Scotland in History (Part 2)

Scotland: Edinburgh - Glasgow

Historical Events

Events 101 - 200 of 250

  • 1685-02-06 Duke of York becomes King James II of England and VII of Scotland upon the death of his brother Charles II
  • 1689-03-14 Scotland dismisses William III & Mary Stuart as king & queen
  • 1689-07-27 Battle of Killicrankie: Jacobite Scottish Highlanders under Viscount Dundee defeat royalist force under General MacKay
  • 1689-08-21 Battle of Dunkeld fought in Scotland between supporters of King James VII of Scotland and troops of William of Orange
  • 1692-02-13 Glencoe Massacre: about 38 MacDonalds killed early in the morning by rival Campbell clan members, allegedly for not promptly pledging allegiance to the new king, William of Orange
  • 1698-11-02 Scottish settlers make landfall in Panama, establishing the ill-fated 'Darien Venture' colony
  • 1701-09-16 James Francis Edward Stuart, sometimes called the "Old Pretender", becomes the Jacobite claimant to the thrones of England and Scotland.
  • 1702-03-08 Queen Anne becomes Queen of England, Scotland and Ireland upon death of King William III
  • 1707-01-16 The Act of Union is ratified by the Scottish Parliament
  • 1707-04-29 English and Scottish parliaments accept Act of Union; creates the United Kingdom of Great Britain (comes into being 1st May)
  • 1707-05-01 Acts of Union comes into force, uniting England and Scotland to form the United Kingdom of Great Britain
  • 1708-03-11 Queen Anne withholds Royal Assent from the Scottish Militia Bill, the last time a British monarch vetoes legislation
  • 1715-09-06 Pro-James III-uprising in Scotland
  • 1715-11-13 Battle of Sheriffmuir during Jacobite rebellion. Battle inconclusive but Government forces halt advance of Jacobite army lead by Scottish Earl of Mar
  • 1716-02-10 Scottish pretender to the throne James III Edward returns to France
  • 1745-02-18 Bonnie Prince Charlie's troops occupy Inverness, Scotland
  • 1745-02-20 Jacobite troops occupy Fort Augustus, Scotland
  • 1745-06-22 Bonnie Prince Charles sails to Scotland
  • 1745-08-05 Jacobite Rising 1745: Jacobite forces capture British company of troops under Captain Scott
  • 1745-08-19 Jacobite Rising 1745 : Bonnie Prince Charlie, raises his standard at Glenfinnan, Scotland, igniting the second Jacobite rebellion.
  • 1745-08-31 Jacobite Rising 1745: Bonnie Prince Charlie reaches Blair Castle, Scotland
  • 1745-10-14 French help convoy reaches Montrose Scotland
  • 1745-12-06 Bonnie Prince Charlie's army retreats to Scotland
  • 1746-09-20 Bonnie Prince Charlie flees to France from Scotland
  • 1768-12-06 1st edition of "Encyclopedia Brittanica" published in Scotland

InventionHistoric Invention

1769-04-29 Scottish engineer James Watt's patent for a steam engine with a separate condenser enrolled (Patent 913)

Inventor, Engineer and Chemist James Watt
Inventor, Engineer and Chemist
James Watt
  • 1773-07-20 Scottish settlers arrive at Pictou, Nova Scotia (Canada)
  • 1786-06-29 Alexander Macdonell and over five hundred Roman Catholic highlanders leave Scotland to settle in Glengarry County, Ontario.
  • 1804-01-30 Scottish explorer Mungo Park leaves England seeking source of Niger River
  • 1804-04-05 High Possil Meteorite: The first recorded meteorite in Scotland falls in Possil
  • 1808-01-12 The organizational meeting that led to the creation of the Wernerian Natural History Society, a former Scottish learned society, is held in Edinburgh.
  • 1808-03-02 The inaugural meeting of the Wernerian Natural History Society, a former Scottish learned society, was held in Edinburgh.
  • 1823-10-12 Charles Macintosh of Scotland begins selling raincoats (Macs)
  • 1824-11-15 Series of fires kills 10 in Edinburgh, Scotland
  • 1825-01-03 Scottish factory owner Robert Owen buys 30,000 acres in Indiana as site for New Harmony utopian community
  • 1829-09-29 The first units of the London Metropolitan Police appear on the streets of the British capital
  • 1830-03-16 London's re-organised police force (Scotland Yard)
  • 1832-02-06 1st appearance of cholera in Edinburgh, Scotland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1842-03-03 1st performance of Felix Mendelssohn's 3rd "Scottish" Symphony

Composer and Pianist Felix Mendelssohn
Composer and Pianist
Felix Mendelssohn
  • 1843-05-18 United Free Church of Scotland forms
  • 1848-03-23 The ship John Wickliffe arrives at Port Chalmers carrying the first Scottish settlers for Dunedin, New Zealand. Otago province is founded.
  • 1850-07-07 Scottish explorer Edward Eyre reaches Albany, Western Australia
  • 1853-09-29 Emigrant ship "Annie Jane" sinks off Scotland, drowning 348
  • 1858-04-16 The Wernerian Natural History Society, a former Scottish learned society, is wound up
  • 1859-03-21 Scottish National Gallery opens in Edinburgh

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1867-07-09 An unsuccessful expedition led by E.D Young sets out to search for Dr David Livingstone (Scottish missionary and explorer)

Physician and Explorer David Livingstone
Physician and Explorer
David Livingstone
  • 1869-11-23 In Dumbarton, Scotland, the clipper Cutty Sark is launched - one of the last clippers ever built, and the only one still surviving
  • 1871-03-27 1st international rugby game-Scotland 1, England 0
  • 1872-11-30 First international soccer game, Scotland draws with England (0-0) in Glasgow
  • 1876-03-25 Glasgow 1st soccer match Scotland-Wales (4-0)
  • 1877-10-22 The Blantyre mining disaster in Scotland kills 207 miners. Those widows and orphans who were unable to support themselves were evicted by the mine owners and likely sent to the Poor House.

  • 1879-12-28 North British Railway's train falls as Tay bridge collapses (Scotland)
  • 1881-03-12 Andrew Watson makes his Scotland debut as the world's first black international football player and captain
  • 1883-07-03 SS Daphne sinks on Clyde River Scotland; 195 die
  • 1883-10-04 First meeting of the Boys' Brigade in Glasgow, Scotland.
  • 1887-09-30 Volunteer (US) beats Thistle (Scotland) in 8th America's Cup
  • 1888-10-31 Scottish vet John Boyd Dunlop patents pneumatic bicycle tyre
  • 1890-03-04 The longest bridge in the Great Britain, the Forth Bridge (railway) (1,710 ft) in Scotland is opened by the Prince of Wales, who later became King Edward VII.
  • 1897-05-29 31st Belmont: J Scherrer aboard Scottish Cheiftain wins in 2:23.25
  • 1900-07-11 Boer general De la Rey captures Scots Greys and Lincolns
  • 1902-04-05 In Glasgow, Scotland the Ibrox disaster occurs after a section of a grandstand collapses killing 25 and injuring 517
  • 1904-04-05 The first international rugby league match is played between England and an Other Nationalities team (Welsh & Scottish players) in Central Park, Wigan, England.
  • 1911-05-09 Fire breaks out at Empire Theatre in Edinburgh, Scotland
  • 1914-06-06 1st air flight out of sight of land (Scotland to Norway)
  • 1914-09-08 HMS (formerly RMS) Oceanic, sister ship of RMS Titanic, sinks off Scotland
  • 1915-05-22 Local train collides with troop train killing 226 in Gretna, Scotland
  • 1915-12-30 Cromarty Harbour, Scotland - British cruiser Natal explodes: 405 die
  • 1917-01-29 British submarine K13 sank in Gaire Loch, Scotland; 32 of her crew died
  • 1918-01-31 A series of accidental collisions on a misty Scottish night leads to the loss of two Royal Navy submarines with over a hundred lives, and damage to another five British warships.
  • 1918-10-06 US ship Otranto sinks between Scotland & Ireland, 425 die
  • 1919-01-31 The Battle of George Square takes place in Glasgow, Scotland: troops deployed against protesters for fear of a Bolshevik uprising
  • 1922-10-17 Scottish worker begins hunger march from Glasgow on London
  • 1923-02-24 Flying Scotsman goes into service

InventionScientific Discovery

1928-09-15 Scottish bacteriologist Alexander Fleming discovers penicillin while studying influenza

  • 1930-08-29 The last 36 remaining inhabitants of St Kilda are voluntarily evacuated to other parts of Scotland.
  • 1938-09-27 British ocean liner "Queen Elizabeth" launches at Clydebank, Scotland
  • 1939-10-28 Spitfire shoots German Heinkel-111 down above Scotland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941-05-10 Adolf Hitler's deputy Rudolf Hess escapes to Britain to open secret negotiations with the Allies, parachuting into Scotland

Nazi leader Rudolf Hess
Nazi leader
Rudolf Hess
  • 1942-10-22 1st ships of invasion fleet for Oran (Algeria) leave Scotland
  • 1942-11-03 12th day of battle at El Alamein: Scottish assault

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944-09-05 British premier Winston Churchill travels to Scotland

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1944-10-30 Scots Highlanders liberate Waalwijk
  • 1945-01-16 Scottish 52nd land division and 1st Commando brigade-assault at Heinsberg
  • 1945-01-24 Scottish 52nd Lowland division occupies Heinsberg
  • 1948-10-21 Dutch Constellation crashes at Prestwick Scotland (40 murder)
  • 1949-12-19 Luxury passenger ship Aquitania demolished in Gareloch, Scotland
  • 1950-12-25 Coronation Stone, taken from Scone in Scotland by Edward I in 1296, stolen from Westminster Abbey & smuggled back to Scotland
  • 1951-07-02 Worcestershire cricket wicketkeeper Hugo Yarnold makes a record 6 stumpings in an innings in a 1st-class match vs Scotland at Dundee
  • 1953-01-31 "Princess Victoria" capsized off Stanraer Scotland; 133 die
  • 1958-08-18 United Kingdom issues regional stamps (N Ireland, Scotland & Wales)
  • 1960-03-28 Scotch whisky factory explodes burying 20 fire fighters in Glasgow, Scotland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1961-03-08 US nuclear submarine Patrick Henry arrives at Scottish naval base of Holy Loch from South Carolina in a record underseas journey of 66 days 22 hrs

American Revolutionary and Founding Father Patrick Henry
American Revolutionary and Founding Father
Patrick Henry
  • 1964-09-04 Scottish Forth Road Bridge opens (then the longest in Europe)
  • 1966-02-09 UK Government announces construction of a nuclear reactor on the North coast of Scotland
  • 1966-04-04 Pirate Radio Scotland changes name to Radio Ireland
  • 1967-05-31 Bayern Munchen of West Germany wins 7th European Cup Winner's Cup against Rangers of Scotland 1-0 in Nuremberg
  • 1967-07-23 Pirate Radio Swinging Scotland closes down for financial reasons
  • 1967-08-14 Radio Scotland & Radio Swinging Holland go off the air
  • 1967-09-20 British liner Queen Elizabeth II launched at Clydebank Scotland
  • 1969-12-18 House of Lords votes to abolish the death penalty in England, Wales and Scotland (Northern Ireland 25 July 1973)

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 101 - 200 of 702

  • 1754-08-21 William Murdoch, Scottish inventor (oscillating cylinder steam engine), born in Cumnock, East Ayrshire, Scotland (d. 1839)
  • 1756-03-04 Sir Henry Raeburn, Scottish painter (d. 1823)
  • 1757-08-09 Thomas Telford, Scottish civil engineer (d. 1834)
  • 1758-02-17 John Pinkerton, Scottish historian
  • 1758-07-25 Elizabeth Hamilton, Scottish author (The cottagers of Glenburnie), born in Belfast, Ireland (d. 1816)

Person of interestRobert Burns

1759-01-25 Robert Burns, Scottish poet (Auld Lang Syne), born in Alloway, Scotland (d. 1796)

  • 1761-01-17 James Hall, Scottish geologist, born in Dunglass, Scotland (d. 1832)
  • 1761-06-07 John Rennie, Scottish engineer, born in East Linton, East Lothian, Scotland (d. 1821)
  • 1761-10-27 Matthew Baillie, Scottish Physician (first systematic study of pathology in 1793), born in Shotts Manse, Lanarkshire (d. 1823)
  • 1763-10-27 William Maclure, Scottish-American Geologist (first geological map), born in Ayr, Scotland (d. 1840)
  • 1764-02-28 Robert Haldane, Scottish theologist/philanthropist
  • 1766-07-06 Alexander Wilson, Scottish-born naturalist (d. 1813)
  • 1768-05-03 Charles Tennant, Scottish chemist and industrialist, born in Laigh Corton, Alloway, Ayrshire, Scotland (d. 1838)
  • 1768-09-23 William Wallace, Scottish mathematician (Rights of Wallace)
  • 1771-06-20 Thomas Douglas, 5th Earl of Selkirk, Scottish philanthropist (d. 1820)
  • 1771-08-15 Walter Scott, Scottish historical novelist and poet (The Lady of the Lake), born in College Wynd, Edinburgh Scotland (d. 1832)
  • 1771-09-11 Mungo Park, Scottish explorer (first westerner to travel the central Niger River in Africa), born in Selkirkshire, Scotland (d. 1806)
  • 1772-06-08 Robert Stevenson, Scottish civil engineer (Bell Rock Lighthouse, Scotland), born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 1850)
  • 1773-04-06 James Mill, Scottish philosopher and historian (History of British India), born in Angus, Scotland (d. 1836)
  • 1773-07-23 Thomas Brisbane, British soldier, administrator and astronomer, born in Ayrshire, Scotland (d. 1860)
  • 1774-11-24 Thomas Dick, Scottish scientific teacher and writer (d. 1857)
  • 1776-12-29 Charles Macintosh, Scottish chemist and inventor (waterproof fabric), born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 1843)
  • 1779-05-02 John Galt, Scottish novelist (Annals of the Parish), born in Irvine, Ayrshire, Scotland (d. 1839)
  • 1780-03-17 Thomas Chalmers, Scottish minister and 1st moderator (Free Church of Scotland 1843-47), born in Anstruther, Scotland (d. 1847)
  • 1780-10-10 John Abercrombie, Scottish physician, born in Aberdeen (d. 1844)
  • 1781-12-11 David Brewster, Scotland, physicist/inventor (kaleidoscope)

Person of interestGeorge Hamilton-Gordon

1784-01-28 George Hamilton-Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (Peelite: 1852-55) and Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1861)

British Prime Minister George Hamilton-Gordon
British Prime Minister
George Hamilton-Gordon
  • 1784-02-20 Adam Black, politician/publisher, born in Edinburgh, Scotland
  • 1785-05-18 John Wilson, Scottish writer (d. 1854)
  • 1788-05-18 Hugh Clapperton, Annan Scotland, African explorer
  • 1792-02-19 Roderick Murchison, Muir of Ord Ross-shire, Scottish Geologist (Silurian system)
  • 1792-12-29 Sir Archibald Alison, 1st Baronet, Scottish historian (History of Europe), born in Shropshire, England (d. 1867)

Person of interestJames Gordon Bennett

1795-09-01 James Gordon Bennett, Sr., American newspaper publisher (New York Herald), born in Keith, Scotland (d. 1872)

Founder of the New York Herald James Gordon Bennett
Founder of the New York Herald
James Gordon Bennett
  • 1795-09-06 Frances Wright, Scottish writer and lecturer, born in Dundee, Scotland (d. 1852)
  • 1795-10-05 Alexander Keith, Scottish-born Canadian brewer (d. 1873)
  • 1795-11-09 Walter Geikie, Scottish painter, born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1837)

Person of interestThomas Carlyle

1795-12-04 Thomas Carlyle, Scottish essayist and historian (The French Revolution), born in Ecclefechan, Scotland (d. 1881)

Historian and Essayist Thomas Carlyle
Historian and Essayist
Thomas Carlyle
  • 1797-10-13 William Motherwell, Scottish civil servant/poet

Person of interestCharles Lyell

1797-11-14 Charles Lyell, Scottish geologist (Principles of Geology), born in Kinnordy, Angus, Scotland (d. 1875)

Geologist Charles Lyell
Charles Lyell
  • 1799-07-25 David Douglas, Scottish botanist, born in Scone, Perthshire, Scotland (d. 1834)
  • 1803-01-15 Marjory Fleming, Scottish writer and poet (d. 1811)
  • 1804-01-13 John Pringle Nichol, Scottish Astronomer and educator
  • 1804-01-14 John Park, Scottish composer and minister, born in Greenock, Renfrewshire, (d. 1865)
  • 1806-07-20 John Sterling, Scottish writer, born in Isle of Bute, United Kingdom (d. 1844)
  • 1808-08-19 James Nasmyth, Edinburgh, Scottish Engineer and Inventor of the steam hammer
  • 1811-06-07 James Young Simpson, Scottish obstetrician who popularized chloroform for medicinal use, born in Bathgate, West Lothian, Scotland (d. 1870)
  • 1812-01-20 Thomas Meik, Scottish engineer (d. 1896)
  • 1812-12-23 Samuel Smiles, Scotland, author (Self-Help, Character, Duty)

Person of interestDavid Livingstone

1813-03-19 David Livingstone, Scottish explorer (found by Stanley in Africa), born in Blantyre, South Lanarkshire, Scotland (d. 1873)

Physician and Explorer David Livingstone
Physician and Explorer
David Livingstone

Person of interestJohn A. Macdonald

1815-01-11 John A. Macdonald, First Prime Minister of Canada (1867-1873 and 1878-1891), born in Glasgow, Scotland

Prime Minister of Canada John A. Macdonald
Prime Minister of Canada
John A. Macdonald
  • 1817-04-19 John Philip "Spanish John", Scottish painter, born in Aberdeen (d. 1865)
  • 1819-01-03 Charles Piazzi Smyth, Astronomer Royal for Scotland (d. 1900)
  • 1819-07-02 Thomas Anderson, Scottish Chemist (discovered pyridine)
  • 1820-07-05 William John Macquorn Rankine, Scottish mechanical engineer and physicist, born in Edinburgh (d. 1872)
  • 1821-03-15 William Milligan, Scottish theologian (d. 1892)

Person of interestAlexander Mackenzie

1822-01-28 Alexander Mackenzie, 2nd Prime Minister of Canada (Liberal: 1873-78), born in Logierait, Scotland (d. 1892)

2nd Prime Minister of Canada Alexander Mackenzie
2nd Prime Minister of Canada
Alexander Mackenzie
  • 1823-04-30 George Campbell, 8th Duke of Argyll and Secretary of State for India (1868-74, 1880-85), born in Ardencaple Castle, Dunbartonshire (d. 1900)
  • 1823-05-22 Isabella Glyn Dallas, British Shakespearean actress, born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1889)
  • 1824-02-03 Ranald MacDonald, Canadian-born Scottish educator and interpreter (d. 1894)

Person of interestWilliam Thomson

1824-06-26 William Thomson, 1st Baron Kelvin, Irish-Scottish mathematical physicist (Kelvin Scale) and engineer (transatlantic telegraph), born in Belfast, Ireland (d. 1907)

Mathematical Physicist and Engineer William Thomson
Mathematical Physicist and Engineer
William Thomson
  • 1824-09-30 Peter Milne, Scottish composer and violinist, born in Kincardine O'Neil (d. 1908)
  • 1824-12-10 George MacDonald, Scotland, sci-fi author (Princess & Curdie)
  • 1826-11-17 John McArthur, Scottish-American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Erskine, Scotland (d. 1906)
  • 1827-01-07 Sir Sandford Fleming, Scottish-Canadian engineer; introduced Universal Standard Time (d. 1915)
  • 1828-04-04 Margaret Oliphant, Scottish novelist and biographer (Beleaguered City), born in Wallyford, Scotland (d. 1897)
  • 1830-04-05 Alexander Muir, Canadian composer (The Maple Leaf Forever), born in Lesmahagow, Scotland (d. 1906)
  • 1831-03-31 Archibald Scott, Scottish chemist
  • 1831-06-13 James Clerk Maxwell, Scottish physicist (electromagnetic theory, speed of light), born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1879)
  • 1831-09-13 Andrew Noble, Greenock, Scottish Physicist who was a founder of the science of ballistics
  • 1834-03-16 James Hector, Scottish geologist (d. 1907)

Person of interestAndrew Carnegie

1835-11-25 Andrew Carnegie, Scottish-American industrialist, steel tycoon, philanthropist and one of the richest Americans ever, born in Dunfermline, Scotland (d. 1919)

Industrialist and Philanthropist Andrew Carnegie
Industrialist and Philanthropist
Andrew Carnegie

Person of interestHenry Campbell-Bannerman

1836-09-07 Henry Campbell-Bannerman, British Prime Minister (Liberal: 1905-08), born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 1908)

British Prime Minister Henry Campbell-Bannerman
British Prime Minister
Henry Campbell-Bannerman

Person of interestJohn Muir

1838-04-21 John Muir, Scottish naturalist/discoverer (glaciers in High Seirras), born in Dunbar

Environmental Philosopher John Muir
Environmental Philosopher
John Muir
  • 1840-02-05 John Boyd Dunlop, Scotland, developer (pneumatic rubber tire)
  • 1840-03-31 Benjamin Baker, English civil engineer who designed the bridge over the Firth of Forth, Scotland and the London underground, born in Frome, England (d. 1907)
  • 1840-08-28 Alexander Cameron Sim, Scottish merchant, born in Aberlour, Scotland (d. 1900)
  • 1842-09-20 James Dewar, Scottish chemist/physicist (Dewarfles/cordiet)
  • 1843-06-01 Henry Faulds, Scottish fingerprinting pioneer (d. 1930)
  • 1844-03-31 Andrew Lang, Scottish poet, novelist, literary critic, and anthropologist (Andrew Lang's Fairy Books), born in Selkirk, Scottish Borders, Scotland (d. 1912)
  • 1844-09-28 Robert Stout, NZ Prime Minister (1884-87), born in Shetland Islands Scotland
  • 1846-08-23 Alexander Milne Calder, Scottish-American sculptor, born in Aberdeen, Scotland (d. 1923)

Person of interestAlexander Graham Bell

1847-03-03 Alexander Graham Bell, Scottish-born British-American inventor (telephone), born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1922)

Person of interestArthur Balfour

1848-07-25 Arthur Balfour, British Prime Minister (Conservative: 1902-05) and Foreign Secretary (Balfour Declaration), born in Whittingehame House, East Lothian, Scotland (d. 1930)

British Prime Minister Arthur Balfour
British Prime Minister
Arthur Balfour
  • 1850-05-10 Thomas Johnstone Lipton, yachtsman/tea magnate (Lipton Tea), born in Glasgow, Scotland
  • 1850-05-27 Thomas Neill Cream, serial killer (Lambeth poisoner), born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 1892)

Person of interestRobert Louis Stevenson

1850-11-13 Robert Louis Stevenson, Scottish author (Treasure Island), born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1894)

  • 1851-08-17 Henry Drummond, Scottish geologist and evangelist
  • 1852-05-24 Robert Bontine Cunninghame Graham, Scottish politician, born in London (d. 1936)
  • 1854-10-27 Sir William Alexander Smith, Scottish founder of the Boys' Brigade, born in Pennyland House, Thurso, Scotland (d. 1914)
  • 1855-03-27 Alfred Ewing, Scottish Physicist (magnetic properties of metals, hysteresis), born in Dundee, Angus, Scotland (d. 1935)
  • 1856-08-15 J. Keir Hardie, Scottish politician and 1st Labour representative in British Parliament, born in Lanarkshire, Scotland (d. 1915)
  • 1856-09-23 William Archer, Scotland, writer (Green Goddess)
  • 1856-11-03 Jim McCormick, Scottish-born American baseball player, born in Glasgow (d. 1918)
  • 1857-05-15 Williamina Fleming, Scottish-born astronomer (d. 1911)
  • 1858-02-14 Joseph Thomson, Scottish geologist and early African explorer (Thomson's Gazelle), born in Penpont, Dumfries, Scotland (d. 1895)
  • 1859-02-13 William Strang, Scottish painter/engraver
  • 1859-03-08 Kenneth Grahame, Scottish author (The Wind in the Willows), born in Edinburgh (d. 1932)

Person of interestArthur Conan Doyle

1859-05-22 Arthur Conan Doyle, British author who brought Sherlock Holmes to life twice, born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1930)

  • 1860-05-03 John Scott Haldane, Scottish physiologist, born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1936)
  • 1860-05-09 J.M. [James Matthew] Barrie, Scottish novelist and playwright (Peter Pan), born in Kirriemuir, Angus (d. 1937)

Famous Weddings

Famous Deaths

Deaths 101 - 200 of 363

  • 1717-03-19 John Campbell, 1st Earl of Breadalbane and Holland, Scottish royalist
  • 1721-12-13 Alexander Selkirk, Scottish sailor and castaway (b. 1676)
  • 1726-07-08 John Ker, Scottish spy (b. 1673)
  • 1728-04-03 James Anderson, Scottish lawyer (b. 1662)
  • 1729-03-21 John Law, Scottish financier, dies at about 57
  • 1732-05-20 Thomas Boston, Scottish church leader (b. 1676)
  • 1734-03-21 Robert Wodrow, Scottish historian (b. 1679)

Person of interestRob Roy

1734-12-28 Rob Roy, Scottish folk hero and outlaw, dies at 63

Folk Hero and Outlaw Rob Roy
Folk Hero and Outlaw
Rob Roy
  • 1742-04-02 James Douglas, Scottish physician and anatomist (b. 1675)
  • 1746-02-04 Robert Blair, Scottish poet (The Grave), dies at 46
  • 1746-12-06 Lady Grizel Baillie, Scottish songwriter (b. 1665)
  • 1747-05-09 John Dalrymple, 2nd Earl of Stair, Scottish soldier and diplomat (b. 1673)
  • 1748-08-27 James Thomson, Scottish poet (Rule, Britannia), dies at 47
  • 1750-05-03 John Willison, Scottish minister and writer (b. 1680)
  • 1752-11-06 Ralph Erskine, Scottish minister (b. 1685)
  • 1754-06-02 Ebenezer Erskine, Scottish religious dissenter (b. 1680)
  • 1757-01-19 Thomas Ruddiman, Scottish classical scholar (b. 1674)
  • 1757-03-08 Thomas Blackwell, Scottish classical scholar, dies at 55
  • 1758-01-07 Allan Ramsay Sr, Scottish poet (Gentle Shepherd), dies at 71
  • 1758-10-14 Francis Edward James Keith, Scottish soldier and Prussian field marshal, dies at 62
  • 1761-04-15 Archibald Campbell, 3rd Duke of Argyll, Scottish politician (b. 1682)
  • 1761-12-23 Alestair Ruadh MacDonnell, Scottish Jacobite spy
  • 1766-09-03 Archibald Bower, Scottish historian (b. 1686)
  • 1767-07-15 Michael Bruce, Scottish poet (Elegy written in Spring), dies at 21
  • 1768-06-15 James Short, Scottish mathematician and optician (b. 1710)
  • 1768-10-01 Robert Simson, Scotland mathematician, dies at 80
  • 1770-11-09 John Campbell, 4th Duke of Argyll, Scottish politician
  • 1774-10-16 Robert Fergusson, Scottish poet (Scottish Poems), dies at 24

Person of interestDavid Hume

1776-08-25 David Hume, Scottish philosopher and historian (A Treatise of Human Nature), dies of abdominal cancer at 65

Philosopher David Hume
David Hume
  • 1777-01-12 Hugh Mercer, Scottish military officer (fought in the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War), dies of his wounds at the Battle of Princeton at 50
  • 1782-12-27 Henry Home, Lord Kames, Scottish philosopher (b. 1697)
  • 1783-03-30 William Hunter, Scottish anatomist (b. 1718)
  • 1784-08-10 Allan Ramsay, Scottish painter and artist (b. 1713)
  • 1785-01-23 Matthew Stewart, Scottish mathematician (b. 1717)
  • 1788-06-18 Adam Gib, Scottish religious leader (b. 1714)
  • 1788-10-15 Samuel Greig, Scottish-Russian admiral (b. 1735)
  • 1788-12-25 John Logan, Scottish conductor (Ode to the Cuckoo), dies at about 40
  • 1790-02-05 William Cullen, Scottish physician and chemist (b. 1710)

Person of interestAdam Smith

1790-07-17 Adam Smith, Scottish economist (Wealth of Nations) and moral philosopher, dies at 67

Economist and Philosopher Adam Smith
Economist and Philosopher
Adam Smith
  • 1792-03-03 Robert Adam, Scottish architect and designer (Adelphi Terrace, London), dies at 63
  • 1793-03-20 William Murray, 1st Earl of Mansfield, Scottish judge and politician (b. 1705)
  • 1795-05-19 James Boswell, Scottish biographer (b. 1740)
  • 1796-01-13 John H. D. Anderson, Scottish scientist and inventor (b. 1726)
  • 1796-02-17 James Macpherson, Scottish writer and poet, dies at 59

Person of interestRobert Burns

1796-07-21 Robert Burns, Scottish poet (Auld Lang Syne), dies at 37

  • 1796-10-07 Thomas Reid, Scottish philosopher (b. 1710)
  • 1799-05-26 James Burnett, Lord Monboddo, Scottish judge (b. 1714)
  • 1799-12-06 Joseph Black, Scottish medical/chemist/physicist, dies at 71
  • 1800-12-27 Hugh Blair, Scottish preacher and man of letters (b. 1718)
  • 1803-08-18 James Beattie, Scottish poet and philosopher (Essay on Truth), dies at 67
  • 1805-08-28 Alexander Carlyle, Scottish church leader (Moderator of the General Assembly 1770), dies at 83
  • 1806-02-20 Lachlan McIntosh, Scottish-born American military and political leader (b. 1725)
  • 1807-05-18 John Douglas, Scottish Anglican bishop and man of letters (b. 1721)
  • 1808-09-05 John Home, Scottish writer (b. 1722)
  • 1809-10-08 James Elphinston, Scottish philologist (b. 1721)
  • 1811-05-05 Robert Mylne, Scottish architect (b. 1734)
  • 1813-08-23 Alexander Wilson, Scottish-born ornithologist (b. 1766)
  • 1813-12-19 James McGill, Scottish-Canadian businessman and philanthropist, dies at 69
  • 1816-02-22 Adam Ferguson, Scottish sociologist/historian, dies at 92
  • 1819-07-20 John Playfair, Scottish geologist/mathematician, dies

Person of interestJames Watt

1819-08-25 James Watt, Scottish inventor, mechanical engineer and chemist (steam engine), dies at 83

Inventor, Engineer and Chemist James Watt
Inventor, Engineer and Chemist
James Watt
  • 1819-11-15 Daniel Rutherford, Scottish chemist and physician (b. 1749)
  • 1821-10-04 John Rennie, Scottish engineer, dies at 60
  • 1822-02-24 Thomas Coutts, Anglo-Scottish banker (Coutts & Co.), dies at 86
  • 1823-09-23 Matthew Baillie, Scottish Physician (first systematic study of pathology in 1793), dies at 61
  • 1828-06-11 Dugald Stewart, Scottish philosopher and mathematician (Scottish common sense), dies at 74
  • 1831-09-08 John Aitken, Scottish-born music publisher (b. 1745)
  • 1832-06-23 James Hall, Scottish geologist, dies at 70
  • 1832-09-21 Walter Scott, Scottish historical novelist and poet (The Lady of the Lake), dies at 61
  • 1834-09-02 Thomas Telford, Scottish civil engineer (b. 1757)
  • 1836-06-23 James Mill, Scottish philosopher and historian, dies at 63
  • 1838-10-01 Charles Tennant, Scottish chemist and industrialist, dies at 70
  • 1839-04-11 John Galt, Scottish novelist (Annals of the Parish), dies at 59
  • 1839-05-17 Archibald Alison, Scottish author (b. 1757)
  • 1840-03-23 William Maclure, Scottish-American Geologist (first geological map), dies at 76
  • 1841-06-01 David Wilkie, Scottish artist (b. 1785)
  • 1842-10-30 Allan Cunningham, Scottish poet and author (b. 1784)
  • 1842-12-07 Thomas Hamilton, Scottish writer (b. 1789)
  • 1843-04-28 William Wallace, Scottish mathematician (rights of Wallace), dies
  • 1843-07-25 Charles Macintosh, Scottish chemist and inventor (b. 1766)
  • 1844-11-14 John Abercrombie, Scottish physician, dies at 64
  • 1845-12-03 Gregor MacGregor, Scottish con-man (b. 1786)
  • 1847-05-31 Thomas Chalmers, Scottish minister and 1st moderator (Free Church of Scotland 1843-47), dies at 67
  • 1849-03-05 David Scott, Scottish painter (b. 1806)
  • 1850-05-24 Jane Porter, novelist (Scottish Chiefs), dies at 74
  • 1852-09-04 William MacGillivray, Scottish naturalist and ornithologist (b. 1796)
  • 1854-04-19 Robert Jameson, Scottish naturalist (b. 1774)
  • 1855-02-20 Joseph Hume, Scottish doctor and social reformer, dies at 78
  • 1857-07-29 Thomas Dick, Scottish scientific teacher and writer (b. 1774)
  • 1859-09-19 John Pringle Nichol, Scottish Astronomer and educator, dies at 55
  • 1860-03-25 James Braid, Scottish surgeon (b. 1795)
  • 1862-12-20 Robert Knox Scottish surgeon, anatomist and zoologist
  • 1867-05-23 Archibald Alison, Scottish historian, dies at 74
  • 1870-05-06 James Young Simpson, Scottish obstetrician who popularized chloroform for medicinal use, dies at 58
  • 1871-10-22 Roderick Murchison, Scottish Geologist (Silurian system), dies at 79
  • 1872-06-16 Norman MacLeod, Scottish clergyman (b. 1812)
  • 1873-09-17 Alexander Berry, Scottish adventurer (b. 1781)
  • 1874-11-02 Thomas Anderson, Scottish Chemist (discovered pyridine), dies at 55
  • 1877-08-12 James Drummond, Scottish historical painter, (b. 1816)
  • 1878-06-06 Robert Stirling, Scottish inventor (b. 1790)