District of Columbia in History

District of Columbia: Washington, D.C.

Historical Events

  • 1788-12-23 Maryland votes to cede a 10 square mile area for District of Columbia
  • 1790-07-16 Congress declares the city of Washington in the District of Columbia, the permanent capital of the United States
  • 1839-02-20 Congress prohibits dueling in District of Columbia
  • 1846-07-09 The territory of the District of Columbia south of the Potomac River (39 mi² or about 100 km²) is returned to Virginia through an Act of Congress.
  • 1862-04-16 Slavery abolished in District of Columbia
  • 1923-04-09 In 'Adkins vs Children's Hospital', the US Supreme Court finds that the minimum wage law for women and children, adopted by the District of Columbia, is unconstitutional
  • 1958-10-14 The District of Columbia Bar Association votes to accept black Americans as members.
  • 1973-12-24 District of Columbia Home Rule Act is passed, allowing residents of Washington, D.C. to elect their own local government.
  • 2008-06-26 The U.S. Supreme Court rules in District of Columbia v. Heller that the ban on handguns in the District of Columbia is unconstitutional.
  • 2012-06-30 Mid-Atlantic storms in the United States kill 13 and leave millions without power in Ohio, Virginia, Maryland and the District of Columbia.

Famous Birthdays


Person of interestPerson of Interest

1899-04-29 Duke Ellington, American bandleader, composer and pianist (Take the A Train), born in Washington, District of Columbia (d. 1974)

Jazz Musician and Composer Duke Ellington
Jazz Musician and Composer
Duke Ellington
  • 1904-03-07 Virginia Downing, American actress (The Gig, Butterfield 8), born in Washington, District of Columbia (d. 1996)
  • 1945-03-08 Jim Chapman, American politician (Rep-D-TX, 1985-1997), born in Washington, District of Columbia
  • 1945-11-21 Goldie Hawn, American actress (The First Wives Club, Private Benjamin), born in Washington, District of Columbia