Zimbabwean History

Zimbabwe: Harare

Historical Events

Historic Event

1855-11-17 David Livingstone becomes the first European to see Victoria Falls, in what is now Zambia and Zimbabwe

Historic Event

1890-09-12 Cecil Rhodes' colonists found Fort Salisbury (now Harare, Zimbabwe)

  • 1923-09-12 Britain takes over Southern Rhodesia from British South Africa Co
  • 1924-04-01 Crown takes over Northern Rhodesia from British South Africa Co
  • 1953-08-01 Northern Rhodesia becomes part of Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland
  • 1958-02-08 Edgar Whitehead succeeds Garfield Todd as premier of South Rhodesia
  • 1962-01-28 Johanne Relleke gets stung by bees 2,443 times in Rhodesia & survives
  • 1962-12-19 Nyasaland secedes from Rhodesia & Nyasaland
  • 1964-01-01 Federation of Rhodesia & Nyasaland dissolved
  • 1964-01-22 Kenneth Kaunda becomes the first President of Northern Rhodesia (Zambia)
  • 1964-04-13 Ian Smith becomes Prime Minister of Rhodesia
  • 1964-10-24 Zambia (formerly Northern Rhodesia) gains independence from Britain (National Day) with Kenneth Kaunda becoming President
  • 1965-11-11 Rhodesian Prime Minister Ian Smith signs Unilateral Declaration of Independence, proclaiming independence from Britain
  • 1965-11-20 UN Security council calls for boycott of Rhodesia
  • 1965-12-10 Dutch ends economic boycott of Rhodesia
  • 1965-12-17 British government proclaims ends oil-embargo against Rhodesia
  • 1966-01-12 3 British Members of Parliament are attacked in a hotel in Salisbury, Rhodesia (now Harare, Zimbabwe)
  • 1966-04-16 Rhodesian Prime Minister Ian Smith breaks diplomatic relations with Britain
  • 1968-05-29 UN resolves sanctions on white-minority-ruled Rhodesia
  • 1969-06-20 A constitutional referendum in Rhodesia on declaring a republic is approved by 72% of the voting population
  • 1970-03-02 White government of Rhodesia declares itself a republic
  • 1972-01-18 Garfield Todd, former Prime Minister of Southern Rhodesia and his daughter Judith, supporters of black majority rule in the country, are arrested
  • 1972-06-06 Explosion at world's largest coal mine kills 427 (Wankie, Rhodesia)
  • 1972-08-22 Rhodesia is expelled by the International Olympic Committee for its racist policies.
  • 1973-11-23 Arab summit conference adopts open and secret resolutions on the use of the oil weapons; embargo extended to Portugal, Rhodesia, and South Africa
  • 1974-06-01 Arab oil ministers decide to end most restrictions on exports of oil to the United States but continue embargo against the Netherlands, Portugal, South Africa, and Rhodesia
  • 1976-03-03 Mozambique closes border with Rhodesia
  • 1976-08-13 South Africa pledges support for a negotiated settlement in Rhodesia
  • 1977-08-31 Ian Smith, espousing racial segregation, wins Rhodesian general election with 80% of overwhelmingly white electorate's vote
  • 1979-01-30 Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe) agrees to new constitution
  • 1979-04-24 Rhodesian bishop Muzorewa wins general election
  • 1979-05-29 Bishop Abel Muzorewa is sworn in as Zimbabwe's 1st black Prime Minister
  • 1979-06-01 Rhodesian bishop Able Muzorewa becomes premier
  • 1979-06-01 The first black-led government of Rhodesia in 90 years takes power.
  • 1979-12-21 New constitution for Zimbabwe agreed

Historic Event

1980-01-27 Robert Mugabe returns to Rhodesia after 5 years in exile

  • 1980-03-04 Robert Mugabe's Zimbabwe African National Union - Patriotic Front (ZANU-PF) comes to power, winning the parliamentary election in Zimbabwe, making Mugabe Zimbabwe's first black prime minister
  • 1980-04-18 Zimbabwe (formerly Southern Rhodesia) declares independence from UK
  • 1982-04-18 Zimbabwean capital Salisbury renamed Harare
  • 1982-07-10 Zimbabwe beats Bermuda by 5 wickets to win ICC Trophy
  • 1983-03-09 Zimbabwe opposition leader Joshua Nkomo flees to Botswana
  • 1983-06-09 Zimbabwe win their 1st one-day cricket international, v Australia
  • 1985-07-05 Robert Mugabe's Zimbabwe African National Union - Patriotic Front (ZANU-PF) party wins re-election in Zimbabwe for a second term
  • 1986-05-18 South African army occupies Botswana, Zimbabwe & Zambia
  • 1986-07-08 Zimbabwe beats Netherlands by 25 runs to win ICC Trophy
  • 1987-12-30 Premier Mugabe elected President of Zimbabwe

British Golf Open

1988-07-18 British Open Men's Golf, Royal Lytham & St. Annes: Spaniard Seve Ballesteros wins his 3rd Open title by 2 shots from Nick Price of Zimbabwe

  • 1990-06-23 Zimbabwe beat the Netherlands by 6 wickets to win ICC Trophy
  • 1992-02-23 Cricketer Andy Flower scores 115* on ODI debut as Zimbabwe lose to Sri Lanka
  • 1992-03-18 Zimbabwe beat England by 9 runs in World Cup at Albury

PGA Championship

1992-08-16 PGA Championship Men's Golf, Bellerive CC: Nick Price of Zimbabwe wins by 3 from John Cook, Nick Faldo, Jim Gallagher & Gene Sauers

  • 1992-10-18 Start of Zimbabwe's 1st Test match, v India at Harare
  • 1992-10-20 David Houghton scores Zimbabwe's 1st Test hundred (121 v India, debut)
  • 1993-03-15 Vinod Kambli scores 227 v Zimbabwe, his 2nd consecutive Test 200
  • 1994-07-17 British Open Men's Golf, Turnberry: Nick Price of Zimbabwe claims the second of his 3 major titles and only Claret Jug; wins by 1 stroke from Jesper Parnevik of Sweden
  • 1994-08-14 PGA Championship Men's Golf, Southern Hills CC: Nick Price of Zimbabwe wins his 2nd PGA C'ship by 6 strokes from American Corey Pavin
  • 1995-02-02 Henry Olonga no-balled for throwing in Zimbabwe-Pakistan Test Cricket
  • 1995-02-04 Zimbabwe's 1st Test Cricket victory, over Pakistan by an inning
  • 1995-10-16 Allan Donald takes 8-71 as South Africa defeat Zimbabwe
  • 1996-01-23 Chris Cairns scores 120, 96 balls, 10x4, 9x6 in Test NZ v Zimbabwe

Sports History

1996-10-20 Wasim Akram (257) & Saqlain Mushtaq gets cricket Test record 313 for 8th wicket, vs Zimbabwe at Sheikhupura

  • 1996-12-18 Start of 1st Test Cricket match between Zimbabwe & England
  • 1996-12-22 Zimbabwe & England draw Bulawayo Test Cricket with England needing 1 run to win
  • 1997-10-01 Zimbabwe and New Zealand tie their One Day International cricket match in Bulawayo; Black Cap tail-ender Gavin Larson is run out on last ball at 9/233 amidst crowd surging onto field; 13th ODI tie
  • 1999-10-01 Sourav Ganguly smashes 11 fours and 5 sixes for a blistering 139 as India (277/6) dominates Zimbabwe (170) in the 6th cricket LG Cup ODI in Nairobi
  • 2000-07-09 Police fired tear gas at fans during a World Cup qualifying soccer game between Zimbabwe and South Africa, setting off a stampede that killed twelve people in Harare, Zimbabwe
  • 2000-07-20 In Zimbabwe, Parliament opens its new session and seats opposition members for the first time in a decade
  • 2008-08-16 Kirsty Coventry of Zimbabwe swims a world record 2:05.24 to beat American Margaret Hoelzer by 1.01 and win the 200m backstroke at the Beijing Olympics
  • 2013-08-01 Robert Mugabe continues to maintain power after winning 142 out of 210 seats in the Zimbabwean election
  • 2015-05-22 Pakistan begin the first test-playing nation cricket tour of Zimbabwe since 2009
  • 2015-06-12 Zimbabwe discards its own currency, offering an exchange of $1 for 35 quadrillion Zimbabwean dollars
  • 2017-08-13 Grace Mugabe, wife of the President of Zimbabwe, accused of assault in Johannesburg, South Africa

Robert Mugabe Ousted

2017-11-14 Zimbabwe Army seizes key sites in capital Harare following tensions over Robert Mugabe's dismissal of vice-president Emmerson Mnangagwa

Coup d'├ętat

2017-11-15 The Zimbabwean Army detains Robert Mugabe and the first family and appoints sacked Vice President Emmerson Mnangagwa as interim president

  • 2017-11-19 Zimbabwe President Robert Mugabe refuses to resign in a TV speech after being ousted as leader of ruling ZANU-PF party
  • 2017-11-21 Robert Mugabe's resignation after 37 years in power is read out in Zimbabwe's parliaments during impeachment proceedings
  • 2017-11-24 Former First Vice President Emmerson Mnangagwa is sworn in as President of Zimbabwe, replacing Robert Mugabe's 30-year tenure
  • 2018-06-23 Zimbabwe's President Emmerson Mnangagwa survives probable assassination attempt after blast at election rally in Bulawayo, Zimbabwe kills 2 and injures nearly 50
  • 2018-07-03 Australian cricket batsman Aaron Finch breaks his own T20 International record smashing 172 from 76 balls vs Zimbabwe in Harare, opening stand with D'Arcy Short (223) also a record
  • 2018-08-26 Emmerson Mnangagwa is sworn in as President of Zimbabwe

Famous Birthdays

  • 1889-02-01 Gertrude Caton-Thompson, British archaeologist (Zimbabwe, So Arabia)
  • 1902-11-22 Humphrey Gibbs, Governor of Southern Rhodesia (1959-69), born in London (d. 1990)
  • 1906-04-05 Guy Clutton-Brock, English social worker (declared as national hero in Zimbabwe), born in Northwood, Middlesex (d. 1995)
  • 1907-01-20 Roy Welensky, Northern Rhodesian politician, born in Harare, Zimbabwe (d. 1991)
  • 1913-04-05 Father Alan Cheales, British Dominican priest (served 33 years at St Dominic's priory, London), born in Rhodesia, South Africa (now Zimbabwe) (d. 1996)
  • 1918-05-13 John Johnston, British diplomat (Rhodesia, Malaysia)
  • 1919-04-08 Ian Smith, Rhodesian farmer, fighter pilot, and politician (Prime Minister of Rhodesia, 1964-79), born in Selukwe, Rhodesia (d. 2007)
  • 1921-08-24 Sam Tingle, Zimbabwean racing driver, born in Manchester, England (d. 2008)
  • 1922-10-22 Thomas Titus Nkobi, South African ANC-leader (Alexandra-bus boycott 1957), born in Matabeleland, Zimbabwe (d. 1994)
  • 1922-10-28 Simon Muzenda, Zimbabwean politician (1st Vice-President of Zimbabwe), born in Gutu district, Southern Rhodesia (d. 2003)

Robert Mugabe

1924-02-21 Robert Mugabe, Zimbabwean revolutionary, Prime Minister of Zimbabwe (1980-87) and 1st black President of Zimbabwe (1988-2017), born in Harare, Zimbabwe (d. 2019)

  • 1924-12-07 John Love, Zimbabwean Formula One driver, born in Bulawayo, Southern Rhodesia (d. 2005)
  • 1925-04-14 Abel Muzorewa, Prime Minister of Zimbabwe Rhodesia (1979-80), born in Umtali, Manicaland, Southern Rhodesia (d. 2010)
  • 1935-04-06 James Graham, 8th Duke of Montrose, Southern Rhodesia-born hereditary peer of the Peerage of Scotland
  • 1936-03-05 Canaan Banana, 1st President of Zimbabwe (1980-87), born in Essexvale, Southern Rhodesia (d. 2003)
  • 1937-09-25 Michael Gibbs, British jazz composer, arranger, and band leader (Mike Gibbs + 12 play Gil Evans), born in Harare, Southern Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe)
  • 1938-04-05 Colin Bland, South African cricketer (South African bat Maybe the best cover field), born in Bulawayo, Zimbabwe
  • 1941-07-11 Clive Puzey, Zimbabwean racing driver

Emmerson Mnangagwa

1942-09-15 Emmerson Mnangagwa "the crocodile", Zimbabwean politician (President 2017-), born in Zvishavane, South Rhodesia

  • 1944-11-20 Anthea Stewart, Zimbabwean field hockey coach and player (Olympic gold 1980), born in Blantyre, Nyasaland
  • 1946-12-31 Pius Ncube, Zimbabwean human rights advocate, born in Filabusi, Zimbabwe
  • 1947-05-17 John Traicos, cricketer (in Egypt South Africa 1970, Zimbabwe 1992-93)
  • 1952-03-10 Morgan Tsvangirai, Zimbabwe politician
  • 1953-10-25 Mark McNulty, Irish-Zimbabwean golfer (The Tradition 2007; 16 European Tour titles), born in Bindura, Zimbabwe
  • 1955-12-06 Malcolm Jarvis, Zimbabwean cricket fast bowler (5 Tests including Zimbabwe's 1st Test side, 11 wickets), born in Fort Victoria, Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland
  • 1956-06-06 Andy Pycroft, cricketer (Zimbabwe Test batsman)

Nick Price

1957-01-28 Nick Price, Zimbabwean golfer (PGA C'ship 1992, 94; British Open 1994), born in Durban, South Africa

  • 1957-06-23 David Houghton, cricketer (Zimbabwe batsman, 266 v Sri Lanka 1994)
  • 1959-08-07 Ali Shah, Zimbabwean cricket all-rounder (3 Tests, HS 62; 28 ODIs, 18 wickets; Mashonaland), born in Harare, Zimbabwe
  • 1959-09-25 Andy Waller, Zimbabwean cricket batsman and coach (2 Tests, 39 ODIs), born in Harare, Zimbabwe
  • 1960-05-09 Iain Butchart, cricket all-rounder (Zimbabwe, Test v Pak 1995)
  • 1961-06-03 Kevin Arnott, Zimbabwean cricketer (batsman, 101* v NZ 1992)
  • 1961-10-09 Arlene Boxall, Zimbabwean field hockey player (Olympic gold 1980)
  • 1962-05-16 Gary Crocker, cricketer (Zimbabwe Test batsman)
  • 1963-03-05 Eddo Brandes, Zimbabwe cricket fast bowler (10 Tests, 26 wickets; ODI hat-trick v England 1997), born in Port Shepstone, Natal Province, South Africa
  • 1964-10-04 David Brain, Zimbabwean cricketer and fast medium bowler (9 Tests; 23 ODIs), born in Salisbury, Zimbabwe
  • 1965-08-27 Wayne James, cricketer (Zimbabwe Test wicketkeeper v Pakistan 1993)
  • 1966-05-23 Graeme Hick, English cricket batsman (65 Tests, 6 x 100s; 120 ODIs; Worcestershire), born in Harare, Zimbabwe
  • 1966-05-30 Gary Martin, cricket pace bowler (Zimbabwe ODI)
  • 1967-06-11 Clare Carey, American actress (Coach), born in Rhodesia
  • 1968-01-24 Mark Burmester, Zimbabwean cricketer (Zimbabwe Test all-rounder in 3 Tests 1992), born in Durban, South Africa
  • 1968-04-28 Andy Flower, Zimbabwean cricketer (Zimbabwe keeper & victorious Test captain)
  • 1968-11-16 Ebrahim Essop-Adam, cricketer (one ODI for Zimbabwe 1992)
  • 1969-04-11 Gavin Briant, Zimbabwean cricketer (Zimbabwe Test batsman 1993), born in Harare, Zimbabwe
  • 1969-04-25 Gavin Bruk-Jackson, Zimbabwean cricketer (Zimbabwe Test batsman 1993)
  • 1969-05-17 Ujesh Ranchod, cricketer (Zimbabwe off-spinner 1993)
  • 1969-09-02 Stephen Peall, Zimbabwean cricketer
  • 1969-10-06 Byron Black, Zimbabwe, tennis star
  • 1969-12-05 Mark Dekker, Zimbabwe cricket opening batsman, born in Gatooma, Rhodesia
  • 1970-07-28 Paul Strang, Zimbabwean cricketer (Zimbabwe's 1st Test match leg-spinner), born in Bulawayo, Rhodesia
  • 1970-07-29 John Rennie, Zimbabwean cricketer (pace bowler 1993)
  • 1970-12-20 Grant Flower, Zimbabwean cricketer, born in Harare, Zimbabwe
  • 1971-06-15 Nathan Astle, New Zealand cricket batsman (81 Tests, 11 x 100s, TS 222; 223 ODIs, 16 x 100s; Canterbury), born in Christchurch, New Zealand
  • 1972-05-10 Stuart Carlisle, cricketer (Zimbabwe Test batsman 1995-)
  • 1972-06-09 Bryan Strang, Zimbabwean cricket pace bowler (brother of Paul Zimbabwe), born in Bulawayo, Zimbabwe
  • 1973-03-28 Andrew Whittall, cricketer (cousin of Guy Zimbabwe off-spinner 1996)
  • 1974-01-09 Craig Wishart, Zimbabwean cricketer (Zimbabwe Test batsman vs South Africa 1995), born in Harare, Zimbabwe
  • 1974-03-16 Heath Streak, cricketer (Zimbabwean pace bowler 1993-)
  • 1975-03-05 Chris Silverwood, cricketer (England Test pace bowler v Zimbabwe 1996)
  • 1976-01-13 Gary Brent, cricketer (Zimbabwe ODI pace bowler 1996)
  • 1976-04-13 Everton Matambanadzo, Zimbabwean cricket pace bowler (v Paki 1996), born in Harare, Zimbabwe
  • 1976-06-26 Mpumelelo Mbangwa, Zimbabwean cricketer (Zimbabwe pace bowler v Pakistan 1996), born in Plumtree, Matabeleland
  • 1976-07-03 Bobby Skinstad, South African rugby union flanker (42 Tests, 12 as captain; Stormers, Cats, Sharks), born in Bulawayo, Zimbabwe
  • 1976-07-03 Henry Olonga, Zimbabwean cricket fast bowler (30 Tests, 68 wickets, BB 5/70; 50 ODIs, 58 wickets; Matabeleland), born in Lusaka, Zambia
  • 1977-12-04 Shahid Nazir, Pakistani cricket fast bowler (15 Tests, 36 wickets; 17 ODIs), born in Faisalabad, Punjab
  • 1978-08-01 Andy Blignaut, Zimbabwean cricketer, born in Salisbury, Rhodesia
  • 1978-08-13 Benjani Mwaruwari, Zimbabwean footballer, born in Bulawayo, Zimbabwe
  • 1980-08-17 Keith Dabengwa, Zimbabwean cricketer, born in Bulawayo, Zimbabwe
  • 1981-08-05 Alester Maregwede, Zimbabwean cricketer
  • 1981-11-21 Piet Rinke, Zimbabwean cricketer
  • 1982-03-20 Terrence Duffin, Zimbabwean cricketer
  • 1982-07-31 Blessing Mahwire, Zimbabwean cricketer, born in Bikita, Masvingo, Zimbabwe
  • 1982-08-20 Barney Rogers, Zimbabwean cricketer, born in Harare, Zimbabwe
  • 1982-12-06 Sean Ervine, Zimbabwean cricketer (played for Zimbabwe in the 2003 Cricket World Cup), born in Harare, Zimbabwe
  • 1983-09-16 Kirsty Coventry, Zimbabwean Olympic swimmer, born in Harare, Zimbabwe
  • 1983-10-10 Vusimuzi Sibanda, Zimbabwean cricketer, born in Highfield, Harare, Zimbabwe
  • 1984-03-26 Gregory Strydom, Zimbabwean cricketer, born in Pretoria, South Africa
  • 1984-08-30 Anthony Ireland, Zimbabwean cricketer, born in Masvingo, Zimbabwe
  • 1984-11-12 Conrad Rautenbach, Zimbabwean rally driver, born in Harare, Zimbabwe
  • 1984-12-14 Edward Rainsford, Zimbabwean cricketer, born in Kadoma, Zimbabwe
  • 1985-03-26 Prosper Utseya, Zimbabwean cricket captain, born in Harare, Zimbabwe
  • 1985-07-22 Takudzwa Ngwenya, Zimbabwean-American rugby player
  • 1986-02-06 Brendan Taylor, Zimbabwean cricketer, born in Harare, Zimbabwe
  • 1986-03-14 Elton Chigumbura, Zimbabwean cricketer
  • 1986-09-09 Justice Chibhabha, Zimbabwean cricketer, born in Masvingo, Zimbabwe
  • 1988-02-08 Keegan Meth, Zimbabwean cricketer
  • 1988-03-24 Ryan Higgins, Zimbabwean cricketer, born in Harare, Zimbabwe

Famous Weddings

Muriel Spark

1937-09-03 Author Muriel Spark (19) weds teacher Sidney Oswald Spark in Salisbury, Southern Rhodesia

Robert Mugabe

1996-08-17 Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe (72) weds Grace Marufu (31) at Kutama College in Mashonaland West, Zimbabwe


Famous Deaths

  • 1893-12-04 Allan Wilson, British/Rhodesian Major, dies in battle against the Ndebeles during First Matabele War
  • 1931-10-24 Murray Bisset, South African cricketer (South African wicket-keeper 1899 & 1910), dies at 55
  • 1976-07-20 Samuel Mutendi, founder of the Zimbabwean Zion Christian Church, dies
  • 1978-06-28 Clifford Dupont, First President of Rhodesia (b. 1905)
  • 1978-08-31 John Wrathall, President of Rhodesia (b. 1913)
  • 1995-01-29 Guy Clutton-Brock, English social worker (declared a national hero in Zimbabwe), dies at 88
  • 2001-05-26 Moven Enock Mahachi, Defence Minister of Zimbabwe (b. 1952)
  • 2003-09-20 Simon Muzenda, Zimbabwean politician (1st Vice-President of Zimbabwe), dies at 80
  • 2003-11-10 Canaan Banana, 1st President of Zimbabwe (1980-87), dies of cancer at 67
  • 2005-04-25 John Love, Zimbabwean Formula One driver, dies at 80
  • 2007-11-20 Ian Smith, Rhodesian farmer, fighter pilot, and politician (Prime Minister of Rhodesia, 1964-79), dies at 88