Georgia (US) in History

Georgia (US): Atlanta - Augusta, GA

Historical Events

  • 1732-06-09 Royal charter for Georgia granted to James Oglethorpe
  • 1733-02-12 Georgia founded by James Oglethorpe, at site of Savannah
  • 1736-02-05 Methodists John and Charles Wesley arrive in Savannah, Georgia
  • 1742-07-07 Battle of Bloody Marsh: Spanish forces assault British colonial forces on Simons Island, Georgia, and are decisively repelled [1]
  • 1749-10-26 Georgia Colony reverses itself & rules slavery is legal
  • 1777-02-05 Georgia becomes 1st US state to abolish both entail and primogeniture
  • 1778-12-29 British troops occupy Savannah, Georgia
  • 1783-07-24 Georgia becomes a protectorate of tsarist Russia
  • 1785-01-27 1st US state university chartered in Athens, Georgia
  • 1786-02-13 Abraham Baldwin selected president of University of Georgia
  • 1788-02-01 1st US steamboat patent issued, by Georgia to Briggs & Longstreet
  • 1801-03-03 1st US Jewish governor, David Emanuel, takes office in Georgia
  • 1823-12-19 Georgia passes 1st US state birth registration law in US
  • 1825-02-12 Creek Indian treaty signed. Tribal chiefs agree to turn over all their land in Georgia to the government & migrate west by Sept 1, 1826
  • 1848-12-25 William & Ellen Craft escape from slavery in Georgia, arriving in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; later move to Boston where they become abolitionists [1]
  • 1856-03-05 Georgia becomes 1st state to regulate railroads
  • 1861-01-03 US Fort Pulaski and Fort Jackson, Savannah, seized by Georgia
  • 1861-04-08 US mint at Dahlonega, Georgia, seized by Confederacy (US Civil War)
  • 1862-04-11 Confederates surrender at Fort Pulaski, Georgia
  • 1862-04-12 Union troops occupy Fort Pulaski, Georgia
  • 1863-02-28 Confederate raider "Nashville" sinks near Fort McAllister, Georgia
  • 1863-03-03 Federal ironclad ships bombard Fort McAllister, Georgia
  • 1863-10-28 Battle at Wauhatchie, Georgia: 865 killed or injured
  • 1864-02-22 -27] Battle at Dalton Georgia
  • 1864-02-27 6th and last day of battle at Dalton, Georgia (about 600 casualties)
  • 1864-04-17 Bread revolt in Savannah, Georgia
  • 1864-05-05 Campaign in Northern Georgia - Chattanooga to Atlanta

Historic Event

1864-05-06 US Civil War: Union Army General Sherman begins advance to Atlanta, Georgia, during the Atlanta Campaign

  • 1864-05-13 -16] Atlanta Campaign: Battle of Resaca, Georgia
  • 1864-05-17 Battle of Adairsville Georgia, Union forces Confederates to retreat
  • 1864-05-19 Skirmish at Cassville, Georgia
  • 1864-06-01 Confederate cruiser Georgia sold to a British merchant in Liverpool
  • 1864-06-12 Skirmish at Mcafee's Cross Road, Georgia, about 57 die in battle
  • 1864-06-15 -17] Skirmish at Gilgal Church, Georgia
  • 1864-06-16 Skirmish at Golgotha, Georgia
  • 1864-06-17 -18] Confederate troops pull back out Solves/lost Mt, Georgia
  • 1864-06-17 Skirmish at Mud Creek/Noyes's (Nose) Creek, Georgia
  • 1864-06-19 Skirmish at Pine Knob, Georgia
  • 1864-06-20 Skirmish at Lattermore's Mills/Powder Springs, Georgia
  • 1864-06-22 Skirmish at Culp's (Kulp's) House, Georgia
  • 1864-07-05 Battle at Chattahoochee River, Georgia (Skirmish at Pace's Ferry) fought during the Atlanta Campaign of the American Civil War
  • 1864-07-28 US Civil War: Battle at Ezra Chapel - Union forces under Major Gen. William Sherman defeat Confederate Lt. General John Bell Hood near Atlanta in Fulton County, Georgia
  • 1864-08-14 -16] Confederate General Joe Wheeler besieges Dalton, Georgia
  • 1864-08-31 Atlanta Campaign: Battle of Jonesboro Georgia, 1900 casualties
  • 1864-09-01 2nd day of battle at Jonesboro Georgia, about 3,000 casualties
  • 1864-11-11 Sherman's troops destroy Rome, Georgia
  • 1864-11-16 Confederate retreat at Lovejoy, Georgia
  • 1864-11-21 -22] Battle at Griswoldville, Georgia
  • 1864-11-22 American Civil War Battle at Griswoldville, Georgia, ends after 650 casualties
  • 1864-11-23 -25] Battle at Ball's Ferry, Georgia (30 casualties)
  • 1864-11-25 Confederate retreat at Sandersville, Georgia
  • 1864-11-26 Confederate troops vacate Sandersville Georgia
  • 1864-11-26 Skirmish at Sylvan Brutal/Waynesboro, Georgia
  • 1864-11-27 2nd day of Battles at Waynesboro, Georgia
  • 1864-11-28 3rd day of Battles at Waynesboro/Jones's Plantation, Georgia
  • 1864-11-29 4th & last day of skirmishes at Waynesboro, Georgia
  • 1864-12-01 Skirmish at Millen Brutal, Georgia
  • 1864-12-02 Skirmish at Rocky Creek Church, Georgia
  • 1864-12-03 Skirmish at Thomas' Station, Georgia
  • 1864-12-07 Skirmish at Ebenezer Creek/Cypress Swamp, Georgia

Historic Event

1865-05-10 Confederate President Jefferson Davis captured by Union troops at Irwinsville Georgia (US Civil War)

  • 1867-02-14 Morehouse College organizes (Augusta Georgia)
  • 1870-01-10 Georgia legislature reconvenes
  • 1870-07-15 The last confederate state, Georgia is readmitted to the United States
  • 1871-01-16 Jefferson Long of Georgia sworn in as 2nd black congressman
  • 1871-02-01 Jefferson Long of Georgia is first African American to make an official speech in US House of Representatives (opposing leniency to former Confederates)
  • 1893-12-20 1st state anti-lynching statute approved, in Georgia
  • 1897-08-04 Henry A Rucker appointed Collector of Internal Revenue for Georgia
  • 1905-09-22 Race riot in Atlanta Georgia (10 blacks & 2 whites killed)
  • 1906-09-22 Race riot in Atlanta Georgia, kills 21
  • 1909-05-17 White firemen on Georgia lroad strike to protest against hiring blacks
  • 1911-08-28 45.7 cm rainfall at St George, Georgia (state record)
  • 1915-08-15 Journalist Albert Siegfried Bettelheim, convicted of murder in Georgia
  • 1922-03-15 1st southern radio station begins (WSB, Atlanta Georgia)
  • 1922-10-03 Governor of Georgia names Progressive writer Rebecca Felton (87) to fill unexpired term in US Senate; she becomes 1st woman in Congess, oldest person (at the time), and shortest termed as she served only 24 hours in Novemberrgia Governor Hardwickbecomes 1st woman in Senate [1]
  • 1926-02-09 Teaching theory of evolution forbidden in Atlanta, Georgia schools
  • 1933-09-25 1st state poorhouse opens in Smyrna, Georgia
  • 1936-04-06 Tornado, kills 203 & injuring 1,800 in Gainesville Georgia
  • 1940-01-27 -17°F (-27°C), CCC Camp F-16, Georgia (state record)
  • 1942-12-08 8th Heisman Trophy Award: Frank Sinkwich, Georgia (HB)
  • 1943-08-25 US forces overrun New Georgia in Solomon Islands during WW II
  • 1949-06-09 Georgia Neese Clark of Kansas becomes 1st woman treasurer of US
  • 1952-07-24 112°F (44°C), Louisville, Georgia (state record)
  • 1953-02-19 Georgia approves US 1st literature censorship board
  • 1957-02-14 Georgia Senate unanimously approves Sen Leon Butts' bill barring blacks from playing baseball with whites

#1 in the Charts

1960-11-14 Ray Charles' single "Georgia On My Mind" reaches #1

Historic Event

1962-07-10 Martin Luther King Jr. arrested during demonstration in Georgia

  • 1962-07-27 Martin Luther King Jr. jailed in Albany, Georgia
  • 1962-08-15 Shady Grove Baptist Church burned in Leesburg, Georgia
  • 1962-09-25 Black church is destroyed by fire in Macon, Georgia
  • 1966-09-06 Race riot in Atlanta, Georgia
  • 1967-01-09 Georgia legislature seats Representative Julian Bond
  • 1967-01-10 Lester Maddox inaugurated as Governor of Georgia
  • 1970-05-12 Race riots in Augusta Georgia; 6 blacks killed (5 by cops)

Historic Event

1972-03-03 Sculpted figures of Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee and Stonewall Jackson are completed at Stone Mountain Georgia

  • 1979-06-23 Charlie Daniels Band releases "The Devil Went Down to Georgia"
  • 1980-07-02 Julie Marie Bryan, 18, of Georgia, crowned America's Young Woman of Yr

Famous Birthdays

  • 1696-12-22 James Oglethorpe, British soldier, politician, philanthropist, and founder of the colony of Georgia, born in Godalming, Surrey, England (d. 1758)
  • 1825-06-05 Jabez Lamar Monroe Curry, American politician (Rep-Ala, 1857-61), born in Lincoln County, Georgia (d. 1903)
  • 1829-01-30 Alfred Cummings, American Brigadier-General (Confederate Army), born in Augusta, Georgia (d. 1910)
  • 1868-01-15 Noach Zjordanija, Georgian veterinarian/premier (1918-21)
  • 1876-07-17 Rosa Jackson Lumpkin, lived to be 115 years old, born in Flint, Georgia (d. 1991)
  • 1877-09-10 Georgia Douglas Johnson, African American poet and playwright (Autumn Love Cycle), born in Atlanta, Georgia (d. 1966)
  • 1885-04-29 Wallingford Riegger, American cellist, composer (New Dance; Cooper Square), and educator, born in Albany, Georgia (d. 1961)

Georgia O’KeeffeGeorgia O’Keeffe (1887-1986)

1887-11-15 American sculptor and painter (Cow's Skull, Flowers), born in Sun Prairie, Wisconsin

  • 1893-07-01 Walter Francis White, American civil rights activist who led the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), born in Atlanta, Georgia (d. 1955)

Vladimir MayakovskyVladimir Mayakovsky (1893-1930)

1893-07-19 Russian poet and playwright (Ode to Revolution, The Bathhouse), born in Baghdati, Russian Empire

Bobby JonesBobby Jones (1902-1971)

1902-03-17 American golfer, course designer (13 major titles, Grand Slam 1930), born in Atlanta, Georgia

  • 1903-06-06 Aram Khachaturian, Armenian composer (Gayane; Sabre Dance), born in Tbilisi, Georgia (d. 1978)
  • 1907-02-10 Grace Hamilton, 1st African American member of Georgia state legislature
  • 1920-08-17 Georgia Gibbs, singer (Ballin the Jack, Kiss of Fire), born in Worcester, Massachusetts
  • 1926-08-15 Georgann Johnson, American actress (Marge-Mr Peepers, Star Trek, Midnight Cowboy), born in Decorah, Iowa (d. 2018)
  • 1927-08-18 Rosalynn Smith Carter, American 1st lady (1977-1981), born in Plains, Georgia
  • 1929-01-19 Israel "Ulu" Grosbard, Belgian-born American actor and director (Straight Time, Georgia, Falling in Love), born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 2012)
  • 1929-05-21 Charles Wadsworth, American pianist (Lincoln Center), born in Barnesville, Georgia

Ray CharlesRay Charles (1930-2004)

1930-09-23 American singer and pianist who pioneered soul music ("Georgia On My Mind"; "Mess Around"; "Hit The Road, Jack"), born in Albany, Georgia

  • 1931-09-19 Brook Benton [Benjamin Franklin Peay], American soul vocalist ("It's Just a Matter of Time"; "Rainy Night in Georgia"), born in Lugoff, South Carolina (d. 1988)
  • 1933-02-05 Nick Georgiade, American actor (Untouchables, Run Buddy Run), born in NYC, New York
  • 1935-08-10 Giya Kancheli, Georgian composer (NightPrayers; Exil), born in Tblisi, Georgia (d. 2019)
  • 1936-10-28 Charlie Daniels, American country-rock guitarist, fiddler, and singer ("Devil Went Down to Georgia"), born in Wilmington, North Carolina (d. 2020)
  • 1937-03-29 Billy Carter, brother of US President Jimmy Carter, born in Plains, Georgia (d. 1988)
  • 1937-07-31 Isabelle F Daniels, Jakin Georgia, 4X100m relayer (Olympic bronze 56)
  • 1938-09-08 Sam Nunn, American politician (Sen-D-Georgia, 1972-1997), born in Macon, Georgia

John LewisJohn Lewis (1940-2020)

1940-02-21 American politician (Rep-D-Georgia) and prominent civil rights leader (Big Six), born in Troy, Alabama

  • 1941-07-01 Sally Quinn, American CBS newscaster (Morning Show), born in Savannah, Georgia
  • 1942-08-25 Nathan Deal, American attorney and politician (Rep-D-Georgia), born in Millen, Georgia
  • 1942-09-09 John Linder, American politician (Rep-R-Georgia 1993-2011), born in Deer River, Minnesota
  • 1944-10-15 Mac Collins, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Georgia), born in Jackson, Georgia
  • 1945-06-23 Paul Goddard, American rock bassist (Atlanta Rhythm Section - "So In To You"), born in Georgia (d. 2014)
  • 1947-02-04 Sanford Bishop, American politician (Rep-D-Georgia), born in Mobile, Alabama
  • 1948-07-28 Georgia Engel, American actress (The Mary Tyler Moore Show, 1972-77 - "Georgette"; Hot In Cleveland, 2011-15 -"Mamie-Sue"), born in Washington, D.C. (d. 2019)
  • 1949-10-26 Kevin Sullivan, American wrestler (WCW/ECW/SMW/NWA/Georgia/CWFI), born in Cambridge, Massachusetts
  • 1955-03-17 Cynthia McKinney, American politician (Rep-D-Georgia, Green Party presidential candidate 2008), born in Atlanta, Georgia
  • 1955-04-14 Simone Griffeth, American actress (Death Race 2000, Amanda's), born in Savannah, Georgia
  • 1955-04-24 Jack Kingston, American politician, U.S. House of Representatives from Georgia (1993-2015), born in Bryan, Texas
  • 1957-02-28 Cindy Wilson, American rock vocalist (B-52's - "Love Shack"), born in Athens, Georgia
  • 1957-04-23 Jan Hooks, American comedienne and actress (SNL, 1986-94; Designing Women, 1991-93; 3rd Rock from the Sun, 1996-2000), born in Decatur, Georgia (d. 2014)

Holly HunterHolly Hunter (64 years old)

1958-03-20 American actress (Broadcast News, The Piano), born in Conyers, Georgia

  • 1964-09-28 Susan Walters, American actress (Lorna-Loving, Mary Beth-Dear John), born in Atlanta, Georgia

Julia RobertsJulia Roberts (55 years old)

1967-10-28 American actress (Mystic Pizza, Pretty Woman), born in Smyrna, Georgia

  • 1968-08-18 Griffin Drew, American actress (Dinosaur Island), born in Hazelhurst, Georgia
  • 1969-03-29 Kim Batten, American athlete (World C'ship gold 400m hurdles 1995; Olympic silver 1996), born in McRae, Georgia
  • 1971-03-28 Damien Marsh, Australian 100m/200m swimmer (World Championship, 1995 -Silver medal), born in Goondiwindi, Queensland
  • 1971-04-15 Guivi Sissaouri, Canada freestyle wrestler (Olympic silver 1996), born in Tbilisi, Georgia
  • 1971-11-17 Audra Keller, Macon Georgia, tennis star (1993 Futures-Evansville IN)
  • 1974-04-22 Georgia Goettmann, model (Cosmo-May 1995)

Famous Deaths

  • 1812-09-12 Pyotr Bagration, Georgian-Russian prince and general, dies fighting during Napoleonic invasion of Russia at 47
  • 1913-02-28 Elephant seal, 6.8-m, 4000-kg, shot in Possession Bay, South Georgia
  • 1915-08-17 Leo Frank, American convict, hanged in 1915 by a lynch mob in Georgia at 31
  • 1953-01-11 Noach Zjordanija, Georgian Premier (1918-21), dies at 84
  • 1966-05-14 Georgia BD Camp Johnson, American poet/playwright, dies at 88

Georgia O’KeeffeGeorgia O’Keeffe (1887-1986)

1986-03-06 American sculptor and painter (Cow's Skull, Flowers), dies at 98

  • 1992-04-07 Alix Talton, former Miss Georgia, dies of lung cancer at 72
  • 1994-12-03 Giorgi Chanturia, President of Georgia, assassinated
  • 1995-10-26 Georgia Neese Gray, 1st Woman Treasurer of USA, dies at 95

Ray CharlesRay Charles (1930-2004)

2004-06-10 American singer and pianist who pioneered soul music ("Georgia On My Mind"; "Mess Around"; "Hit The Road, Jack"), dies at 73