The United Kingdom in History (Part 2)

Historical Events

Events 101 - 200 of 2,236

  • 1755-11-14 Henry Fox appointed British 'Secretary of State for the Southern Department'
  • 1756-01-16 Britain & Prussia sign Treaty of Westminster
  • 1756-05-17 Britain declares war on France (7 Years' or French & Indian War)
  • 1756-05-18 Great Britain declares war on France at the start of the Seven Years' War
  • 1756-06-20 Black Hole of Calcutta: 146 British soldiers, Anglo-Indian soldiers and Indian civilians are imprisoned in a small dungeon in Calcutta, India where most die from suffocation and heat exhaustion
  • 1756-06-20 Siraj ud-Daulah Nawab of Bengal takes Calcutta from the British
  • 1756-12-06 British troops under Robert Clive occupy Fulta, India
  • 1757-01-02 British troops occupy Calcutta India
  • 1757-03-14 On board HMS Monarch (his own flagship), British Admiral John Byng is executed by firing squad for failing to come to aide of besieged British garrison
  • 1757-11-28 Britain condemns Convention of Kloster-Zeven
  • 1758-06-23 Seven Years' War: Battle of Krefeld - British forces defeat French troops at Krefeld in Germany
  • 1758-07-08 British and Colonial assault on French forces at Fort Ticonderoga, New York

Victory in Battle

1758-07-26 British battle fleet under general James Wolfe conquers Louisbourg

  • 1758-08-08 British troops occupy & plunder Cherbourg
  • 1758-09-11 Battle of Saint Cast: France repels British invasion during the Seven Years' War
  • 1758-11-25 Britain captures Fort Duquesne (later Fort Pitt/Pittsburgh) from French
  • 1758-12-31 British expeditionary army occupies Goree (Dakar) Senegal

British Museum Opens its Doors

1759-01-15 British Museum opens in Montague House, London

  • 1759-04-08 British troops chase French out of Masulipatam, India
  • 1759-05-01 British fleet occupies Guadeloupe, West Indies, capturing it from France
  • 1759-07-25 British capture Fort Niagara from French (7 Years' War)
  • 1759-09-12 British soldiers capture the town of Quebec
  • 1759-09-13 British beat French forces at Plains of Abrahams (Quebec)
  • 1759-09-18 Battle of Quebec ends, French surrender to British who capture Quebec City
  • 1759-11-20 Battle of Quiberon Bay begins: British win crucial naval victory over the French, thwarting a planned French invasion of Britain
  • 1760-01-22 Battle at Wandewash India: British troops beat French
  • 1761-01-16 The British capture Pondicherry, India, from the French.
  • 1761-06-08 British fleet occupies Belle Île off the Brittany Coast
  • 1761-09-22 Coronation of King George III of the United Kingdom and Queen Charlotte
  • 1762-01-04 Seven Years' War: Great Britain declares war on Spain & Naples
  • 1762-02-12 British fleet occupies Martinique
  • 1762-04-05 British take Grenada, West Indies, from French
  • 1762-10-06 British troops occupy Manila, Philippines
  • 1762-11-03 Britain & Spain sign Treaty of Paris
  • 1762-12-09 British parliament accepts Treaty of Paris
  • 1763-02-10 Treaty of Paris ends French-Indian War, surrendering Canada to Britain
  • 1763-02-12 John Casteret appointed British minister of foreign affairs
  • 1763-08-05 Pontiac's War: Battle of Bushy Run - British forces led by Henry Bouquet defeat Chief Pontiac's Indians at Bushy Run
  • 1763-10-07 George III of Great Britain issues Proclamation of 1763, closing lands in North America north and west of Alleghenies to white settlement
  • 1764-11-16 Native Americans surrender to British in Indian War of Chief Pontiac

Historic Event

1765-03-22 Stamp Act passed; 1st direct British tax on American colonists, organized by Prime Minister George Grenville

  • 1765-03-24 Britain enacts Quartering Act, required colonists to provide temporary housing to British soldiers
  • 1765-08-14 Massachusetts colonists challenge British rule by an Elm (Liberty Tree)
  • 1765-11-01 Stamp Act goes into effect in British colonies
  • 1766-03-18 Britain repeals the Stamp Act, which had caused outrage in colonial America and helped lead to the American Revolution
  • 1766-07-09 British premier Marquess of Rockingham resigns
  • 1767-05-14 British government disbands Americans import duty on tea
  • 1767-06-29 British pass Townshend Revenue Act levying taxes on America, helping to intensify opposition to British rule

Historic Event

1768-04-09 John Hancock refuses to allow two British customs agents to go below deck of his ship, considered by some to be the first act of physical resistance to British authority in the colonies

  • 1768-05-09 John Hancock pays duties on 25 pipes of wine, only one fourth of his ship's carrying capacity. British officials accuse him of unloading the rest during the night to avoid paying duties on the entire cargo.
  • 1768-06-10 British customs officials seize John Hancock's ship, "The Liberty", on the suspicion that Hancock had illegally unloaded cargo without paying duties a month earlier
  • 1768-10-01 British troops under General Thomas Gage land in Boston

Historic Event

1770-03-05 Boston Massacre (Incident on King Street): British soldiers kill 5 men in a crowd throwing snowballs, stones and sticks at them. African American Crispus Attucks 1st to die; later held up as early black martyr. Massacre galvanizes anti-British feelings.

Historic Discovery

1770-04-19 British explorer Captain James Cook first sights Australia. Writes in his log book that “what we have as yet seen of this land appears rather low, and not very hilly, the face of the Country green and Woody, but the Sea shore is all a white Sand.”

  • 1770-04-28 British Captain James Cook, aboard the Endeavour, lands at Botany Bay in Australia
  • 1771-01-22 Spain cedes Falkland Islands to Britain
  • 1772-06-10 Burning of British revenue cutter Gaspée by Rhode Islanders
  • 1773-04-27 British Parliament passes Tea Act (Boston won't like this)
  • 1773-10-14 American Revolutionary War: The United Kingdom's East India Company tea ships' cargo are burned at Annapolis, Maryland
  • 1773-12-16 Boston tea party incident - Sons of Liberty protesters throw tea shipments into Boston harbour in protest against British imposed Tea Act
  • 1774-02-22 British House of Lords rules authors do not have perpetual copyright
  • 1774-03-05 John Hancock delivers the fourth annual Massacre Day oration, a commemoration of the Boston Massacre, and denounces the presence of British troops in Boston, enhancing Hancock's stature as a leading Patriot
  • 1774-03-07 King George III charges colonists in Boston with attempting to injure British commerce, paving the way for the closing of the port to punish colonists for the Boston Tea Party
  • 1774-03-28 Britain passes Coercive Act against Massachusetts
  • 1774-06-01 Boston Port Act: Following the passage of the act, the British government orders Port of Boston closed to punish colonists for the Boston Tea Party
  • 1774-06-02 Intolerable Acts: Amendment to original Quartering Act enacted, allows governors in colonial America to house British soldiers in uninhabited houses, outhouses, barns, or other buildings if suitable quarters not provided
  • 1774-06-22 British parliament accepts Quebec Act, which extends the province's territory and restores French civil law
  • 1774-07-04 Orangetown Resolutions adopted in the Province of New York, one of many protests against the British Parliament's Coercive Acts
  • 1774-10-21 First display of the word "Liberty" on a flag, raised by colonists in Taunton, Massachusetts and which was in defiance of British rule in Colonial America.
  • 1775-02-09 British Parliament declares Massachusetts colony in rebellion
  • 1775-04-19 New England militiamen begin the siege of Boston, hemming in the British army garrison

Historic Event

1775-04-19 Paul Revere, William Dawes and Samuel Prescott are captured by British troops riding from Lexington to Concord, Prescott escapes to warn Concord

  • 1775-05-20 Citizens of Mecklenburg County, North Carolina declare independence from Great Britain
  • 1775-10-16 Portland, Maine burned by British
  • 1775-11-07 Lord Dunmore promises freedom to male slaves who join British army
  • 1775-12-31 Battle of Quebec in American Revolutionary War; Americans defeated trying to take British stronghold
  • 1776-03-02 American troops begin shelling the British in Boston
  • 1776-03-17 British forces evacuate Boston to Nova Scotia during Revolutionary War
  • 1776-05-04 Rhode Island declares independence from Great Britain
  • 1776-06-28 Charleston, South Carolina repulses British sea attack

United States Declaration of Independence

1776-07-01 1st vote on Declaration of Independence for Britain's North American colonies

  • 1776-08-27 British defeat Americans in Battle of Long Island
  • 1776-09-06 1st (failed) submarine attack: David Bushnell's "Turtle" attacks British sailboat "Eagle" in Bay of NY
  • 1776-09-15 British forces capture Kip's Bay, Manhattan, during Revolution
  • 1776-09-21 5 days after British take New York, a quarter of the city burns down

Historic Event

1776-09-21 Nathan Hale, spied on British for American rebels, arrested

  • 1776-10-11 Brigadier-General Arnold's Lake Champlain fleet defeated by British during the Battle of Valcour Island (American Revolutionary War)
  • 1776-10-12 British Brigade begins guarding Throgg Necks Road in Bronx
  • 1776-10-18 Battle of Pelham: Colonel John Glover & Marblehead regiment meet British Forces in Bronx
  • 1776-11-16 British troops capture Fort Washington during American Revolution

Victory in Battle

1777-01-03 General George Washington's revolutionary army defeats British forces at Battle of Princeton, New Jersey

  • 1777-01-25 Americans drag cannon up hill of Kingsbridge Road to fight British, prompting a name change to Gun Hill Road (Bronx, New York)
  • 1777-02-21 British ambassador Joseph Yorke demands dismissal of Governor John de Graaff for saluting US flag
  • 1777-03-08 Regiments from Ansbach and Bayreuth, sent to support Great Britain in the American Revolutionary War, mutiny in the town of Ochsenfurt
  • 1777-07-06 British General Burgoyne captures Fort Ticonderoga from Americans
  • 1777-08-04 Retired British cavalry officer Philip Astley establishes his riding school with performances in London, precursor of the circus
  • 1777-08-16 American militiamen defeat British forces at the Battle of Bennington near Vermont, during the American Revolutionary War

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 101 - 200 of 2,384

  • 1764-05-05 Robert Craufurd, British general, born in Newark Castle, Ayrshire (d. 1812)
  • 1764-06-21 Sidney Smith, British admiral, born in Westminster, London (d. 1840)
  • 1765-08-21 William IV, King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland (1830-37), born in Buckingham House, London (d. 1837)

Robert Fulton

1765-11-14 Robert Fulton, American inventor and engineer (first commercial steamboat), born in Little Britain, Pennsylvania (d. 1815)

  • 1765-11-20 Thomas Fremantle, British naval officer, born in Aston Abbotts, Buckinghamshire, England (d. 1819)
  • 1766-07-20 Thomas Bruce, 7th earl of Elgin & Kincardine, British diplomat, born in Broomhall, Fife, Scotland (d. 1841)
  • 1768-10-02 William Carr Beresford, 1st Viscount Beresford, British general and politician, born in Bedgebury, Kent, England (d. 1854)
  • 1768-11-08 Princess Augusta Sophia of the United Kingdom, 6th child and second daughter of King George III and Queen Charlotte, born in London (d. 1840)

Isaac Brock

1769-10-06 Isaac Brock, British Army officer (successfully defended Upper Canada in War of 1812), born in St Peter Port, Guernsey (d. 1812)

  • 1770-01-25 Francis Burdett, British politician, born in Derbyshire, United Kingdom (d. 1844)

George Canning

1770-04-11 George Canning, British Prime Minister (Tory: 1827) and Foreign Secretary, born in London, England (d. 1827)

  • 1770-05-22 Princess Elizabeth of the United Kingdom, 7th child and 3rd daughter of King George III and Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, born in Buckingham House, London (d. 1840)

Robert Jenkinson

1770-06-07 Robert Jenkinson, 2nd Earl of Liverpool, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (Tory: 1812-27), born in London (d. 1828)

  • 1771-02-24 Johann Baptist Cramer, German/British pianist/composer/publisher
  • 1772-11-28 Luke Howard, British manufacturing chemist and meteorologist (nomenclature system for clouds), born in London (d. 1864)
  • 1773-04-06 James Mill, Scottish philosopher and historian (History of British India), born in Angus, Scotland (d. 1836)
  • 1773-06-13 Thomas Young, British physician and physicist (light interference), born in Milverton, Somerset, England (d. 1829)
  • 1775-12-14 Thomas Cochrane, 10th Earl of Dundonald, British admiral, born in Annsfield, Lanarkshire, Scotland (d. 1860)
  • 1777-06-24 John Ross, British naval officer and explorer, born in Balsarroch, Scotland (d. 1856)
  • 1777-07-09 Henry Hallam, British lawyer and historian (d. 1859)
  • 1777-11-02 Princess Sophia of the United Kingdom, 5th daughter of King George III, born in Buckingham House, London (d. 1848)
  • 1778-03-19 Edward Pakenham, British general (d. 1815)
  • 1778-09-19 Henry Brougham, 1st Baron Brougham and Vaux and Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain, born in Cowgate, Edinburgh (d. 1868)
  • 1778-11-25 Mary Anne Schimmelpenninck, British Christian writer, born in Birmingham (d. 1856)

William Lamb

1779-03-15 William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (Whig 1834, 1835-41), born in London (d. 1848)

Elizabeth Fry

1780-05-21 Elizabeth Fry, English prison reformer, social reformer and Quaker Minister, born in Norwich, England (d. 1845)

  • 1780-12-26 Mary Fairfax Somerville, British mathematician (d. 1872)
  • 1781-03-17 Ebenezer Elliott, British Poet. Know as the "Corn Law Rhymer'" (d. 1849)

Stamford Raffles

1781-07-06 Stamford Raffles, British statesman and founder of Singapore, born in off the coast of Port Morant, Jamaica (d. 1826)

  • 1781-11-30 Alexander Berry, Scottish surgeon and adventurer (established the first European settlement on the south coast of New South Wales, Australia), born in Hilltarvit Mains Farmhouse, Cupar, Fife, Scotland(d. 1873)
  • 1782-11-01 F. J. Robinson, 1st Viscount Goderich, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (1827-28), born in Skelton-on-Ure, Yorkshire, England (d. 1859)
  • 1783-08-07 Princess Amelia, youngest child of King George III of United Kingdom, born in Royal Lodge, Windsor (d. 1810)
  • 1784-10-19 Leigh Hunt, British writer
  • 1784-12-07 Allan Cunningham, Scottish poet and author, born in Keir, Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland (d. 1842)
  • 1785-11-18 David Wilkie, British painter, born in Pitlessie Fife, Scotland (d. 1841)
  • 1786-01-11 Joseph Jackson Lister, British optician who perfected the optical microscope by designing the achromatic objective lens, born in London, England
  • 1786-04-16 John Franklin, English rear admiral and explorer (Arctic), born in Spilsby, Lincolnshire, England (d. 1847)
  • 1786-05-08 Thomas Hancock, British engineer, founded British rubber industry, born in Malborough, Wilshire (d. 1865)
  • 1786-11-18 Henry Bishop, British composer and conductor, born in London (d. 1855)
  • 1787-06-28 Harry Smith, English military commander and leader of British-Indian forces (Battle of Aliwal), born in Whittlesey, Cambridgeshire, England (d. 1860)

Robert Peel

1788-02-05 Robert "Bobbie" Peel, British Prime Minister (Tory/Conservative/Peelite: 1834-35; 1841-46), founder of the British Conservative Party and the modern police force (Bobbies), born in Bury, Lancashire, England (d. 1850)

  • 1790-06-19 John Gibson, British sculptor, born in Conwy, Wales (d. 1866)
  • 1790-08-19 Edward John Dent, British clockmaker to Queen Victoria and commissioned to make Big Ben, London (completed after his death by his son Frederick Dent), born in London, England (d. 1853)
  • 1791-06-21 Robert Napier, Scottish marine engineer, born in Dumbarton, Dunbartonshire, Scotland (d. 1876)

Charles Babbage

1791-12-26 Charles Babbage, British inventor (calculating machine), born in London, England (d. 1871)

  • 1792-08-13 Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen, Queen consort of William IV of the United Kingdom, born in Meiningen, Germany (d. 1849)

John Russell

1792-08-18 John Russell, 1st Earl Russell, British Prime Minister (Whig: 1846-52 and 1865-66), born in Mayfair, Middlesex (d. 1878)

  • 1792-10-20 Colin Campbell, Lord Clyde, British army officer (Opium Wars, Sepoy-uprising), born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 1863)
  • 1794-05-24 William Whewell, English polymath and philosopher (History of Inductive Science), born in Lancaster, Lancashire, England (d. 1866)
  • 1794-11-17 George Grote, British historian (History of Greece), born in Clay Hill, England (d. 1871)
  • 1795-04-05 Henry Havelock, British soldier (War in Afghanistan 1838-39), born in Bishopwearmouth, County Durham (d. 1857)
  • 1795-07-25 James Barry [Margaret Ann Bulkley], female disguised as a man, surgeon general (British army), born in County Cork, Ireland (d. 1865)
  • 1797-08-09 Charles Robert Malden, British naval officer (discoverer of Malden Island, central Pacific), born in Putney, Surrey (d. 1855)
  • 1797-09-16 Anthony Panizzi, Italian librarian at British Museum, born in Brescello, Italy (d. 1879)

Edward Smith-Stanley

1799-03-29 Edward Smith-Stanley, 14th Earl of Derby, British Prime Minister (Conservative: 1852, 1858-59, 1866-68), born in Knowsley, England (d. 1869)

  • 1799-05-21 Mary Anning, British fossil collector, dealer, and palaeontologist (Jurassic marine fossil beds of Lyme Regis), born in Lyme Regis, Dorset (d. 1847)
  • 1800-01-24 Edwin Chadwick, British social reformer (Poor law reform, sanitation movement), born in Manchester, England (d. 1890)
  • 1800-04-15 James Clark Ross, British Royal Navy explorer (British Antarctic), born in London (d. 1862)
  • 1800-04-16 George Bingham, 3rd Earl of Lucan, British army officer (Charge of the Light Brigade), born in London, England (d. 1888)
  • 1800-09-30 Decimus Burton, British architect (Hyde Park, Palm House Kew Gardens), born in London, England (d. 1881)
  • 1802-01-03 Charles Pelham Villiers, British House of Commons member (d. 1898)

James Brooke

1803-04-29 James Brooke, British adventurer and 1st Rajah of Sarawak (1841-68), born in Bandel, near Calcutta, Bengal, British India (d. 1868)

  • 1803-08-15 James Douglas 'The Father of British Columbia' British Columbian fur trader and politician (1st Governor of British Columbia 1858-64), born in Demerara, Guyana (d. 1877)
  • 1804-02-08 Richard Lemon Lander, British explorer, born in Truro, Cornwall (d. 1834)
  • 1804-07-20 Richard Owen, English zoologist (Dinosauria), born in Lancaster, England (d. 1892)
  • 1804-09-14 John Gould, British ornithologist and bird artist, born in Lyme Regis, Dorset (d. 1881)

Benjamin Disraeli

1804-12-21 Benjamin Disraeli, 1st Earl of Beaconsfield, British Prime Minister (Tory: 1868, 1874-80) and writer, born in London (d. 1881)

  • 1805-07-05 Robert FitzRoy, British naval officer and scientist, born in Ampton, Suffolk, England (d. 1865)
  • 1805-12-21 Thomas Graham, British chemist and father of colloid chemistry (d. 1869)
  • 1805-12-22 John Obadiah Westwood, British entomologist, born in Sheffield, United Kingdom (d. 1893)

Alfred Tennyson

1809-08-06 Alfred Tennyson, British Poet Laureate of Great Britain (Charge of the Light Brigade), born in Somersby, Lincolnshire (d. 1892)

William Gladstone

1809-12-29 William Ewart Gladstone, British statesman and Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (Liberal: 1868-74, 1880-86, 1892-94), born in Liverpool, England (d. 1898)

  • 1810-11-26 William Armstrong, 1st Baron Armstrong and British industralist and inventor (hydraulic crane Armstrong Gun), born in Newcastle upon Tyne, England (d. 1900)
  • 1812-04-22 Solomon Caesar Malan, British orientalist, born in Geneva, Switzerland (d. 1894)
  • 1812-12-14 Charles Canning, English 1st viceroy of British-Indies, born in Brompton, London (d. 1862)

Isaac Pitman

1813-01-04 Isaac Pitman, English teacher and inventor of Pitman shorthand (Stenographic Soundhand), born in Trowbridge, England (d. 1897)

  • 1814-05-14 Charles Beyer, German-British locomotive engineer (d. 1876)
  • 1815-05-27 Henry Parkes, Australian politician (longest non-consecutive Premier of the Colony of New South Wales), born in Canley, Warwickshire, England (d. 1896)
  • 1815-08-05 Edward John Eyre, British explorer and Governor of Jamaica, born in Whipsnade, England (d. 1901)
  • 1817-03-05 Austen H Layard, British archaeologist/diplomat
  • 1817-06-30 Joseph Dalton Hooker, British botanist and director of the Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew, born in Halesworth, Suffolk (d. 1911)

Queen Victoria

1819-05-24 Queen Victoria, Queen of the United Kingdom and Ireland (1837-1901), born in London (d. 1901)

  • 1819-05-30 William McMurdo, British army officer (d. 1894)
  • 1819-07-08 Francis Leopold McClintock, British naval officer and explorer (d. 1907)

Florence Nightingale

1820-05-12 Florence Nightingale, British nurse (revolutionized nursing during the Crimean War), born in Florence, Italy (d. 1910)

  • 1820-11-23 Isaac Todhunter, British mathematician (d. 1884)
  • 1821-11-02 Sir George Bowen, British provincial governor and 5th Governor of New Zealand (1868-73), born in Taughboyne, County Donegal, Ireland (d. 1899)
  • 1821-11-23 Charles Meryon, British-French etcher who was color blind, born in Paris (d. 1868)

Alfred Russel Wallace

1823-01-08 Alfred Russel Wallace, British naturalist, explorer and co-discoverer of evolution through natural selection, born in Usk, Monmouthshire, Wales (d. 1913)

  • 1823-05-22 Isabella Glyn Dallas, British Shakespearean actress, born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1889)
  • 1824-06-02 Samuel Wilks, British Physician and founding father of clinical science, born in London, England
  • 1824-06-20 George Edmund Street, English architect, born in Woodford, London (d. 1881)

William Thomson

1824-06-26 William Thomson, 1st Baron Kelvin, Irish-Scottish mathematical physicist (Kelvin Scale) and engineer (transatlantic telegraph), born in Belfast, Ireland (d. 1907)

  • 1825-01-18 Edward Frankland, British structural chemist who co-discovered helium and developed the theory of valence, born in Lancaster, England (d. 1899)
  • 1825-09-04 Dadabhai Naoroji, 1st Indian in British parliament, born in Mumbai, India (d. 1917)
  • 1827-05-04 John Hanning Speke, British explorer, the first European to reach Lake Victoria in east Africa, born in Bideford, Devon (d. 1864)
  • 1827-10-14 William Harcourt, British Home Secretary and Chancellor of the Exchequer, born in York, England (d. 1904)
  • 1829-01-05 Sir Roger Tichborne, missing U.K. heir who was the subject of the longest criminal trial in British history (d. c.1854)

Robert Gascoyne-Cecil

1830-02-03 Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury, British Prime Minister (Conservative: 1885-86, 1886-92 and 1895-1902), born in Hatfield, England (d. 1903)


Famous Weddings


Famous Divorces


Famous Deaths

Deaths 101 - 200 of 1,250

  • 1794-04-18 Charles Pratt, 1st Earl Camden, Lord Chancellor of Great Britain, dies at 80
  • 1794-04-27 William Jones, British orientalist & jurist, dies at 47
  • 1794-06-18 James Murray, British military officer and administrator (b. 1721)
  • 1794-07-17 John Roebuck, English inventor and industrialist (b. 1718)
  • 1794-08-06 Henry Bathurst, 2nd Earl Bathurst, British politician (b. 1714)

Josiah Wedgwood

1795-01-03 Josiah Wedgwood, English pottery designer and manufacturer (Wedgwood), dies at 64

  • 1795-07-09 Henry Seymour Conway, British general and statesman (b. 1721)
  • 1795-12-23 Henry Clinton, British army officer and politician, dies at 65
  • 1796-03-19 Hugh Palliser, British naval officer and administrator (b. 1722)
  • 1796-07-16 George Howard, British field marshal, dies at 78
  • 1796-08-01 Robert Pigot, British army officer (b. 1720)
  • 1797-03-02 Horace Walpole, British horror writer (Castle of Otranto), dies at 79
  • 1797-05-25 John Griffin Whitwell, 4th Baron Howard de Walden, British field marshal, dies at 78
  • 1797-07-09 Edmund Burke, British statesman, philosopher and author (A Philosophical Enquiry into the Origin of Our Ideas of the Sublime and Beautiful, Reflections on the Revolution in France), dies at 68
  • 1798-05-10 George Vancouver, British explorer, (Voyage of Discovery), dies at 40
  • 1799-01-26 Gabriel Christie, British general, dies at 76
  • 1799-08-05 Richard Howe, British admiral, dies at 73
  • 1801-04-02 Thomas Dadford Junior, British canal engineer (b. circa 1761)
  • 1802-02-02 Welbore Ellis, 1st Baron Mendip, British statesman (b. 1713)
  • 1804-11-23 Richard Graves, English writer (The Spiritual Quixote) dies at 89
  • 1804-12-19 Mary Bright, British PM Rockingham, dies
  • 1805-02-25 Thomas Pownall, British colonial statesman (b. 1722)

William Petty

1805-05-07 William Petty, 2nd Earl of Shelburne, Prime Minister of Great Britain (1782-83), dies at 68

Charles Cornwallis

1805-10-05 Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis, British general and colonial administrator (leading British general in the American War of Independence), dies of fever at 66

William Pitt the Younger

1806-01-23 William Pitt the Younger, British Prime Minister (Tory: 1783-1801, 1804-06), dies of a suspected peptic ulceration of his stomach or duodenum at 46

  • 1806-05-24 John Campbell, 5th Duke of Argyll, British field marshal (b. 1723)
  • 1806-07-10 George Stubbs, British animal painter (Horse Frightened by Lion), dies at 81
  • 1806-10-28 Charlotte Turner Smith, British poet and novelist (b. 1749)
  • 1806-11-23 Roger Newdigate, British politician (sat in the House of Commons 1742-80), dies at 87
  • 1807-09-14 George Townshend, 1st Marquess Townshend, British field marshal (b. 1724)
  • 1808-11-10 Guy Carleton, 1st Baron Dorchester, British soldier and administrator (Governor of Quebec 1768-1778), dies at 84
  • 1809-01-16 Sir John Moore, British General, at the Battle of Corunna (b. 1761)

William Cavendish-Bentinck

1809-10-30 William Cavendish-Bentinck, 3rd Duke of Portland, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (1783, 1807-09), dies after an operation to remove a kidney stone at 71

  • 1810-03-07 Cuthbert Collingwood, 1st Baron Collingwood, British admiral, dies at 61
  • 1811-05-28 Henry Dundas, British minister (b. 1742)
  • 1811-11-27 Andrew Meikle, British mechanical engineer (b. 1719)
  • 1812-01-23 Robert Craufurd, British general, dies at 47

AssassinationSpencer Perceval

1812-05-11 Spencer Perceval, British statesman and Prime Minister (1809–1812), assassinated by John Bellingham at 49

  • 1813-01-03 Bennelong, Australian aboriginal interlocutor between his tribe and the British settlers (b. c. 1764)
  • 1813-07-06 Granville Sharp, English abolitionist, dies at 77
  • 1813-08-11 Henry James Pye, English poet, British Poet Laureate (1790-1813), dies at 68

Arthur Phillip

1814-08-31 Arthur Phillip, British admiral, 1st Governor of New South Wales (1788-92), dies at 75

  • 1814-11-18 William Jessop, British civil engineer (b. 1745)
  • 1815-06-18 Thomas Picton, British general (killed in battle) (b. 1758)
  • 1815-09-09 John Singleton Copley, American painter of portraits and historical objects, dies at 77

William Bligh

1817-12-07 William Bligh, British naval officer of "HMS Bounty" fame, dies at 63

  • 1819-12-19 Thomas Fremantle, British naval officer, dies at 54

George III

1820-01-29 George III, King of Great Britain and Ireland and King/Elector of Hanover (1760-1820), dies after years of mental illness at 81

  • 1820-03-11 Benjamin West, Anglo-American painter (Death of General Wolfe), dies at 81

Stamford Raffles

1826-07-05 Stamford Raffles, British statesman and founder of Singapore dies at 44 of apoplexy

Robert Jenkinson

1828-12-04 Robert Jenkinson, 2nd Earl of Liverpool, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (Tory: 1812-27), dies of a stroke at 58

  • 1831-05-31 Samuel Bentham, British mechanical engineer (b. 1757)
  • 1833-01-23 Edward Pellew, 1st Viscount Exmouth, British admiral (b. 1757)

William Grenville

1834-01-12 William Grenville, 1st Baron Grenville, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (Whig: 1806-07), dies at 74

  • 1834-02-06 Richard Lemon Lander, British explorer, dies from his injuries sustained by a musket ball at 29
  • 1835-02-15 Henry Hunt, British politician, dies
  • 1835-05-13 John Nash, British town planner/architect (Regent's Park), dies
  • 1837-06-20 William IV, King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland (1830-37), dies at 71
  • 1837-07-28 John Ross, British composer and organist, dies at 73
  • 1839-08-10 John St Aubyn, British fossil collector, dies at 81
  • 1840-05-26 Sidney Smith, British admiral, dies at 75
  • 1841-11-14 Thomas Bruce, 7th earl of Elgin & Kincardine, British diplomat, dies at 75
  • 1842-08-10 Captain William Hobson, first British Governor of New Zealand and co-author of the Treaty of Waitangi, dies of a stroke at 49
  • 1843-01-09 William Hedley, British industrial engineer (b. 1773)
  • 1843-12-18 Thomas Graham, Lord Lynedoch, British Viceroy of India (b. 1748)
  • 1844-11-14 John Abercrombie, Scottish physician, dies at 64

Charles Grey

1845-07-17 Charles Grey, 2nd Earl Grey, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (Whig: 1830-34), dies at 81

Elizabeth Fry

1845-10-12 Elizabeth Fry, English prison reformer, social reformer and Quaker Minister, dies of a stroke at 65

  • 1847-03-09 Mary Anning, British fossil collector, dealer, and palaeontologist (Jurassic marine fossil beds of Lyme Regis in Dorset), dies of breast cancer at 47

William Lamb

1848-11-24 William Lamb, 2ng Viscount Melbourne, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (Whig 1834, 1835-41), dies at 69

  • 1849-05-25 Benjamin d'Urban, British general and colonial administrator (b. 1777)
  • 1849-12-02 Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen, Queen consort of William IV of the United Kingdom, dies at 57

Robert Peel

1850-07-02 Robert "Bobbie" Peel, British Prime Minister (Tory/Conservative/Peelite: 1834-35; 1841-46), founder of the British Conservative Party and the modern police force (Bobbies), dies after falling from a horse at 62

  • 1851-03-04 James Richardson, British explorer (Sahara Desert), dies of an illness near Lake Chad at 41

Ada Lovelace

1852-11-27 Ada Lovelace, English mathematician considered the first computer programmer, and writer and daughter of poet Lord Byron, dies of uterine cancer at 36

  • 1853-03-08 Edward John Dent, British clockmaker to Queen Victoria and commissioned to make Big Ben, London (completed after his death by his son Frederick Dent), dies at 62
  • 1854-01-08 William Carr Beresford, 1st Viscount Beresford, British general and politician, dies at 85
  • 1854-03-06 Charles William Vane, 3rd Marquess of Londonderry, British soldier and politician (b. 1778)
  • 1855-04-30 Henry Bishop, British composer and conductor, dies at 68
  • 1855-07-09 FitzRoy Somerset, 1st Baron Raglan, British Army officer (commander of the British forces during the Crimean War), dies of dysentery in Crimea at 66
  • 1855-08-16 Henry Colburn, British publisher (Pepys's Diary) (b. 1784)
  • 1856-08-29 Mary Anne Schimmelpenninck, British Christian writer, dies at 77
  • 1857-06-08 Douglas William Jerrold, British playwright and satirist (b. 1803)
  • 1858-11-17 Robert Owen, British father of the cooperative movement (b. 1771)
  • 1858-12-16 Richard Bright, English physician (Bright's disease/nephritis), dies at 69
  • 1859-01-28 F. J. Robinson, 1st Viscount Goderich, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (1827-28), dies at 76

Isambard Kingdom Brunel

1859-09-15 Isambard Kingdom Brunel, British engineer (SS Great Britain, Great Western Railway), dies of a stroke at 53

  • 1860-10-12 Harry Smith, English military commander and leader of British-Indian forces (Battle of Aliwal), dies at 73
  • 1860-10-31 Thomas Cochrane, 10th Earl of Dundonald, British admiral, dies at 84
  • 1860-12-02 Alfred Bunn, British theatrical manager (b. 1796)
  • 1862-02-11 Elizabeth Siddal, British poet and artist (b. 1829)
  • 1862-06-17 Charles Canning, English 1st viceroy of British-Indies, dies at 49
  • 1863-08-14 Colin Campbell, British officer (Cawnpore), dies at 70
  • 1864-09-15 John Hanning Speke, British explorer, the first European to reach Lake Victoria in east Africa, dies at 37