Cleveland in History

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 204

  • 1796-07-22 Cleveland, Ohio, founded by General Moses Cleveland
  • 1843-06-01 It snows in Buffalo and Rochester, NY, & Cleveland, Ohio
  • 1848-09-06 National Black Convention meets in Cleveland
  • 1853-10-06 4th National Women's Rights Convention opens in Cleveland Ohio
  • 1854-08-24 National emigration convention meets in Cleveland
  • 1869-06-02 Cleveland's Forest City play their 1st game (vs Cincinnati Red Stockings)
  • 1869-11-24 American Woman's Suffrage Association forms (Cleveland)
  • 1874-11-18 National Woman's Christian Temperance Union organizes in Cleveland
  • 1877-10-09 American Humane Association organizes (Cleveland)
  • 1878-11-01 Edward Scripps & John Sweeney found Penny Press (Cleveland Press)
  • 1879-05-30 92°F highest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in May
  • 1880-06-12 John Lee Richmond pitches 1st major league perfect game, Worcester 1, Cleveland's Forest City 0

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1883-05-24 Brooklyn Bridge opened by President Arthur and NY Governor Cleveland

21st US President Chester A. Arthur
21st US President
Chester A. Arthur
  • 1883-09-13 Hugh Daily, a one-armed pitcher for Cleveland (Forest City), tosses 1-0 no-hitter against Philadelphia
  • 1884-07-27 The East Cleveland Street Railway Company begins the first U.S. commercial electric streetcar line in Cleveland, Ohio, on the Bentley-Knight system

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1884-11-04 Grover Cleveland (D) beats James G. Blaine (R) for his 1st presidential term (only American president to serve 2 non-consecutive terms)

US President Grover Cleveland
US President
Grover Cleveland

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1888-11-06 Benjamin Harrison (R-Sen-Ind) beats President Grover Cleveland (D), 233 electoral votes to 168, Cleveland received slightly more votes

23rd US President Benjamin Harrison
23rd US President
Benjamin Harrison
US President Grover Cleveland
US President
Grover Cleveland
  • 1889-02-22 US President Cleveland signs bill to admit Dakotas, Montana & Washington state to the union

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1891-05-01 Legendary pitcher Cy Young wins first game played at Cleveland's League Park; Cleveland Spiders 12, Cincinnati Redlegs 3

MLB Pitcher Cy Young
MLB Pitcher
Cy Young
  • 1892-11-08 Grover Cleveland (D) elected 24th US President
  • 1893-01-04 US President Cleveland grants amnesty to Mormon polygamy
  • 1893-03-04 Grover Cleveland (D) inaugrated as 24th US President (2nd term)
  • 1893-04-05 Cleveland passes Park Act (forerunner of Metroparks)
  • 1893-04-26 1st Cleveland Board of Park Commissioners forms
  • 1894-07-06 Cleveland sends 2,000 troops to Chicago to suppress Pullman strike
  • 1897-03-09 Cleveland Spiders sign Louis Sockalexis, full-blooded Penobscot
  • 1900-03-08 NL decides to go with 8 teams They exclude Baltimore, Cleveland, Louisville & Washington (in 1953 Boston Braves move to Milwaukee)
  • 1900-03-16 AL meets in Chicago, Ban Johnson announces AL league will be Chicago White Stockings, Washington Senators, Milwaukee Brewers, Detroit Tigers, Cleveland Blues, Boston Americans, Philadelphia Athletics and Baltimore Orioles
  • 1900-04-26 AL opener in Cleveland draws 6,500
  • 1901-04-24 1st AL game, Chicago beats Cleveland Blues 8-2, 3 other games rained out
  • 1901-04-28 Cleveland's Bock Baker gives up a record 23 singles as White Sox beat Blues (Cleveland Blues!) 13-1
  • 1901-05-09 Cleveland's Earl Moore no-hits Chicago White Sox 9 inn but loses in 10th 4-2
  • 1902-04-25 Erwin Harvey becomes 1st Cleveland ballplayer (Cleveland Bronchos) to have six hits in one game
  • 1902-06-30 Cleveland is 1st AL team to hit 3 consecutive HRs in same inning
  • 1903-03-10 Harry Gammeter, Cleveland, patents multigraph duplicating machine
  • 1903-09-17 Boston Pilgrims clinch AL pennant, beating Cleveland, 14-3
  • 1905-09-20 Cleveland makes AL record 7 errors in an inning
  • 1906-07-28 Yankees turn triple-play, beat Cleveland 6-4

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1907-08-07 Washington Senators legendary pitcher Walter Johnson wins first of his 416 career wins, 7-2 v Cleveland

MLB Pitcher Walter Johnson
MLB Pitcher
Walter Johnson
  • 1908-09-24 Robert B Rhoads becomes 1st Cleveland pitcher (Cleveland Naps) to toss a no-hit game, Cleveland 2, Boston 1
  • 1909-02-18 Boston Red Sox trade Cy Young, at 41, to Cleveland Naps
  • 1909-06-07 Cleveland Industrial Exposition opens
  • 1909-07-19 Cleveland shortstop Neal Ball executes an unassisted triple play
  • 1910-03-24 83°F highest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in March
  • 1911-07-24 Cleve's League Park hosts 1st unofficial ML All Star game (benefit game for Addie Joss' family). Cleveland Naps lose to All Stars 5-3
  • 1913-03-15 Cleveland establishes 1st small claims court
  • 1913-09-10 Cleveland Call & Post forms

  • 1914-08-05 1st electric traffic light installed in the USA on the corner of East 105th Street and Euclid Avenue in Cleveland, Ohio
  • 1914-09-27 Cleveland 2nd baseman Nap Lajoie collects his 3,000th hit
  • 1916-06-06 Voters in East Cleveland approves women suffrage
  • 1916-07-25 Explosion at Lake Erie and Cleveland Waterworks
  • 1916-10-02 Grover Cleveland Alexander records his 16th shutout of year
  • 1917-07-23 Cleveland Metropolitan Park District establishes
  • 1917-07-30 Board of Commissioners of Cleveland Metroparks has its 1st meeting
  • 1917-09-03 Grover Cleveland Alexander pitches complete wins in a doubleheader
  • 1918-04-18 Cleveland center fielder Tris Speaker turns an unassisted double play
  • 1918-05-19 Wash 1st Sunday game, Senators beat Cleveland 1-0 in 18 innings
  • 1919-04-07 1st parcel of land is purchased for Cleveland Metroparks
  • 1919-08-24 Cleveland pitcher Ray Caldwell is flattened by a bolt of lightning
  • 1920-10-13 World Series celebration in Wade Park brings out 50,000+ Clevelanders
  • 1921-05-05 1st ranger for Cleveland Metroparks hired
  • 1921-07-29 Cleveland's 125th anniversary celebration: Cy Young, 54, pitches 2 inn
  • 1922-02-21 WHK-AM in Cleveland, Ohio begins radio transmissions
  • 1923-05-17 Fire during closing day ceremonies at Grover Cleveland School, South Carolina
  • 1924-01-29 Ice cream cone rolling machine patented by Carl Taylor, Cleveland
  • 1924-06-10 1st political convention broadcast on radio-Republicans at Cleveland
  • 1924-09-20 Cub's Grover Cleveland Alexander beats NY Giants to win 300th game
  • 1925-04-24 88°F highest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in April
  • 1925-06-15 Philadelphia As go into bottom of 8th inning trailing 15-4, then score 13 times to defeat Cleveland 17-15
  • 1928-11-06 Clevelanders vote to build a stadium with city bonds
  • 1929-05-09 WJW-AM in Cleveland Ohio begins radio transmissions
  • 1929-05-15 Fire in X-ray film stock kills 125 at Crile Clinic (Cleveland, Ohio)
  • 1930-01-26 Cleveland's Terminal Tower opens (52 stories)
  • 1930-06-03 Grover Cleveland Alexander is released by the Phillies
  • 1930-06-24 Ground is broken for construction of Cleveland Stadium
  • 1930-07-25 Philadelphia Athletics triple steal in 1st and 4th innings vs Cleveland
  • 1931-07-01 Cleveland Municipal Stadium (Indians MLB, Browns NFL, 78,189 capacity) is completed, closed 1993
  • 1931-07-04 1st fireworks are held at Cleveland Stadium
  • 1931-07-04 1st trailside museum opens in Cleveland Metroparks
  • 1931-09-15 Philadelphia A's clinch pennant, beating Cleveland
  • 1932-02-11 73°F highest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in February
  • 1932-05-16 Yanks 4th straight shutout to equal record set by Cleveland & Boston

Sports record brokenBaseball Record

1932-06-23 Lou Gehrig plays 1,103rd successive game in a NY uniform, equaling Joe Sewell's record with one team (Cleveland)

Baseball Player Lou Gehrig
Baseball Player
Lou Gehrig
  • 1933-06-09 Walter Johnson takes over as Cleveland manager
  • 1933-08-27 Earl Averill becomes 2nd Cleveland ballplayer to hit for cycle Moody defaults in 3rd set, trailing 3-0
  • 1933-11-30 CCC Camps are established in Cleveland Park District

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1934-07-17 Babe Ruth draws his 2,000th base on balls at Cleveland

Baseball Legend Babe Ruth
Baseball Legend
Babe Ruth
  • 1934-12-11 1935 All-Star Game is assigned to Cleveland
  • 1935-02-13 1st US surgical operation for relief of angina pectoris, Cleveland
  • 1935-08-26 CCC camp opens in Brecksville Reservation of Cleveland Metroparks
  • 1938-04-18 Headless Mad Butcher victim found in Cleveland
  • 1938-12-14 AL permits Cleveland & Philadelphia to play night games
  • 1939-12-07 William Walton's violinist concert premieres in Cleveland

Sports record brokenBaseball Record

1941-07-17 NY Yankee Joe DiMaggio's 56-game hitting streak ends in Cleveland

Baseball Player Joe DiMaggio
Baseball Player
Joe DiMaggio
  • 1941-07-27 103°F highest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in July
  • 1942-09-29 32°F lowest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in Sept

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 143

  • 1754-01-29 Moses Cleaveland, founder of Cleveland (d. 1806)
  • 1848-03-25 William Keith Brooks, American marine zoologist (anatomy and embryology of marine animals), born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • 1856-09-12 Johann Heinrich Beck, American composer, born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 1924)
  • 1857-05-19 John Jacob Abel, American Pharmacologist (endocrine glands), born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • 1869-10-09 Harry Lawrence Freeman, African-American composer, born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 1954)

Person of interestJohn Heisman

1869-10-23 John Heisman, American football coach who legalized the forward pass, originated the center snap and for which the Heisman Trophy is named, born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 1936)

American Football Coach John Heisman
American Football Coach
John Heisman

Person of interestJohn D. Rockefeller Jr

1874-01-29 John D. Rockefeller Jr, American financier and philanthropist, born in Cleveland, Ohio

Financier and Philanthropist John D. Rockefeller Jr
Financier and Philanthropist
John D. Rockefeller Jr
  • 1874-07-31 Clarence Kolb, American actor and performer, born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 1964)
  • 1878-01-17 Oscar Apfel, American actor (The Squaw Man, Inspiration, Before Dawn), born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 1938)
  • 1887-03-18 Frank Moran, American heavyweight boxer and film actor, born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 1967)
  • 1889-04-18 John Kilbane, American featherweight boxing champ (world title held 1912-23), born in Cleveland, Ohio (. 1957)
  • 1895-04-16 Robert Dean Frisbie, American writer of travel literature (Life on Puka Puka), born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 1948)
  • 1897-01-05 Jack Wagner, American actor (The Razor's Edge, Under Two Flags, Jive Junction), born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 1965)
  • 1897-06-07 George Szell, Hungarian-born American conductor (Cleveland Orchestra, 1946-70), born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 1970)
  • 1900-01-23 Ralph Graves, American actor (Dirigible, Extra Girl, Flight, Dream Street), born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 1977)
  • 1900-11-21 Alice Calhoun, American Silent film actress (Flowing Gold), born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 1966)
  • 1901-02-09 Brian Donlevy, American actor (Barbary Coast, Glass Key, Wake Island), born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 1972)

Person of interestMargaret Hamilton

1902-12-09 Margaret Hamilton, American actress (The Wizard of Oz), born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 1985)

Person of interestDenny Shute

1904-10-25 [Herman] Denny Shute, American golfer and three-time major champion, born in Cleveland, Ohio

Golfer and Three-Time Major Championship Winner Denny Shute
Golfer and Three-Time Major Championship Winner
Denny Shute
  • 1906-07-08 Philip Johnson, Cortalyou architect, born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • 1906-12-09 Freddy Martin, orchestra leader (started Merv Griffin), born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • 1907-02-14 Florence Rice, American actress (Fast Company, Double Wedding, Riding on Air), born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 1974)

Person of interestBurgess Meredith

1907-11-16 Burgess Meredith, American actor (Mr Novak, The Penguin in Batman, Rocky), born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 1997)

  • 1908-11-19 Alan Baxter, East actor (Big Town Girl, Rags to Riches), born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • 1909-05-04 Howard Da Silva [Silverblatt], American actor (1776, The Lost Weekend, The Blue Dahlia), born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 1986)
  • 1910-03-13 Sammy Kaye, American orchestra leader (Swing and Sway With Sammy Kaye), born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 1987)
  • 1910-10-26 John Krol, American former archbishop of Philadelphia (1961-88), born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 1996)
  • 1911-07-01 Alvino Rey, orchestra leader (King Family), born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • 1912-02-17 Alice "Andre" Norton, American sci-fi author (The Time Traders, The Zero Stone), born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 2005)
  • 1913-02-25 James "Jim" Backus, American actor (Mr Magoo, Rebel Without a Cause, Gilligan's Island), born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 1989)
  • 1913-04-14 John Howard, American actor (The Philadelphia Story, My Three Sons), born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 1995)
  • 1914-05-05 Tyrone Power, American actor (The Mark of Zorro, Alexander's Ragtime Band), born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 1958)
  • 1914-07-02 Frederick Fennell, conductor (Time & Winds), born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • 1916-12-13 Mark Stevens, American actor (Big Town, Martin Kane, Private Eye), born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 1994)
  • 1917-09-02 Cleveland Amory, Nahant Mass, conservationist/TV reviewer (TV Guide)
  • 1917-09-13 Robert Eugene Ward, composer (Pantaloon), born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • 1918-06-02 Robert Manry, American copy editor of the Cleveland newspaper editor who sailed the Atlantic (Tinkerbelle), born in Landour, India (d. 1971)
  • 1919-05-24 Sid Couchey, American comic book artist (Richie Rich), born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 2012)
  • 1919-12-06 Jimmy Bivins [James], Hall of Fame heavyweight boxer, born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 2012)
  • 1920-02-16 Lee Russell, vocalist (Vincent Lopez), born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • 1920-10-19 LaWanda Page [Alberta Peal], American actress (Aunt Esther-Sanford & Sons), born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 2002)
  • 1921-03-06 Ross Hunter, American film producer (Airport, Madame X, Pillow Talk), born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 1996) date of birth disputed)
  • 1922-03-28 Joey Maxim, American boxer, born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 2001)
  • 1922-11-09 Dorothy Dandridge, American actress (Porgy & Bess), born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 1965)
  • 1923-07-08 Harrison Dillard, 100m runner (Olympic 4 gold-1948, 52), born in Cleveland, Ohio

Person of interestHenry Mancini

1924-04-16 Henry Mancini, composer/conductor (Pink Panther), born in Cleveland, Ohio

Composer and Conductor Henry Mancini
Composer and Conductor
Henry Mancini
  • 1924-08-21 Jack Weston [Weinstein], American actor (Dirty Dancing, The Four Seasons, Rad), born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 1996)
  • 1924-10-27 Ruby Dee, American actress (A Raisin in the Sun, American Gangster), born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 2014)

Person of interestPaul Newman

1925-01-26 Paul Newman, American actor (Hud, Hombre, Hustler), racing car driver and charity food company founder (Newman's Own), born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 2008)

Actor & Entrepreneur Paul Newman
Actor & Entrepreneur
Paul Newman
  • 1925-02-17 Hal Holbrook, actor (All the President's Men, Mark Twain), born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • 1925-02-21 Al Fann, actor (Alvin-He's the Mayor), born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • 1925-02-23 Louis Stokes, politician (Rep-D-OH, 1969-99 ), born in Cleveland Ohio (d. 2015)
  • 1925-05-11 William Glasser, psychiatrist (reality therapy, choice theory), born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 2013)
  • 1925-06-29 Hale Smith, American composer, born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 2009)
  • 1925-10-12 William Steinkraus, American equestrian (Olympic gold/2 sil/br-52/56/60/64/68/72), born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • 1925-11-20 Kaye Ballard, American actress and comedienne (Kaye-Mothers-in-Law), born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • 1926-08-24 Nancy Spero, American feminist artist, born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 2009)
  • 1926-09-14 Richard Elsasser, American composer and organist, born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 1972)
  • 1927-06-21 Carl Burton Stokes, African American politician (51st mayor of Cleveland) and TV newscaster, born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 1996)
  • 1928-01-08 Sander Vanocur, news anchor (NBC Weekend News), born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • 1928-03-25 James A Lovell Jr, American astronaut (Gemini 7, 12, Apollo 8, 13), born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • 1928-11-20 Franklin Cover, American actor (Tom-The Jeffersons), born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 2006)
  • 1929-06-16 James K. Randall, American composer, born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 2014)
  • 1929-07-18 "Screamin' Jay" Hawkins, R&B musician (I Put a Spell on You), born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 2000)
  • 1930-02-15 C F Payne, British chief constable, born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • 1932-02-23 Majel Barrett, actress (Christine Chapel-Star Trek), born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 2008)
  • 1932-04-11 Joel Grey, [Joe Katz], American actor (Cabaret, Remo Williams, 7% Solution), born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • 1933-05-02 Bunk Gardner, American musician (Mothers Of Invention), born in Cleveland Ohio
  • 1933-08-04 Nathan Eugene Brooks, flyweight boxer (Olympic gold 1952), born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • 1933-12-28 Jack Perkins, newscaster (Prime Time Sunday, NBC Magazine), born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • 1934-06-16 Bill Cobbs [Wilbert], American actor (Night at the Museum, The Color of Money), born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • 1934-07-23 Cleve Duncan, American rocker (The Penguins-Earth Angel), born in Los Angeles (d. 2012)
  • 1934-09-27 Greg Morris, actor (Mission Impossible, Vega$), born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • 1935-12-21 Phil Donahue, TV talk show host (The Phil Donahue Show), born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • 1935-12-30 Jack Riley, American actor (The Bob Newhart Show), born in Cleveland (d. 2016)
  • 1936-03-16 Frederick "Fred" Neil, American folk singer-songwriter and dolphin conservationist (Everybody's Talkin'), born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 2001)
  • 1936-05-30 Keir Dullea, actor (2001, 2010, David & Lisa), born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • 1936-07-15 George V. Voinovich, US politician (R), Senator and Governor of Ohio, born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 2016)
  • 1939-08-02 Wes Craven, American film director (Nightmare on Elm Street, Scream), born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 2015)
  • 1941-05-18 Diane McBain, actress (Surfside Six, Spinout, Donner Pass), born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • 1942-07-21 Mike Hegan, MLB player (NY Yankees), born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 2013)
  • 1942-08-15 Peter York, rock drummer (Spencer Davis Group), born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • 1942-09-21 Ann Elder, comedienne (Smothers Brothers Show, Laugh-In), born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • 1943-02-23 Bobby Wayne Mitchell, Chatham VA, PGA golfer (1971 Cleveland Open)
  • 1944-03-04 Bobby Womack, American R&B singer/guitarist (Woman's Got to Have It), born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 2014)
  • 1945-12-19 Elaine Joyce, actress (City of Angels, Mr Merlin), born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • 1947-04-25 Bill Fontana, American composer, born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • 1947-05-13 Stephen R Donaldson, American sci-fi author (The Chronicles of Thomas Covenant, Lord Foul's Bane), born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • 1948-03-25 Michael Stanley, rocker (Michael Stanley Band), born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • 1948-07-29 Neal Walk, American basketball player (Phoenix Suns, New Orleans Jazz, NY Knicks), born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 2015)
  • 1949-08-11 Eric Carmen, rocker (All by Myself), born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • 1949-09-29 Tony Hoty, actor (Ransom, Paper), born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • 1949-11-14 Phil Baron, American voice actor (Piglet), born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • 1949-11-29 Kenneth D Cameron, Lt Col USMC/astronaut (STS 37, 56, 74), born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • 1952-06-18 Carol Kane, actress (Dog Day Afternoon, Simka-Taxi), born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • 1952-12-04 Ronald Michael Sega, PhD/Astronaut (STS 60, 76), born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • 1953-10-16 Martha Smith, actress (Animal House)/playmate (July 1973), born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • 1954-09-30 Calvin Levels, actor (Knightwatch), born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • 1955-02-12 Arsenio Hall, US comedian (Alan Thicke, Arsenio, Coming to America), born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • 1955-05-06 Donald A Thomas, PhD/Astronaut (STS 65, 70, 83, 94), born in Cleveland, Ohio

Famous Weddings


HeartWedding of Interest

1859-06-13 Landscape architect Frederick Law Olmsted (37) weds Mary Cleveland

Landscape Architect and Writer Frederick Law Olmsted
Landscape Architect and Writer
Frederick Law Olmsted

Famous Deaths

  • 1806-11-16 Moses Cleaveland, founder of Cleveland, Ohio (b. 1754)
  • 1970-07-30 George Szell, Hungarian-born American conductor (Cleveland Orchestra, 1946-70), dies at 73
  • 1971-02-21 Robert Manry, American copy editor of the Cleveland newspaper editor who sailed the Atlantic (Tinkerbelle), dies of a heart attack at 52
  • 1981-10-29 William O Walker, publisher of Cleveland Call Post, dies at 85
  • 1996-04-04 Carl Burton Stokes, African American politician (51st mayor of Cleveland) and TV newscaster, dies at 68 (b. 1927)