Scotland in History (Part 3)

Scotland: Edinburgh - Glasgow

Historical Events

Events 201 - 300 of 319

  • 1951-07-02 Worcestershire cricket wicketkeeper Hugo Yarnold makes a record 6 stumpings in an innings in a 1st-class match vs Scotland at Dundee
  • 1953-01-31 "Princess Victoria" capsized off Stanraer Scotland; 133 die
  • 1953-03-21 England beats Scotland, 26-8 at Twickenham, London to clinch their 14th Five Nations Rugby Championship
  • 1954-04-10 Wales beats Scotland, 15-3 at the St. Helen's Ground, Swansea to share Five Nations Rugby Championship with France and England; France's first title
  • 1957-03-16 England clinches its 15th Five Nations Rugby Championship, the Grand Slam, Triple Crown and Calcutta Cup with a 16-3 win over Scotland at Twickenham, London
  • 1958-03-15 England retains the Five Nations Rugby Championship with a 3-3 draw against Scotland at Murrayfield, Edinburgh; England’s 16th FN title
  • 1958-08-18 United Kingdom issues regional stamps (N Ireland, Scotland & Wales)
  • 1960-03-28 Scotch whisky factory explodes burying 20 fire fighters in Glasgow, Scotland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1961-03-08 US nuclear submarine Patrick Henry arrives at Scottish naval base of Holy Loch from South Carolina in a record underseas journey of 66 days 22 hrs

American Revolutionary and Founding Father Patrick Henry
American Revolutionary and Founding Father
Patrick Henry
  • 1962-12-29 British driver Graham Hill wins the South African Grand Prix at Prince George Circuit in a BRM; takes out his first F1 World Drivers Championship by 12 points from Scotsman Jim Clark
  • 1963-03-16 England edges Scotland, 10-8 at Twickenham, London to win its 17th Five Nations Rugby Championship
  • 1963-09-08 Scottish Lotus driver Jim Clark wins the Italian Grand Prix at Monza to clinch his first F1 World Drivers Championship; Clark's 5th GP win of the season
  • 1963-12-28 Scottish Lotus driver Jim Clark wins his record 7th Grand Prix of the F1 season, the South African event at Prince George Circuit; first Scotsman to win the World Drivers Championship
  • 1964-03-21 Wales draws 11-11 with France in Cardiff, whilst Scotland beats England, 15-6 at Murrayfield to leave the Five Nations Rugby Championship shared by Wales and Scotland on 6 competition points
  • 1964-09-04 Scottish Forth Road Bridge opens (then the longest in Europe)
  • 1964-12-22 Ballon d'Or: Manchester United striker Denis Law wins award for best European football player; beats Inter midfielder Luis Suárez and Real Madrid winger Amancio Amaro; first Scotsman to win the award

  • 1965-08-01 Scottish Lotus driver Jim Clark wins the German Grand Prix at the Nürburgring to clinch his second F1 World Drivers Championship
  • 1966-02-09 UK Government announces construction of a nuclear reactor on the North coast of Scotland
  • 1966-04-04 Pirate Radio Scotland changes name to Radio Ireland
  • 1967-05-31 Bayern Munchen of West Germany wins 7th European Cup Winner's Cup against Rangers of Scotland 1-0 in Nuremberg
  • 1967-07-23 Pirate Radio Swinging Scotland closes down for financial reasons
  • 1967-08-14 Radio Scotland & Radio Swinging Holland go off the air
  • 1967-09-20 British liner Queen Elizabeth II launched at Clydebank Scotland
  • 1968-11-03 English Lotus driver Graham Hill wins his 2nd Formula 1 World Drivers Championship by taking out the Mexican Grand Prix at Autódromo Hermanos Rodríguez; wins title by 12 points from Scotsman Jackie Stewart
  • 1969-09-07 Scottish Matra-Ford driver Jackie Stewart wins the Italian Grand Prix at Monza to clinch his first Formula 1 World Drivers Championship; his 6th F1 win of the season
  • 1969-10-19 Scottish Matra-Ford driver Jackie Stewart finishes 4th in season ending Mexican Grand Prix to win his first F1 World Drivers Championship by 26 points from Jacky Ickx of Belgium
  • 1969-12-18 House of Lords votes to abolish the death penalty in England, Wales and Scotland (Northern Ireland 25 July 1973)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1970-02-11 John Lennon pays £1,344 fines for 96 protesting South African rugby team playing in Scotland

Musician and Beatle John Lennon
Musician and Beatle
John Lennon
  • 1970-07-16 9th British Commonwealth Games open in Edinburgh, Scotland
  • 1971-01-02 A barrier collapses at Ibrox Park football ground at end of a soccer match in Glasgow Scotland, killing 66
  • 1971-03-09 Three off-duty Scottish soldiers are killed by the Provisional Irish Republican Army; 4000 shipyard workers take to the streets to demand internment in response
  • 1971-08-15 Despite crashing out on lap 36, Scotsman Jackie Stewart clinches his second Formula 1 World Drivers Championship at the Austrian Grand Prix at Österreichring; French Tyrrell driver François Cevert wins the race
  • 1971-10-03 Scotsman Jackie Stewart finishes 5th in the season ending US Grand Prix at Watkins Glen to claim his second Formula 1 World Drivers Championship by 29 points from Swede Ronnie Peterson
  • 1972-05-24 Glasgow Rangers of Scotland win 12th European Cup Winner's Cup against Dynamo Moscow 3-2 of the Soviet Union 3-2 in Barcelona
  • 1973-10-07 Scotsman Jackie Stewart wins his 3rd Formula 1 World Drivers Championship despite withdrawing from the season ending US Grand Prix at Watkins Glen; wins title by 16 points from Emerson Fittipaldi
  • 1973-12-25 Tommy Chambers (Scotland) finishes 51 yr cycle tour (799,405 miles)
  • 1974-03-16 Both Wales (12-16 v England) and France (6-19 v Scotland) lose their final round matches handing Ireland their 8th Five Nations Rugby Championship
  • 1975-03-01 Five Nations Rugby Championship match between Scotland and Wales at Murrayfield Stadium in Edinburgh attracts a world record attendance of 104,000; Scots win 12-10
  • 1977-06-04 An estimated 20,000 Scottish football fans invade the Wembley Stadium pitch after Scotland beats England, 2-1; goalposts and advertising hoardings destroyed
  • 1978-08-05 The first all-seater stadium is opened in Aberdeen, Scotland; Aberdeen & London club Tottenham Hotspurs play a friendly to inaugurate the Pittodrie Stadium
  • 1979-03-17 The Penmanshiel Tunnel in Berwickshire, Scotland, collapses during engineering works, killing two workers

  • 1979-03-31 133rd Grand National: Maurice Barnes victorious aboard Rubstic; first Scottish-trained horse to win the event
  • 1979-08-20 The East Coast Main Line rail route between England and Scotland is restored when the Penmanshiel Diversion opens.
  • 1980-03-15 England beats Scotland, 30-18 at Murrayfield, Edinburgh to claim it's 18th outright Five Nations Rugby Championship, 8th Grand Slam and 15th Triple Crown
  • 1983-05-11 Aberdeen of Scotland win 23rd European Cup Winner's Cup against Real Madrid of Spain 2-1 in Gothenburg
  • 1984-03-17 Scotland beats France, 21-12 at Murrayfield to win the Five Nations Rugby Championship outright and Triple Crown for first time since 1938; Grand Slam first time since 1925
  • 1986-03-15 Scotland (10-9 v Ireland) and France (29-10 v England) win their final round matches to share the Five Nations Rugby Championship with 3-1 records
  • 1986-07-24 13th Commonwealth Games open in Edinburgh, Scotland
  • 1987-03-29 PGA Tournament Players Championship, TPC at Sawgrass: Sandy Lyle of Scotland defeats Jeff Sluman on the 3rd hole of a sudden-death playoff to become the first international player to win the title
  • 1988-04-10 52nd US Masters Tournament, Augusta National GC: Scotsman Sandy Lyle claims his second major title with a birdie on the 72nd hole to win by 1 stroke over Mark Calcavecchia
  • 1988-12-21 Lockerbie disaster: Pan Am Flight 103 destroyed mid air by a terrorist bomb killing all 258 on board over Scotland
  • 1990-03-17 Scotland beats England, 13-7 at Murrayfield, Edinburgh for it's 14th outright Five Nations Rugby Championship, 3rd Grand Slam title and 10th Triple Crown
  • 1990-04-24 Gruinard Island, Scotland, is officially declared free of the anthrax disease after 48 years of quarantine.
  • 1991-11-03 New York City Marathon: Salvador Garcia of Mexico men's champion in 2:09:28; Liz McColgan of Scotland wins women's title, 2:27.0
  • 1994-06-02 Chinook helicopter crashes in North Scotland (29 killed)
  • 1995-03-18 In a final round title decider, England beats Scotland, 24-12 at Twickenham to claim the Five Nations Rugby Championship, Grand Slam, Triple Crown and Calcutta Cup

Sport awardPGA Championship

1995-08-13 PGA Championship, Riviera CC: Steve Elkington of Australia wins his first major title in a playoff with Scotsman Colin Montgomerie

Golfer and PGA Champion Steve Elkington
Golfer and PGA Champion
Steve Elkington
  • 1995-12-30 Lowest ever UK temperature recorded of -27.2°C iat Altnaharra in the Scottish Highlands, equaling the record set at Braemar, Aberdeenshire on February 11, 1895 and January 10, 1982
  • 1996-03-13 At Dunblane Primary School, Scotland, 16 children and 1 teacher are shot dead by Thomas Hamilton who then commits suicide. Results in handguns being banned in the UK.
  • 1996-07-03 UK House of Commons announces that the Stone of Scone, aka the Stone of Destiny, used in the coronation of Scottish (and subsequently English and British monarchs), will be returned to Scotland after 700 years in Westminster Abbey

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1997-02-22 Dolly the Sheep, world's first cloned mammal (from an adult cell) is announced by the Roslin Institute in Scotland

  • 1997-02-23 Scientists in Scotland announce they have cloned an adult mammal, producing a lamb named "Dolly"
  • 1997-03-15 France beats Scotland, 47-20 at Parc des Princes, Paris to claim an 11th outright Five Nations Rugby Championship and 5th Triple Crown; fly-half Christophe Lamaison lands 6 penalties and 3 conversions
  • 1997-09-11 After a nationwide referendum, Scotland votes to establish a devolved parliament, within the United Kingdom.
  • 1998-04-04 151st Grand National: Carl Llewellyn wins aboard Earth Summit; first GN winner who was also successful in both Scottish and Welsh Grand Nationals
  • 1998-12-26 Severe gales over Ireland, northern England, and southern Scotland cause widespread disruption and widespread power outages in Northern Ireland and southern Scotland
  • 1999-04-11 Neil Jenkins converts a Scott Gibbs try to give Wales a famous, 32-31 win over England at Wembley Stadium; allows Scotland to win final Five Nations Rugby Championship; reverts to 6 teams in 2000
  • 1999-05-12 Sir David Steel becomes the first Presiding Officer (speaker) of the modern Scottish Parliament.
  • 1999-07-01 The Scottish Parliament is officially opened by Queen Elizabeth on the day powers are transferred from the old Scottish Office in London to the new devolved Scottish Executive in Edinburgh
  • 2000-06-21 Section 28 (outlawing the 'promotion' of homosexuality in the United Kingdom) is repealed in Scotland with a 99 to 17 vote
  • 2001-01-31 In the Netherlands a Scottish court convicts a Libyan and acquits another for their part in the bombing of Pan Am Flight 103 which crashed into Lockerbie, Scotland in 1988.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2004-06-23 Bob Dylan accepts honorary doctorate of music degree from the University of St Andrews, Scotland's oldest university

Singer-Songwriter Bob Dylan
Singer-Songwriter
Bob Dylan
  • 2005-03-19 Wales beats Scotland, 32-20 at Millennium Stadium, Cardiff to win Six Nations Rugby Championship; becomes first team ever to complete a Grand Slam playing more games away than at home
  • 2005-12-20 The first same sex civil partnerships in Scotland are celebrated
  • 2006-03-26 In Scotland the prohibition of smoking in all substantially enclosed public places comes into force
  • 2006-08-10 Scotland Yard disrupts major terrorist plot to destroy aircraft travelling from the United Kingdom to the United States. All toiletries are banned from commercial aircraft.
  • 2007-05-04 The Scottish National Party wins the Scottish general election and becomes the largest party in the Scottish Parliament for the first time ever
  • 2007-05-16 Alex Salmond is elected First Minister of Scotland. He is first Scottish National Party leader to be elected First Minister after winning a historic victory at the Scottish general election on the 3rd May.
  • 2007-06-30 A car crashes into Glasgow International Airport in Scotland, believed to be a terrorist attack
  • 2007-07-01 Smoking in England is banned in all public indoor spaces: with the ban already in force in Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland, this means it is illegal to smoke in indoor public places anywhere in the UK. Australia implements a similar ban.

Sport awardUS Men's Tennis Open

2008-09-08 US Open Men's Tennis: Roger Federer wins 5th consecutive US title; beats Scotsman Andy Murray 6-2, 7-5, 6-2

Tennis Champion Roger Federer
Tennis Champion
Roger Federer
Tennis Champion Andy Murray
Tennis Champion
Andy Murray
  • 2008-10-13 HM Treasury infused £37 billion ($64 billion, 47 billion euros) of new capital-bailout into Royal Bank of Scotland Group Plc, Lloyds TSB and HBOS Plc, to avert a financial sector collapse.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2009-02-11 Uri Geller purchases Lamb Island, Scotland, previously known for its witch trials

Psychic, illusionist Uri Geller
Psychic, illusionist
Uri Geller
  • 2010-01-31 Australian Open Men's Tennis: Roger Federer outclasses Scotsman Andy Murray 6-3, 6-4, 7-6 for his 4th Australian title
  • 2011-01-03 Adrian Lewis of England wins his first PDC World Darts Championship with a 7-5 win over Scotsman Gary Anderson at the Alexandra Palace, London

Sport awardAustralian Tennis Open

2011-01-30 Australian Open Men's Tennis: Novak Đoković wins his 2nd Australian title; beats Scotsman Andy Murray 6-4, 6-2, 6-3

Tennis Champion Novak Đoković
Tennis Champion
Novak Đoković
Tennis Champion Andy Murray
Tennis Champion
Andy Murray
  • 2012-04-23 Rangers F.C. owner, Craig Whyte, is banned for life from any involvement in Scottish football
  • 2012-07-13 Financially troubled Scottish football club, Rangers, is voted into the third division

Sport awardUS Men's Tennis Open

2012-09-10 US Open Men's Tennis: Andy Murray of Scotland wins his first Grand Slam event; beats defending champion Novak Đoković 7-6, 7-5, 2-6, 3-6, 6-2

Tennis Champion Andy Murray
Tennis Champion
Andy Murray
Tennis Champion Novak Đoković
Tennis Champion
Novak Đoković
  • 2013-01-19 Four climbers are killed by an avalanche in Glen Coe, Scotland
  • 2013-01-27 Australian Open Men's Tennis: Novak Đoković wins Open era record 4th Australian crown; beats Andy Murray of Scotland 6-7, 7-6, 6-3, 6-2
  • 2013-03-24 Scotland defeats Sweden to win the 2013 World Women's Curling Championship
  • 2013-05-20 The Church of Scotland votes to allow openly gay men and women to be ministers
  • 2013-06-09 LPGA Championship, Locust Hill CC: Inbee Park wins her 3rd major title in a sudden-death playoff, defeating runner-up Catriona Matthew of Scotland on the 3rd extra hole
  • 2014-01-01 Dutchman Michael van Gerwen wins his first PDC World Darts Championship beating Peter Wright of Scotland, 7-4; first time no Englishman in the final
  • 2014-02-04 Same-sex marriage is legalized in Scotland
  • 2014-05-17 St Johnstone FC win the Scottish Cup for 1st time in 130 years, defeating Dundee United 2-0

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2014-05-25 Senior PGA Championship, Harbour Shores GC: Scotsman Colin Montgomerie and Tom Watson each fire final rounds of 65, but Montgomerie wins by 4 strokes

Golfer Tom Watson
Golfer
Tom Watson
  • 2014-07-23 20th Commonwealth Games open in Glasgow, Scotland
  • 2014-09-18 Scotland votes to stay a member of the United Kingdom in an independence referendum

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 201 - 300 of 865


Person of interestHenry Campbell-Bannerman

1836-09-07 Henry Campbell-Bannerman, British Prime Minister (Liberal: 1905-08), born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 1908)

British Prime Minister Henry Campbell-Bannerman
British Prime Minister
Henry Campbell-Bannerman
  • 1837-02-07 James Murray, Scottish lexicographer and philologist (Oxford English Dictionary), born in Denholm, Scotland (d. 1915)

Person of interestJohn Muir

1838-04-21 John Muir, Scottish naturalist and discoverer (glaciers in High Seirras), born in Dunbar (d. 1914)

Environmental Philosopher John Muir
Environmental Philosopher
John Muir
  • 1840-02-05 John Boyd Dunlop, Scotland, developer (pneumatic rubber tire)
  • 1840-03-31 Benjamin Baker, English civil engineer who designed the bridge over the Firth of Forth, Scotland and the London underground, born in Frome, England (d. 1907)
  • 1840-08-28 Alexander Cameron Sim, Scottish merchant, born in Aberlour, Scotland (d. 1900)
  • 1842-09-20 James Dewar, Scottish chemist and physicist (Dewarfles/cordiet), born in Kincardine-on-Forth, Scotland (d. 1923)
  • 1843-06-01 Henry Faulds, Scottish fingerprinting pioneer (d. 1930)
  • 1844-03-31 Andrew Lang, Scottish poet, novelist, literary critic, and anthropologist (Andrew Lang's Fairy Books), born in Selkirk, Scottish Borders, Scotland (d. 1912)
  • 1844-09-28 Robert Stout, Prime Minister of New Zealand (1884-87), born in Lerwick, Shetland, Scotland (d. 1930)
  • 1844-10-03 Patrick Manson, Scottish physician and parasitologist (Father of tropical medicine), born in Oldmeldrum, Aberdeenshire, Scotland (d. 1922)
  • 1845-05-01 [Robert] Lawson Tait, Scottish-born pioneering surgeon performed first salpingectomy for ectopic pregnancy, born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1899)
  • 1846-08-23 Alexander Milne Calder, Scottish-American sculptor, born in Aberdeen, Scotland (d. 1923)

Person of interestAlexander Graham Bell

1847-03-03 Alexander Graham Bell, Scottish-born British-American inventor (telephone), born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1922)

  • 1847-05-25 John Alexander Dowie, Scottish-American evangelist (founded the city of Zion, Illinois), born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1907)
  • 1847-08-22 Alexander Campbell Mackenzie, Scottish composer, born in Edinburgh (d. 1935)

Person of interestArthur Balfour

1848-07-25 Arthur Balfour, British Prime Minister (Conservative: 1902-05) and Foreign Secretary (Balfour Declaration), born in Whittingehame House, East Lothian, Scotland (d. 1930)

British Prime Minister Arthur Balfour
British Prime Minister
Arthur Balfour
  • 1850-05-10 Thomas Johnstone Lipton, yachtsman/tea magnate (Lipton Tea), born in Glasgow, Scotland
  • 1850-05-27 Thomas Neill Cream, Scottish-Canadian serial killer (Lambeth poisoner), born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 1892)

Person of interestRobert Louis Stevenson

1850-11-13 Robert Louis Stevenson, Scottish author (Treasure Island), born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1894)

  • 1851-08-17 Henry Drummond, Scottish geologist and evangelist
  • 1852-05-24 Robert Bontine Cunninghame Graham, Scottish politician, born in London (d. 1936)
  • 1852-10-02 William Ramsay, Scottish chemist who discovered noble gases (Nobel 1904), born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 1916)
  • 1854-10-02 Patrick Geddes, Scottish biologist and town planner who coined the term conurbation, born in Ballater, Aberdeenshire, Scotland (d. 1932)
  • 1854-10-27 Sir William Alexander Smith, Scottish founder of the Boys' Brigade, born in Pennyland House, Thurso, Scotland (d. 1914)
  • 1855-03-27 Alfred Ewing, Scottish Physicist (magnetic properties of metals, hysteresis), born in Dundee, Angus, Scotland (d. 1935)
  • 1856-07-30 Richard Haldane, British viscount and lord-chancellor (Life of A Smith), born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1928)
  • 1856-08-15 J. Keir Hardie, Scottish politician and 1st Labour representative in British Parliament, born in Lanarkshire, Scotland (d. 1915)
  • 1856-09-23 William Archer, Scotland, writer (Green Goddess)
  • 1856-11-03 Jim McCormick, Scottish-born American baseball player, born in Glasgow (d. 1918)
  • 1857-05-15 Williamina Fleming, Scottish-born astronomer (d. 1911)
  • 1858-02-14 Joseph Thomson, Scottish geologist and early African explorer (Thomson's Gazelle), born in Penpont, Dumfries, Scotland (d. 1895)
  • 1859-02-13 William Strang, Scottish painter/engraver
  • 1859-03-08 Kenneth Grahame, Scottish author (The Wind in the Willows), born in Edinburgh (d. 1932)

Person of interestArthur Conan Doyle

1859-05-22 Arthur Conan Doyle, British author who brought Sherlock Holmes to life twice, born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1930)

  • 1860-05-02 D'Arcy Wentworth Thompson, Scottish zoologist and classicist (On Growth & Form), born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1948)
  • 1860-05-03 John Scott Haldane, Scottish physiologist, born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1936)
  • 1860-05-09 J.M. [James Matthew] Barrie, Scottish novelist and playwright (Peter Pan), born in Kirriemuir, Angus (d. 1937)
  • 1860-07-03 William Wallace, Scottish composer, born in Greenock, Scotland (d. 1940)
  • 1860-08-03 William Kennedy Dickson, Scottish inventor (devised an early motion picture camera), born in Le Minihic-sur-Rance, Brittany, France (d. 1935)
  • 1860-08-19 John Kane, Scottish-born US primitivist painter (Self-Portrait)
  • 1860-09-24 S. R. Crockett, Scottish novelist (The Stickit Minister), born in Duchrae, Balmaghie, Kirkcudbrightshire (d. 1914)

Person of interestTom Horn

1860-11-21 Tom Horn, American gunman and outlaw, born in Scotland County, Missouri (d. 1903)

Old West Lawman, Outlaw and Bounty Hunter Tom Horn
Old West Lawman, Outlaw and Bounty Hunter
Tom Horn
  • 1861-07-25 Andrew Cowper Lawson, Scottish-Canadian Geologist who was the first person to identify and name the San Andreas Fault, born in Anstruther ,Scotland (d. 1952)
  • 1861-11-10 Robert T. A. Innes, Scottish astronomer (Proxima Centauri), born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1933)
  • 1862-08-29 Andrew Fisher, 5th Prime Minister of Australia (1908-09, 1910-13, 1914-15), born in Crosshouse, Ayrshire, Scotland (d. 1928)
  • 1863-09-13 Arthur Henderson, British Labour minister (Nobel Peace Prize 1934), born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 1935)
  • 1864-02-06 John Henry Mackay, Scottish-born German writer (Anarchists), born in Greenock, United Kingdom (d. 1933)
  • 1864-04-10 Eugene Francis Charles D'Albert, German pianist and composer (Golem), born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 1932)
  • 1866-02-05 Arthur Keith, Persley Aberdeenshire, Scottish Anthropologist (human evolution)
  • 1866-03-28 Jimmy Ross, Scottish footballer, born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1902)
  • 1866-10-03 Learmont Drysdale, Scottish composer, born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1909)

Person of interestRamsay MacDonald

1866-10-12 Ramsay MacDonald, British Prime Minister (Labour: 1924, 1929-35), born in Lossiemouth, Morayshire, Scotland (d. 1937)

British Prime Minister Ramsay MacDonald
British Prime Minister
Ramsay MacDonald
  • 1867-04-16 Spottiswoode Aitken, Scottish actor (The Birth of a Nation, The Avenging Conscience), born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1933)
  • 1867-08-13 William Alexander Craigie, Scottish lexicographer (Skotlands Rimur), born in Dundee, Scotland (d. 1957)
  • 1868-03-22 Hamish MacCunn, Scottish composer (The Land of the Mountain and the Flood), born in Greenock, Scotland (d. 1916)
  • 1868-04-13 John Blackwood McEwen, Scottish classical composer, born in Hawick, Scotland (d. 1948)
  • 1868-06-05 James Connolly, Irish socialist (founder of the Irish Socialist Republican Party), born in Cowgate, Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1916)
  • 1868-06-07 Charles Rennie Mackintosh, Scottish architect, designer, and illustrator, born in Townhead, Glasgow (d. 1928)
  • 1869-02-14 Charles Wilson, Scottish physicist and meteorologist (Wilson cloud chamber-Nobel), born in Glencorse, Scotland (d. 1959)
  • 1869-03-16 F. A. Forbes, Scottish author (d. 1936)
  • 1869-08-31 Gregor MacGregor, English cricket wicketkeeper (8 Tests 1890-93) and Scottish rugby union player, born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1919)
  • 1870-08-04 Harry Lauder, Scottish comedian and singer (Roamin' in the Gloamin), born in Portobello, Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1950)
  • 1873-04-11 Edward Lawson, Scottish recipient of the Victoria Cross, born in Newcastle upon Tyne, England (d. 1955)
  • 1874-02-20 Mary Garden, Aberdeen Scotland, opera star
  • 1874-07-24 Oswald Chambers, Scottish Baptist and Holiness Movement minister and writer (My Utmost for His Highest), born in Aberdeen, Scotland (d. 1917)
  • 1875-08-26 John Buchan, Scotland, Gov-Gen of Canada/writer (Battle of Somme)
  • 1875-12-03 Max Meldrum, Scottish-born Australian painter (d. 1955)
  • 1876-03-23 Muirhead Bone, etcher/engraver of architecture, born in Glasgow, Scotland
  • 1876-09-06 John Macleod, Scottish-Canadian physiologist (Nobel 1923), born in Clunie, Dunkeld, Scotland (d. 1935)
  • 1878-01-20 Finlay Currie, Scottish actor (Quo Vadis, Ivanhoe, Avengers), born in Edinburgh (d. 1968)
  • 1878-06-26 Ernest Torrence, Scottish actor (I Cover the Waterfront, Hunchback of Notre Dame), born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1933)
  • 1878-07-08 Jimmy Quinn, Scottish footballer (d. 1945)
  • 1879-12-16 William Duncan, Scottish actor (Hopalong Rides Again, Thunder Trail), born in Dundee, Tayside, Scotland (d. 1961)
  • 1880-01-25 Francis George Scott, Scottish composer, born in Hawick, Roxburghshire (d. 1958)
  • 1880-05-06 Edmund Ironside, 1st Baron Ironside, British fieldmarshal, born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1959)
  • 1880-07-14 Donald Meek, Scottish actor (Stage Fair, Stagecoach), born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 1946)
  • 1880-08-24 Miles W L Killearn of Killearn, Scottish baron/diplomat

Person of interestAlexander Fleming

1881-08-06 Alexander Fleming, Scottish bacteriologist (invented penicillin; Nobel Prize 1945), born in Lochfield, Scotland (d. 1955)

  • 1882-04-24 Hugh Dowding, commander of RAF Fighter Command during the Battle of Britain, born in Moffat, Scotland (d. 1970)
  • 1882-05-30 Wyndham Halswelle, Scottish runner (Olympic gold 1908), born in London (d. 1915)
  • 1882-07-08 John Anderson, 1st Viscount Waverley, British civil servant, politician and Chancellor of the Exchequer (1943-45), born in Midlothian, Scotland (d. 1945)
  • 1883-03-20 Colin Campbell, Scottish actor (High Bright Sun, Leather Boys), born in Falkirk, Scotland (d. 1966)

Person of interestPeter Fraser

1884-08-28 Peter Fraser, British-born New Zealand statesman and 24th Prime Minister of New Zealand (1940-49), born in Hill of Fearn, Scotland (d. 1950)

New Zealand Prime Minister Peter Fraser
New Zealand Prime Minister
Peter Fraser
  • 1886-02-02 Frank Lloyd, Scotland, actor and director (Mutiny on Bounty, Oliver Twist, Blood on the Sun), born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 1960)
  • 1886-04-21 Charles "Charlie" Naughton, Scottish actor (Frozen Limits), born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 1976)
  • 1886-05-25 Philip Murray, 1st president of the United Steelworkers and longest-serving president of the Congress of Industrial Organizations, born in Blantyre, Scotland (d. 1952)
  • 1886-07-23 Arthur Whitten Brown, British aviator (first nonstop airplane crossing of the Atlantic with John W. Alcock), born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 1948)
  • 1887-10-24 Victoria von Battenberg, Queen of Spain as the wife of King Alfonso XIII, born in Balmoral Castle, Scotland (d. 1969)

Person of interestJohn Logie Baird

1888-08-14 John Logie Baird, Scottish inventor and father of the television, born in Helensburgh, Scotland (d. 1946)

Inventor of Television John Logie Baird
Inventor of Television
John Logie Baird
  • 1889-07-20 John Charles Reith, 1st Baron Reith, British broadcasting executive and 1st director-general of BBC (1927-38), born in Stonehaven, Kincardineshire, Scotland (d. 1971)
  • 1889-09-25 C. K. Scott-Moncrieff, Scottish writer and translator, born in Stirlingshire, Scotland (d. 1930)
  • 1891-05-07 Harry McShane, Scottish socialist (d. 1988)
  • 1892-03-25 Andy Clyde, Scottish actor (The Real McCoys, Lassie), born in Blairgowrie, Perthshire, Scotland (d. 1967)
  • 1892-04-04 Cyril Smith, Scottish actor (The Adventures of Sir Lancelot), born in Peterhead, Scotland (d. 1963)

Person of interestRobert Watson-Watt

1892-04-13 Robert Watson-Watt, Scottish physicist and developer of the radar and radio direction finding in WWII, born in Brechin, Scotland (d. 1973)

Physicist and Radar Pioneer Robert Watson-Watt
Physicist and Radar Pioneer
Robert Watson-Watt
  • 1892-08-11 Hugh MacDiarmid (Christopher Murray Grieve), Scotland, poet (Scots Unbound)
  • 1892-11-05 J. B. S. Haldane, Scottish geneticist (d. 1964)
  • 1893-08-10 Viscount Dunrossil, Scotland, Gov Gen of Australia (1959-61)
  • 1894-04-23 George Renevant [Georges de Cheux], French actor (Moulin Rouge, Scotland Yard, Comrade X), born in Paris, France (d. 1969)

Famous Weddings


Famous Deaths

Deaths 201 - 300 of 481

  • 1844-06-15 Thomas Campbell, Scottish poet (Ye Mariners of England), dies at 66
  • 1844-11-14 John Abercrombie, Scottish physician, dies at 64
  • 1845-04-25 Thomas Duncan, Scottish painter, dies at 37
  • 1845-12-03 Gregor MacGregor, Scottish con-man (b. 1786)
  • 1847-05-31 Thomas Chalmers, Scottish minister and 1st moderator (Free Church of Scotland 1843-47), dies at 67
  • 1849-03-05 David Scott, Scottish painter (b. 1806)
  • 1850-05-24 Jane Porter, novelist (Scottish Chiefs), dies at 74
  • 1850-07-12 Robert Stevenson, Scottish civil engineer (Bell Rock Lighthouse, Scotland), dies at 78
  • 1851-02-23 Joanna Baillie, Scottish poet and playwright, dies at 88
  • 1852-09-04 William MacGillivray, Scottish naturalist and ornithologist (b. 1796)
  • 1854-04-19 Robert Jameson, Scottish naturalist (b. 1774)
  • 1855-02-20 Joseph Hume, Scottish doctor and social reformer, dies at 78
  • 1857-07-29 Thomas Dick, Scottish scientific teacher and writer (b. 1774)
  • 1859-09-19 John Pringle Nichol, Scottish Astronomer and educator, dies at 55
  • 1860-03-25 James Braid, Scottish surgeon (b. 1795)
  • 1862-12-20 Robert Knox Scottish surgeon, anatomist and zoologist
  • 1867-05-23 Archibald Alison, Scottish historian, dies at 74
  • 1868-02-10 David Brewster, Scottish physicist and inventor (kaleidoscope), dies at 86
  • 1870-05-06 James Young Simpson, Scottish obstetrician who popularized chloroform for medicinal use, dies at 58
  • 1871-10-22 Roderick Murchison, Scottish Geologist (Silurian system), dies at 79
  • 1872-06-16 Norman MacLeod, Scottish clergyman (b. 1812)
  • 1872-12-24 William John Macquorn Rankine, Scottish mechanical engineer and physicist, dies at 52
  • 1873-09-17 Alexander Berry, Scottish adventurer (b. 1781)
  • 1873-12-14 Alexander Keith, Scottish-Canadian politician (4th Mayor of Halifax) and brewer (founder of the Alexander Keith's Nova Scotia Brewery), dies at 78
  • 1874-11-02 Thomas Anderson, Scottish Chemist (discovered pyridine), dies at 55
  • 1877-08-12 James Drummond, Scottish historical painter, (b. 1816)
  • 1878-06-06 Robert Stirling, Scottish inventor (b. 1790)
  • 1879-11-05 James Clerk Maxwell, Scottish physicist (speed of light), dies of abdominal cancer at 48
  • 1880-04-13 Robert Fortune, Scottish botanist (b. 1813)

Person of interestThomas Carlyle

1881-02-05 Thomas Carlyle, Scottish historian and essayist (The French Revolution), dies in London at 85

Historian and Essayist Thomas Carlyle
Historian and Essayist
Thomas Carlyle
  • 1883-05-20 William Chambers, Scottish author and publisher (Basis of Communication & Coding), dies at 83
  • 1889-05-18 Isabella Glyn Dallas, Scottish Shakepearean actress, dies at 65
  • 1890-05-07 James Nasmyth, Scottish Engineer and Inventor of the steam hammer, dies at 81
  • 1891-05-26 Frederick Bowen Jewson, Scottish composer, dies at 67
  • 1892-03-01 Archibald Scott, Scottish chemist, dies at 60
  • 1892-11-15 Thomas Neill Cream, Scottish-Canadian serial killer (Lambeth poisoner), is executed at 42
  • 1892-12-11 William Milligan, Scottish theologian (b. 1821)
  • 1893-09-03 James Harrison, Scottish-born inventor (b. 1816)

Person of interestRobert Louis Stevenson

1894-12-03 Robert Louis Stevenson, Scottish novelist (Treasure Island), dies at 45

  • 1895-08-02 Joseph Thomson, Scottish geologist and early African explorer (Thomson's Gazelle), dies of pneumonia at 37
  • 1897-03-11 Henry Drummond, Scottish geologist, evangelist, dies at 45
  • 1897-06-25 Margaret Oliphant, Scottish novelist and biographer (Beleaguered City), dies at 69
  • 1899-06-13 [Robert] Lawson Tait, Scottish-born pioneering surgeon performed first salpingectomy for ectopic pregnancy, dies at 54
  • 1904-04-16 Samuel Smiles, Scottish writer and reformer (b. 1812)
  • 1905-09-18 George MacDonald, Scottish poet and sci-fi author (Princess & Curdie), dies at 80
  • 1907-03-09 John Alexander Dowie, Scottish-American evangelist (founded the city of Zion, Illinois), dies at 59
  • 1907-05-19 Benjamin Baker, English civil engineer who designed the bridge over the Firth of Forth, Scotland and the London underground, dies at 67
  • 1907-08-16 James Hector, Scottish geologist (b. 1834)
  • 1907-08-18 John Kerr, Scottish physicist and pioneer in the field of electro-optics (electro-visually Kerr-effect), dies at 82

Person of interestWilliam Thomson

1907-12-17 William Thomson, 1st Baron Kelvin, Irish-Scottish mathematical physicist (Kelvin Scale) and engineer (transatlantic telegraph), dies of a chill at 83

Mathematical Physicist and Engineer William Thomson
Mathematical Physicist and Engineer
William Thomson
  • 1908-03-11 Peter Milne, Scottish composer, dies at 83
  • 1909-06-18 Learmont Drysdale, Scottish composer, dies at 42
  • 1911-05-21 Williamina Fleming, Scottish-born astronomer (b. 1857)
  • 1912-07-20 Andrew Lang, Scottish poet, novelist, literary critic, and anthropologist (Andrew Lang's Fairy Books), dies at 68
  • 1914-04-16 S. R. Crockett, Scottish novelist (The Stickit Minister), dies at 54
  • 1914-05-10 Sir William Alexander Smith, Scottish founder of the Boys' Brigade, dies at 59

Person of interestJohn Muir

1914-12-24 John Muir, Scottish naturalist and discoverer (glacier in High Seirras), dies of pneumonia at 76

Environmental Philosopher John Muir
Environmental Philosopher
John Muir
  • 1915-01-13 Mary Slessor, Scottish missionary (b. 1848)
  • 1915-03-31 Wyndham Halswelle, Scottish athlete (Olympic gold 1908), dies at 32
  • 1915-07-22 Sir Sandford Fleming, Scottish-Canadian engineer and inventor (b. 1827)
  • 1915-07-26 James Murray, Scottish lexicographer and philologist (Oxford English Dictionary), dies at 78
  • 1915-10-22 Andrew Noble, Scottish physicist who was a founder of the science of ballistics, dies at 84
  • 1916-07-23 William Ramsay, Scottish chemist who discovered noble gases (Nobel 1904), dies at 63
  • 1916-08-02 Hamish MacCunn, Scottish composer (The Land of the Mountain and the Flood), dies at 48
  • 1917-05-20 Valentine Fleming, Scottish politician (b. 1887)
  • 1917-11-15 Oswald Chambers, Scottish Baptist and Holiness Movement minister and writer (My Utmost for His Highest), dies at 43
  • 1918-03-10 Jim McCormick, Scottish-born American baseball player, dies at 61

Person of interestAndrew Carnegie

1919-08-11 Andrew Carnegie, Scottish-American industrialist, steel tycoon, philanthropist and one of the richest Americans ever, dies of bronchial pneumonia at 83

Industrialist and Philanthropist Andrew Carnegie
Industrialist and Philanthropist
Andrew Carnegie
  • 1919-08-20 Gregor MacGregor, English cricket wicketkeeper (8 Tests 1890-93) and Scottish rugby union player, dies at 49
  • 1921-10-23 John B Dunlop, Scottish inventor air tire (Dunlop Rubber), dies at 81
  • 1922-04-09 Patrick Manson, Scottish physician and parasitologist (Father of tropical medicine), dies at 77

Person of interestAlexander Graham Bell

1922-08-02 Alexander Graham Bell, Scottish-born British American inventor (telephone), dies of diabetes complications at 75

  • 1923-03-27 James Dewar, Scottish chemist and physicist (Dewarfles/cordiet), dies at 80
  • 1924-12-27 William Archer, Scottish critic/playwright (Green Goddess), dies at 68
  • 1928-12-10 Charles Rennie Mackintosh, Scottish architect, designer, and illustrator, dies at 60
  • 1929-03-05 David Dunbar Buick, Scottish-born American automobile pioneer (b. 1854)
  • 1930-02-28 C. K. Scott-Moncrieff, Scottish writer and translator, dies at 40
  • 1932-04-17 Patrick Geddes, Scottish biologist and town planner who coined the term conurbation, dies at 77
  • 1933-02-24 Spottiswoode Aitken, Scottish actor (The Birth of a Nation, The Avenging Conscience), dies at 65
  • 1933-05-15 Ernest Torrence, Scottish actor (I Cover the Waterfront, Hunchback of Notre Dame), dies from complications following surgery for gall stones at 54
  • 1933-05-21 John Henry Mackay, Scottish/German author (Der Schwimmer), dies at 69
  • 1934-08-10 John Kane, Scottish/US miner/painter, dies at 73
  • 1935-01-07 Alfred Ewing, Scottish Physicist (magnetic properties of metals, hysteresis), dies at 79
  • 1935-03-16 John Macleod, Scottish-Canadian physiologist (Nobel 1923), dies at 58
  • 1935-04-28 Alexander Campbell Mackenzie, Scottish composer, dies at 87
  • 1935-09-28 William Kennedy Dickson, Scottish inventor (devised an early motion picture camera), dies at 75
  • 1936-03-15 John Scott Haldane, Scottish physiologist, dies at 75
  • 1937-06-19 J. M. [James Matthew] Barrie, Scottish novelist and playwright (Peter Pan), dies at 77
  • 1940-12-16 William Wallace, Scottish composer, dies at 80
  • 1941-05-07 Sir James George Frazer, Scottish anthropologist (b. 1854)
  • 1945-02-21 Eric Liddell, Scottish 400m runner (Olympic gold 1924) and Christian missionary in China, dies of an inoperable brain tumor at 43 while interned at the Weihsien Internment Camp in Weifang, Shandong, China
  • 1945-12-31 Don Douglas, Scottish actor (The Black Castle), dies at 40

Person of interestJohn Logie Baird

1946-06-14 John Logie Baird, Scottish inventor and father of the television, dies of a stroke at 57

Inventor of Television John Logie Baird
Inventor of Television
John Logie Baird
  • 1946-11-18 Donald Meek, Scottish actor (Stage Fair, Stagecoach), dies at 86
  • 1948-06-14 John Blackwood McEwen, Scottish classical composer, dies at 80
  • 1948-06-21 D'Arcy Wentworth Thompson, Scottish zoologist and classicist (On Growth & Form), dies at 88
  • 1948-08-10 Andrew Brown, Scottish football coach (b. 1870)
  • 1950-02-26 Harry Lauder, Scottish comedian and singer (Roamin' in the Gloamin), dies at about 75
  • 1951-09-09 Cecil Gray, Scottish composer and music critic, dies at 56
  • 1952-06-16 Andrew Lawson, Scottish-American geologist, first to map the entire San Andreas Fault (b. 1861)