The United Kingdom in History (Part 15)

Historical Events

Events 1401 - 1,500 of 2,236

  • 1943-11-23 British Forces Broadcasting Service begins operations
  • 1943-12-10 British 8th Army (1st Canadian Infantry Division) occupies Orsogna/Ortona Italy
  • 1943-12-26 British sink German battle cruiser Scharnhorst
  • 1944-01-02 1st use of helicopters during warfare (British Atlantic patrol)
  • 1944-01-10 British troops conquer Maungdaw, Burma
  • 1944-01-21 649 British bombers attack Magdeburg
  • 1944-01-28 683 British bombers attack Berlin
  • 1944-02-15 891 British bombers attack Berlin in the largest raid by the RAF against the city
  • 1944-02-19 823 British bombers attack Berlin
  • 1944-03-24 811 British bombers attack Berlin
  • 1944-03-26 705 British bombers attack Essen, Germany
  • 1944-03-30 781 British bombers attack Nuremberg
  • 1944-04-03 British dive bombers attack German battleship Tirpitz at Kåfjorden, Norway
  • 1944-04-04 British troops capture Addis Ababa Ethiopia
  • 1944-05-14 British troops occupy Kohima
  • 1944-05-23 British and Canadian troops occupy Pontecorvo, Italy
  • 1944-05-29 British troops occupy Aprilia, Italy


1944-06-05 As part of Operation Tonga, the 1st British gliders touch down on French soil to prepare for the D-Day invasion

  • 1944-06-12 British 12th airborne battalion and the 13th & 18th Hussars attack and capture Bréville
  • 1944-06-22 British 14th Army frees Imphal, Assam from the Japanese
  • 1944-06-25 British assault at Caen, Normandy
  • 1944-06-26 2nd British army reaches Grainville-Mouen line
  • 1944-07-08 British troops march into Caen, Normandy
  • 1944-07-18 7:45 Operation Goodwood: British assault east of Caen
  • 1944-07-18 British air raid on German convoy SW of Heligoland
  • 1944-07-18 British troops occupy Bourquebus hill range, Normandy
  • 1944-07-20 Heavy storm hampers British offensive at Caen

Meeting of Interest

1944-07-21 British premier Winston Churchill flies to France, meets Montgomery

  • 1944-07-26 The first German V-2 rocket hits Great Britain (nicknamed "gasometer").
  • 1944-07-27 1st British jet fighter used in combat (Gloster Meteor)
  • 1944-08-04 British 8th Army reaches suburbs of Florence, Italy
  • 1944-08-11 British premier Winston Churchill arrives in Italy
  • 1944-08-13 British 8th Army occupies Florence
  • 1944-08-14 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill arrives at Corsica
  • 1944-08-20 US & British forces destroy German 7th Army at Falaise-Argentan Gap
  • 1944-09-03 Tank division of British Guards free Brussels
  • 1944-09-04 British 11th Armoured Division frees Antwerp
  • 1944-09-05 British premier Winston Churchill travels to Scotland
  • 1944-09-15 British bombers hit German battleship Tirpitz with Tallboy bombs
  • 1944-09-17 British Premier Winston Churchill travels to US
  • 1944-09-17 Operation Market Garden: In the largest airborne operation of WWII, Allied paratroopers land in the Netherlands in a failed attempt to capture the Arnhem bridge over the Rhine
  • 1944-09-18 WWII: British submarine Tradewind torpedoes Junyo Maru: 5,600 killed, including 1,377 allied POWs and 4,200 Javanese slave laborers
  • 1944-09-21 Operation Market Garden: Last British paratroopers at Arnhem Bridge surrender after several days of fighting
  • 1944-09-23 Proclamation No. 30 was issued, declaring the existence of a state of war between the Philippines and the United States and the United Kingdom
  • 1944-09-25 Operation Market Garden ends in Allied failure as the last British and Polish paratroopers are evacuated from Oosterbeek, near the town of Arnhem
  • 1944-09-26 World War II: Battle of Arnhem ends in Allied failure as German forces link up on both sides of the Lower Rhine river and mop up last British resistance
  • 1944-10-04 British troops land on Greek mainland
  • 1944-10-09 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill arrives in Russia for talks with Joseph Stalin
  • 1944-10-14 British troops march into Athens
  • 1944-10-19 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill flies back to London from Moscow
  • 1944-11-01 World War II: Units of the British Army land at Walcheren in the Netherlands.
  • 1944-11-05 Canadian & British troops liberate Dinteloord
  • 1944-11-25 World War II: A German V-2 rocket hits a Woolworth's store in Deptford, United Kingdom, killing 160 shoppers.
  • 1944-11-30 Biggest & last British battleship HMS Vanguard launched
  • 1944-12-03 Britain's Home Guard ('Dad's Army') is officially stood down at a special farewell parade in Hyde Park, London.
  • 1944-12-03 British order to disarm causes general strike in Greece
  • 1944-12-27 Greece: British premier Winston Churchill flies back to London
  • 1945-01-03 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill visits France
  • 1945-01-14 In Greece, Communists and the British agree to a cease-fire in the struggle to control Athens (and with it Greece)
  • 1945-01-20 The Hungarian Provisional Government concludes an armistice with the USSR, US, and Britain, agree to pay reparations and to join the war against Germany
  • 1945-01-21 British troops land on Ramree, near coast of Burma

Yalta Conference

1945-02-03 WWII: British Prime Minister Winston Churchill arrives in Yalta, Crimea, Soviet Union for the "Big Three" Yalta Conference

  • 1945-02-21 Operation Veritable: British Army captures Goch from Germany, forcing German retreat away from the Rhineland
  • 1945-02-22 British troops take Ramree Island, Burma
  • 1945-03-01 British 43rd Division under General Hubert Essame occupies Xanten

Historic Event

1945-03-04 United Kingdom's Princess Elizabeth (later Queen Elizabeth II), joins the British Auxiliary Transport Service as a driver

  • 1945-03-08 "Kiss Me Kate" opens in Britain
  • 1945-03-16 Würzburg, Germany is 90% destroyed, with 5,000 dead, in only 20 minutes by British bombers
  • 1945-03-19 British 36th division conquers Mogok (ruby mine)
  • 1945-03-23 British 7th Black Watch crosses the Rhine into Germany
  • 1945-03-24 Operation Varsity: In the largest one-day airborne operation of all time, British, US & Canadian paratroopers land east of the Rhine in Northern Germany
  • 1945-03-26 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill looks over at the Rhine (near Ginsberg)
  • 1945-03-27 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill sails to eastern banks of Rhine
  • 1945-04-15 British Army liberates Nazi concentration camp Bergen-Belsen
  • 1945-04-25 British troops reach Grebbe line Neth
  • 1945-04-28 British commandos attack Elbe & occupy Lauenburg
  • 1945-05-03 British troop join in Rangoon
  • 1945-05-07 World War II: British troops enter Utrecht, Netherlands
  • 1945-05-09 World War II: The Channel Islands are formally liberated by the British
  • 1945-05-23 German island of Helgoland in the North Sea surrenders to British

Historic Event

1945-05-23 The Allies arrest the members of the Nazi Flensburg government, including Admiral Karl Dönitz, formally dissolving Nazi Germany

Election of Interest

1945-07-05 Labour Party under Clement Attlee wins British parliamentary elections (results not declared until 26 July)

Historic Event

1945-10-08 US President Harry Truman announces atomic bomb secret shared with Britain and Canada

  • 1945-10-09 British troops occupy Andamanen in Gulf of Bengal
  • 1946-02-21 Anti-British demonstrations in Egypt
  • 1946-03-01 British government nationalises and takes control of the Bank of England, after 252 years
  • 1946-03-15 British Prime Minister Clement Attlee agrees with India's right to independence
  • 1946-03-22 Britain signs treaty granting independence to Jordan

Appointment of Interest

1946-05-01 Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery appointed British supreme commander

  • 1946-05-25 Jordan gains independence from Britain (National Day); Abdullah ibn Hussein becomes King of Jordan
  • 1946-06-29 British mandatory government of Palestine arrests 100 leaders of Yishnuv

Historic Event

1946-07-01 The last White Rajah, Charles Vyner Brooke cedes Sarawak to the British Crown

  • 1946-07-15 British North Borneo Company transfers its rights to modern day Sabah to the British Crown
  • 1946-08-13 Britain diverts illegal emmigrants bound for Palestine to Cyprus
  • 1946-08-23 Ordinance No. 46 of the British Military Government constitutes the German Land (state) of Schleswig-Holstein.
  • 1946-10-06 US President Harry Truman questions Great Britain Jews about Palestine

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1401 - 1,500 of 2,384

  • 1942-04-22 Denis Lill, New Zealand-born British actor (Only Fools and Horses), born in Hamilton, New Zealand
  • 1942-05-11 Rachel Billington, British author (A Woman's Age, Bodily Harm), born in Oxford, England
  • 1942-05-19 Robert Kilroy-Silk, British politician and television presenter
  • 1942-05-20 Simon Keswick, British financier/merchant (Hong Kong)
  • 1942-05-21 David Hunt, British Conservative politician, born in Glyn Ceiriog, Wales
  • 1942-05-22 Barbara Parkins, Canadian-American actress (Betty-Peyton Place, Asylum), born in Vancouver, British Columbia
  • 1942-05-27 Roger Freeman, British minister of transport
  • 1942-05-31 John Daniel, British Vice-Chancellor (Open U)
  • 1942-07-17 Peter Sissons, British newsreader, born in Liverpool, England (d. 2019)
  • 1942-08-24 Howard Jacobson, British novelist (The Finkler Question) and newspaper columnist, born in Manchester, England
  • 1942-09-07 Alan Oakes, British footballer (Manchester City), born in Winsford, England
  • 1942-09-17 Des Lynam, British TV and radio sportscaster, born in Ennis, County Clare, Ireland
  • 1942-09-27 Tessa Blackstone "the Red Baroness", British politician and educator, born in Bures, England
  • 1942-09-30 (Angus) "Gus" Dudgeon, British pop record producer (Elton John, David Bowie), born in Woking, Surrey (d. 2002)
  • 1942-10-26 Bob Hoskins, English actor (Who Framed Roger Rabbit), born in Bury St Edmunds, West Suffolk, England (d. 2014)
  • 1942-10-29 Johan Fleming Ramsland, British broadcaster (d. 1996)

Jean Shrimpton

1942-11-07 Jean Shrimpton, British model and actress (Privilege; Beaton by Bailey; Something Nice to Eat), and the world's first supermodel, born in High Wycombe, Buckinghamshire, England

  • 1942-11-09 Tom Weiskopf, American golfer (British Open 1973; US Senior Open 1995), born in Massillon, Ohio (d. 2022)
  • 1942-12-14 David Band, British banker (BZW) (d. 1996)
  • 1943-01-06 Terry Venables, British soccer player & manager, born in Dagenham, England
  • 1943-01-07 Richard Armstrong, British conductor, born in Leicester, England
  • 1943-02-11 Iain Cameron, British brigadier
  • 1943-02-16 James Beaton, British police officer (awarded George Cross for saving Princess Anne), born in St Fergus, Aberdeenshire
  • 1943-02-19 Tim Hunt, British biochemist, (Nobel Prize for Medicine or Physiology for discovery of protein molecules), born in Neston, England
  • 1943-03-05 Hugh Scully, British TV presenter (The Antiques Roadshow), born in Bradford-on-Avon, Wiltshire (d. 2015)
  • 1943-03-28 Richard Eyre, English film, theatre, television and opera director (National Theatre), born in Barnstaple, Devon, England

John Major

1943-03-29 John Major, British Prime Minister (Conservative: 1990-97), born in Carshalton, Surrey, England

  • 1943-04-04 Ian Robertson, British museum director (National Army Museum)
  • 1943-04-11 John Montagu, 11th Earl of Sandwich, British entrepreneur, politician and nobleman
  • 1943-05-20 Iain Vallance [Baron Vallance of Tummel], CEO (British Telecom)
  • 1943-05-20 Martin Honeysett, British cartoonist (Punch, Private Eye), born in Hereford (d. 2015)
  • 1943-05-25 John "Poli" Palmer, British rocker (Family), born in Evesham, Worcestershire
  • 1943-06-14 John Miles, British racing driver, born in London (d. 2018)
  • 1943-07-26 Roger Smalley, British-Australian pianist, conductor, and composer (Gloria Tibi Trinitas), born in Swinton, Lancashire, England (d. 2015)
  • 1943-08-02 Rose Tremain, British novelist and playwright (Restoration), born in London, England
  • 1943-08-04 Rodney Stuart Pattison, British yachtsman (Olympics)
  • 1943-08-14 Keith Hampson, British politician (C), arrested, not charged for sexual assault
  • 1943-08-23 Peter Lilley, British Conservative Party politician and Secretary of state for British social security, born in Hayes, Kent, England
  • 1943-09-16 David Wilshire, British MP (C) (Section 28, Parliamentary expenses scandal), born in Bristol, England
  • 1943-09-30 Ian Ogilvy, English actor (Return of the Saint), born in Woking, England
  • 1943-10-02 Anna Ford, British broadcaster and actress (Secret Policeman's Ball), born in Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire, England
  • 1943-11-07 Judith Forst, Canadian mezzo-soprano, born in New Westminster, British Columbia
  • 1943-11-08 Martin Peters, English soccer midfielder (67 caps; West Ham United, Tottenham Hotspur, Norwich City), born in Plaistow, Essex, England (d. 2019)
  • 1943-11-23 Sue Nicholls, British actress (Audrey Roberts in Coronation Street), born in Darlaston, England
  • 1943-12-17 Dave Dee [Harman], British pop singer-songwriter (Dave Dee, Dozy, Beaky, Mick & Tich - "Bend It!"), born in Salisbury, Wiltshire (d. 2009)
  • 1943-12-28 Richard Whiteley, British television presenter (d. 2005)
  • 1944-01-28 James Cran, British MP
  • 1944-01-28 John Edmonds, British trade unionist
  • 1944-02-02 Geoffrey Hughes, British actor, (d. 2012)
  • 1944-02-17 Bernie Grant, British politician (Labour), born in Georgetown, British Guiana (d. 2000)
  • 1944-02-20 Roger Knapman, British MP
  • 1944-02-23 James Cousins, British MP
  • 1944-03-29 John Suchet, British TV journalist (Independent TV News), and classical music presenter (Classics FM), born in Paddington, London, England
  • 1944-04-06 Felicity Palmer, British mezzo-soprano
  • 1944-04-12 Lisa Jardine, British historian and writer, born in Oxford, England (d. 2015)
  • 1944-04-27 Michael Fish, British TV weatherman, born in Eastbourne, Sussex, England
  • 1944-05-07 Richard O'Sullivan, British comedy actor (Man About the House), born in Chiswick, London
  • 1944-05-13 Crispin Agnew of Lochnaw, British explorer and genealogist
  • 1944-05-15 Ian "Tich" Amey, British rock musician (Dave Dee, Dozy, Beaky, Mick & Tich), born in Salisbury Wiltshire
  • 1944-05-18 Peter Ryan, British national director (Police Training)
  • 1944-05-19 Peter Mayhew, British-American actor (Chewbacca in Star Wars), born in London, England (d. 2019)
  • 1944-05-28 Faith Brown, British actress and impressionist
  • 1944-06-06 David Penhaligon, British politician (President of the Liberal Party) (d. 1986)
  • 1944-06-11 Alan Horworth, British politician (L), first Conservative to change to Labour party, born in London
  • 1944-06-11 Barrie Stevens, English-Dutch choreographer (Personals, Young Again), born in London
  • 1944-08-11 David Pearl, British judge
  • 1944-08-13 Divina Galica, British athlete and racing driver, born in Bushey Heath, Hertfordshire, England
  • 1944-09-10 Thomas Allen, British operatic baritone singer, born in Seaham Harbour, England
  • 1944-09-27 IDG Garnett, British Vice-Admiral, Deputy Supreme Allied Commander Atlantic (NATO)
  • 1944-10-12 Angela Rippon, British television personality, born in Plymouth, Devon, England
  • 1944-11-06 Bill Henderson, Canadian rock vocalist and guitarist (Chilliwack), born in Vancouver, British Columbia
  • 1944-11-16 Oliver Braddick, British psychologist (research on infant visual perception)
  • 1944-12-25 Kenny Everett [Maurice James Christopher Cole], British DJ and TV personality (Kenny Everett Show), born in Seaforth, Lancashire, England (d. 1995)

Rod Stewart

1945-01-10 Rod Stewart, British singer ("Maggie Maey"; "Do Ya Think I'm Sexy"; "Downtown Train"), and model railroad designer, born in London, England

  • 1945-01-14 Maina Gielgud, British ballet dancer and administrator, born in London, United Kingdom
  • 1945-01-15 Princess Michael of Kent, British royal, born in Karlovy Vary, Czech Republic
  • 1945-01-28 Nick Raynsford, British MP
  • 1945-02-07 Gerald Davies, British rugby player
  • 1945-02-10 John Hayes, secretary-general (British Law Society)
  • 1945-02-14 K M Jenkins, British director of personnel (Royal Mail)
  • 1945-02-15 John Helliwell, British rock Saxophonist (Supertramp - "The Logical Song"), born in Todmorden, West Riding of Yorkshire
  • 1945-03-04 Tara Browne, British socialite (d. 1966)
  • 1945-03-11 Timothy Mason, consultant (British Arts Council)
  • 1945-03-20 Tim Yeo, British MP/under-sect (State of Environment)
  • 1945-04-02 Roger Bootle-Wilbraham, 7th Baron Skelmersdale, British politician
  • 1945-04-07 Martin Lewis, British newsreader
  • 1945-04-08 Derrick Walker, Scottish auto racing team owner (President of operations and competition of IndyCar), born in Leven, Scotland
  • 1945-04-21 Diana Darvey [Rollof], British actress, singer and dancer (The Benny Hill Show), born in Cheadle, Cheshire, England (d. 2000)
  • 1945-04-22 Robert Key, British Conservative Party politician (MP for Salisbury), born in Plymouth, Devon, England
  • 1945-05-24 Richard Ottaway, British politician (C), born in Sonning, Berkshire
  • 1945-05-24 Steven Norris, British Conservative politician, born in Liverpool, England
  • 1945-05-25 Dave Lee Travis [David Griffin], British DJ and presenter (Top of the Pops], convicted of indecent assault, born in Buxton, Derbyshire
  • 1945-05-31 Linda Davies, British Judge
  • 1945-06-14 Rod Argent, English rock musician (The Zombies - "She's Not There"; Argent - "Hold Your Head Up"), born in St Albans, Hertfordshire

Aung San Suu Kyi

1945-06-19 Aung San Suu Kyi, Burmese politician, leader of the National League for Democracy and human rights activist (1991 Nobel Peace Prize), born in Rangoon, British Burma

  • 1945-07-03 Michael Martin, British politician and Speaker of the House of Commons (2000-09), born in Glasgow (d. 2018)
  • 1945-07-07 Michael Ancram, British politician
  • 1945-07-10 John Motson, British football broadcaster (BBC), born in Salford, Lancashire, England
  • 1945-08-02 John Bowis, British MP (C), born in Brighton, East Sussex
  • 1945-08-06 Ron Jones, British TV director (d. 1995)

Famous Weddings

Famous Divorces

Famous Deaths