Georgia (US) in History

Georgia (US): Atlanta - Augusta, GA

Historical Events

  • 1732-06-09 Royal charter for Georgia granted to James Oglethorpe
  • 1733-02-12 Georgia founded by James Oglethorpe, at site of Savannah
  • 1736-02-05 Methodists John and Charles Wesley arrive in Savannah, Georgia
  • 1742-06-09 Battle of Bloody Marsh-Spanish assault on Simons Island, Georgia
  • 1749-10-26 Georgia Colony reverses itself & rules slavery is legal
  • 1777-02-05 Georgia becomes 1st US state to abolish both entail and primogeniture
  • 1778-12-29 British troops occupy Savannah, Georgia
  • 1783-07-24 Georgia becomes a protectorate of tsarist Russia
  • 1785-01-27 1st US state university chartered in Athens, Georgia
  • 1786-02-13 Abraham Baldwin selected president of University of Georgia

USAConstitution of the United States

1788-01-02 Georgia is 4th state to ratify US constitution

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Page one of the original copy of the Constitution of the United States
Page one of the original copy of the Constitution of the United States
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  • 1788-02-01 1st US steamboat patent issued, by Georgia to Briggs & Longstreet
  • 1801-03-03 1st US Jewish governor, David Emanuel, takes office in Georgia
  • 1823-12-19 Georgia passes 1st US state birth registration law in US
  • 1825-02-12 Creek Indian treaty signed. Tribal chiefs agree to turn over all their land in Georgia to the government & migrate west by Sept 1, 1826
  • 1848-12-26 William & Ellen Craft escape from slavery in Georgia

  • 1856-03-05 Georgia becomes 1st state to regulate railroads
  • 1861-01-03 US Fort Pulaski and Fort Jackson, Savannah, seized by Georgia
  • 1861-04-08 US mint at Dahlonega, Georgia, seized by Confederacy (US Civil War)
  • 1862-04-11 Confederates surrender at Fort Pulaski, Georgia
  • 1862-04-12 Union troops occupy Fort Pulaski, Georgia
  • 1863-02-28 Confederate raider "Nashville" sinks near Fort McAllister, Georgia
  • 1863-03-03 Federal ironclad ships bombard Fort McAllister, Georgia
  • 1863-10-28 Battle at Wauhatchie, Georgia: 865 killed or injured
  • 1864-02-22 -27] Battle at Dalton Georgia
  • 1864-02-27 6th and last day of battle at Dalton, Georgia (about 600 casualties)
  • 1864-04-17 Bread revolt in Savannah, Georgia
  • 1864-05-05 Campaign in Northern Georgia - Chattanooga to Atlanta

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1864-05-06 Union Army General Sherman begins advance to Atlanta Georgia during the Atlanta Campaign (US Civil War)

  • 1864-05-13 -16] Atlanta Campaign: Battle of Resaca Georgia
  • 1864-05-17 Battle of Adairsville Georgia, Union forces Confederates to retreat
  • 1864-05-19 Skirmish at Cassville, Georgia
  • 1864-06-01 Confederate cruiser Georgia sold to a British merchant in Liverpool
  • 1864-06-12 Skirmish at Mcafee's Cross Road, Georgia, about 57 die in battle
  • 1864-06-15 -17] Skirmish at Gilgal Church, Georgia
  • 1864-06-16 Skirmish at Golgotha, Georgia

  • 1864-06-17 -18] Confederate troops pull back out Solves/lost Mt, Georgia
  • 1864-06-17 Skirmish at Mud Creek/Noyes's (Nose) Creek, Georgia
  • 1864-06-19 Skirmish at Pine Knob, Georgia
  • 1864-06-20 Skirmish at Lattermore's Mills/Powder Springs, Georgia
  • 1864-06-22 Skirmish at Culp's (Kulp's) House, Georgia
  • 1864-07-05 Battle at Chattahoochee River, Georgia (Skirmish at Pace's Ferry) fought during the Atlanta Campaign of the American Civil War
  • 1864-07-26 Battle at Ezra Chapel (Church), Georgia [Hood's Third Sortie]
  • 1864-08-14 -16] Confederate General Joe Wheeler besieges Dalton, Georgia
  • 1864-08-31 Atlanta Campaign: Battle of Jonesboro Georgia, 1900 casualties
  • 1864-09-01 2nd day of battle at Jonesboro Georgia, about 3,000 casualties
  • 1864-11-11 Sherman's troops destroy Rome, Georgia
  • 1864-11-16 Confederate retreat at Lovejoy, Georgia
  • 1864-11-21 -22] Battle at Griswoldville, Georgia
  • 1864-11-22 American Civil War Battle at Griswoldville, Georgia, ends after 650 casualties
  • 1864-11-23 -25] Battle at Ball's Ferry Georgia (30 casualties)
  • 1864-11-25 Confederate retreat at Sandersville, Georgia
  • 1864-11-26 Confederate troops vacate Sandersville Georgia
  • 1864-11-26 Skirmish at Sylvan Brutal/Waynesboro, Georgia
  • 1864-11-27 2nd day of Battles at Waynesboro, Georgia
  • 1864-11-28 3rd day of Battles at Waynesboro/Jones's Plantation, Georgia

  • 1864-11-29 4th & last day of skirmishes at Waynesboro, Georgia
  • 1864-12-01 Skirmish at Millen Brutal, Georgia
  • 1864-12-02 Skirmish at Rocky Creek Church, Georgia
  • 1864-12-03 Skirmish at Thomas' Station, Georgia
  • 1864-12-07 Skirmish at Ebenezer Creek/Cypress Swamp, Georgia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1865-05-10 Confederate President Jefferson Davis captured by Union troops at Irwinsville Georgia (US Civil War)

President of the Confederate States of America Jefferson Davis
President of the Confederate States of America
Jefferson Davis
  • 1867-02-14 Morehouse College organizes (Augusta Georgia)
  • 1870-01-10 Georgia legislature reconvenes
  • 1870-07-15 Georgia becomes last confederate to be readmitted to US
  • 1871-01-16 Jefferson Long of Georgia sworn in as 2nd black congressman
  • 1871-02-01 Jefferson Long of Georgia is first African American to make an official speech in US House of Representatives (opposing leniency to former Confederates)
  • 1893-12-20 1st state anti-lynching statute approved, in Georgia
  • 1897-08-04 Henry A Rucker appointed Collector of Internal Revenue for Georgia
  • 1905-09-22 Race riot in Atlanta Georgia (10 blacks & 2 whites killed)
  • 1906-09-22 Race riot in Atlanta Georgia, kills 21
  • 1909-05-17 White firemen on Georgia lroad strike to protest against hiring blacks
  • 1911-08-28 45.7 cm rainfall at St George, Georgia (state record)
  • 1915-08-15 Journalist Albert Siegfried Bettelheim, convicted of murder in Georgia
  • 1922-03-15 1st southern radio station begins (WSB, Atlanta Georgia)
  • 1922-10-03 Rebecca Felton of Georgia becomes 1st woman in Senate

  • 1926-02-09 Teaching theory of evolution forbidden in Atlanta, Georgia schools
  • 1933-09-25 1st state poorhouse opens in Smyrna, Georgia
  • 1936-04-06 Tornado, kills 203 & injuring 1,800 in Gainesville Georgia
  • 1940-01-27 -17°F (-27°C), CCC Camp F-16, Georgia (state record)
  • 1942-12-08 8th Heisman Trophy Award: Frank Sinkwich, Georgia (HB)
  • 1943-08-25 US forces overrun New Georgia in Solomon Islands during WW II
  • 1949-06-09 Georgia Neese Clark of Kansas becomes 1st woman treasurer of US
  • 1952-07-24 112°F (44°C), Louisville, Georgia (state record)
  • 1953-02-19 Georgia approves US 1st literature censorship board
  • 1957-02-14 Georgia Senate unanimously approves Sen Leon Butts' bill barring blacks from playing baseball with whites

Music release#1 in the Charts

1960-11-14 Ray Charles' "Georgia On My Mind" reaches #1

Musician Ray Charles
Ray Charles

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1962-07-10 Martin Luther King Jr. arrested during demonstration in Georgia

Civil Rights Activist Martin Luther King Jr.
Civil Rights Activist
Martin Luther King Jr.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1972-03-03 Sculpted figures of Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee and Stonewall Jackson are completed at Stone Mountain Georgia

Confederate General Stonewall Jackson
Confederate General
Stonewall Jackson
Confederate General Robert E. Lee
Confederate General
Robert E. Lee
  • 1979-06-23 Charlie Daniels Band releases "The Devil Went Down to Georgia"
  • 1980-07-02 Julie Marie Bryan, 18, of Georgia, crowned America's Young Woman of Yr

Famous Birthdays

  • 1696-12-22 James Oglethorpe, British soldier, politician, philanthropist, and founder of the colony of Georgia, born in Godalming, Surrey, England (d. 1758)
  • 1825-06-05 Jabez Lamar Monroe Curry, American politician (Rep-Ala, 1857-61), born in Lincoln County, Georgia (d. 1903)
  • 1829-01-30 Alfred Cummings, American Brigadier-General (Confederate Army), born in Augusta, Georgia (d. 1910)
  • 1868-01-15 Noach Zjordanija, Georgian veterinarian/premier (1918-21)
  • 1876-07-17 Rosa Jackson Lumpkin, lived to be 115 years old, born in Flint, Georgia (d. 1991)
  • 1877-09-10 Georgia Douglas Johnson, African American poet and playwright (Autumn Love Cycle), born in Atlanta, Georgia (d. 1966)
  • 1885-04-29 Wallingford Riegger, American cellist, composer (New Dance; Cooper Square), and educator, born in Albany, Georgia (d. 1961)

Person of interestGeorgia O’Keeffe

1887-11-15 Georgia O'Keeffe, American sculptor/painter (Cow's Skull), born in Sun Prairie, Wisconsin (d. 1986)

Painter and Sculptor Georgia O’Keeffe
Painter and Sculptor
Georgia O’Keeffe
  • 1893-07-01 Walter Francis White, American civil rights activist who led the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), born in Atlanta, Georgia (d. 1955)
  • 1893-07-19 Vladimir Mayakovsky, Russian poet (Ode to Revolution), born in Baghdati, Soviet Georgia (d. 1930) [OS=7/7]

Person of interestBobby Jones

1902-03-17 Bobby Jones Jr., American golfer, course designer (13 major titles, Grand Slam 1930), born in Atlanta, Georgia (d. 1971)

Golfer Bobby Jones
Bobby Jones
  • 1903-06-06 Aram Khachaturian, Soviet composer (Gayane; Sabre Dance), born in Tbilisi, Georgia (d. 1978)
  • 1907-02-10 Grace Hamilton, 1st African American member of Georgia state legislature
  • 1920-08-17 Georgia Gibbs, singer (Ballin the Jack, Kiss of Fire), born in Worcester, Massachusetts
  • 1926-08-15 Georgann Johnson, American actress (Marge-Mr Peepers, Star Trek, Midnight Cowboy), born in Decorah, Iowa (d. 2018)
  • 1927-08-18 Rosalynn Smith Carter, American 1st lady (1977-1981), born in Plains, Georgia
  • 1929-01-19 Israel "Ulu" Grosbard, Belgian-born American actor and director (Straight Time, Georgia, Falling in Love), born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 2012)
  • 1929-05-21 Charles Wadsworth, American pianist (Lincoln Center), born in Barnesville, Georgia

Person of interestRay Charles

1930-09-23 Ray Charles [Robinson], American singer and pianist who pioneered soul music (Georgia on My Mind, Mess Around), born in Albany, Georgia (d. 2004)

Musician Ray Charles
Ray Charles
  • 1931-09-19 Brook Benton [Benjamin Franklin Peay], American soul vocalist (It's Just a Matter of Time, Rainy Night in Georgia), born in Lugoff, South Carolina (d. 1988)
  • 1933-02-05 Nick Georgiade, American actor (Untouchables, Run Buddy Run), born in NYC, New York
  • 1935-08-10 Giya Alexandrovich Kancheli, Georgian composer (NightPrayers), born in Tblisi, Georgia
  • 1936-10-28 Charlie Daniels, American singer (Devil Went Down to Georgia), born in Wilmington, North Carolina (d. 2020)
  • 1937-03-29 Billy Carter, brother of US President Jimmy Carter, born in Plains, Georgia (d. 1988)
  • 1937-07-31 Isabelle F Daniels, Jakin Georgia, 4X100m relayer (Olympic bronze 56)
  • 1938-09-08 Sam Nunn, American politician (Sen-D-Georgia, 1972 - 1997), born in Macon, Georgia

Person of interestJohn Lewis

1940-02-21 John Lewis, American politician (Rep-D-Georgia) and prominent civil rights leader (Big Six), born in Troy, Alabama (d. 2020)

Civil Rights Leader and Congressman John Lewis
Civil Rights Leader and Congressman
John Lewis
  • 1941-07-01 Sally Quinn, American CBS newscaster (Morning Show), born in Savannah, Georgia
  • 1942-08-25 Nathan Deal, American attorney and politician (Rep-D-Georgia), born in Millen, Georgia
  • 1942-09-09 John Linder, (Rep-R-Georgia)
  • 1944-10-15 Mac Collins, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Georgia), born in Jackson, Georgia
  • 1945-06-23 Paul Goddard, Georgia, rock bassist (Atlanta Rhythm Section)
  • 1947-02-04 Sanford Bishop, (Rep-D-Georgia)
  • 1948-07-28 Georgia Engel, American actress (The Mary Tyler Moore Show - "Georgette"; Hot In Cleveland), born in Washington, D.C. (d. 2019)
  • 1949-10-26 Kevin Sullivan, American wrestler (WCW/ECW/SMW/NWA/Georgia/CWFI), born in Cambridge, Massachusetts
  • 1955-03-17 Cynthia McKinney, (Rep-D-Georgia)
  • 1955-04-14 Simone Griffeth, American actress (Death Race 2000, Amanda's), born in Savannah, Georgia
  • 1955-04-24 Jack Kingston, American politician, U.S. House of Representatives from Georgia (1993-2015), born in Bryan, Texas
  • 1957-02-28 Cindy Wilson, American rock vocalist (B-52's - "Love Shack"), born in Athens, Georgia
  • 1957-04-23 Jan Hooks, American comedienne and actress (SNL, Designing Women), born in Decatur, Georgia (d. 2014)

Person of interestHolly Hunter

1958-03-20 Holly Hunter, American actress (Broadcast News, The Piano), born in Conyers, Georgia

Actress Holly Hunter
Holly Hunter
  • 1964-09-28 Susan Walters, Georgia, actress (Lorna-Loving, Mary Beth-Dear John)

Person of interestJulia Roberts

1967-10-28 Julia Roberts, American actress (Mystic Pizza, Pretty Woman), born in Smyrna, Georgia

Actress Julia Roberts
Julia Roberts
  • 1968-08-18 Griffin Drew, American actress (Dinosaur Island), born in Hazelhurst, Georgia
  • 1969-03-29 Kim Batten, American athlete 400m hurdler (Olympic silver 1996), born in McRae, Georgia
  • 1971-03-28 Damien Marsh, Australian 100m/200m swimmer (World Championship, 1995 -Silver medal), born in Goondiwindi, Queensland
  • 1971-04-15 Guivi Sissaouri, Canada freestyle wrestler (Olympic silver 1996), born in Tbilisi, Georgia
  • 1971-11-17 Audra Keller, Macon Georgia, tennis star (1993 Futures-Evansville IN)
  • 1974-04-22 Georgia Goettmann, model (Cosmo-May 1995)

Famous Deaths

  • 1812-09-12 Pyotr I Bagration, Georgian/Russian ruler/general, dies in battle
  • 1913-02-28 Elephant seal, 6.8-m, 4000-kg, shot in Possession Bay, South Georgia
  • 1915-08-17 Leo Frank, American convict, hanged in 1915 by a lynch mob in Georgia at 31
  • 1953-01-11 Noach Zjordanija, Georgian Premier (1918-21), dies at 84
  • 1966-05-14 Georgia BD Camp Johnson, American poet/playwright, dies at 88

Person of interestGeorgia O’Keeffe

1986-03-06 Georgia O'Keeffe, American sculptor/painter (Flowers), dies at 98

Painter and Sculptor Georgia O’Keeffe
Painter and Sculptor
Georgia O’Keeffe
  • 1992-04-07 Alix Talton, former Miss Georgia, dies of lung cancer at 72
  • 1994-12-03 Giorgi Chanturia, President of Georgia, assassinated
  • 1995-10-26 Georgia Neese Gray, 1st Woman Treasurer of USA, dies at 95

Person of interestRay Charles

2004-06-10 Ray Charles [Robinson], American singer and pianist who pioneered soul music ("Georgia On My Mind"; "Mess Around"; "Hit The Road, Jack"), dies at 73

Musician Ray Charles
Ray Charles