Arizona in History

Historical Events

  • 1848-02-02 Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ends the Mexican-American War: US acquires Texas, California, New Mexico and Arizona for $15 million
  • 1848-05-30 Mexico ratifies treaty giving US; New Mexico, California & parts of Nevada, Utah, Arizona & Colorado in return for $15 million

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1853-06-24 US President Franklin Pierce signs the Gadsden Purchase, buying 29,670 square-miles (76,800 square km) from Mexico for $10 million (now southern Arizona and New Mexico)

14th US President Franklin Pierce
14th US President
Franklin Pierce
  • 1856-11-17 On the Sonoita River in present-day southern Arizona, the United States Army establishes Fort Buchanan in order to help control new land acquired in the Gadsden Purchase.
  • 1861-02-13 First military action to result in Congressional Medal of Honor, Arizona
  • 1861-03-16 Arizona Territory votes to leave the Union (US Civil War)
  • 1862-01-18 Confederate Territory of Arizona forms
  • 1862-02-21 Texas Rangers win Confederate victory at Battle of Valverde, Confederate Arizona (now New Mexico)
  • 1863-02-24 Arizona Territory created
  • 1868-06-01 Treaty of Bosque Redondo is signed allowing the Navajos to return to their lands in Arizona and New Mexico.
  • 1871-04-30 The Camp Grant Massacre of Apaches in Arizona Territory, perpetrated by white & Mexican adventurers; 144 die
  • 1881-02-05 Phoenix, Arizona incorporates

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1881-10-26 Wyatt Earp, Doc Holliday & Clanton involved in gunfight at OK Corral, in Tombstone, Arizona

OK Corral Sheriff Wyatt Earp
OK Corral Sheriff
Wyatt Earp
Gunfighter in the American Old West Doc Holliday
Gunfighter in the American Old West
Doc Holliday
  • 1911-02-06 1st old-age home opened in Prescott, Arizona
  • 1912-02-14 Arizona was admitted to the Union as the 48th state
  • 1912-07-19 A meteorite of estimated 190kg mass explodes over Holbrook in Navajo County, Arizona, causing approximately 16,000 pieces of debris to rain down on the town.
  • 1912-11-05 Arizona, Kansas & Wisconsin vote for female suffrage
  • 1917-01-16 "Zimmermann Telegram" is sent from Germany to Mexico, stating in the event of the US entering World War I on the allied side, Mexico would be given Texas, Arizona and New Mexico. Intercepted by British intelligence and partially deciphered by the next day. It's release in March shifts US public opinion in favor of war against Germany.
  • 1917-07-12 The Bisbee Deportation occurs as vigilantes kidnap and deport nearly 1,300 striking miners and others from Bisbee, Arizona.
  • 1919-02-26 Congress forms Grand Canyon National Park in Arizona
  • 1929-01-20 1st feature talking motion picture taken outdoors, "In Old Arizona"
  • 1929-02-08 KOY-AM in Phoenix Arizona begins radio transmissions
  • 1930-03-04 Coolidge Dam in Arizona dedicated

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1935-09-30 The Hoover Dam, astride the border between the U.S. states of Arizona and Nevada, is dedicated by FDR

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
31st US President Herbert Hoover
31st US President
Herbert Hoover
  • 1953-07-26 Arizona Governor John Howard Pyle orders an anti-polygamy law enforcement crackdown on residents of Short Creek, Arizona, which becomes known as the Short Creek Raid.
  • 1960-03-15 National Observatory at Kitt Peak, Arizona dedicated

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1961-03-25 Elvis Presley performs live on the USS Arizona

Singer & Cultural Icon Elvis Presley
Singer & Cultural Icon
Elvis Presley
  • 1968-04-18 London Bridge is sold to US oil company (to be erected in Arizona)
  • 1970-09-04 -5) 29.0 cm rainfall at Workman Creek, Arizona (state record)
  • 1971-01-07 -40°F (-40°C) in Hawley Lake, Arizona (state record)
  • 1971-12-27 1st Fiesta Bowl: #8 Arizona State beats Florida State, 45-38
  • 1972-12-23 2nd Fiesta Bowl: #15 Arizona State beats Missouri, 49-35
  • 1973-12-21 3rd Fiesta Bowl: #10 Arizona State beats Pittsburgh, 28-7
  • 1975-12-26 5th Fiesta Bowl: #7 Arizona State beats #6 Nebraska, 17-14
  • 1977-12-25 7th Fiesta Bowl: #8 Penn State beats #15 Arizona State, 42-30
  • 1979-12-25 9th Fiesta Bowl: #10 Pittsburgh beats Arizona, 16-10
  • 1981-04-22 More than $3.3 million is stolen from the First National Bank of Arizona in Tucson in the then largest US bank robbery in history
  • 1983-01-01 12th Fiesta Bowl: #11 Arizona State beats #12 Oklahoma, 32-21
  • 1985-12-09 Phoenix, Arizona, gets 3" of snow
  • 1987-01-01 73rd Rose Bowl: #7 Arizona State beats #4 Michigan, 22-15
  • 1988-01-20 Arizona committee opens hearing on impeachment of Gov Evan Mecham
  • 1988-02-05 Arizona House of Reps vote to impeach Republican Governor Evan Mecham
  • 1989-07-20 93°F, highest overnight low ever recorded in Phoenix Arizona
  • 1990-06-25 120°F in Phoenix Arizona
  • 1990-06-26 122°F in Phoenix Arizona
  • 1991-09-26 2 year experimental Biosphere 2 in Oracle Arizona begins
  • 1994-01-01 23rd Fiesta Bowl: #16 Arizona beats #10 Miami, 29-0
  • 1995-03-19 Arizona outside of Phoenix begins using new telephone area code 520
  • 1997-01-01 83rd Rose Bowl: #4 Ohio State beats #2 Arizona State, 20-17
  • 1997-03-13 Phoenix lights seen at night over Phoenix, Arizona by hundreds of people, and by millions on television. Now a hotly debated controversy.
  • 1997-03-31 59th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Arizona beats Kentucky 84-79 (OT)
  • 1997-11-18 Arizona Diamondbacks & Tampa Bay Devil Rays expansion draft
  • 1999-02-24 The State of Arizona executes Karl LaGrand, a German national involved in an armed robbery, in spite of Germany's legal action to attempt to save him.
  • 2000-04-08 Nineteen US Marines are killed when a V-22 Osprey tilt-rotor aircraft crashes near Marana, Arizona
  • 2001-04-02 63rd NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Duke beats Arizona 82-72
  • 2001-11-04 MLB World Series: Arizona Diamondbacks defeat New York Yankees to win 4-3
  • 2004-05-18 Arizona Diamondbacks' Randy Johnson becomes 16th pitcher to throw a perfect game (2-0 vs Atlanta)
  • 2007-07-27 Two News helicopters from Phoenix, Arizona television stations KNXV and KTVK collide over Steele Indian School Park in central Phoenix while covering a police chase; there were no survivors. Worst civil aviation incident in Phoenix history.
  • 2011-01-08 Attempted assassination of Arizona congresswoman Gabrielle Giffords and subsequent shooting in Casas Adobes, Arizona at a Safeway grocery store kills 6 and wounds 13, including Giffords
  • 2013-06-30 19 fire fighters are killed controlling a wildfire in Yarnell, Arizona
  • 2014-12-31 44th Fiesta Bowl: #20 Boise State beats #10 Arizona, 38-30

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2015-02-01 Super Bowl XLIX: New England Patriots defeat the Seattle Seahawks 28-24 at the University of Phoenix Stadium in Glendale, Arizona. MVP: Tom Brady who becomes only the 3rd quarterback to win 4 Superbowls.

NFL Quarterback Tom Brady
NFL Quarterback
Tom Brady

Famous Birthdays


Person of interestPerson of Interest

1889-03-29 Warner Baxter, American actor (In Old Arizona, Cisco Kid), born in Columbus, Ohio (d. 1951)

  • 1889-11-09 Harry "Snub" Pollard, Australian actor (Don't Shove, Arizona Days), born in Melbourne, Victoria (d. 1962)
  • 1890-04-17 Art Acord, Glenwood Sevier UT, western actor (Arizona Kid, Hard Fists)
  • 1891-02-12 Max Terhune, American actor (Arizona Stagecoach, Hit the Saddle, Range Justice), born in Franklin, Indiana (d. 1973)
  • 1891-02-26 Alan Bridge, PA, actor (North of Arizona, Badmen of the Hills)
  • 1905-10-07 Andy Devine, [Jeremiah Schwartz], actor (Andy's Gang), born in Flagstaff, Arizona
  • 1910-11-14 Rosemary DeCamp, American actress (Love That Bob, That Girl), born in Prescott Arizona (d. 2001)
  • 1911-02-20 Robert Guyn McBride, composer (Mexican Rhapsody), born in Tucson, Arizona
  • 1914-06-05 Stan Jones, American songwriter, composer and actor (Rio Grande, The Sheriff of Cochise), born in Douglas, Arizona (d. 1963)
  • 1920-11-13 Jack Elam, American actor (The Dakotas, East Street, Rio Lobo), born in Miami, Arizona (d. 2003)
  • 1922-04-22 Charles Mingus, Arizona, jazz bassist (Pithecanthropus Erectus)
  • 1922-06-10 Rose Mofford, American politician, 1st female Governor of Arizona (1988-1991), born in Globe, Arizona (d. 2016)
  • 1922-07-11 Gene Evans, American actor (My Friend Flicka, Matt Helm, Alamo), born in Hollbrook, Arizona
  • 1925-09-26 Marty Robbins, American country singer (Devil Woman, I Walk Alone), born in Glendale, Arizona (d. 1982)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1927-03-31 Cesar Chavez, American farm labor leader (United Farm Workers), born in Yuma, Arizona (d. 1993)

Civil Rights Activist Cesar Chavez
Civil Rights Activist
Cesar Chavez
  • 1929-11-30 Joan Ganz Cooney, founder of the Children's Television Workshop (Sesame Street), born in Phoenix, Arizona
  • 1930-09-30 Ben Cooper, actor (Rose Tattoo, Outcast, Arizona Raiders), born in Hartford, Connecticut

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1931-08-23 Barbara Eden, American actress (Dream of Jeannie), born in Tucson, Arizona

Actress Barbara Eden
Actress
Barbara Eden
  • 1932-06-14 Joe Arpaio, American former sheriff of Maricopa County (1993-2016), born in Springfield, Massachusetts
  • 1936-05-10 Jayne Cortez, Fort Huachuca, Arizona, poet (I see Chano Pozo), (d. 2012)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1936-08-29 John McCain, American war hero and politician (Rep-R-Arizona, 1983-, Presidential nominee 2008), born in Coco Solo, Panama Canal Zone

US Senator John McCain
US Senator
John McCain
  • 1938-04-26 Duane Eddy, American guitarist (Peter Gunn, Cannonball), born in Phoenix, Arizona
  • 1941-10-28 Curtis Lee, American singer (Pretty Little Angel Eyes), born in Yuma, Arizona (d. 2015)
  • 1942-04-25 Jon Kyl, Oakland, Nebraska, US Senator (Rep-R-Arizona)
  • 1943-05-25 Jessi Colter, [Miriam Johnson], American country singer (I'm Not Lisa), born in Phoenix, Arizona
  • 1943-06-28 Ed Pastor, (Rep-D-Arizona)
  • 1946-07-15 Linda Ronstadt, singer (Dif Drum)/actress (Pir of Penzance), born in Tucson, Arizona
  • 1948-03-09 Jamie Lyn Bauer, actress (Young & Restless, Centerfold Girls), born in Phoenix, Arizona
  • 1948-05-26 Stevie [Stephanie] Nicks, American singer songwriter (Fleetwood Mac, Bella Donna), born in Phoenix, Arizona
  • 1949-01-15 Howard Allen Twitty, PGA golfer (1979 BC Open), born in Phoenix, Arizona
  • 1949-03-23 Karen English, (Rep-D-Arizona)
  • 1949-08-16 Bill "Sputnik" Spooner, American rock guitarist (The Tubes), born in Phoenix, Arizona
  • 1951-07-24 Lynda Carter, Miss USA (1973) actress (Wonder Woman), born in Phoenix, Arizona
  • 1951-08-06 Catherine Hicks, American actress (Star Trek IV, Child's Play), born in New York City
  • 1951-08-27 Don [Sheldon George] Pooley Jr, PGA golfer (1980 BC Open), born in Phoenix, Arizona
  • 1954-05-05 John Greg Adams, PGA golfer (1982 Hall of Fame-2nd), born in Scottsdale, Arizona
  • 1955-01-07 Sandra Bernhard, Arizona (Follow That Bird, King of Comedy)
  • 1955-03-29 Dianne Kay, actress (Nancy-8 is Enough, Reggie, Glitter), born in Phoenix, Arizona
  • 1955-05-22 Sam Coppersmith, (Rep-D-Arizona)
  • 1958-09-13 Ann Dusenberry, actress (Jaws 2, Lies, Basic Training), born in Tucson, Arizona
  • 1958-10-13 Dwayne Evans, 200m runner (Olympic bronze 1976), born in Phoenix, Arizona
  • 1958-12-30 Steven L Smith, astronaut (STS 68, 82), born in Phoenix, Arizona
  • 1959-03-19 Shelley Burch, actress (One Life to Live, Identity Crisis), born in Tucson, Arizona
  • 1959-05-16 Mare Winningham, actress (St Elmo's Fire, Turner & Hooch), born in Phoenix, Arizona
  • 1959-07-12 Judi Adams, archer (Olympics-1980, 96), born in Phoenix, Arizona

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1961-01-02 Gabrielle Carteris, American actress (Andrea in Beverly Hills 90210), born in Scottsdale, Arizona

  • 1961-09-28 Ed Vosberg, pitcher (Texas Rangers), born in Tucson, Arizona
  • 1963-07-26 Andrew C Timmons, guitarist (Danger Danger-Screw It), born in Scottsdale, Arizona
  • 1964-03-18 Christina Ferguson, playmate (Apr, 1983), born in Phoenix, Arizona
  • 1964-04-14 Jim Grabb, tennis star, born in Tucson, Arizona
  • 1965-10-05 Richey Reneberg, tennis star (1995 Australian doubles), born in Phoenix, Arizona
  • 1966-08-06 William Fred Mayfair, PGA golfer (1993 Greater Milw Open), born in Phoenix, Arizona
  • 1969-09-06 Cece Peniston, Miss Black AZ/singer (Finally), born in Phoenix, Arizona
  • 1969-12-22 Marcie Aguilar, female infielder (Colo Silver Bullets), born in Tucson, Arizona
  • 1970-03-22 Jason Rouser, 200m/400m runner, born in Tucson, Arizona
  • 1970-07-12 Markus Thomas, American WLAF running back (Scottish Claymores), born in Phoenix, Arizona
  • 1971-05-23 Marshall Boze, pitcher (Milwaukee Brewers), born in San Manual, Arizona
  • 1971-08-11 Julie Anne Clark, playmate (Mar, 1991), born in Tucson, Arizona
  • 1972-02-10 Nancy Christian, WPVA volleyballer (US Open-17th-1995), born in Scottsdale, Arizona
  • 1972-08-24 Kurt Miller, pitcher (Florida Marlins), born in Tucson, Arizona
  • 1972-11-26 Nicole Beach, model (Wonderbra), born in Phoenix, Arizona
  • 1973-02-07 Leanne Schuster, WPVA volleyballer (National-9th-1995), born in Mesa, Arizona
  • 1973-07-30 Cara Jackson, Chandler Arizona, Miss America-Arizona (1996)
  • 1973-10-10 Jessica Shahriari, Miss USA-Arizona (1997)
  • 1974-02-09 Amber Valletta, American actress and model (Hitch, Revenge), born in Phoenix, Arizona
  • 1975-05-25 Adam Saathoff, running target (Olympics-1996), born in Tucson, Arizona
  • 1975-08-05 Erin Gingrich, Miss America-Arizona (1997), born in Yuma, Arizona
  • 1976-01-19 Sky Christopherson, cyclist (Olympics-96), born in Tucson, Arizona
  • 1976-01-31 Buddy Rice, American race car driver, born in Phoenix, Arizona
  • 1976-03-20 Chester Bennington, American singer and songwriter (Linkin Park), born in Phoenix, Arizona (d. 2017)
  • 1977-11-19 Kerri Strug, gymnast (Olympics-gold-96), born in Tucson, Arizona
  • 1981-05-05 Danielle Christine Fishel, actress (Topanga-Boy Meets World), born in Mesa, Arizona
  • 1984-10-23 Meghan McCain, American columnist, author, and TV host, born in Phoenix, Arizona
  • 1987-08-18 Mika Boorem, American actress (Hearts in Atlantis), born in Tucson, Arizona

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1988-11-06 Emma Stone, American actress (Superbad, The Amazing Spider-Man), born in Scottsdale, Arizona

Actress Emma Stone
Actress
Emma Stone
  • 1989-12-22 Jordin Sparks, American singer and American Idol winner, born in Phoenix, Arizona

Famous Weddings


HeartWedding of Interest

1937-02-18 Actress Mary Astor (30) weds film editor Manuel del Campo (23) in Yuma, Arizona

Actress Mary Astor
Actress
Mary Astor

HeartWedding of Interest

1940-12-31 Actress Bette Davis (32) weds New England innkeeper Arthur Farnsworth at 15,000-acre ranch in Lake Montezuma, Arizona

Actress Bette Davis
Actress
Bette Davis

HeartWedding of Interest

1949-06-11 Actress Hattie McDaniel (54) weds interior decorator Larry Williams in Yuma, Arizona

  • 1955-03-17 Erotic writer Anaïs Nin marries actor Rupert Pole at Quartzsite, Arizona, while still married to her first husband
  • 1957-12-28 "Rebel Without A Cause" actress Natalie Wood (19) weds actor Robert Wagner (27) at Scottsdale United Methodist Church in Scottsdale, Arizona

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1963-09-08 Academy Award-winning actress Geraldine Page (38) weds actor Rip Torn (32) in Pinal, Arizona

  • 2004-09-03 "Baywatch" actress Gena Lee Nolin (32) weds NHL hockey player Cale Hulse (30) at the Royal Palms Resort in Phoenix, Arizona
  • 2005-11-05 2004 Indianapolis 500 racecar driver winner Buddy Rice (29) weds Michelle Noonan in Arizona
  • 2005-11-19 Indianapolis 500 racer Danica Patrick (23) weds physical therapist Paul Hospenthal in Scottsdale, Arizona
  • 2011-08-18 American Idol's first-ever blind finalist Scott MacIntyre (26) weds Christina Teich in Scottsdale, Arizona

HeartWedding of Interest

2013-01-04 Former World Middleweight champ Jake LaMotta (90) weds his longtime fiancée Denise Baker (62) in Bisbee, Arizona

World Middleweight Boxing Champion Jake LaMotta
World Middleweight Boxing Champion
Jake LaMotta
  • 2014-03-15 "Today" show anchor Savannah Guthrie (42) weds public relations Michael Feldman (45) at the Ritz Carlton Dove Mountain Resort in Tucson, Arizona

HeartWedding of Interest

2016-06-13 Olympic gold medalist Michael Phelps (30) weds former Miss California USA Nicole Johnson (30) in Paradise Valley, Arizona

  • 2017-05-13 Former WNBA player Diana Taurasi (34) weds teammate Penny Taylor (36) in Pheonix, Arizona

Famous Deaths


Person of interestPerson of Interest

1916-11-12 Percival Lowell, American astronomer (predicted discovery of Pluto) and founder of Lowell Observatory in Flagstaff, Arizona, dies of a stroke at 61

Astronomer Percival Lowell
Astronomer
Percival Lowell
  • 1962-01-19 Harry "Snub" Pollard, Australian actor (Don't Shove, Arizona Days), dies of cancer at 72
  • 1966-02-17 Gail Kane, actress (White Sister, Arizona), dies at 81
  • 1976-06-13 Don Bolles, US journalist (against Arizona), dies
  • 1978-01-29 Tim McCoy, American actor (Arizona Bound) and soldier, dies at 86
  • 1978-03-04 Wesley Bolin, former Governor of the U.S. State of Arizona (b. 1909)
  • 1989-01-16 Trey Wilson, actor (Bull Durham, Twins, Raising Arizona), dies
  • 1990-04-15 Henry Kendrick, American actor (Raising Arizona) dies at 56
  • 1998-05-29 Barry M. Goldwater, U.S. Senator from Arizona and presidential candidate (b. 1909)
  • 2016-09-15 Rose Mofford, American politician, 1st female Governor of Arizona (1988-1991), dies at 94