The United Kingdom in History (Part 3)

Historical Events

Events 201 - 300 of 2,264

  • 1777-08-04 Retired British cavalry officer Philip Astley establishes his riding school with performances in London, precursor of the circus
  • 1777-08-16 American militiamen defeat British forces at the Battle of Bennington near Vermont, during the American Revolutionary War

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1777-09-11 Battle of Brandywine, Pennysylvania; Americans lose to the British, Polish soldier Casimir Pulaski saves life of George Washington

Military Leader Casimir Pulaski
Military Leader
Casimir Pulaski
First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington

BattleBattle of Interest

1777-09-20 Battle of Paoli; British forces under Major General Charles Grey attacks Brigadier General Anthony Wayne's encampment. Claims the British gave no quarter leads to engagement becoming known as the "Paoli Massacre"

Military Leader Anthony Wayne
Military Leader
Anthony Wayne

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1777-09-26 British General William Howe occupies Philadelphia during American Revolution

Military Leader William Howe
Military Leader
William Howe
  • 1777-09-30 Continental Congress, flees to York, Pa, as British forces advance

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1777-10-04 Battle of Germantown: Gen George Washington's troops attack and are defeated by the British at Germantown, Pennsylvania

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington
  • 1777-10-07 Americans beat British in Second Battle of Saratoga & Battle of Bemis Heights
  • 1777-10-17 British General John Burgoyne surrenders at Saratoga during the American Revolutionary War
  • 1777-12-02 British General Howe plots attack on Washington's army for Dec 4
  • 1777-12-17 France recognizes independence of British colonies in America
  • 1778-02-06 Britain declares war on France
  • 1778-06-18 British Redcoats evacuate Philadelphia
  • 1778-06-27 Liberty Bell returns home to Philadelphia after the British departure
  • 1778-07-03 British forces massacre 360 men, women and children in Wyoming, Pennsylvania

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1778-07-10 American Revolution: Louis XVI of France declares war on the Kingdom of Great Britain

King of France Louis XVI
King of France
Louis XVI
  • 1778-08-31 British kill 17 Stockbridge indians in Bronx during Revolution
  • 1778-12-29 British troops occupy Savannah, Georgia
  • 1779-02-24 George Rogers Clark captures Vincennes (Ind) from British
  • 1779-06-16 Spain declares war on Great Britain in support of the US, and the siege of Gibraltar begins

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1779-09-27 John Adams negotiates Revolutionary War peace terms with Great Britain

2nd US President John Adams
2nd US President
John Adams
  • 1779-12-31 British fleet beat Dutch Merchant vessels
  • 1780-03-26 1st British Sunday newspaper appears (British Gazette & Sunday Monitor)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1780-05-12 American General Benjamin Lincoln surrenders Charleston to the British (Revolutionary War)

Military Leader Benjamin Lincoln
Military Leader
Benjamin Lincoln
  • 1780-08-16 British decisively defeat Americans in Battle of Camden, South Carolina

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1780-09-21 Benedict Arnold gives British Major John André plans to West Point

US Defector General Benedict Arnold
US Defector General
Benedict Arnold
  • 1780-09-23 British Major John Andre reveals Benedict Arnold's plot to betray West Point
  • 1780-09-25 Benedict Arnold joins the British
  • 1780-10-07 British defeated by American militia near Kings Mountain, SC
  • 1780-12-20 Britain declares war on Holland
  • 1781-01-05 British naval expedition led by Benedict Arnold burns Richmond, Virginia
  • 1781-02-03 Dutch West Indies island of St Eustatia taken by British
  • 1781-03-15 British and American forces clash during the Battle of Guilford Court House, North Carolina. British suffer heavy losses, surrendering to George Washington in October
  • 1781-04-29 French fleet stops the Britain from seizing the Cape of Good Hope

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1781-06-03 Jack Jouett rides to warn Thomas Jefferson of British attack

3rd US President Thomas Jefferson
3rd US President
Thomas Jefferson
  • 1781-08-01 British army under general Cornwallis occupies Yorktown, Virginia
  • 1781-09-05 French fleet of 24 ships under Comte de Grasse defeat British under Admiral Graves at Battle of the Chesapeake [Battle of the Virginia Capes] in American Revolutionary War
  • 1781-09-05 Battle of Virginia Capes, French defeat British, trap Cornwallis
  • 1781-09-06 The Battle of Groton Heights takes place, resulting a British victory.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1781-10-19 British forces under General Charles Cornwallis sign terms of surrender to George Washington and Comte de Rochambeau at Yorktown at 2 pm; US Revolutionary War ends

Military Leader Comte de Rochambeau
Military Leader
Comte de Rochambeau
  • 1781-11-13 British troops occupy Negapatam, Ceylon (Sri Lanka)
  • 1782-02-04 British garrison surrenders to French & Spanish fleet
  • 1782-02-05 Spanish take Minorca (western Mediterranean) from British

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1782-03-27 Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham, becomes Prime Minister of Great Britain

British Prime Minister Charles Watson-Wentworth
British Prime Minister
Charles Watson-Wentworth

Victory in battleBattle of the Saintes

1782-04-12 Battle at Les Saintes: British fleet under Admiral George Rodney defeats the French fleet under Comte de Grasse off Dominica in the West Indies. Prevents a planned French and Spanish invasion of Jamaica.
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  • 1782-07-06 British-French sea battle at Negapatam (off India)
  • 1782-11-30 Britain signs agreement recognizing US independence
  • 1782-12-14 Charleston, South Carolina evacuated by British
  • 1783-04-09 Tippu Sahib drives out British from Bednore, India
  • 1783-09-03 Treaty of Paris signed in Paris ends the American Revolutionary War between Great Britain and United States of America
  • 1783-11-25 Britain evacuates New York city, its last military position in United States

  • 1783-12-18 British King George III dismisses Duke of Portland's government

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1783-12-19 William Pitt the Younger becomes the youngest ever British Prime Minister at age 24

British Prime Minister William Pitt the Younger
British Prime Minister
William Pitt the Younger
  • 1784-03-01 E Kidner opens 1st cooking school, in Great Britain
  • 1784-05-11 Britain & Tippu Sahib of Mysore sign peace treaty
  • 1784-05-20 Britain & Netherlands sign peace treaty (Peace of Paris)
  • 1784-08-13 British parliament accepts East India Company Act 1784, bringing the East India Company's rule in India under the control of the British Government.
  • 1785-04-20 Thomas Warton appointed British Poet Laureate by King George III
  • 1785-05-09 British inventor Joseph Bramah patents beer-pump handle
  • 1786-08-11 Captain Francis Light establishes the British colony of Penang in Malaysia
  • 1786-09-26 Britain & France sign trade agreement
  • 1787-05-10 British Parliament impeaches Warren Hastings, Governor-General of Bengal

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1788-01-26 Captain Arthur Phillip and British colonists hoist the Union Flag at Sydney Cove, New South Wales, now celebrated as Australia Day

1st Governor of New South Wales Arthur Phillip
1st Governor of New South Wales
Arthur Phillip
  • 1788-04-15 Britain, Netherlands & Prussia sign peace treaty
  • 1788-05-09 British parliament accepts abolition of slave trade
  • 1788-06-11 1st British ship built on Pacific coast begun at Nootka Sound, BC
  • 1788-08-22 Sierra Leone settled by British as a haven for former slaves
  • 1789-06-09 Spanish capture British schooner Northwest America near Vancouver Island
  • 1790-07-28 Henry James Pye appointed British Poet Laureate by King George III
  • 1791-12-04 Britain's Observer, oldest Sunday newspaper in the world, first published
  • 1792-05-08 British Captain George Vancouver sights and names Mt Rainier, Washington
  • 1792-06-04 Captain George Vancouver claims Puget Sound for Britain
  • 1792-08-29 British man o'war HMS Royal George capsizes at Spithead; more than 800 killed
  • 1792-10-29 Mount Hood (Oregon) is named after the British naval officer Alexander Arthur Hood by Lt. William E. Broughton who spotted the mountain near the mouth of the Willamette River.
  • 1793-02-01 France declares war on Great Britain and Netherlands
  • 1793-09-20 British troops under Major-general Williamson lands on (French) Haiti
  • 1794-04-21 NYC formally declares coast of Ellis Island publicly owned, so they can build forts to protect NYC from British
  • 1794-06-01 Glorious First of June; first naval battle between Britain (under Admiral Lord Howe) and France (Vice-Admiral Louis Thomas Villaret de Joyeuse) during French Revolutionary Wars. Britain gains tactical win.

Victory in battleBattle of Fleurus

1794-06-26 Battle of Fleurus: major victory by forces of the First French Republic under General Jean-Baptiste Jourdan over the Coalition Army (Great Britain, Hanover, Dutch Republic, and Habsburgs) first use of reconnaissance balloon
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  • 1794-11-19 Jay Treaty, first US extradition treaty, signed with Great Britain
  • 1795-02-07 Dutch Prince William V accepts British occupation of Dutch Indies
  • 1795-06-24 US and Great Britain sign Jay Treaty, 1st US extradition treaty
  • 1795-09-15 Cape Colony surrenders to Britain
  • 1795-09-16 British capture Capetown, South Africa, from the Dutch
  • 1796-06-01 Last of Britain's troops withdraws from USA
  • 1796-08-17 British beat Batavian navy in Saldanha Bay, South Africa
  • 1796-08-19 Spain & France sign anti-British alliance

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1797-02-14 The Battle of Cape St Vincent: British fleet under Admiral Sir John Jervis defeats larger Spanish fleet under Admiral Don José de Córdoba y Ramos near Cape St. Vincent, Portugal. Captain Horatio Nelson distinguishes himself.

British Admiral Horatio Nelson
British Admiral
Horatio Nelson
  • 1797-02-18 Trinidad is surrendered to a British fleet under the command of Sir Ralph Abercromby
  • 1797-02-21 Trinidad, West Indies, surrenders to British
  • 1797-02-22 The Last Invasion of Britain by the French, begins near Fishguard, Wales
  • 1797-02-25 Colonel William Tate and his force of 1,000-1,500 soldiers surrender after the Last Invasion of Britain (according to legend, to Welsh women in tall black hats, mistaken for elite guards regiment)
  • 1798-05-24 Irish Rebellion of 1798 led by the United Irishmen against British rule begins
  • 1798-05-26 British kill about 500 Irish insurgents at the Battle of Tara
  • 1798-08-01 Battle of the Nile: British Royal Navy under Admiral Horatio Nelson attacks and decimates the French fleet at Aboukir Bay off the Nile Delta, Egypt
  • 1798-08-02 Battle of the Nile: British Royal Navy under Admiral Horatio Nelson further decimates the French fleet
  • 1798-08-03 Battle of the Nile: British Admiral Horatio Nelson forces the remnants of the French fleet to surrender, concluding a decisive victory for the British who capture or destroy 11 French ships of the line and 2 frigates
  • 1798-08-27 Battle of Castlebar, Ireland: French army and Irish rebels rout a larger the British force
  • 1798-09-01 Britain signs treaty with Nizam of Hyderabad, India
  • 1798-09-03 Battle of St. George's Caye: Week long battle begins between the Spanish Empire and Great Britain off the coast of Belize

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 201 - 300 of 2,507

Person of interestRobert Gascoyne-Cecil

1830-02-03 Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury, British Prime Minister (Conservative: 1885-86, 1886-92 and 1895-1902), born in Hatfield, England (d. 1903)

British Prime Minister Robert Gascoyne-Cecil
British Prime Minister
Robert Gascoyne-Cecil
  • 1831-03-29 Amelia E. Barr, British-born American writer, born in Ulverston, Lancashire (d. 1919)
  • 1832-01-04 George Tryon, British admiral (d. 1893)
  • 1832-04-13 James Wimshurst, British designer/inventor (electricstatic generator)
  • 1833-01-21 Norman Willis, union leader (Britain's Trades Union Congress)
  • 1833-02-05 John Watkinson, founder of British Chess Magazine (oldest chess mag)
  • 1833-06-04 Garnet Wolseley, 1st Viscount Wolseley, British army general, born in Dublin (d. 1913)
  • 1834-03-06 George du Maurier, Franco-British illustrator and writer (Trilby), born in Paris, France (d. 1896)
  • 1834-04-30 Lord Avebury [John Lubbock], British banker and politician, born in London (d. 1913)
  • 1834-07-10 James A McNeill Whistler, US/British painter (Whistler's Mother)
  • 1835-12-28 Archibald Geikie, British geologist
  • 1836-01-08 Lawrence Alma Tadema, Dutch/British painter/husband of Laura Epps
  • 1836-03-20 Sir Edward Poynter, British painter (d. 1919)
  • 1836-05-24 Joseph Rowntree, British social reformer, born in York, England (d. 1925)
  • 1836-06-09 Elizabeth Garrett Anderson, 1st qualified woman physician in Britain, first woman mayor (Aldeburgh), born in London (d. 1917)
  • 1836-07-08 Joseph Chamberlain, British minister of Commerce/Colonies

Person of interestHenry Campbell-Bannerman

1836-09-07 Henry Campbell-Bannerman, British Prime Minister (Liberal: 1905-08), born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 1908)

British Prime Minister Henry Campbell-Bannerman
British Prime Minister
Henry Campbell-Bannerman
  • 1836-11-30 Lord Frederick Cavendish, British politician (d. 1882)
  • 1838-03-18 Randal Cremer, Britain, trade unionist, pacifist (Nobel 1903)
  • 1838-05-11 Walter Goodman, British painter, illustrator and author (d. 1912)
  • 1838-07-20 George Otto Trevelyan, British statesman and biographer (d. 1928)
  • 1838-12-03 Octavia Hill, British reformer, leader of open-space movement, born in London, England (d. 1912)
  • 1840-01-21 Sophia Louisa Jex-Blake, Hastings, English Physician and feminist who was one of the first female medical students at a British university
  • 1840-10-09 Simeon Solomon, English Pre-Raphaelite painter, born in London (d. 1905)
  • 1843-01-08 Frederick Abberline, British police investigator (d. 1929)
  • 1843-04-15 Henry James, American/British author (Turn of the Screw, Bostonians), (d. 1916)
  • 1843-04-25 Princess Alice of the United Kingdom, Grand Duchess of Hesse, born in Buckingham Palace, London (d. 1878)
  • 1843-06-30 Ernest Mason Satow, British diplomat (d. 1929)
  • 1844-10-23 Robert Bridges, English poet (Testament of beauty) and British Poet Laureate (1913-30), born in Walmer, Kent (d. 1930)
  • 1844-12-01 Alexandra, Danish princess/Queen of Great Britain/Ireland
  • 1845-02-14 Cecil De Vere, 1st official British chess champion (1866), born in London (d. 1875)
  • 1846-01-30 Francis H. Bradley, British idealist philosopher (Appearance and Reality), born in Clapham, Surrey, England (d. 1924)
  • 1846-02-10 Charles Beresford, British admiral and politician (d. 1919)
  • 1846-05-25 Princess Helena of the United Kingdom, daughter of Queen Victoria (d. 1923)

Person of interestArchibald Primrose

1847-05-07 Archibald Primrose, 5th Earl of Rosebery, British Prime Minister (Liberal: 1894-95), born in London (d. 1929)

British Prime Minister Archibald Primrose
British Prime Minister
Archibald Primrose

Person of interestArthur Balfour

1848-07-25 Arthur Balfour, British Prime Minister (Conservative: 1902-05) and Foreign Secretary (Balfour Declaration), born in Whittingehame House, East Lothian, Scotland (d. 1930)

British Prime Minister Arthur Balfour
British Prime Minister
Arthur Balfour
  • 1849-04-06 John William Waterhouse, British painter (d. 1917)
  • 1849-07-27 John Hopkinson, Manchester, U.K., British physicist and electrical engineer (Hopkinson's Law)
  • 1849-08-23 William Ernest Henley, British poet, critic, and editor, born in Gloucester, England (d. 1903)
  • 1849-11-24 Frances Hodgson Burnett, British-American playwright and children's author ("The Secret Garden"), born in Manchester (d. 1924)
  • 1850-03-10 Spencer Gore, British tennis player and cricketer (d. 1906)
  • 1850-03-24 Silas Hocking, British novelist and preacher (d. 1935)
  • 1850-04-13 Arthur Matthew Weld Downing, British astronomer (d. 1917)

Person of interestHoratio Kitchener

1850-06-24 Horatio Kitchener, British General who commanded British forces during the Battle of Omdurman (Sudan) and the Second Boer War who became British Secretary of State for War during WWI (1914-16), born in Ballylongford, County Kerry, Ireland (d. 1916)

General and Secretary of War Horatio Kitchener
General and Secretary of War
Horatio Kitchener
  • 1850-12-30 John Milne, British geologist (developed the first modern seismograph), born in Liverpool, England (d. 1913)
  • 1851-09-04 John Dillon, Irish nationalist, British Lower house member

Person of interestH. H. Asquith

1852-09-12 H. H. Asquith, British Prime Minister (Liberal: 1908-16), born in Morley, England (d. 1928)

British Prime Minister H. H. Asquith
British Prime Minister
H. H. Asquith
  • 1852-09-28 John [Denton Pinkstone] French, Earl of Ypres/British field marshall
  • 1853-01-16 Gen Sir Ian Hamilton, British military commander (d. 1947)
  • 1854-01-01 James Frazer, Britain, anthropologist/author (The Golden Bough)
  • 1854-03-04 Sir Napier Shaw, British meteorologist (d. 1945)
  • 1854-03-14 John Lane, British publisher (The Bodley Head), born in Devon (d. 1925)
  • 1854-03-23 Alfred Milner, Giessen Germany, British governor (Cape colony)
  • 1854-06-13 Charles Algernon Parsons, British inventor (steam turbine)
  • 1854-08-02 Francis Marion Crawford, British author
  • 1854-12-23 Henry B. Guppy, British botanist (d. 1926)
  • 1855-05-24 Arthur Wing Pinero, English actor and playwright, born in London (d. 1934)
  • 1855-09-07 William Friese-Greene, British photographer (d. 1921)
  • 1855-09-09 Houston S Chamberlain, British/German race theorist
  • 1855-10-14 George Edwardes, British composer (Gaiety Girl)
  • 1855-12-23 Alan Gray, British composer (Trinity College), born in York (d. 1935)
  • 1856-07-21 Harry A P Eyres, British diplomat (Constantinople, Albania)
  • 1856-07-23 Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Indian early nationalist leader, born in Ratnagiri, British India (d. 1920)
  • 1856-07-30 Richard B Haldane, British viscount/lord-chancellor (Life of A Smith)
  • 1856-08-15 J. Keir Hardie, Scottish politician and 1st Labour representative in British Parliament, born in Lanarkshire, Scotland (d. 1915)
  • 1856-08-17 Violet Paget, [Vernon Lee], British author (Satan the master)
  • 1857-03-16 Charles Harding Firth, British historian (d. 1936)
  • 1857-11-27 Charles Scott Sherrington, British physiologist, Nobel laureate (Neurophysiology), born in London, England (d. 1952)
  • 1858-01-22 Frederick Lugard, British captain/baron (Congo)
  • 1858-06-19 George Alexander [Samson], British actor, theatre producer and manager, born in Reading, Berkshire (d. 1918)
  • 1858-07-31 Richard Dixon Oldham, British geologist, born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1936)
  • 1858-08-02 William Watson, British poet (Prince's Quest, Father of Forest)

Person of interestBonar Law

1858-09-16 Andrew Bonar Law, British Prime Minister (Conservative: 1922-23), born in Kingston, Colony of New Brunswick (now Canada)

British Prime Minister Bonar Law
British Prime Minister
Bonar Law

Person of interestArthur Conan Doyle

1859-05-22 Arthur Conan Doyle, British author who brought Sherlock Holmes to life twice, born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1930)

  • 1859-06-08 Smith Wigglesworth, British religious figure, born in Menston, Yorkshire, England (d. 1947)

Person of interestJohn Rushworth Jellicoe

1859-12-05 John Jellicoe, 1st Earl Jellicoe, British Admiral of the Fleet, born in Southampton (d. 1935)

British Admiral of the Fleet John Rushworth Jellicoe
British Admiral of the Fleet
John Rushworth Jellicoe
  • 1860-08-07 Alan Leo, British astrologer (d. 1917)
  • 1860-10-04 Sidney Paget, British illustrator (Sherlock Holmes)
  • 1861-01-03 William Renshaw, British champion tennis player (d. 1904)

Person of interestDouglas Haig

1861-06-19 Douglas Haig, British fieldmarshal (Sudan, WWI), nicknamed "Butcher Haig" due to mass casualties under his command during the Battle of the Somme, born in Charlotte Square, Edinburgh (d. 1928)

General and WWI Military Leader Douglas Haig
General and WWI Military Leader
Douglas Haig
  • 1862-01-03 Sir Matthew Nathan, British Governor of Queensland and other places (d. 1939)
  • 1862-02-17 Edward German (Jones), Whitchurch Shropshire, British composer
  • 1862-09-11 Julian Byng, British army officer (d. 1935)

Person of interestDavid Lloyd George

1863-01-17 David Lloyd George, British Prime Minister (Liberal: 1916-22), born in Chorlton-on-Medlock, Lancashire, England (d. 1945)

British Prime Minister David Lloyd George
British Prime Minister
David Lloyd George
  • 1863-03-04 Reginald Innes Pocock, British zoologist (d. 1947)
  • 1863-05-31 Francis E Younghusband, British journalist/explorer
  • 1863-09-13 Arthur Henderson, Britain, socialist/disarmament worker (Nobel 1934)
  • 1863-10-16 Austen Chamberlain, British Foreign Secretary (Nobel 1925)
  • 1864-03-12 W. H. R. Rivers, British psychiatrist (d. 1922)
  • 1864-06-04 Nassau William Senior, British economist
  • 1864-07-18 Phillip Snowden, British politician, 1st Labour Chancellor of the Exchequer, born Cowling, Yorkshire (d. 1937)
  • 1864-08-16 Ferdinand C. S. Schiller, German-British philosopher (Riddles of the Sphinx), born in Altona, Holstein, German Confederation (d. 1937)
  • 1864-10-17 Elinor Glyn, British novelist (3 Weeks)
  • 1865-01-03 Henry Lytton, British actor and opera singer (The Mikado), born in London, England (d. 1936)

Person of interestGeorge V

1865-06-03 George V, King of Great Britain (1910-36), born in Marlborough House, London, (d. 1936)

King of the United Kingdom George V
King of the United Kingdom
George V
  • 1865-06-26 George C. Pearce, American actor (The Shadow Sinister, British Agent, Valiant), born in NYC, New York (d. 1940)
  • 1865-09-23 Emmuska Orczy, Tarnaörs Hungary, Hungarian-born British writer (Scarlet Pimpernel)
  • 1866-04-17 Ernest Starling, British physiologist (Frank-Starling law of the heart), born in London (d. 1927)

Person of interestRamsay MacDonald

1866-10-12 Ramsay MacDonald, British Prime Minister (Labour: 1924, 1929-35), born in Lossiemouth, Morayshire, Scotland (d. 1937)

British Prime Minister Ramsay MacDonald
British Prime Minister
Ramsay MacDonald
  • 1867-01-11 Edward B. Titchener, British psychologist. (d. 1927)

Famous Weddings

Famous Divorces

Famous Deaths

Deaths 201 - 300 of 1,284

  • 1860-12-02 Alfred Bunn, British theatrical manager (b. 1796)

Person of interestElizabeth Barrett Browning

1861-06-29 Elizabeth Barrett Browning, British poet and writer ("How Do I Love thee"), dies at 55

  • 1862-02-11 Elizabeth Siddal, British poet and artist (b. 1829)
  • 1862-06-17 Charles J Canning, English 1st viceroy of British-Indies, dies at 49
  • 1863-08-14 Colin Campbell, British officer (Cawnpore), dies at 70
  • 1864-09-15 John Hanning Speke, British explorer, the first European to reach Lake Victoria in east Africa, dies at 37
  • 1864-12-08 George Boole, English mathematician (Boolean algebra), dies at 49
  • 1865-04-28 Samuel Cunard, Canadian-born British shipping magnate (b. 1787)
  • 1865-07-25 James Barry [Margaret Ann Bulkley], British military surgeon and the 1st woman in Great Britain to become a qualified medical doctor, dies at 66 or 67
  • 1865-12-24 Sir Charles Lock Eastlake, British painter and writer (b. 1793)
  • 1867-04-19 Robert Smirke, British architect, dies
  • 1868-05-07 Henry Peter Brougham, Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain (b. 1778)
  • 1868-05-26 Michael Barrett, Irish nationalist, last British public execution

Person of interestJames Brooke

1868-06-09 James Brooke, British adventurer and 1st Rajah of Sarawak (1841-68), dies of a stroke at 65

1st White Rajah of Sarawak James Brooke
1st White Rajah of Sarawak
James Brooke
  • 1869-10-24 Joseph Jackson Lister, British optician who perfected the optical microscope by designing the achromatic objective lens, dies at 83
  • 1869-11-04 George Peabody, American-British entrepreneur and philanthropist who founded the Peabody Trust and the Peabody Institute, dies at 74
  • 1871-03-18 Augustus De Morgan, Indian-born British mathematician and logician (b. 1806)
  • 1871-05-12 John F W Herschel, British astronomer (Catalogue of Nebulae), dies
  • 1872-11-28 Mary Fairfax Somerville, British scientific writer (b. 1780)
  • 1872-12-24 William John Macquorn Rankine, British physician and engenier (b. 1820)

Person of interestDavid Livingstone

1873-05-01 David Livingstone, British physician/explorer (Africa), dies at 60

Physician and Explorer David Livingstone
Physician and Explorer
David Livingstone

Person of interestCharles Lyell

1875-02-22 Charles Lyell, British geologist (Elements of Geology), dies at 77

Geologist Charles Lyell
Charles Lyell
  • 1875-11-02 James W. W. Birch, 1st British resident in Perak, Malaysia is speared to death while in the bath-house of his boat, SS Dragon at 49
  • 1877-06-03 Frank Pocock, British explorer, drowned in the Congo
  • 1877-10-28 Robert Swinhoe, British naturalist (b. 1835)

Person of interestJohn Russell

1878-05-28 John Russell, 1st Earl Russell, British Prime Minister (Whig: 1846-52 and 1865-66), dies at 85

British Prime Minister John Russell
British Prime Minister
John Russell
  • 1879-01-22 Anthony Durnford, British colonel, dies in Battle of Isandlwana
  • 1879-01-22 George Shepstone, British political affiliate, dies in battle
  • 1879-04-18 Anthony Pannizim, principal librarian (British Museum), dies
  • 1881-02-27 George Colley, British governor of Natal/general, dies in battle at 46
  • 1882-01-20 John Linnell, British painter/minaturist/engraver, dies
  • 1883-11-05 William Hicks, British col/commander (Egyptian army), dies in battle
  • 1883-11-18 Wilhelm Siemens, German/British physicist (steam engine), dies
  • 1888-08-17 James Jameson, British nature investigator (Congo), dies

Person of interestRichard Francis Burton

1890-10-20 Richard Burton, English explorer and translator (Arabian Nights), dies at 69

Geographer, Explorer & Translator Richard Francis Burton
Geographer, Explorer & Translator
Richard Francis Burton
  • 1892-01-14 Prince Albert Victor, Duke of Clarence, British prince (b. 1864)
  • 1892-04-26 Sir Provo Wallis, British Admiral and naval hero (b. 1791)
  • 1892-05-15 Arthur Hodister, British ivory seller (Heart of Darkness), murdered

Person of interestAlfred Tennyson

1892-10-06 Alfred Lord Tennyson, writer and British Poet Laureate, dies at 83

  • 1893-01-02 John Obadiah Westwood, British entomologist (b. 1805)
  • 1893-01-15 Frances Anne "Fanny" Kemble, British Shakespearian actress (Juliet) and author, dies at 83
  • 1893-06-23 Sir Theophilus Shepstone, British-born South African statesman (b. 1817)
  • 1893-12-04 Allan Wilson, British/Rhodesian Major, dies in battle against the Ndebeles during First Matabele War
  • 1895-01-24 Lord Randolph Churchill, British politician (b. 1849)
  • 1895-03-05 Henry Rawlinson, British army officer and scholar, dies at 84
  • 1895-05-15 Joseph Whitaker, British publisher (Whitaker's Almanack), dies at 75
  • 1895-10-25 Charles Halle, British pianist, dies
  • 1895-12-30 LP Hartley, British writer, dies
  • 1896-04-22 Thomas Meik, British civil engineer (b. 1812)
  • 1896-10-21 James Henry Greathead, British engineer (b. 1844)
  • 1896-11-26 Coventry Patmore, British poet (b. 1823)
  • 1896-12-27 John Brown, British manufacturer (b. 1816)
  • 1897-01-12 Isaac Pitman, British inventor (Pitman Shorthand) (b. 1813)
  • 1897-02-06 Ebenezer C Brewer, British writer (Dictionary of Phrase & Fable), dies
  • 1897-06-22 Ralph Abercromby, British meteorologist, dies at about 54
  • 1898-01-03 James Wimshurst, British designer/inventor (vacuum pump), dies at 70
  • 1898-01-16 Charles Pelham Villiers, longest-serving MP in the British House of Commons (b. 1802)

Person of interestWilliam Gladstone

1898-05-19 William Ewart Gladstone, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (Liberal: 1868-74, 1880-86, 1892-94), dies of heart failure at 88

British Prime Minister William Gladstone
British Prime Minister
William Gladstone
  • 1898-08-27 John Hopkinson, British physicist and electrical engineer (Hopkinson's Law) dies with three of his children in a mountaineering accident in the Pennine Alps, Switzerland at 49
  • 1898-09-02 Hubert Howard, British journalist (Times), dies through friendly fire
  • 1899-08-09 Edward Frankland, British structural chemist who co-discovered helium and developed the theory of valence, dies on holiday in Norway at 74
  • 1899-10-23 W Penn Symons, British gen-maj, dies in battle
  • 1899-10-28 C Grant B Allen, Canada, British writer (Woman Who Did), dies
  • 1899-12-11 Andrew Wauchope, British Major-General, dies in Battle of Magersfontein in the Boer war, South Africa. Another British Major, The Marquess of Winchester also killed.
  • 1900-04-20 Mebel Mercer, popular British singer, dies
  • 1900-11-06 PWJ Le Gallais, British lt-colonel, dies in battle at Bothaville
  • 1900-12-27 William Armstrong, of Cragside, British inventor and industrialist ( hydraulic accumulator), dies at 90

Person of interestVictoria

1901-01-22 Victoria, [Alexandrine], Britain's Queen (1837-1901), dies at 81

Queen of the United Kingdom Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
  • 1901-06-10 Robert Williams Buchanan, British dramatist (b. 1841)
  • 1901-09-25 Arthur Fremantle, British general and American Civil War observer (b. 1835)
  • 1901-10-30 U Benson, British lt-col (Magers' fountain), killed in battle
  • 1901-11-30 Edward J Eyre, British explorer/governor (Jamaica), dies at 86
  • 1902-02-23 Samuel R Gardiner, British historian (Oliver Cromwell), dies at 72
  • 1902-06-18 Samuel Butler, British writer (Erewhom), dies at 66
  • 1902-09-29 William Topaz McGonagall, British poet (b. 1825)
  • 1903-02-01 George G Stokes, British physicist/pres Royal Society, dies at 83
  • 1903-03-05 George Francis Robert Henderson, British soldier (b. 1854)

Person of interestRobert Gascoyne-Cecil

1903-08-22 Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury, British Prime Minister (Conservative: 1885-86, 1886-92 and 1895-1902), dies at 73

British Prime Minister Robert Gascoyne-Cecil
British Prime Minister
Robert Gascoyne-Cecil
  • 1903-09-03 Joseph Skipsey, British poet (b. 1832)

Person of interestHerbert Spencer

1903-12-08 Herbert Spencer, British philosopher (Social Statics), dies at 83

Philosopher and Intellectual Herbert Spencer
Philosopher and Intellectual
Herbert Spencer
  • 1904-07-14 President of Transvaal Paul Kruger, the face of Boer resistance against the British during the South African or Second Boer War (1899–1902), heart failure at 78
  • 1905-08-14 Simeon Solomon, English Pre-Raphaelite painter, dies at 64
  • 1906-04-19 Spencer Gore, British tennis player and cricketer (b. 1850)
  • 1906-06-20 John Clayton Adams, British landscape artist (b. 1840)
  • 1906-09-19 Maria Georgina Grey, British writer and founder of the Girls' Day School Trust (b. 1816)
  • 1907-01-14 Sir James Fergusson, British politician, and governor of South Australia, New Zealand and Bombay (b. 1832)

Person of interestHenry Campbell-Bannerman

1908-04-22 Henry Campbell-Bannerman, British Prime Minister (Liberal: 1905-08), dies at 71

British Prime Minister Henry Campbell-Bannerman
British Prime Minister
Henry Campbell-Bannerman
  • 1909-04-13 Whitley Stokes, British lawyer (b. 1830)
  • 1910-04-13 William Orchardson, British painter, dies
  • 1910-07-12 Charles Stewart Rolls, British engineer and aviator (b. 1887)
  • 1911-11-08 Samuel Wilks, British Physician and founding father of clinical science, dies at 87
  • 1911-12-10 Joseph D Hooker, British botanist, dies at 94
  • 1912-02-16 Edgar Evans, British explorer (Antarctica), dies
  • 1912-03-17 Lawrence "Titus" Oates, British explorer (Antarctica), sacrifices himself during the Terra Nova Expedition at 32

Person of interestRobert Scott

1912-03-29 Robert Falcon Scott, British pole explorer, dies in Antarctica at 43

Polar Explorer Robert Scott
Polar Explorer
Robert Scott
  • 1912-06-25 Lawrence Alma Tadema, Dutch-British painter, dies at 76
  • 1912-09-01 Samuel Coleridge-Taylor, African-British composer (Hiawatha's Wedding Feast), dies at 37
  • 1912-12-14 Belgrave Edward Sutton Ninnis, British Army lieutenant (b. 1887)
  • 1913-05-28 Lord Avebury [John Lubbock], British banker and politician, dies at 79
  • 1913-07-31 John Milne, British geologist (developed the first modern seismograph), dies of Bright's disease at 62