United States of America in History (Part 5)

Historical Events

Events 401 - 500 of 1,637

  • 1874-11-25 The United States Greenback Party is established as a political party consisting primarily of farmers affected by the Panic of 1873.
  • 1875-10-22 Sons of American Revolution organizes
  • 1876-01-31 The United States orders all Native Americans to move into reservations.
  • 1876-08-12 Madeline (US) beats Countess Dufferin (Canada) in 4th America's Cup
  • 1876-10-06 American Library Association organized in Philadelphia
  • 1876-11-25 Indian Wars: In retaliation for the American defeat at the Battle of the Little Bighorn, United States Army troops sack Chief Dull Knife's sleeping Cheyenne village at the headwaters of the Powder River.

BattleBattle of Interest

1877-01-08 Crazy Horse and his warriors fight their last battle with the United States Cavalry at Wolf Mountain (Montana Territory).

Native American War Leader Crazy Horse
Native American War Leader
Crazy Horse

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1877-05-05 Indian Wars: Sitting Bull leads his band of Lakota into Canada to avoid harassment by the United States Army under Colonel Nelson Miles

Lakota Sioux Chief Sitting Bull
Lakota Sioux Chief
Sitting Bull

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1877-06-15 Henry Ossian Flipper becomes 1st African American to graduate from West Point Military Academy

Soldier and Former Slave Henry Ossian Flipper
Soldier and Former Slave
Henry Ossian Flipper
  • 1877-10-09 American Humane Association organizes (Cleveland)
  • 1877-11-09 American Chemical Society chartered in NY

Historic InventionThomas Edison's Phonograph

1877-12-07 Thomas Edison demonstrates his phonograph (gramophone) to the editors of "Scientific American"
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Thomas Edison with his second phonograph, photographed in 1878
Thomas Edison with his second phonograph, photographed in 1878
  • 1877-12-22 "American Bicycling Journal" begins publishing (Boston, Mass)
  • 1878-05-24 CA Parker (Harvard) wins 1st American bike race at Beacon Park in Boston
  • 1878-07-26 In California, poet and American West outlaw calling himself "Black Bart" makes his last clean getaway when he steals a safe box from a Wells Fargo stagecoach. The empty box found later with a taunting poem inside.

  • 1878-08-21 American Bar Association organizes at Sarasota, NY
  • 1879-09-05 George Washington De Long, American Arctic Explorer, and commander on board the Jeannette, becomes trapped with his crew in pack ice during his attempt to reach the North Pole
  • 1880-02-16 American Society of Mechanical Engineers forms (NYC)
  • 1880-05-31 League of American Wheelmen (1st US bicycle association), forms in Newport, Rhode Island
  • 1880-08-03 American Canoe Association founded at Lake George, NY, first Commodore William L. Alden

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1881-05-21 American Red Cross founded by Clara Barton

Pioneering Nurse and Humanitarian Clara Barton
Pioneering Nurse and Humanitarian
Clara Barton
  • 1881-10-15 1st American fishing magazine, American Angler published
  • 1881-11-15 American Federation of Labor (AFL) founded (Pittsburgh)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1882-04-03 American outlaw Jesse James is killed by Robert Ford at home in St Joseph

Outlaw Jesse James
Outlaw
Jesse James
  • 1882-10-28 Athletics reveal $22,000 profit in their 1st season in the American Association
  • 1882-12-11 Boston's Bijou Theatre, 1st American playhouse lit exclusively by electricity, 1st performance, Gilbert & Sullivan's "Iolanthe"
  • 1883-02-23 American Anti-Vivisection Society organized (Philadelphia)
  • 1883-05-01 Bob Rogers is acknowledged as the first American pro sports trainer when he is hired by the NY Athletic Club
  • 1883-11-03 US Supreme Court decides federal courts have no jurisdiction over Native American tribal Council (Ex parte Crow Dog)
  • 1883-11-03 American Old West: Self-described "Black Bart the poet" gets away with his last stagecoach robbery, but leaves an incriminating clue that eventually leads to his capture
  • 1883-11-06 NYAC organizes 1st American cross-country championship race
  • 1884-05-01 Proclamation of the demand for eight-hour workday in the United States.
  • 1884-09-23 American Herman Hollerith patents his mechanical tabulating machine, the beginning of data processing

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1884-11-04 Grover Cleveland (D) beats James G. Blaine (R) for his 1st presidential term (only American president to serve 2 non-consecutive terms)

US President Grover Cleveland
US President
Grover Cleveland
  • 1884-12-01 American Old West: Near Frisco, New Mexico, deputy sheriff Elfego Baca holds off a gang of 80 Texan cowboys who want to kill him for arresting Charles McCarthy.

  • 1885-03-03 American Telephone & Telegraph (AT&T) incorporates
  • 1885-07-01 The United States terminates reciprocity and fishery agreement with Canada
  • 1885-08-10 Leo Daft opens America's 1st commercially operated electric streetcar in Baltimore
  • 1885-09-16 Puritan (US) beats Genesta (England) in 6th running of America's Cup
  • 1886-03-17 Carrollton Massacre (Mississippi) 20 African Americans killed
  • 1886-06-01 The railroads of the Southern United States convert 11,000 miles of track from a five foot rail gauge to standard gauge, beginning May 31
  • 1886-09-11 Mayflower (US) beats Galatea (England) in 7th America's Cup

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1886-12-08 American Federation of Labor (AFL) formed by 26 craft unions Samuel Gompers elected AFL president

Founder of the American Federation of Labor Samuel Gompers
Founder of the American Federation of Labor
Samuel Gompers
  • 1887-02-08 The Dawes Act authorizes the President of the United States to survey Native American tribal land and divide it into individual allotments. Those who accepted allotments and lived separately from the tribe were granted United States citizenship.
  • 1887-03-03 American Protective Association forms (anti-Catholic) in Clinton Iowa
  • 1887-09-30 Volunteer (US) beats Thistle (Scotland) in 8th America's Cup
  • 1887-11-23 Opera "Trumpeter of Säckingen" 1st American production (NYC)

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

1888-06-23 Frederick Douglass is 1st African-American to be nominated for US Vice President

Abolitionist Frederick Douglass
Abolitionist
Frederick Douglass
  • 1888-07-27 Philip Pratt unveils 1st American electric tricycle
  • 1888-08-21 American inventor William Seward Burroughs patents the adding machine
  • 1888-10-20 Chicago & All America baseball teams play exhibition in Auckland, NZ
  • 1889-02-09 The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) is established as a Cabinet-level agency.
  • 1889-08-29 1st American International professional lawn tennis contest (Newport, Rhode Island)
  • 1889-10-02 1st Pan American conference (Washington, D.C.)
  • 1889-10-02 In Colorado, Nicholas Creede strikes it rich in silver during the last great silver boom of the American Old West.
  • 1889-11-02 North Dakota becomes 39th & South Dakota becomes 40th state in the United States
  • 1889-12-14 American Academy of Political & Social Science organized in Philadelphia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1890-01-25 National Afro-American League founded in Chicago by Timothy Thomas Fortune, one of earliest civil rights organizations in America

Orator, Writer and Civil Rights Leader Timothy Thomas Fortune
Orator, Writer and Civil Rights Leader
Timothy Thomas Fortune
  • 1890-01-25 United Mine Workers of America forms
  • 1890-04-14 Pan American Day-1st conference of American states (Washington, D.C.)
  • 1890-06-06 United States Polo Association forms, NYC
  • 1890-10-11 Daughters of American Revolution founded
  • 1891-07-26 Henry James' "American" premieres in London
  • 1891-08-05 world's 1st traveler's cheques issued (American Express)
  • 1892-04-19 Charles Duryea takes the 1st American-made automotive for a test drive
  • 1892-05-19 National Society of Colonial Dames of America founded
  • 1892-07-08 American Psychological Association organized in Clark University, Worcester, Massachusetts
  • 1892-08-13 US black newspaper "Afro-American" begins publishing from Baltimore
  • 1893-02-24 The American University is chartered by an act of the Congress of the United States of America
  • 1893-07-22 Katharine Lee Bates writes "America the Beautiful" in Colorado
  • 1893-09-20 The first gasoline-powered car debuts in Springfield, Massachusetts
  • 1893-10-13 Vigilant (US) beats Valkyrie II (UK) in 9th America's Cup, in New York
  • 1894-05-11 American RR Union strikes Pullman Sleeping Car Co
  • 1894-06-25 American Railway Union under Eugene V Debs goes on strike
  • 1894-12-22 United States Golf Association forms in New York
  • 1895-06-20 1st female PhD from an American University, earned by Caroline Willard Baldwin (in Science) at Cornell University
  • 1895-06-28 El Salvador, Honduras and Nicaragua form Central American Union
  • 1895-07-04 Katherine Lee Bates publishes "America the Beautiful"
  • 1895-08-19 American frontier murderer and outlaw, John Wesley Hardin, is killed by an off-duty policeman in a saloon in El Paso, Texas.
  • 1895-09-09 American Bowling Congress forms (NYC)
  • 1895-09-12 Defender (US) beats Valkyrie III (England) in 10th America's Cup

Car1st Car Race in America

1895-11-28 America's 1st auto race organised by the "Chicago Times-Herald" - Chicago to Evanston and back; 6 cars, 55 miles, Frank Duryea wins averaging 7 MPH
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The winning vehicle, a Duryea Motor Wagon Company vehicle driven by Frank Duryea
The winning vehicle, a Duryea Motor Wagon Company vehicle driven by Frank Duryea
  • 1895-12-17 Anti-Saloon League of America formed, Washington, D.C.
  • 1896-03-08 Volunteers of America forms (NYC)
  • 1896-04-06 1st modern Summer Olympic Games open in Athens, Greece; American athlete James Connolly Olympic becomes first modern Olympic champion when he wins the triple jump (then 2 hops and a jump); later 3rd in the long jump, 2nd in the high jump
  • 1896-07-21 National Federation of Colored Women established in Washington, D.C.
  • 1897-01-23 Elva Zona Heaster is found dead in Greenbrier County, West Virginia. Resulting murder trial of her husband perhaps only case in US history where the alleged testimony of a ghost helped secure a conviction.
  • 1897-03-05 American Negro Academy forms
  • 1897-05-18 American baseball NY Giant William (Bill) Joyce sets record of 4 triples in 1 game
  • 1897-06-16 A treaty annexing the Republic of Hawaii to the United States is signed; the Republic would not be dissolved until a year later
  • 1897-09-10 Lattimer Massacre - a sheriff's posse kills twenty unarmed immigrant miners in Pennsylvania, United States

Spain Declares War Against the United StatesSpain Declares War Against the United States

1898-04-11 President McKinley asks for Spanish-American War declaration
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Colonel ‘Teddy’ Roosevelt (centre, with glasses and holstered gun) with his ‘Rough Riders’ after victory at the Battle of San Juan Hill.
Colonel ‘Teddy’ Roosevelt (centre, with glasses and holstered gun) with his ‘Rough Riders’ after victory at the Battle of San Juan Hill.
  • 1898-04-21 Spanish-American War: The U.S. Congress, on April 25, recognizes that a state of war exists between the United States and Spain
  • 1898-04-22 1st Spanish-American War action sees the USS Nashville capture a Spanish ship
  • 1898-04-24 Spanish-American War: Spain declares war after rejecting US ultimatum to withdraw from Cuba
  • 1898-04-25 Spanish-American War: The United States declares state of war on Spain effective from 21st April
  • 1898-06-07 Social Democracy of America party holds 1st national convention, Chicago
  • 1898-06-10 US Marines land in Cuba during Spanish-American War
  • 1898-06-11 1st US Marines (600) land at Guantanamo, Cuba during the Spanish-American War

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 401 - 500 of 9,878

  • 1841-05-29 Sylvester Magee, last living American slave and oldest person who ever lived, born in North Carolina (d. 1971)
  • 1841-07-05 William C. Whitney, American financier and 31st United States Secretary of the Navy, born in Conway, Massachusetts (d. 1904)

Person of interestCharles J. Guiteau

1841-09-08 Charles J. Guiteau, American assassin of US President James A. Garfield, born in Freeport, Illinois (d. 1882)

  • 1841-11-13 Edward Burd Grubb, American Civil War Union Brevet Brigadier General, born in Burlington, New Jersey (d. 1913)
  • 1841-12-05 Marcus Daly, Irish-American mining tycoon, born in Ballyjamesduff, Ulster, Ireland (d. 1900)

Person of interestWilliam James

1842-01-11 William James, American psychologist & philosopher (The Principles of Psychology), born in New York (d. 1910)

Father of American psychology William James
Father of American psychology
William James

Person of interestAmbrose Bierce

1842-06-24 Ambrose Bierce, American writer and satirist (Devil's Dictionary, Nuggets & Dust), born in Meigs County, Ohio (d. 1914)

Writer & Satirist Ambrose Bierce
Writer & Satirist
Ambrose Bierce
  • 1842-12-03 Phoebe Hearst, American philanthropist and suffragist, born in Franklin County, Missouri (d. 1919)
  • 1842-12-03 Charles Alfred Pillsbury, American industrialist and co-founder (Pillsbury Company), born in Warner, New Hampshire (d. 1899)
  • 1843-01-08 John H. Moffitt, American politician (d. 1926)

Person of interestFrank James

1843-01-10 Frank James, American outlaw (member of the James-Younger gang), born in Clay County, Missouri (d. 1915)

Outlaw Frank James
Outlaw
Frank James
  • 1843-04-15 Henry James, American-British author (Turn of the Screw, Bostonians), born in NYC, New York (d. 1916)
  • 1843-09-25 Thomas Chrowder Chamberlin, American geologist and educator, born in Mattoon, Illinois (d. 1928)
  • 1843-09-25 Melville Reuben Bissell, American inventor of the carpet sweeper, born in Hartwick, New York (d. 1889)
  • 1843-10-22 Stephen Babcock, American agricultural chemist (Babcock test and father of scientific dairying), born in Oneida County, New York (d. 1931)
  • 1843-11-25 Henry Ware Eliot, American industrialist, philanthropist and the father of T. S. Eliot (d. 1919)
  • 1843-11-27 William Cornelius Van Horne, American railway executive (Canadian Pacific Railway), born in Frankfort, Illinois (d. 1899)
  • 1843-12-23 Richard Conner, American Civil War Medal of Honor Recipient (d. 1924)

Person of interestElijah McCoy

1844-05-02 Elijah McCoy, Canadian-American inventor of African descent, notable for his 57 US patents (lubrication of steam engines), born in Colchester, Ontario (d. 1929)

Inventor Elijah McCoy
Inventor
Elijah McCoy
  • 1844-06-01 John J. Toffey, American Civil War hero (d. 1911)

Person of interestThomas Eakins

1844-07-25 Thomas Eakins, American artist, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1916)

Painter Thomas Eakins
Painter
Thomas Eakins
  • 1844-08-22 George Washington De Long, American Arctic Explorer whose disastrous expedition provided evidence to support the theory of trans-Arctic oceanic drift, born in NYC, New York
  • 1844-09-20 William H. Illingworth, English-American photographer, born in Leeds, England (d. 1893)
  • 1844-10-12 George W. Cable, American writer (Northampton Years), born in New Orleans, Louisiana (d. 1925)
  • 1844-10-18 Harvey W. Wiley, American chemist known for leadership in the passage of the landmark Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906, born in Kent, Indiana (d. 1930)
  • 1844-11-10 Henry Eyster Jacobs, American Lutheran theologian, born in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania (d. 1932)
  • 1845-06-22 Tom Dula, American folk character (Tom Dooley) (d. 1868)
  • 1845-08-24 James C. Calhoun, American soldier, brother-in-law of George Armstrong Custer (d. 1876)
  • 1845-11-03 Edward Douglass White, American politician and jurist (9th Chief Justice of the United States), born in Thibodaux, Louisiana (d. 1921)
  • 1845-12-12 Bruce Price, American architect, born in Cumberland, Maryland (d. 1903)
  • 1846-02-10 Ira Remsen, American chemist (d. 1927)
  • 1846-02-14 Julian Scott, American artist and Civil War Medal of Honor recipient, born in Johnson, Vermont (d. 1901)
  • 1846-05-22 Oliver Perry Hay, American paleontologist, born in Saluda, Indiana (d. 1930)
  • 1846-06-11 William Louis Marshall, American general and engineer, born in Washington, Kentucky (d. 1920)
  • 1846-07-19 Charles Edward Pickering, American astronomer and pioneered American spectroscopist, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1919)
  • 1846-07-26 Texas Jack Omohundro, American frontier scout, actor, and cowboy, born in Palmyra, Virginia (d. 1880)
  • 1846-08-23 Alexander Milne Calder, Scottish-American sculptor, born in Aberdeen, Scotland (d. 1923)
  • 1846-09-05 John W Cromwell, American lawyer and civil right activist (American Negro Academy), born in Portsmouth, Virginia (d. 1927)
  • 1846-11-25 Carrie Nation, American temperance advocate, born in Garrard County, Kentucky (d. 1911)
  • 1847-08-23 Sarah Frances Whiting, American physicist and astronomer, born in Wyoming, New York (d. 1927)
  • 1848-02-20 Edward Henry Harriman, American railroad executive (d. 1909)
  • 1848-03-18 Nathaniel Herreshoff, America Cup yacht designer

Person of interestWyatt Earp

1848-03-19 Wyatt Earp, American frontiersman and marshal who participated in the gunfight at the OK Corral, born in Monmouth, Illinois (d. 1929)

Frontier lawman Wyatt Earp
Frontier lawman
Wyatt Earp
  • 1848-03-25 William Keith Brooks, American marine zoologist (anatomy and embryology of marine animals), born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • 1848-08-22 Melville E. Stone, American newspaper publisher (Founder of Chicago Daily News), born in Hudson, Illinois (d. 1929)
  • 1848-09-04 Jennie Lee, American actress (The Birth of a Nation), born in Sacramento, California (d. 1925)

Person of interestLuther Burbank

1849-03-07 Luther Burbank, American horticulturist who developed more than 800 strains and varieties of plants, born in Lancaster, Massachusetts (d. 1926)

Horticulturist Luther Burbank
Horticulturist
Luther Burbank
  • 1849-04-17 William R. Day, American diplomat and Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court, born in Ravenna, Ohio (d. 1923)
  • 1849-05-06 Wyatt Eaton, Canadian-American artist, born in Philipsburg, Quebec (d. 1896)
  • 1849-06-23 John Hunn, American businessman and 51st Governor of Delaware, born in Odessa, Delaware (d. 1926)
  • 1849-11-24 Frances Hodgson Burnett, British-American playwright and children's author ("The Secret Garden"), born in Manchester (d. 1924)
  • 1850-01-10 John Wellborn Root, American architect, born in Lumpkin, Georgia (d. 1891)
  • 1850-01-18 Seth Low, American politician (d. 1916)

Person of interestSamuel Gompers

1850-01-27 Samuel Gompers, American labor union leader (American Federation of Labor), born in London, England (d. 1924)

Founder of the American Federation of Labor Samuel Gompers
Founder of the American Federation of Labor
Samuel Gompers
  • 1850-03-07 Champ Clark, American politician (d. 1921)
  • 1850-04-16 Herbert Baxter Adams, American historian (American Historical Association), born in Shutesbury, Massachusetts (d. 1901)
  • 1850-04-20 Daniel Chester French, American sculptor (Minute Man), born in Exeter, New Hampshire (d. 1931)
  • 1850-06-05 Pat Garrett, American Western lawman, born in Chambers County, Alabama (d. 1908)
  • 1850-06-19 David Jayne Hill, American diplomat and author, born in Plainfield, New Jersey (d. 1932)
  • 1850-07-11 Annie Armstrong, American missionary leader, born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1938)
  • 1850-07-18 Rose Hartwick Thorpe, American poet (Curfew Must Not Ring) and writer, born in Mishawaka, Indiana, Kansas (d. 1939)
  • 1850-11-05 Ella Wheeler Wilcox, American author and poet (Poems of Passion), born in Johnstown, Wisconsin (d. 1919)
  • 1850-12-09 Emma Abbott, American soprano, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1891)
  • 1851-01-17 A. B. Frost, American illustrator (d. 1928)
  • 1851-02-01 Durham Stevens, American diplomat (d. 1908)
  • 1851-03-19 William Henry Stark, American business leader (d. 1936)
  • 1851-04-13 Robert Abbe, American surgeon and radiologist, born in NYC, New York (d. 1928)
  • 1851-07-07 Charles Tindley, American gospel music composer (d. 1933)

Person of interestDoc Holliday

1851-08-14 Doc Holliday, American gambler, dentist and gunfighter (Gunfight at the O.K. Corral), born in Griffin, Georgia (d. 1887)

Gunfighter in the American Old West Doc Holliday
Gunfighter in the American Old West
Doc Holliday

Person of interestCharles E. Hires

1851-08-19 Charles E. Hires, American pharmacist, inventor and manufacturer of the Hires Root Beer beverage, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1947)

Pharmacist and Root Beer Brewer Charles E. Hires
Pharmacist and Root Beer Brewer
Charles E. Hires
  • 1851-09-07 Edward Asahel Birge, American pioneer in limnology, born in Troy, New York (d. 1950)
  • 1851-11-06 Charles Dow, American journalist and economist (co-founded Dow Jones and 1st editor of Wall St Journal), born in Sterling, Connecticut (d. 1902)
  • 1851-12-21 Thomas Chipman McRae, American politician, 34th Governor of Arkansas (d. 1929)
  • 1852-01-08 James Milton Carroll, American pastor and author (d. 1931)
  • 1852-04-13 Frank W. Woolworth, American businessman, founder of F. W. Woolworth Co, born in Rodman, New York (d. 1919)
  • 1852-04-23 Edwin Markham, American poet (1st winner of American Acad of Poets Award 1937), born in Oregon City, Oregon (d. 1940)

Person of interestCalamity Jane

1852-05-01 Calamity Jane [Martha Jane Canary], American frontierswoman, born in Princeton, Missouri (d. 1903)

Frontierswoman Calamity Jane
Frontierswoman
Calamity Jane
  • 1852-05-18 Gertrude Käsebier, pioneering American photgrapher, born in Des Moines, Iowa
  • 1852-09-15 Edward Bouchet, American physicist, 1st African American to receive US Ph.D, born in New Haven, Connecticut (d. 1918)
  • 1853-01-17 Alva Belmont, American socialite & suffragette (d. 1933)
  • 1853-10-29 Josephine Beall Bruce, African-American activist (NACW) Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1923)
  • 1853-11-09 Stanford White, American architect, born in NYC, New York (d. 1906)
  • 1853-11-13 John Drew Jr., American Shakespearean actor (The Big Bonanza), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1927)
  • 1853-11-26 Bat Masterson, American gunfighter in the Wild West, born in Henriville, Canada East (d. 1921)
  • 1853-11-28 Helen Magill White, American educator and 1st woman to earn a Ph.D. in the U.S., born in Providence, Rhode Island (d. 1944)
  • 1854-01-09 Jennie Jerome, American society beauty and mother of Winston Churchill (d. 1921)
  • 1854-04-01 Bill Traylor, American artist (d. 1949)
  • 1854-05-24 John Riley Banister, American law officer and cowboy, born in Banister Hollow, Camden County, Missouri (d. 1918)

Person of interestGeorge Eastman

1854-07-12 George Eastman, American inventor (Kodak camera, founder of the Eastman Kodak Company), born in Waterville, New York (d. 1932)

Founder of the Eastman Kodak Company George Eastman
Founder of the Eastman Kodak Company
George Eastman
  • 1854-09-17 David Dunbar Buick, Scottish-American automobile pioneer (Buick Motor Company), born in Arbroath, Angus, Scotland (d. 1929)
  • 1854-10-26 C. W. Post, American manufacturer of breakfast cereals, born in Springfield, Illinois (d. 1914)
  • 1854-11-03 Jokichi Takamine, Japanese-American biochemist who isolated adrenalin (epinephrine), which causes the body to respond to emergencies, the first pure hormone isolated from natural sources, born in Takaoka, Toyama, Japan (d. 1922)
  • 1855-01-23 John Moses Browning, American inventor, born in Ogden, Utah (d. 1926)
  • 1855-03-12 John White, American composer (d. 1902)
  • 1855-03-13 Percival "Percy" Lowell, American astronomer (predicted discovery of Pluto), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1916)
  • 1855-05-01 Cecilia Beaux, American portrait painter , born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • 1855-05-08 John Gates ("Bet-a-million" Gates), American inventor and industrialist who established the market for barbed wire fencing, born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1855-07-30 James E. Kelly, American sculptor "Sculptor of American History", born in NYC, New York (d. 1933)
  • 1855-10-24 James S. Sherman, 27th Vice President of the United States (1909-1912), born in Utica, New York (d. 1912)
  • 1855-11-05 Eugene V. Debs, American labor leader and Socialist presidential candidate, born in Terre Haute, Indiana (d. 1926)

Famous Weddings


Famous Divorces


Famous Deaths

Deaths 401 - 500 of 4,972

  • 1903-03-16 Roy Bean, American jurist
  • 1903-05-29 Bruce Price, American architect, dies at 57
  • 1903-06-22 George White, African American resident of Delaware, lynched
  • 1903-07-22 Cassius Marcellus Clay, American emancipationist (b. 1810)

Person of interestCalamity Jane

1903-08-01 Calamity Jane [Martha Jane Canary], American frontierswoman, dies at 51

Frontierswoman Calamity Jane
Frontierswoman
Calamity Jane

Person of interestFrederick Law Olmsted

1903-08-28 Frederick Law Olmsted, American writer and landscape architect (designed Central Park), dies at 81

Landscape Architect and Writer Frederick Law Olmsted
Landscape Architect and Writer
Frederick Law Olmsted

BattleTom Horn

1903-11-20 Tom Horn, American gunfighter and outlaw, hanged to death at 42

Old West Lawman, Outlaw and Bounty Hunter Tom Horn
Old West Lawman, Outlaw and Bounty Hunter
Tom Horn
  • 1904-02-02 William C. Whitney, American financier and 31st United States Secretary of the Navy, dies at 62
  • 1904-08-22 Kate O'Flaherty Chopin, American writer, dies at 54
  • 1905-02-20 Jeremiah W. Farnham, American merchant captain
  • 1905-03-06 John Henninger Reagan, American Confederate politician, dies at 86
  • 1905-04-28 Fitzhugh Lee, American Major General (Confederate Army) & 40th Governor of Virginia, dies at 69
  • 1905-07-08 Walter Kittredge, American musician during American Civil War, dies at 70

Person of interestPaul Laurence Dunbar

1906-02-09 Paul Laurence Dunbar, African American dialect poet, dies at 33 in Dayton, Ohio

  • 1906-02-18 John Batterson Stetson, American hat manufacturer, dies at 75
  • 1906-02-27 Samuel Pierpont Langley, American astronomer and pioneer aviator, dies at 71

Person of interestSusan B. Anthony

1906-03-13 Susan B. Anthony, American social reformer and women's suffrage movement leader, dies of pneumonia at 86

Suffragette Susan B. Anthony
Suffragette
Susan B. Anthony
  • 1906-04-11 Francis Pharcellus Church, American editor and publisher (b. 1839)
  • 1906-09-20 Robert R. Hitt, American politician (b. 1834)
  • 1906-11-04 John H. Ketcham, American politician (b. 1832)
  • 1907-04-23 Alfred Packer, American Cannibal (b. 1842)
  • 1907-06-27 Elizabeth Cabot Agassiz, American educator and the co-founder and first president of Radcliffe College, dies at 84
  • 1908-03-11 Benjamin Waugh, English social reformer who founded the National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children, dies at 69
  • 1908-03-25 Durham Stevens, American diplomat (b. 1851)
  • 1908-07-10 Phoebe Knapp, American hymn writer and organist, dies at 69
  • 1908-08-26 Tony Pastor, American vaudeville performer, dies at 71

Person of interestButch Cassidy

1908-11-07 Butch Cassidy [Robert LeRoy Parker], American train and bank robber, shot by Bolivian soldiers at 42

  • 1908-11-12 William Keith Brooks, American marine zoologist (anatomy and embryology of marine animals), dies at 60
  • 1909-04-09 Helena Modrzejewska, Polish-American actress, dies from Bright's disease at 68
  • 1909-06-10 Edward Everett Hale, American clergyman and author (Man without a Country), dies at 87
  • 1909-06-24 Sarah Orne Jewett, American author (Country of the Pointed Firs), dies at 59
  • 1909-09-09 Edward Henry Harriman, American railroad entrepreneur (b. 1848)
  • 1909-11-18 Renee Vivien, British-born poet, wrote in French, dies at 32
  • 1909-12-26 Frederic Remington, American artist and sculptor of American West, dies at 48

Person of interestMark Twain

1910-04-21 Mark Twain [Samuel Clemens], American author (Adventures of Huckleberry Finn), dies at 74

Author Mark Twain
Author
Mark Twain

Person of interestO. Henry

1910-06-05 O. Henry [William Sydney Porter], American short story writer (Cabbages and Kings), dies of cirrhosis of the liver, diabetes complications and an enlarged heart at 47

Short Story Writer O. Henry
Short Story Writer
O. Henry
  • 1910-07-04 Melville Fuller, American 8th Chief Justice of the United States, dies at 77

Person of interestWilliam James

1910-08-26 William James, American psychologist and philosopher (Pragmatism), dies at 68

Father of American psychology William James
Father of American psychology
William James
  • 1910-12-31 John Moisant, American aviator (b. 1868)
  • 1910-12-31 Archibald Hoxsey, American pioneer aviator (worked for the Wright brothers), dies at 26
  • 1911-01-24 David Graham Phillips, American journalist and novelist (b. 1867)
  • 1911-03-13 John J. Toffey, American Civil War Medal of Honor Recipient (b. 1844)
  • 1911-04-13 George Washington Glick, American politician, dies at 83
  • 1911-04-13 John McLane, American politician, dies at 59
  • 1911-06-11 James Curtis Hepburn, American missionary and linguist, dies at 96
  • 1911-08-08 William P. Frye, American politician (b. 1830)
  • 1911-08-09 John Gates ("Bet-a-million" Gates), American inventor and industrialist who established the market for barbed wire fencing, dies following an unsuccessful operation to remove a throat tumor at 56
  • 1911-10-29 Joseph Pulitzer, Hungarian publisher (St Louis Post-Dispatch, NY World), dies at 64
  • 1911-11-09 Howard Pyle, American author (b. 1853)

Person of interestClara Barton

1912-04-12 Clara Barton, American nurse and founder of the American Red Cross, dies of tuberculosis at 90

Pioneering Nurse and Humanitarian Clara Barton
Pioneering Nurse and Humanitarian
Clara Barton
  • 1912-04-15 William T. Stead, British newspaper editor (The Pall Mall Gazette), dies in the sinking of the Titanic at 62
  • 1912-05-25 Austin Lane Crothers, American politician (b. 1860)
  • 1912-10-30 James S. Sherman, 27th Vice President of the United States (1909-1912), dies at 57
  • 1912-11-28 Walter Benona Sharp, American oil tycoon, dies at 41
  • 1913-07-07 Edward Burd Grubb, American Civil War Union Brevet Brigadier General, dies at 71
  • 1913-10-10 Adolphus Busch, German-born American brewer (Anheuser-Busch), dies at 74

Person of interestAmbrose Bierce

1914-01-11 Ambrose Bierce, American writer and satirist, dies at 71

Writer & Satirist Ambrose Bierce
Writer & Satirist
Ambrose Bierce
  • 1914-05-09 C. W. Post, American food manufacturer of breakfast cereals, commits suicide at 59
  • 1914-12-12 Watkins Lewis Africa American lynched in Shrevport, Louisiana
  • 1914-12-27 Charles Martin Hall, American chemist and inventor, dies at 51
  • 1915-01-15 Fannie Farmer, American culinary pioneer who revolutionised modern cooking through the introduction of precise measurements (Boston Cooking-School Cook Book), dies of complications of a stroke at 57

Person of interestFrank James

1915-02-18 Frank James, American outlaw (member of the James-Younger gang), dies at 72

Outlaw Frank James
Outlaw
Frank James

Person of interestFrederick Winslow Taylor

1915-03-21 Frederick Winslow Taylor, American mechanical engineer and the father of scientific management, dies of influenza at 59

Mechanical Engineer Frederick Winslow Taylor
Mechanical Engineer
Frederick Winslow Taylor
  • 1915-04-16 Nelson W. Aldrich, U.S. Senator from Rhode Island, dies at 73
  • 1915-04-25 Frederick William Seward, United States Assistant Secretary of State (b. 1830)
  • 1915-05-08 Henry McNeal Turner, 1 African American Methodist Bishop and 1st African American army chaplain, dies at 82

Person of interestEllen G. White

1915-07-16 ellen white, American co-founder of the Seventh-day Adventist Church, dies at 87

Christian Pioneer Ellen G. White
Christian Pioneer
Ellen G. White
  • 1915-08-17 Leo Frank, American convict, hanged in 1915 by a lynch mob in Georgia at 31
  • 1915-08-26 John Bunny American film comedian, dies at 51
  • 1915-09-11 William Sprague IV, American politician and Governor of Rhode Island (1859-63), dies at 84
  • 1915-09-11 William Cornelius Van Horne, American railway executive (Canadian Pacific Railway), dies at 72
  • 1915-09-13 Andrew L. Harris, American Civil War hero and Governor of Ohio (b. 1835)

Person of interestGrenville M. Dodge

1916-01-03 Grenville M. Dodge, American railroad engineer (Transcontinental Railroad-Union Pacific) and Major General (Union Army), dies at 84

Railroad Engineer and Union General Grenville M. Dodge
Railroad Engineer and Union General
Grenville M. Dodge
  • 1916-01-08 Ada Rehan, Irish-American stage actress and comedian (Daly's Fifth Avenue Theatre), dies from arteriosclerosis and cancer at 58
  • 1916-04-11 Richard Harding Davis, American journalist and author (Soldiers of Fortune, The King's Jackal), dies of a heart attack at 52
  • 1916-04-19 Ephraim Shay, American inventor of Shay type of geared steam locomotive, dies at 76

Person of interestJohn Singleton Mosby

1916-05-30 John S. Mosby, Confederate army cavalry battalion commander in the American Civil War, dies at 82

The Gray Ghost John Singleton Mosby
The Gray Ghost
John Singleton Mosby

Person of interestThomas Eakins

1916-06-25 Thomas Eakins, American artist, dies at 71

Painter Thomas Eakins
Painter
Thomas Eakins
  • 1916-07-04 Alan Seeger, American war poet (b. 1888)
  • 1916-07-18 Benjamin C. Truman, American journalist and author
  • 1916-07-22 James Whitcomb Riley, American author and poet (b. 1849)
  • 1916-07-26 Sally Louisa Tompkins, American nurse and philanthrophist, only commissioned woman in US Confederate Army, dies at 82
  • 1916-10-28 Cleveland Abbe, American meteorologist (Father of Weather Bureau), dies at 77
  • 1916-10-31 Charles Taze Russell, American founder of the Jehovah's Witnesses (b. 1852)

Person of interestPercival Lowell

1916-11-12 Percival Lowell, American astronomer (predicted discovery of Pluto) and founder of Lowell Observatory in Flagstaff, Arizona, dies of a stroke at 61

Astronomer Percival Lowell
Astronomer
Percival Lowell
  • 1916-11-14 Henry George, Jr., American politician (b. 1862)
  • 1916-11-22 Jack London, American activist and author (Call of the Wild), dies at 40
  • 1916-11-24 Sir Hiram Stevens Maxim, American-born gunsmith (b. 1840)
  • 1917-01-10 William "Buffalo Bill" Cody, American Wild West hunter and showman (Buffalo Bill's Wild West), dies at 70
  • 1917-03-25 Elizabeth Storrs Mead, American educator (b. 1832)
  • 1917-08-01 Frank Little, American labor organizer (lynched) (b. 1879)
  • 1917-10-13 Florence La Badie, American silent film actress, dies of injuries from automobile accident at 29
  • 1917-12-17 Frank Gotch, American professional wrestler, dies at 40
  • 1918-01-08 Ellis H. Roberts, American politician (b. 1827)
  • 1918-03-20 Lewis A. Grant, American Civil War General (b. 1828)
  • 1918-05-14 James Gordon Bennett, Jr., American newspaper publisher (b. 1841)
  • 1918-05-19 Gervais Raoul Lufbery, French-American World War I fighter pilot and flying ace, dies at 33
  • 1918-05-24 Evan Williams, American oratorio tenor, dies at 50
  • 1918-08-01 John Riley Banister, American law officer and cowboy, dies at 64