United States of America in History (Part 2)

Historical Events

Events 101 - 200 of 1,625

  • 1775-05-17 American Revolutionary War: the Continental Congress bans trade with Canada

Historic Event

1775-06-14 US Army first forms as the Continental Army to fight American Revolutionary War

Appointment of Interest

1775-06-15 George Washington appointed commander-in-chief of the Continental Army, the day after Congress establishes the force

Historic Event

1775-07-26 US Continental Congress creates United States Post Office (U.S.P.O.) in Philadelphia under Benjamin Franklin

Historic Event

1775-09-25 American Revolutionary War hero Ethan Allen captured

Historic Event

1775-10-18 African-American poet Phillis Wheatley freed from slavery

  • 1775-11-13 American Revolutionary forces capture Montreal
  • 1775-12-31 Battle of Quebec in American Revolutionary War; Americans defeated trying to take British stronghold

Historic Publication

1776-01-10 "Common Sense" Pamphlet by Thomas Paine published, advocating American independence

  • 1776-03-02 American troops begin shelling the British in Boston
  • 1776-03-03 American commodore Esek Hopkins occupies Nassau, Bahamas
  • 1776-03-04 American War of Independence: The Americans capture Dorchester Heights dominating the port of Boston, Massachusetts
  • 1776-05-02 France & Spain agreed to give weapons to American rebels

United States Declaration of Independence

1776-07-06 American Declaration of Independence announced on front page of "PA Evening Gazette"

Historic Event

1776-08-10 American Revolutionary War: word of the United States Declaration of Independence reaches London.

  • 1776-08-27 British defeat Americans in Battle of Long Island
  • 1776-08-29 Americans withdraw from Manhattan to Westchester
  • 1776-09-09 Congress officially renames the country as the United States of America (from the United Colonies)

Historic Event

1776-09-21 Nathan Hale, spied on British for American rebels, arrested

  • 1776-10-26 Benjamin Franklin departs for France on a mission to seek French support for the American Revolution
  • 1776-11-16 1st gun salute for an American warship in a foreign port - US Andrew Doria at Fort St Eustatius (Dutch Caribbean isalnd)
  • 1776-11-16 British troops capture Fort Washington during American Revolution
  • 1776-12-19 Thomas Paine publishes his 1st "American Crisis" essay beginning "These are the times that try men's souls" (date disputed)
  • 1776-12-26 American Revolutionary War: George Washington leads US troops in defeat Hessians at Battle of Trenton, New Jersey
  • 1777-01-25 Americans drag cannon up hill of Kingsbridge Road to fight British, prompting a name change to Gun Hill Road (Bronx, New York)
  • 1777-03-08 Regiments from Ansbach and Bayreuth, sent to support Great Britain in the American Revolutionary War, mutiny in the town of Ochsenfurt
  • 1777-07-06 British General Burgoyne captures Fort Ticonderoga from Americans
  • 1777-07-07 American Revolutionary War: Battle of Hubbardton
  • 1777-08-28 American Revolutionary War - Battle of Cooch's Bridge takes place near Newark, Delaware.
  • 1777-09-03 Flag of the United States flown in battle for the 1st time at Cooch's Bridge, Delaware, a skirmish during American Revolutionary War

Victory in Battle

1777-09-11 Battle of Brandywine, Pennysylvania; Americans lose to the British, Polish soldier Casimir Pulaski saves life of George Washington

Battle of Interest

1777-09-20 Battle of Paoli; British forces under Major General Charles Grey attacks Brigadier General Anthony Wayne's encampment. Claims the British gave no quarter leads to engagement becoming known as the "Paoli Massacre"

Historic Event

1777-09-26 British General William Howe occupies Philadelphia during American Revolution

  • 1777-10-07 Americans beat British in Second Battle of Saratoga & Battle of Bemis Heights
  • 1777-12-17 France recognizes independence of British colonies in America
  • 1778-01-20 1st American military court martial trial begins in Cambridge, Massachusetts
  • 1778-05-01 American Revolution: The Battle of Crooked Billet begins in Hatboro, Pennsylvania.
  • 1778-06-28 Mary Ludwig Hayes "Molly Pitcher" aids American patriots

Declaration of War

1778-07-10 American Revolution: Louis XVI of France declares war on the Kingdom of Great Britain

  • 1778-09-04 City of Amsterdam signs trade agreement with American rebels
  • 1778-09-19 The Continental Congress passes the first budget of the United States.
  • 1779-07-15 American troops under General A Wayne conquer Fort Stony Point, NY

Election of Interest

1779-09-28 American Revolution: Samuel Huntington is elected President of the Continental Congress, succeeding John Jay

  • 1780-01-15 American Continental Congress establishes court of appeals

Historic Event

1780-05-04 American Academy of Arts & Science founded in Boston, James Bowdoin, John and Samuel Adams founding members

  • 1780-06-23 American Revolution: Battle of Springfield fought in and around Springfield, New Jersey (including Short Hills, formerly of Springfield, now of Millburn Township
  • 1780-08-16 British decisively defeat Americans in Battle of Camden, South Carolina
  • 1780-10-07 British defeated by American militia near Kings Mountain, SC
  • 1780-10-16 Royalton, Vermont and Tunbridge, Vermont last major raid of the American Revolutionary War
  • 1780-11-05 French-American force under Colonel LaBalme is defeated by Miami Chief Little Turtle
  • 1781-04-29 French fleet occupies Tobago during American War of Independence

Victory in Battle

1781-09-05 American Revolutionary War: French fleet of 24 ships under Comte de Grasse defeat British forces under Admiral Graves at the Battle of the Chesapeake [Battle of the Virginia Capes] and trap Cornwallis

  • 1781-10-09 Americans under George Washington and the French under Comte de Rochambeau begin bombardment of Yorktown, the last battle of American Revolutionary War

Historic Event

1782-04-19 John Adams secures Dutch Republic's recognition of the United States as an independent government and house he purchased in The Hague, Netherlands became first American embassy.

  • 1782-06-20 Congress approves Great Seal of the United States of America with the bald eagle as its symbol
  • 1782-07-01 American privateers attack Lunenburg, Nova Scotia
  • 1783-04-11 Hostilities formally cease in the American Revolutionary War [1]
  • 1783-04-18 American Revolution: George Washington issues General Order announcing the end of hostilities with Britain, giving thanks to the Almighty, and offering congratulations and authorizing an extra ration of alcohol to the troops to celebrate [1]

Historic Event

1783-05-02 Architect Pierre Charles L'Enfant is promoted by brevet to Major of Engineers in recognition of his service to American liberty

  • 1783-05-18 First United Empire Loyalists reach Parrtown, Saint John, New Brunswick, Canada after leaving the United States
  • 1783-09-03 Treaty of Paris signed in Paris ends the American Revolutionary War between Great Britain and United States of America
  • 1783-11-02 General George Washington, later 1st US President, bids farewell to his army after the American Revolutionary War
  • 1783-11-25 Britain evacuates New York city, its last military position in the United States
  • 1784-01-26 Benjamin Franklin expresses unhappiness over eagle as America's symbol
  • 1784-09-21 Pennsylvania Packet and Daily Advertiser becomes the 1st successful daily newspaper in the United States
  • 1784-11-26 Catholic Apostolic Prefecture of the United States established
  • 1785-11-28 The Treaty of Hopewell is signed between the Confederation Congress of the United States of America and the Cherokee people
  • 1786-09-24 African American slave and poet Jupiter Hammon makes his "Address to the Negroes of the State of New York" speech advocating emancipation at meeting of African Society in NY
  • 1786-11-07 The oldest musical organization in the United States is founded in Boston, Massachusetts as the Stoughton Musical Society
  • 1787-04-16 1st American comedy, "The Contrast," makes its debut in NYC
  • 1787-05-06 1st African American Masonic Lodge (African # 459) forms Prince Hall, Boston
  • 1787-06-20 Oliver Ellsworth moves at the Federal Convention to call the government the United States

Bill of Rights

1787-09-12 American statesman George Mason suggests the addition of a Bill of Rights to the Constitution modeled on previous state declarations, but the motion is defeated

  • 1789-01-21 1st American novel, WH Brown's "Power of Sympathy" is published
  • 1789-04-30 George Washington is inaugurated as the first President of the United States of America
  • 1789-06-09 Spanish capture British schooner Northwest America near Vancouver Island
  • 1789-10-02 George Washington transmits the proposed Constitutional amendments (The United States Bill of Rights) to the States for ratification

Historic Event

1789-11-06 Pope Pius VI appoints Father John Carroll as the first Catholic bishop in the United States

  • 1790-03-13 John Martin, 1st American-born actor, performs in Philadelphia
  • 1790-08-09 Robert Gray's Columbia Rediviva returns to Boston after 3 year journey, 1st American ship to circumnavigate the Globe

Historic Event

1791-08-19 Benjamin Banneker sends a copy of his Almanac and writes a letter to Thomas Jefferson criticizing his pro-slavery stance and requesting justice for African Americans using language from the Declaration of Independence

  • 1792-04-02 The Coinage Act is passed establishing the United States Mint and authorizing the $10 Eagle, $5 half-Eagle & 2.50 quarter-Eagle gold coins & silver dollar, ½ dollar, quarter, dime & half-dime
  • 1793-06-11 1st American stove patent is granted to Robert Haeterick
  • 1793-07-22 Alexander Mackenzie reaches the Pacific Ocean, becoming the first Euro-American to complete a transcontinental crossing of Canada

Historic Event

1793-12-09 Noah Webster establishes New York's 1st daily newspaper, the "American Minerva"

  • 1794-03-27 The United States Government establishes a permanent navy and authorizes the building of six frigates.
  • 1794-06-05 US Congress passes the Neutrality Act, banning Americans from serving in foreign armed forces
  • 1796-11-03 John Adams elected as 2nd president of the United States of America
  • 1797-01-30 US Congress refuses to accept 1st petition from African American
  • 1797-04-17 Sir Ralph Abercromby attacks San Juan, Puerto Rico, one of the largest invasions of Spanish territories in America
  • 1797-05-10 1st US Navy ship, the "United States," is launched
  • 1800-01-02 Free African American community of Philadelphia petitions US Congress to abolish the slave trade
  • 1800-01-30 US population: 5,308,483; African American population 1,002,037 (18.9%)
  • 1801-05-10 First Barbary War: The Barbary pirates of Tripoli declare war on the United States of America (1st US foreign war)

Historic Event

1803-07-04 The Louisiana Purchase is announced to the American people by President Thomas Jefferson

Historic Event

1804-07-11 Vice President of the United States Aaron Burr mortally wounds former Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton in a pistol duel

  • 1804-07-12 Former United States Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton dies after being shot in a pistol duel the previous day by Vice President Aaron Burr
  • 1805-06-10 First Barbary War: Yussif Karamanli signs a treaty ending hostilities with the United States
  • 1805-07-08 American Bill Richmond knocks out Jack Holmes, Kilburn Wells, England

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 101 - 200 of 9,753

  • 1750-05-08 Elias Mann, American composer, born in Weymouth, Massachusetts (d. 1825)

Henry KnoxHenry Knox (1750-1806)

1750-07-25 American general (Continental Army and later the United States Army) and 1st US Secretary of War (1785-94), born in Boston, Massachusetts Bay

Betsy RossBetsy Ross (1752-1836)

1752-01-01 American seamstress widely credited with making the first American flag, born in Gloucester City, Colony of New Jersey

  • 1752-01-02 Philip Freneau, poet of American Revolution (The American Village)
  • 1752-01-19 James Morris III, American army officer (d. 1820)
  • 1752-01-31 Gouverneur Morris, American lawmaker and diplomat (d. 1816)
  • 1752-05-14 Timothy Dwight, American theologian (d. 1817)
  • 1752-07-27 Samuel Smith, American politician, Senator and Representative from Maryland, born in Carlisle, Pennsylvania (d. 1839)
  • 1752-11-29 Jemima Wilkinson [Publick Universal Friend], American preacher, founded Universal Friends sect, born in Cumberland, Rhode Island (d. 1819)

Phillis WheatleyPhillis Wheatley (1753-1784)

1753-05-08 American poet who was both the second published African-American poet and first published African-American woman, born in West Africa

  • 1753-05-24 Oliver Cromwell, decorated African American soldier who served with Washington in US War of Independence, born in Burlington, New Jersey
  • 1754-01-24 Andrew Ellicott, American surveyor (d. 1820)
  • 1754-01-30 John Lansing Jr., American lawyer & statesman, born in Albany, New York (d. 1829)
  • 1754-05-20 Hans Gram, Danish-born American composer (d. 1804)

Pierre Charles L'EnfantPierre Charles L'Enfant (1754-1825)

1754-08-02 French-born American architect who laid out Washington, D.C., born in Paris, France

  • 1754-12-02 William Cooper, American judge and developer (founded Cooperstown, New York), born in Smithfield, Pennsylvania (d. 1809)
  • 1754-12-07 Jack Jouett, American politician and patriot (warn Thomas Jefferson of British attack), born in Albemarle County, Virginia (d. 1822)

Alexander HamiltonAlexander Hamilton (1755-1804)

1755-01-11 US Founding Father and 1st Secretary of the Treasury (1789-95), born in Charlestown, Nevis, West Indies

  • 1755-05-21 Alfred Moore, American judge (d. 1810)
  • 1755-09-09 Benjamin Bourne, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Rhode Island), born in Bristol, Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, British America (d. 1808)

John MarshallJohn Marshall (1755-1835)

1755-09-24 4th Chief Justice of the United States (1801-35), born in Germantown, Virginia

  • 1756-01-29 Henry Lee III "Light Horse Harry", American Congressman, Governor of Virginia and American General, born on Leesylvania Plantation, Colony of Virginia (d. 1818)

Marquis de LafayetteMarquis de Lafayette (1757-1834)

1757-09-06 American patriot and French revolutionary, born in Chavaniac, France

  • 1758-09-10 Hannah Webster Foster, American author (The Coquette; or, The History of Eliza Wharton), born in Salisbury, Massachusetts (d. 1840)
  • 1759-01-17 Paul Cuffe, Mass, merchant/shipbuilder/African American nationalist
  • 1759-06-21 Alexander J. Dallas, American statesman and financier, born in Kingston, Jamaica (d. 1817)
  • 1759-11-13 Timothy Olmstead, early American composer (d. 1848)
  • 1760-01-03 John Storm, American Revolutionary soldier (d. 1835)
  • 1760-02-14 Richard Allen, 1st African American ordained by Methodist-Episcopal church, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1831)
  • 1760-12-02 John Breckinridge, American lawyer (5th United States Attorney General) and politician (U.S. Senator from Kentucky), born in Augusta County, Virginia (d. 1806)
  • 1762-10-23 Samuel Morey, American inventor (early internal combustion engines and was a pioneer in steamships), born in Hebron, Connecticut (d. 1843)
  • 1763-02-01 Thomas Campbell, founder (Church of Disciples in America)
  • 1763-07-22 James Geddes, American Engineer (Erie Canal), born in Carlisle Pennsylvania (d. 1838)
  • 1763-10-27 William Maclure, Scottish-American Geologist (first geological map), born in Ayr, Scotland (d. 1840)
  • 1764-05-28 Edward Livingston, American jurist and statesman, born in Columbia County, New York (d. 1836)
  • 1766-07-09 Jacob Perkins, American inventor (father of the refrigerator), born in Newburyport, Massachusetts (d. 1849)

John Quincy AdamsJohn Quincy Adams (1767-1848)

1767-07-11 6th President of the United States (Democratic: 1825-1829), born in Braintree, Massachusetts

  • 1768-06-09 Samuel Slater, English-American industrialist who brought the textile industrial revolution to America, born in Belper, Derbyshire, England (d. 1836)
  • 1769-10-07 Solomon Sibley, American politician (d. 1846)
  • 1770-06-20 Moses Waddel, American educator, minister and bestselling author (Memoirs of the Life of Miss Caroline Elizabeth Smelt), born in Rowan County, North Carolina (d. 1840)

William ClarkWilliam Clark (1770-1838)

1770-08-01 American explorer, soldier, Indian agent and territorial governor who led the Lewis and Clark Expedition of 1804-06 and claimed the Pacific Northwest for the United States, born in Ladysmith, Virginia

  • 1771-01-17 Charles Brockden Brown, father of American novel (Wieland)

William Henry HarrisonWilliam Henry Harrison (1773-1841)

1773-02-09 9th President of the United States (Whig: March 4-April 4, 1841), born in Charles City, Virginia

  • 1774-05-07 William Bainbridge, American naval officer, born in Princeton, New Jersey (d. 1833)

Elizabeth Ann SetonElizabeth Ann Seton (1774-1821)

1774-08-28 1st American Catholic saint (canonized 1975), born in NYC, New York

  • 1775-12-14 Philander Chase, American Episcopal Church bishop and founder of Kenyon College, born in Cornish, New Hampshire (d. 1852)

Henry ClayHenry Clay (1777-1852)

1777-04-12 American politician known as "the Great Compromiser", born in Hanover County, Virginia

  • 1777-06-12 Robert Clark, American politician, U.S. House of Representatives from New York (1819-21), born in Washington County, New York (d. 1837)
  • 1779-03-02 Joel Roberts Poinsett, American statesman and botanist (d. 1851)
  • 1779-08-01 Francis Scott Key, American lawyer, poet and composer of the lyrics to "Star-Spangled Banner", born in Carroll County, Maryland (d. 1843)
  • 1779-08-22 James Kirke Paulding, American author (The Dutchman's Fireside), born in Pleasant Valley, NY (d. 1860)
  • 1780-02-19 Richard McCarty, American politician, born in Coeymans, New York (d. 1844)
  • 1780-09-25 Jason Fairbanks, American murderer, born in Dedham, Massachusetts (d. 1801)
  • 1781-03-04 Rebecca Gratz, American educator and philanthropist (d. 1869)
  • 1781-11-29 Andres Bello, Venezuela poet, diplomat and scholar (Silvas Americanas), born in Caracas, Venezuela (d. 1865)
  • 1782-06-19 John Bray, English-born American actor and composer (The Indian Princess) (d. 1822)
  • 1783-02-11 Jarena Lee, African American travelling minister

Washington IrvingWashington Irving (1783-1859)

1783-04-03 American author (Legend of Sleepy Hollow), born in NYC, New York

  • 1783-12-12 Ner Alexander Middleswarth, American politician, born in New Jersey (d. 1865)
  • 1784-04-29 Samuel Turell Armstrong, American politician and acting Governor of Massachusetts (1833- 36), born in Dorchester, Massachusetts (d. 1850)

John James AudubonJohn James Audubon (1785-1851)

1785-04-26 American ornithologist and painter (The Birds of America), born in Les Cayes, Haiti

  • 1785-07-14 Mordecai Manuel Noah, American playwright, writer and journalist, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1851)
  • 1785-08-19 Seth Thomas, American manufacturer and pioneer in the mass production of clocks, born in Wolcott, Connecticut (d. 1859)
  • 1786-04-15 Walter Channing, American physician who was the first to use anesthesia during childbirth, born in Newport, Rhode Island (d. 1876)
  • 1786-09-10 William Mason, American politician, born in Lebanon, Connecticut (d. 1860)
  • 1786-10-11 Stevenson Archer, American judge and Congressmen from Maryland, born in Churchville, Maryland (d. 1848)
  • 1786-12-12 William L. Marcy, American statesman, born in Southbridge, Massachusetts (d. 1857)
  • 1787-04-19 Deaf Smith, American frontiersman and revolutionary, born in Dutchess County, New York (d. 1837)
  • 1787-06-27 Thomas Say, American naturalist and father of descriptive entomology, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1834)
  • 1789-06-15 Josiah Henson, American slave and settlement founder (d. 1883)

James Fenimore CooperJames Fenimore Cooper (1789-1851)

1789-09-15 1st major American novelist (The Last of the Mohicans), born in Burlington, New Jersey

  • 1789-10-08 John Ruggles, American politician, born in Westborough, Massachusetts (d. 1874)
  • 1790-10-23 Chauncey Allen Goodrich, American clergyman (d. 1860)

Samuel MorseSamuel Morse (1791-1872)

1791-04-27 American inventor (telegraph, Morse code) and painter, born in Charlestown, Massachusetts

  • 1791-06-09 John Howard Payne, American actor, playwright (Fair Warning), author and creator of the hit song "Home! Sweet Home!", born in NYC, New York (d. 1852)
  • 1792-10-03 Francisco Morazán, 2nd President of The Federal Republic of Central America, born in Tegucigalpa, Guatemala, New Spain (d. 1842)
  • 1793-01-06 James Madison Porter, American politician, born in Norristown, Pennsylvania (d. 1862)
  • 1793-01-14 John C. Clark, American politician, born in Pittsfield, Massachusetts (d. 1852)

Sam HoustonSam Houston (1793-1863)

1793-03-02 American born 1st President of Republic of Texas (1836-38, 1841-44) who helped bring Texas into the United States as a constituent state, born in Rockbridge County, Virginia

  • 1793-03-28 Henry Schoolcraft, American geographer and geologist, born in Guilderland, New York (d. 1864)
  • 1794-03-31 Thompson McKennan, American politician who served as the 2nd United States Secretary of the Interior (d. 1852)

Matthew C. PerryMatthew C. Perry (1794-1858)

1794-04-10 Commodore of the United States Navy who opened Japan to Western influence and trade, born in Newport, Rhode Island

  • 1794-08-11 James Barton Longacre, American engraver (d. 1869)
  • 1794-10-10 William Whiting Boardman, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Connecticut), born in New Milford, Connecticut (d. 1871)
  • 1794-12-14 Erastus Corning, American businessman and politician (Mayor of Albany, New York), born in Norwich, Connecticut (d. 1872)

James Gordon BennettJames Gordon Bennett (1795-1872)

1795-09-01 Sr., American newspaper publisher (New York Herald), born in Keith, Scotland

  • 1795-09-23 Alexander Twilight, minister and politician, first African American to graduate and to hold public office, born in Corinth Vermont (d. 1857)
  • 1795-10-16 William Buell Sprague, American clergyman and author (d. 1876)

James Knox PolkJames Knox Polk (1795-1849)

1795-11-02 11th US President (Democrat: 1845-49), born in Pineville, North Carolina

  • 1796-04-10 James Bowie, American pioneer and soldier (Texas Revolution), born in Logan, Kentucky (d. 1836)

Horace MannHorace Mann (1796-1859)

1796-05-04 American educator, author and editor who pioneered public schools, born in Franklin, Massachusetts

  • 1796-05-04 William H. Prescott, American historian, born in Salem, Massachusetts (d. 1859)
  • 1796-07-26 George Catlin, American author and painter (American Indian scenes), born in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania (d. 1872)
  • 1796-08-25 James Lick, American land baron in California, born in Stumpstown, Pennsylvania (d. 1876)
  • 1797-05-06 Joseph Brackett, American religious leader (Shakers) and composer (Simple Gifts), born in Cumberland, Maine (d. 1882)
  • 1797-07-29 Daniel Drew, American financier (d. 1879)
  • 1798-04-26 James Beckwourth, American fur trader and explorer, born in Frederick County, Virginia (d. 1867)
  • 1799-05-11 John Lowell, American philanthropist, born in Massachusetts (d. 1836)
  • 1799-06-23 John Milton Bernhisel, American physician (d. 1881)
  • 1799-11-03 William Sprague III, American politician (U.S. Senator from Rhode Island 1842-44)), born in Cranston, Rhode Island (d. 1856)

Famous Weddings


Famous Divorces


Famous Deaths

Deaths 101 - 200 of 4,915

  • 1802-02-26 Esek Hopkins, American Revolutionary War admiral and Commander in Chief of the Continental Navy, dies at 83
  • 1802-07-06 Daniel Morgan, American soldier and politician (Battle of Cowpens, Whiskey Rebellion), dies at 66
  • 1803-09-13 John Barry, 1st American commodore of the US Navy, dies at 58
  • 1804-09-04 Richard Somers, American naval officer, killed during assault on Tripoli during First Barbary Wars at 25
  • 1804-09-29 Michael Hillegas, American merchant and first Treasurer of the United States (1775-89), dies at 75
  • 1805-01-09 Noble Wimberly Jones, American Continental Congressman (b. 1723)
  • 1806-02-20 Lachlan McIntosh, Scottish-born American military and political leader (b. 1725)
  • 1806-09-09 William Paterson, American jurist and statesman (b. 1745)
  • 1806-12-22 William Vernon, American merchant (b. 1719)
  • 1807-03-04 Abraham Baldwin, American politician (b. 1754)
  • 1807-05-13 Eliphalet Dyer, American statesman and judge, dies at 85
  • 1807-05-17 John Gunby, Maryland Soldier in the American Revolutionary War (b. 1745)

John DickinsonJohn Dickinson (1732-1808)

1808-02-14 American lawyer and Governor of Delaware and Pennsylvania, dies at 75

  • 1808-05-18 Elijah Craig, American minister & inventor, dies at 70
  • 1808-09-03 John Montgomery, American Continental Congressman (b. 1722)
  • 1808-09-17 Benjamin Bourne, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Rhode Island), dies at 53
  • 1809-01-21 Josiah Hornblower, American statesman (b. 1729)

Thomas PaineThomas Paine (1737-1809)

1809-06-08 English American writer and political essayist (Age of Reason, Common Sense), dies at 72

  • 1810-10-15 Alfred Moore, American judge (US Supreme Court), dies at 55
  • 1811-12-08 Eliza Poe, English-American actress and the mother of the American author Edgar Allan Po, dies of tuberculosis at 23 or 24
  • 1811-12-17 John Antes, American composer and missionary, dies at 71
  • 1814-08-21 Benjamin Thompson, American physicist and inventor (Royal Institution of Great Britain), dies at 61
  • 1815-08-06 James A. Bayard (elder), United States Senator from Delaware (b. 1767)
  • 1815-08-18 Chauncey Goodrich, American politician (b. 1759)
  • 1816-11-06 Gouverneur Morris, American lawmaker and diplomat (b. 1752)
  • 1817-01-16 Alexander J. Dallas, American statesman and financier, dies at 57
  • 1817-09-09 Paul Cuffe, African American civil rights activist (helped settle Sierre Leone), dies at 58
  • 1818-02-13 George Rogers Clark, American frontier military leader in Revolutionary War, dies at 65

Paul ReverePaul Revere (1735-1818)

1818-05-10 American silversmith and patriot who alerted the colonial militia to the approach of British forces before the battles of Lexington and Concord, dies at 83

  • 1819-07-01 Jemima Wilkinson [Publick Universal Friend], American preacher, founded Universal Friends sect, dies at 66
  • 1820-08-28 Andrew Ellicott, American surveyor (b. 1754)
  • 1820-09-21 Joseph R Drake, American poet (American Flag), dies at 25)

Elizabeth Ann SetonElizabeth Ann Seton (1774-1821)

1821-01-04 1st American Catholic saint (canonized 1975), dies in Maryland at 46

  • 1821-10-11 John Ross Key, American lawyer, commissioned officer in the Continental Army and the father of Francis Scott Key, dies at 67
  • 1821-10-24 Elias Boudinot, American lawyer and patriot, President of the Continental Congress, dies at 81
  • 1822-06-19 John Bray, English-born American actor and composer (The Indian Princess), dies on his 40th birthday

Eli WhitneyEli Whitney (1765-1825)

1825-01-08 American inventor (Cotton Gin), dies of prostate cancer at 59

  • 1825-05-12 Elias Mann, American composer, dies at 75

Pierre Charles L'EnfantPierre Charles L'Enfant (1754-1825)

1825-06-14 French-born American architect who laid out Washington, D.C., dies at 70

  • 1825-07-11 Thomas P. Grosvenor, American Revolutionary War soldier (b. 1744)
  • 1826-07-08 Luther Martin, American statesman (b. 1748)

John JayJohn Jay (1745-1829)

1829-05-17 US statesman and 1st US Chief Justice, dies at 83

  • 1830-06-25 Ephraim McDowell, American physician and surgeon (pioneered abdominal surgery), dies at 58
  • 1831-05-27 Jedediah Smith, American explorer (b. 1799)
  • 1834-07-14 Edmond Charles Genêt, French ambassador to the United States during the French Revolution (b. 1763)
  • 1834-10-10 Thomas Say, American naturalist and father of descriptive entomology, dies from typhoid fever at 47

John MarshallJohn Marshall (1755-1835)

1835-07-06 4th Chief Justice of the United States (1801-35), dies at 79

  • 1835-12-13 John Storm, American Revolutionary soldier (b. 1760)

Betsy RossBetsy Ross (1752-1836)

1836-01-30 American seamstress widely credited with making the first American flag, dies at 84

  • 1836-03-06 James Butler Bonham, American lawyer from South Carolina and soldier (b. 1807)
  • 1837-10-01 Robert Clark, American politician, U.S. House of Representatives from New York (1819-21), dies at 60
  • 1838-08-19 James Geddes, American Engineer (Erie Canal), dies at 75

William ClarkWilliam Clark (1770-1838)

1838-09-01 American explorer, soldier, Indian agent and territorial governor who led the Lewis and Clark Expedition of 1804-06 and claimed the Pacific Northwest for the United States, dies at 68

  • 1838-10-03 Black Hawk (chief), Leader of the Sauk Native American tribe (b. 1767)
  • 1839-04-01 Benjamin Pierce, American politician (b. 1757)
  • 1840-03-23 William Maclure, Scottish-American Geologist (first geological map), dies at 76

William Henry HarrisonWilliam Henry Harrison (1773-1841)

1841-04-04 9th President of the United States (Whig: March 4-April 4, 1841), dies of pneumonia and becomes 1st president to die in office

George ChildressGeorge Childress (1804-1841)

1841-10-06 American lawyer and statesman (author of Texas Declaration of Independence), commits suicide at 37

  • 1842-09-15 Francisco Morazán, 2nd President of The Federal Republic of Central America, dies at 50
  • 1843-01-11 Francis Scott Key, American lawyer, poet and composer of the lyrics to "Star Spangled Banner" dies at 63
  • 1843-04-17 Samuel Morey, American inventor (early internal combustion engines and was a pioneer in steamships), dies at 80

Noah WebsterNoah Webster (1758-1843)

1843-05-28 American lexicographer (Webster's Dictionary), dies at 84

  • 1844-05-18 Richard McCarty, American politician, dies at 64
  • 1845-03-18 Johnny Appleseed [John Chapman], American pioneer nurseryman (introduced apple trees to Pennsylvania, Ontario, Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois), dies at 70
  • 1846-01-05 Alfred Thomas Agate, American artist, dies at 33
  • 1846-04-04 Solomon Sibley, American senator from Michigan Territory (b. 1769)
  • 1848-08-15 Timothy Olmstead, early American composer, dies at 88
  • 1849-07-12 Dolley Madison, 4th First Lady Of The United States (b. 1768)
  • 1849-07-30 Jacob Perkins, American inventor (father of the refrigerator), dies at 83

Edgar Allan PoeEdgar Allan Poe (1809-1849)

1849-10-07 American writer, poet and critic (The Pit and the Pendulum) considered the inventor of the detective fiction genre (Murders in the Rue Morgue), dies in Baltimore at 40

  • 1849-10-16 George Washington Williams, 1st major African American historian, dies
  • 1850-03-03 Oliver Cowdery, American religious leader (Later Day Saint apostle), dies at 43
  • 1850-03-21 Miguel Pedrorena, American settler
  • 1850-03-28 Gerard C. Brandon, American politician (b. 1788)
  • 1850-04-12 Adoniram Judson, American Baptist missionary (b. 1788)
  • 1850-11-19 Richard Mentor Johnson, American politician (b. 1780)
  • 1851-05-22 Mordecai Manuel Noah, American writer, journalist (b. 1755)
  • 1851-09-10 Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet, American pioneer of educating the deaf, dies at 63
  • 1851-09-11 Sylvester Graham, American nutritionist and minister (Graham cracker) (b. 1794)

James Fenimore CooperJames Fenimore Cooper (1789-1851)

1851-09-14 1st major American novelist (The Last of the Mohicans), dies of dropsy at 61

  • 1852-04-09 John Howard Payne, American actor, playwright (Fair Warning), author and creator of the hit song "Home! Sweet Home!", dies at 60

Henry ClayHenry Clay (1777-1852)

1852-06-29 American politician known as "the Great Compromiser", dies of tuberculosis at 75

  • 1852-07-09 Thompson McKennan, American politician who served as the 2nd United States Secretary of the Interior, dies at 58
  • 1852-09-20 Philander Chase, American Episcopal Church bishop and founder of Kenyon College, dies at 76
  • 1853-04-13 James Iredell, Jr., American politician, dies at 64
  • 1854-01-18 Judah Touro, American philanthropist (Mount Sinai Hospital in NY), dies at 78
  • 1854-03-11 Willard Richards, American physician and religious leader, dies at 49
  • 1855-06-16 John Gorrie, American scientist and inventor (cold-air process of refrigeration), dies at 51
  • 1856-01-16 Thaddeus William Harris, American naturalist (b. 1795)
  • 1856-10-19 William Sprague III, American politician (U.S. Senator from Rhode Island 1842-44)), dies at 56
  • 1857-06-19 Alexander Twilight, American politician and minister, first African American to graduate and hold political office, dies at 61
  • 1857-07-04 William L. Marcy, American statesman, dies at 70
  • 1857-08-27 Rufus Wilmot Griswold, American poet, literary critic and editor, dies of tuberculosis at 42

Matthew C. PerryMatthew C. Perry (1794-1858)

1858-03-04 Commodore of the United States Navy who opened Japan to Western influence and trade, dies of rheumatism at 63

  • 1858-03-26 John Addison Thomas, American soldier and US Assistant Secretary of State, dies at 47
  • 1859-01-18 Alfred Vail, American inventor and early telegraph pioneer, dies at 51
  • 1859-01-29 Seth Thomas, American manufacturer and pioneer in the mass production of clocks, dies at 73

Horace MannHorace Mann (1796-1859)

1859-08-02 American educator, author and editor who pioneered public schools, dies at 63