Maryland in History

Historical Events

  • 1633-06-20 Charter for Maryland is given to Lord Cecil Baltimore
  • 1634-03-25 Under charter granted to Lord Baltimore and led by his brother Leonard Calvert first settlers found Catholic colony of Maryland
  • 1648-01-24 Lord Baltimore's representative Margaret Brent ejected from the Maryland Council after requesting right to vote
  • 1649-04-21 Maryland Toleration Act passed in American colony, allowing all freedom of worship
  • 1656-01-24 1st Jewish doctor in North American colonies, Jacob Lumbrozo, arrives in Maryland
  • 1656-09-22 All female jury hears case of Judith Catchpole, accused of killing her child (acquit her) in Patuxent County, Maryland
  • 1657-09-24 First autopsy & coroner's jury verdict is recorded in Maryland
  • 1664-09-20 Maryland passes 1st anti-amalgamation law to stop intermarriage of English women & black men
  • 1701-09-28 Divorce legalized in Maryland
  • 1738-05-25 A treaty between Pennsylvania and Maryland ends the Conojocular War with settlement of a boundary dispute and exchange of prisoners.
  • 1750-12-01 First school in America to offer manual training courses opens in Maryland
  • 1763-11-15 Charles Mason & Jeremiah Dixon begin surveying Mason-Dixon Line between Pennsylvania & Maryland
  • 1765-11-23 People of Frederick County, Maryland, refuse to pay British Stamp tax
  • 1767-10-18 Mason Dixon line, the boundary between Maryland & Pennsylvania agreed upon
  • 1773-10-14 American Revolutionary War: The United Kingdom's East India Company tea ships' cargo are burned at Annapolis, Maryland.

AgreementMagna Carta

1775-07-25 Maryland issues currency depicting George III trampling Magna Carta

  • 1781-03-01 Articles of Confederation ratified by 13th state, Maryland
  • 1783-11-23 Annapolis Maryland, becomes US capital (until June 1784)
  • 1784-11-01 Maryland grants citizenship to Lafayette & his descendents
  • 1788-04-28 Maryland becomes 7th state to ratify US constitution
  • 1788-12-23 Maryland votes to cede a 10 square mile area for District of Columbia
  • 1830-05-24 1st passenger rail service in US (Baltimore & Elliots Mill, Maryland)
  • 1847-02-04 1st US telegraph company established in Maryland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1849-09-17 Harriet Tubman 1st escapes slavery in Maryland with two of her brothers

Abolitionist Harriet Tubman
Abolitionist
Harriet Tubman

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1849-10-03 American author Edgar Allan Poe is found delirious in a gutter in Baltimore, Maryland under mysterious circumstances; it is the last time he is seen in public before his death.

  • 1849-12-06 Harriet Tubman escapes from slavery in Maryland for the 2nd and final time
  • 1861-04-29 Maryland's House of Delegates votes against seceding from Union (US Civil War)
  • 1862-06-02 Raid at Early's: Maryland towards Washington, D.C.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1862-09-04 General Lee invades the North with 50,000 Confederate troops during Maryland Campaign (US Civil war)

Confederate General Robert E. Lee
Confederate General
Robert E. Lee

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1862-09-06 Stonewall Jackson occupies Frederick, Maryland

Confederate General Stonewall Jackson
Confederate General
Stonewall Jackson
  • 1862-10-12 Skirmish at Monocacy, Maryland
  • 1863-06-02 Harriet Tubman leads Union guerrillas into Maryland, freeing slaves
  • 1863-06-29 Battle at Westminster, Maryland: Federal assault
  • 1864-10-11 Slavery abolished in Maryland
  • 1864-10-13 Maryland voters adopt new constitution, including abolition of slavery
  • 1895-10-22 David Belasco's "Heart of Maryland" premieres in NYC
  • 1897-07-26 37.5 cm rainfall at Jewell, Maryland (state record)
  • 1897-07-27 14.75" (37.5 cm) of rainfall, Jewell, Maryland (state 24-hr record)
  • 1912-01-13 -40°F (-40°C), Oakland, Maryland (state record)
  • 1924-02-25 Marie Boyd scores 156 points in Maryland HS basketball game (163-3)
  • 1927-09-12 Sigmund Romberg's musical "My Maryland," premieres in NYC
  • 1935-11-05 Maryland Court of Appeals orders University of Maryland to admit Donald Murray, a black man
  • 1936-07-10 109°F (43°C) Cumberland & Frederick, Maryland (state record)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1940-11-05 Walter Johnson, won 416 games for Washington Senators, loses Maryland congressional race (R)

MLB Pitcher Walter Johnson
MLB Pitcher
Walter Johnson
  • 1946-06-13 1st transcontinental round-trip flight in 1-day, California-Maryland
  • 1948-11-12 The first mobile betatron (particle accelerator) begins operation at the U.S. Naval Ordnance Laboratory, White Oak, Maryland
  • 1955-08-15 Hurricane Connie dissipates after killing 43 in NC, SC, Virginia & Maryland
  • 1956-07-04 US most intense rain fall (1.23" in 1 minute) at Unionville Maryland
  • 1961-06-19 US Supreme Court struck down a provision in Maryland's constitution requiring state office holders to believe in God
  • 1963-09-19 Iota Phi Theta Fraternity, Inc. is founded at Morgan State University in Baltimore, Maryland.
  • 1963-12-08 Pan Am Flight 214 crashes outside Elkton, Maryland with 81 killed
  • 1966-11-30 Radio time signal WWV moves from Greenbelt, Maryland
  • 1966-12-01 Radio time signal WWV moves from Greenbelt, Maryland to Boulder, Colorado
  • 1967-07-24 Race riots in Cambridge, Maryland

AgreementContract of Interest

1973-08-08 US Vice President Spiro Agnew says reports he took kickbacks are "damned lies" from government contracts in Maryland. Vowed not to resign.

Vice President of the United States Spiro Agnew
Vice President of the United States
Spiro Agnew
  • 1973-12-02 US Air Arena opens in Landover Maryland, Bullets beat Seattle, 98-96
  • 1980-02-03 30th NBA All-Star Game: East beats West 144-136 (OT) at Landover, Maryland
  • 1988-05-23 Maryland stops sale of cheap pistols on Jan 1, 1990
  • 1991-04-21 1991 NFL Draft: Russell Maryland from University of Miami first pick by Dallas Cowboys
  • 1994-12-31 1st snowless December in Baltimore Maryland
  • 1996-05-06 The body of former CIA director William Colby is found washed up on a riverbank in southern Maryland, eight days after he disappeared.
  • 2002-04-01 64th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Maryland beats Indiana 64-52
  • 2006-04-04 25th NCAA Women's Basketball Championship: Maryland beats Duke 78-75
  • 2012-06-30 Mid-Atlantic storms in the United States kill 13 and leave millions without power in Ohio, Virginia, Maryland and the District of Columbia.
  • 2012-11-07 Voters in Maine, Maryland and Washington approve measures for same-sex marriage
  • 2015-08-16 'Batman' samaritan Lenny B. Robinson is killed in a car accident in Maryland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2016-02-03 US President Barack Obama visits his first US mosque - the Islamic Society of Baltimore mosque in Maryland

44th US President Barack Obama
44th US President
Barack Obama

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 147

  • 1605-08-08 Cecilius Calvert, 2nd Baron Baltimore, British colonial Governor of Maryland (d. 1675)
  • 1637-08-27 Charles Calvert, 3rd Baron Baltimore, Governor of the Province of Maryland (d. 1715)
  • 1715-04-03 John Hanson, Continental Congressman, 1st US President under Articles of Confederation, born in Maryland (d.1783)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1731-11-09 Benjamin Banneker, African American mathematician and surveyor of Washington D.C., born in Ellicott's Mills, Maryland (d. 1806

Mathematician, Astronomer and Almanac Author Benjamin Banneker
Mathematician, Astronomer and Almanac Author
Benjamin Banneker

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1732-11-13 John Dickinson, American lawyer and Governor of Delaware and Pennsylvania, born in Talbot County, Maryland (d. 1808)

Founding Father of the United States John Dickinson
Founding Father of the United States
John Dickinson
  • 1737-09-19 Charles Carroll, Wealthy Maryland planter who was the last signer of the Declaration of Independence to pass away, born in , Annapolis, Province of Maryland, British America (d. 1832)
  • 1741-04-15 Charles Willson Peale, American painter remembered for his portraits of leading figures of the American Revolution (George Washington), born in Chester, Province of Maryland (d. 1827)
  • 1745-03-10 John Gunby, Maryland Soldier in the American Revolutionary War (d. 1807)
  • 1752-07-27 Samuel Smith, American politician, Senator and Representative from Maryland, born in Carlisle, Pennsylvania (d. 1839)
  • 1779-08-01 Francis Scott Key, American lawyer, poet and composer of the lyrics to "Star-Spangled Banner", born in Carroll County, Maryland (d. 1843)
  • 1786-10-11 Stevenson Archer, American judge and Congressmen from Maryland, born in Churchville, Maryland (d. 1848)
  • 1798-03-04 John Joseph Abercrombie, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1877)
  • 1810-05-08 James Cooper, American lawyer, politician and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Frederick County, Maryland (d. 1863)
  • 1811-03-01 Robert Christie Buchanan, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1878)
  • 1811-09-07 William Hemsley Emory, American Major General (Union Army), born in Queen Anne's County, Maryland (d. 1887)
  • 1813-01-20 Jacon Gartner Lauman, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Taneytown, Maryland (d. 1867)
  • 1815-01-13 William Henry French, American Major General (Union Army), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1881)
  • 1815-08-29 Anna Ella Carroll, American politician and civil war writer (Reconstruction), born in Pocomoke City, Maryland (d. 1894)
  • 1815-12-23 Henry Highland Garnet, Maryland, minister/abolitionist/diplomat
  • 1817-10-17 Samuel Ringgold Ward, Maryland, minister/abolitionist (Fugitive Negro)
  • 1818-01-11 John Reese Kenly, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1891)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1818-02-14 Frederick Douglass, African-American abolitionist, lecturer and editor who was also an escaped slave (exact birth year unknown), born in Talbot County, Maryland (d. 1895)

Abolitionist Frederick Douglass
Abolitionist
Frederick Douglass
  • 1818-10-18 Edward Otho Cresap Ord, American engineer and Major General (Union Army), born in Cumberland, Maryland (d. 1883)
  • 1821-06-12 Henry Moses Judah, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Snow Hill, Maryland (d. 1866)
  • 1822-08-22 Virginia Clemm Poe, American wife of writer Edgar Allan Poe, born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1847)
  • 1828-08-24 George Hume "Maryland" Steuart, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1903)
  • 1828-08-28 William Alexander Hammond, American military physician and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Annapolis, Maryland (d. 1900)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1833-11-13 Edwin Booth, American Shakespearean actor (Hamlet), born in Bel Air, Maryland (d. 1893)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1838-05-10 John Wilkes Booth, American stage actor and assassin of US President Abraham Lincoln, born in Bel Air, Maryland (d. 1865)

  • 1857-01-02 Martha Carey Thomas, American educator, suffragist, linguist and second President of Bryn Mawr College, born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1935)
  • 1860-08-15 Henrietta Vinton Davis, African-American elocutionist, dramatist, impersonator and public speaker, born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1941)
  • 1862-06-10 Mrs. Leslie Carter, American actress and writer (Rocky Mountain Mystery, The Heart of Maryland), born in Lexington, Kentucky (d. 1937)
  • 1867-08-14 Cupid Childs, American baseball player, born in Calvert County, Maryland (d. 1912)
  • 1869-10-03 Clara Noyes, American nurse (head of the American Red Cross WW1), born in Port Deposit, Maryland (d. 1936)
  • 1872-08-28 Alfred Baldwin Sloan, American composer, born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1925)
  • 1873-10-02 Stephen Warfield Gambrill, U.S. Congressman for Maryland's 5th District (d. 1924)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1878-09-20 Upton Beall Sinclair, US writer (Jungle), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1968)

  • 1880-06-15 Mahlon Hamilton, American actor (Honky Tonk, High School Girl, Mississippi), born at Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1960)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1880-09-12 Henry Louis Mencken, American newspaperman and critic (Prejudices), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1956)

Journalist and Critic H. L. Mencken
Journalist and Critic
H. L. Mencken
  • 1883-07-12 Joseph Crehan, American actor (The Roaring Twenties, Meeting at Midnight), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1966)
  • 1887-02-07 Eubie Blake, US ragtime composer/pianist (Memories of You) (d. 1983), born in Baltimore, Maryland
  • 1891-09-12 Adolph Weiss, American composer, born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1971)
  • 1892-05-28 Minna Gombell, American actress (Bad Girl, Thin Man, Hello Sister), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1973)
  • 1894-05-27 Dashiell Hammett, Maryland, detective novelist (Sam Spade, Maltese Falcon)
  • 1895-02-06 George Herman (Babe) Ruth, baseball great (NY Yankees), born in Baltimore, Maryland
  • 1900-01-25 Mildred Dunnock, American actress (Baby Doll, Nun's Story), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1991)
  • 1905-06-19 Mildred Natwick, American actress (Barefoot in the Park, She Wore a Yellow Ribbon) born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1994)
  • 1906-04-06 Virginia Hall [Goillot], American spy with British Special Operations during WWII (1940-1966), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1982)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1908-07-02 Thurgood Marshall, 1st African American Supreme Court justice (1967-91), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1993)

First Black Supreme Court Justice Thurgood Marshall
First Black Supreme Court Justice
Thurgood Marshall
  • 1914-04-26 James William Rouse, US builder (shopping malls/Columbia, Maryland)
  • 1917-10-08 Walter Lord, American author (A Night to Remember), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 2002)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1918-11-09 Spiro Agnew, American politician (Vice President, 1969 until resignation over corruption allegations in 1973), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1996)

Vice President of the United States Spiro Agnew
Vice President of the United States
Spiro Agnew
  • 1921-11-02 William Donald Schaefer, American politician (Gov-D-Md), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 2011)
  • 1922-07-27 Lillian Hayman, American actress (Leslie Uggams Show), born in Baltimore,Maryland (d. 1994)
  • 1922-12-02 Leo V Gordon, actor (Circus Boy, Enos, Winds of War), born in Baltimore, Maryland
  • 1924-08-03 Leon Uris, novelist (Exodus, QB VII, Battle Cry), born in Baltimore, Maryland
  • 1925-08-18 Sonny Til [Earlington Carl Tilghman], American doo-wop singer (The Orioles), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1981)
  • 1926-03-27 Frank O'Hara, American writer and poet, born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1966)
  • 1926-06-03 Roscoe G Bartlett, (Rep-R-Maryland)
  • 1926-06-09 Mona Freeman, American actress (Black Beauty, Dear Wife, Heiress), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 2014)
  • 1926-11-13 Harry Hughes, 57th Governor of Maryland (1979-87), born in Easton, Maryland
  • 1927-04-03 Wesley Brown, 1st African American US Naval Academy graduate, born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 2012)
  • 1928-04-06 Will Gaines, American-British tap dancer, born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 2014)
  • 1930-05-11 William Carey, American businessman and philanthropist (W.P. Carey & Co. LLC) born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 2012)
  • 1931-02-12 Constance A Morella, (Rep-R-Maryland)
  • 1932-11-26 Alan Stout, American composer, born in Baltimore, Maryland
  • 1933-09-25 Erik Darling, folk singer (Rooftop Singers), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 2008)
  • 1934-12-19 Al Kaline, baseball Hall of Fame outfielder (Detroit Tigers), born in Baltimore, Maryland
  • 1935-01-28 Nicholas Pryor, American actor (The Hunger Games), born in Baltimore, Maryland
  • 1937-01-31 Philip Glass, minimal composer (Einstein on the Beach), born in Baltimore, Maryland
  • 1937-12-21 Donald F. Munson, American politician (former Maryland Senator), born in Hagerstown, Maryland
  • 1937-12-30 Paul Stookey, singer and musician (Peter, Paul, & Mary), born in Baltimore, Maryland

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1939-03-04 Jack Fisher, MLB Pitcher, born in Frostburg, Maryland

MLB Pitcher Jack Fisher
MLB Pitcher
Jack Fisher
  • 1940-05-06 Murray Sidlin, American conductor (National Symphony 1973-77), born in Baltimore, Maryland
  • 1940-12-21 Frank Zappa, rocker (Mothers of Invention, Catholic Girls), born in Baltimore, Maryland
  • 1941-09-19 "Mama" Cass Elliot, rock vocalist (Mamas & The Papas), born in Baltimore Maryland,
  • 1942-04-06 Barry Levinson, director (Rainman), born in Baltimore, Maryland
  • 1943-10-05 Benjamin L Cardin, (Rep-D-Maryland)
  • 1945-07-26 Linda Harrison, American actress (Bracken's World, Planet of Apes), born in Berlin, Maryland
  • 1945-10-19 Divine [Harris Glenn Milstead], American actress, drag queen, and international icon of bad taste cinema (Pink Flamingos), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1988)
  • 1946-04-15 Wayne Gilchrest, (Rep-R-Maryland)
  • 1946-10-02 Roger Jett, Cumberland Maryland, actor (Smithereens)
  • 1947-04-12 Tom Clancy, Baltmore Maryland, American author
  • 1947-05-14 Tamara Dobson, actress (Amazons, Cleopatra Jones), born in Baltimore, Maryland
  • 1948-10-24 Kweisi Mfume, (Rep-D-Maryland)/CEO (NAACP)
  • 1949-08-15 Beverly Burns, American pilot and 1st woman to captain a Boeing 747, born in Baltimore, Maryland
  • 1949-11-30 Margaret Whitton, actress (Good & Evil, Major League), born in Meade, Maryland (d. 2016)
  • 1950-02-09 Richard F. Colburn, American politician, Senator (R) Maryland (1995-2015), born in Easton, Maryland
  • 1950-06-22 Murphy Cross, actor (Phyl & Mikhy, Perfect), born in Havre de Grace, Maryland
  • 1950-11-24 Damon Evans, Balt Md, American actor (The Jeffersons), born in Baltimore, Maryland
  • 1951-02-23 Patricia Richardson, American actress (Double Trouble, Home Improvement), born in Bethesda, Maryland
  • 1951-04-15 Marsha S Ivins, astronaut (STS 32, 46, 62, 81), born in Baltimore, Maryland
  • 1951-09-10 Albert R Wynn, (Rep-D-Maryland)
  • 1951-10-27 Nancy Jacobs, American politician (R), Senator Maryland (1999-2015), born in Charleston, West Virginia
  • 1952-01-27 Brian Gottfried, tennis star (Wimbledon Doubles 1976), born in Baltimore, Maryland

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1952-07-17 David Hasselhoff, American actor (Night Rider, Mitch-Baywatch), born in Baltimore, Maryland

  • 1952-08-14 Debbie Meyer, 200m/400m/800m swimmer (Oly-3 gold-68), born in Annapolis, Maryland
  • 1955-05-27 Richard Schiff, American actor (The West Wing), born in Bethesda, Maryland
  • 1956-02-06 Linda Grovenor, actress (Die Laughing, Wheels of Fire), born in Baltimore, Maryland
  • 1956-12-20 Guy Babylon, American keyboard player (Elton John) and arranger, born in New Windsor, Maryland (d. 2009|)

Famous Weddings


HeartWedding of Interest

1959-05-28 Muppeteer Jim Henson (22) weds Jane Nebel (24) in Salisbury, Maryland

Muppeteer Jim Henson
Muppeteer
Jim Henson

HeartWedding of Interest

1987-11-13 MLB baseball player Cal Ripken Jr (27) weds Kelly Geer at Towson United Methodist Church in Maryland

MLB Legend Cal Ripken Jr
MLB Legend
Cal Ripken Jr

HeartWedding of Interest

1989-02-09 NBA power forward Charles Barkley (26) weds legal aide Maureen Blumhardt in Elkton, Maryland

NBA Power Forward Charles Barkley
NBA Power Forward
Charles Barkley

HeartWedding of Interest

1997-12-31 "The Fresh Prince" Will Smith (43) weds actress Jada Pinkett (40) in Baltimore, Maryland

  • 2013-10-12 Actor Ben Feldman (33) weds longtime girlfriend Michelle Mulitz at Smokey Glen Farm in Gaithersburg, Maryland
  • 2014-06-29 "Hart of Dixie" actress Brandi Burkhardt (35) weds Douglas Kazanjian in Annapolis, Maryland

Famous Deaths

  • 1632-04-15 George Calvert, Proprietor of the Avalon (Maryland) Colony (b. 1580)
  • 1675-11-30 Cæcilius Calvert, 2nd Baron Baltimore, colonial Governor of Maryland (b. 1605)
  • 1715-02-21 Charles Calvert, 3rd Baron Baltimore, Governor of the Province of Maryland (b. 1637)
  • 1752-05-03 Samuel Ogle, British provincial Governor of Maryland (b. c. 1692)
  • 1768-06-19 Benjamin Tasker, Governor of Maryland (b. 1690)
  • 1807-05-17 John Gunby, Maryland Soldier in the American Revolutionary War (b. 1745)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1821-01-04 Elizabeth Ann Bayley Seton, 1st native-born American saint, dies in Maryland at 46

1st American-born Saint Elizabeth Ann Bayley Seton
1st American-born Saint
Elizabeth Ann Bayley Seton
  • 1832-11-14 Charles Carroll, Wealthy Maryland planter who was the last signer of the Declaration of Independence to pass away, dies at 95
  • 1848-06-26 Stevenson Archer, American judge and Congressmen from Maryland, dies at 61
  • 1937-11-13 Mrs. Leslie Carter, American actress and writer (Rocky Mountain Mystery, The Heart of Maryland), dies at 75
  • 1960-03-04 Herbert O'Conor, 51st Governor of the US State of Maryland (b. 1896)
  • 1964-11-05 Lansdale Sasscer, U.S. Congressman for Maryland's 5th District (b. 1893)