United States of America in History (Part 4)

Historical Events

Events 301 - 400 of 1,626

  • 1855-02-14 Texas is linked by telegraph to the rest of the United States, with the completion of a connection between New Orleans and Marshall, Texas.
  • 1855-09-03 Indian Wars: In Nebraska, 700 soldiers under American General William S. Harney avenge the Grattan Massacre by attacking a Sioux village, killing 100 men, women, and children.
  • 1855-09-27 George Frederick Bristow's "Rip Van Winkle", 2nd American opera, opens in NYC

Historic Event

1856-02-18 The American Party (Know-Nothings) convenes in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania to nominate its first Presidential candidate, former President Millard Fillmore.

  • 1856-08-21 America's first consul to Japan, Townsend Harris, arrives in Shimoda. (Traditional Japanese date: July 21, 1856)
  • 1856-09-14 Battle of San Jacinto at Hacienda San Jacinto, Nicaraguan forces defeat American filibusters
  • 1856-11-17 On the Sonoita River in present-day southern Arizona, the United States Army establishes Fort Buchanan in order to help control new land acquired in the Gadsden Purchase.
  • 1857-09-12 423 die when "Central America" sinks off Cape Romain SC

Sports History

1857-10-06 First American Chess Congress hosted by the American Chess Association in NYC, NY; won by Paul Morphy 10 November

Historic Event

1859-09-17 Joshua Abraham Norton, English-born resident of San Francisco, proclaims himself his Imperial Majesty Emperor Norton I, Emperor of the United States of America

  • 1860-01-29 American College established in Rome by Pope Pius IX

Election of Interest

1860-11-06 Republican Abraham Lincoln of Illinois elected the 16th President of the United States of America

  • 1861-02-01 Texas secedes from the Union (which precipitates the American Civil War)
  • 1861-02-06 1st meeting of Provisional Congress of Confederate States of America (US Civil War)
  • 1861-02-08 Confederate States of America organizes in Montgomery, Alabama (US Civil War)

Election of Interest

1861-02-09 Jefferson Davis & Alexander Stephens elected President & VP of the Confederate States of America (US Civil War)

  • 1861-05-03 General Winfield Scott presents his Anaconda Plan for the North against the South in American Civil War
  • 1861-06-08 American Civil War: Tennessee votes to secede from the Union
  • 1861-08-29 American Civil War: US Navy squadron captures forts at Hatteras Inlet, North Carolina.
  • 1861-11-02 American Civil War: Western Department Union General John C. Frémont is relieved of command and replaced by David Hunter
  • 1861-12-09 American Civil War: The Joint Committee on the Conduct of the War is established by the U.S. Congress.
  • 1861-12-19 Battle of Black Water (American Civil War)
  • 1862-02-06 American Civil War: Naval engagement on Tennessee River, USS Conestago vs CSS Appleton Belle
  • 1862-04-16 American Confederate Congress approves conscription act for all white males (18-35 years)
  • 1862-05-20 US President Abraham Lincoln signs into law the Homestead Act to provide cheap land for the settlement of the American West (80 million acres by 1900)
  • 1862-06-07 The United States and Britain agree to suppress the slave trade
  • 1862-07-29 American Civil War: Confederate spy Belle Boyd is arrested by Union troops and detained at the Old Capitol Prison in Washington, D.C.
  • 1862-08-14 Abraham Lincoln receives the first group of African Americans to confer with a US president
  • 1862-09-14 Skirmish at Fox's Gap, American Civil War
  • 1862-09-17 American Civil War: The Allegheny Arsenal explosion results in the single largest civilian disaster during the war; 78 workers killed.
  • 1862-09-17 Battle of Antietam [Battle of Sharpsburg], bloodiest day in the American Civil War: 22,000 dead, wounded or missing in first battle on Union soil
  • 1862-09-30 First Battle of Newtonia (American Civil War), Newton County, Missouri
  • 1862-12-31 -Jan 20th) Battle of Stone's River (Battle of Murfreesboro), Tennessee in US Civil War
  • 1863-01-08 American Civil War: Second Battle of Springfield
  • 1863-01-26 American Civil War: Massachusetts Governor receives permission from Secretary of War to raise a militia organization for men of African descent (54th Massachusetts Regiment)
  • 1863-01-29 Bear River Massacre: American soldiers slaughter hundreds of Native Americans at the confluence of the Bear River and Beaver Creek in present day Idaho
  • 1863-03-27 American Confederate President Jefferson Davis calls for this to be a day of fasting & prayer

Victory in Battle

1863-04-30 -5/1] Battle of Snyder's Bluff, Virginia (part of the Vicksburg Campaign of the American Civil War): General Sherman beaten by Confederate forces

  • 1863-05-14 American Civil War: The Battle of Jackson, Mississippi takes place
  • 1863-07-03 Battle of Gettysburg, largest battle ever fought on the American continent, ends in a major victory for the Union during the US Civil War
  • 1863-08-08 American Civil War: Tennessee's "military" Governor Andrew Johnson frees his personal slaves. Celebrated as a holiday by Tennessee African Americans (early 20th century)
  • 1863-09-16 Robert College of Istanbul, Turkey, the first American educational institution outside the United States, is founded by Christopher Robert, an American philanthropist.
  • 1863-11-03 Battle of Grand Coteau in Southwestern Louisiana in the American Civil War
  • 1864-09-17 American Civil War: Grant approves Sheridan's plan for Shenandoah Valley Campaign
  • 1864-09-18 Hood's Tennessee campaign begins (also called The Franklin–Nashville Campaign), American Civil War
  • 1864-09-27 Battle at Pilot Knob (Ft Davidson) American Civil War, Missouri: 1700 killed/injured
  • 1864-10-28 Second Battle of Newtonia (American Civil War), Newton County, Missouri
  • 1864-11-07 2nd session of congress of Confederate States of America reconvenes
  • 1864-11-08 Abraham Lincoln (R) elected to his 2nd term as American President
  • 1864-11-22 American Civil War Battle at Griswoldville, Georgia, ends after 650 casualties
  • 1865-01-31 Congress passes the 13th Amendment, abolishing slavery in America (passes 121-24)
  • 1865-02-17 Columbia in South Carolina burns down during the American Civil War
  • 1865-03-02 Conferate General Early's army is defeated at the battle of Waynesboro, Virginia, during American Civil War
  • 1865-03-18 Congress of Confederate States of American adjourns for last time

Abraham Lincoln's Deathbed

1865-04-15 Abraham Lincoln dies nine hours after he is shot by John Wilkes Booth while attending the play "Our American Cousin" at Ford's Theatre in Washington

  • 1865-04-27 Steamboat "SS Sultana" explodes in the Mississippi River, killing up to 1,800 of the 2,427 passengers in the greatest maritime disaster in United States history. Most were paroled Union POWs on their way home.
  • 1865-05-13 Battle of Palmito Ranch, near Brownsville, Texas: final engagement of the American Civil War, Private John Jefferson Williams of B Company, 34th Regiment Indiana Infantry is last man killed
  • 1865-07-26 Patrick Francis Healy is 1st African American awarded PhD (from University of Leuven, Belgium)
  • 1865-11-06 American Civil War: CSS Shenandoah is the last Confederate combat unit to surrender after circumnavigating the globe, on its cruise that sank or captured 37 vessels

Historic Event

1865-11-13 P. T. Barnum's New American museum opens in Bridgeport

  • 1865-12-06 13th Amendment of the United States Constitution is ratified, abolishing slavery
  • 1866-04-10 American Society for Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA) forms
  • 1866-05-01 American Equal Rights Association forms
  • 1866-06-07 1,800 Fenian raiders are repelled back to the United States after they loot and plunder around Saint-Armand and Frelighsburg, Quebec

Historic Event

1867-01-08 African American men granted the right to vote in Washington, D.C. despite President Andrew Johnson's veto

  • 1867-08-28 The United States formally takes control of Midway Atoll, years after it was sighted and claimed by Captain N.C. Brooks

Historic Event

1867-12-02 In a New York City theater, British author Charles Dickens gives his first public reading in the United States

  • 1867-12-28 United States claims Midway Island, the first territory annexed outside Continental limits.

Historic Publication

1868-10-01 "Little Women" by Louisa May Alcott is published in America by Roberts Brothers of Boston

  • 1868-10-30 John Menard of Louisiana is 1st African American elected to US Congress
  • 1868-11-11 1st American amateur track & field meet (NYC)
  • 1868-11-13 American Philological Association organized in NY

Battle of Interest

1868-11-27 Battle at Washita River, Oklahoma. General George A. Custer attacks group of Native American Indians, their chief Black Kettle dies in the attack

  • 1868-12-05 1st American bicycle college opens (NY)
  • 1869-04-08 American Museum of Natural History opens in New York City
  • 1869-07-30 The Charles, considered the world’s first "oil tanker", departs from the United States headed for Europe with a bulk capacity of 7,000 barrels of oil
  • 1869-10-26 1st American steeplechase horserace at Westchester, NY
  • 1869-11-24 American Woman's Suffrage Association forms (Cleveland)
  • 1869-12-10 The first American chapter of Kappa Sigma is founded at the University of Virginia.
  • 1870-02-03 US state of Iowa ratifies the 15th Amendment of the United States Constitution allowing suffrage for all races & colour
  • 1870-02-14 Esther Morris appointed US' first female in Justice of the Peace in South Pass City, Wyoming, after previous justice, R.S. Barr, resigned to protest passage of Wyoming Territory's women's suffrage amendment in 1869

Historic Event

1870-02-25 Hiram R. Revels is sworn in as 1st African American member of Congress as US Senator from Mississippi (R)

  • 1870-03-16 Hiram R. Revels makes 1st official speech by an African American in the US Senate
  • 1870-04-09 American Anti-Slavery Society dissolves
  • 1870-06-28 U.S. Congress creates federal holidays (New Year's Day, Independence Day, Thanksgiving Day, and Christmas Day), initially applicable only to federal employees
  • 1870-07-01 James W. Smith of South Carolina is one of 1st African Americans to attend West Point

Historic Event

1870-07-14 The United States Congress grants Mary Todd Lincoln a life pension in the amount of $3,000 a year

  • 1870-08-08 1st America's Cup: New York Yacht Club’s first defence of America’s Cup; 'Magic' (NYYC) defeats 'Cambria' (Royal Thames YC, England; finishes 8th) and 16 fellow defenders from NY Harbour to Sandy Hook Light Vessel on the Atlantic and return (38 miles)
  • 1870-10-19 1st African Americans (4) elected to US House of Representatives
  • 1871-10-23 Replacement yacht Sappho (US) beats Livonia (UK) by 25:27 in race 5 to win 3rd America's Cup off Newport, RI 4-1; original defender Columbia damaged so misses races 4 & 5

Historic Event

1872-11-05 American women's right to vote advocate Susan B. Anthony votes for Ulysses S. Grant

  • 1873-01-17 A group of Modoc warriors defeats the United States Army in the First Battle of the Stronghold, a part of the Modoc War

Historic Event

1873-07-01 Henry Ossian Flipper of Georgia enters West Point Military Academy

  • 1873-08-04 Indian Wars: whilst protecting a railroad survey party in Montana, US 7th Cavalry, under Lieutenant Colonel George Armstrong Custer, clashes for the 1st time with the Sioux near the Tongue River. 1 man killed on each side.
  • 1873-12-30 American Metrological Society forms (NYC) weights, measures & money
  • 1874-03-18 Hawaii signs a treaty with the United States granting exclusive trading rights.
  • 1874-11-25 The United States Greenback Party is established as a political party consisting primarily of farmers affected by the Panic of 1873.
  • 1875-10-22 Sons of American Revolution organizes
  • 1876-01-31 The United States orders all Native Americans to move into reservations.
  • 1876-08-12 Madeline (US) beats Countess Dufferin (Canada) in 4th America's Cup

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 301 - 400 of 9,758

  • 1820-02-01 George Hendric Houghton, American Protestant Episcopal clergyman (d. 1897)
  • 1820-03-24 Fanny Crosby, American hymnist known as the "Queen of Gospel Song Writers", born in Brewster, New York (d. 1915)
  • 1820-04-26 Alice Cary, American poet (Cincinnati Sentinel), born in Cincinnati, Ohio (d. 1871)
  • 1820-09-03 George Hearst, American businessman and politician (U.S. Senator from California), born in Sullivan, Missouri (d. 1891)
  • 1820-10-05 David Wilber, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New York), born in Quaker Street, Duanesburg, New York (d. 1890)
  • 1821-01-27 John Chivington, American officer, (d. 1892)

Nathan Bedford Forrest

1821-07-13 Nathan Bedford Forrest, American slave trader, Confederate lieutenant general and KKK Grand Wizard, born in Chapel Hill, Tennessee (d. 1877)

Mary Baker Eddy

1821-07-16 Mary Baker Eddy, American founder of the religious movement, Christian Science (Science & Health), born in Bow, New Hampshire (d. 1910)

Bill the Butcher

1821-07-24 William Poole, American gang member (New York City's Bowery Boys), born in Sussex County, New Jersey (d. 1855)

  • 1821-08-04 James Springer White, American theologian (co-founder of the Seventh-day Adventist Church), born in Palmyra, Maine (d. 1881)
  • 1821-08-10 Jay Cooke, American financier (d. 1905)
  • 1821-09-28 Jonathan Clarkson Gibbs, American politician (Secretary of State and Superintendent of Public Instruction of Florida) and Presbyterian minister, born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1874)

Collis P. Huntington

1821-10-22 Collis P. Huntington, American business tycoon and railroad executive (Central Pacific Railroad, Southern Pacific Railroad), born in Harwinton, Connecticut (d. 1900)

  • 1821-12-19 Mary Ashton Livermore, American reformer/women's suffrage leader

Clara Barton

1821-12-25 Clara Barton, American nurse and founder of the American Red Cross, born in North Oxford, Massachusetts (d. 1912)

Frederick Law Olmsted

1822-04-26 Frederick Law Olmsted, American writer and landscape architect (designed Central Park), born in Hartford, Connecticut (d. 1903)

  • 1822-12-05 Elizabeth Cabot Agassiz, American educator and the co-founder and first president of Radcliffe College, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1907)
  • 1823-03-20 Ned Buntline, American publisher (d. 1886)

Boss Tweed

1823-04-03 William Magear Tweed "Boss Tweed", American politician and corrupt New York fraudster, born in NYC, New York (d. 1878)

  • 1823-05-22 Solomon Bundy, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New York's 21st district), born in Oxford, New York (d. 1889)
  • 1823-05-29 John H. Balsley, American carpenter and inventor (a practical folding wooden stepladder), born in Connellsville, Fayette County, Pennsylvania (d. 1895)
  • 1823-09-16 Francis Parkman, American historian and author (Oregon Trail), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1893)

Mary Ann Shadd Cary

1823-10-09 Mary Ann Shadd Cary, American-Canadian publisher and anti-slavery campaigner, 1st African American newspaper publisher ('Provincial Freeman'), born in Wilmington, Delaware (d. 1893)

  • 1824-03-05 Elisha Harris, American physician/found American Public Health Assoc
  • 1824-03-25 Clinton L. Merriam, American politician (Rep-R-NY) (d. 1900)
  • 1824-09-04 Phoebe Cary, American poet (Poems of Alice & Phoebe Cary), born in Cincinnati, Ohio (d. 1871)
  • 1825-02-15 Carter Harrison, Sr., American politician (d. 1893)
  • 1825-07-31 William S. Clark, American senator and scholar (d. 1886)
  • 1826-03-04 Theodore Judah, American railroad engineer (d. 1863)
  • 1826-04-26 Ambrose R. Wright, American Civil War General, born in Louisville, Georgia (d. 1872)
  • 1826-04-26 George Hull Ward, American general and Union officer in the American Civil War, born in Worcester, Massachusetts (d. 1863)

Stephen Foster

1826-07-04 Stephen Foster, American composer (Oh! Susanna; Swanee River; Beautiful Dreamer), born in Lawrenceville, Pennsylvania (d. 1864)

  • 1827-05-21 William P. Sprague, American politician from Ohio (d. 1899)
  • 1827-05-27 Samuel F. Miller, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New York), born in Franklin, New York (d. 1892)

Hiram R. Revels

1827-09-27 Hiram R. Revels, American clergyman, politician,1st African American in Congress (US Senator from Mississippi, 1870-71), and college president (Alcorn, 1871-82), born in Fayetteville, North Carolina (d. 1901)

  • 1827-09-30 Ellis H. Roberts, American politician, Treasurer of the US (Rep-R-New York), born in Utica, New York(d. 1918)
  • 1827-10-31 Richard Morris Hunt, American architect and educator, born in Brattleboro, Vermont (d. 1895)

Ellen G. White

1827-11-26 Ellen G. White, American religious leader and co-founder of the Seventh-day Adventist Church, born in Gorham, Maine (d. 1915)

  • 1828-05-23 Edward Hitchcock Jr., 1st American physical educator (Amherst College), born in Amherst, Massachusetts (d. 1911)
  • 1828-10-10 Samuel J. Randall, American politician (Speaker of the United States House of Representatives), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1890)

Levi Strauss

1829-02-26 Levi Strauss, German-born American clothing designer who founded the 1st company to manufacture blue jeans (Levi Strauss & Co.), born in Buttenheim, Bavaria (d. 1902)

  • 1829-03-24 George Francis Train, American businessman (d. 1904)
  • 1829-04-15 Mary Harris Thompson, 1st American woman surgeon, born in Fort Ann, New York (d. 1895)

Chester A. Arthur

1829-10-05 Chester A. Arthur, 21st President of the United States (1881-85), born in Fairfield Vermont (d. 1886)

  • 1829-12-14 John Mercer Langston, 1st African-American to hold US political office, born in Louisa County, Virginia (d. 1897)
  • 1830-04-06 James Augustine Healy, Macon Ga, 1st African American Roman Catholic bishop
  • 1830-05-05 John Batterson Stetson, American hat manufacturer, born in Orange, New Jersey (d. 1906)
  • 1830-07-08 Frederick William Seward, United States Assistant Secretary of State (d. 1915)
  • 1830-09-02 William P. Frye, American politician (d. 1911)
  • 1831-02-27 Hiram Bond Everest, American co-founder of The Vacuum Oil Company (d. 1913)
  • 1831-03-29 Amelia E. Barr, British-born American writer, born in Ulverston, Lancashire (d. 1919)

John Pemberton

1831-07-08 John Pemberton, American pharmacist (inventor of Coca-Cola), born in Knoxville, Georgia (d. 1888)

  • 1832-01-13 Horatio Alger, American clergyman and author (Disagreeable Woman, Ragged Dick), born in Chelsea, Massachusetts (d. 1899)
  • 1832-05-21 Elizabeth Storrs Mead, American educator (d. 1917)
  • 1832-07-10 Alvan Graham Clark, American telescope maker and astronomer (Sirius B), born in Fall River, Massachusetts (d. 1897)
  • 1832-11-26 Mary Edwards Walker, American surgeon and women's rights leader and only woman to receive Medal of Honor (bravery during Civil War), born in Oswego, New York (d. 1919)

Louisa May Alcott

1832-11-29 Louisa May Alcott, American author (Little Women), born in Germantown, Pennsylvania (d. 1888)

  • 1833-01-02 Frederick A. Johnson, American politician (d. 1893)
  • 1833-02-01 Henry McNeal Turner, Newberry South Carolina, Minister and politician, 1st African American Methodist Bishop (d. 1915)
  • 1833-10-02 William Corby, American Catholic priest and President of the University of Notre Dame, born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 1897)
  • 1834-04-01 Big Jim Fisk, American entrepreneur (d. 1872)
  • 1834-08-22 Samuel Pierpont Langley, American astronomer and pioneer aviator, born in Roxbury, Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1906)
  • 1834-10-08 Walter Kittredge, American musician during American Civil War, born in Merrimack, New Hampshire (d. 1905)
  • 1835-03-15 John Henrie Kagi, American abolitionist (d. 1859)

Andrew Carnegie

1835-11-25 Andrew Carnegie, Scottish-American industrialist, steel tycoon, philanthropist and one of the richest Americans ever, born in Dunfermline, Scotland (d. 1919)

Mark Twain

1835-11-30 Mark Twain [Samuel Clemens], American author (Tom Sawyer, Huckleberry Finn), born in Florida, Missouri (d. 1910)

  • 1835-12-18 Lyman Abbott, American theologian and author, born in Roxbury, Massachusetts (d. 1922)
  • 1836-01-08 Fanny Jackson Coppin, African-American educator & missionary, born in Washington, D.C. (d. 1913)
  • 1836-03-05 Charles Goodnight, American cattle rancher (d. 1929)
  • 1836-03-16 Andrew Smith Hallidie, American inventor of the cable car, born in London (d. 1900)
  • 1836-03-20 Ferris Jacobs, Jr., American military officer and politician (US Representative from New York 1881-83), born in Delhi, New York (d. 1886)
  • 1836-03-28 Frederick Pabst, German-American brewer (Pabst Brewing Company), born in Mönchpfiffel-Nikolausrieth, Germany (d. 1904)
  • 1836-08-11 Warren Brown, American politician (d. 1919)
  • 1836-09-10 Karl Merz, German-American composer (Brainard's Musical World), born in Bernsheim, Germany (d. 1890)
  • 1836-09-11 Fitz Hugh Ludlow, American author (The Hasheesh Eater), born in NYC, New York (d. 1870)
  • 1836-11-04 Henry J. Lutcher, American businessman and sawmill partner, born in Williamsport, Pennsylvania (d. 1912)
  • 1836-11-08 Milton Bradley, American business magnate and game manufacturer, born in Vienna, Maine (d. 1911)
  • 1837-01-23 Amanda Smith, American former slave, singer and evangelist, born in Long Green, Maryland (d. 1915)
  • 1837-04-10 Forceythe Willson, American poet (The Old Sergeant), born in Little Genesee, New York (d. 1867)

J. P. Morgan

1837-04-17 J. P. Morgan, Sr. [John Pierpont], American financier and banker (General Electric, Steel Corporation, AT&T), born in Hartford, Connecticut (d. 1913)

Wild Bill Hickok

1837-05-27 "Wild Bill" Hickok [James Butler], American cowboy and scout, born in Troy Grove, Illinois (d. 1876)

  • 1837-05-28 Tony Pastor, American vaudeville performer, born in Manhattan, New York (d. 1908)
  • 1837-11-13 James T. Rapier, African-American politician, born in Florence, Alabama (d. 1883)

George Dewey

1837-12-26 George Dewey, American admiral, naval hero in Battle of Manila Bay, born in Montpelier, Vermont (d. 1917)

  • 1837-12-26 Morgan Bulkeley, American politician (US Senator - Connecticut 1905-11) and Baseball HOF administrator (NL President 1876), born in East Haddam, Connecticut (d. 1922)

John Wilkes Booth

1838-05-10 John Wilkes Booth, American stage actor and assassin of US President Abraham Lincoln, born in Bel Air, Maryland (d. 1865)

  • 1838-06-16 Cushman Davis, American politician (d. 1900)
  • 1838-07-20 Augustin Daly, American playwright and theatrical manager, born in Plymouth, North Carolina (d. 1899)
  • 1839-02-09 Silas Adams, American lawyer and politician (d. 1896)
  • 1839-02-20 Benjamin Waugh, English social reformer who founded the National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children, born in Settle, North Yorkshire, England (d. 1908)
  • 1839-02-22 Francis Pharcellus Church, American editor and publisher (The New York Sun - "Yes, Virginia, There Is A Santa Claus"), born in Rochester, New York (d. 1906)
  • 1839-03-09 Phoebe Knapp, American hymn writer and organist, born in NYC, New York (d. 1908)
  • 1839-04-05 Robert Smalls, African-American congressman (1875-87), born in Beaufort, South Carolina (d. 1915)

John D. Rockefeller

1839-07-08 John D. Rockefeller, American industrialist and founder of Standard Oil, born in Richford, New York (d. 1937)

  • 1839-07-17 Ephraim Shay, American inventor of Shay type of geared steam locomotive, born in Huron, Ohio (d. 1916)
  • 1839-09-10 Charles Peirce, American scientist and philosopher known as "the father of pragmatism", born in Cambridge, Massachusetts (d. 1914)
  • 1840-02-29 William Harvey Carney, American Civil War soldier (first African-American to be awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor), born in Norfolk, Virginia (d. 1908)
  • 1840-07-25 Flora Adams Darling, American writer and historian, founded Daughters of American Revolution, born in Lancaster, New Hampshire (d. 1910)

Thomas Nast

1840-09-27 Thomas Nast, German-American caricaturist and political cartoonist of late 1800s America, born in Landau, Germany (d. 1902)

  • 1841-05-10 James Gordon Bennett Jr., American publisher (thought to have inspired the phrase "Gordon Bennett"), born in New York City (d. 1918)

Famous Weddings


Famous Divorces


Famous Deaths

Deaths 301 - 400 of 4,918

  • 1885-01-13 Schuyler Colfax, American politician (b.1823)
  • 1885-01-24 Martin Delany, African-American abolitionist and physician (1st African American major in US Army), dies at 72
  • 1886-01-26 David Rice Atchison, American politician ((not President of the United States for a day on March 4, 1849), dies at 78 [1]

John Deere

1886-05-17 John Deere, American blacksmith and manufacturer (founded Deere & Company) dies at 82

  • 1886-08-30 Ferris Jacobs, Jr., American military officer and politician (US Representative from New York 1881-83), dies at 50
  • 1886-09-03 William W. Snow, American politician, U.S. House of Representatives from New York (1851-53), dies at 74
  • 1886-10-08 Austin F. Pike, American politician from New Hampshire (b. 1819)
  • 1886-11-22 William Bliss Baker, American painter (b. 1859)
  • 1887-03-08 Henry Ward Beecher, American clergyman (b. 1813)
  • 1887-03-08 James Buchanan Eads, American engineer and inventor (Eads Bridge-St Louis), dies at 66
  • 1887-05-07 C. F. W. Walther, American Lutheran theologian (b. 1811)
  • 1887-05-14 Lysander Spooner, American philosopher (b. 1808)
  • 1887-07-25 John Taylor, American religious leader (3rd President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints), dies at 78
  • 1887-08-08 Alexander William Doniphan, American lawyer and soldier, dies at 79
  • 1887-08-19 Alvan Clark, American astronomer and maker of the Dearborn Observatory telescope, the largest telescope in the world at the time, dies at 83

Doc Holliday

1887-11-08 John "Doc" Holliday, American dentist, gambler and gunfighter, dies of tuberculosis at 36

  • 1887-12-05 Eliza Roxcy Snow, American poet (b. 1804)
  • 1889-01-13 Solomon Bundy, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New York's 21st district), dies at 65
  • 1889-03-15 Melville Reuben Bissell, American inventor of the carpet sweeper, dies of pneumonia at 45
  • 1889-05-14 Volney E. Howard, American politician, dies at 79
  • 1889-07-21 Nelson Dewey, American politician, 1st Governor of Wisconsin (b. 1813)

Jefferson Davis

1889-12-06 Jefferson Davis, President of the Confederate States of America (1861-65), dies at 81

  • 1890-01-30 Karl Merz, German-American composer (Brainard's Musical World), dies at 53
  • 1890-02-22 John Jacob Astor III, American businessman (Astor Estate holdings), dies at 67
  • 1890-04-01 David Wilber, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New York), dies at 69
  • 1890-04-13 Samuel J. Randall, American politician (Speaker of the United States House of Representatives), dies at 61
  • 1890-07-03 Gilman Marston, American Brigadier General (Union Army) and politician (R-NH), dies at 78
  • 1890-07-13 John C. Frémont, American army officer, explorer of the American West and presidential candidate, dies at 77
  • 1891-01-05 Emma Abbott, American soprano, dies at 40

George Bancroft

1891-01-17 George Bancroft, American historian and father of U.S. History, dies at 90

  • 1891-09-18 William Ferrel, American mathematician (b. 1817)
  • 1892-03-16 Samuel F. Miller, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New York), dies at 64

Walt Whitman

1892-03-26 Walt Whitman, American poet (Leaves of Grass) and volunteer nurse during the Civil War, dies of pneumonia at 72

  • 1892-12-02 Jay Gould, American railroad developer and speculator, dies at 56
  • 1893-02-18 Serranus Clinton Hastings, American politician and lawyer (3rd Attorney General of California), dies at 78
  • 1893-02-20 P. G. T. Beauregard, American Confederate general (Hero of Sumter), dies at 74

Mary Ann Shadd Cary

1893-06-05 Mary Ann Shadd Cary, American-Canadian publisher and anti-slavery campaigner, 1st African American newspaper publisher, dies of stomach cancer at 69

Leland Stanford

1893-06-21 Leland Stanford, American business tycoon (Southern Pacific Railroad), 8th Governor of California and founder of Stanford University, dies of heart failure at 69

  • 1893-07-17 Frederick A. Johnson, American politician (b. 1833)
  • 1894-07-01 Allan Pinkerton, American private detective and founder of Chicago detective agency, dies at 64
  • 1894-10-07 Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr., American physician and author (Old Ironsides), dies at 85
  • 1895-01-03 James Merritt Ives, American lithographer and businessman (Currier and Ives), dies at 70
  • 1895-01-09 Aaron Lufkin Dennison, American watch manufacturer (b. 1812)
  • 1895-08-19 John Wesley Hardin, American outlaw and gunfighter (claimed to have killed 27 men), shot dead in a saloon at 42
  • 1896-01-01 Alfred Ely Beach, American inventor, dies at 69
  • 1896-05-05 Silas Adams, American lawyer and politician (b. 1839)
  • 1896-06-07 Wyatt Eaton, Canadian-American artist, dies from tuberculosis at 47
  • 1896-07-19 Abraham H. Cannon, American Mormon apostle (b. 1859)
  • 1896-08-19 Josiah Dwight Whitney, American Geologist, dies at 76
  • 1896-09-11 Francis James Child, American ballad collector (b. 1825)
  • 1897-06-09 Alvan Graham Clark, American telescope maker and astronomer (Sirius B), dies 3 weeks after 1st use of Yerkes 40" lens at 64
  • 1897-10-19 George Pullman, American inventor and industrialist (b. 1831)
  • 1897-11-15 John Mercer Langston, 1st African-American to hold US political office, dies at 67
  • 1897-11-17 George Hendric Houghton, American Protestant Episcopal clergyman (b. 1820)
  • 1897-11-19 William Seymour Tyler, American educator and historian (b. 1810).
  • 1897-12-28 William Corby, American Catholic priest and President of the University of Notre Dame, dies at 64
  • 1897-12-29 William James Linton, American wood engraver and political reformer. (b. 1812)
  • 1898-03-11 William Rosecrans, American Civil War Union general (b. 1819)
  • 1898-03-18 Matilda Joslyn Gage, American suffragist (b. 1826)
  • 1898-05-22 Edward Bellamy, American author (Looking Backward) and socialist, dies of tuberculosis at 48
  • 1898-07-08 Soapy Smith, American con artist (b. 1860)
  • 1898-08-09 Gardner Quincy Colton, American lecturer who was the first to use nitrous oxide as an anesthetic in dentistry, dies at 84
  • 1898-09-14 William Seward Burroughs, American inventor of the adding machine, dies at 43
  • 1898-10-12 Calvin Fairbank, American abolitionist minister (b. 1816)
  • 1899-01-12 Hiram Walker, American entrepreneur and founder of the Hiram Walker and Sons Ltd. distillery, dies at 82
  • 1899-03-03 William P. Sprague, American politician from Ohio (b. 1827)
  • 1899-07-18 Horatio Alger, American clergyman and author (Disagreeable Woman, Ragged Dick), dies at 67
  • 1899-07-21 Robert G. Ingersoll, American politician and military officer (b. 1833)
  • 1899-09-17 Charles Alfred Pillsbury, American industrialist and co-founder (Pillsbury Company), dies at 56
  • 1899-10-30 William Henry Webb, American industrialist and philanthropist, dies at 83

David Edward Hughes

1900-01-22 David Edward Hughes, British-American inventor (microphone, teleprinter), dies at 68

  • 1900-02-18 Clinton L. Merriam, American politician (b. 1824)
  • 1900-03-19 John Bingham, American politician and lawyer, dies at 85
  • 1900-03-26 Isaac Mayer Wise, American rabbi and founder (American Hebrew Congregations), dies at 80
  • 1900-04-24 Andrew Smith Hallidie, American inventor and cable car pioneer, dies at 64
  • 1900-08-05 James Augustine Healy, African American Roman Catholic bishop, dies at 80
  • 1900-09-23 William Marsh Rice, American philanthropist and university founder (b. 1816)
  • 1900-12-21 Roger Wolcott, American political figure, 39th Governor of Massachusetts (b. 1847)

Hiram R. Revels

1901-01-16 Hiram R. Revels, American clergyman, politician,1st African American in Congress (US Senator from Mississippi, 1870-71), and college president (Alcorn, 1871-82),dies at 73

  • 1901-01-21 Elisha Gray, American inventor (telephone prototype), dies at 65

Benjamin Harrison

1901-03-13 Benjamin Harrison, 23rd President of the United States (Republican: 1889-93), dies in Indianapolis at 67

  • 1901-04-19 Alfred Horatio Belo, American newswriter and businessman (b. 1839)
  • 1901-09-25 Arthur Fremantle, British general and American Civil War observer (b. 1835)
  • 1901-11-27 Clement Studebaker, American automobile manufacturer (b. 1831)
  • 1902-04-02 Esther Morris [Esther Hobart McQuigg], American suffragist, anti-slavery activist, and 1st female justice of the peace in the US, dies at 87
  • 1902-05-26 Almon Strowger, American inventor (b. 1839)
  • 1902-07-18 John White, American organist and composer, dies at 47

Levi Strauss

1902-09-26 Levi Strauss, German-born American clothing designer who founded the 1st company to manufacture blue jeans (Levi Strauss & Co.), dies at 73

  • 1902-10-25 Frank Norris, American journalist and writer (McTeague), dies at 32
  • 1902-12-04 Charles Dow, American journalist and economist (co-founded Dow Jones and 1st editor of Wall St Journal), dies at 51
  • 1903-03-16 Roy Bean, American jurist
  • 1903-05-29 Bruce Price, American architect (Château Frontenac), dies at 57