United States of America in History (Part 3)

Historical Events

Events 201 - 300 of 1,626

  • 1805-11-18 30 women meet at Mrs Silas Lee's home in Wiscasset, Maine, organizes Female Charitable Society, first woman's club in America

Historic Expedition

1805-11-19 Lewis and Clark expedition, led by Meriwether Lewis and William Clark, reaches the Pacific Ocean, first European Americans to cross the west

  • 1806-03-29 Construction is authorized of the Great National Pike, better known as the Cumberland Road, becoming the first United States federal highway

Historic Event

1807-12-22 US Congress passes Embargo Act and President Thomas Jefferson signs into law. Prohibits American ships from trading in foreign ports, as result of involvement in hostilities between France and Britain

Historic Event

1808-04-06 John Jacob Astor incorporates the American Fur Company

President Inaugurated

1809-03-04 James Madison becomes 1st US President inaugurated in American-made clothes

  • 1809-07-16 La Paz, Bolivia declares its independence from the Spanish Crown and forms the Junta Tuitiva led by Pedro Domingo Murillo, the 1st independent government in Spanish America
  • 1810-02-01 1st insurance company managed by African Americans, The African Insurance Company opens in Philadelphia

Victory in Battle

1811-11-07 Battle of Tippecanoe: Gen. William Henry Harrison defeats the Native Americans of the Tecumesh Confederation

Victory in Battle

1812-06-22 Upon learning of plans by the Americans to execute a surprise attack, Laura Secord walks 32 km to warn British troops, results in a British surprise victory at the Battle of Beaver Dams

Historic Event

1812-08-05 War of 1812: Tecumseh's Native American force ambushes Thomas Van Horne's 200 Americans at Brownstone Creek, causing them to flee and retreat

  • 1812-10-25 US frigate United States captures British vessel Macedonian
  • 1813-01-22 Americans capture Frenchtown, Michigan Territory
  • 1813-04-27 Americans under General Pike capture Toronto; Pike is killed
  • 1813-05-27 Americans capture Fort George, Canada
  • 1813-10-05 Battle of the Thames; American forces under General William Henry Harrison defeat Tecumseh's Confederacy and their British allies led by Henry Procter near Chatham, Upper Canada
  • 1814-07-03 Americans capture Fort Erie, Canada (War of 1812)
  • 1814-07-05 Americans defeat British and Canadians at Chippewa, Ontario
  • 1814-07-25 Battle of Niagara Falls (Lundy's Lane); Americans defeat British
  • 1814-09-11 Battle of Lake Champlain, NY; American Navy defeats British
  • 1814-09-11 Begun on the 6th Sept, Americans defeat British at Battle of Plattsburgh during War of 1812
  • 1814-12-14 The Battle of Lake Borgne in Louisiana: British victory over the United States
  • 1815-01-15 War of 1812: the USS President, an American frigate, is captured by four British frigates
  • 1816-05-05 American Bible Society organized in New York
  • 1816-05-11 American Bible Society forms (NY)
  • 1816-12-28 American Colonization Society organizes
  • 1817-04-15 1st American school for the deaf opens (Hartford, Connecticut)
  • 1817-05-15 First private mental health hospital opens in the US, Asylum for the Relief of Persons Deprived of the Use of Their Reason (now Friends Hospital) in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • 1817-09-09 Alexander Twilight, probably first African American to graduate from a US college, receives BA degree at Middlebury College
  • 1819-04-02 1st successful agricultural journal ("American Farmer") first publishes
  • 1819-08-06 Norwich University is founded in Vermont as the first private military school in the United States
  • 1820-02-06 First 86 African American immigrants sponsored by the American Colonization Society start a settlement in present-day Liberia
  • 1820-02-06 US population announced at 9,638,453, African Americans 1,771,656 (18.4%)
  • 1820-03-03 Missouri Compromise passes, allowing Missouri to join the United States despite slavery still being legal there.
  • 1822-01-05 Central America proclaims annexation to Mexican Empire
  • 1822-01-07 Liberia colonized by the American Colonization Society
  • 1822-02-04 Free American Blacks settle Liberia, West Africa
  • 1822-02-09 American Indian Society organizes
  • 1823-07-01 United Provinces of Central America gain independence from Mexico
  • 1824-08-15 Freed American slaves establish Liberia on the West African coast through the American Colonization Society (ACS)
  • 1825-05-25 American Unitarian Association founded
  • 1826-02-13 American Temperance Society forms in Boston
  • 1827-11-17 The Delta Phi fraternity, America's oldest continuous social fraternity, founded at Union College in Schenectady, New York
  • 1828-02-21 1st American Indian newspaper in US, "Cherokee Phoenix", published

Historic Event

1828-04-14 First American Dictionary: its author Noah Webster registers its copyright for publication

1st U.S. Typographer

1829-07-23 William Austin Burt patents America's first "typographer" (typewriter)

  • 1830-05-20 1st railroad timetable published in newspaper (Baltimore American)
  • 1831-07-04 "America (My Country 'Tis of Thee)", with lyric by Samuel Francis Smith, has 1st public performance at Park Street Church in Boston, Massachusetts
  • 1832-07-13 Source of Mississippi River discovered by American geographer Henry Schoolcraft
  • 1832-08-02 Battle of Bad Axe, Wisconsin: 1,300 Illinois militia defeat Sauk & Fox Native Americans ending the Black Hawk War in the US
  • 1832-11-26 1st streetcar railway in America starts operating in New York City with 12 cent fare
  • 1833-12-04 American Anti-Slavery Society formed by Arthur Tappan in Philadelphia

Historic Invention

1834-06-21 American inventor and businessman Cyrus McCormick patents the reaping machine

  • 1835-01-08 US national debt is $0 for the first and only time in history

Trail of Tears

1835-12-29 Treaty of New Echota is signed between the US government and representatives of a minority Cherokee political faction to cede all lands of the Cherokee east of the Mississippi River to the United States

Historic Event

1836-02-25 Showman P. T. Barnum exhibits African American slave Joice Heth, claiming she was the 161 year-old nursemaid to George Washington

  • 1836-11-10 Louis Napoleon banished to America
  • 1837-02-11 American Physiological Society organizes in Boston
  • 1837-03-04 Weekly Advocate changes its name to the Colored American
  • 1837-06-11 The Broad Street Riot occurs in Boston, fueled by ethnic tensions between English-Americans and Irish-Americans
  • 1838-01-26 Tennessee enacts the first prohibition law in the United States
  • 1838-04-30 Nicaragua declares independence from Central American federation
  • 1838-07-07 Central American federation is dissolved
  • 1838-11-05 Honduras declares independence of Central American Federation
  • 1839-11-27 American Statistical Association organizes in Boston

Historic Expedition

1840-01-25 American naval expedition under Charles Wilkes is first to identify Antarctica as a new continent

Historic Event

1841-04-04 Vice President John Tyler becomes the 10th President of the United States after the death of President William Henry Harrison

  • 1843-02-06 The first minstrel show in the United States The Virginia Minstrels opens (Bowery Amphitheatre in New York City).
  • 1843-08-30 1st time African-Americans participate in a national political convention (Liberty Party)
  • 1844-04-12 Texan envoys sign Treaty of Annexation with the United States
  • 1845-04-29 Macon B. Allen & Robert Morris Jr are 1st African Americans to open a law practice in the US
  • 1845-05-03 1st African American lawyer, Macon B Allen, admitted to the bar in Massachusetts
  • 1845-08-28 Scientific American magazine publishes its first issue

Historic Event

1845-12-02 US President James K. Polk announces to Congress that the United States should aggressively expand into the West, a widely held belief termed "manifest destiny" by newspaper editor John O'Sullivan

  • 1846-01-05 The United States House of Representatives votes to stop sharing the Oregon Territory with the United Kingdom
  • 1846-04-25 Thornton Affair: Open conflict begins over the disputed border of Texas, triggering the Mexican–American War
  • 1846-09-30 Anesthetic ether is used for the 1st time, by American dentist Dr William Morton who extracts a tooth

Historic Event

1847-01-04 Samuel Colt sells his first revolver pistol to the United States government

  • 1847-05-05 American Medical Association organized (Philadelphia)
  • 1847-05-07 American Medical Association organizes (Philadelphia)
  • 1847-07-26 The Liberian Declaration of Independence is signed making Liberia a sovereign nation, independent from the American Colonization Society
  • 1847-07-29 Cumberland School of Law founded in Lebanon, Tennessee, USA. At the end of 1847 only 15 law schools exist in the United States
  • 1847-09-12 Mexican–American War: the Battle of Chapultepec begins
  • 1847-09-13 American-Mexican war: US General Winfield Scott captures Mexico City
  • 1848-04-18 American victory at the battle of Cerro Gordo opens the way for invasion of Mexico
  • 1848-08-22 The United States annexes New Mexico
  • 1848-09-20 The American Association for the Advancement of Science is created.

Historic Event

1849-10-03 American author Edgar Allan Poe is found delirious in a gutter in Baltimore, Maryland under mysterious circumstances; it is the last time he is seen in public before his death.

  • 1850-03-18 Henry Wells & William Fargo form American Express in Buffalo
  • 1851-08-12 American inventor Isaac Singer patents the sewing machine
  • 1851-08-22 100 Guineas Cup is raced around Isle of Wight; US schooner 'America' beats British cutter 'Aurora' by 24 minutes; first competition for the America's Cup yachting trophy
  • 1851-12-29 1st American Young Men's Christian Association (YMCA) chapter opened in Boston, Massachusetts

Historic Event

1852-02-21 George Bancroft becomes the American Geographical Society's first president

Historic Event

1853-01-06 Franklin Pierce, the President-elect of the United States at the time, and his family are involved in a train wreck in Massachusetts

  • 1853-07-06 William Wells Brown publishes "Clotel", 1st novel by an African American
  • 1854-06-10 The first class of the United States Naval Academy students graduate
  • 1854-10-01 The watch company founded in 1850 in Roxbury by Aaron Lufkin Dennison relocates to Waltham, Massachusetts, to become the Waltham Watch Company, a pioneer in the American System of Watch Manufacturing.

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 201 - 300 of 9,757

  • 1799-11-17 Titian Ramsey Peale, American artist and naturalist (American Ornithology)

John Brown

1800-05-09 John Brown, American abolitionist and revolutionary (Harpers Ferry), born in Torrington, Connecticut (d. 1859)

  • 1800-08-21 Hiram Walden, American politician, born in Pawlet, Vermont (d. 1880)

George Bancroft

1800-10-03 George Bancroft, American historian (History of the United States), born in Worcester Massachusetts (d. 1891)

Charles Goodyear

1800-12-29 Charles Goodyear, US chemist and manufacturing engineer (vulcanized rubber), born in New Haven, Connecticut (d. 1860)

  • 1801-04-26 Ambrose Dudley Mann, American diplomat, born in Hanover Courthouse, Virginia (d. 1889)

William H. Seward

1801-05-16 William H. Seward, American politician (Secretary of State, 1861-69, Governor of New York, 1839-42), born in Florida, New York (d. 1872)

  • 1801-06-14 Heber C. Kimball, American religious leader (Church of the Latter Day Saints), born in Sheldon, Vermont (d. 1868)

David Farragut

1801-07-05 David Farragut, American admiral ("Damn the torpedoes, full speed ahead!"), born in Campbell's Station, Tennessee (d. 1870)

  • 1801-09-04 Cullen Whipple, American inventor (pointed screw machine), born in Providence, Rhode Island (d. 1868)
  • 1801-09-10 Marie Laveau, American Voodoo practitioner, born in French Quarter, New Orleans, Louisiana (d. 1881)

Gail Borden

1801-11-09 Gail Borden, American manufacturer and inventor of condensed milk, born in Norwich, New York (d. 1874)

  • 1802-02-16 Phineas Parkhurst Quimby, American philosopher (d. 1866)

Dorothea Dix

1802-04-04 Dorothea Dix, American pioneering nurse and social activist who created the first American mental asylums, born in Hampden, Maine (d. 1887)

  • 1802-11-09 Elijah Parish Lovejoy, American newspaper publisher and abolitionist, born in Albion, Maine (d. 1837)
  • 1802-11-19 Solomon Foot, American politician (U.S. Senator from Vermont, 1851-66) and attorney, born in Cornwall, Vermont (d. 1866)

Ralph Waldo Emerson

1803-05-25 Ralph Waldo Emerson, American essayist and philosopher (Concord Hymn), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1882)

  • 1803-06-29 John Newton Brown, American publisher and Baptist teacher, born in New London, Connecticut (d. 1868)
  • 1803-08-18 Nathan Clifford, American statesman, diplomat, and Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (d. 1881)
  • 1803-08-27 Edward Beecher, American theologian, born in East Hampton, New York (d. 1895)
  • 1803-09-29 Mercator Cooper, American sea captain (first to visit Japan and Antarctica), born in Southampton, New York (d. 1872)
  • 1803-11-14 Jacob Abbott, American writer (d. 1879)
  • 1804-01-21 Eliza Roxcy Snow, American poet (d. 1887)

John Deere

1804-02-07 John Deere, American blacksmith and manufacturer (founded Deere & Company), born in Rutland, Vermont (d. 1886)

  • 1804-03-08 Alvan Clark, American astronomer and maker of the Dearborn Observatory telescope, the largest telescope in the world at the time, born in Ashfield, Massachusetts (d. 1887)
  • 1804-04-26 Charles Goodyear, American politician (D-NY), born in Cobleskill, New York (d. 1876)
  • 1804-06-24 Willard Richards, American physician and religious leader, born in Hopkinton, Massachusetts (d. 1854)
  • 1805-01-08 John Bigler, American politician, born in Carlisle, Pennsylvania (d. 1871)
  • 1805-01-08 Orson Hyde, American religious leader, born in Oxford, Connecticut (d. 1878)
  • 1805-06-21 Charles Thomas Jackson, American physician and geologist, born in Plymouth, Massachusetts (d. 1880)
  • 1805-07-29 Alexis de Tocqueville, French statesman/writer (Democracy in America)
  • 1805-10-23 John Russell Bartlett, American linguist (d. 1886)
  • 1805-11-28 John Stephens, American explorer and archaeologist (pivotal figure in the rediscovery of Maya civilization throughout Middle America), born in Shrewsbury, New Jersey (d. 1852)
  • 1805-12-12 Henry Wells, American businessman and founder (American Express Co & Wells Fargo & Co), born in Thetford, Vermont (d. 1878)
  • 1806-01-20 Nathaniel Parker Willis, American writer, editor and founder of the American Monthly Magazine, born in Portland, Maine (d. 1867)
  • 1806-03-09 Edwin Forrest, American actor and philanthropist, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1872)
  • 1806-05-06 Chapin A. Harris, American dentist who founded the America Society of Dental Surgeons, born in Pompey, New York (d. 1860)
  • 1806-06-12 John A. Roebling, German-American civil engineer (Brooklyn Bridge), born in Mühlhausen, Germany (d. 1869)
  • 1806-10-03 Oliver Cowdery, American religious leader (Later Day Saint apostle), born in Wells, Vermont (d. 1850)

Robert E. Lee

1807-01-19 Robert E. Lee, American General who commanded the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia in the American Civil War, born in Stratford Virginia (d. 1870)

  • 1807-07-24 Ira Aldridge, famed 19th century African American Shakespearian actor (Othello), born in NYC, New York (d. 1867) [1]
  • 1807-09-25 Alfred Vail, American inventor and early telegraph pioneer, born in Morristown, New Jersey (d. 1859)
  • 1808-01-06 Joseph Pitty Couthouy, American naval officer, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1864)
  • 1808-01-19 Lysander Spooner, American philosopher, born in Athol, Massachusetts (d. 1887)
  • 1808-02-26 Nathan Kelley, American architect, active mainly in Ohio, (d. 1871)

Jefferson Davis

1808-06-03 Jefferson Davis, President of the Confederate States of America (1861-65), born in Fairview, Kentucky (d. 1889)

  • 1808-07-09 Alexander William Doniphan, American lawyer and soldier, born in Mason County, Kentucky (d. 1887)
  • 1808-07-10 Solomon Northup, American abolitionist and author (12 Years a Slave), born in Minerva, New York (or 10 Jul 1807) (d. 1863)
  • 1808-08-01 Henry Darwin Rogers, American Geologist (theory of mountain building, first geological mapping of Pennsylvania), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1866)
  • 1808-08-03 Hamilton Fish, American politician (Governor of New York), born in NYC, New York (d. 1893)
  • 1808-11-01 John Taylor, American religious leader (3rd President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints), born in Milnthorpe, Westmorland, England (d. 1887)

Cyrus McCormick

1809-02-15 Cyrus McCormick, American inventor and businessman (mechanical reaper), born in Shenandoah Valley, Virginia (d. 1884)

  • 1809-09-21 Sophia Hawthorne, American writer, painter and illustrator, born in Salem, Massachusetts (d. 1871)
  • 1809-10-11 Orson Squire Fowler, American phrenologist and lecturer, born in Cohocton, New York (d. 1887)
  • 1809-10-22 Volney E. Howard, American politician, born in Oxford County, Maine (d. 1889)
  • 1810-01-10 Jeremiah S. Black, American statesman & lawyer, born in Stony Creek, Pennsylvania (d. 1883)
  • 1810-02-01 Charles Lenox Remond, African-American orator and abolitionist, born in Salem, Massachusetts (d. 1873)
  • 1810-04-21 John Putnam Chapin, American politician (10th Mayor of Chicago (1846-47), born in Bradford, Vermont (d. 1864)
  • 1810-09-02 William Seymour Tyler, American educator and historian (d. 1897)
  • 1811-04-21 Alson Sherman, American politician (8th Mayor of Chicago 1844-45), born in Barre, Vermont (d. 1903)

Harriet Beecher Stowe

1811-06-14 Harriet Beecher Stowe, American author (Uncle Tom's Cabin), born in Litchfield, Connecticut (d. 1896)

Elisha Otis

1811-08-03 Elisha Otis, American founder of the Otis Elevator Company and inventor of a safety device that prevents elevators from falling if the hoisting cable fails, born in Halifax, Vermont (d. 1861)

  • 1811-08-20 Gilman Marston, American Brigadier General (Union Army) and politician (R-NH), born in Orford, New Hampshire (d. 1890)
  • 1811-08-21 William Kelly, American inventor (pneumatic process of steelmaking), born in Pittsburgh Pennsylvania (d. 1888)
  • 1811-09-19 Orson Pratt, American mathematician and religious leader, born in Hartford, New York (d. 1881)
  • 1812-02-14 Alfred Thomas Agate, American artist, born in Sparta, New York (d. 1846)
  • 1812-03-06 Aaron Lufkin Dennison, father of American watchmaking
  • 1812-03-22 Stephen Pearl Andrews, American abolitionist (d. 1886)
  • 1812-04-27 William W. Snow, American politician, U.S. House of Representatives from New York (1851-53), born in Heath, Massachusetts (d. 1886)
  • 1812-05-06 Martin Delany, African-American abolitionist and physician (1st African American major in US Army), born in Charles Town, Virginia (d. 1885)
  • 1812-09-12 Richard Hoe, American inventor and industrialist, born in NYC, New York (d. 1886)
  • 1812-09-18 Herschel Vespasian Johnson, American politician (41st Governor of Georgia), born in Burke County, Georgia (d. 1880)
  • 1813-04-18 James McCune Smith, African-American doctor and abolitionist, born in Manhattan, New York (d. 1865)
  • 1814-02-07 Gardner Quincy Colton, American lecturer who was the first to use nitrous oxide as an anesthetic in dentistry, born in Georgia, Vermont
  • 1814-04-02 Erastus Brigham Bigelow, American inventor of weaving machine, born in West Boylston, Massachusetts (d. 1879)

Samuel Colt

1814-07-19 Samuel Colt, American inventor and industrialist (Colt 6 shot revolver), born in Hartford, Connecticut (d. 1862)

  • 1814-11-22 Serranus Clinton Hastings, American politician and lawyer (3rd Attorney General of California), born in Watertown, Jefferson County, New York (d. 1893)
  • 1815-01-21 John Bingham, American politician and lawyer (d. 1900)
  • 1815-03-05 John Wentworth, American politician (d. 1888)
  • 1815-03-13 James Curtis Hepburn, American missionary and linguist, born in Milton, Pennsylvania (d. 1911)
  • 1815-07-30 Thomas Jackson Rodman, American Brevet Brigadier General (Union Army), inventor of the rodman gun and perforated-cake gunpowder, born in Salem, Indiana (d. 1871)
  • 1815-10-29 Dan Emmett, American composer, born in Mount Vernon, Ohio (d. 1904)
  • 1816-06-19 William Henry Webb, American industrialist and philanthropist, born in NYC, New York (d. 1899)
  • 1816-07-04 Hiram Walker, American entrepreneur and founder of the Hiram Walker and Sons Ltd. distillery, born in East Douglas, Massachusetts (d. 1899)
  • 1816-11-29 Morrison Waite, American jurist (Seventh Chief Justice of the US Supreme Court), born in Lyme, Connecticut (d. 1888)
  • 1816-12-08 August Belmont, Prussian-American financier and diplomat (U.S. Minister to the Netherlands 1853-57), born in Alzey, Hesse, Germany (d. 1890)
  • 1817-03-04 Edwards Pierrepont, American statesman, jurist and lawyer; 34th United States Attorney General (d. 1892)

Henry David Thoreau

1817-07-12 Henry David Thoreau, American naturalist and pacifist (Walden Pond), born in Concord, Massachusetts (d. 1862)

  • 1817-08-14 Alexander H. Bailey, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New York), born in Minisink, New York (d. 1874)
  • 1817-11-25 John Bigelow, American statesman and author, born in Bristol, New York (d. 1911)

Frederick Douglass

1818-02-14 Frederick Douglass, African-American abolitionist, lecturer and editor who was also an escaped slave (exact birth year unknown), born in Talbot County, Maryland (d. 1895)

  • 1818-04-04 Thomas Mayne Reid, Irish-American novelist (The Headless Horseman), born in Ballyroney, County Down, Ireland (d. 1883)
  • 1819-03-29 Isaac Mayer Wise, American rabbi and founder (American Hebrew Congregations), born in Steingrub, Bohemia, Austrian Empire (d. 1900)
  • 1819-04-28 Ezra Abbot, American Bible scholar, born in Jackson, Maine (d. 1884)

Walt Whitman

1819-05-31 Walt Whitman, American poet (Leaves of Grass) and volunteer nurse during the Civil War, born in West Hills, New York (d. 1892)

  • 1819-08-09 Jonathan Homer Lane, American astrophysicist who mathematically analyzed the Sun as a gaseous body, born in Geneseo, New York (d. 1880)
  • 1819-10-16 Austin F. Pike, American politician from New Hampshire (d. 1886)
  • 1819-11-23 Josiah Dwight Whitney, American Geologist who led the California Geological Survey (Mount Whitney and Whitney Glacier are named for him), born in Northampton, Massachusetts
  • 1819-12-26 E. D. E. N. Southworth, American novelist (d. 1899)

Famous Weddings


Famous Divorces


Famous Deaths

Deaths 201 - 300 of 4,916

Washington Irving

1859-11-28 Washington Irving, American author (Legend of Sleepy Hollow), dies of a heart attack at 76

  • 1860-01-13 William Mason, American politician, dies at 73
  • 1860-02-25 Chauncey Allen Goodrich, American clergyman, educator, and lexicographer (b. 1790)

Charles Goodyear

1860-07-01 Charles Goodyear, American chemist and manufacturing engineer who invented the vulcanization process for rubber, dies at 59

Elisha Otis

1861-04-08 Elisha Otis, American founder of the Otis Elevator Company and inventor of a safety device that prevents elevators from falling if the hoisting cable fails, dies of diphtheria at 50

  • 1861-08-12 Eliphalet Remington, American firearms manufacturer (Remington Arms Co., L.L.C.), dies at 67
  • 1861-08-17 Alcée Louis la Branche, American Politician (b. 1806)

Samuel Colt

1862-01-10 Samuel Colt, American inventor and industrialist (Colt 6 shot revolver), dies of gout at 47

  • 1862-05-21 John Drew, Irish-born American actor and theatre manager, dies from head injuries at 34
  • 1862-11-11 James Madison Porter, American politician (b. 1793)
  • 1863-07-03 George Hull Ward, American general and Union officer in the American Civil War, dies of his wounds at the Battle of Gettysburg at 37

Sam Houston

1863-07-26 Sam Houston, 1st President of Republic of Texas (1836-38, 1841-44) who helped bring Texas into the United States as a constituent state, dies at 70

  • 1863-07-27 William Lowndes Yancey, American Confederate leader (b. 1813)
  • 1863-11-02 Theodore Judah, American railroad engineer (b. 1826)
  • 1863-11-24 Claudius Charles Wilson, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies of fever at camp in Ringgold, Georgia at 32

Stephen Foster

1864-01-13 Stephen Foster, American composer (Oh! Susanna; Swanee River; Beautiful Dreamer), dies in New York City at 37 [reports vary as to fever, accident, suicide, or some combination]

  • 1864-04-04 Joseph Pitty Couthouy, American naval officer (b. 1808)
  • 1864-06-01 Solomon George Washington Dill, poor white ally of African Americans, assassinated in his home by white terrorists in SC
  • 1864-09-04 John Hunt Morgan, American Confederate military leader of 'Morgan's Raiders', killed by Union troops at Greeneville at 39
  • 1864-10-01 Rose Greenhow, American Confederate spy (b. 1817)
  • 1864-10-26 William T. Anderson [Bloody Bill], American Civil War Pro-Confederate rebel guerrilla leader (Lawrence Massacre, Centralia Massacre), killed in battle by union troops at 23 or 24

Abraham Lincoln

1865-04-15 Abraham Lincoln, 16th US President (Republican: 1861-65), dies from gunshot wounds at 56

  • 1865-06-02 Ner Alexander Middleswarth, American politician, dies at 81
  • 1865-06-21 Frances Adeline Seward, wife of United States Secretary of State William H. Seward (b. 1824)
  • 1865-11-17 James McCune Smith, African-American doctor and abolitionist, dies at 52
  • 1866-03-28 Solomon Foot, American politician (U.S. Senator from Vermont, 1851-66) and attorney, dies at 63
  • 1866-05-29 Henry Darwin Rogers, American Geologist (theory of mountain building, first geological mapping of Pennsylvania), dies at 57
  • 1866-05-29 Winfield Scott, American army general (Union) and presidential candidate, dies at 79
  • 1866-06-07 Chief Seattle, Native American leader
  • 1867-09-25 Oliver Loving, American pioneer rancher (b. 1812)

Elias Howe

1867-10-03 Elias Howe, American inventor (invented sewing machine), dies at 48

  • 1867-10-04 Francis Xavier Seelos German-American Roman Catholic priest (b. 1819)
  • 1868-03-04 Jesse Chisholm, American pioneer of the Chisholm Trail (b. 1805)
  • 1868-05-10 Henry Bennett, American politician (b. 1808)

Kit Carson

1868-05-23 (Christopher) "Kit" Carson, American frontiersman, Indian fighter and army officer, dies of an aortic aneurysm at 58

  • 1868-06-22 Heber C. Kimball, American religious leader (Church of the Latter Day Saints), dies at 67
  • 1868-09-19 William Sprague, American minister and politician from (b. 1809)
  • 1868-10-23 Cullen Whipple, American inventor (pointed screw machine), dies at 67
  • 1869-01-01 Martin W. Bates, American politician, dies at 82
  • 1869-07-22 John A. Roebling, German-American civil engineer (Brooklyn Bridge), (b. 1806)
  • 1869-11-04 George Peabody, American-British entrepreneur and philanthropist who founded the Peabody Trust and the Peabody Institute, dies at 74
  • 1870-02-14 St. John Richardson Liddell, American Civil War Confederate General, dies at 54
  • 1870-02-26 Wyatt Outlaw, African American Town Councillor and Constable, leader of Union League in NC, lynched by the Ku Klux Klan at about 50
  • 1870-03-28 George Henry Thomas, American general (b. 1816)

David Farragut

1870-08-14 David Farragut, American Admiral ("Damn the torpedoes, full speed ahead!"), dies at 69

  • 1870-09-12 Fitz Hugh Ludlow, American author (The Hasheesh Eater), dies at 34
  • 1871-06-07 Thomas Jackson Rodman, American military inventor of the rodman gun and perforated-cake gunpowder, dies on duty at 54
  • 1871-08-27 William Whiting Boardman, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Connecticut), dies at 76
  • 1872-01-07 James Fisk, American financier “Barnum of Wall Street”, dies at 38
  • 1872-04-09 Erastus Corning, American businessman and politician (Mayor of Albany, New York), dies at 77

James Gordon Bennett

1872-06-01 James Gordon Bennett, Sr., American newspaper publisher (New York Herald), dies at 76

William H. Seward

1872-10-10 William H. Seward, American politician (Secretary of State, 1861-69, Governor of New York, 1839-42), dies at 71

  • 1873-12-22 Charles Lenox Remond, African-American orator and abolitionist, dies at 63

Gail Borden

1874-01-11 Gail Borden, American manufacturer and inventor of condensed milk, dies at 72

  • 1874-04-20 Alexander H. Bailey, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New York), dies at 56
  • 1874-08-14 Jonathan Clarkson Gibbs, American politician (Secretary of State and Superintendent of Public Instruction of Florida) and Presbyterian minister, dies at 52
  • 1875-05-17 John C. Breckinridge, Vice President of the United States (b. 1821)
  • 1875-07-30 George Pickett, American Confederate general (b. 1825)
  • 1875-08-27 William Chapman Ralston, American banker (b. 1826)
  • 1875-11-22 Henry Wilson, Vice President of the United States (b. 1812)
  • 1876-01-09 Samuel Gridley Howe, United States physician, abolitionist, and an advocate of education for the blind, dies at 74
  • 1876-04-09 Charles Goodyear, American politician (D-NY), dies at 71
  • 1876-05-07 William Buell Sprague, American clergyman and author (b. 1795)
  • 1876-06-17 Harriet Scott, American ex-slave, who with husband Dred Scott unsuccessfully sued for their freedom
  • 1876-07-27 Walter Channing, American physician who was the first to use anesthesia during childbirth, dies at 90
  • 1876-09-09 American Horse, Sioux chief, dies in battle
  • 1876-09-27 Braxton Bragg, American Confederate general (b. 1817)
  • 1877-04-22 James P. Kirkwood, American civil engineer, dies at 70
  • 1878-04-04 Richard Brewer, American gunslinger/cowboy (b. 1850)
  • 1878-06-12 William Cullen Bryant, American poet (Thanatopsis), dies at 83
  • 1878-06-16 Crawford Williamson Long, American surgeon and pioneer (use of ether as an anesthetic in surgery), dies at 62
  • 1878-11-28 Orson Hyde, American religious leader (b. 1805)
  • 1878-12-19 Bayard Taylor, American author and poet (b. 1825)
  • 1879-10-31 Jacob Abbott, American author (b. 1803)
  • 1879-10-31 Joseph Hooker, American General (b. 1814)
  • 1879-12-06 Erastus Brigham Bigelow, American inventor of weaving machine, dies at 65
  • 1880-05-03 Jonathan Homer Lane, American astrophysicist who mathematically analyzed the Sun as a gaseous body, dies at 60
  • 1880-06-28 Texas Jack Omohundro, American frontier scout, actor, and cowboy, dies at 33
  • 1880-07-21 Hiram Walden, American politician, dies at 79
  • 1880-12-11 Oliver Winchester, American politician and rifle maker (Winchester Repeating Arms Company), dies at 70
  • 1881-03-21 Samuel Courtauld, American-born textile magnate (b. 1793)
  • 1881-06-16 Marie Laveau, American Voodoo practitioner, dies at 79

Billy the Kid

1881-07-14 Billy the Kid [William H Bonney], American frontier outlaw, shot by sheriff Pat Garrett and dies of gunshot wounds at 21

  • 1881-07-17 James Bridger, American scout, fur trader and mountain man par excellence, dies at 77
  • 1881-10-03 Orson Pratt, American mathematician and religious leader, dies at 70
  • 1881-10-31 George Washington De Long, American Arctic Explorer, dies during his disastrous expedition to the North Pole at 37

Ralph Waldo Emerson

1882-04-27 Ralph Waldo Emerson, American essayist & philosopher (Concord Hymn), dies of pneumonia at 78

  • 1882-07-04 Joseph Brackett, American religious leader (Shakers) and composer (Simple Gifts), dies at 85
  • 1882-07-13 Johnny Ringo, American Gunfighter (b. 1850)

Mary Todd Lincoln

1882-07-16 Mary Todd Lincoln, American wife of Abraham Lincoln and US First Lady (1861-65), dies of a stroke at 63

  • 1883-04-04 Peter Cooper, American industrialist, inventor and philanthropist (Cooper Union, steam locomotive), dies at 92
  • 1883-04-06 Benjamin Wright Raymond, American politician (b. 1801)
  • 1883-08-19 Jeremiah S. Black, American statesman (US Attorney General 1857-60, US Secretary of State 1860-61), dies at 73
  • 1883-10-22 Thomas Mayne Reid, Irish-American novelist (The Headless Horseman), dies at 65
  • 1884-03-13 Leland Stanford, Jr., son of American railroad magnate, Stanford University named for him (b. 1868)
  • 1884-03-21 Ezra Abbot, American bible scholar, dies at 64