The United Kingdom in History (Part 19)

Historical Events

Events 1801 - 1,900 of 2,236

  • 1970-10-10 Fiji gains independence from Britain (National Day)
  • 1970-10-21 Caledonian Airways takes over British United Airways

Meeting of Interest

1970-10-30 Northern Ireland Prime Minister James Chichester-Clark meets with British Home Secretary Reginald Maulling to discuss matters related to reforms and security

  • 1970-11-08 5th Rugby League World Cup: Australia beats Great Britain 12-7
  • 1970-11-17 British newspaper Sun puts 1st pinup girl on page 3 (Stephanie Rahn)
  • 1971-01-18 Northern Ireland Prime Minister James Chichester-Clark meets British Home Secretary Reginald Maudling
  • 1971-01-23 Britain allowed to sell arms to S. Africa, after Commonwealth Conference in Singapore ends in compromise
  • 1971-02-03 A series of house searches by the British Army in Catholic areas of Belfast, resulting in serious rioting and gun battles
  • 1971-02-04 British automobile and aerospace company Rolls Royce Ltd enters voluntary liquidation
  • 1971-02-04 Lieutenant-General Vernon Erskine-Crum becomes General Officer Commanding of the British Army in Northern Ireland
  • 1971-02-06 Bernard Watt (28), a Catholic civilian, is shot and killed by the British Army (BA) during street disturbances in Ardoyne, Belfast
  • 1971-02-06 James Saunders (22), a member of the IRA, is shot and killed by the British Army during a gun battle near the Oldpark Road, Belfast
  • 1971-02-06 The Irish Republican Army shoots and kills Gunner Robert Curtis, the first British soldier to die during the 'Troubles'
  • 1971-02-15 A British soldier dies 7 days after being mortally wounded in an Irish Republican Army attack in North Ireland
  • 1971-02-15 After 1,200 years Great Britain abandons pence & shilling system for decimal currency
  • 1971-02-28 A British soldier dies in Derry after his vehicle had been attacked with petrol bombs (he died as a result of inhaling chemicals from fire extinguishers that were used to put out the fire)
  • 1971-03-10 Three members of the Royal Highland Fusiliers (a regiment of the British Army) are killed by members of the Irish Republican Army

Meeting of Interest

1971-03-16 Northern Ireland Prime Minister James Chichester-Clark meets with British PM Edward Heath to discuss the security situation in Northern Ireland

  • 1971-03-20 Northern Ireland Prime Minister James Chichester-Clark resigns in protest at what he views as a limited security response by the British government
  • 1971-04-01 United Kingdom lifts all restrictions on gold ownership
  • 1971-05-15 Irish Republican Army member William 'Billy' Reid is shot dead by British soldiers in Belfast
  • 1971-05-22 A British soldier is killed by members of the Official Irish Republican Army in Belfast
  • 1971-05-25 The Provisional Irish Republican Army throw a time bomb into Springfield Road British Army base in Belfast, killing British Army Sergeant Michael Willetts and wounding seven officers
  • 1971-05-27 23rd Walker Cup: Britain-Ireland, 13-11
  • 1971-06-08 General Officer Commanding the British Army Harry Tuzo, then claims that a permanent military solution to the 'troubles' in Northern Ireland could not be achieved
  • 1971-07-01 Britain and Argentina sign accord about Falkland Islands
  • 1971-07-08 During street disturbances, British soldiers shoot dead two Catholic civilians in Free Derry; riots erupt, the Social Democratic and Labour Party withdraw from Stormont in protest
  • 1971-07-23 The British Army carry out early morning raids across Northern Ireland and arrest 48 people
  • 1971-08-05 The British Parliament debate the security situation in Northern Ireland
  • 1971-08-07 A Catholic man is shot dead by a British soldier in Belfast
  • 1971-08-08 A British soldier is shot dead by the Irish Republican Army in Belfast
  • 1971-08-11 4 people are shot dead in separate incidents in Belfast; three of them by the British Army, as violence continues following the introduction of Internment and Operation Demetrius
  • 1971-08-14 Bahrain proclaims independence after 110 years of British rule
  • 1971-08-14 British begin internment without trial in Northern Ireland
  • 1971-08-15 Bahrain gains independence from Britain
  • 1971-09-03 Qatar regains complete independence from Britain
  • 1971-09-06 British Prime Minister Edward Heath meets with Irish Prime Minister/Taoiseach Jack Lynch at Chequers in England to discuss the situation in Northern Ireland
  • 1971-09-14 Two British soldiers are killed in separate shooting incidents in County Tyrone, Northern Ireland
  • 1971-09-16 A number of Unionists resign over the proposed tripartite talks involving Northern Ireland, the UK, and the Republic of Ireland
  • 1971-09-24 90 Russian diplomats expelled from Britain for spying
  • 1971-09-27 Tripartite talks involving the prime ministers of Northern Ireland, Britain, and the Taoiseach (Irish Prime Minister) of the Republic of Ireland take place at Chequers, England
  • 1971-10-07 Northern Ireland Prime Minister Brian Faulkner meets with British Prime Minister Edward Heath; they agree to send an additional 1,500 British Army troops to Northern Ireland

Historic Event

1971-10-20 US Senator Edward Kennedy calls for a withdrawal of British troops from Northern Ireland and all-party negotiations to establish a United Ireland

  • 1971-10-23 Three Catholic civilians are shot dead by the British Army during an attempted robbery in Newry, County Down
  • 1971-10-23 Two female members of the Irish Republican Army (IRA) are shot dead by the British Army in the Lower Falls area of Belfast
  • 1971-10-25 A man dies two days after being shot during an Irish Republican Army attack on the British Army in Belfast
  • 1971-11-18 A British soldier is shot dead by the Irish Republican Army (IRA) in Belfast
  • 1971-11-24 A British Army bomb-disposal specialist is killed by a bomb in Lurgan, County Armagh
  • 1971-11-24 A woman is killed after members of the Irish Republican Army carry out an attack on British soldiers in Strabane, County Tyrone

Historic Event

1971-11-25 British Labour Party leader Harold Wilson proposes Britain should work towards a withdrawal from Northern Ireland, and after 15 years; the Republic of Ireland could rejoin the British Commonwealth

  • 1971-11-27 Two Customs officials are shot by an Irish Republican Army sniper firing upon a British Army patrol investigating a bomb attack on a Customs Post near Newry, County Armagh
  • 1971-12-05 Libya nationalizes British Petroleum concession
  • 1971-12-23 British Prime Minister Edward Heath visits Northern Ireland and expresses his determination to end the violence
  • 1972-01-09 British coal miners begin a national strike, the first for half a century
  • 1972-01-22 An anti-internment march is held at Magilligan strand, County Derry; as the march nears the internment camp it is stopped by members of the Green Jackets and the Parachute Regiment of the British Army, who used barbed wire to close off the beach
  • 1972-01-27 The British Army and the Irish Republican Army engage in gun battles near County Armagh; British troops fire over 1,000 rounds of ammunition
  • 1972-01-30 Bloody Sunday: 27 unarmed civilians are shot (14 are killed) by the British Army during a civil rights march in Derry, Northern Ireland; this is the highest death toll from a single shooting incident during 'the Troubles'
  • 1972-01-31 British Home Secretary Reginald Maudling to House of Commons on 'Bloody Sunday', "The Army returned the fire directed at them with aimed shots and inflicted a number of casualties on those who were attacking them with firearms and with bombs"
  • 1972-02-01 British Prime Minister Edward Heath announces the appointment of Lord Chief Justice Lord Widgery to undertake an inquiry into the 13 deaths on 'Bloody Sunday' (30 January 1972)
  • 1972-02-01 The Ministry of Defence also issues a detailed account of the British Army's version of events during 'Bloody Sunday'
  • 1972-02-02 Angry demonstrators burn the British Embassy in Dublin to the ground in protest at the shooting dead of 13 people on 'bloody sunday'
  • 1972-02-10 Two British soldiers are killed in a land mine attack near Cullyhanna, County Armagh; an IRA member is shot dead during an exchange of gunfire with RUC officers
  • 1972-02-22 The Official IRA bombs Aldershot military barracks, the headquarters of the British Parachute Regiment, killing seven people; thought to be in retaliation for Bloody Sunday.
  • 1972-03-14 Two IRA members shot dead by British soldiers in the Bogside area of Derry
  • 1972-03-15 Two British soldiers killed when attempting to defuse a bomb in Belfast; an RUC officer is also killed in an IRA attack in Coalisland, County Tyrone
  • 1972-03-24 Great Britain imposes direct rule over Northern Ireland
  • 1972-03-30 Northern Ireland's Government and Parliament dissolved by the British Government and 'direct rule' from Westminster is introduced
  • 1972-04-10 Two British soldiers are killed in a bomb attack in Derry
  • 1972-04-15 A member of the British Army is shot dead by the Official IRA in the Divis area of Belfast.
  • 1972-04-15 A member of the Official Irish Republican Army is shot dead by British soldiers at Joy Street in the Markets area of Belfast close to his home
  • 1972-04-16 Two British soldiers are shot dead by the Official Irish Republican Army (OIRA) in separate incidents in Derry
  • 1972-04-19 Bangladesh becomes a member of the British Commonwealth
  • 1972-04-19 British Prime Minister Edward Heath confirms that a plan to conduct an arrest operation, in the event of a riot during the march on 30 January 1972, was known to British government Ministers in advance
  • 1972-04-22 An 11-year-old boy killed by a rubber bullet fired by the British Army in Belfast; he was the first to die from a rubber bullet impact
  • 1972-05-13 Battle at Springmartin: following a loyalist car bombing of a Catholic-owned pub in the Ballymurphy area of Belfast, clashes erupt between PIRA, UVF and British Army
  • 1972-05-26 The British state-owned travel firm Thomas Cook & Son is sold to a consortium of private businesses headed by the Midland Bank
  • 1972-05-30 The Angry Brigade goes on trial over a series of 25 bombings throughout Britain.
  • 1972-06-01 Iraq nationalizes Iraq Petroleum Company's (IPC) concession owned by British Petroleum, Royal Dutch-Shell, Compagnie Francaise des Petroles, Mobil and Standard Oil of New Jersey
  • 1972-06-02 Two British soldiers die in an IRA land mine attack near Rosslea, County Fermanagh
  • 1972-06-13 The Irish Republican Army invites British Secretary of State for Northern Ireland Willie Whitelaw to 'Free Derry'; Whitelaw rejects offer and reaffirms his policy to not "let part of the United Kingdom ... default from the rule of law"
  • 1972-06-14 Members of the NI Social Democratic and Labour Party hold a meeting with representatives of the Irish Republican Army in Derry; the IRA representatives outline their conditions for talks with the British Government
  • 1972-06-18 3 members of the British Army are killed by an Irish Republican Army (IRA) bomb in a derelict house near Lurgan, County Down
  • 1972-06-20 Secret Meeting Between IRA and British Officials held
  • 1972-06-23 45 countries leave the Sterling Area, allowing their currencies to fluctuate independently of the British Pound
  • 1972-06-24 The Irish Republican Army (IRA) kill 3 British Army soldiers in a land mine attack near Dungiven, County Derry
  • 1972-06-26 The Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) kill two British Army soldiers in separate attacks during the day and at midnight begins a "bi-lateral truce"
  • 1972-07-03 The Ulster Defence Association and the British Army come into conflict about a 'no-go' area at Ainsworth Avenue, Belfast

Historic Event

1972-07-07 Secret Talks Between IRA and British Government: Gerry Adams is part of a delegation to London for talks with the British Government

  • 1972-07-09 Springhill Massacre: British snipers shoot dead five Catholic civilians and wounded two others in Springhill, Belfast
  • 1972-07-09 The ceasefire between the Provisional IRA and the British Army comes to an end
  • 1972-07-13 A series of gun-battles and shootings erupt across Belfast between the Provisional Irish Republican Army and British Army soldiers
  • 1972-07-18 Leader of the British Labour Party Harold Wilson holds meeting with representatives of the Irish Republican Army
  • 1972-07-18 The 100th British soldier to die in the Northern Ireland "troubles" is shot by a sniper in Belfast
  • 1972-07-21 Bloody Friday: within the space of seventy-five minutes, the Provisional Irish Republican Army explode twenty-two bombs in Belfast; six civilians, two British Army soldiers and one UDA volunteer were killed, 130 injured
  • 1972-07-31 Operation Motorman: the British Army use 12,000 soldiers supported by tanks and bulldozers to re-take the "no-go areas" controlled by the Provisional Irish Republican Army
  • 1972-08-03 British premier Edward Heath proclaims emergency crisis due to dock strike
  • 1972-08-14 2 British soldiers are killed by an IRA booby trap bomb in Belfast
  • 1972-08-14 A Catholic civilian is shot dead during an IRA attack on a British Army patrol in Belfast
  • 1972-08-21 British dock strike ends after dockers accept an amended Jones-Adlington Agreement

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1801 - 1,900 of 2,384

  • 1958-07-03 Matthew Fraser, Canadian-British journalist, born in Toronto, Ontario
  • 1958-07-05 Paul Daniel, British opera and symphony conductor, born in Birmingham
  • 1958-08-29 Lenny Henry, British stand-up comedian and actor (3 of a Kind), born in Dudley, West Midlands, England
  • 1958-09-06 Buster Bloodvessel [Douglas Trendle], English singer (Bad Manners), born in London
  • 1958-09-23 Danielle Dax, British avant-garde rock musician, producer and album art designer, born in Southend-on-Sea, Essex, England
  • 1958-10-12 Bryn Merrick, British musician (The Damned), born in Barry, Vale of Glamorgan, Wales (d. 2015)
  • 1958-11-28 Kriss Akabusi, Great Britain, 4X400 runner (Olympic silver 1984)
  • 1958-12-06 Nick Park, British filmmaker and animator (Wallace and Gromit), born in Preston, Lancashire, England
  • 1958-12-19 Limahl [Christopher Hamill], English pop singer (Kajagoogoo - "Too Shy"), born in Pemberton, Lancashire, England
  • 1958-12-26 Adrian Newey, British Formula One engineer, born in Stratford-upon-Avon, United Kingdom
  • 1958-12-28 Terry Butcher, British soccer player
  • 1959-01-23 Earl Falconer, British reggae bassist (UB40 - "Red, Red Wine"), born in Meriden, England
  • 1959-02-07 Sammy Lee, English footballer (Liverpool), born in Liverpool, England
  • 1959-02-15 Alistar "Ali" Campbell, British reggae vocalist and guitarist (UB40, 1978-2008 - "Red Red Wine"), born in Birmingham, England.
  • 1959-03-17 Mike Lindup, British rock keyboardist, singer, and songwriter (Level 42 - "Lessons In Love"; "Something About You"), born in London, England
  • 1959-03-20 Steve McFadden, British actor
  • 1959-05-06 Charles Hendry, British Conservative Party politician, born in Cuckfield, England
  • 1959-05-22 [Steven] Morrissey, British rock vocalist (The Smiths), born in Davyhulme, Lancashire
  • 1959-05-25 Julian Clary, British television personality, born in Surbiton, Surrey, England
  • 1959-05-28 John Morgan, British etiquette expert (d. 2000)
  • 1959-05-29 Rupert Everett, British actor (Another Country, My Best Friend's Wedding), born in Burnham Deepdale, England
  • 1959-05-30 Claudia Alexander, Canadian-born American NASA Scientist (led Galileo mission to Jupiter), born in Vancouver, British Columbia (d. 2015)
  • 1959-06-01 Martin Brundle, British auto racer (World Sportscar C'ship 1988; 24 Hours of Le Mans 1990) and F1 television commentator (ITV, BBC), born in King's Lynn, England
  • 1959-07-08 Pauline Quirke, British actress (Birds Of A Feather - "Sharon"), born in Hackney, London, England
  • 1959-07-09 Clive Stafford Smith, British human-rights lawyer, born in Cambridge
  • 1959-08-04 Laurence Anholt, British children's author, born in London, England
  • 1959-10-26 Brian Bovell, British actor, born in London
  • 1959-11-09 Tony Slattery, British actor and comedian (Whose Line Is It Anyway?), born in Stonebridge, London
  • 1959-11-25 Charles Kennedy, British politician (Liberal Democrat leader 1999-2006), born in Inverness, Scotland
  • 1959-11-30 Lorraine Kelly, British presenter and journalist
  • 1959-12-23 Geoff Willis, British engineer, born in Southampton, United Kingdom
  • 1959-12-24 Keith Deller, British darts player (BDO World Champion 1983), born in Ipswich, England
  • 1960-01-05 Steve Jones, British aviator (Red Bull Air Race World Series)
  • 1960-01-31 Grant Morrison, British comic book author, born in Glasgow, United Kingdom
  • 1960-02-04 Siobhan Dowd, British/Irish author (d. 2007)
  • 1960-02-04 Tim Booth, British rock singer (James - "Sit Down"), born in Bradford, West Yorkshire, England
  • 1960-02-10 Robert Addie, British actor, born in London, United Kingdom (d. 2003)
  • 1960-02-18 Carol McGiffin, British TV & radio presenter, born in London, United Kingdom
  • 1960-02-19 Andrew, Duke of York, British prince and 2nd son of Queen Elizabeth II, born at Buckingham Palace, London
  • 1960-02-26 (Jeremy) "Jaz" Coleman, English rock singer, keyboardist and record producer (Killing Joke), born in Cheltenham, England
  • 1960-02-29 Ian McKenzie Anderson, British musician
  • 1960-03-28 Chris Barrie [Brown], British impressionist, comic, and actor (Red Dwarf - "Arnold Rimmer"; The Brittas Empire), born in Hanover, West Germany
  • 1960-04-01 Michael Praed, British actor
  • 1960-04-11 Jeremy Clarkson, English journalist and broadcaster (Top Gear), born in Doncaster, England
  • 1960-05-31 Peter Winterbottom, British rugby union flanker (58 caps England, 7 British & Irish Lions; Headingley, Harlequins RFC, Hawkes Bay, Transvaal), born in Otley, England
  • 1960-06-04 Bradley Walsh, British comedian and actor (Law & Order: UK), born in Watford, Hertfordshire, England
  • 1960-06-18 Ralph Brown, British actor (Withnail and I), born in Cambridge, England
  • 1960-06-19 Luke Morley, British rock guitarist (Thunder), born in Chamberwell, London
  • 1960-07-13 Ian Hislop, British writer, satirist and editor of Private Eye, born in Swansea, Wales
  • 1960-09-27 Nick della Casa, British Brazilian Argentine cameraman (Emmy Award)
  • 1960-10-06 Richard Jobson, Scottish filmmaker (New Town Killers), art-punk rock singer-songwriter (Skids - "Scared to Dance"), and TV presenter, born in Kirkcaldy, Scotland
  • 1960-10-24 Ian Baker-Finch, Australian golfer and broadcaster (1991 British Open 1991, CBS), born in Nambour, Queensland, Australia
  • 1960-11-03 James Prime, British rock keyboardist (Deacon Blue), born in Kilmarnock, East Ayrshire, Scotland
  • 1960-11-17 Jonathan Ross, British talk show host (Tall Guy)
  • 1960-11-28 John Galliano, British fashion designer, born in Gibraltar
  • 1960-12-02 Razzle [Nicholas Dingley], British drummer (Hanoi Rocks), born in Royal Leamington Spa, Warwickshire, England (d. 1984)
  • 1960-12-20 Carolyn Seaward, Miss United Kingdom (1979), born in Devonshire, England
  • 1960-12-24 Carol Vorderman, British television presenter, born in Bedford, United Kingdom
  • 1960-12-25 Ron Bottitta, British actor
  • 1961-01-01 Fiona Phillips, British television presenter
  • 1961-01-01 Mark Wingett, British actor
  • 1961-01-11 Jasper Fforde, British author
  • 1961-02-28 Barry McGuigan, Irish boxer, born in Clones, Ireland

Robert CarlyleRobert Carlyle (61 years old)

1961-04-14 British actor (Trainspotting, The Full Monty), born in Glasgow, Scotland

  • 1961-04-19 Richard Phelps, British pentathlete (Olympic bronze 1988), born in Gloucester, England
  • 1961-05-07 Phil "Wizzö" Campbell, Welsh rock musician (Motörhead), born in Pontypridd, Wales
  • 1961-05-15 Katrin Cartlidge, British actress (d. 2002)

Boy GeorgeBoy George (61 years old)

1961-06-14 British singer-songwriter (Culture Club - "Karma Chameleon"), born in Bexley, Kent, England

  • 1961-06-22 Stephen Batchelor, British Olympic hockey player, born in Beare Green, Surrey
  • 1961-06-27 Meera Syal, British-Indian comedienne and actress (Goodness Gracious Me), born in Wolverhampton, West Midlands, England
  • 1961-07-01 Malcolm Elliott, British road cyclist (Tour of Britain 1988), born in Sheffield, England
  • 1961-09-11 Philip Ardagh, English children's books author (Eddie Dickens series), born in Kent, England
  • 1961-09-16 Bilinda Butcher, British singer (My Bloody Valentine), born in London
  • 1961-11-09 Jill Dando, British television presenter, born in Weston-super-Mare, United Kingdom (d. 1999)

Frank BrunoFrank Bruno (61 years old)

1961-11-16 English boxer (European champion), born in Hammersmith, England

  • 1961-11-20 Tim Harvey, British racing driver, born in Farnborough, England
  • 1961-11-22 Stephen Hough, British concert pianist, born in Heswall, Merseyside, England
  • 1961-11-28 Martin Clunes, British actor
  • 1961-12-23 Carol Smillie, British television personality, born in Glasgow, United Kingdom
  • 1962-02-07 Eddie Izzard, British actor and comedian
  • 1962-02-21 Vanessa Feltz, British television presenter (The Big Breakfast), born in London, England
  • 1962-03-04 Simon Bisley, British comic book artist (ABC Warriors)
  • 1962-06-03 Susannah Constantine, British fashion guru (What Not to Wear), born in London, England
  • 1962-09-24 Jack Dee, British comedian (I'm Sorry I Haven't A Clue), born in Bromley, England
  • 1962-10-05 Caron Keating, British television personality (d. 2004)
  • 1962-10-25 Nick Hancock, British television presenter (They Think It's All Over), born in Stoke-on-Trent, Staffordshire, England
  • 1962-11-09 Teryl Rothery, Canadian actress (Stargate SG-1), born in Vancouver, British Columbia
  • 1962-11-23 Calvin Hayes, British drummer (Johnny Hates Jazz - "Turn Back the Clock"), born in London, England
  • 1962-12-31 Heather McCartney, American-British potter & artist, born in Tucson, Arizona
  • 1963-01-03 Alex Wheatle MBE, black British novelist
  • 1963-03-12 Paul Way, English golfer (Ryder Cup 1983, 85), born in Kingsbury, Middlesex
  • 1963-04-02 Mike Gascoyne, British motor racing engineer, designer, writer (McLaren, Sauber, Tyrrell, Jordan, Renault, Toyota, Force India) and broadcaster (BBC 5 Live, Sky Sports), born in Norwich, England
  • 1963-04-04 Nigel Preston, British drummer (The Cult), born in Birmingham (d. 1992)
  • 1963-04-16 Nick Berry, English actor (Wicksy-EastEnders), born in Woodford, Essex
  • 1963-04-20 Aubrey de Grey, British biomedical gerontologist, born in London
  • 1963-05-03 Jamie Reeves, British coal miner, strongman and professional wrestler (1989 World's Strongest Man), born in Sheffield, Yorkshire, England
  • 1963-05-06 Alessandra Ferri, British ballerina (American Ballet Theater)
  • 1963-05-08 Robin Jarvis, British young adult fiction, and fantasy writer (The Witching Legacy), born in Liverpool, England
  • 1963-05-08 Terry Christian, British writer, radio and television presenter, born in Old Trafford, Lancashire, England
  • 1963-05-28 Gavin Harrison, British progressive rock drummer (Porcupine Tree; King Crimson; Pineapple Thief), born in Harrow, Middlesex, England

Famous Weddings


Famous Divorces


Famous Deaths