Uruguayan History

Uruguay: Montevideo

Historical Events

  • 1807-02-03 A British military force, under Brigadier-General Sir Samuel Auchmuty captures the city of Montevideo in the Battle of Montevideo, then part of the Spanish Empire now capital of Uruguay (Napoleonic Wars)
  • 1811-05-18 Battle of Las Piedras: The first great military triumph of the revolution of the Río de la Plata in Uruguay lead by Jose Artigas
  • 1825-04-19 33 patriotic exiles return to Uruguay
  • 1825-08-25 Uruguay declares independence from Brazil (National Day)
  • 1828-08-27 Uruguay gains independence during Brazil-Argentina peace talks
  • 1833-07-24 HMS Beagle departs Maldonado Uruguay
  • 1913-03-17 The Uruguayan Air Force is founded.
  • 1914-08-05 Cuba, Uruguay, Mexico and Argentina proclaim neutrality in WW I
  • 1930-07-13 1st-ever football World Cup competition begins in Uruguay
  • 1930-07-30 1st FIFA World Cup Final, Estadio Centenario, Montevideo, Uruguay: Uruguay beats Argentina, 4-2 in the inaugural event
  • 1939-12-17 German pocket battleship Graf Spee scuttled by its crew off Uruguay
  • 1945-12-18 Uruguay joins the United Nations
  • 1950-07-16 FIFA World Cup Final, Estádio do Maracanã, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: Alcides Ghiggia scores a 79th minute winner as Uruguay beats Brazil, 2-1
  • 1951-07-18 Uruguay accepts its constitution

Sport awardUS Women's Golf Open

1955-07-02 US Open Women's Golf, Wichita GC: Uruguayan Fay Crocker beats Louise Suggs & Mary Lena Faulk by 4 to become the tournament's first overseas winner

Golfer and Co-Founder of the LPGA Louise Suggs
Golfer and Co-Founder of the LPGA
Louise Suggs
  • 1960-07-16 205,000 (record sports attend) see Brazil-Uruguay World Cup soccer

  • 1962-01-21 JFK arrives in Uruguay
  • 1966-11-27 Uruguay adopts constitution
  • 1967-07-10 Uruguay becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty
  • 1972-10-13 Uruguay to Chile plane crashes in Andes Mountains, (passengers eat crash victims to survive, 16 of 45 rescued 2 months later)
  • 1973-06-27 Uruguayan president dissolves parliament and heads a coup d'état
  • 1977-08-09 Military-controlled Government of Uruguay announces the return to civilian rule through general elections in 1981 to democratically elect a President and Congress
  • 1980-11-30 Uruguay's new constitution rejected by referendum
  • 1984-11-25 Julio M Sanguinetti wins Uruguay presidential election
  • 1989-11-26 Luis Alberto Lacalle becomes President of Uruguay
  • 1989-11-27 Luis Alberto Lacelle elected president of Uruguay
  • 1990-03-01 Luis Alberto Lacelle sworn in as president of Uruguay
  • 1992-06-30 Total solar eclipse in Uruguay (5m21s)
  • 1994-11-27 Julio Maria Sanguinetti elected president of Uruguay
  • 1995-03-01 Julio Maria Sanguinetti sworn in as president of Uruguay
  • 1997-10-10 Austral Airlines DC-9-32 crashes and explodes near Nuevo Berlin, Uruguay, killing 74

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2009-11-30 José Mujica announced as the winner of the run-off election in Uruguay the day before and president-elect

President of Uruguay José Mujica
President of Uruguay
José Mujica
  • 2010-07-02 FIFA World Cup: Ghana, only African team remaining in last 8, are beaten 4-2 on penalties by Uruguay; Netherlands upset Brazil 2-1
  • 2013-04-02 Uruguay passes legislation to legalize same-sex marriage
  • 2013-12-10 Uruguay becomes the first country to legalize the growth, sale, and use of marijuana
  • 2014-11-30 Tabaré Vázquez is re-elected President of Uruguay
  • 2015-12-26 Floods in Paraguay, Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay displace 150,000, blamed on El Nino
  • 2017-06-06 Floods in Salto, Paysandú and Artigas in Uruguay displace over 3,000 people
  • 2018-10-17 Canada legalizes the sale of recreational cannabis, the second country after Uruguay

Famous Birthdays

  • 1764-06-19 Jose Gervasio Artigas, Uruguayan revolutionary leader and national hero who is regarded as the father of Uruguayan independence, born in Montevideo (d. 1850)
  • 1791-09-03 Francisco Acuña de Figueroa, Uruguayan poet (Toraidas), born in Montevideo, Uruguay (d. 1862)
  • 1792-08-26 Manuel Oribe, Uruguayan political figure (d. 1857)
  • 1846-04-04 Comte de Lautréamont, French writer (Les Chants de Maldoror), born in Montevideo, Uruguay (d. 1870)
  • 1851-04-24 Eduardo Acevedo Díaz, Uruguayan writer (Ismael, Grito de Gloria), born in Uruguay, Montevideo (d. 1921)
  • 1858-05-21 Jose Battle Ordonez, Uruguay, politician
  • 1860-08-16 Jules Laforgue, French poet (Les Complaintas), born in Montevideo, Uruguay (d. 1887)
  • 1875-01-17 Florencio Sánchez, Uruguayan dramatist (d. 1910)
  • 1876-02-26 Agustín Pedro Justo, President of Argentina (1932-38) during the Infamous Decade, born in Concepción del Uruguay, Entre Ríos (d. 1943)
  • 1876-09-11 Alfonso Broqua, Uruguayan composer, born in Montevideo, Uruguay (d. 1946)
  • 1878-12-31 Horacio Quiroga, Uruguayan playwright, poet, and short story writer (Anaconda, El Crimen del Otro), born in Salto, Uruguay (d. 1937)
  • 1884-05-21 Manuel Pérez y Curis, Uruguayan poet (d. 1920)
  • 1886-10-24 Delmira Agustini, Uruguayan poet (El Libro Blanco), born in Montevideo, Uruguay (d. 1914)
  • 1898-12-24 Héctor Scarone, Uruguayan footballer, born in Montevideo, Uruguay (d. 1967)
  • 1900-07-25 Enrique Amorim, Uruguayan author (La victoria no viene sola), born in Salto, Uruguay (d. 1960)
  • 1901-05-24 José Nasazzi, Uruguayan footballer (Uruguay national team captain for FIFA 1930), born in Montevideo, Uruguay (d. 1968)
  • 1918-01-28 Wilson Ferreira Aldunate, Uruguayan politician/human rights worker
  • 1920-09-14 Mario Benedetti, Uruguayan journalist, novelist and poet, born in Paso de los Toros, Uruguay (d. 2009)
  • 1923-02-23 Rafael Addiego Bruno, Uruguayan politician
  • 1923-07-18 Héctor Tosar, Uruguayan pianist and composer, born in Montevideo, Uruguay (d. 2002)
  • 1925-11-26 Gregorio Alvarez, Uruguayan Dictator, President of Uruguay (1981-85), born in Montevideo (d. 2016)
  • 1926-06-18 Patricia Hutchinson, British ambassador (Uruguay)
  • 1927-10-25 Jorge Batlle Ibáñez, Uruguayan politician, President of Uruguay (2000-2005), born in Montevideo (d. 2016)
  • 1929-07-31 José Santamaría, Uruguayan soccer defender (Uruguay 20, Spain 16 caps; Real Madrid), born in Montevideo, Uruguay

Person of interestJosé Mujica

1935-05-20 José Mujica, 40th President of Uruguay (2010-2015), champion of the poor and former urban guerrilla with the Tupamaros, born in Montevideo, Uruguay

President of Uruguay José Mujica
President of Uruguay
José Mujica
  • 1936-01-06 Julio Maria Sanguinetti Cairolo, Uruguayan politician (President, 1985-90, 95- ), born in Montevideo, Uruguay
  • 1936-03-10 Alfredo Zitarrosa, Uruguayan Vocals and journalist (d. 1989)
  • 1936-07-26 Antonio Mastrogiovanni, Uruguayan composer, born in Montevideo, Uruguay (d. 2010)
  • 1938-01-17 Tabaré Vázque, Uruguayan politician and President of Uruguay (2015-present), born in Montevideo, Uruguay
  • 1938-12-03 Jose Serebrier, Uruguayan conductor and composer (Star Wagon), born in Montevideo, Uruguay
  • 1940-09-03 Eduardo Galeano, Uruguayan journalist and writer, born in Montevideo
  • 1940-11-09 Sergio Cervetti, composer, born in Dolores, Uruguay
  • 1945-02-14 Ladislao Mazurkiewicz, Piriápolis, Uruguay, football goalkeeper, (d. 2013)
  • 1945-10-09 Taiguara, Brazilian singer and songwriter, born in Montevideo, Uruguay (d. 1996)
  • 1949-12-09 Nando Parrado, Uruguayan plane crash survivor
  • 1961-11-12 Enzo Francescoli, Uruguayan footballer
  • 1964-09-21 Jorge Drexler, Uruguayan singer and composer
  • 1967-08-04 Marcelo Filippini, Uruguay, tennis star
  • 1967-11-15 Gustavo Poyet, Uruguayan footballer
  • 1970-09-29 Nicolas Pereira, Salto Uruguay, tennis pro
  • 1971-06-25 Santiago de Tezanos, Uruguayan architect, born in Montevideo, Uruguay
  • 1972-01-22 Gonzalo Rodríguez, Uruguayan racing driver, born in Montevideo, Uruguay (d. 1999)
  • 1972-11-02 Darío Silva, Uruguayan footballer, born in Treinta y Tres, Uruguay
  • 1972-12-21 Erwin Schrott, Uruguayan opera singer, born in Montevideo, Uruguay
  • 1975-01-14 Ricardo López, Uruguayan-born stalker of Björk, born in Uruguay (d. 1996)
  • 1976-02-13 Martin Sastre, Uruguayan artist, born in Montevideo, Uruguay
  • 1976-03-17 Álvaro Recoba, Uruguayan footballer
  • 1976-04-27 Walter Pandiani, Uruguayan footballer, born in Montevideo, Uruguay
  • 1976-06-25 José Cancela, Uruguayan footballer, born in Santa Lucía, Uruguay
  • 1976-07-19 Gonzalo de los Santos, Uruguayan footballer
  • 1976-08-28 Federico Magallanes, Uruguayan footballer, born in Montevideo, Uruguay
  • 1976-10-17 Sebastián Abreu, Uruguayan footballer
  • 1977-05-11 Pablo García, Uruguayan footballer
  • 1978-04-06 Martin Mendez, Uruguayan-born Bassist (Opeth)
  • 1978-05-14 Gustavo Varela, Uruguayan footballer
  • 1978-09-06 Natalia Cigliuti, Uruguayan-American actress (Lindsay-Saved By Bell: New Class), born in Montevideo, Uruguay
  • 1978-12-05 Marcelo Zalayeta, Uruguayan footballer
  • 1979-02-14 Pablo Pallante, Uruguayan footballer, born in Montevideo, Uruguay
  • 1979-05-19 Diego Forlán, Uruguayan footballer
  • 1979-10-09 Gonzalo Sorondo, Uruguayan footballer (Defensor), born in Montevideo, Uruguay
  • 1979-10-11 Gabe Saporta, Uruguayan-born American musician (Cobra Starship, Midtown), born in Montevideo, Uruguay
  • 1979-12-26 Fabián Carini, Uruguayan footballer, born in Montevideo, Uruguay
  • 1983-07-18 Carlos Diogo, Uruguayan footballer
  • 1983-09-05 Pablo Granoche, Uruguayan footballer, born in Montevideo, Uruguay
  • 1984-06-13 Nery Castillo, Mexican-Uruguayan footballer
  • 1985-10-15 Walter López, Uruguayan footballer
  • 1986-06-16 Fernando Muslera, Uruguayan footballer
  • 1987-01-24 Luis Suárez, Spanish football player (Barcelona, Uruguay national team), born in Salto, Uruguay
  • 1987-02-14 Edinson Cavani, Uruguayan football striker (Uruguay, PSG), born in Salto, Uruguay

Famous Deaths

  • 1850-09-23 José Gervasio Artigas, Uruguayan revolutionary leader and national hero who is regarded as the father of Uruguayan independence, dies at 86
  • 1862-08-06 Francisco Acuña de Figueroa, Uruguayan poet (Toraidas), dies at 71
  • 1914-07-06 Delmira Agustini, Uruguayan poet (El Libro Blanco), murdered at 27
  • 1917-05-01 Jose E Rodo, Uruguayan writer (Motivos de proteo), dies
  • 1920-11-22 Manuel Pérez y Curis, Uruguayan poet (b. 1884)
  • 1921-06-18 Eduardo Acevedo Díaz, Uruguayan writer (Nativa, Lanza y Sable), dies at 70
  • 1937-03-19 Horacio Quiroga, Uruguayan playwright, poet, and short story writer (Anaconda, El Crimen del Otro), commits suicide at 58
  • 1946-11-24 Alfonso Broqua, Uruguayan composer, dies at 70
  • 1960-07-28 Enrique Amorim, Uruguayan author (La victoria no viene sola), dies at 60
  • 1967-04-04 Héctor Scarone, Uruguayan footballer (b. 1898)
  • 1968-06-17 José Nasazzi, Uruguayan footballer (Uruguay national team captain for FIFA 1930), dies at 67
  • 1976-05-20 Zelmar Michelini, Uruguayan politician, member of the Christian-Democrat party, and Héctor Gutiérrez Ruiz "disappeared"
  • 1994-05-30 Juan Carlos Onetti, Uruguayan novelist (La vida breve), dies at 85
  • 1996-09-12 Ricardo López, Uruguayan-born American stalker of Björk, commits suicide aged 21
  • 1999-09-11 Gonzalo Rodriguez, Uruguayan auto racing driver (b. 1972)
  • 2002-01-17 Héctor Tosar, Uruguayan pianist and composer, dies at 78
  • 2004-02-22 Roque Máspoli, Uruguayan footballer (b. 1917)
  • 2005-03-04 Carlos Sherman, Uruguayan-born writer (b. 1934)
  • 2009-05-17 Mario Benedetti, Uruguayan journalist, novelist, and poet, dies from respiratory and intestinal problems at 88
  • 2010-05-01 Antonio Mastrogiovanni, Uruguayan composer, dies at 73
  • 2013-01-02 Ladislao Mazurkiewicz, Uruguayan football player, dies from a respiratory illness at 67
  • 2015-04-13 Eduardo Galeano, Uruguayan journalist and writer, dies at 74
  • 2016-10-24 Jorge Batlle Ibáñez, Uruguayan politician, President of Uruguay (2000-2005), dies at 88
  • 2016-12-28 Gregorio Alvarez, Uruguayan Dictator, President of Uruguay (1981-85), dies in prison at 91