The United Kingdom in History (Part 15)

Historical Events

Events 1401 - 1,500 of 2,245

  • 1943-09-10 British 8th army occupies Tarente
  • 1943-09-22 British dwarf submarines attack German battleship Tirpitz
  • 1943-10-03 British 8th army lands at Termoli, East Italy
  • 1943-10-08 Great Britain establishes bases on Azores
  • 1943-11-18 444 British bombers attack Berlin
  • 1943-11-23 British Forces Broadcasting Service begins operations
  • 1943-12-10 British 8th Army (1st Canadian Infantry Division) occupies Orsogna/Ortona Italy
  • 1943-12-26 British sink German battle cruiser Scharnhorst
  • 1944-01-02 1st use of helicopters during warfare (British Atlantic patrol)
  • 1944-01-10 British troops conquer Maungdaw, Burma
  • 1944-01-21 649 British bombers attack Magdeburg
  • 1944-01-28 683 British bombers attack Berlin
  • 1944-02-15 891 British bombers attack Berlin in the largest raid by the RAF against the city
  • 1944-02-19 823 British bombers attack Berlin
  • 1944-03-24 811 British bombers attack Berlin
  • 1944-03-26 705 British bombers attack Essen, Germany

  • 1944-03-30 781 British bombers attack Nuremberg
  • 1944-04-03 British dive bombers attack German battleship Tirpitz at Kåfjorden, Norway
  • 1944-04-04 British troops capture Addis Ababa Ethiopia
  • 1944-05-14 British troops occupy Kohima
  • 1944-05-23 British and Canadian troops occupy Pontecorvo, Italy
  • 1944-05-29 British troops occupy Aprilia, Italy

Battle of InterestD-Day

1944-06-05 As part of Operation Tonga, the 1st British gliders touch down on French soil to prepare for the D-Day invasion

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Into the Jaws of Death by Robert F. Sargent
Into the Jaws of Death by Robert F. Sargent
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  • 1944-06-12 British 12th airborne battalion and the 13th & 18th Hussars attack and capture Bréville
  • 1944-06-22 British 14th Army frees Imphal, Assam from the Japanese
  • 1944-06-25 British assault at Caen, Normandy
  • 1944-06-26 2nd British army reaches Grainville-Mouen line
  • 1944-07-08 British troops march into Caen, Normandy
  • 1944-07-18 7:45 Operation Goodwood: British assault east of Caen
  • 1944-07-18 British air raid on German convoy SW of Heligoland
  • 1944-07-18 British troops occupy Bourquebus hill range, Normandy
  • 1944-07-20 Heavy storm hampers British offensive at Caen

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

1944-07-21 British premier Winston Churchill flies to France, meets Montgomery

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1944-07-26 The first German V-2 rocket hits Great Britain (nicknamed "gasometer").
  • 1944-07-27 1st British jet fighter used in combat (Gloster Meteor)
  • 1944-08-04 British 8th Army reaches suburbs of Florence, Italy

  • 1944-08-11 British premier Winston Churchill arrives in Italy
  • 1944-08-13 British 8th Army occupies Florence
  • 1944-08-14 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill arrives at Corsica
  • 1944-08-20 US & British forces destroy German 7th Army at Falaise-Argentan Gap
  • 1944-09-03 Tank division of British Guards free Brussels
  • 1944-09-04 British 11th Armoured Division frees Antwerp
  • 1944-09-05 British premier Winston Churchill travels to Scotland
  • 1944-09-15 British bombers hit German battleship Tirpitz with Tallboy bombs
  • 1944-09-17 British Premier Winston Churchill travels to US
  • 1944-09-17 Operation Market Garden: In the largest airborne operation of WWII, Allied paratroopers land in the Netherlands in a failed attempt to capture the Arnhem bridge over the Rhine
  • 1944-09-18 British submarine Tradewind torpedoes Junyo Maru: 5,600 killed, including 1,377 allied POWs and 4,200 Javanese slave labourers.
  • 1944-09-21 Operation Market Garden: Last British paratroopers at Arnhem Bridge surrender after several days of fighting
  • 1944-09-23 Proclamation No. 30 was issued, declaring the existence of a state of war between the Philippines and the United States and the United Kingdom
  • 1944-09-25 Operation Market Garden ends in Allied failure as the last British and Polish paratroopers are evacuated from Oosterbeek, near the town of Arnhem
  • 1944-09-26 World War II: Battle of Arnhem ends in Allied failure as German forces link up on both sides of the Lower Rhine river and mop up last British resistance
  • 1944-10-04 British troops land on Greek mainland
  • 1944-10-09 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill arrives in Russia for talks with Joseph Stalin
  • 1944-10-14 British troops march into Athens
  • 1944-10-19 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill flies back to London from Moscow
  • 1944-11-01 World War II: Units of the British Army land at Walcheren in the Netherlands.

  • 1944-11-05 Canadian & British troops liberate Dinteloord
  • 1944-11-25 World War II: A German V-2 rocket hits a Woolworth's store in Deptford, United Kingdom, killing 160 shoppers.
  • 1944-11-30 Biggest & last British battleship HMS Vanguard launched
  • 1944-12-03 British order to disarm causes general strike in Greece
  • 1944-12-03 Britain's Home Guard ('Dad's Army') is officially stood down at a special farewell parade in Hyde Park, London.
  • 1944-12-27 Greece: British premier Winston Churchill flies back to London
  • 1945-01-03 British Premier Winston Churchill visits France
  • 1945-01-14 In Greece, Communists and the British agree to a cease-fire in the struggle to control Athens (and with it Greece)
  • 1945-01-20 The Hungarian Provisional Government concludes an armistice with the USSR, US, and Britain, agree to pay reparations and to join the war against Germany
  • 1945-01-21 British troops land on Ramree, near coast of Burma

Conference of InterestYalta Conference

1945-02-05 British premier Winston Churchill arrives in Yalta, the Crimea

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Conference of the Big Three at Yalta (from left to right) Winston Churchill, Franklin D. Roosevelt and Joseph Stalin
Conference of the Big Three at Yalta (from left to right) Winston Churchill, Franklin D. Roosevelt and Joseph Stalin
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  • 1945-02-21 Operation Veritable: British Army captures Goch from Germany, forcing German retreat away from the Rhineland
  • 1945-02-22 British troops take Ramree Island, Burma
  • 1945-03-01 British 43rd Division under General Hubert Essame occupies Xanten

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945-03-04 In the United Kingdom, Princess Elizabeth, later Queen Elizabeth II, joins the British Auxiliary Transport Service as a driver.

Queen of the United Kingdom Elizabeth II
Queen of the United Kingdom
Elizabeth II
  • 1945-03-08 "Kiss Me Kate" opens in Britain
  • 1945-03-16 Würzburg, Germany is 90% destroyed, with 5,000 dead, in only 20 minutes by British bombers
  • 1945-03-19 British 36th division conquers Mogok (ruby mine)
  • 1945-03-23 British 7th Black Watch crosses the Rhine into Germany
  • 1945-03-24 Operation Varsity: In the largest one-day airborne operation of all time, British, US & Canadian paratroopers land east of the Rhine in Northern Germany

  • 1945-03-26 British premier Winston Churchill looks over at the Rhine (near Ginsberg)
  • 1945-03-27 British premier Winston Churchill sails to eastern banks of Rhine
  • 1945-04-15 British Army liberates Nazi concentration camp Bergen-Belsen
  • 1945-04-25 British troops reach Grebbe line Neth
  • 1945-04-28 British commandos attack Elbe & occupy Lauenburg
  • 1945-05-03 British troop join in Rangoon
  • 1945-05-07 World War II: British troops enter Utrecht, Netherlands
  • 1945-05-09 World War II: The Channel Islands are formally liberated by the British

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945-05-23 The Allies arrest the members of the Nazi Flensburg government, including Admiral Karl Donitz, formally dissolving Nazi Germany

Naval Commander and Nazi leader Karl Dönitz
Naval Commander and Nazi leader
Karl Dönitz
  • 1945-05-23 German island of Helgoland in the North Sea surrenders to British

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1945-07-05 Labour Party under Clement Attlee wins British parliamentary elections (results not declared until 26 July)

British Prime Minister Clement Attlee
British Prime Minister
Clement Attlee

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945-10-08 US President Harry Truman announced atomic bomb secret shared with Britain and Canada

33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman
  • 1945-10-09 British troops occupy Andamanen in Gulf of Bengal
  • 1946-02-21 Anti-British demonstrations in Egypt
  • 1946-03-01 British government nationalises and takes control of the Bank of England, after 252 years
  • 1946-03-15 British Prime Minister Clement Attlee agrees with India's right to independence
  • 1946-03-22 Britain signs treaty granting independence to Jordan

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1946-05-01 Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery appointed British supreme commander

British WWII Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery
British WWII Field Marshal
Bernard Montgomery
  • 1946-05-25 Jordan gains independence from Britain (National Day); Abdullah ibn Hussein becomes King of Jordan
  • 1946-06-29 British mandatory government of Palestine arrests 100 leaders of Yishnuv

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1946-07-01 The last White Rajah, Charles Vyner Brooke cedes Sarawak to the British Crown

3rd and Last White Rajah of Sarawak Charles Vyner Brooke
3rd and Last White Rajah of Sarawak
Charles Vyner Brooke
  • 1946-07-15 British North Borneo Company transfers its rights to modern day Sabah to the British Crown

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1401 - 1,500 of 2,419

  • 1941-05-26 Reg Bundy, British performer (d. 2003)
  • 1941-05-31 June Clark, British Professor of Nursing (Middlesex U)
  • 1941-06-07 Tony Ray-Jones, British photographer, born in Wells (d. 1972)
  • 1941-07-01 John Gould, British composer and musical comic
  • 1941-07-07 Michael Howard, British politician
  • 1941-07-16 George Young, Baron Young of Cookham, British minister of housing & planning, born in Oxford, England
  • 1941-07-25 Peter Suschitzky, Polish-British cinematographer and photographer, born in London
  • 1941-08-20 Dave Brock, British singer, musician and founder of Hawkwind, born in Isleworth, Middlesex, England
  • 1941-08-20 Robin Oakley, British journalist and political editor (BBC 1998-2000, CNN 2000-08)
  • 1941-08-22 Michael Aldrich, British inventor (online shopping), born in Brocket Hall, England (d. 2014)
  • 1941-10-31 Derek Bell, British racing driver, born in Pinner, Middlesex, England

Person of interestPete Best

1941-11-24 Pete Best, British drummer (Beatles), born in Madras, British India

Original Drummer of the Beatles Pete Best
Original Drummer of the Beatles
Pete Best
  • 1941-12-24 John Levene, British actor, born in Salisbury, United Kingdom
  • 1942-01-03 John Thaw, British actor (d. 2002)
  • 1942-01-29 Richard Needham, British MP
  • 1942-02-10 Michael Bishop, British CEO (British Midland Airways), born in Bowdon, Cheshire
  • 1942-02-12 Chananjit Vohra, Kenyan/British hotel magnate/multi-millionaire
  • 1942-02-24 Stuart Henry, British disc jockey
  • 1942-03-27 Sir John E. Sulston, British molecular biologist, co-recipient of 2002 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (roundworm genome sequencing), born in Fulmer, Buckinghamshire (d. 2018)
  • 1942-03-29 Julie Goodyear, English television actress (Bet Lynch-Coronation Street), born in Bury, England
  • 1942-04-02 Graham Bright, British politician private secretary to British PM John Major, born in Horndon-on-the-Hill, Essex, England
  • 1942-04-17 David Bradley, British actor (Walder Frey-Game of Thrones), born in York, Yorkshire
  • 1942-04-22 Denis Lill, New Zealand-born British actor (Only Fools and Horses), born in Hamilton, New Zealand
  • 1942-05-11 Rachel Billington, British writer
  • 1942-05-19 Robert Kilroy-Silk, British politician and television presenter
  • 1942-05-20 Simon Keswick, British financier/merchant (Hong Kong)
  • 1942-05-21 David Hunt, British Conservative politician, born in Glyn Ceiriog, Wales
  • 1942-05-22 Barbara Parkins, Canadian-American actress (Betty-Peyton Place, Asylum), born in Vancouver, British Columbia
  • 1942-05-27 Roger Freeman, British minister of transport
  • 1942-05-31 John Daniel, British Vice-Chancellor (Open U)
  • 1942-07-17 Peter Sissons, British newsreader, born in Liverpool, England (d. 2019)
  • 1942-08-24 Howard Jacobson, British novelist (The Finkler Question) and newspaper columnist, born in Manchester, England
  • 1942-09-07 Alan Oakes, British footballer (Manchester City), born in Winsford, England
  • 1942-09-17 Des Lynam, British TV and radio sportscaster, born in Ennis, County Clare, Ireland
  • 1942-09-27 Tessa Blackstone "the Red Baroness", British politician and educator, born in Bures, England
  • 1942-09-30 Gus Dudgeon [Angus Boyd Dudgeon], British pop record producer (Elton John, David Bowie), born in Woking, Surrey (d. 2002)
  • 1942-10-26 Bob Hoskins, English actor (Who Framed Roger Rabbit), born in Bury St Edmunds, West Suffolk, England (d. 2014)
  • 1942-10-29 Johan Fleming Ramsland, British broadcaster (d. 1996)
  • 1942-11-07 Jean Shrimpton, British actress (Privilege, Beaton by Bailey, Something Nice to Eat) and the world's first supermodel, born in High Wycombe, Buckinghamshire, England
  • 1942-11-09 Tom Weiskopf, American golfer (British Open 1973), born in Massillon, Ohio
  • 1942-12-14 David Band, British banker (BZW) (d. 1996)
  • 1943-01-06 Terry Venables, British soccer player & manager, born in Dagenham, England
  • 1943-01-07 Richard Armstrong, British conductor, born in Leicester, England
  • 1943-02-11 Iain Cameron, British brigadier
  • 1943-02-16 James Beaton, British GC
  • 1943-02-19 Tim Hunt, British biochemist, Nobel laureate
  • 1943-03-05 Hugh Scully, British TV presenter (The Antiques Roadshow), born in Bradford-on-Avon, Wiltshire (d. 2015)
  • 1943-03-28 Richard Eyre, English film, theatre, television and opera director (National Theatre), born in Barnstaple, Devon, England

Person of interestJohn Major

1943-03-29 John Major, British Prime Minister (Conservative: 1990-97), born in Carshalton, Surrey, England

British Prime Minister John Major
British Prime Minister
John Major
  • 1943-04-04 Ian Robertson, British museum director (National Army Museum)
  • 1943-04-11 John Montagu, 11th Earl of Sandwich, British entrepreneur, politician and nobleman
  • 1943-05-20 Iain Vallance [Baron Vallance of Tummel], CEO (British Telecom)
  • 1943-05-20 Martin Honeysett, British cartoonist (Punch, Private Eye), born in Hereford (d. 2015)
  • 1943-05-25 John "Poli" Palmer, British rocker (Family), born in Evesham, Worcestershire
  • 1943-06-14 John Miles, British racing driver, born in London (d. 2018)
  • 1943-07-26 Roger Smalley, British-Australian composer, born in Swinton, Lancashire (d. 2015)
  • 1943-08-02 Rose Tremain, British novelist and playwright (Restoration), born in London, England
  • 1943-08-04 Rodney Stuart Pattison, British yachtsman (Olympics)
  • 1943-08-14 Keith Hampson, British politician (C), arrested, not charged for sexual assault
  • 1943-08-23 Peter Lilley, British Conservative Party politician and Secretary of state for British social security, born in Hayes, Kent, England
  • 1943-09-16 David Wilshire, British MP (C) (Section 28, Parliamentary expenses scandal), born in Bristol, England
  • 1943-09-30 Ian Ogilvy, British Actor
  • 1943-10-02 Anna Ford, British broadcaster and actress (Secret Policeman's Ball), born in Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire, England
  • 1943-11-07 Judith Forst, Canadian mezzo-soprano, born in New Westminster, British Columbia
  • 1943-11-08 Martin Peters, English soccer midfielder (67 caps; West Ham United, Tottenham Hotspur, Norwich City), born in Plaistow, Essex, England (d. 2019)
  • 1943-11-23 Sue Nicholls, British actress
  • 1943-12-17 Dave Dee, British musician (Dave Dee, Dozy, Beaky, Mick & Tich), born in Salisbury, Wiltshire (d. 2009)
  • 1943-12-28 Richard Whiteley, British television presenter (d. 2005)
  • 1944-01-28 James Cran, British MP
  • 1944-01-28 John Edmonds, British trade unionist
  • 1944-02-02 Geoffrey Hughes, British actor, (d. 2012)
  • 1944-02-17 Bernie Grant, British politician (Labour), born in Georgetown, British Guiana (d. 2000)
  • 1944-02-20 Roger Knapman, British MP
  • 1944-02-23 James Cousins, British MP
  • 1944-03-29 John Suchet, British TV journalist (Independent TV News), born in London
  • 1944-04-06 Felicity Palmer, British mezzo-soprano
  • 1944-04-12 Lisa Jardine, British historian and writer, born in Oxford, England (d. 2015)
  • 1944-04-27 Michael Fish, British TV weatherman, born in Eastbourne, Sussex, England
  • 1944-05-07 Richard O'Sullivan, British comedy actor (Man About the House), born in Chiswick, London
  • 1944-05-13 Crispin Agnew of Lochnaw, British explorer/genealogist
  • 1944-05-15 Ian "Tich" Amey, British rock musician (Dave Dee, Dozy, Beaky, Mick & Tich), born in Salisbury Wiltshire
  • 1944-05-18 Peter Ryan, British national director (Police Training)
  • 1944-05-19 Peter Mayhew, British-American actor (Chewbacca in Star Wars), born in London, England (d. 2019)
  • 1944-05-28 Faith Brown, British actress and impressionist
  • 1944-06-06 David Penhaligon, British politician (President of the Liberal Party) (d. 1986)
  • 1944-06-11 Alan Horworth, British politician (L), first Conservative to change to Labour party, born in London
  • 1944-06-11 Barrie Stevens, English-Dutch choreographer (Personals, Young Again), born in London
  • 1944-08-11 David Pearl, British judge
  • 1944-08-13 Divina Galica, British athlete and racing driver, born in Bushey Heath, Hertfordshire, England
  • 1944-09-10 Thomas Allen, British operatic baritone singer, born in Seaham Harbour, England
  • 1944-09-27 IDG Garnett, British Vice-Admiral, Deputy Supreme Allied Commander Atlantic (NATO)
  • 1944-10-12 Angela Rippon, British television personality, born in Plymouth, Devon, England
  • 1944-11-06 Bill Henderson, Canadian rock vocalist and guitarist (Chilliwack), born in Vancouver, British Columbia
  • 1944-11-16 Oliver Braddick, British psychologist (research on infant visual perception)
  • 1944-12-25 Kenny Everett [Maurice James Christopher Cole], British DJ and TV personality (Kenny Everett Show), born in Seaforth, Lancashire, England (d. 1995)

Person of interestRod Stewart

1945-01-10 Rod Stewart, British singer (Maggie Mae, Do You Think I'm Sexy), born in London, England

Singer Rod Stewart
Rod Stewart
  • 1945-01-14 Maina Gielgud, British ballet dancer and administrator, born in London, United Kingdom
  • 1945-01-15 Princess Michael of Kent, British royal, born in Karlovy Vary, Czech Republic
  • 1945-01-28 Nick Raynsford, British MP
  • 1945-01-29 James Nicholson, British MEP

Famous Weddings

Famous Divorces

Famous Deaths