The United Kingdom in History (Part 14)

Historical Events

Events 1301 - 1,400 of 2,236

  • 1941-05-16 Last great German air attack on Great Britain (Birmingham)
  • 1941-05-18 Italian army in Ethiopia under general Aosta surrenders to Britain
  • 1941-05-22 British troops attack Baghdad
  • 1941-05-24 German battleship Bismarck sinks the British battle cruiser HMS Hood; 1,416 die, 3 survive
  • 1941-05-27 German battleship Bismarck sunk by British naval force
  • 1941-05-28 Allied troops begin evacuation of Crete
  • 1941-06-01 British troops occupy Baghdad, Iraq
  • 1941-07-07 World War II: Beirut is occupied by Free France and British troops

Historic Event

1941-07-19 British PM Winston Churchill launches his "V for Victory" campaign

Historic Event

1941-08-14 US President Franklin Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill issue the joint declaration that later becomes known as the Atlantic Charter

Historic Event

1941-09-11 Charles Lindbergh, claims the "British, Jewish and Roosevelt administration" are trying to get the US into World War II

  • 1941-09-22 British signal officer Bill Hudson lands in Montenegro
  • 1941-11-07 British air attacks on Berlin, Mannheim & Ruhrgebied
  • 1941-11-13 U-81 torpedoes British aircraft carrier HMS Ark Royal near Gibraltar
  • 1941-11-14 British aircraft carrier Ark Royal sank in Mediterranean, having been torpedoed by a German submarine the day before
  • 1941-11-18 British troops open attack on Tobruk, North Africa
  • 1941-11-22 British cruiser Devonshire sinks German auxiliary cruiser Atlantis
  • 1941-11-26 British troops conquer Belhamed, Sidi Rezegh & El Duda
  • 1941-11-26 General Alan Cunningham relieved of command of British 8th Army in North Africa
  • 1941-11-27 British 13th Army Corps reaches Tobruk in Libya
  • 1941-12-01 British cruiser HMS Dorsetshire forces crew of German submarine supply ship MV Python to scuttle vessel in the South Atlantic 1,150 miles west of South Africa
  • 1941-12-06 Dutch & British pilots see Japanese invasion fleet at Singapore
  • 1941-12-08 US and Britain declare war on Japan, US enters World War II
  • 1941-12-10 British battleship Prince of Wales and battlecruiser Repulse (Force Z) sunk following Japanese aerial attacks off Malaya. 840 men die
  • 1941-12-14 U-557 torpedoes British cruiser Galatea
  • 1941-12-23 British troops overrun Benghazi, Libya
  • 1941-12-25 Japan announces surrender of British-Canadian garrison at Hong Kong
  • 1941-12-26 Winston Churchill becomes first British Prime Minister to address a joint meeting of the US Congress, warning that Axis would "stop at nothing"
  • 1942-01-03 American-British-Dutch-Australian (ABDA) Command forms
  • 1942-01-08 British Air Marshal Richard Peirse replaced as Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief Bomber Command
  • 1942-01-12 British troops reconquer Sollum
  • 1942-01-23 Tank battle at Adzjedabia, Africa Korp vs British 8th army
  • 1942-03-03 1st combat flight for Canadian British-built Avro Lancaster bomber
  • 1942-03-12 British troops vacate the Andaman Islands in Gulf of Bengal
  • 1942-03-21 Convoy QP9 departs Great Britain to Murmansk
  • 1942-03-28 British naval forces raid Nazi occupied French port of St Nazaire
  • 1942-03-28 St. Nazaire Raid (Operation Chariot): obsolete British destroyer HMS Campbeltown, rigged with explosives and flying German flags, rams gates of German occupied St Nazaire port in France, and self detonates; kills 360 Germans, and disables the dry dock for duration of the war
  • 1942-03-29 British cruiser HMS Trinidad torpedoes itself in the Barents Sea
  • 1942-05-05 British assault on Diego Suarez, Madagascar
  • 1942-05-16 1st transport of British and Dutch prisoners to South Burma
  • 1942-05-21 Convoy PQ16 departs Great Britain for Russia
  • 1942-05-26 Tank battle at Bir Hakeim: Afrika Korps vs British army
  • 1942-06-05 British offensive in North Africa under General Ritchie
  • 1942-06-22 Jewish Brigade attached by British Army in WW II, forms
  • 1942-06-25 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill travels from US to London
  • 1942-06-25 British RAF stages a 1,000 bomb raid on Bremen, Germany (WWII)
  • 1942-06-26 German assault on British railroad terminal at Mersa Matruh, Egypt
  • 1942-08-04 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill arrives in Cairo, Egypt
  • 1942-08-05 British government cancels agreement of Munich
  • 1942-08-08 "Monty" appointed commander of British 8th Army at Alamein

Appointment of Interest

1942-08-10 General Bernard Montgomery appointed commander British 8th Army in North Africa

  • 1942-08-11 British aircraft carrier HMS Eagle hit by 4 German torpedoed and sinks in the Mediterranean Sea, 81 miles south of Mallorca
  • 1942-08-12 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill arrives in Moscow for a conference with Joseph Stalin and US representative W. Averrell Harriman
  • 1942-08-19 World War II: Over 4,000 Canadian and British soldiers killed, wounded or captured raiding Dieppe, France
  • 1942-08-23 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill flies back to London from Cairo, Egypt
  • 1942-09-05 British & US bomb Le Havre & Bremen
  • 1942-09-10 British troops land on Madagascar
  • 1942-10-07 US & UK government announce establishment of United Nations
  • 1942-10-23 During WWII, Britain launches major offensive at El Alamein, Egypt
  • 1942-10-24 Second day of battle at El Alamein: British infantry
  • 1942-10-25 3rd day of battle at El Alamein: British offensive
  • 1942-10-28 6th day battle at El Alamein: British offensive under Montgomery
  • 1942-11-02 11th day of battle at El Alamein: British assault on Tel el Aqqaqir
  • 1942-11-05 Pro-British Clandestine Radio Diego Suarez's final transmission

Historic Event

1942-11-08 Operation Torch; began as US and British forces under Eisenhower land in French North Africa

  • 1942-11-10 US-British troops occupies Oran, Algeria
  • 1942-11-20 British 8th Army recaptures Benghazi, Libya
  • 1942-12-01 The Beveridge Report is published by the British government unveiling plans for a post-war welfare state
  • 1942-12-25 British Colonel S W Bailey reaches Mihailovics headquarter
  • 1943-01-11 US & Britain relinquish extraterritorial rights in China
  • 1943-01-13 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill arrives in Casablanca, French Morocco for a conference of Allied forces in World War II
  • 1943-01-23 British 8th army marches into Tripoli
  • 1943-01-30 6 British Mosquitos bomb Berlin in daylight
  • 1943-02-16 British premier Winston Churchill contracts pneumonia
  • 1943-03-19 British 8th army opens assault on Mareth line, Tunisia
  • 1943-03-30 British 1st army recaptures Sejenane
  • 1943-04-06 British & US armies link up in Africa during WW II
  • 1943-04-06 British offensive at Wadi Akarit, South Tunisia
  • 1943-04-07 British and US troops make contact at Wadi Akarit, South-Tunisia
  • 1943-04-23 British & US offensive directed at Tunis and Bizerta
  • 1943-05-06 British 1st army opens assault on Tunis
  • 1943-05-07 British 11th Hussars occupy Tunis
  • 1943-05-12 British premier Winston Churchill arrives in USA
  • 1943-05-20 French, British and US victory parade in Tunis, Tunisia
  • 1943-06-11 British invades Pantelleria (a tiny island south of Sicily)
  • 1943-07-08 British air raid sinks U-232
  • 1943-07-09 British air raid sinks U-435
  • 1943-07-10 US, British and Canadian forces invade Sicily in WW II (Operation Husky)
  • 1943-07-18 British assault on Catania, Sicily
  • 1943-07-27 772 British bombers attack Hamburg
  • 1943-07-28 Operation Gomorrah: RAF bombing over Hamburg causes a firestorm that kills 42,600 German civilians
  • 1943-08-04 British premier Winston Churchill travels on the Queen Mary to Canada
  • 1943-08-05 Sicily: 3 US A-36's bomb British headquarters
  • 1943-08-17 498 British bombers attack Peenemunde (development base for the V weapons)
  • 1943-09-03 British 8th Army lands in Southern Italy (Messina)
  • 1943-09-04 British 8th Army lands at Taranto, South Italy
  • 1943-09-09 US, British & French troops land in Salerno (operation Avalanche)
  • 1943-09-10 British 8th army occupies Tarento, Italy
  • 1943-09-22 British dwarf submarines attack German battleship Tirpitz
  • 1943-10-03 British 8th army lands at Termoli, East Italy

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1301 - 1,400 of 2,384

  • 1938-05-31 John Prescott, British Labour MP (Deputy PM 1997-2007), born in Prestatyn, Wales
  • 1938-06-13 Gwynne Howell, Welsh operatic bass, born in Gorseinon, Wales
  • 1938-06-27 Kathryn Beaumont, British voice actress (Alice-Alice in Wonderland), born in London
  • 1938-07-18 Dudu Pukwana [Mtutuzel], South African saxophonist and composer, born in Walmer Township, Port Elizabeth, South Africa (d. 1990)
  • 1938-07-19 Nicholas Bethell, 4th Baron Bethell, British historian, born in London (d. 2007)
  • 1938-08-03 Terry Wogan, British broadcaster (Eurovision Song Contest, Blankety Blank), born in Limerick, Ireland (d. 2016)
  • 1938-08-31 Martin Bell 'the man in the white suit', British journalist (BBC) and politician, born in Redisham, England
  • 1938-09-29 Henry Keswick, British businessman (CEO-Jardine Matheson Holdings Ltd)
  • 1938-10-08 David Willis, British journalist (BBC World Service) (d. 1993)
  • 1938-11-03 Martin Dunwoody, British mathematician
  • 1938-11-08 John Asprey, British jeweller and multi-millionaire
  • 1938-12-04 Richard Meade, British equestrian (3 x Olympic gold eventing 1968, 72; World C'ship gold team 1970, 82), born in Chepstow, Monmouthshire, Wales (d. 2015)
  • 1938-12-28 Dick Sudhalter, American jazz trumpeter, and writer, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 2008)
  • 1939-01-07 Tom Kierman, Irish rugby player, born in Cork, Ireland
  • 1939-02-05 Derek Wadsworth, British jazz composer and arranger, born in Cleckheaton, Yorkshire (d. 2008)
  • 1939-02-19 Gwen Taylor, British actress (Life of Brian, Sob Sisters, Screaming)
  • 1939-03-12 David Mlinaric, British interior director

Robin Knox-JohnstonRobin Knox-Johnston (83 years old)

1939-03-17 British yachtsman who completed the 1st single non-stop circumnavigation of the globe in 1969, born in London, England

  • 1939-04-05 Crispian St. Peters [Robin Peter Smith], British pop singer (The Pied Piper; No No No), born in Swanley, Kent, England (d. 2010)
  • 1939-04-16 Donald MacCormick, British broadcaster, born in Scotland (d. 2009)
  • 1939-04-21 John McCabe, British composer and pianist, born in Liverpool, England (d. 2015)
  • 1939-05-18 Patrick Cormack, British politician (C), born in Grimsby, Lincolnshire
  • 1939-06-05 Margaret Drabble, British author (Needle's Eye), born in Sheffield, England
  • 1939-06-15 Brian Jacques, British author, born in Liverpool, England (2011)
  • 1939-06-20 Budge Rogers, British rugby player
  • 1939-07-16 Mary Parkinson, British broadcaster, born in Doncaster, West Riding
  • 1939-08-16 Sir Trevor Mcdonald, Trinidadian-born British television newsreader
  • 1939-08-17 Anthony Valentine, British actor (Colditz), born in Blackburn, Lancashire (d. 2015)
  • 1939-08-18 Robert Horton, British businessman and CEO (BP), born in London, England (d. 2011)
  • 1939-08-23 Charles Wardle, British Member of Parliament for Bexhill and Battle
  • 1939-09-25 Leon Brittan, British politician, Home Secretary and member of the European Commission, born in London (d. 2015)
  • 1939-09-28 Rudolph Walker, Trinidadian-born British actor
  • 1939-10-31 Tom O'Connor, British comedian and TV game show host, born in Bootle, Lancashire, England (d. 2021)
  • 1939-11-17 Auberon Waugh, British author (d. 2001)
  • 1940-01-04 Brian Josephson, Welsh physicist (Nobel Prize, 1973), born in Cardiff, Wales
  • 1940-02-08 Averil Cameron, British historian, born in Leek, England
  • 1940-02-20 Jimmy Greaves, English soccer striker (57 caps; FIFA World Cup 1966; Chelsea, Tottenham) and journalist/broadcaster (The Sun, World of Sport, On the Ball), born in London, England (d. 2021)
  • 1940-02-20 V Payne, British headmistress (Malvern Girls' College)
  • 1940-02-21 Peter Gethin, British racing driver
  • 1940-02-29 Gretchen Christopher, American singer (The Fleetwoods), born in Olympia, Washington
  • 1940-03-15 Frank Dobson, British politician
  • 1940-03-29 Eden Kane [Richard Graham Sarstedt], British pop singer ("Well I Ask You"), born in New Delhi, British India
  • 1940-04-02 Penelope Keith, British actress (Norman Conquests, Priest of Love), born in Sutton, Surrey, England
  • 1940-04-03 Roger Burman, English head of the Association of British Chambers of Commerce, born in Birmingham, England
  • 1940-04-04 Richard Attwood, British racing driver, born in Wolverhampton, Staffordshire
  • 1940-04-10 Gloria Hunniford [Mary Winifred Gloria Hunniford], British broadcaster and actress (Old Curiosity Shop), born in Portadown, Northern Ireland
  • 1940-04-13 Mike Beuttler, British racing driver, born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 1988)
  • 1940-05-10 Bill Cash, British politician (C), born in London
  • 1940-05-14 'H'. Jones, British Soldier (VC recipient) (d. 1982)
  • 1940-06-06 Willie-John McBride, Irish rugby union lock (63 Tests Ireland, 17 British Lions; Ballymena RFC) and coach (1983 Lions tour to NZ), born in Toomebridge, Northern Ireland
  • 1940-06-18 Michael Sheard, British actor (d. 2005)
  • 1940-06-22 Esther Rantzen, British TV presenter (That's Life), born in Berkhamsted, England
  • 1940-06-25 A. J. Quinnell [Philip Nicholson], English writer (Man on Fire), born in Nuneaton, Warwickshire, England (d. 2005)
  • 1940-07-02 Ken Clarke [Kenneth Harry Clarke], British Conservative politician, born in Nottinghamshire, England
  • 1940-07-26 Brian Mawhinney, British Conservative Party politician, born in Belfast, United Kingdom
  • 1940-07-30 Clive Sinclair, British consumer electronics inventor (Executive pocket calculator; ZX Spectrum computer), born in Richmond, Surrey, England (d. 2021) [1]
  • 1940-08-10 Barbara Mills, QC, British Director of Public Prosecutions

John LennonJohn Lennon (1940-1980)

1940-10-09 British rock singer-songwriter (The Beatles - "Strawberry Fields Forever"; "Help!"; solo - "Imagine"; "Grow Old With Me"), born in Liverpool, England

  • 1940-10-14 Christopher Timothy, Welsh actor (All Creatures Great & Small), born in Bala, Wales
  • 1940-10-17 Peter Stringfellow, British nightclub owner (Stringfellows), born in Sheffield, England (d. 2018)
  • 1940-10-20 Kathy Kirby, English singer ("Secret Love"), born in Ilford, England (d. 2011)
  • 1940-11-28 Clem Curtis, British singer (The Foundations), born in Trinidad
  • 1941-01-07 Iona Brown, British violinist and conductor, born in salisbury, England (d. 2004)
  • 1941-01-19 Colin Gunton, British theologian (d. 2003)
  • 1941-01-19 Tony Anholt, British actor (d. 2002)
  • 1941-02-01 Robert Walmsley, British Vice-Admiral
  • 1941-02-27 Ian McGarry, British trade union leader (British Actors' Equity Association)
  • 1941-02-27 Paddy Ashdown, British MP, leader of Liberal Democrats (1988-1999), born in New Delhi, British Raj (d. 2018)
  • 1941-03-06 Ann Winterton, British MP
  • 1941-03-19 Lord Vestey, British food magnate/billionaire (Union International)
  • 1941-03-26 Richard Dawkins, British evolutionary biologist (The God Delusion), born in Nairobi, Kenya Colony
  • 1941-04-05 Dave Swarbrick, British folk fiddler, and songwriter (Fairport Convention; Martin Carthy), born in New Malden, Surrey (d. 2016)
  • 1941-04-07 Gorden Kaye, British actor (Allo Allo), born in Huddersfield, England (d. 2017)

Julie ChristieJulie Christie (81 years old)

1941-04-14 British actress (Darling, Doctor Zhivago), born in Chukua, Assam, India

  • 1941-04-23 Ed Stewart, British DJ and broadcaster (Crackerjack), born in Exmouth, Devon (d. 2016)
  • 1941-04-29 Jonah Barrington, British World champion squash player (1966-73)
  • 1941-05-22 Menzies Campbell, British politician (Member of Parliament for North East Fife), born in Glasgow
  • 1941-05-24 Martin Mogg, governor (British Durham Prison)
  • 1941-05-26 Reg Bundy, British performer (d. 2003)
  • 1941-05-31 June Clark, British Professor of Nursing (Middlesex U)
  • 1941-06-07 Tony Ray-Jones, British photographer, born in Wells (d. 1972)
  • 1941-07-01 John Gould, British composer and musical comic
  • 1941-07-07 Michael Howard, British politician
  • 1941-07-16 George Young, Baron Young of Cookham, British minister of housing & planning, born in Oxford, England
  • 1941-07-25 Peter Suschitzky, Polish-British cinematographer and photographer, born in London
  • 1941-08-20 Dave Brock, British progressive rock singer, and multi-instrumental musician (Hawkwind), born in Isleworth, Middlesex, England
  • 1941-08-20 Robin Oakley, British journalist and political editor (BBC 1998-2000, CNN 2000-08)
  • 1941-08-22 Michael Aldrich, British inventor (online shopping), born in Brocket Hall, England (d. 2014)
  • 1941-10-31 Derek Bell, British racing driver, born in Pinner, Middlesex, England

Pete BestPete Best (81 years old)

1941-11-24 British drummer (The Beatles, 1960-62), born in Madras, British India

  • 1941-12-24 John Levene, British actor, born in Salisbury, United Kingdom
  • 1942-01-03 John Thaw, British stage and screen actor (Inspector Morse), born in Gorton, Manchester, England (d. 2002)
  • 1942-01-29 Richard Needham, British MP (Under-Secretary of State for Northern Ireland)
  • 1942-02-10 Michael Bishop, British CEO (British Midland Airways), born in Bowdon, Cheshire
  • 1942-02-12 Chananjit Vohra, Kenyan/British hotel magnate/multi-millionaire
  • 1942-02-24 Stuart Henry, British disc jockey
  • 1942-03-27 Sir John E. Sulston, British molecular biologist, co-recipient of 2002 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (roundworm genome sequencing), born in Fulmer, Buckinghamshire (d. 2018)
  • 1942-03-29 Julie Goodyear, English television actress (Bet Lynch-Coronation Street), born in Bury, England
  • 1942-04-02 Graham Bright, British politician private secretary to British PM John Major, born in Horndon-on-the-Hill, Essex, England
  • 1942-04-17 David Bradley, British actor (Walder Frey-Game of Thrones), born in York, Yorkshire

Famous Weddings


Famous Divorces


Famous Deaths