The United Kingdom in History (Part 3)

Historical Events

Events 201 - 300 of 2,250


Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1777-09-11 Battle of Brandywine, Pennysylvania; Americans lose to the British, Polish soldier Casimir Pulaski saves life of George Washington

Military Leader Casimir Pulaski
Military Leader
Casimir Pulaski
First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington

BattleBattle of Interest

1777-09-20 Battle of Paoli; British forces under Major General Charles Grey attacks Brigadier General Anthony Wayne's encampment. Claims the British gave no quarter leads to engagement becoming known as the "Paoli Massacre"

Military Leader Anthony Wayne
Military Leader
Anthony Wayne

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1777-09-26 British General William Howe occupies Philadelphia during American Revolution

Military Leader William Howe
Military Leader
William Howe
  • 1777-09-30 Continental Congress, flees to York, Pa, as British forces advance

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1777-10-04 Battle of Germantown: Gen George Washington's troops attack and are defeated by the British at Germantown, Pennsylvania

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington
  • 1777-10-07 Americans beat British in Second Battle of Saratoga & Battle of Bemis Heights
  • 1777-10-17 British General John Burgoyne surrenders at Saratoga during the American Revolutionary War
  • 1777-12-02 British General Howe plots attack on Washington's army for Dec 4
  • 1777-12-17 France recognizes independence of British colonies in America
  • 1778-02-06 Britain declares war on France
  • 1778-06-18 British Redcoats evacuate Philadelphia

USALiberty Bell

1778-06-27 Liberty Bell returns home to Philadelphia after the British departure
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The Liberty Bell on its ornate stand, 1872
The Liberty Bell on its ornate stand, 1872
  • 1778-07-03 British forces massacre 360 men, women and children in Wyoming, Pennsylvania

BattleDeclaration of War

1778-07-10 American Revolution: Louis XVI of France declares war on the Kingdom of Great Britain

King of France Louis XVI
King of France
Louis XVI
  • 1778-08-31 British kill 17 Stockbridge indians in Bronx during Revolution
  • 1778-12-29 British troops occupy Savannah, Georgia

  • 1779-02-24 George Rogers Clark captures Vincennes (Ind) from British
  • 1779-06-16 Spain declares war on Great Britain in support of the US, starting the siege of Gibraltar

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1779-09-27 John Adams negotiates Revolutionary War peace terms with Great Britain

2nd US President John Adams
2nd US President
John Adams
  • 1779-12-31 British fleet beat Dutch Merchant vessels
  • 1780-03-26 1st British Sunday newspaper appears (British Gazette & Sunday Monitor)

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1780-05-12 American General Benjamin Lincoln surrenders Charleston to the British (Revolutionary War)

Military Leader Benjamin Lincoln
Military Leader
Benjamin Lincoln
  • 1780-08-16 British decisively defeat Americans in Battle of Camden, South Carolina

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1780-09-21 Benedict Arnold gives British Major John André plans to West Point

US General and Turncoat Benedict Arnold
US General and Turncoat
Benedict Arnold

BattleBattle of Interest

1781-03-15 Battle of Guilford Court House; British troops under Cornwallis defeat American forces but their heavy losses led to ceding of territory and a strategic loss

US General Nathanael Greene
US General
Nathanael Greene
  • 1781-04-29 French fleet stops the Britain from seizing the Cape of Good Hope

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1781-06-03 Jack Jouett rides to warn Thomas Jefferson of British attack

3rd US President Thomas Jefferson
3rd US President
Thomas Jefferson

Victory in BattleSurrender at Yorktown

1781-08-01 British army under general Cornwallis occupies Yorktown, Virginia
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'Surrender of Lord Cornwallis' by John Trumbull depicting the British surrender which ended the American Revolutionary War
'Surrender of Lord Cornwallis' by John Trumbull depicting the British surrender which ended the American Revolutionary War

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1781-09-05 American Revolutionary War: French fleet of 24 ships under Comte de Grasse defeat British forces under Admiral Graves at the Battle of the Chesapeake [Battle of the Virginia Capes] and trap Cornwallis

British Admiral Samuel Hood
British Admiral
Samuel Hood
  • 1781-09-06 The Battle of Groton Heights takes place, resulting a British victory.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1781-10-19 British forces under General Charles Cornwallis sign terms of surrender to George Washington and Comte de Rochambeau at Yorktown at 2 pm, ending the US Revolutionary War

General and Colonial Administrator Charles Cornwallis
General and Colonial Administrator
Charles Cornwallis
Financier Haym Salomon
Financier
Haym Salomon
Military Leader Comte de Rochambeau
Military Leader
Comte de Rochambeau
  • 1781-11-13 British troops occupy Negapatam, Ceylon (Sri Lanka)
  • 1782-02-05 British garrison in Menorca surrenders to French and Spanish fleet as part of the American Revolutionary War
  • 1782-02-05 Spanish take Minorca (western Mediterranean) from British

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1782-03-27 Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham, becomes Prime Minister of Great Britain

British Prime Minister Charles Watson-Wentworth
British Prime Minister
Charles Watson-Wentworth

Victory in BattleBattle of the Saintes

1782-04-12 Battle at Les Saintes: British fleet under Admiral George Rodney defeats the French fleet under Comte de Grasse off Dominica in the West Indies. Prevents a planned French and Spanish invasion of Jamaica.
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The French flagship, the Ville de Paris on the right, in action against HMS Barfleur
The French flagship, the Ville de Paris on the right, in action against HMS Barfleur
  • 1782-07-06 British-French sea battle at Negapatam (off India)
  • 1782-11-30 Britain signs agreement recognizing US independence
  • 1782-12-14 Charleston, South Carolina evacuated by British
  • 1783-04-09 Tippu Sahib drives out British from Bednore, India
  • 1783-09-03 Treaty of Paris signed in Paris ends the American Revolutionary War between Great Britain and United States of America
  • 1783-11-25 Britain evacuates New York city, its last military position in the United States

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1783-12-18 British King George III dismisses Duke of Portland's government

King of Great Britain, Ireland and Hanover George III
King of Great Britain, Ireland and Hanover
George III

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1783-12-19 William Pitt the Younger becomes the youngest ever British Prime Minister at age 24

British Prime Minister William Pitt the Younger
British Prime Minister
William Pitt the Younger
  • 1784-03-01 Edward Kidder a London pie-maker opens the 1st formal cooking school, in London, Great Britain
  • 1784-05-11 Britain & Tippu Sahib of Mysore sign peace treaty
  • 1784-05-20 Britain & Netherlands sign peace treaty (Peace of Paris)
  • 1784-08-13 British parliament accepts East India Company Act 1784, bringing the East India Company's rule in India under the control of the British Government.
  • 1785-04-20 Thomas Warton appointed British Poet Laureate by King George III
  • 1785-05-09 British inventor Joseph Bramah patents beer-pump handle
  • 1786-08-11 Captain Francis Light establishes the British colony of Penang in Malaysia
  • 1786-09-26 Britain & France sign trade agreement
  • 1787-05-10 British Parliament impeaches Warren Hastings, Governor-General of Bengal

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1788-01-26 Captain Arthur Phillip and British colonists hoist the Union Flag at Sydney Cove, New South Wales, now celebrated as Australia Day

1st Governor of New South Wales Arthur Phillip
1st Governor of New South Wales
Arthur Phillip
  • 1788-04-15 Britain, Netherlands & Prussia sign peace treaty
  • 1788-05-09 British parliament accepts abolition of slave trade
  • 1788-06-11 1st British ship built on Pacific coast begun at Nootka Sound, BC
  • 1788-08-22 Sierra Leone settled by British as a haven for former slaves
  • 1789-06-09 Spanish capture British schooner Northwest America near Vancouver Island
  • 1790-07-28 Henry James Pye appointed British Poet Laureate by King George III
  • 1791-12-04 Britain's Observer, oldest Sunday newspaper in the world, first published
  • 1792-05-08 British Captain George Vancouver sights and names Mt Rainier, Washington
  • 1792-06-04 Captain George Vancouver claims Puget Sound for Britain
  • 1792-08-29 British man o'war HMS Royal George capsizes at Spithead; more than 800 killed
  • 1792-10-29 Mount Hood (Oregon) is named after the British naval officer Alexander Arthur Hood by Lt. William E. Broughton who spotted the mountain near the mouth of the Willamette River.
  • 1793-02-01 France declares war on Great Britain and Netherlands
  • 1793-09-20 British troops under Major-general Williamson lands on (French) Haiti
  • 1794-04-21 NYC formally declares coast of Ellis Island publicly owned, so they can build forts to protect NYC from British
  • 1794-06-01 Glorious First of June; first naval battle between Britain (under Admiral Lord Howe) and France (Vice-Admiral Louis Thomas Villaret de Joyeuse) during French Revolutionary Wars. Britain gains tactical win.

Victory in BattleBattle of Fleurus

1794-06-26 Battle of Fleurus: major victory by forces of the First French Republic under General Jean-Baptiste Jourdan over the Coalition Army (Great Britain, Hanover, Dutch Republic, and Habsburgs) first use of reconnaissance balloon
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Jourdan at Fleurus with the balloon l'Entreprenant in the background
Jourdan at Fleurus with the balloon l'Entreprenant in the background
  • 1794-11-19 Jay Treaty, first US extradition treaty, signed with Great Britain
  • 1795-02-07 Dutch Prince William V accepts British occupation of Dutch Indies
  • 1795-06-24 US and Great Britain sign Jay Treaty, 1st US extradition treaty
  • 1795-09-15 Cape Colony surrenders to Britain
  • 1795-09-16 British capture Capetown, South Africa, from the Dutch
  • 1796-06-01 Last of Britain's troops withdraws from USA
  • 1796-08-17 British beat Batavian navy in Saldanha Bay, South Africa
  • 1796-08-19 Spain & France sign anti-British alliance

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1797-02-14 The Battle of Cape St Vincent: British fleet under Admiral Sir John Jervis defeats larger Spanish fleet under Admiral Don José de Córdoba y Ramos near Cape St. Vincent, Portugal. Captain Horatio Nelson distinguishes himself.

British Admiral Horatio Nelson
British Admiral
Horatio Nelson
  • 1797-02-18 Trinidad is surrendered to a British fleet under the command of Sir Ralph Abercromby
  • 1797-02-21 Trinidad, West Indies, surrenders to British

Battle of InterestLast Invasion of Britain

1797-02-22 The Last Invasion of Britain, launched by the French during the Revolutionary Wars, begins near Fishguard, Wales
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French troops surrendering to British forces at Goodwick Sands near Fishguard in Wales. Drawing by James Baker.
French troops surrendering to British forces at Goodwick Sands near Fishguard in Wales. Drawing by James Baker.
  • 1797-02-24 Colonel William Tate and his force of 1,000-1,500 soldiers surrender after the Last Invasion of Britain (according to legend, to Welsh women in tall black hats, mistaken for elite guards regiment)
  • 1798-05-24 Irish Rebellion of 1798 led by the United Irishmen against British rule begins
  • 1798-05-26 British kill about 500 Irish insurgents at the Battle of Tara
  • 1798-08-01 Battle of the Nile: British Royal Navy under Admiral Horatio Nelson attacks and decimates the French fleet at Aboukir Bay off the Nile Delta, Egypt
  • 1798-08-02 Battle of the Nile: British Royal Navy under Admiral Horatio Nelson further decimates the French fleet
  • 1798-08-03 Battle of the Nile: British Admiral Horatio Nelson forces the remnants of the French fleet to surrender, concluding a decisive victory for the British who capture or destroy 11 French ships of the line and 2 frigates
  • 1798-08-27 Battle of Castlebar, Ireland: French army and Irish rebels rout a larger the British force
  • 1798-09-01 Britain signs treaty with Nizam of Hyderabad, India
  • 1798-09-03 Battle of St. George's Caye: Week long battle begins between the Spanish Empire and Great Britain off the coast of Belize
  • 1798-09-10 British Honduras beats Spain in battle of St George
  • 1798-12-24 Russia & Britain sign Second anti-French Coalition
  • 1799-01-09 British Prime Minister William Pitt the Younger introduces income tax to raise funds for the war against Napoleon

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 201 - 300 of 2,432


Person of interestRobert Gascoyne-Cecil

1830-02-03 Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury, British Prime Minister (Conservative: 1885-86, 1886-92 and 1895-1902), born in Hatfield, England (d. 1903)

British Prime Minister Robert Gascoyne-Cecil
British Prime Minister
Robert Gascoyne-Cecil
  • 1831-03-29 Amelia E. Barr, British-born American writer, born in Ulverston, Lancashire (d. 1919)
  • 1832-01-04 George Tryon, British admiral (d. 1893)
  • 1832-04-13 James Wimshurst, British designer and inventor (electrostatic generator), born in Poplar, England (d. 1898)
  • 1833-02-05 John Watkinson, founder of British Chess Magazine (oldest chess mag)
  • 1833-06-04 Garnet Wolseley, 1st Viscount Wolseley, British army general, born in Dublin (d. 1913)
  • 1834-03-06 George du Maurier, Franco-British illustrator and writer (Trilby), born in Paris, France (d. 1896)
  • 1834-04-30 Lord Avebury [John Lubbock], British banker and politician, born in London (d. 1913)
  • 1834-07-10 James Abbott McNeill Whistler, American-British painter (Whistler's Mother), born in Lowell, Massachusetts (d. 1903)
  • 1835-12-28 Archibald Geikie, British geologist
  • 1836-01-08 Lawrence Alma Tadema, Dutch/British painter/husband of Laura Epps
  • 1836-03-20 Sir Edward Poynter, British painter (d. 1919)
  • 1836-05-24 Joseph Rowntree, British social reformer, born in York, England (d. 1925)
  • 1836-06-09 Elizabeth Garrett Anderson, 1st qualified woman physician in Britain, first woman mayor (Aldeburgh), born in London (d. 1917)
  • 1836-07-08 Joseph Chamberlain, British minister of Commerce/Colonies

Person of interestHenry Campbell-Bannerman

1836-09-07 Henry Campbell-Bannerman, British Prime Minister (Liberal: 1905-08), born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 1908)

British Prime Minister Henry Campbell-Bannerman
British Prime Minister
Henry Campbell-Bannerman
  • 1836-11-30 Lord Frederick Cavendish, English politician who was appointed Chief Secretary for Ireland in May 1882 and murdered only hours after his arrival in Dublin, born in Compton Place, Eastbourne, Sussex (d. 1882)
  • 1838-03-18 Randal Cremer, Britain, trade unionist, pacifist (Nobel 1903)
  • 1838-05-11 Walter Goodman, British painter, illustrator and author (d. 1912)
  • 1838-07-20 George Otto Trevelyan, British statesman and biographer (d. 1928)
  • 1838-12-03 Octavia Hill, British reformer, leader of open-space movement, born in London, England (d. 1912)
  • 1840-01-21 Sophia Louisa Jex-Blake, Hastings, English Physician and feminist who was one of the first female medical students at a British university
  • 1840-10-09 Simeon Solomon, English Pre-Raphaelite painter, born in London, England (d. 1905)
  • 1843-01-08 Frederick Abberline, British police investigator (d. 1929)
  • 1843-04-15 Henry James, American-British author (Turn of the Screw, Bostonians), born in NYC, New York (d. 1916)
  • 1843-04-25 Princess Alice of the United Kingdom, Grand Duchess of Hesse, born in Buckingham Palace, London (d. 1878)
  • 1843-06-30 Ernest Mason Satow, British diplomat and scholar, born in Clapton, London, England (d. 1929)
  • 1844-10-23 Robert Bridges, English poet (Testament of beauty) and British Poet Laureate (1913-30), born in Walmer, Kent (d. 1930)
  • 1844-12-01 Alexandra, Danish princess/Queen of Great Britain/Ireland
  • 1845-02-14 Cecil De Vere, 1st official British chess champion (1866), born in London (d. 1875)
  • 1846-01-30 Francis H. Bradley, British idealist philosopher (Appearance and Reality), born in Clapham, Surrey, England (d. 1924)
  • 1846-02-10 Charles Beresford, British admiral and politician (d. 1919)
  • 1846-05-25 Princess Helena of the United Kingdom, daughter of Queen Victoria, born in Buckingham Palace, London (d. 1923)

Person of interestArchibald Primrose

1847-05-07 Archibald Primrose, 5th Earl of Rosebery, British Prime Minister (Liberal: 1894-95), born in London (d. 1929)

British Prime Minister Archibald Primrose
British Prime Minister
Archibald Primrose

Person of interestArthur Balfour

1848-07-25 Arthur Balfour, British Prime Minister (Conservative: 1902-05) and Foreign Secretary (Balfour Declaration), born in Whittingehame House, East Lothian, Scotland (d. 1930)

British Prime Minister Arthur Balfour
British Prime Minister
Arthur Balfour
  • 1849-04-06 John William Waterhouse, British painter (d. 1917)
  • 1849-07-27 John Hopkinson, British physicist and electrical engineer (Hopkinson's Law), born in Manchester (d. 1898)
  • 1849-08-23 William Ernest Henley, British poet, critic, and editor, born in Gloucester, England (d. 1903)
  • 1849-11-24 Frances Hodgson Burnett, British-American playwright and children's author ("The Secret Garden"), born in Manchester (d. 1924)
  • 1850-03-10 Spencer Gore, British tennis player (1st Wimbledon winner 1877), born in Wimbledon, England (d. 1906)
  • 1850-03-24 Silas Hocking, British novelist and preacher (d. 1935)
  • 1850-04-13 Arthur Matthew Weld Downing, British mathematician and astronomer, born in County Carlow, Ireland (d. 1917)

Person of interestHoratio Kitchener

1850-06-24 Horatio Kitchener, British General who commanded British forces during the Battle of Omdurman (Sudan) and the Second Boer War who became British Secretary of State for War during WWI (1914-16), born in Ballylongford, County Kerry, Ireland (d. 1916)

General and Secretary of War Horatio Kitchener
General and Secretary of War
Horatio Kitchener
  • 1850-12-30 John Milne, British geologist (developed the first modern seismograph), born in Liverpool, England (d. 1913)
  • 1851-09-04 John Dillon, Irish nationalist and British Lower house leader, born in Blackrock, Dublin (d. 1927)

Person of interestH. H. Asquith

1852-09-12 H. H. Asquith, British Prime Minister (Liberal: 1908-16), born in Morley, England (d. 1928)

British Prime Minister H. H. Asquith
British Prime Minister
H. H. Asquith
  • 1852-09-28 John [Denton Pinkstone] French, 1st Earl of Ypres and British field marshall (WW I), born in Ripple, Kent, England (d. 1925)
  • 1853-01-16 Gen Sir Ian Hamilton, British military commander (d. 1947)
  • 1854-01-01 James Frazer, Britain, anthropologist/author (The Golden Bough)
  • 1854-03-04 Sir Napier Shaw, British meteorologist (d. 1945)
  • 1854-03-14 John Lane, British publisher (The Bodley Head), born in Devon (d. 1925)
  • 1854-03-23 Alfred Milner, Giessen Germany, British governor (Cape colony)
  • 1854-06-13 Charles Algernon Parsons, British inventor (steam turbine), born in London (d. 1931)
  • 1854-08-02 F. Marion Crawford, American author (Mr. Isaacs), born in Bagni de Lucca, Italy (d. 1909)
  • 1854-12-23 Henry B. Guppy, British botanist (d. 1926)
  • 1855-05-24 Arthur Wing Pinero, English actor and playwright, born in London (d. 1934)
  • 1855-09-07 William Friese-Greene, British photographer and inventor (motion pictures), born in Bristol, England (d. 1921)
  • 1855-09-09 Houston Stewart Chamberlain, British-German philosopher (wrote works about political philosophy and natural science), born in Southsea, Hampshire, England (d. 1927)
  • 1855-10-14 George Edwardes, British composer (Gaiety Girl), born in Cleethorpes, Lincolnshire, England (d. 1915)
  • 1855-12-23 Alan Gray, British composer (Trinity College), born in York (d. 1935)
  • 1856-07-21 Harry A P Eyres, British diplomat (Constantinople, Albania)
  • 1856-07-23 Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Indian early nationalist leader, born in Ratnagiri, British India (d. 1920)
  • 1856-07-30 Richard Haldane, British viscount and lord-chancellor (Life of A Smith), born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1928)
  • 1856-08-15 J. Keir Hardie, Scottish politician and 1st Labour representative in British Parliament, born in Lanarkshire, Scotland (d. 1915)
  • 1856-08-17 Violet Paget, [Vernon Lee], British author (Satan the master)
  • 1857-03-16 Charles Harding Firth, British historian (d. 1936)
  • 1857-11-27 Charles Scott Sherrington, British physiologist (Nobel 1932-functions of neurons), born in London (d. 1952)
  • 1858-01-22 Frederick Lugard, British captain/baron (Congo)
  • 1858-06-19 George Alexander [Samson], British actor, theatre producer and manager, born in Reading, Berkshire (d. 1918)
  • 1858-07-31 Richard Dixon Oldham, British geologist, born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1936)
  • 1858-08-02 William Watson, British poet (Prince's Quest, Father of Forest), born in Burley-in-Wharfedale, Yorkshire (d. 1935)

Person of interestBonar Law

1858-09-16 Andrew Bonar Law, British Prime Minister (Conservative: 1922-23), born in Kingston, Colony of New Brunswick (now Canada)

British Prime Minister Bonar Law
British Prime Minister
Bonar Law

Person of interestArthur Conan Doyle

1859-05-22 Arthur Conan Doyle, British author who brought Sherlock Holmes to life twice, born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1930)

  • 1859-06-08 Smith Wigglesworth, British religious figure, born in Menston, Yorkshire, England (d. 1947)

Person of interestJohn Jellicoe

1859-12-05 John Jellicoe, 1st Earl Jellicoe, British Admiral of the Fleet in World War I (Battle of Jutland), born in Southampton, England (d. 1935)

British Admiral of the Fleet John Jellicoe
British Admiral of the Fleet
John Jellicoe
  • 1860-08-07 Alan Leo, British astrologer, born in Westminster, London (d. 1917)
  • 1860-10-04 Sidney Paget, British illustrator (Sherlock Holmes), born in London (d. 1908)
  • 1861-01-03 William Renshaw, British tennis player (Wimbledon 1881-6, 89), born in Leamington Spa, England (d. 1904)

Person of interestDouglas Haig

1861-06-19 Douglas Haig, British fieldmarshal (Sudan, WWI), nicknamed "Butcher Haig" due to mass casualties under his command during the Battle of the Somme, born in Charlotte Square, Edinburgh (d. 1928)

WWI General Douglas Haig
WWI General
Douglas Haig
  • 1862-01-03 Sir Matthew Nathan, British Governor of Queensland and other places (d. 1939)
  • 1862-02-17 Edward German (Jones), Whitchurch Shropshire, British composer
  • 1862-09-11 Julian Byng, 1st Viscount Byng of Vimy, British army officer, born in Wrotham Park, Hertfordshire, England (d. 1935)

Person of interestDavid Lloyd George

1863-01-17 David Lloyd George, British Prime Minister (Liberal: 1916-22), born in Chorlton-on-Medlock, Lancashire, England (d. 1945)

British Prime Minister David Lloyd George
British Prime Minister
David Lloyd George
  • 1863-03-04 Reginald Innes Pocock, British zoologist (d. 1947)
  • 1863-05-31 Francis Younghusband, British journalist and explorer (1904 British expedition to Tibet), born in Murree, British India (d. 1942)
  • 1863-09-13 Arthur Henderson, British Labour minister (Nobel Peace Prize 1934), born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 1935)
  • 1863-10-16 Austen Chamberlain, British Foreign Secretary (Nobel 1925)
  • 1864-03-12 W. H. R. Rivers, British psychiatrist (d. 1922)
  • 1864-07-18 Phillip Snowden, British politician, 1st Labour Chancellor of the Exchequer, born Cowling, Yorkshire (d. 1937)
  • 1864-08-16 Ferdinand C. S. Schiller, German-British philosopher (Riddles of the Sphinx), born in Altona, Holstein, German Confederation (d. 1937)
  • 1864-10-17 Elinor Glyn, British novelist (3 Weeks)
  • 1865-01-03 Henry Lytton, British actor and opera singer (The Mikado), born in London, England (d. 1936)

Person of interestGeorge V

1865-06-03 George V, King of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions, and Emperor of India (1910-36), born in Marlborough House, London, (d. 1936)

King of the United Kingdom George V
King of the United Kingdom
George V
  • 1865-06-26 George C. Pearce, American actor (The Shadow Sinister, British Agent, Valiant), born in NYC, New York (d. 1940)
  • 1865-09-23 Emmuska Orczy, Tarnaörs Hungary, Hungarian-born British writer (Scarlet Pimpernel)
  • 1866-04-17 Ernest Starling, British physiologist (Frank-Starling law of the heart), born in London (d. 1927)

Person of interestRamsay MacDonald

1866-10-12 Ramsay MacDonald, British Prime Minister (Labour: 1924, 1929-35), born in Lossiemouth, Morayshire, Scotland (d. 1937)

British Prime Minister Ramsay MacDonald
British Prime Minister
Ramsay MacDonald
  • 1867-01-11 Edward B. Titchener, British psychologist. (d. 1927)
  • 1867-05-26 Mary of Teck, Queen of Great Britain and consort of George V, born in Kensington Palace, London (d. 1953)
  • 1867-08-02 Ernest Dowson, British poet (Decorations in Verse and Prose), born in Lee, London

Famous Weddings


Famous Divorces


Famous Deaths

Deaths 201 - 300 of 1,264

  • 1863-08-14 Colin Campbell, British officer (Cawnpore), dies at 70
  • 1864-09-15 John Hanning Speke, British explorer, the first European to reach Lake Victoria in east Africa, dies at 37
  • 1864-12-08 George Boole, English mathematician (Boolean algebra), dies at 49
  • 1865-04-28 Samuel Cunard, Canadian-British shipping magnate & founder (1st regular Atlantic steamship line), dies at 77
  • 1865-07-25 James Barry [Margaret Ann Bulkley], British military surgeon and the 1st woman in Great Britain to become a qualified medical doctor, dies at 66 or 67
  • 1865-12-24 Sir Charles Lock Eastlake, British painter and writer (b. 1793)
  • 1867-04-19 Robert Smirke, British architect, dies
  • 1868-05-07 Henry Brougham, 1st Baron Brougham and Vaux and Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain, dies at 89
  • 1868-05-26 Michael Barrett, Irish nationalist, last British public execution

Person of interestJames Brooke

1868-06-09 James Brooke, British adventurer and 1st Rajah of Sarawak (1841-68), dies of a stroke at 65

1st White Rajah of Sarawak James Brooke
1st White Rajah of Sarawak
James Brooke
  • 1869-10-24 Joseph Jackson Lister, British optician who perfected the optical microscope by designing the achromatic objective lens, dies at 83
  • 1869-11-04 George Peabody, American-British entrepreneur and philanthropist who founded the Peabody Trust and the Peabody Institute, dies at 74
  • 1871-03-18 Augustus De Morgan, Indian-born British mathematician and logician (b. 1806)
  • 1871-05-12 John F W Herschel, British astronomer (Catalogue of Nebulae), dies
  • 1872-11-28 Mary Fairfax Somerville, British scientific writer (b. 1780)
  • 1872-12-24 William John Macquorn Rankine, Scottish mechanical engineer and physicist, dies at 52
Physician and Explorer David Livingstone
Physician and Explorer
David Livingstone

Person of interestCharles Lyell

1875-02-22 Charles Lyell, British geologist (Elements of Geology), dies at 77

Geologist Charles Lyell
Geologist
Charles Lyell
  • 1875-11-02 James W. W. Birch, 1st British resident in Perak, Malaysia is speared to death while in the bath-house of his boat, SS Dragon at 49
  • 1877-06-03 Frank Pocock, British explorer, drowned in the Congo while travelling with Stanley
  • 1877-10-28 Robert Swinhoe, British naturalist (b. 1835)

Person of interestJohn Russell

1878-05-28 John Russell, 1st Earl Russell, British Prime Minister (Whig: 1846-52 and 1865-66), dies at 85

British Prime Minister John Russell
British Prime Minister
John Russell
  • 1879-01-22 Anthony Durnford, British colonel, dies in Battle of Isandlwana
  • 1879-01-22 George Shepstone, British political affiliate, dies in battle
  • 1879-04-18 Anthony Pannizi, Italian-born British librarian (British Museum), dies at 81
  • 1881-02-27 George Colley, British governor of Natal/general, dies in battle at 46
  • 1882-01-20 John Linnell, British painter/minaturist/engraver, dies
  • 1883-11-05 William Hicks, British col/commander (Egyptian army), dies in battle
  • 1883-11-18 Wilhelm Siemens, German/British physicist (steam engine), dies
  • 1888-08-17 James Jameson, British nature investigator (Congo), dies

Person of interestRichard Francis Burton

1890-10-20 Richard Burton, English explorer and translator (Arabian Nights), dies at 69

Geographer, Explorer & Translator Richard Francis Burton
Geographer, Explorer & Translator
Richard Francis Burton
  • 1892-01-14 Prince Albert Victor, Duke of Clarence, British prince (b. 1864)
  • 1892-04-26 Provo Wallis, British Royal Navy officer, dies at 100
  • 1892-05-15 Arthur Hodister, British ivory seller (Heart of Darkness), murdered

Person of interestAlfred Tennyson

1892-10-06 Alfred Lord Tennyson, writer and British Poet Laureate, dies at 83

  • 1893-01-02 John Obadiah Westwood, British entomologist, dies at 87
  • 1893-01-15 Frances Anne "Fanny" Kemble, British Shakespearian actress (Juliet) and author, dies at 83
  • 1893-06-23 Sir Theophilus Shepstone, British-born South African statesman (b. 1817)
  • 1893-12-04 Allan Wilson, British/Rhodesian Major, dies in battle against the Ndebeles during First Matabele War
  • 1895-01-24 Lord Randolph Churchill, British politician (b. 1849)
  • 1895-03-05 Henry Rawlinson, British army officer and scholar, dies at 84
  • 1895-05-15 Joseph Whitaker, British publisher (Whitaker's Almanack), dies at 75
  • 1895-10-25 Charles Hallé, Anglo-German pianist, conductor and founder (Halle Orchestra), dies at 76
  • 1895-12-30 LP Hartley, British writer, dies
  • 1896-04-22 Thomas Meik, Scottish civil engineer, dies at 84
  • 1896-10-21 James Henry Greathead, British engineer (b. 1844)
  • 1896-11-26 Coventry Patmore, English poet and critic (The Angel in the House), dies at 73
  • 1896-12-27 John Brown, British manufacturer (b. 1816)

Person of interestIsaac Pitman

1897-01-12 Isaac Pitman, English teacher and inventor of Pitman shorthand (Stenographic Soundhand), dies at 84

English Teacher and Inventor Isaac Pitman
English Teacher and Inventor
Isaac Pitman
  • 1897-02-06 Ebenezer C Brewer, British writer (Dictionary of Phrase & Fable), dies
  • 1897-06-22 Ralph Abercromby, British meteorologist, dies at about 54
  • 1898-01-03 James Wimshurst, British designer and inventor (electrostatic generator), dies at 70
  • 1898-01-16 Charles Pelham Villiers, longest-serving MP in the British House of Commons (b. 1802)

Person of interestWilliam Gladstone

1898-05-19 William Ewart Gladstone, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (Liberal: 1868-74, 1880-86, 1892-94), dies of heart failure at 88

British Prime Minister William Gladstone
British Prime Minister
William Gladstone
  • 1898-08-27 John Hopkinson, British physicist and electrical engineer (Hopkinson's Law) dies with three of his children in a mountaineering accident in the Pennine Alps, Switzerland at 49
  • 1898-09-02 Hubert Howard, British journalist (Times), dies through friendly fire
  • 1899-08-09 Edward Frankland, British structural chemist who co-discovered helium and developed the theory of valence, dies on holiday in Norway at 74
  • 1899-10-23 W Penn Symons, British gen-maj, dies in battle
  • 1899-10-28 C Grant B Allen, Canada, British writer (Woman Who Did), dies
  • 1899-12-11 Andrew Wauchope, British Major-General, dies in Battle of Magersfontein in the Boer war, South Africa. Another British Major, The Marquess of Winchester also killed.
  • 1900-04-20 Mebel Mercer, popular British singer, dies
  • 1900-11-06 PWJ Le Gallais, British lt-colonel, dies in battle at Bothaville

Person of interestQueen Victoria

1901-01-22 Victoria, [Alexandrine], Queen of the United Kingdom (1837-1901), dies at 81

Queen of the United Kingdom Queen Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
Queen Victoria
  • 1901-06-10 Robert Williams Buchanan, British dramatist (b. 1841)
  • 1901-09-25 Arthur Fremantle, British general and American Civil War observer (b. 1835)
  • 1901-10-30 U Benson, British lt-col (Magers' fountain), killed in battle
  • 1901-11-30 Edward J Eyre, British explorer/governor (Jamaica), dies at 86
  • 1902-02-23 Samuel R Gardiner, British historian (Oliver Cromwell), dies at 72
  • 1902-06-18 Samuel Butler, English author (Erewhom, Way of All Flesh), dies at 66
  • 1902-09-29 William Topaz McGonagall, British poet (b. 1825)
  • 1903-02-01 George Gabriel Stokes, Irish physicist and mathematician (spectroscope), dies at 83
  • 1903-03-05 George Francis Robert Henderson, British soldier (b. 1854)

Person of interestRobert Gascoyne-Cecil

1903-08-22 Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury, British Prime Minister (Conservative: 1885-86, 1886-92 and 1895-1902), dies at 73

British Prime Minister Robert Gascoyne-Cecil
British Prime Minister
Robert Gascoyne-Cecil
  • 1903-09-03 Joseph Skipsey, British poet (b. 1832)

Person of interestHerbert Spencer

1903-12-08 Herbert Spencer, British philosopher (Social Statics), dies at 83

Philosopher and Intellectual Herbert Spencer
Philosopher and Intellectual
Herbert Spencer
  • 1904-07-14 Paul Kruger, the face of Boer resistance against the British during the South African or Second Boer War (1899–1902), dies of heart failure at 78
  • 1905-08-14 Simeon Solomon, English Pre-Raphaelite painter, dies at 64
  • 1906-04-19 Spencer Gore, British tennis player (1st Wimbledon singles champion 1877), dies at 56
  • 1906-06-20 John Clayton Adams, British landscape artist (b. 1840)
  • 1906-09-19 Maria Georgina Grey, British writer and founder of the Girls' Day School Trust (b. 1816)
  • 1907-01-14 Sir James Fergusson, British politician, and governor of South Australia, New Zealand and Bombay (b. 1832)
  • 1909-04-13 Whitley Stokes, British lawyer, dies at 79
  • 1910-04-13 William Orchardson, British painter, dies at 78
  • 1910-07-12 Charles Stewart Rolls, British auto manufacturer (Rolls-Royce Ltd), dies at 32
  • 1911-11-08 Samuel Wilks, British Physician and founding father of clinical science, dies at 87
  • 1911-12-10 Joseph Dalton Hooker, British botanist and director of the Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew, dies at 94
  • 1912-02-16 Edgar Evans, British explorer (Antarctica), dies
  • 1912-03-17 Lawrence "Titus" Oates, British explorer (Antarctica), sacrifices himself during the Terra Nova Expedition at 32

Person of interestRobert Falcon Scott

1912-03-29 Robert Falcon Scott, British pole explorer, dies in Antarctica at 43

Polar Explorer Robert Falcon Scott
Polar Explorer
Robert Falcon Scott
  • 1912-06-25 Lawrence Alma Tadema, Dutch-British painter, dies at 76
  • 1912-09-01 Samuel Coleridge-Taylor, African-British composer (Hiawatha's Wedding Feast), dies at 37
  • 1912-12-14 Belgrave Edward Sutton Ninnis, British Army lieutenant, dies at 25
  • 1913-05-28 Lord Avebury [John Lubbock], British banker and politician, dies at 79
  • 1913-07-31 John Milne, British geologist (developed the first modern seismograph), dies of Bright's disease at 62
  • 1913-10-31 William Evans-Gordon, British politician (b. 1857)

Person of interestAlfred Russel Wallace

1913-11-07 Alfred Russel Wallace, British naturalist, explorer and co-discoverer of the theory of evolution through natural selection, dies at 90

Naturalist, biologist, and explorer Alfred Russel Wallace
Naturalist, biologist, and explorer
Alfred Russel Wallace
  • 1914-02-25 John Tenniel, British illustrator (Alice in Wonderland), dies at 93
  • 1914-07-02 Joseph Chamberlain, British minister to Germany, dies at 78
  • 1914-08-17 James Grierson, British general