The United Kingdom in History (Part 3)

Historical Events

Events 201 - 300 of 2,236

Victory in Battle

1777-09-11 Battle of Brandywine, Pennysylvania; Americans lose to the British, Polish soldier Casimir Pulaski saves life of George Washington

Battle of Interest

1777-09-20 Battle of Paoli; British forces under Major General Charles Grey attacks Brigadier General Anthony Wayne's encampment. Claims the British gave no quarter leads to engagement becoming known as the "Paoli Massacre"

Historic Event

1777-09-26 British General William Howe occupies Philadelphia during American Revolution

  • 1777-09-30 Continental Congress, flees to York, Pennsylvania, as British forces advance

Victory in Battle

1777-10-04 Battle of Germantown: Gen George Washington's troops attack and are defeated by the British at Germantown, Pennsylvania

  • 1777-10-07 Americans beat British in Second Battle of Saratoga & Battle of Bemis Heights
  • 1777-10-17 British General John Burgoyne surrenders at Saratoga during the American Revolutionary War
  • 1777-12-02 British General Howe plots attack on Washington's army for Dec 4
  • 1777-12-17 France recognizes independence of British colonies in America
  • 1778-02-06 Britain declares war on France
  • 1778-06-18 British Redcoats evacuate Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and head for New York

Liberty Bell

1778-06-27 Liberty Bell returns home to Philadelphia after the British departure

  • 1778-07-03 British forces massacre 360 men, women and children in Wyoming, Pennsylvania

Declaration of War

1778-07-10 American Revolution: Louis XVI of France declares war on the Kingdom of Great Britain

  • 1778-08-31 British kill 17 Stockbridge indians in Bronx during Revolution
  • 1778-12-29 British troops occupy Savannah, Georgia
  • 1779-02-24 George Rogers Clark captures Vincennes (Ind) from British
  • 1779-06-16 Spain declares war on Great Britain in support of France and the USA, starting the Great Siege of Gibraltar which goes on to last 3 years, 7 months and 2 weeks

Historic Event

1779-09-27 John Adams negotiates Revolutionary War peace terms with Great Britain

  • 1779-12-31 British fleet beat Dutch Merchant vessels
  • 1780-03-26 1st British Sunday newspaper appears (British Gazette & Sunday Monitor)

Victory in Battle

1780-05-12 American General Benjamin Lincoln surrenders Charleston to the British (Revolutionary War)

  • 1780-08-16 British decisively defeat Americans in Battle of Camden, South Carolina

Historic Event

1780-09-21 Benedict Arnold gives British Major John André plans to West Point

Battle of Interest

1781-03-15 Battle of Guilford Court House; British troops under Cornwallis defeat American forces but their heavy losses led to ceding of territory and a strategic loss

  • 1781-04-29 French fleet stops the Britain from seizing the Cape of Good Hope

Historic Event

1781-06-03 Jack Jouett rides to warn Thomas Jefferson of British attack

Victory in Battle

1781-09-05 American Revolutionary War: French fleet of 24 ships under Comte de Grasse defeat British forces under Admiral Graves at the Battle of the Chesapeake [Battle of the Virginia Capes] and trap Cornwallis

  • 1781-09-06 The Battle of Groton Heights takes place, resulting a British victory.

Historic Event

1781-10-19 British forces under General Charles Cornwallis sign terms of surrender to George Washington and Comte de Rochambeau at Yorktown at 2 pm, ending the US Revolutionary War

  • 1781-11-13 British troops occupy Negapatam, Ceylon (Sri Lanka)
  • 1782-02-05 British garrison in Menorca (western Mediterranean) surrenders to French and Spanish fleet as part of the American Revolutionary War

Election of Interest

1782-03-27 Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham, becomes Prime Minister of Great Britain

Battle of the Saintes

1782-04-12 Battle at Les Saintes: British fleet under Admiral George Rodney defeats the French fleet under Comte de Grasse off Dominica in the West Indies. Prevents a planned French and Spanish invasion of Jamaica.

  • 1782-07-06 British-French sea battle at Negapatam (off India)
  • 1782-11-30 Britain signs agreement recognizing US independence
  • 1782-12-14 Charleston, South Carolina evacuated by the British
  • 1783-04-09 Tippu Sahib drives out British from Bednore, India
  • 1783-09-03 Treaty of Paris signed in Paris ends the American Revolutionary War between Great Britain and United States of America
  • 1783-11-25 Britain evacuates New York city, its last military position in the United States

Historic Event

1783-12-18 British King George III dismisses Duke of Portland's government

Historic Event

1783-12-19 William Pitt the Younger becomes the youngest ever British Prime Minister at age 24

  • 1784-05-11 Britain & Tippu Sahib of Mysore sign peace treaty
  • 1784-05-20 Britain & Netherlands sign peace treaty (Peace of Paris)
  • 1784-08-13 British parliament accepts East India Company Act 1784, bringing the East India Company's rule in India under the control of the British Government.
  • 1785-04-20 Thomas Warton appointed British Poet Laureate by King George III
  • 1785-05-09 British inventor Joseph Bramah patents beer-pump handle
  • 1786-08-11 Captain Francis Light establishes the British colony of Penang in Malaysia
  • 1786-09-26 Britain & France sign trade agreement
  • 1787-05-10 British Parliament impeaches Warren Hastings, Governor-General of Bengal

British Empire

1788-01-26 Captain Arthur Phillip and British colonists hoist the Union Flag at Sydney Cove, New South Wales, now celebrated as Australia Day. Referred to as Invasion Day by some First Nations people.

  • 1788-04-15 Britain, Netherlands & Prussia sign peace treaty
  • 1788-05-09 British parliament accepts abolition of slave trade
  • 1788-06-11 1st British ship built on Pacific coast begun at Nootka Sound, BC
  • 1788-08-22 Sierra Leone settled by British as a haven for former slaves
  • 1789-06-09 Spanish capture British schooner Northwest America near Vancouver Island
  • 1790-07-28 Henry James Pye appointed as British Poet Laureate by King George III

First Issue of The Observer

1791-12-04 Britain's "The Observer" is first published, the oldest Sunday newspaper in the world

  • 1792-05-08 British Captain George Vancouver sights and names Mt Rainier, Washington
  • 1792-06-04 Captain George Vancouver claims Puget Sound for Britain
  • 1792-08-29 British man o'war HMS Royal George capsizes at Spithead; more than 800 killed
  • 1792-10-29 Mount Hood (Oregon) is named after the British naval officer Alexander Arthur Hood by Lt. William E. Broughton who spotted the mountain near the mouth of the Willamette River.
  • 1793-02-01 France declares war on Great Britain and Netherlands
  • 1793-09-20 British troops under Major-general Williamson lands on (French) Haiti
  • 1794-04-21 NYC formally declares coast of Ellis Island publicly owned, so they can build forts to protect NYC from British
  • 1794-06-01 Glorious First of June; first naval battle between Britain (under Admiral Lord Howe) and France (Vice-Admiral Louis Thomas Villaret de Joyeuse) during French Revolutionary Wars. Britain gains tactical win.

Battle of Fleurus

1794-06-26 Battle of Fleurus: major victory by forces of the First French Republic under General Jean-Baptiste Jourdan over the Coalition Army (Great Britain, Hanover, Dutch Republic, and Habsburgs) first use of reconnaissance balloon

  • 1794-11-19 Jay Treaty, first US extradition treaty, signed with Great Britain
  • 1795-02-07 Dutch Prince William V accepts British occupation of Dutch Indies
  • 1795-06-24 US and Great Britain sign Jay Treaty, 1st US extradition treaty
  • 1795-09-15 Dutch East India controlled Cape Colony (present day South Africa) surrenders to Britain
  • 1795-09-16 British capture Capetown, South Africa, from the Dutch
  • 1796-06-01 Last of Britain's troops withdraws from USA
  • 1796-08-17 British defeat Batavian navy in Saldanha Bay, South Africa
  • 1796-08-19 Spain & France sign anti-British alliance

Victory in Battle

1797-02-14 The Battle of Cape St Vincent: British fleet under Admiral Sir John Jervis defeats larger Spanish fleet under Admiral Don José de Córdoba y Ramos near Cape St. Vincent, Portugal. Captain Horatio Nelson distinguishes himself.

  • 1797-02-18 Trinidad is surrendered to a British fleet under the command of Sir Ralph Abercromby
  • 1797-02-21 Trinidad, West Indies, a Spanish colony, surrenders to the British

Last Invasion of Britain

1797-02-22 The Last Invasion of Britain, launched by the French during the Revolutionary Wars, begins near Fishguard, Wales

  • 1797-02-24 Colonel William Tate and his force of 1,000-1,500 soldiers surrender after the Last Invasion of Britain (according to legend, to Welsh women in tall black hats, mistaken for elite guards regiment)
  • 1798-05-24 Irish Rebellion of 1798 led by the United Irishmen against British rule begins
  • 1798-05-26 British kill about 500 Irish insurgents at the Battle of Tara
  • 1798-08-01 Battle of the Nile: British Royal Navy under Admiral Horatio Nelson attacks and decimates the French fleet at Aboukir Bay off the Nile Delta, Egypt
  • 1798-08-02 Battle of the Nile: British Royal Navy under Admiral Horatio Nelson further decimates the French fleet
  • 1798-08-03 Battle of the Nile: British Admiral Horatio Nelson forces the remnants of the French fleet to surrender, concluding a decisive victory for the British who capture or destroy 11 French ships of the line and 2 frigates
  • 1798-08-27 Battle of Castlebar, Ireland: French army and Irish rebels rout a larger the British force
  • 1798-09-01 Britain signs treaty with Nizam of Hyderabad, India
  • 1798-09-03 Battle of St. George's Caye: Week long battle begins between the Spanish Empire and Great Britain off the coast of Belize
  • 1798-09-10 British Honduras beats Spain in battle of St George
  • 1798-12-24 Russia & Britain sign Second anti-French Coalition
  • 1799-01-09 British Prime Minister William Pitt the Younger introduces income tax to raise funds for the war against Napoleon
  • 1799-03-07 The Royal Institution of Great Britain founded; dedicated to scientific research and education.

Historic Siege

1799-05-04 Fourth Anglo-Mysore War: The Battle of Seringapatam ends the Siege of Seringapatam when the city is assaulted and the Sultan of Mysore Tipu Sultan is killed by the besieging British army, under the command of General George Harris

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 201 - 300 of 2,384

  • 1831-03-29 Amelia E. Barr, British-born American writer, born in Ulverston, Lancashire (d. 1919)
  • 1832-01-04 George Tryon, British admiral (d. 1893)
  • 1832-04-13 James Wimshurst, British designer and inventor (electrostatic generator), born in Poplar, England (d. 1898)
  • 1833-02-05 John Watkinson, founder of British Chess Magazine (oldest chess mag)
  • 1833-06-04 Garnet Wolseley, 1st Viscount Wolseley, British army general, born in Dublin (d. 1913)
  • 1834-03-06 George du Maurier, Franco-British illustrator and writer (Trilby), born in Paris, France (d. 1896)
  • 1834-04-30 Lord Avebury [John Lubbock], British banker and politician, born in London (d. 1913)
  • 1835-12-28 Archibald Geikie, British geologist
  • 1836-01-08 Lawrence Alma Tadema, Dutch/British painter/husband of Laura Epps
  • 1836-03-20 Edward Poynter, British painter, President of the Royal Academy, born in Paris, France (d. 1919)
  • 1836-05-24 Joseph Rowntree, British social reformer, born in York, England (d. 1925)
  • 1836-06-09 Elizabeth Garrett Anderson, 1st qualified woman physician in Britain, first woman mayor (Aldeburgh), born in London (d. 1917)
  • 1836-07-08 Joseph Chamberlain, British minister of Commerce/Colonies

Henry Campbell-BannermanHenry Campbell-Bannerman (1836-1908)

1836-09-07 British Prime Minister (Liberal: 1905-08), born in Glasgow, Scotland

  • 1836-11-30 Lord Frederick Cavendish, English politician who was appointed Chief Secretary for Ireland in May 1882 and murdered only hours after his arrival in Dublin, born in Compton Place, Eastbourne, Sussex (d. 1882)
  • 1838-03-18 Randal Cremer, Britain, trade unionist, pacifist (Nobel 1903)
  • 1838-05-11 Walter Goodman, British painter, illustrator and author (d. 1912)
  • 1838-07-20 George Otto Trevelyan, British statesman and biographer (d. 1928)
  • 1838-12-03 Octavia Hill, British reformer, leader of open-space movement, born in London, England (d. 1912)
  • 1840-01-21 Sophia Louisa Jex-Blake, Hastings, English Physician and feminist who was one of the first female medical students at a British university
  • 1840-10-09 Simeon Solomon, English Pre-Raphaelite painter, born in London, England (d. 1905)
  • 1843-01-08 Frederick Abberline, British police investigator (d. 1929)
  • 1843-04-15 Henry James, American-British author (Turn of the Screw, Bostonians), born in NYC, New York (d. 1916)
  • 1843-04-25 Princess Alice of the United Kingdom, Grand Duchess of Hesse, born in Buckingham Palace, London (d. 1878)
  • 1843-06-30 Ernest Mason Satow, British diplomat and scholar, born in Clapton, London, England (d. 1929)
  • 1844-10-23 Robert Bridges, English poet (Testament of beauty) and British Poet Laureate (1913-30), born in Walmer, Kent (d. 1930)
  • 1844-12-01 Alexandra, Danish princess, Queen of Great Britain and Ireland, born in Copenhagen, Denmark (d. 1925)
  • 1845-02-14 Cecil De Vere, 1st official British chess champion (1866), born in London (d. 1875)
  • 1846-01-30 Francis H. Bradley, British idealist philosopher (Appearance and Reality), born in Clapham, Surrey, England (d. 1924)
  • 1846-02-10 Charles Beresford, British admiral and politician (d. 1919)
  • 1846-05-25 Princess Helena of the United Kingdom, daughter of Queen Victoria, born in Buckingham Palace, London (d. 1923)

Archibald PrimroseArchibald Primrose (1847-1929)

1847-05-07 5th Earl of Rosebery, British Prime Minister (Liberal: 1894-95), born in London

Arthur BalfourArthur Balfour (1848-1930)

1848-07-25 British Prime Minister (Conservative: 1902-05) and Foreign Secretary (Balfour Declaration), born in Whittingehame House, East Lothian, Scotland

  • 1849-04-06 John William Waterhouse, British painter, born in Rome, Roman Republic (now Italy) (d. 1917)
  • 1849-07-27 John Hopkinson, British physicist and electrical engineer (Hopkinson's Law), born in Manchester (d. 1898)
  • 1849-08-23 William Ernest Henley, British poet, critic, and editor, born in Gloucester, England (d. 1903)
  • 1849-11-24 Frances Hodgson Burnett, British-American playwright and children's author ("The Secret Garden"; "Little Lord Fauntleroy"), born in Manchester (d. 1924)
  • 1850-03-10 Spencer Gore, British tennis player (1st Wimbledon winner 1877), born in Wimbledon, England (d. 1906)
  • 1850-03-24 Silas Hocking, British novelist and preacher (d. 1935)
  • 1850-04-13 Arthur Matthew Weld Downing, British mathematician and astronomer, born in County Carlow, Ireland (d. 1917)

Horatio KitchenerHoratio Kitchener (1850-1916)

1850-06-24 British General who commanded British forces during the Battle of Omdurman (Sudan) and the Second Boer War who became British Secretary of State for War during WWI (1914-16), born in Ballylongford, County Kerry, Ireland

  • 1850-12-30 John Milne, British geologist (developed the first modern seismograph), born in Liverpool, England (d. 1913)
  • 1851-09-04 John Dillon, Irish nationalist and British Lower house leader, born in Blackrock, Dublin (d. 1927)

H. H. AsquithH. H. Asquith (1852-1928)

1852-09-12 British Prime Minister (Liberal: 1908-16), born in Morley, England

John FrenchJohn French (1852-1925)

1852-09-28 1st Earl of Ypres and British WWI field marshal, born in Ripple, Kent, England

  • 1853-01-16 Gen Sir Ian Hamilton, British military commander (d. 1947)
  • 1854-01-01 James Frazer, Britain, anthropologist/author (The Golden Bough)
  • 1854-03-04 Sir Napier Shaw, British meteorologist (d. 1945)
  • 1854-03-14 John Lane, British publisher (The Bodley Head), born in Devon (d. 1925)
  • 1854-03-23 Alfred Milner, Giessen Germany, British governor (Cape colony)
  • 1854-06-13 Charles Algernon Parsons, British inventor (steam turbine), born in London (d. 1931)
  • 1854-08-02 F. Marion Crawford, American author (Mr. Isaacs), born in Bagni de Lucca, Italy (d. 1909)
  • 1854-12-23 Henry B. Guppy, British botanist who studied in the Pacific, born in Falmouth, England (d. 1926)
  • 1855-05-24 Arthur Wing Pinero, English actor and playwright, born in London (d. 1934)
  • 1855-09-07 William Friese-Greene, British photographer and inventor (motion pictures), born in Bristol, England (d. 1921)
  • 1855-09-09 Houston Stewart Chamberlain, British-German philosopher (wrote works about political philosophy and natural science), born in Southsea, Hampshire, England (d. 1927)
  • 1855-10-14 George Edwardes, British composer (Gaiety Girl), born in Cleethorpes, Lincolnshire, England (d. 1915)
  • 1855-12-23 Alan Gray, British composer (Trinity College), born in York (d. 1935)
  • 1856-07-21 Harry A P Eyres, British diplomat (Constantinople, Albania)
  • 1856-07-23 Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Indian early nationalist leader, born in Ratnagiri, British India (d. 1920)
  • 1856-07-30 Richard Haldane, British viscount and lord-chancellor (Life of A Smith), born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1928)
  • 1856-08-15 J. Keir Hardie, Scottish politician and 1st Labour representative in British Parliament, born in Lanarkshire, Scotland (d. 1915)
  • 1856-08-17 Violet Paget [Vernon Lee], British author (Satan the master)
  • 1857-03-16 Charles Harding Firth, British historian, born in Ecclesall, Sheffield, England (d. 1936)
  • 1857-11-27 Charles Scott Sherrington, British physiologist (Nobel 1932-functions of neurons), born in London (d. 1952)
  • 1858-01-22 Frederick Lugard, British captain/baron (Congo)
  • 1858-06-19 George Alexander [Samson], British actor, theatre producer and manager, born in Reading, Berkshire (d. 1918)
  • 1858-07-31 Richard Dixon Oldham, British geologist, born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1936)
  • 1858-08-02 William Watson, British poet (Prince's Quest, Father of Forest), born in Burley-in-Wharfedale, Yorkshire (d. 1935)

Bonar LawBonar Law (1858-1923)

1858-09-16 British Prime Minister (Conservative: 1922-23), born in Kingston, Colony of New Brunswick (now Canada)

Arthur Conan DoyleArthur Conan Doyle (1859-1930)

1859-05-22 British author who brought Sherlock Holmes to life twice, born in Edinburgh, Scotland

  • 1859-06-08 Smith Wigglesworth, British religious figure, born in Menston, Yorkshire, England (d. 1947)

John JellicoeJohn Jellicoe (1859-1935)

1859-12-05 1st Earl Jellicoe, British Admiral of the Fleet in World War I (Battle of Jutland), born in Southampton, England

  • 1860-08-07 Alan Leo, British astrologer, born in Westminster, London (d. 1917)
  • 1860-10-04 Sidney Paget, British illustrator (Sherlock Holmes), born in London (d. 1908)
  • 1861-01-03 William Renshaw, British tennis player (Wimbledon 1881-6, 89), born in Leamington Spa, England (d. 1904)

Douglas HaigDouglas Haig (1861-1928)

1861-06-19 British fieldmarshal (Sudan, WWI), nicknamed "Butcher Haig" due to mass casualties under his command during the Battle of the Somme, born in Charlotte Square, Edinburgh

  • 1862-01-03 Sir Matthew Nathan, British Governor of Queensland and other places (d. 1939)
  • 1862-02-17 Edward German (Jones), English composer (Merrie England), born in Whitchurch, Shropshire (d. 1936)
  • 1862-09-11 Julian Byng, 1st Viscount Byng of Vimy, British army officer, born in Wrotham Park, Hertfordshire, England (d. 1935)

David Lloyd GeorgeDavid Lloyd George (1863-1945)

1863-01-17 British Prime Minister (Liberal: 1916-22), born in Chorlton-on-Medlock, Lancashire, England

  • 1863-03-04 Reginald Innes Pocock, British zoologist (d. 1947)
  • 1863-05-31 Francis Younghusband, British journalist and explorer (1904 British expedition to Tibet), born in Murree, British India (d. 1942)
  • 1863-09-13 Arthur Henderson, British Labour minister (Nobel Peace Prize 1934), born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 1935)
  • 1863-10-16 Austen Chamberlain, British Foreign Secretary (Nobel 1925)
  • 1864-03-12 W. H. R. Rivers, British psychiatrist (d. 1922)
  • 1864-07-18 Phillip Snowden, British politician, 1st Labour Chancellor of the Exchequer, born in Cowling, Yorkshire (d. 1937)
  • 1864-08-16 Ferdinand C. S. Schiller, German-British philosopher (Riddles of the Sphinx), born in Altona, Holstein, German Confederation (d. 1937)
  • 1864-10-17 Elinor Glyn, British novelist (3 Weeks)
  • 1865-01-03 Henry Lytton, British actor and opera singer (The Mikado), born in London, England (d. 1936)

George VGeorge V (1865-1936)

1865-06-03 King of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions, and Emperor of India (1910-36), born in Marlborough House, London,

  • 1865-06-26 George C. Pearce, American actor (The Shadow Sinister, British Agent, Valiant), born in NYC, New York (d. 1940)
  • 1865-09-23 Emmuska Orczy, Tarnaörs Hungary, Hungarian-born British writer (Scarlet Pimpernel)
  • 1866-04-17 Ernest Starling, British physiologist (Frank-Starling law of the heart), born in London (d. 1927)

Ramsay MacDonaldRamsay MacDonald (1866-1937)

1866-10-12 British Prime Minister (Labour: 1924, 1929-35), born in Lossiemouth, Morayshire, Scotland

  • 1867-01-11 Edward B. Titchener, British psychologist. (d. 1927)
  • 1867-05-26 Mary of Teck, Queen of Great Britain and consort of George V, born in Kensington Palace, London (d. 1953)
  • 1867-08-02 Ernest Dowson, British poet (Decorations in Verse and Prose), born in Lee, London

Stanley BaldwinStanley Baldwin (1867-1947)

1867-08-03 British Prime Minister (Conservative: 1923-24, 1924-29, 1935-37), born in Bewdley, England

  • 1867-12-25 Alfred Kerr [Kempner], German-British writer, born in Breslau, Silesia (d. 1948)

Famous Weddings

Famous Divorces

Famous Deaths

Deaths 201 - 300 of 1,250

  • 1864-12-08 George Boole, English mathematician (Boolean algebra), dies at 49
  • 1865-04-28 Samuel Cunard, Canadian-British shipping magnate & founder (1st regular Atlantic steamship line), dies at 77
  • 1865-07-25 James Barry [Margaret Ann Bulkley], British military surgeon and the 1st woman in Great Britain to become a qualified medical doctor, dies at 66 or 67
  • 1865-12-24 Sir Charles Lock Eastlake, British painter and writer (b. 1793)
  • 1867-04-19 Robert Smirke, British architect, dies
  • 1868-05-07 Henry Brougham, 1st Baron Brougham and Vaux and Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain, dies at 89
  • 1868-05-26 Michael Barrett, Irish nationalist, last British public execution

James BrookeJames Brooke (1803-1868)

1868-06-09 British adventurer and 1st Rajah of Sarawak (1841-68), dies of a stroke at 65

  • 1869-10-24 Joseph Jackson Lister, British optician who perfected the optical microscope by designing the achromatic objective lens, dies at 83
  • 1869-11-04 George Peabody, American-British entrepreneur and philanthropist who founded the Peabody Trust and the Peabody Institute, dies at 74
  • 1871-03-18 Augustus De Morgan, Indian-born British mathematician and logician (b. 1806)
  • 1871-05-12 John F. W. Herschel, British astronomer (Catalogue of Nebulae), dies at 79
  • 1872-11-28 Mary Fairfax Somerville, British scientific writer (b. 1780)
  • 1872-12-24 William John Macquorn Rankine, Scottish mechanical engineer and physicist, dies at 52

David LivingstoneDavid Livingstone (1813-1873)

1873-05-01 Scottish explorer who was famously found by Henry Morton Stanley in Africa, dies allegedly of malaria and internal bleeding caused by dysentery at 60

Charles LyellCharles Lyell (1797-1875)

1875-02-22 Scottish geologist (Principles of Geology), dies at 77

  • 1875-11-02 James W. W. Birch, 1st British resident in Perak, Malaysia is speared to death while in the bath-house of his boat, SS Dragon at 49
  • 1877-06-03 Frank Pocock, British explorer, drowned in the Congo while travelling with Stanley
  • 1877-10-28 Robert Swinhoe, British naturalist (b. 1835)

John RussellJohn Russell (1792-1878)

1878-05-28 1st Earl Russell, British Prime Minister (Whig: 1846-52 and 1865-66), dies at 85

  • 1879-01-22 Anthony Durnford, British colonel, dies in Battle of Isandlwana
  • 1879-01-22 George Shepstone, British political affiliate, dies in battle
  • 1879-04-18 Anthony Pannizi, Italian-born British librarian (British Museum), dies at 81
  • 1881-02-27 George Colley, British governor of Natal/general, dies in battle at 46
  • 1882-01-20 John Linnell, British painter/minaturist/engraver, dies
  • 1883-11-05 William Hicks, British col/commander (Egyptian army), dies in battle
  • 1883-11-18 Wilhelm Siemens, German-British physicist and inventor (open-hearth furnace), dies at 60
  • 1888-08-17 James Jameson, Scottish heir to Jameson Whisky and explorer who paid for a 10 yr old girl to be eaten in the Congo, dies of a fever at 32

Richard Francis BurtonRichard Francis Burton (1821-1890)

1890-10-20 English explorer and translator (Arabian Nights), dies at 69

  • 1892-01-14 Prince Albert Victor, Duke of Clarence, British prince (b. 1864)
  • 1892-04-26 Provo Wallis, British Royal Navy officer, dies at 100
  • 1892-05-15 Arthur Hodister, British ivory seller (Heart of Darkness), murdered

Alfred TennysonAlfred Tennyson (1809-1892)

1892-10-06 British Poet Laureate of Great Britain (The Charge of the Light Brigade), dies at 83

  • 1893-01-02 John Obadiah Westwood, British entomologist, dies at 87
  • 1893-01-15 Frances Anne "Fanny" Kemble, British Shakespearian actress (Juliet) and author, dies at 83
  • 1893-06-23 Sir Theophilus Shepstone, British-born South African statesman (b. 1817)
  • 1893-12-04 Allan Wilson, British/Rhodesian Major, dies in battle against the Ndebeles during First Matabele War
  • 1895-01-24 Lord Randolph Churchill, British politician, dies at 45
  • 1895-03-05 Henry Rawlinson, British army officer and oriental scholar (major role in deciphering cuneiform), dies at 84
  • 1895-05-15 Joseph Whitaker, British publisher (Whitaker's Almanack), dies at 75
  • 1895-10-25 Charles Hallé, Anglo-German pianist, conductor and founder (Halle Orchestra), dies at 76
  • 1895-12-30 LP Hartley, British writer, dies
  • 1896-04-22 Thomas Meik, Scottish civil engineer, dies at 84
  • 1896-10-21 James Henry Greathead, British engineer (b. 1844)
  • 1896-11-26 Coventry Patmore, English poet and critic (The Angel in the House), dies at 73
  • 1896-12-27 John Brown, British manufacturer (b. 1816)

Isaac PitmanIsaac Pitman (1813-1897)

1897-01-12 English teacher and inventor of Pitman shorthand (Stenographic Soundhand), dies at 84

  • 1897-02-06 Ebenezer C Brewer, British writer (Dictionary of Phrase & Fable), dies
  • 1897-06-22 Ralph Abercromby, British meteorologist, dies at about 54
  • 1898-01-03 James Wimshurst, British designer and inventor (electrostatic generator), dies at 70
  • 1898-01-16 Charles Pelham Villiers, longest-serving MP in the British House of Commons (b. 1802)
  • 1898-08-27 John Hopkinson, British physicist and electrical engineer (Hopkinson's Law), dies with three of his children in a mountaineering accident in the Pennine Alps, Switzerland at 49
  • 1898-09-02 Hubert Howard, British journalist (The Times), dies through friendly fire
  • 1899-08-09 Edward Frankland, British structural chemist who co-discovered helium and developed the theory of valence, dies on holiday in Norway at 74
  • 1899-10-23 Penn Symons, British Major General during Second Boer War, dies in battle during the Battle Of Talana Hill at 56
  • 1899-10-28 C Grant B Allen, Canada, British writer (Woman Who Did), dies
  • 1899-12-11 Andrew Wauchope, British Major-General, dies in Battle of Magersfontein in the Boer war, South Africa. Another British Major, The Marquess of Winchester also killed.
  • 1900-11-06 PWJ Le Gallais, British lt-colonel, dies in battle at Bothaville

Queen VictoriaQueen Victoria (1819-1901)

1901-01-22 Queen of the United Kingdom and Ireland (1837-1901), dies at 81

  • 1901-06-10 Robert Williams Buchanan, British dramatist (b. 1841)
  • 1901-09-25 Arthur Fremantle, British general and American Civil War observer (b. 1835)
  • 1901-10-30 George Elliott Benson, British Army officer, killed in battle Battle at Bakenlaagte, South Africa at 40
  • 1901-11-30 Edward J Eyre, British explorer/governor (Jamaica), dies at 86
  • 1902-02-23 Samuel R Gardiner, British historian (Oliver Cromwell), dies at 72
  • 1902-06-18 Samuel Butler, English author (Erewhom, Way of All Flesh), dies at 66
  • 1903-02-01 George Gabriel Stokes, Irish physicist & mathematician (spectroscope), dies at 83
  • 1903-03-05 George Francis Robert Henderson, British soldier (b. 1854)

Robert Gascoyne-CecilRobert Gascoyne-Cecil (1830-1903)

1903-08-22 3rd Marquess of Salisbury, British Prime Minister (Conservative: 1885-86, 1886-92 and 1895-1902), dies at 73

  • 1903-09-03 Joseph Skipsey, British poet (b. 1832)

Herbert SpencerHerbert Spencer (1820-1903)

1903-12-08 British philosopher (Social Statics), dies at 83

Paul KrugerPaul Kruger (1825-1904)

1904-07-14 3rd President of South African Republic (1883-1900) and face of Boer resistance during the Second Boer War, dies of pneumonia at 78

  • 1905-08-14 Simeon Solomon, English Pre-Raphaelite painter, dies at 64
  • 1906-04-19 Spencer Gore, British tennis player (1st Wimbledon singles champion 1877), dies at 56
  • 1906-06-20 John Clayton Adams, British landscape artist (b. 1840)
  • 1906-09-19 Maria Georgina Grey, British writer and founder of the Girls' Day School Trust (b. 1816)
  • 1907-01-14 Sir James Fergusson, British politician, and governor of South Australia, New Zealand and Bombay (b. 1832)
  • 1909-04-13 Whitley Stokes, British lawyer, dies at 79
  • 1910-04-13 William Orchardson, British painter, dies at 78

Charles RollsCharles Rolls (1877-1910)

1910-07-12 British aviator and auto manufacturer who co-founded Rolls Royce, dies in a place crash at 32, the 1st British person to do so

  • 1911-11-08 Samuel Wilks, British Physician and founding father of clinical science, dies at 87
  • 1911-12-10 Joseph Dalton Hooker, British botanist and director of the Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew, dies at 94
  • 1912-02-17 Edgar Evans, Welsh explorer (part of Robert Scott's Terra Nova Expedition to Antarctica), dies attempting to return from the Pole at 35
  • 1912-03-17 Lawrence "Titus" Oates, British explorer (Antarctica), sacrifices himself during the Terra Nova Expedition at 32

Robert Falcon ScottRobert Falcon Scott (1868-1912)

1912-03-29 British explorer and leader of the ill-fated south pole expedition, dies in Antarctica at 43

  • 1912-06-25 Lawrence Alma Tadema, Dutch-British painter, dies at 76
  • 1912-09-01 Samuel Coleridge-Taylor, African-British composer (Hiawatha's Wedding Feast), dies at 37
  • 1912-12-14 Belgrave Edward Sutton Ninnis, British Army lieutenant, dies at 25
  • 1913-05-28 Lord Avebury [John Lubbock], British banker and politician, dies at 79
  • 1913-07-31 John Milne, British geologist (developed the first modern seismograph), dies of Bright's disease at 62
  • 1913-10-31 William Evans-Gordon, British politician (b. 1857)

Alfred Russel WallaceAlfred Russel Wallace (1823-1913)

1913-11-07 British naturalist, explorer and co-discoverer of the theory of evolution through natural selection, dies at 90

  • 1914-02-25 John Tenniel, British illustrator (Alice in Wonderland), dies at 93
  • 1914-07-02 Joseph Chamberlain, British statesman, minister to Germany, dies at 78
  • 1914-08-17 James Grierson, British general, dies of an aneurism at 55
  • 1914-08-23 George Ambrose Pogson, British consul in Hamburg (1880-1914), dies
  • 1914-08-30 Adrian H. Stewart, British lieutenant, dies in battle in Cameroon at 26
  • 1914-09-07 Peter O'Brien, Irish lawyer and judge, dies at 73
  • 1914-09-08 William Erasmus Darwin, British son of Charles Darwin, subject of his father's psychological studies, dies at 74