United States of America in History (Part 8)

Historical Events

Events 701 - 800 of 1,626

Music History

1928-12-13 George Gershwin's "An American In Paris" premieres at Carnegie Hall, NYC, performed by the New York Philharmonic conducted by Walter Damrosch

  • 1929-02-20 American Samoa organizes as territory of US

Historic Event

1929-03-04 Republican Charles Curtis becomes the 1st Native American to be Vice President of the United States

  • 1929-12-05 1st US nudist organization, the American League for Physical Culture in New York City
  • 1930-03-26 Congress appropriates $50,000 for Inter-American highway

Film Premiere

1930-04-01 "The Blue Angel" starring Marlene Dietrich in her breakthrough role premieres in Germany

Historic Expedition

1930-07-19 Richard E. Byrd, Laurence McKinley Gould, and their polar expedition team return to the United States following the first exploration of the interior of Antarctica

  • 1930-09-18 Enterprise (US) beats Shamrock V (UK) in 15th America's Cup
  • 1930-12-11 Bank of the United States closes in New York City
  • 1931-04-15 1st backwards walk across American begins
  • 1932-01-01 The United States Post Office Department issues a set of 12 stamps commemorating the 200th anniversary of George Washington's birth.
  • 1932-02-29 TIME magazine features eccentric American politician William "Alfalfa" Murray on its cover after Murray stated his intention to run for President of the United States.
  • 1932-06-06 The Revenue Act of 1932 is enacted, creating the first gas tax in the United States, at a rate of 1 cent per US gallon (1/4 ¢/L) sold
  • 1932-06-17 Bonus Army: around a thousand World War I veterans amass at the United States Capitol as the US Senate considers a bill that would give them certain benefits

Historic Event

1932-12-05 German physicist Albert Einstein granted a visa to enter America

  • 1933-01-03 Minnie D. Craig becomes the first female elected as Speaker of the North Dakota House of Representatives, the first female to hold a Speaker position anywhere in the United States.
  • 1933-03-13 American banks allowed to reopen after a government imposed bank holiday
  • 1933-11-17 United States recognizes Soviet Union, opens trade
  • 1934-01-05 National & American baseball leagues select a uniform ball

Historic Event

1934-06-22 John Dillinger is informally named America's first Public Enemy Number One

  • 1934-08-19 The first All-American Soap Box Derby is held in Dayton, Ohio
  • 1934-09-25 Rainbow (US) beats Endeavour (England) in 16th America's Cup

Beer in a Can

1935-01-24 1st canned beer, "Krueger's Cream Ale," is sold by American company Krueger Brewing Co.

  • 1935-06-11 Inventor Edwin Armstrong gives the first public demonstration of FM broadcasting in the United States, at Alpine, New Jersey
  • 1935-12-09 Walter Liggett American newspaper editor and muckraker killed in gangland murder.
  • 1936-01-14 L. M. (Mario) Giannini elected President of Bank of America
  • 1936-02-18 NHL record 32 points scored, NY Americans (28) & Mont Maroons (24)
  • 1936-05-25 The Remington Rand strike, led by the American Federation of Labor, begins
  • 1936-06-11 Presbyterian Church of America founded in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • 1936-06-18 First bicycle traffic court in America established in Racine, Wisconsin
  • 1936-08-14 Rainey Bethea is hanged in Owensboro, Kentucky in the last public execution in the United States
  • 1936-11-09 American fashion designer Ruth Harkness captures a panda cub (Su Lin) in China - becomes 1st live panda cub to enter the US
  • 1937-08-02 Marihuana Tax Act of 1937 is passed in America, essentially rendering marijuana and all its by-products illegal
  • 1937-08-09 Ranger (US) easily beats Endeavour II (England) in race 4 to wrap up the 17th America's Cup yachting series, 4-0; it's the final competition for 21 years
  • 1937-12-16 Theodore Cole and Ralph Roe attempt to escape from American federal prison Alcatraz Island in San Francisco Bay; neither is ever seen again.

Historic Event

1938-01-17 Joseph P. Kennedy becomes the 44th United States Ambassador to the United Kingdom

  • 1938-03-03 American Bowling Congress' largest tournament (24,765 competitors)
  • 1938-03-13 World News Roundup is broadcast for the first time on CBS Radio in the United States.
  • 1938-05-26 US House of Representatives Committee on un-American Activities forms
  • 1938-11-13 America's first saint, Mother Frances Cabrini, beatified

Historic Event

1939-01-21 George Kaufman and Moss Hart's "American Way" premieres in NYC

  • 1939-03-16 NHL record 10 goals in 1 period-NY Rangers (7), NY Americans (3) & a record 26 points in the 3rd period
  • 1939-07-22 Jane Bolin becomes the 1st African American female judge in New York

Venice Film Festival

1939-08-08 7th Venice Film Festival opens with a United States boycott due to Benito Mussolini's Fascist Italian regime

Historic Event

1939-09-01 General George Marshall sworn in as the United States Army Chief of Staff

  • 1939-09-03 German submarine U-30, commanded by Oberleutnant Fritz-Julius Lemp, sinks British passenger ship SS Athenia; 117 people die, among them 28 Americans

Music History

1939-11-11 Kate Smith first sings Irving Berlin's "God Bless America"

  • 1939-12-27 1st American skimobiles (North Conway, NH)
  • 1940-06-05 American Negro Theater organizes
  • 1940-10-07 World War II: the McCollum memo proposes bringing the U.S. into the war in Europe by provoking the Japanese to attack the United States.
  • 1940-10-25 Benjamin O Davis Sr. becomes 1st African American general in US Army
  • 1941-02-26 Cowboys' Amateur Association of America organized (California)

Historic Publication

1941-03-01 Captain America created by cartoonists Joe Simon and Jack Kirby is first published by Timely Comics (premiere issue released on December 20, 1940)

Film & TV History

1941-03-22 James Stewart is inducted into the Army, becoming the first major American movie star to wear a military uniform in World War II

Historic Event

1941-05-26 American Flag House (Betsy Ross' Home) given to city of Philadelphia

  • 1941-07-09 Dutch-American Physicist Abraham Pais is awarded his Ph.D. in Holland five days before a Nazi deadline banning Jews from receiving degrees

Historic Event

1941-09-11 FDR orders US Navy that any Axis ship found in American waters be shot at on sight

  • 1941-11-12 Alma Heflin, 1st female test pilot for commercial aircraft - Piper Corporation, Lock Haven, Pennsylvania

Historic Event

1941-12-02 American mobster Louis Buchalter is sentenced to death along with his lieutenants Emanuel Weiss and Louis Capone

  • 1941-12-09 300 Montgomery, San Francisco opens as new Bank of America HQ
  • 1941-12-15 The American Federation of Labor adopts a no-strike policy in war industries.
  • 1941-12-20 World War II: First battle of the American Volunteer Group, better known as the "Flying Tigers" in Kunming, China.
  • 1941-12-23 American forces on Wake Island surrender to Japanese
  • 1942-01-02 The United States Navy opens a blimp base at Lakehurst, New Jersey
  • 1942-01-03 American-British-Dutch-Australian (ABDA) Command forms
  • 1942-01-06 Pan American Airlines becomes the first commercial airline to schedule a flight around the world ("Pacific Clipper").
  • 1942-02-02 LA Times urges security measures against Japanese-Americans
  • 1942-02-08 Congress advises FDR that, Americans of Japanese descent should be locked up en masse so they wouldn't oppose the US war effort
  • 1942-02-19 FDR orders detention & internment of all west-coast Japanese-Americans
  • 1942-02-20 Lt E H O'Hare single-handedly shoots down 5 Japanese heavy bombers, becomes America's first World War II flying ace

'I Shall Return'

1942-02-22 World War II: President Franklin Roosevelt orders General Douglas MacArthur out of the Philippines as American defenses collapse

  • 1942-02-24 Voice of America begins broadcasting (in German)
  • 1942-05-12 Nazi U-boat sinks American cargo ship at mouth of Mississippi River
  • 1942-06-13 The United States opens its Office of War Information, with Elmer Davis as head
  • 1942-07-04 1st American bombing missions over Nazi Germany-occupied Europe (WWII)
  • 1942-08-07 1st American offensive in Pacific in WW2, Guadalcanal, Solomon Island
  • 1942-08-24 Sea battle off Eastern Solomon Islands between United States Navy and the Imperial Japanese Navy
  • 1942-09-01 US Federal judge upholds detention of Japanese-Americans
  • 1942-09-28 NY Americans NHL team folded
  • 1942-10-23 All 12 passengers and crewmen aboard an American Airlines DC-3 airliner killed when it is struck by a U.S. Army Air Forces bomber near Palm Springs, California. Amongst the victims is composer Ralph Rainger ("Thanks for the Memory")
  • 1942-11-08 1st WW II American expeditionary force lands in Africa (Gold Coast)
  • 1943-01-14 World War II: Franklin D. Roosevelt travels from Miami to Morocco to meet with Winston Churchill, becoming the first American president to travel overseas by airplane
  • 1943-02-20 American movie studio executives agree to allow the Office of War Information to censor movies.
  • 1943-02-20 Phil Wrigley & B Rickey charter All-American Girls Softball League
  • 1943-03-03 Battle of the Bismarck Sea: Australian and American air forces devastate Japanese navy convoy

Battle of Interest

1943-04-14 A JN-25 decrypt by American intelligence detailing a forthcoming visit by Marshal Admiral Yamamoto to Balalae Island results in his plane shot down 4 days later

  • 1943-05-17 The United States Army contracts with the University of Pennsylvania's Moore School to develop the ENIAC (Electronic Numerical Integrator And Computer).
  • 1943-07-25 1st warship named after an African American launched - USS Leonard Roy Harmon, a Buckley class destroyer
  • 1943-08-12 Alleged date of the first Philadelphia Experiment test on United States Navy ship USS Eldridge.
  • 1943-11-16 World War II: American bombers strike a hydro-electric power facility and heavy water factory in German-controlled Vemork, Norway.
  • 1944-01-30 World War II: United States troops land on Majuro, Marshall Islands
  • 1944-02-03 World War II: United States troops capture the Marshall Islands.
  • 1944-02-20 World War II: The "Big Week" began with American bomber raids on German aircraft manufacturing centers
  • 1944-03-22 American movie star Jimmy Stewart flies his 12th combat mission, leading the 2nd Bomb Wing in an attack on Berlin
  • 1944-05-01 Pulitzer prize awarded to American Martin Flavin for his novel "Journey in the Dark"
  • 1944-06-30 World War II: The Battle of Cherbourg ends with the fall of the strategically valuable port to American forces
  • 1944-07-11 Franklin Roosevelt announces that he will run for a fourth term as President of the United States
  • 1944-08-29 15,000 American troops liberating Paris march down Champs Elysees
  • 1944-09-23 Proclamation No. 30 was issued, declaring the existence of a state of war between the Philippines and the United States and the United Kingdom

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 701 - 800 of 9,758

  • 1874-02-22 Bill Klem, American Baseball HOF umpire (record 18 x World Series), born in Rochester, New York (d. 1951)
  • 1874-03-17 Stephen Samuel Wise, American Rabbi and President of Zionist Org of America, born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 1949)

Robert Frost

1874-03-26 Robert Frost, American poet (Mending Wall, Road Not Taken), born in San Francisco, California (d. 1963)

  • 1874-04-15 George Harrison Shull, American plant geneticist, born in Clark County, Ohio (d. 1954)
  • 1874-05-01 Romaine Brooks [Beatrice Romaine Goddard], American painter, born in Rome, Italy (d. 1970)
  • 1874-08-06 Charles Fort, American writer and researcher (specialized in anomalous phenomena), born in Albany, New York (d. 1932)
  • 1874-08-10 Bill Johnson, American musician (d. 1972)
  • 1874-08-26 Zona Gale, American novelist and playwright, 1st woman to win Pulitzer Prize for Drama (1921), born in Portage, Wisconsin (d. 1938)
  • 1874-08-31 Edward Thorndike, American psychologist (father of modern educational psychology), born in Williamsburg, Massachusetts (d. 1949)
  • 1874-09-13 Henry F. Ashurst, American Democratic politician (U.S. Senator from Arizona), born in Winnemucca, Nevada (d. 1962)
  • 1874-11-09 Albert Francis Blakeslee, American botanist, born in Geneseo, New York (d. 1954)
  • 1874-11-12 Bert Williams, African American comedian and entertainer, born in Nassau, Bahamas (d. 1922)
  • 1874-11-25 Joe Gans, American boxer (world lightweight champion), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1910)
  • 1874-11-27 Charles A. Beard, American historian (American Continentalism), born in Knightstown, Indiana (d. 1948)
  • 1875-01-09 Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney, American sculptor and art patron (founder of the Whitney Museum of American Art NYC), born in NYC, New York (d. 1942)
  • 1875-01-15 Tom Burke, American athlete (Olympic gold 100m, 400m 1896), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1929)

D. W. Griffith

1875-01-22 D.W. Griffith, American film director and producer (Birth of a Nation, Intolerance), born in LaGrange, Kentucky (d. 1948)

  • 1875-04-04 Samuel S. Hinds, American actor (Raven, Test Pilot), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1948)

Harriet Quimby

1875-05-11 Harriet Quimby, American pioneering aviator, 1st woman in the US to receive a pilot certificate and to cross the English Channel, born in Arcadia, Michigan (d. 1912) [1]

  • 1875-05-23 Alfred P. Sloan, American long-time president and chairman of General Motors (d. 1966)
  • 1875-08-27 Katharine McCormick, American biologist, suffragist and philanthropist, born in Dexter, Michigan (d. 1967)
  • 1875-10-23 Gilbert N. Lewis, American chemist (theory of covalent bonding), born in Weymouth, Massachusetts (d. 1946)
  • 1875-10-28 Gilbert H. Grosvenor, American geographer and 1st full-time editor of National Geographic Society (1899-1954), born in Constantinople, Ottoman Empire (d. 1966)
  • 1875-11-11 Vesto Slipher, American astronomer who provided the first evidence to support the expanding-universe theory, born in Mulberry, Indiana (d. 1969)

Hiram Bingham

1875-11-19 Hiram Bingham, American archaeologist who re-discovered the Incan site of Machu Picchu, born in Honolulu, Kingdom of Hawaii (d. 1956)

  • 1875-12-19 Carter G. Woodson, American historian (African American studies), born in New Canton, Virginia (d. 1950)
  • 1876-01-12 Jack London, American writer/socialist (Call of the Wild), born in San Francisco (d. 1916)
  • 1876-01-17 Frank Hague, American politician (d. 1956)
  • 1876-03-20 Payne Whitney, American businessman (d. 1927)
  • 1876-03-21 John Tewksbury, American athlete (d. 1968)
  • 1876-05-19 William King Gregory, Greenwich Village New York, American palaeontologist (mammalian teeth, evolutionary theory)

Willis Carrier

1876-11-26 Willis Carrier, American engineer (developed modern air conditioning), born in Angola, New York (d. 1950)

  • 1876-12-09 Berton Churchill, Canadian-American actor (I'm Nobody's Sweetheart Now), born in Toronto, Ontario (d. 1940)
  • 1877-01-12 Frank J. Corr, American politician (d. 1934)
  • 1877-02-27 Walter O Briggs, American entrepreneur and sports team owner (Detroit Tigers 1935-52), born in Ypsilanti, Michigan (d. 1952)
  • 1877-03-04 Garrett Morgan, American inventor (gas mask and traffic signal), born in Claysville, Kentucky (d. 1963)
  • 1877-03-18 Edgar Cayce, American psychic (d. 1945)
  • 1877-04-30 Alice B. Toklas, American-Parisian avant-garde and companion of Gertrude Stein, born in San Francisco, California (d. 1967)

Isadora Duncan

1877-05-26 Isadora Duncan, American free form/interpretative dancer, born in San Francisco, California (d. 1927)

  • 1877-08-06 Wallace H. White, Jr., American politician (Senate Majority Leader), born in Lewiston, Maine (d. 1952)
  • 1877-09-06 Charles "Buddy" Bolden, African-American jazz cornetist, born in New Orleans, Louisiana (d. 1931)
  • 1878-01-09 John Broadus Watson, Travelers Rest South Carolina, American Psychologist (behaviorism approach)
  • 1878-01-16 Harry Carey [Henry DeWitt Carey II], American actor (Mr. Smith Goes to Washington, Red River), born in The Bronx, New York (d. 1947)
  • 1878-02-14 Julius Nieuwland, Belgian-American chemist (inventor of neoprene), born in Hansbeke, Belgium (d. 1936)
  • 1878-03-04 Egbert Van Alstyne, American popular music songwriter and ragtime pianist ("In the Shade of the Old Apple Tree"; "For Your Boy and My Boy"), born in Marengo, Illinois (d. 1951) [1]

Jack Johnson

1878-03-31 Jack Johnson, American boxer (1st African-American world heavyweight champion 1908-15), born in Galveston, Texas (d. 1946) [1]

  • 1878-04-27 Frank Gotch, American professional wrestler, born in Humboldt, Iowa (d. 1917)
  • 1878-05-14 James L. Wilkinson, American baseball executive (d. 1964)

George M. Cohan

1878-07-03 George M. Cohan, American father of musical comedy (Phantom President; Give My Regards to Broadway), born in Providence, Rhode Island (d. 1942)

  • 1878-07-25 Heinrich Gebhard, German-born American composer, born in Sobernheim, Rhineland-Palatinate (d. 1963)
  • 1878-08-28 George Whipple, American physician and biomedical researcher (Nobel-1934), born in Ashland, New Hampshire (d. 1976)
  • 1878-08-31 Frank Jarvis, American athlete (Olympic gold 100m 1900), born in California, Pennsylvania (d. 1933)
  • 1878-09-09 Adelaide Crapsey, American poet (d. 1914)
  • 1878-10-16 Maxey Long, American athlete (d. 1959)
  • 1878-12-25 William Starling Burgess, American yacht designer (America's Cup yachts "Enterprise", "Rainbow", "Ranger") and aviation pioneer, born in Boston Massachusetts (d. 1947)
  • 1879-01-12 Ray Harroun, American auto racer (inaugural Indianapolis 500 1911; Motorsports Hall of Fame of America 2000), born in Spartansburg, Pennsylvania (d. 1968)
  • 1879-02-03 Charles Follis, 1st African American NFLer (Shelby, Ohio)
  • 1879-03-27 Edward Steichen, American photographer (Family of Man), born in Luxembourg (d. 1973)
  • 1879-04-14 James Branch Cabell, American novelist and essayist (Restless Heads), born in Richmond, Virginia (d. 1958)
  • 1879-04-15 Melville Henry Cane, American lawyer and poet (Making a Poem), born in Plattsburgh, New York (d. 1980)

James F. Byrnes

1879-05-02 James F. Byrnes, American politician and statesman influential in domestic and foreign policy in the mid-1940s, born in Charleston, South Carolina (d. 1972)

  • 1879-05-24 H. B. Reese, American inventor of Reese's, born in York County, Pennsylvania (d. 1956)
  • 1879-06-03 Raymond Pearl, American biologist (d. 1940)
  • 1879-06-30 Walter Hampden, American actor (Five Fingers, Hunchback of Notre Dame), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1955)
  • 1879-08-08 "Dr. Bob" Smith, American physician and co-founder of Alcoholics Anonymous, born in St. Johnsbury, Vermont (d. 1950)
  • 1879-08-15 Ethel Barrymore [Blythe], American classic film & stage actress (Constant Wife, Corn is Green), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1959)
  • 1879-10-04 Edward Murray East, American botanist and geneticist who developed hybrid corn, born in Du Quoin, Illinois (d. 1938)
  • 1879-10-25 Mayhew Lester Lake, American composer, born in Southville, Massachusetts (d. 1955)
  • 1879-10-29 Alva B. Adams, American politician (U.S. Senator from Colorado 1933-41), born in Del Norte, Colorado (d. 1941)
  • 1879-12-05 Clyde Cessna, American aviator and airplane manufacturer, born in Hawthorne, Louisiana (d. 1954)
  • 1880-01-20 Walter W. Bacon, American politician (d. 1962)
  • 1880-03-03 Florence Auer, American actress (Eradicating Aunty), born in Albany, New York (d. 1962)
  • 1880-03-04 Channing Pollock, American playwright and critic (d. 1946)
  • 1880-03-11 Harry H. Laughlin, American eugenecist (d. 1943)
  • 1880-03-12 Henry Drysdale Dakin, British-American biochemist, known for the Dakin-West reaction (d. 1952)
  • 1880-03-21 Broncho Billy Anderson, American actor and the 1st cowboy in a movie (The Great Train, The Lucky Dog), born in Little Rock, Arkansas (d. 1971)
  • 1880-03-22 Ernie Quigley, Canadian Basketball HOF official (St. Mary's College, Kansas Uni), basketball umpire (1936 Olympics), MLB umpire (6xWorld Series) & football referee, born in Newcastle, New Brunswick (d. 1960)
  • 1880-04-10 Frances Perkins, American politician and 1st woman to hold cabinet-level position (Labor 1933-45), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1965)
  • 1880-06-17 Carl Van Vechten, American writer famous for the controversial novel "Nigger Heaven", born in Cedar Rapids, Iowa (d. 1964)
  • 1880-06-21 Arnold Gesell, American psychologist and pediatrician, born in Alma, Wisconsin (d. 1961)

Helen Keller

1880-06-27 Helen Keller, American political activist, author (The Story of My Life) and lecturer, who was the 1st deaf-blind person to earn a BA, born in Tuscumbia, Alabama (d. 1968)

  • 1880-06-29 Harry Frazee, American MLB team owner (Boston Red Sox), born in Peoria, Illinois (d. 1929)
  • 1880-07-12 Tod Browning, American film director (Dracula), born in Louisville, Kentucky (d. 1962)
  • 1880-08-10 Robert L. Thornton, American businessman, philanthropist, and Mayor of Dallas, Texas (d. 1964)
  • 1880-08-22 George Herriman, American cartoonist (Krazy Kat), born in New Orleans, Louisiana (d. 1944)

H. L. Mencken

1880-09-12 Henry Louis Mencken, American newspaperman and critic (Prejudices), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1956)

  • 1880-09-14 Archie Hahn, American sprinter, born in Dodgeville, Wisconsin (d. 1955)
  • 1880-09-20 Louise Peete, American convicted serial killer, born in Bienville, Louisiana (d. 1947)
  • 1880-11-06 Chris van Abkoude, Dutch-American writer and novelist (Pietje Bell, Kruimeltje), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1959)
  • 1880-12-24 Johnny Gruelle, American cartoonist, children's book writer and creator of Raggedy Ann, born in Arcola, Illinois (d. 1939)
  • 1881-01-08 Henrik Shipstead, American politician (d. 1960)
  • 1881-02-06 Karl Weigl, Austrian-American pianist, composer (Apocalyptic Symphony), and educator, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1949)
  • 1881-02-22 Joseph B. Ely, American politician (d. 1956)
  • 1881-03-04 Richard C. Tolman, American mathematical physicist (d. 1948)
  • 1881-03-04 Thomas Sigismund Stribling, American writer (Pulitzer Prize 1933), born in Clifton, Tennessee (d. 1965)
  • 1881-05-14 Ed Walsh, American Baseball HOF pitcher (World Series 1906; no-hitter 1911; MLB record 1.82 career ERA; Chicago White Sox) and manager (Chicago WS 1924), born in Plains Township, Pennsylvania (d. 1959)
  • 1881-05-14 G. Murray Hulbert, American politician (d. 1950)
  • 1881-07-02 Royal H. Weller, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New York), born in Manhattan, New York (d. 1929)

Famous Weddings

Famous Divorces

Famous Deaths

Deaths 701 - 800 of 4,918

  • 1941-12-07 Franklin Van Valkenburgh, United States Navy, Medal of Honor recipient, killed in Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor (b. 1888)
  • 1941-12-07 Herbert C. Jones, United States Navy, Medal of Honor recipient, killed in Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor (b. 1918)
  • 1941-12-07 Mervyn S. Bennion, United States Navy Captain, Medal of Honor recipient, killed in Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor (b. 1887)
  • 1941-12-07 Thomas J. Reeves, United States Navy, Medal of Honor recipient, killed in Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor (b. 1895)
  • 1941-12-10 Colin Kelly, American B-17 Flying Fortress pilot and 1st US air hero during WW II, killed in action at 26 after ordering his crew to bail out shortly before his bomber exploded
  • 1941-12-11 John Gillespie Magee, Jr., American poet and aviator (b. 1922)
  • 1942-01-08 Joseph Franklin Rutherford, American religious publisher (b. 1869)
  • 1942-01-16 Carole Lombard [Jane Alice Peters], American actress (My Man Godfrey; To Be or Not to Be), dies in a plane crash at 33
  • 1942-02-12 Grant Wood, American painter (American Gothic), dies at 50
  • 1942-02-18 Albert Payson Terhune, American author (b. 1872)
  • 1942-02-19 Frank Abbandando, American gangster (Murder, Inc.), executed for murder at 31
  • 1942-03-19 Clinton Hart Merriam, American zoologist and ornithologist, dies at 86
  • 1942-04-18 Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney, American sculptor & art patron (founder of the Whitney Museum of American Art NYC), dies at 67

John Barrymore

1942-05-29 John Barrymore, American actor (Beloved Rogue, Dinner at 8), dies from cirrhosis of the liver and kidney failure at 60

  • 1942-09-07 Cecilia Beaux, American portrait painter dies aged 87
  • 1942-09-14 E.S. Gosney, American eugenicist (b. 1855)
  • 1942-09-19 Condé Nast, American publisher (b. 1873)
  • 1942-11-17 Ben Reitman, American anarchist, physician (b. 1879)
  • 1943-01-07 George Washington Crile, American surgeon (conducted the first direct blood transfusion and studied the effects of surgical shock), dies at 78

Nikola Tesla

1943-01-07 Nikola Tesla, Serbian-American physicist (tesla motor), dies at 86

  • 1943-01-12 Frank Alvord Perret, American volcanologist renowned for his research at Vesuvius, Etna, Stromboli and Kilauea dies at 75
  • 1943-01-26 Harry H. Laughlin, American eugenicist (b. 1880)
  • 1943-02-17 Armand J. Piron, American jazz violinist and composer, dies at 54
  • 1943-03-13 J. P. Morgan, Jr. [John Pierpont], American financier and son of J.P. Morgan, Sr., (J.P. Morgan & Co.), dies of a stroke at 75
  • 1943-03-13 Stephen Vincent Benét, American author (b. 1898)
  • 1943-03-19 Frank Nitti, American gangster (b. 1883)
  • 1943-10-05 Leon Roppolo, American early jazz clarinetist, dies at 41
  • 1943-11-24 Doris Miller, American navy cook (b. 1919)
  • 1944-01-06 Ida Tarbell, American muckraker (The History of the Standard Oil Company), dies at 86
  • 1944-01-12 Lance C. Wade, American pilot (b. 1915)
  • 1944-01-20 James McKeen Cattell, American psychologist, dies at 83
  • 1944-03-04 Emanuel Weiss, American hitman (b. 1906) (executed)
  • 1944-03-04 Fannie Barrier Williams, American educator and political activist (b. 1855)
  • 1944-03-19 William Hale Thompson, American mayor of Chicago (b. 1869)
  • 1944-07-20 Mildred Harris, American actress (b. 1901)
  • 1944-10-04 Alfred "Al" Smith, American politician, 4 time Governor of New York (1919-20 and 1923-28), and 1st Roman Catholic presidential candidate (D, 1928), dies at 70
  • 1944-11-02 Thomas Midgley, American chemist and inventor (b. 1889)
  • 1945-01-03 Edgar Cayce, American psychic (b. 1877)
  • 1945-03-04 Lucille La Verne, American actress (b. 1872)
  • 1945-03-04 Mark Sandrich [Goldstein], American film director, writer and producer (The Gay Divorcee; Top Hat; Holiday Inn), dies of a heart attack at 44
  • 1945-03-05 Lena Baker, American murderer, convicted of capital murder of her employer, Ernest Knight, dies at 44
  • 1945-04-18 Ernie Pyle, American journalist and war correspondent during WW II (Pulitzer Prize, 1944), killed by enemy fire in the South Pacific during Battle of Okinawa at 44
  • 1945-05-05 Elsie Mitchell and five Sunday school students become the only people to die during World War II on US soil when they are killed by a Japanese fire balloon that lands in the forest of Gearhart Mountain, near Bly, Southern Oregon
  • 1945-05-13 Alfred "Tubby" Hall, American jazz drummer (King Oliver; Louis Armstrong), dies at 49
  • 1945-05-17 Sasaki Shigetsu Sokei-an, founder 1st Zen Institute of America, dies
  • 1945-06-20 Bruno Frank, German-born American writer, dies at 58
  • 1945-06-26 Erno Rapee, American conductor and composer (Radio City Music Hall), dies at 54
  • 1945-08-06 Hiram Johnson, American progressive politician, US Senator, Governor of California (1911-17), dies at 78
  • 1945-08-09 Harry Hillman, American athlete (3 Gold Olympic 1904), dies at 63

Robert H. Goddard

1945-08-10 Robert H. Goddard, American Rocket Pioneer (invented and built the first liquid-fueled rocket), dies of throat cancer at 62

  • 1945-08-22 Ida Henrietta Hyde, American physiologist who invented the micro-electrode and the first woman allowed to do research at Harvard Medical School and to be elected to the American Physiology Society, dies at 87
  • 1945-08-25 John Birch, American intelligence officer and missionary (b. 1918)
  • 1945-09-18 "Blind" Willie Johnson, American gospel blues singer and guitarist ("Dark Was the Night, Cold Was the Ground"), dies of malarial fever, syphilis and blindness at 48

Milton S. Hershey

1945-10-13 Milton S. Hershey, American chocolate tycoon (The Hershey Chocolate Company), dies at 86

  • 1945-12-04 Thomas Hunt Morgan, American evolutionary biologist, geneticist and embryologist (Nobel Prize 1933), dies at 79
  • 1945-12-28 Theodore Dreiser, American novelist (An American Tragedy), dies at 74
  • 1946-01-05 (Catherine) "Kitty" Cheatham, American folk singer and children's music singer-songwriter, dies at 81
  • 1946-01-09 Countee Cullen, African American poet of the Harlem Renaissance (Black Christ, One Way to Heaven), dies at 42
  • 1946-01-26 Adriaan van Maanen, Dutch-American astronomer (b. 1884)
  • 1946-03-02 George E. Stewart, American army officer and Medal of Honor recipient, dies at 73
  • 1946-03-23 Gilbert N. Lewis, American Chemist (theory of covalent bonding), dies at 70
  • 1946-05-19 Booth Tarkington, American novelist (The Magnificent Ambersons) and playwright, dies at 76

Jack Johnson

1946-06-10 Jack Johnson, American boxer (1st African-American world heavyweight champion 1908-15), dies in a car accident aged 68

  • 1946-06-24 Louise Whitfield Carnegie, American philanthropist (b. 1857)

Alfred Stieglitz

1946-07-13 Alfred Stieglitz, American photographer and art dealer (Camera Work), dies at 82

  • 1946-08-26 Jeanie MacPherson, American actress and screenwriter (b. 1887)
  • 1946-10-08 Rose Melville, American stage actress (Sis Hopkins) dies at 73
  • 1946-12-23 John A. Sampson, American gynecologist (b. 1873)
  • 1946-12-28 Carrie Jacobs-Bond, American singer, pianist, songwriter (I Love You Truly; A Perfect Day), dies of a cerebral hemorrhage at 85
  • 1947-01-26 Grace Moore, American soprano and actress (One Night of Love), dies at 48
  • 1947-03-09 Carrie Chapman Catt, American women's suffrage leader, dies at 88
  • 1947-03-12 "Winston Churchill the American", American novelist (b. 1871)
  • 1947-03-18 William C. Durant, American automobile pioneer (General Motors), dies at 85

Henry Ford

1947-04-07 Henry Ford, American industrialist & auto maker (Ford Model T), dies at 83

  • 1947-04-11 Louise Peete, American convicted serial killer, dies at 66
  • 1947-04-24 Willa Cather, American writer (My Ántonia), dies at 73
  • 1947-05-08 Harry Gordon Selfridge, American-born department store founder (b. 1858)

Maxwell Perkins

1947-06-17 Maxwell Perkins, American editor and publisher for Ernest Hemingway, F. Scott Fitzgerald and Thomas Wolfe, dies at 62

  • 1947-07-12 Jimmie Lunceford, American swing jazz saxophonist and bandleader (Rhythm Is Our Business; For Dancers Only), dies of a heart attack at 45 [1] [2]
  • 1947-07-15 Walter Donaldson, American pianist and popular song composer ("Makin' Whoopee"; "My Blue Heaven"; "My Buddy"), dies at 54
  • 1947-11-01 Man o' War, American thoroughbred racehorse (Preakness Stakes, Belmont Stakes 1920), dies from a heart attack at 30
  • 1947-12-07 Nicholas Murray Butler, American philosopher, diplomat (Nobel Peace Prize 1931), educator (Columbia University President), dies at 85
  • 1948-02-02 Thomas W. Lamont, American banker; father or Corliss Lamont; great-grandfather of Ned Lamont (b. 1870)
  • 1948-03-06 Ross Lockridge, Jr., American novelist (Raintree County), dies at 33
  • 1948-03-10 Zelda Fitzgerald [née Sayre], American writer (This Side of Paradise) and wife of writer F. Scott Fitzgerald, dies at 47
  • 1948-05-15 Edward Flanagan, American priest and founder of Boys Town (b. 1886)
  • 1948-08-13 Elaine Hammerstein, American stage and silent film actress, dies in a Tijuana car crash at 51
  • 1948-08-31 Billy Laughlin, American child actor (Froggy- Our Gang), dies in a car accident at 16
  • 1948-09-02 Sylvanus Morley, American archaeologist and spy, dies at 65
  • 1948-09-05 Richard C. Tolman, American mathematical physicist (b. 1881)
  • 1948-10-15 Edythe Chapman, American actress (b. 1863)
  • 1949-01-22 William Thomas Walsh, American author (Isabella of Spain), dies at 57
  • 1949-03-10 James Rector, American athlete (b. 1884)
  • 1949-03-14 John Callan O'Laughlin, American political and military figure and journalist (b. 1873)
  • 1949-05-20 Randolph West, American biochemist, known for the Dakin-West reaction (b. 1890)
  • 1949-07-07 Bunk Johnson, American musician (b. 1879 or 1889)
  • 1949-09-19 Will Cuppy, American humorist (The Decline and Fall of Practically Everybody), dies at 65
  • 1949-11-02 Jerome F. Donovan, American politician (rep-NY 1918-21), dies at 77