The United Kingdom in History (Part 20)

Historical Events

Events 1901 - 2,000 of 2,270

  • 1972-03-30 Northern Ireland's Government and Parliament dissolved by the British Government and 'direct rule' from Westminster is introduced
  • 1972-04-10 Two British soldiers are killed in a bomb attack in Derry
  • 1972-04-15 A member of the Official Irish Republican Army is shot dead by British soldiers at Joy Street in the Markets area of Belfast close to his home
  • 1972-04-15 A member of the British Army is shot dead by the Official IRA in the Divis area of Belfast.
  • 1972-04-16 Two British soldiers are shot dead by the Official Irish Republican Army (OIRA) in separate incidents in Derry
  • 1972-04-19 Bangladesh becomes a member of the British Commonwealth

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1972-04-19 British Prime Ministe rEdward Heath confirms that a plan to conduct an arrest operation, in the event of a riot during the march on 30 January 1972, was known to British government Ministers in advance

British Prime Minister Edward Heath
British Prime Minister
Edward Heath
  • 1972-04-22 An 11-year-old boy killed by a rubber bullet fired by the British Army in Belfast; he was the first to die from a rubber bullet impact
  • 1972-05-13 Battle at Springmartin: following a loyalist car bombing of a Catholic-owned pub in the Ballymurphy area of Belfast, clashes erupt between PIRA, UVF and British Army
  • 1972-05-26 The British state-owned travel firm Thomas Cook & Son is sold to a consortium of private businesses headed by the Midland Bank.
  • 1972-05-30 The Angry Brigade goes on trial over a series of 25 bombings throughout Britain.
  • 1972-06-01 Iraq nationalizes Iraq Petroleum Company's (IPC) concession owned by British Petroleum, Royal Dutch-Shell, Compagnie Francaise des Petroles, Mobil and Standard Oil of New Jersey
  • 1972-06-02 Two British soldiers die in an IRA land mine attack near Rosslea, County Fermanagh
  • 1972-06-13 The Irish Republican Army invites British Secretary of State for Northern Ireland Willie Whitelaw to 'Free Derry'; Whitelaw rejects offer and reaffirms his policy to not "let part of the United Kingdom ... default from the rule of law"
  • 1972-06-14 Members of the NI Social Democratic and Labour Party hold a meeting with representatives of the Irish Republican Army in Derry; the IRA representatives outline their conditions for talks with the British Government
  • 1972-06-18 3 members of the British Army are killed by an Irish Republican Army (IRA) bomb in a derelict house near Lurgan, County Down
  • 1972-06-20 Secret Meeting Between IRA and British Officials held
  • 1972-06-23 45 countries leave the Sterling Area, allowing their currencies to fluctuate independently of the British Pound
  • 1972-06-24 The Irish Republican Army (IRA) kill 3 British Army soldiers in a land mine attack near Dungiven, County Derry
  • 1972-06-26 The Irish Republican Army (IRA) kill two British Army soldiers in separate attacks during the day
  • 1972-07-03 The Ulster Defence Association and the British Army come into conflict about a 'no-go' area at Ainsworth Avenue, Belfast
  • 1972-07-07 Secret Talks Between IRA and British Government: Gerry Adams is part of a delegation to London for talks with the British Government
  • 1972-07-09 Springhill Massacre: British snipers shoot dead five Catholic civilians and wounded two others in Springhill, Belfast.
  • 1972-07-09 The ceasefire between the Provisional IRA and the British Army comes to an end
  • 1972-07-13 A series of gun-battles and shootings erupt across Belfast between the Provisional Irish Republican Army and British Army soldiers
  • 1972-07-18 The 100th British soldier to die in the Northern Ireland "troubles" is shot by a sniper in Belfast

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1972-07-18 Leader of the British Labour Party Harold Wilson holds meeting with representatives of the Irish Republican Army

British Prime Minister Harold Wilson
British Prime Minister
Harold Wilson
  • 1972-07-21 Bloody Friday: within the space of seventy-five minutes, the Provisional Irish Republican Army explode twenty-two bombs in Belfast; six civilians, two British Army soldiers and one UDA volunteer were killed, 130 injured
  • 1972-07-31 Operation Motorman: the British Army use 12,000 soldiers supported by tanks and bulldozers to re-take the "no-go areas" controlled by the Provisional Irish Republican Army
  • 1972-08-03 British premier Edward Heath proclaims emergency crisis due to dock strike
  • 1972-08-14 2 British soldiers are killed by an IRA booby trap bomb in Belfast
  • 1972-08-14 A Catholic civilian is shot dead during an IRA attack on a British Army patrol in Belfast
  • 1972-08-21 British dock strike ends after dockers accept an amended Jones-Adlington Agreement
  • 1972-08-23 4 civilians and 1 British soldier are injured in separate overnight shooting incidents in North Ireland
  • 1972-09-10 3 British soldiers are killed in a land mine attack near Dungannon, County Tyrone
  • 1972-09-20 The Social Democratic and Labour Party issues a document entitled "Towards a New Ireland", proposing that the British and Irish governments should have joint sovereignty over Northern Ireland
  • 1972-10-16 2 members of the Offical Irish Republican Army are shot dead by the British Army in County Tyrone
  • 1972-10-16 A Protestant youth member (15) of the Ulster Defence Association, and a UDA member (26) are run over by British Army vehicles during riots in east Belfast
  • 1972-10-17 The Ulster Defence Association open fire on the British Army in several areas of Belfast

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1972-10-20 John Betjeman is appointed British Poet Laureate by Queen Elizabeth II

Queen of the United Kingdom Elizabeth II
Queen of the United Kingdom
Elizabeth II
  • 1972-10-23 Access credit cards introduced in Great Britain
  • 1972-10-24 2 Catholic men are found dead at a farm at Aughinahinch, near Newtownbbutler, County Fermanagh - British soldiers carry out the killings
  • 1972-10-30 The Northern Ireland Office issues a discussion document 'The Future of Northern Ireland'; the paper states Britain's commitment to the union as long as the majority of people wish to remain part of the United Kingdom
  • 1972-10-30 Loyalist paramilitaries carry out a raid on Royal Ulster Constabulary station in County Derry, and steal 4 British Army Sterling sub-machine Guns
  • 1972-11-11 6th Rugby League World Cup: Australia and Great Britain tie 10-10; Great Britain awarded the cup
  • 1972-11-16 British Prime Minister Edward Heath warns against a Unilateral Declaration of Independence
  • 1972-11-20 2 British soldiers are killed in a booby trap bomb in Cullyhanna, County Armagh
  • 1972-11-24 Taoiseach Jack Lynch met with British Prime Minister Edward Heath in London to give Irish approval to Attlee's paper that said new arrangements should be 'acceptable to and accepted by the Republic of Ireland'
  • 1973-01-01 Britain, Ireland & Denmark become 7th-9th members of Common Market
  • 1973-01-07 British Darts Organisation founded in North London
  • 1973-02-04 British Army snipers shoot dead a Provisional Irish Republican Army volunteer and three civilians at the junction in Belfast during the 'Troubles' in N Ireland

  • 1973-03-08 The Provisional Irish Republican Army undertakes its first operation in Great Britain, planting four car bombs in London; 10 members of PIRA are arrested at Heathrow Airport while trying to leave the country
  • 1973-05-17 Five British Army soldiers are killed by a Provisional Irish Republican Army booby-trap bomb in Omagh, County Tyrone
  • 1974-02-04 Provisional Irish Republican Army bomb explodes on a bus in West Yorkshire, England, carrying British Army soldiers and some of their family members
  • 1974-02-05 British miners begin their strike in reaction to the three-day week
  • 1974-02-07 Grenada gains independence from Britain (National Day)
  • 1974-02-28 British parliamentary elections result in a hung parliament
  • 1974-03-04 Harold Wilson replaces resigning Edward Heath as British premier
  • 1974-04-20 'The Troubles', the Northern Ireland conflict between republican and loyalist paramilitaries, British security forces, and civil rights groups, claims its 1000th victim
  • 1974-05-08 50 MPH speed limit in Britain lifted
  • 1974-05-23 Great Britain performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1974-10-10 Labour Party led by Harold Wilson wins UK general election
  • 1974-11-08 Britiish peer the Earl of Lucan disappears and is never seen again after his nanny is found murdered in London
  • 1974-11-25 Irish Republican Army is outlawed in Britain following deaths of 21
  • 1974-12-22 2nd cease-fire between IRA & British; lasts until approx April 1975
  • 1975-01-05 14 die when British freighter "Lake Illawarra" rams pylon bridge between Derwent & Hobart, Tasmania & ship sinks
  • 1975-02-10 The Provisional Irish Republican Army agrees to a truce and ceasefire with the British government and the Northern Ireland Office; Seven "incident centres" are established in nationalist areas to monitor the ceasefire
  • 1975-06-05 United Kingdom electorate votes 67% to 33% in a referendum to remain part of the European Common Market
  • 1975-06-06 British voters decide to remain in Common Market
  • 1975-07-17 Four British soldiers are killed by a Provisional Irish Republican Army remote-controlled bomb near Forkill, County Armagh; the attack was the first major breach of a February truce
  • 1975-07-27 The British government closes its consulate in Angola following increasing fighting between the Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola and South African troops
  • 1975-10-01 Britain grants internal self-government to Seychelles
  • 1975-11-05 British government sends troops to Belize
  • 1975-11-22 Drummuckavall Ambush: 3 British Army soldiers are killed and one captured when the Provisional Irish Republican Army attack a watchtower in South Armagh, North Ireland
  • 1976-01-21 Supersonic Concorde has its 1st commercial flights
  • 1976-03-05 British pound falls below $2 for 1st time
  • 1976-03-16 British Prime Minister Harold Wilson announces his resignation
  • 1976-04-03 21st Eurovision Song Contest: Brotherhood of Man for United Kingdom wins singing "Save Your Kisses for Me" in The Hague
  • 1976-05-15 The Ulster Volunteer Force launch gun and bomb attacks on 2 pubs in County Armagh, killing 4 Catholic civilians and wounding many more; a British Army soldier is later convicted for taking part in the attacks
  • 1976-06-01 Great Britain & Iceland end the "cod war"
  • 1976-06-11 Australian band AC/DC begin their 1st headline tour of Britain
  • 1976-06-28 Three British mercenaries are sentenced to death for their part in the Angolan civil war
  • 1976-06-29 The Seychelles become independent from the United Kingdom.
  • 1976-07-10 One American and three British mercenaries are executed in Angola following the Luanda Trial.
  • 1976-07-21 Christopher Ewart-Biggs, British Ambassador to the Republic of Ireland, and his secretary Judith Cook are assassinated by a bomb planted by the Provisional IRA in his car in Dublin
  • 1976-08-10 Provisional Irish Republican Army volunteer shot dead by the British Army as he drove in Belfast; his car out of control and kills 3 children, sparking "peace rallies" throughout the month by the 'Peace People'
  • 1976-08-21 Battle, East Sussex: Mary Langdon becomes 1st British firewoman
  • 1976-11-01 Britain gives Gilbert Island (Kiribati) self rule
  • 1977-01-03 Former Home Secretary Roy Jenkins announces his intention to be Britain's first President of the European Commission
  • 1977-04-29 British Aerospace forms
  • 1977-06-01 British Virgin Islands adopts constitution
  • 1977-06-25 8th Rugby League World Cup: Australia beats Great Britain 13-12
  • 1977-09-24 Ken Hinton of CFL British Columbia Lions returns a punt 130 yards
  • 1977-11-26 'Vrillon', claiming to be the representative of the 'Ashtar Galactic Command', takes over Britain's Southern Television for six minutes at 5:12 PM.
  • 1978-03-27 Rutles "All You Need is Cash" is shown on British TV
  • 1978-04-15 Great Britain performs nuclear test
  • 1978-06-21 The British Army shoots dead 3 Provisional Irish Republican Army volunteers and a passing Ulster Volunteer Force member at a postal depot on Ballysillan Road, Belfast; it is claimed that the PIRA volunteers were about to launch a bomb attack
  • 1978-09-01 Jacqueline Smith of Great Britain scores 10 straight dead center strikes on a 4" disk in World Parachute Championships in Yugoslavia
  • 1978-10-10 British pop music magazine "Smash Hits" first published

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1978-11-05 Khomeini followers attack British embassy/El Al office in Iran

Supreme Leader of Iran Ayatollah Khomeini
Supreme Leader of Iran
Ayatollah Khomeini

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1901 - 2,000 of 2,523

  • 1958-04-10 Bob Bell, British engineer
  • 1958-04-15 Dolores Gordon-Smith, British Writer
  • 1958-04-15 Benjamin Zephaniah, British writer
  • 1958-04-16 Philip Bainbridge, British cricketeer
  • 1958-04-24 Brian Paddick, British former deputy assistant commissioner and most senior openly gay police officer
  • 1958-07-03 Matthew Fraser, Canadian-British journalist
  • 1958-07-05 Paul Daniel, British opera and symphony conductor
  • 1958-08-29 Lenny Henry, British comedian (3 of a Kind)
  • 1958-09-06 Buster Bloodvessel [Douglas Trendle], English singer (Bad Manners), born in London
  • 1958-09-23 Danielle Dax, British musician
  • 1958-10-12 Bryn Merrick, British musician, (The Damned)
  • 1958-11-28 Kriss Akabusi, Great Britain, 4X400 runner (Olympic silver 1984)
  • 1958-12-06 Nick Park, British filmmaker and animator
  • 1958-12-19 Limahl, British rocker (Kajagoogoo-Too Shy)
  • 1958-12-26 Adrian Newey, British engineer
  • 1958-12-28 Terry Butcher, British soccer player
  • 1959-01-23 Earl Falconer, British reggae bassist (UB40-Red Red Wine)
  • 1959-02-07 Sammy Lee, British soccer player
  • 1959-02-15 Ali Campbell, British reggae vocalist/guitarist (UB40-Red Red Wine)
  • 1959-03-17 Mike Lindup, British rock keyboardist/singer (Level 42-Hot Water)
  • 1959-03-20 Steve McFadden, British actor
  • 1959-05-06 Charles Hendry, Cuckfield Sussex, British Conservative Party politician
  • 1959-05-22 [Steven] Morrissey, British rock vocalist (The Smiths), born in Davyhulme, Lancashire
  • 1959-05-25 Julian Clary, British television personality
  • 1959-05-28 John Morgan, British etiquette expert (d. 2000)
  • 1959-05-29 Rupert Everett, British actor (Princess Daisy, Another Country)
  • 1959-05-30 Claudia Alexander, Canadian-born American NASA Scientist (led Galileo mission to Jupiter), born in Vancouver, British Columbia (d. 2015)
  • 1959-06-01 Martin Brundle, British race car driver and F1 television commentator
  • 1959-07-09 Clive Stafford Smith, British human-rights lawyer
  • 1959-07-18 Pauline Quirke, British actress
  • 1959-08-04 Laurence Anholt, British children's author, born in London, England
  • 1959-10-26 Brian Bovell, British actor, born in London
  • 1959-11-09 Tony Slattery, British actor
  • 1959-11-25 Charles Kennedy, British politician (Liberal Democrat leader 1999-2006), born in Inverness, Scotland
  • 1959-11-30 Lorraine Kelly, British presenter and journalist
  • 1959-12-23 Geoff Willis, British engineer
  • 1959-12-24 Keith Deller, British darts player
  • 1960-01-05 Steve Jones, British aviator (Red Bull Air Race World Series)
  • 1960-01-31 Grant Morrison, British comic book author
  • 1960-02-04 Tim Booth, British singer (Heat, The World's End), born in Leeds, England
  • 1960-02-04 Siobhan Dowd, British/Irish author (d. 2007)
  • 1960-02-08 Alex Scott, British horse trainer
  • 1960-02-10 Robert Addie, British actor (d. 2003)
  • 1960-02-18 Carol McGiffin, British TV and radio presenter
  • 1960-02-19 Prince Andrew, Albert Christian Edward, of Britain/Duke of York
  • 1960-02-26 Jaz Coleman, British musician (Killing Joke), born in Cheltenham
  • 1960-02-29 Ian McKenzie Anderson, British musician
  • 1960-03-28 Chris Barrie, British actor ( Red Dwarf,) born in Hanover, West Germany
  • 1960-04-01 Michael Praed, British actor
  • 1960-04-11 Jeremy Clarkson, British journalist
  • 1960-05-31 Peter Winterbottom, British rugby player
  • 1960-06-04 Bradley Walsh, British actor
  • 1960-06-18 Ralph Brown, British actor
  • 1960-06-19 Luke Morley, British guitarist
  • 1960-07-13 Ian Hislop, British writer, satirist and editor of Private Eye, born in Swansea, Wales
  • 1960-08-05 Calvin Hayes, British musician (Johnny Hates Jazz)
  • 1960-09-27 Nick della Casa, British Brazilian Argentine cameraman (Emmy Award)
  • 1960-10-06 Richard Jobson, British TV person/rocker (Skids-Scared to Dance)
  • 1960-10-24 Ian Baker-Finch, Nambour Queensland, PGA golfer (1991 British Open)
  • 1960-11-03 James Prime, British rock keyboardist (Deacon Blue), born in Kilmarnock, East Ayrshire, Scotland
  • 1960-11-17 Jonathan Ross, British talk show host (Tall Guy)
  • 1960-11-28 John Galliano, Gibraltar, British fashion designer
  • 1960-12-02 Nicholas Dingley alias Razzle, British Drummer (Hanoi Rocks)
  • 1960-12-20 Carolyn Seaward, Devonshire England, Miss United Kingdom (1979)
  • 1960-12-24 Carol Vorderman, British television presenter
  • 1960-12-25 Ron Bottitta, British actor
  • 1961-01-01 Fiona Phillips, British television presenter
  • 1961-01-01 Mark Wingett, British actor
  • 1961-01-11 Jasper Fforde, British author
  • 1961-02-28 Barry McGuigan, British(?) boxer

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1961-04-14 Robert Carlyle, British actor (Trainspotting, The Full Monty), born in Glasgow, Scotland

  • 1961-04-19 Richard Phelps, British pentathelete
  • 1961-05-07 Phil Campbell, British musician (Motörhead)
  • 1961-05-15 Katrin Cartlidge, British actress (d. 2002)
  • 1961-06-14 Boy George [O'Dowd], British singer-songwriter (Culture Club), born in Bexley, Kent, England
  • 1961-06-22 Stephen Batchelor, British Olympic hockey player, born in Beare Green, Surrey
  • 1961-06-27 Meera Syal, British-Indian comedienne and actress
  • 1961-07-01 Malcolm Elliott, British cyclist
  • 1961-09-11 Philip Ardagh, British writer
  • 1961-09-16 Bilinda Butcher, British singer (My Bloody Valentine)
  • 1961-09-22 Dr. Liam Fox, British Conservative politician
  • 1961-10-09 Julian Bailey, British racing driver
  • 1961-11-09 Jill Dando, British television presenter (d. 1999)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1961-11-16 Frank Bruno, English boxer (European champion), born in Hammersmith, England

  • 1961-11-20 Tim Harvey, British racing driver
  • 1961-11-22 Stephen Hough, British concert pianist
  • 1961-11-28 Martin Clunes, British actor
  • 1961-12-16 Kelly Tough, playmate (Oct, 1981), born in Vancouver, British Columbia
  • 1961-12-23 Carol Smillie, British television personality
  • 1962-02-07 Eddie Izzard, British actor and comedian
  • 1962-02-21 Vanessa Feltz, British television presenter
  • 1962-03-04 Simon Bisley, British comic book artist
  • 1962-06-03 Susannah Constantine, British fashion guru
  • 1962-09-24 Jack Dee, British comedian
  • 1962-09-28 S C Grant, British Lt-General
  • 1962-10-05 Caron Keating, British television personality (d. 2004)
  • 1962-10-25 Nick Hancock, British television presenter
  • 1962-11-09 Teryl Rothery, Canadian actress (Stargate SG-1), born in Vancouver, British Columbia
  • 1962-12-25 Darren Wharton, British Keyboardist (Thin Lizzy and Dare)
  • 1962-12-31 Heather McCartney, British artist and daughter of Paul McCartney

Famous Weddings


Famous Divorces


Famous Deaths