Wales in History

Wales: Cardiff

Historical Events

  • 1282-12-11 Llywelyn ab Gruffydd/Llywelyn the Last, last native Prince of Wales is killed at Cilmeri, near Builth Wells, south Wales. Reigned from 1259.
  • 1283-10-03 Dafydd ap Gruffydd, Prince of Gwynedd, Wales, becomes the first person executed by being hanged, drawn and quartered
  • 1284-03-03 Statute of Rhuddlan incorporated the Principality of Wales into England

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1301-02-07 Edward of Caernarion (later Edward II) becomes first (English) Prince of Wales

King of England Edward II
King of England
Edward II
  • 1400-09-16 Owain Glyndŵr is declared Prince of Wales by his followers
  • 1413-03-21 Henry of Monmouth, Prince of Wales, becomes King Henry V of England

Victory in BattleBattle of Tewkesbury

1471-05-04 Battle of Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire, final battle between the Houses of Lancaster and York: Prince of Wales, Edward of Westminster killed and King Edward IV restored to his throne. Re-restores political stability to England until his death in 1483.

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King Edward IV and his Yorkist troops are beseeched by a priest to stop the pursuit of their Lancastrian foes who requested sanctuary from the abbey
King Edward IV and his Yorkist troops are beseeched by a priest to stop the pursuit of their Lancastrian foes who requested sanctuary from the abbey
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  • 1485-08-07 Henry Tudor's (Henry VII to be) army lands in Milford Haven, South Wales

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1503-02-18 Henry Tudor (later Henry VIII) created Prince of Wales

King of England Henry VIII
King of England
Henry VIII

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1649-02-05 Prince of Wales proclaimed King Charles II of Great Britain by Covenanter Parliament of Scotland

King of England Charles II
King of England
Charles II
  • 1682-09-14 Bishop Gore School, one of the oldest schools in Wales, founded
  • 1689-03-16 The 23rd Regiment of Foot or Royal Welch Fusiliers is founded. In 2004 it merged with the Royal Regiment of Wales to form the Royal Welsh Regiment.
  • 1696-02-27 English/Welsh nobles lay down Oath of Association
  • 1707-05-01 Acts of Union comes into force, uniting England and Scotland to form the United Kingdom of Great Britain
  • 1737-07-31 Prince Frederick of Wales escapes English court

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1778-08-09 Captain James Cook reaches Cape Prince of Wales, Bering Straits

Explorer James Cook
Explorer
James Cook

Battle of InterestLast Invasion of Britain

1797-02-22 The Last Invasion of Britain, launched by the French during the Revolutionary Wars, begins near Fishguard, Wales

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French troops surrendering to British forces at Goodwick Sands near Fishguard in Wales. Drawing by James Baker.
French troops surrendering to British forces at Goodwick Sands near Fishguard in Wales. Drawing by James Baker.
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  • 1797-02-24 Colonel William Tate and his force of 1,000-1,500 soldiers surrender after the Last Invasion of Britain (according to legend, to Welsh women in tall black hats, mistaken for elite guards regiment)
  • 1804-02-21 1st locomotive, Richard Trevithick's, runs for the 1st time, along the tramway of the Penydarren Ironworks in Merthyr Tydfil, Wales
  • 1807-03-25 First fare-paying, passenger railway service in the world established on the Oystermouth Railway in Swansea, Wales

AppointmentAppointment of Interest

1811-02-05 Prince George, Prince of Wales, later George IV, is appointed as Prince-Regent after his father King George III is recognized as insane due to mental illness

King of Great Britain, Ireland and Hanover George III
King of Great Britain, Ireland and Hanover
George III
  • 1826-01-30 The Menai Suspension Bridge, considered the world's first modern suspension bridge, connecting the Isle of Anglesey to the north West coast of Wales is opened.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1831-03-01 Lord John Russell introduces the Reform Bill in the British House of Commons on the government's behalf to revamp the electoral system of England and Wales and increase the franchise

British Prime Minister John Russell
British Prime Minister
John Russell

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1832-03-22 British Parliament, led by Charles Grey, passes the Reform Act, introducing wide-ranging changes to electoral system of England and Wales, increasing electorate from about 500,000 voters to 813,000

British Prime Minister Charles Grey
British Prime Minister
Charles Grey
British Prime Minister John Russell
British Prime Minister
John Russell
  • 1850-03-05 The Britannia Bridge across the Menai Strait between the Isle of Anglesey and the mainland of Wales is opened
  • 1859-10-26 The steam clipper Royal Charter is wrecked on the coast of Anglesey, north Wales with 459 dead

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1860-09-20 First British royalty to visit US, Prince of Wales (later King Edward VII)

King of England Edward VII
King of England
Edward VII
  • 1865-07-27 Welsh settlers arrive at Chubut in Argentina.
  • 1872-03-11 Construction of the Seven Sisters Colliery, South Wales, begins; located on one of the richest coal sources in Britain
  • 1876-03-25 Glasgow 1st soccer match Scotland defeat Wales (4-0)
  • 1880-04-24 Amateur Athletic Association, governing body for men's athletics in England & Wales, is founded in Oxford, England
  • 1884-01-18 Dr. William Price attempts to cremate the body of his infant son, Iesu Grist (Welsh for Jesus Christ) Price, setting a legal precedent for cremation in the United Kingdom
  • 1884-08-28 MLB pitcher Mickey Welsh makes record for most consecutive batters struck out to begin a game, striking out the 1st 9 men he faces
  • 1890-03-04 Longest bridge in Great Britain, the Forth Bridge (railway) at 1,710 ft in length is opened in Scotland by the Prince of Wales, later King Edward VII
  • 1890-11-04 Prince of Wales opens first underground station at Stockwell, South London
  • 1895-11-05 Edward, Prince of Wales, says "We are all Socialists nowadays"

  • 1896-01-16 Defeat of Cymru Fydd at South Wales Liberal Federation AGM, Newport, Monmouthshire.
  • 1900-03-30 62nd Grand National: Algy Anthony wins aboard Ambush II; owner is Prince Of Wales (King Edward VII)
  • 1900-04-04 Assassination attempt on Prince of Wales, later British King Edward VII when shot by Jean-Baptiste Sipido in protest over Boer war
  • 1900-04-05 Attempted assassination of Edward Prince of Wales in Brussels, fails
  • 1901-05-24 Seventy-eight miners die in the Caerphilly pit disaster in South Wales
  • 1904-04-05 The first international rugby league match is played between England and an Other Nationalities team (Welsh & Scottish players) in Central Park, Wigan, England.
  • 1905-03-31 67th Grand National: Frank Mason victorious aboard Kirkland; first Welsh-trained horse to win the event
  • 1906-09-12 The Newport Transporter Bridge is opened in Newport, South Wales by Viscount Tredegar.
  • 1920-04-01 The (Anglican) Church in Wales disestablished
  • 1925-08-05 Plaid Cymru is formed with the aim of disseminating knowledge of the Welsh language, which is in danger of dying out

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1928-06-18 American aviator Amelia Earhart becomes the 1st woman to fly across the Atlantic Ocean landing at Burry Port, Wales

  • 1932-03-19 England beats Scotland, 16-3 at Twickenham, London to force a 3-way share with Wales and Ireland of renewed Home Nations Rugby Championship; France expelled, alleged professionalism
  • 1934-09-22 An explosion takes place at Gresford Colliery in Wales, leading to the deaths of 266 miners and rescuers
  • 1936-03-14 Wales beats Ireland, 3-0 in Cardiff to clinch the Home Nations Rugby Championship with a 2-1-0 record
  • 1939-03-18 England beats Scotland, 9-6 at Murrayfield, Edinburgh to force a share of the Home Nations Rugby Championship with Wales and Ireland
  • 1941-01-02 World War II: German bombing severely damages the Llandaff Cathedral in Cardiff, Wales

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941-08-04 Winston Churchill departs on Prince of Wales to US

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1941-12-10 British battleship Prince of Wales and battlecruiser Repulse (Force Z) sunk following Japanese aerial attacks off Malaya. 840 men die
  • 1942-06-23 World War II: Germany's latest fighter, a Focke-Wulf FW190 is captured intact when it mistakenly lands at RAF Pembrey in Wales
  • 1947-04-19 England beats France, 6-3 at Twickenham to be level on points with Wales for a share of the Five Nations Rugby Championship; first appearance of France in tournament since 1931
  • 1948-03-13 Ireland beats Wales, 6-3 at Ravenhill Stadium, Belfast to clinch the Five Nations Rugby Championship and first Grand Slam
  • 1949-03-12 Ireland retains Five Nations Rugby Championship & Triple Crown with a 5-0 win over Wales at St. Helen's Ground, Swansea
  • 1950-03-25 Wales outclasses France, 21-0 at the National Stadium, Cardiff to clinch the Five Nations Rugby Championship, Grand Slam and Triple Crown
  • 1951-03-10 Ireland clinches their 7th Five Nations Rugby Championship with a 3-3 draw against Wales at the National Stadium, Cardiff
  • 1952-03-22 Wales wins Five Nations Rugby Championship, Grand Slam & Triple Crown with a 9-5 win over France at St. Helen's Ground, Swansea
  • 1954-04-10 Wales beats Scotland, 15-3 at the St. Helen's Ground, Swansea to share Five Nations Rugby Championship with France and England; France's first title
  • 1955-03-26 France misses out on a maiden Grand Slam after losing, 16-11 to Wales at Stade Colombes; share Five Nations Rugby Championship with Wales with 3-1 record
  • 1955-12-20 Cardiff is proclaimed the capital city of Wales
  • 1956-03-24 Wales beats France, 5-3 at the National Stadium, Cardiff to clinch their 13th Five Nations Rugby Championship
  • 1958-07-05 British Open Men's Golf, Royal Lytham & St Annes GC: Australian Peter Thomson wins by 4 strokes in a 36-hole playoff with Welshman Dave Thomas, for his 4th Open title
  • 1958-07-18 6th British Empire Games and Commonwealth Games open in Cardiff, Wales
  • 1958-08-18 United Kingdom issues regional stamps (N Ireland, Scotland & Wales)
  • 1959-04-04 France beats Wales, 11-3 at Stade Colombes to win the Five Nations Rugby Championship outright for the first time
  • 1959-12-15 Ballon d'Or: Real Madrid forward Alfredo Di Stéfano wins his second award for best football player in Europe ahead of teammate Raymond Kopa and Juventus' Welsh utility John Charles

Sport awardBritish Golf Open

1961-07-15 British Open Men's Golf, Royal Birkdale GC: Arnold Palmer wins the first of 2 consecutive Open Championships, a stroke ahead of Welshman Dai Rees

  • 1964-03-21 Wales draws 11-11 with France in Cardiff, whilst Scotland beats England, 15-6 at Murrayfield to leave the Five Nations Rugby Championship shared by Wales and Scotland on 6 competition points
  • 1965-03-20 Wales misses out on a 4th Grand Slam after losing to France, 22-13 at Stade Colombes, Paris despite winning the Five Nations Rugby Championship
  • 1965-12-12 The Beatles' last concert in Great Britain (Capitol Theatre in Cardiff, Wales)
  • 1966-03-26 Wales beats France, 9-8 at the National Stadium, Cardiff to clinch their 15th Five Nations Rugby Championship

The Tragedy of AberfanThe Tragedy of Aberfan

1966-10-21 116 children and 28 adults died as a coal waste heap slid and engulfed a school in Aberfan, South Wales

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The rooftops of Pantglas Junior school poke out of the sludge and debris that engulfed it as rescuers continue to hunt for survivors
The rooftops of Pantglas Junior school poke out of the sludge and debris that engulfed it as rescuers continue to hunt for survivors
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Event of interestEvent of Interest

1967-08-25 The Beatles go to Wales to study transcendental meditation with Maharishi Mahesh Yogi

  • 1968-03-23 France retains the Five Nations Rugby Championship with an 14-9 win over Wales at the National Stadium, Cardiff; first Grand Slam victory for France
  • 1969-04-12 Wales beats England, 30-9 at the National Stadium, Cardiff to clinch their 16th Five Nations Rugby Championship and 11th Triple Crown

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1969-07-01 Investiture of Prince Charles as the Prince of Wales is watched by large crowds in Caernarfon, Wales and by millions on television

Prince of Wales Prince Charles
Prince of Wales
Prince Charles
  • 1969-12-18 House of Lords votes to abolish the death penalty in England, Wales and Scotland (Northern Ireland 25 July 1973)
  • 1970-04-18 France beats England, 35-13 at Stade Colombes, Paris to earn a share of the Five Nations Rugby Championship with Wales
  • 1970-05-23 A fire breaks out in the Britannia Bridge over the Menai Straits in north Wales contributing to its partial destruction and causing approximately £1,000,000 worth of fire damage
  • 1971-03-27 Wales clinches its 17th Five Nations Rugby Championship, 6th Grand Slam and 12th Triple Crown with a 9-5 win over France at Stade Colombes, Paris
  • 1972-02-26 Ireland-Wales Five Nations Rugby match scheduled for Lansdowne Road, Dublin is cancelled because of escalating political situation; Championship not completed for first time since World War II
  • 1972-09-01 Welshman Richard Meade representing Great Britain and riding Laurieston grabs the equestrian individual and team 3-day event gold medals at the Munich Olympics
  • 1974-03-16 Both Wales (12-16 v England) and France (6-19 v Scotland) lose their final round matches handing Ireland their 8th Five Nations Rugby Championship
  • 1974-07-01 Monmouthshire renamed Gwent and becomes part of Wales
  • 1975-03-01 Five Nations Rugby Championship match between Scotland and Wales at Murrayfield Stadium in Edinburgh attracts a world record attendance of 104,000; Scots win 12-10
  • 1975-03-15 Wales trounce Ireland, 32-4 at the National Stadium, Cardiff to clinch their 18th Five Nations Rugby Championship
  • 1976-03-06 Wales clinch their 7th Five Nations Rugby Championship title, 7th Grand Slam and 13th Triple Crown with a 19-13 win over France at the National Stadium, Cardiff
  • 1978-03-18 Wales beats France, 16-7 at the National Stadium, Cardiff to clinch its 20th outright Five Nations Rugby Championship, a record 8th Grand Slam and record 3rd consecutive Triple Crown
  • 1979-03-17 Wales beats England, 27-3 at the National Stadium, Cardiff for its 2nd consecutive Five Nations Rugby Championship and record 21st outright title; record 4th straight Triple Crown
  • 1979-08-14 Rainbow seen in Northern Wales for a 3 hours duration
  • 1983-03-19 France (16-9 v Wales) and Ireland (25-15 v England) win final round matches to finish level and share the Five Nations Rugby Championship; no tie-break procedure exists before 1993
  • 1985-03-30 139th Grand National: Welsh jockey Hywel Davies aboard 11-year old 50/1 outsider Last Suspect wins by 1½ lengths from Mr. Snugfit
  • 1987-11-11 Football striker Mark Hughes plays for Wales and Bayern Munich in 2 countries on same day; appears for Wales in 2-0 European Championship loss to Czechoslovakia in Prague, then jets to Munich for 3-2 Cup win over Borussia
  • 1988-03-19 France edges Wales, 10-9 at the National Stadium, Cardiff to share the Five Nations Rugby Championship with the Welsh with 3-1 records
  • 1989-03-19 Wales beats England, 12-9 at Cardiff Arms Park to allow France to claim it's 9th outright Five Nations Rugby Championship
  • 1989-05-07 Mark Merrony (Wales) cycles for 30 mins in Nepal at 21,030 feet

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 361

  • 0040-06-13 Gnaeus Julius Agricola, Roman general and Governor of Britain, conquered Wales and Northern England, born in Gallia Narbonensis (Roman province in Southern France) (d. 93)
  • 0534-04-29 Taliesin, Welsh poet, according to legend in Mabinogion

Person of interestEdward I

1239-06-17 Edward I, King of England (1272-1307) who subdued Wales, warred against Scotland and expelled Jews from England, born in London [or 18 June]

King of England Edward I
King of England
Edward I

Person of interestEdward II

1284-04-25 Edward II, King of England (1307-27), born in Caernarfon Castle, Gwynedd, Wales (d. 1327)

King of England Edward II
King of England
Edward II
  • 1387-09-16 Henry V, King of England (1413-22) and France (1416-19), born in Monmouth Castle, Monmouth, Principality of Wales (date disputed) (d. 1422)
  • 1453-10-13 Edward of Westminster, Prince of Wales and the only son of King Henry VI of England and Margaret of Anjou, born in London (d. 1471)
  • 1454-09-04 Henry Stafford, 2nd Duke of Buckingham, English politician, born in Wales (d. 1483)
  • 1486-09-20 Arthur, Prince of Wales, English crown prince, son of King Henry VII of England, 1st husband of Catherine of Aragon, born in Winchester, England (d. 1502)
  • 1593-04-03 George Herbert, English metaphysical poet (5 Mystical Songs), born in Montgomery, Wales (d. 1633)
  • 1622-04-17 Henry Vaughan, English poet (Silex Scintillans), born in Newton St. Bridget, Brecknockshire, Wales (d. 1695)
  • 1682-05-17 Bartholomew Roberts, Welsh pirate (raided ships off the Americas and West Africa between 1719-1722), born in Puncheston, Pembrokeshire, Wales (d. 1722)
  • 1699-08-13 John Dyer, British poet, born in Aberglasney, Wales (Baptism date)
  • 1714-08-01 Richard Wilson, Welsh landscape painter, born in Penegoes, Montgomeryshire, Wales (d. 1782)
  • 1719-11-30 Augusta of Saxe-Gotha, Princess of Wales by marriage to Frederick, Prince of Wales, born in Gotha, Duchy of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg, Germany (d. 1772)
  • 1723-02-23 Richard Price, Welsh philosopher (d. 1791)
  • 1726-06-25 Thomas Pennant, Welsh naturalist, born in Downing, Wales (d. 1798)
  • 1740-12-30 Princess Elizabeth Caroline of Wales (d. 1759)
  • 1741-01-27 Hester Thrale, Welsh diarist (d. 1821)
  • 1749-03-19 Princess Louisa Anne of Wales (d. 1768)
  • 1752-03-29 Edward Jones, Welsh harpist and composer, born in Llandderfel, Wales (d. 1824)
  • 1755-07-05 Sarah Kemble Siddons, English tragic actress (Fatal Marriage), born in Brecon, Wales (d. 1831)
  • 1757-08-09 Thomas Telford, Scottish civil engineer (designed and constructed Menai Bridge, Wales in 1819-26), born in Eskdale, Dumfriesshire, Scotland (d. 1834)
  • 1776-02-18 John Parry [Bardd Alaw], Welsh composer and harpist, born in Denbigh (d. 1851)
  • 1790-06-19 John Gibson, British sculptor, born in Conwy, Wales (d. 1866)
  • 1790-07-04 George Everest, Welsh surveyor and namesake of Mt. Everest, born in Gwernvale, Brecknockshire, Wales (d. 1866)
  • 1796-01-07 Princess Charlotte Augusta of Wales (d. 1817)
  • 1811-07-11 William Robert Grove, Welsh physicist and inventor of the first fuel cell, born in Swansea, Wales (d. 1896)
  • 1822-12-15 Edward Stephen, Welsh musician and composer, born in Maentwrog, Merionethshire (d. 1885)
  • 1822-12-27 John Roberts, Welsh composer, minister and poet, born in Aber­ystwyth, Wales (d. 1877)

Person of interestAlfred Russel Wallace

1823-01-08 Alfred Russel Wallace, British naturalist, explorer and co-discoverer of evolution through natural selection, born in Usk, Monmouthshire, Wales (d. 1913)

Naturalist, biologist, and explorer Alfred Russel Wallace
Naturalist, biologist, and explorer
Alfred Russel Wallace
  • 1826-03-01 John Thomas, Welsh composer and harpist, born in Bridgend (d. 1913)

Person of interestDavid Edward Hughes

1831-05-16 David Edward Hughes, British-American inventor (microphone, teleprinter), born in either London, England or Corwen, Wales (d. 1900)

Person of interestHenry Morton Stanley

1841-01-28 Henry Morton Stanley, Welsh journalist and African explorer (found Livingstone in Africa), born in Denbigh, Wales (d. 1904)

Journalist and Explorer Henry Morton Stanley
Journalist and Explorer
Henry Morton Stanley
  • 1841-05-21 Joseph Parry, Welsh composer and musician, born in Merthyr Tydfil, Wales (d. 1903)
  • 1843-09-21 David Emlyn Evans, British composer, born in Pen’ralltwen, Newcastle Emlyn, Carmarthen, Wales (d. 1913)
  • 1847-02-08 Hugh Price Hughes, Welsh social reformer, born in Carmarthen, Wales (d. 1902)
  • 1855-07-14 Richard Samuel Hughes, Welsh composer and pianist, born in Aberystwyth, Wales (d. 1893)
  • 1856-03-26 David Alfred Thomas, 1st Viscount Rhondda, Welsh coal-mining entrepreneur, born in Ysgyborwen, Wales (d. 1918)
  • 1860-02-21 Goscombe John, Welsh sculptor (d. 1952)
  • 1863-03-03 Arthur Machen, Welsh-born author (d. 1947)
  • 1865-02-28 Arthur Symons, Welsh poet/critic/co-founder (Savoy)
  • 1866-11-05 Daniel Protheroe, Welsh conductor and composer, born in Ystradgynlais, Brecknockshire, Wales (d. 1934)
  • 1867-05-13 Frank Brangwyn, Wales, painter/muralist/cartoonist (Willam Morris)
  • 1869-11-26 Maud of Wales, Queen of Norway, spouse of King Haakon VII, born in Marlborough House, London (d. 1938)
  • 1871-07-03 William Henry Davies, Welsh poet (Autobiography of a Super Tramp), born in Newport, Monmouthshire, Wales (d. 1940)
  • 1873-03-15 David Vaughan Thomas, Welsh musician and composer, born in Ystalyfera (d. 1934)
  • 1876-06-22 [Gwendolen] Gwen John, Welsh painter, born in Haverfordwest, Wales (d. 1939)
  • 1878-01-04 Augustus John, Welsh painter (d. 1961)
  • 1878-08-27 Joseph John Richards, American composer, born in Cwmafan, Wales (d. 1956)
  • 1881-02-14 William John Gruffydd, Welsh poet & scholar, born in Gorffwysfa, Bethel, Wales (d. 1954)
  • 1883-04-30 David John de Lloyd, Welsh musician and composer, born in Skewen, Wales (d. 1948)
  • 1883-05-28 Clough Williams-Ellis, British architect known chiefly as the creator of the Italianate village of Portmeirion in North Wales, born in Gayton, Northamptonshire, England (d. 1978)
  • 1883-08-28 E. E. Clive, Welsh actor (Night Must Fall, Dark Hour), born in Monmouthshire, Wales (d. 1940)
  • 1884-04-12 Tenby Davies, Welsh half-mile world champion runner, born in Tenby, Pembrokeshire, Wales (d. 1932)
  • 1886-11-09 S. O. Davies, Welsh Labour Party politician and trade union official, born in Abercwmboi, Glamorgan, Wales (d. 1972)

Person of interestT. E. Lawrence

1888-08-16 T. E. Lawrence [Lawrence of Arabia], British author, soldier and diplomat famous for his liaison role in Arabia during WWI, born in Tremadog, Caernarfonshire, Wales (d. 1935)

Soldier and Writer T. E. Lawrence
Soldier and Writer
T. E. Lawrence
  • 1890-02-14 Nina Hamnett, Welsh artist & writer, born in Tenby, Pembrokeshire, Wales (d. 1956)

Person of interestDion Fortune

1890-12-06 Dion Fortune, British occultist, born in Llandudno, Wales (d. 1946)

Occultist and Author Dion Fortune
Occultist and Author
Dion Fortune
  • 1891-02-13 Kate Roberts, Welsh nationalist and writer (d. 1985)
  • 1892-11-19 Huw T. Edwards, Welsh trade unionist and politician, born in Rowen, Wales (d. 1970)
  • 1893-01-15 Ivor Novello [David Ivor Davies], Welsh composer, writer and actor (Keep the Home Fires Burning, The Truth Game), born in Cardiff, Wales (d. 1951)
  • 1893-07-02 Ralph Hancock, Welsh garden designer (Rockefeller Center), born in Cardiff, Wales (d. 1950)
  • 1894-07-31 Fred Keenor, Welsh footballer, born in Cardiff, Wales (d. 1972)
  • 1894-08-23 Gareth Hughes, Welsh actor (Midnight Girl), born in Dafen, Carmarthenshire, Wales (d. 1965)
  • 1897-12-31 Rhys Williams, Welsh actor (How Green Was My Valley, Nightmare, Okinawa, Cross My Heart), born in Clydach, Swansea, Wales (d. 1969)
  • 1899-03-08 Eric Linklater, British novelist and poet (Blue Swallows), born in Penarth, Vale of Glamorgan, Wales (d. 1974)
  • 1900-01-23 William Ifor Jones, Welsh conductor & organist, born in Merthyr Tydfil, Wales (d. 1988)
  • 1900-06-02 David Wynne, Welsh composer (Owain ab Urien), born in Penderyn (d. 1983)
  • 1900-11-22 Tom Macdonald, Welsh journalist and writer (The White Lanes of Summer), born in Capel Bangor, Dyfed, Wales (d. 1980)
  • 1901-06-22 Naunton Wayne, Welsh actor (Quartet, Hidden Room, Double Confession), born in Llanwonno, Glamorganshire, Wales (d. 1970)
  • 1902-04-22 Megan Lloyd George, English politician (1st female MP for Welsh - Carmarthen), born in Criccieth, Caernarfonshire, Wales (d. 1966)
  • 1904-11-30 Philip Burton, Welsh director, acting teacher and mentor to Richard Burton, born in Mountain Ash, Glamorganshire

Person of interestRay Milland

1905-01-03 Ray Milland, Welsh actor (Lost Weekend-Academy Award 1945), born in Neath, Wales (d. 1986)

  • 1905-02-28 Glyn Jones, Welsh, novelist, poet and literary historian, born in Merthyr Tydfil, Wales (d. 1995)
  • 1905-03-01 Doris Hare, Welsh actress, born in Bargoed, Glamorgan, Wales (d. 2000)
  • 1905-08-28 Cyril Walters, Welsh cricketer (solid England batsman of 30's), born in Bedlinog, Glamorgan, Wales (d. 1992)
  • 1905-11-26 George Emlyn Williams, Welsh actor and playwright (David Copperfield), born in Mostyn, Wales (d. 1987)
  • 1906-06-25 Roger Livesey, Welsh actor (Drums, The Life and Death of Colonel Blimp), born in Barry, Wales (d. 1976)
  • 1906-06-27 Vernon Watkins, Welsh poet (Ballad of Mari Lwyd), born in Maesteg, Wales (d. 1967)
  • 1906-07-03 F. Gwendolen Rees, Welsh zoologist and parasitologist, born in Abercynon, Wales (d. 1994)
  • 1906-12-08 Richard Llewellyn, Welsh novelist (How Green Was My Valley), born in Hendon, Middlesex, England (d. 1983)
  • 1908-02-05 Peg Entwistle, Welsh actress, born in Port Talbot, Wales (d. 1932)
  • 1908-12-14 Claude Davey, Welsh rugby union footballer, born in Garnant, Wales (d. 2001)
  • 1909-01-29 George Thomas, 1st Viscount Tonypandy, British politician (Speaker of the House of Commons), born in Port Talbot, Wales (d. 1997)
  • 1909-06-12 Mansel Treharne Thomas, Welsh composer, born in Tylorstown, Rhondda, Wales (d. 1986)
  • 1909-07-04 Alec Templeton, Welsh pianist and composer (Concertino Lirico), born in Cardiff, Wales (d. 1963)
  • 1909-08-25 Arwel Hughes, Welsh composer, born in Rhosllannerchrugog, Wales (d. 1988)
  • 1912-05-05 Fenton Morley, British parish priest who chaired the Church of England Morley Commission, born in Wales (d. 1995)
  • 1912-05-30 Hugh Griffith, Welsh actor (Ben-Hur, Mutiny on the Bounty, Oliver!), born in Marian Glas, Anglesey, Wales (d. 1980)
  • 1912-06-09 Edgar Evans, Welsh tenor (Covent Garden Opera Company), born in Cardiganshire (d. 2007)
  • 1912-09-27 Mary Grierson, Welsh botanical artist, born in Bangor, Wales (d. 2012)
  • 1912-12-07 Daniel Jones, Welsh composer, born in Pembroke, Wales (d. 1993)
  • 1913-03-29 R. S. Thomas, Welsh poet, born in Cardiff, Wales (d. 2000)
  • 1913-05-27 Arthur Mervyn Stockwood, Anglican bishop (Southwark England), born in Bridgend, Glamorgan, Wales (d. 1995)
  • 1913-10-02 Vivian Ridler, British scholar and printer (Oxford University), born in Cardiff, Wales (d. 2009)
  • 1914-03-13 Tessie O'Shea, Welsh stage and screen entertainer, born in Cardiff (d. 1995)
  • 1914-09-12 Desmond Llewelyn, Welsh actor, born in Newport, Monmouthshire, Wales (d. 1999)
  • 1914-10-27 Dylan Thomas, Welsh poet (Child's Christmas in Wales), born in Swansea, Wales (d. 1953)
  • 1915-05-29 David Jenkins, Welsh librarian (National Library of Wales), born in Blaenclydach, Glamorgan (d. 2002)
  • 1916-03-05 Ian Parrott, British-Welsh composer (The Black Ram), born in Streatham, England (d. 2012)

Famous Weddings


LoveWedding of Interest

1863-03-10 Prince of Wales, Albert Edward (21) weds Princess Alexandra of Denmark (18) at Windsor Castle in St. George's chapel

King of England Edward VII
King of England
Edward VII
  • 1937-07-11 Welsh poet and writer Dylan Thomas (22) marries dancer Caitlin McNamara (22) in Penzance, Cornwall

LoveWedding of Interest

1946-03-14 American author and journalist "The Old Man and the Sea" Ernest Hemingway marries Mary Welsh

LoveWedding of Interest

1953-07-06 "James Bond" actor Roger Moore (25) weds Welsh singer Dorothy Squires (38) in Jersey City

LoveWedding of Interest

2005-04-09 His Royal Highness Charles, Prince of Wales marries Camilla Parker Bowles

Prince of Wales Prince Charles
Prince of Wales
Prince Charles
Duchess of Cornwall Camilla Parker Bowles
Duchess of Cornwall
Camilla Parker Bowles
  • 2005-06-18 "Queens Park Rangers" football striker Djibril Cisse (23) weds Jude Littler at Bodelwyddan Castle in Denbighshire, North Wales
  • 2005-12-22 "Ospreys" Rugby star Shane Williams (28) weds Gail Lacey at Twyn Church in Garnant, West Wales
  • 2017-09-16 Welsh singer Charlotte Church (31) marries musician Jonny Powell (30) in Cardiff

Famous Deaths

  • 0093-08-23 Gnaeus Julius Agricola, Roman general and Governor of Britain, conquered Wales and Northern England, dies at 53
  • 0589-03-01 Saint David, Patron Saint of Wales, dies at ~90
  • 1240-04-11 Llywelyn ab Iorwerth the Great, monarch of Wales (1194-1240), dies
  • 1283-10-03 Dafydd ap Gruffyd, last monarch of Gwynnedd (North-Wales), dies
  • 1461-02-02 Owen Tudor, Welsh founder of the Tudor dynasty of England
  • 1471-05-04 Edward of Westminster, Prince of Wales, dies at 17, becoming the only heir apparent to the English throne to ever die in battle
  • 1484-04-09 Edward of Middleham, Prince of Wales (b. 1473), son of Richard III King of England
  • 1502-04-02 Arthur, Prince of Wales, English crown prince, son of King Henry VII of England, 1st husband of Catherine of Aragon, dies from an unknown illness at 15
  • 1581-11-07 Richard Davies, Welsh bishop and scholar
  • 1604-09-10 William Morgan, Welsh Bible translator (b. 1545)
  • 1606-11-12 St. Nicholas Owen (martyr), one of the Forty Martyrs of England and Wales
  • 1659-06-03 Morgan Llwyd, Welsh Puritan preacher and writer (b. 1619)
  • 1670-10-27 Vavasor Powell, Welsh non-conformist leader (b. 1617)
  • 1685-09-01 Leoline Jenkins, Welsh lawyer (b. 1625)

Person of interestHenry Morgan

1688-08-25 Henry Morgan, Welsh pirate and privateer who raided Spanish settlements and shipping, dies at 53

Pirate Henry Morgan
Pirate
Henry Morgan
  • 1709-06-30 Edward Lhuyd, Welsh scientist (b. 1660)
  • 1722-02-10 Bartholomew Roberts, Welsh pirate (raided ships off the Americas and West Africa between 1719-1722), dies at 39
  • 1749-07-03 William Jones, Welsh mathematician (b. 1675)
  • 1751-03-20 Frederick Louis, English prince of Wales and son of George II, dies at 44
  • 1772-02-08 Augusta of Saxe-Gotha, Princess of Wales by marriage to Frederick, Prince of Wales, dies at 52
  • 1782-05-15 Richard Wilson, Welsh landscape painter, dies at 67
  • 1791-01-11 William Williams Pantycelyn, Welsh hymnist (b. 1717)
  • 1798-12-16 Thomas Pennant, Welsh naturalist, dies at 72
  • 1802-12-31 Francis Lewis, Welsh/American merchant/signer (Declaration of Independence), dies at 89
  • 1824-04-18 Edward Jones, Welsh harpist & composer, dies at 72
  • 1834-09-02 Thomas Telford, Scottish civil engineer (designed and constructed Menai Bridge, Wales in 1819-26), dies at 77
  • 1851-04-08 John Parry [Bardd Alaw], Welsh composer and harpist, dies at 75
  • 1863-08-18 Thomas Welsh, US Union brigadier general (Antietam), dies at 39
  • 1866-12-01 George Everest, Welsh surveyor and namesake of Mt. Everest, dies at 76
  • 1877-05-14 John Roberts, Welsh composer, minister and poet, dies at 54
  • 1885-05-10 Edward Stephen, Welsh musician and composer, dies at 62
  • 1893-03-05 Richard Samuel Hughes, Welsh composer, dies at 37
  • 1896-08-01 William Robert Grove, Welsh physicist and inventor of the first fuel cell, dies at 85
  • 1902-11-17 Hugh Price Hughes, Welsh Methodist Social reformer, dies at 55
  • 1903-02-17 Joseph Parry, Welsh composer and musician, dies at 61

Person of interestHenry Morton Stanley

1904-05-10 Henry Morton Stanley, Welsh journalist and African explorer (discovered source of the Nile), dies at 63

Journalist and Explorer Henry Morton Stanley
Journalist and Explorer
Henry Morton Stanley
  • 1913-03-19 John Thomas, Welsh composer and harpist, dies at 87
  • 1917-07-31 Hedd Wyn, Welsh poet (b. 1887)
  • 1918-07-03 David Alfred Thomas, 1st Viscount Rhondda, Welsh coal-mining entrepreneur, dies at 62
  • 1920-06-05 Rhoda Broughton, Welsh author (b. 1840)
  • 1927-03-03 J.G. Parry-Thomas, Welsh motor-racing driver (b. 1884)
  • 1932-07-23 Tenby Davies, Welsh half-mile world champion runner, dies at 48
  • 1934-02-25 Daniel Protheroe, Welsh conductor and composer, dies at 67
  • 1934-09-15 David Vaughan Thomas, Welsh musician and composer, dies at 61
  • 1938-11-20 Maud of Wales, Queen of Norway, spouse of King Haakon VII, dies at 68
  • 1939-09-18 Gwen John, Welsh painter, dies at 63
  • 1940-06-06 E. E. Clive, Welsh actor (Night Must Fall, Dark Hour), dies at 56
  • 1940-09-26 William Henry Davies, Welsh poet (Autobiography of a Super Tramp), dies at 69
  • 1944-08-05 Maurice Turnbull, Welsh cricketer (England) rugby player (Wales), dies fighting in WWII at 38
  • 1947-12-15 Arthur Machen, Welsh author (b. 1863)
  • 1948-08-20 David John de Lloyd, Welsh musician composer, dies at 65
  • 1950-08-30 Ralph Hancock, Welsh garden designer (Rockefeller Center), dies at 57
  • 1951-03-06 Ivor Novello [David Ivor Davies], Welsh composer, writer and actor (Keep the Home Fires Burning, The Truth Game), dies at 58
  • 1953-04-06 Idris Davies, Welsh poet (b. 1905)
  • 1954-09-29 William John Gruffydd, Welsh poet and scholar, dies at 73
  • 1956-12-16 Nina Hamnett, Welsh artist and writer, dies at 66
  • 1963-03-28 Alec Templeton, Welsh pianist and composer (Concertino Lirico), dies at 52
  • 1965-10-01 Gareth Hughes, Welsh actor (Midnight Girl), dies at 71
  • 1966-05-14 Megan Lloyd George, English politician (1st female MP for Welsh - Carmarthen), dies at 64
  • 1967-10-08 Vernon Watkins, Welsh poet (Ballad of Mari Lwyd), dies at 61
  • 1969-05-28 Rhys Williams, Welsh actor (How Green Was My Valley, Nightmare, Okinawa, Cross My Heart), dies at 71
  • 1970-11-08 Huw T. Edwards, Welsh trade unionist and politician, dies at 77
  • 1970-11-17 Naunton Wayne, Welsh actor (Quartet, Hidden Room, Double Confession), dies at 69
  • 1971-05-20 Waldo Williams, Welsh poet (b. 1904)
  • 1976-02-05 Roger Livesey, Welsh actor (Drum, The Life and Death of Colonel Blimp), dies from bowel cancer at 69
  • 1976-06-28 Stanley Baker, Welsh actor and producer (Concrete Jungle, Zorro, Zulu), dies of pneumonia at 49
  • 1977-03-05 Tom Pryce, Welsh Formula One driver, dies at 27
  • 1978-04-09 Clough Williams-Ellis, British architect known chiefly as the creator of the Italianate village of Portmeirion in North Wales, dies at 94
  • 1980-02-09 Tom Macdonald, Welsh journalist and writer (The White Lanes of Summer), dies at 79
  • 1980-05-14 Hugh Griffith, Welsh actor (Ben-Hur, Mutiny on the Bounty, Oliver!), dies from a heart attack at 67
  • 1980-11-26 Rachel Roberts, Welsh actress (Saturday Night and Sunday Morning, Foul Play, Doctor's Wife), commits suicide at 53
  • 1983-03-23 David Wynne, Welsh composer (Owain ab Urien), dies at 82
  • 1983-11-30 Richard Llewellyn, Welsh novelist (How Green Was My Valley), dies at 76

Person of interestRichard Burton

1984-08-05 Richard Burton, Welsh stage and screen actor (Cleopatra, The Robe), dies of cerebral hemorrhage at 58

Stage and Screen Actor Richard Burton
Stage and Screen Actor
Richard Burton
  • 1985-04-04 Kate Roberts, Welsh nationalist and writer (b. 1891)
  • 1985-09-17 Laura Ashley, Welsh fashion designer, businesswoman and co-founder of Laura Ashley, dies by falling down the stairs of her daughter's home at 60
  • 1986-01-08 Mansel Treharne Thomas, Welsh composer, dies at 76

Person of interestRay Milland

1986-03-10 Ray Milland, Welsh actor (The Lost Weekend-Academy Award 1945), dies at 81

  • 1986-03-14 Huw Wheldon, Welsh broadcaster (BBC), dies at 69
  • 1987-01-16 Joyce Jameson, American comedienne and actress (Spike Jones Show, The Outlaw Josey Wales), commits suicide at 59
  • 1987-09-25 George Emlyn Williams, Welsh actor and playwright (David Copperfield), dies from cancer at 81
  • 1988-09-23 Arwel Hughes, Welsh composer, dies at 79
  • 1988-11-11 William Ifor Jones, Welsh conductor & organist (b. 1900)
  • 1990-02-02 Joe Erskine, Welsh heavyweight boxer (British heavyweight champion 1956-58), dies at 56
  • 1992-07-29 William Mathias, Welsh composer (wrote for 1981 royal wedding), dies at 57
  • 1992-12-23 Cyril Walters, Welsh cricketer (11 Tests for England, 784 runs), dies at 87
  • 1993-01-05 Ronnie Welsh, actor (Patterns), dies of brain cancer at 52
  • 1994-10-04 F. Gwendolen Rees, Welsh zoologist and parasitologist, dies at 88
  • 1994-12-31 Harri Webb, Welsh poet and nationalist, dies at 74
  • 1995-01-28 Philip Burton, Welsh producer and Richard Burton's teacher, dies at 80
  • 1995-04-20 Tessie O'Shea, Welsh stage and screen entertainer, dies at 81
  • 1995-09-25 Dave Bowen, Welsh soccer wing-half (19 caps; Arsenal) and manager (Wales 1964-74; Northampton Town), dies at 67
  • 1995-11-01 Alun Pask, Welsh rugby union flanker (26 caps; British Lions 8 caps; Abertillery), dies at 58
  • 1996-01-12 John Howard Purnell, Welsh chemist (Royal Society of Chemistry), dies at 70
  • 1996-02-15 Margaret Courtenay, Welsh actress, singer and entertainer (Royal Flash, Duet for One), dies of cancer at 72
  • 1996-03-07 Aled Eames, Welsh maritime historian, dies at 74
  • 1996-07-04 Clay [David] Jones, Welsh gardener (BBC Gardener's Question Time), dies at 72
  • 1997-12-28 Ronald Clive Williams, Welsh actor and comedian (Twin Town), dies at 68
  • 1998-02-18 Robbie James, Welsh footballer (b. 1957)
  • 1999-12-19 Desmond Llewelyn, Welsh actor, dies at 85