New Mexico in History

New Mexico: Albuquerque

Historical Events

  • 1680-08-10 In New Mexico, Popé leads rebellion of Pueblo Indians against Spaniards
  • 1846-08-18 General Stephen W Kearney's US forces capture Santa Fe, New Mexico
  • 1848-02-02 Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ends the Mexican-American War: US acquires Texas, California, New Mexico and Arizona for $15 million
  • 1848-05-30 Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo between US and Mexico comes into force, giving New Mexico, California and parts of Nevada, Utah, Arizona and Colorado to the US in return for $15 million
  • 1848-08-22 The United States annexes New Mexico
  • 1850-09-09 Territories of New Mexico & Utah created

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1853-06-24 US President Franklin Pierce signs the Gadsden Purchase, buying 29,670 square-miles (76,800 square km) from Mexico for $10 million (now southern Arizona and New Mexico)

14th US President Franklin Pierce
14th US President
Franklin Pierce
  • 1861-07-08 Confederate General Sibley is given command of rebel troops in New Mexico territory
  • 1861-07-25 Skirmish at Fort Fillmore, New Mexico Territory - Rebels attack Union troops
  • 1861-07-27 Battle of St Augustine Springs, New Mexico Territory
  • 1861-07-27 Confederate troops occupy Fort Fillmore, New Mexico

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1862-02-21 Texas Rangers win Confederate victory at Battle of Valverde, Confederate Arizona (now New Mexico)

Frontiersman Kit Carson
Frontiersman
Kit Carson
  • 1862-03-26 Battle of La Glorieta Pass, New Mexico Territory (Apache Canyon, Pigeon's Ranch)
  • 1867-03-02 US Congress abolishes peonage in New Mexico
  • 1868-06-01 Treaty of Bosque Redondo is signed allowing the Navajos to return to their lands in Arizona and New Mexico
  • 1878-02-18 John Tunstall is murdered by outlaw Jessie Evans, sparking the Lincoln County War in Lincoln County, New Mexico.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1879-07-19 Doc Holliday kills for the first time after a man shoots up his New Mexico saloon

Gunfighter in the American Old West Doc Holliday
Gunfighter in the American Old West
Doc Holliday

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1881-04-28 Billy the Kid escapes from the Lincoln County jail in Lincoln, New Mexico

Frontier Outlaw Billy the Kid
Frontier Outlaw
Billy the Kid
  • 1884-12-01 American Old West: Near Frisco, New Mexico, deputy sheriff Elfego Baca holds off a gang of 80 Texan cowboys who want to kill him for arresting Charles McCarthy.
  • 1893-03-10 New Mexico State University cancels its 1st graduation ceremony; its only graduand Sam Steele was robbed & killed the night before
  • 1912-01-06 New Mexico becomes 47th state of the Union
  • 1913-09-22 Coal mine explosion kills 263 at Dawson, New Mexico
  • 1917-01-16 "Zimmermann Telegram" is sent from Germany to Mexico, stating in the event of the US entering World War I on the allied side, Mexico would be given Texas, Arizona and New Mexico. Intercepted by British intelligence and partially deciphered by the next day. It's release in March shifts US public opinion in favor of war against Germany.
  • 1918-05-20 1st electrically propelled warship (New Mexico)
  • 1923-01-24 Aztec Ruins National Monument in New Mexico established
  • 1923-02-08 Coal mine explosion at Dawson, New Mexico kills 120
  • 1933-01-18 White Sands National Monument in New Mexico established

CameraFamous Photo

1941-11-01 Ansel Adams shoots 'Moonrise, Hernandez, New Mexico', one of his most famous photographs

Photographer Ansel Adams
Photographer
Ansel Adams

USAManhattan Project

1945-07-16 1st test detonation of an atomic bomb, Trinity Site, Alamogordo, New Mexico as part of the US Manhattan Project
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'Calutron Girls' monitoring a mass spectrometer during the Manhattan Project. Gladys Owens, in the foreground, did not know what she was involved with until seeing this picture on a tour fifty years later.
'Calutron Girls' monitoring a mass spectrometer during the Manhattan Project. Gladys Owens, in the foreground, did not know what she was involved with until seeing this picture on a tour fifty years later.
  • 1946-05-22 First US rocket (WAC Corporal) to reach edge of space fired from White Sands Missile Range New Mexico
  • 1946-07-30 1st rocket attains 100 mi (167 km) altitude, White Sands, New Mexico
  • 1946-12-17 US V-2 rocket reaches 183 km, White Sands Proving Grounds, New Mexico
  • 1947-07-08 Reports are broadcast that a UFO has crash landed in Roswell, New Mexico
  • 1949-02-24 V-2/WAC-Corporal rocket 1st object to reach 5x the speed of sound at White Sands Missile Range in New Mexico
  • 1951-02-01 -50°F (-46°C), Gavilan, New Mexico (state record)
  • 1951-11-01 US performs 1st atomic explosion witnessed by troops, Nevada Test Site, New Mexico

  • 1954-05-24 1st rocket attains 150 mi (241 km) altitude, White Sands, New Mexico
  • 1955-05-18 28.7 cm rain falls at Lake Maloya New Mexico (state record)
  • 1957-08-01 1st commercial building heated by Sun (Albuquerque, New Mexico)
  • 1958-05-16 Eli Beeding experiences 83 g deceleration on a rocket sled, New Mexico
  • 1961-12-10 US performs nuclear test at Carlsbad New Mexico (underground)
  • 1973-11-03 BYU receiver Jay Miller sets an NCAA football single game record with 22 catches (for 263 yards) en route to a 56-21 victory over New Mexico at Cougar Stadium, Provo, Utah
  • 1984-05-17 Mai Shanley, 21, of New Mexico crowned 33rd Miss USA
  • 1986-10-28 Stanley E. Hubbard's KOB sells the company's Albuquerque, New Mexico radio stations, KOB-AM and KOB-FM, the stations change their call signs to KKOB
  • 1991-10-05 Fresno State ties NCAA football record with 49 points in a quarter (2nd), as they route New Mexico, 94-17 at Bulldog Stadium, Fresno
  • 1994-06-25 105°F (40.5°C) at Albuquerque New Mexico
  • 1994-06-26 107°F (41.6°C) at Albuquerque, New Mexico
  • 1994-06-27 118°F (47.8°C) at Lakewood, New Mexico a state record
  • 1994-09-03 Florida's Terry Dean tosses an NCAA football record 7 touchdown passes in the first half as the Gators roll to a 70-21 drubbing of New Mexico State
  • 2018-11-06 Sharice Davids (Kansas) and Debra Haaland (New Mexico) are the first Native American women to be elected to the US House of Representatives

Famous Birthdays


Person of interestAlbert B. Fall

1861-11-26 Albert B. Fall, New Mexico Senator (Teapot Dome Scandal), born in Frankfort, Kentucky

United States Senator Albert B. Fall
United States Senator
Albert B. Fall
  • 1864-10-20 James F. Hinkle, American politician, sixth Governor of New Mexico, born in Franklin County, Missouri (d. 1951)
  • 1892-06-23 Edmund Cobb, Mexican western actor (Motorcycle Gang, Comanche Territory), born in Albuquerque, New Mexico (d. 1974)
  • 1892-07-10 George "Slim" Summerville, American actor (All Quiet on the Western Front, Keystone Cops), born in Albuquerque, New Mexico (d. 1946)
  • 1894-11-09 Mae Marsh, American silent film actress (Birth of a Nation), born in Madrid, New Mexico Territory (d. 1968)
  • 1896-02-22 Nacio Herb Brown, American composer (Singin' In The Rain), born in Deming, New Mexico (d. 1964)
  • 1898-04-25 Fred Haney, American baseball player, born in Albuquerque, New Mexico (d. 1977)
  • 1899-08-16 Glenn Strange, American actor (Sam the Bartender-Gunsmoke), born in Weed, New Mexico (d. 1973)
  • 1900-11-04 Don Alvarado [Jose Page], American actor (Captain Thunder, Morning Glory, Big Steal), born in Albuquerque, New Mexico (d. 1967)
  • 1904-04-20 Bruce Cabot, American actor (Diamonds are Forever, King Kong), born in Carlsbad, New Mexico (d. 1972)

Person of interestWilliam Hanna

1910-07-14 William Hanna, American animator (Hanna-Barbera, Tom and Jerry, Scooby Doo), born in Melrose, New Mexico (d. 2001)

Animator William Hanna
Animator
William Hanna
  • 1913-04-17 Richard Travis, American actor (Missile to the Moon), born in Carlsbad, New Mexico (d. 1989)
  • 1916-02-10 Edward R. Roybal, American politician (Rep-D-CA, 1963-93), born in Pecos, New Mexico (d. 2005)
  • 1920-10-23 Vern Stephens, American baseball shortstop (8-time MLB All Star; AL HR leader 1945; 3×AL RBI leader), born in McAlister, New Mexico (d. 1968)
  • 1921-10-29 Bill Mauldin, American cartoonist famous for his World War II cartoons depicting American soldiers (Pulitzer-1945, 59), born in Mountain Park, New Mexico (d. 2003)
  • 1922-10-27 Ralph Kiner, American Baseball Hall of Fame left fielder (NL home run leader 1946–52; 6×MLB All-Star; Pittsburgh Pirates) and sportscaster (NY Mets), born in Santa Rita, New Mexico (d. 2014)
  • 1923-05-07 Pete Domenici, American politician, U.S. Senator from New Mexico (1973-2009), born in Albuquerque, New Mexico (d. 2017)
  • 1925-02-11 Kim Stanley [Patricia Reid], American actress (Séance on a Wet Afternoon, The Chase, Right Stuff), born in Tularosa, New Mexico (d. 2001)
  • 1927-06-30 Joe Skeen, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New Mexico), born in Roswell, New Mexico (d. 2003)
  • 1930-04-10 Dolores Huerta, American civil rights activist (co-founded United Farm Workers), born in Dawson, New Mexico

Person of interestTom Brookshier

1931-12-16 Tom Brookshier, American football player and sportscaster, born in Roswell, New Mexico (d. 2010)

NFL Sportscaster Tom Brookshier
NFL Sportscaster
Tom Brookshier
  • 1933-08-15 Lori Nelson, American actress (Greta-How to Marry a Millionaire), Santa Fe, New Mexico
  • 1934-08-10 James Carl Tenney, American composer, born in Silver City, New Mexico (d. 2006)
  • 1935-07-03 Harrison Schmitt, American geologist and astronaut (Apollo 17), born in Santa Rita, New Mexico
  • 1937-11-30 Jimmy Bowen, American record producer and pop star (I'm Stickin' With You), born in Santa Rita, New Mexico
  • 1938-07-23 Ronny Cox, American actor (RoboCop, Total Recall), born in Cloudcroft, New Mexico
  • 1938-09-17 Paul Benedict, American actor (Harry-Jeffersons), born in Silver City, New Mexico (d. 2008)
  • 1939-05-29 Al Unser, American auto racer (Indianapolis 500 1970-71, 78, 87), born in Albuquerque, New Mexico
  • 1939-09-22 Timothy Wirth, American politician (Rep-D-CO, 1975-87), President of United Nations Foundation, born in Santa Fe, New Mexico
  • 1940-07-05 Karen Shepherd, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Utah), born in Silver City, New Mexico
  • 1940-11-01 Barry Sadler, American singer (Ballad Of The Green Berets), born in Carlsbad, New Mexico (d. 1989)
  • 1941-05-31 William Nordhaus, American economist (Nobel Prize 2018, climate change modelling), born in Albuquerque, New Mexico
  • 1943-10-03 Jeff Bingaman, American politician (U.S. Senator from New Mexico), born in El Paso, Texas

Person of interestJohn Denver

1943-12-31 John Denver, American country singer (Rocky Mt High, "thank god he's a country boy"), born in Roswell, New Mexico (d. 1997)

Country Singer John Denver
Country Singer
John Denver
  • 1947-03-18 Steven H Schiff, (Rep-R-New Mexico)
  • 1947-11-15 William B Richardson, (Rep-D-New Mexico, 1983- )
  • 1951-06-27 Sidney M. Gutierrez, Mjr USAF and NASA astronaut (STS 40, 59), born in Albuquerque, New Mexico

Person of interestEdward Lee Howard

1951-10-27 Edward Lee Howard, American CIA Case Officer and alleged Soviet spy who defected to the Soviet Union in 1985, born in Alamogordo, New Mexico (d. 2002)

Alleged Soviet Spy Edward Lee Howard
Alleged Soviet Spy
Edward Lee Howard
  • 1954-04-10 Lenny Pickett, American saxophonist and musical director (Saturday Night Live band, Tower of Power), born in Las Cruces, New Mexico
  • 1958-12-27 Steve Jones, American golfer (US Open 1996, 8 PGA Tour titles), born in Artesia, New Mexico
  • 1959-05-08 Ronnie Lott, College and Pro Football Hall of Fame defensive back (10-time NFL Pro Bowl; Super Bowl 1981, 84, 88-89; SF 49ers), born in Albuquerque, New Mexico
  • 1959-07-14 Susana Martinez, American politician (Governor of New Mexico) 1st female Hispanic US governor, born in El Paso, Texas
  • 1959-09-29 Leslie Graves, American actress (Brenda-Capitol, Death Wish 2), born in Silver City, New Mexico (d. 1959)
  • 1960-03-18 Claudia Udy, actress (Out of Control, Nightforce), born in Albuquerque, New Mexico
  • 1960-06-26 Barbara Edwards, American model and Playboy playmate (Sept, 1983, 1984 Playmate of the Year), born in Albuquerque, New Mexico
  • 1960-09-13 Greg Baldwin, American voiceover actor (Avatar: The Last Airbender), born in Grants, New Mexico

Person of interestAl Unser Jr.

1962-04-19 Al Unser Jr., American auto racer (Indianapolis 500 1992, 94), born in Albuquerque, New Mexico

Indy Car Driver Al Unser Jr.
Indy Car Driver
Al Unser Jr.

Person of interestDemi Moore

1962-11-11 Demi Moore [Guynes], American actress (Ghost, Striptease, GI Jane), born in Roswell, New Mexico

Actress Demi Moore
Actress
Demi Moore

Person of interestJeff Bezos

1964-01-12 Jeff Bezos, American entrepreneur and founder of Amazon, born in Albuquerque, New Mexico

Amazon Entrepreneur Jeff Bezos
Amazon Entrepreneur
Jeff Bezos
  • 1964-02-20 French Stewart, American actor (Harry Solomon-Third Rock From the Sun), born in Albuquerque, New Mexico
  • 1965-08-10 Mike Smith, American Racing Hall of Fame jockey (9 American Classics), born in Dexter, New Mexico
  • 1966-06-14 Ricky Siglar, American NFL tackle (KC Chiefs, New Orleans Saints), born in Albuquerque, New Mexico
  • 1966-07-20 Beth Coats, biathelete (Olympics 1994), born in Albuquerque, New Mexico
  • 1967-04-20 Townsend Saunders, American freestyle wrestler (Olympic silver 1992, 96), born in White Sands, New Mexico
  • 1970-08-02 Chainey Umphrey, American gymnast (Olympic 5th 1996), born in Albuquerque, New Mexico
  • 1970-11-10 Trent Dimas, American gymnast (Olympic gold 1992, 96), born in Albuquerque, New Mexico
  • 1970-11-20 Delia Gonzalez, American-Mexican boxer, born in Anthony, New Mexico
  • 1971-03-13 Annabeth Gish, American actress (Shag, Hiding Out), born in Albuquerque, New Mexico
  • 1973-05-22 Aaron Graham, professional American football player (Arizona Cardinals), born in Las Vegas, New Mexico

Person of interestNeil Patrick Harris

1973-06-15 Neil Patrick Harris, actor (Doogie Howser MD, How I Met Your Mother), born in Albuquerque, New Mexico

  • 1974-11-05 Conrad Hamilton, American football cornerback (NY Giants), born in Alamogordo, New Mexico
  • 1977-11-12 James Borrego, American basketball head coach (Charlotte Hornets 2018-19), bon in Albuquerque, New Mexico
  • 1980-12-23 Cody Ross, American baseball player, born in Portales, New Mexico
  • 1985-08-14 Charlotte Kate Fox, American actress (Asadora, Massan), born in Santa Fe, New Mexico
  • 1986-08-24 Arian Foster, American football running back (Houston Texans, Miami Dolphins), born in Albuquerque, New Mexico

Person of interestDemi Lovato

1992-08-20 Demi Lovato, American actress (Camp Rock) and singer/songwriter (Unbroken), born in Albuquerque, New Mexico

Actress and Singer-Songwriter Demi Lovato
Actress and Singer-Songwriter
Demi Lovato

Famous Weddings


LoveWedding of Interest

1900-08-22 Oil tycoon Edward L. Doheny (44) weds Carrie Estelle Betzold in New Mexico Territory

Oil Tycoon Edward L. Doheny
Oil Tycoon
Edward L. Doheny

LoveWedding of Interest

1935-11-09 "Magnificent Obsession" actress Jane Wyatt (24) weds investment broker Edgar Bethune Ward in Santa Fe, New Mexico

Actress Jane Wyatt
Actress
Jane Wyatt
  • 1936-06-14 Singer and cowboy actor Roy Rogers (24) weds Arlene Wilkins in Roswell, New Mexico

LoveWedding of Interest

2002-07-04 Oscar-winning actress Julia Roberts (34) weds L.A. cameraman Danny Moder (33) at her 82-acre ranch in Taos, New Mexico

Actress Julia Roberts
Actress
Julia Roberts

LoveWedding of Interest

2010-06-15 Film actor and producer Harrison Ford (67) weds actress and Golden Globe Award winner Calista Flockhart (45) in Santa Fe, New Mexico


Famous Deaths

  • 1847-01-14 Gov Bent, 5 others in US occupation, killed by revolt in New Mexico

Person of interestAlbert B. Fall

1944-11-30 Albert B. Fall, New Mexico Senator (Teapot Dome Scandal), dies at 83

United States Senator Albert B. Fall
United States Senator
Albert B. Fall
  • 1951-03-26 James F. Hinkle, American politician, sixth Governor of New Mexico, dies at 86
  • 2003-12-07 Joe Skeen, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New Mexico), dies at 76
  • 2009-08-07 Louis E. Saavedra, American Mayor of Albuquerque, New Mexico (b. 1933)
  • 2017-09-13 Pete Domenici, American politician, U.S. Senator from New Mexico (1973-2009), dies at 85