Maine in History

Maine: Portland, ME

Historical Events

  • 1622-08-10 John Mason and Ferdinando Gorges receive a land patent of the Province of Maine.
  • 1634-05-31 The colony of Massachusetts Bay annexes Maine colony
  • 1642-03-01 Georgeana (York) in Maine becomes the 1st incorporated American city
  • 1677-03-13 Massachusetts gains title to Maine for $6,000
  • 1691-10-17 New royal charter for Massachusetts, now including Maine, Plymouth
  • 1722-07-25 The Three Years War begins along the Maine and Massachusetts border
  • 1775-10-16 Portland, Maine burned by British
  • 1794-06-24 Bowdoin College is founded in Maine, USA
  • 1805-11-18 30 women meet at Mrs Silas Lee's home in Wiscasset, Maine, organizes Female Charitable Society, first woman's club in America
  • 1820-03-15 Maine admitted as 23rd state of the Union
  • 1834-06-14 Hardhat diving suit patented by Leonard Norcross, Dixfield, Maine
  • 1837-12-29 Steam-powered threshing machine patented in Winthrop, Maine
  • 1839-02-12 Aroostoock (or "Pork & Beans) War: Boundary dispute between Maine & New Brunswick

Historic Event

1842-06-26 Ellen G. White is baptized by John Hobart in Portland, Maine

  • 1843-03-07 1st Catholic governor in US, Edward Kavanagh of Maine, takes office
  • 1851-06-02 1st US alcohol prohibition law enacted (Maine)
  • 1853-07-18 Completion of Grand Trunk Line, trains begin running over 1st North American railroad between Portland, Maine and Montreal
  • 1855-06-02 The Portland Rum Riot occurs in Portland, Maine
  • 1866-07-04 Firecracker thrown in wood starts fire destroying half of Portland, Maine, US
  • 1872-07-09 Doughnut cutter patents granted to John Blondel, Thomaston, Maine
  • 1876-02-17 Sardines first canned by Julius Wolff in Eastport, Maine
  • 1881-07-01 1st international telephone conversation, Calais, Maine to St Stephen, New Brunswick
  • 1890-07-20 Snow and hail in Calais, Maine
  • 1894-02-03 1st US steel sailing vessel, Dirigo, launched at Bath, Maine
  • 1898-02-15 USS Maine sinks in Havana harbor, cause unknown, 258 sailors die
  • 1905-06-10 1st forest fire lookout tower placed in operation, Greenville, Maine
  • 1911-07-10 105°F (41°C) at North Bridgton, Maine (state record)
  • 1912-07-10 Hannes Kolehmainen runs world record 5000m (14:36.6)
  • 1912-10-20 Hannes Kolehmainen runs world record marathon (2:29:39.2)
  • 1913-07-03 Common tern banded in Maine; found dead in 1919 in Africa (1st bird known to have crossed the Atlantic)
  • 1919-02-26 Acadia National Park forms (as Lafayette N P), Maine
  • 1925-01-19 -48°F (-44°C), Van Buren, Maine (state record)
  • 1928-12-20 1st international dogsled mail leaves Minot, Maine for Montreal, Quebec
  • 1929-01-19 Acadia National Park, Maine established
  • 1937-08-14 Appalachian Trail is formally completed, traversing 2,000 miles and 14 US States, Georgia to Maine
  • 1939-05-23 Submarine USS Squalus sinks in the Gulf of Maine, drowning 26, 33 remaining crew rescued from a depth of 243 ft (74 m) by divers using newly developed heliox air systems (divers later awarded the Medal of Honor)
  • 1946-09-29 Al Couture knockouts Ralph Walton in Lewiston Maine in 10 secs
  • 1947-12-13 Maine Turnpike opens to traffic
  • 1954-09-11 20.4 cm rainfall at Brunswick, Maine (state record)
  • 1958-11-30 1st US guided missile destroyer launched - the Dewey at Bath Iron Works, Maine
  • 1964-01-27 Margaret Chase Smith (Sen-R-Maine) tries for Republican President bid
  • 1975-06-02 James A Healy, 1st black Roman Catholic bishop, consecrated (Maine)
  • 1983-07-07 11 year old Samantha Smith of Manchester, Maine, leaves for USSR
  • 1983-10-11 Last hand-cranked telephones US went out of service as 440 telephone customers in Bryant Pond, Maine, were switched over to direct-dial
  • 1987-04-23 NJ Devils farm team Maine Mariners (AHL) move to Utica (Devils) NY
  • 1987-11-12 Heavy snow closes schools from DC to Maine
  • 1996-09-27 The Julie N. tanker skip crashes into the Million Dollar Bridge in Portland, Maine spilling thousands of gallons of oil.
  • 1998-02-10 Voters in Maine repeal a gay rights law passed in 1997 becoming the first U.S. state to abandon the law

Historic Event

1999-06-19 At about 4:30 pm, Stephen King is hit by a car on the shoulder of Route 5, in Lovell, Maine. He would suffer numerous injuries, including a collapsed right lung, multiple fractures of his right leg, scalp laceration and a broken hip

  • 2012-11-07 Voters in Maine, Maryland and Washington approve measures for same-sex marriage
  • 2019-01-14 Spinning disk of ice 300m wide, resembling the moon, forms in the Presumpscot river, Westbrook, Maine

Famous Birthdays

  • 1696-06-27 William Pepperrell, British colonial soldier, born in Kittery, Maine (d. 1759)
  • 1730-01-14 William Whipple, American merchant & judge (signatory of the Declaration of Independence), born in Kittery, Maine (d. 1785)
  • 1751-03-29 Supply Belcher, American composer and singer (The Harmony of Maine), born in Stoughton, Massachusetts (d. 1836)
  • 1789-09-09 William Cranch Bond, American astronomer (codiscovered Hyperion), born in Falmouth, Maine (d. 1859)
  • 1797-05-06 Joseph Brackett, American religious leader (Shakers) and composer (Simple Gifts), born in Cumberland, Maine (d. 1882)

Dorothea Dix

1802-04-04 Dorothea Dix, American pioneering nurse and social activist who created the first American mental asylums, born in Hampden, Maine (d. 1887)

  • 1802-11-09 Elijah Parish Lovejoy, American newspaper publisher and abolitionist, born in Albion, Maine (d. 1837)
  • 1804-03-20 Neal Dow, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Portland, Maine (d. 1897)
  • 1806-05-26 Henry Thatcher, American rear admiral (U.S. Navy), born in Thomaston, Maine (d. 1880)
  • 1807-02-27 Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, American poet (Song of Hiawatha), born in Portland, Maine (d. 1882)
  • 1808-12-07 Hugh McCulloch, US Treasury Secretary (1865-69, 1884-85), born in Kennebunk, Maine (d. 1895)
  • 1809-10-22 Volney E. Howard, American politician, born in Oxford County, Maine (d. 1889)
  • 1811-01-05 Cyrus Hamlin, American educator/missionary (est Robert College, Turkey), born in Waterford, Maine (d. 1900)
  • 1811-06-19 Henry Prince, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Eastport, Maine (d. 1892)
  • 1813-05-06 Joseph Tarr Copeland, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in New Castle, Maine (d. 1893)
  • 1813-06-06 Israel Washburn Jr., American politician, U.S. House of Representatives from Maine (1853-61), born in Livermore, Massachusetts (d. 1883)
  • 1814-12-27 James Henry Carleton, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Lubec, Maine (d. 1873)
  • 1816-10-06 William Batchelder Bradbury, American composer, born in York, Maine (d. 1868)
  • 1816-12-27 Eliakim Parker Scammon, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Whitefield, Maine (d. 1894)
  • 1818-03-13 Albion Parris Howe, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Standish, Maine (d. 1897)
  • 1818-04-22 Cadwallader Colden Washburn, American Major General (Union Army), born in Livermore, Maine (d. 1882)
  • 1818-08-23 Rufus Ingalls, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Denmark, Maine (d. 1893)
  • 1819-01-01 George Foster Shepley, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Saco, Maine (d. 1878)
  • 1819-04-28 Ezra Abbot, American Bible scholar, born in Jackson, Maine (d. 1884)
  • 1819-10-10 Zebulon York, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Avon, Maine (d. 1900)
  • 1820-08-03 Luther Orlando Emerson, American composer, born in Parsonsfield, Maine (d. 1915)
  • 1821-08-04 James Springer White, American theologian (co-founder of the Seventh-day Adventist Church), born in Palmyra, Maine (d. 1881)
  • 1822-03-22 Seth Williams, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Augusta, Maine (d. 1866)
  • 1822-04-15 Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana, American Major General (Union Army), born in Eastport, Maine (d. 1905)
  • 1824-08-20 Absalom Baird, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Rockland, Maine (d. 1905)
  • 1825-05-21 George Lafayette Beal, American politician and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Norway, Maine (d. 1896)
  • 1826-07-21 James Gillpatrick Blunt, American physician, abolitionist, and Major General (Union Army), born in Trenton, Maine (d. 1881)
  • 1826-08-27 Frank Stillman Nickerson, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Swanville, Maine (d. 1917)
  • 1827-02-24 Charles Davis Jameson, American politician and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Gorham, Maine (d. 1862)

Ellen G. White

1827-11-26 Ellen G. White, American religious leader (Seventh-day Adventist Church), born in Gorham, Maine

  • 1828-07-29 Cuvier Grover, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Bethel, Maine (d. 1885)
  • 1828-09-08 Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain, American professor and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Brewer, Maine (d. 1914)
  • 1830-04-30 Davis Tillson, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Rockland, Maine (d. 1895)
  • 1830-05-30 Edward Winslow Hinks, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Bucksport, Maine (d. 1894)
  • 1830-11-08 Oliver Otis Howard, American Major General (Union Army), born in Leeds, Maine (d. 1909)
  • 1832-12-22 Edward Hatch, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Bangor, Maine (d. 1889)
  • 1833-02-11 Melville Fuller, American 8th chief justice, born in Augusta, Maine (d. 1910)
  • 1833-09-28 James Deering Fessenden, American lawyer, politician, and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Westbrook, Maine (d. 1862)
  • 1834-04-26 Artemus Ward [Charles Farrar Browne], American humorist (considered to be America's first stand-up comedian), born in Waterford, Maine (d. 1867)
  • 1835-09-14 Joseph Hayes, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in York County, Maine (d. 1912)
  • 1835-10-31 Adelbert Ames, American soldier and politician, Bvt Major General (Union Army), born in Rockland, Maine (d. 1933)
  • 1838-02-14 Margaret E. Knight, American inventor (flat-bottomed paper bag), described as a "female Thomas Edison", born in York, Maine (d. 1914)
  • 1838-10-27 John Davis Long, 32nd Governor of Massachusetts (1880-1915), born in Buckfield, Maine (d. 1915)
  • 1839-01-09 John Knowles Paine, American composer (Symphony No. 2 - In Spring), born in Portland, Maine (d. 1906)
  • 1839-01-25 Seldon Connor, American banker, 35th Governor of Maine, and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Fairfield, Maine, (d. 1917)
  • 1839-03-18 Francis Fessenden, American lawyer, politician, and Major General (Union Army), born in Portland, Maine (d. 1906)
  • 1839-04-26 Cyrus Hamblin, American attorney, politician, and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Hampden, Maine (d. 1867)
  • 1841-10-04 Stephen Albert Emery, American composer and pianist, born in Paris, Maine (d. 1891)
  • 1849-09-03 Sarah Orne Jewett, American author (Country of the Pointed Firs), born in South Berwick, Maine (d. 1909)
  • 1849-09-28 Dudley Allen Sargent, American physician and educator (Harvard U gymnasium), born in Belfast, Maine (d. 1924)
  • 1850-10-04 John McGraw, 2nd Governor of Washington (1893-97), born in Penobscot County, Maine (d. 1910)
  • 1855-11-07 Edwin Hall, American physicist (discovered Hall effect), born in Gorham, Maine (d. 1938)
  • 1857-05-03 George Gore, American baseball player, born in Saccarappa, Maine (d. 1933)

Chester Greenwood

1858-12-04 Chester Greenwood, American inventor (invented earmuffs at 15), born in Farmington, Maine (d. 1937)

  • 1869-12-22 Edwin Arlington Robinson, American poet (Richard Corey), born in Head Tide, Maine (d. 1935)
  • 1877-08-06 Wallace H. White, Jr., American politician (Senate Majority Leader), born in Lewiston, Maine (d. 1952)
  • 1879-06-10 Benjamin Lambord, American composer, born in Portland, Maine (d. 1915)

Francis Ford

1881-08-14 Francis Ford, American actor (The Quiet Man), born in Portland, Maine (d. 1953)

  • 1892-02-22 Edna St Vincent Millay, poet/dramatist/feminist (Harp Weaver-Pulitzer Prize), born in Rockland, Maine (d. 1950)

Walter Piston

1894-01-20 Walter Piston, Jr., American two-time Pulitzer Prize winning composer (Incredible Flutist), music theorist, and educator (Harvard, 1926-60), born in Rockland, Maine (d. 1976)

John Ford

1895-02-01 John Ford, American director (Stagecoach, Air Mail, Quiet Man), born in Cape Elizabeth, Maine (d. 1973)

  • 1895-08-22 Paul Taylor White, composer (Adante & Rondo for Cello), born in Bangor, Maine (d. 1973)
  • 1897-08-11 Louise Bogan, Maine, writer (Sleeping Fury)
  • 1897-12-14 Margaret Chase Smith, American politician (U.S. Senator from Maine), born in Skowhegan, Maine (d. 1995)
  • 1898-10-16 William O Douglas, Maine, 81st Supreme Court justice (1939-75)
  • 1899-02-27 Charles Herbert Best, Washington County, Maine, American-Canadian physiologist/co-discoverer (Insulin)
  • 1900-09-13 Gladys George, American actress (Roaring Twenties), born in Patten, Maine (d. 1954)
  • 1902-09-17 Esther Ralston, American actress (Old Ironsides), born in Bar Harbor, Maine (d. 1994)
  • 1902-12-02 Horace Hildreth, American politician (Gov-Maine, 1945-49) and U.S. Ambassador to Pakistan (1953-57), born in Gardiner, Maine (d. 1988)
  • 1904-08-27 John Hay Whitney, American financier and philanthropist, born in Ellsworth, Maine (d. 1982)
  • 1906-05-14 James Flavin, American actor (King Kong, In Cold Blood, Man With a Camera), born in Portland, Maine (d. 1976)

Nelson Rockefeller

1908-07-08 Nelson Rockefeller, American politician (Vice President: 1974-1977; Governor of New York (R), 1959-73), born in Bar Harbor, Maine (d. 1979)

  • 1912-09-13 Reta Shaw, American actress (Ghost & Mrs Muir, Mary Poppins, Picnic), born in South Paris, Maine (d. 1982)
  • 1914-01-12 Edward John Gurney, American politician, US senator (1969-74), born in Portland, Maine (d. 1996)
  • 1914-03-28 Edmund Muskie, American politician (Sen-D-Me) and US Secretary of State (1980-81), born in Rumford, Maine (d. 1996)
  • 1917-10-10 Ilona Ference, American actress (Quatermass II, Star of My Night), born in Bar Harbor, Maine (d. 1996)
  • 1921-07-10 Jean "Jeff" Donnell, American actress (Gidget Goes to Rome, Hoedown, 9 Girls), born in Windham, Maine (d. 1988)
  • 1921-11-20 Phyllis Thaxter, American actress (Nora, Fort Worth), born in Portland, Maine (d. 2012)
  • 1924-10-09 Robert A. Rushworth, American test pilot (X-15), born in Madison, Maine (d. 1993)
  • 1933-08-20 George J. Mitchell, American lawyer and politician (Senate Majority Leader 1989-95), born in Waterville, Maine
  • 1937-10-15 Linda Lavin, American actress (Alice, Barney Miller), born in Portland, Maine
  • 1940-08-28 William Cohen, US Secretary of Defense (1997-2001), (Sen-R Maine, 1979-97), born in Bangor, Maine
  • 1941-02-20 Buffy Sainte-Marie, Indigenous Canadian-American folksinger (Now That the Buffalo Are Gone), and songwriter ("Up Where We Belong"), born in the Piapot 75 reserve, Saskatchewan
  • 1944-06-07 Clarence White, American session and country-rock guitarist (The Byrds, 1968-73 - "Ballad of Easy Rider"), born in Lewiston, Maine (d. 1973)
  • 1945-04-16 Tom Allen, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Maine), born in Portland, Maine
  • 1947-01-15 Andrea Martin, American comedienne (SCTV, Club Paradise), born in Portland, Maine

Stephen King

1947-09-21 Stephen King, American sci-fi and horror author (Carrie; The Shining; Kujo; Misery), born in Portland, Maine

  • 1947-12-30 Janet Mills, American lawyer and politician, first female Governor of Maine (2018-), born in Farmington, Maine
  • 1948-05-20 John R McKernan Jr, (Rep-R-ME, 1983-86/Gov-Maine)
  • 1949-08-28 Charles Rocket, American actor and comedian (Saturday Night Live), born in Bangor, Maine (d. 2005)
  • 1952-12-07 Susan Collins, American politician (U.S. Senator from Maine), born in Caribou, Maine
  • 1953-03-22 Thomas H Andrews, American politician (Rep-D-Maine 1991-95), born in Brockton, Massachusetts
  • 1955-01-30 Judith Tarr, American sci-fi author (Isle of Glass, Ars Magica), born in Augusta, Maine
  • 1955-11-04 Peter Boynton, American actor (Tonio-As the World Turns), born in Damariscotta, Maine

Famous Weddings

Ellen G. White

1846-08-30 Author and Christian pioneer Ellen G. White (18) weds preacher James Springer White (25) in Portland, Maine

John Thompson

1870-07-05 Prime Minister of Canada John Thompson (24) weds Annie E. Affleck (25) in Portland, Maine

  • 1996-02-14 Secretary of Defense and former US Senator William Cohen of Maine (56) weds Black Entertainment Television host Janet Langhart (54) at United States Capitol in Washington, D.C.

Glenn Close

2006-02-03 Academy Award-winning actress Glenn Close (58) weds David Evans Shaw in Maine

  • 2009-08-01 "Heroes" actress Ali Larter (33) weds stand-up comedian and actor Hayes MacArthur (32) in Kennebunkport, Maine

Famous Deaths

  • 1836-06-09 Supply Belcher, American composer and singer (The Harmony of Maine), dies at 85
  • 1961-12-25 Owen Brewster, U.S. Senator from Maine (b. 1888)
  • 1966-01-11 Hannes Kolehmainen, Finnish long-distance runner (Olympic gold 1912), dies at 76
  • 1988-06-02 Horace Hildreth, American politician (Gov-Maine, 1945-49) and U.S. Ambassador to Pakistan (1953-57), dies at 85
  • 1995-05-29 Margaret Chase Smith, American politician (U.S. Senator from Maine), dies at 97
  • 1996-03-26 Edmund Muskie, American politician (Sen-D-Me) and US Secretary of State (1980-81), dies at 81