The United Kingdom in History (Part 5)

Historical Events

Events 401 - 500 of 2,245

  • 1822-07-08 Chippewas turn over huge tract of land in Ontario to the United Kingdom
  • 1824-01-22 Ashantis defeat British forces in the Gold Coast
  • 1824-03-04 The "National Institution for the Preservation of Life from Shipwreck" founded in the United Kingdom, later to be renamed The Royal National Lifeboat Institution in 1858.
  • 1824-03-05 First Burmese War: The British officially declare war on Burma
  • 1824-03-17 Britain & Netherlands sign a trade agreement
  • 1825-02-22 Russia & Britain establish Alaska-Canada boundary
  • 1825-06-22 British Parliament abolishes feudalism and the seigneurial system in British North America
  • 1826-06-20 Siam and Britain sign trade and peace treaty
  • 1827-01-17 Duke of Wellington appointed British supreme commander
  • 1828-04-14 British 18-gun sloop HMS Acorn sinks off Halifax with 115 men aboard
  • 1829-03-22 The three protecting powers (Britain, France and Russia) establish the borders of Greece
  • 1829-04-13 The Roman Catholic Relief Act passed by the British Parliament; it was the culmination of the process of Catholic Emancipation throughout the UK.
  • 1829-04-25 Charles Fremantle arrives in HMS Challenger off the coast of modern-day Western Australia prior to declaring the Swan River Colony for the United Kingdom
  • 1829-09-29 The first units of the London Metropolitan Police appear on the streets of the British capital
  • 1829-12-04 Britain outlaws "suttee" in India (widow burning herself to death on her husband's funeral pyre)

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1830-11-22 Charles Grey, 2nd Earl Grey, becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

British Prime Minister Charles Grey
British Prime Minister
Charles Grey

  • 1830-12-20 Great Britain, France, Prussia, Austria and Russia recognize Belgium
  • 1831-09-08 William IV is crowned King of Great Britain.
  • 1832-03-22 British Parliament, led by Charles Grey, passes the Reform Act, introducing wide-ranging changes to electoral system of England and Wales, increasing electorate from about 500,000 voters to 813,000
  • 1833-01-01 British government demands Falkland islands
  • 1833-01-02 Re-establishment of British rule on the Falklands.
  • 1833-01-03 Britain seizes control of Falkland Islands in South Atlantic

UKBritain Abolishes the Slave Trade

1833-08-28 Britain's Slavery Abolition Act gains royal assent

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'Am I Not a Man and a Brother?' emblem used by some abolitionists determined to end the slave trade in the British Empire
'Am I Not a Man and a Brother?' emblem used by some abolitionists determined to end the slave trade in the British Empire
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  • 1834-08-01 Slavery Abolition Act 1833 comes into effect, abolishes slavery throughout the British Empire
  • 1834-10-28 The Battle of Pinjarra occurs in the Swan River Colony in present-day Pinjarra, Western Australia. Between 14 and 40 Aborigines are killed by British colonists.

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1835-04-18 William Lamb (Lord Melbourne) becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom after Robert Peel resigns out of frustration

British Prime Minister William Lamb
British Prime Minister
William Lamb
British Prime Minister Robert Peel
British Prime Minister
Robert Peel
  • 1836-08-17 British parliament accepts registration of births, marriages and deaths
  • 1836-12-28 Proclamation of South Australia as a British Province. Formal proclamation was read out in what is now the Adelaide suburb of Glenelg North by Captain (later Rear Admiral, Governor, Sir) John Hindmarsh
  • 1837-05-25 The Patriots of Lower Canada (Quebec) rebel against the British for freedom.
  • 1837-06-13 1st Mormon missionaries to British Isles leave Kirtland, Ohio

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1837-06-20 Queen Victoria at 18 ascends British throne following death of uncle King William IV. She rules for 63 years till 1901

Queen of the United Kingdom Queen Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
Queen Victoria
  • 1838-08-01 Apprenticeship system abolished in most of the British Empire. Former slaves no longer indentured to former owners.
  • 1839-01-19 Aden conquered by British East India Company
  • 1839-08-23 British capture Hong Kong from China

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1839-10-10 British troops under General Charles Napier occupy Beirut

  • 1839-11-03 First Opium War - 2 British frigates engage several Chinese junks

  • 1839-11-04 The Newport Rising is the last large-scale armed rebellion against authority in mainland Britain

Treaty of InterestTreaty of Waitangi

1840-02-06 The Treaty of Waitangi is signed between 40 Māori Chiefs (later signed by 500) and representatives of the British crown in Waitangi, New Zealand. The treaty was designed to share sovereignty between the two groups.

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The Treaty of Waitangi, signed by the British Crown and various Māori chiefs
The Treaty of Waitangi, signed by the British Crown and various Māori chiefs
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Historic PublicationPenny Black

1840-05-01 "Penny Black", the world's first adhesive postage stamp issued by Great Britain

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The Penny Black stamp featured Queen Victoria
The Penny Black stamp featured Queen Victoria
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  • 1840-05-06 World's first adhesive postage stamp, the "Penny Black", is first used in Great Britain
  • 1840-05-21 Captain William Hobson proclaims British sovereignty over New Zealand; the North Island by treaty and the South Island by 'discovery'
  • 1840-05-22 The transporting of British convicts to the New South Wales colony is abolished
  • 1840-07-15 Great Britain, Russia, Austria and Prussia sign Quadruple Alliance
  • 1840-07-23 Union Act passed by British Parliament, uniting Upper & Lower Canada
  • 1840-08-01 Labourer slaves in most of the British Empire are emancipated
  • 1840-10-14 Maronite leader Bashir II surrenders to the British forces and goes into exile in Malta.
  • 1840-11-16 New Zealand officially becomes a British colony
  • 1841-01-20 China cedes Hong Kong to the British during the 1st Opium War
  • 1841-01-26 Hong Kong proclaimed a sovereign territory of Britain
  • 1841-07-17 British humorous and satirical magazine "Punch" first published; it finally closed in 2002

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1841-09-24 British adventurer James Brooke obtains lands around the Sarawak river from the Sultan of Brunei

1st White Rajah of Sarawak James Brooke
1st White Rajah of Sarawak
James Brooke
  • 1842-01-06 4,500 British & Indian troops leave Kabul, massacred before reaching India
  • 1842-01-13 Dr. William Brydon, a surgeon in the British Army during the First Anglo-Afghan War, becomes famous for (reputedly) being the sole survivor of an army of 16,500 when he reaches the safety of a garrison in Jalalabad.
  • 1842-08-29 Great Britain and China sign Treaty of Nanking, ending the Opium war
  • 1843-02-02 US & British settlers in Oregon Country choose government committee

AppointmentAppointment of Interest

1843-04-06 William Wordsworth is appointed British Poet Laureate by Queen Victoria

Poet William Wordsworth
William Wordsworth
Queen of the United Kingdom Queen Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
Queen Victoria

BoatSS Great Britain

1843-07-19 The steamship SS Great Britain is launched, designed by Isambard Kingdom Brunel, is the first ocean-going craft with an iron hull or screw propeller and the largest vessel afloat in the world

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A painting of the launch of SS Great Britain, by Joseph Walter
A painting of the launch of SS Great Britain, by Joseph Walter
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  • 1843-08-08 Natal (in South Africa) is made a British colony
  • 1843-10-14 British arrest Irish nationalist Daniel O'Connell for conspiracy
  • 1843-11-28 Ka Lahui: Hawaiian Independence Day - The Kingdom of Hawaii is officially recognized by the United Kingdom and France as an independent nation.
  • 1845-03-11 The Flagstaff War: In New Zealand, Chiefs Hone Heke and Kawiti lead 700 Māoris to chop down the British flagpole and drive settlers out of the British colonial settlement of Kororareka because of breaches of the 1840 Treaty of Waitangi.
  • 1846-01-05 The United States House of Representatives votes to stop sharing the Oregon Territory with the United Kingdom
  • 1846-01-28 Battle of Allwal, British beat Sikhs in Punjab
  • 1846-02-10 British defeat Sikhs in battle of Sobraon, India
  • 1846-02-20 British occupy Sikh citadel of Lahore
  • 1846-06-08 Battle at Gwanga: British troops beat Bantu
  • 1846-06-15 Oregon Treaty signed, setting US-British boundary at 49°N
  • 1846-08-05 Oregon territory divided between US & Britain at 49th parallel
  • 1847-11-12 Sir James Young Simpson, a British physician, is the first to use chloroform as an anaesthetic.
  • 1848-01-01 Britain takes Mosquito Coast from Nicaragua
  • 1848-07-29 Irish Potato Famine: Tipperary Revolt - an unsuccessful nationalist revolt against British rule put down by police
  • 1849-01-31 Corn Laws abolished in Britain
  • 1849-03-29 Great Britain formally annexs Punjab after defeat of Sikhs in India
  • 1849-10-16 British seize Tigre Island in Gulf of Fonseca from Honduras

  • 1850-01-18 British blockade Piraeus, Greece, to enforce mercantile claims

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1850-06-29 British ex-Prime Minister Sir Robert Peel falls off his horse; dies three days later

British Prime Minister Robert Peel
British Prime Minister
Robert Peel

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1850-11-19 Alfred Tennyson becomes British Poet Laureate, succeeding William Wordsworth

  • 1851-06-30 Battle of Viervoet (Basotho-British war)
  • 1851-07-24 Window tax abolished in Britain
  • 1851-08-22 100 Guineas Cup is raced around Isle of Wight; US schooner 'America' beats British cutter 'Aurora' by 24 minutes; first competition for the America's Cup yachting trophy
  • 1852-01-01 National debt of Britain & Ireland is 765,126,582 pounds
  • 1852-01-17 British recognize independence of Transvaal (in South Africa)
  • 1852-02-02 1st British public men's toilet opens in Fleet St, London
  • 1852-02-11 First British public female toilet opens (Bedford Street, London)
  • 1852-02-26 British troopship Birkenhead sinks off South Africa, 458 die, 193 survive
  • 1854-02-17 Britain recognises independence of Orange Free State (South Africa)
  • 1854-02-23 Great Britain & Orange Free state sign Convention of Bloemfontein
  • 1854-03-28 Britain and France declare war on Russia during the Crimean War

Battle of InterestBattle of the Alma

1854-09-20 Battle of the Alma: first major battle of Crimean War. British and French alliance defeat the Russians

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2nd Rifle Brigade leading the Light Division across the river at the Battle of the Alma on September 20, 1854 during the Crimean War
2nd Rifle Brigade leading the Light Division across the river at the Battle of the Alma on September 20, 1854 during the Crimean War
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  • 1854-10-23 English newspaper "The Times" gives precise British positions in Crimea during Crimean War
  • 1854-10-25 Prince Menshikov of Crimea occupies British base at Balaclava
  • 1854-11-05 Crimean War: British & French defeat Russian force of 50,000 at Inkerman

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1855-02-06 British government of Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston forms

British Prime Minister Henry John Temple
British Prime Minister
Henry John Temple
  • 1855-06-17 Heavy French/British bombing of Sebastopol, Crimea: 2,000+ killed
  • 1855-09-08 British and French troops capture Sevastopol from the Russians, effectively ending the Crimean War
  • 1856-01-29 Victoria Cross established to acknowledge valour in the face of the enemy (United Kingdom and Commonwealth countries)
  • 1856-07-15 Natal forms as a British colony separate from Cape Colony
  • 1856-11-03 A British fleet bombards Canton

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 401 - 500 of 2,419

  • 1890-11-15 Richmal Crompton, British author (d. 1969)

Person of interestDion Fortune

1890-12-06 Dion Fortune, British occultist, born in Llandudno, Wales (d. 1946)

Occultist and Author Dion Fortune
Occultist and Author
Dion Fortune
  • 1890-12-22 Harry Pollitt, General Secretary of the Communist Party of Great Britain, born in Droylsden, United Kingdom (d. 1960)
  • 1891-01-25 Gwen Ffrangcon-Davies, British actress (The Devil Rides Out), born in London, England (d. 1992)
  • 1891-05-16 Richard Tauber [Denemy], Austrian-British operatic tenor and film actor, born in Linz, Austria (d. 1948)
  • 1891-08-06 William Slim, British general (d. 1970)
  • 1891-12-25 Kenneth A N Anderson, British general (Dunkerk, North Africa)
  • 1892-02-14 Nikolaj A. Orloff, Russian-British pianist (Chopin), born in Yelets, Oryol Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1964)
  • 1892-03-10 Eva Turner, British operatic soprano, born in Werneth, Oldham, England (d. 1990)
  • 1892-03-31 Stanislav Wladyslaw Maczek, Polish/British general-major/commandant
  • 1892-04-14 V. Gordon Childe, British archaeologist and prehistorian, born in Sydney, Australia (d. 1957)
  • 1892-06-11 Edward Shanks, British poet and critic, born in London, England (d. 1953)

Person of interestBasil Rathbone

1892-06-13 Basil Rathbone, South African born British actor (Sherlock Holmes), born in Johannesburg, South Africa (d. 1967)

  • 1892-10-04 Hermann Glauert, British aerodynamicist, born in Sheffield, Yorkshire (d. 1934)
  • 1893-03-27 Karl Mannheim, German sociologist (Ideology & Utopia), born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 1947)
  • 1893-03-29 Dora Carrington, British Bloomsbury artist, born in Hereford, Herefordshire (d. 1932)
  • 1893-09-07 Leslie Hore-Belisha, British politician (Minister of Transport, 1934-37; War Secretary, 1937–40), born in Hampstead, London (d. 1957)
  • 1893-09-11 W. Douglas Hawkes, British racing driver, born in Barton, England (d. 1974)
  • 1893-09-16 Alexander Korda, British movie producer (3rd man), born in Pusztatúrpásztó, Austria-Hungary (d. 1956)
  • 1893-10-08 Orovida Camille Pissarro, British painter and etcher, born in Epping, England (d. 1968)

Person of interestHarold Macmillan

1894-02-10 Harold Macmillan, British Conservative politician and Prime Minister (1957-63), born in London (d. 1986)

British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan
British Prime Minister
Harold Macmillan
  • 1894-06-21 Milward Kennedy, British public servant and mystery writer (d. 1968)

Person of interestEdward VIII

1894-06-23 Edward VIII, King of the United Kingdom and the Dominions of the British Empire and Emperor of India (Jan 20th, 1936 until his abdication on Dec 11th, 1936), born in Richmond, England (d. 1972)

King of the United Kingdom Edward VIII
King of the United Kingdom
Edward VIII
  • 1894-10-27 Oliver Leese, British World War II general, born in Westminster, London (d. 1978)
  • 1894-12-31 Ernest John Moeran, English composer, born in London Borough of Hounslow, United Kingdom (d. 1950)
  • 1895-02-04 Nigel Bruce, British actor (Rebecca, Suspicion, Sherlock Holmes), born in Ensenada, Baja California, Mexico (d. 1953)
  • 1895-04-25 Stanley Rous, British soccer official, 6th President of FIFA (1961-74), born in Mutford, East Suffolk, England (d. 1986)
  • 1895-06-03 Zoltan Korda, Hungarian-British film director (Jungle Book, 4 Feathers), born in Pusztatúrpásztó, Austria-Hungary (d. 1961)
  • 1895-07-14 Frank Raymond Leavis, British literary critic (Culture & Environment)
  • 1895-07-26 Jane Bunford, Britain's tallest-ever person measuring 2.41 metres (7 ft 11 in) at the time of her death, born in Bartley Green, Northfield, Birmingham (d. 1922)
  • 1895-09-27 Woolf Barnato, British financier and racing driver, born in Spencer House, London (d. 1948)
  • 1895-12-02 Harriet Cohen, British pianist, born in London (d. 1967)

Person of interestGeorge VI

1895-12-14 George VI, King of the United Kingdom (1936-52), born in Norfolk, England (d. 1952)

King of the United Kingdom George VI
King of the United Kingdom
George VI
  • 1896-01-09 Warwick Braithwaite, New Zealand-British conductor, primarily of opera, born in Dunedin, New Zealand (d. 1971)
  • 1896-01-25 John Moores, British businessman, born in Lancashire, England (d. 1993)
  • 1896-03-10 Nancy Cunard, British writer and activist, born in London (d. 1965)

Person of interestWallis Simpson

1896-06-19 Wallis Simpson [Duchess of Windsor], American divorcee whom British King Edward VIII abdicated his throne to marry, born in Blue Ridge Summit, Pennsylvania (d. 1986)

Duchess of Windsor Wallis Simpson
Duchess of Windsor
Wallis Simpson
  • 1896-07-26 Henry Birkin, British racing driver (Bentley Boys), born in Nottingham (d. 1933)
  • 1896-09-22 Henry Segrave, British racing driver (d. 1930)
  • 1896-11-16 Oswald Mosley, British politician and founder of British Union of Fascists, born in London (d. 1980)
  • 1897-01-08 Dennis Wheatley, British author (d. 1977)
  • 1897-04-16 John Bagot Glubb, British commandant and writer (A soldier with the Arabs), born in Preston, Lancashire, England (d. 1986)
  • 1897-05-22 Robert Neumann, Austrian-British author (Waters of Babylon), born in Vienna (d. 1975)
  • 1897-06-08 John G. Bennett, British scientist and author, born in London (d. 1974)

Person of interestAnthony Eden

1897-06-12 Anthony Eden, British Prime Minister (Conservative: 1955-57) and Foreign Secretary, born in Rushyford, England (d. 1977)

British Prime Minister Anthony Eden
British Prime Minister
Anthony Eden
  • 1897-07-18 E. A. D. [Ernest Arthur Douglas] Eldridge, British racing driver, born in Hampstead, London (d. 1935)
  • 1897-07-29 Sir Neil Ritchie, British general (d. 1983)
  • 1897-11-07 Ruth Pitter, British poet and 1st woman to receive the Queen's Gold Medal for Poetry in 1955, born in Ilford, London (d. 1992)
  • 1897-11-09 Ronald G W Norrish, British chemist (Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1967), born in Cambridge, England (d. 1978)
  • 1897-11-15 Aneurin Bevan, British politician (d. 1960)
  • 1897-11-18 Patrick Blackett, British physicist (Nobel 1948 - nuclear reaction), born in London (d. 1974)
  • 1898-01-07 Al Bowlly, South African-British dance band vocalist ("Midnight, The Stars, And You"), and bandleader, born in Lourenço Marques, Portuguese Mozambique (now Maputo, Mozambique) (d. 1941)
  • 1898-01-23 Freda Utley, British scholar & author, born in London, United Kingdom (d. 1978)
  • 1898-04-08 Cecil [Maurice] Bowra, British classics expert (Greek experience)
  • 1898-04-15 Harry F. V. Edward, British 100m/200m runner (Olympic bronze 1920), born in Berlin (d. 1973)
  • 1898-04-18 Charles Leatherland, Baron Leatherland, British journalist and Labour Party politician, born in Aston, Birmingham (d. 1992)
  • 1898-04-28 Grantley Herbert Adams, Premier of Barbados (1953-58) and Prime Minister of the West Indies Federation (1958-62), born in St. Michael, British Windward Islands (d. 1971)
  • 1898-05-24 Kathleen Hale, British children book writer and illustrator (Orlando), born in Lanarkshire, Scotland (d. 2000)
  • 1898-10-01 Karl Rankl, Austrian-born British composer and conductor (Covent Garden Opera Company), born in Gaaden (d. 1968)
  • 1899-01-23 Glen Kidston, British aviator & racing driver, born in London, United Kingdom (d. 1931)
  • 1899-05-06 Billy Cotton, British bandleader and entertainer, born in Smith Square, London (d. 1969)
  • 1899-05-08 [Friedrich] August von Hayek, Aust/British economist (Road to Serfdom)
  • 1899-12-02 John Cobb, British speed record holder (World Land Speed Record 1938-39, 47), born in Esher, Surrey, England (d. 1952)
  • 1899-12-08 John Qualen, Canadian actor (Casablanca, The Grapes of Wrath, The Searchers), born in Vancouver, British Columbia (d. 1987)
  • 1900-01-20 Colin Clive, British actor (Frankenstein, Bride of Frankenstein, Mad Love), born in St Malo, France (d. 1937)
  • 1900-03-29 Bill Aston, British racing driver (Aston Butterworth), born in Hopton, Staffordshire (d. 1974)
  • 1900-04-25 Hubert Miles Gladwyn Jebb, 1st Baron Gladwyn, British politician and diplomat, born in Firbeck Hall, England (d. 1996)
  • 1900-05-05 Mervyn A. Ellison, British astronomer (spectrohelioscope), born in Fethard-on-Sea, County Wexford, Ireland (d. 1963)

Person of interestQueen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother

1900-08-04 Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon, British consort of King George VI and Queen Mother after his death, born in Hitchin, Hertfordshire, England (d. 2002)

Consort of George VI Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother
Consort of George VI
Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother
  • 1900-08-19 Gilbert Ryle, British philosopher (d. 1976)
  • 1900-09-23 Bill Stone, British serviceman; one of the last surviving veterans of World War I
  • 1901-02-20 Cecil H King, Irish/British daily newspaper publisher (Daily Mirror)
  • 1901-04-23 E.B. Ford, British ecological geneticist, born in Dalton-in-Furness, Lancashire (d. 1988)
  • 1901-06-18 Llewellyn Rees, British theatre actor (A Fish Called Wanda, Invisible Creature), born in Charmouth, Dorset, England (d. 1994)
  • 1901-07-14 Gerald Finzi, British composer (Dies natalis), born in London, England

Person of interestWilliam Lyons

1901-09-04 William Lyons, British industrialist (Jaguar cars), born in Blackpool, Lancashire (d. 1985)

Mr Jaguar William Lyons
Mr Jaguar
William Lyons
  • 1901-09-15 Sir Donald Bailey, British engineer (d. 1985)
  • 1901-09-17 Francis Chichester, English aviator and sailor (Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire), born in Barnstaple, Devon, England (d. 1972)
  • 1901-11-17 Joyce Wethered, British golfer (English Ladies' champion 1920–24), born in London, England (d. 1997)
  • 1901-12-07 Tony Pugsley, British rear-admiral (Walcheren attack (1944)) (d. 1990)
  • 1902-01-17 Geoffrey W Lloyd, British minister of Brandstoffen/Energy (1951-55)
  • 1902-02-04 Hartley Shawcross, British lawyer and politician (d. 2003)
  • 1902-03-16 Lucie Rie, Austrian-born British potter, born in Vienna (d. 1995)
  • 1902-03-30 Ted Heath, British jazz trombonist, composer, and big band leader, born in Wandsworth, London, England (d. 1969)
  • 1902-05-06 Walter Dawson, British Air Chief marshal (d. 1994)

Person of interestKarl Popper

1902-07-28 Karl Popper, Austro-British philosopher (Logic of Forschung), born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1994)

Philosopher and Professor Karl Popper
Philosopher and Professor
Karl Popper
  • 1902-10-09 Freddie Young, British cinematographer (Lawrence of Arabia), born in London (d. 1998)
  • 1902-11-09 Anthony Asquith, British film director (Carrington V C (Court martial)), born in London (d. 1968)
  • 1902-12-19 Leonard Hirsch, Irish violinist/orchestra leader (RAF Symphony Orchestra), born in Dublin (d. 1995) [1]
  • 1903-01-18 Berthold Goldschmidt, German-British opera composer (Beatrice Cenci), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1996)
  • 1903-01-27 John Eccles, British physiologist/neurologist
  • 1903-01-30 G. Evelyn Hutchinson, British zoologist (Treatise on Limnology), born in Cambridge, United Kingdom (d. 1991)
  • 1903-04-24 Siegfried Frederick Nadel, Austrian-British anthropologist (Black Byzantium), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1956)
  • 1903-05-12 Lennox R. F. Berkeley, British composer and pedagogue (Castaway), born in Boars Hill, England (d. 1989)
  • 1903-05-17 Douglas Packard, British Lieutenant General (d. 2000)

Person of interestBob Hope

1903-05-29 Bob Hope [Leslie Townes Hope], English-born American actor, comedian and entertainer, born in London (d. 2003)

Entertainer and TV Personality Bob Hope
Entertainer and TV Personality
Bob Hope

Person of interestGeorge Orwell

1903-06-25 George Orwell [Eric Arthur Blair], British author (Animal Farm, 1984), born in Motihari, British India (d. 1950)

Person of interestAmy Johnson

1903-07-01 Amy Johnson, British pilot, first female pilot to fly alone Britain to Australia, born in Kingston upon Hull, England (d. 1941)

Aviator Amy Johnson
Amy Johnson

Person of interestAlec Douglas-Home

1903-07-02 Alec Douglas-Home, British Prime Minister (Conservative: 1963-64), born in London (d. 1995)

British Prime Minister Alec Douglas-Home
British Prime Minister
Alec Douglas-Home

Person of interestLouis Leakey

1903-08-07 Louis Leakey, British paleoanthropologist and archaeologist (1964 Richard Hooper Medal), born in Kabete, Kenya (d. 1972)

Archaeologist and Paleoanthropologist Louis Leakey
Archaeologist and Paleoanthropologist
Louis Leakey

Famous Weddings

Famous Divorces

Famous Deaths

Deaths 401 - 500 of 1,257

Person of interestGuy Gibson

1944-09-19 Guy Gibson, British wing commander who led the Dambusters (Victoria Cross), dies in action at 26

RAF Pilot Guy Gibson
RAF Pilot
Guy Gibson
  • 1944-09-22 "Cab" Calloway, British scout, dies in battle of Oosterbeek
  • 1944-10-26 Princess Beatrice of the United Kingdom, daughter of Queen Victoria (b. 1857)
  • 1944-11-06 Walter Guinness, Lord Moyne, Anglo-Irish politician, British prefect (Middle-East), assassinated by Jewish terrorists at 64
  • 1945-03-18 William Grover-Williams, British racing driver
British Prime Minister David Lloyd George
British Prime Minister
David Lloyd George
  • 1945-04-21 John Poston, British major/Montgomery's ADC, dies in battle at 25
  • 1945-11-20 Francis William Aston, British chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1877)
  • 1945-12-22 Otto Neurath, Austrian-British philosopher (Foundation of Social Sciences), dies at 63

Person of interestWilliam Joyce

1946-01-03 William Joyce, American-born Irish Fascist politician and NAZI propagandist, hanged in Britain for treason at 39

Fascist Politician and Nazi Propagandist William Joyce
Fascist Politician and Nazi Propagandist
William Joyce

Person of interestDion Fortune

1946-01-08 Dion Fortune, British occultist and author dies at 55

Occultist and Author Dion Fortune
Occultist and Author
Dion Fortune
  • 1946-03-08 Frederick Lanchester, English Engineer who built the first British petrol automobile (1896), dies at 77
  • 1947-11-12 Emmuska Orczy, British author (Scarlet Pimpernel), dies at 82
  • 1947-12-01 Aleister Crowley, British occultist, founded the religion of Thelema, dies at 72
  • 1948-07-27 Woolf Barnato, British financier and racing driver, dies at 52
  • 1948-10-12 Alfred Kerr, German-British writer, dies at 80
  • 1949-02-22 Russell W. Porter, American artist and explorer (Alaska), dies at 77
  • 1949-12-10 Duncan Stewart, 2nd British Governor of Sarawak (1949), dies at 45 after being fatally stabbed in the streets of Sibu by pro-Indonesian Malay student Rosli Dhoby
  • 1950-03-02 Rosli Dhobi, pro-Indonesian Malay student, hanged in Kuching for the assassination of Duncan Stewart, British Governor of Sarawak
  • 1950-05-24 Archibald Wavell, 1st Earl Wavell, British general, dies at 67
  • 1950-07-29 Joe Fry, British racing driver, dies at 34
  • 1950-09-06 Olaf Stapledon, British writer and philosopher (b. 1886)
  • 1950-09-11 John C Smuts, co-found British RAF/South African PM (1919..48), dies at 80
  • 1950-12-01 Ernest John Moeran, British composer, dies at 55
  • 1950-12-25 Neil Francis Hawkins, British fascist (b. 1903)
  • 1951-03-13 James I Wedgwood, British theosophist and bishop (Liberal Catholic Church), dies at 67
  • 1951-04-22 Horace Donisthorpe, British entomologist, dies at 81
  • 1951-10-06 Henry Gurney, British high commissioner to Malaya, assassinated
  • 1952-01-28 Thomas Hicks, English athlete (Olympic gold marathon 1904), dies at 76

Person of interestGeorge VI

1952-02-06 George VI, King of the United Kingdom (1936-52), dies of a coronary thrombosis at 56

King of the United Kingdom George VI
King of the United Kingdom
George VI
  • 1952-02-10 Henry Drysdale Dakin, British-American biochemist, known for the Dakin-West reaction (b. 1880)
  • 1952-09-29 John Cobb, British speed record holder (World Land Speed Record 1938-39, 47), dies attempting to break world Water Speed Record at Loch Ness, Scotland, at 52
  • 1953-01-08 Admiral Sir Hugh Binney, British naval commander and Governor of Tasmania (b. 1883)
  • 1953-03-24 Mary of Teck, Queen of Great Britain and consort of George V, dies at 85
  • 1953-05-04 Edward Shanks, British poet and critic, dies at 60
  • 1953-06-16 Margaret Bondfield, English politician and 1st British female cabinet minister (Labour), dies at 80
  • 1953-07-20 Jan Struther, British author (b. 1901)
  • 1953-09-21 Roger Quilter, British composer, dies at 75
  • 1953-10-03 Arnold Bax, English composer known for his orchestral music (Coronation March), dies at 69
  • 1954-01-01 Duff Cooper, British diplomat & writer, dies at 63

Person of interestAlan Turing

1954-06-07 Alan Turing, British mathematician and computer scientist pioneer (Turing Machine), commits suicide at 41 (b. 1912)

Computer Scientist Alan Turing
Computer Scientist
Alan Turing
  • 1954-09-24 Edward Pilgrim, British homeowner who committed suicide due to housing bureaucracy scandal, hangs himself at 53
  • 1955-07-09 Don Beauman, British Formula One racing driver, dies at 26
  • 1955-08-23 Reginald Tate, British actor (b. 1896)
  • 1955-09-10 Robert Blackburn, British aviation pioneer and the founder of Blackburn Aircraft, dies at 70
  • 1955-10-24 Alfred Radcliffe-Brown, British Anthropologist (Structural Functionalism and studies of Andaman Islanders and Australian Aborigines), dies at 74
  • 1956-03-24 Edmund Taylor Whittaker, British mathematician (applied mathematics and the theory of special functions), dies at 82
  • 1956-04-19 Lionel K P "Buster" Crabb, British diver (WWII), dies at 47
  • 1956-09-27 Gerald Finzi, British composer (Dies natalis), dies at 55 of disseminated shingles, complicated by encephalitis
  • 1956-10-17 Anne Crawford, British film actress (Knights of the Round Table), dies of leukaemia at 35
  • 1956-10-24 Henry Nicholas Ridley, British botanist (Malay Peninsula rubber industry), dies at 100
  • 1957-03-07 Wyndham Lewis, English author (Tarr, Apes of God) and co-founder of the Vorticist movement in art, dies at 74
  • 1957-04-22 Roy Campbell, South African poet (Garcia Lorca), dies at 54
  • 1957-10-19 V. Gordon Childe, British archaeologist and prehistorian, dies at 65
  • 1958-02-05 H. M. Tomlinson, British writer (Under red ensign), dies at 84
  • 1958-02-11 Ernest Jones, British psychonanalyst (b. 1879)

Person of interestRonald Colman

1958-05-19 Ronald Colman, British actor (Lost Horizon, The Prisoner of Zenda, Phantom Shot), dies at 67

  • 1958-06-13 Edwin Keppel Bennett, English writer (Built in Jerusalem’s Wall: A Book in praise of Jerusalem), dies at 70
  • 1958-06-28 Alfred Noyes, British poet and essayist (Robin Hood), dies at 77
  • 1958-09-17 Friedrich Adolf Paneth, Austrian/British chemist, dies at 71
  • 1959-09-06 Kay Kendall [Justine McCarthy], British actress (Genevieve, The Constant Husband, Les Girls), dies of leukaemia at 32
  • 1959-09-28 Gerard Hoffnung, German-British artist, humorist and tuba player (Hoffnung Music Festival), dies at 34
  • 1959-11-26 Albert Ketèlbey, British composer (In a Monastery Garden), dies at 84
  • 1960-01-09 Elsie J. Oxenham, British children's author (Abbey Series), dies at 79
  • 1960-02-08 Giles Gilbert Scott, British architect (b. 1880)
  • 1960-02-08 John Langshaw Austin, British philosopher, (b. 1911)
  • 1960-02-28 F S Flint [Frank Stuart Flint], British translator and imagist movement poet (In the Net of the Stars), dies at 74
  • 1960-05-08 J. H. C. Whitehead, British mathematician (one of the founders of homotopy theory), dies at 55
  • 1960-06-27 Harry Pollitt, General Secretary of the Communist Party of Great Britain dies at 69
  • 1960-07-06 Aneurin Bevan, Welsh politician (launched the NHS), dies at 62
  • 1960-09-30 St John Philby, British explorer and Arabist, dies at 75
  • 1960-12-29 Eden Phillpotts, English novelist, poet and playwright (Red Madymaynes), dies at 98
  • 1961-02-05 Anthony Gustav de Rothschild, British philanthropist, dies at 73
  • 1961-03-06 George Formby, British singer and comedian, dies at 56
  • 1962-06-13 Eugene Goossens, British conductor and composer (Perseus), dies at 69
  • 1963-02-18 Todd "Hugh" Gaitskell, leader British Labour Party, dies at 56
  • 1963-03-13 Austin Dobson, British racing driver (b. 1912)
  • 1963-06-12 Andrew Browne, Irish/British admiral (Cape Matapan, WW II), dies at 80
  • 1963-06-17 John Cowper Powys, British writer and critic (Wood & Stone, Wolf Solent), dies at 90
  • 1963-06-17 John Whiting, British actor, dramatist and critic (PT Raiders, The Devils, The Good Companions), dies of cancer at 45
  • 1963-09-12 Mervyn A. Ellison, British astronomer (spectrohelioscope), dies at 63
  • 1964-07-24 Erwin Finlay-Freundlich, British astronomer (theory of relativity), dies at 79
  • 1964-07-26 Francis Curzon, 5th Earl Howe, British politician, naval officer and auto racer (1931 Le Mans), dies at 80
  • 1964-08-13 Peter Anthony Allen is the last person executed (for murder) in England and United Kingdom at Walton Prison, Liverpool

Person of interestT. S. Eliot

1965-01-04 T. S. Eliot, American-born British poet (The Waste Land) and Nobel laureate (1948), dies in London at 76

Poet, Author and Nobel Laureate T. S. Eliot
Poet, Author and Nobel Laureate
T. S. Eliot

Person of interestWinston Churchill

1965-01-24 Winston Churchill, Prime Minister of Britain (C) (1940-45, 51-55) British leader during WWII dies at 90

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1965-03-17 Nancy Cunard, British writer and activist, dies at 69
  • 1965-03-28 Clemence Dane, British novelist and playwright (b. 1888)
  • 1965-05-03 Howard Spring, British author (Heaven Lies About Us), dies at 76
  • 1965-05-21 Geoffrey de Havilland, British aircraft designer, dies at 82
  • 1965-05-22 Christopher Stone, first disc jockey in the United Kingdom (b. 1882)
  • 1965-11-25 Dame Myra Hess, British pianist (b. 1890)
  • 1966-04-10 Evelyn Waugh, British writer (Black Mischief), dies at 62
  • 1966-06-27 Arthur D Waley [Schloss], British sinology/poet (Monkey), dies
  • 1966-11-03 Eric Spear, British film and TV composer (Coronation Street theme), dies at 58
  • 1967-05-12 John Masefield, British writer and poet (Salt-Water Ballads), Poet Laureate (1930-67), dies at 88
  • 1967-06-03 Arthur W Tedder of Glenguin, British Air Marshal (WWII), dies at 76
  • 1967-07-13 Tom Simpson, English road cyclist (World Road Race Champion 1965), dies of diuretic combination of alcohol and mixed amphetamines at 29
  • 1967-08-14 Bob Anderson, British racing driver (b. 1931)

Person of interestClement Attlee

1967-10-08 Clement Attlee, British politician, Prime Minister of Great Britain (1945-51), dies at 84

British Prime Minister Clement Attlee
British Prime Minister
Clement Attlee