The United Kingdom in History (Part 2)

Historical Events

Events 101 - 200 of 2,269

  • 1755-11-14 Henry Fox appointed British 'Secretary of State for the Southern Department'
  • 1756-01-16 Britain & Prussia sign Treaty of Westminster
  • 1756-05-17 Britain declares war on France (7 Years' or French & Indian War)
  • 1756-05-18 Great Britain declares war on France
  • 1756-06-20 Black Hole of Calcutta - 146 British soldiers imprisoned in small dungeon in Calcutta, India where most die
  • 1756-06-20 Siraj ud-Daulah Nawab of Bengal takes Calcutta from the British
  • 1756-12-06 British troops under Robert Clive occupy Fulta, India
  • 1757-01-02 British troops occupy Calcutta India
  • 1757-03-14 On board HMS Monarch (his own flagship), British Admiral John Byng is executed by firing squad for failing to come to aide of besieged British garrison

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1757-04-06 British King George II dismisses minister William Pitt the Elder, Secretary of State for the Southern Department

British Prime Minister (The Great Commoner) William Pitt the Elder
British Prime Minister (The Great Commoner)
William Pitt the Elder
King of Great Britain and Ireland George II
King of Great Britain and Ireland
George II
  • 1757-11-28 Britain condemns Convention of Kloster-Zeven
  • 1758-06-23 Seven Years' War: Battle of Krefeld - British forces defeat French troops at Krefeld in Germany
  • 1758-07-08 British and Colonial assault on French forces at Fort Ticonderoga, New York

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1758-07-26 British battle fleet under general James Wolfe conquers Louisbourg

British Army Officer James Wolfe
British Army Officer
James Wolfe
  • 1758-08-08 British troops occupy & plunder Cherbourg
  • 1758-09-11 Battle of Saint Cast France repels British invasion during the Seven Year's War.
  • 1758-11-25 Britain captures Fort Duquesne (later Fort Pitt/Pittsburgh) from French
  • 1758-12-31 British expeditionary army occupies Goree (Dakar) Senegal
  • 1759-01-15 British Museum opens in Montague House, London
  • 1759-04-08 British troops chase French out of Masulipatam India
  • 1759-05-01 British fleet occupies Guadeloupe, West Indies, capturing it from France
  • 1759-07-25 British capture Fort Niagara from French (7 Years' War)
  • 1759-09-12 British soldiers capture the town of Quebec.
  • 1759-09-13 British beat French forces at Plains of Abrahams (Quebec)
  • 1759-09-18 Battle of Quebec ends, French surrender to British who capture Quebec City
  • 1759-11-20 -22] Battle in Bay of Quiberon, British beat French
  • 1760-01-22 Battle at Wandewash India: British troops beat French
  • 1760-10-25 George III becomes King of Great Britain
  • 1761-01-16 The British capture Pondicherry, India, from the French.
  • 1761-06-08 British fleet occupies Belle Île off the Brittany Coast
  • 1761-09-22 Coronation of King George III of the United Kingdom and Queen Charlotte.
  • 1762-01-04 Seven Years' War: Great Britain declares war on Spain & Naples
  • 1762-02-12 British fleet occupies Martinique
  • 1762-04-05 British take Grenada, West Indies, from French
  • 1762-10-06 British troops occupy Manila, Philippines
  • 1762-11-03 Britain & Spain sign Treaty of Paris
  • 1762-12-09 British parliament accepts Treaty of Paris
  • 1763-02-10 Treaty of Paris ends French-Indian War, surrendering Canada to Britain
  • 1763-02-12 John Casteret appointed British minister of foreign affairs
  • 1763-08-05 Pontiac's War: Battle of Bushy Run - British forces led by Henry Bouquet defeat Chief Pontiac's Indians at Bushy Run.
  • 1763-10-07 George III of Great Britain issues Proclamation of 1763, closing lands in North America north and west of Alleghenies to white settlement
  • 1764-11-16 Native Americans surrender to British in Indian War of Chief Pontiac

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1765-03-22 Stamp Act passed; 1st direct British tax on American colonists, organized by Prime Minister George Grenville

British Prime Minister George Grenville
British Prime Minister
George Grenville
  • 1765-03-24 Britain enacts Quartering Act, required colonists to provide temporary housing to British soldiers
  • 1765-08-14 Massachusetts colonists challenge British rule by an Elm (Liberty Tree)
  • 1765-11-01 Stamp Act goes into effect in British colonies
  • 1766-03-18 Britain repeals the Stamp Act, which had caused outrage in colonial America and helped lead to the American Revolution
  • 1766-07-09 British premier Rockingham resigns
  • 1767-05-14 British government disbands Americans import duty on tea
  • 1767-06-29 British pass Townshend Revenue Act levying taxes on America, helping to intensify opposition to British rule

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1768-04-09 John Hancock refuses to allow two British customs agents to go below deck of his ship, considered by some to be the first act of physical resistance to British authority in the colonies

Statesman John Hancock
Statesman
John Hancock

  • 1768-05-09 John Hancock pays duties on 25 pipes of wine, only one fourth of his ship's carrying capacity, and British officials accuse him of unloading rest during the night to avoid paying duties on entire cargo
  • 1768-06-10 British customs officials seize John Hancock's ship, "The Liberty", on the suspicion that Hancock had illegally unloaded cargo without paying duties a month earlier
  • 1768-10-01 British troops under General Gauge land in Boston

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1770-03-05 Boston Massacre (Incident on King Street): British soldiers kill 5 men in a crowd throwing snowballs, stones and sticks at them. African American Crispus Attucks 1st to die; later held up as early black martyr. Massacre galvanizes anti-British feelings.

Former Slave and Seaman Crispus Attucks
Former Slave and Seaman
Crispus Attucks

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1770-04-19 British explorer Captain James Cook first sights Australia

Explorer James Cook
Explorer
James Cook
  • 1770-04-28 British Captain James Cook, aboard the Endeavour, lands at Botany Bay in Australia
  • 1771-01-22 Spain cedes Falkland Islands to Britain
  • 1772-06-10 Burning of British revenue cutter Gaspée by Rhode Islanders
  • 1773-04-27 British Parliament passes Tea Act (Boston won't like this)
  • 1773-10-14 American Revolutionary War: The United Kingdom's East India Company tea ships' cargo are burned at Annapolis, Maryland.
  • 1773-12-16 Boston tea party incident - Sons of Liberty protesters throw tea shipments into Boston harbour in protest against British imposed Tea Act
  • 1774-02-22 British House of Lords rules authors do not have perpetual copyright
  • 1774-03-05 John Hancock delivers the fourth annual Massacre Day oration, a commemoration of the Boston Massacre, and denounces the presence of British troops in Boston, enhancing Hancock's stature as a leading Patriot
  • 1774-03-07 British close port of Boston to all commerce
  • 1774-03-25 British Parliament passes Boston Port Bill
  • 1774-03-28 Britain passes Coercive Act against Massachusetts
  • 1774-05-20 Britain gives Quebec, Labrador & territory north of Ohio
  • 1774-06-01 Boston Port Bill: British government orders Port of Boston closed
  • 1774-06-02 Intolerable Acts: Amendment to original Quartering Act enacted, allowed governor in colonial America to house British soldiers in uninhabited houses, outhouses, barns, or other buildings if suitable quarters not provided.
  • 1774-06-22 British parliament accepts Quebec Act
  • 1774-07-04 Orangetown Resolutions adopted in the Province of New York, one of many protests against the British Parliament's Coercive Acts
  • 1774-10-21 First display of the word "Liberty" on a flag, raised by colonists in Taunton, Massachusetts and which was in defiance of British rule in Colonial America.
  • 1775-01-25 Americans drag cannon up hill to fight British (Gun Hill Road, Bronx)
  • 1775-02-09 British Parliament declares Massachusetts colony is in rebellion
  • 1775-04-19 New England militiamen begin the siege of Boston, hemming in the British army garrison

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1775-04-19 Paul Revere, William Dawes and Samuel Prescott are captured by British troops riding from Lexington to Concord, Prescott escapes to warn Concord

American Patriot Paul Revere
American Patriot
Paul Revere
  • 1775-05-20 Citizens of Mecklenburg County, NC declare independence from Britain
  • 1775-10-16 Portland, Maine burned by British
  • 1775-11-07 Lord Dunmore promises freedom to male slaves who join British army
  • 1775-12-31 Battle of Quebec in American Revolutionary War; Americans defeated trying to take British stronghold
  • 1776-03-02 Americans begin shelling British troops in Boston
  • 1776-03-17 British forces evacuate Boston to Nova Scotia during Revolutionary War
  • 1776-05-04 Rhode Island declares independence from Britain
  • 1776-06-28 Charleston, South Carolina repulses British sea attack

/flags/united statesUnited States Declaration of Independence

1776-07-01 1st vote on Declaration of Independence for Britain's North American colonies

  • 1776-07-04 US Congress proclaims the Declaration of Independence and independence from Britain
  • 1776-08-27 British defeat Americans in Battle of Long Island
  • 1776-09-06 1st (failed) submarine attack: David Bushnell's "Turtle" attacks British sailboat "Eagle" in Bay of NY
  • 1776-09-15 British forces capture Kip's Bay, Manhattan, during Revolution
  • 1776-09-21 5 days after British take New York, a quarter of the city burns down

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1776-09-21 Nathan Hale, spied on British for American rebels, arrested

US Patriot and Soldier Nathan Hale
US Patriot and Soldier
Nathan Hale
  • 1776-10-11 Brigadier-General Arnold's Lake Champlain fleet defeated by British during the Battle of Valcour Island (American Revolutionary War)
  • 1776-10-12 British Brigade begins guarding Throgg Necks Road in Bronx
  • 1776-10-18 Battle of Pelham: Col John Glover & Marblehead regiment meet British Forces in Bronx
  • 1776-11-16 British troops capture Fort Washington during American Revolution

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1777-01-03 General George Washington's revolutionary army defeats British forces at Battle of Princeton, NJ

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington
  • 1777-02-21 British ambassador Joseph Yorke demands dismissal of Governor John de Graaff for saluting US flag
  • 1777-03-08 Regiments from Ansbach and Bayreuth, sent to support Great Britain in the American Revolutionary War, mutiny in the town of Ochsenfurt
  • 1777-07-06 British Gen Burgoyne captures Fort Ticonderoga from Americans

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 101 - 200 of 2,523


Person of interestPerson of Interest

1764-03-13 Charles Grey, 2nd Earl Grey, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (Whig: 1830-34), born in Fallodon, Northumberland, England (d. 1845)

British Prime Minister Charles Grey
British Prime Minister
Charles Grey
  • 1764-05-05 Robert Craufurd, British general (d. 1812)
  • 1764-06-21 Sidney Smith, British admiral (d. 1840)
  • 1765-08-21 William IV of the United Kingdom (1830-37)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1765-11-14 Robert Fulton, American inventor and engineer (first commercial steamboat), born in Little Britain, Pennsylvania (d. 1815)

Commercial Steamboat Inventor Robert Fulton
Commercial Steamboat Inventor
Robert Fulton
  • 1765-11-20 Sir Thomas Fremantle, British naval captain (d. 1819)
  • 1766-07-20 Thomas Bruce, earl of Elgin & Kincardine, British diplomat
  • 1768-10-02 William Carr Beresford, 1st Viscount Beresford, British general and politician (d. 1854)
  • 1768-11-08 Princess Augusta Sophia of the United Kingdom, born in London, England (d. 1840)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1769-05-01 Arthur Wellesley, Duke of Wellington and British Prime Minister (Tory: 1828-30), born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1852)

1st Duke of Wellington & British Prime Minister Arthur Wellesley
1st Duke of Wellington & British Prime Minister
Arthur Wellesley

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1769-10-06 Isaac Brock, British Army officer (successfully defended Upper Canada in War of 1812), born in St Peter Port, Guernsey (d. 1812)

British Army Officer and Administrator Isaac Brock
British Army Officer and Administrator
Isaac Brock

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1770-04-11 George Canning, British Prime Minister (Tory: 1827) and Foreign Secretary, born in London, England (d. 1827)

British Prime Minister George Canning
British Prime Minister
George Canning
  • 1770-05-22 Princess Elizabeth of the United Kingdom (d. 1840)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1770-06-07 Robert Jenkinson, 2nd Earl of Liverpool, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (Tory: 1812-27), born in London (d. 1828)

British Prime Minister Robert Jenkinson
British Prime Minister
Robert Jenkinson
  • 1771-02-24 Johann Baptist Cramer, German/British pianist/composer/publisher
  • 1772-11-28 Luke Howard, British meteorologist (d. 1864)
  • 1773-04-06 James Mill, Scottish philosopher and historian (History of British India), born in Angus, Scotland (d. 1836)
  • 1773-06-13 Thomas Young, British philologist/physician (light interference)
  • 1775-12-14 Thomas Cochrane, 10th Earl of Dundonald, British admiral (d. 1860)
  • 1777-06-24 John Ross, British naval officer and explorer (d. 1856)
  • 1777-07-09 Henry Hallam, British lawyer/historian
  • 1777-11-02 Princess Sophia of the United Kingdom, 5th daughter of King George III, born in Buckingham House, London (d. 1848)
  • 1778-03-19 Edward Pakenham, British general (d. 1815)
  • 1778-09-19 Henry Peter Brougham, Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain (d. 1868)
  • 1778-11-25 Mary Anne Schimmelpenninck, British Christian writer (d. 1856)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1779-03-15 William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (Whig 1834, 1835-41), born in London (d. 1848)

British Prime Minister William Lamb
British Prime Minister
William Lamb
  • 1779-03-15 Lord Melbourne, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, (d. 1848)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1780-05-21 Elizabeth Fry, English prison reformer, social reformer and Quaker Minister who is depicted on the British £5 note, born in Norwich, England (d. 1845)

English Social Reformer Elizabeth Fry
English Social Reformer
Elizabeth Fry
  • 1780-12-26 Mary Fairfax Somerville, British mathematician (d. 1872)
  • 1781-03-17 Ebenezer Elliott, British Poet. Know as the "Corn Law Rhymer'" (d. 1849)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1781-07-06 Stamford Raffles, British statesman and founder of Singapore, born in off the coast of Port Morant, Jamaica (d. 1826)

British Statesman and Founder of Singapore Stamford Raffles
British Statesman and Founder of Singapore
Stamford Raffles
  • 1781-11-30 Alexander Berry, British adventurer (d. 1873)
  • 1782-11-01 Viscount Goderich, (Tory), British PM (1827-28)
  • 1783-08-07 Princess Amelia of the United Kingdom (d. 1810)
  • 1784-10-19 Leigh Hunt, British writer
  • 1784-12-07 Allan Cunningham, British poet (d. 1842)
  • 1785-11-18 David Wilkie, British artist (d. 1841)
  • 1786-01-11 Joseph Jackson Lister, British optician who perfected the optical microscope by designing the achromatic objective lens, born in London, England
  • 1786-04-04 John Franklin, British explorer (Arctic)
  • 1786-05-08 Thomas Hancock, British engineer, founded British rubber industry, born in Malborough, Wilshire (d. 1865)
  • 1786-11-18 Henry Rowley Bishop, British composer/conductor
  • 1787-06-28 Henry G W Smith, leader of British-Indian forces

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1788-02-05 Robert "Bobbie" Peel, British Prime Minister (Tory/Conservative/Peelite: 1834-35; 1841-46), founder of the British Conservative Party and founder of the modern police force (Bobbies), born in Ramsbottom, England (d. 1850)

British Prime Minister Robert Peel
British Prime Minister
Robert Peel
  • 1790-06-19 John Gibson, British sculptor, born in Conwy, Wales (d. 1866)
  • 1790-08-19 Edward John Dent, British Clockmaker to Queen Victoria and commissioned to make Big Ben, London (completed after his death by his son Frederick Dent), born in London, England
  • 1791-06-21 Robert Napier, British engineer (d. 1876)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1791-12-26 Charles Babbage, British inventor (calculating machine), born in London, England (d. 1871)

Inventor Charles Babbage
Inventor
Charles Babbage
  • 1792-08-13 Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen, Queen consort of William IV of the United Kingdom (d. 1849)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1792-08-18 John Russell, 1st Earl Russell, British Prime Minister (Whig: 1846-52 and 1865-66), born in Mayfair, Middlesex (d. 1878)

British Prime Minister John Russell
British Prime Minister
John Russell
  • 1792-10-20 Colin Campbell/Lord Clyde, British officer (Sepoy-uprising)
  • 1794-05-24 William Whewell, British philosopher (History of Inductive Science)
  • 1794-06-18 George Grote, British historian
  • 1795-04-05 Henry Havelock, British soldier (War in Afghanistan 1838-39)
  • 1795-07-25 James Barry [Margaret Ann Bulkley], female disguised as a man, surgeon general (British army), born in County Cork, Ireland (d. 1865)
  • 1797-08-09 Charles Robert Malden, British naval officer (d. 1855)
  • 1797-09-16 Anthony Panizzi, Librarian at British Museum

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1799-03-29 Edward Smith-Stanley, 14th Earl of Derby, British Prime Minister (Conservative: 1852, 1858-59, 1866-68), born in Knowsley, England (d. 1869)

British Prime Minister Edward Smith-Stanley
British Prime Minister
Edward Smith-Stanley
  • 1799-05-21 Mary Anning, Lyme Regis, Dorset, British fossil collector, dealer, and palaeontologist (Jurassic marine fossil beds of Lyme Regis in Dorset)
  • 1800-01-24 Edwin Chadwick, British social reformer
  • 1800-04-15 James Clark Ross, explorer (British Antarctic)
  • 1800-04-16 George Bingham, 3rd Earl of Lucan, British army officer (Charge of the Light Brigade), born in London, England (d. 1888)
  • 1800-09-30 Decimus Burton, British architect (d. 1881)
  • 1802-01-03 Charles Pelham Villiers, British House of Commons member (d. 1898)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1803-04-29 James Brooke, British adventurer and 1st Rajah of Sarawak (1841-68), born in Bandel, near Calcutta, Bengal, British India (d. 1868)

1st White Rajah of Sarawak James Brooke
1st White Rajah of Sarawak
James Brooke
  • 1803-08-15 James Douglas, The Father of British Columbia, born in Demerara, Guyana (d. 1877)
  • 1804-02-08 Richard Lemon Lander, British explorer, born in Truro, Cornwall (d. 1834)
  • 1804-07-20 Richard Owen, English zoologist (Dinosauria), born in Lancaster, England (d. 1892)
  • 1804-09-14 John Gould, British ornithologist (d. 1881)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1804-12-21 Benjamin Disraeli, 1st Earl of Beaconsfield, British Prime Minister (Tory: 1868, 1874-80) and writer, born in London (d. 1881)

British Prime Minister Benjamin Disraeli
British Prime Minister
Benjamin Disraeli
  • 1805-07-05 Robert Fitz Roy, British naval officer and scientist (d. 1865)
  • 1805-12-21 Thomas Graham, British chemist and father of colloid chemistry (d. 1869)
  • 1805-12-22 John Obadiah Westwood, British entomologist (d. 1893)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1809-08-06 Alfred Lord Tennyson, British Poet Laureate of Great Britain, born in Somersby, Lincolnshire (d. 1892)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1809-12-29 William Ewart Gladstone, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (Liberal: 1868-74, 1880-86, 1892-94), born in Liverpool, England (d. 1898)

British Prime Minister William Gladstone
British Prime Minister
William Gladstone
  • 1810-11-26 William G Armstrong, of Cragside, Baron/British industralist (hydraulic crane)
  • 1812-04-22 Solomon Caesar Malan, British orientalist (d. 1894)
  • 1812-12-14 Charles J Canning, English earl/1st viceroy of British-Indies
  • 1813-01-04 Isaac Pitman, Britain, inventor (stenographic shorthand)
  • 1814-05-14 Charles Beyer, German-British locomotive engineer (d. 1876)
  • 1815-05-27 Henry Parkes, British journalist/premier of Australia
  • 1815-08-05 Edward J Eyre, British explorer/governor (Jamaica)
  • 1817-03-05 Austen H Layard, British archaeologist/diplomat
  • 1817-06-30 Joseph D Hooker, British botanist

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1819-05-24 Queen Victoria, Queen of the United Kingdom and Ireland (1837-1901), born in London (d. 1901)

Queen of the United Kingdom Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
Victoria
  • 1819-05-30 William McMurdo, British army officer (d. 1894)
  • 1819-07-08 Francis Leopold McClintock, British naval officer and explorer (d. 1907)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1820-05-12 Florence Nightingale, British nurse (Crimean War), born in Florence, Italy (d. 1910)

  • 1820-11-23 Isaac Todhunter, British mathematician (d. 1884)
  • 1821-11-02 Sir George Bowen, British provincial governor and 5th Governor of New Zealand (1868-73), born in Taughboyne, County Donegal, Ireland (d. 1899)
  • 1821-11-23 Charles Meryon, British/French etcher

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1823-01-08 Alfred Russel Wallace, British naturalist, explorer and co-discoverer of evolution through natural selection, born in Usk, Monmouthshire, Wales (d. 1913)

Naturalist, biologist, and explorer Alfred Russel Wallace
Naturalist, biologist, and explorer
Alfred Russel Wallace
  • 1823-05-22 Isabella Glyn Dallas, British Shakespearean actress, born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1889)
  • 1824-06-02 Samuel Wilks, British Physician and founding father of clinical science, born in London, England
  • 1824-06-20 George E Street, English architect, born in Woodford, London (d. 1881)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1824-06-26 William Thomson, 1st Baron Kelvin, Irish-Scottish mathematical physicist (Kelvin Scale) and engineer (transatlantic telegraph), born in Belfast, Ireland (d. 1907)

Mathematical Physicist and Engineer William Thomson
Mathematical Physicist and Engineer
William Thomson
  • 1825-01-18 Edward Frankland, Lancaster, U.K, British structural chemist who co-discovered helium and developed the theory of valence
  • 1825-09-04 Dadabhai Naoroji, 1st Indian in British parliament, born in Mumbai, India (d. 1917)
  • 1827-05-04 John Hanning Speke, British explorer (d. 1864)
  • 1827-10-14 Sir William George Granville Venables Vernon Harcourt, British Home Secretary and Chancellor of the Excheque

Famous Weddings


Famous Divorces


Famous Deaths

Deaths 101 - 200 of 1,290

  • 1791-06-05 Frederick Haldimand, Swiss-born British colonial governor (b. 1718)
  • 1792-04-03 George Pocock, British admiral (b. 1706)
  • 1792-10-28 John Smeaton, British civil engineer (b. 1724)
  • 1793-02-01 William Wildman Shute Barrington, British statesman (b. 1717)
  • 1794-01-31 Marriott Arbuthnot, British admiral (b. 1711)
  • 1794-04-18 Charles Pratt, 1st Earl Camden, Lord Chancellor of Great Britain (b. 1714)
  • 1794-04-27 William Jones, British Orientalist and jurist, dies at 47
  • 1794-06-18 James Murray, British military officer and administrator (b. 1721)
  • 1794-07-17 John Roebuck, British inventor (b. 1718)
  • 1794-08-06 Henry Bathurst, 2nd Earl Bathurst, British politician (b. 1714)
  • 1795-01-03 Josiah Wedgwood, English pottery designer and manufacturer (Wedgwood), dies at 64
  • 1795-07-09 Henry Seymour Conway, British general and statesman (b. 1721)
  • 1795-12-23 Henry Clinton, British general (b. 1730)
  • 1796-03-19 Hugh Palliser, British naval officer and administrator (b. 1722)
  • 1796-07-16 George Howard, British field marshal (b. 1718)
  • 1796-08-01 Robert Pigot, British army officer (b. 1720)
  • 1797-03-02 Horace [Horatio] Walpole, British horror writer, dies at 79
  • 1797-05-25 John Griffin Whitwell, 4th Baron Howard de Walden, British field marshal (b. 1719)
  • 1797-07-09 Edmund Burke, British author/parliament leader (Reflections), dies at 68
  • 1798-05-10 George Vancouver, British explorer, (Voyage of Discovery), dies at 40
  • 1799-01-26 Gabriel Christie, British general (b. 1722)
  • 1799-08-05 Richard Howe, British admiral (b. 1726)
  • 1801-04-02 Thomas Dadford Junior, British canal engineer (b. circa 1761)
  • 1802-02-02 Welbore Ellis, 1st Baron Mendip, British statesman (b. 1713)
  • 1803-11-23 Roger Newdigate, British politician (b. 1719)
  • 1804-11-23 Richard Graves, British writer (b. 1715)
  • 1804-12-19 Mary Bright, British PM Rockingham, dies
  • 1805-02-25 Thomas Pownall, British colonial statesman (b. 1722)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1805-05-07 William Petty, 2nd Earl of Shelburne, Prime Minister of Great Britain (1782-83), dies at 68

British Prime Minister William Petty
British Prime Minister
William Petty

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1805-10-05 Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis, British general and colonial administrator (leading British general in the American War of Independence), dies of fever at 66

General and Colonial Administrator Charles Cornwallis
General and Colonial Administrator
Charles Cornwallis

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1806-01-23 William Pitt the Younger, British Prime Minister (Tory: 1783-1801, 1804-06), dies of a suspected peptic ulceration of his stomach or duodenum at 46

British Prime Minister William Pitt the Younger
British Prime Minister
William Pitt the Younger
  • 1806-05-24 John Campbell, 5th Duke of Argyll, British field marshal (b. 1723)
  • 1806-07-10 George Stubbs, British animal painter (Horse Frightened by Lion), dies at 81
  • 1806-10-28 Charlotte Turner Smith, British poet and novelist (b. 1749)
  • 1807-09-14 George Townshend, 1st Marquess Townshend, British field marshal (b. 1724)
  • 1808-11-10 Guy Carleton, 1st Baron Dorchester, British soldier and administrator (Governor of Quebec 1768-1778), dies at 84
  • 1809-01-16 Sir John Moore, British General, at the Battle of Corunna (b. 1761)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1809-10-30 William Cavendish-Bentinck, 3rd Duke of Portland, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (1783, 1807-09), dies after an operation to remove a kidney stone at 71

British Prime Minister William Cavendish-Bentinck
British Prime Minister
William Cavendish-Bentinck
  • 1810-03-07 Cuthbert Collingwood, 1st Baron Collingwood, British admiral (b. 1750)
  • 1811-05-28 Henry Dundas, British minister (b. 1742)
  • 1811-11-27 Andrew Meikle, British mechanical engineer (b. 1719)
  • 1812-01-23 Robert Craufurd, British general (b. 1764)

MurderAssassination

1812-05-11 Spencer Perceval, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (assassinated) (b. 1762)

British Prime Minister Spencer Perceval
British Prime Minister
Spencer Perceval
  • 1813-01-03 Bennelong, Australian aboriginal interlocutor between his tribe and the British settlers (b. c. 1764)
  • 1813-07-06 Granville Sharp, English abolitionist, dies at 77
  • 1813-08-11 Henry James Pye, English poet, British Poet Laureate (1790-1813), dies at 68
  • 1814-08-31 Arthur Phillip, British admiral, 1st Governor of New South Wales (1788-92), dies at 75
  • 1814-11-18 William Jessop, British civil engineer (b. 1745)
  • 1815-06-18 Thomas Picton, British general (killed in battle) (b. 1758)
  • 1815-09-09 John Singleton Copley, British painter, dies at 77
  • 1817-12-07 William Bligh, British naval officer of "Bounty" fame, dies at 63
  • 1819-12-19 Sir Thomas Fremantle, British naval officer and politician (b. 1765)
  • 1820-01-29 King George III of the United Kingdom (b. 1738). Reigned 1760-1820.
  • 1820-03-11 Benjamin West, British painter (Death of General Wolfe), dies at 81

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1822-08-25 William Herschel, German-British astronomer (discovered Uranus), dies at 83

Astronomer William Herschel
Astronomer
William Herschel

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1826-07-05 Stamford Raffles, British statesman and founder of Singapore dies at 44 of apoplexy

British Statesman and Founder of Singapore Stamford Raffles
British Statesman and Founder of Singapore
Stamford Raffles

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1827-08-08 George Canning, British Prime Minister (Tory: 1827) and Foreign Secretary, dies in office at 57

British Prime Minister George Canning
British Prime Minister
George Canning

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1828-12-04 Robert Jenkinson, 2nd Earl of Liverpool, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (Tory: 1812-27), dies of a stroke at 58

British Prime Minister Robert Jenkinson
British Prime Minister
Robert Jenkinson
  • 1831-05-31 Samuel Bentham, British mechanical engineer (b. 1757)
  • 1833-01-23 Edward Pellew, 1st Viscount Exmouth, British admiral (b. 1757)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1834-01-12 William Grenville, 1st Baron Grenville, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (Whig: 1806-07), dies at 74

British Prime Minister William Grenville
British Prime Minister
William Grenville
  • 1834-02-06 Richard Lemon Lander, British explorer, dies from his injuries sustained by a musket ball at 29

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1834-07-25 Samuel Taylor Coleridge, British romantic poet (Rime of Ancient Mariner), dies at 61

Poet, Critic, and Philosopher Samuel Taylor Coleridge
Poet, Critic, and Philosopher
Samuel Taylor Coleridge
  • 1834-12-23 Thomas Malthus, British economist and demographer (Law of Malthus), dies of heart disease at 68
  • 1835-02-15 Henry Hunt, British politician, dies
  • 1835-05-13 John Nash, British town planner/architect (Regent's Park), dies
  • 1836-11-26 John MacAdam, British road builder (b. 1756)
  • 1837-06-20 William IV of the United Kingdom (b. 1765)
  • 1837-07-28 John Ross, British composer and organist, dies at 73
  • 1839-08-10 John St Aubyn, British fossil collector (b. 1758)
  • 1840-05-26 Sidney Smith, British admiral (b. 1764)
  • 1841-11-14 Thomas Bruce, Count of Elgin & Kincardine, British diplomat, dies
  • 1842-03-13 Henry Shrapnel, British soldier and inventor (b. 1761)
  • 1842-08-10 Captain William Hobson, first British Governor of New Zealand and co-author of the Treaty of Waitangi, dies of a stroke at 49
  • 1843-01-09 William Hedley, British industrial engineer (b. 1773)
  • 1843-12-18 Thomas Graham, Lord Lynedoch, British Viceroy of India (b. 1748)
  • 1844-11-14 John Abercrombie, Scottish physician, dies at 64

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1845-07-17 Charles Grey, 2nd Earl Grey, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (Whig: 1830-34), dies at 81

British Prime Minister Charles Grey
British Prime Minister
Charles Grey

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1845-10-12 Elizabeth Fry, English prison reformer, social reformer and Quaker Minister who is depicted on the British £5 note, dies of a stroke at 65

English Social Reformer Elizabeth Fry
English Social Reformer
Elizabeth Fry
  • 1847-03-09 Mary Anning, British fossil collector, dealer, and palaeontologist (Jurassic marine fossil beds of Lyme Regis in Dorset), dies of breast cancer at 47

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1848-11-24 William Lamb, 2ng Viscount Melbourne, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (Whig 1834, 1835-41), dies at 69

British Prime Minister William Lamb
British Prime Minister
William Lamb
  • 1849-05-25 Benjamin d'Urban, British general and colonial administrator (b. 1777)
  • 1849-12-02 Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen, wife of William IV of the United Kingdom (b. 1792)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1850-07-02 Robert "Bobbie" Peel, British PM/founder London Police, dies at 62

British Prime Minister Robert Peel
British Prime Minister
Robert Peel
  • 1851-03-04 James Richardson, British explorer (b. 1809)
  • 1851-12-19 J M William Turner, British painter (Rain, Steam & Speed), dies at 76

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1852-09-14 Arthur Wellesley, Duke of Wellington and British Prime Minister (Tory) (1828-30) dies at 83

1st Duke of Wellington & British Prime Minister Arthur Wellesley
1st Duke of Wellington & British Prime Minister
Arthur Wellesley

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1852-11-27 Ada Lovelace, English mathematician considered the first computer programmer, dies of uterine cancer at 36

Mathematician and Computer Programmer Ada Lovelace
Mathematician and Computer Programmer
Ada Lovelace
  • 1853-03-08 Edward John Dent, British Clockmaker, dies at 62
  • 1854-01-08 William Carr Beresford, 1st Viscount Beresford, British general and politician (b. 1768)
  • 1854-03-06 Charles William Vane, 3rd Marquess of Londonderry, British soldier and politician (b. 1778)
  • 1855-04-30 Henry Rowley Bishop, British composer/conductor, dies at 68
  • 1855-07-09 FitzRoy Somerset, 1st Baron Raglan, British Army officer (commander of the British forces during the Crimean War), dies of dysentery in Crimea at 66
  • 1855-08-16 Henry Colburn, British publisher ( Pepys's Diary) (b. 1784)
  • 1856-08-29 Mary Anne Schimmelpenninck, British Christian writer (b. 1778)
  • 1857-06-08 Douglas William Jerrold, British playwright and satirist (b. 1803)
  • 1858-11-17 Robert Owen, British father of the cooperative movement (b. 1771)
  • 1858-12-16 Richard Bright, British Dr (Bright's disease/nephritis), dies at 69
  • 1859-01-28 Frederick John Robinson, 1st Viscount Goderich, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1782)
  • 1859-09-15 Isambard Kingdom Brunel, British engineer (b. 1806)