Maine in History

Maine: Portland, ME

Historical Events

  • 1622-08-10 John Mason and Ferdinando Gorges receive a land patent of the Province of Maine.
  • 1634-05-31 The colony of Massachusetts Bay annexes Maine colony
  • 1642-03-01 Georgeana (York) in Maine becomes the 1st incorporated American city
  • 1677-03-13 Massachusetts gains title to Maine for $6,000
  • 1691-10-17 New royal charter for Massachusetts, now including Maine, Plymouth
  • 1722-07-25 The Three Years War begins along the Maine and Massachusetts border
  • 1775-10-16 Portland, Maine burned by British
  • 1794-06-24 Bowdoin College is founded in Maine, USA
  • 1805-11-18 30 women meet at Mrs Silas Lee's home in Wiscasset, Maine, organizes Female Charitable Society, first woman's club in America
  • 1820-03-15 Maine admitted as 23rd state of the Union
  • 1834-06-14 Hardhat diving suit patented by Leonard Norcross, Dixfield, Maine
  • 1837-12-29 Steam-powered threshing machine patented in Winthrop, Maine
  • 1839-02-12 Aroostoock (or "Pork & Beans) War: Boundary dispute between Maine & New Brunswick

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1842-06-26 Ellen G. White is baptized by John Hobart in Portland, Maine

Christian Pioneer Ellen G. White
Christian Pioneer
Ellen G. White
  • 1843-03-07 1st Catholic governor in US, Edward Kavanagh of Maine, takes office
  • 1851-06-02 1st US alcohol prohibition law enacted (Maine)

  • 1853-07-18 Completion of Grand Trunk Line, trains begin running over 1st North American railroad between Portland, Maine and Montreal
  • 1855-06-02 The Portland Rum Riot occurs in Portland, Maine
  • 1866-07-04 Firecracker thrown in wood starts fire destroying half of Portland, Maine, US
  • 1872-07-09 Doughnut cutter patents granted to John Blondel, Thomaston, Maine
  • 1876-02-17 Sardines first canned by Julius Wolff in Eastport, Maine

Historic InventionEarmuffs on, shhhh!

1877-03-13 American Chester Greenwood patents earmuffs after inventing them at age 15

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Chester Greenwood's 1877 patent for
Chester Greenwood's 1877 patent for "ear-mufflers" and inset, Greenwood modeling his earmuffs
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  • 1881-07-01 1st international telephone conversation, Calais, Maine to St Stephen, New Brunswick
  • 1890-07-20 Snow and hail in Calais, Maine
  • 1894-02-03 1st US steel sailing vessel, Dirigo, launched at Bath, Maine
  • 1898-02-15 USS Maine sinks in Havana harbor, cause unknown, 258 sailors die
  • 1905-06-10 1st forest fire lookout tower placed in operation, Greenville, Maine
  • 1911-07-10 105°F (41°C) at North Bridgton, Maine (state record)
  • 1912-07-10 Hannes Kolehmainen runs world record 5000m (14:36.6)
  • 1912-10-20 Hannes Kolehmainen runs world record marathon (2:29:39.2)
  • 1913-07-03 Common tern banded in Maine; found dead in 1919 in Africa (1st bird known to have crossed the Atlantic)
  • 1919-02-26 Acadia National Park forms (as Lafayette N P), Maine
  • 1925-01-19 -48°F (-44°C), Van Buren, Maine (state record)
  • 1928-12-20 1st international dogsled mail leaves Minot, Maine for Montreal, Quebec
  • 1929-01-19 Acadia National Park, Maine established
  • 1937-08-14 Appalachian Trail is formally completed, traversing 2,000 miles and 14 US States, Georgia to Maine

  • 1939-05-23 Submarine USS Squalus sinks in the Gulf of Maine, drowning 26, 33 remaining crew rescued from a depth of 243 ft (74 m) by divers using newly developed heliox air systems (divers later awarded the Medal of Honor)
  • 1946-09-29 Al Couture knockouts Ralph Walton in Lewiston Maine in 10 secs
  • 1947-12-13 Maine Turnpike opens to traffic
  • 1954-09-11 20.4 cm rainfall at Brunswick, Maine (state record)
  • 1958-11-30 1st US guided missile destroyer launched - the Dewey at Bath Iron Works, Maine
  • 1964-01-27 Margaret Chase Smith (Sen-R-Maine) tries for Republican President bid
  • 1975-06-02 James A Healy, 1st black Roman Catholic bishop, consecrated (Maine)
  • 1983-07-07 11 year old Samantha Smith of Manchester, Maine, leaves for USSR
  • 1983-10-11 Last hand-cranked telephones US went out of service as 440 telephone customers in Bryant Pond, Maine, were switched over to direct-dial
  • 1987-04-23 NJ Devils farm team Maine Mariners (AHL) move to Utica (Devils) NY
  • 1987-11-12 Heavy snow closes schools from DC to Maine
  • 1996-09-27 The Julie N. tanker skip crashes into the Million Dollar Bridge in Portland, Maine spilling thousands of gallons of oil.
  • 1998-02-10 Voters in Maine repeal a gay rights law passed in 1997 becoming the first U.S. state to abandon the law

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1999-06-19 At about 4:30 pm, Stephen King is hit by a car on the shoulder of Route 5, in Lovell, Maine. He would suffer numerous injuries, including a collapsed right lung, multiple fractures of his right leg, scalp laceration and a broken hip

Horror Author Stephen King
Horror Author
Stephen King
  • 2012-11-07 Voters in Maine, Maryland and Washington approve measures for same-sex marriage
  • 2019-01-14 Spinning disk of ice 300m wide, resembling the moon, forms in the Presumpscot river, Westbrook, Maine

Famous Birthdays

  • 1696-06-27 William Pepperrell, British colonial soldier, born in Kittery, Maine (d. 1759)
  • 1730-01-14 William Whipple, American merchant & judge (signatory of the Declaration of Independence), born in Kittery, Maine (d. 1785)
  • 1751-03-29 Supply Belcher, American composer and singer (The Harmony of Maine), born in Stoughton, Massachusetts (d. 1836)
  • 1789-09-09 William Cranch Bond, American astronomer (codiscovered Hyperion), born in Falmouth, Maine (d. 1859)
  • 1797-05-06 Joseph Brackett, American religious leader (Shakers) and composer (Simple Gifts), born in Cumberland, Maine (d. 1882)

Person of interestDorothea Dix

1802-04-04 Dorothea Dix, American pioneering nurse and social activist who created the first American mental asylums, born in Hampden, Maine (d. 1887)

Nurse and Social Activist Dorothea Dix
Nurse and Social Activist
Dorothea Dix
  • 1802-11-09 Elijah Parish Lovejoy, American newspaper publisher and abolitionist, born in Albion, Maine (d. 1837)
  • 1804-03-20 Neal Dow, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Portland, Maine (d. 1897)
  • 1806-05-26 Henry Thatcher, American rear admiral (U.S. Navy), born in Thomaston, Maine (d. 1880)
  • 1807-02-27 Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, American poet (Song of Hiawatha), born in Portland, Maine (d. 1882)
  • 1808-12-07 Hugh McCulloch, US Treasury Secretary (1865-69, 1884-85), born in Kennebunk, Maine (d. 1895)
  • 1809-10-22 Volney E. Howard, American politician, born in Oxford County, Maine (d. 1889)
  • 1811-01-05 Cyrus Hamlin, American educator/missionary (est Robert College, Turkey), born in Waterford, Maine (d. 1900)
  • 1811-06-19 Henry Prince, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Eastport, Maine (d. 1892)
  • 1813-05-06 Joseph Tarr Copeland, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in New Castle, Maine (d. 1893)
  • 1813-06-06 Israel Washburn Jr., American politician, U.S. House of Representatives from Maine (1853-61), born in Livermore, Massachusetts (d. 1883)
  • 1814-12-27 James Henry Carleton, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Lubec, Maine (d. 1873)
  • 1816-10-06 William Batchelder Bradbury, American composer, born in York, Maine (d. 1868)
  • 1816-12-27 Eliakim Parker Scammon, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Whitefield, Maine (d. 1894)
  • 1818-03-13 Albion Parris Howe, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Standish, Maine (d. 1897)
  • 1818-04-22 Cadwallader Colden Washburn, American Major General (Union Army), born in Livermore, Maine (d. 1882)
  • 1818-08-23 Rufus Ingalls, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Denmark, Maine (d. 1893)
  • 1819-01-01 George Foster Shepley, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Saco, Maine (d. 1878)
  • 1819-04-28 Ezra Abbot, American Bible scholar, born in Jackson, Maine (d. 1884)
  • 1819-10-10 Zebulon York, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Avon, Maine (d. 1900)
  • 1820-08-03 Luther Orlando Emerson, American composer, born in Parsonsfield, Maine (d. 1915)
  • 1821-08-04 James Springer White, American theologian (co-founder of the Seventh-day Adventist Church), born in Palmyra, Maine (d. 1881)
  • 1822-03-22 Seth Williams, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Augusta, Maine (d. 1866)
  • 1822-04-15 Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh Dana, American Major General (Union Army), born in Eastport, Maine (d. 1905)
  • 1824-08-20 Absalom Baird, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Rockland, Maine (d. 1905)
  • 1825-05-21 George Lafayette Beal, American politician and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Norway, Maine (d. 1896)
  • 1826-07-21 James Gillpatrick Blunt, American physician, abolitionist, and Major General (Union Army), born in Trenton, Maine (d. 1881)
  • 1826-08-27 Frank Stillman Nickerson, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Swanville, Maine (d. 1917)
  • 1827-02-24 Charles Davis Jameson, American politician and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Gorham, Maine (d. 1862)

Person of interestEllen G. White

1827-11-26 Ellen G. White, American religious leader (Seventh-day Adventist Church), born in Gorham, Maine

Christian Pioneer Ellen G. White
Christian Pioneer
Ellen G. White
  • 1828-07-29 Cuvier Grover, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Bethel, Maine (d. 1885)
  • 1828-09-08 Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain, American professor and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Brewer, Maine (d. 1914)
  • 1830-04-30 Davis Tillson, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Rockland, Maine (d. 1895)
  • 1830-05-30 Edward Winslow Hinks, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Bucksport, Maine (d. 1894)
  • 1830-11-08 Oliver Otis Howard, American Major General (Union Army), born in Leeds, Maine (d. 1909)
  • 1832-12-22 Edward Hatch, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Bangor, Maine (d. 1889)
  • 1833-02-11 Melville Fuller, American 8th chief justice, born in Augusta, Maine (d. 1910)
  • 1833-09-28 James Deering Fessenden, American lawyer, politician, and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Westbrook, Maine (d. 1862)
  • 1834-04-26 Artemus Ward [Charles Farrar Browne], American humorist (considered to be America's first stand-up comedian), born in Waterford, Maine (d. 1867)
  • 1835-09-14 Joseph Hayes, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in York County, Maine (d. 1912)
  • 1835-10-31 Adelbert Ames, American soldier and politician, Bvt Major General (Union Army), born in Rockland, Maine (d. 1933)
  • 1838-02-14 Margaret E. Knight, American inventor (flat-bottomed paper bag), described as a "female Thomas Edison", born in York, Maine (d. 1914)
  • 1838-10-27 John Davis Long, 32nd Governor of Massachusetts (1880-1915), born in Buckfield, Maine (d. 1915)
  • 1839-01-09 John Knowles Paine, American composer (Symphony No. 2 - In Spring), born in Portland, Maine (d. 1906)
  • 1839-01-25 Seldon Connor, American banker, 35th Governor of Maine, and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Fairfield, Maine, (d. 1917)
  • 1839-03-18 Francis Fessenden, American lawyer, politician, and Major General (Union Army), born in Portland, Maine (d. 1906)
  • 1839-04-26 Cyrus Hamblin, American attorney, politician, and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Hampden, Maine (d. 1867)
  • 1841-10-04 Stephen Albert Emery, American composer and pianist, born in Paris, Maine (d. 1891)
  • 1849-09-03 Sarah Orne Jewett, American author (Country of the Pointed Firs), born in South Berwick, Maine (d. 1909)
  • 1849-09-28 Dudley Allen Sargent, American physician and educator (Harvard U gymnasium), born in Belfast, Maine (d. 1924)
  • 1850-10-04 John McGraw, 2nd Governor of Washington (1893-97), born in Penobscot County, Maine (d. 1910)
  • 1855-11-07 Edwin Hall, American physicist (discovered Hall effect), born in Gorham, Maine (d. 1938)
  • 1857-05-03 George Gore, American baseball player, born in Saccarappa, Maine (d. 1933)

Person of interestChester Greenwood

1858-12-04 Chester Greenwood, American inventor (invented earmuffs at 15), born in Farmington, Maine (d. 1937)

  • 1869-12-22 Edwin Arlington Robinson, American poet (Richard Corey), born in Head Tide, Maine (d. 1935)
  • 1877-08-06 Wallace H. White, Jr., American politician (Senate Majority Leader), born in Lewiston, Maine (d. 1952)
  • 1879-06-10 Benjamin Lambord, American composer, born in Portland, Maine (d. 1915)

Person of interestFrancis Ford

1881-08-14 Francis Ford, American actor (The Quiet Man), born in Portland, Maine (d. 1953)

  • 1892-02-22 Edna St Vincent Millay, poet/dramatist/feminist (Harp Weaver-Pulitzer Prize), born in Rockland, Maine (d. 1950)
  • 1894-01-20 Walter Hamor Piston, Jr., American two-time Pulitzer Prize winning composer (Incredible Flutist), music theorist, and educator (Harvard, 1926-60), born in Rockland, Maine (d. 1876)

Person of interestJohn Ford

1895-02-01 John Ford, American director (Stagecoach, Air Mail, Quiet Man), born in Cape Elizabeth, Maine (d. 1973)

Film director John Ford
Film director
John Ford
  • 1895-08-22 Paul Taylor White, composer (Adante & Rondo for Cello), born in Bangor, Maine (d. 1973)
  • 1897-08-11 Louise Bogan, Maine, writer (Sleeping Fury)
  • 1897-12-14 Margaret Chase Smith, American politician (U.S. Senator from Maine), born in Skowhegan, Maine (d. 1995)
  • 1898-10-16 William O Douglas, Maine, 81st Supreme Court justice (1939-75)
  • 1899-02-27 Charles Herbert Best, Washington County, Maine, American-Canadian physiologist/co-discoverer (Insulin)
  • 1900-09-13 Gladys George, American actress (Roaring Twenties), born in Patten, Maine (d. 1954)
  • 1902-09-17 Esther Ralston, American actress (Old Ironsides), born in Bar Harbor, Maine (d. 1994)
  • 1902-12-02 Horace Hildreth, American politician (Gov-Maine, 1945-49) and U.S. Ambassador to Pakistan (1953-57), born in Gardiner, Maine (d. 1988)
  • 1904-08-27 John Hay Whitney, American financier and philanthropist, born in Ellsworth, Maine (d. 1982)
  • 1906-05-14 James Flavin, American actor (King Kong, In Cold Blood, Man With a Camera), born in Portland, Maine (d. 1976)

Person of interestNelson Rockefeller

1908-07-08 Nelson Rockefeller, American politician (Vice President: 1974-1977; Governor of New York (R), 1959-73), born in Bar Harbor, Maine (d. 1979)

Businessman and US Vice President Nelson Rockefeller
Businessman and US Vice President
Nelson Rockefeller
  • 1912-09-13 Reta Shaw, American actress (Ghost & Mrs Muir, Mary Poppins, Picnic), born in South Paris, Maine (d. 1982)
  • 1914-01-12 Edward John Gurney, American politician, US senator (1969-74), born in Portland, Maine (d. 1996)
  • 1914-03-28 Edmund Muskie, American politician (Sen-D-Me) and US Secretary of State (1980-81), born in Rumford, Maine (d. 1996)
  • 1917-10-10 Ilona Ference, American actress (Quatermass II, Star of My Night), born in Bar Harbor, Maine (d. 1996)
  • 1921-07-10 Jean "Jeff" Donnell, American actress (Gidget Goes to Rome, Hoedown, 9 Girls), born in Windham, Maine (d. 1988)
  • 1921-11-20 Phyllis Thaxter, American actress (Nora, Fort Worth), born in Portland, Maine (d. 2012)
  • 1924-10-09 Robert A. Rushworth, American test pilot (X-15), born in Madison, Maine (d. 1993)
  • 1933-08-20 George J. Mitchell, American lawyer and politician (Senate Majority Leader 1989-95), born in Waterville, Maine

Person of interestVaughn Meader

1936-03-20 Vaughn Meader, American comedian and musician, born in Waterville, Maine (d. 2004)

Comedian and Musician Vaughn Meader
Comedian and Musician
Vaughn Meader
  • 1937-10-15 Linda Lavin, American actress (Alice, Barney Miller), born in Portland, Maine
  • 1940-08-28 William Cohen, US Secretary of Defense (1997-2001), (Sen-R Maine, 1979-97), born in Bangor, Maine
  • 1941-02-20 Buffy Sainte-Marie, Indigenous Canadian-American folksinger (Now That the Buffalo Are Gone), and songwriter ("Up Where We Belong"), born in the Piapot 75 reserve, Saskatchewan
  • 1944-06-07 Clarence White, American guitarist (Byrds-Turn! Turn! Turn!), born in Lewiston, Maine (d. 1973)
  • 1945-04-16 Tom Allen, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Maine), born in Portland, Maine
  • 1947-01-15 Andrea Martin, American comedienne (SCTV, Club Paradise), born in Portland, Maine

Person of interestStephen King

1947-09-21 Stephen King, American sci-fi and horror author (Carrie, Shining, Kujo), born in Portland, Maine

Horror Author Stephen King
Horror Author
Stephen King
  • 1947-12-30 Janet Mills, American lawyer and politician, first female Governor of Maine (2018-), born in Farmington, Maine
  • 1948-05-20 John R McKernan Jr, (Rep-R-ME, 1983-86/Gov-Maine)
  • 1949-08-28 Charles Rocket, American actor and comedian (Saturday Night Live), born in Bangor, Maine (d. 2005)
  • 1952-12-07 Susan Collins, American politician (U.S. Senator from Maine), born in Caribou, Maine
  • 1953-03-22 Thomas H Andrews, American politician (Rep-D-Maine 1991-95), born in Brockton, Massachusetts
  • 1955-01-30 Judith Tarr, American sci-fi author (Isle of Glass, Ars Magica), born in Augusta, Maine
  • 1955-11-04 Peter Boynton, American actor (Tonio-As the World Turns), born in Damariscotta, Maine

Famous Weddings


LoveWedding of Interest

1846-08-30 Author and Christian pioneer Ellen G. White (18) weds preacher James Springer White (25) in Portland, Maine

Christian Pioneer Ellen G. White
Christian Pioneer
Ellen G. White

LoveWedding of Interest

1870-07-05 Prime Minister of Canada John Thompson (24) weds Annie E. Affleck (25) in Portland, Maine

4th Prime Minister of Canada John Thompson
4th Prime Minister of Canada
John Thompson
  • 1996-02-14 Secretary of Defense and former US Senator William Cohen of Maine (56) weds Black Entertainment Television host Janet Langhart (54) at United States Capitol in Washington, D.C.

LoveWedding of Interest

2006-02-03 Academy Award-winning actress Glenn Close (58) weds David Evans Shaw in Maine

Actress Glenn Close
Actress
Glenn Close
  • 2009-08-01 "Heroes" actress Ali Larter (33) weds stand-up comedian and actor Hayes MacArthur (32) in Kennebunkport, Maine

Famous Deaths

  • 1836-06-09 Supply Belcher, American composer and singer (The Harmony of Maine), dies at 85
  • 1961-12-25 Owen Brewster, U.S. Senator from Maine (b. 1888)
  • 1966-01-11 Hannes Kolehmainen, Finnish long-distance runner (Olympic gold 1912), dies at 76
  • 1988-06-02 Horace Hildreth, American politician (Gov-Maine, 1945-49) and U.S. Ambassador to Pakistan (1953-57), dies at 85
  • 1995-05-29 Margaret Chase Smith, American politician (U.S. Senator from Maine), dies at 97
  • 1996-03-26 Edmund Muskie, American politician (Sen-D-Me) and US Secretary of State (1980-81), dies at 81