Vietnamese History

Vietnam: Hanoi - Ho Chi Minh City

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 247

  • 1788-12-19 Chinese troops occupy capital Thang Long Vietnam
  • 1788-12-21 Hue Tay Son becomes emperor Quang Trung of Vietnam
  • 1789-02-01 Chinese troops driven out of Vietnam capital Thang Long
  • 1803-01-01 Emperor Gia Long orders all bronze wares of the Tây Sơn Dynasty to be collected and melted into nine cannons for the Royal Citadel in Huế, Vietnam.
  • 1882-09-03 French/Vietnamese/Chinese battle at Hanoi, 100s die
  • 1930-02-03 The Indochinese Communist Party of Vietnam is established
  • 1945-03-10 Japan grants occupied Vietnam independence

Historic Event

1945-08-14 Ho Chi Minh's Viet Minh movement launch a coordinated uprising against French rule across Vietnam following the Japanese surrender

Historic Event

1949-06-14 French-allied State of Vietnam is officially formed during the First Indochina War, Bảo Đại installed as Emperor

  • 1949-07-02 The State of Vietnam is internationally recognised, governing the southern half of Vietnam, with Bảo Đại as chief of state
  • 1950-02-07 United States formally recognizes the State of Vietnam as the legitimate government of Vietnam, with Bảo Đại as leader
  • 1950-05-21 Vietnamese troops of Ho Chi-Minh attack Cambodia
  • 1950-06-27 US sends 35 military advisers to South Vietnam
  • 1950-07-19 French/Vietnamese offensive against Viet Minh
  • 1950-08-13 US President Harry Truman gives military aid to Vietnamese regime of Bảo Đại
  • 1950-09-16 Viet Minh offensive against French bases in Vietnam
  • 1950-12-30 Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia become Independent states within the French Union

Historic Event

1954-02-10 President Dwight Eisenhower warns against US intervention in Vietnam

  • 1954-04-21 USAF flies French battalion to Vietnam
  • 1954-06-04 France grants Vietnam independence inside French Union

Election of Interest

1954-06-16 Ngô Đình Diệm elected Prime Minister of the State of Vietnam (South Vietnam)

  • 1954-07-21 Geneva Accords for Indochina signed, dividing French colonial territories into the countries of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam), the State of Vietnam (South Vietnam), Cambodia, and Laos
  • 1954-07-27 Armistice divides Vietnam into two countries
  • 1954-10-24 Dwight D. Eisenhower pledges United States' support to South Vietnam
  • 1954-10-27 President Eisenhower offers aid to South Vietnam Prime Minister Ngô Đình Diệm
  • 1955-02-12 President Eisenhower sends 1st US advisors to South Vietnam
  • 1955-10-26 Ngô Đình Diệm proclaims Vietnam a republic with himself as President
  • 1956-04-28 Last French troops leave Vietnam
  • 1956-06-08 Richard B. Fitzgibbon, Jr. killed by another USAF airman in Vietnam, becoming the first American killed in the Vietnam War
  • 1956-10-26 Vietnam promulgates its constitution
  • 1957-05-08 South Vietnamese President, Ngô Đình Diệm, arrives in the United States on a state visit
  • 1960-11-12 Coup against South Vietnamese President Ngô Đình Diệm fails
  • 1960-12-20 The National Liberation Front, better known as the Viet Cong, is officially formed in South Vietnam
  • 1961-10-18 Emergency crisis proclaimed in South Vietnam due to communist attack

Historic Event

1961-11-16 US President JFK decides to increase military aid to South Vietnam without committing US combat troops

  • 1961-11-18 JFK sends 18,000 military advisors to South Vietnam
  • 1961-12-11 JFK provides US military helicopters & crews to South Vietnam
  • 1962-01-12 Operation Chopper begins, America's first combat mission in the Vietnam War
  • 1962-01-18 US begins spraying foliage in Vietnam to reveal Viet Cong guerrillas
  • 1962-02-27 South Vietnam President Ngô Đình Diệm's palace bombed by dissident air pilots in a failed assassination attempt
  • 1962-03-09 US advisors in South-Vietnam join the fight

Vietnamese Monk Burns Himself Alive

1963-06-11 Buddhist monk Thích Quảng Đức immolates himself at a Saigon intersection, creating one of the Vietnam War's most iconic images

  • 1963-08-21 Martial law declared in South Vietnam, following raids on Buddhist pagodas
  • 1963-11-02 Ngô Đình Diệm, the President of South Vietnam, is overthrown and assassinated in a coup by the South Vietnamese Army
  • 1964-01-30 Military coup of Gen Nguyen Khanh in South Vietnam
  • 1964-06-23 General Maxwell Taylor appointed US ambassador in South Vietnam
  • 1964-07-30 US naval fire on Hon Ngu/Hon Mo, North Vietnam
  • 1964-08-02 North Vietnam fires at US Navy destroyer USS Maddox in what becomes known as the Gulf of Tonkin incident which would eventually escalate US involvement in the Vietnam War
  • 1964-08-04 North Vietnam purportedly engage US Navy ships in the Gulf of Tonkin for a second time, resulting in US Congress passing the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, granting authority to assist any Southeast Asian facing "communist aggression"; later investigation deemed the second attack never happened as shipboard communications were misinterpreted
  • 1964-08-05 US begins bombing North Vietnam in respones to the real and imagined attacks on US Navy ships in the Gulf of Tonkin
  • 1964-10-30 Tran Van Huong appointed premier of South Vietnam
  • 1964-12-05 Captain Roger Donlon is awarded the first Medal of Honor of the Vietnam War for successfully repelling a large Viet Cong attack
  • 1965-01-26 South Vietnam military coup under general Nguyen Khanh
  • 1965-02-07 US begins regular bombing & strafing of N Vietnam
  • 1965-02-08 President Johnson deploys 1st US combat troops to South Vietnam, with 3500 marines sent to protect key US airbase near Da Nang
  • 1965-03-02 US Air Force begins Operation Rolling Thunder, a three year sustained bombing campaign against North Vietnam
  • 1965-03-08 First US combat forces arrive in Vietnam, on the beaches of Da Nang
  • 1965-03-30 Vietnam War: A car bomb explodes in front of the U.S. Embassy in Saigon, killing 22 and wounding 183 others
  • 1965-04-20 People's Republic China offers North Vietnam military aid
  • 1965-04-29 Australian government announces it would send troops to Vietnam
  • 1965-05-05 First large-scale US Army ground units arrive in South Vietnam
  • 1965-05-16 Bomb destroys USAF base Bien Hoa, South Vietnam
  • 1965-06-08 US troops ordered to fight offensively in Vietnam
  • 1965-06-10 Vietnam War: Battle of Dong Xoai begins, a major engagement between the Viet Cong and South Vietnamese forces
  • 1965-06-12 South Vietnam Gen Nguyen Cao Ky succeeds Phan Huy Quat as premier
  • 1965-06-13 Vietnam War: Battle of Dong Xoai ends in a Viet Cong victory

Historic Event

1965-06-28 1st US ground combat forces in Vietnam authorized by President Lyndon B. Johnson

  • 1965-07-28 LBJ sends 50,000 more soldiers to Vietnam (total of 125,000)
  • 1965-08-02 Morley Safer's sends 1st Vietnam report indicating the US is losing
  • 1965-09-11 The 1st Cavalry Division of the United States Army arrives in Vietnam
  • 1965-11-08 Vietnam War: US, Australian and New Zealand forces launch Operation Hump, a search-and-destroy operation near Bien Hoa in South Vietnam
  • 1965-11-14 US government sends 90,000 soldiers to Vietnam
  • 1965-11-19 ABC radio begins weekly "Vietnam Update" report
  • 1965-11-27 15-25,000 demonstrate against war in Vietnam in Washington, D.C.
  • 1965-12-25 US President Lyndon B. Johnson orders a halt to bombing operations in North Vietnam, hoping to spur peace talks
  • 1966-01-10 The Georgia House of Representatives votes 184-12 to deny Julian Bond his seat as a result of his opposition to the Vietnam War
  • 1966-01-12 LBJ says US should stay in South Vietnam until communist aggression ends
  • 1966-03-02 215,000 US soldiers in Vietnam
  • 1966-03-10 North Vietnamese capture US Green Beret Camp at Ashau Valley
  • 1966-03-26 Large-scale anti-Vietnam War protests take place in the United States, including in New York, Washington, D.C. and Chicago
  • 1966-04-12 1st B-52 bombing on North Vietnam
  • 1966-05-15 South Vietnamese army battle Buddhists, about 80 die
  • 1966-05-26 Buddhist sets himself on fire at US consulate in Hué, South Vietnam
  • 1966-05-30 300 US airplanes bomb North Vietnam
  • 1966-06-29 Vietnam War: US planes bomb the North Vietnamese capital Hanoi and the port city of Haiphong for the first time
  • 1966-07-30 US airplanes bomb the demilitarized zone between North and South Vietnam
  • 1966-08-06 US citizens demonstrate against war in Vietnam
  • 1966-10-13 173 US aircraft bomb North Vietnam
  • 1966-10-14 175 US airplanes bomb North Vietnam
  • 1966-12-04 Military Working Dog "Nemo" saves the life of his handler Airman Robert A. Throneburg during the Vietnam War, surviving a gunshot wound to the nose
  • 1966-12-24 USAF C144 military charter aircraft crashes near Binh Thai, Vietnam, killing 129
  • 1967-02-22 25,000 US and South Vietnamese troops launch Operation Junction City against the Viet Cong. Largest US airborne assault since WWII.
  • 1967-03-24 University of Michigan holds 1st "Teach-in" after bombing of North Vietnam

Historic Event

1967-03-28 UN Secretary General U Thant makes public proposals for peace in Vietnam

Famous Birthdays

  • 1829-09-22 Tự Đức, Emperor of Vietnam (1847-1883) (d. 1883)

Ho Chi Minh

1890-05-19 Ho Chi Minh [Nguyễn Sinh Cung], Vetnamese communist revolutionary and President of North Vietnam (1946-69), born in Nghệ An Province, French Indochina (d. 1969)

Ngô Đình Diệm

1901-01-03 Ngô Đình Diệm, President and authoritarian leader of South Vietnam (1954-63), born in Quảng Bình, French Indochina (d. 1963)

  • 1908-04-07 Le Duan, Vietnamese politician
  • 1908-05-26 Nguyễn Ngọc Thơ, Prime Minister of South Vietnam, born in Long Xuyên, Annam, French Indochina (d. 1976)

Võ Nguyên Giáp

1911-08-25 Võ Nguyên Giáp, Vietnamese general (Dien Bien Phu, Vietnam War) and politician, born in Lệ Thủy District, Vietnam (d. 2013)

  • 1911-10-14 Lê Ðức Thọ, Vietnamese revolutionary general, politician and negotiator in Paris (1975), born in Nam Định Province, French Indochina (d. 1990)

Bảo Đại

1913-10-22 Bảo Đại, Vietnamese emperor and chief of state (Annam 1926-1945; State of Vietnam, 1949-1955), born in Hue, French Indochina (d. 1997)

William Westmoreland

1914-03-26 William Westmoreland, American general (commander of American forces in the Vietnam War, 1964-68), born in Saxon, South Carolina (d. 2005)

  • 1914-09-15 Creighton Abrams, American general (commander of American forces in the Vietnam War, 1968-72), born in Springfield, Massachusetts (d. 1974)
  • 1916-02-02 Xuân Diệu, Vietnamese poet (d. 1985)
  • 1922-07-14 Robin Olds, American World War II and Vietnam War ace fighter pilot (d. 2007)

Nguyen Van Thieu

1923-04-05 Nguyen Van Thieu, South Vietnamese President (1965-75), born in Phan Rang, Vietnam (d. 2001)

  • 1923-12-23 James Stockdale, American admiral (Vietnam) andRoss Perot's 1992 running mate, born in Abingdon, Illinois (d. 2005)
  • 1930-09-08 Nguyễn Cao Kỳ, Premier of South Vietnam (1965-67), born in Sơn Tây, Indochina (d. 2011)
  • 1939-07-31 France Nuyen, Vietnamese-French actress (St Elsewhere, Diamond Head), born in Marseilles, France
  • 1943-06-08 William Calley Jr., American war criminal, convicted by court-martial of murdering 22 unarmed South Vietnamese civilians in the My Lai Massacre, born in Miami, Florida
  • 1944-05-10 Marie-France Pisier, Daclat, Vietnam, French actress and writer (Love on the Run, Cousin cousine)
  • 1947-02-14 Pham Tuan, Vietnam, cosmonaut (Soyuz 37/36)
  • 1949-06-30 Bùi Thanh Liêm, Vietnamese cosmonaut, born in Hanoi, Vietnam (d. 1981)
  • 1951-09-14 Eugene H. Trinh, Vietnamese-American astronaut (STS 50), born in Saigon, Vietnam
  • 1951-10-09 Robert Wuhl, American actor (Bull Durham, Good Morning Vietnam), born in Union, New Jersey
  • 1952-10-18 Bảo Ninh, Vietnamese novelist
  • 1962-09-17 Dustin Nguyen, Vietnamese-American actor (Harry-21 Jump Street), born in Saigon, Vietnam
  • 1963-03-16 Phung Vuong, murderer (FBI Most Wanted List), born in Saigon, Vietnam
  • 1964-05-30 Nhi Lan Le, Vietnam, US fencer-foil (Olympics 1996)
  • 1964-06-18 Thanh Nguyen, American 141 lbs US weightlifter (Olympics 1996), born in Saigon, Vietnam
  • 1969-03-20 Thang Thanh Nguyen, Soc Trang Vietnam, murderer (FBI Most Wanted)
  • 1971-08-20 Jonathan Ke Quan, Vietnamese-American actor (Sam-Together We Stand), born in Saigon, South Vietnam
  • 1971-09-05 Kim Maher, American softball infielder (Olympic gold 1996), born in Saigon, Vietnam
  • 1972-04-20 Lê Huỳnh Đức, Vietnamese footballer, born in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
  • 1973-09-14 Tony Bui, Vietnamese-American film director (Three Seasons), born in Saigon, Vietnam
  • 1973-12-14 Thuy Trang, Vietnamese-American actress (Mighty Morphin Power Rangers), born in Saigon, Vietnam (d. 2001)
  • 1975-01-25 Dat Phan, Vietnamese-born American stand-up comedian, born in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
  • 1978-02-15 Tuan Le, Vietnamese-US poker player, born in Paris, France
  • 1984-04-29 Phạm Văn Quyến, Vietnamese footballer
  • 1987-04-11 Michelle Phan, American Vietnamese make-up vlogger and entrepreneur, born in Boston, Massachusetts

Famous Weddings

Bảo Đại

1934-03-20 Vietnam emperor Bảo Đại (20) weds empress Nam Phương (19) at the imperial city of Huế

Famous Deaths

  • 1925-11-06 Khải Định, Emperor of Vietnam (1916-25), dies of TB at 40
  • 1959-07-08 Dale Buisand & Chester Ovnand killed in Viet Cong attack, becoming the second and third Americans killed in the Vietnam War
  • 1962-09-06 Hanns Eisler, Austrian composer (East German National Anthem), dies at 64

AssassinationNgô Đình Diệm

1963-11-02 Ngô Đình Diệm, President and authoritarian leader of South Vietnam (1954-63), assassinated in a coup at 62

  • 1967-03-19 Alfred Judson Force Moody, US Army Brigadier General, WWII veteran dies of a heart attack at 49; 1st US Army General to die in Vietnam

Ho Chi Minh

1969-09-02 Ho Chi Minh [Nguyễn Sinh Cung], Vietnamese communist revolutionary and President of North Vietnam (1946-69), dies of heart failure at 79

  • 1973-02-05 L C William Nolde, last US soldier killed in Vietnam, funeral
  • 1974-09-04 Creighton W. Abrams, US general and army staff chief (Vietnam), dies at 59
  • 1975-04-29 Darwin Judge, USMC-corporal, 1 of last US soldiers killed in Vietnam
  • 1975-04-29 Michael John Shea, USMC-lt/pilot, 1 of last soldiers killed in Vietnam
  • 1975-04-29 William Craig Nystul, USMC capt, 1 of last US soldiers killed in Vietnam
  • 1980-11-23 Thien-an Thich, Zen teacher/Vietnamese Rinzai line, dies in LA at 54
  • 1981-09-01 Bùi Thanh Liêm, Vietnamese cosmonaut, dies in a MiG-21 crash at 32
  • 1984-09-30 Ellsworth Bunker, US ambassador (South-Vietnam, dies at 90)
  • 1985-12-18 Xuân Diệu, Vietnamese poet (b. 1916)
  • 1986-07-09 Le Duan, Vietnamese politician, dies at 78
  • 1988-03-11 Pham Hung, premier of Vietnam, dies at about 74
  • 1990-10-13 Lê Ðức Thọ, Vietnamese revolutionary general, politician and negotiator in Paris (1975), dies at 78
  • 1990-11-23 Nguyen Van Tam, Prime Minister of Vietnam (1952-53), dies
  • 1995-02-09 J. William Fulbright, American senator from Arkansas, known for opposition to the Vietnam War), dies at 89
  • 1996-12-24 Nguyen Huu Tho, President of Vietnam (1980-81), dies

Bảo Đại

1997-07-30 Bảo Đại, Vietnamese emperor and chief of state (Annam 1926-1945; State of Vietnam, 1949-1955), dies at 85

  • 2001-04-01 Trinh Công Son, Vietnamese poet and songwriter, dies at 64
  • 2001-09-03 Thuy Trang, Vietnamese-American actress (Mighty Morphin Power Rangers), dies at 27
  • 2006-01-06 Hugh Thompson Jr., American Vietnam War veteran who played a major role in ending the 1968 My Lai massacre, dies of cancer at 62
  • 2007-01-22 Ngô Quang Trưởng, South Vietnamese general (b. 1929)
  • 2008-06-11 Võ Văn Kiệt, former prime minister of Vietnam (b. 1922)

Võ Nguyên Giáp

2013-10-04 Võ Nguyên Giáp, Vietnamese general (Dien Bien Phu, Vietnam War) and politician, dies at 102