Scotland in History (Part 2)

Scotland: Edinburgh - Glasgow

Historical Events

Events 101 - 200 of 322

  • 1679-06-01 The Scottish Covenanters defeat John Graham of Claverhouse at the Battle of Drumclog
  • 1679-06-22 Battle at Bothwell Bridge on Clyde: Duke of Monmouth beats Scots

Historic Event

1685-02-06 Duke of York becomes King James II of England and VII of Scotland upon the death of his brother Charles II

Historic Event

1689-03-14 Scotland dismisses William III & Mary Stuart as king & queen

  • 1689-04-11 King William III and Queen Mary II crowned as joint rulers of England, Scotland and Ireland
  • 1689-07-27 Battle of Killicrankie: Jacobite Scottish Highlanders under Viscount Dundee defeat royalist force under General MacKay
  • 1689-08-21 Battle of Dunkeld fought in Scotland between supporters of King James VII of Scotland and troops of William of Orange
  • 1692-02-13 Glencoe Massacre: about 38 MacDonalds killed early in the morning by rival Campbell clan members, allegedly for not promptly pledging allegiance to the new king, William of Orange
  • 1698-11-02 Scottish settlers make landfall in Panama, establishing the ill-fated 'Darien Venture' colony
  • 1701-09-16 James Francis Edward Stuart "The Old Pretender", becomes the Jacobite claimant to the thrones of England and Scotland on the death of his father James II

Historic Event

1702-03-08 James II's daughter Anne Stuart becomes Queen of England, Scotland and Ireland following the death of William III

  • 1707-01-16 The Act of Union is ratified by the Scottish Parliament
  • 1707-04-29 English and Scottish parliaments accept Act of Union; creates the United Kingdom of Great Britain (comes into being 1st May)
  • 1707-05-01 Acts of Union comes into force, uniting England and Scotland to form the United Kingdom of Great Britain
  • 1708-03-11 Queen Anne withholds Royal Assent from the Scottish Militia Bill, the last time a British monarch vetoes legislation
  • 1715-08-27 Earl of Mar raises the Jacobite standard at Braemar, Aberdeenshire starting the Jacobite uprising in Scotland
  • 1715-11-13 Battle of Sheriffmuir during Jacobite rebellion. Battle inconclusive but Government forces halt advance of Jacobite army lead by Scottish Earl of Mar
  • 1716-02-10 Scottish pretender to the throne James III Edward returns to France

Historic Publication

1738-09-26 Scottish philosopher David Hume enters into a contract to publish the first two volumes of his seminal work "A Treatise of Human Nature" with John Noon in London

Historic Invention

1769-04-29 Scottish engineer James Watt's patent for a steam engine with a separate condenser enrolled (Patent 913)

  • 1773-07-20 Scottish settlers arrive at Pictou, Nova Scotia (Canada)
  • 1786-06-29 Alexander Macdonell and over five hundred Roman Catholic highlanders leave Scotland to settle in Glengarry County, Ontario

Historic Publication

1786-07-31 "Poems, Chiefly in the Scottish dialect" by Robert Burns is published by John Wilson in Kilmarnock, Scotland

  • 1793-07-20 Scottish explorer Alexander Mackenzie completes the first European east-to-west crossing of America north of Mexico
  • 1804-01-30 Scottish explorer Mungo Park leaves England seeking source of Niger River
  • 1804-04-05 High Possil Meteorite: The first recorded meteorite in Scotland falls in Possil
  • 1808-01-12 The organizational meeting that led to the creation of the Wernerian Natural History Society, a former Scottish learned society, is held in Edinburgh.
  • 1808-03-02 The inaugural meeting of the Wernerian Natural History Society, a former Scottish learned society, was held in Edinburgh.
  • 1823-10-12 Charles Macintosh of Scotland begins selling raincoats (Macs)
  • 1824-11-15 Series of fires kills 10 in Edinburgh, Scotland
  • 1825-01-03 Scottish factory owner Robert Owen buys 30,000 acres in Indiana as site for New Harmony utopian community
  • 1830-03-16 London's re-organised police force (Scotland Yard)
  • 1832-02-06 1st appearance of cholera in Edinburgh, Scotland

Music Premiere

1842-03-03 1st performance of Felix Mendelssohn's 3rd "Scottish" Symphony in Leipzig Gewandhaus

  • 1843-05-18 United Free Church of Scotland forms
  • 1848-03-23 The ship John Wickliffe arrives at Port Chalmers carrying the first Scottish settlers for Dunedin, New Zealand. Otago province is founded.
  • 1850-07-07 Scottish explorer Edward Eyre reaches Albany, Western Australia
  • 1853-09-29 Emigrant ship "Annie Jane" sinks off Scotland, drowning 348
  • 1858-04-16 The Wernerian Natural History Society, a former Scottish learned society, is wound up
  • 1859-03-21 Scottish National Gallery opens in Edinburgh

Famous Photo

1861-05-17 First color photograph of a tartan ribbon shown by Scottish scientist James Clerk Maxwell to the Royal Institution in London

Historic Expedition

1867-07-09 An unsuccessful expedition led by E.D Young sets out to search for Dr David Livingstone (Scottish missionary and explorer)

  • 1869-11-23 The clipper Cutty Sark is launched In Dumbarton, Scotland, one of the last clippers ever built and the only one still surviving
  • 1871-03-27 First international rugby union match - Scotland beats England, 1-0 at Raeburn Place, Edinburgh
  • 1872-11-30 First international soccer game, Scotland draws with England (0-0) in Glasgow
  • 1876-03-25 Glasgow 1st soccer match Scotland defeat Wales (4-0)
  • 1877-10-22 The Blantyre mining disaster in Scotland kills 207 miners. Those widows and orphans who were unable to support themselves were evicted by the mine owners and likely sent to the Poor House.
  • 1879-12-28 North British Railway's train falls as Tay bridge collapses (Scotland)
  • 1881-03-12 Andrew Watson makes his Scotland debut as the world's first black international football player and captain
  • 1883-03-03 In the series decider England beats Scotland, 2 tries to 1 at Raeburn Place, Edinburgh to win the inaugural Home Nations Rugby Championship with an undefeated record
  • 1883-07-03 SS Daphne sinks on Clyde River in Scotland; 195 die
  • 1883-10-04 First meeting of the Boys' Brigade in Glasgow, Scotland.
  • 1887-09-30 8th America's Cup: New York Yacht Club’s cutter Volunteer beats Scottish challenger Thistle by 11:48.75 seconds on corrected time to win series, 2-0 off Newport, RI
  • 1888-10-31 Scottish vet John Boyd Dunlop patents pneumatic bicycle tyre

Historic Event

1890-03-04 Longest bridge in Great Britain, the Forth Bridge (railway) at 1,710 ft in length is opened in Scotland by the Prince of Wales, later King Edward VII

  • 1897-05-29 31st Belmont: Joe Scherrer aboard Scottish Chieftain wins in 2:23.25
  • 1900-07-11 Boer general De la Rey captures Scots Greys and Lincolns
  • 1902-04-05 In Glasgow, Scotland the Ibrox disaster occurs after a section of a grandstand collapses killing 25 and injuring 517
  • 1904-04-05 The first international rugby league match is played between England and an Other Nationalities team (Welsh & Scottish players) in Central Park, Wigan, England.
  • 1911-05-09 Fire breaks out at Empire Theatre in Edinburgh, Scotland
  • 1914-06-06 1st air flight out of sight of land (Scotland to Norway)
  • 1914-09-08 HMS (formerly RMS) Oceanic, two weeks into its service with the Royal Navy, runs aground off, Foula, Shetland, Scotland in good weather and eventually sinks
  • 1915-05-22 Local train collides with troop train killing 226 in Gretna, Scotland
  • 1915-12-30 Cromarty Harbour, Scotland - British cruiser Natal explodes: 405 die
  • 1917-01-29 British submarine K13 sank in Gaire Loch, Scotland; killing 32 of her crew
  • 1918-01-31 A series of accidental collisions on a misty Scottish night leads to the loss of two Royal Navy submarines with over a hundred lives, and damage to another five British warships.
  • 1918-10-06 US ship Otranto sinks between Scotland & Ireland, 425 die
  • 1919-01-31 The Battle of George Square takes place in Glasgow, Scotland: troops deployed against protesters for fear of a Bolshevik uprising
  • 1922-10-17 Scottish worker begins hunger march from Glasgow on London
  • 1923-02-24 Flying Scotsman goes into service

Scientific Discovery

1928-09-15 Scottish bacteriologist Alexander Fleming discovers penicillin while studying influenza

  • 1930-08-29 The last 36 remaining inhabitants of St Kilda are voluntarily evacuated to other parts of Scotland.
  • 1932-03-19 England beats Scotland, 16-3 at Twickenham, London to force a 3-way share with Wales and Ireland of renewed Home Nations Rugby Championship; France expelled, alleged professionalism
  • 1933-04-01 Scotland beats Ireland, 8-6 at Lansdowne Road, Dublin to win the Home Nations Rugby Championship and Triple Crown
  • 1934-03-17 England beats Scotland, 6-3 at Twickenham, London to win the Home Nations Rugby Championship and Triple Crown
  • 1935-03-16 Scotland beats England, 10-7 at Murrayfield, Edinburgh to allow Ireland to win the Home Nations Rugby Championship with a 2-1 record

Historic Invention

1935-04-02 Scottish physicist Robert Watson-Watt receives a British patents for RADAR

  • 1937-03-20 England beats Scotland, 6-3 at Murrayfield, Edinburgh to clinch the Home Nations Rugby Championship and Triple Crown
  • 1938-03-19 Scotland beats England, 21-16 at Twickenham, London to win the Home Nations Rugby Championship, Triple Crown and Calcutta Cup
  • 1938-09-27 British ocean liner "Queen Elizabeth" launches at Clydebank, Scotland
  • 1939-03-18 England beats Scotland, 9-6 at Murrayfield, Edinburgh to force a share of the Home Nations Rugby Championship with Wales and Ireland
  • 1939-10-28 Spitfire shoots German Heinkel-111 down above Scotland

Historic Event

1941-05-10 Adolf Hitler's deputy Rudolf Hess escapes to Britain to open secret negotiations with the Allies, parachuting into Scotland

  • 1942-10-22 1st ships of invasion fleet for Oran (Algeria) leave Scotland
  • 1942-11-03 12th day of battle at El Alamein: Scottish assault

Historic Event

1944-09-05 British premier Winston Churchill travels to Scotland

  • 1944-10-30 Scots Highlanders liberate Waalwijk
  • 1945-01-16 Scottish 52nd land division and 1st Commando brigade-assault at Heinsberg
  • 1945-01-24 Scottish 52nd Lowland division occupies Heinsberg
  • 1948-10-21 Dutch Constellation crashes at Prestwick Scotland (40 murder)
  • 1949-12-19 Luxury passenger ship Aquitania demolished in Gareloch, Scotland

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 101 - 200 of 890

  • 1732-09-01 Thomas Erskine 6th Earl of Kellie, Scottish composer and musician, born in Kellie Castle, Scotland (d. 1781)
  • 1735-09-07 Thomas Coutts, Anglo-Scottish banker (Coutts & Co.), born in Ediburgh, Scotland (d. 1822)
  • 1735-10-25 James Beattie, Scottish poet and philosopher (Essay on Truth), born in Laurencekirk, Kincardineshire, Scotland (d. 1803)

James WattJames Watt (1736-1819)

1736-01-19 Scottish inventor, mechanical engineer and chemist (steam engine), born in Greenock, Scotland

  • 1737-03-23 Arthur St. Clair, American soldier and politician (President of the Continental Congress, 1787), born in Thurso, Scotland (d. 1818)
  • 1740-10-29 James Boswell, Scottish biographer of Samuel Johnson and diarist, born in Edinburgh (d. 1795)
  • 1742-09-14 James Wilson, One of the Founding Fathers of the United States and a signatory of the U.S. Declaration of Independence and the U.S. Constitution, born in Carskerdo, Scotland (d. 1798)
  • 1744-03-13 David Allan, Scottish painter, born in Alloa, Scotland (d. 1796)
  • 1744-06-04 Patrick Ferguson, Scottish army officer and rifle inventor (Ferguson flintlock rifle), born in Pitfours, Scotland (d. 1780)
  • 1744-10-06 James McGill, Scottish-Canadian businessman and philanthropist, born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 1813)
  • 1746-03-27 Michael Bruce, Scottish poet (Elegy written in Spring), born in Portmoak, Kinross-shire, Scotland (d. 1767)
  • 1747-07-06 John Paul Jones, Scottish-American naval captain and the United States first well-known naval hero ("I have not yet begun to fight"), born in Arbigland, Kirkcudbrightshire, Scotland (d. 1792)
  • 1748-03-10 John Playfair, Scottish clergyman, geologist and mathematician, born in Benvie, Scotland (d. 1819)
  • 1748-12-27 William Marshall, Scottish fiddle composer (The Marchioness of Huntly; The Nameless Lassie), music publisher (A Collection of Strathspey Reels), and clockmaker, born in Fochabers, Scotland (d. 1833)
  • 1749-11-03 Daniel Rutherford, Scottish chemist and physician (isolation of nitrogen in 1772), born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1819)
  • 1750-09-05 Robert Fergusson, Scottish poet (Scottish poems), born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1774)
  • 1753-11-22 Dugald Stewart, Scottish philosopher and mathematician (Scottish common sense), born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1828)
  • 1754-08-21 William Murdoch, Scottish inventor (oscillating cylinder steam engine), born in Cumnock, East Ayrshire, Scotland (d. 1839)
  • 1756-03-04 Henry Raeburn, Scottish painter (portrait painter of George IV), born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1823)
  • 1756-09-21 John Loudon McAdam, Scottish engineer and road builder who created macadam road surface (asphalt), born in Ayr, Scotland (d. 1836)
  • 1757-08-09 Thomas Telford, Scottish civil engineer (designed and constructed Menai Bridge, Wales in 1819-26), born in Eskdale, Dumfriesshire, Scotland (d. 1834)
  • 1758-02-17 John Pinkerton, Scottish anti-Celtic historian, born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1826)
  • 1758-07-25 Elizabeth Hamilton, Scottish author (The cottagers of Glenburnie), born in Belfast, Ireland (d. 1816)

Robert BurnsRobert Burns (1759-1796)

1759-01-25 Scottish poet (Auld Lang Syne) considered the national poet of Scotland, born in Alloway, Scotland

  • 1761-01-17 James Hall, Scottish geologist, born in Dunglass, Scotland (d. 1832)
  • 1761-06-07 John Rennie, Scottish engineer, born in East Linton, East Lothian, Scotland (d. 1821)
  • 1761-10-27 Matthew Baillie, Scottish Physician (first systematic study of pathology in 1793), born in Shotts Manse, Lanarkshire (d. 1823)
  • 1762-09-11 Joanna Baillie, Scottish poet and playwright, born in Bothwell, Scotland (d. 1851)
  • 1763-10-27 William Maclure, Scottish-American Geologist (first geological map), born in Ayr, Scotland (d. 1840)
  • 1764-02-28 Robert Haldane, Scottish theologist/philanthropist
  • 1766-07-06 Alexander Wilson, Scottish-American ornithologist and naturalist, born in Paisley, Scotland (d. 1813)
  • 1766-07-20 Thomas Bruce, 7th earl of Elgin & Kincardine, British diplomat, born in Broomhall, Fife, Scotland (d. 1841)
  • 1768-05-03 Charles Tennant, Scottish chemist and industrialist, born in Laigh Corton, Alloway, Ayrshire, Scotland (d. 1838)
  • 1768-09-23 William Wallace, Scottish mathematician (Rights of Wallace)
  • 1771-06-20 Thomas Douglas, 5th Earl of Selkirk, Scottish philanthropist, born in St Mary's Isle, Kirkcudbrightshire, Scotland (d. 1820)
  • 1771-08-15 Walter Scott, Scottish historical novelist and poet (The Lady of the Lake, Rob Roy), born in College Wynd, Edinburgh Scotland (d. 1832)
  • 1771-09-11 Mungo Park, Scottish explorer (first westerner to travel the central Niger River in Africa), born in Selkirkshire, Scotland (d. 1806)
  • 1772-06-08 Robert Stevenson, Scottish civil engineer (Bell Rock Lighthouse, Scotland), born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 1850)
  • 1773-04-06 James Mill, Scottish philosopher and historian (History of British India), born in Angus, Scotland (d. 1836)
  • 1773-07-23 Thomas Brisbane, British soldier, administrator and astronomer, born in Ayrshire, Scotland (d. 1860)
  • 1774-11-24 Thomas Dick, Scottish scientific teacher and writer (d. 1857)
  • 1775-12-14 Thomas Cochrane, 10th Earl of Dundonald, British admiral, born in Annsfield, Lanarkshire, Scotland (d. 1860)
  • 1776-06-01 John George Schetky, American violoncellist, music teacher and composer, born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1831)
  • 1776-12-29 Charles Macintosh, Scottish chemist and inventor (waterproof fabric), born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 1843)
  • 1777-06-24 John Ross, British naval officer and explorer, born in Balsarroch, Scotland (d. 1856)
  • 1777-07-27 Thomas Campbell, Scottish poet (Hohenlinden, Battle of the Baltic), born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 1844)
  • 1778-11-27 John Murray II, Scottish publisher (publisher Lord Byron) (d. 1843)
  • 1779-05-02 John Galt, Scottish novelist (Annals of the Parish), born in Irvine, Ayrshire, Scotland (d. 1839)
  • 1780-03-17 Thomas Chalmers, Scottish minister and 1st moderator (Free Church of Scotland 1843-47), born in Anstruther, Scotland (d. 1847)
  • 1780-10-10 John Abercrombie, Scottish physician, born in Aberdeen (d. 1844)
  • 1780-11-16 Robert Archibald Smith, Scottish composer (d. 1829)
  • 1781-11-30 Alexander Berry, Scottish surgeon and adventurer (established the first European settlement on the south coast of New South Wales, Australia), born in Hilltarvit Mains Farmhouse, Cupar, Fife, Scotland (d. 1873)
  • 1781-12-11 David Brewster, Scottish physicist and inventor (kaleidoscope), born in Jedburgh, Roxburghshire, Scotland (d. 1868)
  • 1783-04-08 John Claudius Loudon, Scottish horticulturist, born in Cambuslang, Lanarkshire, Scotland (d. 1843)
  • 1783-05-09 Alexander Ross, Canadian fur trader, born in Morayshire, Scotland (d. 1856)

George Hamilton-GordonGeorge Hamilton-Gordon (1784-1861)

1784-01-28 4th Earl of Aberdeen, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (Peelite: 1852-55) and Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, born in Edinburgh, Scotland

  • 1784-02-20 Adam Black, politician/publisher, born in Edinburgh, Scotland
  • 1784-12-07 Allan Cunningham, Scottish poet and author, born in Keir, Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland (d. 1842)
  • 1785-05-18 John Wilson, Scottish writer and literary critic, born in Paisley, Scotland (d. 1854)
  • 1785-11-18 David Wilkie, British painter, born in Pitlessie Fife, Scotland (d. 1841)
  • 1788-05-18 Hugh Clapperton, Scottish explorer of Africa, born in Annan, Scotland (d. 1827)
  • 1791-06-21 Robert Napier, Scottish marine engineer, born in Dumbarton, Dunbartonshire, Scotland (d. 1876)
  • 1792-02-19 Roderick Murchison, Muir of Ord Ross-shire, Scottish Geologist (Silurian system)
  • 1792-12-29 Sir Archibald Alison, 1st Baronet, Scottish historian (History of Europe), born in Shropshire, England (d. 1867)

James Gordon BennettJames Gordon Bennett (1795-1872)

1795-09-01 Sr., American newspaper publisher (New York Herald), born in Keith, Scotland

  • 1795-09-06 Frances Wright, Scottish writer and lecturer, born in Dundee, Scotland (d. 1852)
  • 1795-10-05 Alexander Keith, Scottish-Canadian politician (4th Mayor of Halifax) and brewer (founder of the Alexander Keith's Nova Scotia Brewery), born in Halkirk, Caithness, Highland, Scotland (d. 1873)
  • 1795-11-09 Walter Geikie, Scottish painter, born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1837)

Thomas CarlyleThomas Carlyle (1795-1881)

1795-12-04 Scottish essayist and historian (The French Revolution), born in Ecclefechan, Scotland

  • 1796-01-25 William McGillivray, Scottish naturalist & ornithologist, born in Old Aberdeen, Scotland (d. 1852)
  • 1797-10-13 William Motherwell, Scottish civil servant and poet, born in Glasgow, Scotland

Charles LyellCharles Lyell (1797-1875)

1797-11-14 Scottish geologist (Principles of Geology), born in Kinnordy, Angus, Scotland

  • 1799-06-25 David Douglas, Scottish botanist (Douglas fir), born in Scone, Perthshire, Scotland (d. 1834)
  • 1800-04-16 William Chambers, Scottish author and publisher (Basis of Communication & Coding), born in Peebles, Scotland (d. 1883)
  • 1803-01-15 Marjory Fleming, Scottish writer & poet, born in Kirkcaldy, United Kingdom (d. 1811)
  • 1804-01-13 John Pringle Nichol, Scottish Astronomer and educator
  • 1804-01-14 John Park, Scottish composer & minister, born in Greenock, Renfrewshire (d. 1865)
  • 1805-10-28 John Thomson, Scottish composer, born in Sprouston, Scotland (d. 1841)
  • 1806-07-20 John Sterling, Scottish writer, born in Isle of Bute, United Kingdom (d. 1844)
  • 1807-05-04 Thomas Duncan, Scottish painter, born in Kinclaven, Perthshire, Scotland (d. 1845)
  • 1808-08-19 James Nasmyth, Scottish engineer and inventor of the steam hammer, born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1890)
  • 1811-06-07 James Young Simpson, Scottish obstetrician who popularized chloroform for medicinal use, born in Bathgate, West Lothian, Scotland (d. 1870)
  • 1812-01-20 Thomas Meik, Scottish engineer (d. 1896)
  • 1812-12-23 Samuel Smiles, Scottish writer and reformer (Self-Help, Character, Duty), born in Berwickshire, Scotland (d. 1904)

David LivingstoneDavid Livingstone (1813-1873)

1813-03-19 Scottish explorer who was famously found by Henry Morton Stanley in Africa, born in Blantyre, South Lanarkshire, Scotland

John A. MacdonaldJohn A. Macdonald (1815-1891)

1815-01-11 1st Prime Minister of Canada (1867-73 and 1878-91), born in Glasgow, Scotland

  • 1815-09-07 John McDouall Stuart, Australian explorer, born in Dysart, Fife, Scotland (d. 1866)
  • 1817-04-19 John Philip "Spanish John", Scottish painter, born in Aberdeen (d. 1865)
  • 1819-01-03 Charles Piazzi Smyth, Astronomer Royal for Scotland (d. 1900)
  • 1819-07-02 Thomas Anderson, Scottish chemist (discovered pyridine), born in Leith, Scotland (d. 1874)
  • 1820-07-05 William John Macquorn Rankine, Scottish mechanical engineer and physicist, born in Edinburgh (d. 1872)
  • 1821-03-15 William Milligan, Scottish theologian (d. 1892)

Alexander MackenzieAlexander Mackenzie (1822-1892)

1822-01-28 2nd Prime Minister of Canada (Liberal: 1873-78), born in Logierait, Scotland

  • 1823-05-22 Isabella Glyn Dallas, British Shakespearean actress, born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1889)
  • 1823-06-26 Frederick Bowen Jewson, Scottish composer, born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1891)
  • 1824-02-03 Ranald MacDonald, Canadian-born Scottish educator and interpreter (d. 1894)

William ThomsonWilliam Thomson (1824-1907)

1824-06-26 1st Baron Kelvin, Irish-Scottish mathematical physicist (Kelvin Scale) and engineer (transatlantic telegraph), born in Belfast, Ireland

  • 1824-09-30 Peter Milne, Scottish composer and violinist, born in Kincardine O'Neil (d. 1908)
  • 1824-12-10 George MacDonald, Scottish poet and sci-fi author (Princess & Curdie), born in Huntly, Aberdeenshire, Scotland (d. 1905)
  • 1824-12-17 John Kerr, Scottish physicist and pioneer in the field of electro-optics (electro-visually Kerr-effect), born in Ardrossan, Scotland (d. 1907)

Famous Weddings

Famous Deaths

Deaths 101 - 200 of 496

  • 1712-07-12 Richard Cromwell, Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland and Ireland (1658-59), dies at 85
  • 1712-11-15 James Douglas, 4th Duke of Hamilton, Scottish nationalist (b. 1658)
  • 1713-10-20 Archibald Pitcairne, Scottish physician (b. 1652)
  • 1715-03-17 Gilbert Burnet, Scottish philosopher and Bishop of Salisbury, dies at 71
  • 1715-12-28 William Carstares, Scottish minister (b. 1649)
  • 1717-03-19 John Campbell, 1st Earl of Breadalbane and Holland, Scottish royalist
  • 1721-12-13 Alexander Selkirk, Scottish sailor and castaway, inspiration for Robinson Crusoe (b. 1676)
  • 1726-07-08 John Ker, Scottish spy who spied for the British government against the Jacobites, dies in a debtors' prison at 52
  • 1728-04-03 James Anderson, Scottish lawyer (b. 1662)
  • 1729-03-21 John Law, Scottish economist and author (Money and Trade Considered), dies at about 57
  • 1732-05-20 Thomas Boston, Scottish church leader (b. 1676)
  • 1734-03-21 Robert Wodrow, Scottish historian (b. 1679)

Rob RoyRob Roy (1671-1734)

1734-12-28 Scottish folk hero and outlaw, dies at 63

  • 1735-02-27 John Arbuthnot, Scottish mathematician and writer (Scriblerus Club), dies at 67
  • 1742-04-02 James Douglas, Scottish physician and anatomist (b. 1675)
  • 1746-02-04 Robert Blair, Scottish poet (The Grave), dies at 46
  • 1746-12-06 Lady Grizel Baillie, Scottish songwriter (b. 1665)
  • 1747-05-09 John Dalrymple, 2nd Earl of Stair, Scottish soldier & diplomat, dies at 73
  • 1748-08-27 James Thomson, Scottish poet (Rule, Britannia), dies at 47
  • 1750-05-03 John Willison, Scottish minister and writer (b. 1680)
  • 1752-11-06 Ralph Erskine, Scottish minister, dies at 67
  • 1754-06-02 Ebenezer Erskine, Scottish religious dissenter (b. 1680)
  • 1757-01-19 Thomas Ruddiman, Scottish classical scholar (b. 1674)
  • 1757-03-08 Thomas Blackwell, Scottish classical scholar, dies at 55
  • 1758-01-07 Allan Ramsay, Scottish poet (Gentle Shepherd), dies at 71
  • 1758-10-14 Francis Edward James Keith, Scottish soldier and Prussian field marshal, dies at 62
  • 1761-04-15 Archibald Campbell, 3rd Duke of Argyll, Scottish politician, dies at 78
  • 1761-12-23 Alestair Ruadh MacDonnell, Scottish Jacobite spy "Pickle, dies at 36"
  • 1766-01-01 James Francis Edward Stuart "The old Pretender", Jacobite claimant to the thrones of England and Scotland after the death of his father James II, dies at 77
  • 1766-09-03 Archibald Bower, Scottish historian (b. 1686)
  • 1767-07-15 Michael Bruce, Scottish poet (Elegy written in Spring), dies at 21
  • 1768-06-15 James Short, Scottish mathematician and manufacturer of telescopes, dies at 57
  • 1768-10-01 Robert Simson, Scottish mathematician (Simson line), dies at 80
  • 1770-11-01 Alexander Cruden "Alexander the Corrector", Scottish biblical scholar and eccentric, compiler of a concordance to King James Bible, dies at 71
  • 1770-11-09 John Campbell, 4th Duke of Argyll, Scottish politician
  • 1770-12-05 James Stirling, Scottish mathematician (Formula of Stirling), dies at 78
  • 1771-09-17 Tobias Smollett, Scottish novelist (The Adventures of Roderick Random), dies at 50
  • 1773-11-02 John Glas, Scottish Presbyterian clergyman (started Glasite church movement), dies at 78
  • 1774-10-16 Robert Fergusson, Scottish poet (Scottish Poems), dies at 24

David HumeDavid Hume (1711-1776)

1776-08-25 Scottish philosopher and historian (A Treatise of Human Nature), dies of abdominal cancer at 65

  • 1776-11-17 James Ferguson, Scottish astronomer, dies at 66
  • 1777-01-12 Hugh Mercer, Scottish military officer (fought in the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War), dies of his wounds at the Battle of Princeton at 50
  • 1780-10-07 Patrick Ferguson, Scottish army officer and rifle inventor (Ferguson flintlock rifle), dies in battle at 36
  • 1781-10-09 Thomas Erskine, 6th earl of Kellie, Scottish composer and musician, dies at 49
  • 1782-12-27 Henry Home, Lord Kames, Scottish philosopher (b. 1697)
  • 1783-03-30 William Hunter, Scottish anatomist and physician, dies at 64
  • 1784-08-10 Allan Ramsay, Scottish painter, dies at 70
  • 1785-01-23 Matthew Stewart, Scottish mathematician (b. 1717)
  • 1788-06-18 Adam Gib, Scottish religious leader, dies at 74
  • 1788-10-15 Samuel Greig, Scottish-Russian admiral (Battle of Chesma), dies at 53
  • 1788-12-25 John Logan, Scottish conductor (Ode to the Cuckoo), dies at about 40
  • 1790-02-05 William Cullen, Scottish physician and chemist, dies at 79
  • 1790-03-05 Flora MacDonald, Scottish woman who helped Bonnie Prince Charlie escape, buried in the sheet he slept in at 67 or 68

Adam SmithAdam Smith (1723-1790)

1790-07-17 Scottish economist (Wealth of Nations) and moral philosopher, dies at 67

  • 1792-03-03 Robert Adam, Scottish architect and designer (Adelphi Terrace, London), dies at 63
  • 1793-03-20 William Murray, 1st Earl of Mansfield, Scottish judge and politician (b. 1705)
  • 1793-10-16 John Hunter, Scottish surgeon and founder of pathological anatomy in England, dies at 65
  • 1795-05-19 James Boswell, Scottish biographer of Samuel Johnson and diarist, dies at 54
  • 1796-01-13 John H. D. Anderson, Scottish scientist and inventor (b. 1726)
  • 1796-02-17 James Macpherson, Scottish writer and poet, dies at 59

Robert BurnsRobert Burns (1759-1796)

1796-07-21 Scottish poet (Auld Lang Syne) considered the national poet of Scotland, dies at 37

  • 1796-10-07 Thomas Reid, Scottish philosopher and founder of Scottish School of Common Sense, dies at 86
  • 1799-05-26 James Burnett, Lord Monboddo, Scottish judge (b. 1714)
  • 1799-12-06 Joseph Black, Scottish chemist and physicist known for his discoveries of magnesium, latent heat and carbon dioxide, dies at 71
  • 1800-12-27 Hugh Blair, Scottish preacher and man of letters (b. 1718)
  • 1803-08-18 James Beattie, Scottish poet and philosopher (Essay on Truth), dies at 67
  • 1805-08-28 Alexander Carlyle, Scottish church leader (Moderator of the General Assembly 1770), dies at 83
  • 1806-02-20 Lachlan McIntosh, Scottish-born American military and political leader (b. 1725)
  • 1807-05-18 John Douglas, Scottish Anglican bishop & man of letters, dies at 86
  • 1808-09-05 John Home, Scottish writer (b. 1722)
  • 1809-10-08 James Elphinston, Scottish philologist, dies at 87
  • 1811-05-05 Robert Mylne, Scottish architect (b. 1734)
  • 1813-08-23 Alexander Wilson, Scottish ornithologist and naturalist, dies at 47
  • 1813-12-19 James McGill, Scottish-Canadian businessman and philanthropist, dies at 69
  • 1816-02-22 Adam Ferguson, Scottish sociologist and historian, dies at 92
  • 1819-07-20 John Playfair, Scottish geologist/mathematician, dies

James WattJames Watt (1736-1819)

1819-08-25 Scottish inventor, mechanical engineer and chemist (steam engine), dies at 83

  • 1819-11-15 Daniel Rutherford, Scottish chemist and physician (isolation of nitrogen in 1772), dies at 70
  • 1820-03-12 Alexander Mackenzie, Scottish born Canadian explorer, First European to cross North America, dies at roughly 56
  • 1820-04-08 Thomas Douglas, 5th Earl of Selkirk, Scottish philanthropist, dies at 48
  • 1821-10-04 John Rennie, Scottish engineer, dies at 60
  • 1822-02-24 Thomas Coutts, Anglo-Scottish banker (Coutts & Co.), dies at 86
  • 1823-09-23 Matthew Baillie, Scottish Physician (first systematic study of pathology in 1793), dies at 61
  • 1828-06-11 Dugald Stewart, Scottish philosopher and mathematician (Scottish common sense), dies at 74
  • 1829-01-03 Robert Archibald Smith, Scottish composer, dies at 48
  • 1831-09-08 John Aitken, Scottish-born American music publisher, dies at 85 or 86
  • 1832-06-23 James Hall, Scottish geologist, dies at 70
  • 1832-09-21 Walter Scott, Scottish historical novelist and poet (The Lady of the Lake, Ivanhoe), dies at 61
  • 1833-05-29 William Marshall, Scottish fiddle composer (strathspeys The Marchioness of Huntly), dies at 84
  • 1834-09-02 Thomas Telford, Scottish civil engineer (designed and constructed Menai Bridge, Wales in 1819-26), dies at 77
  • 1836-06-23 James Mill, Scottish philosopher and historian, dies at 63
  • 1836-11-26 John Loudon McAdam, Scottish engineer and road builder who created macadam road surface (asphalt), dies at 80
  • 1837-08-01 Walter Geikie, Scottish painter, dies at 41
  • 1838-10-01 Charles Tennant, Scottish chemist and industrialist, dies at 70
  • 1839-04-11 John Galt, Scottish novelist (Annals of the Parish), dies at 59
  • 1839-05-17 Archibald Alison, Scottish author (b. 1757)
  • 1840-03-23 William Maclure, Scottish-American Geologist (first geological map), dies at 76
  • 1841-06-01 David Wilkie, British painter, dies at 55
  • 1842-10-30 Allan Cunningham, Scottish poet and author, dies at 57
  • 1842-12-07 Thomas Hamilton, Scottish writer (b. 1789)