaces the Earl of Arran as regent for Queen Mary of Scotland
  • 1543-09-09 Mary Stuart, at nine months old, is crowned "Queen of Scots" in the central Scottish town of Stirling
  • 1545-09-08 English Earl of Hertford leads retaliatory mission against Scotland
  • 1546-06-07 Peace of Andres Treaty ends the stalemated Italian War of 1542–1546 of France and the Ottoman Empire against the Holy Roman Empire and England, as well as England's dispute with Scotland and Ireland
  • 1547-09-10 Battle of Pinkie, Midlothian: English beat the Scots
  • 1547-09-10 English demand Edward VI (10) wed Mary Queen of Scots (5)
  • 1548-08-15 Mary Queen of Scotland arrives in France, aged 6

Historic Event

1552-06-29 Italian physician and mathematician Girolamo Cardano arrives in Edinburgh, Scotland to treat John Hamilton, Archbishop of St Andrews for over two thousand gold crowns

  • 1557-12-03 1st Covenant of Scottish protestants form
  • 1559-05-10 Scottish Protestants under John Knox uprise against queen mother Mary
  • 1560-07-06 England and Scotland sign Treaty of Edinburgh
  • 1561-08-19 Mary Queen of Scots arrives in Leith, Scotland to assume the throne after spending 13 years in France
  • 1566-03-09 David Rizzio, the private secretary to Mary I of Scotland, is murdered in the Palace of Holyroodhouse, Edinburgh, Scotland
  • 1567-06-15 Battle at Carberry, Scotland: Protestant troops beat Earl Bothwell's army
  • 1567-06-16 Mary, Queen of Scots, imprisoned in Lochleven Castle prison, Scotland
  • 1567-07-24 Mary Queen of Scots is forced to abdicate; her 1-year-old son becomes King James VI of Scots

Royal Coronation

1567-07-29 James VI is crowned King of Scots at Stirling

Execution of Mary Queen of Scots

1587-02-08 Mary, Queen of Scots, is beheaded at Fotheringhay Castle aged 44 after being convicted of plotting to assassinate Elizabeth I in the Babington Plot

  • 1588-08-12 Commander of the English fleet Lord Howard of Effingham calls off chase of the Spanish Armada off coast of Scotland
  • 1590-05-17 Anne of Denmark is crowned Queen of Scotland
  • 1591-01-27 Scottish schoolmaster Dr. John Fian burned for witchcraft at Castle Hill, Edinburgh by order King James VI. Part of the Berwick witch trials.
  • 1600-01-01 Scotland begins its numbered year on January 1 instead of 25 March.
  • 1603-03-24 Scottish King James VI son of Mary Queen of Scots, becomes King James I of England in succession to Elizabeth I, thus joining the English and Scottish crowns
  • 1603-04-05 New English King James I (James VI of Scotland) departs Edinburgh for London
  • 1610-03-21 King James I of England and VI of Scotland addresses English House of Commons

Historic Event

1625-03-27 Charles I, King of England, Scotland and Ireland ascends the English throne

  • 1638-02-28 Scottish Presbyterians sign National Convent, Greyfriars, Edinburgh
  • 1639-06-18 Treaty of Berwick: Ends the First Bishops' War between England and Scotland
  • 1640-08-28 Second Bishop's War: King Charles I's English army loses to a Scottish Covenanter force at the Battle of Newburn
  • 1640-08-29 English King Charles I signs a peace treaty with Scotland
  • 1641-08-20 England & Scotland sign Treaty of Pacification
  • 1646-05-05 King Charles I surrenders in Scotland
  • 1647-01-30 After nine months of negotiations, Scottish Presbyterians sell captured Charles I to English Parliament for around £100,000
  • 1648-08-17 -20] Battle at Preston, Lancashire: Henry Ireton beats Scottish

Historic Event

1649-02-05 Prince of Wales proclaimed King Charles II of Great Britain by Covenanter Parliament of Scotland

  • 1650-04-27 The Battle of Carbisdale: Royalist army under Marquess of Montrose invades mainland Scotland from Orkney; defeated by a Covenanter army.

Victory in Battle

1650-09-03 Battle of Dunbar; Oliver Cromwell's English New Model Army defeats Scottish force in surprise attack

  • 1651-01-01 Charles II Stuart crowned king of Scotland
  • 1653-12-16 Parliamentarian General Oliver Cromwell appointed as Lord Protector of England, Scotland and Ireland
  • 1654-04-12 Ordinance of Union between England and Scotland passed by the Council of State
  • 1657-02-04 Oliver Cromwell, Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland and Ireland, grants residency to Luis Caravajal
  • 1659-12-16 General Monck demands free parliamentary election in Scotland

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 890

  • 0521-12-07 Saint Columba, Irish Christian missionary to Scotland, born in Gartan, Ireland (d. 597)
  • 1141-04-23 King Malcolm IV of Scotland, nicknamed Virgo "the Maiden" King of Scots (1141 April-May), born in Scotland (d. 1165)
  • 1198-08-24 King Alexander II of Scotland, born in Haddington, East Lothian, Scotland (d. 1249)
  • 1210-07-22 Joan of England, Queen consort of Scotland, wife of Alexander II of Scotland (d. 1238)

Edward IEdward I (1239-1307)

1239-06-17 King of England (1272-1307) who subdued Wales, warred against Scotland and expelled Jews from England, born in London [or born 18 June]

  • 1240-09-29 Margaret of England, Queen consort of Scotland, (d. 1275)
  • 1241-09-04 Alexander III, King of Scotland, born in Roxburgh Castle, Roxburghshire (d. 1286)
  • 1261-02-28 Margaret of Scotland, queen of Norway (d. 1283)

Robert the BruceRobert the Bruce (1274-1329)

1274-07-11 King of Scots (1306-1329) and national hero, born in Turnberry Castle, Ayrshire

  • 1316-03-02 King Robert II of Scotland, first monach of the House of Stewart (1371-90), born in Paisley Abbey, Renfrewshire (d. 1390)
  • 1321-07-05 Joan of The Tower, Queen consort of Scotland, born in Tower of London, London (d. 1362)
  • 1324-03-05 David II, last Scottish ruler from House of Bruce (1329-71), born in Dunfermline Abbey, Scotland (d. 1371)
  • 1378-10-24 David Stewart, Duke of Rothesay, heir to the throne of Scotland (d. 1402)

James IJames I (1394-1437)

1394-12-10 King of Scotland (1406-37), born in Dunfermline Palace, Scotland

  • 1430-10-16 King James II of Scotland (d. 1460)
  • 1452-07-10 James III, King of Scots (1460-88), born in Stirling or St Andrews Castles (d. 1488)
  • 1456-06-23 Margaret of Denmark, wife of James III of Scotland (d. 1486)

James IVJames IV (1473-1513)

1473-03-17 King of Scotland (1488-1513), born in Stirling Castle, Stirling, Scotland

  • 1489-11-28 Margaret Tudor, Queen consort of Scots as wife of James IV of Scotland (1503-13), born in Westminster Palace, London (d. 1541)
  • 1500-04-23 Alexander Ales [Alesius], Scottish theologian of the school of Augsburg, born in Edinburgh (d. 1565)

James VJames V (1512-1542)

1512-04-10 King of Scotland (1513-42), born in Linlithgow Palace, Linlithgow, Scotland

  • 1515-11-22 Marie Guise, Queen consort of Scotland upon her marriage to King James V of Scotland in 1538, born in Bar-le-Duc, Duchy of Bar (d. 1560)
  • 1515-12-22 Mary of Guise [Mary of Lorraine], pro-French Queen of Scots (1538-42) and Regent of Scotland (1554-60), born in Bar-le-Duc, France (d. 1560)
  • 1520-08-10 Madeleine of Valois, French princess who briefly became Queen of Scotland after marrying James V, born in the St. Germain-en-Laye, Paris, France (d. 1537)

Mary, Queen of ScotsMary, Queen of Scots (1542-1587)

1542-12-08 Queen of Scots [Mary Stuart], Queen of Scotland (1560-87), born in Linlithgow Palace, Scotland

  • 1544-01-19 Francis II, King of France (1559-60) and husband of Mary, Queen of Scots, born in Château de Fontainebleau, France (d. 1560)
  • 1545-08-01 Andrew Melville, Scottish theologian and religious reformer, born in Baldovie, Angus, Scotland (d. 1622)
  • 1545-12-07 Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley, King consort of Mary, Queen of Scots, born in Temple Newsam, Yorkshire, England (d. 1567)

John NapierJohn Napier (1550-1617)

1550-02-01 Scottish mathematician and inventor (logarithms), born in Edinburgh, Scotland

  • 1562-01-13 Mark Alexander Boyd, Scottish poet (Sonnet of Venus and Cupid), born in Ayrshire, Scotland (d. 1601)

James I and VIJames I and VI (1566-1625)

1566-06-19 King James VI of Scotland (1567-1625) and James I of England and Ireland (1603-25), born in Edinburgh, Scotland

  • 1580-01-12 Lord Alexander Ruthven, Scottish nobleman (d. 1600)
  • 1582-01-28 John Barclay, Scottish satirist writer and poet (Euphormio's Satyricon), born in Pont-à-Mousson, Lorraine, France (d. 1621)
  • 1585-12-13 William Drummond of Hawthornden, Scottish poet, born in Hawthornden Castle, Midlothian, Scotland (d. 1649)
  • 1596-08-19 Elizabeth Stuart, Electress of the Palatinate, "The Winter Queen" of Bohemia and daughter of James VI and I of England and Scotland, born at Dunfermline Palace, Fife, Kingdom of Scotland (d. 1662)

Charles ICharles I (1600-1649)

1600-11-19 King of England, Scotland, and Ireland (1625-49) who was executed by Parliament, born in Dunfermline, Fife, Scotland

  • 1606-06-19 James Hamilton, 1st Duke of Hamilton, Scottish statesman, born in Hamilton Palace, Lanarkshire, Scotland (d. 1649)
  • 1612-10-25 James Graham, Marquis of Montrose "the Great Montrose", Scottish general and poet, born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1650)
  • 1616-05-24 John Maitland, 1st Duke of Lauderdale, born in Lethington Castle, East Lothian, Scotland (d. 1682)
  • 1626-10-04 Richard Cromwell, Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland and Ireland (1658-59), born in Cheshunt, Hertfordshire, England (d. 1712)

Charles IICharles II (1630-1685)

1630-05-29 King of England, Scotland and Ireland (1660-85), born in St James's Palace, London

James IIJames II (1633-1701)

1633-10-14 King of England, Scotland and Ireland (1685-88), born in St. James's Palace, London

  • 1641-04-15 Robert Sibbald, Scottish physician, born in Edinburgh (d. 1722)
  • 1643-09-17 Gilbert Burnet, Scottish philosopher and Bishop of Salisbury, born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1715)
  • 1644-06-16 Henrietta Anne Stuart, Princess of Scotland, England and Ireland and Duchess of Orléans (d. 1670)

William KiddWilliam Kidd (1645-1701)

1645-01-22 Scottish pirate legend, born in Greenock (or Dundee), Scotland

  • 1649-02-11 William Carstares, Scottish minister (d. 1715)
  • 1652-12-25 Archibald Pitcairne, Scottish physician (d. 1713)
  • 1658-07-25 Archibald Campbell, 1st Duke of Argyll, Scottish privy councillor, born in Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland (d. 1703)
  • 1659-06-03 David Gregory, Scottish astronomer (d. 1708)
  • 1662-04-30 Mary II, Queen of England, Scotland and Ireland (1689-94), born in St James's Palace, London (d. 1694)
  • 1662-08-05 James Anderson, Scottish historian, born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1728)
  • 1662-12-18 James Douglas, 2nd Duke of Queensberry, Scottish politician (d. 1711)
  • 1665-12-25 Lady Grizel Baillie, Scottish songwriter (d. 1746)
  • 1667-04-29 John Arbuthnot, Scottish mathematician and writer (Scriblerus Club), born in Inverbervie, Scotland (d. 1735)

Rob RoyRob Roy (1671-1734)

1671-03-07 Scottish folk hero and outlaw, baptized in Buchanan, Stirlingshire, Scotland

  • 1671-04-21 John Law, Scottish economist and author (Money and Trade Considered), born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1729)
  • 1671-12-01 John Keill, Scottish mathematician, born in Edinburgh, Scotland, (d. 1721)
  • 1673-08-08 John Ker, Scottish spy (d. 1726)
  • 1674-12-25 Thomas Halyburton, Scottish theologian (d. 1712)
  • 1676-03-17 Thomas Boston, Scottish church leader (d. 1732)
  • 1680-06-22 Ebenezer Erskine, Scottish religious dissenter (d. 1754)
  • 1685-03-18 Ralph Ersine, Scottish minister (d. 1752)
  • 1686-01-17 Archibald Bower, Scottish historian (d. 1766)
  • 1686-10-15 Allan Ramsay, Scottish poet (Gentle Shepherd), born in Leadhills, Lanarkshire, Scotland (d. 1758)
  • 1687-10-14 Robert Simson, Scottish mathematician (Simson line), born in West Kilbride, Ayrshire, Scotland (d. 1768)
  • 1688-06-10 James Francis Edward Stuart "The old Pretender", Jacobite claimant to the thrones of England and Scotland after the death of his father James II, born in St James's Palace, London, Kingdom of England (d. 1766)
  • 1692-05-01 James Stirling, Scottish mathematician (Formula of Stirling), born in this month in Stirlingshire, Scotland (d. 1770)
  • 1695-09-21 John Glas, Scottish Presbyterian clergyman (started Glasite church movement), born in Auchtermuchty, Fife, Scotland (d. 1773)
  • 1696-06-11 Francis Edward James Keith, Scottish soldier and Prussian field marshal, born in Inverugie Castle, Scotland (d. 1758)
  • 1699-04-17 Robert Blair, Scottish poet (The Grave), born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1746)
  • 1699-05-31 Alexander Cruden "Alexander the Corrector", Scottish biblical scholar and eccentric, compiler of a concordance to King James Bible, born in Aberdeen, Scotland (d. 1770)
  • 1700-09-11 James Thomson, Scottish poet (Rule Britannia), born in Ednam, Scotland (d. 1748)
  • 1701-08-04 Thomas Blackwell, Scottish classical scholar, born in Aberdeen, Scotland (d. 1757)
  • 1705-03-02 William Murray, 1st Earl of Mansfield, Scottish judge and politician (d. 1793)
  • 1710-04-15 William Cullen, Scottish physician and chemist, born in Hamilton, Lanarkshire, Scotland (d. 1790)
  • 1710-04-25 James Ferguson, Scottish astronomer, born in Banffshire, Scotland (d. 1776)
  • 1710-04-26 Thomas Reid, Scottish philosopher and founder of Scottish School of Common Sense, born in Strachan, Scotland (d. 1796)
  • 1710-06-10 James Short, Scottish mathematician and manufacturer of telescopes, born in Edinburgh (d. 1768)

David HumeDavid Hume (1711-1776)

1711-04-26 Scottish philosopher and historian (A Treatise of Human Nature), born in Edinburgh, Scotland [NS 7 May]

  • 1713-10-13 Allan Ramsay, Scottish painter, born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1784)
  • 1714-04-14 Adam Gib, Scottish religious leader, born in Muckhart, Perthshire (d. 1788)
  • 1718-04-07 Hugh Blair, Scottish preacher and man of letters (d. 1800)
  • 1718-05-23 William Hunter, Scottish anatomist and physician, born in East Kilbride, South Lanarkshire, Scotland (d. 1783)
  • 1721-03-19 Tobias Smollett, Scottish writer, baptized
  • 1721-07-14 John Douglas, Scottish Anglican bishop and man of letters (d. 1807)
  • 1721-12-06 James Elphinston, Scottish philologist, born in Edinburgh (d. 1809)
  • 1722-01-26 Alexander Carlyle, Cummertrees, Dumfriesshire, Scottish church leader (Moderator of the General Assembly 1770)
  • 1722-09-16 Gabriel Christie, British general, born in Stirling, Scotland (d. 1799)
  • 1722-09-22 John Home, Scottish writer (Douglas), born in Ancrum, Scotland (d. 1808)

John WitherspoonJohn Witherspoon (1723-1794)

1723-02-05 Scottish-American president of the College of New Jersey who signed the Declaration of Independence, born in Gifford, Scotland

Adam SmithAdam Smith (1723-1790)

1723-06-16 Scottish economist (Wealth of Nations) and moral philosopher (date of baptism), born in Kirkaldy, Fife, Scotland

  • 1723-06-20 Adam Ferguson, Scottish sociologist and historian, born in Logierait, Perthshire, Scotland (d. 1816)
  • 1725-03-17 Lachlan McIntosh, Scottish-born American military and political leader (d. 1806)
  • 1726-01-17 Hugh Mercer, Scottish military officer (fought in the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War), born in Rosehearty, Scotland (d. 1777)

James HuttonJames Hutton (1726-1797)

1726-06-03 Scottish geologist and father of modern geology, born in Edinburgh, Scotland

  • 1726-10-14 Charles Middleton, 1st Baron Barham, English sailor and politician, born in Leith, Midlothian, Scotland (d. 1813)
  • 1728-02-13 John Hunter, Scottish surgeon and founder of pathological anatomy in England, born in Long Calderwood, Scotland (d. 1793)
  • 1728-04-16 Joseph Black, Scottish chemist and physicist known for his discoveries of magnesium, latent heat and carbon dioxide, born in Bordeaux, France (d. 1799)
  • 1728-07-03 Robert Adam, Scottish architect and designer (Adelphi Terrace, London), born in Kirkcaldy, Scotland (d. 1792)

Famous Weddings

Henry I of England

1100-11-11 English King Henry I marries Princess Matilda of Scotland at Westminster Abbey in London

  • 1502-08-08 Jacobus IV of Scotland marries Margaretha Tudor

Mary, Queen of Scots

1558-04-24 Mary, Queen of Scots (15) marries French dauphin Francis (14) at Notre Dame cathedral in Paris

  • 1565-07-29 Mary, Queen of Scots (22) marries for the second time her cousin, Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley (19)
  • 1567-05-15 Mary, Queen of Scots marries James Hepburn, Earl of Bothwell
  • 1811-08-28 English Romantic poet Percy Bysshe Shelley (19) elopes to Scotland with 1st wife Harriet Westbrook (16)
  • 1848-04-10 British influential art critic and social commentator John Ruskin marries Effie Gray in Perth, Scotland (later annulled).

Bonar Law

1891-03-24 56th UK Prime Minister Bonar Law (32) weds Annie Robley at West Free Church in Helensburgh, Scotland

Angela Lansbury

1949-08-12 Multi-Tony award-winning actress Angela Lansbury (23) weds actor and producer Peter Shaw (31) at St. Columba's Presbyterian Church of Scotland in London, England

Donovan

1970-10-02 Scottish singer Donovan (24) weds Linda Lawrence at Windsor Registry Office

Robert Carlyle

1997-12-28 Actor Robert Carlyle (36) weds makeup artist Anastasia Shirley in Scotland

Helen Mirren

1997-12-31 Academy Award-winning actress Helen Mirren (52) weds The Devil's Advocate director Taylor Hackford (53) at the Ardersier Parish Church near Inverness in the Scottish Highlands

Robbie Coltrane

1999-12-11 Scottish comedian and actor Robbie Coltrane (49) weds Rhona Gemmell; divorce in 2003

Madonna

2000-12-22 Pop singer Madonna (42) weds film director Guy Ritchie (32) at Skibo Castle in Scotland

  • 2001-12-12 Actress Ashley Judd (33) weds race car driver Dario Franchetti (28) at Skibo Castle in Scotland

J. K. Rowling

2001-12-26 "Harry Potter" author J. K. Rowling (36) weds anesthesiologist Neil Murray (30) in Aberfeldy, Scotland

  • 2003-01-01 "A Beautiful Mind" actress Jennifer Connelly (32) weds actor Paul Bettany in Scotland

Emma Thompson

2003-07-29 British actress Emma Thompson (44) weds actor Greg Wise (37) in Loch Eck, Scotland

  • 2003-08-30 Daughter of Paul McCartney and fashion designer Stella McCartney (31) weds British publisher Alasdhair Willis on the 300-acre Gothic Estate in Scotland's Isle of Bute
  • 2006-08-26 British 2004 X-Factor winner Steve Brookstein (37) weds Scottish jazz musician Eileen Hunter at King's College Chapel in Aberdeen, Scotland

Elon Musk

2010-09-25 PayPal founder Elon Musk (39) weds actress Talulah Riley (24) at Dornoch Cathedral in Scotland

Zara Phillips

2011-07-30 Granddaughter of Queen Elizabeth II and British equestrian Zara Phillips (30) weds England rugby player Mike Tindall (32) at the Canongate Kirk in Edinburgh, Scotland

David Tennant

2011-12-30 Scottish actor David Tennant (40) weds actress Georgia Moffett (27), daughter of Peter Davison, the Fifth Doctor, in London

Andy Murray

2015-04-11 Pro tennis player Andy Murray (28) weds Kim Sears at Dunblane Cathedral in Scotland

Ronan Keating

2015-08-17 Irish "Boyzone" singer Ronan Keating (38) weds Australian television producer Storm Uechtritz (33) in East Lothian, Scotland

Kit Harington

2018-06-23 "Game of Thrones" actors Kit Harington (31) and Rose Leslie (31) marry in Aberdeenshire, Scotland


Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 496

  • 0597-06-09 Saint Columba, Irish Christian missionary to Scotland, dies at 75
  • 0858-02-13 Kenneth I of Scotland [Kenneth MacAlpin], King of the Picts who united Scotland and is considered the 1st Scottish King, dies of a tumor at around 48
  • 1040-08-14 King Duncan I of Scotland, killed in battle at ca. 39 years

MacbethMacbeth (c. 1005-1057)

1057-08-15 King of Scots (1040-57), slain in battle by the son of King Duncan at around 52

  • 1058-03-17 King Lulach I of Scotland
  • 1093-11-13 Malcolm III (Canmore, "Big Head") King of Scots, dies in battle at Alnwick, Northumberland. Historical figure Shakespeare's character based on.
  • 1093-11-17 Margaret, widow of Scottish king Malcolm III, dies
  • 1094-11-12 King Duncan II of Scotland, killed in battle after reigning for 7 months (b. 1060)
  • 1107-01-08 Edgar of Scotland (b. 1074)
  • 1118-05-01 Matilda of Scotland [Edith], first wife of Henry I of England, dies at 38
  • 1124-04-23 Alexander I, King of Scots (1107-24), dies at 47
  • 1153-05-24 David I, King of Scots (1124-53), dies at about 68
  • 1165-12-09 Malcolm IV of Scotland, nicknamed Virgo "the Maiden", King of Scots (1153-65), dies of poor health at 24
  • 1214-12-04 William I "the Lion", King of Scotland (1165-1214)
  • 1238-03-04 Joan of England, Queen Consort of Scotland, wife of Alexander II (b. 1210)
  • 1249-07-06 Alexander II, King of Scots (1215-49), dies at 50
  • 1286-03-19 Alexander III, King of Scotland, dies at 44

William WallaceWilliam Wallace (c. 1270-1305)

1305-08-23 disemboweled and beheaded at Smithfield, London

  • 1308-11-08 Duns Scotus, Scottish philosopher (coined the word dunce), dies at 42
  • 1316-03-02 Marjorie Bruce, daughter of Robert I of Scotland (b. 1296)
  • 1327-10-27 Elizabeth de Burgh, queen of Robert I of Scotland (b. 1289)

Robert the BruceRobert the Bruce (1274-1329)

1329-06-07 King of Scots (1306-1329) and national hero, dies at 54

  • 1330-08-25 Sir James Douglas, Scottish soldier (b. 1286)
  • 1362-09-07 Joan of The Tower, English princess and Queen consort of Scotland, dies at 41
  • 1371-02-22 David II, King of Scots (1329-71) last of the House of Bruce, dies at 46
  • 1390-04-19 King Robert II of Scotland, first monach of the House of Stewart (1371-90), dies at 74
  • 1395-03-13 John Barbour, Scottish poet
  • 1406-04-04 Robert III, King of Scots (1390-1406), dies, succeeded by 12 year old son James I
  • 1420-09-03 Robert Stewart, 1st Duke of Albany, regent of Scotland
  • 1425-05-24 Murdoch Stewart, 2nd Duke of Albany, Scottish politician (b. 1362)

James IJames I (1394-1437)

1437-02-21 King of Scotland (1406-37), murdered in a coup attempt at 42

  • 1445-08-16 Margaret of Scotland (Dauphine of France), wife of the future King Louis XI (b. 1424)
  • 1460-08-03 King James II of Scotland (b. 1430)
  • 1485-08-07 Alexander Stewart, 1st Duke of Albany, Scottish prince
  • 1488-06-11 James III, King of Scots (1460-88), killed in battle or assassinated soon after at Milltown near Bannockburn at 36
  • 1493-05-10 Colin Campbell, 1st Earl of Argyll, Scottish politician
  • 1511-08-02 Andrew Barton, Scottish sailor and privateer, killed in a battle at sea

James IVJames IV (1473-1513)

1513-09-09 King of Scotland (1488-1513), killed in the Battle of Flodden at 40

  • 1528-02-29 Patrick Hamilton, Scottish protestant martyr, burned at the stake in St Andrews at about 24
  • 1537-07-07 Madeleine of Valois, French princess who briefly became Queen of Scotland after marrying James V, dies only six months after the wedding at 16
  • 1541-10-18 Margaret Tudor, Queen consort of Scots as wife of James IV of Scotland (1503-13), dies at 51

James VJames V (1512-1542)

1542-12-14 King of Scotland (1513-42), dies likely of cholera or dysentery at 30

  • 1546-03-01 George Wishart, Scottish religious reformer, martyred at 33
  • 1556-11-10 Richard Chancellor, English explorer, dies in shipwreck off Scotland
  • 1560-06-01 Mary of Guise [Mary of Lorraine], French Queen consort of Scotland (1538-42) and Regent of Scotland for daughter Mary Queen of Scots (1554-60), dies of dropsy at 44
  • 1560-12-05 Francis II, King of France (1559-60) and husband of Mary, Queen of Scots, dies of an ear infection at 16
  • 1565-03-17 Alexander Ales [Alesius], Scottish theologian of the school of Augsburg, dies at 64
  • 1566-03-09 David Rizzio, Italian secretary of Mary Queen of Scots, murdered by Protestant nobles
  • 1567-02-09 Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley, King consort of Mary, Queen of Scots, murdered at 21 in the orchard of Kirk o' Field in Edinburgh
  • 1571-04-06 John Hamilton, Scottish prelate (Archbishop of St Andrews, 1547-71), and politician, dies at 59
  • 1571-09-04 Matthew Stuart, Earl of Lennox, regent of Scotland for his grandson King James VI, shot and killed during a skirmish in Stirling at 54
  • 1572-11-24 John Knox, Scottish preacher, dies at about 67
  • 1578-04-14 James Hepburn, 4th Earl of Bothwell, consort of Mary I of Scotland
  • 1581-06-02 James Douglas, 4th Earl of Morton, regent of Scotland
  • 1582-09-28 George Buchanan, Scottish historian (b. 1506)
  • 1585-12-04 John Willock, Scottish reformer
  • 1586-03-20 Richard Maitland, Scottish statesman and historian (b. 1496)
  • 1586-09-20 Anthony Babington, English page and conspirator to Mary, Queen of Scots convicted of plotting the assassination of Elizabeth I, hanged, drawn and quartered at 24

Mary, Queen of ScotsMary, Queen of Scots (1542-1587)

1587-02-08 Queen of Scots [Mary Stuart], Queen of Scotland (1560-87), beheaded at 44

  • 1599-02-08 Robert Rollock, Scottish educator (1st Regent of Edinburgh University), dies
  • 1600-12-12 John Craig, Scottish church reformer/James VI's court vicar, dies
  • 1601-04-10 Mark Alexander Boyd, Scottish poet (Sonnet of Venus and Cupid), dies at 39
  • 1609-12-04 Alexander Hume, Scottish poet (Hymns and Sacred Songs), dies
  • 1613-04-27 Robert Abercromby, Scottish Jesuit missionary, dies at 77

John NapierJohn Napier (1550-1617)

1617-04-04 Scottish mathematician and inventor (logarithms), dies from effects of gout at 67

  • 1618-03-23 James Hamilton, 1st Earl of Abercorn, Scottish politician
  • 1621-08-15 John Barclay, Scottish satirist writer and poet (Euphormio's Satyricon), dies at 39
  • 1622-06-16 Alexander Seton, 1st Earl of Dunfermline, Chancellor of Scotland (b. 1555)
  • 1624-02-12 George Heriot, Scottish goldsmith and philanthropist (b. 1563)

James I and VIJames I and VI (1566-1625)

1625-03-27 King James VI of Scotland (1567-1625) and James I of England and Ireland (1603-25), dies of dysentery at 58

  • 1625-09-06 Thomas Dempster, Scottish historian (b. 1579)
  • 1636-06-13 George Gordon, 1st Marquess of Huntly, Scottish politician (b. 1562)
  • 1639-11-26 John Spottiswoode, Scottish historian (b. 1565)
  • 1645-04-16 Tobias Hume, Scottish composer (The First Part of Ayres), dies
  • 1645-07-17 Robert Carr, 1st Earl of Somerset, Scottish politician
  • 1646-08-19 Alexander Henderson, Scottish theologian
  • 1649-03-09 James Hamilton, 1st Duke of Hamilton, Scottish statesman, dies at 42
  • 1649-12-04 William Drummond of Hawthornden, Scottish poet, dies at 63
  • 1650-05-21 James Graham, Marquis of Montrose "the Great Montrose", Scottish general, hanged at 37
  • 1650-10-29 David Calderwood, Scottish historian (b. 1575)
  • 1661-04-04 Alexander Leslie, 1st Earl of Leven, Scottish soldier (b. circa 1580)
  • 1661-05-27 Archibald Campbell, Scottish politician, beheaded at about 53
  • 1662-02-13 Elisabeth Stuart, Electress of the Palatinate, "The Winter Queen" of Bohemia and daughter of James VI and I of England and Scotland, dies at 65
  • 1670-06-30 Henrietta Anne Stuart, Princess of England, Scotland, and Ireland (b. 1644)

Charles IICharles II (1630-1685)

1685-02-06 King of England, Scotland and Ireland (1660-85), dies at 54

  • 1685-06-30 Archibald Campbell, Scottish politician, beheaded at about 55
  • 1688-02-17 Rev James Renwick, hanged in Scotland for being a Presbyterian
  • 1689-08-21 William Cleland, Scottish poet and soldier
  • 1690-10-03 Robert Barclay, Scottish writer (b. 1648)
  • 1694-12-28 Mary II, Queen of England Scotland and Ireland, dies after 5 years of rule at 32
  • 1695-11-29 James Dalrymple, 1st Viscount Stair, Scottish lawyer and statesman (b. 1619)
  • 1696-08-02 Robert Campbell of Glenlyon, Scottish military commander (b. 1630)
  • 1697-03-26 Godfrey McCulloch, Scottish politician and murderer involved in a clan feud, executed by Maiden (Scottish guillotine) (b. 1640)
  • 1699-11-29 Patrick Gordon, Scottish general (served Tsar Peter the Great), dies at 64

William KiddWilliam Kidd (1645-1701)

1701-05-23 Scottish pirate legend, hanged at London's Execution Dock at about 56

James IIJames II (1633-1701)

1701-09-16 King of England, Scotland and Ireland (1685-88), dies at 68

  • 1703-09-20 Archibald Campbell, 1st Duke of Argyll, Scottish privy councillor, dies at 52
  • 1707-01-08 John Dalrymple, 1st Earl of Stair, Scottish politician (b. 1648)
  • 1708-10-10 David Gregory, Scottish astronomer (b. 1659)
  • 1710-06-01 David Mitchell, Scottish admiral in the British Royal navy (b. 1642)