Zimbabwean History

Zimbabwe: Harare

Historical Events

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1855-11-17 David Livingstone becomes the first European to see Victoria Falls, in what is now Zambia and Zimbabwe

Physician and Explorer David Livingstone
Physician and Explorer
David Livingstone

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1890-09-12 Cecil Rhodes' colonists found Fort Salisbury (now Harare, Zimbabwe)

British Businessman and Imperialist Politician Cecil Rhodes
British Businessman and Imperialist Politician
Cecil Rhodes
  • 1923-09-12 Britain takes over Southern Rhodesia from British South Africa Co
  • 1924-04-01 Crown takes over Northern Rhodesia from British South Africa Co
  • 1953-08-01 Northern Rhodesia becomes part of Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland
  • 1958-02-08 Edgar Whitehead succeeds Garfield Todd as premier of South Rhodesia
  • 1962-01-28 Johanne Relleke gets stung by bees 2,443 times in Rhodesia & survives
  • 1962-12-19 Nyasaland secedes from Rhodesia & Nyasaland
  • 1964-01-01 Federation of Rhodesia & Nyasaland dissolved
  • 1964-01-22 Kenneth Kaunda becomes premier of Northern Rhodesia (Zambia)
  • 1964-04-13 Ian Smith becomes Prime Minister of Rhodesia
  • 1964-10-24 Zambia (formerly Northern Rhodesia) gains independence from Britain (National Day) with Kenneth Kaunda becoming President
  • 1965-11-11 Rhodesian PM Ian Smith proclaims independence from Britain
  • 1965-11-20 UN Security council calls for boycott of Rhodesia
  • 1965-12-10 Dutch ends economic boycott of Rhodesia
  • 1965-12-17 British government proclaims ends oil-embargo against Rhodesia

  • 1966-01-12 3 British Members of Parliament are attacked in a hotel in Salisbury, Rhodesia (now Harare, Zimbabwe)
  • 1966-04-16 Rhodesian PM Ian Smith breaks diplomatic relations with Britain
  • 1968-05-29 UN resolves sanctions on white-minority-ruled Rhodesia
  • 1969-06-20 A constitutional referendum in Rhodesia on declaring a republic is approved by 72% of the voting population
  • 1970-03-02 White government of Rhodesia declares itself a republic
  • 1972-01-18 Garfield Todd, former Prime Minister of Southern Rhodesia and his daughter Judith, supporters of black majority rule in the country, are arrested
  • 1972-06-06 Explosion at world's largest coal mine kills 427 (Wankie, Rhodesia)
  • 1972-08-22 Rhodesia is expelled by the International Olympic Committee for its racist policies.
  • 1973-11-23 Arab summit conference adopts open and secret resolutions on the use of the oil weapons; embargo extended to Portugal, Rhodesia, and South Africa
  • 1974-06-01 Arab oil ministers decide to end most restrictions on exports of oil to the United States but continue embargo against the Netherlands, Portugal, South Africa, and Rhodesia
  • 1976-03-03 Mozambique closes border with Rhodesia
  • 1976-08-13 South Africa pledges support for a negotiated settlement in Rhodesia
  • 1977-08-31 Ian Smith, espousing racial segregation, wins Rhodesian general election with 80% of overwhelmingly white electorate's vote
  • 1979-01-30 Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe) agrees to new constitution
  • 1979-04-24 Rhodesian bishop Muzorewa wins general election
  • 1979-05-29 Bishop Abel Muzorewa is sworn in as Zimbabwe's 1st black Prime Minister
  • 1979-06-01 Rhodesian bishop Able Muzorewa becomes premier
  • 1979-06-01 The first black-led government of Rhodesia in 90 years takes power.
  • 1979-12-21 New constitution for Zimbabwe agreed

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1980-01-27 Robert Mugabe returns to Rhodesia after 5 years in exile

Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe
Zimbabwean President
Robert Mugabe

  • 1980-03-04 Robert Mugabe's Zimbabwe African National Union - Patriotic Front (ZANU-PF) comes to power, winning the parliamentary election in Zimbabwe, making Mugabe Zimbabwe's first black prime minister
  • 1980-04-18 Zimbabwe (formerly Southern Rhodesia) declares independence from UK
  • 1982-04-18 Zimbabwean capital Salisbury renamed Harare
  • 1982-07-10 Zimbabwe beats Bermuda by 5 wickets to win ICC Trophy
  • 1983-03-09 Zimbabwe opposition leader Joshua Nkomo flees to Botswana
  • 1983-06-09 Zimbabwe win their 1st one-day cricket international, v Australia
  • 1985-07-05 Robert Mugabe's Zimbabwe African National Union - Patriotic Front (ZANU-PF) party wins re-election in Zimbabwe for a second term
  • 1986-05-18 South African army occupies Botswana, Zimbabwe & Zambia
  • 1986-07-08 Zimbabwe beats Netherlands by 25 runs to win ICC Trophy
  • 1987-12-30 Premier Mugabe elected President of Zimbabwe

Sport awardBritish Golf Open

1988-07-18 British Open Men's Golf, Royal Lytham & St. Annes: Spaniard Seve Ballesteros wins his 3rd Open title by 2 shots from Nick Price of Zimbabwe

Golfer and Five-Time Major Winner Seve Ballesteros
Golfer and Five-Time Major Winner
Seve Ballesteros
Golfer Nick Price
Nick Price
  • 1990-06-23 Zimbabwe beat the Netherlands by 6 wickets to win ICC Trophy
  • 1992-02-23 Andy Flower scores 115* on ODI debut, Zimbabwe v Sri Lanka
  • 1992-02-23 World Cup scoreline Zimbabwe 4-312, Sri Lanka 7-313
  • 1992-03-18 Zimbabwe beat England by 9 runs in World Cup at Albury

Sport awardPGA Championship

1992-08-16 PGA Championship Men's Golf, Bellerive CC: Nick Price of Zimbabwe wins by 3 from John Cook, Nick Faldo, Jim Gallagher & Gene Sauers

Golfer Nick Price
Nick Price
Golfer and Six-Time Major Championship Winner Nick Faldo
Golfer and Six-Time Major Championship Winner
Nick Faldo
  • 1992-10-18 Start of Zimbabwe's 1st Test match, v India at Harare
  • 1992-10-20 David Houghton scores Zimbabwe's 1st Test hundred (121 v India, debut)
  • 1993-03-15 Vinod Kambli scores 227 v Zimbabwe, his 2nd consecutive Test 200
  • 1994-07-17 British Open Men's Golf, Turnberry: Nick Price of Zimbabwe claims the second of his 3 major titles and only Claret Jug; wins by 1 stroke from Jesper Parnevik of Sweden

  • 1994-08-14 PGA Championship Men's Golf, Southern Hills CC: Nick Price of Zimbabwe wins his 2nd PGA C'ship by 6 strokes from American Corey Pavin
  • 1995-02-02 Henry Olonga no-balled for throwing in Zimbabwe-Pakistan Test Cricket
  • 1995-02-04 Zimbabwe's 1st Test Cricket victory, over Pakistan by an inning
  • 1995-10-16 Allan Donald takes 8-71 as South Africa defeat Zimbabwe
  • 1996-01-23 Chris Cairns scores 120, 96 balls, 10x4, 9x6 in Test NZ v Zimbabwe
  • 1996-10-20 Wasim Akram (257) & Saqlain Mushtaq gets cricket Test record 313 for 8th wicket, vs Zimbabwe at Sheikhupura
  • 1996-12-18 Start of 1st Test Cricket match between Zimbabwe & England
  • 1996-12-22 Zimbabwe & England draw Bulawayo Test Cricket with England needing 1 run to win
  • 1997-10-01 Zimbabwe and New Zealand tie their One Day International cricket match in Bulawayo; Black Cap tail-ender Gavin Larson is run out on last ball at 9/233 amidst crowd surging onto field; 13th ODI tie
  • 1999-10-01 Sourav Ganguly smashes 11 fours and 5 sixes for a blistering 139 as India (277/6) dominates Zimbabwe (170) in the 6th cricket LG Cup ODI in Nairobi
  • 2000-07-09 Police fired tear gas at fans during a World Cup qualifying soccer game between Zimbabwe and South Africa, setting off a stampede that killed twelve people in Harare, Zimbabwe
  • 2000-07-20 In Zimbabwe, Parliament opens its new session and seats opposition members for the first time in a decade
  • 2008-08-16 Kirsty Coventry of Zimbabwe swims a world record 2:05.24 to beat American Margaret Hoelzer by 1.01 and win the 200m backstroke at the Beijing Olympics
  • 2013-08-01 Robert Mugabe continues to maintain power after winning 142 out of 210 seats in the Zimbabwean election
  • 2015-05-22 Pakistan begin the first test-playing nation cricket tour of Zimbabwe since 2009
  • 2015-06-12 Zimbabwe discards its own currency, offering an exchange of $1 for 35 quadrillion Zimbabwean dollars
  • 2017-08-13 Grace Mugable, wife of the President of Zimbabwe, accused of assault in Johannesburg, South Africa

ZimbabweRobert Mugabe Ousted

2017-11-14 Zimbabwe Army seizes key sites in capital Harare following tensions over Robert Mugabe's dismissal of vice-president Emmerson Mnangagwa

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Protestors in Harare, Zimbabwe, demonstrate against longtime dictator Robert Mugabe
Protestors in Harare, Zimbabwe, demonstrate against longtime dictator Robert Mugabe
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BattleCoup d'├ętat

2017-11-15 The Zimbabwean Army detains Robert Mugabe and the first family and appoints sacked Vice President Emmerson Mnangagwa as interim president

President of Zimbabwe Emmerson Mnangagwa
President of Zimbabwe
Emmerson Mnangagwa
Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe
Zimbabwean President
Robert Mugabe
  • 2017-11-19 Zimbabwe President Robert Mugabe refuses to resign in a TV speech after being ousted as leader of ruling ZANU-PF party
  • 2017-11-21 Robert Mugabe's resignation after 37 years in power is read out in Zimbabwe's parliaments during impeachment proceedings
  • 2017-11-24 Former First Vice President Emmerson Mnangagwa is sworn in as President of Zimbabwe, replacing Robert Mugabe's 30-year tenure
  • 2018-06-23 Zimbabwe's President Emmerson Mnangagwa survives probable assassination attempt after blast at election rally in Bulawayo, Zimbabwe kills 2 and injures nearly 50
  • 2018-07-03 Australian cricket batsman Aaron Finch breaks his own T20 International record smashing 172 from 76 balls vs Zimbabwe in Harare, opening stand with D'Arcy Short (223) also a record
  • 2018-08-26 Emmerson Mnangagwa is sworn in as President of Zimbabwe

Famous Birthdays

  • 1889-02-01 Gertrude Caton-Thompson, British archaeologist (Zimbabwe, So Arabia)
  • 1902-11-22 Humphrey Gibbs, Governor of Southern Rhodesia (1959-69), born in London (d. 1990)
  • 1906-04-05 Guy Clutton-Brock, English social worker (declared as national hero in Zimbabwe), born in Northwood, Middlesex (d. 1995)
  • 1907-01-20 Roy Welensky, Northern Rhodesian politician, born in Harare, Zimbabwe (d. 1991)
  • 1913-04-05 Father Alan Cheales, Dominican priest for 33 years, born in Zimbabwe (d. 1996)
  • 1918-05-13 John Johnston, British diplomat (Rhodesia, Malaysia)
  • 1919-04-08 [Douglas] Ian Smith, premier of Rhodesia (1964-79), born in Selukwe, Rhodesia (d. 2007)
  • 1921-08-24 Sam Tingle, Zimbabwean racing driver, born in Manchester, England (d. 2008)
  • 1922-10-22 Thomas Titus Nkobi, South African ANC-leader (Alexandra-bus boycott 1957), born in Matabeleland, Zimbabwe (d. 1994)
  • 1922-10-28 Simon Muzenda, Zimbabwean politician (1st Vice-President of Zimbabwe), born in Gutu district, Southern Rhodesia (d. 2003)

Person of interestRobert Mugabe

1924-02-21 Robert Mugabe, Zimbabwean revolutionary, Prime Minister of Zimbabwe (1980-87) and 1st black President of Zimbabwe (1988-2017), born in Harare, Zimbabwe (d. 2019)

Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe
Zimbabwean President
Robert Mugabe
  • 1924-12-07 John Love, Zimbabwean Formula One driver, born in Bulawayo, Southern Rhodesia (d. 2005)
  • 1925-04-14 Abel Muzorewa, Prime Minister of Zimbabwe Rhodesia (1979-80), born in Umtali, Manicaland, Southern Rhodesia (d. 2010)
  • 1935-04-06 James Graham, 8th Duke of Montrose, Southern Rhodesia-born hereditary peer of the Peerage of Scotland
  • 1936-03-05 Canaan Banana, 1st President of Zimbabwe (1980-87), born in Essexvale, Southern Rhodesia (d. 2003)
  • 1937-09-25 Michael Gibbs, jazz composer (Mike Gibbs + 12 play Gil Evans), born in Harare, Zimbabwe
  • 1938-04-05 Colin Bland, South African cricketer (South African bat Maybe the best cover field), born in Bulawayo, Zimbabwe
  • 1941-07-11 Clive Puzey, Zimbabwean racing driver

Person of interestEmmerson Mnangagwa

1942-09-15 Emmerson Mnangagwa "the crocodile", Zimbabwean politician (President 2017-), born in Zvishavane, South Rhodesia

President of Zimbabwe Emmerson Mnangagwa
President of Zimbabwe
Emmerson Mnangagwa
  • 1944-11-20 Anthea Stewart, Zimbabwean field hockey coach and player (Olympic gold 1980), born in Blantyre, Nyasaland
  • 1946-12-31 Pius Ncube, Zimbabwean human rights advocate, born in Filabusi, Zimbabwe
  • 1947-05-17 John Traicos, cricketer (in Egypt South Africa 1970, Zimbabwe 1992-93)
  • 1952-03-10 Morgan Tsvangirai, Zimbabwe politician
  • 1953-10-25 Mark McNulty, Irish-Zimbabwean golfer (The Tradition 2007; 16 European Tour titles), born in Bindura, Zimbabwe
  • 1955-12-06 Malcolm Jarvis, Zimbabwean cricket lefty paceman (Zimbabwe's 1st Test side), born in Fort Victoria, Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland
  • 1956-06-06 Andy Pycroft, cricketer (Zimbabwe Test batsman)

Person of interestNick Price

1957-01-28 Nick Price, Zimbabwean golfer (PGA C'ship 1992, 94; British Open 1994), born in Durban, South Africa

Golfer Nick Price
Nick Price
  • 1957-06-23 David Houghton, cricketer (Zimbabwe batsman, 266 v Sri Lanka 1994)
  • 1959-08-07 Ali Shah, Zimbabwean cricketer (Zimbabwe all-rounder in two Tests 1992), born in Salisbury, Rhodesia
  • 1959-09-25 Andy Waller, Zimbabwean cricket batsman and coach (2 Tests, 39 ODIs), born in Harare, Zimbabwe
  • 1960-05-09 Iain Butchart, cricket all-rounder (Zimbabwe, Test v Pak 1995)
  • 1961-06-03 Kevin Arnott, cricketer (Zimbabwe batsman, 101* v NZ 1992)
  • 1961-10-09 Arlene Boxall, Zimbabwean field hockey player (Olympic gold 1980)
  • 1962-05-16 Gary Crocker, cricketer (Zimbabwe Test batsman)
  • 1963-03-05 Eddo Brandes, Zimbabwe cricket fast bowler (10 Tests, 26 wickets; ODI hat-trick v England 1997), born in Port Shepstone, Natal Province, South Africa
  • 1964-10-04 David Brain, Zimbabwean cricketer and fast medium bowler (9 Tests; 23 ODIs), born in Salisbury, Zimbabwe
  • 1965-08-27 Wayne James, cricketer (Zimbabwe Test wicketkeeper v Pakistan 1993)
  • 1966-05-23 Graeme Hick MBE, English cricket batsman (65 Tests, 6 x 100s; 120 ODIs; Worcestershire), born in Harare, Zimbabwe
  • 1966-05-30 Gary Martin, cricket pace bowler (Zimbabwe ODI)
  • 1967-06-11 Clare Carey, American actress (Coach), born in Rhodesia
  • 1968-01-24 Mark Burmester, Zimbabwean cricketer (Zimbabwe Test all-rounder in 3 Tests 1992), born in Durban, South Africa
  • 1968-04-28 Andy Flower, cricketer (Zimbabwe keeper & victorious Test captain)
  • 1968-11-16 Ebrahim Essop-Adam, cricketer (one ODI for Zimbabwe 1992)
  • 1969-04-11 Gavin Briant, Zimbabwean cricketer (Zimbabwe Test batsman 1993), born in Harare, Zimbabwe
  • 1969-04-25 Gavin Bruk-Jackson, Zimbabwean cricketer (Zimbabwe Test batsman 1993)
  • 1969-05-17 Ujesh Ranchod, cricketer (Zimbabwe off-spinner 1993)
  • 1969-09-02 Stephen Peall, Zimbabwean cricketer
  • 1969-10-06 Byron Black, Zimbabwe, tennis star
  • 1969-12-05 Mark Dekker, Zimbabwe cricket opening batsman, born in Gatooma, Rhodesia
  • 1970-07-28 Paul Strang, Zimbabwean cricketer (Zimbabwe's 1st Test match leg-spinner), born in Bulawayo, Rhodesia
  • 1970-07-29 John Rennie, cricketer (Zimbabwe pace bowler 1993)
  • 1970-12-20 Grant Flower, Zimbabwean cricketer, born in Harare, Zimbabwe
  • 1971-06-15 Nathan Astle, New Zealand cricketer (batsman), Test debut v Zimbabwe in 1996
  • 1972-05-10 Stuart Carlisle, cricketer (Zimbabwe Test batsman 1995-)
  • 1972-06-09 Bryan Strang, Zimbabwean cricket pace bowler (brother of Paul Zimbabwe), born in Bulawayo, Zimbabwe
  • 1973-03-28 Andrew Whittall, cricketer (cousin of Guy Zimbabwe off-spinner 1996)
  • 1974-01-09 Craig Wishart, Zimbabwean cricketer (Zimbabwe Test batsman vs South Africa 1995), born in Harare, Zimbabwe
  • 1974-03-16 Heath Streak, cricketer (Zimbabwean pace bowler 1993-)
  • 1975-03-05 Chris Silverwood, cricketer (England Test pace bowler v Zimbabwe 1996)
  • 1976-01-13 Gary Brent, cricketer (Zimbabwe ODI pace bowler 1996)
  • 1976-04-13 Everton Matambanadzo, Zimbabwean cricket pace bowler (v Paki 1996), born in Harare, Zimbabwe
  • 1976-06-26 Mpumelelo Mbangwa, Zimbabwean cricketer (Zimbabwe pace bowler v Pakistan 1996), born in Plumtree, Matabeleland
  • 1976-07-03 Henry Olonga, cricketer (1st black Zimbabwe Test cricketer v Pak 1995)
  • 1976-07-03 Robert Brian (Bobby) Skinstad, Bulawayo, Zimbabwe, youngest ever Springbok rugby captain
  • 1977-12-04 Shahid Nazir, Pakistani cricket fast bowler (15 Tests, 36 wickets; 17 ODIs), born in Faisalabad, Punjab
  • 1978-08-01 Andy Blignaut, Zimbabwean cricketer, born in Salisbury, Rhodesia
  • 1978-08-13 Benjani Mwaruwari, Zimbabwean footballer, born in Bulawayo, Zimbabwe
  • 1980-08-17 Keith Dabengwa, Zimbabwean cricketer, born in Bulawayo, Zimbabwe
  • 1981-08-05 Alester Maregwede, Zimbabwean cricketer
  • 1981-11-21 Piet Rinke, Zimbabwean cricketer
  • 1982-03-20 Terrence Duffin, Zimbabwean cricketer
  • 1982-07-31 Blessing Mahwire, Zimbabwean cricketer, born in Bikita, Masvingo, Zimbabwe
  • 1982-08-20 Barney Rogers, Zimbabwean cricketer, born in Harare, Zimbabwe
  • 1982-12-06 Sean Ervine, Zimbabwean cricketer (played for Zimbabwe in the 2003 Cricket World Cup), born in Harare, Zimbabwe
  • 1983-09-16 Kirsty Coventry, Zimbabwean Olympic swimmer, born in Harare, Zimbabwe
  • 1983-10-10 Vusimuzi Sibanda, Zimbabwean cricketer, born in Highfield, Harare, Zimbabwe
  • 1984-03-26 Gregory Strydom, Zimbabwean cricketer, born in Pretoria, South Africa
  • 1984-08-30 Anthony Ireland, Zimbabwean cricketer, born in Masvingo, Zimbabwe
  • 1984-11-12 Conrad Rautenbach, Zimbabwean rally driver, born in Harare, Zimbabwe
  • 1984-12-14 Edward Rainsford, Zimbabwean cricketer, born in Kadoma, Zimbabwe
  • 1985-03-26 Prosper Utseya, Zimbabwean cricket captain, born in Harare, Zimbabwe
  • 1985-07-22 Takudzwa Ngwenya, Zimbabwean-American rugby player
  • 1986-02-06 Brendan Taylor, Zimbabwean cricketer, born in Harare, Zimbabwe
  • 1986-03-14 Elton Chigumbura, Zimbabwean cricketer
  • 1986-09-09 Justice Chibhabha, Zimbabwean cricketer, born in Masvingo, Zimbabwe
  • 1988-02-08 Keegan Meth, Zimbabwean cricketer
  • 1988-03-24 Ryan Higgins, Zimbabwean cricketer, born in Harare, Zimbabwe

Famous Weddings

LoveWedding of Interest

1937-09-03 Author Muriel Spark (19) weds teacher Sidney Oswald Spark in Salisbury, Southern Rhodesia

Author Muriel Spark
Muriel Spark

LoveWedding of Interest

1996-08-17 Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe (72) weds Grace Marufu (31) at Kutama College in Mashonaland West, Zimbabwe

Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe
Zimbabwean President
Robert Mugabe

Famous Deaths

  • 1893-12-04 Allan Wilson, British/Rhodesian Major, dies in battle against the Ndebeles during First Matabele War
  • 1931-10-24 Murray Bisset, South African cricketer (South African wicket-keeper 1899 & 1910), dies at 55
  • 1976-07-20 Samuel Mutendi, founder of the Zimbabwean Zion Christian Church, dies
  • 1978-06-28 Clifford Dupont, First President of Rhodesia (b. 1905)
  • 1978-08-31 John Wrathall, President of Rhodesia (b. 1913)
  • 1995-01-29 Guy Clutton-Brock, English social worker (declared as national hero in Zimbabwe), dies at 88
  • 2001-05-26 Moven Enock Mahachi, Defence Minister of Zimbabwe (b. 1952)
  • 2003-09-20 Simon Muzenda, Zimbabwean politician (1st Vice-President of Zimbabwe), dies at 80
  • 2003-11-10 Canaan Banana, 1st President of Zimbabwe (1980-87), dies of cancer at 67
  • 2005-04-25 John Love, Zimbabwean Formula One driver, dies at 80
  • 2007-11-20 Ian Smith, Prime Minister of Rhodesia (b. 1919)
  • 2007-12-13 Mark Partridge, Rhodesian politician
  • 2008-02-26 Glory Mukwati, Zimbabwean politician