United States of America in History (Part 21)

Historical Events


Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 2001 - 2,100 of 10,084

  • 1916-03-31 Lucille Bliss, American voice actress (Cinderella, The Secret of NIMH), born in NYC, New York (d. 2012)
  • 1916-03-31 John H. Wood, Jr., American federal judge (d. 1979)

Person of interestGregory Peck

1916-04-05 Gregory Peck, American actor (To Kill a Mockingbird, MacArthur), born in San Diego, California (d. 2003)

  • 1916-04-07 Anthony Caruso, American actor (d. 2003)
  • 1916-04-12 Beverly Cleary, American writer (Ramona and her Mother), born in McMinnville, Oregon
  • 1916-04-12 Benjamin Libet, American scientist (human consciousness), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2007)
  • 1916-04-13 Phyllis Fraser [Helen Brown Nichols], American actress, journalist, and co-founder of Beginner Books, born in Kansas City, Missouri (d. 2006)
  • 1916-04-15 Alfred S. Bloomingdale, American businessman (d. 1982)
  • 1916-04-24 Lou Thesz, American professional wrestler, born in Banat, Michigan (d. 2002)
  • 1916-04-26 Vic Perrin, American actor (d. 1989)
  • 1916-05-14 Del Moore, American comedian and actor (Cal-Bachelor Father), born in Pensacola, Florida (d. 1970)
  • 1916-05-15 Bill Williams, American actor (Starlit Time, Date With the Angels), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1916-05-26 Moondog, American composer, musician and poet (d. 1999)
  • 1916-06-04 Robert Furchgott, Charleston South Carolina, American Chemist and Nobel Laureate
  • 1916-06-14 Dorothy McGuire, American actress (Gentlemen's Agreement, Old Yeller, Summer Magic), born in Omaha, Nebraska (d. 2001)
  • 1916-06-22 Johnny Jacobs, American television announcer (d. 1982)
  • 1916-06-29 Ruth Warrick, American actress and singer (Citizen Kane, All My Children), born in Saint Joseph, Missouri (d. 2005)

Person of interestTiny Grimes

1916-07-07 Lloyd "Tiny" Grimes, American jazz and R&B guitarist (Art Tatum), born in Newport News, Virginia (d. 1989)

Jazz Guitarist Tiny Grimes
Jazz Guitarist
Tiny Grimes
  • 1916-07-29 Charlie Christian, American jazz guitarist (d. 1942)
  • 1916-07-29 Budd Boetticher, American film director (d. 2001)
  • 1916-07-30 Dick Wilson, British-American actor, born in Preston, Lancashire, England (d. 2007)
  • 1916-08-16 Iggy Katona, American race car driver, born in Toledo, Ohio (d. 2003)
  • 1916-08-24 Hal Smith, American actor (The Andy Griffith Show-Otis Campbell), born in Petoskey, Michigan (d. 1994)
  • 1916-09-05 Frank Yerby, American novelist (The Foxes of Harrow), born in Augusta, Georgia (d. 1991)

Person of interestEd Sabol

1916-09-11 Ed Sabol, American filmmaker (NFL Films), born in Atlantic City, New Jersey (d. 2015)

American Filmmaker and Founder of NFL Films Ed Sabol
American Filmmaker and Founder of NFL Films
Ed Sabol
  • 1916-09-12 Tony Bettenhausen, American race car driver, born in Tinley Park, Illinois (d. 1961)
  • 1916-09-17 Oswald Garrison Villard Jr., American Engineer (electronics) who invented the over-the-horizon radar that could detect objects thousands of miles away and peer around the Earth's curvature, born in Dobbs Ferry, New York
  • 1916-09-27 Frank Handlen, American artist
  • 1916-10-03 Shelby Storck, American television producer, born in Kansas City, Missouri (d. 1969)
  • 1916-10-04 George Sidney, American film director (d. 2002)
  • 1916-10-12 Alice Childress, American playwright, actress and writer, born in Charleston, South Carolina (d. 1994)
  • 1916-11-20 Evelyn Keyes, American actress (Adventure of Martin Eden), born in Port Arthur, Texas (d. 2008)
  • 1916-11-27 Chick Hearn, American NBA broadcaster (called 3,338 LA Lakers games), born in Aurora, Illinois (d. 2002)
  • 1916-11-29 Frances "Fran" Ryan, American actress (Stripes, The Long Riders), born n Los Angeles, California (d. 2000)
  • 1916-12-04 Ely Jacques Kahn, Jr., American writer (d. 1994)
  • 1916-12-06 Hugo Peretti, American songwriter and record producer (d. 1986)
  • 1916-12-08 Richard Fleischer, American film director (d. 2006)

Person of interestKirk Douglas

1916-12-09 Kirk Douglas [Issur Danielovitch], American actor (Gunfight at OK Corral), born in Amsterdam, New York

  • 1917-01-01 Jule Gregory Charney, American meteorologist (d. 1981)
  • 1917-01-03 Roger W. Straus, Jr., American publisher (d. 2004)

Person of interestJane Wyman

1917-01-05 Jane Wyman, American actress (Magnificent Obsession) and 1st wife of Ronald Reagan, born in Saint Joseph, Missouri (d. 2007)

Actress Jane Wyman
Actress
Jane Wyman
  • 1917-02-21 Lucille Bremer, American actress and dancer (Meet Me in St. Louis, Ziegfeld Follies), born in Amsterdam, New York (d. 1996)
  • 1917-02-22 Jane Bowles, American writer, born in NYC, New York (d. 1973)
  • 1917-02-25 Brenda Joyce [Betty Graffina Leabo], American actress (Tarzan, The Rains Came), born in Excelsior Springs, Missouri (d. 2009)
  • 1917-03-01 Robert Lowell, American poet/pacifist (Lord Weary's Castle, Near the Ocean), born in Boston, Massachusetts

Person of interestDesi Arnaz

1917-03-02 Desi Arnaz, Cuban-American actor (Ricky Ricardo-I Love Lucy), born in Santiago de Cuba (d. 1986)

Actor Desi Arnaz
Actor
Desi Arnaz
  • 1917-03-02 David Goodis, American writer (d. 1967)
  • 1917-03-06 Will Eisner, American illustrator and cartoonist (d. 2005)
  • 1917-03-10 Frank Perconte, American sergeant from Easy Company during WWII.
  • 1917-03-11 Robert L Carter, Caryville, Florida, American civil rights activist and judge (Brown v. Board of Education, NAACP v. Alabama) (d. 2012)
  • 1917-03-23 H C Allen, American historian
  • 1917-03-29 Man o' War, American thoroughbred racehorse (winner of 20 out of 21 races & $249,465) (d. 1947)
  • 1917-04-09 Brad Dexter [Boris Milanovich], American actor (Macao, The Magnificent Seven), born in Goldfield, Nevada (d. 2002)
  • 1917-04-11 David Westheimer, American novelist (Von Ryan's Express), born in Houston, Texas (d. 2005)
  • 1917-04-12 Helen Forrest, American singer of traditional pop and swing music, born in Atlantic City, New Jersey (d. 1999)
  • 1917-04-14 Marvin Miller, American baseball executive (Major League Baseball Players Association 1966-1982), born in NYC, New York (d. 2012)
  • 1917-04-16 Barry Nelson, American actor, first actor to play James Bond, born in San Francisco, California (d. 2007)
  • 1917-04-17 Bill Clements, American politician, Governor of Texas (1987-91), born in Dallas, Texas (d. 2011)

Person of interestElla Fitzgerald

1917-04-25 Ella Fitzgerald, American jazz singer (Is it live or Memorex), born in Newport News, Virginia (d. 1996)

Jazz Musician Ella Fitzgerald
Jazz Musician
Ella Fitzgerald
  • 1917-04-29 Celeste Holm, American actress (Gentleman's Agreement, All About Eve), born in NYC, New York (d. 2012)
  • 1917-04-29 Maya Deren (born Eleanora Derenkowskaia), American filmmaker , born in Kiev, Ukraine
  • 1917-05-03 Betty Comden, American lyricist, born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2006)
  • 1917-05-06 Kal Mann, American lyricist (d. 2001)
  • 1917-05-14 Lou Harrison, American composer (La Koro Sutro), born in Portland, Oregon (d. 2003)
  • 1917-05-22 Nathan Davis, American actor (Dunston Checks In, Holes, Code of Silence), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2008)
  • 1917-05-22 Daniel Nagrin, American modern dancer and choreographer
  • 1917-05-23 Edward Norton Lorenz, American mathematician and meteorologist, born in West Hartford, Connecticut (d. 2008)
  • 1917-05-28 Papa John Creach, Beaver Falls, Pennsylvania, American blues violinist (Hot Tuna, Jefferson Airplane)
  • 1917-06-01 William S. Knowles, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate, (d. 2012)
  • 1917-06-04 Robert Merrill [Moishe Miller], American operatic baritone and actor (NY Metropolitan Opera), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2004)
  • 1917-06-06 Kirk Kerkorian, American CEO and "father of the mega-resort" (MGM, UA), born in Fresno, California (d. 2015)
  • 1917-06-07 Dean Martin [Dino Paul Crocetti], American singer and actor (Martin and Lewis, The Dean Martin Show), born in Steubenville, Ohio (d. 1995)
  • 1917-06-16 Irving Penn, American photographer
  • 1917-06-28 Katherine Rawls, American swimming champion (d. 1982)
  • 1917-06-30 Lena Horne, American actress, singer (Stormy Weather, Wiz), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1917-07-07 Woodrow Wilson "Red" Sovine, American country music singer, born in Charleston, West Virginia (d. 1980)

Person of interestPhyllis Diller

1917-07-17 Phyllis Diller, American comedienne and actress (Boy, Did I Get a Wrong Number), born in Lima, Ohio (d. 2012)

Comedienne and Actress Phyllis Diller
Comedienne and Actress
Phyllis Diller
  • 1917-07-30 Eddy Grove, American actor (Dragnet, The Silent Service, Medic), born in NYC, New York (d. 1995)
  • 1917-08-23 Tex Williams, American country-western singer, born in Ramsey, Illinois (d. 1985)
  • 1917-08-25 Mel Ferrer, American actor (Longest Day, Eaten Alive, 5th Floor), born in Elberon, New Jersey (d. 2008)

Person of interestJack Kirby

1917-08-28 Jack Kirby, American cartoonist (X-Men, Spider-Man, Hulk, Capt America), born in NYC, New York (d. 1994)

Comic Book Artist and Writer Jack Kirby
Comic Book Artist and Writer
Jack Kirby
  • 1917-09-11 Jessica "Decca" Mitford, English author (American Way of Death), activist and one of the Mitford sisters, born in Gloucestershire (d. 1996)
  • 1917-09-27 William T. Orr, American television producer (d. 2002)

Person of interestBuddy Rich

1917-09-30 Buddy Rich, American jazz drummer and band leader (Buddy Rich Band-Away We Go), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1987)

Jazz Drummer/Band Leader Buddy Rich
Jazz Drummer/Band Leader
Buddy Rich
  • 1917-10-08 Billy Conn, American boxer, born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1993)
  • 1917-10-08 Walter Lord, American author (A Night to Remember), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 2002)
  • 1917-10-10 Thelonious Monk, American jazz pianist and composer, born in Rocky Mount, North Carolina (d. 1982)
  • 1917-10-16 Alice Pearce, American comedienne and actress (On the Town, Bewitched), born in NYC, New York (d. 1966)
  • 1917-10-17 Sumner Locke Elliott, Australian-born American novelist (d. 1991)

Person of interestJoan Fontaine

1917-10-22 Joan Fontaine, British-American actress (Gunga Din, Ivanhoe, Rebecca), born in Tokyo, Japan (d. 2013)

Actress Joan Fontaine
Actress
Joan Fontaine
  • 1917-10-25 Lee MacPhail, American Baseball Hall of Fame executive (AL President), born in Nashville, Tennessee (d. 2012)
  • 1917-10-26 Mario Biaggi, American politician (Rep-D&R-NY, 1969-88), born in New York (d. 2015)
  • 1917-10-28 Jack Soo [Goro Suzuki], Japanese-American actor (Flower Drum Song, Barney Miller), born in Oakland, California (d. 1979)
  • 1917-11-06 Edgar Whitcomb, American politician and Governor of Indiana (1969-73), born in Hayden, Indiana (d. 2016)
  • 1917-11-07 Howard Rumsey, American jazz musician (Lighthouse Cafe), born in Brawley, California (d. 2015)
  • 1917-12-02 Sylvia Syms, American jazz singer (Hello Dolly, Dream Girl, Them There Eyes), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1992)
  • 1917-12-06 Irv Robbins, Canadian-American entrepreneur (d. 2008)
  • 1917-12-09 James Rainwater, American physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1986)
  • 1917-12-13 John Hart, American actor (The Lone Ranger, The Adventures of Captain Africa), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 2009)
  • 1917-12-14 June Taylor, American choreographer (d. 2004)

Famous Weddings


Famous Divorces


Famous Deaths

Deaths 2001 - 2,100 of 5,015

  • 1997-05-29 George Fenneman, American radio and TV announcer (You Bet Your Life), dies at 77
  • 1997-05-29 Jeff Buckley, American musician and singer ( "Hallelujah"), drowns at 30
  • 1997-05-31 James Bennett Griffin, American archaeologist (b. 1905)
  • 1997-06-03 Dennis James, American television personality (b. 1917)
  • 1997-06-14 Tesslynn O'Cull, American child abuse victim (b. 1995)
  • 1997-06-29 William Hickey, American actor (Prizzi's Honor, The Nightmare Before Christmas), dies of emphysema at 69
  • 1997-07-05 Mrs. Miller, American singer (A Lover's Missouri), dies at 89
  • 1997-07-24 William J. Brennan, Jr. American Supreme Court judge (1956-90), dies at 91
  • 1997-08-10 Conlon Nancarrow, American composer (Soundings 4), dies at 84
  • 1997-08-20 Norris Bradbury, American physicist (b. 1909)
  • 1997-09-11 Hannah Weiner, American experimental poet, dies at 68
  • 1997-09-12 Janet Leach, American potter, dies at 79
  • 1997-09-19 Rich Mullins, American singer (b. 1955)
  • 1997-09-21 Jennifer Holt, American actress (b. 1920)
  • 1997-09-27 Walter Trampler, American violist (Beaux Arts Trio), dies at 82
  • 1997-10-01 Jerome H. Lemelson, American inventor, (held more than 600 patents), dies at 74
  • 1997-10-05 Brian Pillman, American professional wrestler (b. 1962)
  • 1997-10-08 Bertrand Goldberg, American architect (b. 1913)
  • 1997-10-08 Robin Lee, American figure skater, dies at 77

Person of interestJohn Denver

1997-10-12 John Denver, American country music star (Country Boy), dies in a plane crash at 53

Country Singer John Denver
Country Singer
John Denver
  • 1997-10-23 Luther George Simjian, Turkish-American Inventor (teleprompter and first self-posing portrait camera), dies at 92
  • 1997-10-28 Paul Jarrico, American screenwriter (b. 1915)
  • 1997-10-29 Anton LaVey, American founder of the Church of Satan, dies at 67
  • 1997-11-05 James Robert Baker, American novelist, screenwriter (b. 1946)
  • 1997-11-10 Tommy Tedesco, American musician (b. 1930)
  • 1997-11-11 Rodney Milburn, American athlete (b. 1950)
  • 1997-11-13 Dawud M. Mu'Min, American murderer (b. 1953)
  • 1997-11-29 Coleman Young, 1st African American mayor of Detroit, dies at 79
  • 1997-12-02 Michael Hedges, American guitarist known for originality (b. 1953)
  • 1997-12-19 Jimmy Rogers, American blues musician (Muddy Waters' Band) dies at 73
  • 1997-12-27 Brendan Gill, American critic (The New Yorker), dies at 83
  • 1998-01-04 Mae Questel, American actress (b. 1908)
  • 1998-01-05 Ken Forssi, American musician (Love) (b. 1943)
  • 1998-01-07 Owen Bradley, American record producer (b. 1915)
  • 1998-01-07 Richard Hamming, American Mathematician and Computer Scientist (Hamming code), dies of a heat attack at 82
  • 1998-01-15 Junior Wells, American blues musician, dies at 63
  • 1998-01-20 Bobo Brazil [Houston Harris], American professional wrestler, dies at 73
  • 1998-01-21 Jack Lord, American actor (Hawaii FIVE-O), dies at 77
  • 1998-01-30 Richard Cassilly, American tenor (b. 1927)
  • 1998-02-06 Carl Wilson, American rock vocalist and guitarist (Beach Boys), dies of lung cancer at 51
  • 1998-02-07 Lawrence Sanders, American author (b. 1920)
  • 1998-02-08 Julian Lincoln Simon, American economist and author (b. 1932)
  • 1998-02-17 Bob Merrill, American composer and lyricist (b. 1921)
  • 1998-02-18 Harry Caray, American sportscaster (Chicago Cubs), dies at probably 83
  • 1998-02-22 Abraham Ribicoff, American politician (b. 1910)
  • 1998-02-27 J. T. Walsh, American actor (b. 1943)
  • 1998-03-02 Henry Steele Commager, American historian (Atlas of Civil War), dies at 95
  • 1998-03-03 Fred Friendly, American broadcast executive (b. 1915)
  • 1998-03-10 Lloyd Bridges, American comedic actor (Sea Hunt, Roots, Airplane!), dies of natural causes at 85
  • 1998-03-12 Beatrice Wood, American artist and ceramist (b. 1893)

Person of interestBenjamin Spock

1998-03-15 Benjamin Spock, American pediatrician and writer, dies at 94

Pediatrician Benjamin Spock
Pediatrician
Benjamin Spock
  • 1998-03-16 Esther Bubley, American photographer aged 77
  • 1998-03-20 George Howard, American jazz saxophone musician
  • 1998-03-25 Steve Schiff, United States Congressman (b. 1947)
  • 1998-03-27 David McClelland, American psychologist (b. 1917)
  • 1998-03-31 Bella Abzug "Battling Bella", American politician, feminist and activist (Rep-D-NY, 1970-74), dies at 77
  • 1998-03-31 Tim Flock, American race car driver (b. 1924)
  • 1998-04-01 Eugene "Gene" Evans, American actor (My Friend Flicka, Johnny Ringo, Alamo), dies of heart failure at 75
  • 1998-04-01 Rozz Williams, American musician (Christian Death), dies at 34
  • 1998-04-02 Rob Pilatus, American model and entertainer (Milli Vanilli) (b. 1965)

Person of interestTammy Wynette

1998-04-06 Tammy Wynette, American country singer, dies at 55

Country singer Tammy Wynette
Country singer
Tammy Wynette
  • 1998-04-06 Wendy O. Williams, American singer (Plasmatics) (b. 1949)
  • 1998-04-09 Tom Cora, American cellist and composer, dies at 44
  • 1998-04-14 Maurice Stans, American politician, Secretary of Commerce and Watergate figure, dies at 90

Person of interestLinda McCartney

1998-04-17 Linda McCartney, American-born photographer and wife of Paul McCartney, dies of breast cancer at 56

Musician, Activist and Photographer Linda McCartney
Musician, Activist and Photographer
Linda McCartney
  • 1998-04-18 Terry Sanford, American politician (b. 1917)
  • 1998-04-23 James Earl Ray, American assassin of Martin Luther King Jr., dies while still under detention of complications related to kidney disease and liver failure caused by hepatitis C at 70
  • 1998-04-24 Mel Powell, American composer (Pulitzer Prize Music 1990), dies at 75
  • 1998-04-25 Wright Morris, American writer (b. 1910)
  • 1998-05-01 Eldridge Cleaver, American activist (b. 1935)
  • 1998-05-02 Gene Raymond [Raymond Guion], American actor (Paris 7000, Love on a Bet, Fireside Theater), dies from pneumonia a 89
  • 1998-05-07 Eddie Rabbitt, American country singer (I Love a Rainy Night), dies at 56
  • 1998-05-08 Bebe Rebozo, American banker and Watergate figure (b. 1912)
  • 1998-05-09 Alice Faye [Leppert], American actress and singer (Hello Frisco, Hello, Fallen Angel, Stowaway), dies of stomach cancer at 83

Person of interestFrank Sinatra

1998-05-14 Frank Sinatra, American singer ("My Way") and actor ("Guys and Dolls") , dies at 82

Singer and Actor Frank Sinatra
Singer and Actor
Frank Sinatra
  • 1998-05-14 Marjory Stoneman Douglas, American conservationist (b. 1890)
  • 1998-06-01 Darwin Joston, American actor (b. 1937)
  • 1998-06-02 Sylvester Ritter, American professional wrestler (b. 1952)
  • 1998-06-05 Jeanette Nolan, American actress (Richard Boone Show, Virginian), dies following a stroke at 86
  • 1998-06-21 Al Campanis, American baseball executive (b. 1916)
  • 1998-07-03 Danielle Bunten Berry, American software developer (b. 1949)
  • 1998-07-06 Roy Rogers, American actor (b. 1911)
  • 1998-07-12 Jimmy Driftwood, American folk songwriter and musician (b. 1907)
  • 1998-07-14 Richard McDonald, American fast food pioneer (b. 1909)
  • 1998-07-16 John Henrik Clarke, American historian and scholar (b. 1915)
  • 1998-07-20 June Byers, American professional wrestler (b. 1922)
  • 1998-07-21 Robert Young, American actor (Father Knows Best, Marcus Welby, M.D.), dies at 91
  • 1998-07-25 Tal Farlow, American jazz guitarist, dies at 77
  • 1998-07-29 Jerome Robbins, American choreographer (Tony-West Side Story), dies at 79
  • 1998-07-30 Buffalo Bob Smith [Robert Emil Schmidt], American TV host (Howdy Doody), dies of cancer at 80
  • 1998-08-02 Shari Lewis, American puppeteer and ventriloquist (Lamb Chop), dies at 64
  • 1998-08-13 Julien Green, American-French writer (Frere Francois), dies at 97
  • 1998-08-24 E G Marshall [Everett Eugene Grunz], American actor (12 Angry Men, The Defenders), dies of lung cancer at 88
  • 1998-08-26 Frederick Reines, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1918)
  • 1998-09-01 Cary Middlecoff, American golfer (1956 Vardon Trophy, 1955 Byron Nelson Award), dies at 77
  • 1998-09-02 Allen Drury, American author (b. 1918)
  • 1998-09-05 Leo Penn, American actor and film director, dies at 77
  • 1998-09-09 Bill Cratty, American modern dancer and choreographer (b. 1951)
  • 1998-09-11 Dane Clark, American actor (Wire Service, Bold Venture, Perry Mason), dies at 86

Person of interestGeorge Wallace

1998-09-13 George Wallace, American politician (Gov-D-Ala) and presidential candidate, dies of septic shock at 79

Politician and Segregationist George Wallace
Politician and Segregationist
George Wallace