United States of America in History (Part 20)

Historical Events


Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1901 - 2,000 of 9,757

  • 1915-01-14 Mark Goodson, American radio and TV game show producer, with Bill Todman ("I've Got A Secret"; "The Price Is Right"; "Password"), born in Sacramento, California (d. 1992)
  • 1915-01-19 Alvy West, American orchestra leader (Andy Williams Show), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2012)
  • 1915-01-21 Alan Hewitt, American actor (Det Brennan-My Favorite Martian), born in NYC, New York (d. 1986)
  • 1915-01-29 John Serry, Sr., American musician and arranger (d. 2003)
  • 1915-01-31 Alan Lomax, American ethno-musicologist, and folklorist (Library of Congress Archive of American Folk Song), born in Austin, Texas (d. 2002)

Thomas Merton

1915-01-31 Thomas Merton, French-American Catholic writer and Trappist monk (7 Story Mountain), born in Prades, Pyrénées-Orientales, France (d. 1968)

  • 1915-02-04 Ray Evans, American lyricist with Jay Livingston,born in Salamanca, New York (d. 2007)
  • 1915-02-07 Eddie Bracken, American actor (Summer Stock, Young & Willing), born in Astoria, New York (d. 2002)
  • 1915-02-11 Richard Hamming, American Mathematician and Computer Scientist (Hamming code), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1915-02-23 Jon Hall, American actor (Ramar of the Jungle), born in Fresno, California (d. 1979)
  • 1915-03-11 J. C. R. Licklider, American computer scientist and Internet pioneer (d. 1990)
  • 1915-03-17 Henry Bumstead, American art director (d. 2006)
  • 1915-03-19 Robert G. Cole, American Paratrooper of the 101st, 502nd division (d. 1944)
  • 1915-03-24 Gorgeous George, American professional wrestler (d. 1963)
  • 1915-03-27 Robert Lockwood Jr., American blues guitarist, born in Turkey Scratch, Arkansas (d. 2006)
  • 1915-04-07 Stanley Adams, American character actor (Star Trek - "Cyrano Jones"; Breakfast at Tiffany's; Lilies of the Field), born in NYC, New York (d. 1977)
  • 1915-04-12 Hound Dog Taylor [Theodore Roosevelt], American Chicago blues guitarist and singer, born in Natchez, Mississippi (d. 1975)
  • 1915-04-16 Joan Alexander [Louise Abrass], American actress (The New Adventures of Superman, The Tales of Hoffmann), born in St. Paul, Minnesota (d. 2009)
  • 1915-04-17 Joe Foss, American fighter ace, football executive (Medal of Honor-1943; first commissioner American Football League) and politician, born in Sioux Falls, South Dakota (d. 2003)
  • 1915-04-18 Joy Davidman, American poet, writer and wife of C. S. Lewis, born in NYC, New York (d. 1960)
  • 1915-04-26 Johnny Shines, American delta blues singer and guitarist, born in Memphis, Tenneessee (d. 1992)
  • 1915-05-01 Archie Williams, American athlete (Olympic gold 400m 1936), born in Oakland, California (d. 1993)
  • 1915-05-02 Doris Fisher, American singer and songwriter ("Tutti Frutti"; "You Always Hurt the One You Love": "Tampico"), born in NYC, New York (d. 2003)
  • 1915-05-05 Alice Faye [Leppert], American actress and singer (Hello, Frisco, Hello; Fallen Angel; Stowaway), born in NYC, New York (d. 1998)

Orson Welles

1915-05-06 Orson Welles, American actor and director (Citizen Kane, War of the Worlds), born in Kenosha, Wisconsin (d. 1985)

  • 1915-05-12 Mary Kay Ash, American businesswoman, founded Mary Kay Cosmetics (d. 2001)
  • 1915-05-15 Bill Williams [Herman Wilhelm Katt], American actor (The Adventures of Kit Carson; Date With the Angels), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1992)
  • 1915-05-18 Leon Shenandoah, native American leader (Iroquois Confederacy) (d. 1996)
  • 1915-05-26 Sam Edwards, American actor (Captain Midnight, Twelve O'Clock High), born in Macon, Georgia (d. 2004)
  • 1915-05-28 Joseph Greenberg, American linguist (d. 2001)
  • 1915-06-09 Les Paul [Polsfuss], American guitarist (How High The Moon), songwriter and inventor (solid-body electric guitar), born in Waukesha, Wisconsin (d. 2009)

Saul Bellow

1915-06-10 Saul Bellow, Canadian-born American author (Mr Sammler's Planet, Nobel 1976), born in Lachine, Quebec (d. 2005)

  • 1915-06-11 Nicholas Metropolis, Greek-American mathematician, physicist and computer scientist, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1999)
  • 1915-06-16 John Tukey, American statistician (d. 2000)
  • 1915-06-19 Julius Schwartz, American editor and agent (d. 2004)
  • 1915-06-26 Charlotte Zolotow, American author and publisher of children's books (When the Wind Stops), born in Norfolk, Virginia (d. 2013)
  • 1915-06-26 Paul Castellano, American organized-crime chief, born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1985)
  • 1915-06-28 David "Honeyboy" Edwards, American delta blues guitarist, born in Shaw, Mississippi (d. 2011)
  • 1915-07-01 Joseph Ransohoff, American neurosurgeon and pioneer in the modern neurosurgery, born in Cincinnati, Ohio (d. 2001)
  • 1915-07-01 Willie Dixon, American blues musician ("Hoochie Coochie Man"), born in Vicksburg, Mississippi (d. 1992)
  • 1915-07-05 John Woodruff, American athlete (Olympic gold 1936), born in Connellsville, Pennsylvania (d. 2007)
  • 1915-07-28 Charles Hard Townes, American Physicist and inventor (Nobel Prize 1964 for mazer-lazer principle), born in Greenville, South Carolina (d. 2015)
  • 1915-08-02 Gary Merrill, American actor (Young Dr. Kildare (TV series); All About Eve), born in Hartford, Connecticut (d. 1990)
  • 1915-08-04 Warren Avis, American entrepreneur (Avis Rent a Car System), born in Bay City, Michigan (d. 2007)
  • 1915-08-08 Jumbo Elliott, American track coach (d. 1981)
  • 1915-08-12 Michael Kidd, American choreographer and dancer, born in NYC, New York (d. 2007)
  • 1915-08-19 Ring Lardner Jr, American journalist and screenwriter (Woman of the Year, M A S H), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1915-08-22 David Dellinger, American social rights and peace movement leader, born in Wakefield, Massachusetts (d. 2004)
  • 1915-08-28 Tasha Tudor, American illustrator and children's books author (Pumpkin Moonshine, Corgiville Fair), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 2008)
  • 1915-08-29 Nathan Pritikin, American nutritionist and inventor, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1985)
  • 1915-08-30 Robert Strassburg, American composer, conductor and educator (Leaves of Grass: A Choral Symphony), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2003)
  • 1915-09-02 Benjamin Aaron, American labor law expert (d. 2007)
  • 1915-09-03 Memphis Slim [John Len Chatman], American blues musician ("Every Day I Have the Blues"), born in Memphis, Tennessee (d. 1988)

Ethel Rosenberg

1915-09-25 Ethel Rosenberg, American communist, born in New York City, New York (d. 1953)

  • 1915-09-29 Vincent DeDomenico, American entrepreneur (Rice-A-Roni), born in San Francisco, California (d. 2007)
  • 1915-10-03 Ray Stark, American stage and film producer, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2004)
  • 1915-10-09 Clifford M. Hardin, American politician (17th U.S. Secretary of Agriculture), born in Knightstown, Indiana (d. 2010)
  • 1915-10-24 Bob Kane, American comic artist and Batman co-creator, born in NYC, New York (d. 1998)
  • 1915-10-24 Roger Milliken, American millionaire (CEO of Milliken & Company), born in NYC, New York (d. 2010)
  • 1915-10-30 Fred W. Friendly, American journalist and broadcast executive, born in NYC, New York (d. 1998)
  • 1915-11-02 Sidney Luft, American movie director, born in NYC, New York (d. 2005)
  • 1915-11-07 Philip Morrison, American physicist, born in Somerville, New Jersey (d. 2005)
  • 1915-11-29 Billy Strayhorn, American pianist, arranger, and composer (Duke Ellington Orchestra -- "Take The 'A' Train"), born in Dayton, Ohio (d. 1967)
  • 1915-11-30 (Walter) "Brownie" McGhee, American folk music and Piedmont blues singer and guitarist, born in Knoxville, Tennessee (d. 1996)
  • 1915-12-02 Randolph Apperson Hearst, American newspaper publisher (Hearst Newspapers) (d. 2000)
  • 1915-12-07 Eli Wallach, American actor (Magnificent 7, The Misfits, People Next Door), born in Brooklyn New York, (d. 2014)
  • 1915-12-08 Ernest Lehman, American screenwriter (North by Northwest), born in NYC, New York (d. 2005)

Frank Sinatra

1915-12-12 Frank Sinatra, American singer (Strangers in the Night, My Way) and actor (From Here to Eternity) known as 'old blue eyes', born in Hoboken, New Jersey (d. 1998)

  • 1915-12-14 Daniel "Dan" Dailey, American dancer and actor (You're My Everything, Governor & J.J.), born in NYC, New York (d. 1978)
  • 1915-12-16 Melvin "Turk" Murphy, American Dixieland jazz trombonist, born in Palermo, California (d. 1987)
  • 1915-12-22 Barbara Billingsley, American actress (Leave it to Beaver), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 2010)
  • 1916-01-03 Bernard Greenhouse, American cellist (Beaux Arts Trio), born in Newark, New Jersey (d. 2011)
  • 1916-01-04 Lionel Newman, American film music composer (Peyton Place), born in New Haven, Connecticut (d. 1989)
  • 1916-01-09 Vic Mizzy, American composer (Green Acres and The Addams Family themes), and bandleader, born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2009)
  • 1916-01-12 Jay McShann, American jazz pianist & bandleader, born in Muskogee, Oklahoma (d. 2006)
  • 1916-01-23 David Douglas Duncan, American photo-journalist best known for his war photography, born in Kansas City, Missouri (d. 2018)
  • 1916-01-24 Jack Brickhouse, American sports broadcaster, born in Peoria, Illinois (d. 1998)
  • 1916-02-15 Mary Jane Croft, American actress (Our Miss Brooks: The Lucy Show), born in Muncie, Indiana (d. 1999)
  • 1916-02-26 (John Herbert) "Jackie" Gleason, American comedian, (The Jackie Gleason Show; The Honeymooners), actor (Requiem For A Heavyweight; The Hustler), composer, and conductor (Music for Lovers Only), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1987)
  • 1916-03-08 John W. Seybold, American economist and computer typesetting pioneer, born in Newburgh, Indiana (d. 2004)
  • 1916-03-14 Horton Foote, American author, playwright and screenwriter
  • 1916-03-16 Mercedes McCambridge, American actress (All the King's Men, The Exorcist, Giant), born in Joliet, Illinois (d. 2004)
  • 1916-03-24 Donald Hamilton, Swedish-American novelist (d. 2006)
  • 1916-03-26 Vic Schoen, American arranger, composer, and orchestra leader (The Andrews Sisters: Dinah Shore; Patti Page), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2000)

Eugene McCarthy

1916-03-29 Eugene McCarthy, American politician (Sen-D-Minn) and presidential candidate, born in Watkins, Minnesota (d. 2005)

  • 1916-03-31 John H. Wood, Jr., American federal judge (d. 1979)
  • 1916-03-31 Lucille Bliss, American voice actress (Cinderella, The Secret of NIMH), born in NYC, New York (d. 2012)

Gregory Peck

1916-04-05 Gregory Peck, American actor (To Kill a Mockingbird, MacArthur), born in San Diego, California (d. 2003)

  • 1916-04-07 Anthony Caruso, American actor (d. 2003)
  • 1916-04-12 Benjamin Libet, American scientist (human consciousness), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2007)
  • 1916-04-12 Beverly Cleary, American Newberry Medal winning writer of children's and young adult fiction (Ramona series, 1955-99), born in McMinnville, Oregon (d. 2021)
  • 1916-04-13 Phyllis Fraser [Helen Brown Nichols], American actress, journalist, and co-founder of Beginner Books, born in Kansas City, Missouri (d. 2006)
  • 1916-04-15 Alfred S. Bloomingdale, American businessman and heir to the Bloomingdale's department store, born in NYC, New York (d. 1982)
  • 1916-04-26 Vic Perrin, American radio and television actor (Dragnet), and screenwriter (Gunsmoke), born in Menomonee Falls, Wisconsin (d. 1989)
  • 1916-05-14 Del Moore, American comedian and actor (Life With Elizabeth; Bachelor Father - "Cal"; Cinderfella),, born in Pensacola, Florida (d. 1970)
  • 1916-05-26 Moondog [Louis Thomas Hardin], American composer, musician and poet, born in Marysville, Kansas (d. 1999)
  • 1916-06-04 Robert F. Furchgott, American pharmacologist (co-winner Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, 1998), and educator, born in Charleston, South Carolina (d. 2009)
  • 1916-06-14 Dorothy McGuire, American actress (Gentlemen's Agreement, Old Yeller, Summer Magic), born in Omaha, Nebraska (d. 2001)
  • 1916-06-22 Johnny Jacobs, American television announcer (d. 1982)

Famous Weddings


Famous Divorces


Famous Deaths

Deaths 1901 - 2,000 of 4,916

  • 1996-01-16 Marcia Davenport, American author and music critic (b. 1903)
  • 1996-01-17 Amber Hagerman, American namesake of the Amber Alert system (b. 1986)
  • 1996-02-16 (Walter) "Brownie" McGhee, American folk music and Piedmont blues singer and guitarist, dies at 80
  • 1996-02-20 Solomon Asch, American psychologist (b. 1907)
  • 1996-03-03 Meyer Schapiro, Lithuanian-born American art historian, dies at 91
  • 1996-03-09 George Burns, American comedian, actor and singer (Burns and Allen), dies at 100
  • 1996-03-16 Charlie Barnett, American actor and comedian, dies of AIDS at 41
  • 1996-03-17 Terry Stafford, American singer (b. 1941)
  • 1996-03-22 Don Murray, American drummer (The Turtles), dies from post-operative complications at 50
  • 1996-04-03 Carl Stokes, first African American mayor of a major US city (Cleveland), dies at 68
  • 1996-04-03 Ron Brown, American politician (US Secretary of Commerce, 1993-96; Democratic Party Chairman, 1989-93), dies in an air crash approaching Dubrovnik, Croatia, at 54
  • 1996-04-04 (Henry) "Barney" Ewell, American track and field athlete (Olympics, 1948 - gold and 2 silver), dies at 78
  • 1996-04-22 Erma Bombeck, American humorist (The Grass is Greener over the Septic Tank), dies at 69
  • 1996-04-22 Harold "Jug" McSpaden, American golfer, course designer (17 PGA Tour wins), dies of carbon monoxide poisoning at 87
  • 1996-04-25 Saul Bass, American graphic designer of logos and film titles (Psycho), dies at 75
  • 1996-05-08 Garth Williams, American illustrator (Charlotte's Web), dies at 84
  • 1996-05-15 Charles B. Fulton, American jurist (b. 1910)
  • 1996-05-18 Kevin Gilbert, American singer, composer and instrumentalist (Toy Matinee; Tuesday Night Music Club), dies of accidental asphyxiation at 29
  • 1996-05-23 Scott Fischer, American high altitude climber, dies of exposure on Mount Everest at 40
  • 1996-05-25 Bradley Nowell, American ska musician (Sublime), dies of a heroin overdose at 28
  • 1996-06-16 Mel Allen, American sportscaster (NY Yankees), dies at 83
  • 1996-06-17 Thomas Kuhn, American philosopher of science (paradigm shift), dies at 73
  • 1996-06-22 Arthur "T-Boy" Ross, American songwriter, brother of Diana, found murdered at 47
  • 1996-07-06 Kathy Ahern, American golfer (Women's PGA C'ship 1972), dies of breast cancer at 47
  • 1996-07-17 Chris Komar, American dancer, dies of aids at 48
  • 1996-07-22 Leon Shenandoah, Native American leader (Leader Of the Iroquois Confederacy), dies at 81
  • 1996-07-29 Jason Thirsk, American punk rock bassist (Pennywise) dies of an accidental self-inflicted gunshot at 28

Claudette Colbert

1996-07-30 Claudette Colbert, French-born American actress (It Happened One Night, Texas Lady), dies of a stroke at 93

  • 1996-07-31 Seagram Miller, American rapper (b. 1970)

Tupac Shakur

1996-09-13 Tupac Shakur, American rapper and actor (Juice, Bullet), dies of internal bleeding after a drive-by shooting at 25

  • 1996-09-28 Bob Gibson, American folk musician, dies at 64
  • 1996-11-02 Eva Cassidy, American singer, dies of cancer at 33
  • 1996-11-13 Bill Doggett, American jazz and blues musician (Honky Tonk), dies from a heart attack at 80
  • 1996-11-22 Mark Lenard, American actor (Sarek-Star Trek), dies of cancer at 72
  • 1996-11-29 Dan Flavin, American minimalist sculptor, dies at 63
  • 1996-12-09 Patty Donahue, American new wave rock singer (The Waitresses - "I Know What Boys Like"; "Christmas Wrapping), dies of lung cancer at 40
  • 1997-01-03 Roger Goeb, American composer, dies at 82
  • 1997-01-06 Catherine Scorsese [Cappa], Italian-American actress (The King of Comedy, Goodfellas, Cape Fear), dies from Alzheimer's disease at 84
  • 1997-01-22 Ron Holden, American singer (b. 1939)
  • 1997-01-26 Jeane Dixon, American astrologer (b. 1904)
  • 1997-01-27 Gerald Marks, American songwriter ("All of Me"), dies at 96
  • 1997-02-02 Sanford Meisner, American actor and teacher, dies at 91
  • 1997-02-16 Chien-Shiung Wu, Chinese-American experimental physicist (conduced the Wu experiment) dies at 84
  • 1997-02-17 Zein Isa, Palestinian militant imprisoned in the United States for the honor killing of his daughter
  • 1997-02-18 Emily Hahn, American writer, dies at 92
  • 1997-02-20 Zachary Breaux, American jazz guitarist, dies of a heart attack while trying to save a distressed swimmer in Miami Beach at 36
  • 1997-02-22 Joseph Aiuppa, American gangster (b. 1907)
  • 1997-03-04 Carey Loftin, American actor (Duel, The French Connection), dies at 83
  • 1997-03-04 Robert H. Dicke, American physicist (b. 1916)
  • 1997-03-05 Samm Sinclair Baker, American diet author (b. 1909)
  • 1997-03-07 E. H. Bronner, German-American soap magnate (b. 1908)
  • 1997-03-09 The Notorious B.I.G. [Christopher Wallace], American rapper (Life After Death), shot dead in a drive-by shooting in Los Angeles at 24
  • 1997-03-20 Tony Zale, American boxer (World Middleweight Champion 1940-47, 48), dies at 83
  • 1997-03-24 Martin Caidin, American aviation writer, dies at 69
  • 1997-03-26 Marshall Applewhite, American cult leader (Heaven's Gate), dies leading a mass suicide at 65
  • 1997-04-13 Dorothy Frooks, American author & military figure, dies at 101
  • 1997-04-17 Allan Francovich, American documentarian
  • 1997-04-19 El Duce [Eldon Wayne Hoke], American singer and drummer (The Mentors), dies from a "misadventure" on a train-track at 39
  • 1997-04-29 Keith Ferguson, American blues-rock bassist (Fabulous Thunderbirds), dies of liver failure due to heroin use at 50
  • 1997-05-16 Elbridge Durbrow, American diplomat (b. 1903)
  • 1997-05-18 Bridgette Andersen, American actress, dies at 21
  • 1997-05-22 A. D. Hershey, American biologist, worked with bacteriophages (Nobel 1969), dies at 88
  • 1997-05-29 George Fenneman, American radio and TV announcer (You Bet Your Life), dies at 77
  • 1997-05-29 Jeff Buckley, American musician and singer ("Hallelujah"), drowns at 30
  • 1997-05-31 James Bennett Griffin, American archaeologist, dies at 92
  • 1997-06-03 Dennis James, American television personality (b. 1917)
  • 1997-06-14 Tesslynn O'Cull, American child abuse victim (b. 1995)
  • 1997-06-29 William Hickey, American actor (Prizzi's Honor, The Nightmare Before Christmas), dies of emphysema at 69
  • 1997-07-05 Mrs. Miller, American singer (A Lover's Missouri), dies at 89
  • 1997-07-24 William J. Brennan, Jr. American Supreme Court judge (1956-90), dies at 91
  • 1997-08-10 Conlon Nancarrow, American composer (Soundings 4), dies at 84
  • 1997-08-20 Norris Bradbury, American physicist (b. 1909)
  • 1997-09-11 Hannah Weiner, American experimental poet, dies at 68
  • 1997-09-12 Janet Leach, American potter, dies at 79
  • 1997-09-19 Rich Mullins, American contemporary Christian music singer and songwriter, dies in a car accident at 41
  • 1997-09-21 Jennifer Holt, American actress (b. 1920)
  • 1997-09-27 Walter Trampler, American violist (Beaux Arts Trio), dies at 82
  • 1997-10-01 Jerome H. Lemelson, American inventor, (held more than 600 patents), dies at 74
  • 1997-10-05 Brian Pillman, American professional wrestler, dies at 35
  • 1997-10-08 Bertrand Goldberg, American architect (b. 1913)
  • 1997-10-08 Robin Lee, American figure skater, dies at 77

John Denver

1997-10-12 (Henry) John Denver [Deutschendorf], American pop songwriter ("Leaving On A Jet Plane"), country-pop singer ("Sunshine On My Shoulders"; "Calypso"; "Thank God I'm A Country Boy"), and actor (Oh, God!), dies in a solo plane crash at 53

  • 1997-10-23 Luther George Simjian, Turkish-American Inventor (teleprompter and first self-posing portrait camera), dies at 92
  • 1997-10-28 Paul Jarrico, American screenwriter (b. 1915)
  • 1997-10-29 Anton LaVey, American founder of the Church of Satan, dies at 67
  • 1997-11-05 James Robert Baker, American novelist, screenwriter (b. 1946)
  • 1997-11-10 Tommy Tedesco, American jazz and Los Angeles session guitarist (Wrecking Crew; Lalo Schifrin), dies of lung cancer at 67
  • 1997-11-11 Rodney Milburn, American athlete (Olympic gold 110m hurdles 1972), dies in a work accident at 49
  • 1997-11-13 Dawud M. Mu'Min, American murderer (b. 1953)
  • 1997-11-29 Coleman Young, 1st African American mayor of Detroit, dies at 79
  • 1997-12-19 Jimmy Rogers, American blues musician (Muddy Waters' Band) dies at 73
  • 1997-12-27 Brendan Gill, American critic (The New Yorker), dies at 83
  • 1998-01-04 Mae Questel, American vaudeville, screen and voice actress (Olive Oyl; Betty Boop), dies from complications of Alzheimer's disease at 89
  • 1998-01-05 Ken Forssi, American musician (Love) (b. 1943)
  • 1998-01-07 Owen Bradley, American pop country music record producer (Patsy Cline; Loretta Lynn; Conway Twitty), dies at 82
  • 1998-01-07 Richard Hamming, American Mathematician and Computer Scientist (Hamming code), dies of a heat attack at 82
  • 1998-01-15 Junior Wells, American blues singer ("In My Younger Days"), dies at 63
  • 1998-01-20 Bobo Brazil [Houston Harris], American professional wrestler, dies at 73
  • 1998-01-21 Jack Lord, American actor (Hawaii FIVE-O), dies at 77
  • 1998-01-30 Richard Cassilly, American tenor, dies at 70