United States of America in History (Part 4)

Historical Events

Events 301 - 400 of 1,637

  • 1853-07-06 William Wells Brown publishes "Clotel", 1st novel by an African American
  • 1854-06-10 The first class of the United States Naval Academy students graduate
  • 1854-10-01 The watch company founded in 1850 in Roxbury by Aaron Lufkin Dennison relocates to Waltham, Massachusetts, to become the Waltham Watch Company, a pioneer in the American System of Watch Manufacturing.
  • 1855-02-14 Texas is linked by telegraph to the rest of the United States, with the completion of a connection between New Orleans and Marshall, Texas.
  • 1855-09-03 Indian Wars: In Nebraska, 700 soldiers under American General William S. Harney avenge the Grattan Massacre by attacking a Sioux village, killing 100 men, women, and children.
  • 1855-09-27 George Frederick Bristow's "Rip Van Winkle", 2nd American opera, opens in NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1856-02-18 The American Party (Know-Nothings) convenes in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania to nominate its first Presidential candidate, former President Millard Fillmore.

13th US President Millard Fillmore
13th US President
Millard Fillmore
  • 1856-08-21 America's first consul to Japan, Townsend Harris, arrives in Shimoda. (Traditional Japanese date: July 21, 1856)
  • 1856-09-14 Battle of San Jacinto at Hacienda San Jacinto, Nicaraguan forces defeat American filibusters
  • 1856-11-17 On the Sonoita River in present-day southern Arizona, the United States Army establishes Fort Buchanan in order to help control new land acquired in the Gadsden Purchase.
  • 1857-09-12 423 die when "Central America" sinks off Cape Romain SC
  • 1857-10-06 First American Chess Congress hosted by the American Chess Association

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1859-09-17 Joshua Abraham Norton, English-born resident of San Francisco, proclaims himself his Imperial Majesty Emperor Norton I, Emperor of the United States of America

Emperor of the USA Emperor Norton
Emperor of the USA
Emperor Norton
  • 1860-01-29 American College established in Rome by Pope Pius IX

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1860-11-06 Abraham Lincoln (Rep-R-Ill) elected 16th American President

16th US President Abraham Lincoln
16th US President
Abraham Lincoln
  • 1861-02-01 Texas secedes from the Union (which precipitates the American Civil War)

  • 1861-02-06 1st meeting of Provisional Congress of Confederate States of America (US Civil War)
  • 1861-02-08 Confederate States of America organizes in Montgomery, Alabama (US Civil War)

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1861-02-09 Jefferson Davis & Alexander Stephens elected President & VP of the Confederate States of America (US Civil War)

President of the Confederate States of America Jefferson Davis
President of the Confederate States of America
Jefferson Davis
  • 1861-05-03 General Winfield Scott presents his Anaconda Plan for the North against the South in American Civil War
  • 1861-06-08 American Civil War: Tennessee votes to secede from the Union
  • 1861-08-29 American Civil War: US Navy squadron captures forts at Hatteras Inlet, North Carolina.
  • 1861-11-02 American Civil War: Western Department Union General John C. Frémont is relieved of command and replaced by David Hunter
  • 1861-12-09 American Civil War: The Joint Committee on the Conduct of the War is established by the U.S. Congress.
  • 1861-12-19 Battle of Black Water (American Civil War)
  • 1862-02-06 American Civil War: Naval engagement on Tennessee River, USS Conestago vs CSS Appleton Belle
  • 1862-04-16 American Confederate Congress approves conscription act for all white males (18-35 years)
  • 1862-05-20 US President Abraham Lincoln signs into law the Homestead Act to provide cheap land for the settlement of the American West (80 million acres by 1900)
  • 1862-06-07 The United States and Britain agree to suppress the slave trade
  • 1862-08-14 Abraham Lincoln receives the first group of African Americans to confer with a US president
  • 1862-09-14 Skirmish at Fox's Gap, American Civil War
  • 1862-09-17 Battle of Antietam [Battle of Sharpsburg], bloodiest day in the American Civil War: 22,000 dead, wounded or missing in first battle on Union soil
  • 1862-09-17 American Civil War: The Allegheny Arsenal explosion results in the single largest civilian disaster during the war; 78 workers killed.
  • 1862-09-30 First Battle of Newtonia (American Civil War), Newton County, Missouri
  • 1862-12-31 -Jan 20th) Battle of Stone's River (Battle of Murfreesboro), Tennesse in American Civil War
  • 1863-01-08 American Civil War: Second Battle of Springfield

  • 1863-01-26 American Civil War: Massachusetts Governor receives permission from Secretary of War to raise a militia organization for men of African descent (54th Massachusetts Regiment)
  • 1863-01-29 Bear River Massacre: American soldiers slaughter hundreds of Native Americans at the confluence of the Bear River and Beaver Creek in present day Idaho
  • 1863-03-27 American Confederate President Jefferson Davis calls for this to be a day of fasting & prayer

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1863-04-30 -5/1] Battle of Snyder's Bluff, Virginia (part of the Vicksburg Campaign of the American Civil War): General Sherman beaten by Confederate forces

  • 1863-05-14 American Civil War: The Battle of Jackson, Mississippi takes place
  • 1863-07-03 Battle of Gettysburg, largest battle ever fought on the American continent, ends in a major victory for the Union during the US Civil War
  • 1863-08-08 American Civil War: Tennessee's "military" Governor Andrew Johnson frees his personal slaves. Celebrated as a holiday by Tennessee African Americans (early 20th century)
  • 1863-09-16 Robert College of Istanbul, Turkey, the first American educational institution outside the United States, is founded by Christopher Robert, an American philanthropist.
  • 1863-11-03 Battle of Grand Coteau in Southwestern Louisiana in the American Civil War
  • 1864-07-29 American Civil War: Confederate spy Belle Boyd is arrested by Union troops and detained at the Old Capitol Prison in Washington, D.C.
  • 1864-09-17 American Civil War: Grant approves Sheridan's plan for Shenandoah Valley Campaign
  • 1864-09-18 Hood's Tennessee campaign begins (also called The Franklin–Nashville Campaign), American Civil War
  • 1864-09-27 Battle at Pilot Knob (Ft Davidson) American Civil War, Missouri: 1700 killed/injured
  • 1864-10-28 Second Battle of Newtonia (American Civil War), Newton County, Missouri
  • 1864-11-07 2nd session of congress of Confederate States of America reconvenes
  • 1864-11-08 Abraham Lincoln (R) elected to his 2nd term as American President
  • 1864-11-22 American Civil War Battle at Griswoldville, Georgia, ends after 650 casualties
  • 1865-01-31 Congress passes the 13th Amendment, abolishing slavery in America (passes 121-24)
  • 1865-02-17 Columbia, South Carolina, burns down during American Civil War
  • 1865-03-02 Conferate General Early's army is defeated at the battle of Waynesboro, Virginia, during American Civil War
  • 1865-03-18 Congress of Confederate States of American adjourns for last time

AssassinationAbraham Lincoln's Deathbed

1865-04-15 Abraham Lincoln dies 9 hours after he is shot attending the play "Our American Cousin" at Ford's Theatre in Washington
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The bed on which Abraham Lincoln died hours after being shot by John Wilkes Booth, taken shortly after Lincoln's body was removed
The bed on which Abraham Lincoln died hours after being shot by John Wilkes Booth, taken shortly after Lincoln's body was removed
  • 1865-04-27 Steamboat "SS Sultana" explodes in the Mississippi River, killing up to 1,800 of the 2,427 passengers in the greatest maritime disaster in United States history. Most were paroled Union POWs on their way home.
  • 1865-05-13 Battle of Palmito Ranch, near Brownsville, Texas: final engagement of the American Civil War, Private John Jefferson Williams of B Company, 34th Regiment Indiana Infantry is last man killed
  • 1865-07-26 Patrick Francis Healy is 1st African American awarded PhD (from University of Leuven, Belgium)
  • 1865-11-06 American Civil War: CSS Shenandoah is the last Confederate combat unit to surrender after circumnavigating the globe, on its cruise that sank or captured 37 vessels

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1865-11-13 P. T. Barnum's New American museum opens in Bridgeport

Circus Showman and Businessman P. T. Barnum
Circus Showman and Businessman
P. T. Barnum
  • 1865-12-06 13th Amendment of the United States Constitution is ratified, abolishing slavery
  • 1866-04-10 American Society for Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA) forms
  • 1866-05-01 American Equal Rights Association forms
  • 1866-06-07 1,800 Fenian raiders are repelled back to the United States after they loot and plunder around Saint-Armand and Frelighsburg, Quebec

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1867-01-08 African American men granted the right to vote in Washington, D.C. despite President Andrew Johnson's veto

17th US President Andrew Johnson
17th US President
Andrew Johnson
  • 1867-08-28 United States occupy Midway Islands in the Pacific
  • 1867-08-28 The United States formally takes control of Midway Atoll, years after it was sighted and claimed by Captain N.C. Brooks

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1867-12-02 In a New York City theater, British author Charles Dickens gives his first public reading in the United States

Novelist Charles Dickens
Novelist
Charles Dickens
  • 1867-12-28 United States claims Midway Island, the first territory annexed outside Continental limits.

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1868-10-01 "Little Women" by Louisa May Alcott is published in America by Roberts Brothers of Boston

  • 1868-10-30 John Menard of Louisiana is 1st African American elected to US Congress
  • 1868-11-11 1st American amateur track & field meet (NYC)
  • 1868-11-13 American Philological Association organized in NY

BattleBattle of Interest

1868-11-27 Battle at Washita River, Oklahoma. General George A. Custer attacks group of Native American Indians, their chief Black Kettle dies in the attack

  • 1868-12-05 1st American bicycle college opens (NY)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1869-03-16 Hiram R. Revels makes 1st official speech by an African American in the Senate

Minister and US Senator Hiram R. Revels
Minister and US Senator
Hiram R. Revels
  • 1869-04-08 American Museum of Natural History opens in New York City
  • 1869-07-30 The Charles, considered the world’s first "oil tanker", departs from the United States headed for Europe with a bulk capacity of 7,000 barrels of oil
  • 1869-10-26 1st American steeplechase horserace (Westchester, NY)
  • 1869-11-24 American Woman's Suffrage Association forms (Cleveland)
  • 1869-12-10 The first American chapter of Kappa Sigma is founded at the University of Virginia.
  • 1870-02-03 US state of Iowa ratifies the 15th Amendment of the United States Constitution allowing suffrage for all races & colour
  • 1870-02-14 Esther Morris appointed US' first female in Justice of the Peace in South Pass City, Wyoming, after previous justice, R.S. Barr, resigned to protest passage of Wyoming Territory's women's suffrage amendment in 1869
  • 1870-02-25 Hiram R. Revels is sworn in as 1st African American member of Congress (Sen-R-MS)
  • 1870-04-09 American Anti-Slavery Society dissolves
  • 1870-06-28 U.S. Congress creates federal holidays (New Years Day, Independence Day, Thanksgiving Day, and Christmas Day), initially applicable only to federal employees
  • 1870-07-01 James W. Smith of South Carolina is one of 1st African Americans to attend West Point

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1870-07-14 The United States Congress grants Mary Todd Lincoln a life pension in the amount of $3,000 a year

First Lady of the United States Mary Todd Lincoln
First Lady of the United States
Mary Todd Lincoln
  • 1870-08-08 Magic (US) defeats Cambria (England) in 2nd running of America's Cup
  • 1870-10-19 1st African Americans (4) elected to US House of Representatives
  • 1871-10-23 Columbia & Sappho (US) beat Livonia (UK) in 3rd America's Cup

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1872-11-05 American women's right to vote advocate Susan B. Anthony votes for Ulysses S. Grant

Suffragette Susan B. Anthony
Suffragette
Susan B. Anthony
  • 1873-01-17 A group of Modoc warriors defeats the United States Army in the First Battle of the Stronghold, a part of the Modoc War

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1873-07-01 Henry Ossian Flipper of Georgia enters West Point Military Academy

Soldier and Former Slave Henry Ossian Flipper
Soldier and Former Slave
Henry Ossian Flipper
  • 1873-08-04 Indian Wars: whilst protecting a railroad survey party in Montana, US 7th Cavalry, under Lieutenant Colonel George Armstrong Custer, clashes for the 1st time with the Sioux near the Tongue River. 1 man killed on each side.
  • 1873-12-30 American Metrological Society forms (NYC) weights, measures & money
  • 1874-03-18 Hawaii signs a treaty with the United States granting exclusive trading rights.

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 301 - 400 of 9,878

  • 1819-12-26 E. D. E. N. Southworth, American novelist (d. 1899)
  • 1820-02-01 George Hendric Houghton, American Protestant Episcopal clergyman (d. 1897)
  • 1820-03-24 Fanny Crosby, American hymnist (d. 1915)
  • 1820-04-26 Alice Cary, American poet (Cincinnati Sentinel), born in Cincinnati, Ohio (d. 1871)
  • 1820-09-03 George Hearst, American businessman and politician (U.S. Senator from California), born in Sullivan, Missouri (d. 1891)
  • 1820-10-05 David Wilber, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New York), born in Quaker Street, Duanesburg, New York (d. 1890)
  • 1821-01-27 John Chivington, American officer, (d. 1892)

Person of interestNathan Bedford Forrest

1821-07-13 Nathan Bedford Forrest, American slave trader, Confederate lieutenant general and KKK Grand Wizard, born in Chapel Hill, Tennessee (d. 1877)

Confederate General and KKK Grand Wizard Nathan Bedford Forrest
Confederate General and KKK Grand Wizard
Nathan Bedford Forrest

Person of interestMary Baker Eddy

1821-07-16 Mary Baker Eddy, American founder of the religious movement, Christian Science (Science & Health), born in Bow, New Hampshire (d. 1910)

Christian Science Founder Mary Baker Eddy
Christian Science Founder
Mary Baker Eddy

Person of interestBill the Butcher

1821-07-24 William Poole, American gang member (New York City's Bowery Boys), born in Sussex County, New Jersey (d. 1855)

Gang Leader Bill the Butcher
Gang Leader
Bill the Butcher
  • 1821-08-04 James Springer White, American theologian (co-founder of the Seventh-day Adventist Church), born in Palmyra, Maine (d. 1881)
  • 1821-08-10 Jay Cooke, American financier (d. 1905)
  • 1821-09-28 Jonathan Clarkson Gibbs, American politician (Secretary of State and Superintendent of Public Instruction of Florida) and Presbyterian minister, born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1874)

Person of interestCollis P. Huntington

1821-10-22 Collis P. Huntington, American business tycoon and railroad executive (Central Pacific Railroad, Southern Pacific Railroad), born in Harwinton, Connecticut (d. 1900)

Business Tycoon Collis P. Huntington
Business Tycoon
Collis P. Huntington
  • 1821-12-19 Mary Ashton Livermore, American reformer/women's suffrage leader

Person of interestClara Barton

1821-12-25 Clara Barton, American nurse and founder of the American Red Cross, born in North Oxford, Massachusetts (d. 1912)

Pioneering Nurse and Humanitarian Clara Barton
Pioneering Nurse and Humanitarian
Clara Barton

Person of interestFrederick Law Olmsted

1822-04-26 Frederick Law Olmsted, American writer and landscape architect (designed Central Park), born in Hartford, Connecticut (d. 1903)

Landscape Architect and Writer Frederick Law Olmsted
Landscape Architect and Writer
Frederick Law Olmsted
  • 1822-12-05 Elizabeth Cabot Agassiz, American educator and the co-founder and first president of Radcliffe College, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1907)
  • 1823-03-20 Ned Buntline, American publisher (d. 1886)

Person of interestBoss Tweed

1823-04-03 William Magear Tweed "Boss Tweed", American politician and corrupt New York fraudster, born in NYC, New York (d. 1878)

Politician and Businessman Boss Tweed
Politician and Businessman
Boss Tweed
  • 1823-05-22 Solomon Bundy, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New York's 21st district), born in Oxford, New York (d. 1889)
  • 1823-05-29 John H. Balsley, American carpenter and inventor (a practical folding wooden stepladder), born in Connellsville, Fayette County, Pennsylvania (d. 1895)
  • 1823-09-16 Francis Parkman, American historian and author (Oregon Trail), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1893)

Person of interestMary Ann Shadd Cary

1823-10-09 Mary Ann Shadd Cary, American-Canadian publisher and anti-slavery campaigner, 1st African American newspaper publisher ('Provincial Freeman'), born in Wilmington, Delaware (d. 1893)

Suffragist and Publisher Mary Ann Shadd Cary
Suffragist and Publisher
Mary Ann Shadd Cary
  • 1824-03-05 Elisha Harris, American physician/found American Public Health Assoc
  • 1824-03-25 Clinton L. Merriam, American politician (d. 1900)
  • 1824-09-04 Phoebe Cary, American poet (Poems of Alice & Phoebe Cary), born in Cincinnati, Ohio (d. 1871)
  • 1825-02-15 Carter Harrison, Sr., American politician (d. 1893)
  • 1825-07-31 William S. Clark, American senator and scholar (d. 1886)
  • 1826-03-04 Theodore Judah, American railroad engineer (d. 1863)
  • 1826-04-26 George Hull Ward, American general and Union officer in the American Civil War, born in Worcester, Massachusetts (d. 1863)
  • 1826-04-26 Ambrose R. Wright, American Civil War General, born in Louisville, Georgia (d. 1872)

Person of interestStephen Foster

1826-07-04 Stephen Foster, American composer (Oh! Susanna, Swanee River), born in Lawrenceville, Pennsylvania (d. 1864)

Father of American Music Stephen Foster
Father of American Music
Stephen Foster
  • 1827-05-21 William P. Sprague, American politician from Ohio (d. 1899)
  • 1827-05-27 Samuel F. Miller, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New York), born in Franklin, New York (d. 1892)
  • 1827-09-30 Ellis H. Roberts, American politician (d. 1918)
  • 1827-10-31 Richard Morris Hunt, American architect and educator, born in Brattleboro, Vermont (d. 1895)

Person of interestEllen G. White

1827-11-26 Ellen G. White, American religious leader (Seventh-day Adventist Church), born in Gorham, Maine

Christian Pioneer Ellen G. White
Christian Pioneer
Ellen G. White
  • 1828-05-23 Edward Hitchcock Jr., 1st American physical educator (Amherst College), born in Amherst, Massachusetts (d. 1911)
  • 1828-10-10 Samuel J. Randall, American politician (Speaker of the United States House of Representatives), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1890)

Person of interestLevi Strauss

1829-02-26 Levi Strauss, German-born American clothing designer, born in Buttenheim, Bavaria (d. 1902)

Fashion Designer Levi Strauss
Fashion Designer
Levi Strauss
  • 1829-03-24 George Francis Train, American businessman (d. 1904)
  • 1829-04-15 Mary Harris Thompson, 1st American woman surgeon, born in Fort Ann, New York (d. 1895)

Person of interestChester A. Arthur

1829-10-05 Chester A. Arthur, 21st President of the United States (1881-85), born in Fairfield Vermont (d. 1886)

21st US President Chester A. Arthur
21st US President
Chester A. Arthur
  • 1829-12-14 John Mercer Langston, 1st African-American to hold US political office, born in Louisa County, Virginia (d. 1897)
  • 1830-04-06 James Augustine Healy, Macon Ga, 1st African American Roman Catholic bishop
  • 1830-05-05 John Batterson Stetson, American hat manufacturer, born in Orange, New Jersey (d. 1906)
  • 1830-07-08 Frederick William Seward, United States Assistant Secretary of State (d. 1915)
  • 1830-09-02 William P. Frye, American politician (d. 1911)
  • 1831-02-27 Hiram Bond Everest, American co-founder of The Vacuum Oil Company (d. 1913)
  • 1831-03-29 Amelia E. Barr, British-born American writer, born in Ulverston, Lancashire (d. 1919)

Person of interestJohn Pemberton

1831-07-08 John Pemberton, American pharmacist (inventor of Coca-Cola), born in Knoxville, Georgia (d. 1888)

Pharmacist John Pemberton
Pharmacist
John Pemberton
  • 1832-01-13 Horatio Alger, American clergyman and author (Disagreeable Woman, Ragged Dick), born in Chelsea, Massachusetts (d. 1899)
  • 1832-05-21 Elizabeth Storrs Mead, American educator (d. 1917)
  • 1832-07-10 Alvan Graham Clark, American telescope maker and astronomer (Sirius B), born in Fall River, Massachusetts (d. 1897)
  • 1832-11-26 Mary Edwards Walker, American surgeon and women's rights leader and only woman to receive Medal of Honor (bravery during Civil War), born in Oswego, New York (d. 1919)

Person of interestLouisa May Alcott

1832-11-29 Louisa May Alcott, American author (Little Women), born in Germantown, Pennsylvania (d. 1888)

  • 1833-01-02 Frederick A. Johnson, American politician (d. 1893)
  • 1833-02-01 Henry McNeal Turner, Newberry South Carolina, Minister and politician, 1st African American Methodist Bishop (d. 1915)
  • 1833-10-02 William Corby, American Catholic priest and President of the University of Notre Dame, born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 1897)
  • 1834-04-01 Big Jim Fisk, American entrepreneur (d. 1872)
  • 1834-08-22 Samuel Pierpont Langley, American astronomer and pioneer aviator, born in Roxbury, Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1906)
  • 1834-10-08 Walter Kittredge, American musician during American Civil War, born in Merrimack, New Hampshire (d. 1905)
  • 1835-03-15 John Henrie Kagi, American abolitionist (d. 1859)

Person of interestAndrew Carnegie

1835-11-25 Andrew Carnegie, Scottish-American industrialist, steel tycoon, philanthropist and one of the richest Americans ever, born in Dunfermline, Scotland (d. 1919)

Industrialist and Philanthropist Andrew Carnegie
Industrialist and Philanthropist
Andrew Carnegie

Person of interestMark Twain

1835-11-30 Mark Twain [Samuel Clemens], American author (Tom Sawyer, Huckleberry Finn), born in Florida, Missouri (d. 1910)

Author Mark Twain
Author
Mark Twain
  • 1835-12-18 Lyman Abbott, American author (d. 1922)
  • 1836-01-08 Fanny Jackson Coppin, African-American educator & missionary, born in Washington, D.C. (d. 1913)
  • 1836-03-05 Charles Goodnight, American cattle rancher (d. 1929)
  • 1836-03-16 Andrew Smith Hallidie, American inventor of the cable car, born in London (d. 1900)
  • 1836-03-20 Ferris Jacobs, Jr., American politician (d. 1886)
  • 1836-03-28 Frederick Pabst, German-American brewer (Pabst Brewing Company), born in Mönchpfiffel-Nikolausrieth, Germany (d. 1904)
  • 1836-08-11 Warren Brown, American politician (d. 1919)
  • 1836-09-10 Karl Merz, German-American composer (Brainard's Musical World), born in Bernsheim, Germany (d. 1890)
  • 1836-09-11 Fitz Hugh Ludlow, American author (The Hasheesh Eater), born in NYC, New York (d. 1870)
  • 1836-11-04 Henry J. Lutcher, American businessman and sawmill partner, born in Williamsport, Pennsylvania (d. 1912)
  • 1836-11-08 Milton Bradley, American business magnate and game manufacturer, born in Vienna, Maine (d. 1911)
  • 1837-01-23 Amanda Smith, American former slave, singer and evangelist, born in Long Green, Maryland (d. 1915)
  • 1837-04-10 Forceythe Willson, American poet (The Old Sergeant), born in Little Genesee, New York (d. 1867)

Person of interestJ. P. Morgan

1837-04-17 J. P. Morgan, Sr. [John Pierpont], American financier and banker (General Electric, Steel Corporation, AT&T), born in Hartford, Connecticut (d. 1913)

Industrialist and Banker J. P. Morgan
Industrialist and Banker
J. P. Morgan

Person of interestWild Bill Hickok

1837-05-27 "Wild Bill" Hickok [James Butler], American cowboy and scout, born in Troy Grove, Illinois (d. 1876)

Folk Hero of the American Old West Wild Bill Hickok
Folk Hero of the American Old West
Wild Bill Hickok
  • 1837-05-28 Tony Pastor, American vaudeville performer, born in Manhattan, New York (d. 1908)
  • 1837-11-13 James T. Rapier, African-American politician, born in Florence, Alabama (d. 1883)

Person of interestGeorge Dewey

1837-12-26 George Dewey, American admiral, naval hero in Battle of Manila Bay, born in Montpelier, Vermont (d. 1917)

Admiral George Dewey
Admiral
George Dewey
  • 1837-12-26 Morgan Bulkeley, American politician and baseball commissioner (d. 1922)

Person of interestJohn Wilkes Booth

1838-05-10 John Wilkes Booth, American stage actor and assassin of US President Abraham Lincoln, born in Bel Air, Maryland (d. 1865)

  • 1838-06-16 Cushman Davis, American politician (d. 1900)
  • 1838-07-20 Augustin Daly, American playwright and theatrical manager, born in Plymouth, North Carolina (d. 1899)
  • 1839-02-09 Silas Adams, American lawyer and politician (d. 1896)
  • 1839-02-20 Benjamin Waugh, English social reformer who founded the National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children, born in Settle, North Yorkshire, England (d. 1908)
  • 1839-02-22 Francis Pharcellus Church, American editor and publisher (d. 1906)
  • 1839-03-09 Phoebe Knapp, American hymn writer and organist, born in NYC, New York (d. 1908)
  • 1839-04-05 Robert Smalls, African-American congressman (1875-87), born in Beaufort, South Carolina (d. 1915)

Person of interestJohn D. Rockefeller

1839-07-08 John D. Rockefeller, American industrialist and founder of Standard Oil, born in Richford, New York (d. 1937)

Oil Industrialist John D. Rockefeller
Oil Industrialist
John D. Rockefeller
  • 1839-07-17 Ephraim Shay, American inventor of Shay type of geared steam locomotive, born in Huron, Ohio (d. 1916)
  • 1839-09-10 Charles Peirce, American scientist and philosopher known as "the father of pragmatism", born in Cambridge, Massachusetts (d. 1914)
  • 1840-02-29 William Harvey Carney, American Civil War soldier (first African-American to be awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor), born in Norfolk, Virginia (d. 1908)
  • 1840-07-25 Flora Adams Darling, American writer and historian, founded Daughters of American Revolution, born in Lancaster, New Hampshire (d. 1910)

Person of interestThomas Nast

1840-09-27 Thomas Nast, German-American caricaturist and political cartoonist of late 1800s America, born in Landau, Germany (d. 1902)

Political Cartoonist Thomas Nast
Political Cartoonist
Thomas Nast
  • 1841-05-10 James Gordon Bennett Jr., American publisher (d. 1918)

Famous Weddings


Famous Divorces


Famous Deaths

Deaths 301 - 400 of 4,973

  • 1884-03-21 Ezra Abbot, American bible scholar, dies at 64

Person of interestCyrus McCormick

1884-05-13 Cyrus McCormick, American inventor and businessman (mechanical reaper), dies at 75

Inventor of the Mechanical Reaper Cyrus McCormick
Inventor of the Mechanical Reaper
Cyrus McCormick
  • 1885-01-13 Schuyler Colfax, American politician (b.1823)
  • 1885-01-24 Martin Delany, African-American abolitionist and physician (1st African American major in US Army), dies at 72
  • 1886-01-26 David Rice Atchison, American politician (possibly served as President of the United States on March 3, 1849), dies at 78

Person of interestJohn Deere

1886-05-17 John Deere, American blacksmith and manufacturer (founded Deere & Company) dies at 82

Deere & Company Founder John Deere
Deere & Company Founder
John Deere
  • 1886-08-30 Ferris Jacobs, Jr., American politician (b. 1836)
  • 1886-09-03 William W. Snow, American politician, U.S. House of Representatives from New York (1851-53), dies at 74
  • 1886-10-08 Austin F. Pike, American politician from New Hampshire (b. 1819)
  • 1886-11-22 William Bliss Baker, American painter (b. 1859)
  • 1887-03-08 Henry Ward Beecher, American clergyman (b. 1813)
  • 1887-03-08 James Buchanan Eads, American engineer and inventor (Eads Bridge-St Louis), dies at 66
  • 1887-05-07 C. F. W. Walther, American Lutheran theologian (b. 1811)
  • 1887-05-14 Lysander Spooner, American philosopher (b. 1808)
  • 1887-07-25 John Taylor, American religious leader (3rd President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints), dies at 78
  • 1887-08-08 Alexander William Doniphan, American lawyer and soldier, dies at 79
  • 1887-08-19 Alvan Clark, American astronomer and maker of the Dearborn Observatory telescope, the largest telescope in the world at the time, dies at 83

Person of interestDoc Holliday

1887-11-08 Doc Holliday, American gambler and gunfighter, dies at 36

Gunfighter in the American Old West Doc Holliday
Gunfighter in the American Old West
Doc Holliday
  • 1887-12-05 Eliza Roxcy Snow, American poet (b. 1804)

Person of interestLouisa May Alcott

1888-03-06 Louisa May Alcott, American author (Little Women), dies of a stroke at 55

Person of interestJohn Pemberton

1888-08-16 John Pemberton, American pharmacist (inventor of Coca-Cola), dies of stomach cancer at 55

Pharmacist John Pemberton
Pharmacist
John Pemberton
  • 1889-01-13 Solomon Bundy, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New York's 21st district), dies at 65
  • 1889-03-15 Melville Reuben Bissell, American inventor of the carpet sweeper, dies of pneumonia at 45
  • 1889-05-14 Volney E. Howard, American politician, dies at 79
  • 1889-07-21 Nelson Dewey, American politician, 1st Governor of Wisconsin (b. 1813)

Person of interestJefferson Davis

1889-12-06 Jefferson Davis, President of the Confederate States of America (1861-65), dies at 81

President of the Confederate States of America Jefferson Davis
President of the Confederate States of America
Jefferson Davis
  • 1890-01-30 Karl Merz, German-American composer (Brainard's Musical World), dies at 53
  • 1890-02-17 Christopher Latham Sholes, American newspaper man, politician and inventor of the typewriter, dies at 71
  • 1890-02-22 John Jacob Astor III, American businessman (Astor Estate holdings), dies at 67
  • 1890-04-01 David Wilber, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New York), dies at 69
  • 1890-04-13 Samuel J. Randall, American politician (Speaker of the United States House of Representatives), dies at 61
  • 1890-07-03 Gilman Marston, American Brigadier General (Union Army) and politician (R-NH), dies at 78
  • 1890-07-13 John C. Frémont, American army officer, explorer of the American West and presidential candidate , dies at 77
  • 1891-01-05 Emma Abbott, American soprano, dies at 40

Person of interestGeorge Bancroft

1891-01-17 George Bancroft, American historian and father of U.S. History, dies at 90

Father of U.S. History George Bancroft
Father of U.S. History
George Bancroft
  • 1891-09-18 William Ferrel, American mathematician (b. 1817)

Person of interestHerman Melville

1891-09-28 Herman Melville, American writer (Billy Budd, Moby-Dick), dies at 72

Moby Dick Author Herman Melville
Moby Dick Author
Herman Melville
  • 1892-03-16 Samuel F. Miller, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New York), dies at 64

Person of interestWalt Whitman

1892-03-26 Walt Whitman, American poet (Leaves of Grass) and volunteer nurse during the Civil War, dies pneumonia at 72

Poet and Nurse Walt Whitman
Poet and Nurse
Walt Whitman
  • 1892-12-02 Jay Gould, American railroad developer and speculator, dies at 56
  • 1893-02-18 Serranus Clinton Hastings, American politician and lawyer (3rd Attorney General of California), dies at 78
  • 1893-02-20 P. G. T. Beauregard, American Confederate general (Hero of Sumter), dies at 74

Person of interestMary Ann Shadd Cary

1893-06-05 Mary Ann Shadd Cary, American-Canadian publisher and anti-slavery campaigner, 1st African American newspaper publisher, dies of stomach cancer at 69

Suffragist and Publisher Mary Ann Shadd Cary
Suffragist and Publisher
Mary Ann Shadd Cary

Person of interestLeland Stanford

1893-06-21 Leland Stanford, American business tycoon (Southern Pacific Railroad), 8th Governor of California and founder of Stanford University, dies of heart failure at 69

Business Tycoon and Politican Leland Stanford
Business Tycoon and Politican
Leland Stanford
  • 1893-07-17 Frederick A. Johnson, American politician (b. 1833)
  • 1894-07-01 Allan Pinkerton, American private detective and founder of Chicago detective agency, dies at 64
  • 1894-10-07 Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr., American physician and author (Old Ironsides), dies at 85
  • 1895-01-03 James Merritt Ives, American lithographer and businessman (Currier and Ives), dies at 70
  • 1895-01-09 Aaron Lufkin Dennison, American watch manufacturer (b. 1812)
  • 1895-08-19 John Wesley Hardin, American gunfighter (b. 1853)
  • 1896-01-01 Alfred Ely Beach, American inventor, dies at 69
  • 1896-05-05 Silas Adams, American lawyer and politician (b. 1839)

BattleH. H. Holmes

1896-05-07 H. H. Holmes [Herman Webster Mudgett], American serial killer executed by hanging at 34

Serial Killer H. H. Holmes
Serial Killer
H. H. Holmes
  • 1896-06-07 Wyatt Eaton, Canadian-American artist, dies from tuberculosis at 47

Person of interestHarriet Beecher Stowe

1896-07-01 Harriet Beecher Stowe, American author (Uncle Tom's Cabin), dies at 85

Abolitionist and Author Harriet Beecher Stowe
Abolitionist and Author
Harriet Beecher Stowe
  • 1896-07-19 Abraham H. Cannon, American Mormon apostle (b. 1859)
  • 1896-08-19 Josiah Dwight Whitney, American Geologist, dies at 76
  • 1896-09-11 Francis James Child, American ballad collector (b. 1825)
  • 1897-06-09 Alvan Graham Clark, American telescope maker and astronomer (Sirius B), dies 3 weeks after 1st use of Yerkes 40" lens at 64
  • 1897-10-19 George Pullman, American inventor and industrialist (b. 1831)
  • 1897-11-15 John Mercer Langston, 1st African-American to hold US political office, dies at 67
  • 1897-11-17 George Hendric Houghton, American Protestant Episcopal clergyman (b. 1820)
  • 1897-11-19 William Seymour Tyler, American educator and historian (b. 1810).
  • 1897-12-28 William Corby, American Catholic priest and President of the University of Notre Dame, dies at 64
  • 1897-12-29 William James Linton, American wood engraver and political reformer. (b. 1812)
  • 1898-03-11 William Rosecrans, American Civil War Union general (b. 1819)
  • 1898-03-18 Matilda Joslyn Gage, American suffragist (b. 1826)
  • 1898-05-22 Edward Bellamy, American author (Looking Backward) and socialist, dies of tuberculosis at 48
  • 1898-07-08 Soapy Smith, American con artist (b. 1860)
  • 1898-08-09 Gardner Quincy Colton, American lecturer who was the first to use nitrous oxide as an anesthetic in dentistry, dies at 84
  • 1898-09-14 William Seward Burroughs, American inventor of the adding machine, dies at 43
  • 1898-10-12 Calvin Fairbank, American abolitionist minister (b. 1816)
  • 1899-01-12 Hiram Walker, American entrepreneur and founder of the Hiram Walker and Sons Ltd. distillery, dies at 82
  • 1899-03-03 William P. Sprague, American politician from Ohio (b. 1827)
  • 1899-07-18 Horatio Alger, American clergyman and author (Disagreeable Woman, Ragged Dick), dies at 67
  • 1899-07-21 Robert G. Ingersoll, American politician and military officer (b. 1833)
  • 1899-09-17 Charles Alfred Pillsbury, American industrialist and co-founder (Pillsbury Company), dies at 56
  • 1899-10-30 William Henry Webb, American industrialist and philanthropist, dies at 83

Person of interestDavid Edward Hughes

1900-01-22 David Edward Hughes, British-American inventor (microphone, teleprinter), dies at 68

  • 1900-02-18 Clinton L. Merriam, American politician (b. 1824)
  • 1900-03-19 John Bingham, American politician and lawyer, dies at 85
  • 1900-03-26 Isaac Mayer Wise, American rabbi and founder (American Hebrew Congregations), dies at 80
  • 1900-04-24 Andrew Smith Hallidie, American inventor and cable car pioneer, dies at 64
  • 1900-08-05 James Augustine Healy, African American Roman Catholic bishop, dies at 80
  • 1900-09-23 William Marsh Rice, American philanthropist and university founder (b. 1816)
  • 1900-12-21 Roger Wolcott, American political figure, 39th Governor of Massachusetts (b. 1847)

Person of interestHiram R. Revels

1901-01-16 Hiram R. Revels, American politician, 1st African American Senator, dies at 73

Minister and US Senator Hiram R. Revels
Minister and US Senator
Hiram R. Revels
  • 1901-01-21 Elisha Gray, American inventor (b. 1835)

Person of interestBenjamin Harrison

1901-03-13 Benjamin Harrison, 23rd President of the United States (Republican: 1889-93), dies in Indianapolis at 67

23rd US President Benjamin Harrison
23rd US President
Benjamin Harrison
  • 1901-04-19 Alfred Horatio Belo, American newswriter and businessman (b. 1839)
  • 1901-09-25 Arthur Fremantle, British general and American Civil War observer (b. 1835)
  • 1901-11-27 Clement Studebaker, American automobile manufacturer (b. 1831)

Person of interestCharles Lewis Tiffany

1902-02-18 Charles Lewis Tiffany, American jeweler and founder of Tiffany & Co, dies at 90

Jeweller and Entrepreneur Charles Lewis Tiffany
Jeweller and Entrepreneur
Charles Lewis Tiffany
  • 1902-04-02 Esther Morris [Esther Hobart McQuigg], American suffragist, anti-slavery activist, and 1st female justice of the peace in the US, dies at 87
  • 1902-05-26 Almon Strowger, American inventor (b. 1839)
  • 1902-07-18 John White, American composer, dies at 47

Person of interestLevi Strauss

1902-09-26 Levi Strauss, American clothing manufacturer, dies at 73

Fashion Designer Levi Strauss
Fashion Designer
Levi Strauss
  • 1902-10-25 Frank Norris, American journalist and writer (McTeague), dies at 32
  • 1902-12-04 Charles Dow, American journalist and economist (co-founded Dow Jones and 1st editor of Wall St Journal), dies at 51