The United Kingdom in History (Part 15)

Historical Events

Events 1401 - 1,500 of 2,264

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943-05-12 British premier Winston Churchill arrives in USA

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1943-05-20 French, British and US victory parade in Tunis, Tunisia
  • 1943-06-11 British invades Pantelleria (a tiny island south of Sicily)
  • 1943-07-08 British air raid sinks U-232
  • 1943-07-09 British air raid sinks U-435
  • 1943-07-10 US, British and Canadian forces invade Sicily in WW II (Operation Husky)
  • 1943-07-18 British assault on Catania, Sicily
  • 1943-07-27 772 British bombers attack Hamburg
  • 1943-07-28 World War II: Operation Gomorrah: The British bomb Hamburg causing a firestorm that kills 42,000 German civilians
  • 1943-08-04 British premier Winston Churchill travels on the Queen Mary to Canada
  • 1943-08-05 Sicily: 3 US A-36's bomb British headquarter
  • 1943-08-17 498 British bombers attack Peenemunde (development base for the V weapons)
  • 1943-09-03 British 8th Army lands in Southern Italy (Messina)
  • 1943-09-04 British 8th Army lands at Taranto, South Italy
  • 1943-09-09 US, British & French troops land in Salerno (operation Avalanche)
  • 1943-09-10 British 8th army occupies Tarente
  • 1943-09-22 British dwarf submarines attack Tirpitz
  • 1943-10-03 British 8th army lands at Termoli, East Italy
  • 1943-10-08 Great Britain establishes bases on Azores
  • 1943-11-18 444 British bombers attack Berlin
  • 1943-11-23 British Forces Broadcasting Service begins operations
  • 1943-12-10 British 8th Army (1st Canadian Infantry Division) occupies Orsogna/Ortona Italy
  • 1943-12-26 British sink German battle cruiser Scharnhorst
  • 1944-01-02 1st use of helicopters during warfare (British Atlantic patrol)
  • 1944-01-10 British troops conquer Maungdaw, Burma
  • 1944-01-21 649 British bombers attack Magdeburg
  • 1944-01-28 683 British bombers attack Berlin
  • 1944-02-15 891 British bombers attack Berlin in the largest raid by the RAF against the city
  • 1944-02-19 823 British bombers attack Berlin
  • 1944-03-24 811 British bombers attack Berlin
  • 1944-03-26 705 British bombers attack Essen
  • 1944-03-30 781 British bombers attack Nuremberg
  • 1944-04-03 British dive bombers attack battle cruiser Tirpitz
  • 1944-04-04 British troops capture Addis Ababa Ethiopia
  • 1944-05-14 British troops occupy Kohima
  • 1944-05-23 British and Canadian troops occupy Pontecorvo, Italy
  • 1944-05-29 British troops occupy Aprilia, Italy

BattleD-Day

1944-06-05 As part of Operation Tonga, the 1st British gliders touch down on French soil to prepare for the D-Day invasion
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  • 1944-06-12 British 12th airborne batallion and the 13th & 18th Hussars attack and capture Bréville
  • 1944-06-22 British 14th Army frees Imphal Assam
  • 1944-06-25 British assault at Caen, Normandy
  • 1944-06-26 2nd British army reaches Grainville-Mouen line
  • 1944-07-08 British troops march into Caen, Normandy
  • 1944-07-18 7:45 Operation Goodwood: British assault east of Caen
  • 1944-07-18 British air raid on German convoy SW of Heligoland
  • 1944-07-18 British troops occupy Bourquebus hill range, Normandy
  • 1944-07-20 Heavy storm hampers British offensive at Caen
  • 1944-07-21 British premier Winston Churchill flies to France, meets Montgomery
  • 1944-07-26 The first German V-2 rocket hits Great Britain (nicknamed "gasometer").
  • 1944-07-27 1st British jet fighter used in combat (Gloster Meteor)

  • 1944-08-04 British 8th Army reaches suburbs of Florence, Italy
  • 1944-08-11 British premier Winston Churchill arrives in Italy
  • 1944-08-13 British 8th Army occupies Florence
  • 1944-08-14 British premier Winston Churchill arrives at Corsica
  • 1944-08-20 US & British forces destroy German 7th Army at Falaise-Argentan Gap
  • 1944-09-03 Tank division of British Guards free Brussels
  • 1944-09-04 British 11th Armoured Division frees Antwerp
  • 1944-09-05 British premier Winston Churchill travels to Scotland
  • 1944-09-15 British bombers hit Tirpitz with Tallboy bombs
  • 1944-09-17 British Premier Winston Churchill travels to US
  • 1944-09-17 Operation Market Garden: In the largest airborne operation of WWII, Allied paratroopers land in the Netherlands in a failed attempt to capture the Arnhem bridge over the Rhine
  • 1944-09-18 British submarine Tradewind torpedoes Junyo Maru: 5,600 killed, including 1,377 allied POWs and 4,200 Javanese slave labourers.
  • 1944-09-21 Last British paratroopers at bridge of Arnhem surrender
  • 1944-09-23 Proclamation No. 30 was issued, declaring the existence of a state of war between the Philippines and the United States and the United Kingdom
  • 1944-09-26 British & Polish paratroopers evacuate Oosterbeek (Arnhem)
  • 1944-09-28 Battle of Arnhem, Germans defeat British airborne in Netherlands
  • 1944-10-04 British troops land on Greek continent
  • 1944-10-09 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill arrives in Russia for talks with Stalin
  • 1944-10-14 British troops march into Athens
  • 1944-10-19 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill flies back to London from Moscow
  • 1944-11-01 World War II: Units of the British Army land at Walcheren in the Netherlands.
  • 1944-11-05 Canadian & British troops liberate Dinteloord
  • 1944-11-25 World War II: A German V-2 rocket hits a Woolworth's store in Deptford, United Kingdom, killing 160 shoppers.
  • 1944-11-30 Biggest & last British battleship HMS Vanguard launched
  • 1944-12-03 British order to disarm causes general strike in Greece
  • 1944-12-03 Britain's Home Guard ('Dad's Army') is officially stood down at a special farewell parade in Hyde Park, London.
  • 1944-12-27 Greece: British premier Winston Churchill flies back to London
  • 1945-01-03 British Premier Winston Churchill visits France
  • 1945-01-14 In Greece, Communists and the British agree to a cease-fire in the struggle to control Athens (and with it Greece)
  • 1945-01-20 The Hungarian Provisional Government concludes an armistice with the USSR, US, and Britain, agree to pay reparations and to join the war against Germany
  • 1945-01-21 British troops land on Ramree, near coast of Burma
  • 1945-02-21 Operation Veritable: British Army captures Goch from Germany, forcing German retreat away from the Rhineland
  • 1945-02-22 British troops take Ramree Island, Burma
  • 1945-03-01 British 43rd Division under General Hubert Essame occupies Xanten

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945-03-04 In the United Kingdom, Princess Elizabeth, later Queen Elizabeth II, joins the British Auxiliary Transport Service as a driver.

Queen of the United Kingdom Elizabeth II
Queen of the United Kingdom
Elizabeth II
  • 1945-03-08 "Kiss Me Kate" opens in Britain
  • 1945-03-16 Würzburg, Germany is 90% destroyed, with 5,000 dead, in only 20 minutes by British bombers
  • 1945-03-19 British 36th division conquers Mogok (ruby mine)
  • 1945-03-23 British 7th Black Watch crosses the Rhine
  • 1945-03-24 Operation Varsity: In the largest one-day airborne operation of all time, British, US & Canadian paratroopers land east of the Rhine in Northern Germany
  • 1945-03-26 British premier Winston Churchill looks over at the Rhine (near Ginsberg)
  • 1945-03-27 British premier Winston Churchill sails to eastern banks of Rhine
  • 1945-04-15 British Army liberates Nazi concentration camp Bergen-Belsen
  • 1945-04-25 British troops reach Grebbe line Neth
  • 1945-04-28 British commandos attack Elbe & occupy Lauenburg
  • 1945-05-03 British troop join in Rangoon
  • 1945-05-07 World War II: British troops enter Utrecht, Netherlands
  • 1945-05-09 World War II: The Channel Islands are formally liberated by the British

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1401 - 1,500 of 2,505

  • 1939-09-28 Rudolph Walker, Trinidadian-born British actor
  • 1939-10-31 Tom O'Connor, English comedian, born in Bootle, Merseyside, England
  • 1939-11-17 Auberon Waugh, British author (d. 2001)
  • 1940-01-04 Brian Josephson, British physicist (Nobel 1973)
  • 1940-02-08 Averil Cameron, British(?) historian
  • 1940-02-20 Jimmy Greaves, British broadcaster/soccer player
  • 1940-02-20 V Payne, British headmistress (Malvern Girls' College)
  • 1940-02-21 Peter Gethin, British racing driver
  • 1940-02-29 Gretchen Christopher, British(?) pop singer
  • 1940-03-15 Frank Dobson, British politician
  • 1940-03-29 Eden Kane [Richard Graham Sarstedt], British singer, born in New Delhi, India
  • 1940-04-02 Penelope Keith, British actress (Norman Conquests, Priest of Love), born in Sutton, Surrey, England
  • 1940-04-03 R S Burman, CEO (Association of British Chambers of Commerce)
  • 1940-04-04 Richard Attwood, British racing driver, born in Wolverhampton, Staffordshire
  • 1940-04-10 Gloria Hunniford [Mary Winifred Gloria Hunniford], British broadcaster and actress (Old Curiosity Shop), born in Portadown, Northern Ireland
  • 1940-04-13 Mike Beuttler, British racing driver (d. 1988)
  • 1940-05-10 Bill Cash, British politician (C, born in London
  • 1940-05-14 'H'. Jones, British Soldier (VC recipient) (d. 1982)
  • 1940-06-06 Willie-John McBride, British rugby player, born in Toomebridge, County Antrim, Northern Ireland
  • 1940-06-18 Michael Sheard, British actor (d. 2005)
  • 1940-06-22 Esther Rantzen, British TV presenter
  • 1940-06-25 A. J. Quinnell [Philip Nicholson], English writer (Man on Fire), born in Nuneaton, Warwickshire, England (d. 2005)
  • 1940-07-02 Ken Clarke [Kenneth Harry Clarke], British Conservative politician, born in Nottinghamshire, England
  • 1940-07-03 Heather Steel, British judge
  • 1940-07-26 Brian Mawhinney, British Conservative Party politician, born in Belfast, United Kingdom
  • 1940-07-30 Clive Sinclair, British computer inventor (ZX Spectrum)
  • 1940-08-10 Barbara Mills, QC, British Director of Public Prosecutions
  • 1940-08-13 Timothy Wood, British government asst whip

Person of interestJohn Lennon

1940-10-09 John Lennon, British musician, pop star and member of The Beatles (Imagine), born in Liverpool, England (d. 1980)

Musician and Beatle John Lennon
Musician and Beatle
John Lennon
  • 1940-10-14 Christopher Timothy, Welsh actor (All Creatures Great & Small), born in Bala, Wales
  • 1940-10-17 Peter Stringfellow, British nightclub owner (Stringfellows), born in Sheffield, England (d. 2018)
  • 1940-10-20 Kathy Kirby, British singer
  • 1940-11-28 Clem Curtis, British singer (The Foundations), born in Trinidad
  • 1941-01-07 Iona Brown, British violinist and conductor (d. 2004)
  • 1941-01-19 Tony Anholt, British actor (d. 2002)
  • 1941-01-19 Colin Gunton, British theologian (d. 2003)
  • 1941-02-01 Robert Walmsley, British Vice-Admiral
  • 1941-02-27 Ian McGarry, general secretary (British Actors' Equity Association)
  • 1941-02-27 Paddy Ashdown, British MP, leader of Liberal Democrats (1988-1999), born in New Delhi, British Raj
  • 1941-03-06 Ann Winterton, British MP
  • 1941-03-19 Lord Vestey, British food magnate/billionaire (Union International)
  • 1941-03-26 Richard Dawkins, British evolutionary biologist
  • 1941-04-05 Dave Swarbrick, British folk fiddler (Fairport Convention), born in New Malden, Surrey (d. 2016)
  • 1941-04-07 Gorden Kaye, British actor (Allo Allo), born in Huddersfield, England (d. 2017)

Person of interestJulie Christie

1941-04-14 Julie Christie, British actress (Darling, Doctor Zhivago), born in Chukua, Assam, India

  • 1941-04-23 Ed Stewart, British DJ and broadcaster (Crackerjack), born in Exmouth, Devon (d. 2016)
  • 1941-04-29 Jonah Barrington, British World champion squash player (1966-73)
  • 1941-05-22 Sir Menzies Campbell, British politician
  • 1941-05-24 Martin Mogg, governor (British Durham Prison)
  • 1941-05-26 Reg Bundy, British performer (d. 2003)
  • 1941-05-31 June Clark, British Professor of Nursing (Middlesex U)
  • 1941-06-07 Tony Ray-Jones, British photographer, born in Wells (d. 1972)
  • 1941-07-01 John Gould, British composer/musical comic
  • 1941-07-07 Michael Howard, British politician
  • 1941-07-16 George Young, Baron Young of Cookham, British minister of housing & planning, born in Oxford, England
  • 1941-07-25 Peter Suschitzky, Polish-British cinematographer
  • 1941-08-20 Dave Brock, British musician and founder of Hawkwind
  • 1941-08-20 Robin Oakley, British journalist
  • 1941-08-22 Michael Aldrich, British inventor (online shopping), born in Brocket Hall, England (d. 2014)
  • 1941-10-31 Derek Bell, British racing driver, born in Pinner, Middlesex, England
  • 1941-11-24 Pete Best, British drummer (Beatles)
  • 1941-12-24 John Levene, British actor
  • 1942-01-03 John Thaw, British actor (d. 2002)
  • 1942-01-29 Richard Needham, British MP
  • 1942-02-10 Michael Bishop, British CEO (British Midland Airways), born in Bowdon, Cheshire
  • 1942-02-12 Chananjit Vohra, Kenyan/British hotel magnate/multi-millionaire
  • 1942-02-24 Stuart Henry, British disc jockey
  • 1942-03-27 Sir John E. Sulston, British molecular biologist, co-recipient of 2002 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (roundworm genome sequencing), born in Fulmer, Buckinghamshire (d. 2018)
  • 1942-03-29 Julie Goodyear, English television actress (Bet Lynch-Coronation Street), born in Bury, England
  • 1942-04-02 Graham Bright, British politician private secretary to British PM John Major, born in Horndon-on-the-Hill, Essex, England
  • 1942-04-17 David Bradley, British actor
  • 1942-04-22 Denis Lill, New Zealand-born British actor (Only Fools and Horses), born in Hamilton, New Zealand
  • 1942-05-11 Rachel Billington, British writer
  • 1942-05-19 Robert Kilroy-Silk, British politician and television presenter
  • 1942-05-20 Simon Keswick, British financier/merchant (Hong Kong)
  • 1942-05-21 David Hunt, British Conservative politician, born in Glyn Ceiriog, Wales
  • 1942-05-22 Barbara Parkins, actress (Betty-Peyton Place, Asylum), born in Vancouver, British Columbia
  • 1942-05-27 Roger Freeman, British minister of transport
  • 1942-05-31 John Daniel, British Vice-Chancellor (Open U)
  • 1942-07-17 Peter Sissons, British newsreader
  • 1942-08-24 Howard Jacobson, British novelist and newspaper columnist
  • 1942-09-07 Alan Oakes, British Footballer
  • 1942-09-17 Desmond Lynam, British sportscaster
  • 1942-09-27 Tessa Blackstone "the Red Baroness", British politician and educator, born in Bures
  • 1942-09-30 Gus Dudgeon [Angus Boyd Dudgeon], British pop record producer (Elton John, David Bowie), born in Woking, Surrey (d. 2002)
  • 1942-10-26 Bob Hoskins, English actor (Who Framed Roger Rabbit), born in Bury St Edmunds, West Suffolk, England (d. 2014)
  • 1942-10-29 Johan Fleming Ramsland, British broadcaster
  • 1942-11-07 Jean Shrimpton, British actress (Privilege, Beaton by Bailey, Something Nice to Eat) and the world's first supermodel, born in High Wycombe, Buckinghamshire, England
  • 1942-11-09 Tom Weiskopf, American golfer (British Open 1973), born in Massillon, Ohio
  • 1942-12-10 Peter Sarstedt, British musician (Where do you go to my lovely), born Delhi, India (d. 2017)
  • 1942-12-14 David Band, British banker (BZW) (d. 1996)
  • 1943-01-06 Terry Venables, British soccer player/manager
  • 1943-01-07 Sir Richard Armstrong, British conductor
  • 1943-02-11 Iain Cameron, British brigadier
  • 1943-02-16 James Beaton, British GC
  • 1943-02-19 Tim Hunt, British biochemist, Nobel laureate
  • 1943-03-05 Hugh Scully, British TV presenter (The Antiques Roadshow), born in Bradford-on-Avon, Wiltshire (d. 2015)
  • 1943-03-28 Richard Eyre, English film, theatre, television and opera director (National Theatre), born in Barnstaple, Devon, England

Person of interestJohn Major

1943-03-29 John Major, British Prime Minister (Conservative: 1990-97), born in Carshalton, Surrey, England

British Prime Minister John Major
British Prime Minister
John Major
  • 1943-04-04 Ian Robertson, British museum director (National Army Museum)

Famous Weddings


Famous Divorces


Famous Deaths